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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, February 11, 1917, Section 3, Image 25

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Foreign News Society
Drama Music Fashions
Books Schools Gardens
When Their Task Was Done
Smiling: Tommies Took Them
All Prisoners.
Night Work of Sappers on the
Sommo Desalts in Mysti
fying Scene.
Special Corrttpondenc to Tn Susi.
London, Jan. 31. Barbed wire tvm
toe looked upon as an invention of thj
4evll by attacJters out at the tlrinjf line
In France. That thno has passed. Ger
many's great preparations for wire de
fence trave proved more troublesome to
themselves than to the British forces in
many cases and In one instance provided
a little party that is one of the great
jokes of tho Sommo dentins. The story
was told this week to Tub Son corre
spondent by officers home on leave. ,
It might be explained that Germany
'before the war had not been sntlslled
with the usual wooden stakes for string
lag wires In frojjt of lntrenchmcnts.
German Ingenuity had Invented an iron
stake, with three loops for stringing the
wire and a corkscrew end wStlch allowed
of Its being drilled Into the ground
noleelessly. Sooner or later Kngtand
adopted the same device, but for many
months tho troops that repaired the
wires out in no man's 'land were wont
to find their way about In tho dark by
feeling tho pobts and acting accord
ingly. Hailed as n BleMtnar.
When the new stakes made Kiclr ap
pearance trtey were heralded as a blees
Ingby the l!0ll Field Company of Royal
Knglneers under command of I-ieut.
Blllle R . He led his section up
through the communication trenches and
after reporting to the Infantry officer In
charge groped his way out through a
sap to no man's land, where e was to
repair whatever damaged entanglements
he found.
"It's mighty dark," whispered Blllle
to Sergt. Arm.lronr. "I wonder why
they don't put up .ome lights,"
"Uoth shies wiring fir," Armstrong
answered, "nnd both got out covering
"Of courxo that's It: come along."
Out there In the durk nnd mift you
can never be coitaln of what happens,
but later ecnt proved that the two
lortile patrols inuft have met unex
pectedly and '.actually become Inter
mlngled boforr- the situation wns real
lied. It u a fine l!:tlo melee, msn
feeling each cither for Identification and
.-tabbing with tin) bayonet at the first
shadow of certainty.
Aflnrka Ills Comrade. '
A Ocnnan uhlng party blundering
along allrarterl .Jlillle' uttcntlon and he
turned to t-ev .1 ununited British private
hump Into Armstrong nnd (ittempt to
ftab the tergcant, taking him for a Ger
man. That made .the sltUHtion clear.
The Rritlrh patrol was going north while
the Herman patrol, followed by .1 wiring,
party, uhh creeping i-outh and the two
had become mixed.
"Bring tho section up here." ordered
nillle, "and detail some one to get this
man home."
A few minutes later No. 4 section qf
the 1:0th l'iold Company came tnllnK
"P the Mlm single with Hxecl bayo
nets .Mid Illllle led them- north through
ihe mist until he wa sure he had them
In the rear of the enemy patrol. Then
east they went until he knew he was far
Into no man's land: then south' until he
mjprped Into home one whom he prompt
ly bayonetted.
"Jt's nu use Kiilnc further," hlKpem.l
Armstrong, "wo arc it wlilng party und
thre in't a man In the rm-tlnn lus :i
eompans. If they git separated they are
as likely lo go east as west."
"All right," Mild Illllle, "let's pull out
and git hack to work."
('ran I Hack to Work.
Armstrong blew two very low notes
en his whistle and out of the mist In
"lies nnd Inns the suppers gathered
around und the section wormed Its way
l'ck to fiik. A few yards and every
man hulled his crawl, for ahead came
Hie unmistakable sounds of men working
Sapper Dellls, unnoticed, crawled nut
to Imevtlg.no, while Hllllu wormed bail;
"What ilu you make of It?" he asked
the sergeant.
"I don't know, sir: belter wait und seu
"nat happens,'
After 11 few moments Armstrong Jerked
nls rifle forward with "Who's that?" and
f-appcr Ilellls with a chuckle In his voice
eald ".Me."
"They're 'Un, sir, -nr.d they're re.
Si 1 our "V h explained to Lieut,
nulls, Bn(j a giggjq ra fjown tho line
pick of the olllcer as the men squirmed
In suppressed glee.
Csmmanlcatlan Trench Dfrsr.
,"' our line all right." said Bollls,
tor the communication tronch we came
tnrough, isn't thirty yards off."
