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MYSTIC PEASANT BOOSE. SAID TO HAVE BEEN BUILT FOR RASPUTIN By THE CZAR AND TO CONTAI PICTURES and $TATUAl?y GREAT VALUE. Gregory Rasputin, the Latest and Strangest of the Fortune Tellers, Fanatics and Charla tans Who Have Swayed the Destinies of the Russian Empire at Home and Abroad Dur ing the Reign of Nich olas II. By HERMAN BERNSTEIN. A KV sensation has come from Russia. Itussla has long been fur nishing new sensations to the world, weird happenings In mcduevnl set tings, grotesque and grim tragedies. While the rest of the world kept nd Tanclng Russia stood still. While tho Russian people, yearning for light and liberty, have prodyced works which constitute the pride of Russia, the Russian autocracy, even though It had a constitution and parliament forced upon it, has clung to medievalism with all Its plcturesqucness, Its qualnt tess, Its cruelties and Its horrors. For the third tlmo in the last few rears the story of the death of Ras putin has reached America. This time It is apparently true. The story of Gregory Rasputin is tinlque even among the strange stories f the monks, mystics and fortune tellers who surrounded the Czars of Russia and Influenced their decisions In matters of vital Importance to the Russian people. To the average Intelligent American reader It may be Inconceivable that a ereat empire like Russia, 'a people that has Riven to the world great men and women In literature, In art, in sclcncu and In music, that has brought forth some of the noblest and bruvest martyrs for freedom, should bo ruled In this age through tho Influence of tharlatans, fortune tellers, weather prophets, mad monks and Illiterate peasants. But when it Is recalled that only a few years ago the mcdlan-al fi'ual murder myth was staged In tho ancient city of Kiev In the form of tho WIN affair, when It Is recalled that wly a few years ago pogroms wore WKamzed in many cities and towns In ItUfHia mi the s:iini dnv. It ceases to 1 surprising that the ruler of '.ho Umpire- should be Influenced 'nj Raided by oil sorts of "saints" and prophets, charlatans and madmen, dealers and soothsayers, who appeal tu him upon religious grounds. Those who know anything nt nil alout Itussla to-day are a ware of tho 'act that some of these powers behlrd tie throne have made and unmade Members of the Rurlnn Cabinet and I"'a'ls f the Holy Synod, and havo "allied the downfall of premiers. The list soothsayers und fortune tellers and healers who havo directed ' a great extent tho homo policies of 'ho Russian Umpire nnd even lntlu tnced the courso of Russia's attitude 'oward foreign nffalrs during tho feign of Nicholas II. Is long Indeed. Tho most conspicuous among these ere Klopov, nn Insignificant function ary whom the Czar entrusted with spe 1 Investigations; Dcmchlnsky, tho father prophet, who was discredited 5 dentists and branded as a charla- SECTION 5 TWELVE PAGES NEW YORK, SUNDAY, JANUARY 7. 1917. OF SE&GIUS MICHALOFF TRUFANOFF CALLED I LI ODOR. THE "MAD MONK." tan: Ukhtomsky-Aslatt-ky, who fired the Czar's Imagination with Ideas of his great historical mission: Pero Philippe, the hairdresser of Marseilles, spiritualist and healer; a girl named Gulatzky, who was tho Czar's favorite ndviser for a time; Bezobrnzov, who was raised from titter obscurity and mado Secretary of State; Father John of Cronstndt, the mad monk Illodor and Gregory Rasputin. The strangest of them all was un doubtedly Philippe, the barber of Mar seilles, who used to call for the Czar the spirits of his ancestors and ask ; their advice concerning family mat ters and affairs of state. As long as he remained In the palace of the Czar Thllippo was the most powerful man In Russia, and his Influence In nffalrs of the gravest Importance was greater than that of the Premier or other members cf the Cabinet. Without his approval nothing was dono by the Czar. nnf ThlMnn prpn' tnn bold in his deceptions one day nnd he was re- placed by the Gu'ntzky girl. During the Russo-Japanese war she predicted that Russia would meet with defeat i unless is the Czar himself went to the Th. rv.ir was on the nolnt