OCR Interpretation

The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, February 10, 1917, Image 1

Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030431/1917-02-10/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Fair and colder to-day; to-morrow fair,
slowly rising temperature.
Highest temperature yesterday, 39; lowest, 12.
Deluded weather, mall nml marine reports 011 page 12.
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1917 . Copyright, 1317, by the Sun Printing and Publishing Association,
In C) renter New York Kitten her
Jernry t Uy and Newark. JTMO CUNTS.
Ambassador as Candidate
for)Ia,vor a AViimer, Dem
ocrats Believe.
Fii-ionists Say .Mitchcl Could
Bp Elected, lint He May Not
lie Candidate.
Tammany launched a real live boom
for Ambassador James W. Gerard as Its
candidate for Mayor yesterday. The
boom found enthusiastic favor from
Democrats all over tho city.
The fact that he Is returning to this
country and will be available as a can
didate has, according to a prominent
Tammany man. furnished the Four
Kenfh street organization with a way
out of a sltuntlon that was considered
almost hopeless until the .breaking off
of diplomatic relations with Germany.
The advisability of selecting Ambas
sador Gerard as Tammany's choice for
.Mayer was discussed by the leaders
during tho Ambassador's recent visit to
th'.s country. He was told by Tammany
that he could have the nomination If he
desired It. Mr. Gerard talked it over
,1th hi friends and It Is understood It
was finally agreed that should he desert
his post In Berlin at such a critical time
It might react against him.
Hut now that lie Is returning home,
and brings with him tho good will of
the German Government, tho Tammany
leaders are doing a war dance In th
Wit-warn and the Tammany braves are
putting on the warpaint und preparing
to ishe thf fusion forces a, hard tlghi
for the city.
Ilrnrrt Tint Talked Of.
Up to the r' the braUug. off of
diplomatic relations William It. Hearst
a the most frequently discussed man
In Tammany Hall for the nomination.
Te leaders" were not particularly anx
Inii,. to accept him. They did not dis
count the fact that the people had re
J.vte.1 him when he ran for Mayor and
Clnvernor some years ago. But in look
ing oer the Held tho leaders were un
tile to single out from among the
pir-iabllltles" any man who appeared
to ie big eiiougtf"to put up a good tight
aralnt Mayor Mitchcl.
With Ambassador Gerard on his way
home, however, the entire programme
has been changed, and the leaders have
alraadv made up their mind, ro It was
last night, to force the returning
diplomat to make the race. There are
several very good reasons why he would
rrake the best candidate Tammany could
pihlv put up, and they were outlined
lail night by a very enthusiastic Tam
niji!( " mba-ador Gerard," he said, "has
n-fu'e a splendid record durln? Oils years
o; ;"rvlce In public office. As a Justice
'he Supreme Court of Now York he
v ' universally liked and respected,
s-d as Ambassador to Germany he has
in t le admiration and-thanks of the
American people for the brilliant
rr inner In which he lias conducted the
affairs of his otilce during the time he
hj been In Germany.
H III Hnre Wilson's PnnnorL
"With this tccord to stand on, and
t'. fa.-t that he will have the full sup
"' of the national Administration and
' friendly attitude that the German
A nerlr-an voters In this city cannot fall
t entertain for him, he would sweep the
c ,tv "
Fusion leaders declined last night to
jll-cu-s this possibility, but they did not
h"k pleased. They appeared to have
JV idea, that If .Mr. Gerard runs on a
Tammany ticket, and the national Ad
p lustration could not refuse to support
J'm. It may cause Mayor MItchel to
de. line to or r-ept the fusion nomination.
J tne opinion of the fusion leaders the
Jlor could win against Gerard If ho
Juuld make thu race, but the latter
f let it ho known that he Is not seck
J"S the renominatlon and If he accepts It
'"f fusion forces must be fully as strong
'hey were In 1113.
The politicians aro beginning to take a
re.H Interest In tho coming scrap, and
'ound the various headquarters yes
'May the talk was confined to "doping"
out the ticket. The Tamany Draves are
unanimous for Gerard as Mayor, while It
Wears to be settled that Frank L.
no ling, President of the Hoard of Al
dermen, will bo renominated by Tam
"lany There Is much talk also that
wrd s. roier will be nominated by Tarn
mny for his old Job of Comptroller, and
ii r Alfr"J Sml,h ls vlrtuallv set
i"! upon as tho wlgmart's candidate for
Knroush President of .Manhattan.
County cinrk William F. Schneider,
"ho organized the Cleveland Democracy
10 '""Tammany out of business; Is satis
ncd now that there are no naughty Dcm-e-rats.
and will probably accept Tam
manvi. Indorsement for another term.
'he fuslonlsls have talked of no one
if, f'"' Mi4'or except MItchel. nl
iiimiB'. there lias been a suggestion now
men that Arthur Woods. Police
.ommi.ioriijr. might make a vcr good
C'-naklate In the event tho Mayor de
ehtied t0 iun.
line name has been brought for
'aru as the rn j-Ion candidate for Presl
O'nt of ti,c Hoard of Aldermen In the
person ;t pii-o Commissioner Robert
r0-'"1"011 Alderman Henry H. Curran.
leader .,r ti,e Aldcrmanlc minority nnd
" i.epu iiKan, was discussed for this
I ice. ijut it Is expected he will soon set
; appointment from the Mayor as a
c 'i Mafinrate.
