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THE WEATHER FORECAST.
Fair and colder to-day; to-morrow fair, slowly rising temperature. Highest temperature yesterday, 39; lowest, 12. Deluded weather, mall nml marine reports 011 page 12. nn. IT SHINES FOB ALL VOL. LXXXIV. NO. 163. ft NEW YORK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1917 . Copyright, 1317, by the Sun Printing and Publishing Association, ONE CENT In C) renter New York Kitten her Jernry t Uy and Newark. JTMO CUNTS. ?LW DETERMINED TO FORCE WAR, WASHINGTON HEARS; POPE AND KING OF SPAIN HOPE TO RESTRAIN THE KAISER; TWO SHIPS FLYING U. 5. FLAG SAIL TO-DAY; BALTIC SAFE GERARD HOPE ' OF TAMMANY Ambassador as Candidate for)Ia,vor a AViimer, Dem ocrats Believe. JiliCOlM) WOULD AID HIM i Fii-ionists Say .Mitchcl Could Bp Elected, lint He May Not lie Candidate. Tammany launched a real live boom for Ambassador James W. Gerard as Its candidate for Mayor yesterday. The boom found enthusiastic favor from Democrats all over tho city. The fact that he Is returning to this country and will be available as a can didate has, according to a prominent Tammany man. furnished the Four Kenfh street organization with a way out of a sltuntlon that was considered almost hopeless until the .breaking off of diplomatic relations with Germany. The advisability of selecting Ambas sador Gerard as Tammany's choice for .Mayer was discussed by the leaders during tho Ambassador's recent visit to th'.s country. He was told by Tammany that he could have the nomination If he desired It. Mr. Gerard talked it over ,1th hi friends and It Is understood It was finally agreed that should he desert his post In Berlin at such a critical time It might react against him. Hut now that lie Is returning home, and brings with him tho good will of the German Government, tho Tammany leaders are doing a war dance In th Wit-warn and the Tammany braves are putting on the warpaint und preparing to ishe thf fusion forces a, hard tlghi for the city. Ilrnrrt Tint Talked Of. Up to the r' the braUug. off of diplomatic relations William It. Hearst a the most frequently discussed man In Tammany Hall for the nomination. Te leaders" were not particularly anx Inii,. to accept him. They did not dis count the fact that the people had re J.vte.1 him when he ran for Mayor and Clnvernor some years ago. But in look ing oer the Held tho leaders were un tile to single out from among the pir-iabllltles" any man who appeared to ie big eiiougtf"to put up a good tight aralnt Mayor Mitchcl. With Ambassador Gerard on his way home, however, the entire programme has been changed, and the leaders have alraadv made up their mind, ro It was last night, to force the returning diplomat to make the race. There are several very good reasons why he would rrake the best candidate Tammany could pihlv put up, and they were outlined lail night by a very enthusiastic Tam niji!( " mba-ador Gerard," he said, "has n-fu'e a splendid record durln? Oils years o; ;"rvlce In public office. As a Justice 'he Supreme Court of Now York he v ' universally liked and respected, s-d as Ambassador to Germany he has in t le admiration and-thanks of the American people for the brilliant rr inner In which he lias conducted the affairs of his otilce during the time he hj been In Germany. H III Hnre Wilson's PnnnorL "With this tccord to stand on, and t'. fa.-t that he will have the full sup "' of the national Administration and ' friendly attitude that the German A nerlr-an voters In this city cannot fall t entertain for him, he would sweep the c ,tv " Fusion leaders declined last night to jll-cu-s this possibility, but they did not h"k pleased. They appeared to have JV idea, that If .Mr. Gerard runs on a Tammany ticket, and the national Ad p lustration could not refuse to support J'm. It may cause Mayor MItchel to de. line to or r-ept the fusion nomination. J tne opinion of the fusion leaders the Jlor could win against Gerard If ho Juuld make thu race, but the latter f let it ho known that he Is not seck J"S the renominatlon and If he accepts It '"f fusion forces must be fully as strong 'hey were In 1113. The politicians aro beginning to take a re.H Interest In tho coming scrap, and 'ound the various headquarters yes 'May the talk was confined to "doping" out the ticket. The Tamany Draves are unanimous for Gerard as Mayor, while It Wears to be settled that Frank L. no ling, President of the Hoard of Al dermen, will bo renominated by Tam "lany There Is much talk also that wrd s. roier will be nominated by Tarn mny for his old Job of Comptroller, and ii r Alfr"J Sml,h ls vlrtuallv set i"! upon as tho wlgmart's candidate for Knroush President of .Manhattan. County cinrk William F. Schneider, "ho organized the Cleveland Democracy 10 '""Tammany out of business; Is satis ncd now that there are no naughty Dcm-e-rats. and will probably accept Tam manvi. Indorsement for another term. 