Newspaper Page Text
THE WEATHER FORECAST.
Partly cloudy and colder to-day prob
ably snow; to.-morrow probably snow.
Highest temperature yesterday, 40; lowest, 34.
Dotallcd weather, mall and marina reports on page It.
IT SHINES FOP. ALL
VOL. LXXXIV. NO. 171.
NEW YORK, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY. 18, 1917. Copyright, 1917, by
the Sun Printing and PulllKhtng Association,
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
NOW TO DOUBLE
Onions Within Two Months
Have Shonvn an Advance
of 86,6 Per Cent.
BEANS, CABBAGE AND
SPUDS ABE LUXUBIES
New York Speculator Clears
$500,000 Civil War
Prices of common staple vegetables
potatoes, cabbages and onions have
oared to auch heights In the past two
months that the average housewife Is
new compelled to consider them In the
light of luxuries. They have reached a
point where they are twice as expensive
as In civil wnr times.' Apparently there
are no substitutes for these very neces
ary Items of food all foodstuffs have
been caught In the market swirl of
hlfh prices and the woman who buy'
for her family has to be Ingenious In
deed to figure out how to make a dollar
go where a quarter or a half went be
fore. Comparing wholesale prices of Just
two months ago with the prices of yes
terday. It will be seen that potatoes have
(tone up 100 per cent., and the prlcewas
high then: onions, 366 per cent.; cab
bages, 215'. a per cent.; beans. 300 per
cent.; beets. 100 per cent., and cauli
flowers, 100 per cent.
How the Trices Hart? Soared.
The comparison follows :
retitoes ir.cnnudO. bbl.ts.00ttll.no .00a.0
PMilwt (L.I.I.bM.or bit fl.Kfr S.Crt 4.HV 5.00
Teuton (Mulnr), bbl 9.K6 S.M 4.6 5.00
Bini. green Ws.). bis.. 6.0DUI2.04 l.JOW 3.50
Btiiu, w. bskrt 5.009 W.W X.504j 3."i
Oalsni, old yellow, 100
lb, ., 1t.MH15.0a 5.00B 3.73
Osiom. out red. loo itM...i:.oiMiM.si r..uv 3.73
Ollon, eld white. 100 lta.l!.0ti:. 9. SOW 4.35
Cbbe, Htnl.h seed, ton IlKIt l IW.OOfaK.OO
Csfcbste, bbl SOrtM 7.0ft 3.0OH 3.23
CsHitrc. red, bbl .J 8.00 :.O0r 3.50
Betti. bbl 4.00V 3 00 3.50
Ciollfloitcr (Cel.). hslf
tntr 1.508 2.00 0.758 1.00
Tirolpi. Iiutsbsxs. bbl... 2.5W 3.00 1.73W 2.00
!I(irwrsdllh. 100 bum-bra. 7.00ii S.nO 6.50W 7.50
Timitofs (Hi.), csrrlor. t.50B 3.33 1.50 3.00
TcmttCK'i (Cubs), esrrlcr. l.Mtt 3.00 1.50 3.00
A Washington market merchant who
glimpsed Into the future bought onions
at (2 a bag and hung on to them until
the price reached J14 per 100 pounds.
Then he let go and cleared up 1300,000
by hlB foresight.
He was quoted yesterdayas, .saying
that the supply of vegetables Is so
limited and the demand is so great that
the market Cannot be held In check.
ruber Food Speculators. Basy.
Me Insisted that food speculators arc
not responsible for conditions, but he did
admit that there Is one commission firm
In Norfolk which has a corner on all
potatoes grown In Virginia this year.
This linn contracted for these potatoes
at fl.r.O to S3 per barrel and they are
now letting them go Into the market
a. (9 to $9. SO.
Just a year ago yesterday fresh
withered eggs, known ns "extras," were
ill wholesale, at 23 to 26 cents a
dozen. Yesterday's price for the same
Kradc was from 45 to 46'i cents.
The i beit cold storage eggs cost
from 19 to J0',J cents a dozen on Febru
ary 17, 1916. Tho same kind of refrig
erator eggs brought yesterday In the
wholesale market from 42 to 42V1 cents
a dozen, or four cents less than "fresh
Creamery butter "extras" coBt 54'. 4
cents a pound a year ago. The whole
sale price for the same grade of butter
yesterday was 46 to 46',t cents- per
EDISON ON MOUNTAIN
WORKS ON HIS SECRET
In Seclusion on Eagle Rock
He la Bringing Out New
Device for Navy.
Experiments which aro believed to be
for the United States navy are being
conducted by Thomas A. Kdlson In a
concrete structure at Kagle Hock, on the
summit of Orange Mountain, which
lowers 600 feet above the big Kdlson
Plant at West Orange, X. J. A few
days after the United States broke oft
relations with Germany the Park Com
mission of K.ssex county, which has con
trol of tho mountain property, gavcVlr.
Kdlson permission to use tho building.
