Newspaper Page Text
THE WEATHER FORECAST.
Snow and much colder to-day; to-morrow
fair; continued cold.
Highest temperature yesterday, 48; lowest, 31.
Detailed weather, mail and marine reports on pace 13.
IT SHINES FOB ALL
VOL. LXXXIV. NO. 162.
NEW YORK, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1917. Copyright, 1017, lu the Bun Printing and Publishing Association.
In (.renter New York, I Klirntitr
Jersey City anil Newark. ) TU o CKNTS.
WILSON SHOCKED AT GERARD'S DETENTION BY GERMANY;
SWEDEN CRITICISES U. 5. FOR DISMISSING BERNS TORFF;
41 LIVES LOST ON LINER CALIFORNIA; 10 MORE SHIPS SUNK
B. 1 Cantrell Ends Life Af
ter Firing Twice at Solo
HOl'SE ENTERED KY RUSE
Suicide -Said to Have Illumed
His Intended Victim for Fi
Ballc I'. Cantrell, head of the Cantrell
company of 5 West Nineteenth street,
last evening- obtained entrance to the
home of Bolomon Friedman, a wealthy
retired cotton goods merchant living: at
I East Eightieth street, fired two shots
at his Intended victim and then com
mitted suicide. Mr. Friedman escaped
with a slight flesh wound In his chest.
Cantrell, according to what the police
were able to piece together after the
tragedy from statements by Friedman
and relatives of the dead man, had done
some business with the Arm of Friedman
t Co., 12 West Third street, and he
blamed the merchant and some other
business acquaintances for heavy losses.
Since then Cantrell had followed Sir.
Friedman about from tlmo to time and
had demanded reparation for his alleged
wrongs. After a number of visits to the
retired merchant's country home and his
ell)- address. Instructions were riven to
the servants not to admit him. For a
time it looked as though the man had
Way raved by Phone.
Last evening about 7 o'clock Mr.
Friedman, according" to his story, re
ceived a telephone message purporting
to be flow an old frlend.-who announced
his Intention of making a visit Mr.
1'rledman left word that the visitor was
lo be admitted. Accordingly, when a
few minutes Inter a man who appeared
to be a stranger rang the door bell the
maid let him In. It was Cantrell, but
he had shaved off his mustache.
Cantrell presented a card bearing the
name of Morrell Well of Chicago. The
maid started upstairs with It and Can
trell, unobserved, followed Immediately
behind her. Mr. Friedman was In his
bedroom on the third floor dressing for
dinner. Hearing tho steps on the stairs
he came out onto the landing anil peered
over the balustrade. As he did so Can
trell pulled a heavy revolver from his
li!p and fired. The bullet .struck the
other man in the chest, but glanced off,
leaving only a slight wound.
While the maid fled In terror down
stairs to the street, Mr. Friedman ran
back into his room and shut tho door.
His assailant, shouting Imprecations at
him. tried to beat down the panels, and
falling In this, sent a second bullet
blindly through tho door. It missed.
Then Cantrell stepped back, put the
muzzle of the weapon beneath his own
right ear and killed himself.
By the time Mr. Friedman dared to
come out from his room the frightened
maid had returned, with a policeman.
Two detectives of the Third branch,
I'-t.-sing along Fifth avenue, heard tho
hots and entered also. Coroner "Itlor
dn. Deputy Police Commissioner Guy
pull. Inspector Faurot and a number
or other officials were summoned and
made an inhpectlon. Cantrell's body
was sent to the morgue.
An Investigation by the police showed
Cnntrell's home was at 257 East Eigh
teenth street, Brooklyn, where he lived
"'th his mother, wife and three children,
lie was about 61 years old. Aslilo from
his Interest In the Cantrell Company, a
raincoat manufacturing concern, ho was
active in the cotton market a few years
go. Friends said that recently he had
become moody and morose, and hud ex
claimed frequently that he was going
to get one of those who had ruined him
financially, and then end his own career.
In preparation for this ho procured n
license to carry a revolver a short time
ago. The permit, signed by Chief Magls
tratu McAdoo, was found on his body.
In another pocket was a second revolver
Similar to the one he used on Mr. Fried
man and himself, fully loaded.
SEAMEN SEND PROTEST.
rsndlnatlan Conference Tells
(iermany niockadc Is Piratical.
CoTHENBfno, Sweden, via London,
Feb. 8 The Scandinavian Seamen's
conference to-day adopted n resolution
of protest against tho German blockade.
