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our Iritrutt vStt tarnr nt vith manu
script nit lllmlrallont tor ptiMlcallnii irlsa
lo iorf rtlrttrd arlMm rrlurnrit they mutt
Ol ail rosea rnn stamps or rnor jwrpntr.
TU Issue of Character.
Half a dozen corn"o,ondpntR haye
asked tiik Nun to add to tile ninner
mis catalogues, iilremly compiled mid
now current. Its own ijeltil lit of
the ten, twenty or fifty best reasons
for voting Wii.ro.1 nut find Ilrcim.s
In on November 7.
We suppose we could construct n
Hut of five hundred such reasons, for
the stock of row nititerlnl 1 prnetl
This Is wiircely necessary. We shall
eontent ourselves with inviting re
newed attention to the one supreme.
Kiifflelent, nil comprehensive Issue of
Its outlines nre coining Into sharper
focus every day its the time for the
ballot approaches. The supreme Issue
Is the plain mid Intelligible question
Involved In the nmrked contrast be
tween two orsounlltles.
1. Intelligence without character;
2. Character with Intelligence.
Number One Is Woodrow Wilson
Number .Two Is Ciiaiillh Kvanh
HtTOHKH. Kvery inter knows or ought
to know the difference.
We lire using the word elm meter In
the broiid sense recognized by the
A the Pro-American Sees It.
Cjiari.kh I'.vans 1 1 corns In both
pultfle and private utterances him
stood for complete, unyielding and In
slant Insistence on American rights.
Woodrow Wilson, under the pres
sure of national sentiment. Anally
in rule n half-hearted stand for Amerl
can rights violated by (ieruiany.
Mr. Ilroiir.s stands for the enforce
mcnt of Amerlcnn rights against Ciei
many. Great Britain, on the high was,
1n Mexico and everywhere else.
Mr..WiLj0N litis failed to enforce
American righto on the high sens or
against 5reat Britain, and he hns de
llberntely sacrificed them In Mexico.
Mr. Hi'iiiit.H hns given audience t
nu sons nun communis or men
nniong them men who want to
Amerlcnn rights enforced ng-.ilns
one country ns well as another,
Mr. Wilson has denounced cortnl
men who truthfully nccne him of not
having enforced American rights I in
partially ngalust every nation n ml I
all lands, and on tilt wnters. Sue
men he calls "disloyal." Such men he
They are not all proOrnmns. Mr.
WnsoN. How about the millions of
pro-Americans who want to see
Amerlcnn rights enforced In Mexico?
Dnre you en II them "disloyal"? No!
you assure them that you were Serv
ing Humanity, and over the Imdles of
slain American men, women ami chil
dren you ask for Amerlcnn votes!
Truth as a High Explosive.
The Amerlcnn poet who Is nt pres
ent most thoroughly tiou grata to
the Administration Is William Crr.
i.k.v BiiYANT. who asserted tlmt 'Truth
enwhed to earth shall rise again."
President Wilson and his Cabinet
have discovered that, not only was
Hryakt right In his nssertlon that
facts nre bound to force thcmeives
forward Into the light, but they have
learned to their sorrow that there la
not a plgeonholo In Washington that
can keep a state secret for any great
length of time,
Rome time ngo Judge Advocate
Genernl Crowdkr, forced to pass uion
certain questions arihlng from the
preswr.ee of United States troops In
Mexico, decreed that this country has
been, tor a long while past, technical
ly nt war with our neighboring repub
lic. .The Administration realized, with
a feeling of consternation, that thla
decision knocked its one best claim
to continuance In power into a cocked
hat. It had based Its demand for the
approval of the American electorate
upon the sweeping nssertlon that, In
a time of stress nnd unrest in the
world nt lnrge, it had managed to
keep tills nation at peace. Statistics
showing that this so-called peace had
lieen more costly 1n men and money
than thn Spanish war had not lieen
sufficient to prove to n large number
of careless minded Americans that the
Wilson type of pacifism Is a delusion
and a snare. Hut the pronouncement
by the hlaliixt Judicial authority on
military legal problems In the. land
that wo are, nnd hnvo lieen, nt war
with Mexico was recognized Instnntly
at the White House ns a high explo
sive shell whose burning fuse must bo
nt nnif put out or results disastrous
to the Wilson campaign were sure to
eiwiie. livery effort was made, there-
fore, by ihu Administration to prevent
General Cnownin'H decision from be
ing published until nfier elecilon.
4 This policy of suppression lias been
tneffectlrt, and Democratic national
headquarters Is In a panic over the
robHble effect that the Advocnte-Oen-
ernl'n ruling will have upon ft notion
tlmt h:is never fulled to punish public
offlehtls who tried to deceive It.
Then nre several pigeonholes nt
Washington at present whose secrets
the Administration Is striving frantic-
lly to suppress until nfter Novemlier
One of them contiilns Importnnt
diN'uments regarding the t.usltnnlii
oiilmge. Another Is pneked with tbe
grimly humorous minutes of the so
culled Mexican I'cace Conference.
There Is still another tilled with, facts
and figure regarding the appalling
ondltlons prevailing below our soul li
ra border. If the pigeonholes of the
Navy DeiMrtmeut should give up their
contents to the puhllu n chill of appre
hension would iiflllct the veins of our
leople. Our State and War ,I)emrt-
incuts hold In their hidden archives
scraps of paper that would be, to put
It mildly, most Interesting rending to
what Is supposed to lie a elf-govern-log
Can It be posttlhlc that an Ad
ministration which by methods un
known to Its predecessor In high
office delllerntcly endeavors to con
ceal from the ieople of this country
facts that they tire, entitled to know
can extiect the sanction of the voters
next mouth? A Ciovernnient that Is
fa le In one thing Is false In nil. The
peril that confronts this country from
an Administration that has rndeav
ored to fool all the people nil the time,
tind hns Juggled the word "war"' and
"peace" In n most unprincipled and
pernicious manner. Is so grave that
our national welfare demands Its com
plete overthrow, the redemption of
White House and Congress on tlie sev
euth day of Novemlier, 1010.