Extensive precautions have been
taken to keep secret the nature of Mr.
Edison's activities on the mountain top.
lioads leading to the summit are care
fully guarded, and all exits and en
trances to the concrete structure save
one hae been boarded up. The remain
der entrance Is under guard, and no
person except Mr. Kdlson or a member of
'iu personal stuff Is permitted to ap
1 roach the place.
OHlclals of Mr. Kdlson's company In
MJted yesterday that they do not know
'hit tho electrical wizard Is doing, nor
would they tell how much of his time
Ponds on the mountain' top.
'.Mr IMIsnn Is chairman of the Naval
onmhing Hoard and as surh Is a naval
olli.er" It was said. "What ho Is do
"is for the, navy cannot be divulged,"
SHIPS' PORTS TO BE SECRET,
v Treasury Ilrpnrt nirn t Takes
I'rcenutlon Against L-Hunts.
Wakiiinhto.v. Feb. 17. The practice
"r miking public the destinations utid
manifests of merchant ships leaving
Min-rlLun ports in to be discontinued
during the crisis with Germany.
.No word hh to the port'for which any
ve-ej (.alls or tho cargo she carries
henceforth will be given out by the Gov
rnmeni olllclals who 'grant clearances.
This decision of the Treasury Depart
ment win made effective at once. It
wild to-night. It will apply to every
ynericnn port on tho Atlantic, Gulf and
1 acliio coastH and In tho Island posses
Ions It linn been pointed out that announce
""Hi f,f millings from American ports for
"'"ru in ( Gentian wur sone would-bo
' if eat value If communicated to sub
"xiiltiuj. which would thus be enabled
o lit In wait for their prey.
Columbia Professor Makes
System Available Despite
INVENTION ONLY ONE
OF 3IANY NOTED ONES
Remarkable Career Begun
as Immigrant Has
Prof. Michael I. Pupln of Columbia
University has Just devised and will
soon announce a perfect method of
cllmlnattnr static Interference with wire.
i 1 H Cm lr.namU.Un rTWI I
j - ..i.tiruuoDiuu. a ilia unci iCI CllfJV imn
i been the great drawback to wireless
telegraphy since that means of com
munication was Invented.
The new Invention, If It accomplishes
perfectly Its object, will be listed as one of
the most important electro-physical dis
coveries ever made. Under present con
ditions It Is often Impossible to get
wireless messages through for days be
cause of atmospheric and other physical
Interferences, and at tftl times of the
year during portions of the day trans
mission Is Impossible. Prof. Pupln's in
vention, however. Is intended to make it
possible to use the wireless for twenty-four
hours a day every day In tho
year. The importance of the invention
In time of war 'Is Incalculable.
To Be Honored- at Dinner.
Tho Invention became known yester
day, two days before Columbia Uni
versity alumni glvo a testimonial dinner
to Prof. Pupln at Delmonlco's. Al
though tho dinner was arranged pri
marily for engineering graduates, all
alumni of all schools have been asked
to honor the man who, as an immigrant
boy, landed at Castle Oarden In the fall
Prof. Pupln, thus singled out by Co
lumbia to be honored as its foremost
contributor to science and engineering,
has a unique place in Columbia's his
tory. Dr. Cary T. Hutchinson. In the
current-number of the Columbia Alumni
.Ye ir, sketches his life.
When the boy landed at the Battery
he, wearing a red fex, started up Broad
way. Newsboys began to pokct fun at
him ; there was a fight, which the Immi
grant won. He went back to the Bat
tery and was taken as a laborer to
Maryland ;, there he drove a mule team.
He worked his way back to New York,
usually servlnir as a hired man on farms.
j In New York Pupln. the youth, got
I any work possible, studying nights and
reading the newspapers assiduously.
Jlls encyclopedia wbb the Sunday St'N,
according to Dr. Hutchinson. He at
tended night school' at Cooper Union,
saving his money, and by 1679 he had
1311 hoarded. He took an examination
for Columbia and won a scholarship. He
was graduated in four years and then
he studied In England and, Germany.
Devised Wireless Toning.
In 1S8S he was. asked to become pro
fessor on the theoretical side of a new
course in electrical engineering. Since
then his Inventions havo been many and
important. One of them Is an Invention
in wireless tuning, practiced universally
to-day In wireless telegraphy.
Prof. Pupln was the first In this coun
try to take up the study of .X-ray ; he
was the first In tills country to repeat
the Itoentgcn experiments, and the tlrst
to use the X-ray practically for surgical
purposes. Probably his most Important
Invention Is the Pupln coll, universally
used In telephony and telegraphy, which
has done more to extend the sphere of
telephonic work than all other Inventions
together, and which makes possible tel
ephone talk from New York to San
VICTORY LOAN $8,000,000,000.
i:lsrht Times Many Subscribers
nn tor Previous British Isaacs.
Sptriat Cable Dispatch to The Sux.
