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THE SUN, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1917.
HOLLAND COWED BY FIVE GERMAN CORPS Mussed Armies n(. Her Frontier Pro von 1 oil lu ilorsoiiioiit nf "Wilson's Stand. PLANNED JIKFORK BREAK rormlmlon luid been glvrii, thounh pnrt ot the dcnp.Uch Imd iH'fii deleted, it win nii'erliiliiPd tlmt llir deleted part contnlned a lefereiu-c tci Mr, llryan, In rtuillne low wonlH of the wldreHi Mr. Brynn miulo nl n tneetlnir lirrc the uny nfter the brenK In fnvor of n referen dum on tho question of war with Clcr m.inr. Tho fnct of tliW decision 8rounl comment to-day In view of Hccreliiry Daniel' relntlcin with Mr. Ur.m. Tho Rtnle llcrurliiiriit whh con sulted with reference m tliff. iriwu nn.l rnvr llH wi tict Ull. Aim.'lt'l' itl.W "lOtt ' ever, II win not renllr.d li fonui of tlie official that the ito-p-.iti-h illicit he regarded an a tninlntripretiitluii of this aovcrmneiit'H nttltuilc. It nilKKesled way In which Herman? might provide nn opening for runuci neitotlatloim by orfcrhiK to refrain iiiulvf cortaln condition from sinking Amerl- j ItCl'l 111 ran ships nnd concluded with tho state ment, "My Informant niirc mo inoM emphntlcally that tho country Is not for war. That such n Htalenic.it pliould have been allowed to (to throurli with the i.um tlon of the Klnle Department liar oe- . ... I - Tl... ca.loned cniisi.icramc ,r r,5r. . . y , CorKN.,Anf.-N, V,R Jt0nio VfK ,,. piannunn is mam-, nmrri. country Is not at war with (lermnny It ''"e German army rorpi concentrated rllil not feel like linpoflntt too ncero re- on the frontier of Holland futnlh a Mrlcllon upon what merely purported to tuMy canvurnz rXplKtiat!on. In default TVZZZWwtor, ,1m thl, ' ' rc.uon. for the N.lure of the despatch of 1M lUrtlic'iiiicV to the UWeli (iovornmcnt to adopt the poller folofjno Omrllr, cent mi It now -ippO'irs toward Uennany recommended bv Prc- throuBh tho nrlrt.w.- of Mr. Hrsyii Klcnl AVnsn 0M acoomu ot tno German and hi friend Dr. Mr.-lnvey. had more or le-v. to do with lnllrln.- t'- ltermti ulnarlne eampalsn. propoy.il Jtnt iiiiiiIo through the !wlt , That tlerman troops were acsenibllnK Minister. Thla defruMi was "nt Feb- n ra,y large number" In the vicinity r'tary 6 and undoubted received con- deration Immediate)- in- the Ocnn-ui of ",e Liberia nda border had been the Foreign Office, particularly In view of subject of gossip In Iterllu military clr- the fart that virtually no other nietijagc clcs for 5cvnral weeks before nr. von Also Advised That Dutch Plnn to Avert an Invasion Is Weak. were coming through at that time tro-n-this country. Denlnt !,' ItrrntorfT. llethmann-Hollwcg'fl announcement of the new submarine campaign. Their presence there at a time when Germany While It has been suggested that Count! wan talking cf peace Instead of a policy on nernstorff was consulted by those, that would weigh most heavily upon Interested In this move, and had a hand ntMrH nlprest., was explained as a In the arrangements, nothing ban been :,,.. .., ', .,. produced to show this Voutit W rt ot n pla for the ,ll!ttrlbutlon of KrnntnrfT Imir rtoniPil that in fithcr ill-i . ' . ... rectly or Indirectly was In touch with r""v" Ior tno '""" cam Mr. Iir-an or Dr. Klrchwey. ; lm,Kn- Tlio chief Importance attached to the niplnnntlon In DonlXt-il. Inrlrient Is Hull It wan cnlculatod to I cause embarrassment to the President ' Such reserves usually are roncentrated by undermining, through the Informatloni t a spot well behind the battle front It pretended to Impart, tho stand theiwhero there nro good railway lines for lresldeiit had tnlien with respect to the moving them to a menaced point on tho U-boat blockade. I rront a soon as tho location or tne op. It amounted to Informing Germany I ponents main effort definitely Is estalv and whose defences centre In tho forti fied coinp around Copenhagen, Is forced to reckon, In addition, with tho enlslonro of tho strong Oerman neet, which Is In complete control of the eastern Baltic, as well as with tho Zeppelin menace. Itnmnuls L'ed nn Wnrnlnsr, An Interview appearing In n Ilerlln newspaper the day nfter President Wil son's nppeal to th neutral countries wh P'rhllshcd attributed to "a neutral dlplo inn I." summed up these military dangers nf the Kuropean neutrals and held be fore tliclr eyes the warning of Kumanlu's lot. No less convincing economic reasons militated ngulnst the acceptance by, these 1'owor of President