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THE WEATHER POMCAST.
Cloudy and colder to-day; to-morrow cloudy, followed by snow or rain. Highest temperature yesterday, 55; lowest, 37. Detailed weather, mull unci marino reports on pace 12. IT SHINES FOR ALL VOL. LXXXIV. NO. 181. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1917. Copyright, 1017. By the Bun Printing and PubUihing Attociation. ONE CENT la OfMin New York, Jersey City and Newark. Elsewhere TWO CENTS. PRESIDENT REGARDS LACONIA SINKING AS A CHALLENGE; SENATE COMMITTEE REPORTS A BILL SUPPORTING WILSON; YARROWDALE PRISONERS HELD IN QUARANTINE BY GERMANY LACONIA FOLK HOURS IN BOATS Hirli Seas Capsized One, Exposure Killing the Hoy Women. SECOND TORPEDO FIRED U-Bont Hailed Second Officer, but .Made Xo Effort to Aid Victims. Jifcm! Vable De$iMtleh tn Tim Sex. London-, Feb. 27. Twelve persons. In chiding thrco American, perished In the Laconla disaster, according to the latest figures given out hy the Cunard com pany to-night. The known dead are : Mrs. Mart Hov, Chicago. Miss Elizabeth Hov, Chicago. Cr.rnic 1'. Ivatt, London, a naturalized American. WlLI.IAM I. ROBINSO.V. Dr. Fortunat Ztndai- WlLUAM i:VA. Bix men of the crew. Early to-day It was reported that sight of sixteen American negroes In the erew had perished, but In a bulletin Is sued to-night Consul Frost at Queens town said thnt all had been accounted for. Fix persons, some of them passen gers, are now In hospitals. Tho condi tion' of none In regarded as dangerous. Of the twelve persons lost five were drowned and seven died from exposure and were burled ut tea. Mrs. Hoy and her daughter. It developed to-day. were not drowned, but died from exposure sfter the boat In which they were taken from the laconla had been swamped. They were picked up. but succumbed after being taken Into another boat. All who died from exposure had been In the swamped lifeboat No. S, which became separated from the others. Thirteen of Its refugees were saved. Cedrio P. Ivatt. a naturalized American, who represented nn American firm In London, was one of the exposure vic tims. How Mr, liar nnd Daughter Died. The Ilev. F. Dunstan Sargent was in the boat with Mrs. Hoy and her daugh ter. He nays the submarine flashed a lltht on the stem of tho Laconla. ap parently with tho purpose of Identifying the steamer. The boat leaked freely, having hit the Laconla's stern In tho launching, break ing several of tho side planks. Partly filled with water, the boat drifted with out oars or rudder for nine hours. Everybody crowded Into the bow and sttrn. The wave washed some of the weakened occupants overboard. One of the boat's crew also fell overboard and could not be rescued. The bodies of those who died In the boat were cast Into the sea. as with the boat already full of watiT "their weight would havo mede thing!- more critical for those sur viving," Mrs. Hoy and her daughter were among those who died and were burled In tho sea. The Rev. Mr. Sargent related the pa thetic ordeal of a young actress who was among the occupants of the boat. She was helped Into the boat by a young London man who was In business In New York. The couple wero engaged and were returning to England to be married. The girl had to bear the sight of her Intended husband dying and of hli foody being thrown overboard from the boat. Mrs. George Henry Boston, daughter of Granger Farwcll of Lake Forest. 111., was rcwued an1 ken to Quecnstnwn. Among the saved sio Is John Tucker of Springfield, 111., a nntlvo Kngllthman who had taken out citizenship papers In the United States. Among the slightly Injured passengers Is Dr. Benjamin 15. Hawkes, who, according to one report, is a resident of San Francisco, though he la ItEted on the passenger list from Gait, Ontario. Second Torpedo lilt Ship. According to the stories of passengers the Laconla was torpedoed at about 11-30 o'clock Sunday night. Passengers and crew had taken to tho boats when a second torpedo was fired Into the sink ing vessel Tho boats were picked up at 4 o'clock Monday morning. Many of the survivor when taken Into Queenstown were wearing only the scantiest clothing and were suffering severely from cold. All accounts agree that magnificent discipline was. maintained by the crew. 1'nMlnted pralso Is given the women passengers, whose coolness In the faco. of death amounted In some cases to heroism. The bravery of Mrs. Frank n. Harris, wife of a Lieutenant-Colonel of the I'nlted States Cosst Artillery Corps at Fort du I'ont, Delaware, was partlci ltrly impressive. 