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THE SUN, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1916.
THE TEAR BEHIND THE LAUGH WINS IN
That's the Reason
for the Delightful
Chil dren of the
Screen Who Live
Happy Child Lives
in Spite of Fame
Br BETTY SHANNON.
I8AW three motion picture dramas
at one ptttliirr tho other day.
Nono of them boasted mure thnn
tha time worn plot, ordinary photog
raphy, mcdlocro acting. And yet In
watching the imdience, a typical mo
tion picture audience, I observed that
the pictures were "Kcttlng across." In
each picture thero was an abundance
of Incidental detail a baby kicking
lustily In Its cradle; two children
climbing to reach a Jam Jar: the sor
rowful last look of a father at hi
sleeping small boy: n ttrong man feed
ing a squirrel; a dog looking knowing
ly tip Into his master's fucc all en
tirely unnecessary to plot development.
But nil of these Incidents brought forth
a response, a tear, a Uugh, a chuckle,
from tho people who sat before the
ecrccn. As they passed out these peo
ple shook their heads nt each other,
mentioning these scenes and chatter
ing enthusiastically of the plays they
had Just seen.
'I spoke of this the next day to a
motion picture director when I was
out nt one of those great, clean, airy
tudlos where the niovtes come to life.
Ha was surrounded by an array of1
canaries, parrots, two dogs, n squirm
tag baby and u group of lively chil
dren who wero waiting their turns to 1
appear before tho camera. The nar
row walled IncIoMirc which formed the
background for the scene on which he
was working was arranged to repre
aent a room In a poor tenement.
"We call thut 'heart stuff,'" he said
aa he ordered a baby's cradle, placed
by an open window wnero the rays of
an artificial moon would fall on the
race of the sleeping child. "Hablcs
always get a laugh with a tear In It.
You've noticed It In the theatres. It 1
brings tho play home to the audience.
The people think they llko to laugh,
but they don't really appreciate the '
Uugh unless there's a tob behind it. I
They'ro not Mitlsried until something '
touches their hearts and makes them
weep a tear or two and feel tight In
At this Juncture one of the littlest'
actresses fell to haggling. She saw a I
wonderful opportunity to tickle her
bad partner in t'.n. ribs. She did It
slyly, and then there was trouble which j
it took ten minute of the director's
patience to straighten out. It was
only because tho littlest actress was,
new and had not learned that acting
Is a serious profession. The older chil
dren never think of Indulging In fri
volity while at work.
"But how about tho kiddles them-
aelves," I asked, after the scene had
been finished and tho players sent
away. "Are their parents not eacrl
(Icing them for the sako of a little
money and glory Just now'.'"
"Where do you get your sacrifice?"
asked the surprised director. "They
ar aa carefully guarded as any chil
dren. Their work Is play to them.
How many parents in moderate cir
cumstances and with talented children
would feel warranted in refusing a
proffered engagement which would
pay enough money to let their young
stem go on with their education and
lay up money for the future, all the
time they are learning more than the
average child from the 'school of
There are hardly more than 100
children In all of tho picture studios,
that la children who play with any
degree of regularity. Thero are others
who take small extra .parts from time
to time. All of 'the children are pains
takingly chaperoned, usually by their
mothers. All of them who are seven
years of ago or elder receive Instruc
tions either at reboot or from private
tutors. In New York city a school for
stage and motion picture children Is
maintained at the ltchcarsal Club, an
organization of professional women.
There are about seventy pupils in
his school. The studies and hours
correspond closely to those of the pub
Ho schools. The .pupils are allowed to
be absent for work only on permits
Issued by the (Jerry Society. At Uni
versal City, in California, where there
la an entire company made up of chil
dren players, a special school Is main
tained all the vear.
"I have never seen children co eager
for education," ald Miss Hazel Hunt
the teacher In charge of the Universal
City school. "Kvcry child has a def
Inlte ambition. Their diligence Is ro-
markable. They bring to their studies
more certain and coordinated Ideas of
life and tho mennlng of things thnn
the average children. They have to
be absent, of course, when they are
needed for a picture, but they come
back all the more eager to their
studies after they have been away for
few days, They nnko up their back
work without a murmur."
The usual salary of tho child
featured In Mini production! ranges
Crom $20 to fr0 a week. Children so
paid are nearly always under long
i term contracts made by parenta or
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guardians. Juvenile players who take,
smaller parts but who nro rn the
salary lists nro paid from $15 to $35
dollars a week, whllo those who play
only as extras are given from $3 to
$10 a day. Out of this money the
children's costumes must be furnished.