'he fuslonlsls have talked of no one if, f'"' Mi4'or except MItchel. nl iiimiB'. there lias been a suggestion now men that Arthur Woods. Police .ommi.ioriijr. might make a vcr good C'-naklate In the event tho Mayor de ehtied t0 iun. line name has been brought for 'aru as the rn j-Ion candidate for Presl O'nt of ti,c Hoard of Aldermen In the person ;t pii-o Commissioner Robert r0-'"1"011 Alderman Henry H. Curran. leader .,r ti,e Aldcrmanlc minority nnd " i.epu iiKan, was discussed for this I ice. ijut it Is expected he will soon set ; appointment from the Mayor as a c 'i Mafinrate. "irknU rw. Temlcrs on Mn- iiltlmiK .Ship, t. ., Feb !i.-Thc Ilrltlsh steamer ' "l "i of the Leyiand Line. laden ' " munitions, grnln nnd other sup. a reiuiiness to xall for Liver v. ,Kh Kxty ,end(.r(li many f irein merlcans. were signed up to look rin- etui horses on board. VATICAN FEARS FOR CARDINAL MERCIER I Suspect That He May Be Held a Virtual Prisoner by Germans. l'Ai-.IK. Feb. 3. A despatch to the Triuiii from Homo says: "Vatican circles have been virtually without news of Cardinal Mercler. for some time and ecclesiastical circles are beginning to have the Impression that the prelum Is be I lis forcibly Isolated by the German authorities to on extent that might be real captivity." Tho latest cablo despatch concerning Cardinal Mercler was received In the United States from London under date of January 17, quoting Instructions sent by the Cardinal to parish priests. An unconfirmed despatch from Amsterdam under date of December 7 said It was re ported there that Cardinal Mercler had been confined to his palace by the Ger man authorities. ARRESTED AS THIEF AFTER $50,000 LOSS Old Man Tells How "War Brides" Cost Fortune nnd Then Tries Suicide. Penniless and discouraged after Wall Street speculation had cost him a for tune of J.'iO.OOO In one year, nn old man who gave his name as Abraham Irvine, but admitted It was fictitious, was ar lestekl yesterday afternoon charged with stealing nn overcoat from the counter of a department store. He told the police he had supported himself by pawning eleven coats that he had stolen from this same tdore at different times. Levlne, as he chose to be called, was R familiar visitor to the store. He would enter, chat with the clerks a minute or two and explain that he was waiting for some particular salesman who happened to bo engaged nt tho moment. Yester day, after he had repeated this perform ance. Miss Elizabeth Colllmi and Kd ward Adenaur of the store's detective force, said they sa.w him pick up an overcoat and utart out with It. Levlne was taken to a cheap lodging house where he had a room. In charge of Detective Kelly of the first branch, und there ho produced eleven pawn tickets which he said represented gar ments takon from the store. Then ho suddenly pulled a revolver out of n drawer and tried to shoot himself. The detective wrested the weapon from him. "I've lost (.i0,n00 In 'war brides' In the last year." he walled, "and now I'm down and out. Let me end it, please. My daughter i sick and she'll die If she hears of this." He was locked up on a charge of grand larceny. J. M. LITTLE A. BRITON. Man Who Lost Wife and Son De nies SrcklnK V. S. Cltlsenahtp. John M. Littlo, whose wife and one child were lost on the California, said nt his home here, yesterday that It was untruo that he had taken out citizenship papers In the United States. "I am a British subject," he said, A despatch from Glasgow, Scotland, said : "The three surviving children of John M. Little of New York, whose wife and ono of whose children were lost on the California, arrived In Glasgow to-day. Mrs. Littlo was on her way to the sick bed of her mother, Mrs. Hill, who dieil last night without having been Informed of her daughter's death. The child who was lost was a boy of 12 years." INDIANA' "DRy'LAW SIGNED. Drastic Prohibition Menanre Gora Into Kffrrt April S, 10IN. lNPiAN.roLis, Intl.. Feb. 9. Gov, Goodrich signed to-day the Statewide prohibition bill making Indiana dry on and after April 2, 1918. The law pro hibits the sale, manufacture, giving away or advertisement of all alcoholic liquors except pure grain alcohol for chemical and medicinal purposes and wine for sacramental uses. This is ono of the most stringent pro hibition measures enacted In any State. Motion pictures were taken of the Gov ernor as he signed tho bill. WOMEN SEEK ARMY RECRUITS. Wives of nnirrm Itnve Plan to Get Mrn to Knllat. Women recruiters soon will be seen In the parks and other public places of the city nsklng men to enlist In the United States nrmy. The plan Is being worked out by wives of nrmy officers, who re cently did a little recruiting In llryant Park. The recruiting women are not expected to make any speeches, but quietly hand out literature explaining the new army plan of ono year enlistment. PARIS PAPERS TO CUT SIZE. Cabinet Decides on .Ueaiore to r.lTect Krononiy, Paths, Feb. .