8he was the last pas "riser to leai. the ship, getting Into the Mpt.iln'H boat When the llfoboatn ' .fhed QufeiiMown she was cheered loudly bj her fellow survivors and by Universal eousent van accordod the honor of being first to land. The embassy hero received the follow 'us leporl fiom Consul Frost lato this Morning! The Laconla was torpedoed without warning sit 10:30 P. M. In a heavy sea while the ship was making seventeen knots The first torpedo struck on tha Murbo.ird, side abaft the engine room. The engines stopped and the ship "unifd, listing to starboard. Most of 'lio boat were launched from tho star board ilde Twenty inlnuteR later, afler most of 'he boats were clear, a second torpedo wan need, striking the engines on the P"tt Mde, The ship sank forty-flvs minutes after the llring of the first TBrpfrln, mini in, r,to I.T Inch Guna. The ship whs armed Willi two 4 7 '"i'h mm The ship's whajw; !!! in continual net Ion mitt, 'x h; mitiut. Mix rockets also wer jv. -ufl arid all the lifeboats were equipped Continued on Second Page. ' DEPORTATION URGED 1 i TO STOP FOOD RIOTS I Law Affecting Aliens Who Teach Destruction of Prop erty Is Recalled. Washington, Feb. 27. Deportation of aliens found guilty of destruction of property, as provided In section li of tho new Immigration law, was advanced hero to-day as one means of putting n stop to food riots und demonstrations In New York, Philadelphia and other cities. This section provides that "any alien who at any time after entry shall be found advocating or teaching the un lawful destruction of property, or ati vocatlne or teaching anarchy shall upon tho warrant of the Secretary of Labor be taken Into custody and de ported." This provision. It Is said, if enforced in one or two cases In New York and Philadelphia, where the rioting Is con fined largely to aliens, would effectually stop the disorders and would Impress on nllens In congested communities the necessity of using lawful methods of voicing their protests against existing conditions. BERNSTORFF PARTY OFF FROM HALIFAX Steamship Frederik VIII. Al lowed to Sail After 11 Days' Detention. Halifax, N. S., Feb. 27. The steamer Frederik Yin., with Count von Bern storft, former Ambassador to the United States, and his party on board, sailed at 7:i0 o'clock to-night for Copenhagen. The Mine precautions which marked the arrival here February 1 of the liner attended her departure. She was not moved from her dock, where for the last few days she had been taking on coal and supplies, until after nightfall. Ah she steamed slowly down the harbor she was convoyed by a swarm of patrol boats with orders to keep all other craft at a distance. In conformity with the as surances of ife conduct made by the Government of Great Britain to the United States. Tt wnn'Mrtderstood that some of the British examiners were puzzled as to tho maiked partiality shown hy Ger mans for cotton pajamas. So many pajamas Impressed suspicious officials as being beyond the requirements of ths average traveller, und as It is under stood there Is a shortage nf cotton for the manufacture of certain war sup plies In Germany It was decided to re duce the wardrobes somewhat. The next articles to arouse suspicion were rubber heels. There wero so many rub ber heels worn by the party that It occurred to the officials to put tho ban on them because of the need of crude rubber In Germany. BeyonB reports of these minor inci dents, however, nothing suspicious was found on board the steamer, so far as known, and after an Interruption of eleven days Count von Bemstorff and his party found themselves once more home ward bound, BRAVE U-BOATS FOR CANDY. Boys Wko Deserted Datch Ship Bribed kr It to Rstara. Boston, Feb. 27. A 'boy's love of candy may prove stronger than his fear of submarines, Capt. Swart of the Dutch steamer Ecmdljk successfully demon strated to-day. His youthful cabin boy and the cook's mess boy deserted Monday rather than face the hazards of a voyage to Rotter dam. To-day Capt. Swart met them at the Netherlands Consulate and having first hand knowledge of their fondness for sweets he talked candy rather than wages. The boys, at sight of the quan tity of confections displayed, promptly agreed to return to the ship. The steamer, which carries a heavy cargo of grain. Is anchored below Quarantine tn prevent further desertions while an effort Is being made to bring the crew to the required complement. U-BOAT TRADE FIRM QUITS. Eastern Knrvrardlnar Company, Ascents of IJentrhlnrtd, Dissolves. New London, Conn., Feb. 27. The Eastern Forwarding Company of Balti more, American agents for the German undersea commercial line, has been dis solved, It was learned here to-night. The preliminary steps were taken February 15 when tho North German Lloyd steamship Wlllehad, chartered for use as a quarters ship for the crew of the sub marine ueutscniana, war, turned back to Its owners. The dissolution was com pleted yesterday. The merchandise brought here for shipment on tho Deutschland Is being sent out of town, possibly to Hoboken. N. J. BERLIN QUOTES PENFIELD. OSIcla tgrner n.v He Doesn't Kx- pret IJ. M.-timtrlnn llrrnk. flniMN, by wireless to Sitvllle. Feb. 27. "According to a telegram received here from Vienna," sajn tho Overseas News Agency, "Frederic C, Penflcld, the Ameri can Ambassador, In u conversation ex pressed optimistic vlewn concerning the relations between tho United States and Austria-Hungary, He declared himself to be H friend of Austria, und mid he was working hard In order to maintain friendly relations between tho two coun tries. "The Ambassador llnally asserted that he did not expect them would be u cliango In the relations between Germany and the United States ( nn they now stand." Knslsjn Anarel, i:. w, , Dead. Zurich, via Paris, Feb, !" Sl.s'mn Pl "-.eK FltslPtelt Aj7; nfta wbh up .'