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THE WEATHER FORECAST.
Cloudy and "warmer to-day, probably snow flurries; to-morrow fair. Highest temperature yesterday, a4; lowest, zero Detailed weather, mall and marine reports on pace 13. IT SHINES FOP. ALL VOL. LXXXIV. NO. 167. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1917. Copyright. 1917. b the Bun Printing and Publishing A,,octaUon. ONE CENT In Greater New York, I Jersey City unit Xennrk, I KUewhere TWO CKNTS. BERLIN DENIES EFFORT WAS MADE TO A VOID WAR WITH U. 5.; WILSON ACTS TO FORCE LIBERA TION OF YARROWDALE MEN; SITUATION MORE INTOLERABLE; POPE TO BACK UP SPAIN -a, BRITISH FIND U-BOATS FRAIL Hastily Uiiill Xcw Subma rines Also Manned by . Inexperienced 31en. HULLS A l!K VEKY LIMIT Adniir.illv Said o lit; Sinking a Fair Avewjrc of Those Sent Out. Special Cable Heeptifh to Tib Srx London, Ken. 13. Only mcasic details of Great Britain's measure!" of offence ajalnst the ne-v Gorman submarine cam paign have been given otit, but each re port of the rlnklng of a ship brings con firmation of the lepoits that the new undirsca bnMs are vatly Inferior to the olI U-boats. Tho testimony of the ofti ttrs and crews of sunken vessels also Indicates that the latest submerslblcs ire being manned by Inexperienced Hllors. suggesting that Germany Is hard pressed for men capable of handling' the delicate machinery. TSo new submarine, according to the beat evidence, are much lighter than those of the old type, showing evidence of hasty construction. It Is reported that Germany is nuw turning out stand ard submarine parts In various factories, but la assembling these In only one or two shipyards. All the submarine ma chinery has been constructed carefully. but the hulls, and especially the super structures, arc extremely light. Elwood Moore of at, I,ouls, one of three American firemen on the Saxonlan, sunk on February 8. said the submarine which sank the vessel gave no warning but Immediately began to shell the ship on sighting her. While getting Into.one of the boats Wcygard, another Ameri can fireman, was wounded by the shell splinters. Thomas Williams, boatswain, was Injured badly and afterward died. According tt stories told by survivors of' the -Baxonlan another American bc iMes Weygard was shot, and, they add, mortally wounded. The name of the man Is not mentioned. The attack was made at a point fully S50 miles from shore. One boat, con taining twenty-threo men, was afloat for sixty-eight hours before the occupants were picked up. The captain was taken prisoner cn the submarine. Unbroken silence continues to mark the attitude of Admiralty officials toward the submarine campaign, but an air of satisfaction Is apparent. The only state, ment made Is: "We're getting a fair average." U-BOAT FAILURE SEEN. Eur! Cariao Tells Lords Jrlllcoe Has Already Captnrrd Many. London-, Feb. 13. Speaking In the House of Lords to-day Earl Curzon, member of the War Council, said Ad miral Jcllicoc, First Sea. Lord of the Ad miralty, was "not dissatisfied" with the number of German submarines which would never return to Germany. Admiral Karon Bcresford, drawing at tention to the submarlno menace and asking what measures had been taken to meet it, said: "We have lost since the beginning of the war 4,000,000 tons of shipping. That h a fact which the public should know, but It Is not nearly as serious as it ap peals. We have made ud the loss very considerably. Three million tons which lave been lost have been more or less adequately llllcd. Upper Hnnd In Six Weeks. "There Is not the slightest necessity fer panic. We have done remarkably ell and shall do a great deal better in future, but we have harl time in nreoare for It, and It Is to that time that I de- nre to call attention." The country. Baron Bcresford con tlnuea, had been Informed In August, I'll, that the submarine menace was ell in hand. As far as he could gather It was nearer coming to be well In hand jo-day, owing to the new Ideas brought to the Admiralty by men fresh from the sea who had had experience In this novel form of warfare and Its mysteries. In conclusion. Rarnn Tlriifnrtt. while acknowledging the submarine menace aa terlous, said it would not be a fatal menace, and he was confident that In six weeks or so the nation would have the uomanncs really In hand. "Sea Police of the World." The Earl of Lytton. replying for the "umiraiiy, said the Government would be Clad' If It niTA nnsalht In til h Public entirely into Its confidence, but mat would Involve Imparting In. lOlmatlon to the rnemv unrt th Art. nilrally was determined the' Germans 'nould havo that Information hv exnerl. ence and not through questions In Par liament. All the expedients suggested by Baron "toiura were ucinc pressed forward with the utmost energy, together with Jny others, ho continued, even In ad nitlon to those mentioned by Earl Curzon on February 7. Every device that hu