The protest declares the new submarine
Warfare Increases the dangers of nil
eamen engaged In their lawful occu
pations, and the conference, "In the
name 0f all Scandinavian seamen. In
the natno of all those who have lost
their dear ones or their supporters
through piratle.il actions, cannot do
otherwise t),iM protest Indignantly
gaint teamen who have nothing to
do with tho war being murdered In
cold blood, while engaged In tho faith
ful performance of their arduous Inbor."
The resolution mentions "tho moral
Indignation of seamen's organizations
"ler tho threat against tho lives of
Scandinavian seamen," and expresses
olfbtllet that the btockado can be car
1 d through In the present circum
stances. liolltlit (o Support V. S.
IiNIxjN. Feb, X. The Bolivian Mill
iner (,r Foreign Affairs, says a Iteuter's
" .irli from I .a Paz to-day, has an
nouiin.i that Bolivia 1ns decided com
P'eteiy i Mipport the attitude of the
Initni states In the crisis with Ger
many Ew IHmoI'N Kmiih.. a satisfying (hirst
KILLED BY U-BOAT
Negro Fireman One of Three
Victims of Turino, Sunk
Off Irish Coast.
London, Feb. 8. An American
George Washington wae killed when
tho British steamship Turino was sunk
by a submarine off the coast of Irelaml
io-aay, accoruing 10 u report, receiveu
by the American Embassy. Washington,
a negro, was one of tho stokers.
Washington was one of three firemen
who were killed. According to tho in
formation received by the embassy his
wife Is now in Liverpool. An effort Is
belisj made by the embassy to find her.
One of the survivors Is Calvin Day,
an American citizen of Fillmore, Utah.
The crew has been landed at Queens
town. WAS AMERICA BOUND.
Turino llnd Taken Cargo Consigned
Mostly to British Admiralty.
Newport News, Va., Feb. S. The
British steamship Turino left here with
a general cargo January 19 for Liver
pool and London via Norfolk. Furncss
Wlthy company, her agents, believe she
was on her westward voyage when sunk.
The Turlno's cargo, her agents said,
had been 85 per cent, of ceneral cargo
for the British Admiralty and 15 per
cent, of commercial cargo. The Turino
was a vessel of 2,702 tons net.
WILSON ASKS FACTS.
President Goes at Once to Consult
Washington, Feb. 8. President Wil
son was In the executive offices when the
news of tho submarine attack on the
Turino, with tho killing of an American,
was communicated to him. He Imme
diately Issued Instructions that all the
facts be gathered as promptly as pos
sible and went Immediately to the State,
War and Navy Building.
The President went to the office pf
Secretary Daniels, but It was said that
he had planned to make the visit before
receipt of the word of the death of
It was stated officially that "there Is
nothing to change the situation," but the
understanding was that the killing of
Washington had not been taken Into ac
count, since official details had not been
POPE WARNS KAISER,
INTIMATES A BREAK
Pontiff Says U-Boat Fright
fulness Will Justify Re
prisals by Allies.
ItOME, Feb. 8. The Pope has warned
the Kaiser nnd the Kinperor of Austria
Hungary that tho decision to resort to
submarlno frlghtfulness Is certain to
alienate the sympathy of neutrals, In
He added that It would Justify re
prisals by the Allies and a demand for
the disintegration of Germany and Aus
tria after the war.
German CIery Divided.
The Haoue, via London, Feb. 8. The
Berlin correspondent of the Catholic
newspaper Tijd of Amsterdam reports
to-day the result of a series of conver
sations he has had with Genman ecclesi
astics on how the sharpened German
submarine war is reconcilable with
Christian doctrines. The general opinion,
ii. R.i vs. is that tho measure Is a neces
sity, to which Germany was regretfully
forced by Great Britain's pitiless methods
of warfare, but the view as to what
stcifl nro permissible and what are not
The majority, the correspondent re
ports, hold to the view of Justification
through necessity, and think1 that If the
leaders of the nation Judge that Ger
many is being destroyed and that her
destruction can be prevented by resort
ing to .submarine warfare then there
can bo no hesitation in performing the
duty, however hard It may be.
On the other hand, tho correspondent
dds, many of the south German clergy
regret and disapprove tho latest Gcr
cran determination as not permissible,
and hold that other means of achieving
the end desired are not yet exhausted.
Ho concludes that he has been unable
to get tho opinions of the high church
authorities, but that none of the lower
clergy with whom tie conversed con
cealed their painful emotion at the pros
pect of unrestricted submarine opera
tions. AMERICAN SHIP WITH
CONTRABAND TO SAIL
Unarmed and Unstriped, the
Orlean Will Boldly Enter
the Submarine Zone.