Show me," commanded Blllle, creep.
forward with the sapper. They were
oon close to a pile of pickets thrown
mm?? und w,tl flner.
amis felt the unmistakable German con
trueton of the corkscrew end.
J!?'',ZN'rti Oebat that took place
when Blllle got back to his men Is still
mstter of much talk In the rest hute.
tbs question of what action to adopt
'? " emergency was debated Uura In
w 1 mist of the early morning, tappers
?i!Mltelnsr w,lt Breent or critklslng
S toe2?M of thlr commissioned of.
The argument ended with a d.
Won that It was aq Infantry Job. so
Hi sent Armstrong to report in tha
.H: lina tr,ntb whll h nftn
.tin"? A0 a.ennn PVty wuldi w
.... kboriously repairing the British
Berlla Report 3IUn.
The noiseless and bloodless capture or
vtr euty Oermans wae never men
tioned in the ofllclal reports emanating
from Berlin. When a party of men Is
n L,out an ' "vcr seen again It
"lightly unnerves Its successors.
It had been expected that the repair
.1 i. cntatKlenifiits would bo a forty
e'Sht hour Job, hut as tho nun rame up,
went. Bllllo was olllclally Informed that
owing to certain c)r'Uinstance the
ourili section or the 4:0th Field Com
l'ny, H. K will regard themselves un
"f duty for twcnty-foiir hours."
"iJ light show i d the wires neatly re
.si I "ew "'"'ies driven and eery
jnmg In ship shnpe, witllo scleral luttas
. f th! "rltlsh lines a tired party
J bewildered Hermans qtiesltoncd each
ether a to how it all happened.
Copyright, 1917, by the Bun Printing and Puttilhing Xtaociation.
AMERICAN Ml ll F. Nnw ppinP
. -
Product of Southern U. S. A. Stock Farms a'"Magnifi.
cent creature," Says British Brigadier Faithful
Worker and Hard to Kill Sleep
, , Beside Roaring Guns.
With tub llntTfsir Anuiea iu Vm
Jan. 30 (Bv mnlll -r-X '
- ' - " jvnifl null M
half of tho grimmest war In hlatnrv hv
wrought the triumph of at least on
American tnalltminn
lie hss imen YirtwiA.i ... ... ,. .
or battle, jroved on the flro awopt fields
aim fianaers, and not found
wanting. In warm winter coat and with
lonir. tnniHfflvA - i , .. . ,
tortri In the breeze, he marches un
amorr the roaring runs with a steady
wonchalanco that lends confidenco and
faltn to the flrhtlnir
n - ii ssv wv ak4 OV
much upon him.
M'MOiirl. Georgia. Tennessee.
Mlsslealppl, Texas nnd other stock
farms in the Houth 1a ti.ia 4ftiiMA.,i
tho war and come into his own. The
mucn maligned, supposedly stubborn,
balky and generally pestiferous mule
has won n placn In tho heart of the
British nrtm' few,i t..v, v,
be dislodged. He was quite an asset
In tho South African campaign, but now
Is n real arlstrocrat of tho transport
"A mftnt mnanlfltAnt ...t,,.. "
plied a British Brigadier when asked tn
an opinion of the lowly American mule.
"And he has a much better character
than generally is given to him. He Is
wmeiiumj uae a camel in mat respect.
Most people cry down nnd berate the
poor old camel, but once you get to
know Mm he Is "much to be admired. It
Is Just the samo with the mule. Jlo has
SOme WAV rltll Mm tl.A 11.-tll.fc,
Tommy didn't quite appreciate at tlrst.
but now that they arc better acquainted
and have formed a sort of entente cor
dlalo the two have utmost respect for
each other and 'carry on' at tho front
with completo understanding nnd effectiveness."
One Mole Equals Six Horses.
The mule had his supreme test on this
front in the battles of the Xcnunc. There
were days nnd nights of unceasing labor,
short rations and little or no attention.
Tho strain was co.nt.irrt nnd terrific. In
exact ratio to tho number omployed, six
horses Buccumbed where n single mulo
gave way.
Tho horse, of course, Is on animal of
fii.or fibre and Is far more sensitive. If
he stumbles Into a shell hole filled with
water ne win itrlvo and strugglo to got
out until he actually dies of a broken
ne.trt. Not so tho mule. Ho has no
Imagination and not much of nn .out
look on life. He calmly nnd philoso-
pmcoiiy ucs in me snell bolo until some
ono cornea ajong and diss him out.