-Tlie Cabinet to-day decided on tho reduction In the number of pages of the dally newspapers. The change will be made to curtail tho con sumption of coal and the purchase abroad of print paper and raw materials lequlred for Its manufactute, Mol of the Paris papers have de creased the size of their publications since war began, A further cuttnllment will possibly result In some nppearlng In the form of u single sheet. More Time for N 111 pa nt Seat Paiuh, Feb, 9, A Madrid despatch to tho I'ctlt Journal says that the German Government hatt announced that It grants u further delay of forty-eight hourH for neutral ships at sea to regain neutral ports, TIIK 1RKKNMK1KB White Nulphur Hprtaaa, Weit V. Ideal time for tho cura. Only on nlcbt from New York, Adv. BRITAIN CHAFES OVER U.S. DELAY n ,4U..i . .... - .4 Act ?'' London Public and . Press Arc Asking. AMERICAN'S ABE CHEERED Bands Piny "Hnil Columbia r but. Elation Is Chniifflnfr to Impatience. fptclnl Cable Dtipatch to Tut Sc London, Feb. 9. Great Britain's elation over the break of the United States with Germany has quickly given placo to Impatience over the delay In taking the final step. The universal British sentiment can be summed up as follows: Through the break In diplomatic ne gotiations the United States has taken cognizance of Germany's bleach of faith, which has been followed Immedi ately by unrestricted warfare, the sac rifice of American lives and the further adding of Insult to Injury by threaten ing to mnko Ambassador Gerard a hostage. The question Is. What con stitutes an "overt act"? How far can American national honor be stretched to reach Its elastic limit? It is not with bitterness that the Brit ish public asks these questions, but sim ply through the sensitiveness aggravated hy the third war winter. Severe as must have been the strain of the past week In the United States, It has been fully as severe on thta side, because the people are reading dally reports that tho submarines are averaging a toll of 30.000 tons of shipping a day. meaning a further shortage of coal, wheat, sugar nnd meat. It ep rot for 1". S. Fighters. Despite the nervousness over tho dec laration of war. there Is an Increasing respect for the United States as a right ing unit. The illustrated papers publish pictures of a recent battleship launching at Newport, with. details qt. the fighting strength of tho Unlte'd States afloat, and also numerous articles dealing with America's fabulous wealth. The full force of the .rupture of tho United States with Germany ls ex pected to be reached when Ambassador Gerard reaches Barcelona. So far the general public has not realized what It means to sunder relations between the two nations. It is expedted thnt many Americans going from Berlin with Mr. Gerard will come to England, where their reception Is forecast by the enthusiasm already aroused toward Americans here. Many cafes witnessed stirring scenes to-day when the orchestras played "Hall, Co lumbia!" and other American airs amid verV hearty cheering. For the first time the newspapers print pictures of the American soldiers fighting with the British army, labelling them "Our Allies." Discussing the prospects of the United States entering the war tho Saturday Kerlcw says : N Two years ago Lor)l Kitchener, there can now be no harm In stating, believed that if only America were to Join the Allies the effect would be to shorten considerably his estimate thnt the war would last three ears. Ho therefore opposed hostile references to the atti tude of America nnd equally opposed the foolish habit of picking at her sleeve, telling her of tho wickedness of Ger many and urging her to come In. Ho held that this was the way not to bring America around and he was right." Continuing, the Saturday lletlcw thinks that the United States would be chiefly of value in furnishing ships, food and money. As regards an army, It com ments, Mio Is late on the scene, but If she once undertook to send an army she would set about making soldiers as she sets about making money, and Lu rcpe would tee Wilson armies. Hoot armies and Hooovelt armies. One of Tvro Great Kvents, The Wcrkly Xation devotes two lead ers to American affairs and says that the action of the United States is one of the two great events of the war, tho other being England's full entry Into Continental affairs. "With tho entranco of America," It says, "the balance sets definitely toward democracy. Henceforward Western de mocracy is safe and Its Ideas must per meate central and eastern Europe. While the Kntente may combine their resources nnd In time securo a popular victory, yet they all must come from warfare crip pled and Impoverished. In this moral encounter America comes In with the necessary equipment for success. "Unless Germany's assumption Is that by Juno she will cut off the maritime commerce of the world from these Isl- j unua ami iiius fever niu main uricries or the Kntente, then she must reallzo that she cannot win. She cannot tight America's brains and money and num bers and America's organized Industry, which stands out ns the chief rival of the German cartel. Slrenirthrna Allies' Morale. "America's action also offers a great reenforcement to the morulo of the Al lies, and nt the same time tho Impact of American Intervention must deeply color the views of tho German peoplo on the war. It, also Involves a tremendous transformation, as no longer will there be left In the world a slnglo neutral great Power. Not ono of the remaining neutrals