Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 1917.
TO BRITISH OWNERS
United States Supreme Court
. Awards llnidcr Moowo'b
Prize to British. '
NEUTRALITY IS VIOLATED
Ports Hero Cnnnot Bo Used'as
Arbiters for Belligerents,
Washington, Starch . The spectac
ular trip of Lieut Hans Uerg across tho
Atlantic- with the captuVed Orttlali
attamalilp Appani came to nnulit to-day
when the United .States Supreme Court
decreed tho vessel should bo returned to
her British owners. Tho court's decision
iraa unanimous. Justice Day, who read
tho opinion, said that tho Appam's ueo of
a. United States vort when she might
hare reached a neutral port 3,000 miles
cloetr was a clear violation of the
neutral rights of the United States. The
courts of the United States, the opinion
added, cannot be used as arbiters by
belligerents nor tho ports of the United
States as a rcfugo for prizes of a bel
ligerent If tho court had decided otherwise,
Justice Dy said, "our ort might be
flllsd in case of a general war such as
Li now In progress In European countries
with captured prizes of ono or the other
cf the belligerents In utter violation of
the principles of neutral obligations
which have controlled this country from
The court's decision, It was announced.
"rests upon the autnorlty of the courts
of the United States to make restitution
to private owners for violations of neu
trallty where offending vessels are" with
In our Jurisdiction, thus vindicating our
. . . . . , .
ngnis ana ooiigauona as u. ucuuu. yw
Regarding the Appam's 'peculiar cir
cumstances as based upon the German
American treaties the court said:
"We cannot avoid the conclusion that
in thus making use of an American port
there was a clear breach of neutral
rights of this Government, as recognized
under principles of International law
governing the obligations of neutrals,
and that such use of one of our ports
was In nowise sanctioned by tho treaty
Wie App.tm, a vessel of 7,700 tons, was
In the command of Capt. Henry a.
Harrison. Hho was valued at $1,250,000,
and when sho left Dakar, British West
Indies, for Plymouth. England, carried
a cargo worth $1,000,000. Sho cleared
on January 11, 1916, and then appar
ently was ost.
She was accounted for on February 1
when she steamed Into Hampton Roads
as a prize of Lieut. Uerg. She had been
raptured by the German raider Moewe.
Immediately after she made the roads
her. refuge, the British and African
Steam Navigation Company, tho (origi
nal owners of the vessel, filed a libel
against her. Tart of her cargo had
been auctioned for $700,000, but the pro
ceed? 'were, held up pending a court
Federal Judge Wmldlll, who on July
29 at Norfolk decided the action In favor
uf the navigation company, was upheld
ty the Supreme Court' He held that'
Lieut Berg and his crew lost all claim
to the vessel when they brought It Into
a United States port In violation of
this country's neutrality. Her purpose
to "lay up" Indefinitely also was held
as a violation.
The German prize oourt had declared
the Appam legitimate spoil, but the
treaty of 1799, renewed In 1S2S. did not
npply In the circumstances,' Judge Wad
When relations with Germany were
severed Lieut. Berg and his crew were
transferred from Norfolk to Philadel
phia, where they are now.
German Plotter I.imm Appeal.
Washington, March 6. Werner Horn,
the German reservist lieutenant who put
dynamite on the International Bridge
near Vanceboro, Me., In 1915, to-day lost
his habeas corpus suit In the Supreme
Court. He sought to avoid being tried
in Boston for transportation of explo
sives on passenger trains.
WILSON INSISTS ON
Sends Nomination to Senate
Again Almost at Top
Washington, March n. President
"Wilson served notice to-day on those
who have been opposing the nomination
of Dr. Gary T. Grayson to be medical
director of the navy with tho rank Of
Rear Admiral that he Intended to Insist
on Dr. C raj ton's confirmation.
The President put Dr. Grayson's namo
almost at the top of the list of tho nomi
nations he sent to-day to the Senate.
This means that the Grayson nomina
tion will soon be at the head of the list,
ns It was before Congress adjourned.
and thus again be a bar to the confirma
tion of any others that may follow, If
Senator Tillman and others upon whom
the President Is relying to put Dr. Gray
son through pursue the same tactics
they followed In the last Congress, when
they objected from day to clay to pass
over his nomination; lly so doing It Is
the plan to weaken the opposition to
Dr. Grayson and win votes for him from
those who desire other nominations to
The President put Dr. Grayson's
nomination nlu-nd of the director of
the mint, the two members of the Fed
eral Trade Commission, several Judges,
nnd In fact all of the nominations which
are not objected to but which failed In
the last Congress because the Grayson
nomination stood at the top of the list
nnd his supporters would not permit It
to be passed over even temporarily.
The tactics followed In tlifi Grayson
case were tho subject to-day of much
comment. It was charged by Republi
cans that In this matter the President
was pursuing methods similar In a great
measure to tlioa resorted to by the op
ponents of his armed ship hill nnd which
have met with his scathing condemna
tion. Opponents of the armed ship bill by
standing In Its way killed a lot of other
meritorious legislation. The opponents
cf Dr. Grayson's nomination expect to
put up u tight to prevent confirmation,
but they admit that the outlook Is far
from encouraging as the result of the
tactics pursued by the President,
J)o Piikmis Kstnte l-'xrrrda 30,(M(.