At least one steamship flying the Stars
and Stripes will pall boldly out of this
port this week, perhaps to-day, un
armed and laden with munitions and
will make an effort to pass through the
German submarine zone. She Is the
Orlean, a freighter only recently trans
ferred from Argentinian to American
registry. She arrived from Bordeaux
Inst month as tho Avcllaneda, under the
ensign of Argentina, was rechrlstened In
the llrst month of the year and since late
In Jnnuaty lias been loading at Pier 3,
The Orlean Is a ship of vicissitudes,
built In Dumbarton, Scotland, In 1905,
originally the Menepthah, later the
Avellaneda and finally an American. She
Is owned by the Oriental Navigation
Company, with offices lit 17 Battery
place, which has sent many cargoes
Tim Orlean olenred at the Custom
House yesterday. Hho Is commanded by
fapt, Slcard, who took her safely to
Bordeaux from this port In November
and btought her home again.
AHEAD IN WEST
Somme and Ancre Advances
Pushed Over Frozen
GAINS MOST IMPORTANT
May Dominate Vaast Wood,
Long: a Menace Belgians
London, Feb. 8. Continuing the re
newed fighting on the Somme front,
British troops dealt the Germans heavy
blows to-day. The Important German
position on the crest of Sallly-SallUsel
hill, which practically dominates St.
Pierre Vaast Wood and had resisted
many attacks, was stormed by the Brit
ish this morning. ,
Advancing over ground which has nt
last been hat deneil enough by winter's
cold to afford a footing, the Infantry de
livered a machincllke attack such as
those of the French at Verdun. Kvcry i
objective mapped for them to take was '
taken, and a machine gun, two German
officers and seventy-six privates were
On the hill crest, which Is midway be
tween the adjoining villages of Sallly
and Sallllsel nnd Is connected with
trench systems of the old German fourth
line, now become their first line because
of the allied drive, the British noif' over
look the St. Pierre Vaast Wood from the
Morr Hard 1'lnutlnff One.
This wood, If the Somme offensive Is
renewed In full strength, as there seems
every evidence It will be, will be the
scene of a struggle of great intensity.
More than a square lutte-tn area, cut
up by several ravines nnd fortified by
the Germans with ingenuity that has
been described as diabolical, the wood
is a tremendous obstacle to the progress
of the Allies. The French attacks broke
down before it last fall, nnd Sallly-SallUsel
and the St. Pierre Vaast wood
were the rocks on which at last they
split. The position of the British on
the hill, Just north of the wood, will
be of great value.
Not only on the Somme front proper,
however, did British troops dash for
ward to success to-day. On lioth tides
of the Ancre, at the not them end of
the Somme front, khnkl clad lines
started for the German trenches. They
did not stop until they had captured
the Balllescourt farm, a fortified cluster
of buildings only three-quarters of a
mile from MIraumont. South of tho
Ancre, nlxo, they captured a trench near
Grandcourt. All told, eighty-two pris
oners were taken here, making the total
for the day 160 men and three olllcers.
Also llnlded Trenches.
I Besides these two larger fights, on the
Somme-Ancre front there was trencn
fighting further south. British troops
raided the German trenches south of
Bouchavesncs. three miles south of Sall
llsel, and brought back prisoners nnd a
machine gun, after killing some Germans
nnd bombing dugouts. German troops
tried to enter British trenches near
Gueudecourt, five miles northwest of
Sallly, but were driven off.
On their part of the front the Belgian
troops came to grips last night with a
considerable force of Germans for the
first time In many months. The Ger
mans tried to penetrate a Belgian post
south of Dlxmude, but found King Al
bert's troops ready.
The Belgians took twelve prisoners and
the Germans suffered heavily from the
Belgian fire. The olflclal statements to
British We attacked this morning
nn Important enemy position on the
highest point of Sallly-allllsel Hill,
on tho Sommo front. Wo gained the
whole of our objectives and cnUurod
a machine gun and seventy-eight prlw
oners, Including two ofllcers.
Our capture of Grandcourt has been
followed up vigorously on both banks
of the Ancre, nnd considerable prog
ress has been made, During the night
we attacked and captured Balllescourt
farm, on the Beaucourt-.MIraumont
road, and south of tho Ancre carried
another hostile trench lylrw between
Grandcourt and our old front lino. In
theso operations wo havo taken a fur
ther eighty-two prisoners, Including
Heavy Rain In .Month.
Tho ground we have pained on the
Ancre since the new year now repre
sents an advance of nn average depth
of nearly three-quartcM of a mile on
a front of over three miles.
We also entered enemy trenches last
night south of Bouchavesnes and
brought back prisoners nnd a machine
gun. number of the enemy wero
killed and dugouts were bombed.
