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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, March 01, 1917, Image 1

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Probably snow to-day; to-morrow prob
ably snow or rain ; northeast winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 36; lowest, 31.
Detailed weather, mall and marina reports on page 12.
NEW YORK, THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 1917. Copyright, 1917, By the Sun Printing and Publishing Association.
ONE CENT In Otntn New York,
Measure, Already Fussed by
Senate, Goes Through
273 to 137.
Conferees Agrco on Amend
ment and Will Report
It at Once.
Arming of Ships Will Hasten
It, Cologne "Volks Zei-.
tung" Asserts.
Washington, Feb. 25. Prohibition
won a doublo victory In Congress when
th House passed by a vote of 273 to 13?
the Senate bill to make the national
capital "dry" and Senate and House con
ferees on the posta appropriation bill
unexpectedly announced an agreement
under which the Reed "bone dry" amend
ment Is virtually assured of enactment
Hope of agreeing on the postal sup
ply measure had been abandoned by tho
conferees, who last night submitted a
resolution to continue existing postal up
proprlatlons for another year. To-night,
however, they got together on a report
which Includes the Heed amendment pro
hlbltlng shipment of liquor Into prohlbl
tlon States and which they expect to,
present In both houses to-morrow or Fri
day. The leaders thought to-night that there
was no doubt of Its acceptance In Sen
ate and House. They nre taking It for
granted, too, that President Wilson will
npprove both that and the District of
Columbia prohibition bill.
Effective an .airmbrr I.
The District bill, which would become
effective November 1, was brought to n
rote after a stubborn opposition had de
layed for several hours the ttnal roll call,
which the leaders knew would mean pas
sage. All day and until lato In the eve
ning they stood by their guns, exhaust
ing every parliamentary expedient to
Mid off action and watching for an op
portunity to put the measuro Into a posi
tion that would mean Its failure with the
expiration of the session on Sunday.
Falling to displace the hill or to fore
?n adjournment the filibusters centred
their attention on nn effort to add
nmendmentu that would throw It Into
cotiferenco and prevent enactment at this
session. They made their last stand on
in amendment which would have given
'lie people of the District a referendum
an the proposal and would have put Into
'he measuro a provision prohibiting lm
tortatlon of IWiuor for personal use. This
r.is voted down, 171 to 232. Various
ther amendments wero rejected by elm
iar majorities.
London, Feb. 28. Referring to 1'iesl-
dent Wilson's statement to Congress In
asking for power to arm American ships
that the overt act had not yet occurred,
the Cologne Volks Zeltung, n copy of
which has been received In Amsterdam,
says i
"It 1 only due to a lucky accident
that American ships have not been sont
to the bottom, and 'unless. American
ships avoid the danger zone the overt
act Is bound to come. There Is no doubt
that tho arming of American merchant
men will meun a tight between the sub
marines and American vessels, which
necessarily will produce a state of war."
Commenting on the sinking of the
Laconln tho Cologne IJ'itfffc says!
"We can understand Brltleh sailors re
garding It as proof of courage and devo
tion to duty to bruve the dangers of
the submarine war on n freight ship, but
we cannot understand a shipping com
pany under Hrltlsh control permitting a
passenger ship to crust" the danger sione,
foolkhly exposing women mid children
to almost certain death, nor the extremo
rashness of those who thus risked their
Are Only a 3Iile From the
rivni wi...i. Wou nit
five of Big Drive.
Hnig's Men Continue to Push
On. Great Trench Systems
Reinjf Captured.
jii w m. mm mmr mm m m i r m r m m m- m ma .
Administration Aroused by Fro-bemian Activities ot
Dr. Paul Ritter Immediate Release of Detained
American Consuls Demanded.
London", Feb. 2. Hrltlsh (loops aie
only a mile from Bapaume. Infantry
forces, pressing after the retreating Ger
mans, have set foot on the Bapaume
ridge. They can see now fur tho first
time the town that has been their goal
ever slnco the Sommo offensive opened
elFht months ago to-morrow.
It is believed here that earlier sign,
were not mlleudlng, and that tho Oer
mrans actually Intend to evacuate Ba
paume. In fact, all but ttho last line or
defence of tho town Itself may be already
the hands of Sir Douglas Haig's ad
vancing troops.
I Tho Hermans havo given up the village
of Thllloy, almost exactly u mile south-
, west of Bapaume, and moie Important
still, atop tho i Idge of which Bapaume
Is tho central point. It was on this ridge
. that It was thought tho Germans might
Treneh Mrm Captured.
