THE SUN, THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 1917.
BOYCOTT MAY CLOSE
8,000 8. Y. STORES
Jewish Dealers Urged to Close
If Police Protection Is
WILL SEE MAYOR TO-DAY
Prices of Potatoes, Onions and
Poultry Take Sharp Drop
tho closing of (heir store, saying tht unless this section wcro Inserted. Mem
notion might (n(i in (.rcitn housewives i bors of the committee thcrounon said tho
Win) wcro unable to huy othi-r neoessl
lien. Ho believed closing tho stores
would make more trouble for tlis liollco
than the boycottcrs nro making.
Commissioner llnrtlgan continued yes
terday to receive telegrams from heads
of departments of foods and markets In
various Ktatcn telling whom thero uro
supplies of potntocs and onions and on
what terms New York can get them.
One commlmloner telegraphed about
one man who had 19,01)0 barrels of po
tatoes which ho would lot go at MO a
barrel and of another who would sell
the name amount at 8.fi0.
Another oommlloner offered to see
to It. that from flvo to ten carloads of
yellow onions, now en route, would be
diverted to New York at 11 cents a'
omission wns on oversight which would
Others who opposed the bill were Al
bert n. Mllbank, chairman of tho law
fommlttco of tho New York Htnto Milk
Dcalorn' Association ; Charles W. llnslop,
president of tho New York City Itetall
Uroeeru' Association ; William Truman
of tho Ulster County Grange and .Mrs.
Cnmmls'tniiur Dillon promised that
with proper legislation his department
would bo able to furnish milk to tho
residents of New York city without an
udvanco in price, wlillo paying more
to tho farmer. Ho charged that the
I'umuilUeo'H plan was faulty In its en
tirety, nnd said the framers had dug
up a set of old statutes affecting milk
m, fcv. .....j -.. posed new law
carloads of potatoes at C cents a pound. , UeorK, w ,,;rhlngi chairman of Mayor
Dee I'rlrr) Cheaper. I Mltehel's foo.1 committee ami Gov. Whit-
man s choice for hoad of tho State Do-
Mr, Hartlgau's Inspectors reported yes- partmcnt of Koods and Markets, paid his
HffUwlves engaged ns pickets In en
forcing the potato, onion and poultry
boycott have made It eo difficult for
storekeepers to do business with safety
I themselves and" their stocks that the
feneration of Hebrew Itetall Grocers"
Xstoclatlons, Inc., has recommended to
Its 1,000 members the closing of their
1,000 stores for a few days unless the
ettr authorities grant them full police
A call has been Issued for a mass
setting of all members at Manhattan
Ljceum Monday afternoon to Indorse
a resolution to this effect adopted at a
oecial executive meeltng or the asso
ciation yesterday afternoon. A com
mittee consisting of I. Itothstoln, A,
Aronoff and NaUian M. Padgug, general
attorney, will call -upon Mayor Mltchel this
afternoon to ask for a guaranteo of po
Cat Price Offer Refused.
Evidence that the women of the East
Side and elsewhere are determined to
keep up their boycott, which men In the
potato, onton and poultry trade say has
paralyzed their business, was forthcom
ing yesterday. I.lve poultry dealers maoe
urtures of lower prices to tho women,
tut officers of the Mothers' AntMIIgh
Price League, receiving no guarantees
that cheaper prices would continue for a
reasonable period, threw up their hands
and shooed tho commlttco out of their
'headquarters. Tho announcement fol
lowed that the boycott would go on.
The boycotting and rioting mado moro
trouble for tho potato market. Lower
prices were offered even at Interior mar
kets and shipping points. Thoso who
are loaded up with potatoes here found
themselves In a bad fix. They didn't
want to let go at a loss and retailers
wouldn't buy; anyhow, not In any vol
ume that was worth while. Thero wero
tome small talcs of Maine potatoes at
$ and (9.25 for ISO pounds wholesale.
A week ugo the price was from 12 to
Onions Much Loner.
Tor the llryt tlmo In ten days there
were real buyers In the onion market,
but not much actual business was done.
One carload of yellow California onions
nas sclj at $." a 100 pounds, but the
trice for Plato und Western yellow
onions whs from $6. GO to $7.50. A week
' m oiiIoiih brought anywhere from
14 to SIS a 1"0 pound bag. wholesale.
The live poultry market was In ft de
plorable condition. There wero ninety
three carloads on the tracks and about
twenty only were unloaded. Most of
these koM wcro to Harlem and West
Bronx and 1o points in New Jersey.
The holders of the fowls could do practical!-,
nothing but feed their unsold
stock and that costs mony. The whole
sale market price was generally around
llH and 20 cents a pound.
Tho decision of tho Jewish grocers
to shut up their shops and quit bualneas
for a while unless they are assured
that the police will protect them was
due to tho methods of the women boy
cotters who are making their lives mis
erable. These women go through the
streets looking for boycotted foodstuffs.