During the night an enemy raiding
party In the neighborhood of Gue'urfe
court wan driven fit by our l.nrrjs-e
before reaching our line. Another
enemy raid attempted southwest of
La Uassoe also wiih repulsed.
Considerable artillery activity on
both sides continued In the neighbor
hood of Arnientlercs and Vpres. We
caused a largo explosion In the en
On the nteht of February 7-8 we
dropped bombs on an enemy aerodrome
with good effect. One German air
plane wns destroyed yesterday In the
air fighting nnd three others were
driven down dnmaged. One of our
machines Is missing,
French Artillery Active.
French Spirited artillery fighting
took place south of tho Somme In the
regions of Denlecoint and Llhons,
In the Argonno, In tho sector of Bo
land, we carried out against the Ger-
Continued' on Fourth Page.
TRIED TO SHOOT
California's Gun Was
Trained on U-Boat .When
Liner Was Hit.
EXPLOSION KILLED FIVE
Only American Aboard Lost
British Ship Is Among
Lots e i of Shipping
Since February 1
Losses to shipping of the "Al
lies and of neutrals since Feb
ruary z, when the German un
restricted submarine warfare
commenced, have been as fol
lows: Ships reported sunk yes
Total known tonnage
sunk yesterday.. .". .... 24.136
Total known tonnage
previously sunk 112,043
Total tonnage sunk since
February 1 136.179.
Ships sunk since February t :
Other neutrals 32
Other belligerents 7
Total ships sunk 68
Ixjndon, Feb. 8. The British pas
senger steamer California of the Anchor
Line, bound from New York for Glas
gow, was torpedoed at 9 o'clock Wednes
day morning off the Irish coast and
sank In nine minutes, with the loss of
forty-one lives. The stricken ship was
able to send out SOS calls and help
arrived promptly. Nevertheless Ave per
sons were killed by the explosion and
thirty-six were drowned In the launching
of the lifeboats.
The rtews of the sinking of the Cali
fornia reached London yesterday after
noon, before the survivois had yet ar
rived on land, but publication was not
permitted till more than twenty-four
The California was an armed liner,
carrying a single 4.7 Inch gun on the
Htern. The gunner was Just training
the weapon on the spot where oil
bubbles had reealed the presence of
the underwater enemy, when a torpedo
struck the port side with an explosion
so violent that most of the people aboard
were thrown off their feet, five being
killed and a score Injured.
U-Iloat Fired n Second Torpedo.
The submarine fired a second torpedo
in an apparent effort to accelerate the
sinking, but the second shot missed,
although hoth tdrpedcs were fifed from
a distance of less than 300 yards.
There was only one American .lohn
A. Iec aboard the California, and he
is among the survivors.
Cnpt. Henderson, commander of the
California, declares that the conduct of
the passengers and crew was exemplary.
There had been careful drills on the ship
on the way across, nnd every person
(ihoard had been assigned a place In a
lifeboat and provided with a left belt.
But despite tho coolness of the pas
sengers and the seamanship of the crew
tho successful launohlng of tho boats
was mado impossible by tho shortness
of tho time between the torpedoing of
me vessel ami Her disappearance beneath
tho waves, which did not permit waiting
until the ship had Inst headway.
Whllo tho boats wero being lowered
from the sloping decks tho California
continued to move forward, lurching like
a drunken man, Hnd tho roar of the
water rushlns through the gaping wound
In her side could bo heard above the
(shouts of ofllcers and men,
Passengers Jump Into Boats,
In a number of cases It was necessary,
for the passengers to Jump Into the boats
after they wero In tho water, and In one
case a boat with Its ojiportlonad load
was wwamped and sank, many of tho
occupants being swept under the ship
before the other boats could glvo help.
Some of the lifeboats lu tho after nnrt
of tho ship were actually In the water
when releabcd from the davits, so rap
idly did the ship settle by the stern. A
considerable number of the crew Jumped
from their stations Into tho sea and
iiwam to the boats. It was extremely
rortunate mat tno weather was calm and
the tea glassy; otherwise It would prob
ably have been Impossible to launch a
The townspeople (name of port
omitted), who crowded tho quays, car
ried blankets, clothing and food and were
eager to be of some assistance to the
survivors when they were brought
ashore, Asldo from thoso Injured few
of the survivors -needed much heln. but
homo were thinly clad and gladly hc.
cepted cuts of clothing, Naval and
military Ited Cross contingents wero
present to care for the Injured, who were
removed to hospitals.