Wilson's Invitation to mako common cause with the X'nlted States. Hhlerlng Denmnrk arid Nor way, on tho scantiest coil rations and with a stoppage of llrlttsh coal supplies utterly dependent on Clcnnany for nec eswary fuel, as well as many raw ma terials und manufactuied products, could see the dangers of a step which would cut off Iniportu from the (Iciinan side as well and leave them economically hun gry between tho devil und the deep sen, If the two combatant groups may be thus described. All In all tho Foreign Minister of one of the Hcandlnavlaii Htalen seems to have put tho matter cpilte plainly from his point of view when he remarked to the American representative who ap peared with President Wllson'n nolo and n request for an answer: "Why, you can wrlto It yourself." STARVATION DIET RULES IN GERMANY ConHnt,iert From Flnt rage.) that this was a nation of divided coun els and that therefore a Holutlon might be found without Interfering with tho effectiveness of the Oerman t"-boat cam paign, whereas the whole, aim of the Tresldent and his advisers lias been to show (iemiauy that complete abandon ment of this Illegal warfare was de manded by the American people. That any American 'could have had a hand lu this, directly or Indirectly, has aroused resentment here. In spite of the fact, as admitted by Secretary Daniels, that permission was glicn for the trans mittal of this despatch after tho Inter cession of Dr. Klrchwey. Dr. Barthelme was a caller again on Counsellor Polk to-day. It Is understood that hla status has been the subject of discussion by officials and that he will no longer have the light of entering the State,' War and Navy Building. It la also understood that Dr. Barthelme Is likely, as a result of what has happened, to take passage with Count von Bern torff on the Frcderlk VIII. on Wednes day and that no more press despatches of this- kind will go to Germany. JAILING OF SEAMEN AMAZES CAPITAL Continued from Firtt Page. posal Ambassador Gerard refused to con sider when the German Foreign Odlce, fter the United States had broken re lations, sent It to lilm in the form of a protocol with the Intimation that If he did not attach his signature, Americans In Germany might be held as hostagea to Insure good treatment of Germans In this country, The document, submitted In French. Is being translated for the consideration of Tresldent Wilson and Secretary Lansing. Officials familiar with Its nature said It apparently was so different from the original treaties that It virtually would constitute a new one. Strong doubt was expressed that the United States would enter Into negotiations on the subject. Aa It is understood now, confirmation by the Senate would be necessary even If the Executive branch of the Government desired to agree to such a protocol, Mnf- Conduct for Ships, Most Important among the new pro visions suggested by Got many Is one ex panding tho exemption from seizure in case of war between the two countries of "merchants and their effects," into an exemption specifically mentioning enemy ships which are in port at the time of the outbreak of war and which either must be left free In pott or given safe conduct to their own ports, presumably even in face of a blockade conducted by hostile Governments. Sections also are added forbidding in ternment or restrictions upon the lib erty or freedom of movement of enemy nationals, and reaffirming the old pro visions allowing merchants nine months to close up their business and depart. In part the United States already has adhered to the spirit of the old treaties. Official statements have been Issued at the President's direction declaring that German wnrbound ships here would not be selzod or used, even in case of war, nd that bank deposits and other per sonal property of Germans also would he immune. Only Four Inlrrncil Vessels. There are two ciatsen of German ships In American ports. Thore Interned are war vessels such as the commerce raid ers Prlnr Ultel Fried rich nnd Kronprlnz Wllhclm, and such na;l vessels as the gunlioats Cormoiant at Guam and Geler t Honolulu. The crews of these vessels, as well as the ships, being part of the German naval forces which have taken refuge In neutral harbors, aro Interned as prisoners for the duration of the war tinder International law and The Hague , conventions. The status of the warbound German merchantmen Is different, and so Is the status tt their crews. Tho merchant ahlps are not Interned