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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, February 12, 1917, Image 1

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Fair and .continued cold to-day ; to-morrow
fair; slowly rising temperature.
Highest temperature yesterday; 34; lowest, g.
'Detailed weather, malt and marine reports on pace 10.
NEW YORK, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1917 . Copyright, 1917? by the Bun Printing and PtiMliMitp Association,
iXfV? rTTMT In Greater New YmrV, I f'Ue-ditrs
KJViEJ VjElPil Jersey City and Newark, 1 TWO CENTS.
Democratic Leaders in Sen
ato Admit the Measures
Are "Scrapped."
More Than 8100,000,000
Bavcd by Collapso of Haiti
on Treasury.
Washington, Feb. 11. The "pork
ami" raid In Congress Has collapsed.
The three principal "pork" measures
tha omnibus public buildings, the flood
oantrol and tho river, and harbor bill
are sidetracked and will die with the
Sfeeent Congress.
These are the bills denounced by Tub
Son. The Democratic leaders In tho
Scnito admit that they aro "scrapped."
The omnibus public buildings bill rests
peacefully In tho Senate Committee on
Public Buildings and Grounds. Flood
control in on the Bennte calendar, but
Senator Martin und other majority lead
ers have agreed that It shall not como
up. Kfforts by Senators Newlnnds,
nansdcll and others to obtain considera
tion for It yesterday met with utter
.liny He "Uuffer.""
The flocd control bill might be sl
towed lo como up from time to time ai
"a buffer" to hold other legislation back
ami might lw discussed for a few hours
sod then sidetracked, but even this per
formance N not probable. The leaders
bve ugreed that the omnibus vubllc
bulldlngi b'.W chilli not be reported out
of the committee to which It was,com
rallied after tho House passed it' and
sent It to the Senate.
More than JlO0.000.000 will be saved
to the Treasury liy the "scrapping" of
these three legislative "pork" bills. Tho
omnibus building bill carried impropria
tions for about ?3S,000,000, tho' river and
harbor approximately- f 10,000,000 and
the flood control about $45,000,000.
It J barely possibly that the
nontntu ( tho river nnd haibnr bill may
accept the Kenyon proposal to legree to
the New York Knst River project, carry
ing mre than f 6, 000,000; also to the
Boston harbor project. Involving about
Sl.500,000. and then to give $.0,000,000
ur J2;,0OO.OOO to be expended under the
direction of the chief of engineers of
the War Department on maintenance
work or Imiu-jvements for navigation.
But even allowing for this expenditure
tliere IH still be a saving- of moro than
lf'0,000,000 by Jhe fight In which Thr
Scn has been taking part to head off
ttsne three pieces of legislative extrava
tincc. Nulii at yillO.OUM.OOO.
The appropriations for the F.ost River
Impioif ment and the Boston harbor Itn
r:mrut are continuing nnd will mean
only a'wm Sl.Cuu.OOO In this year's ap
propriations. The balance, to cover
lrom four to six yearn construction work,
I" to b appropriated ns needed.
Tho flood control bill had concealed
In It a gigantic scheme for reclaiming
swamp lands In the lower Mississippi
Valley. Many northern capitalists were
Interested In It so Hint It wan not essen
tially a Southern "pork" project. Tho
public .buildings bill wns tho most In
sidious of the pjrk minsurcs, for It
spread Its Influenco all over the coun
try and had friends In every State In the
After Tnn Pun pointed out the "pork"
character of this bill the majority lead-
tr got together under the advice of tho
President and heads of departments. It Is '
a!d, .ind clapped the extinguisher upon ,
It At any rate It had been shunted j
"ldc several days before many people j
"trj aware of ItH fate and It Is doubt- I
mi if Rome of Its friends In the House
ven jet know that disaster has over
taken It.
Snmr of the Disclosures.
It nas disclosed In Tub Sun that
eventy-eltrht out of the 115 sites of
the proposed public buildings -were given
to eleven Southern States. In these 115
s.tcs was Involved a future expenditure
of more than 15,000.000. of which about
JMOO.OOO would eo to the Southern
The Su.v showed that such a town
J Mount Olive, N. C, with a population
of little more than 1.000, was to bav
a new 130,000. post office, while Hazard.
K'.. with a population of 527, was to
hale a 1)0,000 po-t office.
in the river and harbor bill the little
nver of Kisslmmee. In Florida, which
occasionally runs do- eight .rronths In
the j-ear, was slated to be "improved"
M.000 worth by Uncle Sam. 'Many
other Instance of pork grabbing In the
Mils tr cited.
Eleven Labor Leaders Ar
retted Charged With 'Revo
lutionary Activities.
I'rTr.'v-.r.An, via Indou, Feb. 13 Otoit
day). Klevcn members of the wofk
'Hen's group of the Central Military hihI
Industrial Committee of I'etrognid have
lcen arrested, charged with belonging
te revolutionary purtlcs and fomenting
a lulmr movement with tho ultimate aim
"i liaiikforinlm, Russia Into a t-oclal
lemor-r.itlc lepubllc. ortlclnl nnnounco
ment n.is inudn ln-ilny of tho arrests.