VAKiit.s-nTON. Feb. 2S. Tho first sle To-nlEht'.s olllclal renort say that "the
toward speedy procurement of additional tiench system adjoining" Thllloy has
much needed guns for use against sub- fallen Into Hrltlsh hands. This may
marines- was mkeii by the Navy He- mean the wonderfully strong and in
partment to-day, when bids weie opened I tricate section of tho old German fourth
for 2,400 3 Inch weapons and several I line Just beyond Thllloy, between it and
thousand 1 pounders. The manufac-1 Bapaume. If so all that remains Is the
turera have agieed to complete the eon-1 Bapaume line Itself, which Is compara
traot within six months. tlvely new.
The 3 Inch weapons, which nic mod-i Nor aio these the only successes nn
elled after the types which British pa-, nouueed for the British to-day. Gomme
trol boats have used effectively against court, nearly five miles north of the
German U-boats, will lie mounted on Anciv, along a mighty fortress before
merchantmen, patrol boats and partic-1 which thousands of Hrltlsh troops laid
ularly on a selected typo of motor lwmt'down their lives In vain efforts to storm
designed as it submarine chaser. The ' It, baa been given up almost without re
1 pounder weapons will be mounted on 1 slstance. ' Beyond and n little southeast
snuell natrol boats. ,of Gonmiecourt tho straggling village of
Contracts Let for 2,4-00 Z Inch
and Several Thousand
One rounders.
There is much Interest In the new type
of patrol or motor boat which, the Oov
ernmcnt has adopted to cope wim
Pul.seux-nii-Mont has been taken.
To strengthen their hold on these posi
tions the British have pushed forward
Wabiiinbton, Feb. 2R. President Wil
son may nsk the Government of Switzer
land to recall Or. Paul Bitter, the Swiss
Minister here, or to Inform him that his
present and past pro-German acllvittiH
are making hhn persona non grata to
the I'nlted States. This becamo known
to-day, when the Administration's dls
plcasiite and embarrassment were openly
extiresil over the latest pio-German
move which has emanated from the
Swiss Legation.
The Swiss Minister, It now develops
peimltted to become public to-day- the
contents of the latest not ot Inquiry
which Gel many lias sent regal ding the
alleged detention of German Consuls,
and the added statement that four Amer
ican Consuls are being detained In Ger
manv until the Berlin Government re
ceives olllclal advices that all German
Consuls In tills country ordered to Cen
tral and South America have been per
mitted to proceed. The German docu
ment, containing many false statements
concerning the situation mid arguments
from the German viewpoint, was made
public without the knowledge or permis
sion of Secretary Lansing.
It was later stated that th- Swiss Le
gation was responsible At the State
Ucpaitment It was said a full Investiga
tlon of tho facts In the case would be
Immediate re-leas of the four Amer
ican Consuls being detained In Ger
ninny was asked In n note sent the Ber
lin Government to-night by the United
Another Cane Ilecnllcd.
Tho Indignation of the Administration
Is not due particularly to the contents of
the despatch, but to the fact that Dr.
ltltter seems to be following In the foot
steps of Count von Hernstorff and en
deavoiing to conduct a pro-ucrman
brooaganda In this country. State l)e
Dartment officials tako the view that his
present duties as representing Germany's
interests do not entitle him to play any
such role. He Is supposed to act dimply
as an Intermediary between Herlln and
Washington and not to show sympathy
and undue zeal for the promotion of
such political move as the Wllhelm-
Htrasse wishes to conduct.
It Is furthermore explained that the
present Instanco of giving out Germany's
sldo of a controversy without this Gov
ernment's permission Is not the first case
which has attracted tho Administration's
attention to Dr. Bitter. In the ease of
Germany's so-called Informal proposal
to negotiate over tho U-boat blockade.
this fact was announced In the news
lioiiewed Threats of Fili
buster Are Made in Lat
ter Chamber.
been persuaded by Secretary Lansing to
put tne proposal in writing, so ne was
on lecord as having received or claimed '
to have received authority from Berlin! . i vTriip CI'I' 1 1T IT
to suggest the negotiations. l" WIjIjIj 1 I I'j 01.Hin II
The outstanding featuro of this dlplo-l
matlo. nilxup, however, was tho demon- 1
strntion to the Statu Department here,,. ., , . . , ,...,
that r. Hitter was very actively seek-1 MeilSlll'P Reported to 1.0 Will
ing to usslst the German cause with the 1
public opinion of thin country and with
particular reference to the pacifists, H
has long been known to diplomats that ,
Dr. lilttet- was not only a great admirer
and closn friend of Count von Bernstorff, '
but tint his personal sympathies were
strongly pro-German. In this respect
he is said not to rellect Ills Govern
Documentary Proof of Teuton Plan
to Embroil America With South
ern Republic, Offering South
western States as Bribe, in
Hands of This Government
Hotly Does Xot Keslriel
Wilson's Towers.