man Ingenuity could frame was being employed, "We are the sea nolle nf the whnla or'!1 .nd Germany is playing the role " insnwaymari," declared Lord Lytton. Vte are mnflH.nt that w oi . Mtntlntt. in the future as In the past, not merely o supply our armies at the front with munitions and supplies and carry out our obligations to our allies but also to keep free certain route for neutral commerce and obtain necessary supplied i our own people." Uecreaae But 8 Pes' Cent. Although the new phase of the sub marine W&rfnfA wna Antu m fitnta-ht "Id, Lord Lytton said the counter meas ure" put Into effect already had achieved "tj- roiimuerable success, and Justified Confidence In FItw-tntlrn tnr lh fiKnr Lord Curion adduced a set of figures icn, ne uiserted, showed that the situ ' Cealfaiusd on Second Pag. RYNDAM BACK AFTER FLEEING U-BOAT RISK Finishes Longest Winter Sea Excursion on Record in Fifteen Days. The llolluiid-Amerlca tenmshli Ryn 'iiin. which sailed for Falmouth and Rotterdam on January 28 and when within fourteen hours of Falmouth d- ' elded to return to this port, anchoied off the Ambrose Channel lightship last night. It was originally reported she had re ceived orders from the Ilottcrdnm office not to continue her trip because It would take her within the sea area through which Germany has prohibited neutral ships to go on peril of being sunk with out warning. Later the local office -of the line said the Ityndam's skipper him self had decided to put back. There are twenty Americans among the Ityndam's passengers, but many of the others, bound for Falmouth, are citi zens of the British Isles, and doubtless will be indignant because they were not able to land. The Ryndam has finished the longest winter sea excursion on record, completing it In the very good time of fifteen days. TEUTONIC EMPERORS TOAST EACH OTHER Prussian William and Aus trian Charles Foresee n Very Bright Future. London. Feb. H. Warm felicitations were exchanged by the German iim- peror. and the Austrian Emperor at a re- t I cent dinner In Vienna given In honor of Knvicror William. Emperor Charles In toastlnghls guest referred to the close military and political alliance between the two empire and is quoted by a neu ter despatch from the Atmtrlan capital as saying: "I have at heart the maintenance and careful fostering of this legacy of my deceased predecessor ,and am happy to be able to count on similar feelings on the part of your Majesty. n sorrow and Joy, in war and peace, trustfully united, we will succeed, with the gracious assistance of Mie Almighty, In leading our States toward a happy future. I drink to the health of your Majesty, my true friend and ally." The German Emperor In replying ex pressed his warm thanks nnd said: "It was lor me an ODiigauon or me heart to repay at the earliest possible moment the visit your Majesty pam me at headquarters, and I assure your Majesty again on this occasion ot my true and unaltcrablo rrlcnosnip. in mis friendship I see a clear expression of the close alliance between Austria-Hun gary and Germany, which is still more firmly cemented In our common fight. It tills me with lively satisfaction to Know that it Is your Majesty s desire, in tnc sense of the late Francis Joseph, to fos ter in the future our alliance. In the solution of this task your Majesty can always reckon my loyal cooperation. "God grant that soon again a iter mis serious and great time the blessings of an assured peace win, tan upon our countries, united by firm and trustful bonds, and that they will enjoy a happy future." WOODS WILL TRAIN EMERGENCY POLICE -r.. i J J Wu;a Twelve Hundred on Watting List to Be Drilled and Held in Readiness. In line with his nollcy of getting ready for anvthlnar that might happen In the event of hostilities with Germany, Tollce Commissioner Woods sent notices yester day to 1,250 men who have applied through the Civil Service Commission for appointment as patrolmen but have not yet passed the examination to as semble at various 'places last night. Those residing in Richmond. Queens and In Manhattan south of Forty-seconu street were ordered to report at Police Headnuarters. those In Manhattan north of Forty-second street at the Olympic Club In Harlem, those In Hie Bronx at the Bronx Board of Trade at 137th street and Third avenue and tnose in arooK lyn at Prospect HalL About nine hundred men responded to the call. They .were addressed by police lnsnectors. who told them that while the Commissioner had no power to offer them permanent employment ne nas authority under the Charter to swear them In as special or emergency poiiw men should conditions arise with which the regular force Is unable to cope. The men were given instruction in me ruai- mtntu of drllllnr and were oracrea iu report for further Instruction at regular nriniia. At Headquarters last night it was said that, the Commissioner liitehds to train the men for police and