"irknU rw. Temlcrs on Mn-
iiltlmiK .Ship,
t. ., Feb !i.-Thc Ilrltlsh steamer
' "l "i of the Leyiand Line. laden
' " munitions, grnln nnd other sup.
a reiuiiness to xall for Liver
v. ,Kh Kxty ,end(.r(li many f
irein merlcans. were signed up to look
rin- etui horses on board.
Suspect That He May Be Held
a Virtual Prisoner by
l'Ai-.IK. Feb. 3. A despatch to the
Triuiii from Homo says:
"Vatican circles have been virtually
without news of Cardinal Mercler. for
some time and ecclesiastical circles are
beginning to have the Impression that
the prelum Is be I lis forcibly Isolated by
the German authorities to on extent that
might be real captivity."
Tho latest cablo despatch concerning
Cardinal Mercler was received In the
United States from London under date
of January 17, quoting Instructions sent
by the Cardinal to parish priests. An
unconfirmed despatch from Amsterdam
under date of December 7 said It was re
ported there that Cardinal Mercler had
been confined to his palace by the Ger
man authorities.
AFTER $50,000 LOSS
Old Man Tells How "War
Brides" Cost Fortune nnd
Then Tries Suicide.
Penniless and discouraged after Wall
Street speculation had cost him a for
tune of J.'iO.OOO In one year, nn old man
who gave his name as Abraham Irvine,
but admitted It was fictitious, was ar
lestekl yesterday afternoon charged with
stealing nn overcoat from the counter
of a department store. He told the
police he had supported himself by
pawning eleven coats that he had stolen
from this same tdore at different times.
Levlne, as he chose to be called, was
R familiar visitor to the store. He would
enter, chat with the clerks a minute or
two and explain that he was waiting for
some particular salesman who happened
to bo engaged nt tho moment. Yester
day, after he had repeated this perform
ance. Miss Elizabeth Colllmi and Kd
ward Adenaur of the store's detective
force, said they sa.w him pick up an
overcoat and utart out with It.
Levlne was taken to a cheap lodging
house where he had a room. In charge
of Detective Kelly of the first branch,
und there ho produced eleven pawn
tickets which he said represented gar
ments takon from the store. Then ho
suddenly pulled a revolver out of n
drawer and tried to shoot himself. The
detective wrested the weapon from him.
"I've lost (.i0,n00 In 'war brides' In the
last year." he walled, "and now I'm
down and out. Let me end it, please.
My daughter i sick and she'll die If she
hears of this."
He was locked up on a charge of
grand larceny.
Man Who Lost Wife and Son De
nies SrcklnK V. S. Cltlsenahtp.
John M. Littlo, whose wife and one
child were lost on the California, said
nt his home here, yesterday that It was
untruo that he had taken out citizenship
papers In the United States.
"I am a British subject," he said,
A despatch from Glasgow, Scotland,
said :
"The three surviving children of John
M. Little of New York, whose wife and
ono of whose children were lost on the
California, arrived In Glasgow to-day.
Mrs. Littlo was on her way to the sick
bed of her mother, Mrs. Hill, who dieil
last night without having been Informed
of her daughter's death. The child who
was lost was a boy of 12 years."
Drastic Prohibition Menanre Gora
Into Kffrrt April S, 10IN.
lNPiAN.roLis, Intl.. Feb. 9. Gov,
Goodrich signed to-day the Statewide
prohibition bill making Indiana dry on
and after April 2, 1918. The law pro
hibits the sale, manufacture, giving
away or advertisement of all alcoholic
liquors except pure grain alcohol for
chemical and medicinal purposes and
wine for sacramental uses.
This is ono of the most stringent pro
hibition measures enacted In any State.
Motion pictures were taken of the Gov
ernor as he signed tho bill.
Wives of nnirrm Itnve Plan to Get
Mrn to Knllat.
Women recruiters soon will be seen In
the parks and other public places of the
city nsklng men to enlist In the United
States nrmy. The plan Is being worked
out by wives of nrmy officers, who re
cently did a little recruiting In llryant
The recruiting women are not expected
to make any speeches, but quietly hand
out literature explaining the new army
plan of ono year enlistment.
Cabinet Decides on .Ueaiore to
r.lTect Krononiy,
Paths, Feb. .-Tlie Cabinet to-day
decided on tho reduction In the number
of pages of the dally newspapers. The
change will be made to curtail tho con
sumption of coal and the purchase
abroad of print paper and raw materials
lequlred for Its manufactute,
Mol of the Paris papers have de
creased the size of their publications
since war began, A further cuttnllment
will possibly result In some nppearlng In
the form of u single sheet.