, Four other persons ha,vo been placed
under aircst. It 4 alleged they constl
""e a Kioup wlinso object Is to organize
'ienimi.tatlons with the Intention of
CommltliilK mrrvvH.
Nen. paper Plant Ilnmasril,
'".ATTsnunii, N, , Feb. U. The
l'nr of the riattshurg llcpHblican was
J;dly damaged by lire late to-day. Tho
fire staited In the boiler room.
Losses of Shipping
Since February 1
Losses of shipping ot the
Allies and of neutrals since
February i. when the German
unrestricted submarine warfare
commenced, have been as tot'
Ships reported sunk yes
terday a
Total "tonnage reported
sunk yesterday 5,3 iz
Total known tonnage pre
viously sunk 168,874
Total known tonnage sunk
since February z 174,085
Ships sunk since February 1:
American z
Other neutrals 31
British 44
Other belligerents 7
Total ships sunk 83
U-Bonts' Victims Arc a British
Steamer of 8,811 and a
(Jrcek of 1,100 Tons.
London, Feb. 11. Only two ships, so
far as known, fell victims to-day to
Germany's ruthless submarine campaign.
To-day's announced record, therefore, is
far smaller than flie average day before
the new Gcrmuu policy took effect eleven
days ago.
The two ships reported sunk to-day j
nr mc j.rmii -icniiioiiii. oibi..
announced by Lloyd's, but believed to be
the Salaga, owned by Elder Dempster
A Co. of Liverpool and In British Gov
ernment service, nnd the llrcck steamor
Waslllssa Olga of 1,400 tons. Her crow
ot twenty men were landed. The Salaga
was of 3.S11 tons. Her engineer was
killed and two men wounded by sunllre.
Though It Is quite possible that to
morrow's reports may tell a different
story, It is thought that the steady de
cllno In the toll of tho submarines since
early In the week may show that the
Admiralty has even this greatest of nil
cnrmialsrns ill hand. Yesterday seven
nnd on Friday six ships were reported
unit, as contrasted with tltteen reporteu
sunk. List Tuesday, when tho ruthless
campaign went Into effect.
How thirty Americans, cattlemen,
were placed In peril of their lives when
a Herman submarine torpedoed the
British sttamshln Japanese Prince, re
ported sunk yesterday. Is told In an Kx-
change Telegraph Compiny despatch.
The. shin wan torpedoed entirely with
out warning, tle despatch says. The
mles'lo struck the ship amidships, cx
plodlnj with terrific force. Tho ciew,
seventy-five In all. Including tho Ameri
cans, took to the boats. Many were In
jured by the explosion, but none was
killed. The despatch dqes not say
whether or not any Americans were
hurt. All of the crew were picked up
within an hour und were landed. .
I lift CllltlllUlt:. ..IIUUIUI JI.W-,t r...,.,
and with passengers, also was sunk un
warned, according to late advices. The
submarine Is ljelleved to have been closo
to the ship. The torpedo struck abreast
the engine room anil all of thn force
there were killed. Tho ship sank InOve
Several of the survivors were seml
conclous from eocposure in the boats
when they wore picked up awl were
taken to the hospital. Three of tho
passengers were members of thoi con
sular service. They were saved.
Militiaman Says Two Men Es
caped in Motor Car With
Mysterious Suit Case,
A, member of tho First Infantry Rcct-
mont. National Guard of New York, on
sentry duty early, yesterday morning on
tha Catsklll Aqueduct near Pleasantvillo
reported that two men in an automobile
made a mysterious visit to the aqueduct
on Saturday night, that one ot the men
got out of the automobile and carried a
suit case towara one oi mo mannoies.
When the sentry challenged the man,
ho reported, the stranger Immedi
ately turned and fled toward tne automo
bile. The sentry fired three times but
becauso of the darkness failed U hit his
target. The sentry said he ran to the
point where the automobile was but that
it starttd off before lie arrived.
The sentry's report was received at
National liuard divisional headquarters
here last night and will B"e thoroughly
Investigated to-day. Major-Gen. O'Ryan
said the matter was the first of Its kind
that had been reported by those on
aqueduct duty and that the sentry who
made the report would be examined
closely to-day as to what he saw.
The fact that the reported visit hap
pened In the darkness of early morning
brought to other 'National Guard officers
recollections of their recent experiences
on the Rio Grande, when It waa no un
common thing, they say, for sentries on
n'ght duty to "see" nil sorts of things.
Huns into Crowd Wotrhlnir I'micy
tkntrrs at Mlllurrk.
While a large crowd of society peqpte
and residents of the North Kliore of rang
Island were assembled on thn Ico nf
Beaver Da.n Lnko nt Mlllneck yester
day WAtchlng exhibitions of fancy stint
ing a runaway Iceboat cmsf.ied through
the outer fringe of tho crowd and In
jured Raymond Smith, a wealthy real
estate owner of Oyster Bay, nnd his
wife. They were dragged many yards
over the Ice,
Mr. Hmlth escaped with severe bruises
and a broken nose. Ills wife suffered
n severe blow on the head. It was
several hours before she could be moved
to her home, The taeboat, the Miss
Alice, had as craw Ketchem Weeka an4
Leroy Matthews of Locust Valley.