Cnplaln Michtril Submarine,
According to the reports received by
the American EmbasHy from Borne of tho
survivors there was only ono submarine,
which, however, fired two torpedoes, one
of which missed by a few yards, tho
other hitting the California squarely on
the port quarter. It was the captain
from tho bridge who discerned suspicious
oil bubbles on tho aurface of the water
300 yards distant. Ho Instantly divined
that a submarine was there am) ordered
tho gunner to fire. Before this could be
done tho ship was torpedoed. The track
of the torpedoes and the periscope of the
Continued on Second Page.
AT WILSON PLAN
Sweden and Holland He
fuse to Sever delations
APPROVAL IN NEW WORLD
Uruguay, Panama and Bolivia
Support Attitude of Presi
Stockholm, via London, Feb. 8 The ,
Swedish Government rejects President
Wilson's suggestion that other neutral
countries Join with the United States In
severing diplomatic relations with Ger
many and declares Its Intention to fol
low vthe strictest neutrality so long as it
Is possible. Sweden's reply was deliv
ered to the American Minister to-day.
"The Government of tho United States J
has ehosen an a means of arriving at the
realization of pence a method absolutely
contrary to the principles which have
guided the policy of the Swedish Gov
ernment up to the present hour"
So declares the Swedish note, which '
the Minister of Foreign Affairs, K. A.
Wallenberg, delivered to tho American 1
Minister, Ira N. Morris, In reply to I
PtesHent Wilson's invitation to Sweden
to Join with the United States, which
Mr. Morris communicated to the Swed
ish Government on Monday. The text
of the note follows :
Tells of Jlejected Proposals.
"The policy followed by tho rojal
Government during the war has been 1
one of strictly Impartial neutrality.
The royal Government has done every
thing in Its power faithfully to fulfill
all the duties which this policy Imposes
upon it, and at the same time It has
rendered effective so far as possible
the rights derived therefrom.
"With a view to obtaining a practical
result In upholding the principles of
International law, the royal Govern
ment has several times addressed Itself
to neutral Powers In order 't5" effeft co
operation, with tho aforesaid object In
view. Above all. the royal Govern
ment has not failed to submit to the
Government of the United States a pro
posal to this effect;
"The royal Government has observed
with greaUlegret that the interests of
the United States have not permitted
it to accept these proposals. The steps
thus taken by the royal Government
have led to the taking of common meas
ures among Sweden, Denmark and Nor
way with regard to tho two belligerent
Itrfusrn to Follow V, S.
"In the policy followed by the royal
Government In order .to maintain Its
neutrality nnd to safeguard the legiti
mate rights of the country, the royal
Government, alive to the indescribable
sufferings which from day to nay moro
cruelly oppress all humanity, is ready
to seize every opportunity which offers
Itself to contribute to the realization
of a pear nnd durablo peace. Conse
quently It hastened to associate itself
with the noble Initiative laKon ny uio
President, with a view to examining tho
possibility of Instituting negotiations be
tween tho belligerents.
"The proposal which forms the subject
of the present correspondence has as Its
aim the shortening of the evils of the
war, but the Government of the United
States has chosen as a means of arriv
ing at this end a method absolutely
contrary to tho principles which have
guided tho policy of the royal Govern
men up to the present hour.
"The royal Government, supported by
public opinion, coiinrmed by the unani
mous solicitations of the ceuntry's iep
rcsentatives, intends to follow In the
future, ns In the past, a policy of neu
trality and Impartiality toward both
Premier Says Government Will Not
1X5NPON, Feb. S, A Iteuter despatch
from Tho Hague fays:
"In tho Second Chamber of Parliament
to-day Premier Vandenllnden mado a
statement on the submarine situation.
He said the Government had no reason
to change the attitude It had observed
previously during the war through Ger
many's threat of intensified submarine
war. Holland up to the present had
strictly conformed to International law,
and It was her opinion that law remains
law even when violated by others.
"Holland, tho Premier said, especially
upheld tho principle of freedom of tho
seas. Accordingly, while maintaining nn
impartial standpoint In tho war, she had
energetically protested to Germany both
against obstruction to free navigation
and against the deliberate employment
of submarines as not being In accord
ance with International law. '
" 'There Is now,' said the Premier, 'no
more reason for the Government to
change Its International policy than on
the occasion of previous violations of
International law. Tho Government re
mains resolutely attached to the policy
of strict Impartiality and maintains Us
resolve to offer armed resistance to any
violation of our territory or sovereign
rights by any Power whatsoever. The
Government hopes by determination and
tact to overcome the difficulties resulting
from the International situation.'