.f.l saiiii'-.T -Aval attache to the .'.;. Sinbassy III Berlin last yenr, r: irrlo was taken seriously in soon nr ter his arrival In Berlin and was placed In a sanitarium In Zurich, died last night. He waa a rtlatlve of Ambassador Gerard. H0LLWE6 SAYS U.S. AIDS ALOES Submits to British Dicta tion, He Tells Reichstag in Explaining Break. ACTION UNPRECEDENTED I Chancellor Asserts Empire Will Not Abate in Least Its Policy of Jlutlilessncss. Berlin (by wireless). Fob. 27. In his address to the ltelchstag to-day Chancellor von llethmaun-Hollweg, after declaring that tho successes obtained In the submarine warfare already had much surpassed the expectations of tho Ger man navy, made a long statement re garding the breaking off of relations be tween Germany and the United States. Tho Chancellor said: "One step further than taken by Euro pean neutrals has been made as Is known by the United States of America. President Wilson, after receiving our note of January 31, brusquely broke off relations with us. No authentic com munication about the reasons which were given for his steps reached me. The former United States embassador hero in Berlin communicated only In spoken words to the State Secretury of tho For eign Ofttce of breaking off relations nnd asked for his passports. Thin form of breaking off relation, between great nu lli.ru lltlng In peace It probably without precedent la hUtory. Rellea ou rvr Despatehes. "All official documents being lacking. I am forced to rely upon doubtful sources that Is, upon the neuter (newB agency) office's version of the contents of the message sent by President Wilson on February 3 to Congress. In this version the President Is reported to have said that our note of January 31 suddenly and without previous Indication Inten tionally withdrew tho solemn promises made In the note of May, 1916. "To tho United States Government, therefore, no choice compatible with dignity and honor was left other than the way which had been announced In her note of April 20, 1916, covering the case If Germany should not want to give up her submarine method. "If these nrgumentH are correctly re ported by Reuter, then I must decidedly protest against them. For more than a century friendly relations between us and America have been carefully pro moted. Wc honored them as Bismarck once put it as an heirloom from Fred erick the Great. Both countries bene fited by It, both giving and taking. Old Principles Overthrown. "Slnco the beginning of the war things have changed on the other side of the waters. Old pi Inclines were over thrown. On August '.'7, 1913, during the Mexican troubles Piesldent Wilson In n solemn message tn Congress declared that ho Intended to follow tho best usage of International law by a prohibition of the supplying of arms to both Mexican parties at war against each other. One year later, In 1914, these usages appar ently were no longer considered good. "Countless materials of war havo been supplied by America to the Entente, and while the right of the American citizen to travel without hindrance to Entente countries und the right to trade without hindrance with France and England, even through the midst of the battle field, even the right of such trade as we had to pay for with German blood, while all these rights were zealously guarded, tho sumo right of American cit izens toward the Central Powers did not seem to be as worthy of protec tion and as valuable. Kntero Mrniig Protest. "They protested against soino meas ures of England which were contrary to international law, but they submitted to them. Under conditions of this kind objection as to lack of respect makes a strango Impression "With eqnal le ollrrnc I must pro. lest against the object Ion that we by the manner la which t withdrew the astnr. antes gWrn In the nntr nf May 4 nf. fended the honor und dignity nf the United States. From the irry beginning we had openly nnd expressly declared that thete insurances would be Invalid under certain conditions." The Chancellor then recalled the last paragraph of the note of May 4, 1J16, which ho read verbatim, the last clause being: "Should tho steps taken by tho Government of the United States not at tain the object It desires, namely, to have tho laws of humanity followed by all the belligerent nations, the Oerman Government would then be facing a new situation, In wfV.ch It must reeervo to It eelf complete liberty of decision." "Conditions Fulfilled." The Chancellor then continued : "As to the American answer given to the German note, it was so absolutely con trary to what wn In our note had said clearly and without nny possibility of misunderstanding that a reply on our part would havo changed nothing as to tho standpoints mnlntulned hy both sides. But nobody even In America could doubt that already long ago the conditions were fulfilled upon which, according to our declaration, depended our regaining