WasiiInuton, Feb. 28. W'liile the
President waited, thu contending forces
ment's neutral view. Throughout the , , c 0SB nrra.c,i themscl ve.s to-day
German peace moves and from that time ,
on his personal feelings have apparently for tho opening of the struggle over
prompted him to go to great lengths to ti,e armea neutrality bill In the House
assist Germany. . t ....... . -,,
Statu Department oftlclals say Dr. ' ul i.ruciUuici '""
Hitler should now represent Germany ' fate, of the mea.suro upon tho rnaot
wlth the same scrupulous care for ncu- l .,,. ., , ,,, ,,,
trallty that characterized the actions ot! m"nt "f whIch th "ext Htt" 1,1 lho
American Ambassador Pago in London 1 submarine crisis largely depends, Is
Count von Bernstorff Received Instructions
From Foreign Minister Zimmermann Dated
Jan. 19, When Ruthless Submarine
War Was Decided On
when hu was entrusted with German
interests in Great Britain. Whatever i
Berlin desired to communicate to the
British Government through the United
States Mr. Pago Conveyed for the Ger
man Government. But it Is pointed out
there would cry properly have been a
storm of protest from Great Britain had
Mr. Page endeavored to defend Ger
many's actions boforo the British pub
Ho or otherwise to champion their po
litical propaganda.
Hitter May Get Warning.
It is regarded as certain that the
Swiss Government will either warn Dr.
Bitter of this Government's displeasure
or replace him with another representa
tive who Is not so Imbued with the Ger
man viewpoint. Especially If matters
grow more serious It would make this
Government most uneasy to have the
Swls Legation virtually noting as an ad
junct to the Foreign Oflleo of Berlin and
having full access to valuable Informa
tion which the United States necessarily
feels niut be closely guarded from Ber
lin. The German note of inquiry to-day
added that tho American. Consuls de
tained In Germany nro Henry C. A.
Damm, transferred from Aachen to Har
put, Turkey; John Q. Wood, transferred
from Chemnitz to Messina; Vice-Consul
f. Bruce Wallace, transferred from
Magdeburg to Constantinople, and Vlce
Constil C. Innes Brown, transferred from
Mannheim to Constantinople.
The German Governments action Is
i still In doubt. It.s pasnagc by the
i.i ii. r i.nmn i:.t,o:iis In At-1 near by. Their line Is now more than
.-i,., .j .1.,. .- .. .. .i . .. ... inis inui was aiuiuunceu in me nen-.
lantlo waters. Tho Klectrlc Mal l hair ram nonneasi ""'"""""'JJ I papers before cither President Wilson or bated on circumstances which, through
Company of New York built 500 of these I progressing In legions where hitherto an, s .. ,rv Lansln had anv Idea that i no concern of tho United States, de-
boats for Great Britain and many of attacks had been repelled. ch a proposal ha(1 leen addressed to i tnlned Consul Muiller at Havana. Cuba,
them are doing excellent service In tho . . . this Government liv Germany. There while he was on his way from Atlanta
Knirlisb Channel. It is expected, how- 1 ' I ronM h.n been nn means of cettlnir this ' to Quito. IVuadnr. Two notes have been i
ever, that the British Government now' Trench systems adjoining Pulsleuwu-; news to the public except through the i tecelved from tho German Government 1 trallty bill comes to a vole it will past,
favors a heavier type of boat, us prao- Mont have fallen also to the. British, and , assistance ot the Swiss Legation, It Is ex- on the subject, the first, a week ago, the Senate with an ample majority,
tlce has shown that these craft must be patrols are still creeping ahead, as close , ,,ianpd, for the German proposal was - charging that tho United States had de- j made up of Bepubllcans as well as Dem-
ocean going and at tne same umu oeainn tno Hermans as is saie. , hai(j to have been addressed to Dr. Bit- tamed .Mucner ai Havana, ami a second ' uvreir, u n uueu nui pa.-.- io ie-imw
WASHINGTON, Feb. 28. The Associated Press is enabled
to reveal that Germany, in planning unrestricted submarine
warfare and counting its consequences, proposed an alliance
with Mexico and Japan to make war on the United States if
this country should not remain neutral. Japan, through Mexi
can mediation, was to be urged to abandon her allies and join
in the attack on the United States.
Mexico, for her reward, was to 'receive general financial
support from Germany, reconquer Texas, New Mexico and
Arizona her "lost provinces" and share in the victorious
peace terms Germany contemplated.
Details were left to German Minister von Kukhardt in .Mexico city,
who by instructions signed by German Foreign Minister Zimmermann at
Berlin January 19, 1917, was directed to propose the alliance with Mexico
to Gen. Carranza and suggest that Mexico seel; to bring Japan into tho
These instructions wero transmitted to Von Kckhardt through Count
von Bernstorff, former German Ambassador here, now on his way home
to Germany under a safe conduct obtained from his enemies by tho
country against which he was plotting war.