In any senee of the word, but are remaining lu harbor for refuge. They are free to put to sea at any llmo and take their chances with enemy warships. Their crews are in the same status as any other aliens com ing to the United Stales. Any one of them may be admitted to the country upon fulfilling the Immigration require ments. While they are In the status of aliens, they are for tho present confined aboard their ships by tho Immlgrat'on authori ties In accordance with tho steps taken gainst the destruction of property or menaces to navigation In American hat bora. . llshcd. Accordingly, some doubt was raised concerning the Litter explanation. Whateier the cause of tho concentra tion, a large force of German troops was on tho Dutch border when Germany's announcement of the new submarine war and President Wilson's appeal to neutral nations to Join with America In protect ing neutral Interests against Germany brousht to the foreground the question of Holland's possible action In reply to the German campaign, German bayonets emphasised the eco nomic and political reasons why Holland Is unwilling to follow counsel which It waa feared might have drawn the little kingdom Into the war. Humors were heard too in neutral quarters In Berlin that a flaw had bejn discovered In Holland's strategic scheme of defence against Germany which, as Is known. Involves Hooding parts of the country In front of the selected flrht line of defence. According to these reports it had been discovered that attempts to Hood these districts would lay under water a far greater area than had been contemplated and would throw the gen eral scheme of Holland's defence Into confusion. Fleet Alio a Menace. The position ot Holland was to a greater or less extent the position of the other neutral countries contiguous to Germany, all being moro or less open to attack by the war hardened veteran legions ot Gcrmnny. and all having le fore thnlr eyes the examples of Belgium and Serbia, and lastly, Rumania. The .story of troop concentration In southwestern Germany In the vicinity cf the Swiss frontier hn3 been the com mon property of the Swiss and Entente press for veek3, thougli the Swiss per haps aro better able to protect their mountain land than other small neutrals. Denmark, whose lanil frontier Is open fish, fresh, smoked, dried or canned. And here the problem of cost Is added to that of monotony. The writer paid In Berlin SI, 20 a pound for ordinary lake trout and 84 cents a pound for small fresh water bass. Dried salted tlsh costs 36 cents a pound, and smoked eel 11.92 to Z.40, Smoked goose breast costs $3 to 13.50 a pound, and boiled ehrimps aro 7S cents. Cards for Sardines, Once In every four or ttve weeks the city authorities place on the market small tins of sardines, one of which may be bought on presentation of the municipal "Lebensmlttelknrte," or pro vision card. ICach family, no matter of how many members, has only" one of these cards. The sardines thus sold may be had for about 48 cents for the small tin. In the open market they cost from (17 cents, for sardines In tomato sauce, to 72 cents, for sardines in oil. One smoked herring, from six to eight Inchert long, costs 20 to 22 cents. A can of alleged shredded veal bought by the corrtspondent was more than half gela tin" and cost 72 cents. Its gross weight was a pound. Pepper costs SS a pound, and small raistns 11. OS. Saccharine dissolved In water has taken tho place of sugar for sweetening coffee and tea In private homes as well as restaurants. Milk is ordinarily available in limited quanti ties only for invalids, the very aged and small children. BRITAIN SPENDING $29,000,000 DAILY Uoiuir Law, Asking Credit of $2,750,000,000, Puts War Cost at 21 Billions. CONFIDENCE IN FUTURE Army I t Times Its Size at tho Start of War, Chancellor i Tells Commons. $1,000 MONTHLY TO BELGIANS. Chamber of Commerce Also Will filvr More for Belief. The New York Chamber of Commerce has voted for Belgian relief J1.000 a month, up to llo.noo for tho current year, unless something shall develop to cause the contribution to be counter manded by the executive committee. The gift is In rebponse to on address by Herbert Hoover, chairman of the Commission for Belief In Belgium. The executive committee has also planned to solicit special contributions' from Its members, agreements to pay certain sunia each month being especially desired. The chamber will notify other commercial organizations of