full liberty of decision. "England did not abandon the Isola tion of Germany, but, on the contrary, Intensified It In thn most reckless fash ion, Our adversaries wero not madu to rerpect the principles of International law, universally recognized before the war. nor made to follow the laws of hu manity. Thn freedom of the seus which America vrsbtcd to restore In coopera tlfln with tin during the war Iiiih been still more completely destroyed by our adversary, and America has not hln dried this. All this Is common knowl edge. "Kven at the end of January Kngland Issued a new Isolation declaration for the North Hea, and In this period, since May Continued on TMrd Pagt. i Losses of Shipping Since February 1 Losses of shipping of tbe AU lies and of neutrals since Febru ary i, when the German unre stricted submarine warfare com menced, are as follows: Ships reported sunk yes terday 5 Total tonnage reported sunk yesterday 1 1.593 Total known tonnage pre viously sunk 375)030 Excess of total loss to February 19 announced by Sir Edward Carson over total loss to that date according to re ports available in the United States 70,304 Total loss to date indi cated 4561926 Ships sunk since February 1: American 3 Other neutrals 49 British 110 Other belligerents 19 Total ships sunk 180 Excess of total loss to Feb ruary 1 g announced by Sir Edward Carson over total loss to that date according to reports available in the United States '. . . . ao Total loss to date indicated. .200 BRITISH STILL DRIVEGERMANS Continue Gains on Both Sides of Ancre River mid South of Lens. London-, Feb. 57. British forces nre continuing their gains both north and south of the Ancre Itlvcr In France and south of Lens. The vllloige of Llgny, southnest of Bapaume, In the Ancro dis trict, has been occupied, nnd north of tho stream the western and northern defence of Pulsteux have been taken from tho German", according to to night' British otllclul statement. According to the German statement, the British succeeded yesterday In enter ing the German lines at only one point on the front between Ypros and the Sraime, and were ejected from that posi tion. A correspondent at British headquar ters In Franco writes: "There was sharper resistance all along the line of the German retreat to-day than nt any time since the movement began. Thero la no Indication as et of a fixed pur pose by tho Germans to make a definite stand, but they are doing everything possible to hold up ami interfere with the British advance. To the rear out- jiosts were immensely strengthened, and thls led to stiff fighting with tho Btltlshl forward patrols. German Destroy llugouta. The present objective of the British Is a crest which overlooks the high ground running between Achlet-lc-Petitt to Baiiiuine, wheie the Germans may at tempt to hold for 11 time. Pulsleux has ' not been so completely knocked about as most of the other battle villages, lis1 standing walls offering -cover for the! th defending t loops. Kvery bit of ground taken revenls further evidence of th thoroughness of the destructive methods adopted by tbe Germans just prior to ictlrlng, Their carefully built and long occupied dug outs havo been convened Into 11 mass of wreckage by explosives and fire. Tlio British announcement follows. Wo have made further progress north and south of the Ancre. During tho night we captured tho village of Ijehnrquo To-day we occupied Llgny and established ourseles In tho west ern and northern defences of Pulsleux. We raided tho enemy's positions this morning southward .of Lens and de stroyed 11 number of dugouts und ma chine gun emplacements und tool: u few prisoners. Another successful raid was carried out by our troops during the night east of Armentleres on a front of a half mile. Three lines of hostile trenches were, entered und con siderable damage wss dono the enemy's defences. We captured seven teen prisoners ami brought back searchlights and a machine gun. Artillery activity has continued on both sides north und south of the Homme. The French Statement, The French night statement follows: During the day 'quite spirited artil lery fighting took place in the seclois of l.'i:chelle-St. Aurln nnd Beau vr.'ilnen isoutli of the Avro) and lit the .Ukoiiiu! In tho direction of Vau quols. In tho region of Vallly an encm I'urpilse attack failed. We effectively shelled German organizations In the . Mallncourt Wood mid the sector nf Hill 301. In the Vosges nil attack on thu enemy lino soutli of Col Sto. Murle enabled us to tako prisoners. Thorn is nothing to report on tho rest of the front. CEDRIC SAFE AT LIVERPOOL. rwhltr Star Mnrr Left .ir "York February , The Whllo Star liner Cedric. which sailed from this port February 12, nr- l'hed nt Liverpool last Thursday with n cargo of more than 10,000 tons of war ni.itei'iul and foodstuffs and about 6 , 1 0 0 sacks of mall, most of which was orig inally Intended for the American liner St. Louis, Inld up here beciuso tho Gov ernment has not yet decided to protect American liners In their Might across seas. The Codrlc carried no passengers, f ' f Berlin