Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, MONDAY, FEBRUARY' 12, 1917.
GERMAN CONTROL OF MEXICO FEARED Agents of Kaiser Gained Car rnnza's Favor, Tt Is Said, bv (lifts of Munitions. 2 ,,000 TKITOXS THEKEXOW V. S. ffovprninent Takes Steps to Prevent Hostile Acts Along Holder. Washington, Feb. 11. German ac tivity In Mexico, culminating In aerioua miliary opcr.itlntm along Iho border and In the destruction or auapenslon of tlio. tremendous llrltNh anil American oil In dustry In th T.imiilco district, 1 re tarded as a posxlble If not probable sequel of a long continued break in diplomatic relations between the United States and Gernnny. Tula situation at leist bears a threat enlne aspect and there Is reason to bo litvo Uiat the Government of the United Elites I:' now tukliiB pto; to check up on recent German activities in Mexico snd to reach a nonclunlon as to what ac tion nny be required 'by develo)iments which have leen brought to the atten tion of officials In Washington. The countermanding of return orders for certain mllltU units on tho border r dor-Ie-"fgnate Fletcher with nn expert military arviser, Capt. Frank 11. McCoy, to Mexico city, are looked upon na the (lrst public fteps toward resisting the further extension of German Influence ever the uncertain Carrania Govern ment. This Government has reason to believe that Germany's desire to obtain a con trolling influenco over Mexican affairs his been ttimulated to a marked degree by the recent break In dlplomtlc rela tions. There is a suspicion that a large part of the German prop-iganda In this country, consular and semi-official, may Ixi transplanted in Mexico city for this purpose. Reasons for Urllrf Here are some of tho Incidents -which live given pause to tho Administra tion's plan to rush Into a full recognition of the Carrania Government : 1 A report that the German aovern retnt suggested that Count von Bern storff remove to Mexico city In a seml ollklal capacity after receiving his pass ports from this country. This, It Is said, the Ambassador declined to do. I The German legation In Mexico city has recently leased the largest resi dence In the city, supposedly for the housing of a greatly enlnrged official trtd unofficial staff. J Itellable reports from Texas rrlilrh hive reached the Department of Jus tire sinco lin break In diplomatic rela tions t.how' that a great many Germans, imong them many German reservists, re drifting across the border Into Car rania territory, from which nil Ameri can consular agents have been with drawn. 4 German hardware merchants are lelleved to be In possession of upward of 15,000,000 rounds of ammunition and 4ther munitions of war, smuggled Into Mexico tnrougn raise mamresis ueiween June CO and November 16. 1916. C The Department of Justice Is In pofsess'.on of evldenco that tho German Kmbassy hero had detailed reports ('.lowing how Mexico could be turned Into a military force against the United States under German direction. One Plot Frustrated. I German Influences are known to have been exerted In a recent attempt en the part of Dr. Krum-Heller. surgeon ireneral of the Carranjia army, to defeat the American border embargo by tho purchase of large supplies of ammuni tion from SpunUh munition makers. Warned by the British Government, the Spanish Government blocked this at tempt, and Krum-Heller barely escaped with his liberty. 7 Maximilian Klos, a German reserv ist, within tho last year has been placed In charge of all Carraniista ordnance and ammunition matters, including the direction of tho Government munitions plant at Santa Fe, about ten "miles foulhwest of Mexico city. This plant his a capacity of 60,000 rounds of small irms ammunition dally. I Tho German Minister. ,Von Kckert, recently played a conspicuous part In a Dig Carrania celebration In Mexico city. The history of German Influenco in Mexlrn In recent years has been marked by two characteristics, tlrst, the Intimate connection which the legation lias al ways maintained with the B.O00 or more lcrman subjects In tlio republic, and second, by the respect which, alone of nil foreign governments, Oermany has commanded for her Interests during the 'even years of revolution and anarchy Ince 1910. In only two Instances has Germany had cause to complain of the treatment if her nationals, and these were prior to the ascendancy of the Carrania faction. In one caso she collected 100.000 marks and brought about the execution of fif teen Mexicans for the murder of a Ger man family of three by Maderlsta sup porters. In the other, the murder of a German subject was punished