Painted Germans as Victors.
" Germany pictured to Mexico by broad intimation Kngland and the
Entente Allies defeated, Germany and her allies triumphant and in world
domination by the instrument of unrestricted submarine warfare.
A copy of Zimmermunn's instructions to Von Kckhardt sent through
Von Bernstorff is in possession of the United States Government. It is
equipped with heavy enough armament! An attack has been made on tho Ger-,
to cope with the guns of the U-boat. man lines at the point where apparently
During tho llrst months of the war tho the retirement pivots. British troopj at
German submarines rolled particularly tucked and captured this morning part
on torpedoes, it Is said, but recent re-, of a Gorman trench northeast of Sallly-
n.i.. f..,... ..r Hiii.u.iorinir jr.il., wi r,.m Vmr.rlr-jii naval attaches , Sullllscl. near the strong Le iTansioy po-
egy were replaced by long roll calls abroad show "that practically all Ger- sltlnn. and took eighty-five prisoners and
rA I... u n.nt..ll,i.. r.n ,rttArl mn. I rrh..ntu o nnw nrmeil with EUnS a machine C1IU.
tlons lii'ailiourn. nolnts of no ouorum. Lf oi.mii 3 inch calibre. I t'r the first time the German War
I.onif Deln)- Forced.
Debate on thu measure had been lim
ited by tho drastic rule under which It
lad been brought UP so that the usual
ter here,
Houso Is reasonably certain, but In the
Senate, whero the greatest dlfliculty
Is to be met, there were renewed
threats to-day of a filibuster to forco a
special session of Congress'.
Tho situation to-night appeared
largely to depend on tho action of
Senator La Follctte, wlio although In
dicating by his action a purpose to de
lay legislation, has not declared his
purpose to filibuster to the extent of
blocking a vote on this nmt other Im
portant measures remaining to bo
acted upon by the Senate.
His attitude was Indicated after the
passage of the revenue bill to-night.
Senator Stone, chairman of the Foreign
Belatlons Committee, sought unanimous
consent to dispense with parliamentary
formalities In virder to get formally be
fore the Senate the neutrality measures
as reported by tho committee which
would authorize tho President to arm
American ships and employ "other in
strumentalities" to protect American
life and rights on the sea.
Prompt obpectlon came from Senator
La Follette, who Insisted upon consum
ing lme reading tho Journal of previous
d.ivs. over the vieoious obiectlon of Sen
ators Fall and Polndexter, Bepubllcans, , as follows:
Finally tho Wisconsin Senator was In-I i,n,ti T in mi-
duced to withdraw his objection on con- , wernn, daiuiaij l.f, lJli.
dition that there should be no attempt "On the first of February we intend to begin submarine warfare un
,uoc" in Pito of this it is our intention to endeavor to keep neutral
committee presented the bill with a fa- j tne United btates of America.
vorable repoit and Senator Stone a-kd i ",f tf)U ttempl not ,ucce,,fu we propoie an alliance on the fed
that It lay over until I' riday . . , . ... ., . , ,, , ,
It Is coiu.dcd that If the armed neu- lownc bau with Mexico: That we shall make war together and together
make peace. We shall give general financial support and it is understood
that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas and
Arizona, The details are left to you for settlement.
"You are instructed to inform the President of Mexico of the above
to-day asking for a reply to the llrst bllltv -w III again be thrown back upon the
tiiim!m?nts and motions to give some
other bill tho light of way.
After several hours the prohibition
Iiampions despaired of passing at all
the House bill reported fiom the District
of Columbia Committee, with numerous
amendments, nnd adopted a special rule
mbstltiitlng tho Senate bill.
Chairman Henry of the Rul. Com
mlttco led tho fight for the " wets." A
member for twenty years nnd the vet
member for twenty years and the yet- ,ved aeiM information concerning
eran of many floor battles, he, went Into' iVrTtftn's defensive measures
the fight representing only a small
minority of his committee. He suc
ceeded in keeping tho bill from coming
up on the floor until afternoon by fili
bustering on a minor Judgeship measure.
He l.ad a handful of other bills ready
to bring up when llepresentative Harri
son, another member of tho Hules Com
mittee, took the floor from him In be
half of tho rulo under which the dry
hill framed by the DIatilct Committee
was to bo considered.
Henry Makes Protest.
Mr. Henry protested that undue haste
Miould not be exercised In perfecting
fcuch an Important measure, and -Mr.
Harrison replied :
"We are willing to sit here with you
suitlemon until tho fourth of March, If
r.tcessary, to perfect tills bill."