Announces Infec tions Disease in Place of Ilesidcnce. GIVEN AS CAUSE FOR HOLDING MEN Asserts Restriction Is Nec essary on Travelling by Foreigners. ONLY A PRETEXT, WASHINGTON VIEW Situation Over Continued Detention of Captives Grows Grove. Br.reM.v, by wireless Feb 27. Tho re lease of U10 American prisoners brought to Germany on the steamer Tarrowdale, although ordered some time ago, says the Overseas News' Agency, cannot be carried out for tho moment, as an in fectious dlseaso has been discovered at the place of their residence. As the outbreak of the malady neces sitates a quarantine measure affecting the number of persons about to leave Germany, the Overseas. Agency states that the delay In the departure of the Amei leans is In the interests of neutral countries. The hope Is expressed that tho quarantine will be of short duration. The American ctttzens, it Is announced, are cafe and well. VIEWED AS PRETEXT. Washington Relieves Germany De Iras to Hold Prisoners. Washington, Feb. 37. Germany's procrastination In complying with re pealed American demands for release of the Yarrowdale prisoners Is bringing the controversy to u staBO of extreme grav ity. The Yarrowdale case has been a source of growing concern nnd indigna tion among ofllclals, some of whom are convinced that Germany's Intention Is to hold the American seamen us hostages pending a decision as to peace or war. Such an act would be regarded here as not only a flagrant violation of inter national law nnd treaty rights but an open insult to the dignity and good faith of tho United Slates. Although 110 of ficial advices reporting tho redetentlon of the seumen had reached the State De partment to-night another Inquiry re garding them was sent through tho Spanish Ambassador in Berlin as soon as ofllclals saw news despatches saying they would not be liberated at present. In most quarters the reported cause for redetentlon was regarded as only a pre text. Once before the United States was ad vised that the prisoners had been re leased, following nssurancca that Ger- man citizens in this country were rrot being 111 treated. Full Information had been sent to Berlin showing that the United States was giving every consid eration to German Interests here. HINDENBURG BOOM TO OUST HOLLWEG ! Movement Started to Make Him Both the Bismarck and Moltke of This Era. .icial CaMt Despatch la Tin: St v London. Fib. 27 The movement to force von I'othinann-Hollweg to resign the (icimaii Chancellorship nnd make Von lllndenburg chief of State nnd nlso of the urmles Is beliw watched with acute Interest hero. It li Interpreted as meaning that the Hohenzollerns 111 c side stepping the disaster which Is believed to bo inevitable: that they are willing to let Von tllndenhurg be the national Idol so that when the end cornea ho will be In 11 position to bear the brunt of the blame, According to the plan outlined Von lllndenburg Ik to become both the Bis marck and the Moltke of this era. Ashe Is an unflinching advocate of extreme measures It Is predicted that should he get complete power he would Increase the dllllcultles of the situation by druwlns the United (States Into actual warfare. The lllndenburg propaganda Is being organized systematically, hut it 1h ridi culed by the Liberal und Socialist forces In Germany. Amsterdam, via London, Feb. 17. Supporters of Admiral von Tlrfiltz, for mer Minister of the Navy, Including Count von Hoensbroesch, have held n meeting in Berlin to discuss ",i change in the ofllco of Imperii) Chancellor," with the Iriea of hiving meetings In all tho Inrgo towns of Germany and obtain ing the support of nowppapeit, for the puiyjiwc of forcing a. chanao In the head of the Government, Socialist and Liberal 'newspapers con demned this uctinn and it majority of Admiral von Tlrpltz's supporters re jected the proposed campaign ngnlnst tho Chancellor, PENSIONS FOR POSTAL MEN. House Provides 9A1IU Yearly for All I'lmployres, Wasiiinuton, Feb. 57. Pensions for superannuated poHtuI employees wers rovered under special legislative privi lege to-day when the Houso Rules Com mittee reported a rulu on the bill Intro duced by Kopiesentatlvo Daniel .1, Grlftln nf New York making It the special order of business. The measure, which uffects n,000 letter carriers In New York city ttfono, provides it pension of 600 u year for iostu clerks, rural mall carriers and city car riers who have attained the age of (S yearej and have served twtnty-flvo years. MEASURE WOULD PERMIT BROADSIDE GUNS ON SHIPS Arming of Merchantmen Fore and Aft Author ized, and Blanket Clause Is Retained With $100,000,000 Fund Washington, Feb. 27. The first step toward granting tho President the authority ho asked for to deal with the submnrlna crisis was taken to-day In Congress. The Senate Committee on Foreign Relations reportod favorably the Ad ministration bill with several amend ments authorizing tho arming of mer chant ships and empowering tho Presi dent to supply the vessels with defen sive arms and tho necessary ammuni tion and means of making use of them. The blanket clause conferring upon him further