London, Feb. 17. Financiers nre sat
isfied that the new war loan, called the
"victory loan," Is nn unqualified suc
cess. It Is estimated that from ?3,000,
000,000 to 56,000,000,000 were subscribed,
tho common estimate being $5,000,000,
000. The banks could have ojded 12,
000,000,000 more had It been needed.
Klght times as many firms and per
sons subscribed for this as for previous
war loans. A huge number of poor sub
scribers paid In their hoarded gold and
thus a great stock of gold has been
added to the country's reserves, strength
ening the financial position. Hoarded
silver and copper also were dragged
forth and put Into the loan.
BRITAIN BANS MANY IMPORTS.
American Products Arc Hard lilt
by Nevr Shipping Kdlct.
Special Cable Despatch to Tut Scn,
London, Feb. 17. The United States
will be hit by new British regulations
prohibiting unnecessary Imports to the
L'ulted Kingdom. The otllclal list of
forbidden ImportH Is very long.
Shipping space must bo saved, because
of the losses through submarine war
fare. That .Is tho reason for cutting
Imports to simple necessities.
An effort to prevent food hoarding
1 entirely will be made Immediately. A
I potato war seems Inevitable. The deal
ers Teniae to accept, tne prices nxea ny
Lord Devonport, the Food Controller,
and Lord Devonport will not yield an
SIX SHIPS NEAR DANGER ZONE.
Three America and Three Draall
lan Vessels Now on the Way.
Special Cable Despatch o'Thk Scn.
Ixjndon, Feb. 17. The approach tq
the danger zone of German submarines
of tho American inerchantmen Dochra;
Orleans nnd Itochester and of three
Brazilian vessels Is watched with keen
Englishmen cunnot make up their
minds whether or not German subma
rines will attack the ships.
HAVANA KKAl'IIKIl IN M IIUt'HS via
Atlantlo (.'oast Unc. all steal limited trains
daily, lHIB'wsy. Tel. Msd. 8q. 140 Air,
Losses of Shipping
Since February 1
Losses of shipping of the Al
lies and of neutrals since Feb
ruary t, when the German unre
stricted submarine warfare com
menced, have been as follows:
Ships reported sunk yes
Total tonnage reported
sunk yesterday 6,469
Total known tonnage pre
viously sunk 316,319
Total known tonnage sunk
since February 1 322,688
Ships sunk since February 1 :
Other neutrals 33
British i 7a
Other belligerents 7
Total ships' sunk 114
ONLY 3 SHIPS
Another. British Steamer
Strikes Mine and Goes Down
Five Lives Lost.
London, Feb. 17. German subma
rines are reported to-day to have sunk
only' three ships, all Brltlih. This Is the
smallest number the U-boats hav sunk
on any day save one last Sunday
since ruthless warfare began.
Though only three British ships were
torpedoed four ships were sunk, as the
steamship Lady7 Ann struck a mine and
went down. Two of the crew were killed,
five were Injured and the captain and
eighteen men are missing. Three lives
were lost on the Queenswood, one of the
torpedoed steamships, making the 4ay's
toll a known five.
The tonnage total of the three tor
pedoed ships is 6,469, also the second
lowest record, but when Increased by tho
1,016 of the J-ady Ann tho total British
tonnage loss becomes 7i4S5.
In striking contrast with such low fig
ures as these, no greater than In the
days before Germany declared she would
starve Kngland by "ruthlessness." are
, reports rrom Berlin of the largo totals of
tonnage the submarines are destroying.
One submarine reported on returning
to its base that In twenty-four hours It
sank merchant ships of 50,000 tons. An
: other sank 35,000 tons In five days. On
I February 9 a submarino reported it had
unK je.ooo tons of shipping. The
same U-boat had previously sunk
33.080 tons, 'so Its .total Is 31.000.
These are the reports In semi-official
despatches from Berlin.
Tho submarine that sank the Ameri
can schoner I.ynian M. Uv off tho Sar
dinian coast, whs a German, not an
Austrian craft, according to Home des
patches. Survivors have made affidavit
that that Is their belief and Ambassa
dor Page at Borne has tho affidavits.
The crew, all' but two of whom are
Americans, have also sworn that the
submarine commander took about $1,400
In stores from the American ship before
Following Is the list of ships sunk by
British steamship Queenswood, 2,701
tons. Three of crew killed, remainder
British steamship Marlon Dawson,
British steamship Marie Leonhardt,
1,468 tons. Formerly German vessel,
seized by Kngland when war began.
SIX MORE VESSELS
BRAVE U-BOAT ZONE
American Freighter, Contra
band Laden, Still Remains
in the Harbor.
Six steamships. Including the Holland
America liner Noordam, sailed yesterday
from New York for European ports.
None of the ships carried passengers.