A point of no quorum by Itepresenta
tUe Coady of Maryland was followed
by a rush of tho untl-prohlbltlon Ilepre
sentatlves to absent themselves, and
'here was a long delay whllo the
feigeant-at-arms was bringing them
back Into the Houso chamber.
Then It developed that the filibusters
were ready to demand roll culls on a
long Ubi of amendments, with frequent
roll calls pn motions to adjourn In
terspersed, and the prohibition leaders
abandoned tho committee bill and
brought in tho rule to substitute the
innate measure, It was udopted, 212 to
Hi. and a roll call on tho bill Itself I
&"on was leached. I
llepresentative Galllvan of Massachu-I
setta made the final motion to recommit i
Hi hill with Instructions for a refer
endum vote and for a "bono dry" pro-1
Uslon. Ho charged the Democratic,
leaders with truckling to Heprescntatlve I
Hamlall of California, the only Prohlbl-1
unn membi r, because the latter was one
if tho Independent group who const!-
tuted the balunce of power In thu or-,
sanitation yf the next House.
While the voting was in progress In
the Iluuke William J. Bryan walked Into '
'he pn-ss gallery, watched the proceed-,
ngs for a while, and then went down to
the Sveaker's lobby and talked with
friends among the members.
"I was In on the killing," he said after
the llnal vote. "Just say for mo Hint I
"Id 'Delighted.' "
OthVe breaks lis silence concerning the
Ar.ere retliernent, only to Imply that
everything Is going as the Oeneral Staff
"In the Anciv section infantry engage
ments In front of our positions took the
course desired by the command," It says.
DIk netrrnt l.lkely.
Viewed In combination with the con
tinuing retirement, this statement In
creases, the wonderment ns to where It
against submarines, much of which was; will stop. Besides the strong possibility
gathered by Commander Powers Sym-. that Bapnumo is to be handed over, the
Ington who was American naval at-! more vaguo chance that tho hoped for
tache at the American Kinbasfy in Lon- retreat to tho Arras-Cambral line Is on
The theory on which the British Ad
mlialty Is pioceedlng with icspeel to Itr
motor boat submarine chasers Is that
numbers is the all Important factor. It.
Is held that a German U-boat would
hardly vonturu attack In the presence
of six or eight or ten of these craft. It
1h understood tho United States will fol
low tho name Idea.
The navnl intelligence office here nan
Losses of Shipping
Since February 1
Indlniiit Miirrniite 11111 Signed.
iNPuswrouH, Feb. 28. Gov, Good
dch signed the woman's partial suffrage
bill this morning, The law gives women
he right to vote for Presidential elec-
Iws, di leg.itcn to the Constitutional Con-1
'Uitlou to be held next year, for pracll-
'ai'y all State olllcer.s except Governor,!"
-.eiiienam-tiovernor, .erctary, urea- GREAT BEAR BfBINO VTATKB.
n itr and Auditor, nnd for nil county, ... is" ca ot tlx glut stoppered bottlt.
Hy nnd township ofllcers. I 4ii;
For the first time since Ger
many began her unrestricted sub
marine campaign no reports were
received yesterday from London
or from Paris of ships having ,
been torpedoed by submarines or
sunk by mines.
The British official weekly
statement of arrivals and sailings
and submarine depredations con
tains, however, a striking con
trast. It supplies the following
Arrivals and sailings, merchant
vessels of all nationalities over
ioo tons net, at and from British
ports: Arrivals, .,280; sailings,
British merchant vessels sunk
by mine or submarine of 1,600
tons gross or over, 15; under
1,600 tons gross, 6; fishing ves
sels, 4.
British merchant vessels un
successfully attacked by sub
marines, ia.
The announcement that the
three Dutch ships torpedoed on
February 22 and believed still
afloat had sunk increases the to
tal known losses by three ships
and 13,810 tons over previous fig
ures. The Bhips were the Eem
land, 3,770 tons; the Bandoeng,
5,851 tons, and the Zaandijk,
4,189 tons.
Data available in this country
give losses of allied and neutral
shipping from submarines thus
far as follows!
Ships sunk, 183; tonnage lost,
Losses indicated by Sir Ed
ward Carson's announced losses
to February 19:
Ships sunk, 203; tonnage lost,
at last Is widely illscuseed,
That Entente leaders believe there are
Eieal possibilities In the situation Is
evidenced by tho fact that a conference
of the highest British and Fiench com
manders of Government and army was
held at Calais on Monday. 'Sven the fact
of tho conference was kept secret until
It was over, but thoro is 110 doubt hero
that It centred upon tho German retire
ment on the Ancre and how the Allies
might best take advantage of It.