More Time for N 111 pa nt Seat
Paiuh, Feb, 9, A Madrid despatch to
tho I'ctlt Journal says that the German
Government hatt announced that It
grants u further delay of forty-eight
hourH for neutral ships at sea to regain
neutral ports,
TIIK 1RKKNMK1KB White Nulphur
Hprtaaa, Weit V. Ideal time for tho cura.
Only on nlcbt from New York, Adv.
n ,4U..i . .... - .4
Act ?'' London Public and .
Press Arc Asking.
Bands Piny "Hnil Columbia r
but. Elation Is Chniifflnfr
to Impatience.
fptclnl Cable Dtipatch to Tut Sc
London, Feb. 9. Great Britain's
elation over the break of the United
States with Germany has quickly given
placo to Impatience over the delay In
taking the final step. The universal
British sentiment can be summed up as
Through the break In diplomatic ne
gotiations the United States has taken
cognizance of Germany's bleach of
faith, which has been followed Immedi
ately by unrestricted warfare, the sac
rifice of American lives and the further
adding of Insult to Injury by threaten
ing to mnko Ambassador Gerard a
hostage. The question Is. What con
stitutes an "overt act"? How far can
American national honor be stretched
to reach Its elastic limit?
It is not with bitterness that the Brit
ish public asks these questions, but sim
ply through the sensitiveness aggravated
hy the third war winter. Severe as
must have been the strain of the past
week In the United States, It has been
fully as severe on thta side, because the
people are reading dally reports that
tho submarines are averaging a toll of
30.000 tons of shipping a day. meaning a
further shortage of coal, wheat, sugar
nnd meat.
It ep rot for 1". S. Fighters.
Despite the nervousness over tho dec
laration of war. there Is an Increasing
respect for the United States as a right
ing unit. The illustrated papers publish
pictures of a recent battleship launching
at Newport, with. details qt. the fighting
strength of tho Unlte'd States afloat, and
also numerous articles dealing with
America's fabulous wealth.
The full force of the .rupture of tho
United States with Germany ls ex
pected to be reached when Ambassador
Gerard reaches Barcelona. So far the
general public has not realized what It
means to sunder relations between the
two nations.
It is expedted thnt many Americans
going from Berlin with Mr. Gerard will
come to England, where their reception
Is forecast by the enthusiasm already
aroused toward Americans here. Many
cafes witnessed stirring scenes to-day
when the orchestras played "Hall, Co
lumbia!" and other American airs amid
verV hearty cheering. For the first
time the newspapers print pictures of the
American soldiers fighting with the
British army, labelling them "Our
Discussing the prospects of the United
States entering the war tho Saturday
Kerlcw says : N
Two years ago Lor)l Kitchener, there
can now be no harm In stating, believed
that if only America were to Join the
Allies the effect would be to shorten
considerably his estimate thnt the war
would last three ears. Ho therefore
opposed hostile references to the atti
tude of America nnd equally opposed
the foolish habit of picking at her sleeve,
telling her of tho wickedness of Ger
many and urging her to come In. Ho
held that this was the way not to bring
America around and he was right."
Continuing, the Saturday lletlcw
thinks that the United States would be
chiefly of value in furnishing ships, food
and money. As regards an army, It com
ments, Mio Is late on the scene, but
If she once undertook to send an army
she would set about making soldiers as
she sets about making money, and Lu
rcpe would tee Wilson armies. Hoot
armies and Hooovelt armies.
One of Tvro Great Kvents,
The Wcrkly Xation devotes two lead
ers to American affairs and says that
the action of the United States is one of
the two great events of the war, tho
other being England's full entry Into
Continental affairs.
"With tho entranco of America," It
says, "the balance sets definitely toward
democracy. Henceforward Western de
mocracy is safe and Its Ideas must per
meate central and eastern Europe. While
the Kntente may combine their resources
nnd In time securo a popular victory, yet
they all must come from warfare crip
pled and Impoverished. In this moral
encounter America comes In with the
necessary equipment for success.
"Unless Germany's assumption Is that
by Juno she will cut off the maritime
commerce of the world from these Isl- j
unua ami iiius fever niu main uricries or
the Kntente, then she must reallzo that
she cannot win. She cannot tight
America's brains and money and num
bers and America's organized Industry,
which stands out ns the chief rival of
the German cartel.
Slrenirthrna Allies' Morale.
"America's action also offers a great
reenforcement to the morulo of the Al
lies, and nt the same time tho Impact of
American Intervention must deeply color
the views of tho German peoplo on the
war. It, also Involves a tremendous
transformation, as no longer will there
be left In the world a slnglo neutral
great Power. Not ono of the remaining
neutrals Is powerful or hecure enough to
play nn appreciable part."
The A'ntfon considers ft unlikely that
the United States, should that country
declare war on Germany, would ndhero
to the London pact by which the Entcnto
countries agreed not to make a separate
peace, and It is also unlikely that she
would adopt the Paris economic agree,
ment among the Allies.
The Satlnn pnys tribute to President
Wilson as "tho most fnrslghted nnd
slrongct matt who to-day lends n civil
ized people, nnd who will acquire In our
common camp tho weight to which he
in entitled, He will now ) hound by
the same supreme Interests which hold
us all and will assist in the victory of
the common cause."