by Huerta with the devastation of the State of Mlchoacan and the execution of all sus pected of complicity In the outrage, Baitnesa Nat Molested. German Interests In Mexico are con cerned almost exclusively with hardware and machinery distributing agencies. These have been molested less than any ether branch of business. Last November a shipment of "hard wars on the Ward liner Esperanxa was Jlsrovcred to contain 441,000 rounds of Mauser cartridges consigned to the' Com panla Ferretera Mexican a, Roberto Bolter & Co., a German hardware Arm m Mexico city. The parting of a cable T which the "harware" boxes were be ing swung from the ship to the dock re vealed the true nature of the shipment. The cartridges had been purchased In this country, shipped to New Tork. and consigned as hardware. The Mexican Consul at New Tork, Juan T. Burns, li now under 110,000 ball awaiting trial tor swearing to a false manifest In con nection with this and other shipments. Can't Get Nickel for Bullet. In view of recent revelations as to Herman activities in Mexico officials we are unwilling; to concede that this jwmunltlon ever left German hands. '"Carrania soldiers are using In large f rifle ammunition manufactured In jnelr Santa Fo factory. Becauso of the inability to Import cupro-nlckel with Wllleh to 1arlrAfln t..1l.i Ui 9 tnn J turning out bullets made of copper irantmlidion wire, cut Into proper lengths for insertion In brass shells. buch bullets have flat trajectory of "out lo yards only before they com mence to tumble and fall, due to the ab nre of a cupro-nlckel Jacket. It Is considered extremely doubtful that these would bo in use if Carrania had ob wiied the large supplies now known to nve bien consigned to German hard ware Anns. " 1' pointed out that plenty of Ger jnn i gold Is available In this country for ',? Ixanclng either of Carrania or some Y wwerful Mexican faction In dem "wrallona against our border which csusa us serious trouble or In an attack upon tho Invuluablo British and American oil deposits which nro concen trated within a radius of 100 miles from the port of Tamplco. HhouM this Government nccedo to the pressure Carrania is bringing to bear In behalf of the raising of tho embargo ngnlnst munitions of wnr money might easily be nvnllablo for the purchase of as large supplies as American manufac turers, could turn out. Cariumn nlrendy ban taken over tho national and London banks In Mexico, from which he ex pelled all tho employees of their British atld French owners, and has withdrawn In moving vans ID.000,000 of tho J3.V (iMO.OOO In reserves which were In their vaults when taken over. It Is pointed nut that should Carrania uso this money for tho purchase of munitions, or should hn u) German money, this Government would never bo nblo to Identify tho source of the credit. Army officers and others who have hnd occasion to study the Moxlcnn char acter ngreo that n well fed, decently equipped Mexican force under German officers could criMto enough troublo on our bonier to require tho attention not only of tho force wo now have there, but of many additional troops, and could force upon this Government the task of policing virtually tho mtlro Mexican re public, which tho General Staff esti mates under- present conditions would require not less thnn 500,000 men. The Government is In possession of nrlgtnils of careful reports to Capt. Franx von l'apon, formerly Gorman mllltury nttacho here. In which German agents in Mexico described the be-rt. methods of arming and moulding Mexico Into a military power. Would lilt Britain llnril. From the port of Tamplco C0.000 bar rels of fuel oil nro Flipped dally, 12,000 barrels to tho British navy and the re mainder to tho United States. Tho United States obtains 210,000 gallons of gasolene from this iwrt dally. Tho source, of this supply Is many miles from Tamplco. It Is admitted that a cnrefully laid plot could work tremendous dam age to this oil supply and suspend It altogether for nn indefinite period. In the city of Tamplco th,o German Consul wields great Influence. There are be tween sixty and seventy German cltl xens in the town and tho Hamburg American freighter Antoninn, with a German crew of about seventy men, Is Interned In the harbor. A foreign diplomat In Washington Is authority for tho statement that Great Britain Is seriously considering plnclne marine guards over nil the Brltle-h wells In tho Tamplco district and over the pipe lines attached thereto. It Is not Improbable that tho United States would take similar action In the event of n state of war with Germany. SAYS VILLA HAS 