"The speech of the Premier was loudly
"The yiemce Oourant of Rotterdam,
editorially approving the reply of Dr.
Ivoudon, Dutch Minister of Foreign
Affairs, to tho American Charge d'Af
falres, says President Wilson's request
was virtually equivalent to an Invlta.
tlon to neutrals to pick chestnuts out of
the fire for America."
Holland's Position Outlined la
Washington, Feb. . The Nether
lands Government, through the American
Continued on'-fceeomf Page,
Gerard's Departure 'Delayed Says Berlin
BERLIN, by Wireless, Feb. 8. The following announcement was
made public to-day by the Overseas News Agency:
"The date of the departure of the American Ambassador has
not yet been fixed. The number of persons for whom passports
mutt be secured will be rather large and therefore this work will
require some time. Every endeavor is being made to assure tho
Ambassador and the personnel of the embassy all possible facili
ties for private telegrams,
"While the American .residents accept loyally the decision -of
their Government, many of them regret the breaking- oft" of rela
tions with Germany without provocation. A number of Americans,
among whom are several newspaper correspondents, have decided
to stay in Germany until further developments.
"Concerning Count von BernatorfF's departure from the United
States, up to the present no official communication has been received
for several days. All connection with the Ambassador is com- 1
pleteljr severed and reliance has to be placed on all sorts of news
coming from the enemy, which cannot be examined into as to its
reliability. Nevertheless, no serious concern is felt regarding the
safe departure of German officials in the United States, it being con
sidered that the United States will not depart from the basis of
the law of nations, especially that of the treaty of 1799."
TIES UP SHIPS
American Line Hard Hit by
Lack of Definite Gov
The refusal of the Government to en
courage American steamship owners to
contlnuo sailings has produced a com
plete tieup of neutral traffic so far as
this port is concerned. Tho German
blockade has been absolutely effective.
American ships, Dutch ships, Scandi
navian ships are compelled to Idleness.
Terminals are piled high with freight.
Mall service to Europe has been Im
measurably hurt. Manufacturers, mer
chants and shippers, many bound by
contract, are facing great loss.
Practically all of tluwe interests look
to the International Mercantile Marine,
or rather to Its American constituent,
the Ametican Line, for guidance as to
what policy to follow, but President
Franklin of the line Is as helpless, In the
present attitude of tho Government, to
lay down a course of action to be fol
lowed by American shipping as are any
of the smaller concerns.
While he declines to discuss the stand
taken by the Government, It Is no secret
that the American Line officials are
angry and humiliated. Their general
feeling Is that they deserve better of the
Government than they havo received
and that the Government has virtually
deserted them In their extremity.
Having notified the American Line
that tho sea Is as free to American ships
to-day ns It ever has been, tho State
Department wlthholdu any advice or
suggestion except that the ships may
carry guns If the owners believe there Is
need of It. Hut the trouble Is that there
seems to be no guns available and that
gun pointers are few.
Won't Give Gnus and Creirs.
The Government has turned a cold
shoulder to suggestions that naval guns
and navy gunners be furnished to all
American ships, and the alternative Is
put up to President Franklin and his
colleagues of trying to And some sort
of guns nnd some kind of gunners that
have no connection with Government
That Is the problem that Mr. Franklin
and his aids were still toiling over last
night nnd which may likely engage their
attention for several days before the
St. Louis and St. Paul are permitted to
sail. The line doesn't go so far ns to
state officially that It wants expert gun
pointers from civil life to apply at 9
llroadway for Jobs, or that It hopes the
Ilethlehem Steel or other big ordnance
concerns will offer much needed rifles,
but as matters stand these requests arc
pretty apt to bo riiado within a fen
hours. There seems to bo no other way
out of It.
Having had all the responsibility
shoved upon Its shoulders the lino fecH
thnt It must take time to thresh out
details. One thing Is certain no ships
under the control or p. A. H. Franklin
will go to se.i striped like a barber polo
and under orders to make nn undesirable
When the St. Louis goes out, as she
will go sooner or later, sho will sail as
ships have always sailed under the
Stars nnd stripes. She will be armed
fore and nft, ready to fight off pirates
nnd to take her chances. Every precau
tion posslblo win be taken to protect
the lives of the line's patrons "and to
uphold American liberty upon the seas.
The thing that galls the line officials Is
that they cannot expect protection from
the Government until some of their
American passengers have been slaugh
crcd by German submarines.
riipect to Get Rnoagh Men.
