THE SUN, SUNDAY. NOVEMBER 12, 1916
WOMEN PRESIDENT MAKERS ACTED JUST LIKE MERE MEN
1 I - fMtfTd (Tl-5 l "
THE HUGHES WOMEN S SPECIAL.
Results of the Election Would Seem
to Show That the 2,000,000 En
franchised Women Voted as Dem
ocrats and Republicans and Were
as Partisan as Their Brothers
Br ELEANOR BOOTH SIMMONS.
Turned this election from n
hort story to lio read nt one comfort
able sitting Into a three volume book
with a Jolt nt tho beginning of ench
chipter nnd question marks fairly bo
pattering the text. At least that Is
th view of many of tho suffragist.
The petticoat Is In politics as a live
factor, though not precisely In the
way certain organizations of -women
thought nt tho start of thl campaign.
"Woman's debut In polities'." was the
policy, In one particular she predi
cated little on Mr. Hughes's slate
mcnt, made the day after his speech
cry M the lf.Pihcs women's cnmpulgn ! accepting: the nomination, that he fectlve method. Tho meetings don't
train swung out from the New York would use his influence to get the -Cfntral
Terminal on October 2 on the i wmen of the country enfranchised by j chieago. un, 0M tno ,nlc tnp Woman's
lensatlonal tour which was to convert J'Jeral enactment. Her reason Is dlf-, party speakers, especially Mrs. Inez
the doubtful votes la tho West, and I ferent. though.
particularly wavering women's votes, I Dr- Amia Howard Shaw nnd Mrs.
Into joM strength for the Republican I Carrie Chapmnn Cntt and thelrfoI
candld.i'c. i 'DWCrs don't seo how a mere President
Of course. It was absurd to call It , t,f th VnlteA s,ales C01IJ control
woman'f d. but. for Mrs. J. i:ilen l-'os-1 ,lla stipulated mnjorlty of Congress
ter nnd Ml, Helen Vnrlol: Hoswill ' necessary to pass
were spellbinding for tin- O. O. 1'. a
score of yearn ago. When Miss Hns
n oil. head of tho women's' campaign
lommlttco of tho Uepubllcan National
Committee, Hpoko a fortnight ago nt
the meeting of the Commercial Men's
Sound Money Iaguo on Hroadwny
she was merely repenting her per
formance in the McKlnlcy rampalgn
in 1M0. I
Alt through the full of 1912 tip to
election day New York and a lot of
other places brlstld withTtepubllcun.
Progressive nnd Democratic orntors
and workers of tho well known gentler
sex. Miss Alice Carpenter of Hoston,
Miss M.iry Donnelly, MLs Frances A.
Kellor. M.ss Anne Iliiodcs and literally
hundreds high in tho councils of
Roosevelt nnd his followers were
doing n large share of tho stunts of
the Progressive campaign. You
couldn't turn n corner that you didn't
bump Into Miss Itaswcll. Miss Mary
Francis, Mrs. Nelson II. Henry or
tome other O. O. P. woman distribut
ing literature, talking from a cart
tall or opening n Taft shop. Mrs. J
Borden Harrtman marshalled the
Democrntto women Into a fairly active
phalanx, but some persons who wanted
to be mean did point out that It was
the candidate for whom women did the
least work that' was successful nt the
And though the assertion will be
hotly disputed by a good many women.
It teems pretty certain that organized
attempts on tho part of women to In
fluence vote, nt least the attempts
most widely talked nbout nnd adve'r
tlsed, have had about the same nega
tive effect In the present campaign.
The Western Ktates to which tho
Hushes women devoted the most of
their attention turned Hughca down.
True, Illinois, where they spent some
days campaigning, voted Republican,
but only 51 per cent, of the women of
that State cast their ballots for Hughes
and 43 per cent, went Wllsonwnrd. In
Kansas, Idaho. Washington, Colorado,
Arkansas, Montana, Cnllfornla, all the
vat West where Miss Kellor anil her
mworltcrs labored so long nnd ho hard
In a long month's cnmpulgn.-at n cost
nf r''.000 or more, their arguments op-p.iif-Mly
had ntout ns much effect ns
many zephyrs from tho alfalfa
lie is. it ecms extremely unlikely
tied the Uepubllcan National Commit
ter which feared tho effect of this
tram In tho llrwt place, will over give
t a similar project even the lukewarm
support accorded to this.
