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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, November 12, 1916, SECTION 5 SPECIAL FEATURE SUPPLEMENT, Image 47

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Copyright. 1 91 . by the Sun Printing and
Publlihtng Attoctatltm.
NOVEMBER 12, 1916.
TO the task of bringing nearer
together the people of the
Tinted flutes and those of his
own country one of the greatest men
of France hut rr- his hand. He Is
(labrlel Haneitnux. already so well
known to our people that he needs
no further Introduction than the men
lion of his ;iame. This could be said
of Koarccly any other living French
man. It Is his belief that the three frea
peoples of the world. France, Kng
land and the United States, should in
fcoino measure link their destinies,
and, even though France andTingland
now are lighting side by side as allies
In a great war In which America is
not Involved, he feels that the bonds be
tween his country and our own. which
are of peculiar and unique strength,
have lc?n and should be strengthened
by the crisis.
The Interview with M. Uanotaux,
which follows, was obtained by me In
I'arjs. and may be regarded as one of
the' most significant messages which
have been sent across the sea since the
outbreak of this war. It Is a message
of something warmer than good will.
It Is an invitation to and promise
of sympathetic cooperation. It is an
expression of that sort of sympa
thetic understanding which seldom
goes from the mouth of n great man
of one nation to the eyes of the peo
ple of another.
And It Is rendered detlnlte, unique,
by the fact that It Includes the first
public announcement of an unprece
dented Invitation, that of a great Gov
eminent at war to a single citizen of
a nation at peace, a citizen at present
occupying no position of official slg
nlrlcance. but world famous for the
things which he has done, to visit It
and study at first hand, untrammelled
anywhere and aided everywhere, the
processes of Its battle for existence,
the details of Its struggle for the pres
ervation of Its freedom, the method
of its expulsion from its soli of an in
It was after I had asked a quetIon
Indicative of the friendly feeling which
stirs the heart of pvery Amerclan who
has seen France at war that M. Uano
taux made the utterly unexpected re
rly whrch Indicated the extraordinary
plan which has leen conroived and de
veloped of late In the minds of those
Important Frenchmen who are most
eager for a strong1 Franco-American
future friendship and for a complete
Franco-American future understand
ing. M. Uanotaux has Just exclaimed:
"If America tenders her hand to
France It will h warmly clasped."
"How can we K-st hold out our
hand?" I asked.
"Send us Roosevelt!" was his en
tirely tinexp'ctcd reply, "Before the
war comes to nn end send us Itoosevelt
to go Into the French trenches. Let
him come to us and witness our great
struggle at close range. He well known
that for which this free people has
gone into the field. Lt him come
and see If at war acquit ourselvc
as a free pc. p'.e should,"
This wa.e an extraordinary tribute
from a Frenchman to an American.
I had heard many tales cf French
complaints against Americans, and. In
spite of the manv evidences of the
contrary which I had seen here dur
ing the spring and early summer, I
still wondered If there might not arise
somewhere In France a voice of pro
test against this extraordinary honor
offered to a citizen of that neutral
ciuntry which, during the course of
the great conflict, has had the most
difficult of parts to play.
"Are you sure that If he comes he
will f well received upon all aides?"
I asked.
"Will he be well received?" Mr.
Uanotaux rereated my Inquiry smil
ingly, as If Incredulous that any one
should ask n question of the sort.
"He will be received like a great king."
he declared emphatically. "He will be
received as might have been Alexander
the fJreat if Invited to b a witness of
the battles of a. I'ower friendly to him.
Do you know him?"
I explained to M. Hanotaux that It
chances that I know Col. vHoosevelt
rather well, having 'been -wounded
while attached as a correspondent to
the Hough Hlders In Cuba and having
been made by the permanent regi
mental organization its official histo
rian. "Then urge him to come." sild the
great Frenchman. "The Invitation will
not be wholly unexpected, perhaps,
although It has not been made public
that It Is to be extended and although
we have not the slightest Idea whether
or not It will be accepted.
"If you can do anything through
newspapers or otherwise which will
help to Influence h'.m toward the ac
ceptance of It you thereby will be do
ui:; the fln'st thing for France whhrh
vou, us an Amerjrpr.. ciulu do. A
'i.t. while we are at war, from
Theodore Itoosevelt! Through such
an episode,, indeed, America really
m'-:ht hold out the hand of fellowship
to France!"
"Have th? people of France been
satisfied with the attitude of the
Fnited States during the course Of
the a real war?" I arked.
"We have been very satisfied with
the American uttltude." said M. Hano- ,
taux. "The efforts to convince the
people of the 1'nlted States that this
is not the e-nsc have leen made by the
enemies of Franci-.
"We have received from the peo
pie of the 1'nlted States a sympathy
and understanding which have been
very welcome and which have tended
to sustain our courage and determina
tion, We have received from the re
sources of the l.'nlted States, nn.incl.il.
