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THE SUN, FRIDAY, MARCH 30, 1917.
and new remit PRESS.
FRIDAY, .MARCH 30, 1017.
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TELEPHONE, UEEKMAN 2200.
THE VOICE OF LEXINGTON.
Whereas we, citizens of Lexington,
Massachusetts. In town meeting as
sembled, are ever mindful of the un
remitting klgllftnoe and fearless a:
tloa of those who dwelt here In 1775;
Whereas we desire to fulfil our re
sponsibility of remaining true and loyal
to their memory; and
Whereas, although bearing no ma
licious hatred toward any ruler, class,
race or nation. we yet determinedly
ad advlsefily condemn the cause of a
Government whose present policy is
flagrantly abhorrent to American- prin
ciples; and '
Whereas we would not seem un
grateful to those Governments which
serve our highest Interests and the
highest interests of mankind: There
tore be it
Resolved, That -we do hereby express
our entire and hearty sympathy with
the cause of liberty against tyranny,
the cause for "which the allied Govern
ments of the Entente are now fighting;
That we thankfully acknowledge
whatever debt we already owe to the
armies and to the navies of said
That we cordially favor serving the
said Governments by granting them
leans of money on such favorabl
terms as shall show our gratitude for
their help in the past and In the
That -we openly challenge the at
tention of such inhabitants of the
United States of America as are not,
even at this late hour, fully alive to
the dangers that threaten the life of
the nation: a challenge uttered to
That sleeping patriotism may every
where awaken to an Intelligent and
loyal public spirit, which shall ac
ttrely carry out whatever measures
are vnost conducive to the national
That the foundations of our Gov
ernment, as laid by the men of old,
be not shaken, but that the President
and the Congress of the United States
of America be consistently supported;
That the American people, which In
1775 had no didiculty in seeing across
the Atlantic Ocean, may have less
difficulty in determining Its duty
while endeavoring to serve, to the ex
tent of its power, the righteous Inter
ests of democracy as against autocracy
throughout the entire world.
The foregoing la a true copy of the reso
lotions passed by the Town of Lexington,
Massachusetts, at a town meeting held
March :c, 1917.
Attest: Cmau:j v Swax,
''. Town Clerk.
In the Public Schools.
That the public schools should teach
loyalty to America and respect for
America's Has has been officially
recognized and enforced in practice
for many years. It hns been the
boast of New York that in its vast
educational establishment patriotism
wns implanted In the mind and heart
of every pupil, and that from the
clnss rooms the children went forth
pledget! and prepared to defend with
their lives If necessity arose the land
that gave them opportunity.
Plainly, if this policy u policy
adopted Ions before Prusslanlsm as
sailed the rights and flouted the lib
erties of American citizens Is worthy
of adherence. It should bo oberved
to-day. wheu the United States Is
threatened by u relentless and power
ful foe, eca mow strictly than In
happier days. Consequently, the
Board of Education is entirely Jus
tified in scrutinizing most particu
larly the demeanor and the teachings
of nil its employees, and In refrain
ins from promoting any whose con
duct does not square with absolute
loyalty, or whose words and ex
pressed opinions are open to misinter
pretation and misconstruction.
In following out Its duty in this re
spect the board may expect assault
to be made on It from many vicious
quarters. It will be attacked fiercely
by creatures wlioo present disloyal
ties may soon be translated Into trea
son by act of Congress; by the paid
agents of foreign Powers; ami by
the weak minded adherents of non
reactance. P.ut to coiniten-nie them
for thee attacks the members ofnhc
board will have the conciouuess of
duty performed, and the united sup
port of patriotic men and women,
two factors In the present situation
that rniinot fbe other than sufficient
reward for honet and fearless offi
cials notwithstanding any annoyance
that may be caused them by others.
To light t'ntll Germany 'Kinds
Willi ihii revolution In Russia the
war Iwftiiiii'N iiio)iittstaiiy a war for
Hie Illmrnll.iitltm of (ieriimiiy and for
her di'iiioi'iiiM.iuioii from wlitiln.
Prom within, not from without; It
js Jmpoiiiduli! fur uny nation or set of
nations to decide how rjermmiy shuU
be governed unless tho people of Ger
Wilhixw II. may be, sent to. St
Helena, the Hohenzollems may be
destroyed root and branch, but the
German people must acquiesce or there
will be no new Germany.