John I! lion Passos, a prominent cor
poration luwyer and head of tho !lrm of
Dos P.issos Pros, 120 Broadway, who
died on January 27, left an estate which
Is placed In excess of $50,000 In realty
and peisonalty lii tho will died for pro
bate yesterday. Louis Hays Doh Pnssos
of IS East Fifty-sixth street and John
It. Dos rassos, Jr., of 214 IJIverslde
Drive, sons, besides personal Requests,
tire to receive half tho reslduajjr estate.
Fire in Importing House Puts
Hundreds of Bushels
While a $2.10,000 Are was r.lBliiR last
nlsht In the ImporllnB house of IllrdoonR
llrolliirs, 428 to 132 (Iretnwlch strket,
street car crews, messenRer boj'M In sur
. rising numbers ntid residents of the dls.
trlct ncooped up bushel.') of walnuts,
almonds, peanuts, pecans and other nuts
home down knight and Vestry streets by
torrents of water from tho score of
etnnms playing on the blaze.
lln..u ..n.l ....... ntlA.I ll.nl.. ...... nn,1
! t,nrlrtM Wnmpn lirmlffllf tvrmffnn w.lrfa
to All and tako home. The nut floated
on the water, stopped when they reuched
the trolley slot on Washington sited,
filllnic up In n high ridge that threatened
to block tratllc.
A representative of Fllrdsong Brothers
said there was a 1300,000 stock of nuts,
spleen and dried fruits In tho bullying,
Insurance of $220,000 was carried. The
lire, which started shortly brfoio 7
o'clock was not under control until late
at nlp.ht. All of tho stock wan drenched
inri members of tho linn said It was
Two firemen were injured William
Dougherty of Rescue Squad No. 1 and
I'atrlck McCarthy of Knglne 13. They
were treated by surgeons from the Hud
son Street Hospital and went homo.
Tho Hlrdsong firm occupies two build
ings, one of five stories and another ud
Jolnlng of noven stories. The lire started
In the five story building from an un
known source and spread to the higher
structure. There had been a fire In the
smaller building on Monday, which dam
aged the place and stock about $15,000.
UPRISING IN GUM
Continued from first Page.
candidate for the governoshlp of Santa
Clara province In the past elections,
who was one of the leaders of the re
volt In that province, has asked safe
conduct, which has been given him by
Secretary of the Interior Hevla. and
will rn..nt hlmulf In S.nla nap. ri.
wll' -resent himself In Santa Clara to
night, He will be sent under guard
from that city to Havana.
"Other troop movements have leen
unimportant but steady progress Is
being made toward the complete pacifi
cation of the scattered districts Into
which the remnants of the defeated
rebels have fled."
U. S. Commander lielknap Warns
Itebels Against Attacking;.
SANTlAao, March 0. The following
proclamation has been Issued by Com
mander Belknap, In charge of United
Stated naval arTalrs at Santiago:
"The civil governor of the province
of Orlente, viewing with Brave concern
the extraordinary conditions prevailing
In some parts of the province, due to a
state of Insurgency, and being moved by
a sentiment of humanity to embrace
available mean for the lestoratlon of
normal conditions at the earliest possiblo
moment for preventing widespread mis
ery, disorder and Industrial disorganiza
tion, and having urgently requestod my
assistance and moral support, I hereby
declare any military activity beyond that
necessary to restore and preserve .order
and -tranquillity prejudicial to the peace
nnd welfare of tho province. I further
solemnly wal'n all persons against taking
part In military operations In the prov
ince of Orlente except under orders
from the military commandant of the
"I further solemnly warn all persons
under the command of said commandant
against committing or taking part in any
and every hobtlle act within the province
and against advancing into this province
with Intent to disturb Its peace, and
every individual and subordinate leader
of any body of men nctln-j In disregard
of this warning will bo severally ami
collectively held responsible to the full
extent of the law."
BANK ASKS PROTECTION
llojnl Institution uf ('nil ad it Ken re
far Sugar Mills.
Santiago, Cuba, March C. Tho Royal
Bank of Canada has asked for protection
for the American sugar mills nt Santa
Apa, In which It claims an Interest to
the amount of more than $1,000,000.
It is reported that the forces under
Col. Pablo Mcnocal, the President's
brother, are marching from Hayamo to
ward the district where the mills are lo
cated, and are said to have destroyed the
property of Gen. Gonzales Flavell of the
revolutionary army, aa well as other
President Mcnocal, It 'Is understood
here. Is openly opposed to the action
taken by the American naval officers at
Santiago In arranging an agreement with
the revolutionary leaders.
FLEET AVERTS BATTLE.
V. si. Warships (Iveraur Cuban Fac
tion I'riiin Suntliimi llurhor.
A battle between Government and
rebel forces In the Province of Orlente,
Cuba, has been averted only by the
presence of United. States warships In
the harbor of Santiago, according to a
statement made., here last night by Dr.