riot work as far as possible, and that in case of nrfsltv they will De sworn in as emergency policemen. CHINESE SPLIT OVER BREAK. Older 3MUiarr Would Avoid It Yean Party In Favor. SrtcM Cable Dtipatch to In Sen from the London Tlmti. London, Feb. It. The Times prints the following special despatch from Pekln under date of February 9 : When President Wilson's invitation to China to sever relations with aermany was received here It created excitement A deputation of the older military men urged the Prime Minister to refrain from action tor fear of German retribu tion in the future, but the revolutionary military leaders and the leaders or the Young China party venemcntiy aavo cited tho opposite course. The balance was turned by the view of the better Informed officials who ro rard the present as en opportunity un likely to recur for China to associate herself with the other neutral Powers and obtain a place In the peace confer ence. NO RECEDING IN RUTHLESSNESS Germans Dismiss Idea ot j Further Parley or Ex- change of Notes. THE AT Y INQUIRY BASIS .Spanish Ambassador Takes Over Deserted U. S. Embassy. By Aeiociated Prett. Berlin, via London. Feb. 13. It Is absolutely denied here that Germany In a note to the United States, or through any other medium. Is Inviting sugges tions for the avoidance of actual war. It Is reiterated that the Imperial Gov ernment Is not permitting doubts In any quarter regarding the position ac tively assumed In the U-boat warfare, and that there can be no talk or thought of recession from the programme al ready being carried out. In view of this It is declared in au thoritative circles that any further par Icy or exchange of notes with the United States may be dismissed as unwar ranted and Improbable. The origin of the report is ascribed , to the recent announcement made I through the Swiss Government that Germany was willing to negotiate re- ' , - J . ... , ,-AA Pml ) l,n , . ',",,,. Tin VtulMtncr fnrmerlv ncounied bv the Amcrcnn Kmbassy was almost deserted nhen I,. Polo de Bernabe, the Spanish Ambassador, arrived yesterday to take nv.r rpnrfsint&t!on of American Inter ests in Germany. The Ambassador will retain part of the former clerical force familiar with the routine. Gil de Gado has been Installed as personal repre sentative of the Spanish Ambassador, who in addition to assuming the care of American Interests Is burdened with the affairs of eight belligerent natlons. Tho upper half of the building Is oc cupied by the Dutch Government, which is representing Great Britain here. The American Consulate-General In Berlin was closed yesterday. The Vice-Consul has been transferred to uoiteraam. DAYS OF GRACE GONE. U-Boats Xavr Footloose U. 9. l-'relajtaters Caatr Senaatlon. London, Feb. 13. With regard to the denial or the statement that Germany was seeking to convey to the United States her willingness to refrain from applvlng th declaration of January 31 to the shipping of that country- In the hope of maintaining peace with the United States, the German newspapers, according to a despatch from Copen hagen to the Exchange Telegraph Com pany, say that Switzerland, at the re quest of Germany, asked the United States Government whether It still ac cepted the American-Prussian agreement of 1799, according to which treaty Ger man subjects in the United States and American cltlrens In Germany should be allowed to roturn to their respective countries. It was merely this request to Wash ington, say the German newspapers, that gave rise to rumors of further peace ne- j gotlatlons. All periods of grace for neutral snips entering the zones announced as pro- hhted y Germany nave now expired according to a Berlin official statement ecelvrd -at Amsterdam. The statement says that Immunity ceased In respect to the Atlantic and Knglisn cnannei zones on the night of February 12, for the North Sea zone on February 6 and for the Mediterranean zone on February 10. It continues : From now on,, therefore. In all pro hlblted zones the warning which has been Issued Is In full force and ship ping can no longer expect Individual warning. Vessels which enter the pro hibited areas do so with a full knowl edge of the dangers threatening them and their crews. It is expressly stated that "all news spread from enemy sources about any torpedoing of neu tral ships without previous warning, before the dates mentioned for the various prohibited areas, is Incorrect. The periods of grace mentioned were also In force for enemy passenger ves sels because It was possible that they were carrying neutral passengers who were perhaps Ignorant of the new blockade regulations. "President Wilson wishes to make an attempt to break the German blockade; the American Government must be re sponsible for what happens," says the Berlin Wualscho Zeitung In commenting on the report that two American raer chant vessels had left for the blockaded zone, according to the Exchange