All Mint Is needed for the complete
overthrow of Prusslanlsm Is n suffi
cient duration of the war. The seed
long sown In Germany must ripen.
Events in Russia may do more to
hasten the end thnn a great success
on any Imttle front.
When tho German people compre
hend what Russian liberalism has
done they will look about them and
take tttock of the ruin wrought by
their own rulers. They hnre endured
much, these humble nnd faithful sub
jects, and they wilt endure more, but
at last they will turn upon their mas
ters nnd rend them.
The war must go on Irrespective
of military results If Germany Is to
free herself and the world from the
Divine Right of Might.
Two Questions for FaellsU.
Those Americans who are Implored
to uc their influence or give their
money to prevent the declaration of n
righteous war against Germany might
well nsk certain questions of the
Pacifists now uppenllng to them. For
"Are you a Pacifist because your
war sympathies are pro-Germnn?"
"If the proposal was thnt the
United States should enter the war
ns nn ally of the Central Powers and
In order to save Germany from de
feat or perhaps destruction would you
lie the same sort of Pacifist that you
are to-day I"
These nre fair questions. They
would be fair questions to ask even of
Mrs. Henry Villard, chairman of the
Woman's Committee of the so-called
Emergency Peace Federation. The
estimable woman Is now advertising
for funds to be expended In persuad
ing members of Congress that "we
have no real cause for war," and In
thus withholding front the President
the war powers he asks for the vindi
cation of the republic's rights nnd
Henet Villabd was a German, born
In Bavaria. He did not come to this
country until be was nearly of nge.
Mr. Villauu's name then was Gus
William Lloyd Gabmrox, the
father of the chairman of the Wom
an's Committee of the Emergency
Peace Federation, was the passion-ate
old abolitionist who had o little re
spect for the quletlstlc sentiments and
non-resistant attitude of his distin
guished grandson, Mr. Oswald Gar
rison Villasd, that once when he was
urged to moderate his ardor lie ex
claimed: "No: -"No! Tell a man
whose honor Is on fire to give a mod
erate alarm; tell hlui moderately to
rescue his -wife from the hands of the
rnvtsher; tell the mother to gradually
extricate her babe from the fire Into
which it has fallen ; but urge me not
to use moderation In a cause like the
Organised Labor oh tbe Eire of War.
To assure American effectiveness
from the outset of a war with Ger
many it Is necessary that the aims
nnd purposes of organized labor
should be understood by the country
and by organized labor Jtself.
Organized labor Is patriotic. The
important statement adopted at Wash
ington on March 12 by representatives
of 3,000,000 organized workers Is not
a pledge of loyalty conditioned by
demands of one sort or another. The
statement Itself, when studied In full,
shows certain proposals, nearly all of
them vague. Nearly all are simple
declarations. Such and such a thing
"should lie" done. One exception is
to be noted :
"Whether planning for peace or war
the Government must recognize the or
ganised labor movement as the agency
through -which It must cooperate with
Of course the Government will rec
ognize organized labor Just to the ex
tent that It actually does represent
wage earners nnd no further. Organ
ized labor knows that.
Consider for a moment the conces
sions for which organized labor has
prepared In the statement in ques
tion. The union leaders declare that
Industrial Justice is the right of those
living in this country, but continue:
"With this right there Is associated
obligation." They go on to say that
in war time the obligation takes the
form of "service In defence of the
republic against enemies," nnd that
this service may be either military or
industrial. Is It a fair Inference thnt
neither military uor Industrial con
scription will be opposed In emer
gency? Not only fair but correct.
What does organized labor propose
In exchange for the waiving of eight
hour rules In private Industry, In re
turn for the speeding up processes
that may be necessary to supply the
sinews of war? Merely that "more
exhausting service than the principles
of human welfare warrant
should be asked only when accom
panied by Increased guarantees and
safeguard, and when tile profits
which the employer shall secure from
tho Industry In which they nre en
gaged have been limited to fixed per
centages." This lays a basis for just such an
Industrial revolution and na'tlonal en
ergizing ns has taken place In Eng
land. Tliere all the old union regu
lations limiting Individual output, In
sisting upon antiquated machinery,
creating needless Jobs and hopelessly
hampering the wheels of Industry have
been scrapped for the duration of tho
war at least, and probably forever.