Orestes. Ferrara, Speaker of the Cuban
House of Representatives and repre
sentative In this country of tho Liberal
Dr. rcrrara based his announcement
ho said, on code cable messages received
from Col, Rlgoberto Fernandez, com
mander of the rebel forces In Orlente,
"With regard to the attack on Sant
iago nnnounced by Menocal," the tele
gram read, "the American Rear Ad
miral (probably Commander Belknap)
here says that he cannot permit It. I
am nevertheless on my Job and keep on
occupying strategical positions. The
Mcnocal troops nro concentrating with
a view to attacking mine, but while I
cannot attack them owing to the con
vention signed by mo with the American
Rear Admiral, they shall not bo allowed
to attack mo for the same reason, as
the American navy will prevent It."
"Secret advices from Havana," Dr.
Ferrara said, "ieport wholesale arrests
of Literals. The prisons, are over
crowded and tho condltlona which pre
vail led relatives of the prisoners to hold
n mass meeting of protest In fiunt of
Las Cabanas Jail, liven the fortifica
tions have been utilized as places for
"Among those, arrested are Dr. Oo
tavlo Dlvlno, ox-Justlco of the Cuban
Supreme Court nnd formerly Attorney.
General. He was one of the Judge of
the special election board that ren
dered a decision against President Mcno
cal in the contest over his election."
Dr. Ferrara said that cables received
last night from Havana retried the
rebel forces of Gen. Kduardo Goodman,
a member of the House of Representa
tives, as "very near Havana."
Bronx Murder Trials Shifted,
Murder nnd manslaughter cases origi
nating In The Bronx will bo tried here
after by Judge Glbba of the Bronx
County Court, It was announced yester
day. Since the establishment of the
Bronx Supreme Court, In 1911, all such
cases have been tried In that tribunal,
but yesterday Justice Guy ordered tho
transfer of six murder and manslaughter
trials to Judge Otbbc'a court
MANN AS SPEAKER
Itcimljlicnn Steering and Pn
tronngo Committees Bcal
Power Under Plan.
BIPARTISAN IDEA IN AIH
Possible Change of Parties
Uniting In Crisis to Block
WasitiNOTON, March 6. Despite the
criticism directed lately against Repre
sentative James R, Mann of Illinois,
present minority leader of tlw House, for
his pacifist views nnd actions, It Is still
the plan of the Republicans who are
shaping the organization of the new
House, which they expect to control, not
only to make Mann Speaker but also to
mako him chairman of a new commit
tee on committees provided under the
While this would seem to b. giving
Mann .more power than Speaker Clark
has enjoyed, It has been decided Mann's
lnfluenco over the party's policy in the
next House shall be entirely separate
and apart from his official position. Ho
will have absolutely no control except
as an Individual member of the House
over matters of party policy, which will
bo directed exclusively by a steering
committee elected by the entire Republl
can membership and anawerablo to that
The functions of the committee on
committees will be limited exclusively
to tho making of committee assignments.
This committee will consist of fourteen
members and the chairman, and will
be elected In party caucus.
Steering; Committee Ileal Power.
The steering committee will consist of
Ave or teven members. Thin committee
will be the representative of the party
In all legislative battles Involving ques
tions of party policy. It is likely that
the floor leader will be chalrmnn of
this committee. Representative Lenroot,
Wisconsin, Is the most- probable choice
for this Important post
This programme represents the work
of the special committee of twenty-seven
Republicans appointed to offer a plan
of organization. It has been adopted
by the committee and after submission
to tho Incoming Republican members
virtually is assured of united support.
It Is outlined and will be llnaliy com
pleted In the confident expectation that
the next House will be organized by
the Republicans on a vote of 218 to Zli
"If the word of Mr. Martin Is good
and If there are no changes In doubtful
districts the Republicans will organize
tho House with a clear majority of one
vote. This doe not take Into considera
tion possible temporary changes due. to
death or serious Illness.
This was. the statement of a Repub-
ltcan leader to-day. It was based on the
pledge of Representative Whltemel P.
Martin, protectionist of Louisiana, that
he would cast his ballot for the Repub
lican candldato for the Speakership.
Bipartisan Plan In Air.
A suggestion of a bipartisan organ!
zatlon of the House, with Champ Clark
an- Speaker and the committee member
ships and patronage equally divided. Is
also being discussed as a possibility In
the event the five Independent members
hold up public business In the next scs.
slnn. in case of a deadlock many Demo.
crats and Republicans believe it would
be their duty In the face of an Interna
tlonal crisis to break down party lines
regardless of political fortunes. Repub
llcan Leader Mann Is quoted as saying
recently nt a dinner to retiring New
York members of the House that ho had
rather i-ec bipartisanship of tho House
than to see It controlled by a small band
Discussion of bi-partisan plans to be
put forward In an emergency does not
mean, however, that the majority of
either party is preparing to desert Its
tight for control of tho House.
May Fill Conry'n Chair.