Losses of Shipping
Since February 1
Losses to shipping of the Al
lies and of neutrals since Feb
iuaryt i, when the German un
restricted submarine warfare
commenced, have been as fol
lows: Ships reported sunk yes.
terday 6
Total tonnage reported
sunk yesterday 10,4:4
Total known tonnage
previously sunk 136,179
Total known tonnage
sunk since Feb. 1 146,603
Ships sunk since February r.
American 1
Other neutrals 97
British 39
Other belligerents 7
Total ships sunk 74
fk.,1.. cu: n i-.i i.
viii.i oiiiis itepttrieti ouiiK, i
but 29 Lives Are
Londox, Feb. 9. A great falling off ls
noticed In the reports to-day of ships
sunk and tonnage lost through the un
restricted operations of German subma
rines. The loss of life reported to-day,
however, 1 far greater than on any day
since the blockade began. The Germans
are announced to have taken directly or
Indirectly twenty-nine lives of seamen.
Tho number of ships reported sunk
to-day ls only six, the smallest number
by far reported on any day of the block
ade. Yesterday ten were sunk. To
day's tonnage loss Is less than half tho
losi of yesterday, only 10,424. as con
trasted with yesterday's 24,136, or 13,
712 tons less.
To-day's sinkings raise the total known
tonnago lost since February 1 to 14fi,603.
Tho actual total Is rnther higher be
cause a few ships of unknown tonnage
nnd some fishing boats have been among
the Germans' prey.
nmar the llraleat Loner.
Aslde from the loss of life, the most I ufactured steel, steel billets, automo
striking feature of to-day's submarine 1 biles, foodstuffs and some munition".
reports Is the fact that neutral Norway
has been by all odd" the heaviest loser
In ships and tonnage lost. Four of tho
six steamships sunk were Norwegian
ships, of a tonnage totalling 7.07;,
nearly three-quarters of the total loss.
Another of the six ships was a Spanish
steamship, also a neutral. Only one
Brltlsh steamship Is reported to have
been sunk.
Of the twenty-nine lives reported lost
to-day, four were those of seamen on
Norwegian ships, presumably Nor
wegians. The chief mate nnd the steward
of tho Ida were killed on deck by shells
from a German submarine, which fired
continuously and without warning until 1
the til sunk n,i tl, n,li of Hen-en. '
which was mnk Kbruary 2 without
i ... l.tn.i .
T-Z l-ress Association announces that
twenty-five of the crew of the British
steamship Vedamore were killed when
the vessel was sunk by a torpedo from
a German submarine. Thirty-five sur
vivors have been landed. When the sink
ing of Jhc Vedamore was announced yes
terday It was said that "tho crew" had
been landed and no loss of life was men
tioned. When the Norwegian steamship Stors
kog was sunk the crew was taken aboard
the submarine, according to a despatch
from Qucenstown. A steamer appeared
and the submarine dived, "The chief
officer and carpenter were the only ones
able to return to the ship's boat, and
they were picked up by the stean-cr,"
says n Queenstown despatch, which does
not explain whether tho remainder of
the crew were drowned or were carried
away In the submarine.
Mat or Ship. MnnU.
Tho list of steamships reported sunk
to-day follows :
British steamship Ilanna Uirsen, 1,310
tons, formerly German rthlp seized nt be
ginning of war. Captain and chief en
glneer taken prisoners. Itemalnder of
tho crew landed,
Norwegian steamship Hnnsklnck, 2,667
tons, formerly American steamship Sa
tllla. Ieft Now New York for Rotter
dam December 31. Built at QuIncy.lMoM.
Norwegian steamship Storskog, 2,191
Norwegian steamship Idn. 1,172 tons.
Chief mate and steward killed, rest of
crew landed.
Norwegian steamship Odin, 1,045 tons
Two killed.
Spanish steamship Neuva Montana,
2,030 tons. Crew saved.
The American Consul nt Liverpool re
ports that George Washington, the, negro
fireman who lcvt his life when tho Brit
lsh steamship Turlno was sunk by a
submarine, was born In Alberta, Can
ada, and presumably was a British sub
Ject. Tho first report said he was an
American. Consul l"rost has reported
to Washington that the man was "ap
parently" a British subject.
An Inquest was held to-day on tho
body of one of tho fourteen men who
were lost on tho British steamship St.
Nlnlan. Tho chief officer cast light on
the methods German submarine com
manders aro now pursuing when he re
ported that the St. Nlnlan had witnessed
the torpedoing of the Corslcnn Prince
nnd that he had put oft In a lifeboat to
pick up survivors. While he wnH re
turning the submarine fired u torpedo
Into tho St. Nlnlan, which sank lir threo
Good Honda (o Alii Army,
Boston, Feb. !, The construction by
Congress of national highways between
strategic points was rocommended Jn
resolutions adopted at tho closing session
of tho annual convention of the Amer
ican Bond Builders Association to-day.