Proposition Number One.
A week from next Tuesday the citi
zens of New York will have the
chance to vote Umhi n question about
which Democrats and Republicans
may agree nnd act together for the
benefit of thn Umpire Stnte.
I'rosisltioii Number One presents
to the people for their approval a
Ik. ml issue of XUUXXUXH) for the ac
tual purchase of land for State park
purposes; In the Adirondacks, In the
Catskllls and In connection with the
New York pnrt of the I'nllsndes In
If this bond Issue Is npproved on
election day the proposal Is to use
$7,."iOXMH10 of the money up Stnte nnd
?J,."itiO,00() for the extension of the
Palisades Park. L'p Stnte the land
will lie used for conservation us well
as for park purixises; the project,
however, directly concerns the people
of this metropolis, Inasmuch as it Is
the opinion of experts that within
twenty years the city will have to
begin to draw on the Adirondack pre
servesfor water supply.
As tt the Palisades Purk, made pos
sible originally by the generosity of
Mrs. Harriman nnd other private
benefactors, and so splendidly devel
oped In recent yenrs under the ener
getic nnd fnr sighted direction of the
New York nnd the New Jersey com
missions. It Is no secret tlint the. ap
propriation of S'J,.VX1.000 by the State
for land purchase will bring dona
tions to nn equnl nmount from private
Individuals for additional extension
of pnrk territory nnd for developing
and beautifying the entire tract.
People In Ibis State and In New
Jerst'.v nre only beginning to under
stand the value and the enormous
practical significance of the work ac
complished by the two commissions,
We hnve close at hand one of the
most magnificent pleasure grounds In
the whole world, nnd Its further Inv
provement Is not only a demand of
present Interest but also of duty to
the next generation, which by this
measure will pay Its part.
Let thsre be no doubt in the mind
of tiny New Yorker, up State or down
Stnte, about the propriety of voting
Yes on Proposition Number One.
Election Betting Odds Sometimes
Betting odds lu this city have not
always been all Index to what Is going
to happen on election day. To go
back to the Cleveland-Harrison com
pillgn of 1S02, which ended In a tre
memlous landslide for the Democratic
candidate, even money was quoted In
the last days of the contest. Mr,
Cleveland cnrrled Stntes that gnve
him 277 electoral votes, and President
Harrison received 145.
When President Roosevelt swept
the country In 1004 odds of 2 to 1
were given In this city thnt D-Cadv
Hkruk k. the Democratic candidate
for Governor, would defeat Hlgglns
the Republican candidate, but Mr.
Hiooins won by a plurality of 80,500,
Two years ago, In 1014, the odds on
the Senatorial contest were 3 to 1
that Ambassador Gerard would be
chosen by voters appreciative of his
excellent work as a neutral In Berlin
but young Mr. Wapsworth, whone
greatest honor had been the Speaker
ship at Albany, led the poll by 07.00.'!
votes, so that he had practically a
Colonel Booievelt oa Preparedness
Although he wur n volunteer, und
not a regular, In the Hpnnlsh war,
Colonel Roosevelt hns never un
proved of the federalization of the
National Guard by the Hay law, and
at Denver yesterday he told his audi
once with characteristic frankness
what he thought of the "political mill
tary legislation" of Mr. Wilson and
his party nt the recent session o
Congress. It Is true, us he said, tlmt
"they were not really Interested In
the defence of their country, inn
thought only of their own political
fortunes In the hnmedlate future."
The militia pay fenture of the nrmy
law was proposed and urged by
lobby of officers of higher rank, who I
disingenuously,, If not unscrupulously,
represented that the National Guard
was In such a state of efficiency that
federalization with a llbernl pay scale
would soon convert It Into u body of
troops fit to take Its place In the first I
line of defence. Hut the moblllwitlon
of the Guard for duly on the border
was a painful revelation of Inclll-
rlcncy, defective equipment and uu-
readiness, n regiment here nnd there
excepted. Colonel Itoosr.VELT told the
story when he snld nt Denver:
'After tn dsyi of maximum tffort
1n.t 12 nr r.nt. of Ih. nun w.r. ilnrtfd
for th. hord.r. Ovr SO n.r rnt. of the
Ounrd were found to be unfit for duty.
Many of th mn who started for the
border had never received a ilngle day's
training. Many had never fired a rifle.
Most of the cavalry regiments had no
horses. Half the artillery batteries had
The result Is that everybody knows
now that our ouly first line troops are
the regulars. It wilt take from two
to three years to bring them up to
the strength contemplated by the re
organization plan, and the entire com
plement of effectives will be less than
150,000 men, a force that would deter
no hostile military Power from Invnd
ing the I'nltcd States or seizing its
oversens territory. Colonel ltoosKVEtr
contends tlmt "the legislation of the
Inst session should lie repealed nnd
the work of preparedness entered upon
wllh oerlons purpose, ' Perhaps to re
model or must it would be the bet
ter procedure, and, at any rate, the
Idea of making the National Guard
first line troops should be abandoned
us Impracticable. It was conceived
by Democratic politicians, who did
not look beyond the election of No,
veniber 7. The Irony of the situation
is thnt federalization hns already
proved n boomerang, for the guards
men sent to the border consider them
selves the victims of a confidence
game and yearn to get even with the
Administration at the x)lls.
The Continental Army tjcheme ha v.