The American ship City' of Pucbla, which
vas to havo sailed yesterday for Havre
with a mixed cargo of copper, cotton
and hospital supplies, had not left the
harbor last night. The British steam
ship Verdi got as far as Sandy Hook on
her Journey to Liverpool and then
turned back and anchored off Quar
antine. The other merchantmen whfth put to
sea yesterday were the British steam
ship Roman Prince, tho Dutch steam
ship Texcl, the .Spanish steamships Mar
Negro and Mouro, and the Swedish
hteainshtp Helslngborg. The Noordam,
which carried a heavy cargo of flour and
wheat badly needed In Holland, will Btop
at Halifax for British search,
HAS EQUAL SUFFRAGE JOKER.
Porto nico C'ltlsrnshlp BUI Doesn't
Washington, Feb. 17. In the opinion
of many Senators an amendment to the
Porto Itlcan citizenship bill tentatively
agreed to by the Senate to-day would
give women of the Island who become
citizens tho right to voto.
The provision defines qualified voters
In the island as citizens of the United
States, 21 years old or over, who exer
cise the right of suffrage at the first
election or who can qualify thereafter
by demonstrating that they are able to
read and write Spanish or Kngllsh.
There Is no reference to sex and during
the debate woman suffrage possibilities
wero not mentioned. .
Senators Polndextcr. Norrls nnd others
who aided In perfecting the amendment
said afterward, however, that It would
give women who otherwise qualify' the
right to vote.
ALIENS TO GET YACHT VANADIS.
i;. H. Board Decides It Can't Pre
vent 31. I'. Plant From NelllnsT.
Wahhinoton. Feb, 17, Tho Federal
Shipping Board asked to-day for nn In
terpretation of tho shipping act, ruled
that U has no power to prevent Morton
F. Plant from selling his steam yacht,
the Vanadl.f, to foreigners, but issued
nn order suggesting that the financier
would be doing his country a service
If he retained ownership.
The yacht Is under British registry,
nnd Its sale to Husslan Interests Is not
prohibited by tho law. Attorneys for
Plant notified the board tho salo would
LINER CECILIE CRIPPLED AT EMBASSY'S ORDER;
GERMAN FACTIONS REUNITED BY U. S. BREAK;
WILSON WILL APPEAL TO CONGRESS THIS WEEK
Uuptnre With America
Came Just as Alarming
FOOJ) CONDITION ' SEK10US
Lack of Transportation Also
Makes Provisioning of Peo
ple More Difficult.
From n Staff Correspondent of the Associated
Bernk. Switzerland. Feb. 17. There
I no doubt In the minds of American?,
who ha-e come to Switzerland from
Germany since the severance of diplo
mats relations between Berlin and
Washington that the German public to
day presents a solid front. Any danger
of serious internal disturbances such as
has been hinted at In publications outside
of Germany Is regarded as being as re
mote as It was many months ago. Nev
ertheless, the state of public opinion
has become n pressing problem, especially
during tho last few weeks.
From these Americans, some of whom
have had exceptional opportunities to
study Internal conditions 'In Germany,
tho following Information representative
of their generally expressed views has
been obtained :
The attitude of the German people be
came more of a problem when the break
with America occurred, not because any
overwhelming majority was opposed to
the break, but because it followed so
closely on the heels of the widespread
peace talk, coming at a time when tho
yearning for cessation of hostilities had
lately receivca such enormous Impetus.
Peace Party' Still Strong.
There exists In Germany a cynical,
though not disloyal, minority which
frankly believes the peace offer was
not made In the expectation fhat peace
could be brqus,Ui.bUt(' but, for the pur
pose of heartening a large, but only po
tentially dangerous, stratum of the pop
ulation, which Is tired of war.- This
section has been antagonised by the un
sllcncabie and uncontrollable pan-German
clement which has clamored for the
annexation of everything thus far con
quered, or at least for very material In
creases in territory. s
Although naturally unorganized, this
stratum Is very extensive. It has taken
the attitude that the war nnd the causes
thereof are none of Its affair and that
annexations would bo of doubtful value.
A majority of this element to Indifferent
ns to whether Belgium Is retained or re
turned. It longs with Increasing anxiety
for peace. I
Brought About a I'nlon.
Tho growing opinion that Germany
cannot hope to obtain all that Is de
sired by the extremist's and the pas
sionate desire to have it all over with on
any reasonable basis and to get the
members of the families back home have
brought Into being In tho last few months
a more or less powerful peace parly.
The cynics argue that tho Government,
recognizing the existence of this fac
tion, decided on a moderate peace offer
which, If accepted, would please the
peace advocates, even though not en
tirely placating the pan-Germans; whllo
If rejected the result would be unifica
tion of the people and obliteration of
the chasm between the peace faction ami
Whether the cynlca were right or
wrong In regard to the motives of tho
Government, the peace move brought
about unification to a degree, probably
beyond tho utmost hoped for. Tne Gei -man
people to-day nre as united as at
no other time since August of 1914.
They have the utmost faith that the sub
marines will force Kngland to her knees,
America la Least Feared.