25,000. Illpollto Asserts Claim Is True Itldlculoua, Says Grn. Funaton. San Antonio, Tex., Feb. 11. Illpollto Villa, brother of Francisco, who, ac cording to New Tork advices, sent to John J. Hawes, Villa's representative, a statement that Francisco Villa now has a force of 25,000 men, declined to-night to admit that he had forwarded the In formation. Phown the figures purport ing to detail Villa forces in various parts of Mexico, he said: "From In formation reaching me throtighvurfotw sources I believe tho figures aro sub stantially correct." - When the .clulm that Villa has ::.,000 men wnH brought to the uttentlon of Gen. Funston to-night the latter snld ho considered the statement ridiculous; that Villa nt no tlmo ever had such a forco and could not under existing con ditions muster ono of cuch proportions. WILL BLOCK OFF VILLA. Force of 2,(1011 Carranslstas to Oc cupy Territory lVrvhlns; Ieft. Douoi.AS, Arli., Feb. 11. Carrania forces, said to number 2,500 Infantry and cavalry, under command of Gen. Gomez, leaclirfl Agua I'rleta, across the Mexican border from Douglas, to-day from southern Chihuahua, marching from Naco. It was announced the force would move Into the territory recently occupied by tho American punitive expedition. DEUTSCHLAND AT BREMEN. Hadn't Left Home Port Up to Jan. nt, fayn Hllken New I.ONDOK, Conn., Feb. 11. Up to January 31 tho German merchant sub marine Dcutschlaud had not left her home port, according to n statement made to the Associated Press to-night by I'aul G. Xj. Hllken, vice-president und general manager of tho Eastern For warding Company. Although Mr. Hllken declined to dis cuss the probability of another royazo to this country by the Dcutschland. It was learned from reliable murces tint neither the Deutschland nor u Muter mb marine Would leave Germany for Amer ica until after the present crisis had passed. Until a few days ago It was nn open secret that the officials of the Kastern Forwarding Company had expected nn undersea boat to dock here. The usual careful preparations to receive a sub mersible had been made. Now there nro no outward signs of activity at the State Pier whero the Dcutschland docked last November nor nt the company's ware houses In this city. $3;90 Round Trip BALTIMORE The Monumtn'al City WASHINGTON Th4 Capital of ihiXatloii SUNDAYS rekruary 28. March ?J. April 30 and .May 27 Snedsl Train leaves New York, Penn sylvania Station. 13.20 A.M. Iteturn log. leaves Washington 4.35 P.M.: llItimon a.ts P.M. Tickets on sale preceding each excur sion. Pennsylvania R.R. t EXHIBITION OF JEWELS-LACES-BOOKS and other Historical Relics Fermerly the Property ef George & Martha Washington James Monroe and Family la be sold by STAN V. HENKELS. 1301 Walnut Hlreet, 1'hlladrlplifa. To Be Exhibited in New York until February 14th by MAX WILLIAMS Madlaon Avenue at 46th Street, (Oppulto UU-Crlloo) S.S. NEW YORK DUE HERE THIS MORNING Wireless Messages Tell of Safe Passage Through the Sub marine Zone. UNABLE TO OBTAIN GUNS American Lino Officials Hu miliated at Being Forced to Suspend Sailings. Tho American Line steamship New York, which sailed from Liverpool on February 3, tho last day of graco speci fied In tho German submarine decree, niul was tiio tlrst American passenger ship to pass through tho new wnr xone, will dock th!s morning about 0 o'clock. 3'rlvnto wireless messages received from tho ship last night said tho voyage had been uneventful and all on board were well. No men! Ion was made In these messages of a Orninn submarlno having ben seen. Tho safe return of the New York was good news for Pres'dent I. A. S. Frank lino of tho International Mercantile Ma rine, but the ship's arrival at home merely emphasizes the intolerable situa tion In which tho officials of the lino find themselves. As matters stand the New York will have to be tied up In definitely to Join the St. l-ouls and St. I'aul in costly, enforced idleness. Just how much in dollars tho success of tho German blockade of tho port of New York Is costing th American Line nnd other American steamship interests Mr. Franklin was unable to estimate last night, but tho sum Is formidable. It is not tho pocket loss, however, which so Irritates American Line offi cials. Their feeling of humiliation at being compelled to suspend sailings be causo of tho disinclination of thn United States. Government to offer protection In the way of warship convoys or through tho hiHii of naval guns and gunners goes beyond words. ' Can't Get Naval Guns. Mr. Franklin said yesterday: "I think It would bo better for me not to say anything more about the ImDOs- Mhlo position In which American ships aro placed. I have already expressed mysolf, and It Is n situation that the public must understand vividly. Wo are blocknded by Germany nnd that's all there Is to It. We can't get the guns we would like to buy and apparently we couldn't get enough trained gunners even If we had the guns. If nny one supposes It would be an easy matter to buy a six inch naval gun from any of tho manu facturers. Just let him try it. Thvy can't be had. 