Ing been discarded, the only nlternn-
live If the country Is to be prepared
for wnr "It Is folly," declnres Colo
nel ltoosnr.LT, "to say thnt we sluill
never be engaged In wnr" Is some
form of universal training on the
Swiss model, which would be "a
healthy nnd efficient antiseptic to mill
nrlsm." If the nation Is really In
nruest nbout preparedness. It will not
brink from n system of universal
mining. Once entered uon, It would
never lie nhnndoned, for It would
prove not only beneficial In ence nnd
protective In wnr, but, us Colonel
ItoosKvr.i.T happily says, "emphatically
Amerlcifi, emphatically demo
Amerlctai, emphatically democratic,
The Tlmr yesterday morning, alx
years after the death of William
SYnNr.Y Portkr (O. Hknry I. published
the story of his Imprisonment In the
Ohio penitentiary fnr three years nnd
three months for embezzlement. "This
urprlslug fact hns Just come to light,"
says the Timet.
In this the Tir. errs. Many of
O. Hr.NRY's admirers and perhaps nil
if his friends knew the details ns com
plelely aa they were printed. Any
one of tbem might hnve published
them years ngo If he could hnve found
A render and ndtnlrer of O. Ilr.sar
nt flip time of his death wntched the
columns of the papers of this country
to see what would be said of this lucl
dent of his enreer. ,Kew newspapers
even briefly mentioned It. So far as
he cnuld see, not a paper In Texas,
where the facts of hla trial, conviction
nnd intence were matters of cr.urt
record, referred to hla imprisonment
A newspnper at Columbus, Ohio,
where O. Hknry served bis sentence
of Imprisonment, attempted n "front
page sensational" by printing his
prison record nnd his picture as a
convict. If there was a Journal In this
country thnt reprinted In full or In
jHirt this article It did not fall under
this render's notice. Several i tiers
nt the time referred editorially to the
refusal to liesuilroh nfter his death
the reputation of a man "who bad
made good" as a fine example of the
fairness and decency of the American
To dig up this Incident now nnd to
attempt to make of it a newspaper
sensation nnd an advertisement for a
forthcoming book Is email business.
Very small business.
The Midweek Matinee.
To nnswer the question of a corre
pondent In Pnssnic, "Why nre all or
most of the matinees on Wednesday?"
compels us to dive Into the realms of
mathematics, economics, custom nnd
sociology. It Is assumed, of course,
thnt the correspondent refers to the
theatres which give only eight per
formances a week, disregarding the
two a day houses and the homes of
those established stars who refuse to
work more than one afternoon.
There nre, our calendar tells ns,
seven days In n week,
of seven objects In n line Ih the
fourth, nnd the fourth day of the week
Is Wednesday. So mathenintlcnlly
Wednesday Is tho right day. Tho eco
nomic superiority of Wednesday nvef
Thursday comes from tho fact thnt,
as weekly paydays fall as 11 rule nt
the beginning or the end of the week,
(hero Is more money In the public
pocket on Wednesday than on Thurs
day. Tuesday would be 11 good matl
nee tiny, from the financial point, hut
Tuesday seems too close to tlie pre
In those old days when people had
hired girls, Thursday was the girl's
night out, and the custom prevails In
many households. Many women
would not care to go to a matinee
ami then hurry home to the work of
THE SUN, WttONESDA, OCTOBER 26, '1916.
jetting dinner. The fourth point
ugttlnst the Thursday matinee was
the social custom, perhaps now ex
tlnvt, of Hie serious young mnn's call
upon his beloved. Why Thursday
night was devoted to Knos we cannot
say: jierhaps It grew nut of the times
when Thursday was prayer meeting
night anil the young folks held hands
on the way home,
At least four of the theatres of
the first class linve abandoned the
Wednesday matinee in favor of the
Thursday, presumably to nccommo
' 1 ' t"o I'nssnlc Indy
" " ""w on uiu lounn liny,
"p t"Ure IU1H Cnoseil Tinny nnu
Saturday for Its matinee perform
ances. Others will give- us In time,
no doubt, Monday matinees. Hut for
the present Wednesday Is the logi
cally favored afternoon.
These are days when every lad
should he In a cornfield, making a
wigwam out of a cornstflck, nnd send
w m' -enn.perlng. Pumpkins
have been gnthered; a good thing or
there might be no decent pics, for
these frosty nights nre hard Uwn the
vine. It Is no matter whether you
walk or ride along the highways. In
either case the keen air make tobacco
ns appetizing as those smokes thai
STLvr.NsoN describes In "Travels With
a Donkey." Uke hlni you may sink
on pine cnriictcd woodlnnd and Inhale
the balsam along with "as good a
cigarette ns ever I remember."
If Governor Whitman hns accom
plished "no constructive achievement
of any kind," as Mr, Beabuby says,
why does Mr. Skadury talk about re
pealing various measures enacted nt
Governor Whitman's Instance?
The directions at the top of the first
liar of the Shadow Lawn Waltz are
said to require it to be played "very
sincerely nnd cordially."
Anyway, as iwe understand It. Sec
retary of War Haker does not assert
that the rascally men of 1TT6 were too
proud to fight.
More than 700,000 women have
legistered as Presidential voters In
Illinois. Tho vast majority of them
are for Htmiizs because he declares
that woman suffrage is a natlonol
rather thnn n State matter. They will
vote to enfranchise all the women of
the country by the quickest nnd most
The Republican campaign leaders
are having no difficulty now in con
vincing the women voters In the en.
franchlsed States that Woodrow Wil-
son did not keep us out of war.
If the President had a few more
Cabinet officers on the stump even the ' Hill Is never drunk, and even that morn
Southern States would lie on the i lug it was true of him from his neck up.
doubtful list. I
Why doesn't President Wilson send j
a punitive expedition into the War De-
pnrtment to avenge our besmirched 1
The winning of n military cross by
hill O'Hara. the old Giant, for pro-
tlclency In hurling bombs Into German
trenches on the fomme, l not likely
to attract our plutocratic bascbnll
heroes to the firing line In Kurope.
but what deadly bomb throwers the
Red Sox Inllelders would be!