Is powerful or hecure enough to play nn appreciable part." The A'ntfon considers ft unlikely that the United States, should that country declare war on Germany, would ndhero to the London pact by which the Entcnto countries agreed not to make a separate peace, and It is also unlikely that she would adopt the Paris economic agree, ment among the Allies. The Satlnn pnys tribute to President Wilson as "tho most fnrslghted nnd slrongct matt who to-day lends n civil ized people, nnd who will acquire In our common camp tho weight to which he in entitled, He will now ) hound by the same supreme Interests which hold us all and will assist in the victory of the common cause." Losses of Shipping Since February 1 Losses to shipping of the Al lies and of neutrals since Feb iuaryt i, when the German un restricted submarine warfare commenced, have been as fol lows: Ships reported sunk yes. terday 6 Total tonnage reported sunk yesterday 10,4:4 Total known tonnage previously sunk 136,179 Total known tonnage sunk since Feb. 1 146,603 Ships sunk since February r. American 1 Other neutrals 97 British 39 Other belligerents 7 Total ships sunk 74 U-BOATS' TOLL IS DWINDLING fk.,1.. cu: n i-.i i. viii.i oiiiis itepttrieti ouiiK, i but 29 Lives Are Lost. Londox, Feb. 9. A great falling off ls noticed In the reports to-day of ships sunk and tonnage lost through the un restricted operations of German subma rines. The loss of life reported to-day, however, 1 far greater than on any day since the blockade began. The Germans are announced to have taken directly or Indirectly twenty-nine lives of seamen. Tho number of ships reported sunk to-day ls only six, the smallest number by far reported on any day of the block ade. Yesterday ten were sunk. To day's tonnage loss Is less than half tho losi of yesterday, only 10,424. as con trasted with yesterday's 24,136, or 13, 712 tons less. To-day's sinkings raise the total known tonnago lost since February 1 to 14fi,603. Tho actual total Is rnther higher be cause a few ships of unknown tonnage nnd some fishing boats have been among the Germans' prey. nmar the llraleat Loner. Aslde from the loss of life, the most I ufactured steel, steel billets, automo striking feature of to-day's submarine 1 biles, foodstuffs and some munition". reports Is the fact that neutral Norway has been by all odd" the heaviest loser In ships and tonnage lost. Four of tho six steamships sunk were Norwegian ships, of a tonnage totalling 7.07;, nearly three-quarters of the total loss. Another of the six ships was a Spanish steamship, also a neutral. Only one Brltlsh steamship Is reported to have been sunk. Of the twenty-nine lives reported lost to-day, four were those of seamen on Norwegian ships, presumably Nor wegians. The chief mate nnd the steward of tho Ida were killed on deck by shells from a German submarine, which fired continuously and without warning until 1 the til sunk n,i tl, n,li of Hen-en. ' which was mnk Kbruary 2 without i ... l.tn.i . T-Z l-ress Association announces that twenty-five of the crew of the British steamship Vedamore were killed when the vessel was sunk by a torpedo from a German submarine. Thirty-five sur vivors have been landed. When the sink ing of Jhc Vedamore was announced yes terday It was said that "tho crew" had been landed and no loss of life was men tioned. When the Norwegian steamship Stors kog was sunk the crew was taken aboard the submarine, according to a despatch from Qucenstown. A steamer appeared and the submarine dived, "The chief officer and carpenter were the only ones able to return to the ship's boat, and they were picked up by the stean-cr," says n Queenstown despatch, which does not explain whether tho remainder of the crew were drowned or were carried away In the submarine. Mat or Ship. MnnU. Tho list of steamships reported sunk to-day follows : British steamship Ilanna Uirsen, 1,310 tons, formerly German rthlp seized nt be ginning of war. Captain and chief en glneer taken prisoners. Itemalnder of tho crew landed, Norwegian steamship Hnnsklnck, 2,667 tons, formerly American steamship Sa tllla. Ieft Now New York for Rotter dam December 31. Built at QuIncy.lMoM. Norwegian steamship Storskog, 2,191 tons. Norwegian steamship Idn. 1,172 tons. Chief mate and steward killed, rest of crew landed. Norwegian steamship Odin, 1,045 tons Two killed. Spanish steamship Neuva Montana, 2,030 tons. Crew saved. The American Consul nt Liverpool re ports that George Washington, the, negro fireman who lcvt his life when tho Brit lsh steamship Turlno was sunk by a submarine, was born In Alberta, Can ada, and presumably was a British sub Ject. Tho first report said he was an American. Consul l"rost has reported to Washington that the man was "ap parently" a British subject. An Inquest was held to-day on tho body of one of tho fourteen men who were lost on tho British steamship St. Nlnlan. Tho chief officer cast light on the methods German submarine com manders aro now pursuing when he re ported that the St. Nlnlan had witnessed the torpedoing of the Corslcnn Prince nnd that he had put oft In a lifeboat to pick up survivors. While he wnH re turning the submarine fired u torpedo Into tho St. Nlnlan, which sank lir threo minutes. Good Honda (o Alii Army, Boston, Feb. !, The construction by Congress of national highways between strategic points was rocommended Jn resolutions adopted at tho closing session of tho annual convention of the Amer ican Bond Builders Association to-day. Ilecenl military operations, tho associa tion says, have shown the need of better roads, . Steamers Orlcan and Roch ester Vill IMsk German U-Boat Peril. SHIP 3IEX CHEEKED BY NEWS OP BALTIC Sailing Dates of Liners St. Louis and St. Paul Still Undecided. 