As n President mnker tho Hughes
omen's cnmpalgn train may be cast
Into tho discard.
And what of that other would-be
President maker, Miss Alice Paul of
the Congressional Union for Woman
President unmaker would be the bet
ter term, for months ago In announc
ing her plan for using the votes of
Western women to force tho Hunan B,
Anthony amendment through Congress
Mlts Paul stnted that sho cared not
who was made Chief Kxecutlve, that
her plan was to punish Prcslde.nl Wil
son because he hadn't forced his party
to pas the amendment, and by that
punUhtnent to make politicians fear
the power olj woman's vote.
amendment or tho thlrty-slx State
legislatures required for Its ratifica
tion. Miss Paul Juat doesn't take
much stock in political promises nnd
amiability. She holds that all parties
hate the notion of giving woman the
ballot, and that It's up to woman to
make herself a political quantity to lie
feared, to bo conciliated. Hence the
Influx nbout six weeks ago Into the
mfSmjUSS I YS.t.'.il .. .'SViH I I m. . S '.JSHlllllllllim. Vr-tOtryi V L3UN vlll ll wiw--.-
II jjj j l' ijEyy jjjjljll
"I rather hope Tresjdent Wilson will
be reelected," she told mo one day In
October, when her campaign wns start- ,
Ing In tho West. "Yes, I do, even while
the effect of our work Is totlraw votes
away from him. Tor we have edu
cated the President, nnd If Hughes
gets In wo will have to start all over
Miss Paul ngTeed with the National
Woman Suffrage Association, that body
which so bitterly opposed her partisan ' party alllllatlons nnd cast her vote this I
year in the great cause or woman sur-
As nearly ns I can get the truth this .
canvassing was Miss Paul's most cf-
Mtlholhrid Hoirt-evaln, now lying 111 In
Iais Angeles from her exertions, made
n pleasant Impression, a much pleas
auter Impression than did the Hughes
women's campaign train. Not that that
id saving much.
Hut Miss Hoswell, who ought to like
the Woman's party, nlr.ro It aimed to
help her candidate, told me Hint Ue
publlcan Women leaders all over the
West reported thai the Woman's party
wasn't drawing audiences, nnd showed
me their letters to this effect. Again
and again I met Western women Unit
ing hfro who hadn't heard of the
Woman's party. The Associated Press
hardly noticed Its existence, nnd one
story described how Its meeting In
Spokane was raptured by n host of In
furiated Di'iiiocratlo women. The first
..... , accomplishing anything win from Mrs. ,, ,.',
n States where women vote of , nf sll(cnmo that made w
Paul's gumshoe female poll- j h(.r , tHl. ,'arno(;i Hall Novem. f "
furintcd D-mncratl.! women, nie nrsi cxpcct b(foro jonff t0 voU au over the . some ot the slogans the Western,
flash I ever got on the Unmans party rnlte(1 statl.a. tt SIyt spellbinding 1 women voters opposed to the Hughes
women some punklnn' this women'H campnlgn train. And liy their
pat-pat of 2,000.000 pieces votes they showed that tliey Pclleveu
that our fellow citizens who what they said.
.1.. IS.iI. liil. BH rn. uL-lrta ,1 r . 1 . 1. . n I I. n . 1
On the out-ldo of It you wouldn't; -Mrs-. H ass head of tho women s 1 u-1 ltr(, , 10 ,a),ot November other thing, to wit, that Western
. i.... 1 reau of th" lxmocratlc National Com-,. .,. ... .., ,,,. ,, fnr ' ' . ,,, ,
Mrs. O. II. I. Helmont vns raising ; V ! ,V riu- was nlTclear through at ! th wimo Yi,r!nlw roi,'.?n' tl,at. Inl'"; m'-t their husba.uN and brothers nnd
monnv for tlx. .T.l.ir!n ncnlnst Wilful . . I i rnl P "'lr ""lut ""n" " "" I lUiers ICCI W I1CI1 persons irom imui
. . j -- - ,nui 1 ,101, nun in'ii t ,,'-
in tho most Otiell. allOVeboard a V. MIKl ,, Imrl r,illlito lit 11 linrsnn I
Mru llnrrlnt Kliintmi Tilnli li ., I..... ..... greSHmetl,
..... .......w. IlIIII'SS llltll I-iriio llll.S Mlk IIVL'tH I,H
Helen ToUrt. .Miss LHiris htevens, JUss (Pllr j (i,m't remember nil Mrs
IClsle Hill, Mrs. Florence IJayard Miles 1 n;l(iSvdehcrlptlvo touches in discussing
and tho rest of tho t V. women who , jss p.iul'.s method-", but "idiotic,
went out there organized tho woman's' futile, militant" were Just' a few.