Sir Joseph Bkeciiam's advertising:
methods were sometimes harder to
swallow than his pills.
J. Frank Hanlt. the Prohibition 1
mdldate for Preside
.... t i . . .
VBiiuiuBi-.- uu r-rrr-iurm, Hn uiai .u.
Wilson has changed his mind upon l
every question but the llejuor question.
Mr, IIanlv should remember that the
prohibition vote is comparatively
small, very small.
Preparedness Is the costliest thing
lu 'which a nation can indulge If it
pays for it and doesn't get It.
Vill munnges to leave bis oppo
nents more dead than alive.
It was a cold day for the Adminis
tration when Secretary of War IIakkh
despatched the Spirit of '76 to Shadow
The- nnlv rnemhpr nt PreMlilnt W 1 1
son's official family who hasn't PeeniLrics cnam 10 mis i.
obliged to eat his words recently l
Colonel Hot'SK and he never talks.
COMMENT ON COMMENT.
A North Carolina Business Maa's View
of Dr. Eliot.
To tiis Kpitor or Tjib Sun .sir: 11
certainly Is pitiable that such a mun ns
Or. Charles W, Kllot Is writing as he
does about President Wilson's consum
mate service to the American people.
The practical working of the reserve
banks should convince Dr. Kllot of his
error and lend him back to the. Republi
can party, where he rightfully belongs.
W. B. NonTiuir.
AshxvillCj N. C, October 22.
To the Koitor or The Sun Sir.- The
Evening I'ost In Its number of Saturday
says of Its Idol, the President :
In Mr. Wilson's cast much nerds to he
forilvan. The Kvtntna Pott neither rerreta
nor withdraws the criticisms which It has
passed upon him, He haa been, In many
Ways, politically unstable. 1U haa ben
mtntally Inconstant. He has done some
things to shock the moral sense,
And then It goes on practically to say,
In extenuation, that If the mob shouts
approval all these Hilnga may bo for-
lven . . . . .
It nia not say inui auoui nooeevrii
and TJryan when the mob shouted ap
proval at thorn, but of course Wilson Is
a law unto himself. However, It the
Evening Post can be led to those admis
sions about Its hero It doesn't matter Jn
the least what else it says. Without his
organ so Intending It the admissions are
absolutely fatal. II. It.
New York, October 23,
Different Men With Different lluttons.
To the Editor or The Hun .Sir: "J,
A.'s" Statement In The Hun of Mon
day thnt he had seen but 0110 man with
a Wilson button Is absurd. Ho must
bo blind, as I have seen different men
with different buttons, I have eieen at
least half a dozen different kinds of
Wilson buttons, which I like tar better
than the HugheH Alliance button.
80 three cheers for President Wilson,
the man of the hour, L. A. U
New York, October 24.
JIMJV, PUNY HAtfi
The 6:24 pulled out of the terminal
crowded with lato commuters. Through
tho yards, over the trestle and Into
the tunnel it pursued its familiar way.
LI lit at tho inland portal of the bore
the cowcatcher of the locomotivo de
viated from Its proper courae while the
truck wheels left the rails and bumped
along over tho ties. The engineer shut
off the power and set the brakes. The
Train crew, trackmen and a few
passengers climbed down to Inspect
tho derailed engine. As the delay con
tinued they were Joined by others.
All gazed reflectively at the helpless
mass of Iron and steel. Then one
bolder than the others walked to tho
pilot, put his hands on the bullnoso,
braced his feet and shoved with all
his strength. Three times he tried to
restore the locomotivo to the track.
Then he shook his head, struck his
hands smartly together to dislodge the
dust that was on them and stepped
tiack Into the ring of silent watchers.
Another man came forward. He
too braced himself and laid his bands
on the great Iron horfe and tried by
sheer muscular exertion to restore It
to the metals. He failed like the pio
neer In this hopeless task, and slowly
returned to the group by the track
side. Another succeeded him, nnd to
him another, and so on until a score
or more of men, clerks, stenographers.
executives, had learned by experiment
that none of them was equnt to the
task for which the railroad company
inulntnlns great cranes and wrecking
crews of trnlned engineers, skilful
foremen nnd experienced 'workers.
Soon another train appeared to take
the stranded passengers away. They
were late In arriving at their homes,
but among them were a few vnllnnt
souls who had shown their good will;
and nobody had laughed nCthem.
GYROSCOPES UPHOLD BILL.
Krle Propels a Scientific Triumph In
the (J real Search.
To Tint Koitor ov TIIK Si i.V Sir: The
other morning Krle nnd 1 Joined lllll
by uiipolntineilt In a car, preparatory
to a day's search for my lost slster-ln-luw.
Hy whnt later proved a fortunate
chunre, on my wny I happened to pass
a street peiller who was selling those
gyroscopic lops which nre half a toy
and half a crude model to demonstrate
a scientific principle. After watching
the man a while, much to the disgust
of the Impatient Krle, I bought one and
then we went lo the caf where Dili
wag walling. I am very sorry to say
that when wP found lilm Ulll ae In a
very bad way. It was due to the milk
Mr Ike. These strikes seem to be mak
ing trouble for almost every one. There
was no milk to he hd In the cafe nnd
so till had lo go without his morning
milk punch. It seems he had had In
Its place an old fashioned whiskey
cocktail, a scotch nnd soda, an absinthe
frapp nnd a Tom Collins, besides n
mug of musty nle: nil this before Krlc
and I arrived.
Now I have always maintained that
He knew what he was doing, hut bis
legs were Intoxicated. He could not
walk without stagcerlns fearfully. For
a few minutes I was at a los to know
what to do. We must start out. The
Fcsrch for the Monde must not be put
infr. Many sympathetic people,' ami a
, frw others, hae exprersed anxiety
about her and 1 reallie that I "must do
all I can lo find her. Necessity Is as
much the mother of Ideas as she Is of
Invention, Hastily chaining Krlc to
Hill's foot as he sat at the table. I
hurried out Krlc tried to .follow but
oalv succeeded in xeating Kill on Ihe
door and oterturnliig a chair.