Great Britain sent to tho conference
Premier Lloyd George, Gen, Sir William
Itobertson. the Chief of Staff, nnd Field
Marshal Sir Douglas Halg. commanding
tho armies In France. Tho French repre
sentatives wero Premier Briand, Gen.
Lvnutey, the Minister of War, And Gen.
Nlvelle, commanding the French armies
In Franco.
Activity at Other Points
The Somme-Ancie front continues to
be the ceiitro of Interest on the western
battle line, but iahls and small recon
noitring attacks at other points on that
front by both British and French troops
are doubtless with the Intention of as
certaining whether or not tho Germans
are preparing a wider retirement.
Thu otMcial statements follow;
British This morning we attacked
and captured a portion of an enemy
trench northeast of Hallly-SatUUel
and took elghty-tlve prisoners. Includ
ing two ollicers, and also a machine
Our advance north and south of tho
Ancre continued during the night. We
occupied Oommecourt to-day. Wo have
raptured the villages or Thllloy and
Pulsleux-au-Monl, together with tho
treneh system udjoinlng them, and
have pushed our Hue forward l.ftflO
yards to the northeast of Gomme
court, A successful raid was carried out
Inst night in the neighborhood of
(iery, Our troops reached the enemy's
Hecond line nnd captured twenty-two
prisoners. We also enteied Hie enemy's
positions northeast of Arras and south
west and west of Iens and bombed
seter.il occupied dugouts.
An enemy raid northeast of Armen
tleres was repulsed with loss,
Much valuable reconnaissance work
was carried out by our airplanes yes
terday. A number of air tights took
placo and three of our machines were
brought down.
On Sunday naval airplanes raided
There always has toeen somo doubt as anil also containing a statement on . President, who will be called on to de- ,1 ,,., ,r.J ..... ., .1 . -n . ,
.i,..,h.. ,ik- m.ie the -hnrires that American Consuls and their clde w bethel ho w 111 arm merchant ships ' ,he greatest confidence as soon as it is certain there will be an outbreak
wives departing from Germany had been and take Mich steps l.o may deem of war with the United States and suggest that the President of Mexico
suDjecied 10 ino gnuie.s. uermany com- necessary to protect Aineiuan lives ui , . .u..u , , . ;.i 1 .
plains of these statements and charges I whether ho will convene Congiess in -pc- " own ,n'liallvo '"""'d communicate with Japan suggesting adher
proposal in the form which Dr. Ritter
submitted to tho Stato Department after
Its publication In the press. The Ger
man Foreign Onice denied any such move
was made, but Dr. Ritter meantime had I the facts.
American oftlclals with misrepresenting cial session and resubmit the question.
ence at once to this plan; at the same time offer to mediate between Ger
many and Japan.
"PInnsp enll in ihn 'illon'ii nf tVtit Pr.. i.lrtn- T. It.... (1,..
It was reported to-d.i that It Is his. ,.,,, , , , ,
intention If compelled to choose the lat- pl"nient of ruthless submarine warfare now promise to compel Kngland
Wllsmi'ei Mm- of Aetloii
Agree to Replace 7 Vessels
Sank if Holland Will Buy
Them After War.
Franklin Would Arm Boats
So Attacking Party Would
Be Put in Peril.
Tne Hauch. via London. Feb. .5. , Washinotos, Feb. Amer.can I with Congress.
m- n.i..n,mM,i hn nfiw.i tn'hlp.s protected by American guns, ' con la does not
, , . . manned by American gunners and any. tlon bv ihe 1
replace the seven wuten merchantmen one tnnt interferes does so nt his peril, of thin ovei t act Is leg.irded by the Presl
which were torpedoed off tho Lngllsh That Is the position taken by Represen- ( dent as having been anticipated In his
coat last week with German freighters i tatlve William S. Bennrt of New York , address at the Joint session nnd tho sink
ntit i,n end of the war on condition 1 nml echoed In a letter received by him, Itig of the ship will not alter the course
until the end or the war, on condition ( to (ay frQm t Franklin, president , of action he proposed,
that Holland purchase them afterward. . of ,lle Alnerlcnn Lino. j The Administration' armed neutral-
London, Teb. 28. At tho Dutch Le- The letter says : j Sty bill, as drawn at the White Mouse,
"What the United States ought to do with several amendments which do not
Is to announce to whom It may concern materially alter it.s provisions, was fa
that there Is only one ttansatlantlc pas- i vorably repoit, d by Hk Committee on
to make pence in a few months. (Signed XIM.MICHM.WN'."
Wilson Has Document.