They are permeated with the convic
tion that "unneutral" America has al
ready done everything possible to Injure
Germany by unofllclal aid to the Kntente
Allies, that It Is not to be feared eco
nomleally any more than heretofore, and
that In a military sense It does not count.
The Germans are united, from the lowest
to the highest. In the belief that tho Kn
tente Allies Intend to dismember their
nation and consequently are determined
to flBht with the utmost energy and
with, every weapon.
The peace party, however. Is only sub
merged, not entirely obliterated, and the
break with America has not removed
any of the differences of opinion. It Is
of course true that the break has given
an Impetus to the aspirations of the ex
tremists, who see In tho decision of the
Government to resort to unrestricted sub
marine warfare the' first concession to
their original demands.
Majority With Chancellor.
The great bulk of the people, how
ever, Is still back of,the Chancellor, and
even under the new conditions would he
perfectly satisfied with, a solution on
the basis of the status quo, caring little
or nothing whether Germany obtains
Belgium, Poland or- Lithuania, Not a
word In regard to indemnity has 'been
heard from these quarters since early In
An honorable and dignified peace Is
what Is desired. As long as Uie.Kntontn
Intends to Impose terms regarded by
the German, people as equivalent to de
struction or dismemberment,' they will
resist unitedly, but, the American, ob
servers say,' .there would be 'the .threat
of a serious rift it an opportunity for
a reasonable peace should present Itself
and not be accepted.
Htlll llopcfal of Peace.
It Is the estimate of conservative Ger
mans, theso Americans say, that the
Government would have been unseated
had the decision to resume unrestricted
submarine warfare really represented n
Continued on Ninth Page.
Capt. Polack Says He Got
Orders in Hoboken on
PLAN HATCHED IN APRIL
Skipper Hogs Court Not to
Compel Him to Give Nnmc
of Secret Agent.
Boston, Feb. 17. The North German
Lloyd passenger liner Kronprlnzessln
Cecllle while In the custody of a United
States marshal under a libel order from
the Federal Court was deliberately dis
abled nt the direction of her German
Capt. Charles A. Polack so testified
in the United States District Court to
day, and added that he. In turn, had
taken his orders from the German Govern
ment. The damage to the vessel was
done on the night of Aanuary 31, three
days before diplomatic relations between
the United States and Germany were
broken off. Under examination by coun
sel for tho llbcllants. Capt. Polack said
that on that day he had received orders
to render his vessel unseaworthy from
an unnamed oftlclal of the German Km
bassy at Washington.
It was a dramatic moment when the
witness wa.1 asked the name of this of
ficial. He hesitated and then turning to
I the court made this pica :
"Your Honor, I am an oflicer of tin-
German navy and If I should have to
disclose thei name of the gentleman In
this hearing I might Ik- tried for treason
when I went home to Germany. I wish
you would not oblige me to answer that
Point rtot Pressed.
Judge James M. Morton, Jr., conferred
privately with counsel for the llbella'nts
'and' the owners of the Kronprlnzessln
Ci.ille for a few minutes and then' an
nounced that as the attorneys for the
plaintiffs were not disposed to press tho
point the court would not Insist upon nn
answer, as no good purpose would be
served thereby and particularly as the
reply might be of momentous Importance
to the witness.
Questioned by Attorney Udnard E.
Blvdgett, counsel for the libellants. Capt.
Polack said that last spring, soon after
tho steamfer Sussex was sunk, he was
summoned to New Tork by his com
pany's oftice and Introduced to a gentle
man who said he represented the Ger
man Government. This man told him
that trouble had arisen between the
United States and Germany and It was
about time for him to destroy the ship's
papers. He was warned that his ship
should not fall Into hostllo hands.
In subsequent questioning Attorney
Blodgctt Insisted that the witness had
spoken of "ships." instead of a ship, the
Inference being that tho captain had re
ceived orders also to have the two other
vessels of his line tied up here, the Koln
nnd the Wltteklnd, damaged. The wit
ness was positive that the ofllclal had
spoken only of his own ship, but Judge
Morton Intervened to say that he also
had understood the witness as speaking
of ships. Capt. Polack, however, re
peated that he had reference only to his
Returning to Boston he arranged with
his chief ottlcer and chief engineer for
tho disabling of the ship upon the re
ceipt of a code telegram, which he was
to send. On January 28 he started for
Hot Springs, Ark., but stopped over in
New York. During hie stay there he
received his orders to damage the ship,
and on January 31 despatched the mes
sage agreed upon to his first oflicer. He.
I turning to Boston that night ho found
the chief engineer" engaged In crippling
Got Orders In llnlinken,
Mr. Blodgctt asked when and where
ho received his orders and tho witness
replied : "On Janunry 31 at the docks or
our company In Hoboken. I was In the
offices Just before noon. Others piesent
were the superintendent of the company,
Capt. Moller, nnd a representative of
the German Government. I wos already
In tho office of the superintendent when
the latter gentleman came In."