The mule, some RUPDOiiltlons to tho
contrary notwithstanding, is vulnerable
at times to pivot and shell. Many of
thetn havo been killed In action along
with the horses, and others havo died of
wounus. uut modem veterinary skill
le working wonders for tho animals of
war and ono must be badly hurt Indeed
to be abandoned. The thick skin of the
muio savou Wn from many of tho trou
bles that beset tho horse. It wards off
nnut blisters nnd the affections that come
from the wet and damp and long ex
posure. They're Generally Civil, Toe.
Visiting a veterinary hospital where
there were hundreds- of horses under
medical repair, it was striking to no
tice but a solitary mule among them.
Homa ono suggested UiIh was strange,
because the army had found the mule
such a ftr.e animal he had been Im
ported by the. tens of thousands.
"That's precisely It." slid the doctor
In charge ; "It's because he Is such a fine
animal that you see so llttlo of Wm
here." -
Because he is generally civil and
sometimes goes to sleep Just abaft a
howling 9 Inch gun It must not be
supposed the American mule has lost
all his old craft and mulish cunning.
At ono of the hospitals thero Is a sul
phur "dip," or bath, like the cattlo dips
on Western ranches. Most of the horsvs
Kill plunge In over their heads and
swim througlt. getting the full benefit
of tho dUllifeotton. But Mr. Mule is
rather too suspicious to take such
chances. He Is drawn In with great
reluctance and holds his head hlgh'nbovc
the yellow liquid. One old fellow went
through six ymes one day, but not once
did he get his head wet until the sponges
were resorted to.
British Military Tribunals
Sacking Men Uncover Un
usual Occupation.
NETS $40,000 FINE
Paris Cafe Keeper Continues
Business Pending Ap
peals of Case.
In-iNnoK, Jan. 31. Tho reports of the
military tribunals', which arc etlll at
work weeding out men for the army,
show fiat thctr'ovo many ways of earn
ing a living which nro not known lo the
ordinary public. The list of tradcB rep
resented In a day's application for mili
tary exemption frequently reads like au
extract from a nonsense rhyme .book,
For example, tlw report of a tribunal (
In ilic east of Iondon te.iows applications
from a sourer, a splatchcr, a smutter
man. a wellcr. an unhalrer, a tackier and
a tenterer. I
A bargain totter., a monkey runner J
and a bulldoggcr were among the ex-j
eii'ptloni granted the other day. A bar. (
gain letter, ti is explained. Is the man
In a quarry who arranges tenm; with
the quarrjmen ns the work develops:
A monkey runner worku In a steel mill,
where ho conveys the pieces from slvop
to shop suspended from block nnd tackle.
nhllo he bulldogger stand by the
rollers nnd receives- the rolled metal In
n Inrgr pair of tongs, or dogs.
An "allowance ;nan I? not what Is
known In the British colonic.' us n u-
mlttance man, but Is found In Hie brew
eries, wheie he in responsible for the
allowance of beer lnudii to everv em
ployee twice dally. A "Jack tenter Is ,
emplovcd In the cotton mills, w'tilo cm- I
ployeee known as "Jiggers" arc found
iu a score of trades ns wldo apart ns
woollen weaving and coal mining. The
cojI mines provide many curiosities,
such as klrvers, scuppiers, thurlcrs, lock
crers, loaderen, getiera and tillers'.
An arbor mnkcr" has notMBg to do
with garden furniture, but Is an impor
tant cog In the watchmaking Industry.
The "clicker" Is found In a doaen trades.
but ! especially prevalent Iu bootmak
Ing, whl-.'h also provides such occupo
tlonn as those of th oordwolncr and
skiver. The chucker Is employed In tho
manufacture of coko, whllu the henver
Ih found In the metal working trado.
The "masticator" belongs to tho rub
ber Industry, as does also tho highly
skilled workman known as tho "hydro
static bedmaker." The "mungo sorter"
deals with the manufacture of cheap
cloth from shoddy. The "Ironer" may
belong to any one of fifteen trades, from
umbrellas to --boo U. A "backer" has
nothing to do with tho racecourse, hut
may be encountered In half a dosen
trades, from bookbinding to machinery.
The "bookmaker" is also found in sev
eral trades. The "flasher" follows a
wholly respectable calling connected with
the manufacture of plato glass. Tho
"raceman" works in a lead mine and tho
"raiser" is a copper mill.