This (lo-'umcnt has been ill the hands of tin (Jovei nme'it Miice Presi
dent Wilson broke off diplomatic iclations with Germany. It has been
should fall to grant him the necessary kept secret while the President has been asking Congrp.-ri for full authority
""'wi'smade clear to-dav that the Ad- tu deal with 0cmin' an(l whilu Congress ha.s been hesitating,
ministration view U that tho case tets It was in the President's iiand while Chancellor von licllimann-
tee course to defer calling Const ess to
gether until the latest possible moment
to take up the work ahead ot it, perhaps
not until .lime. There H no evidence
that tho President has made up his mini
to pursue his own cour-e In dealing
with the .submarine situation If Cun-resj
s. The .sinking of the i.a-1 Hollwrg was declaring that the United States had placed an interpre
it presage Independent ac- (...., , " , , ...
'lesident. Tho commission , tntion on the submarine declaration "never intended by Germany anc
cation It was said to-day there was no
confirmation of tho report published
earlier In the week that the Dutch steam
ships Bandoeng, F.emland and Zaandijk
were still afloat. On tho contrary, the
latest Information received by the Dutch
that Germany had promoted and honored friendly relations with the
United States "ns an heirloom from Frederick the Great."
Of itself, if there were no other, it is considered a HtiiTuient answer
to the German Chancellor's plaint that the United States "brusquely"
broke off relations without giving "authentic" reasons for its action.
The document supplies the missing link to many separate chains of
circumstances, which until now have seemed to lead to no definite point.
senger carrying service under the Amct- j Foreign Belatlons of the llone to-day. i It sheds new light upon the frequently reported but indefinable move-
lCall lag anil tliat service is unuer con- mere were m oten in onposmon. imn . f Mpvienn Covnrnniont t.i enimlo its sitnntwio with ll, -.;
tract to the United States Government 1 cat by Republicans and four by Demo-1 montr' 01 ttU! '"'M'-'1" liOemment to couple its situation With the fric
to sail regularly every Saturday, and 1 crats. : tion between the United States and Japan,
fill ther. that the I'tiitid States Is deter-' A special rulu for the consideration of ,..,..
rianned world Mnte.
officials led to the belief that tho ves- mined to )1!iV0 a transatlantic jmssengcr 1 the bill will bo brought In to-morrow
,K h.,,1 been lost. A search for the i carrying service, nvallahlo for Its cltl-1 anu tne mm ni siieiigin netween tne
.0i,iv, nror..i itnnvnltine 1 sens, Government officials and others to
Com tinned on Third Pag.
cross tho Atlantic upon und that as It Is
The steamships Bandoeng, lmland ' Impracticable properly to convoy such
and ZsandlJIt weie three of the licet of ! steamers they are to be manned, gunned
seven Dutch merchant ships torpedoed and officered by the United .States navy
by German submailnes February 22 at 1 and anybody that . lute. fetes with hem
the westerly approach to the Kngllsh i In any manner will do so at his peril.
Channel Three of tho Dutch steamers, ' "Such position would have the country
tl c Gna'stcrland. Jncatra and Noorder- i behind it and would enabbi self-respect-
dljk, were known uennueiy m nave ween ,os ,vu..o ... ......
sent to the nottom, anu a iuriu i i
pel, tho Menado. was repotted to have GERMANS PLOT IN MEXICO.
been towed Into Falmouth. An an- ,
nouncement inado In Ixmdon on Febru- m.iuee Ulna and Villa to
nry 2 1 said the other three vessels,
though severely damaged, had remained Menace fnlteil Stntes.
ntloat. I Spreial Cable Vfsrtatch to Tub Six.
London, Feb. S. It is learned from
a tellable source that German agents in
Cuba and South America are plotting to
make trouble for the United States In
Mexico, and that German effort to do
t.io same in Cuba was forestalled through
I .Via fnti.,v,tlnn fit tlio British Covern.
Boifk, Idaho, Feb. 28. Tho antl-allen n)t.lti
land bill, which was once withdrawn b-1 .,.,. r;ermans hope to bilng about u
cause ot its effect on Japan, was reported i vln,1M1 of j,-Mux r,lz ,vm, villa In order
unfavorably In-day by tho Senate Com- ,,, ,,,..,. the United State from the
ml t tee on Statu Affairs, but the Semite w,utn, If the Gel man phitis carry, Gi eat
ordered the bill printed. Many who op- ,i Unlit expects) tho United Stales to pre
posed tlm mousure said they favored Its : eIlt Hny nl,)V,, toward the destruction of
terms, but believed the tlmo was Inop- ,(, T,,,n,co oil Holds. Close cooperation
portuno for such legislation. I between the British and American Gov-
Gov. Alexander to-day received a tele- ,.rnnientH undoubtedly foiestullcd tlio
gram from Socretary Lansing asking his Herman machinations In Cuba,
opinion of the possibility of passage of j .
the pending bill against the lutermar- lldlsinr Mm I nderarne eiperailoii.
rlago of whites nnd Mongolians, 1 ,-laries IMIson, tho twenty-slx-year-
old son of Mr. nnd Mrs. Thomas A.