Democrats .learned to-day that con
trary to precedent In New lork Gov
Whitman probably soon will call a spe
clal election for the selection or a suc
cessor to the late Representative Conry,
Democrat, who came from a strong Tam
While attending the Inauguration Gov
Whitman discussed the situation with
several Republican Congressional lead
ers, and although it appeared certain
that a special election would add an
other Democrat to the incoming House,
making It stand a tlo at 215 members
each, they advised him to call ft.
Failure to call a special election at
this time, he was told, would set a precc
dent which Democratic Governors of
States with Republican Representatives
might have opportunities to follow. The
Governor Is said to have declared he
thought It his duty to call a special elec
Hon if there was arty likelihood of an
extra session. ,
SMITH POINT BRIDGE WRECKED
Connection With .Mainland at Tan
glrr Mysteriously Broken,
Life savers at Smith's Point I I,
when they went on duty early yester
day morning, discovered that more than
150 feet of the t00 foot bridge which
connects the beach at Tangier with th
mainland had been destroyed during the
night. No one In the neighborhood could
be found who had heard an explosion
and It is not known whether the bridge
was blown up or whether it collapsed.
The wrecked portion of the bridge In
eludes the draw span, the engine house
and considerable of the piling. Persons
who examined tho wreckago yesterda
said It nppeared to them to have been
destroyed with dynamite. The bridge
was built about four years ago and t
owned by the Tangier Company.
NO VERDICT IN VICE CASE.
Detectives I'olry and Knrlajht
Face lliotbrr Trial Soon,
After moro than six hourB dellbern
tlon. tho Jury which has heard tho testl
niony In the trials of Detectives David
J, Foley nnd William J. Enrlght of the
vice Hiiuud, who aro charged with
bribery, told Justice Tompkins of the
Supremo Court lust night that It would
not be possime to reacn a vermct. jus
t'.ce Tompkins Immediately discharged
It was reported last night the Jury
stood seven to five for conviction on the
laet ballot. It was said at the District
Attorney's office the cases will
brought to trial within the next three
WILSON ADVANCES GENERALS,
Two .Nominated for Promotions
Dm i I'liimtoil's Dent b.
Wahhinoton. March fi, President
Wilson to-tlay nominated Hunter I,lg
gltt, now a Brigadier-General In the
army, as a Major-General to take the
place made vacant by tho recent death
of Major-Gen. Frederick Funston. Col.
Francis J, Kernun of the Twenty-eighth
Infantry waa advanced la Ui grade of
SPLIT OVER PLUMS
Northerners Complain of the
Southerners Grabbing Com
WALSH IS TURNED DOWN
Selection of Martin to Take
Kern's Place Excites
Washington, March 6. While the
Southern Democrats arc almost certain
to bo ousted from their control of the
now House, they arc stilt In the saddle
n tho Senate and are apparently schem
ing to increase the poner that they have
wielded In that body. Some of 'their
Democratic colleagues from the North
ern States aro not taking kindly to the
disposition of these Southern Democrntlo
enators to grab choice committee chair
manships and Senate leadership and
thcro was noticed to-day a rumbling
under tho Democratic surface.
The immedlato provocation was the
choice of Senator Martin of Virginia
over Senator Walsh of Montana for the
chairmanship of thq. Democratic con
ference to succeed Senator Kern of In
diana, who retired on March 4, and tho
practical selection of Senator James A.
Reed of Missouri as chairman of tho
Senate Committee on Privileges and
Elections over Senator Pomerene of
Ohio, who was next In lino for the honor
er Mr. Reed.
Tho Committee on Privileges nnd
Elections is one of tho Important com
mittees of the Senate. Senator Reed is
said to desire the post In order to mako
trouble for certain newly elected Repub
lican Senators. Mr. Reed Is chairman of
the Committee on Manufactures and the
next In line on that commltteo, should
he vacate this post, Is Senator Smith of
South Carolina. Thus the South will se
cure one moro Importunt chairmanship
than It now holds.
Tho complaint over to-day's Incldenti
caused some Senators to look up the
committee list and see what Important
chairmanships the South now controls
and what It will have under tho "rule of
seniority" which. It Is assumed, Willi be
followed In all tho cases except that of
Privileges and Elections.
Following are tho Important commit
tec chairmanships held now by Southern
Democrats, with prospective chnnges :
Foreign Affairs. Stone. Missouri : Ap'
pronrlatlons. Martin, Virginia: Finance,
Simmons, North Carolina ; commerce,
Fletcher, Florida; Nawil Affairs, Till
man, South Carolina; Education. Hoke
Smith. Georgia: Immigration, Smith
South Carolina: Judiciary, Culberson,
Texas ; Patents, James, Kentucky ; Post
Ofllces and Post Roads, Bankheaa, Ala
bama: Pubi c Hu d ims and Grounus,
Bwanson. Virginia; Public Henllh aim
National Quarantine, Rantdell, LoulM
ana; Lrary. Williams, Mississippi ;
Rules. Overman. North Carolina ; Manu
factures. Reed, Missouri, who will go to
the Privileges and Elections Committee
and will probably 0e succeenea oy nenn
tor Sm th of South Carolina ; cnairman
ship of the Committee on Claims, which
was held by Bryan. Florida, will prima-
blv bo to Robinson. Arkansas; Con-
tervatlon of Natural Resources. Varda
man, Mlsslstlppl ; census, snepparu
Texas : Agriculture. Gore. Oklahoma
Senator O'Gorman's successor on Inter
oceanlc Canals will be Shields of Ten
nessee, It la understood ; Banking and
Currency, Owen, Oklahoma.