Tho "bank walker" Is not cmplnjed In
a financial Institution, but Is engaged In
examining the banks of canals and rivers
to guard against accidents. A "hurricr"
comes from the lead mines. A "bobby
lad" has nothing to do with the police
force, but la employed either In the
mines or the cotton mills. A "daUl
man" Is an agricultural laborer, but a
"pig lifter" la not; he Is employed In
steel works.
tiptdal CorrtijtowUnct lo Tot Sex.
I'auis, Jan. 30. Th. news of the con
demnation of Louts Mollard. who keeps
a well known brasserie and cafe In front
of tho St. Iifcaro station, to penalties
amounting to ocr 1 10,000 and to having
his establishment closed, Has been cabled
tn America. The nffenco was the sale of
ten bottles of absinthe, at a cost of 2t
for tho ten, to two customers who were
caught as they left trie place. The two
customers were fined $117. 15. Evidence
was found In M. Mollard's hooks that
SS" lwttli'H of the "green fairy" had
been sold since the luw of March 16,
l&lil, 1iad deprived all frenchmen of
their favorite aperitif.
M. Mollard did not appear before the
court to defend the case. When the
charge was first brought. In June, 19 C.
ha pleaded as excuse before tho police
magistrate, first, his great age, 71 ; sec
ondly, that ho had had tn take up the
management of his business after hav
ing retired, as his two sons and son-in-law,
his purtners, were at tho front,
and thirdly, that he had only sold to
outside friends nnd customers nnd not
In Ills brasserie, lie was. however, sent
up for trial and let the enso go by de
fault The t-uhlK- has been surprised to Tind
tho establishment open after tho con
demnation and carrying on Its business
as usual. .At. Mollard under the law
can contest any uttempt to execute the
Judgment, and the caso must be heard
again, as the Judgment was'glveu in his
absence, f As It required seven months
from the date the offence was committed
to the day the Judgment was given, no
doubt at least as long will pass before
the retrial, after which a reprieve of n
year or to will be obtained by taking
It to a court of appeal and then tho Su
vremo Court or Court of Cassation will
be open to him, by which time M. Mol
lard, If still alive, will huve had tho op
IKirtunlty of saving enough to pay his
America- Esnbassy Staff of Forty
Hm ot Veen Recalled Vet.
ProtooMD. Feb. 10. The American
Embassy had suspended Its work on be.
balf of German civil and war prisoner.
The eUff of approximately forty men
vli3 had been engaged In this work Is
being held subject to further Instruction
Those among the prison camps have j
not been recancxi as yet, tne emnnssy
assuming that they will continue their
Inspection of Austrian prlosoncrv.
Closes Shop In Vleuaa, Where Kite
Made Bamlasva for MO Months,
Vikn.Va, Feb, 10. Mrs. Krcdirlc O,
I'enfleld, wlfo of tho American Ambas
sador, has closed the workshop where
for thirty months at her own expense
were produced mlllloi.s of bandages and
wound dressings, an effort to which the
late Kmpsror Krancla Joseph gave Ills
recognition by conferring on Mrs. Ton
Held a high order.
Ilnnorer and Intrnvr Cold Cans
('real Nufferlntp bnpa Mtormcrt.
Spteial Colli tltapatch to Tax Sc from rl
London Timet.
IOKDON. Feb. 10 Tho Am.t.erfin.
correspondent of the Times wires as fol
lows ;
"Very great nervousness prevails
throughout Holland, and the distress due
to the war has been Increased by tho
Intense cold now pic vailing. Many poor
families aro suffering from privation
und hunger.
"Demonstrations, accompanied by dls
tnrbances, occurred yesterday In Am
sterdam. Jlotterdam and Tho Hague.
Women stood for six hours In the Icy
cold waiting for the Government's dis
tribution of brown beans. Many fainted
from fatigue. Shops were etormed and
the police were obliged to maintain or
der. "In view of the shortage of provisions
and th resentful attitude or the popu.
lace It Is Impossible not to feel anxiety
for the consequences of a further short
are If It U accompanied by the export of
foodstuffs to Germany. Apparently Ger
many reckons on obtaining the Dutch
Exceeds Uxpeetatlens Dae to Larre
Tasis, Feb. 1ft. There Is reison to
hope that the wheat crop of France Is
not so poor as was at first feared. Tho
large acreage planted In the autumn
and tho propaganda of the Ministry of
commerro unvo materially improved the
It Is also believed that good crops will
be produced from the sowing of spring
f. 8,-Hasarla Mall Hervlce Planar.
Moscow, via London, Feb, 10, Tho
Moscow Chamber of Commerce is tak
ing steps looking to n mall service with
the United flutes by way of Vladivo
stok. The Busslsn md American Gov
ernments are to be approached on the
project. ,
Gen. B. E. W. Chllds Builds Up
Organization for Testing
riens in England.