Portunately I noon found the ender
I of the syrosroplc tops. 1 purchased an
jother and hurried back. Thce tops
1 CCIIIl. in Fimil pquiirc iuiai-, nou II n
i "J.P.uir mi uir vm ''I".. M.t.tr .. . .
, ,,,,. ,,. .,, .n.i0,,(, i ltl. h,.v.
I K.'t both lops going, put each In lli
box and then placed one hi each of
Hill's side pockets. Gettlns lllll on his
feet, I e,ie him a puh. The expeil
meat was a jrrent success, lllll could
walk. Not only Hut. but he couldn't
fall down If he wanted In. You could
I "We him a mish that would knock a
sober man over and fllll would bond
till his shoulder nearly touched the
door, but by virtue of the spinning
lrroscops, one on each side, )n would
automatically right up again. The only
remaining problem was to supply lllll
with motite power, lie knew enough
to put one foot lu front of the other
.vhen he was pushed, but that was all.
I jnlved Ibis difficulty by fastening
' ""- "'
courase una won ui- niirui'i-n 111
Hill's pockets, fleshly wound up, lllll.
towed by Krlc, and I stalled for I he
tteet. No prohibitionists ever walked
mote upright than lllll. Once, when
Eric saw a cat, lllll quite helplessly
encircled an ash barrel tluee times al
high speed liofore I could get Krlc by
tho collar and set him straight. Soon
after that Hill began to wabble and I
knew the gyroscopes were running
down, I got him Into a cafe In time to
eat him In a chair before they slopped
altogether. After having a drink nnd
rewinding the gyroscopes, we started
out again. So we made our way, con
tinuing the i-enrch. Rill nt this tlmo
was not of much aid lo me. He wns
loo much worried about his gyroscopes
leBt they stop.
Once they did, and DDI promptly sat
down In the middle of the sidewalk, A
crowd collected and laughed as I re
wound Ihe tops. In my nervousness,
put both gyroscopes n Rill's right hand
pocket and got him on his feet, He
neither stood upright nor fell down, but,
pulled by Krlc, his body assumed a
lateral angle of 45 degrees to the pave
ment, and su he went along. Since no
ungyroscoped man, drunk or sober, can
do this, Hilt excited a great deal of at
tention and wo were arrested for caus
ing a crowd to collect. When the desk
lieutenant, patient man that he was,
heard my troubles he let us go on my
promise to take mil and I'Jrlo home in
a taxi, which I did.
None of the readers of The Sun can
blame me for not finding my lost blonde
sister-in-law that day, 1 did my best.
New Yonw, October 24, T, P.
Names of Ileauty, Not of Power.
To tub KniToit oi- Tin: Hon Sir: The
words Unlstalla and Usona will never
do as names for thn United Htntes; but
they are Ideal mimes for Pullman cars.
Huston, Mans., October 23. S.
To HIK I'lHToit or- Tlis HPS .Wr. I can
not accept the siuraellon of Mr. J. (',
White that pears be prii.ertcd In Khmer.
The housewife Is likely In Ret them too
llnsrry, so that tn eat a dish of them Is
Irnnily reminiscent of Ihe medicine of
our childhood, o,
Naw Teas, October M.
A GREEK TO GREEK VOTERS.
What Cltlienii of Helleale Descent
Owe to Mr. Hashes.
TO THK KDITOR Of TlIK BUM Sir: As
Tub SDN Is widely read by foreign born
Americans who want accurate reports on
the war and other Importont topics. I
beg leave to present through your col
umns certain political views of the per
sons of Greek descent throughout the
United Htntos. This country Is the homo
of nbout 400,000 poreons of Greek par
entage, 100,000 of whom are qualified
lo vote at the approaching election.
11 Is Impossible to Impress too strongly
tho duty of nil naturallxd Americans,
Including those of Greek birth, to exer
clsa their right to vote. They cannot
be good citizens unless they do; they
owe It to their newly adopted cities,
counties nnd States, as well as to the
nation, to help decide the great public
questions. Their entire strength should
be felt on November 7.
While Governor Mr. Hughes appointed
a commission on Immigration to make
a full Investigation of the conditions and
welfare of the aliens residing within
New York Stale. This was the first
of Its kind eve appointed and served as
a model for similar commissions In
other States. Needless to say, this com
mission brought about much needed leg
islation for the welfare of the' Immi
grants. On Its recommendation there
was established a Uureau of Industry
and Immigration. This bureau had
passed und enforced laws prevenlliigvo-
ploltatlon, fraud and crime, and gnve to
every admitted alien, even IIioukIi he
could not understand the language of the
new land. Its laws and customs, an op
portunity to state his complaint or diffi
culty In his own tongue and have Impar
tial Investigation made. Among the
laws which the bureau recommended
arid which were passed were measutes
related to better hanking conditions, the
prevention of steamship company frauds
and the Improvement of health.
In addition, those of Greek birth now
have a splendid opportunity of repaying
k deep debt they owe to the Republican
candidate for Ihe Presidency, Mr.
Hughes. In 1H0S, while Mr. Hughes was
Governor of New York Htnte, the Legis
lature passed a bill prohibiting all Greek
congregations from establishing churches
In New York without first obtaining a
license from the Archbishop of Russia
or a Consul-Oeneral of Russia. The
measure would have become law If Mr.
Hughes had not vetoed It after seeing
the wisdom of the many able arguments
against such a blow at religious freedom
as presented by Mr. Vlosto, editor of the
Atlantis, and numerous other Greeks and
other organisations throughout the
Cnlted States. Let us now show our ap
preciation to Mr. Hughes.