party with n great blaring of bands ".mi.sh l1ul Is disingenuous In the,
and clashing of cymbals, established most dangerous way," Mrs. Mass de
headquarters In countb'ss towns, head- flared. "Sin- tells half truths. Ily
quarters that fairly shrieked "Down 1 rleverly. craftily misrepresenting Pres.
with Wilson!" from windows and bill- Ident Wilson's attitude on suffrage the
boards, and held meetings that were Woman's party has no doubt captured
widely advertised. Hut tho real work . a uuiiiN-r of thoso women who do not
I closely follow politics.'
I The largo vote for Hughes In
Illinois, the faet that half of the
women them went ,'Kalnst Wilson,
1 gives ground for thinking that the
I President uniuaker got In somo work.
1 Hut again, theie might be any nuiii-
was done In it very different way.
A. little woman In some voting-State,
a quiet little woman who cared noth
ing about politics and had never usi-d
her ballot, would answer her doorbell
to find on the pot i ll u young woman
of pleasing ix-rsonallty, who asked the
favor of a few minutes conersatlon. Ur of ether leasons for tho lllliit alU-ti to the list, making n total uf
una tno inuy inougni now mie was ho- ; women preiemng auKiirs. no w neiner nnoty-one electoral votes If this earn
ing to vote? tor not tho hard working Woman's BI1 .proVP(( anything It proves that
No, sho hadn't. Her husband was party made a dent In Illinois Is 11 mat-, womcn aro uWT and hyrhenatrti
real interested In politics, but she nl- ter of the point of view of those dl-1 aml ot,r (1,iities mentioned In pre
wnys seemed to have a lot to do ot-) uimiiik it. nnd that the party didn't ciccton estimates: their vote Is not to
Ing day, nnd so make any Impression In California, l)P ,IcVOIO(i solidly.
Well, had she thought or Her nniy toairauo, juano, vvyoming, e., seems
to help her Kastcru sisterH tn win tho I pretty clear from tho electoral re-
right which she possessed, but which turn.
women are in politics ns n live rac
tor, they nro In polities to stny, not
because large parties of .them are go
would make the U'st I'resldent, Con- Ij.mt, ronio out nnd try to tell them train afraid they'd get mixed up In n more than J50.000 In her own right,'
Se or- .whisper It some how to run their alTalt'. Which brines votes for women demonstration; nnd sh declared.
personal consideration. us to a serious consideration of the tho suffrage women wouldn't go be- Tho oily, sooty workmen in their
Some women, It Is said, voted to Hiiuhes women s campaign train. rause thev chanced to bo for Wilson.'
pleaso tbolr husb-inds, but then I ve Why did that train, which stnrted nut at Toledo the thing that really and wondered,
known hur-banils who voted to pleaso out from New York nm'.d tho blaring wilisl th train appealed In tho shape 'Tlfty thousand dollnrs would be n
their wives. Didn't Henrietta Hodman of hands and tho shouts nr.l good f nn il'torlnl In the Toledo .Yrv-.t- tidy fortune for any of us," they com-
(Miast before election .hat she was get' wishes of huge multitudes, prove such christening the train ' Tho (lolilen tnented. '
tlug her liepubllcu, husband, Herman u Mvxcr before It got round the circle? special," giving In detail the fortunes If there had been a corps of good,
Defrem, to vole for Wilson liechtisc Of c-otm-v the sectional resentment re- f jjrR. n.inlel (itiggenhelm, Mr.s. Mary straight from the shoulder, direct ami
she considered Wilson the man for the ferred to wns one n-asou, but It doesn't Harrlman Humsey, Mrs. Coinellus yet tactful, skilled political speakers
White House? ' account for ever thing. Vanderhllt. Mrs. Payne Whitney, Mrs on that train they could bnvo over-
If this campaign proved anything 1 WPt wth the train ns far ns Chi- -Harry Dayne Whitney, Mrs. Phoebe come all this opposition. Tho right
about women- In politics and It was ri1Rn, nnd sectional resentment couldn't Hearst mid tho other women who speaker could hav" downed the hrck-
the llrst real toucliftone we've hid, i.,...., i.,. vprv iron this sldu nf t'hl. tinnniw,! tlm tm'n. Smith iiend's most l.nu that drove Miss Kellor. dlscom-
for in tne election or ivi- oiny si.