1,200 Out of 1,930 Vh Op
posed Fighting Now Work
ing to Assist Government.
.iDtrtal Correipondtnce to Tub Sin.
London, Jan. 30. The problem of
how to hnndlo conscientious objectors
has censed to trou bio Kngtand. Of the
1.S3S men who appeared before the cen
tral tribunal as objectors up to Novem
ber IS, 191C, more than 1,200 are now
doing work of national Importance nnd
part of the others uro being put through
a series of detentions to determine Just
what part of their objection to military
service Is based upon conscience and
what part upon pure obstinacy.
Hrlg.-Oen. n. H. W. Chllds, In charge
of the military detention barracks, bar
built up an organization for testing the
objectors' picas. It deals fairly and
Justly with thos5 who have deep moral
or religious grounds for nvoldlng blood
shed nnd affords all an equal opportu
nity of proving their sincerity.
In outlining tho Government's work
along this line. Gen. Chllds pointed out
that numerous reports In American
papers had given tho Impression that
conscientious objectors had been sen
tenced by court-martial to death for re
fusing to obey military orders. Numer
ous American organisations such as the
Quakers had passed resolutions vio
lently condemning such action. Gen.
Chllds emphatically denied that any of
the objectors had received flnal death
sentence. Out of the first non-combatant
corps which went to France
thirty-four men resisted and wero takn
Sentenced to Ten Years.
"That was the first inkling we had
that there were men who objected to do
ing any work whatever." the (Jcncral de
clared, "t'p to that time we had nc
Idea that members of the non-combatant
corps would object to road making or
worn in tno medical corps. They were
court-martlalled and sentenced to ten
years Imprisonment, being sent back to
r.nniana. ine impression prevails that
theie men were sentenced to death:
that we spirited them to France for the
sole purpose of Inflicting tho death pen
alty. That of course Is wholly untrue.
-.rter Being returned to England
these men were brought before the cen
tral tribunal nnd after a hearing were
transferred to Section 'W of the army
code, which returns them to civilian life.
Only one refused to work and he Is still
In prison."
The real problem that faced the Gov
ernment, according to Gen. Chllds, was
that of discriminating between sincere
rid false objections to mllltarv service.
To meet this condition an organization
was arranged whereby a conscripted
man objecting to service on tho ground
of conscience would face a continuous
series of Imprisonments unless he ac
cepted work of national Importance.
mere nas ncen no hesitation on the
part of the Government In recognltlng
tno ract tnat a man can havo sincere
scruples against taking blood, but if
too much leeway wero allowed in the
use of such objections It Is easy to con
jecture what would happen. Men who
had never had a conscience in their lives
nnd to whom patriotism was nn un
known quantity would Jump at the
chance of avoiding service by parading
scruples that never existed.
'ow Thoroughly In Hand. ,
"I have never feared the consclrn-
lous objector," said the Cleneral. "What
I ma rear was that if the door were
opened too wide It would lead to bad
results. If the path of the conscientious
objector were made too easy and if one
did not insist upon some form of Investi
gation ns to the naturo of his convic
tions, then one opens the door to a very
treat IuiIjx of men who never possessed
a conscience.
"Tho mattor Is now thoroughly In
hand. An objector Is given his chance
to stato his case before the central tri
bunal. If he be found Insincere he Is
sentenced usually to 111 days, and at
me expiration or that term he Is re
leased and ngnln comes under mllltarv
authority, again appearing beforu the
iriDunai. u on this occasion ho refuses
work of national importance he Is given
a similar sentence with an additional
forty-two days, tho term being length
ened each time ho Is released nnd ap
pears for a new hearing.
"I do not deny that thero havo been
Irregularities continued the (eher.'il
"After the conscription act went Into cf.
root mo irinunals. composed of all kinds
of men,, made mistakes. Men who were
real objectors were forced Into the mill-tar-
machine nfter oxhausttmr all thrir
legal recourses, and tho first thing they
ilk! was to refuse to obey orders. I do
not defend what happened nt that tlma.
There was mistreatment and some of
ino oD;eciors were Forcibly dressed In
khaki. Hut I must state that this was
Irregular, as It Is an offence aralnst th
army code to mistreat a soldier, and the
last caso of this kind was loported In
August, mitt, oinco tnat time every Ir
regularity and alleged brutality has
Quakers Beat Patriots.