Tele graph Company's Copenhagen cor respondent. The correspondent reports that the announcement of the vessels' departure had caused a pronounced sensation in Berlin. The American vessels referred to doubtless are the unarmed freight steam ers Orleans and Ilochester. which sailed from New York for Bordeaux on Satur day, BREAK SHOCKED BERLIN. Germans Believed President "Wil son Feared to Sever nelatlons. Bv th Unites. Free: Bxune, Switzerland, Feb. 13. Both the German officials nnd the public were ex ceedlngly surprised but not greatly alarmed by the severance ot relations by President Wilson. Their surprise was due to the fact that they had been led to believe Presi dent Wilson would not dare to take the step for fear of a German-American up rising In the United States. Their lack of apprehension was because the German people, from Field Marshal von Illnden- burg down, do not believe that me en Continued on Second Pog. Losses of Shipping Since February 1 Losses of shipping of the Allies and of neutrals since February . when the German unrestricted submarine warfare commenced, have been as fol lows: Ships reported sunk yes terday 4 Total tonnage reported sunk yesterday 14,146 Total known tonnage previously sunk 179.040 Total known tonnage sunk since Feb. 1 193,186 Ships stink since February 1 : American 1 Other ..eutrals 33 British 51 Other belligerents 7 Total ships sunk 92 U-BOATS SINK 4 MORE SHIPS White Star Liner Afrie, 11,999 Tons, Sent to Bottom; 17 Missing. London, Feb. IS. Announcement or the sinking of four more vessels by Ger man submarines was made by Lloyd's to-day. This brings the total of ships destroyed since the Initiation of the un restricted undersea campaign twelve days ago to ninety-two. Three of the craft reported sunk to day were British, and a Norwegian mo- i torboat was the other victim. The largest of the ships dcstro ed was the White Star liner Afrlc, or 11.999 tons. Some of the men of her crew were landed, but the latest reports say seven teen are missing. The Afrlc was engaged In the Admiralty service. Before the start of the war she operated between Liverpool, Cape Town and Australian ports In freight and passenger service. She was last officially reported leaving Cape Town on December 3. Sho had ac commodations for about 000 passengers. Tho Afrlc was built nt Belfast in 1S99. The pilot nnd 144 of the Afrlc's crew have been landed. Another victim was the British steamer Foreland of 1,960 tons gross. She was built at Sunderland in 1914 and was owned In Lcrtidon. The British brigantlne Ada, Lloyd's reports, was sunk by gun Are without warning. She was of 187 tons gross and was built at Prlnco Edward Island in 187I. The entire crew of the Norwegian motor boat West, the fourth vessel In the day s list, was landed. U-BOATS SINK TEN SHIPS. Overscan 'etr AKrncr Annoaiiem Total for Febrnnry 1-. Berlin, via wireless. Feb. 13. Amons the Items given out for publication to day by tho Overseas News Agency was tho following concerning Germany's sub marine warfare: "Among ten steamers reported Feb ruary 12 as having been sunk was one English grain steamer of about 7,500 gross tons, three large freight steamers, armed, and one unarmed English freight steamer of 3,500 tons. "According to reports now received from German submarines they have sunk one English Bteamer. name unknown, of about 300 ton., with a cargo of pl; Iron and grenades; tho French bark Hoc- land, 305 ton, with salt and wine; tho French sailing ships Connantc nnd Salnte Marie, with co.il for France ; one steamer with hidden lights of about 4,000 tons gross; the Hussian steamer Orcra, with 5,000 tons of coal for tho French Ad miralty, and seven steamers and threo sailing ships, which together aggre gated 22,000 tons." Reports from Lloyd's and other sources February 12 announced that day tho sinking of four British steamers and one Greek steamer of an aggregato ton nage of 8,381. Avallablo Hhlpplng rec ords do not contain the French ships Hoeland or Salnte Marie. The Conflantc was a vessel of eighty-three tons grons. The Russian steamer Cerora was re ported as "believed" to have been sunk February 6. TROOP MOVEMENTS BEGUN IN GERMANY Entire Suspension of Passen ger Train Traffic Is Ex pected After Feb. 20. Copenhagen, via London, Feb. 14. The army movements In Germany pre llmlnary to the r.prlng campaign are now in full swing. Tho movements of the troop trains nnd tho requirements In cars for the transportation of regiments to the places nelected for tho new con centrations nrc responsible far moro than the coal shortage for restrictions upon orainury truiuc According to rumors current in Berlin last week before the Associated Press correspondent left there, nn entiro bus pension of passenger traffic after Feb ruary 20 was contemplated for n period of maximum Intensity in troop transfers. Theeo and other nlgns would Indicate that the German lenders expect tho onen