They are death particularly on potatoes,
onions and poultry.
Hoit Boycottera Operate.
They take up positions In front of
trocery stores nnd warn customers going
in not to buy the proscribed commodi
ties. To make sure that none Is smug'
-d out, thoy selzo Innocent looking
parcels, tear them open and dump their
rontents In the street. Many grocers'
employees have been attacked' and more
than one storekeeper has been mussed
up Just on general principles. The
grocers say they are getting awfully
tired of the rioting und picketing and
that's why the Federation of Hebrew
Retail Grocers adopted their resolution
The association set forth In Its reeo-
lotion that the grocer had tried his utmost
to cooperate with the various organlza
Hons but without success, and therefore
he simply had to have protection or quit
outiness ror a time.
Hartlgan Appealed To.
A committee of wholesale live poultry'
aealcrs called yesterday on Joseph Hartl
gin. Commissioner of Weights and Meus
1 urea, and admitted to him that tho
housewives' boycott had been eminently
uccefsful. Live poultry Is piling up on
their hands, they bald, nnd they didn't
want to turn them Into dressed fowl.
More than ninety carloads, 20,000
pounds of poultry to tho car. remained
unsold, they said, and they were willing
io cooperate with slaughter liuubo men
retail butchers and housewives to end It
Ths committee made the offer to fix
tho wholesale llvo weight price at from
to 13 it, cents a pound.
"If we sell at 11) cents." the head of
the committee said, tho slaughter house
man can k-11 nt 20 rents nnd the retail
butcher will bo able to sell at 22 cents
a pound, making a fair Profit. This will
make poultry cheaper to tho housewives
man meat. Roup meat la now from
to St rents, veal Is 32 cents, chucks uro
from 23 to 25 conts and plates aro 23
cents a pound."
Women Next Called Cpon.
Commissioner Hartlgan suggested that
we committee negotiate directly with tho
officers of tho Mothers' Antl-HIgh l'rico
"ague, and all hands went up to heo
Mrs. I'ankon. chairman of the executive
committee ; Mrs. Anna Tastor, mother of
Mrs. Hose I'astor Stokes, treasurer, and
Abraham I'lotkln. . secretary. The call
accomplished absolutely nothing. The
Hvb poultry men told tho housewives'
Snranl.,ll...n . I ...... 1 . n.v.rnluA
"'at tho price would come down after
tlie supplies they now have on bond
were sold at tho new price.
In fact the dealers were pretty sure
th're was going to bo n great shortage
of llvo poultry In tho not distant future
and they were unable to predict what
Ptlcen would bo .then. Mrs. Panken and
ner colleagues concluded that the whole
aleM weie dickering to get rid of tho
ninety or more carloads they have on
and to stop tho cxpenho of feeding
without niakliK any guarantees for the
futjre, and tho ncyotlutions wero broken
Mf, Tho women gave assurances that
me bojeutt wouU Iw carrierj on with
mure vlcr.r (hull pvni .intll nt lpnkt
?00,000 women had Joined tho movement
Advises Analuat Cloalatr.
Commissioner Hartlgan advised tho
women to accept the terms of-the whole-
alers and cull off. tho boycott He
tronriy urged the retail grocers, how
terday that tho wholesale price of beef
had fallen off from 1-2 to 1 cent a pound.
The wholesale prlco of eggs took an
other drop from 1-2 to 1 cent a dozen.
In his criticism to the Mayor of the
rice pamphlet lfmicd by the Mayor's food
supply committee, of which George W.
Terklns Is chairman. Dr. Haven Kmer
son, Health Commissioner, .ild: "May
I suggest that the food committee refrain
from Issuing additional bulletins until
after these have been examined nnd ap
proved by thlw department."
The Mayor had n, talk with Dr. Emer
son. He told him plainly nnd frankly, It
Is understood, that ho npprovo.1 of the
unHeltlsh activities of Mr. Perkins nna
Tho Health Department Issued yes
terday a bulletin advising housewlvcn to
tuy medium sized prunes, which nverngo
forty to fifty to the pound, nnd added :
"According to dietetic experts, 1 cent's
worth of prunes supplies 89 food units, 1
cent's worth of dried npplcs supplies 80
food units, and 1 cent's worth of dried
apricots supplies 63 food units."
Publicity- Brings Price Cats.
Louis Kailans, a produce dealer at
306 Greenwich street, fcald yesterday at
District Attorney Swarm's Investigation
that there Is no reason either under tho
law of supply or demand or any law for
the decline In the prlco of butter anil
eggs at this time. Declines will con
tinue, ho said, "ns long as the nows
papers keep on pounding."