Wasiiinoton, D. C, October 2t.
An I'nasaal Iteqnest From Pnerfo
To the EniTor or Tiik Scn Sir: A
New York woman visiting Puerto Illco
has a brain disorder doctors do not
remedy and threatens Insanity,
She believes In and lectures on
Will you print a request In your
paper that reaileri repeat "Get well.
Tet. fiet well, Tet," as often as they
Such a prayer fiom many perons, she
feels, will check the ailment.
Humanity excuses my liberty.
A. CfRTIS Hosd.
San .Iuan. P. ft.. October 17.
Cyclic Dactyls In the Campaign.
To the Koitor or Tils Sun sir: The
recent admlrabls writings of iohn Han
cock, Jr., hnve heroic, epic tone. .More
power lo him. They should be reprinted
for e.imul2ii document".
Like Homer he uses the IhjUI hexam -
eler for nrstiment and description, but
when he comes to conclusions, like
Homer, he makes ue of the cyclic
dactyl, which irturns again and again
In his discourse, .iI.ia h.nnmeilng his
point home In a clever and convincing
manlier. For example .
Mow ' are' we to ' knoe. ' when ou 1 mean'
ulnt iiu saj-
The above I" quite a metrical line and
utier atriiKKling with It und analyziiiK
It to find a familiar air, the old one of
"Wllklns aval His Dinah," or possibly
the German ntr to "Gerade aus ilem
Wlrthaus" seems to come to the front
with telling effect. Let some old tinier
try the following words to that grand
old song of forty yeais ago:
When Woodrow was walklnr the White
House one day,
lllll Brvan came to him, ami thus he did
"You must make all our speeches ex-
I.Ike the daffy down dlllles that rrow at
are we to ktiow when Mill til.Mll wbnt
ou sa) ?
Hew are we til Know when you mean what
now are fte to Know when ou mean what
With your words and our nrtlons ron
"Atrocious!" said Woodrow. "Just listen to
I wish t had kicked you Into a cocked hat!
When Harvard' ex-prex says my rintllsli
Your honeyed Indictment I 'shall' not en
"O Woodrow! How can you? O what Is
To heap on your comrade such awful
I nexer can stand It. O Woodrowi m
,o I scuttle my office and slv up my
Tlie sound of these words made th Presl-
Hie eye UshteM up and he said: "O whal
Auf trap Juice hetrunken seln, das ash
'nana mil, und sehame dlch, alter Osi.U "
How are we to know when 011 mean what
How are we to know when you mean nhat
ou say ?
How are we to know when you mean what
With your words and your actions ten
fllclliiK alway ?
PAPItAllll'E WoOIIROt'OH Hl'llllANH.
Poroii KKFpstE, Dctobor 24,
Oklahoma Club Life.
'low Ihr UrMlrtltr Xru t Cneli'W
With forty. six member in the corn
club, eighteen members In the cotton club,
fourteen members In' the eraln sorzhum
cluh, seven members in the peanut club
and twelve members lu Hie pic club, ihe
young farmers between 10 and IS years
of ajrc who live In Ce eland county bavo
been taking an active part In the develop
ment "f the agricultural re.nurccs f their
One Kiddle of Hie Cnlterse,
(in Mr Hughes a dreadful stigma
Cast by tho World: "Tlis Ureal llnlsma,"
Vet the true riddle of the Sphinx
Is to reconcile what Joseph I'ulltxer
thourht with what the World thinks.
GOVERNOR WHITMAN AND THE Fl.
NANCES OF THE STATE.
Comptroller rrondertt,Cs Fourth Article Further Examination of. j-;,,
Governor Glynn's Statements,
It Is necessary to resume the con
sideration of additional appropriations
of the same nature as those discussed
In my Inst paper.
Payment for cattle destroyed. ,$i:,Se2.!S
It Is tho policy and law of the State
that the owners of cattle killed under
the requirements of the health laws
shall be reimbursed for the value of
the cattle destroyed. Reference to Gov
ernor Glynn's state papers will show
that among his first messages to the
Legislature, white he was Acting Gov
ernor (August, 1013), wits an unctuous
appeal for an appropriation to pay
such claims. When his own budget
for 1914-19113 was before him he vetoed
an Item for this same purpose, al
though claims were then awaiting
Governor Whitman and the Republi
can Legislature believed that "the
owners of the cattle destroyed ore
citizens who cannot 'well ufford to be
deprived of their property and com
pelled to wait an unreasonable time
for the reimbursement which the very
statute which authorizes the depriva
tion commands shall be paid to them,"
hence they appropriated the sum of
4."i",722.7. for bills due and overdue,
und Mo4,837.r0 for the requirements
of the year 1913-191G. The foregoing
quotation Is from Governor Glynn's
message of August, 1913, to the Legis
lature. Here are over four-flfthB of a
million dollars which bud to be ap
propriated In Governor Whitman's
tlrst year to keep faith with the citi
zens of the State.