Tho question of the .Identity of this
Kentleman was then disposed of. after
which tho witness continued: "I was
Just taking leave .of the superintendent
when the other gentleman said: 'The re
latlons between tho two countries nre
being severed. The condition li very
I "I then again asked permission to go,
but he said: 'You aro to lemaln here,'
I and I did. 'Now shall wo do what has
i been ngreed upon to do to our engines?"
I 1 asked, and ho answered 'Yes.'
I "Some time ago when the Sussex case
, was up and difficulties arose between the
United States and Germany our vessel
, was in Boston and I was nsked to como
, to New rork to the company's office. '
"l went to iie company's oftico and
they said to me: 'You shall meet n gen
tleman who has something to say to
you.' A minute later tho gentleman
stepped Into the room and said. 'I am
acting for our Government.' I knew
hl)P nnd I said, 'I thought so.'
"He then said to me, 'As theo difficul
ties havo nrlsen.lt Is about time to de
stroy your secret codes, secret papers
mid everyOilijg pertaining to the plans
of the thlp, so that If something should
happen they will not fall Into tho hands
of any hostllo Power.
'You are to understand that the ship
Is 'not tofall Into tho hands of any hos
tile Power so they oould uso It for a
long length of time.' "
Attorney Blodgett then asked :
"Did you go Jnto detail ns to the In
juries which were to be done?"
The captain replied, "No."
"What arrangements did you make for
damaging, the vessel?" was next asked.
Capt. Polack replied : I
"When I camo back from New York
Continued on 8tcbni"Pagi'y
Japanese-American Compact Forecast
PETROGRAD,. via London, Feb. 17. The fact that the United
States is not at war with Germany after the lapse of a fortnight
since the breaking off of diplomatic relations is the subject of
lengthy comment in the Bourse Gazette. Citing the sinking of the
American schooner Lyman M. Law ard the British steamer California,
the paper says:
"The only new factor that might bring war would be an armed
collision on the sea, but since such collision is precluded by the failure
of the American Government to authorize the arming of merchant
ships, it is impossible to imagine what further provocation for war
can arise. It is too early to reproach the United States for this, how
ever, because there are yet no official details of the sinking of the
Lyman M. Law. It is further realized that before passing to a state
of actual hostilities it is necessary for America to secure her diplo
matic rear, without which there would be a great risk in entering the
war. She must first guarantee her interest in the Pacific." v
The writer mentions alleged diplomatic exchanges between the
United States and Japan, and continues:
"America could not be on guard in the Far East if engaged in a
war with Germany, and therefore requires proofs of Japan's good in
tentions. Such proofs are understood to have been given by Tokio.
If it is true that friendship has been assured between these two na
tions the fact will have an enormous influence on world policy and the
greatest profit from such development would accrue to the Near East
allies of Japan, namely, Great Britain and Russia. It would mean that
Germany had lost all hope of sea domination and was expelled forever
from the Far East. Japan in giving such guarantees acts in full soli
darity with the Allies. The friendship between America and Japan
cannot relegate to the second place of importance the relations be
tween Russia and Japan. On the contrary, it would give those rela
tions more stability."
NEW CITIZEN !
RUSH A RECORD1
i As Many as 50,000 Apply fori
Naturalization Papers I
in a Day. !
Washington, Feb. 17. During the
two wecjts since the diplomatic break
with. Germany foreigners living In the
United States, notabjy Germans and
Austrlans. have flocked to the courts to
become American citizens in s-uch num
bers that Labor Department officials said
to-day the total could not even be esti
mated. An Idea of the unprecedented
I rut-h for naturalization papers Is afforded
. by the fact that on one day nlono more
than SU.oon certificates of naturalization
I wer Issued.
i The chief ruh for papers was reported
from New York. Cleveland, St. Paul.
I Minneapolis, Diilutli. Detroit. St. Ixmls,
I'lncinnati. Hoton and Philadelphia. To
j meet tho demand the Department has or
dered the luance of more than 100.000
blanks to bo distributed among exam
iners throughout the country.
For the first time In the history of the
Department factory and mill employers
with large numbers of foreign workers
on their payrolls will aid their employees
In a wholesale way to become American
j citizen". Tens of thousands of appllca
, lion blanks will be distributed among
Mien employers to facilitate their reach
ing employees who deMro naturalization.
In a number of mills special Instructors
will be designated to coach employee In
the requirements necessary to obtain cit
izenship. HUNGARIANS OPPOSE
NEW SUBMARINE WAR
l Count Karolyi and Other
I Deputies Quoted in Condem
nation of German Stand.
, Ucr.NB, Switzerland, tiy nlreless, Feb.
17. Three Hudapest newspnpers con-
demn submarine warfare. The Prsti.