Passengers Watched U-lioat
Shell Dutch Vessel on
thirst Day Out. x
"KAiDEIP sighted latkk
Near Collision in the Dark
Left All on 'Board With .
Frayed Nerves.
The American liner Kroonlaml 'finished
yestcrdny a stirring trip from Liverpool
In which, besides tempestuous weather,
she had experiences that gave her pas
sengers a series of wartime thrills. The
first day out of tho Mersey, February 1,
voyagers nero startled by viewing within
nine inllcs Uie destruction by a big Ger
man submarine or .111 unidentifiable Hol
land freighter. The only reason the
Kroonland did nor bring the castaways
hero was because tho benevolent com
mander of lie l.Moat took them In tow
and left them within rowing distance of
tho Irish coast.
On Monday morning last the ship's
company were again alarmed by the ap
pearance astern ot a big stacklike ob
ject, wide as a hogshead, which was
taken by some of the officers to be the
conning tower of a submarine, but which
ome passengers said looked huge
enough to be the funnel of one of the new
German submersible cruisers that they
had read things about In the newspapers.
Capt, Barman admitted that It might
have been the conning tower of a subma
rine. The general opinion was against
the theory that It was the stack of a
submersible cruiser, tho .existence of
which the ship's officers were much In
cllned to doubt. The object, whatever It
might have been, came within several
miles of the liner before disappearing
and never showing up again.
Another t'-Boat Scare.
On the afternoon ot the -came day,
Monday, a steamship whose speed and
peculiar conduct Inspired some of the
KroonlaattM -offlcem-find passengers to
suspect that she might be a German
raider, appeared on the stnrbo.trd quar- 1
ter of the Kroonland, ran parnllel to her
course and swiftly overtook her. The
stranger displayed no signals and flew no
national or other flag. Naturally Capt.
Barman and his officers wondered why
she was almost In mid-Atlantic, taking
an inventory, apparently-, of a Yankee .
ship. After running abreast of trie Kroon-'
land for several miles tho queerly actlncl
craft headed to the south, at right angles
with the liner's course, and soon sailed I
below the horizon. 1
Tho stranger was about 450 feet long,
had two masts and one funnel and wore '
the black paint of nil ordinary merchant
man. There were two lookouts on her j
foremast, one In the usual crowsnest and
tho other higher. Sha wns equipped with
three big cranes, one forward of the fun
nel and two uf t. Cargo booms were at
the base of the masts. Hho appeared to
bo well laden. Her speed probably wo
not less than nineteen knots.
The final thrill of the nerve vibrating
trip came on Haturday morning before
daylight, when everybody was oft tenter
hookM over the break between the United
States and Germany ami when the lights
of tho liner had been screened. The
news of the International rupture had
arrived aboard by wlreles from the
American shnro on Tuesday night, and
many voynera admitted that their
"nerve were a. bit ragged.
Jinny Thrnivn From Itrrths.
The sea waa veiy rough and many
pasKeiKcrx wero awake. The liner Bavo
a mighty lurch that threw some folks
from their berths. M. C. Relchert, who
lias been four years In London as the
representative of the Yale & Towne
Manufacturing Company ot this city, said
last night at the Hotel Bossert In Brook
lyn that the lurch, according to tumor
on the ship, was caused by the effort ot
the Kroonland to avoid collision with an
other steamshlji. Officers would give no
Information to Inquiring passengers, but
they got from other source that the
Kroonland jvas forced to swerve suddenly
to starboard to escape smashing Into
another vessel.
Passengers of the Kroonland had not
heard of Germany's submarine note and
therefore viewed tho destruction of the
Dutch freighter with a detached, Imper
sonal Interest. Later, on Tuesday night,
when they learned of the diplomatic
split and the beginning of relentless
17-boat war, their spirits drooped a bit
and those with children were Inclined to
view Germany's action with some heat.
All had previously felt that they were
Immune under the irrotectlon of the
Stara and Rtrlpes and the sudden reall-
izatlon that they might, be endangered
depressed many.
An hour before the Dutch freighter
was sunk Capt. Barman said he had met
an Ungllsh destroyer, but there was no
patrol boat In sight when the submarine
I fired tho shells. There were nine big
and little steamships near the Irish
I shore, presumably under protection of
patrol lioats or guns on the coast,
The Kroonland was originally In the
Red Btar service, which ufter the Ger
man occupation of Antwerp was sus
pended. Capt, Barman ran many years
on the Antwerp-New York route and
built a home In Belgium.
Among thn Kroouland's passengers
wern Miss MniKl Kahn, daughter f Otto
II, Kahn, who hoarded tho liner down
the bay from n coast guard cutter! Mrs,
M. rt. Boyd, daughter of V, S. Ht.
Groite, general passenger ngent of tho
Missouri! Kansas and Texas Railroad,
wh'thti hunliand U In Franc with tho
Royal' Flying Corps: Mrs. C. Herblne,
In charge of Dr. Coulter's hotpitnl In
London; Lndy Fltx Clarence, who Is on
her way to relatives in Canada. Mls
Kahn has been nursing and doing other
relief work In France.