Whero the children llvo at a distance
the company's automobiles carry the
youngsters and their chaperons back
and forth unless the child actor
travels In his own motor. In many
studios luncheon Is served Not a few
of the children In tho films are sons
and daughter." of professional folk,
although many of the Juvenilo stars
are tho precocious youngsters who
made their first public appearance In
Sunday school or lodge entertainments.
Clara llorton, a sunny haired, blue
eyed child, 'Who belongs at a Western
studio, became so popular In amateur
theatricals at her homo In Brooklyn,
N. Y., when she was a tiny maid that
she was sought by a New York
manager. She was'glven an Important
contract which finally ltd to her en
gagement In pictures. She is one of
the most fearless of all the children
who play beforo the cumera. Only the
other day she iwas required to kneel
against a log and let two leopards
Jump over her. Sho did It without a
The career of Kthelmary Oakland,
the chnrmlng girl of 7 who plays
Kffia with Frederick Warde In the
screen version of "Silas Marner," was j
decided for her by the friends of her
Others saw that Kthelmary had
talent before I did and urged mo to
take her to a thcatricut manager,"
said Kthelmury's mother, who nhvnj s I
accompanies her little daughter when
she work. "In tho two years (die has
been In professional work she has
Driven aihore by hurricane and tidal wave, the Memphia
i fiat ...mm, y wm i inn
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"CHILDREN IN THE HOUSE." WITH
never been Idle. She has Ken both
on the ttago and In the pictures. Last
season s-he played the part of tho
jjapuncso baby In tho presentation of
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'Madam Iluttorfly' by thu ISoton Opera
Company. Hut she is fondest of her
work In the pictures.
"Most of tho mothers of tho stage
... i ill, li ! , - . tstrnMri TsM "'3
lodged among the rocks in Santo Domingo Bay on August 39.
and motion picture children, like 1,
nre anxious to keep them simple anil
uraflectid. N.itur.i'Iy they receive
much attention, but sensible, parents
MEMPHIS ON THE ROCKS
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;in see to It that the youngsters' heads
are not turned. A good way is to help
them to forget their work as much os
Me whrn they are at home."
Kthelmary Is under contract to play
In a terh's of pictures supporting Fred
erick Warde. In her dressing room Is
her whole family of dolls, six, includ
ing Dlnnnh, the black rag doll which
he totes everywhere, She can leave
intensely complicated scene and
take up doll dressing, then return to
the n-' tie nc.iln without the bast dif
ficulty This Is an Interesting trait of
tV ni"i.on picture children. They
')k quite as sorlo-isly .xs adults when
It ! time for work, but they arc only
children when "off stage."
Two of the mot famous children In
pictures are (Catherine and Jane I.ee.
I called nt their dtesslng room to see
them one day. Katherlnu's golden
was bent over the task of "Imt-
toring up" th younger child. She bit
lgoiously at the little pink tongue
which protruded from the coiner of
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Forty of her crew lost their lives and many were injured.
THE. CHILD tlO
her mouth as she labored. Sho did not
look up until the last button was put
"I'm six," Katherlne explained when
she did look up, "and Jane is only four,
so I havo to take care of her."
These two well Kdiaved children had
Juft returned from Bermuda, whero
they had taken part with Annctto
Kellermann In her newest spectacle, "A
Daughter of the Cods." Kntherlne's
education Ins been phced In the hands
of a private tutor, while even little
.lane, who U too young for school, Is
being taught mostly by the dlllueiit at
tention of her oliler sister. Together
tho two children mako a salary of
about $200 a w.ek. but they nro ex
ceptional. They are constantly at
tended by their mnthrr. Katherlne,
she herself admitted, Is saving money
for Juno's t duration.
"A child with such talent." she
fagely tem.irked. shaking the golden
eurN. "ought t be given every oppor
tun.ty." But Jane prefers gumdrops
Close Up Views of
Who Help to Sup
ply What the Di
rectors of the Si
lent Drama Call
and kewple dolls in the hand to a
career in the dim, uncertain, grownup
These children, together with Kit
ten Relchert, a charming brown eyed
child with a sturdy little body and soft,
playful manners, and Miriam Hattlsta,
a newcomer In child screenlnnd, are
the "heart stuff" In many dramas In
which Theda llara, Virginia Peaivon
and Robert Manltll appear Tle
deeper meaning of the dramas panes
over their heads, ns conversation with
them prove. There is a great deal of
romping; around In tho big studio ami
games of tag: and ring around thu ro
when the director docs not need thnn
It waa largely to anticipate the dr.
rnnnd for special programme of nie.
tlon pictures for children, now fMred
by the General Federation of Women's
Clubs, that Lule Warrenton, nn nl.t-i
actress of many years experience, wns
put in charge of the Juvenilo company
at Universal City. Miss Warrento:.