"It 4n ImriASslhlA fae a ....,
treatment the objectors receive among
ineir roiaier companions: in ract. It U
probable that when thrown with fighting
men the ohlectars mtrtit v.l t ,rt A..
the ear whllo Walking down dark halls.
uui iu my certain anowieoge tnese prac
tices have absolutely stopped to far as
officers are concerned.
"In regard to the Society of Friends,
the War Office has accepted the view
that Friends are real patriots, willing
to nrevA their nstrlatlsm hv ct i.,
frlnglng upon what they consider mor-
All,, TT-I.h , 1 r .
ii 4we. . nun mo iirse con
scientious objector entered niy detention
barracks I was In close touch with Wr
riMr. VM'min ft mmh, . , V. - c
clety of Friends, and through him I met
owivr (iwiiiuci. i in-icr Erumocj twenty-
seven permits- for Friends to visit my
iNtrrauiis wiion anu wnere iney pleased
as chaplains. Every objector, whether
LVIntid af itheeivla linu iinllmli.,! ....
. .vw. ..hi. .. 1 1 1 , , , , , i. op
portunity w.hi!o imprisoned of making
cnninlfllnts repfkrdlnir hlu trA.f m.
of notifying me that he is willing to ac-
eppi wvrn, iiDiuumn ui uujeciors OavO
free access to my office.-
T njll allrA thn nlnn la wnrliln- n..
with Justice to all."
Paper Kopeks In Itaisla,
l'lTiioattAD, Jan. 15. Paper money in
denominations ns low as one Itopelc has
been Issued In lluasla since the begin
ning of the war. At the present rate of
exchange on kopek note l worth about
a quartor of a cent,
Hollanders Won't Disband a
Single Regiment Until
Peace Is Clinched.
IHIIm Prolonging Term of -Men
With the Colors Is Unani
mously Passed.
The Haul's;, Netherlands, Jan. 3u (by
mail). Tho peaco outlook constitutes
the ono absorbing topic In tho Nether
lands and more than ndequato explana
tion of tho Hollander's lnteno Interest
In tho latest turn of events in afforded
by a glance at tho burdens, problems
and anxieties which tho pas', twelve
months havo brought tho Dutch nation
and Its rulers. As another yea.- opens
tho watchword still Is unceasing vig
ilance not only with rospect lo the
country's defence and Its foreign policy,
but In tho economic realm, in regard
to the supply of the raw materials for
Its Industries nnd public services and
of tho food of Its people.
For though some politicians aro al
ready beginning to talk about entire or
partial demobilization If tho peace wind
blows nt all favorably. It appears qutto
certain that not a regiment will bo
disbanded until the peaco treaty has
been actually signed and tho belligerents
themselves begin demobilization, for
Holland knows full well that even tho
peace congress may bring its own dan
gers for tho nation that holita the
mouths of the great northern European
Tho Prime Minister himself, Cort van
der Linden, has only Just again told tho
Chamber that "the Government still
considers there Is danger of the coun
try being drawn Into the war. It can
by no means ndmlt." ho added, "that
the danger grows less tho longer the
war lasts, but in existing circumstances
regards It as essential that an ndequate
defence forco shall be Immediately avail
able for tho energetic- maintenance of
our neutrality." And the Chamber, In
cluding the Socialists, has once more
unanimously passed the bills prolong
ing the term nf the men with the colors.
Army la Greatly Increased.
However, in the two and a half years
pf mobilization the trained army reserve
has been Increased by over 100,000 men,
and eleven of the sixteen levies under
arms In August, 1911, have now been re
lieved by newly trained troops and sent
home on Indefinite leave. The munition
supplies have been correspondingly re
inforced. Notwithstanding wliat has
been achieved, however, there Is sharp
criticism or me army and Its administra
tion. The bitterest, attacks are con
stantly made on theT Minister Tor War.i
and Major-Gen. N. Bbsboom'a position
would seem to be none too secure. Km-!
phasls is particularly laid on the con
tinued lack of artillery In which the
army was notoriously weak when war
broke out of anti-aircraft guns and air
craft. !
So far as the political situation Is
concerned, tho Premier and his liberal,
extra-parliamentary Cabinet still appear
to be firmly seated In tho saddle, al
though voices are heard on the right In ,
favor of a coalition ministry. The gen-!
eral election Is due next June, but nego
tiations are on foot to postpone the
actual electoral struggle until t91f, when
there would In any caso havo to bo a
fresh election If the revised constitution
finally passes, and that, an election on
the new proportional representation sys
tem. Tho suggested Idea Is that the
present party scats shall not be chal
lenged In June next, this meaning tho
practical reelection of the present Cham
ber. Incidentally there Is some discon
tent with the Prime Minister's refusal to
propose a revision of tho constitution
cancelling any potential claims of for
eign, 1. e., German, princes to the throne.