In exchange the workers have re
ceived higher wages, better pay for
piecework nnd protection against rnto
cuts on piecework, larger representa
tion hi (he Cabinet and reprcaentatloa
in the War Council, the restriction
of profits and a beginning of a share
In the control of various Industries.
Each man gives the best that Is in
him nnd he Is not allowed to sacrifice
his vigor doing it; the Government
has not hesitated to enforce shorter
hours nnd insist upon special labor
holidays, four In a row.
The same thing enn and should oc
cur here. It Is simply n question of
labor leadership. Nothing can bo got
by force or threats of force, and prob
nbly the labor leaders will not repeat
In war time the mistake made In
peace tlm In the affair of wages
of trainmen. If when the time comes
to formulate concrete proposals they
pattern their concessions upon those
made to labor In England, and base
their demands on the recognition and
protection that has been extended to
labor In the countries already at war,
the benefits to organized and unor
ganized labor ns well ns to the coun
try will be Immeasurable.
In the first place, America's top
production will be attained at the
outset of Mie struggle with Germany ;
secondly, wages will be higher nnd
Individual earnings grentcr thnn ever
lefore In the history of our Industries ;
In the- third place, organized labor
will have ncqulred the position of
leadership which it has always cov
eted but has never been able to at
tain; In Uic fourth place, represen
tatives of the workers will sit In di
rectors' meetings after- the war, and
the workers themselves will receive as
dividends whnt now comes to them
only occasionally and casually In the
form of profit sharing.
The crowning consideration is that
America will emerge from war eco
nomically made over and ready to
compete on equal terms with any
other nation the world over.
The City Commission of Portland.
Ore., hns succumlted to an attack of
niocli elegnnce and under Its Influence
has erased from the map the excel
lent. Juicy and meaningful name of
Yamhill street, substituting for It the
commonplace and sordid Market
street. How the Commissioners es
caped "avenue" or "boulevard" Is n
mystery; when sensitive reformers
turn their attention to place name
they usually riot In pretentious nnd
Inappropriate designations. The re
tention of "street" may betray a sav
ing common sense that will soon re
store Yamhill to the directory. The
Kelly clan, according to the Portland
Oregonian, demands the undoing of
the commission's work; the Ore
gonian Itself cries for rectification of
an error "thoughtlessly nnd Igno
Yamhill Is ancient, respectable,
typical, historic. Alexander Henby,
a fur trader of the Northwest Com
pany, traversing the then unknown
Willamette country, met at AVilla
mette Falls, January 10. 1814. seven
"ugly, III formed Indians" leading a
horse. They were of the Y'amhela
tribe, as Henry spelled it in his diary,
the name being derived from the Y'am
hela, or yellow river. Ynmhela be
came Yamhill, and:
"Itias an honored and undying place
in Oregon history. The Tamhlli River
was the seat of early navigation, and
the Tamhlli country -was the home of
many early settlers, who cleared the
land, tilled the soil, founded schools,
churches, communities, civilization, and
there established the beginnings of a
"There are many leading cltiiens of
Oregon who are proud to have hailed
from old Tamhlli. Well they may be
for they belong to the real aristocracy
of Oregon, the men and women of true
living, high thinking, worthy doing and
The City Commission should undo
its blunder and give back to Portland
a fine and characteristic place name
from which the townsfolk will learn
more geography nnd history than they
could get out of all the Market streets
in the world. If the Commissioners
seem reluctant to confess their wrong
doing and make restitution, let them
be eliminated, and put the Kelly clan,
which loves and defends the splendid
monuments of a glorious past, in com
mand of city affairs.
L'nlTersal Training Under State or
Governor Wititman was right when
he said that "you cannot cut the na,
tlonal defence up into forty-eight sep
arate Jobs," but that Is exactly what
an elera?nt in the National Guard
wants done when It advocates uni
versal training under State control.