I, vans Sample Fair Postponed.
Paris, Feb. II. Opening of the Lyons
sample fair has been postponed from
Mar-h 1 to March 18 because of the
transportation derangements created by
th severely cold weather. The fair
I -rill lM held from Uarch II to April 1.
Amassed That SIiii Haven't
Ik'pn Confiscated or Ger
mans Interned.
Dr.Ziminerinann Suva Wireless
MesNnsc. of Feb. 5 Brought
Truth on 10th. !
Bkiii.in, by wlneless, Feb. 11. With
reference to. tho prcrcnt condition of
German-American relations, the German
Foreign Secretary, Dr. Alfred Zimmer
man, made the following statement r- i
torday to the Oversew News Agency, the
otllcial publicity bureau of the Govern
ment: "We now have practically no (-pecdy
or reliable Information about the United
State. The best proof ot this Is tui
nlfhcd by two wireless messages which
were sent February 5 by tho correpond
cnt in the United States of the German
News Agency and which arrived yes
terday. The contents of these two short
mesfrage were astounding, even sensa
tional, for they told that the United
States Government had not confiscated
German ships in American ports, nor
Interned Germans residing In the United
"Until yeterday morning all we knew
about these matters had passed through
English channels, and the gist of these
reports was that the United States Gov
eifiunent actually had violated the prop
erty and liberty of German citizens.
"F.ngllsh agents by thus adulterating
the ttutlt did not Intend, of course, to
slander tho United States. Their Inten
tion was to create public alarm In Ger
many and thus cause outbursts of popu
lar Indignation and perhaps even prompt
the German Government to rash actions
bused on error. All (his then would
have been reported In exactly the same
that Is, Incorrect fashion to the
Untied States by tha same British
agencies. If they had succeeded these
British agents would have saddled Ger
many with the respoiiHlblllty and fault
In th'o eyes of every candid but misled
"However, during two years and
I? i
half we have been practically cut o
from reliable and mteedv communlcatlo
with the United Statts. During that
,1 . . T.-l. 1
time we have learned to appreciate Brit
lh report at their true value. Wn
therefore suspended Judgment nnd
awaited the real reports, which now
ufter all have arrived."
fiprninni Think I'. .1. tint No Notice
of .North Sen Mines.
tUtnl.TV. vhi wlrMeflfl. TVh. 1 1. Ammur
the Items given out to-day for publlca-1
tlon by tho Overseas
following :
New A-tency Is the
vspnpers point out
"The German newspapers
tli.it the English declaration ot a barred
zones In the North .Sea. which preceded
by several days the parallel German an
nouncement, apparently has not become,
known In the United States, ns It has not
been discussed by tho American news
papers. The German newspapers con
sider It possible thaf the news concern
ing this English measure has been sup
pressed by the English censor for rea
sons which are easily understood."
Announcement was made by the State
Department on January 27 and printed
In the newspapers that It had been noti
fied of tha existence of the new mine
field. , The mines had been planted, It
wjh said, so ns to close the Bight of
Heligoland and to extend practically
from Danish territorial waters to Dutch
territorial waters. The effect would be
to hinder efforts of German raiders to
get Into the North Bea.
Costly Xrrrs Ptbllelty Service Sus
pends With Break.
With the severance of German rela
tions the newspaper propaganda con
ducted ln this country at n cost of sov
cral million dollars for tho formation of
pro-Teuton opinion has come to an end,
It became known yesterday. The work
was regarded by the Kaiser's Govern
ment as sufficiently Important to engage
the activities of Dr. Hclnrlch, an
expert, 'for Its direction, Dr. Al
bert left tills country shortly after
the scope ot tho propaganda was ex
posed. Since then tho work" has been In
charge of Dr. Karl Fuehr, who last
night refused all information.
cost l.-.nnnn eolit monthly hn hAnn
" j
Record Said to Have Been Es
tablished With 35 Sinkings
February 9.
Itr.n.IN, via Wireless, Veb. II. line
German submarine In thn North Sea has
sunk five unknown British steamers nd
un uKKruguia oi ivvo iouh, says tuo
Overseas News Agency.
The .Vend Ziirtchn Xeltunp, the news
agency adds, erejxirtH from The Hague
that February 9 was a record In tho
submarine waif are, as thirty-five ves
sels, were sunk.
A dfHputeh from C'litUllaiilu has that
on February 9 IIM00 tons of shipping
was destroyed by German submarines.
Simultaneously with the cessation of I "'" , " " "TP ,7" " "-'ry ; Cyrns Y. Field. Grandson Turns It """ ""-"i") "iu prniessiujr to , u.
the nropiganda here a cablo messam al'd customs authorities was arranged. .., . I speak Tor Germany that the -called A week later It was stated (hat a full
'! , ,rrom Shanghai last nliht which f1' ,."!rU" laU"'r ,han nt ,,,a Hv,lm b"" 1 l ' fSnr'rnnl'n- blockade would be abandoned. j decision on tho situation had not been
read 'The East Asiatic Lloyd'" an- Y '',,eclM.HC?u,r,eJ It'aB, 8,,p" I Willisto.s. X. D Feb. 11. A self. Institution of the Parted rono, reached and that the .nn.pa.gn would
nounces offlelallj that the Oerrnan New. 'ntem,lrt b' otMf als of the. Foreign Of- Kul(ng torpedo based on magnetic con- , wt '""'less ar.d Indiscriminate sinking not be launched until after further con
Agency rvlce from S hW ?.e' The "anllnul0" ahm?h care-1 trol has been invent.! by Charles j lot shlp, wns the very reason President sulfations with Geimany's sllles and the
Ambassador and 120 Others
Jloaeh Zurich Without
Veleoiiietl by .Minister Stovall
anil by Representatives
of ' Federation.