this action In the hope that they will follow tho example. London, Feb. 12. At what great and Increasing cost Ureal Britain Is fighting for victory wns shown to-day In tho House of Commons when A. Bonar Law, Chancellor of the exchequer, asked for two new notes of credit aggregating $2,750,000,001. Great Hrltnln Is spend lug nearly $20,000,000 a day, nnd since the. war began lias spent the enormous sum of $21,000,000,000, The average dally expenditure Is mounting Meadlly, Bonar I,aw said, nnd Is now $.",000,000 a day greater than In the first sixty-three days of the flnan clal year, which ends March 31. Tho cost of food has risen, due In part at least to Germany's greater submarine activity than even before "ruthlessnesa began." at the rate of $950,000 n day and munitions cost more. Asked whether the Kntonte could bear the burden of winning the war despite these great expenditures Bonar Law said he had every confidence In the fu ture and that tho new loan of $2,750, 000,000, called the "victory loan," would be a success. Tho number of uppllca tions and the amount applied for by the geiicinl public are greater than ever be fore, he said. Debt May Bench ir.r.nn,ooo,too. The Chancellor raid the total expendi ture since the beginning of the war was $21,000,000,000. At ill" end of the cur rent ear tho natloiml debt would stand between $19,OUO,O00.l"ii) and $1,50(1,- 000.000. Advances to allies and domin loiis would be approximately $1,050,000,- 000. The Chancellor pointed out that the total votes of credit for the rurrent financial sear would amount to $0,750 000,000. Ho said that was In excess of 1 1 io estimate of Iteciuald MeKcuna, Chancellor of the Exchequer under the Asqulth government, nnd that the III' cie.'ise was due to additional expend! turcr for munitions and advances to tho allies and dominions. There also had been an Increase tn expenditures for the army, but It was proportionate with the Increai-e In the number of troops, tho army being fourteen times as large as when tho war Wgan. The amounts asked for, Mr. Bonar Law said, would enable the Ooi eminent to meet expenses until tho end of May. On the last vote of credit there had been an unexpected balance of J 3S0.000.000. "We have a superiority not only In men but In equipment." said the Chan cellor. He asserted that tho increase in the production of munitions was going on all the time, being as marked now as at any previous period. The smallest Increase In any kind of shell, as com pared with the average for tho first yeir of war, was twenty-eight times that out put. Dominion Financing Ton. In giving the pi-ogrei-she Increases In the daily expenditure for the five periods of the war, corresponding with the five notes ot credit, Mr, Bonar Law explained that the dally expenditure In the last sixty-three dajs was $28,950,000. This Increase, he slid, waa not due to recent advances to tho Allies and Groat Brit ain's dominions, for tho dominions were now beginning largely to finance them selves, but to the cost of munitions and I to the increased cost ot food, I Mr. Bnnar law sa Id llio country had I a difficult road fronting It an a nation and that It plight still have greater sacrl- j flees to bear, but that mere woum no no drawing back. Great Britain would be able to stand the financial Mraln longer than her enemies, and It would not bo on that account that Great Britain would be forced to mako a disastrous peace. BegliiHtd McKenna, who was Chan cellor of ttie llxchcqucr In the Asqulth Ministry, said that never before had vuch a largo credit been asked at tne negin nlng of a session, nnd that the Govern ment must either be Intending to prevent Parliament from reviewing the expendi ture during the coming months or else the money thus provided should tide the country over a possible Parliamentary reess or election. Mr. Bonar Law said the question of a general election nau never entered his mind, Mr. McKenna's reference to the pos tliltliv of a eenernl election provoked much lobby gossip, onsen on me iaci that the life of the present Parliament.. expires at the end of April and the now j vote would give tne uovernmeni onougn j money to carry on tho war till after a i-enernl election If It became necessary. ' The opinion was, however, tli.it tho Government wouin as iur n rn-n-i.i of the life of the existing Parliament. GERMANS JUSTIFY. BLOCKADE DECREE Assert. They Follow Method of British in Sinkinpr With out Warning. Berlin, by wireless, Keb. 