'The news that Washington Is already formulating plans to take charge of the nrmlng of American ships Is very good ment's desire to get Count von Ilernstorff reading. I hope It Is true, but I know a'"1 a" German officials safely home be. nothing about It. No Intimation has ' frn tho U-boat campaign Is turned ill come to us that wo are to get protection. I recently against American shipping. The In fact, we havo milto another notion.' The paralysis fastened upon the Amer ican Lino was Illustrated yesterday when President Franklin said a largo' Broadway at Hate arranged for this tccek. beginning today, an important display of Ide Collars lutely eliminate collar trouble. They are made not alone for service, but to retain that "Snap and Set" of line particular men admire. Tiio New Ide Models Prices: 15c each Also An Important Offering of 6,000 Men's Silk Cravats at 35c 59c 69c 85c A rare collection of better-grade scarfs, made of almost every kind of imported and domestic silk, offered at these special prices as a result of an extraordinary special purchase. All kinds of striped, floral and figured designs are included, in a wonderful range of colors and combinations. A Sale of Men's Hats at $1.95 Will be held on .the Main Floor Today 1 Soft hats in almost every wanted color, and derbies in Black or Brown, all in new Spring models. The styles and makes arc too numerous to describe in detail, but we do not hesitate in recommending every hat in the lot as exceptional value at $1.95. - Also AH Our Velour Hats Reduced. to $2.95 Fine American Velour hats, lined with self color silks." Black, Brown and Green only. . part of the mall sacks that were put aboard tho St. Louis for transmission to Kngland havo been transferred to the White Star liner Cedrlc, which Is duo to sail this morning at 8 o'clock. If Amer ican malls get to Europe at all they will have to go under the British flag. Twelve of the passengers booked, for tli St. Louis, 'who havo beon'waltlng with very lively Impatience for sailing , In structions, havo transferred to tho Lap land, but forty continue to wait for the St, Louis, still preferring to take a chance under' tho American flag. "The Ccdrlo carries no passengers. Won't Take Chances. Mr. Franklin has no encouragement to offer' those persons who insist that the company fulfil' Its contract nnd take them on tho St. Louis or on another American Line ship. "Thcro is nothing that would give me nioro satisfaction thnn to be nble to nn nounco that tho St. Inils was going out to-morrow morning," Bald Mr. Franklin last night af his home, 41 Kast Sixty first street, "but wo cannot tnkc the re sponsibility of endangering so many lives and of Imperilling so much valuable property. Tho situation remains Just where It was. No American Lino ship will sail unless the United States Gov ernment takes measures to protect Amer ican lives and American property." Day by day the situation Incomes more distressing to American ship own ers. In blevsn days only two American shins, both of which wero freighters. carrying no passengers Biid both bound for Bordeaux nnd to relatively safer waters than exist now around the F.ng- llsh x)ast, have left the port of New York. Lay by d.y ship owners nro Im pressed by the lact that. tho German blockade, as it affects New York anil other American ports. Is virtually abso lute, y The monetary loss Is growing; malls nro delayed, thoreby caURlng great Incon - venlenco to business men: passengers are held up nnd freight congestion U bo - coming alarming. In steamship circles, howccr, thcro Is nn even moro patent reason for tho general resentment ngalnst enforced Idleness. That l tho feeling that something should havo been done to prove that American Fhlps have actually ns well as theoretically the free dom of the seas. Ilrrnstnrff Goes WfilnrmU, Federal officials confirmed jesterday the announcement of the Scandinavian American Lino that tho steamship Fred erlk VIII., carrying Count von Itern Btorff, the members of his staff and -2u0 German consular agents, :i patty of more than 300 In all. will sail nt 2 P. M. on Wednesday. It was understood