.ndustrlal nnd economic, enormous aid.
"While your (Jovernment strictly has
maintained complete neutrality, ns It
ih iK-en right that It should do, your
oe.iple have sent us food for our popu-
French 'Authority on International Affairs Wants America's Ex-President to
Visit Trenches- That He May Telt How a Free People Fight for Freedom
Utlon at n time when Its own produc
tion has been hampered by the lntene
efforts In other directions necessitated
by the war; they have sent us muni
Hons from your wonder working fac
tories which have been of the utmost
moment to us: to our wound'd they
have offered succor and assistance
through many splendid enterprises, of
which the American Ambulance In
Paris ever will remain a shining ex
ample of the fine spirit which ani
mates American friendship for France.
"And what France. Indeed what can
any one say In adequate appreciation
of the marvellous outpouring of pure
charity and understanding, wholesale
generosity which has come from the
United States to aid poor Helglum--that
one of our allies which most line
suffered and the gallantry of which
ever will remain glorious In history!"
"It has lieen suggested by many
very careful thinkers that In an alli
ance of the three free people- those
of France, those of (Ireat Itrttain and
those of th? t'nlted Stntes. may tie a
possible plan by means of which to
preserve the world from future dls.is
ters comparable to this war." 1 ventured-
"An understanding of the sort would
be the strongest Influence for good th
world ever has known." said M. Hano
taux. "At present the feeling In
France Is that we must think of noth
ing but the war until we. In connec
tion with our allies, have brought it
to a victorious couclusivn. We must
concentrate upon the task In hand.
"But It would be well, even while
the war proceeds, to prepare the ma
chinery and cultivate the Impulse
which may help toward such an un
derstanding ns you mention. It may
Is? that I shall find no better opportunity-
during our talk than this
In which to express, as a Frenchman,
the strength and depth of the feeling
of all France toward Kngland.
"Iti should be unnecessary for a.
Frenchman to give voice to this, for It
should be entirely and fully understood
upon all side. Hut a very definite anil
Ingenious campaign has Is-cn organised
for sowing th seeds of dimension
among th people of the allied na
tion, and more (specially for spread
ing In the neutral countries f.ile
tales of misundertandlngs, rivalries
nnd half hidden agreements.
-"Kven In France by devious means
efforts lime been m.i le to bring about
ilissatlWtion ulth our splendid Brit
ish allies. Just as efforts have been
made in many quarters to generate
the thought that France ha- fallen out
of sympatlTy with the Fulled States.
"Naturally such efforts are deceiv
ing nobody in France with regard to
Kngland any more than the similar
efforts are deceiving any one with re
gard to America. That the effort
should have been made at alt In either
case Is but one morn Indication of that
lack of knowledge with regard to In
ternational psychologies' which Tius
characterized the procedure of our
enemies from the days of the begin
ning of the war.
"As a matter of fact a grateful nnd
appreciative France fully realizes that
in this day of great world crli Kng
land l playing In the world her usual
role, of the defender of Justice and the
protector of human liberty. I have
put forward my very firm conviction
upon this subject In the preface which
I have written for Mrs. Humphry
Ward's I.F.fTort de 1'Aligleterre.'
tKnglnnd's F.fTort.) 1 am glad to have
this opportunity of repeating the state-tiK-nt
of my convlctlotis for the benefit
of neutrll render. They are the con
victions' of all Frenchmen.
"Hut to-day I am glad to speak
principally of the feeling of France for
the Fnlted States. Cordiality always
has Is-en the keynote of the relation
ship between our two countries. So
far a 1 am awaie no opportunity for
Its expression In woriU ever has been
neglected by a Frenchman, und bo
sides such expressions there have been
continual ar.d more practical manifes
tations of It through great financial,
commercial and industrial interchange
between the nations.
"It has been my continual and per
sonal aim and wish to further this
relationship of friendship and to bring
the two countries constantly closer to
gether. A ery definite effort l now
and for some time has been In opera
tion In I'.irl toward this end. In the
loim of the American fearing House,
of which I am the president.
At tir.-t tlil wi.s prill-.p.illy an or
ganization devoted t., the efficient and
proper d.sirlbutl. n of that magnificent
which Vu been manifested by
jj j
America In Frame since the begin
ning of the war, but now it lias de
eoped further, and has become an
organized machine devised for the
purpose of bringing closer tugcther in
an Intimate acquaintance and friend
ship those representatives of both our
peoples who have become lnteiested
In the common object of alleviating
the misery thrust upon the world by
those who are responsible for this
great war,
"No task could be more congenlat to
me. I have travelled extensively In
the Fnlted states and may lay claim
to some personal ki:owlcdge..of yemr
splendid people and yemr magnlllcent
country. I have perceived the pjeh
logical tidiness, the mental kocnties
Vie tremendous phslcal activity
j our people with delight.