Tors dur rountlei .$201,102. CI
This wns to pay debts of the State
to different counties. Governor Glynn
vetoed an Item for thlH purpose. Why
the State should not pay Its bills
when due is what no Governor can
Suppression of Inrert pesls 1100,000
It was found that there wns nn ex
Istlng dellclency for this work and the
money had to be provided. It Is work
which Is row lielng done by every en
lightened community in the Interests
of health. The city of New York hns
recently appropriated 1L'5,000 for this
Cnal repairs unJ lock Undm... .I00OOOO
The customary appropriation for a
number of ears had been 1900,000
This was reduced to $600,000 In the
1914-191.' budget. General Wother
spoou, the Superintendent of Public
Works, certified that there would he
required ah additional appropriation
of $330,000 to cover deficiencies up to
Ul J. "' -i"-"
30. 19)5. The Legislature made this .
allowance and in the appropriation bill
r (.,- inn- I. ...... i .. ..riinUn,
" , , -"- -
amount for the entire years malnte-
nance. 1330,000. It Is tlius seen tnat
Governor Whitman In his first year
was compelled to approve $660,000 for
this work over the appropriations of
Governor Glynn. The latter has said
on this subject:
He Ireferrlni to Ihe writer of lhl arti
cle) mentions nn lleni of IS.Ki.isiO fur
1 anal repairs and lock temlttiK. l..it year
the I.oKl-Uture reduied tin appropriation
for thl- purpose to ImiO.OOU for thse r.-a-snns:
The normal ot of lotk tenders was
113.000. Tho coi of KHtchmen, patiol
men. clerks and ork done by the Super-
Hntendent of Itepilrs nn the seritt sec-
lions lncreaed this um to approximately
M30.000. All money expended In exiess
of this normal ile,l ilikige for the pur
pose could be for one of two purposes
llbrr to make etpen-l'e and permanent
I repairs upon the oM canal, or lo provide
an exrUM! fur piilttup on it larce number
of laborers w-bo were poUtiiAlly aluablc
It was absurd to think of expending
I use sums of nmney for permanent repair
upon laual uhlih Has to - alundoned
within a sar or two. and while I, as ilov
eruoi dtd not make this redurtion, I a
In entire .niuliv with tlie arilim of lh
l.rKlIature In reduilns this npproprl.il km,
u-cau-e 1 knew that for j-ear-, und"r Ad-
mtm.trnllone Imth Democratic and It
publican, the tatuls had been nilde The!
fnetball of p.lllltl s. A pl'Oof of Ibis was
that more than 1 .'.OO men weri carried
on the canal puvroll who were ah-nlutely
exempt from any civil .erlce restrictions
A'lf 1 nrk timet. Van C, 1S1.V
If Rovernnr Olynn's llgures aie cor
rect the appropriation should have
been cut to $ .-,11,000. Whether the
Legislature or flnvernor lilynn wax
responsible for the cut I will not argue.
The big fact thai stands out Is that
under the excellent and unimpeachable
rtt nt i..,,r..it te..o.ni,u. . 1.
; . ,' .'''
"., , , V! ,r"v,M". ?"'
.01iii110n.11 iiiki.k aim i.owriior 1111-
man bad to lather the Increase over
the allotment of (iovernor niynn's
1 may also remark that the fact
that l.fiOO men nre employed in exempt
positions s uu proof that the money
paid to them Is not honestly earned ami
a necessary expenditure.
Court of Claims JtidKmint.. . III. 100
No allowance was made for thin
purpose In (Inventor (ilynn's appro- '
prlatlons for 1!)M-I9ir.. These llahlll- I
ties nre constantly accruing nnd should I
be promptly liquidated. (Iovernor'
BEACH PLUMS AND SASSA-FRAS.
Wh) Are They Xot Cullbated nnd i where, and the more f tile 1. s 1 '
Mdde Worth While? j MM, a,V' "'T " ",e
growth. I.Ike the beach plin' '
To nu; KniTOR or THE SCN .I'll Time 1 it cannot urvle the nverpowri s '
seems tu be .1 belief, piohahly ileilvedlof the larger and more Mur-' "
from the name, that the beach plum is j the finest, and Is soon now, led at 1
so called because the pea beaches appear relegated to less favoif.l Inn more'
to be- Its favored habitat As a nutter
of fact the hnih mil rrow in mix- soil
and the better It Is the nmre thrifty the
growth. It flourishes on all the other
wise ban en sand hills throughout the
centie of Long Island, far from the .sea,
and In fact where almost all other vege
tation ictuses to mow. It Is enabled to
do this because Its tough roots extend
deep Into the earth and thus obtain
The rcuon why the bcaeh plum does
tint occur generally 011 better soil Is that
It does not seem to be able to compete
with the forest trees which monnpulige j
the favored sections nnd which over
shadow and exterminate it. The fi-ull
varies from comiiarath ely laige ami,
luscious plums to those which aie small. 1
hard and unpalatable. 1 believe thai Ifl
care wcie taken in selection and culti-1
vatlon a superior fruit would lie the le
suit, I am trying the expei-lmciit and
tl rid that the slnilbs glow well In my
Tho name beach plum is therefore
somewhat misleading. The sain,, mis
taken idea seems to pievall in tegard
to the sassafras, siine, for tlie ie.ion
that it chiefly ocelli s in light and some
times I11 11 oil soils, the I 'nu .'.I Slates
Department of Agrleulluie has employed
the name to distinguish a vatlety of
Whitman's first budget carried liv
000 for this purpose.
crison maintenance ii-n,,.
Of tho foregoing total JSS.ooo U ,i.
iu u uoureu iur wmco uovernor Olyri
is oirectiy responsime. it -ass Con.
ceueu, i am lmormcu (.wnen tli I9H,
1916 budget was lielng prepared), th,,
the sum of $900,000 was required for
prisons. Governor Glynn Insisted on
reducing this amount to $760,000 nd
diverting from the prison manufac.
turlng account the sum of $140,000 tj
make up the total, liven this exnf.
client did not nttfllce and $9r,000 hn1
to oe appropriaten in tlie supply t,,
as a deficiency Item. Superintendent
of Prisons lllley, who served undfr
Governor Glynn, made so strong a
reiircaeiuiiiiu'i Kir an auequaie appro,
prlatlon for the fiscal year 1915.'Jn
that the sum of $225,4'!0 In excea, of
the previous year's figure was pro.
vlded. Governor Whitman's llben:
attitude toward the support of the
State's prisons Is particularly lgntft.
cant In view of recent undeserved
On the RUbJect of the prison de
flclency Governor Glynn hns saldi
Mr. I'rendergaat mentions an Horn
IDO.OOO for Plate prisons. This 1)1,0
If It la required, represents a chinit 0(
policy In the prlaona. The policy prvou,
to last year wns to maka the prlaontra
contribute to their own support mitt anl
more vtry year. It that policy had boa
continued there would have ht-n m r.i
ton for any additional appropriation. t.
policy lo-uay, nowrver, la ror th Sim H
to contribute more and more to the ms.
port or ns prisoners, ami ir mat folic) ,
continued It Is Inevitable that the apr,''
prlslldn must he Increased. Stie Yck'
Tlmts, Stat t. 1315.