It Is said here that the Queen Is opposed
to such a step, but It Is also liellcved the
Premier fears giving offence to the for
eign Iower most interested.
Ferment Alone; the Frontier.
As lo the state of affairs In the coun
try Itself, there is still considerable fc-r-mont
In the frontier icglons. Despite
tho continual seizures of goods and the
frequent shooting fatalities, large bands
of men continue to engage In smuggling;
even soldiers are caught at It from time
to time. Another regular feature In the
border lands Is the considerable Influx of
escaped prisoncr.i of war and deserters,
wlioo ranks havo recently been reen
forced by numbers of llcclng llelglan
and Polish fclvlllans.
In the economic realm the food sup
ply Is the Government's chief concern.
The outlook has Just been painted !n
somewhat' gloomy colors by the Minister
of Agriculture, In le of the grain
situation In America and elsewhere and
the shortage of cargo s-pace. On the
other hand, the system of distribution
adopted Is severely criticised. At present
the citizen buys many foodstuffs at less
than tho actual market price, and will
sooner or later have to pay tho balance
in taxes. The arrangement has iwii
made for tho sake of the poorer classes,
but critics argue that the Government Is
out to achieve as great n disorganization
of economic life as they can at a maxi
mum cost. Preparations are being made
to Introduce u universal bread card sys
tem with a view to economy. The sol
dler's rations havo already been cut
Conserving Snppljr of Beer.
In order to save the stock of beef,
mutton Is being Issued to the army once
a week. Tills Is quite a revolution In Hol
land, where mutton haei hitherto been al.
most unknown as an article of popular
diet, albeit the war and the article t
comparative cheapness Is brlifglng It
more Into vo?uo. There has been no ex
port of cattlo for tome time. Tho All on
appear to bo permitting a freer Import
of grain, presumably In consequence of
the arrangement made for tho export
of large quantities of agricultural prod
uce to Prltaln.
Despite the Government's requisition
ing of ships for the transport of grain
and other products and the Inroads of
mines and torpedoes on the merchant
fleet. Dutch shipowners aro very pros
perous, and high dividends may again bo .
expected, The shipping movement at tho ,
cnier iiutcu ports in sun oniy a fraction
of Its normal volume. Holland is, never
theless, preparing for u brighter future.
A bill has Just paused tho second cham
ber for the deepening ut thn waterway
t.to.lltiir f(.n llfillnnlnn. In ! ...unl
IV.IB .... , w..,,, ,u .tic nvM, i.iiiiu
a measure Introduced a day or two ago
vrovldes among other extensions at Am
sterdam, for thu construction of a now
harbor to meet tho demand for wharfage
facilities for ships of deep draught. Thu
mall steaniBhlp services to and from the
Netherlands East Indies havo now re
turned to the much shorter route through
tho Sues Canal.
Fulton Street
Bond Street
Livingston St.
Elm Place
Make the Holiday Profitable
Invitation to Men As Well as Women
THE WOMEN OF BROOKLYN know Loeser's well and need no special invitation to
keep in touch with style progress as exemplified here or to bring here their day
to day merchandise needs with confidence of best satisfaction.
But tomorrow's holiday brings opportunity to the MEN of Brooklyn to come in and
see what we are doing here an opportunity which we hope very many men will accept.
A part of our enterprise is the Loeser STORK FOR MEN nntl this is already well and widely
eknown to the men of Brooklyn. It has a Hepnrate entrance from Elm Plnce nnd its stocks of men's
apparel have already shown thousands of Brooklyn men our aim to provide something distinctive und
tu" I"ercnant,,iso tllun cun be ordinarily had for the prices,
i ne STORE FOR MEN is practically n separate establishment, so arranged for men's convenience,
nnd hundreds of men jro in nnd out of the Elm Place door without seeing the other sections of the
Store at all.
But tomorrow THE WHOLE STORE, from top to bottom, will have n special welcome for men as
vell as women. We are indeed anxious to have Brooklyn men come in here and see the kind of Store
that serves their families. In u way this Store is n public institution. Certainly its success and growth
are due to public appreciation of good service. And as one of the good things in Brooklyn and of
Brooklyn, we believe Brooklyn men aro interested in its development.