The following are the Important chair
manships of the Northern Senators In
the Democratic party: Civil service
and Retrenchment, Pomerene, Ohio ;
Audit and Control of the Contingent Ex
penses, now held by Lea, probably to
Shafroth, Coloiado; Coast mid Insular
Survey, Saulsbury, Delaware; Fisheries,
Lane. Oregon ; Military Affairs, Crffim-
bcrlaln, Oregon; Indian Affalis, Ashurst,
Arizona; Philippines, Hitchcock, Ne
braska ; Interstate Commerce, Ncwiaijds,
Nevada ; Mines, Walsh, Montana ; Pub
lic Lands. Myers, Montana. It Is ex
pected that Senator Hughes of New
Jersey will succeed to Pensions Commit-
There has been much complaint of the
House organization along tho same
lines. The only really Important com
mittee In the last House not presided
over by a Southern Democrat was that
on Appropriations, of which Representa
tive Fitzgerald, New lork, held sway.
Senator Saulsbuiy, Delaware was
chosen President pro tern, after the I
death of Senator Clarke of Arkansas. If
was said at the time that the Southern
Democrats forced this selection to clear
the way for Senator Martin's election
later as conference chairman and p.uty
leader over Mr. Walsh. The n.inio of
Mr. Wulsh was not presented to the
conference to-day, but his friends who
had been working for him saw tho drift
and got from under In time to save him
PEACE PARTY OUSTS MRS. CATT.
ltemovrtl an Vice-Pre-prltloiit
I'ledKlllK .lid to Country.
Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt. president
of tho National American Woman Suf
frage Association, was misted last iii-Jtit
ns an honorary vice-president of tho
Women's Peace Party becau.se sho had
pledged the nuffraglsts to patriotic war
work In the event thn United States '
should become Involved with u foreign j
Thure was a tplrlted tight among tho
members of the Women's Peo.ce I'artj,
which met nt the Peg Wofllngtou' Coffee
House, 11 East Forty-fourth stieet, be
fore Airs. Catt was ilc,io-cd. Miss Crys- j
tal KnMinan was leelected ch.iliman of,
tho peace party Mrs Amos I'inehot, !
Mrs. James B. WarbnM-e anI .Miss M. 55. i
Doty were chosen vU'e-clialrincn
I Sunday, Mar. 11th
and April 15th
Via the Royal Blue Line
New Jersey Central
Baltimore and Ohio
THIS) KVCtlltSIOV AI.I.OWM .hnnl
nine hours In Washington or elririi
'hours In llalltmore. Muatilngton ttu
HV ire tiiuiv ii.irrrBliiill.
Leave W. 23rd Ht.. ll:fiO P. M., Liberty
Ft., 12:01 inldnlKht. Hut unlay night. Tick,
rls on sale at Utterly Ht.. V. 23rd Ht nn I
Jersey City Termlnali; 172.241. 13711. H4U
roadway, Hav York! and 9M Court St.,
U.S. TO UNITE WORLD
Dr. Holmes Says Privileges
Must Be Abandoned for
'I would be willing to have this re
public din to brlwr about the Interna
tion," said Dr. John Haynes Holmes,
"peaking at tho Broadway Tabernacle
Dr. Holmes described the conception
of u world state and the hopes that were
excited by the Hnguc conference. "But
some of the statesmen at tho Hague
conference," ho snld, "were moro con
cerned wlih the advantages to be gained
for their own nation than with the wel
fare of mankind as a whole, and so the
conference was n failure." He reviewed
the growth of the various International
Interests; the labor Interest, the feminist
Influence and the lnfluenco throughout
tho world of scleifce and art and the
hopes which these had aroused ar.d their
failure at the outbreak of the great war.
All the fabric of our dreann has
ecu overthrown," he said, "and the
disaster and tragody of the hour Is the
task of rebuilding It entire." He recalled
the history of tho tram-formation of tho
thirteen colonies Into tho United States
nnd declared that the process which the
several States of the Union went through
in giving up certain of their political
rights and economic privileges to tho
central Government must now bo fol
lowed by the nation in giving up these
same rights and privileges to the In
ternation. Dr. Holmes expressed his conviction
that Europe would look to America for
icauersnip in this, and he concluded : "I
appeal to you. If you are ready to make
sacrifices for the nation, to be ready to
maim eien grcaicr sacrifices Tor the In
ternation." TAX ON ADVERTISING
REGARDED AS LIKELY
George Gordon Hnttlc Says
Billion n Year Is Spent in
1'. S. for Pnblicitv.