It adds another chapter to the celebrated report of Jules Cambon,
French Ambassador in licrlin before the war, of Germany's worldwide
plan for stirring strife on every continent where they might aid her in tho
struggle for world domination, which she dreamed was close at hand.
It adds a climax to the operations of Count von Hernstorff and the
German Embassy in this country, which have been colored with passport
I'he outlook in the Senate is utif avor- j f i amis, churges of dynamite plots and intrigue, the full evtent of which
pacifists and tlioe who would urge the
President to m Hon will be made. In the
House there m little doubt of the out
come. Predictions were made to-diy
that not more than lllt ot.s can be
mustered by tile paclllt opposition.
Outlook III the .Venule.
Idaho Legislative Committee MiiLc
Unfavorable Report.
never has been made public.
It gives new credence to persistent reports of .submarine busc3 on
Mexican territory in the Gulf of Mexico; it takes cognizance of a fact
long recognized by American army chiefs, that if Japan ever undertook
to invade the United States it probably would be through Mexico, over
the border and into the Misois.sippi Valley to split the country in two.
I3dlnn, who has been associated with
his father In his laboratory work for
Quarantine Border Cilnips,
i,?,. limn. Teix.. Feb. 2!. Because of
the snreud of pneumonia, mensles nnd the past two years, was operated upon
mumps among tho soldiers of this ills- yesterday afternoon In tho Orange Mo-
trict, a quarantlnn has been placed Uon monai uospiwu mi iuieinucma,
all camps by order or uen, lieu, ejniy
..t.i . . ..r will n-i... .... 1
iiuit' lu LIU' ih-s.iku ' ' . ,ie mil. I lie o-
position of the Republicans, directed for
the mil part against the granting ot
blank, t nitthnrit) to the President to use
the military forces to ptotect American I
lives and American ships, was niuiii less ,
apparent, but the legislative congestion ,
is such that a dettrm'ned flg.it by two t
or three members would blod; all prog-
ress and prevent n vote not on.y nn the
armed neutrality bin but other impor- Von Bernstorff's Reluctance.
tant ineasiin. I
Administration leaders iiavo misgiv-1 It, recalls that f junt von Hernstorff when handed his passport's va
Ing.s of the attitude or Senator La VoU 1 , veiui:tant to return to Germany, but expressed a preference for
letto ami of Senator Norris, who might i ' . ,
support him. There Is a possibility also I nsyliini in Cuba. It gives a new explanation to the repeated arrest
that other Republicans who believe that , on' t)e border of men charged by the American military authorities with
Coiigtess should be at hand to shoulder I , , ' , . . ... ,
Its bullion of responsibility and act as a j being German intelligence agents.
ei.ovii on the President may Join the ,ast of all it H'cms lo show a connection with Hen. Carranza'.s
IUOVlllclll. I , . , ., tl,f v,.r.vtu nf f,r.,l .in,l nmnili t t-br.
Many Republicans who weto at first i Jvcuni. iiiwpus.i. . ....... . ..
Inclined to oppose the grant of blanket 1 Entente Allies be cut off, and an intimation that he might stop the
bS!hn8UreS f 0i'' S V,tnl tllC nnVy' wU,Ch 'S CX',0rtr(1 f,'om tho
tlons Committee. Among these. Is Sena- Tuiupico fieliUs.
tor Smith of Michigan, who was listed . wi11)t c0Krress will do and how members of Congress who openly
lis an opponent of the measure. Senator , r. .u .! . i .i .i i,
Smltli said eniphaileally that ho would have sympathized with Germany m thei. opposition to clothing tho Presi
vote for the bill and that ho would do , .in,,, .v!Ui full niithnritv to nroteet American rights will rcgartl tho rcvu-
IieillllllK m iiiisu ui i i ..'(. iiu ii,ii lien
that lie had objected to the proposal to
glvo tho President authortey to use
"other InBtrumcntnlltli'S" because he
soldiers on military business will be per
mitted to como Into El Paso.
lry lii'Uforil in "I'uor l.lttbi Rich Ulr) "
Hxiiuslvely at -trttml iiirutrr next week.
Coiifntieil on .Second Vitgr.
TIIF. tlKKKN'mtlKn WTilte Sulphur
Iprlngs, Went ii. Ideal time for ths curs.
Only on iiUtht from Nw Vork.--Jifi',
lution of Germany's machinations to attack the United States u tho
subject to-night of the keenest interest,
Such a proposal as Germany instructed her Minister to make to
Mexico borders on an act of war if actually it is not one.
No doubt exists here now that tho persistent reports during tha
Inst two years of the operations of German ngentw not alono in Mexico

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