For tomorrow, to make the holiday especially interesting, we have also urranged n scries of nota
ble sales.
Wo commend these special offerings to men. We commend also to men a careful examination of
w k ,.racfr as we" nB the low prices distinguishing the general merchandise throughout the Store,
vye believe it will not be hard to discover why so distinct n preference is accorded to Loeser's bv tho
discriminating women of Brooklyn.
Our welcome to Brooklyn men tomorrow will be us cordial as we can make it.
On the Main Floor
Clearance of Men's Suits, $1,4.50 and
$17.50; Were $18 to $30.
Men's Overcoats, $12.50, $14.50 and
$17.50; Were $15 to $30.
Men's $1, $1.50 and $2 Silk Neckwear
at 79c.
Men's $1 Negligee Shirts at 79c.
Men's Underwear at 59c, 69c. and
$1.19; Values 85c. to $1.50.
Men's Socks, Special at 10c, 3 Pairs for
50c, 25c and 50c.
Fountain Pens at 98c; List Price $3.50;
Our Former Price $2.75.
.9lhe.r Va,ue Fountain Pens at 75c,
$1.49, $1.75 to $3.25.
Men's & Women's India Umbrellas, $5
Values at $3.
Women's $6.50 Shoes, Incomplete Size
Range, at $4.90.
y"lPyrcoUnd Mackinaws, $5 and
$7.50; Values to $10.
Boys' $9 and $10 Norfolk Suits at $7.50.
Boys' Wash Suits at $1.25 and $1.65;
Values $2 to $4.
98cJ"yrdLemgth f PrC"y LaCe at 5c- lo
f Prop Earrngs at $3.
cm ?,d DrP Eatings at $1.50.
at lSTwS? KniVC8' Frk8 and Spn8
to $l?3s!n,S 25C $1,7S Stock!n at 19c.
Children's Stockings at 19c; Values to
Filosette Gloves, 59c. and 75c Pair.
Ribbons of Superior Quality at Prices
Far Below Their Values.
Turkish Bath Towels at 29c; Regularly
Sold at 39c. '
35c.and 50c Hemstitched Huck Towels
at 25cT and 39c.
New White Skirtings and Suitings at
39c Yard.
On the Second Floor
Men's Fur Lined Overcoats, $35 to $60;
Values $45 to $75.
"Women's Sweaters, $7.95 up.
Many Unusual Economies in the Baby
Wear Shop.
Nightdresses, Envelope Chemises and
Combination Garments at $1.98 Each.
Philippine Hand Embroidered Lin
gerie, $2.59 and $2.98; Values $3 to $4.
Corsets at 50c, $1.25 and $1.95.
Crochet Centerpieces and Doilies at
Lowest Prices Ever Known for Such Qual
ities. New Silk Petticoats at $5 and $6.95.
Millinery for Present Season Wear at
$7.50 to $13.50.
Handsome Karaka Cloth at $1 Yard,
Copying a Famous Sport Silk at $3.50.
29c. Printed Voiles at 17c.
50c. Imported Printed Voiles at 22r.
49c Half Silk Crepe de Chine at 29c.
$8 to $12 Blouses at $5.
Other Blouses at $1, $1.95, $2.95 nd
up to $6.95.
None sent C. O. D.
A Thoroughly Reliable Piano
At a Fair and Reasonable Price
SIX FAMOUS PIANOS, meusured according to tho standard of reliabilitv
at fair prices, stand for side-by-side comparison at Loeser's.
They were chosen carefully, with the knowledge that they would go into
the homes of Brooklyn people who would judge them strictly; that thev must
give the greatest possible value at the lowest possible price and above all I'ivo
Thousands of instruments in Brooklyn homes today bear witness to the
strength of this Looser policy, and offer a guide to reliable service to thoye who
are ready to replace old instruments or purchase new ones for new homes.
The Peerless Kranich & Bach
Estey Gabler Francis Bacon Bjur Bros. Gordon & Son
Pianos $198 Up. Player-Pianos $395 Up
Whichever one you select, you are assured of the best instrument obtain
able at the price; the lowest price for which the instrument is sold anywhere
And above all, you have the famous DOUBLE GUARANTEE that bv the
maker and by Loeser's also.
Make Your Own Terms of PaymentIn Reason
The price is plainly marked in every case, and it is tho oiilu price whether
you pay cash or arrange deferred payments. If you desire the latter plan
suggest the method which best suits your convenience, and unless it is hevond
the bounds of business reason, we will gladly co-onerate with von smd
liinnnf it

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