I think It Is not necessary to com
ment on this explanation. It does not
meet the contentions which were nu!
before and are now repeated.
Charitable Institutions and hnspltela
maintenance Ilti &t,
The sums necessary for the support
of these special cares of the State
were cut In an effort to keep don
appropriations. My experience with
the Institutions under the city's con.
trol convinces me thnt it Is unjtitlflt.
hie parsimony to attempt to restrict
unduly the support for these purpos
Governor Whitman's Admlnl'trotH
hnd to mnke up deficiencies of 355,On'
and mnke Increases of f2S,ono In tle
appropriations over those of Governor
Glynn's budget. This question nan
most carefully Investigated nn.l thtm
wns no evidence to Indicate that the I
amounts allowed were more than ad'- i
qunte to meet the abiolutp needs f.f ft
I the Institutions. Governor Glsnn
en these subjects:
i .M0 for ihnrltahle Insiltuti.ms. Ti"
nppropriatlnn fur charitable Ir.-tlmi
w prepared last year hy the ltep.it, 1
j Ways and Means Committee, ahd ,iofil
without any ehanse by the Senate r, I tr
flnvernor. If the appropriations wen 1
small, the Itepuhllcan Asaeml.ly npi.'
share responsibility, but In thl I
bleie that the Itepubllcan As,in
was rlpht, berau-e nn exumtnallrm ,f
re'iue-te of these several lustltutlou ''i
Items In tho supply hill show, th.it h
major portion of 'he requts represn' In
crenes tn salaries.
Mr. I'renileiirnst speaks of an lt'. '
IStlT.POO for the State hospital,. T' -represents
a reduction made bv ih- Let'
lature In the appropriation IC of - t
5ear for which I hail no respon.lhr.lt i
cuneernlnir whlih I axaln wi h 11 "
that I am tn entire smpatb ml1
action f.f the I.ei.tatiue, Th app- p
lions for Slate hu.pltal last eai 1
for alt purposes except salaries in ' 'i.f
the exact amount requested b. ll 1
la the matter of salaries and war '
reduction w:is made for the f- w in; - '
son. An examination of t'ie hnp.u
which l set furlh a'.o In tlie ip .
the Cumml.slonf r of HIT ! 111 - '
i:-onom. ehnws tita the i.ijti. r '
pluyees III Ihe illtfereut III"! ll lltl'i- H'
so much loo Uik ill ej I ill 11" the
tieiis from 10 10 Co pi ,eni
pnees Mere off dull all the tl
rc.is.il! the ple.ent I.ecl-lat lire i p . M
tills d"le lent y and sraiitliin an 1. "
In next veaV., appropriation. . tho '
hospital official, and eniplove. h.11 '
most enmpatt and enersetlc pi.1'!'
r.inlzatlon for promoting: tlolr nw "
e.ts which e.w. n- ever ha e
Hie Stal. of N'o-v Viet;.- Vnr Vi. ' "
.tay 5. U'l.
1 Mill llol illsi'll-is the act la' . r
plied responsibility for these dell'
appropriation. I know lint w.
(Iovernor (Ilyim completed I Is a-
ion the tlnnnciiil bill- p.i.d 1
I-egl-tnture he pionouncd the l ade '
. , . . 1 1 , , , ,. ,
which bo bad npprow-d. a-a trl imt'v"1'
that tlunnclng. II" accepted !'''
responsibility for these apprnur n ' "
and when tlu-.v are prov. a to m ,n d'
quale It will not xiitllrc -a- ,y '
the responsibility lies elsewhuc P"
ther, It Is Idle for hlni tn attempt
ascribe the making of t iese at'-
lately necessary appropriation t ' '
political power of the "htxplla!
clals and employees" If siph 1
cal power existed, what did he
tin either as State Comptroller "r '
rrnor to destroy it?
William A I'iienm-" '
I soil as "sassafras sandy lo.ini. 1 when
I a matter of fact the tree, "i ., '-"in!
Ills vlcorous tan root, w C c. -1"
When standing alone, bowee
' velops into a handsome tiee ai d "
worthy of cultivation. It has n
mles In the open eounttj. wi.ere e '
the food plant of the large b.a -k
low tall butterfly. P. troiluf a d
beautiful Imperial moth. H im"' '"
which, however, do not mju e fc
III the city It l subject to utta I ''
tussock moth catirplllir. h hi' b "
w-li.it imotlem-mia T,i. . titfli'cd fit'
III the fall aie attractive
Al'.cil lliM.o 1" Wit
I.lbiai Ian, Hrooklyn Kui oii"1 'K
Organ Music nt Old 'Irlnm
Tn tiik I'eiii's or Tor t s -
m gall recital Is glieii at I'r.n " '
eiery Wednesday at 12 ".o 0 " k 1 " ""
regular uoondav servb e.
Il taking advantage of this imp'
to hear good niusli tlrnl hu i.e- 'i-'n
overworked 1 lerks lu the ih"''
trie! can bealn their aft "1 '" "
refreshed. Vi ' '""
Nkw York. tl. t itie' '1
Krcplog l'p Ml III Hie style, in li-
Siow ilir 's'ifiii tintr
Another lntlliilini win. Ii hi" ' ' t
HmporU l Ho- separae if! n ,"n