Iihj ot the 1917 campaign quite as. early as In the previous year, which began at Verdun February zo. The start of the ruthless submarine campaign at the particular tinte selected was connected with the expected early inauguration of the spring campaign, so a German military man told the Asso. elated Press correspondent during a dls cuaslon of tho diftlcultles with tho United States. COMPAIITMKNT OARS FOR HAVANA. unix 99 avura via, Atlantic lubii t.ine. 4 trains amy. mill war. Tai.Maa.Ba.mil MANY TO WATCH BERNSTORFF GO Secret Service and Poliec to Guard Ex-Envoy's Sail ing To-day. KSCOUT TO' HIGH SEAS Train Lcnving Capital Soon After Midnight Scaled for Entire Trip. Count von Bernstorff, with his per sonal and official family a party num bering 149 Germans will depart for Copenhagen this afternoon on the Scan dinavian liner Frederlk VIII. From tho moment of their departure from Washington early this morning un til the vessel' Is outside the threo mile limit and headed for Halifax they will bo the object of extraordinary rneasures of protection and courtesy devised by the United States Government cooperat ing with the New York and New Jersey police nnd railroad and steamsnlp otll dais. The Frederlk VIII. Is scheduled to leave Hoboken at 2 P. M. Her load of passengers will be the heaviest she has ever carried. Po many persons have bought tickets to avail themselves of this opportunity of crossing the Atlantic without fear of danger except from tho elements or the possibility of collision with a stray mine that tho first and sec ond cabins have been merged to accom modate them. In other words there will bo no second cabin only first and third. There will be about 650 passengers. In cluding 400 travelling (Trst class and 250 third class. .Vrssel Short of Coal. Until early last evening It was feared that the Frederlk VIII. might be unable to sail on schedule time. 2 o'clock, this afternoon, on account of a shortage of coal. She needed S50 tons, or nearly one-quarter of her regular supply. At S o clock Inst night, however, tho de la3'ed barges drew alongside with the full number of tons and 350 coal passers were put at work hauling it aboard. It Is believed the whole supply will be taken on In time, but cen If this is not done the stenmer will sail on schedule and complete her coaling at Halifax. Tho only possibility of delay now lies In tho strict examination of all passports which has been ordered and which may hold up passengers. The special train bringing tho Von Bernstorff party from Washington over the Pennsylvania Railroad will be Rivltclicd at New Jersey Junction to the tracks of tho West Shore, taken through the Weehawkcn yards of the Erie and thence over the Hoboken Shore Road, a freight line to Fourteenth and Hudson streets, Hoboken. Thcro the travellers will leave the train to go to the pier by automobile. Train Uuarded and Sealed. William J. Flynn. chief of tho United States secret service. Is on tho train with soveral of his picked men, all armed. The train Is scaled and will mako no stops until It gets to New Jer sey Junction. Thcro It will be guarded by New Jersey police and the secret service. In Hoboken It will bo literally surrounded by men of the secret service, the port neutrality squad, Increased ny forty for this occasion, and by plain clothes and uniformed police, who will convoy the party to tho steamship and a largo detail of whom will stay aboard the ship until the moment of departure. No threats have been made, no trouble of any kind Is expected, but no chances are being taken. Tho exit or a foreign Ambassador under such circumstances Is unprecedented. All the Governments concerned have given their pledges of ssfo conduct for tho Germans, and Uncle Sam Is conducting himself so that what ever happens no one can say that he didn't speed tho parting guest with every appropriate courtesy nnd precaution. Last night Commissioner Woods sent the police boat Patrol to Hoboken to noso around the Frederlk VIII. until morning, when other police, as well as coast guard craft, will Join It. Tho Pa- trol was there to see that no one boarded or damaged tho vessel or put anything aboard from the North River. On and around tho pier nnd on the ship itself 150 men of the. neutrality squad were alert. Dudley Field Malonc, Collector of tho Port and chief of tho neutrality squad, spout the night on tho Frederlk VIII., as he nnd Chief Flynn nre re sponsible for the safety arrangements. On the pier, 160 feet from tho main gangplank, a barrier fence has been erected by orders from Washington. Pas sengers with tho special credentials re quired may pbbs this barrier. Every body else must stay back except those bearing cards Initialled by Mr. Malonc, and no one can get a card unless ho has been sent for from tho ship or within tho barrier by a member of tho Von Bernstorff party, and then only when tho request has been made through an authorized United