12. "Tor pedoed Without Warning." Under tills headline the .Vorddcufscne .Uflemcfiie Zrllunp says: "When the Hnglish Government in the fourth month of the war that Is, No. vember 3, 1014 declared the whole. North Sea a military area, and thus put Into practice an absolutely new principle with respect to nea war .ones. It th'ti expressly warned all neutral ships, "mer chantmen of all kinds, merchantmen from all districts, fishing essels nnd other ships,' against entering the pro scribed zone, as they would be exposed to great danger from Kngllsh mines ntn! Kngllsh men-of-war. "Tlie German declaration with respect to the barred zone, on February 1, which followed the Knglisli declaration, an nounced exactly the same thing nnd pointed out that neutral ships entering this zone would do i-o at their own risk, exactly ns had already been set forth January 15, 1915, In a letter by an Kng llsh Minister to the Dutch Mlnlt-ters 'vessels may do so at their own risk. "The German sea forces have thus never torpodocd without warning, since the sinking of all ships without previous particular warning occurred in a war district which had been declared as dan gerous. The same cannot be said nf llngland, since British dubmnrlncs re peatedly have attacked and sunk steam ers by torpedoes outside the sea war district and without warning." The paper then given tho list of vs seUi alleged to have been sunk by the British, as given out by the German Sec retary of Foreign Affairs early last De cember, and some alleged to have been sunk under similar conditions in the Mediterranean. Polncarr Sends StlHmnn Thank, j Paris, Feb. 12. The contribution oi ' 1,000,000 francs made lat month . through the French Ambassador nt I Washington by James Stlllman of New ; York for the nr-slstance of children of t members of the Legion ot Honor, who : have lost or may lose their lives in the j service of 1'ranco during the war lias ( been received by President Polncarr, who j turned It over to Gen. Florentine, Grand j Chancellor of the Legion. The President ' sent his thanks to Mr. Stillman. I imiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiih Mayor Seises Coal Cars, East I.ivkiipool, Ohio, Feb. With the city facing a coal famine, following lu tho wake of a blizzard, Mayor W. F, Orr seized four .arloads of coal which were stai'dlng on a Cleveland & Pitts buig rtallro.'id Mdlng and notified coal dealeis that he mm ready to distribute the mine for local consumption. The coal win he ,ld and tho Mayor will hold the money obtained for whoever rlnlmn ownership uf the roiilis'ated ptoduct. (bayerH Pocket Boxes of 12 Bottle of 24 Bottles of 100 Aspirin is made by only one company. Counterfeits and substitutes may be in effective, and even dangerous. For your protection be sure to aslc for. and to see that you get only Then only are you sure that you have the genuine Aspirin. Every package and every tablet is marked with The Bayer Cross Your Guarantee of Purity" Tba Usde.tnrk "Aspirin" (Reg, U. 8. Pat Office) Is a guarantee that the monoaceticacidcster of allcylicacid In UuN tablets is of the reliable Bayer manufacture. "Tlie King's Binding A Royal Book in fact as well as in name ONE of th? most beautiful books ever bound between covers is the new Encyclopaedia Britannica in "the King's Bind ing." This is truly a superb example of craftsmanship called "the King's Binding" because the binding (designed by the great binder, Zaehancsdorf of London) was selected by George V, King of England, for the set of the new Britannica which is now in His Majesty's personal library in Buckingham Palace. And it also was the choice of other monarchs who own the Britannica the Czar of Russia, the German Emperor, the King of Spain and the Emperor of Japan. A set of the new Britannica in "the King's Binding" is also owned by President Poincarc, of France; Lord Bryce, ex-President Taft and by eight other Ameri cans who delight in fine bindings as well as good books. This magnificent binding is limited to 30 sets and only 14 sets remain unsold. The binding, which reflects the personal choice of King George the Fifth, is a magnificent three-quarters crushed French Levant of a rich dark green, with lighter green silk cloth sides. Each of the 29 volumes is hand-bound and hand-tooled, inlaid with gold leaf. The upper right-hand corner of each column is embellished with the King's heraldic design in gold. (In the case of other owners, of course, their own