authority to "employ such other Instrumentalities and methods an may In his Judgment seem necessary and adequate" was also retained In the bill with an appropriation of J 100.000, -000 to carry it Into effect. The House Foreign Affairs Commit tee, In which the pacifist element ap peared to bo more formidable, also dis cussed the bill but without arriving at a conclusion. It was evident, however, when the committee Adjourned that the Administration supporters with the aid of tho Republican members were In control and that a measure similar, If not identical, to that reported to tho Senate will toe agreed upon to-morrow. Approved by President. The bill as reported by the Senate com mlttee meets with the complete approval of tho President, It wns learned to-night. The favorable action of the Foreign no tations Committee does not, however, In sure the passage of the bill by tho Sen ate. Senator Stone, chairman of the committee, had barely Introduced tho bill before the opposition which It will en counter mado Us appearance. Senator La Follette, who Is opposed to the arming of merchant vessels, objected to the second reading of the bill. This delayed the fonnal refeieucu of It to the committee until to-morrow. Another ob jection will put It over for another day so that the Senate cannot take It up before Thursday. The fato of the measure hangs by n slender thread. There were continued threats of a filibuster to-night, and with only three days and a half before tho expiration of the Congress, during which time other important .measures' must be passed, a vote can easily bo blocked, Hepubllcans In the Senate are divided on tho merits of the bill. Some of them persist In their opposition to the grant ing of plenary powers to the President to use whatever Instrumentalities ho may deem necessary to protect Americans nn the high Seas. Severnl Democrats of the pac.ltist tyjie will also vote against the bill. There were Indications to-day, how ever, that most of the Republicans, In fluenced by the action of their colleagues on the Foreign Relations Committee, will .be brought Into line, and it Is expected mat 11 a vote Is taken tho bill will be passed. Partleanshlp Absent. There was no suggestion of partisan ship in the deliberations of tho Foreign Relations Committee to-day. Only one Republican member. Senator Smith of Michigan, opposed the measure. T'lreo IVmocrats, Senators Stone, O'Gorman and Hitchcock, appeared to be hostile, supporting amendments designed to pre vent thn arming of ships carrying muni tions of war. Senator McCumber Joined the three Democrats In an effort to strike out the clauso giving the President un limited authority to use any other In strumentalities to protect American rights. The bill as reported by the committee civet the President cvon more latitude In the arming of merchunt ships than he requested Following the phraseology of the law or ism it gives commanders and crews authority to arm nnd defend their vessels against unlawful attack. At the tug gestlon of Senator Lodge the phrase 10m ana nn" was insertro. in addi tion tho Presldont gets snecltlc authoritv to provide the guns and ammunition and tno means of using them. According to recognized rules the arm ing of a vessel for defensive purposes: is confined to the mounting of a gun on the aiier aeck. Tiie committee, desiring to safeguard merchant ships to the fullest possible extent against submarine attack. decided to grant specific authority for the mounting of a gun forward. In the form In which the bill was agreed unon tho hill Is held to give sufficient latitude to vessel owners to mount broadside guns also if they choose to do so. tt Authorisation Needed. Without this authority tho proponents or tno nm assert the owners of vessels will not lie able to arm for defence against attacks of fuilim.it Ines. The act of 1 81 S provided that the defensive arm ament may not bo used against a "pub lic vese." tlvtt Is n government owned ship, In which class the German subma rines would bo Included. Republlcuii members of the committee wero more xealous to-day In providing it way for the arming of merchunt vessels than In opposing the granting of blanket authority to tho President to mint tho emergency. They regard the arming of the ships an tho only Intermediate step tho President can take short of war, und they bellove he will take It befoft ho en ters upon n course of ucilon which will lead to open hostilities. When the House Foreign Affairs Com mittee meets to-morrow morning Chair man Flood will Inrorm his colleagues that two Interviews with Postmaster Grneral Burleson and one with President Wilson havo failed to obtain from the hitler any material concession In the nature of the demands on Congress. The commltteo will shortly thereafter report u bill, the substantial provisions of which will be almost Identical with those contained In the Administration draft Introduced last night by Chairman Flood. At the same time the Republi can members will serve notlco that they are acting under protest and will seek to make nn extra session necessary In order to