Xl'iuci!, Switzerland, via Paris, Feb.
11. The American Ambassador to Ber
lin, James W. Gerard, arrived ot the
Swiss boundary at Schaffhausen at 4
o'clock -this nfternoon. He was met by
the American Minister to Switzerland,
Pleasant A. Ktovall, and representatives
of the Swiss rmy. Including CoL
Breuger and Capt Rudolph Iselln.
A Swiss military guard ot honor was
al po in watting and a big delegation of
citizens greeted .Mr. Gerard and party.
The trip from Berlin wAs made with
out noteworthy Incident, although some
curiosity was displayed by those who
gathered along the route through Ger
many. Mr. Gerard disembarked at Zurich
with nlMut ISO other Americans, intend
ing nt first to remain there, hut when ho
wan fissured of accommodations at Bern
he left Immediately tor that city. He
will remain In Bern for two or three
days, arranging for his trip to Paris.
Iteprrsentatlvra of Forein Office
Hid Envoy Farewell.
Bem.in, Saturday, Feb. 10 (by wire
less Feb. 11). James W. Gerard, the
American Ambassador, and his rtaff,
who left Berlin to-night for Iwltzerland,
were given a very cordial leave taking.
Attaches ot tha Foreign Office nnd mem
bers of the Diplomatic Corps said good
by nt the station.
The party Included 110 Americans In
-addition to Mr. Gerard nnd family and
members of the embassy staff.
The train on which the Ambassador
left Berlin consisted of ten coaches.
Fully 200 Americans who are remaining
in Berlin were on hand regretfully to
take leave of their countrymen, who .
after a week of tension, due to stren-
imii. r. i.i,
"ous preparations for leaving, Were
Uimnnl.n I ........ 1. .
somewhat distraught.
"Ant U lederseheu on Broadway t"
lidnW nfhi
"Good-by, Judge !" coma
as the train started, and
iu,i ., . Vi. .
leaning far out of the window of his
Hr.tv"."1, "AUf wledcrschen on to the War Department; also that the- Luton that the American Lino would be , act of hostility a casus belli must come
n. im'hiti.m.'. f iw a .mil I '''c'' department Is better prepared tOinbla to purchase them from private j sooner or Inter probal.lv sooner on ac
The Ambassadors face bore a smile Inako ,uch R 1Igt thttn probau.y any, plants. Now that It has bc.m found that count of tho number of Americans on
as ho waited for the tra n to depart and 0,,lrr .,sency. M the ,vftl ,aW8 ara t,c(, u wlth entm tM , ,,; oUreTlonar? na-
cxpressed himself optimistically with re-, The conference at Headnunrters began contraeti tho whulu matter has been lure of tl, I,,-i,m ..i . .? .. . ,.7!
gam to further developments In the
German-American situation.
tll nation Count Montselas. head
now ATf"" WCtnn.f . h l,oteiKn, .
Ofllcc. and Herr von Prlttwlu. personal ;
, Z.,r. v. r. '. -.7 V.r :
uiu i.umveii. till; J'lpiouimic t,orj.fl was,""." . . . m
represented by Scnor Bcrnahe, tho Span-1
tsii Ambassador, who is to take over tho
Interests of the United Btates; Dr. Theo.
toky, the Greek Minister
I ihe ."iplomats i
toe uuicn .Minister, nnu tne aipiomais i
or mo soutn American republics. Tho
military authorities and tho Foreign Of
fice assigned special officers to accom
pany tho train to the Swiss frontier.
On the way to the frontier tho train will
pick up a score or more Americans at
mched ,0 consular ofTlce. In southern , T, ,0 addling !
. Prefectural Governors to-day and Jutl
rnrrivell Culls Paid. 'tying thn recent dissolution by the Km-
, . ,, , , peror of the House ot nepresentatives.
II,- ' ' ' "" "'
the nfternoon to ho Imperial Chan-
cellor, Dr. von Bcthmann-Hollweg. and I
the Kecretary of Foreign Affairs, Alfred I
with each In friendly seml-polltlcal con
versntlon, which ho later characterized
as particularly amiable. He then re-
turned to the embassy and received tho
American correspondents, some of whom
are staying hero temporarily, and had a
confidential chat with them. He an
nounced only for publication that he had
left with a committee of distinguished
Germans named by him 400,000 marks,
this money being the "Gerard fund" col
lected during Ills recent visit to the
United States.