Ilalley II. IJurrltt, general director of
tho Association for Improving the Con
dition of the Poor, said yeMerday at a
meeting of tho association's board of
managers that after a careful Investiga
tion ho Is confident tho city's retail
dealers should be absolved from all
charges that they aro taking advantage
of tho situation for their own profit. He
said they doubtless aro doing business
at present on a smaller margin of profit
than usual rather than raise prices as
much as they might have been expected
Isaio llosenzwelg, the Harlem prod
use dealer arrested for pointing a re
volver at women who attempted to spill
a wagonlond of vegetables, was dis
charged yesterday by Magistrate Slmms
In Harlem police court. Tho dealer had
a permit to carry a revolver and tho
Magistrate said 'ho acted within his
rights. Mrs. Gusslo L.uDer or -u t-asi
100th street, accused by llosenzwelg of
leading the women, was sent to Jail for
respects to tho New York Hoard of Al
"1 asked Mayor Mltchel." he s-ld,
"who was In charge of tno food situa
tion In New York city and through which
department It was being handled. I was
amazed to tlnd that tbcro Is no such
local department Thlnlc of that I I
heard that tho responsibility rested with
tho Hoard of Aldermen, nnd from my
experience with that body I nm sure that
Information was correct, for I have
never known of anything constructive
coming from It
"What wo want now Is to get a man
on tho Job. Ve want a department able
to copo with n, situation which la be
coming moro serious every day, nnd we
want tho proper oMclaN tip State to
aid In thi effort to get an adequate food
upply Into the city. Threo million dol
lars worth of food Is consumed In New
York city dally nnd practically nil of II
comes from n distance. Kven If there
wero tillable lands near by, so their
products could bo delivered by wagon
or nutomohllo truck, we would lecelve
only about C per cent, of the food needed.
"We must get nt the fundamentals of
this problem. When the nuropean war
started many of our tollers wero out of
employment nnd others were getting
lower wages than they are receiving to.
day. The war Increased tho demand
upon uo for supplies and put Idlo men to
work, 'but conditions nro changing so
rapidly that the advance In the coat of
tho necessities of life hus been higher
than the rlso In wages. A reduction In
tho cost of foodstuffs may como with the
close of tho war, but wo must keep In
mind tho poralblllty of a reduction In
wages also. Wo must furnish Immedi
ate' relief where BUch aid Is needed, nnd
then we must consider what can bo done
for tho permanent good of tho peoplo."
Gcorgo A. Whcelock of New York city
believed much of tho existing misery
was nttrlhutablo to tho fact that ''too
many people aro living beyond tholr
At the outset of tho hearing, Judgo
Georgo L. Ward, counsel to the commit
tee, complained of a "woful misunder
standing" of tho bill's purport and ef
fect. Ho Insisted that much opposi
tion enmo from men uctuuted by selfish
"Among these opponent nre men who
have been shaking down the people of
the Stato for millions," said Ward.
Bronx Pashcart Market Broken Up.
Threo hundred pushcart pedlers were
chased nway from Bathgate avenue,
Tho Uronx, between 17"th Btrect and
Clarcmont Parkway, by policemen
stirred into action by a writ of manda
mus Issued by Justlco Mitchell, Prop
erty owners and i-liopkecpers of tho
neighborhood protested that tho pedlers'
carts Interfered with property values
TO AMEND WICKS BILL.
Albany Ilrarlnic on Food Measure
Develops Slany Defects.
Albany, Kcb. 28. After a long open
session to-day of the. legislative commit
tee which bears his name, at which many
persons picked flaws In the bill drafted
to relieve the food situation In the State,
Senator Wicks announced no further
hearings would be held until March 20.
Having listened to. the many com
plaints, Mr. Wicks admitted that the
measure would have to bo amended.
Many members of tho Legislature, It had
developed, believe that tho number of
paid commissioners should bo reduced
from flvo to three, nnd that compensa
tion of JG.000 a year would bo more
reasonable than tho IS.O0O provided.
Tho criticism offered by tho day s wit
nesses covered a wldo range. lotor K.
Mcllhenv charged that the Dm mscnm
lnated against the fruit industry, and If
put Into operation would work to Its
great Injury. John J. Dillon, State Com
missioner of Foods and Markets, accused
the bill's framers of lacking in a com
prehension of tho agricultural Interests
of the Btate." Frank Denuth, represent
lng various tax payers' organizations oi
New York, characterized the whole meas
ure as a "flimflam.
Weights Law Left Oat.
John V. Farroll, Stato Superintendent
of Weights and Measures, whose depart
ment Is to be Included In the new Foods
and Markets Department according to
the present arrangement, objected be
cause tho provision of the present law
calling for tho stamping of the weight of
contents of containers nns Decn omuiea.