Hon of tho alien on our shores. Mlsg
Hoswell handled tho crowds udmlrnbly,
hut alio returned to New York nt the
end of tho second day. leaving the
Petticoat Special manned by -a corpa
of spellbinders Interested In special so
cial things, not In real politics,
1'urther West they had crowds, anfl
somo persons th.nl: they did Miy
Hughes somo good. On tho other
hand, n Republican committeeman tol4
Mrs. Georgo Hass that he didn't thlnH
they Inst Mr. Hughes moro than 20,000
votes In a State. The Hepubllcnn com
mlttco3 seemed frankly nfrnld of them
along tho route, and Mrs. Kheta Child
Dorr,.ono of the women who made th
wholo trip, says It wns nothing but Jual
plain Jtnlousy on tJio part of the men.
What of tho work of tho Democratic!
women? It looms far less to tho ey
thnn that of the Hughes women. For
tho train that went to tho coast an4
back the Democrats lind only the decO
rated van In which they stumped th
city of New York.
Individual Dmoerntlo women mad
campaigns In the localities where they
live, illstilbutlng literature from auto
mobiles. In Chicago Mrs. lleorge Baag
conducted a large bureau, from which
she directed work In tho States wher
, womcn vote. MftM Oertrudo B.irnura
hnd chatge of the lnlor women, and
1 proved hersf If a live wire by the celer
ity with which she got a long proces
sion of women bearing "Ha -k to Wall
Street" banner.-) to web-omo the Hughes
women s train
liut tho women w v, supported Wll
son made lit'l n-i.-e ( .unpnrcd to those
who supported II u' -s.
Miss Jane Add uti.- -f Hull House,
' Chicago; V.ls-s . tM!l j), -Wald of
Henry Street S tr- m nt, New YorltJ
Mrs. Ulln I-'lasg imug, former Com
mlstloner of Si-ln of Clilcago; MIsB
Mary MeDowdl 1 f the t'nlverslty Set
tlement, out there; Miss Ma Tnrbell,
writer: Mts. M.n-v Ware Dennett
Mrs. Clendovver l;v.m. bmg Identified
wltli for.nl work in He t-.ti, who al
though sin- is an .irdeiit believor In tin
SU",-iu P: Autliou ameiulmeut nnd hot
headed d-leg.-tioi-n of tho Congres
sional I'nlon to as'.- President Wilson
to hasten Us tu-.-jr. promptly left
the 1' l Winn 1 lurched Ita fight
against the It, ... t,t aiul camo to
New Y"il t" i.i.-t t'.e n.-istern
Women's Ihire.iu , f Hie Deniocratlo
National I'timmltn-o, tliese are n few
of the tvjiical women who announced
themselves for Wi'son on tho ground
of his poclal legislation nnd his ser
vices for ponce.
One outstand.ng fart of this remark
ablo caiupa gn 1 t ho part.sanshlp ol
women. It has flamed out in n sur
prising degree, even In the suffrage
i-iiiiii. Well, In Albany theie was Just radical Democratic orirati went th- llted and defeated, from thn Overland
States, CaHfortlla, Colorado, Idaho, , oiilotei-esl Notio.tv seemed to -.-.... una letter liv mentioo'nir f.-li-torv.
r tah, wa.siimgion ana yomuiK, nan
given women thn ballot, and In the
present, election Arizona, Illinois, Kan
sas, Montana, Nevada nnd Oregon nre
r.ji.i, nu. nri...,,,i,.1lln 1,...-.. .,..n,...,i, ,.(r,,rtJ
torn overalls looked nt one another ,.