heraldic design or monogram ornaments this corner, following an English custom which began about 1461, in the reign of Edward IV.) An interesting incident which led to the suggestion of "the King's Binding" is revealed in the Britannica article on "Knight hood," which is illustrated with five full-page, 23-color plates of insignia of some of the principal orders of knighthood. These plates were especially drawn for the Britannica from the insignia which belonged to King Edward VII, and their arrangement in the Britannica is "in accordance with His Majesty's wishes and com mand." Naturally, the cost of "the King's Binding" is very much higher than the regular Cambridge Issue; but, considering the superb craftsmanship, the price is exceedingly reasonable. The few remaining sets of this very limited issue arc offered at $445 cash (for the entire 29 volumes), or you can obtain a set for a first pay ment of $25 and eighteen monthly payments of the same amount. This price includes any coat of arms or monogram which may be desired as an upper-corner embellishment of each volume. In every respect (except for the royal insignia) these few re maining sets of "the King's Binding" arc like the original in Buck ingham Palace. To own this magnificent set is to possess a most beautiful specimen cf modern -period bookbinding, as well as to have available the Britannica 's vast fund of knowledge. If you are interested in having the new Britannica in this splendid binding, we shall be glad to show you a volume of "the King's Binding," sending it either to your home or office. To those who admire rich book covers but are not inclined to the luxury of the royal binding, and yet desire the Britannica" for constant use, the Britannica bound in full morocco is unusually attractive. The leather is a rich dark red, from selected skins of South African goat; each volume artistically tooled in gold. This set sells for $267.50 cash, or it may be purchased for a first payment cf $5 and 57 monthly payments of $5 each. Another beautiful binding is the full limp suede, which sells for $255.25 cash for the entire twenty-nine volumes, or for a first payment of $5 and 54 monthly payments of the same amount. (A very original bookcase is included.) Both of these sets are very limited in quantity and, when the remaining sets are sold, no more can be offered. Like "the King's Binding," they are printed on the famous India paper and from the same plates. No more of the handsome dark green sheepskin sets are to be bed. Of the unbound sets originally set aside to be bound in sheep, some 800 were left when we discovered that not a single skin of this popular leather was procurable. Recently, however, we obtained a small quantity of red morocco skins sufficient to bind 400 sets in three-quarter morocco, and so long as these sets last they will be sold at the same price asked for the sheep $203.25 cash, or $5 first payment and 44 monthly payments of equal amount. Any one who desires the large-size Cambridge issue of the Britannica for what he can get out of it and who is not interested in or cannot afford the costlier bindings, can still obtain a set bound in substantial green cloth. This gives you the complete Britannica, word for word as kings and emperors and presidents own it, and serves every practical purpose for which this great library of facts and information is designed. This sells for $166.75 cash or $3 down and 36 monthly payments of the same amount. But to be sure of obtaining any set of the Cambridge issue, you must act promptly. Sets now on hand will not last long. No tnnrc India paper is available for printing additional sets of the Britan nica, and the war has also made it virtually impossible to get the leather for binding. Full information about the Britannica in the higher-priced Cambridge issue or the popular "Handy Volume" Issue will he sctit on request. The "Handy Volume" Issue is identical with the Cambridge issue in contents, and differs only in size of page, type and price, selling for about 60 less. When you write, say which issue you arc interested in but don't delay. Sets are selling fast, and these arc the last that can be offered printed on India paper. Address: The Encyclopaedia Britannica, 120 West 32nd Street, New York. You can see sets and leave orders at: GIMBEL BROTHERS, CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS 32nd St., Broadway & 33rd St. 597-599 Fifth Ave. HENRY MALKAN, 42 Broadway