avoid tho absolute delegation of power on which the President In sists. Line 1,'p In Committee. It seemed probnble from the align ment of the committee on several counter proposals made to-day that possibly not more than six and probably not more than four votes would be cast against the Administration measure. Of these two are almost certain to be those of Representative Cooper, the ranking Re publican member, and Representative Porter of Pennslvanla, also a Republi can. Four Democrats, Representatives Ragsdule of South Carolina, Shacrtlerord of Missouri, Huddleston of Alabama and Thompson of Oklahoma, may vote against the bill In committee, though the probabilities nre that Thompson and Huddleston nt least win sign tho ma Jorlty report. Party lines were wholly obliterated In the committee's discussion totlay. At n long morning session the attitude of a majority plainly favored limiting the blanket provision of the Administration bill to the use of the naval forces of the United States for tha protection of American lives and shipping. President Wilson's strongest support era on the committee, Chairman Flood and Representative Harrison of Missis sippi, were willing to accept this amend ment, which was etrongly urged by the Republicans, led by Representative Rog ers of Massachusetts. Representative Porter, with the backing of Cooper and the four recalcitrant Democrats, offered amendments seeking to limit the pro tection to ships carrying goods not pre scribed by our contraband list or not containing arms and ammunition or not containing article which the President considered contraband. K t Chairman Flood then adjourned the committee until after noon for the pur pose of consulting the President on these amendments. The death of Mrs. Wilson's sister pi-evented an appointment, but the President sent Postmaster-General Bur leson for a conference with Mr. Flood. In his first conference Mr. Burleson refused to consider the Porter amend ments, which were considered generally its the outgrowth nf the German embargo propaganda. He consented to tako up the other ptopomlH at the Cabinet meet ing in the afternoon. President Stand Firm. Following the Cabinet meeting Mr. Burleson returned to the Capitol and announced that the President would not consent to any material modification or to the elimination of the phrase author izing him to employ "such other Instru mentalities and methods" as he may deem lit. In the face of tide a meeting of th committee projected in tho late aftei- noon was abandoned and Mr Flood agreed to present to the President th. following proposals: 1. That the woids "should In his Judg ment become necessary for him to do so '' be eliminated from the section authoriz ing the President to arm merchant ships, and . 2. Thnt the cnncludlnir nlinu. nt ih. first section be amended by the Insertion ! 01 -against unlawful attacks, while" so as to read "to protect such ships und the citizens of the United States against un lawful attack while In their lawful and peaceful pursuits on the high seas-." Proponents of the first suggtMlon wero optimistic of Its acceptance. Its purpose I" In 11 veiy limited degree to Instruct the Piesldent to make us., or the powers with which he risks to be Invested. It was understood that Mr. Flood will tee the President tn-monow morning. Virtually nil members of the commlt teo were distinctly resentful over tho President's choice nf spokesman in Post-master-General Burleson. One member of tin committee remarked when In formed th.it tho afternoon meeting had been displaced by a conference between Burleson, Flood and Harrison "After all. It seems not to be a matter of stall', but merely one of postal regu lation." A inajorlt.t of the commltteo bail practically agreed to substitute author ity "to employ the naval forces of the I'nlted States" for the "other Instru mentalities and methods" provision when Burleson returned from the Cabinet meeting with an absoluto veto of this proposal. "Tho President Is determined not to hrte anything in the bill that een Im pliedly sounds belligerent," waa the sub stance of Burleson's inesiige, and was Flood's explanation later for rejecting th amendment. "You will be safe In paying," said Mr. Flood to Tut Si n correspondent, "thnt the bill will be it-ported substantially as Introduced." FOUR MORE SHIPS SUNK. Hill Tonnage of ll.ftllit I l.ntest Toll nf IT-llnnls. Li.snoN, Feb. 27. -- Three British Me.imsnuis, a rrencn steamship and a British sailing boat, of a total tonnnico of 11,59:, comprise the latest toll of U- bont depredations. The Hlnkln-,' of the British steamship Tltotila, t.llf. tuns, tho Ftench steamer Lanientlii, 3,7Mi, and the British sailing vrssei Hamuli Croudcll wure announced In the oltlclitl report of the Ftench War Oltlce to-night. Lloyd's nnnotmee.4 to-day the slnkln of the British ste.inwhlps Aties and tea Gull, of 3,072 und Ml tuns respectively, The crew of each was landed, A Qtieenstnwti despatch last night re ported the sinking of the steamer llrlee. .No vessel of that name Is listed and It wan thought the British steamer F.ros, ot