"So, realizing that in the nature eif
things America must seem distant In
deed to many of our French people. I
have definitely aimed at the Achieve
ment eif producing here a more Inti
mate knowledge of anil as an Inevi
table sequence n more friendly feeling
toward the Fnlted State.
"Out of the unnecessary and un
forgivable gloom Into which the world
has licen plunged by this inexcusable
war some bright details gleam, ) Hie.
of these Is the fact that we have rea
son to believe that our unceasing
e'fforts have Impressed not only thu
British hut the Americans of unsus
pected capabilities In France. We I--lleve
that through the war wo have
lecoine more! accurately known to
these our friends and to other friends
In Belgium, in 1 talv . In Hu..i and
elewheie. That has been a gain which
has accrued to u In the midst of days
of stralij ami tragedy.
"It Is our especial hope that America
ami Kngland through this appreciation
of our exhibition of iwrvu strength
may form a true conception of tho
effort which we shall 1 able to exert
when the day conies for the peace
overtures to ! made. That Is a point
to be remenibere d."
It is well th.it all Ameil'aus who
read these wonls should. Indeed, con
sider them with car. .M Uanotaux
did not further elucidate- Ins meaning,
but to tho. capable of reading be
twren the line will 1 found heie an
expression of that grim deteimlnatlon
which plainly forms the sahtti.ttutn
of all French though' In the days -th.it
grim determination that this war
shall iiermaiieutly decide tin- great
question which are IsMng argued with
the thunder of its gun und the -sMurp
point f Its bay-met. No one who
has ptit In Fiaiioe us ina.iv war ti-ii"
weeks lis It tin Is i n iiiy prixi.Li
spend can ih'i t that vvh-i th.s w.ir
come, to an em! r will li.iv : f t fiw
moot points miiivi i fed
M. H.inot.nix turned the cotwera
tlon pres ntly into .li.tnneN less
militant, it is pl.i.n that ulntidy lie,
ha thought duply upon the tilings
wh.ch will Im. mot desirable nf'er
the war's end and up n that new- phi
losophy wlnili thij war has. brought
to France.
"But. after nil." ., id -. 'Fran i
wishes to siund lefote tin- wirM ns
a fighting Hi t Inn only dating Mich a
period as may be nec-s.iry n order
that her enemie may be convinced
that she I capable of defendlji her
ideals, her ptop-ity and her tradi
tion. '
"l'.eatly Frane-e stands in the vorld
not for military power but for her
art. her tine-", her : .nee. ll-r
propaganda ever ha been m.i.l?
through the nied. im of her beaux
art. Art ha I u the l.-uitern
through wh.ch she ms shown Per
light to the world.
"America ha bought from it pic
lures and sMtues and all the beattlful
things for wl i. li Fr.mce is t.imn"
A an International tiled um of o
chatiKc nit must no be despised. Tl e
Industrie and branch s of cotnmcrc
which supply the elite with their re
qulretiietits have an importance ns
vital to the growth of civilization as
that of more materia! things,
"It is certain that the marriage o!
American at d Fii nrli Meats, til'
union of Fiench netlvlt with Atner -can
ambition, wou.d produce- i eelont
offspring. I do not do i!-. tint through
the I'M-li.in'je of though:. whb
though tr.ivelllti,- b different paths
proceed exactly In the s itae d.rection
and through the exchange of your
wonderful commodities of nn-at ef
fort and vast eiiteipn-e for our prod
ucts, aiming them by no tne.niK .'or
getting gown for women and every
thing connect) tl with the world it
beauty which w call M.I mode.' we
shall arrive at u complete accord be
tween the countries taking tin- steps
necessniy to insure' that our respec
tive i-lv .lizuloiis !-. The future shall
bo far above the elu.ip Jack lmiti
tlon with which (icrmany deceived
herself and endeavored to deceive the
"I always have advocated tho Ide.i
that French students should go
AmrliM to stitdv tin- great rummer.
la! and imliistr.il activities of our
country, u I always have been among
those wlio most heirtlly have wc'
corned American students who have
come here to learn of our arts, our
science nnd the sentiments of our
"In this interview I find It Impoi
slble moie fully to develop this the
ory, but In cooperation in America
with my clo-i) and valued friends
Pr. Nicholas Murray Butler, president
of Cnlumbhi Fnlversity; Dr. Kllot.
pte.s'.deiit emeritus of Harvard, and
Tol. Boosevelt I have been making the
Kteiitest pos-ni.'o effort , to bring about
till union l.etwiei our two peoples,
our tw.j tciu!i'.ics the union for
which tin- foundations weto laid by
Washington and our Lafayette; foun
dations upon which during this war, by
otir help and by your sympathy, you
Americans have built a more impor
tant portion of the growing structure
than you have appreciated,"

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