Mr. Franklin, his associates and coun
sel for the line had several conferences
yesterday, and last night ns to ways
and means of procuring the necessary
armament. It Is supposed that there
should he plenty of ex-navy men In the
port who would be willing to take a
sporting chance In the new circum
stances. It Is believed that there are
guns available even If the Government
declines to lend any to protect American
passengers and seamen, At all events,
the purpose of tho line Is to do tho best
It can In the pinch wherein It finds Itself.
One alternative Is absolutely rejected
that the line shall obey the German de
cree nnd tie up Its ships.
Ship owners under other neutral flags
are similarly embarrassed. It Is known
that they expected' a stronger statement
from the Htato Department. An It Is they
don't know which way to turn nnd are
compelled to delay sailings, thereby con-
Conflnuetf on Second Pag.
ENVOY FAILS TO
Herlin to Require U. H. Guar
antee to Free Teuton
Sailors Now Here.
Washington, Feb. t. News to-day
that Ambassador Gerard, American
consuls, American sailors brought In on
the prize ship Yarrowdale and American
residents In Germany were being de
tained until assurances reach Berlin as
to the safe departure of Count von Bcrn
stortT and the German consuls and the
treatment accorded to German Interests
here came as a shock and surprise to
President Wilson and State Department
The German action Is regarded as en -
tircly unwarranted. It looms as u dis-,
tlnct threat based on the presumption
that the United States Is not adhering
to the rules of International courtesy
and international law. In Congress It
aroused indignation, some criticising it
as a return to medlievallsm.
Iteports from United States Ambassa
dor Wlllard In Madrid yesterday that he
had heard from Mr. Gerard at Bern
brought a t-Igh of relief, because It meant
that the Ambassador and presumably
tho whole Ambassadorial party had been
permitted to leave Germany. Hut n
subsequent despatch from Mr. Wlllard
reached the State Department to-day
saying his message concerning Mr.
Gerard was based on a telegram from
hint dated Hern, hut which should have
been dated "Berlin via Bern." Mean
while further advices had come showing
tho difficulties which confront the Am
bassador In Berlin.
IVur Stories of Hardship.
There Is a fear that Mr. Gerard ma
have some embarrassing experiences
before he leaves tho country, due to the
stringent regulations which the Imperial
Government Is following concerning per
sons permitted to depart
Indications are that some of 'he
Americans deslrini? to leave will be held
for two weeks or moro on tho ground
that they are likely to divulge secrets
concerning conditions In Germany. It
Is known that Germany Is particularly
adverse to having the Entente countries
obtain a true picture of the distress and
difficulties which are now confronting
the civil population. For that reason
some effort may be made, It is explained,
to obtain promises or guarantees if
posslblo from departing Americans that
they will not discuss conditions In tho
The last word received bv the Govern.
ment from ArubassadorGcriird was. luted
Herlin. February G nt 7 P M ii ,
now nllnweH tr. .,.,..,.. ",
n i U"KLV?riV1:'" "n1- It'1 -
munlcates win. n,, . ui .1 l?m-
man rover?, ,, , V.'. "i" Ufr-
Fori.in nmZL ,hroUBh thc Spanish;
Teutons to Ilemnnd Gnarantrrs.
IONDON. Feb. S. The t. em, mi nv
eminent will require guarantees that I monl wa" therefore taking measures to
Count von Hernstnrff. formerly German 1 f'Xi,', Americans In Berlin pay Hi..
Ambassador at Washington and the , fpnal,-v fllr dlseourtesle t t ierm.in
men on German ships In American ports 1 , p "''silt;o' " 'JS" reports rnn-c
will bo permitted to leave tho United "B ,n,a,"'"t ,,f nnan national,.
States before allowing Ambassador1 W "" i'';, the Ger
Gernr.l -inrf nit,r a.,i.,. 1 A I 'nan author t es. The Pres. dent t..
c depart from tlmf cir. " (i"m?"y 'P-c-dy steps to put an end ... such
.0 ? rL.V. n ?!".'" nccordl,? ! presslons. lie nttthorlzed lb. mi. o.
, ,. t,T..I. 1 . 1 , , aH ".noted n,at anxiety in
inl ,Hc "?r lr'ich ,fom that city. i whether bank deposit and oilier prop
This nformatlon. the Politikcn says, erty of Germans In the United S'ate
Is contained In telegram sent by Am. I would be sel.ed in time of war w.i en
t .'"'Cr:1 ""American Legs- tircly without foundation,
tlon at Copenhagen. All Americans In '
iirinmii-, inc.uriing mose captured by
14, u wiio.K.i miner in ine noutn Atlantic
and taken to Germany on the Yarrow
dale, are said to have been detained as
An Exchange Telegraph despatch from
Copenhagen gives the same report re
garding the detention of Americans In
Germany and add j that Ambassador Ge
rard Is not permitted to send telegrams
The American Embassy here has tele
graphed to American diplomats In all
States adjacent to Gormany for Informa
tlon as to Mr. Gerard's plans,
Copenhagen la Suspicions.