Ilecenl military operations, tho associa
tion says, have shown the need of better
roads, .
Steamers Orlcan and Roch
ester Vill IMsk German
U-Boat Peril.
Sailing Dates of Liners St.
Louis and St. Paul Still
Shipping of Other Neutrals
Remains Paralyzed as
Cargoes Pile Up.
I Germany's blockade of the port of
New York will bo broken this morning
when two freighters fiylng the Stars and
Stripes nnd loaded with all manner of
merchandise and munitions for France
leave port and point for the mouth of the
River Garonne and Bordeaux. These
ships are the Orlean of the Oriental
Navigation Company and the Rochester
of the Kerr Steamship Company.
The news that the spunk and deter
mination of the owners of the Orlcan
and the Rochester were not to be bluffed
by the German threat, together with the
cabled announcement to the White Star
Line that its big Baltic had docked safely
at Liverpool, was a cause of great uplift
In steamship circles last night. There
was handshaking In all of the offices and
scores of congratulatory telegrams were
received at the Oriental and the Kerr
offices In the Whitehall Building and at
Uie International Mercantile Murine
office at 9 Broadway
j lie .ncuii ! niiiiiiiaimru in v.iin
. .. n..Ai.- ,m,..on i
iVi-Tn -T.U.C.1"' ."a".v?u .0.!.n.'.m"iC.?.":
Americans The Uoches er Is commanded , ",0,,'u'! '0,i messafics after the rup
by Capt. J. Korkrltz. who was born 0trari1' ,)Ut tl"t t'"' Unlle'1 f'"UeH IiaJturc. These restrictions aro usual.
In Sweden but ls a naturalized Amerl-1 . - ---------:
can. There are seventeen American cltl-1
1 - I . . .1 1 , K 1
-n in in r tren in uuro -viuvt-. n
I shins carrv senernl merchandise mau-
Both ships fall directly under tho Ger-
mnn prohibition and must take their
chnnces of being torpedoed without
warning. Neither Is armed.
Not Afraid of Threat.
The owners nnd agents of each ex-
Pre, tl,e utmost confidence that the
vessels will reach Bordeaux safely. One
of the officials said to Tin: Sun:
"We believe In tho good old American
way of attending to our legitimate busi
ness. Wo are not afraid of the German
threat. If our shin ls sunk, we are me-
pared to meet the disappointment, but 1
e don't believe the submarines can
catch her. We have not asked any help
from the American Government in thu
wnv nt finm'nv nr nrm Whnt w will
hot submit toTs this prohibition by Ger- i
many on legal trailing with Kiirope. we
are going about our business as Amer- I
lean ship owners have done ever since
w liiil n niititrv " i
Lat night tho Rochester, all ready to
go to sea. was anchored In tho lower'
'.iv waltine for final orders from the '
,i wan ng ior nnai oruc s irom mi
owners. She receiveu ner clearance pa-
pers from the Custom House yesterday ,
morning The Orlean was still at pier
3, Krie Basin. She hod finished taking
on cargo and was ready to move out.
Although neither company would an-
.inline. iVin ev.iet hour nf ,innrtnre. It
was said that both ships would sail early I
tills mnrn nn.
Thn Ortoni, u-.na fnrniertv ttie Arrrell- 1
The Orlean was formerly the Argen-
lln 'te:imshln A vellaneii.i. "hut when she 1
arrived here last month from Bordeaux I There Is good reason to believe that
her rfglstry was changed to American. ' "'o Pope's hope was based upon confl
The Rochester was formerly the Yaguez, ' dentlal rows fiom the King of Spain,
a lake built boat, and was constructed In I wl' "t'd to have been notified In ad
1S1" Uach shin carries about 4 000 ' vance by a personal message from' the
tons of freight.
nnltlr Safe In Liverpool.
The news nf the safo arrival of the
Baltic was received last night In a cable
message from Llvcipool. The message
supplemented tin announcement of ar
rival with the statement, "All well."
There had been some apprehension for
....... ...... ......