Many Makeshift Trsn.port.. , would be Wise to eradlcat'e drnmn In-' h VoTnftoftMto S'S'
All Americans going on the embassy "")' ' China ; others fear that It ' plnn were undprmucn seriously was in
train gathered at the Anhalt station he-' wo"1.'1 "nfavorabiy affect Japans posl- dlcated by a State Department omclal
tween 8 and 11 o'clock In the morning i "" '" '"c tja"' who called attention to the fact that
with their personal effects. mor or l-u while It nmi i.eeti uncirAaip,! ii.ni
hastily encompassed In the form of from
one suit case to ten trunks. The exam-
' 7'. V "":- -""-1
iwy iiiiu eoiiciuoea speruuy.
The movliut of personal belonir nes tn
. .ll...n
eo,..Uo ., nut iviinoui ns,
humorous side. Taxleabs nio rHtltli
.w..e..,.,r. ."ikiii.i u mm e,.,i
In Berlin for years had to transport
their household property and personal
belongings oftentimes by makeshift
method decrepit horse cabs and even
street cars. Kven then In many cases
irnnryiorinuon was nDtnincn only after
a searching of tho streets for vehicles,
so early wns tne nr-ur or inspection
i:tpreor (irnlltuile for Gerard's
Intrrral lu llrrlln,
WAsitisnTON, Fell, 11, arent Britain
bus formally Indicated its gratitude fur
tho effective manner in which Ambassa
dor Gerard protected British Interests in
Germany after he took over the affairs
of the British Kmhassy nt the outbreak
of the war. Ambassador Pago In ten
don notified thn ttate Department to-
Continued on Second Pag.
Kaiser Calls Submarine Conference
LONDON, Feb. 11. An important conference at head
quarters has Jeon called by Emperor William, presuma
bly to discuss the submarine question, says the Exchange
Telegraph Company's Amsterdam correspondent to-day.
Dr. von Bethmann-IIollweg, the Imperial Chancellor,
and high army and navy officials will attend, and it is re
ported, adds the correspondent, that the possibility of nego
tiations with neutrals for modifying the terms of the recent
German1 memorandum will be discussed.
tThe ohoe despatch Is given significance by the stntemeut made bv a Ber
lin correspondent of the Assoclnted Press, who has Just reached Copenhagen,
that tho decision to lnuugurutR the ruthlew submarine warfare was taken nt a
similar conference at the German nrniy headquarters, held on th Kaiser's
Getting List, of Citizens Will
ing to Volunteer for
Service at Once.
A secret conference by Police Com
missioner Woods, his deputies and all
Inspectors held last Saturday was fol-
lowed yesterday by a police census of,la"on b,f tn? M"ltea Bta,tes-t
citizens willing to volunteer Immediately I ,.A .pollc,y iooM?i: ' the liberation of
for service In the United States army or Amo''I:an shipping bottled In Amer.
navy. ' lca11 ports has practically been settled
Policemen in uniform , enriniiv upon. Within a' few days, it is expected.
active In Brooklyn esterday seeking tho
names 'of persons who would be willing
to take up arms at short notice. The
principal question asked by the enumer
ators wherever they called was:
"Is there any man In this family who
Is willing to give his name as being
ready to volunteer for military or naval
service?" Information as to "previous
experience" was also sought,
Police Commissioner Woods could not
be reached lost night, but Deputy Com-1
missloners Scull and Dunham said they
were unaware an order to take a mill,
tary census had been Issued. Brooklyn
captains nnd lieutenants said the census
In that borough was taken yesterday
between 8 A. M. and 4 P. M.
It was known that the preliminaries.
for a general census of the character
suggested aro under way. and that the
complete list, when It Is made up after "this desire to nvold'ail offence to Ger-
several weeks work, will be furnished to. mnny and to put upon that country the
iJZZZ v 'mClnTi,P!,onr '
lnV ?' '"l'".e"lf iin,. n!n', vS.nt A
In arious ways the Police Department, effectively I
nif military auinoriues nere. pronaniy
ys the I'ollce Department,
has norked very closely and harmonl-
ously with the military authorities In,
matters relating to preparedness, and It.
has worked very closely and harmonl-
ously with the military authorities in,
matters relating to preparedness, and It.
ll'n'n', Pointed out lat night that a care-! daj Administration officials have been
lully Pr,P're1 ,lBt of m,,n ln thls cltH extending aid to the American Line In
' wl, cou1'' ,,eP'nJe( l"1 at oulcK'lts search for guns with which to arm
"ti"-""' uiuii i
,,, tn ...m.. woui(i m , valuable asset
Saturday afternoon and lasted well Into
the night. Kvery Inspector ln tha llvo.lt Is expected that arrangements for
boroutfis 'was present and heard a talk!
by tho Commissioner.
JAHAN WKh H A ft I nit.
Premier Tells Governors NeW
Policy ts Forming to Meet
International Changes.
declared that tho present grave world
cr,H,B ,,emanded m,,onrll unity Instead
e i,i, ,.
The j,,pnef,B Ministry ts seeking to m.
provo affairs of state, establishing a new
policy, removing defects relating to Im
portant questions now pending between
Khe emplr0 ani, for,Kn countries, nnd
especially endeavoring to
(IJV-III.I,, llfVICIUlllll l.llll 111111. .