last night by then officials that tho Von llemstorfl party will not ntrlvc nt the dock from Wushlngton until Wednesday morning, and that they will go directly atourd the ship. No trouble Is antici pated either by secret service men or by tho police of Hoboken. but unusual pre cautions have been taken to prevent tlio German officials from insult or annoy ance. They will be guarded all the way here from Washington, und will have n police escort from their special train to the ship. The opinion was offered last night by an official who 1 watching events very closely that the lull In the International situation may he due to the Govern prediction was made that when tre Am hassadnr and 'his associates reach Ger many things will begin to happen, and that then the "showdown" will come. 34th Street Featuring the exclusive un breakable "Linocord" but ton holes, which are noted for their remarkable dura bility. Because of this particular feature Ide Col lars are very easy to but ton and unbutton. In -fact, Ide Collars are so well con structed that they abso J $1.75 per dozen CO HOUSE SKITTISH ON UNIVERSAL SERVICE It Will Not Pass Such a Meas ure, Except at Bequest of Wilson. POLITICAL JOKE EEAKED Bepresentntivo Kalin Is Try ing to Oct Bill From Army General Staff. Washington, Feb. 11. Despite tho action of tho Sen.ito Military Affairs Committee in reporting out n modified universal service bill thn IIouso prob ably will not consider tho question at this session unless In connection with an out and out wnr measure. And then it will not pass such a measure unless at tlio direct and open request of tho White ' House. i In tho House Mllltnn- Affairs Com. I 1 mlltce cnounh support tan bo depended I upon to make the reporting of a modified form cif universal tialultiK a possibility I worth while nttenwitliK In tho event I that tlio (letiet'il St.if of tho Arm. I tliiough tho ttecftury of War, submits ill measure which thnso who nro Inter I cted In but not committed to universal I training can report out. 1 To the broad question "Do you favor ' universal service"."' not more than 15 per 1 cent, of the membership of tho House probably would return nn nfllrmatlvo I answer If mich answers wero to bo pub- Hnhed. Privately much larger pro poitlon hellevq thnt Fomo form of mili tary serlco must In time be adopted by this country, but their position is that j i mo country is not yet convinced or tile i necessity for so radical a departure from I our olmitiuy service system and that' it wouni lie as much ns their lolltlcal lives aro woilh to attempt to anticipate tho feelltiK of their constituents on this measure. Representative Julius Kahn, ranking rtepulilkMii on tho Military Affairs Com mittee, Is nn avowed advocate of some form of compulsory military service. Ho has promised to introduce a bill of tills nature of tho General Staff will submit some fpcclflc measure, r.ecause of the extreme nature of a measure which lias been prepared Secretarv P.aker tefusod last week to transmit the bill to Con gress without material modifications. Mr. Kahn lias asked thn War Depart ment several times fAr tho measure and It Is possible that he will accept the Chamberlain bill and try to nuke a ftsht on that If the General Staffs tnen-ire docs not materialize within the next few days, As nn amendment calling far universal service could not be considered In con nection with the army appropriation bill, which comes iir this week, It Is not likely that the Hnufe will be called upon to consider a universal servlco measuio un- Stops Winter at your doorway! How do you picture your home? Do you find the family handicapped by old-fashioned heating which makes them chill and fretful, or have you provided them with the IDEAL radiator warmth to work at best and then to rest in cheery contentment? If you want the utmost In heating comfort and economy, there's only one sure way buy an outfit of AMERICAN x DEAL investment at once and ii Radiators IBoilers stop all fuel waste! In IDEAL Boilers and AMERICAN Radiators there are no parts to warp, bulge, unrivet, or loosen. These out- ipliiill A No. S-1J.W IDEAL Boiler and 450 ft. of 38. in. AMERICAN Radiators cmtini the owner S3Q6, were uwd to heat thle cottage. At thn price the goods can be bouiht of any reputable, competent Fitter. Thii did not include coeti of labor, pipe, valvet, frelcht. etc., which vary according to climatic and other condition!. ARCO iicuiing. ouiu Sold by all dealers No exclusive gents Public showrooms at Chicago, New Vorg. Boston, Providence, Worcester, Philadelphia, Wilkesbsrre, Baltimore. Washington. Buffalo. Syracuse, Rochester. Pittsburgh, Cleveland; Detroit. Orand