l,M:i tons, might bo meant. To-day's announcement of tho sinking of tho Aries warrants the conclusion that tho Queenstown report referred to hsr. Tho Aries was lust leported urrlvlng ut Marseilles on January St from Barry, Extra Session Looms Laflg in View of Graver t Situation. REPUBLICANS SHOW SIGNS OF SWITCH 3Iore Inclined to Back the Executivo Than to Fight Blanket Authority. STEPS ARE TAKEN FOR BREAK WITH AUSTRIA Diplomatic and Consular Officers Get Instructions to Leave Empire. Wabhin'oton, Feb. 27. Under the Impetus 'of the sinking of the steamer Laconla with the loss of American live decisive action by tho United States Government short of war to meet the peril of Oerman submarines was brought definitely nearer to-day. The President after a conference with Secretary Lansing mado It clear that the sinking of the Laconla consti tutes tho clear cut overt act for which he has been waiting. It is looked upon ns convincing evidence of the de termination of tho German Govern ment to carry on Its, mibmarino war faro to the limit of ruthleesncss and a challenge to tho United States to de fend Its rights and protect the lives of Its citizens upon the seas. The Senate Committee on Foreign Relations agreed to report a bill giving tho President the authority which ho asked even more than ho asked to protect Amerlc-in rights upon tho high seas. Tho jneaaure goes beyond the Flood Mil, Introduced in the House, in pro viding for tho urmlne; of merohant vesaels fore and aft In defenco against unlawful attnek. Slay lie a Vote ThurnU). Tho bill has yet to run the gantlet of the Senate, where a filibuster by Senator La Follette Is threatened, and the House, where tho pacifist and pro German elements am still In a belliger ent mood. But the ardor of their oppo sition to-day cooled appreciably In the face of the destruction of the laconla and may disappear altogether before tho fate of the bill Is determined A voto In not expected on the measure before Thursday. KffnrtK mnde In the House Commit tee on For. Ign UTalrx to emasculate the bill by excluding from Its provisions ships catryltig uminunltlnn noil I'nnlrn. 1 band of war were unavailing-. Chalr I man Flood made the statement that tho I bill would he reported virtually without chang. j As the bill agreed upon bv the Senate , committee meets wiih the entice ap I prov.il of the President, it Is probable. I that tho Issue In Congress will bo tolned 1 upon that iiKMsuru In both houses.' Pacifists in and out of thoo whose sympathies an. ulii, n..- Central Power 1, n. lhelr aclhlties. The threats of rlliliuster 10 ioii:e an extra session of Cotieress lire still made delli.titlv Wlllinm ' Bryan Is hastening to the ennli.nl tn. night, from Florida with the .inuonticod intention of lluoit.im on ,mlu, ,,,.. the balance to defeut the Intention of the President file possibility of an extra sexslnn still looms large and pi .Mictions nre made tin: .1 way will ! found to keop Congress nt band. There are indica tions, however, that the Republicans who insisted upon lioldno, .heck upon the Piesldent are wavering nil the con viction that lie will take the Intermediate step of arinlnr inetcliant ships Imfoiri proceeding to more warlike movea is growing. .More troublu is likely to be encountered from tho pacifists, who are exerting themselves to tho utmost to prevent any action that nnght bo provoo iitlte of war, even the aiming of mer chant vessels for defensive, purposes if ammunition carrying ships are not dis criminated against. President' Intentions, Thero was no Indication to-night that In view of the sinking of the Laconla the President contemplates again going before Congress with further sugges tions of action to meet the submarine crisis. It is regarded us probable, that he will content himself with the arming of merchantmen If Congress gives him that authority. Kven this couro Is looked upon with some mleglvlng by naval oflicers, who doubt Its effectiveness. If tho German submarines aro able to single out their prey under cover of darkness, us wits done In tho case of the Cumrder La conla, for the first time so far as tho lecords disclose, uny number of guns oil merchant vessels would nffoid no de fence. If guns are mounted, moreover, their value will depend on the promptness with which they aro brought Into play. Consequently the arming of the ships Is regarded 11s a warlike move, made to by circumstances de.plte tho traditional right of vessels to protect themselves against acts nf plrin If Congress acts to uphold tho hands of the President some tunc must olapte before American shlpi nn be equipped to run the submarine gnntlet. Tha guns will be piovlded. but they must be mounted. Tim providing of expert gun neiw will draw heavily upon tho navy, which stands much in need of thi tn. Complete arrangement for the with 'iwiil of American diplomatic and con. Hlilar olIlcorN fiom us" i-Hiiigiry have been made l Ambassador I'eullvbJ on Instructions from ine Slate l.iep.irl. ment. It was learned to-ituv tliat the Ambassador had been directed to t.iki this step, tho belief ut the Depurtmeiv. n