The wonderful growth of advertising
within the Inst twenty-five years will
result In new State and Federal laws
to prevent dishonest advertising nnd
nlso In the taxation of the business, In
the opinion or George Gordon Battle, the
In nddresslug members of tho national
advertising ectlon of the Advertising
Club last night nt a dinner at the club
Mr. Battle said the total amount of
money expended last year in tho 1,'nlted
States for advertising was about one
"Within the last few years the prin
ciples of advertising have Immeasurably
lmproeil," hu said "Legislation ha-!
already been passed to regulate adver
tising, but nlnio'.t all of this hm been
of tho destructive character that l., de
signed to punish frauds, but not to pre
vent them. Ynu in the advertising busi
ness must prepare for legislation similar I
to that enacted concerning the lnsur-1
a nee business In New York State as a I
result of tho Investigation conducted sev- I
eral ears ago by Justlie Hughes. This,
Is splendid constructive legislation
legislation that prevents frauds from
being perpetrated. Tho uJvertlslng in
dustry has grown to such vast propor
tions that It has become quasi-public In
Mr. Ilattlo predicted that Congress,
through Its power to regulate Interstate
commerce and to control the malls,
would pass national advertising legis
lation and that posolbly a Federal bu
reau of advertising might be established.
Tho States too will pass laws designed
to supplement and support those of the
nation, lie declared.
"Undoubtedly efforts will soon be '
made to tax advertising," Mr. Battle
said. "While In my opinion such n tax
would be unwise, slnco it would be a
burden on a beneficial business, still I
think that In view of the present ten-,
dency to levy on business advertising
win ulo tin taxed. 1
F. K. Fehlman. vice-president of th
H. W. Gnssard Corset Company, pre
sided. Another speaker was Nat S. Olds,
advertising and sales manager of the
Knyser Silk Company.
Guard .Mntorcj Clint Killed.
Edward Kemp, 27 years old, 41 West
Fifty-fourth street, a private In the First
.Motor nailery, was Kiuea yesiernay
afternoon when his motorcycle skidded
on Fifth avenue, near Ninety-sixth
street, nnd crashed Into the rear of a
brewery truck. Kemp wns thrown sev
eral feet, landing on his head.
i7 mm i:q:
Our Flag on the Seas
That American shipbuilding, for many years
merely a tradition, is once more to take rank
among the great industries of this country, wns
on two separate occasions pointed out last year
by the Harriman National Bank. Current sta
tistics confirm our views.
American shirfynrds, oxclusivn of Government,
have under contract 427 steel ships requirinj; about
1,710,000 ton of steel, ami 161 wooden ships requir
inc about 3.1,000 tons, the total approximating
1 ,750,000 tons for merchant construction alone. Add
ing Government requirements of 286,000 tons for 15'!
vessels for the Na.'v, tho grand total is in excess of
2,000,000 tons. Tonnage destroyed does not exceed
5 , of total, one-half of which is constantly replaced
by new construction.
These figures are of impressive magnitude
and record a very prosperous state of affairs
for the shipbuilding industry. Incidentally, we
are now preparing to turn out ships on modern
economic lines of production, that is to say,
standardized vessels built from one plan. Note
particularly that steel is the word to-day. The
industry itself may be prince or pauper; the
product is king, and the reports of the great
steel corporations read like fairy tales.
The Harriman National Bank looks to see
the American flag regain its former prestige on
deep water, and carry to the four corners of Ihe
earth the greatness of financial and commercial
BANKING HOURS FROM 8 0'CIOCK . M. TO B O'CLOCK f. M
SAFE DEPOSIT VAULTS OPEN (ROM B A.M. TO MIDNIGHT
HARRIMAN NATIONAL BANK
FIFTH AVENUE AND 44TH ST., NEW YORK
OF NIGHT CAFE WOES
Urc Law to Trevcnt Women
Working in Restaurants
From 10 P. M. to 0 A. M.
ItUSII CALLED TERRIBLE
Legislators at Albany Advised
Not to Eat Croquettes
Alhant, March 6. The Labor Com
mittee of the Legislature to-day was
urged to approve bills which prevent
women from working ns waitresses be
tween 10 o'clock In the evening and 6
o'clock In the morning. Waitresses from
New York city restaurants told tho
members of the commltteo they would
not tolerate for an Instant conditions
which exist In certain establishments
If they knew aSout them.
Miss Belle Bonner, who has been a
waitress for thirteen years, was ono
of the wjmen who appeared to recite
experiences and beg that waitresses be
given the same protection by law that
women workers In factories now re
ceive. She told of unsanitary conditions
where she worked and was asked If
she reported them to tho health depart
ment. "I did," she answered, "and I told
them hmv we handled beets and oold
slaw with our fingers. How often do
ou think we hnve a chance to clean
In response to a question ns to
whether these conditions exist In tho
big Broadway restaurants, Miss Bonner
"In swell tearooms and lunchrooms
run by big companies and In the cheap
bakery lunchrooms, yes ; but not in the
high clab leatauianU."
Say ltnsli Id Terrible.
Miss Bonner declared that If f-onie-thing
were not dono for the thousands
of waitresses now overworked there
soon would bo no need for "Mrs.