States agent. I'nrewelU Ootsldr the Fence. Relatives and friends of passengers not. in the Von Bernstorff party will have to say their good-bys outsldo tho fence, for It's Government orders that they cannot get noar the ship. This In Itself Is extraordinary, for usually a ves sel Is overrun with slay at homes until a few minutes before sailing. But this time evon newspaper reporters with police cards and customs passes may he excluded, Count von Bernstorff nnd Chief Flynn were to settle this point on the Journey from Washington. It Is generally believed that the departing Amnassaaor' win mime some sort or a statement for tho American public be rore ho leaves. If the ship gets away on time Count and Countess von Bernstorff und their party. Including many German Consuls and their families, as well as the entire embassy staff, will havo spent more Uian seven hours aboard her. They Continued on Second Page, Count Von Bernstorffs Farewell to U. S N leaving the United States, after a stay of eight ycars I 1 wish to extend to my many personal friends my heart felt thanks for the great kindness and cordial hospitality which has been shown me. "My heart is full of gratitude to those whose personal friendship never wavered during the trying years of the war. In the last few days I have received so many cordial farewell messages that it is impossible for me to express my thanks for them individually. "Countess von Bernatorff joins me in this expression of our deepest personal gratitude. "I hope that war may be averted and that the old friendly relations between the United States and Germany will soon be restored." From interview with ex-German Ambassador on his final departure from Washington. SPAIN'S ENTRY IN WAR WEARING Pope to Approve Intervention if Submarine Campaign Isn't Modified. Special Cable Detpatch to TnB Scv. London, Feb. 13. Spain's Interven tion In the war otf the side of the En tente Allies Is considered probable. The Pope Is still trying to Induce Ucrmany to modify Its submarine warfare plans and has told tho Spanish King that If his effort Is unsuccessful he will an nounce to the world that ho approves Spain's entry on the ground of self-defence. The Kaiser has been warned that If Spain Intervenes hlmllar action on the part of all the other European neutrals will follow. It Is expected the Pontiff's condemnation of tho submnrlnc cam paign measures will have a profound ef fect in South America also. A despatch from Madrid via Paris says that during a spirited debate on the economic situation to-day Count Alvaro do itomanoncs, the Premier, announced In the Chamber or Deputies that the Cabinet was willing to resign If Its critics believed another could do better. Senor Antonio Maura, lender of the Conservatives, said that at the tlmo ot the last Cabinet crisis tho present Gov ernment lacked vigor and cohesion. He also asserteil that King Alfonso did not enjoy full liberty of action. To this Count Romanoncs replied that the King had complete liberty to act. Ho added that tho Ministers would re sign If advisahle. SUSPICION IN BRAZIL. nr. Mnllrr AttnpUrd In Connection With Aotc to Grrmany. Rio Janeiro, Feb. 13. Deputy Me delros bitterly attacks Dr. Lauro Muller, tho Brazilian Foreign Secretary, In an nrtlclo in A .Volfe in connection with the Brazilian nnto to Germany, which ho terms a terrlblo deception. According to Senhor Medclros, tho praise given the note In the French press Is merely a manifestation of politeness. The article continues: "Dr. I-iuro Muller ought not to Ignore tho terrible suspicion which surrounds him on account of his origin nnd his political Interests. The actual nolo did not dissipate the nightmare und now, when Dr. Muller discovers In it h de cisive energy, he Is only reenforclng tho belief that It s Impossible for lilm to do anything against Germany." Alluding to tho possible candidacy of tho Foreign Secretary for tho Presidency, Senhor Mcdelros says: "When Dr. Muller will havo proven that. In spite of the ap peals of his ancestry, he can dissipate the suspicions which surround him, he will havo won no great a victory over l.unn'lf Hint nobody will dare to dispute his light to aspire to the highest post In tho lepublle, of which he will bo then absnliitrh- worthy. Acts are now In dlsvens.ible, not words. The noto Is at this moment a document without definite value. To-morrow It will bo excellent or detestable, according to the acts which follow it." SWISS PLAN EXPORTS. Bern, Switzerland, Feb. 13. The Swiss Government Is working on a ldnn to organize nnd centralize exportation by Government aid. It will endeavor to ex port to the United States by way of Rotterdam through Its own forwarding agency, doing Its own chartering or using Government owned vessels. Swiss Interests are planning to cstab- iisn an export bank. 66 AMERICANS TO SAILONESPAGNE Delayed French Liner Ex pected to Leave for Bor deaux Before