of 1 front taking the girl's advice, but Count Wltte, Kuropatkln nnd Pobyedonost seff dissuaded him with great dllllculty and he remained at home. Bezobrnzov and Alexeyev, the latter 'gestlon, were practically responsible ! for the outbreak of tho war between . Russia and Japan, j Father John of Cronstndt appeared upon the scene nt a time when Intrigues I were helntr engineered for the purpose : of causing the Czar to dlvorco Alexan- dra Feodorovna because she had brought him no male heir to the Rus sian throne. Father John told the Car of n newly discovered saint in the de.ert of Sarov and suggested n royal procession to the desert. The head of the Synod approved tho suggestion nnd a royal procei-slon was organized to visit the testing place or St. serapntm. Suddenly, after a few years of se crecy as to tho real Influences control ling the Czar, tho name of Illodor, the "Mad Monk," was mentioned. This young monk became notorious for his daring harangues against tho progressive elements In Russia, against the revolutionists and the Jews, whom he denounced with vitriolic venom, ca'.ling upon the populace to start ma meres. Stories of his attacks upon high dignitaries of the State and tho Church reached thlu country at tho time. He defied the Holy Pynod nnd ip no red the commands of the Procura- tor; he travelled about Russia preach ing arrogantly against the Church, nnd nt the same time Incited the mob to riots and to massacres. Liberal Rus sia was puzzled. No one could under stand why this firebrand was per mitted to carry on his propaganda of i anarchy. Victor Obnlnsky, a prominent mem-1 ber of the first Duma, one of tho ablest ; men In tho Constitutional Democratic party, In his Important book, entitled "The New Order In Russia," published I in Moscow In 1909, said this of Illodor; "Tho events of 1905 did not separate i the State from tho CJiurch. In the practical twentieth century life did not bring forth In Russia any clergy who were not afraid of Independent views, nnd the types of Nikon and Philippe 1 havo degenerated Into the Illodors and the Vostorgovs. "After the dispersion of the first Duma the Synod prohibited tho clergy from touching In their sermons upon any question relating to the political t condition of the country. Tho circular of the Synod on this subject stated that In case the people desired to hear from their priest as to whether the conuttions oi too peasants wuum im ameliorated, the priests should arrange private discussions, pacifying tho pop ulatlon, telling tho peasants that the Czar understood tho needs of the peas antry and would Improve their condi tion before long. The manifesto an nouncing the dispersion of the Duma was to be read with an appropriate explanation. "Nevertheless, the churches were turned into political arenas. Bishop Nazary of Nizhni Novgorod ordered the tolling of tho bells In nil the churches of that city on tho day tho Duma was closed, and sermons were delivered In which the Jews were at- i whero a massacre of. Jews occurred tacked. In tho town of Kllya, Govern- I Immediately after his sermon on Bep ment of Bessarabia, the priest Cera-1 tember 14, 1907." fihonko in his sermon declared that i when Illodor commenced to attack the JewB organized the revolution, j lure organizing the assassinations and nro pinnning to muraer mo neui uu-1 slun Doputles. The Union M the Renl Russlans will adopt harsh measures and will destroy tho Jewish Govern ment.' "Another notorious priest, the founder of a sect, lectured In St, Peters, burg on '.The Jows in general n,nd po groms in particular.' In that lecture he made the point that tho Jews were making pogroms against themselves nnd lie Baw In such progroms tho finger of God, who punished the Jowa for their sins against the Government, "But the record of fanaticism and bigotry was broken by tho notorious Illodor, the Idol of the .lanctimonlous salom of Bt. Petersburg, who was RASPUTIN, MIS SON MISHKA, HIS DAUGHTER MATRIUSHKA axd THE BABY VERA. Courtly cf Miltri Wkfy. feared by the governors nnd police in spectors of the regions in which this turbulent Instigator of massacres ap peared. Finally the