1 PYX DAM EXPECTED IX PORT WEDNESDAY Shipping of Other Neutrals Remains Paralyzed as Cargoes Pile Up. I Germany's blockade of the port of New York will bo broken this morning when two freighters fiylng the Stars and Stripes nnd loaded with all manner of merchandise and munitions for France leave port and point for the mouth of the River Garonne and Bordeaux. These ships are the Orlean of the Oriental Navigation Company and the Rochester of the Kerr Steamship Company. The news that the spunk and deter mination of the owners of the Orlcan and the Rochester were not to be bluffed by the German threat, together with the cabled announcement to the White Star Line that its big Baltic had docked safely at Liverpool, was a cause of great uplift In steamship circles last night. There was handshaking In all of the offices and scores of congratulatory telegrams were received at the Oriental and the Kerr offices In the Whitehall Building and at Uie International Mercantile Murine office at 9 Broadway j lie .ncuii ! niiiiiiiaimru in v.iin . .. n..Ai.- ,m,..on i iVi-Tn -T.U.C.1"' ."a".v?u .0.!.n.'.m"iC.?.": Americans The Uoches er Is commanded , ",0,,'u'! '0,i messafics after the rup by Capt. J. Korkrltz. who was born 0trari1' ,)Ut tl"t t'"' Unlle'1 f'"UeH IiaJturc. These restrictions aro usual. In Sweden but ls a naturalized Amerl-1 . - ---------: can. There are seventeen American cltl-1 1 - I . . .1 1 , K 1 -n in in r tren in uuro -viuvt-. n I shins carrv senernl merchandise mau- Both ships fall directly under tho Ger- mnn prohibition and must take their chnnces of being torpedoed without warning. Neither Is armed. Not Afraid of Threat. The owners nnd agents of each ex- Pre, tl,e utmost confidence that the vessels will reach Bordeaux safely. One of the officials said to Tin: Sun: "We believe In tho good old American way of attending to our legitimate busi ness. Wo are not afraid of the German threat. If our shin ls sunk, we are me- pared to meet the disappointment, but 1 e don't believe the submarines can catch her. We have not asked any help from the American Government in thu wnv nt finm'nv nr nrm Whnt w will hot submit toTs this prohibition by Ger- i many on legal trailing with Kiirope. we are going about our business as Amer- I lean ship owners have done ever since w liiil n niititrv " i Lat night tho Rochester, all ready to go to sea. was anchored In tho lower' '.iv waltine for final orders from the ' ,i wan ng ior nnai oruc s irom mi 1' owners. She receiveu ner clearance pa- pers from the Custom House yesterday , morning The Orlean was still at pier 3, Krie Basin. She hod finished taking on cargo and was ready to move out. Although neither company would an- .inline. iVin ev.iet hour nf ,innrtnre. It was said that both ships would sail early I tills mnrn nn. Thn Ortoni, u-.na fnrniertv ttie Arrrell- 1 The Orlean was formerly the Argen- lln 'te:imshln A vellaneii.i. "hut when she 1 arrived here last month from Bordeaux I There Is good reason to believe that her rfglstry was changed to American. ' "'o Pope's hope was based upon confl The Rochester was formerly the Yaguez, ' dentlal rows fiom the King of Spain, a lake built boat, and was constructed In I wl' "t'd to have been notified In ad 1S1" Uach shin carries about 4 000 ' vance by a personal message from' the tons of freight. nnltlr Safe In Liverpool. The news nf the safo arrival of the Baltic was received last night In a cable message from Llvcipool. The message supplemented tin announcement of ar rival with the statement, "All well." There had been some apprehension for ....... ...... ...... ine saieiy oi ino jiiuuc aim ine message i v -ri,v ""iu'- i was very gladly received. It suggested I Hy nnd Influence toward dissuading all' iien-on for Itrleetlon too that the British Government ls now neutrals both In Luropo and on the "" convoying rfll the big ships from a con- American continent, from declaring war) The threo amendments were rejected sldernble distance nt sea and thnt mens-1 lm the Central Powers. , by tho Rules Committee to-day on the urcs of protection will be taken as re- The prevailing conviction In Vatican ground that one of them Involved the gards the Adriatic and Carmanla, which circles Is that the Kaiser can be per- authority of cither tho Ways and .Means sailed from this port recently. Sleam- suaded to modify the submarine block- or the Appropriations Committee nnd ship men believe a guard of several de- 'ado In such a way as to safeguard the, that all tin en