He reviewed tho steps taken by his de
partment In a fight of two and a half
vears to comDel the big meat packing
enterprises to stamp tho weignt of hams
nnd bacons on pacKages, nna nam tne
entire gain accomplished would be lost
A Woman s Impression of
a Man's Shop.
The first distinct thought was
"How inviting ! Just good-.
looking clothes, space and
light lots of it.
Then, too, the courteous attitude,
there is no exasperating insistency.
Goods are displayed, their
merits stated concisely
the decision is yours.
I wish I could say as much for
any goun shop I have visited.
Advance styles or Spring now
Suits $20 to $45.
Overcoats $18 to $38.
299 MADI JX)N AVE
WORN BT MEN
"THE SHOE THAT HOLDS ITS SHAPE"
$3 $3.50 $4 $4.50 $5
You can Save Money by Wearing
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They areNalways worth the price paid for them.
'"T'he quality of W.L.Douglas product is guaranteed
JL by more than 40 years experience in making fine
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For sale by over OOOO Mi 00 dealers
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BEWARE OF FRAUD
None gennfne unless
VV. L. Oonglas name
and the retail price Is
stamped on the bottom
TAKE NO SUBSTITUTE
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87 Broadway, near 14th St.
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1495 Broadway (Times Square)
984 Third Avenue.
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W. L. Douglas Stores in Greater New York:
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347 Klzhth Avonue.
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UNION IIILIj 270 Bergrnline AT.
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lit inch uhcclbati
Four Coup ... $16M
Four Sedan . . . $1050
Four Limousine . $1950
A Practical Advantage
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Carbon actually improves the
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Sec a few of the 12,000 owners
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See us about it.
Broadway and fOth St., New York City. Telephone Circle 1300
At the entrance to the SOth St. Subway.
IISUi Nt. C'oiirtlandt Ar.
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GERMANY IS DAILY COMMITTING ACTS OF
WAR AGAINST THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. Peaceful
passenger vessels have been sunk without warning, with the
loss of innocent men, women and children. The lives of
American citizens are daily imperilled in deliberate de
fiance of our solemn warnings. American vessels lie idle in
American harbors, blockaded by German threats. Amer
ican business is hampered, American commerce is grievous
IT IS NO LONGER A QUESTION AS TO
WHETHER THERE SHALL BE
WAR WITH GERMANY
GERMANY IS ALREADY WARRING AGAINST OUR
CITIZENS AND AGAINST THEIR COMMERCE
The only question is whether our Government shall sub
mit at Germany's dictation to the outrages of her submarine
warfare, or whether it shall forcibly defend American sov
ereignty. Will the American people tolerate a merely formal dip
lomatic break which works irreparable injury to American
interests, or even a so-called "armed neutrality" which
leaves Germany free to outrage every principle of human
ity and justice by murdering American women and children
on the peaceful passenger vessels of other nations?
"In such a gigantic struggle, in which the future of
civilization is in play, is it worthy of America to confine
herself to an ineffective vindication of neutral rights at sea,
and to moderate charitable giving?" "It is time for lovers
of public liberty and justice to cease to be merely lookers-on
at the prodigious catastrophe. It is time to express forcibly
their convictions as to the side on which the right lies, and
to make ready to take part in the terrible strife." CHARLES
W. ELIOT in N. Y. Times, July 27 and March 12, 1916.
"There was no European war after that fateful hour on
the morning of the 4th of August, 1914, when enemy
troops crossed the line of unoffending, innocent, peace
loving Belgium That event made that war an
American war ... a war for every man and every
woman who hopes to live in freedom, in liberty, and in
peaceful progress." NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER, in
address at Columbia University, Feb. 6, 1917, quoted in
N. Y. Herald, Feb. 7.
THE SINKING OF THE L ACONI A, like the sinking of
the Lusitania, was a deliberate challenge to the manhood of
Are you too timid to fight for the protection of your
women and children?
Are you willing to let France and England bear the
whole burden of vanquishing the outlaw who is murdering
Will you stand selfishly aside while others fight for you
the battle for human liberties?
If not, telegraph the President and your Congressman
urging that America shall do her part in subduing the Ger
man menace to civilization.
Dr. Lyman Abbott
Dr. Richard C. Cabot
Prof. William Gardner Hale
Rev. Randolph H. McKim
Washington, D. C.
John Grier Hibben
Dr. W. W. Keen
Judge Frank Doster
Dr. Morton Prince
William Roscoe Thayer
Prof. Franklin H. Giddings
Dr. Theodore C. Janeway
AMERICAN RIGHTS LEAGUE
2 West 45th Street, New York
Geo. Haven Putnam, Pres't. Douglas W. Johnson, Chairman, Exec. Com.
Wm. Emerson, Sec'y and Treas.
Attend the Patriotic Mass Meeting in Carnegie Hall on
Monday night, March 5.
ver, not to take aap action looking to
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