ine saieiy oi ino jiiuuc aim ine message i v -ri,v ""iu'- i
was very gladly received. It suggested I Hy nnd Influence toward dissuading all' iien-on for Itrleetlon
too that the British Government ls now neutrals both In Luropo and on the ""
convoying rfll the big ships from a con- American continent, from declaring war) The threo amendments were rejected
sldernble distance nt sea and thnt mens-1 lm the Central Powers. , by tho Rules Committee to-day on the
urcs of protection will be taken as re- The prevailing conviction In Vatican ground that one of them Involved the
gards the Adriatic and Carmanla, which circles Is that the Kaiser can be per- authority of cither tho Ways and .Means
sailed from this port recently. Sleam- suaded to modify the submarine block- or the Appropriations Committee nnd
ship men believe a guard of several de- 'ado In such a way as to safeguard the, that all tin en were covered under on
stroyera will make German submarined I rights nf neutrals by guaranteeing that resolution and so could not be considered
helpless to attack ships. The Adriatic , tbelr ships carrying cargoes to ports of I separately by the Rules Committee,
was In tho danger zone yesterday. tho Allies will not bo sunk without 1 All three, although suggested by Sec
Tho Ryndam, which turned about warning. rotary Daniels, aro known to bo tho di-
when only fohrteen hours from Fal- i Before stien a concession will ho mnde, ' rect result of a conference between the
mouth, was reported yesterday as 1,400 ' however, negotiations nro necessary. President and the Secretary immediatelv
miles east of Sandy Hook and due to , These are now being carried out by the1 following thu break in diplomatic rela
dock here Wednesday. Other ships from K'"g of Spain, with tho collaboration of i Hons with Germany. They Involve, first,
which word Is anxiously awaited are the I Uin Pope, and probably will be pro'- i the authorization of f 1 30.000,000 In five
Ilochambeau, which sailed for Bordeaux I longed another week. year Imndx, tho proceeds to bo expended
on February 4 with twenty-two Amerl-I " these negotiations are successful tho ' by the President In speeding up the builil
cans on board; the White Star liner ' rope and the King of Spain will bo ablo ng programme and providing submarine
Cretlt, which sailed from Genoa for New ' avail themselves of tho altered situ- . chasers and commerce protectors: sec
York on February 6 with six Americans I a"0" to take tho Initiative toward peaco. I 0nd, authorizing the President to take over
on her passenger list, and tho Cunnrdei-H J and operato pilvato shipyards with n
i iiiiiiuui.i nun rnuinu, men milieu uir u u AlvlJXu-C liltUoo IV VAN ADA. view to hastening construction on tlo
Llverpool on January 29. Tho Orduna eminent ships, and. third, the nurchase
nt'nny l,our"n0"la eXPeCtC'' ,0
There has been no cnunge in the sit-
uatlon as regards the nctlon of tho
American Line concerning tho sailings
of the St, Iouls and St. Paul, The olll
clals of tho line havo not been nble to
come to 'a decision of policy. It was
stated by the lino yesterdny that no re
quest had been made to tho Government
or to nny ordnance concern to furnish
guns for Amerlcnn Line ships, nnd that
volunteer gunners had not been asked
for. The officials of the line aro descilbed
as being "up In the air" on account of
tho refusal of the United States Gov.ern.
ment to give them even moral encourage-
Continued on Second Pagt.
Due at Swiss Border To-morrow, Going Thence to Spain
German Under Secretary Says U. S. Kept
Bernstorff From Cabling.
Ur.nLlN, via London, Feb. 8. Former
Ambassador Gerard and his party will
leave Berlin Saturday evening.
A special train will leave Berlin At
8:10 o'clock for Switzerland hy way of
Basel and Berne, Tho party will then
travel In Spain, where Mr. Gerard will
embark on the first available steamer
for the United States.
Tho former Ambassador and Mis.
Gerard will bo accompanied by nearly
all the embassy secretaries and at- ,
1 laches nnd members of the conbular ser- ' storff from telegiaphlng, and tho Am
vice in Germany except a few ordered bassador had been unalilo to announce
to Scandinavia or Holland and by most , even the reeelnt nf his nmnnnna. fir.
oi mo American newspaper corresponn- '
ents. Tho train will carry 200 persons
from tho German capital. Two repre
sentatives of tho Foreign Office will ac
company tho train to the border, which
is" expected to bo reached early Sun
day afternoon.
The arrangements for the departure
weru practically completed to-day. The
delay was caused by the number of pass-
lot If to be made out for the AmbaS'
sador's party and because of the lack
of news regarding tho hi'.. emcnls of
Count von Bernstorff. The embassy
representatives will enjoy tho diplo
matic privilege at the frontier, and bag
gage Inspection formalities for the others
will be executed befoie leaving Berlin
so that there will be no delays.
The German Government woi offi
cially Informed to-day by the Spanish i
Ambassador that Count von Bernstorff :
will sail for Halifax on Monday.
According to the Tagtblatt the Ameri
can Embassy officials in Berlin hav
ascertained that there are 2,600 Ameri
can citizens In Germany. There are only
about 350 Americans In Berlin.
Dr. ton Stnnim uf foreign nfllre
ay llrmatorn Couhln't Cable.
London. Feb. 10 (Saturday). Dr.
William vonjStumm, the German Under
Secretary for Foreign Affairs. In an ln-
J tervlew-iprlnted in the AmsUrdam
, , j
jjiifiiirMtiiiiu ritja wermnny regrets inai
Hie was compelled to take the measures
Xe-olintions Jleprun to Induce
Kaiser to Yield Point
to Neutrals.
Stttnal Cable Petiatch. to Tna Scn
Kom .. 1 -It Is belle-cd that the
"'T. . Anonso oi opain
; r
.'"ft "
working: together in the bore of prevent-,
between the United States and
j"??'. - I"' s""rt'"5,?r
"' ", ,"'h "--"
curtail her submarine warfare.
On Saturday evening, February
"lieu uie i epi esuiiiitiM cm ui mo iiic-
accredited to the Holy See Informed the
- "'"1 --ecretary or state, -.arainai una
Parrt. that a break between the United), , ' , ' .,
...,, u ,.i,oV,,. ,u when offered, probablv to-morrow-
""'- .,........
nc" 8 catiseit - great sensation, though.