Is producing a serlcn of Juvenile pic
tures with her young company. At
the samo flmo 'the children will con
tinue to supply many of the effective
scenes for the dramas for grownups
with Mary Fuller, J. Warren Kerri
gan, Violet Merscreau and other adult
stars. Zoe Du Hae, the nn st widely
known of these children, has been b
fore tho camera five years -and she is
only 6 years old now. She can weep
copiously nt will. No boraclc acid
the truth behind most of the grown
ups' tears ono sees In tho movlvs-for
Zoe, when the director orders "weep,"
I "1 ask for a mirror when I havo to
I cry," explains Zoe, "An then I loe.c
Just as sad an I can, and then when I
think how sad tho little, girl In t'm
I mirror feels I cry for her."
I Lena Uoskctte Is the dancer of the
child company. Lois Alexander ts !'
! girl who Insists on playing bos" p m
land plays tnem better man tiie .
, do. Then there Is Klla llnll, llirr
1 Depp, Antrim Short and numei .
j other children .who play hinaller put's
Miss Virginia itlchdalo Kcrr.h.in,
( nleco of J. Warren Kerrigan, now .-'t
I months old, Is called upon on very ., .
' clul occasions. Lena Uaskcttc h.i hi
distinction of having danced ! ;.. .i
Tavlowa nt the special request of 'h
Russian artist on the occasion of h
Virginia Myers, daughter of Jim.
and Ethel Myers, New York art!-t '
note, has appeared In the pii i
Virginia Is a dancer of unusual a
The technique of her dancing ,s
nstonlshcd the critics. Hut thu
Cerns tho graceful little gin fur iis
than the Angora kittens whlc'i ! s- -
on pulling her thick brown cur,.- M r
training, being the da-uuhter of re j
nlzed artists, might naturaTy i " n
pected to bo interestingly i r s ...
Sho has never been to m-hoo! t. ' '
a day. Iter education has '.ie '
tho colorful life of tho studK v ' e"
she "watches her father at work on
etchings and painting. Virginia wi
etarred In a special dancing picture 'i
which she appeared ulono and -
paid at the rate of $300 for sew
minutes. In the near future he w.
be featured in similar films.
There are other children- ecj a
talented, interesting and am.. i
There Is young Hilly Jacobs, w ,
maintains his own autoin ' . s
roundish, chubby motfir cur I. ie' .
very well with Hilly Jacob's
chubby self. And there Is i-c! .. . . '
1'eggle (leorge. playing an iiiii t ,t
roln li "The Heart of NV1.1 I
There Is quaint Hetty Mar.- . f . i
of Mao Marsh, tho favorite of
Ulrth of a Nation," who . .
money to buy n really truly b i ,
out In runny California, cm n (
Thero Is Thclm.i Salter, feat' '
many of the picture .oiii-mi .
western studios; ileoige m ,n
prefers to play newnboy p.-uu
pears with .Norma TiilmauKe. ,
and Dorothy tllsli and oIIki i
screen players; thero an- .!.- i
Jsnethel Mnnahan, bridtier mi. i
who have a company of tlan .
tako part mostly in oomedie. ... ,
lesques oil grownup illam -
noining or "lbig.s," til(. Tn.i u
pnny's dug. un.l tho .Mi.iu .-
collle, both of which ie me i
nincent iwilaries of a .
bones every day while t'o
Kvtn "Clvlllwitlon," t'i." .
ture of the progies of i
duced by Thomas In. e. i.,,. .
Without its touch of I ir :..
Childhood, The iiiom po; r .
the picture In Unit of t izi I..' .
toddling after two wee, .low. .
lings which elude her pul.
Thn seeno was an aftert'm. .
Just a momentary lln-li ! t
of n ilraina of menv liiluunj
ness, but tliN M'eiie llliui .
the memories of those wl. I .
Much of the populautv '
ftierlte Clark, Mary I'lehf n j '
Miles Mlnter and the oiim
known Ingenues of pictured "n
to tho llttli things, the t-eon.
Ituiiurtnnt details, which .if. i
tho most Impo'.iant. "l
llellevc" Is full of "heart t-tn"
ping men and boys haw g.n '
again and again uiid have mi "
ly during each perfonnaun
We all like a amlle with a tear In it.