Sanger's birth control," because the
waitresses never would be strung cnoush
to bear children.
'The rush In these restaurants Is ter
rible," sho said. "Every one wants to
be served at once. It gets you here,"
nnd Bho put' her hnnds to her breast.
Miss Bonner told the committee how
bard It was for the girls to walk the
many miles they havr to on the slippery
floors, and said most of them have
fallen archex and are forced to wear
Heel support", which make walking
"Why, If you knew how f-omo of tne
kitchens In restaurants nro run you
wouldn't cat croquettes or patties," said
Miss Sarah Greene, another waitress,
"Vnu'd better stick to roast beef and
Miss Greene said that when women
get the vote they will march on Albariy
like labor union men do now, nnd that
"If you don't give us laws to protect our
i-elves there i III be thousands of wbm
in's votes amilnst you."
Caroline Whipple of the Consumers
League sold there were from 15,000 to
20,000 women imd girls working In res
taurants In the State. Fifty-eight per
cent. if th eglrl. Interviewed by tho
league agents worked moro than fifty-
fnur hours a week anil 20 per cent, moro
1' in twelve hours n day. Eighty per
cent, of them got less than Jft a week.
"Why should the Stnte," asked Dr.
Frederick Sears or Syracuse, a mirgeon
I 'i a woman's hospital, "permit these
20,nn0 women anil girls throunh over
work and lowered Mtallty because of the
Mialn caused by carrying heavy trays
1 econv! subjects for Institutions fur tho
prevention of diseases? We are building
these preventorla at public expense, and
:-rt through laxity tho State Itself helps
to nil tncin.
Opposed by Proprietor.
opposing the hill were a number of big
James Churchill declared that If the
bill went through 1,000 women In New
lork, mostly widows, would bo thrown
out of work because they are ued nftor
3 o'clock in tho morning vto clean up
Charles J. Campbell, count-el for the
Hotel Men's Association, said that war
and the big demand for help from muni
tion factories have made it Impossible
for hotels to get male help, nnd so
LAWYERS M0RTQAQE CO.
HICHAM M. HUM), President
Coital.Sumiut A $9000,M!
B Utwrtj at.N.T. 184 Meatign It.Bkn.
women nro being used for many Jobs
formerly taken by men.
"If you want female help," said Mr.
Campbell, "you hnvo to crawl into the
employment agencies on your atomach
nnd ask how many afternoon off tho
help want nnd on what days they want
to use your automobile."
Others protesting against the bill were
Adolph Sussklnd of Terrace Garden,
.lames Thompson of Hector's, Patrick
Kyno of Murray's, nithard Sauce of the
New Amstcidain nnd John McOly"nn of
Troy, president of the Hotel Men's Asso
SISSON TAKES FLING
He Also Attacks Congress as
Lnekiiiff Courage- in Rail
Frauds H. Slsson, assistant chairman
of the railway executives advisory com
mittee and n speaker last night at the
Hotel McAlpIn at the monthly dinner of
the Rotary Club, was authority "for the
rtatcment that an announcement had
gone out from tho four railway brother
hoods that tho Supreme Court of tho
United States must have handed down
Its decision In the Adamson eight hour
law by yesterday.
Mr. Slsson remarked that the Supreme
rourt had not handed down the expected
decision nt the time set by the brother
hoods and he was lead to wonder how It
happened that the members of the court
were not under the same duress as tho
ncmbera of Congress when they were
blackjacked Into passing the Adamson
measure last year.
Mr. Slsson asserted that Congress did
not have the courage to fix a rational
scheme of railway arbitration nnd that
ns a refiult of the weakness displayed
tho labor problem would contlnuo In a
chaotic- condition with the prospects
strong for trouble .it any moment.
Theodore Burton, former United Rtntes
Senator from Ohio, said that the mem
bers of Congress were craven in their
willingness to pass the Adamson law
without nn Investigation. Mr. Burton
lidded that the present with Its many
dangers due to tho European war was
t'he best time In which to develop the
spirit of cooperation among the Ameri
Robert S. Parsons, chief engineer of
the Eric Railroad, discussing the diffi
cult tlmo that the railways of the coun
try have had although there has neen 1
abundant prosperity In other lines of
endeavor, said that the railway ex
pansion last year with the United States
In tho midst of tho greatest prosperity I
of Us history, was tho lowest ever 1
known. A railroad manager to-day, he
Kald. can hardly Issue an order without
"who owns the railroads?" ha ased.
"I'll leave It to you, for I don't know,
George. ,K. Roberts, vice-president of
the National City Bank, toastniuster at
the .fllAnir. RUgeted that the club join
in an expression of confidence In Presl- I
dent Wilson In the crisis with Germnny. 1
r'rtl .1 W Itnlln.'U nf rln.ln.i 11 . 1
nosed toast lo the fin ami n.UM th.
io.-in. ,r. , in... ,. ..... ,
j .wi.i.1 ...... w hl . ...iw murium vi l
baring their heads whenever the flatf
paesed them or they passed tho Hag.
Walsh to Attend Than- llrnrlna.