Mrs. Can nnd Dr. S' aw have so far
mnnaged to male- the national nsso
elation tread nbmg tt.. -ifo non-pnrtU
san path marked out bv Sos-an H. An
thonv, nnd probably thn mass of tho
members do believe that tt would be
fatal to a'lenato either of th" two great
parties, or any of the parties for that
matter. Hut the prm eedlngs nt the
last convention n Atlnntln City In
September, for example, showed clearly,
that get only a little way beneath 0.
s ' f "X lb ' women nren't skilled political ! at'or Tu T flr"0'
,t the dollars and speakets Miss Kellor was ,00 nggre.- ; - , V ' tlvl
d by tho South slve, and men won't r-'nnd for that, 1 " R
1 lv en
Shnw well, she never
wns denied to them? Did who know
that President Wilson wns ngalnst
suffrage nnd Mr. Hughes had said that
he would glvo tho women the ballot?
Ought she not to sncritlce. If neces
sary, her personal convictions, her
It proves also- that the suffragists
are right when they say that, btvadly
navies and things that strike the
cue to tako tho trouble to come out not only thn fortune
and heor the female spellbinders or tiiiaucid the train, but
else the hastily orgnnlz" d street m.-et. automobiles possess?
Iiil-s didn't oveicomo tho impression Uoml women on the reception com-. 1 'r. Katharine Hement Davis. I'ommis
proum-cu oy 1110 niri nun. nn- one .111- mmee. . xe.iei ... ,!.! , .-..i. ..... , f niivthlng but it Is 11. rlectlv oh
vertlsed function wns a lunchton by lVom thLs on nn Democratic paper 1 went nil thn way with the train, made ,.; ' ,.' ... ...
Mrs. Whitman nt thn Hxecutlvo Man- negb-i tt-d to see to it that the Com. a good Impression on n idhtue-; they
sion, nicm People of the town about to be I.ked her right away. Hut sho was so
All along the way to Chicago noth- v.sited by the Petticoat Spcl.a was in busy npologUlng to tho jmffrago cause
1. 1. a. n...nnt rt. I ,, rtj ..t ......1..,, ..f li. '.l.,nn..l . if tll.l fill tile f.ll't lliat sllO. .'I Olrtober Of tllO
iiiuiii 11. i !iM-iiv,. i-i-v . "in !,,. . mo mi.i s--i-.il i.i ..." ..n.-,i. estnl ii ne. ii
ol wen oresseo, prosperous it-oiiini; n.uiK aci-ouius, mo mi,-i.u i-hmlhh. ...lii-.tt.,, .,..n ......
women coming to the train 111 .-111101110- represented by the tr.iln. And wh-ti and a former oilicer. was breaking the
lie - w iilie i will 'use their voto tH"s nnd taking the speUWmleis to Miss Krances A. Kellor. manager of rulo of that oig.iiil.at!on nnd going out
for the . welfare f the home and clubs and hotels for meetlng.s tit which the crusade, got up to answer the on a partisan campaign that she sort
el,!l, . -en less for ..miles' and the audience seemed to bo Kepiibllcaus hlllionalre charges at an open air of lost the political threads.
imillltll, II SH IIT llimiltl nun ... ,,...,. ... . .i. i t . M,vu l ,r.- nt( u. ntmn-f n-hnlti.