Daylight. The French liner Espagne. which was to nave departed last night for Bordeaux after having been held up threo day.s by coal shortage, may get off beforo break fast this morning. Ice In tho French line ship hampered tho coaling. Chilled longshoremen received a dollar an hour ror expediting the loading or the Espngno and the coalers got doubled wages. They were working energetically last night, and the officials ot tho lino felt sure the Espagne would leave, maybe, before sunrise. In the ninety-five first cabin and fif teen second cabin passengers who went aboard the Espagne last night nro slx-ty-slx Americans, nearly all ot whom are volunteers for the American Ambu lance In Frnnce, Other voyagers aro Baron Jacques de Ncutllze, representa tive here of the Bank of Franco; Dr. Hello Lobo, secretary of the President of Brazil, going to Franco on a spoclal mission; Mrs. Bewail, sister of Mrs, Philip Lydlg; Philip Ortiz, who hnsbeen here for a syndicate ot Parle dressmak ,era, und Lieut. Nygaard, aviator. ROSE BY VIENNA TO AVOID BREAK Austrian Submarines to Fly German Flag Outsido Adri atic, Rome Bcports. Special Cable DetpatcK to Tns Scn. Rome, Feb. 13. It Is reported In dip lomatic circles' that the Austro-Hun-garlan Government is striving to avert a rupture with the United States and that in pursuance of Its determination has ordered its submarlno commanders to fly tho German flag outside the Adri atic. Tho Adriatic is already blockaded ef fectively, and Italy has closed it to neutral shipping. SUBMARINE SUNK. nrltlah Steamer Oxonian Claims Victory Over Austrian Boat. Newport News, Va., Feb. 13. Mem bers of the crew of the British steamer Oxonian brought into port to-day a story that tho Oxonian sunk by gun fire an Austrian submarine which attacked her In tho Mediterranean December 28. They mild some of tho men on tho sub marine were saved by n French natrol boat, but that several were probably lost. i(riti-li naval cunners aboanl tho Ox onian, tho men said, opened up on tho suomarlno after n torpedo, launched at the steamer without wanting, bad passed Close to ner stern. According to the story the f-econd shot from the Oxonian's 4.7 inch grin, mounted aft. Ktruck the Mibmerslble squarely In tho mlddlo nnd crumpiea tier up. The French natrol 1k.-u came up in response to S O S calls nent out by the Oxonian, and tho steamer continued on her way. TO LIST ALIEN GERMANS. mil at Albany tVonld Make This IteaiMrntlon Mandatory, Albant, Feb. 13. Every unnatural ized German in this State must register his name, the nature of his business nnd tho length ot time he contemplates spend ing in this country, under the terms of a bill Introduced to-day by Assemblyman S. M. Meyer, Republican, of New York city. The bill empowers tho Governor to di rect by proclamation the registration and filing of this Information with any public authority the Governor ee tit to desig nate for this purpose. Tho measure also requires hotel, boarding and rooming house proprietors to furnish the names of German aliens upon the Issuance of such proclamation. A penalty of Jl.ooo and a year's Imprisonment Is prescribed for failure to comply with suchi direc tion. AERIAL TORPEDOES WOUND AMERICANS Foreign Legion Correspondent of "The Sun" One of Several Hurt in Trenches. Special Cable Deepatch to Tns Sc.v. Paris, Feb. 13. H. Chatkoff, The Sun's correspondent with the Foreign Legion, writes that the position of his company, In which nre severnl Amer icans, was the target for a violent bom bardment of pas torpedoes and explosive torpedoes recently, Ono hundred and fifty missiles were showered on the trenches on the afternoon of February 4, 450 on February 5 and 600 on Feb ruary fi. On the third day Chatkoff was sent to n hospital. A shell had burst near him. causing a slight wound. In the hosnltal he found Arthur Barry of Chicago, who had received fragments of n shell In his forehead. Harry l suffering from shock, but Is not 111 n dangerous condition. A torpedo had exploded in the dugout In habited by his section. S. F. Arty, a Pennsylvanlan, whose brother formerly was a West Point cadet. Is In the same hospital suffering from a severe shock received when the torpedo exploded In the dugout and tore threo of his companions to shreds, Barry pulled Arty out of the dugout. BRITAIN TO BE PREFERENTIAL. Ileeominendntlon of Imprrlnl Trade Policy When War Ends. London, Feb. 14 (Wednesday). The Times says It understands that tho com mittee appointed by Premier Asqulth last summer to consider Orent Britain's commercial and Industrial policy after the war has made a preliminary report to the Government unanimously recom mending imperial preference as tho foundation for tho British economic world policy of the future, . The rimrs adds that tli committee Is so Influential nnd reprtsontatlvo. includ. Ing men of every school of political and economic thought, that acceptance of its recommendation la