Kansas Citt, Mo., March fi. Frank
Walsh, attorney for Frederick -Gump,
Jr., the youth nllcied to have been
whipped by Harry K. Thaw, will leave
for .New York to-morrow to nttetid
Thaw's extradition proceedings. Walsh
Intimated Mrs. Gump nnd her son would
is the man
He has missed an important busi
Could he have avoided the delay?
Oh, yes, if his car had been equip
ped with Lee Puncture Proof Tires.
How do Lee Puncture Proof Tires
differ from all others ?
They have an inner armor that pos
itively protects them from puncture.
What other unusual feature docs the
Lee Pneumatic Tire possess?
The Zig-Zag Tread gives the driver
the "feel" against skidding as no
other tread ever does.
Where can Lee Tires be bought ?
Lee Tire Sales Co., Inc.
Phont, CofwniiM 743
look up'l.fgTir'in fhonr Book
let Tin & Ruatar CComhohgdm Ik
11 milyjj II
kNS7 HA WAi
OF 3 STATES UPHELD
Supreme Court Snys Now Yorjt
Law Also Applies to IiiIpv
ANNULS TAW IT RKIIATK
Clause in Underwood Ari t
Aid Anierlenn i piii r
WABBtNOTOM, March (!. The const'tu
tlonallly of the compulsory workmen's
compensation laws nt New York and
Woshlp hi and of the Imva workmen',
romp tlon law, voluntary tipnn cm
ployei . was upheld to-day by th-. Su
In iglvlng the court's opinion on th
New York law, first ,i to railroad em
ployces, Justice l'ltncv rtld the en-timor, '
law rules am not beyond alteration la
the States. It was held that cmplnver
have no unalterable light to cnitirrioit
law defences In personal Injury flsfaaje
"Tho New York law c.innnt be ssld to
be arbitrary nnd unreasonable from th
standpoint of natural JuMtee," i-.iiit
Justice Pitney. "On the grounds of
natural Justice It Is not unrea-oiiahln ,
require tho employer lo cuiiti.miie
reasonable compensation for loss of
earning power. Neither Is It nrbitrarv
or unreasonable from the ciiipluject
The court also held that the New York
law applies to tallroad employees in
Jurcd In Intertt.ito commerce in lh
Cntirl Stood K to l.
With regard to the. WAsfilnclon Ktat
law the court also affirmed dismlsral h
lower Federal cuuits of perfco.ui In
Jury suits of August Bay, Guilder N'-r ,
gard and WIIHsm Rnymsnd or Seattln
against common cullers T'.r nf.
courts held that the employe. imu'u noV
Invoke the Federal employci' lmul.ii
act, but were subject to the WuthinsOn
The court nlso affirmed Stn'e Uene
compelling the Mountain Ti n r i om
pnny of Kalamn. W.ih to nnliihuto n
the State compensation or Pit-iimt-c"
fund. Tho declswu ns to the onllt
tlonnllty of tho law wns In a io"
to 4, Chief Justice White anl l-i
McKenna, Vim Uevanter at:d M--. i
Tariff Itcbatc C'lnusr Annulled
The clause In the tariff law gnri n
a 11 per cent, discount In dnlliti i in
ports brought In American ships or lp
of nations with which the United stik'
has favored nation treaties was am ullcd
to-day as unconstitutional by the Su
preme Court. Through Justice llnlur
the court held that the discount i-iu" 1
designed to aid In upbuilding tir Ameri
can merchant marine win Innpei it .V
together because It rnnllli ted with msi
tug treaties. It wbh held inntipli ibif
both to American vessels anil t ioi
of twenty-two foreign natloi i,.i fr.g
In dismissing claims of l.nscii'e t,'
;?ew lo,,r' , ri ' i 1 '
th:,5ov"nmcn' U3n ,ln .
t1'11 'n sugar neior. -.
! ra,V:m "n, Wl-' ?f ,h" ' "
- " t-.ii vvU,h
country, the Supiemi; C'nuit . ln
afllrmed rulings that lVMo leu
'foreign country" until Unit il.i
did not become Ainer can tirm..iJ
mediately Upon signature of the Hi-,
war peace protocol In lSli.
The Supreme Court refused
or reconsider Its leeent tie . I-
"niggs-Caminett 1 white lnr
denied the application or I
n . , I
,,-,! ... t,.. rt..l
nettl of Sacramento for rclo.ii ng
decreo affirming his cnn! ,-tl..i
Gold Teeth .Not llnrred,
Postmaster Edward M
nounced yesterday that he I .i I ' J
vised by the British Governnie , t, r be
rule prohibiting Hie urncr' 1
England by parcel post ol n.atmf.i ""'
nnd untiianuf.iclured gold has I ' '
Ifled to permit tho Importation
j clal teeth containing gold
f .i 1
Give more tiic t n t
nnd mileage th.m e '
before claimed Cot a 7
standard make of tires
Alwaysiand ate filiate
thickness and tiiKKcd'
ly supple, tough, resil
ient and long weonnR.
5.000 milct ifiiirjni;
Minubctum oi Kulbrr Coods u W