were covered under on stroyera will make German submarined I rights nf neutrals by guaranteeing that resolution and so could not be considered helpless to attack ships. The Adriatic , tbelr ships carrying cargoes to ports of I separately by the Rules Committee, was In tho danger zone yesterday. tho Allies will not bo sunk without 1 All three, although suggested by Sec Tho Ryndam, which turned about warning. rotary Daniels, aro known to bo tho di- when only fohrteen hours from Fal- i Before stien a concession will ho mnde, ' rect result of a conference between the mouth, was reported yesterday as 1,400 ' however, negotiations nro necessary. President and the Secretary immediatelv miles east of Sandy Hook and due to , These are now being carried out by the1 following thu break in diplomatic rela dock here Wednesday. Other ships from K'"g of Spain, with tho collaboration of i Hons with Germany. They Involve, first, which word Is anxiously awaited are the I Uin Pope, and probably will be pro'- i the authorization of f 1 30.000,000 In five Ilochambeau, which sailed for Bordeaux I longed another week. year Imndx, tho proceeds to bo expended on February 4 with twenty-two Amerl-I " these negotiations are successful tho ' by the President In speeding up the builil cans on board; the White Star liner ' rope and the King of Spain will bo ablo ng programme and providing submarine Cretlt, which sailed from Genoa for New ' avail themselves of tho altered situ- . chasers and commerce protectors: sec York on February 6 with six Americans I a"0" to take tho Initiative toward peaco. I 0nd, authorizing the President to take over on her passenger list, and tho Cunnrdei-H J and operato pilvato shipyards with n i iiiiiiuui.i nun rnuinu, men milieu uir u u AlvlJXu-C liltUoo IV VAN ADA. view to hastening construction on tlo Llverpool on January 29. Tho Orduna eminent ships, and. third, the nurchase nt'nny l,our"n0"la eXPeCtC'' ,0 There has been no cnunge in the sit- uatlon as regards the nctlon of tho American Line concerning tho sailings of the St, Iouls and St. Paul, The olll clals of tho line havo not been nble to come to 'a decision of policy. It was stated by the lino yesterdny that no re quest had been made to tho Government or to nny ordnance concern to furnish guns for Amerlcnn Line ships, nnd that volunteer gunners had not been asked for. The officials of the line aro descilbed as being "up In the air" on account of tho refusal of the United States Gov.ern. ment to give them even moral encourage- Continued on Second Pagt. GERARD AND PARTY DUE TO LEA VE BERLIN TO-NIGHT Due at Swiss Border To-morrow, Going Thence to Spain German Under Secretary Says U. S. Kept Bernstorff From Cabling. Ur.nLlN, via London, Feb. 8. Former Ambassador Gerard and his party will leave Berlin Saturday evening. A special train will leave Berlin At 8:10 o'clock for Switzerland hy way of Basel and Berne, Tho party will then travel In Spain, where Mr. Gerard will embark on the first available steamer for the United States. Tho former Ambassador and Mis. Gerard will bo accompanied by nearly all the embassy secretaries and at- , 1 laches nnd members of the conbular ser- ' storff from telegiaphlng, and tho Am vice in Germany except a few ordered bassador had been unalilo to announce to Scandinavia or Holland and by most , even the reeelnt nf his nmnnnna. fir. oi mo American newspaper corresponn- ' ents. Tho train will carry 200 persons from tho German capital. Two repre sentatives of tho Foreign Office will ac company tho train to the border, which is" expected to bo reached early Sun day afternoon. The arrangements for the departure weru practically completed to-day. The delay was caused by the number of pass- lot If to be made out for the AmbaS' sador's party and because of the lack of news regarding tho hi'.. emcnls of Count von Bernstorff. The embassy representatives will enjoy tho diplo matic privilege at the frontier, and bag gage Inspection formalities for the others will be executed befoie leaving Berlin so that there will be no delays. The German Government woi offi cially Informed to-day by the Spanish i Ambassador that Count von Bernstorff : will sail for Halifax on Monday. According to the Tagtblatt the Ameri can Embassy officials in Berlin hav ascertained that there are 2,600 Ameri can citizens In Germany. There are only about 350 Americans In Berlin. PUTS BLAME ON U. S. Dr. ton Stnnim uf foreign nfllre ay llrmatorn Couhln't Cable. London. Feb. 10 (Saturday). Dr. William vonjStumm, the German Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs. In an ln- J tervlew-iprlnted in the AmsUrdam , , j jjiifiiirMtiiiiu ritja wermnny regrets inai Hie was compelled to take the measures VATICAN WORKS ON PEACE PLAN Xe-olintions Jleprun to Induce Kaiser to Yield Point to Neutrals. Stttnal Cable Petiatch. to Tna Scn Kom .. 1 -It Is belle-cd that the "'T. . Anonso oi opain ; r .'"ft " working: together in the bore of prevent-, between the United States and j"??'. - I"' s""rt'"5,?r "' ", ,"'h "--" curtail her submarine warfare. On Saturday evening, February "lieu uie i epi esuiiiitiM cm ui mo iiic- accredited to the Holy See Informed the - "'"1 --ecretary or state, -.arainai una Parrt. that a break between the United), , ' , ' ., ...,, u ,.i,oV,,. ,u when offered, probablv to-morrow- ""'- .,........ nc" 8 catiseit - great sensation, though. -t was"ot unexpected. 1 aruinai uasparri replied mat me Tope, while admitting that tho situation was V,r' complicated, had not yet lost hope that war between the Unlfed States J"1'1 Germany, which w ould provoko the .,;, v,,,.uu , mu pvuui -ni'vi , v iiiiervciiiiou oi mo rouin .meric.iii re- ... . ...... Publics nnil-possmiy of Luropean ncu- trals, might be averted. ixaiser mat ucrmany was going to un dertake tho new submarine campaign. Kvlnenttj, however, the King of Spain was convinced that a settlement was .,mii,i .i... i,., ,.i.i h. -v-m- possible, since he requested tho Kaiser to postpono the blockade. Meanwhile Spain refrained from Joint action with other neutrals and did not threaten to declare war on (termanv ThHte oTsnaln ls"5now cooperating i i.io -,i, i MlehU... ll.,nd.me Take Part ! Piirnde ut Windsor. Ontario, Dkthoit. Mich.. Feb. n (Members nf tho Thirty-second Regiment bnnd of the vance bv legislation that technically Michigan National Guard, who are being -hould come fiom tho Wnys and Means mustered out here ut Fort Wayne, par- Committee, tho Rules Committee refused tlclpated to-day In n parade of Canadian 1 t0 "insider the lesolutlon providing that troops at Wlndsur, Ontario, Some of the thrce should bo In order on tho pend guardsmen wero In uniform and some I "aval bill, Tho 150,000,000 pio played musical Instruments, according 1 P0"'-1 was inferred to tho Appropriations to icports received hy olllcers nt Fort I ('nimlttoo and the other two. favorably Wayne 1 reported by thn Naval Affairs Committee, Tho Michigan soldiers were off duty I win renmln as separate measures on the at the tlmo and It was said at l-'ort "lnil.ir until llou-n leaflers aro ready Wnvnn Hint thev iirobiil.U- tnlnnrl in !, parade "for a lark," It Is understood that nn Jnformal Investigation will b made. prevented Count von Bernstorff, the re tiring German Ambassador, from tele graphing that lio had received his pass ports. The Interview, nccordlug to neuter's Amsterdiim correspondent, was had In N'orden, Prussia. Dr. von Stumm Is de clared to have said that Germany re ceived no reports from the United States about the treatment of Count von Bern storff, nor of German consuls or German subjects. The American Government, according to tho Under Secrctnry, evl- Hnnll f.n- . 1. .11. .1 "V", "'V;' ' "TUT: many learned from the Swiss Govern ment that the Ambassador had received his passports. "I hope," Herr von Stumm is quoted, "tho reports of the seizure of German ships and tho restriction of the liberty of their crews aro untrue, ns such measure would bo contrary to the German-American treaty of 1799. We do not wish n system of warfare against non-combatants, tucli as Great Britain introduud by the Internment of civil ians." DIDN'T TIE UP WIRELESS. "Vary Driuirtinriil Sns IlernMorlT llnd Ilicrj I'nrlllt;. Washington, Feb. 9. Navy Depart- ' ment officials when told to-night of the ! assertion of Von Stumm, the Imperial ' German under secretary for Foreign ! Affairs, that Ambassador Gerard's pais- j ports had been held up because Berlin could not hear from Count von Bern storff, denied that any restrictions had been put on BernstorfTs communication with Berlin beyond those placed on any diplomat when relations have been sev ered with his government. Tho German wireless station at Tuck erton has not been closed, it was fcald. The dismissed Ambassador could have availed hliwelf of this method of com munication, although he woubl not have1 been ablo to have. put his messages In code. Neither was Mr. Gerard able to communlciite wlttf Washington except In WILSON'S NAVY PLANS BLOCKED Utiles Committoe Refuses to Consider Tlirce Emergency Measures. Washington, Feb. 9. Acting under , from MllJorltv L,aller Kitchin i and other Democratic leaders, the nules . committee refused to-day to consider tho resolution making in order on the naval appropriation bill tho three emer gency nmendments proposed Hiy Secre tary Daniels nt the direct instance of President Wilson. As a result the imendmonta will be ruled out cf order Although explained publicly on purely technical grounds, the uction of the Rules Committee served notlco on Presi dent Wilson that his organization In the House does not proposo to permit him to guide tho ship of Stute unassisted by , BUda tho ship of Stute unassisted by . i rnripre thrniich IIia -tAcilrti.u u.nfn.j - -" i viiai iu;i. iuuuw a. uecuiraiioii oi war. I In other words, Congress will declare I war ,i the President nsks such action. but Congress- will keep Its hand on the helm nnd Insist on being consulted as to the extent to which this country shall go In backing up that declaration. And if thn attitude of Majority Leader , .v; Kltohln and Chairman Mtzgerald of the Appropriations Committee may serve as an indication of what the House Is going to do President Wilson may not count " ".""l rl"" iipi'iupimuuii 10 pro- I or l'Unl.e,l States :wiin ur wiiuoui n neciaraiion oi war. ln of basic ulrcrnft patents by the Govern 1 ment. Because the first of these creates a ' deficit and seeks to meet tho deficit In ad to have them consltloi eil. An attempt will bo mane, with reason able hope of success, to havo all three Coiiflniirif on Sccoiiil Page. Berlin Resolved on Widen ing Breach, Washing ton Hears. WILSON DETERMINED IN STAND ON SHIPS Will Ask Congress for Pow er to Enforce Respect for Rights. QUESTION OF CONVOY BEING CONSIDERED President Hopes to Place Full Responsibility for Clash on Teutons. Washington, Feb. 9. Germany ls determined, whether President Wilson desires it or not, to force a complete rupture with tho United States. This is tho interpretation placed ln certain official and diplomatic circles on the developments of tho acutely fcrious situation within the last forty-eight hours. A foreign Ambassador in formed the correspondent of Tub Scn to-night that the news had reached him and the State Department from thu same source and was receiving the most serious consideration. It is stated that tho German Gov ernment would have made heavy sac rlilces, short of actual military neces sity, to maintain tho friendship of the United States during the operation of the submarine war zone campaign nlmed at. tho starvation of Great Britain, it was also stnfcd that the German Government had instructed Count von Bernstorff to malic appre ciable concessions to American ship ping companies with respect to pas senger travel In tho war zone and to use every conciliator-,- means in hW power if the United States Govern ment indorsed the basic Idea that re prisal by Germany against Urea' Britain's "starvation policy'' was Justi fiable. To Ue-rnril t. . as I'nrmy. If. however, the United States chose to indorse tho stand It took following the Sussex: disaster and went to the extent of severing diplomatic relations with tho German Government, Berlin had reached the conclusion that mili tary necessity demanded that it re gard tho United States tin an enemy. The point of the German military policy as It has now been communicated to Washington is thnt it ls more ad vantageous to Germany, fiom a strictly military point of view, m have the i up turn with the United States complete than to havo the present situation per sist. The main reason for tho adoption of this Idea seems to be that with the United States openly ami avowedly In volved In the conflict there will neces sarily follow a niobllUatlon of American resources for the defence of the United States, thereby dl citing tliee resources from Germany's ncti'o enemies In Eu rope. The question of munitions and w supplies Is of lesser importance. It s said, but the question of the mobiliza tion of Amerl. an tlnan. lal resources i understood to be regarded by Berlin as of paramount moment. The German lev is that there would necessarily be such a demand on American tlnanres foi preparing, the United States for war that the Untente Allies would find the flow of financial support checked at this highly critical moment ot tho war. Desired Amerli-nn I'rlriidahlp The dominant Idea which has eM Germany from precipitating a .-rlsls w 'I tile United States, It wis added, was the fact that the German i!iieinmcM pir tlcttlarly desired the friendship of the United States after the war But to Berlin severance of tliplnni.itic relations, which already has stilled up a tVi hog amounting to nluio-t open en i tty be tween the two Governments, is rcg.irle' as having sacrificed nil the-i' potential advantascs which Germ in- looked f ward to. Therefore the iis of the dr man military authorities are sa'd to be centred on the temporary inllit.it y ad. vantages which mii acciue to iiertnin through the United Stat. " i, m, -one Into the iNisitlnn of an open belligerent. The course.. to bo taken In- m- I i i States If Germany ci'inpils Hi. nc ..' t'oice to safeguaiil .Vrcrl.-.in lives an. I rights has been determined It wa learned authoritatively - ft. Cabinet tnietins that In 'lie .i President Wilson g"es before I'nngre agaln It will not lie to ,ik fn- a de ln-n Hon of war but in follow 1 , r i 1 wo'ds of the iiildrt In whlt-i he nn noiinced the break of dip'om.n e' , Hons nnd reque.-t ntltlinrltv to ive . deemed necessary to piotcc' Aineiii-in seamen and people. Anxious tit Avoid War. The President. It was stated, la as anxious as ever to .noid war with ne--m.iny. but also Is as determined as r that Amerlcnn citizens and ships e.h.i I be free to travel the high sens unmo lested. His next step, If taken, will bv to enforce that right, and even then the Issue of war or peace will bo with Ger many. Any hostlU action will havo to come In the form of nn Interfeienco with an American right Details of tho Government's plans are not discussed. It Is known, however, that convoying and arming of merchant ships ore being considered, Nn new development came to.day to Indicate that tho overt net by Germany, which is regarded ns Inevitable, was nearer at hand. Fewer reports of ship sunk came In and none told officially 0j