Tho Japanese Foreign Office. It Is said,
..nt inidArA i rt,i - -
ha dllnl nf th? iMittXL fmm iv'V
ni nn m, retnL fj rV ,N'Tt
'"!i"..W. ,,i1PeCi "C""nn?i ,Th.!
r leiu oi iqis city, a granuson ot Cyrus,
' W. Field, who laid the first transatlantic
i ni.i
sir. Kield in announcing his Invention
said that it hud been turned over to the
i nneu Htntcs Government. Becent nrtl-
Hal Government tests, Mr, Field said,
. credited the device with seven hits out
of eight attempts, whereas the ordinary
' tomedo has a much smaller ;iv...-.ip.. f
.Voir A t'rnls and Will Go to 14
If Necessary,
U.nikjN, Feb. 12 (Monday)
l.ndon rimes announces this morning
that as a consequenco of the Increasing
restrictions on news print paper it has
raised Its price to four 'ents a conv. It
says the recent Inrrenso to three, cents
did not afreet
ct Its circulation, nnd with n!
t end will -train raise Its price ,
r, even' to 14 Cents, which the
nt prior to 1830.
view tn this
If necessary
paper sold at prior
It is the. Intention of the Times to en.
courago a bonus o house loan clrcula
Wilson Formulating Plan to
Guard Ships Now Held
in Tort.
Wa8IU.noto.. Feb. 11. A definite re
ply, In action, to the German submarine
war zone ilecreo 1 in process of formu-
ns s00n as details can be arranged, the
iP'a" wl" 1)0 Ket In motion and Unless
there Is a marked change In the sit'
uatlon tho first steps will be taken to
break tho apparent deadlock that has
prevailed since the severance of diplo
matic relations.
Government officials, desp'.to the ap
parent Inaction and lack of decision
I since the new decree went Into effect.
have regarded the blockade of American
Ports as Intolerable. The explanation
oneren or tne isck or any counter movo
on the part ot this Government has
ucen mat uie Aaminisirauon wisnea
to take no acUon which by any con-1
structlon could bo Interpreted by Ger
many as an act of war.
To Assert Araerlpau Itlshtu
It was said to-day, however, that even
responsibility for beginning tho war If
lit come would no longer pre
Adminlstratlon from nnsertlnr
effeetlvelv th rlrhts of American shlDS
to travel on the high seas,
Coincident with this declaration of
to travel on
policy it bei
policy It became known that for M-tcra!
searcu tor Runs wuu wnicn in arm
i h. .1.1... 1. h.j i,.n in Wau.
1 turneil over to the Navv Dimartment and
obtaining and
completed wltl
tin mounting me kuiis win oe
Ithln a short time.
tt.n 1...A...I...1 r, r-n
' !? .... An'"lca. '-
i otllcial said It wis not the purpose of
I oniciat sata it was not tne purpose. 01
'thin Government to submit to the Ger -
' milu decree and thus allow Germany to
uoeompllsh.indlreotly that which It had
announced as Its Intention to accomplish
directly through the sinking of ships hi
the Inrred lone.
! There Is n general disposition on the
, part of officials to characterize ns mere
propaganda the report that Gorm.iny
contemplates proposing
tho United1
States an agreement by which American
vessels may be fuither safeguarded.
They say they have revelved no repre -
they have rcelved no repre -
sentations, formal or tnfonn.il. on the
M,.t ,v, .h- -..i.i-n,i..
emanated from pro-German sources, be -
Ing put out ns a "feeler" to determine
how tho United mates w ould accept such
a proposal. .
Wish to Hold Off IlrrnU.
Mote Importance was given to the
! V.0 iYI' m'".",!!"" 'V"
1 !,t,rdam which said that tho Kaiser had
I under consideration a conference of his
1 .l,.,.. . . ..1. . .1
I X''l'n SfoffiTr 'ZiTS'
. P-11- in ro opinion of many in Wan-
ln0' a widespread propaganda ".as
' instituted to hold oft to the latest
Possible moment an actu.il stale of war
I ures might be agreed on to nroteet
American ships, tliete had been no an-
.""". " ram,
' "n,1u ""erciore was the limit of ub-
! surd tv to imagine ihnt nnv n-e-nttniinn.
, - - .:.,'V ..."
" l'"'vrcii nuu ny tins Govern-
; ne.ni uMi xhf nw decree had been n -
"' .mi-iin siuim rouiu sail in i
1 tafcty ,,r ,he'r lawful errands.
I Administration f.fllclals do not doubt.
' tni" -''' will try to make a dlplo-,
'Pintle coup of this kind. Thev lwllovn 1
.that the stories of a move to avert war
nave neen mspirt'd liy persons hlsh In
eounclls of the German Got eminent.
They assume there will be further nt
tompts along tho same line, but they
huvo said repeatedly that this Gnvem.
' ment bin determined to enter into no
I discussion until the cause of the break
tn relations has been completely re-'
moved by Germany
I'nclfUts Welcome Ilrport,
The report that Gennnny Is seeking
to coiiolHnto tho United' Hlntes has been
i,ic" "p V-v ,1,e Pncln as a token that
n'CT i'l8, nl,in1n10 Jn war with
11,0 nlu''' Kta,e. an'1 that If hostilities
result It will be tho fault of this Gov
Continued on Second Pag.