-t was"ot unexpected.
1 aruinai uasparri replied mat me
Tope, while admitting that tho situation
was V,r' complicated, had not yet lost
hope that war between the Unlfed States
J"1'1 Germany, which w ould provoko the
.,;, v,,,.uu , mu pvuui -ni'vi , v
iiiiervciiiiou oi mo rouin .meric.iii re-
... . ......
Publics nnil-possmiy of Luropean ncu-
trals, might be averted.
ixaiser mat ucrmany was going to un
dertake tho new submarine campaign.
Kvlnenttj, however, the King of Spain
was convinced that a settlement was
.,mii,i .i... i,., ,.i.i h. -v-m-
possible, since he requested tho Kaiser
to postpono the blockade. Meanwhile
Spain refrained from Joint action with
other neutrals and did not threaten to
declare war on (termanv
ThHte oTsnaln ls"5now cooperating
i i.io -,i,
i MlehU... ll.,nd.me Take Part
! Piirnde ut Windsor. Ontario,
Dkthoit. Mich.. Feb. n (Members nf
tho Thirty-second Regiment bnnd of the vance bv legislation that technically
Michigan National Guard, who are being -hould come fiom tho Wnys and Means
mustered out here ut Fort Wayne, par- Committee, tho Rules Committee refused
tlclpated to-day In n parade of Canadian 1 t0 "insider the lesolutlon providing that
troops at Wlndsur, Ontario, Some of the thrce should bo In order on tho pend
guardsmen wero In uniform and some I "aval bill, Tho 150,000,000 pio
played musical Instruments, according 1 P0"'-1 was inferred to tho Appropriations
to icports received hy olllcers nt Fort I ('nimlttoo and the other two. favorably
Wayne 1 reported by thn Naval Affairs Committee,
Tho Michigan soldiers were off duty I win renmln as separate measures on the
at the tlmo and It was said at l-'ort "lnil.ir until llou-n leaflers aro ready
Wnvnn Hint thev iirobiil.U- tnlnnrl in !,
parade "for a lark," It Is understood
that nn Jnformal Investigation will b
prevented Count von Bernstorff, the re
tiring German Ambassador, from tele
graphing that lio had received his pass
ports. The Interview, nccordlug to neuter's
Amsterdiim correspondent, was had In
N'orden, Prussia. Dr. von Stumm Is de
clared to have said that Germany re
ceived no reports from the United States
about the treatment of Count von Bern
storff, nor of German consuls or German
subjects. The American Government,
according to tho Under Secrctnry, evl-
Hnnll f.n- . 1. .11. .1
"V", "'V;' ' "TUT:
many learned from the Swiss Govern
ment that the Ambassador had received
his passports.
"I hope," Herr von Stumm is quoted,
"tho reports of the seizure of German
ships and tho restriction of the liberty
of their crews aro untrue, ns such
measure would bo contrary to the German-American
treaty of 1799. We do
not wish n system of warfare against
non-combatants, tucli as Great Britain
introduud by the Internment of civil
"Vary Driuirtinriil Sns IlernMorlT
llnd Ilicrj I'nrlllt;.
Washington, Feb. 9. Navy Depart- '
ment officials when told to-night of the !
assertion of Von Stumm, the Imperial '
German under secretary for Foreign !
Affairs, that Ambassador Gerard's pais- j
ports had been held up because Berlin
could not hear from Count von Bern
storff, denied that any restrictions had
been put on BernstorfTs communication
with Berlin beyond those placed on any
diplomat when relations have been sev
ered with his government.
Tho German wireless station at Tuck
erton has not been closed, it was fcald.
The dismissed Ambassador could have
availed hliwelf of this method of com
munication, although he woubl not have1
been ablo to have. put his messages In
code. Neither was Mr. Gerard able to
communlciite wlttf Washington except In
Utiles Committoe Refuses to
Consider Tlirce Emergency
Washington, Feb. 9. Acting under
, from MllJorltv L,aller Kitchin
and other Democratic leaders, the nules
. committee refused to-day to consider
tho resolution making in order on the
naval appropriation bill tho three emer
gency nmendments proposed Hiy Secre
tary Daniels nt the direct instance of
President Wilson. As a result the
imendmonta will be ruled out cf order
Although explained publicly on purely
technical grounds, the uction of the
Rules Committee served notlco on Presi
dent Wilson that his organization In the
House does not proposo to permit him to
guide tho ship of Stute unassisted by
, BUda tho ship of Stute unassisted by
i rnripre thrniich IIia -tAcilrti.u u.nfn.j
- -"
i viiai iu;i. iuuuw a. uecuiraiioii oi war.
I In other words, Congress will declare
I war ,i the President nsks such action.
but Congress- will keep Its hand on the
helm nnd Insist on being consulted as to
the extent to which this country shall
go In backing up that declaration.