who didn't need converting. In HutTaln nn ctlug for tho employees
vlous from tlio light in hrr eyi when
i-ertam topics ronio up t iat she had
times of wishing t lint s'io could voto
for Wilson She is very much lnter-
nnd as to suffrage, sho
told me at Atlantic City that sho bo
heved that Mr. W.Ison was Just a9
desiroiiH of jnittiMg through the Fed
eral nnii iitlineiit o.s Mr. Hughes, and
that she thought bis power to do SO
was greater, beeiuse bo cou'.d "rule Ida
paity, whllo Mr, Hughes would bo
of the i Miss Mary Antln was nlmost wholly
Inc out Kiiectaeiilarlv or irnmshoelv to i ... .. i ... m the committee had to be men. becnii'o Overland automobile factory til To- interested in tne immigrant, nnd
campaign but because, they voto in .-wilson- kept us out of war." 'Wilson tho sufriage issue bobbed up, and nntl. ledo she didn't make things any better, , crow. Ls on the evo of nn election don't ; ,,,",' ,,v ivnrosn and "ut her nntl-suf-
twelve states nt tho present tlmo nnd pl,t through .the child labor bill," we in sulTrago women wero nirniu ot me ".xot n woman on tms irain owns i- ' "u "-ie fmslsts
THE NEWS OF THE WEEK IN RHYME By Dana Burnet
LECTION DAY has come nnd gone,
The count has been completed ;
The Winning Candidate has won,
The Loser's been defeated.
1 Css-s. e
If that's a noncommittal bit
We cannot make it plainer;
'Twas penned, you know,
A week ago
And doesn't life seem saner?
But then, excessive sanity
Affects one's moral tissues.
And how we miss the Colonel's voipe
Deciding of the issues!
And how we miss the dark intrigues,
The pledges, and the doubting
The street parades,
The Silence and the Shouting.
Ah well, 'tis still a mad, mad worjd,
With Europe all so harried,
' And half the home folks getting robbed,
Or Bhot, or sunk or married.
I'm maa a J"
A member of the Deutschland's crew,
While resting 'neath our banner,
Cut divers didoes' in the most
Approved Teutonic manner.
Old Sol, 'tis said, will cease to shine
In several million ages.
The Kniscr's son
Is on the run,
And how the peace talk rages!
King Victor's troops assailed Trieste,
To Austria's confusion.
Lloyd George insists that victory
Is still a fond illusion.
Croquet is coming in again,
As well as long haired spaniels;
Rut hips and gout
Are going out,
And so is Mr. Daniels.
The price of coal is such that we
Have not the heart to quote it ;
We' merely shed a bitter tear
And casually note it.
The subway strikers still persist
In blowing up the stations,
Which gives a rest
To those depressed
By commonplace sensations.
If such be our prosperity
May heaven make us poorer;
This Hood of wealth
Aflfects our health
And Greece requires a scorer.
Tho next four years will b wall
worth living. If only to watch tho do
velopment of women In the political
life of the nation That the Susan B.
t Anthony nmendment wl'l bo pasted
i and tndorfed by the ueces.s.ny number
jot States eveiy s'llfr.iglst. whatever
j her party, belli v. h nnd savs. Cer
tainty the women who hnvn tho voto
jhave given President Wtlsi.u R"od rea
. son to believe In t h.-tii
And win n the aim ndinent does rome
'up In Congiess it will prohiMy Pud a
(.'nngresswoman time to rjn-il, for It,
I I-'or at this writing it Is i.i that Miss
Jennettn l; ,nl..n M.iutaii.i. the idol
I of thn women of In r State, the girl
i who gave them siiffriig. by her elforts,
itlin girl who, pretlv and .voiing, hns
; given herself night and ! iy to votes
for women Miss .1, ,-in,- llmkin is
I apparently elect. .1 l'nit.d St it-s Hep-
rcsentative ny tne p- op e or per state,
"Wo in going to art the Federal
nmendment very somi not In tha
I Sixty-fourth f'ongn . but mi.ui." Mrs
Hn.s snld to 111" Just bef ire election.
"Hut wo must win u f- u n ne S'ates
before It can be done. I believe ow-;v
voters will enfiatuhlse th. ir women,
nnd I have great hop. s of . 1M0. jowa
and Ohio will prob.iblv be i -t.
"And when we have those States,
when wo hnvn become strong t nnugh
In Congress to form a suffrage; party,
n-s can bargain for thn nmendment.
That is thn way we women of 1'llnols
got tho Legislature to lofiiu-hiso us
by bargaining, agie. n to let tho
men nlono If tlicj'd g.vo us the thlnsf
"And wo must havo n suffrage party
tn Congress strong enough to sayt
'Vote for thn Susan R. Anthony omondU
ment, you ntitl-suffrago members, an4
we will help you with such nnd sucU
mewure you art backing.' " .
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