, .Ydjito attacks Count von Itcxentlow as
the principal exponent of submarino
warfare and demands that ho be placed
In restraint. The Socialist organ .Vrjm
mi'K attacks Admiral von Tlrnltz and
j demands u cessation of what It calls
I "murder at sea."
Tho Prstl-Ilirlni) publisher expressions
from three members of the Chamber of
Deputies who nre opposed to submarine
warfare. One of them Is iiuotcd as say
ing, "We made tho whole world turn
against us," and another, "All American
countries nre Joining our enemies. This
is sheer madness,"
Count Karolyi, leader of the Hun
garian Independent party, the newspaper
adds. -said, "I regret deeply tho phase of
tho war into which we entered with the
declaration of submarine warfare."
V0PICKA REACHES COPENHAGEN
Will Kali s( Week on Danish
Washington, Feb. 17. American
Minister Voplcka, accredited to Itu
in an I a, Serbia und Bulgaria, and re-
venny oruercn nome, reportea to-day
that ho had reached Copenhagen and
would snll on the Danish steamship
United States next week,
lift Raid thft nrlttali nitllint Ifl.u l..
arranged for tho vessel to touch nt Hall
fax Instead., of Kirkwall for examina
tion. iy reiiovo me sicamsnip rroni pass
ing through the German submarine zone.
HOLLAND EXTENDS RATIONING.
' Hnle to Ilr I'ot In Force
Amrtiuidam, via London, Feb, 17,
Additional food rationing will begin In
Holland on Monday, the Handelsbltul
Every ticket holder In Amsterdam for
the week of February IS. 24 Is entitled to
1,000 grams (a little more than two
poundH) of potatoes, 600 grams of rice,
.10 of fat and 100 of soap,
AIKKN AUtiUKTA AHIIEVir.M-:,
"AiiKUitu Hpeclnl" I vs. New YorJc Pally l;0
P. M. lit. SOllTlllllt.N It.UI.WAV SVKTr.M.
Dining, compartment and drawing-room
sleeping cars. ,,N. T, OHIce, :s Fifth Ave.
Advance Half Mile on Two
31ilc Front Along the
London, Feb. 17. Again the British
have, struck on both sides of the Anore,
cutU.Tj a wide gap In the German lines
and pushing within a. few hundred yards
of Tetlt Mlraumont. A successful attack
this morning captured trenches on a front
totaling mo're' than two miles to an al
most uniform depth of a half mllo.
To-day's was nnothnr of the thoroughly
planned attacks the llritlsh have deliv
ered recently on the Somme-Ancre front,
! far different from trench raids. Ita main
object was to push closer to the Imme-
dlate objectives of Mlraumont and Tetlt
Mlraumont, north and south respectively
of the Ancre nnd on the road to
The ollklal statements from all the
I war ofllcce follow:
British "Succfssful operations on
both banks of tho Ancre were undertaken
by our troop? this morning. Very con
siderable further progress was made
south of the river. The enemy's posl
Hons opposite tho villages of Mlraumont
and Petit Mlraumont were attacked and
captured on a front of about one and
one-half miles. We have penetrated over
a thousand yards into the enemy's de
fences and advanced our line to within
a few hundred jards of Petit Mlrau
mont. "North of the Ancre an Important en
emy position on the upper slopes of a
srur north of Balllescourt Farm was
carried on a front of about one thousand
ards. Hostllo counter attacks wore
successfully driven off. In addition to
heavy losses inflicted on the enemy 26S
prlsoneis, Including .five ofllcers, hac
passed through the collecting stations.
"We carried out two raids thii morn
ing south of Neuve Chapelle and north
east of Ploegstcert, nhero our troops
reached the enemy's second line Largo
numbers of Germans were killed and
many dugouts and machino guns were
destroyed. We captured a few prisoners
In each case.
"Hostile raiding parties west of Lens
and east of Ulvcnchy were repulsed with
loss. Wo blew up two mines last night
with good results west of La Dasseo.
"In the course of the air fighting yes
terday oiiD German airplane was brought
down in our lines, and' two others were
driven down damaged. One of ours is
German "Western Tront: Army
Group of Crown Prlnco Itupprecht On
the Artols front and In tho Somme sector,
especially on both sides of the Ancre, tho
artillery duel reached considerable vio
lence, At several places attacks by Brit
ish reconnoitring parties were repulsed,
and south of Mlramont a stronger at
tack, launched after drum fire, waa re
pulsed. "Army Group of tho German Crown
Prince, On tho Alsne and west of Bcrry-au-Uac
nnd In the Champagne, south of
Itlpont, French ntiacua railed.
"Our air squadrons extensively bom
barded Important establishments behind
the hostile front.
"On the Somme several ammunition
depots of our adversaries wero blown up.
The explosion and earth shaking were
noted as far away as St. Quentln."