archbishops them selves began to nsk for the removal of tho fanatic, but In vain, Instead, Illodor was placed In tho very home of the man who complained against him, Anthony of Volhynla. Then Illodor went to Rostov on tho Don, the dlgnlturles of the Church who en deavored to Interfere with his propa- ganda the only bishop who upheld him wna Germogcn, another' reactionary who also becamo notorious In connec tlon with pogrom propaganda. No ono understood how tho young monk In the face of such powerful opposition was received by tho Czar. The press of Russia devoted much space to Illo dor's weird, eccentric talk, but no ono knew at that tlmo that Gregory Ras putin, the Illiterate Siberian peasant, the new favorito of the Czar, was be hind Illodor. Rasputin und Illodor became Inti mate friends. Rasputin had hoped to make his influence over the Czar permanent through his relations wtth the "Mad Monk." He was Illiterate SStttt WHO and he wanted some one who could write out what he regarded as his re ligious philosophy of life. Ho also wanted Iliodor's assistance In his plans to become the official father confessor to tho Czar, For some time Rasputin and Illodor were close friends. Through Rasputin's efforts tho "Mad Monk" was received in audience by tho Czar and by the Empress. Ho met them only once, for a brief time, and they spoke to him mainly about Rasputin. The struggle for power and the de slro to replace Rasputin In the favor of tho Czar turned Illodor into Rasputin's arch enemy. Knowing of a number of Rasputin's escapades, Illodor resolved to expose the "mint" Rasputin in tho hope that he would be called to take his place as spiritual adviser to the Czar. But Rasputin was the abler and the cleverer of the two, and notwithstand ing tho assistance of Bishop Ger mogen Illodor failed in his efforts to fhake the confidence of the Czar and the Czarina la Rasputin. Illodor was thrown Into prison. He escaped from Russia on the day of the outbreak of the war, clad as a' woman, and thus saved himself from the hand of Ras putin " which" was 'stretching ' out to crush him completely, RULED CZAR . Gregory Rasputin, who reigned In the ixalace of tho Czar about thirteen years, was a mnn of powerful phys ique, of extraordinary will power, cunning and daring. All his acts, how ever Immoral, he defended from a re ligious point of view. In his youth ho wns known as a drunkard. He hnd a criminal record nnd served n term in Jail many years ago. After that he left his home and disappeared for n long time. He come back "reformed." He said that religion had changed his life. Ho became a pilgrim. He walked through various parts of the Russian empire begging for bread and for shelter. Tho story of the reformed Siberian peasant spread through Russia and finally reached the Czar through some of the ladles of the court who had met him. Rasputin was Invited to the pal ace. Ills quaint religious viewpoints made n profound Impression upon tho Czar and the Cznrlna and his Influence commenced little by little to dominate the Russian empire. M. Paul Mllukov, the leader of the Constitutional Democratic party in the Duma, mado the following statement several years ago from the tribunal of the Duma: "Gregory Raspttttn, ths 'new one,' is SPECIAL FEATURE SUPPLEMENT btpyrigM, HIT. by fne Sun Printing suit PubHiftlnp itatocfatton. the same man who recommends Premiers and removes Procurators of the Synod, who helped illodor ngnlnfit the Synod nnd the Synod against Illo dor, and the man who Is helped by Rasputin always wins." One of the most characteristic in stances hhowing to what extent tho Czar was influenced by this corrupt and Illiterate pensant "saint" occurred In connection with the deoth of Count Leo Tolstoy and the resolution of tho church on that occasion. Tho Czar mado public tho resolution prepared for him, praying God to be merciful to tho Chrlstaln Just departed. The reactionary press of Russia song tho Czar's praises, hut somehow the Czar was not pleased with the order Issued by the Holy Synod forbidding tho tra ditional religious service at the Tolstoy funeral. Ho was not quite sure that the rhti'ch haJ ih:-mi the light -ouiso In tho matter. Instead of consulting the foremost dig. iMtie.s o' the church or the synod, he sent for his friend Ras putin, who was In Siberia at the tlmo In his homo village. Gregory Rasputin, who not only preached immorality but who was at- tacked on several occasions by women I ho had deceived, was summoned to TsnrsUoe Kelo (n ndvlse the Czar with j regard to lhe attitude of tho Russlon Church toward the ex-communlcntlon of Leo Tolstoy. . A fellow passenger of Rasputin's In the Siberian train relates 1 tho following conversation which took place whllo Rasputin was hastening to tho Czar. I "This Is not my first visit to Tsar skoe Solo," said Rasputin. "It Is truo the members of the court party do not i like me. But I pay no nttentlon to1 them. I am supposed to visit .the man nurse or tutor of tho Czarevitch, but l I nm ushered Into the Czar's room. "I drink tea with the Czar and Czar Inn, and we always talk n great deal. Tho Czar has now sent for mo tq dis cuss whether tho priests have acted properly In prohibiting n religious cere mony nt the Tolstoy funeral. The Cznr thinks it was foolish." Later, when this passenger became better acquainted with Rasputin, he asked: "Tell me, Is It true that you are do ing all the nasty things wo hear about you nnd rend In the newspapers?" Rasputin smiled nnd said: "About hnlf of it, of course, Is le, but then we are nil human, wo are only human." i And he laughed again, Tho nbleht ond at the same time the most reactionary publicist In Russln, M, Mentililkov, chnraclxilited Uiifputln In the following account of his career, 1 j3 4 Je CZA5? oF T?USSIA. By Some Acclaimed as Saint, bv Others Accused of Evil Liv ing, the Mystery of His Murder Supplies a Fitting Climax to a Career Begun in a Peasant's Hut in Si beria which was suppressed by the Russian Government: "I know Rasputin, and I can speak nbout him from my own impressions. Zazonoff, the Minister for Foreign Af fairs, brought 'this 's-alntly old monk' to me when ho was at tho height of lis glory a few years ago. Tho 'old monk" dined with me, and wo had a long discussion about tho nffalrs. In Russia In general and about himself In particular. "At first ho appeared to me as a rather youthful peasant of about 40, neatly dressed. Ills face wns that of i drunkard and his restless oyes, his low voice resembled those of a mon astery servant or a psalmist. His speech was abrupt nnd ho used at times mysterious expressions. "At tlrst I was surprised that such a half savage peasant from Siberia could not only find his way to St. Petersburg but that ho could And a welcome reception at the homes of tho very highest society. After having spoken to Rasputin I convinced my self that ho knew how to produco an impression. Ilo is a natural philoso pher coming from tho depths, almost Illiterate, but well learned In Scrip ture, a man who ta'ktt about religion like a gramophone record and endowed with natural enthusiasm. "Some of his sayings Impressed mo for their originality nnd oven for their depth. Thus the oracles of old spoko In a ftato of delirium thero was something absurdly wise In his enigmatic words. Some of Rasputin's Ideas seemed to me to bo near the stolo and ascetic philosophy and bin char acterizations of somo priests and high dignitaries struck mo as very keen and correct. "Tho first Impression made upon me wns a good one. I thought ho wns a cunning peasant, but naturally religious, cnpnblo of making people wake from their lethargic sleep as far as faith was concerned. But I did not like so much his fancy boots nnd tho fact that ho was going from my houso to call nn a certain lady. "'I should very much llko to re main In your house,' ho said to me, 'but I havo been Invited to go there nnd I must go.' "I was nlso surprised that Rasputin kissed ladles' hands on bidding them good-by, A rather stinnge saint, I thought, ono of those that occasion ally make their appearance in fash ionable drawing rooms. I had heard some of my friends praising Rasputin, but soon various strange stories about Rasputin reached mo, "Then Rasputin lost the confidence (Continue! on .VfNth Pope.) 1!