Rapids, IndianapouV Cincinnati, Atlanta, Birmingham, New Orleans, Milwaukee. Minneapolis, St, Paul, St. Louis. Kansas City, DCS Moines, Omaha, Denver, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle, Spokane, Portland, Toronto, Brantford lOnt.) til the Senate has had an opportunity to pass on the Chamberlain bill. In the Senate tho Chamberlain bill, having been reported out by the Military Affairs Committee, will be In order ns an amendment to tho regular army ap propriation bill. OBSERVATION BALLOON FOR U.S. Will Br rnrclmsed I'roni Proceeds of Centnry Theatre Benefit. A part of tho proceeds of the benefit nt the Century Theatre on Thursday af ternoon will tie devoted to the purchase of nn observation bulloon for use over New York harbor, according to nn an nouncement made yesterday by the com mittee) whldi includes Mrs. Otto It. Kahn, Mrs. Itcsrlnnld Do Koven, Mrs. Charles Van Itensselncr, Mrs. James Iiwell Putnam, Miss Gertrude Kingston and Miss F.lsa Maxwell. Commencing today at 9 A. M. the Semi-Annual Sale of Saks Suits for Men Reduced from $45, $40, $?8, $35, $33, $30 and $28 Now $23 CJ Woolens are abnormally high, and an increase in the cost of clothing is inevitable. Therefore these reductions are the more important. Each suit has been tailored this season by the Saks tailoring organization, the models are the very new est, and the variety of fabrics and colorings affords unusual latitude for selection. A Small Charge for Alterations Broadway hts have no known limit of endurance. Our name cast is your guarantee. Accept no substitute. Enormous price to consumer. IDEAL heating is the utmost in comfort IDEAL heating has proved this in a million buildings at home and abroad and as an investment it is permanent and will command full price even after the owner has enjoyed its comfort and savings for many years. A little larger first investment over cost of a cheap heating equipment can be quickly overcome by omitting extra inner doors, chimneys, mantels, storm sash, weather strips, etc. Vou might better increase your borrowing at the bank, for the fuel and other savings that IDEAL heating will give you will make money for you far beyond the bank interest you have to pay. To stop Winter from crowing your doorway, send for our (free) book " Ideal Heating," which gives most valuable information. Act nowl WAND Stationary Vacuum Cleaner Guaranteed! We also make the ARCO WAND Vacuum Cleaner, connected by an iron suction pipe to various floors of house, flat, school, hotel, etc. No dragging around a clumsy, inefficient portable cleaner instead, you have a practical outfit that is a part of the building like radiator 1 P-IJ TT T- i. Til . . .if . . ... v on caay x-uymciit nan, in sizes at American radiator company COLD WINDS FAIL TO CHILL ASTOR'S ARDOR Millionaire Ensign One of the Hardest Working Men in Naval Militia. Chilly blasts yestetdny failed to cool the patriotic ardor of Knelgn Vincent Astor. Since the Naval Mllltla was called out he lias been ono of the hard est working men in the service. Ho was on duty yesterday from 7 In the morning until 1 In the nfternooti as Junior aid to Chief of Staff A. 11. Fry In thn offices of the newly designated National Naval Volunteers. In the Cus tom House. Besides a certain amount of 35 &(lfohtp3tU at 34th Street $13 up. ask tor catalog (tree. office routine, his duties consisted of rt tour of Inspection of the brldgo patrols nnd checking up on tho fiillllment of cer tain requests tnndo by Capt. Fry to the public service corporations. The men guarding tho brldgo piers and approaches ni now kept warm by nn abundance of heavy wlndproof cloth ing, with old fashioned overshoes, thlok gloves and extra sweater Jackets under their short service overcoats. Following a ronfetctico yesterday af ternoon between Capt Fry nnd Deputy l'ollce Commissioner Gudley It was de cided to turn over t'.:o guarding of the piers of the Queensboro Brldgo rest ing on miiickwell's Island 4o Jhe city police. Arrangements for lighting the guarded sections will remain the same as under tho naval en. The official older will go out to-morrow netting the exact day for the withdrawal of tho nav.il mllltla und the substitution of thn police. '''t on each radiator and boiler manufacture makes lowest IDEAL Boilers bare Urge fuel pots in which the air and coal galea thoroughly mis at in m modem gas or oil man. tie or burner, thus ca trading every bit of the lirat fiuin the fuel, Esiicr to run than stove. Write Department N-9 104-108 West 42nd St. New York