The French Statement,
French "Thcin was an intermittent
cannonade on the greater part of the
front. Tho lighting was more pro
nounced In the direction of Itlbencourt,
An enemy surprise attack on one of our
small posts northwest of Hezonvaux
Belgian "The German batteries were
only slightly active,"
Xlght Work at Ions Island. -
Owing to naval preparations for war
a night shift of workmen, It was an
nounced at Stony Point yesterday, Iuih
been put on at tho lona Island naval
arsenal there for the first time In Its
history. Powder and shells for tho
United Ktates warships nre stored there
and the work of shipping explosives to
New York cly has been going ui nlidit
and day since the battle fleet began tar
get practice at Ouantanamo.
President Visits Capitol and
Confers With the
TO ARM THE LINERS
Extra Congress Session Not
Wanted After Marcli I
Unless War Ensues.
LYMAN M. LAW
SUNK BY U-BOAT
Responsibility Placed on:
Germany According to a
VrASHtNOTON, Feb. 17. President
Wilson will appear before a Joint ses
sion of tho Senate nnd House next
week and ask authority and the means
with which to protect American lives
and property from the ruthless German
This probably means the passage of
a resolution by Congress empowering
the President "to uso the armed forces
of the United States" in his discretion"
to accomplish that purpose. It prob
ably will mean the passage also of nn
emergency appropriation of $50,000,
000 or more to be placed ut the Presi
dent's disposal to use in any way he
may diem best to protect the lives and''
property of Americans.
This was the course taken at the
beginning of tho Spanish-American,
war, when President McKlnley was
given full authority to uso the armed
forces of the United States to expel,!
Spain rrom the Island of Cuba, and the'
same was accompanied by an appro-'
prlatlon of G0,0Otfr1Ol-:t"vv
President' Plans Divulged.
The President does not want an ext'a
session of Congress. Ills idea Is to get
the necessary authority and approval of
his course In arming merchant ships and
taking measures to Insure protection for
Americans' on the high seas before tho
session ends on March i. If then meas
ures should provoke actual hostilities
Congress would be called together In ex
tra session to declare a slato of war to
exist and pass additional emergency leg
islation needed to meet the situation.
Tho plan of tho President ut made
known to the leaders this afternoon when,
he suddenly appeared at the "President's
room" In tho Senate end of tho Cae'lt"
and began sending for tho leaders.
Senator Simmons was ono of the fir!
to appear. The President discussed wltft
him the revenue bill and the plans fev
asking power from Congress to deal wlti
any emergency that may arise after Con
Simultaneously with the appearance ef
Senator Tillman, chairman of tho Navul
Affairs Committee, for a conference
with the president the fact became
known that tho naval affairs sub-committee
dealing with the naval appropria
tion bill had decided to give Secretary
Daniels a lump sum of J150.000.000 to
meet emergencies. lie will not bo lim
ited as to the expenditure of the sum.
The sub-commltlee nlo Increased other
appropriations In tho naval bill over
those given by the lloii'-e about 113.
000.000. . The President saw Senator Swansnu
nnd Senator Illtohcoclt of Nebraska,
member of the Foreign Itclation Com
mittee, nnd other leaders. It has been
known for several days that the Presi
dent was contemplating going liefore
Congress. His Intention was mado much
more definite to-day by his call at th.i
Senate. YVhen the President lnt ap
peared before Congress on tho German
submarine situation he advlseii Congress
that If Germany persisted in her policy
he would come to tho Capitol again for
authority to deal with the situation and
enforce his demands.
It was made known to some of tho
Hepubllcan leaders a few dnvs ago that
the President did not desire an extra
session at this time and the Republicans
were sounded as to whether thev would
bo willing to Join In a plan for giving
the President tho nuthnrltv to deal with
ony emergency growing out of the
strained relations and thn means to
carry It out and the responn- was
promptly in the nftirm.itlve The Presi
dent and his advisers feel that lie would
be embarrassed If ConKres were In ses
sions and speeches In mti - i s
policy were being made.
The effect of the passage b I'migress
of a resolution of the character sought
remains to be seen. When Coiiuress took
the same action In reference to Spain It
was Interpreted by that Government ns
a practical declaiatlon of wnr and the
war followed with a format declaration
on both sides within a short time The
resolution In that case went so far as to
iiciiutiiii tun wiuiurawai ur spam from
Cuba and was nn attack dlrectlv on her
sovereignty. Opinion It ulttxt uiiaiil
mous that the step tho President Intends
to tako will lead to a state of war 'ih
But the President hai decided that
the Intolerable vsltualhm 'with reference
to American shipping must cease. He
will probably Inform Congiess that the
arming of American ships means bring
ing actual war Just so niueh iiuarur,
but that It Is a measure which the
country must taKe. Ho Is understood
to feel that he cannot permit Germany
In effect to blockade American ports
nnd Indirectly sweep the American flag
off the high sens by force of threats to
commit unlawful attacks.
It Is expected that the President will
Inform the Joint session why ho re
gards It as a matter of vital tmpoitnmat
to the country's honor and why lie, be.
lleves Congress should have a voice 1I4
- 1 1.