virtually assured. Inquiry Sent to Berlin Fore casts More Vigorous Step if Necessary. CABINET DISCUSSES PLANS FOR TWO IIOUES Bill of Particulars Drawn Up in Indictment of Kaiser. LANSING GETS NEWS OF NEW AFFRONTS Merchant Ships in New, York Inspected With View; to Arming; Them. Washinoton, Feb. 13. An inquiry concerning tho redctcntion by Ger many of the seventy-two American seamen brought in by the prize ship Yarrowdalo was despatched to Berlin to-day by tho United States Govern ment preliminary to moro vigorous ac tion if tho men aro not promptly re leased. Tho plight of these sailors occupied much ot the time at to-day's Cabinet meeting given over to tho crisis grow ing out of Germany's submarine war fare. It wns agreed that their liberty again should bo demanded in most em phatic fashion. Pending complete reports as to the treatment of German crews on war bound ships in the Philippines, Hawaii and elsewhere, however, tho Govern ment will content itself with the In quiry as to why the Americana are held and under what conditions. Relations between tho United States and Germany ore rapidly becoming more and moro Intolerable to President Wil son and his Cabinet advisers. The grow ing bill of particulars which tho Presi dent will frankly place before tho Amer ican people when tho hourly expected overt net forces him to mako his indict ment before Congress and ask for power to protect American rights was discussed at length by tho Cabinet to-day. It H now said to bo possible, If not probable, that tho final rupture may come even In advance of the sinking of an American ship or tho sacrifice of American lives In tho war zone. Bill of I'nrdculnr. This bill of particulars Is as follows: Detention of Americans ns prisoner of war In tlmo of peace. Threat to detain Americans In Ger many unless United States not only reaffirms tho provisions of the treaty of 17DU-1S2S, lull Hpjirove.H of certain new clauses, virtually constituting a new treaty, which would havo to be ratified by tho Senate. Tho treatment of Ambassador Ge rard und Ills party In Germany follow ing the rupture of relations. Tho accumulative cases of attacks on vessels bearing Americans In the war zone. Virtual bloekado of American ports. Tho new complications which threaten to assume a perlous ajiect and which Indicate to miu. that Germany is delib erately farcins- malleis to ttio point of an open chit-h are tho announced deter mination of Germany to hold tho seven-t-two American Milium brought In on tho prize tdilp Ym row dale as prisoners nf war until definite assurances aie re ceived tint German crews In American harbors would not bo hold or Imprisoned, and the further app.uent determination of Berlin to forco this Government to sign a revised edition of the treaty of 1709-1828 as the jirlce for obtaining per mission for Americans in Germany to leavo tho country. Official Ire Arnnsed. Both of these virtual German demands have aroused tho Ire and offended the dignity of the Administration. The President admittedly Is going to great lengths to give Germany tho benefit of every doubt to whether or not Ber lin's apparent aggressiveness Is deliber ately planned or based on mlilnforma tlon concerning conditions confronting Germans In this country. The right of tho United States to demand that Ameri cans bo rermltteil to leave Germany is nhsolute, the President contend, and not baaed on any subsequent agreements which may bo reached. Secretary lanslng, when ho arrived at the White Houso for the Cabinet meet ing, had in addition to the i threats concerning tho Yarrowdale sail ors and American residents In Berlin a ii-iuiiiii m-cuum ot inn lnillgmtles suf fered hv Mr llnrnnl li, 1I..-II.. - ' J ,,, villi, , i, earner official news from tho German Foreign viiivu m.ti uiu xumnariiio niooKauo was HOW tfl 1m miruilo.l ti-ltlmnl 1...II..I.1....1 - .....v.. ,.i'i,i iiiuiviuuat warnings to neutral ships, on the ground moi uitr iiiiiii mini mr sparing neutral vesnAlM V:,1 nae.ad ',,.! .... . I .... . . .w ii uuui iivuti ac count of tho Litest U-boat achievement, mo uiuti-it on mo wiiuu star steamer Afrlc. Tho meeting of the Cabinet lasted moro than two hours and was character ized. It was learned, by discussion de voted exclusively to matters pertaining to the ucute situation between tlte Ger man and United Stales Governments. Opinion among the Cabinet nicmbciM was unanimous that tho situation was rapidly going from bad to woise. The hope for staving off n final rupture has dwindled almost to nothing. The only matters upon which there was room left for dlvl- .Inn nf nuliilnn vnr.i ln .1.1.. r. ... ut. . V ,IW , Ullil VfUV eminent ought now to go without waiting iur iiviiimiiy iu (.-uiiwitu!) pioiiuug ny it.i openly aggressive policy, und whether or not tho United States could tuko more ronounccd precautionary measures with, out running the rlk of facilitating Ger many's reported dcslro to placa roupou.