And if thn attitude of Majority Leader
, .v;
Kltohln and Chairman Mtzgerald of the
Appropriations Committee may serve as
an indication of what the House Is going
to do President Wilson may not count
" ".""l rl"" iipi'iupimuuii 10 pro-
I or l'Unl.e,l States
:wiin ur wiiuoui n neciaraiion oi war.
ln of basic ulrcrnft patents by the Govern
1 ment.
Because the first of these creates a
' deficit and seeks to meet tho deficit In ad
to have them consltloi eil.
An attempt will bo mane, with reason
able hope of success, to havo all three
Coiiflniirif on Sccoiiil Page.
Berlin Resolved on Widen
ing Breach, Washing
ton Hears.
Will Ask Congress for Pow
er to Enforce Respect
for Rights.
President Hopes to Place
Full Responsibility for
Clash on Teutons.
Washington, Feb. 9. Germany ls
determined, whether President Wilson
desires it or not, to force a complete
rupture with tho United States. This
is tho interpretation placed ln certain
official and diplomatic circles on the
developments of tho acutely fcrious
situation within the last forty-eight
hours. A foreign Ambassador in
formed the correspondent of Tub Scn
to-night that the news had reached
him and the State Department from
thu same source and was receiving the
most serious consideration.
It is stated that tho German Gov
ernment would have made heavy sac
rlilces, short of actual military neces
sity, to maintain tho friendship of the
United States during the operation of
the submarine war zone campaign
nlmed at. tho starvation of Great
Britain, it was also stnfcd that the
German Government had instructed
Count von Bernstorff to malic appre
ciable concessions to American ship
ping companies with respect to pas
senger travel In tho war zone and to
use every conciliator-,- means in hW
power if the United States Govern
ment indorsed the basic Idea that re
prisal by Germany against Urea'
Britain's "starvation policy'' was Justi
fiable. To Ue-rnril t. . as I'nrmy.
If. however, the United States chose
to indorse tho stand It took following
the Sussex: disaster and went to the
extent of severing diplomatic relations
with tho German Government, Berlin
had reached the conclusion that mili
tary necessity demanded that it re
gard tho United States tin an enemy.
The point of the German military
policy as It has now been communicated
to Washington is thnt it ls more ad
vantageous to Germany, fiom a strictly
military point of view, m have the i up
turn with the United States complete
than to havo the present situation per
sist. The main reason for tho adoption
of this Idea seems to be that with the
United States openly ami avowedly In
volved In the conflict there will neces
sarily follow a niobllUatlon of American
resources for the defence of the United
States, thereby dl citing tliee resources
from Germany's ncti'o enemies In Eu
rope. The question of munitions and w
supplies Is of lesser importance. It s
said, but the question of the mobiliza
tion of Amerl. an tlnan. lal resources i
understood to be regarded by Berlin as
of paramount moment. The German
lev is that there would necessarily be
such a demand on American tlnanres foi
preparing, the United States for war that
the Untente Allies would find the flow of
financial support checked at this highly
critical moment ot tho war.
Desired Amerli-nn I'rlriidahlp
The dominant Idea which has eM
Germany from precipitating a .-rlsls w 'I
tile United States, It wis added, was the
fact that the German i!iieinmcM pir
tlcttlarly desired the friendship of the
United States after the war But to
Berlin severance of tliplnni.itic relations,
which already has stilled up a tVi hog
amounting to nluio-t open en i tty be
tween the two Governments, is rcg.irle'
as having sacrificed nil the-i' potential
advantascs which Germ in- looked f
ward to. Therefore the iis of the dr
man military authorities are sa'd to be
centred on the temporary inllit.it y ad.
vantages which mii acciue to iiertnin
through the United Stat. " i, m, -one
Into the iNisitlnn of an open belligerent.
The course.. to bo taken In- m- I i i
States If Germany ci'inpils Hi. nc ..'
t'oice to safeguaiil .Vrcrl.-.in lives an. I
rights has been determined It wa
learned authoritatively - ft.
Cabinet tnietins that In 'lie .i
President Wilson g"es before I'nngre
agaln It will not lie to ,ik fn- a de ln-n
Hon of war but in follow 1 , r i 1
wo'ds of the iiildrt In whlt-i he nn
noiinced the break of dip'om.n e' ,
Hons nnd reque.-t ntltlinrltv to ive .
deemed necessary to piotcc' Aineiii-in
seamen and people.
Anxious tit Avoid War.
The President. It was stated, la as
anxious as ever to .noid war with ne--m.iny.
but also Is as determined as r
that Amerlcnn citizens and ships e.h.i I
be free to travel the high sens unmo
lested. His next step, If taken, will bv
to enforce that right, and even then the
Issue of war or peace will bo with Ger
many. Any hostlU action will havo to
come In the form of nn Interfeienco with
an American right
Details of tho Government's plans are
not discussed. It Is known, however,
that convoying and arming of merchant
ships ore being considered,
Nn new development came to.day to
Indicate that tho overt net by Germany,
which is regarded ns Inevitable, was
nearer at hand. Fewer reports of ship
sunk came In and none told officially 0j

xml | txt