CorKNHAOHN (via London), Feb. g.
Not a single American has arrived In
Copenhagen from Berlin slnco the
breaking off of diplomatic relations bo
tweeu Germany nnd the United States.
lleglnald Foster, agent In Germany
of tho Hoekcfcller Fund, was expected
to nrrlvo here on Monday night, having
reserved accommodations here by tele
graph. No further word has been re
ceived from him. ,
The President Hcliii-tantly,
.Reaches Conclusion Hostil
ities Arc Inevitable.
WAITS CLEAR CUT CASE
BEFORE TAKING ACTION
All Hope Abandoned That
Kaiser Will Modify Sub
DISPELS REPORTS OF
GERMAN ARRESTS HERE
Reassures by Statement
That Property of Teutons
Won't Be Confiscated.
Washington, Feb. 8. The outstand
ing features in' the situation to-day
respecting our relations with Germany
Tlie conviction now shared by every
one. Including- the pacifist clement In
Congress, that in view of the progress
of the submarine campaign and the
California sinking there is no chance
that Germany will modify in any way
her submarine decree, despite the
hope expressed by President Wilson In
Tho desire of the President to have
absoluto proof and a clear cut case
of the violation of American rights
through the sinking of nn American
ship nnd the loss of American lives
before asking Congress for a declara
tion of war against Germany.
Responsibility With Germany.
The decision of the Administration
'pending the presentation of such nn
issue, to deniirt in nn c-,. m.-
.vwo.Mitu juuuucc 01 n neutral na
tion, in order that tho respunsiliilm
'for war ii'I,a I. ...it, .
, rest e-
; Urely wlt" Germany, even though it
Involves treating with some degree of
tolerance nets calculated to arouse the
Indignation of nil Americans. This wns
shown clearly to-day In the patience
displayed over Germany's action in de
taining Ambassador Gerard.
President Wilson has now reluc
tantly reached the conviction Unit the
overt net which will lead to war be
tween the United States nnd Germany
Is merely a iittPstinn of time. Ho has
steeled himself to meet the issue
squarely and unflinchingly and in u
manner in keeping with tho best tra
ditions of the history of tho nation.
Declaration Seems Near.
There It to bo no rushing in pie
clpitately. no fimf.iro of patriotic
trumpets If the President can help It.
When the President next appears be
fore a Joint session of Congress, which
officials believe Is perhaps only a ques
tion of hours, ho hopes there will he no
outbursts of npplause and no demon
strations out of keeping with the sol
emn nnd unwelcome duty he will foci
called upon to perform.
The President laid the groundwork
for this attitude to-day when he au
thorized a statement which wai virtually
a reply to blunt threats from Herlin con
cerning reciprocal treatment uf tho na
tionals of each country in the event of
Detention of Gcrnrd.
News came to him through the State
Department that tho German Govern
",MU nB" '' "' "CI:ilr Amn.1ssa.10t
Gerard, together with other American.
m tho German Hmpiro lint'l it ..,rned
. v,li.,t treatment was t.. be a.-orded
ment had decided to detain Ambassador
Count von Hernstnrff and German sul
i" P""'"' "' "
clear that Germany had already hi,
advised that (letman-j on some of tl
Count von Hernstnrff and German sub-
I Interned or refuged ships hail bc n
j placed under arrest by the American nil
innrmes aim mat tno ileum uovcr
Will lie n ielrnre..
"The Government of the United s .i'.
Will under 110 clrcumM.inces tal " a 1
vantage of a state of war t.. 'n pi s
session of property to w hit 1. ,','er' .
tlonal understandings and the ic gnlze,l
law of tho land gle It no Just elnnn or
title," Fald tho statement 'it wi"
scrupulously respect nil private rights
alike of our own citizens and of the sub
Jetcs of foreign States."
It was reported to-day hut not ve. ,
fled that Count von llernstorff. the d
mlssed German Ambassador, had take'i
steps to Inform his Government that re
ports concerning discourteous treatment
of himself and IiIh suite wero entirely
without foundntlon. Tho State Depart
ment to-day obtained safe conduct for
the Ambassador and his parly from
Great Britain and France.
Kxamlnatlon nt Halifax.
It wns stipulated by Great Britain
that the ship carrying them should touch
at Halifax for examination, thus avoid
ing the necessity of putting In at Fal
mouth or any other English or Scattls'j