Benlin Officials Show No
Sign of Willingness to
Back Down.
Treatment of Neutral Ves
sels Left Entirely to
Their Judgment.
American Ambassador Had
No" Official Knowledge
Until Jan. 31.
IThe fallowing drtpatch in from a cor.
respondent of thn Associated Press who
left Ilcrlin a few hours before Sir.
Oeranl and had n long talk with the
Ambassador just prior to his departure.
Copenhagen. viavIomlon, Fob. 11.--Little
hope or expectation prevails In
Berlin that war with the United States
is avoidable or that a modus vlvendl
reconciling the policies of the two
Governments can be found.
There Is now a desire on tho part of
the authoritle.M and a groat mass of
the people to avoid actual hostilities
in any way conslitent with the general
lines of the present submarine policy.
Accordingly instructions were given to
submarine commandorn before thev
1 Uf,rt,i , r. i
I - i-mu..r niihsion to
lu"u aie sine wncncvci possible
wncn neutral vessels, particularly
American, were In question. Mer
chantmen of the Kntento naUons,
when recognized ns such, wero ordered
to bo sunk at sight, but neutral mer-
cnantmen wrro to be w.nnrd when
such notion in tho judgment of tho
f commanders was consistent with the
object of tho rampaigii nnd tho fslfety
. tnclr own ships.
Climb In l'p-i-ti'd
It was realized, however, after the
prompt and resolute stand taken by
President Wilson that theso orders could
only I,o palliative and only defer, not
avoid, an ultimate break and ihnt it
President Wlsou stood by his announce.
; ment that the destruction ot Amer can
, meni mac tne destruction of American
ih- .i,i. ., , " "".J.QrKAn
commanders, win. w..i- inf.,..i 'ti,n.
, while the abovo course toward noutrals
1 w.ts recommendo! and dtslrcd, they
, would no longer be subject to punlsh-
till., f.i. .1 . ... I.. r t. -
I ". .nlng. ,r they ,oW U,w
, It la considered that the
hillty of avoiding hostilities would re-
""It from u muditlr.itlm. of
I'oln' by one or the. mher sn
its stand-
le, and so
. Jar W Ju.Ue
fri.rn the rrnVi.
tlve declarations nf Jicrr Zlmmcrmann,
the German Mlnliiri of I'nrvgn Affairs,
nnd other olllrlals before the correspond-
icnts departure Horn Berlin, ther- mi
"? Pmhablllty tli.it Germany would
' -''nericnti
kivc way nils time o:- al.andon the ruth-
mpatgti now tar.cd. German-
' ;"mn,! i"i.ii'on .igaiu and again
i "i oni;:i . uses npp.nently
'i"" iii.'cieh, nui t,,,j nme t no Mu.i.
1 iA?.1....), ,I'I?,U! ,,llllt"u- ''ven th
optimist can sec no peaceful way out of
tue impasse.
Itltrlil liiKirlil Applied.
Fiom a neutral cable nllleo it Is now
possible to tell the story of thn develop
ment of the present crisis. The most
rigid censorship has been app.led lu
To the observer In Berlin tho nppronch
of the crisis had been plainly und defi
nitely evident slum the icjection of Ger
many's peine overtures. Information
regarding Geim.iny's decision to start a
sharpened suhm.ii Ine war, und even the t
form It would take, namely a blockade
of specified regions tho Idea ot a "pro
hibltcd zone" was later substituted for
that of n "block.iilo" nt tho request of
tho naval authorities, who nntl Ipated
possible formal obji.'tlons under thn
blockade lobulation'. was received by
the correpoudf nt almost on thn mnrrnw
of Ambassador Getard's speech on German-American
good ielatl(is delivered
at the bannuet of tho AmertiMn AKsnMn
tlon of Commerce and Trade eirly tit
icv-ipi oi ep-min iniormation from
Count von BenistonT iinTl Count Tar
..na.-iM .-n t-,
....... ...,,ee. Il-j.r..l.,eij ,l'-
man and Austin. Hungm-luii Ambasi.i-
j dots to tho United ritnies. of tholr con-
cept of armed merchantmen.
HecUlnii on Kslier'a Illrtliduv,
. , , ,,
"-'nn ' ' out and out
Mibmailne ciinpnlgn or tho ruthless type
apparently was taken nt tho Austro
German confetonce ut German head
quarters on tho Getm.in Kmperor's birth
day. Nevertheless submarines departing
several days cnrllcr for stations on the
submarine, hunting grounds were pro
vlded with contingent unlets for this
Tho censorship, however, shut down
tightly on any definite statements or
ptcdlctlons of the approaching rrlsls, tha
correspondent being Informed from
usually reliable sources thnt It wat de
sired for marine and technical reasons
to have tho decision como as a surprise.
This Intimation wns conveyed confiden
tially to the German newspapers, AH
despatches .';olng into the subject In de
tail, however, wero either suppressed en
tlrely or references to coming events

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