The Chamberlain bill provides for
complete Federal control. It Is sig
nificant that a great many of the
young guard officers who have gone
through a period of hard training on
the border under Uie direction of
regulars protest vigorously against
State control If we are to have uni
versal training. That discerning stu
dent of preparedness Mr. Fekderick
L.,Huipekoi'Er 1ms hit the nail on
the head In this statement :
"There Is no more ground for the
States to maintain land forces which
are destined to be employed In national
service in time of war than for them
to maintain navies independently of the
State control of universal training
would cortaluly not be as repouslbIe
and effective In muny of the Western
antl Southern Statcsuas would prove
to lie the case In New York, Penn
sjlvtiitln, MasMichusetts, Ohio and
Illinois. Arguing the point Is not
necessary. Federal control would
give the country an army fairly uni
form lu physique, training, discipline
and equipment. Consider for a mo
ment, ns relatlvo to the subject, how
much more thorough and Impartial
Is the enforcement of a Federal stat
ute than a State statute from Maine
National Guard regiments sent to
tho Mexican border Improved vastly
under regular army Instruction and
observation. Take tho Twelfth New
York, for Instance. It was never as
soldierly nnd serviceable as It Is to
day. A few more months of such
salutary training and it would have
been fit to fill n gap In the line in
Frnnce. So much for contact with
disciplined regulars, team work with
them, and being Inoculated with the
spirit that strives for perfection. Dut
let tho Twelfth, or any other regi
ment In the National Guard, come
under the absolute control of one of
tho States, parting compnny with the
regular army, and what a marked
relapse In a comparatively short time
there would be!
General William A. Mann, tho
capable Chief of the Militia Bureau,
has expressed the opinion, based upon
observation of the National Guard In
training camps on the border, that It
would be worth while to preserve tho
force for State purposes but not for
Federal. That Is not the harsh Judg
ment It seems to be at first sight.
What General Mann meant was that
the National Guard partly under Fed-
enil and partly under State control
svould not prove effective enough for
the first line of defence. That excel
lent document "Report on the Organi
zation of the Land Forces of the
United States" has stated the bedrock
principle that "a nation's military
power Is to be measured not by the
total number of Its male citizens capa
ble of bearing arms, but by the num
ber of trained soldiers with which it
can meet a given emergency."
What the author would have:
thought of universal training by the
States apiears from this Judgment:
'The mobilization of our citlzeu sol
diery to-day would not result In a well
knit national army. It would be an
uncoordinated urmy of fifty (forty
eight) allies, with all of the Inherent
weaknesses of allied forces, empha
sized by the unusual number of Uie
allies." Suppose there wesjurdversal
training under State control. It would
not be long before the opinion of the
Governor of New York about the
Flbrldu or the Nevada contingent of
the national nrmy would be abso
lutely unfit to print.
Splendid has beeu the service of "the
National Guard on the border. Men
and officers alike distinguished them
selves. Those who passed through the
ordeal sound in wind and limb were
physically as good men ns the regu
lars. Praise for the devotion of the
stiardsraen cannot be too hlglu The
States have u right to be proud of
them. But It was a different, a re
markably more efficient force, tkat
came awaj- from the border. Every
officer knows It and tbe reason why.
Let, then, tute question of Federal or
State control of universal training be
considered dispassionately und disin
terestedly. In the light of that valu
able exiierienee. Allow sincerity to
men who differ, be they Generals or
privates. Politics to the rear! This
is no time for considerations of rank.
pay nnd personal influence. Congress
cannot afford to blunder. If a better
plan for a citizen army than the
Chamberlain bill proposes can be de
vised, so much the better for the
As one who expects to live' up to a
cltlsen's duties If war comes. Chautau
qua's oTiy ex-Secrrtary of State.
Dollar Bill has his eye on the box
office receipts to be won by a redhot
appeal to patriotism after the declara
tion Is made.
Boston pacifists hope "some fitting
way may be found to give Germany
a. chance to renew her peace offers
tlong better lines." The way is broad
and open; no statesmen know it better
than those of the Central Empires; no
obstacle prevents them from entering
It. Why do the pacifists in this coun
try always assume, as tho Prussian
Junkers do. that ail the world outside
of Germany is Inhabited only by fools?
Germany now defends the devasta
tion of northern France by saying it is
not worse than that accomplished by
the Russians In their retreat. But we
thought Germany stood as a shield be
tween Russian barbarism and Western
Lady Walnut. White Leghorn 707,
has accomplished a world's record by
laying eighty-three eggs in eighty
three days, a shell production achieve
ment that even a munitions maker
never can hope to equal.
If the birds could have been con
sulted .(for instance, the starlings,
which are very wise), they would not
Jiavo chosen Friday, April 13, for Bird
The battle of Son no reported from
Cuba demonstrates that it is still pos
sible to conduct modern warfare lei
surely and In an almost painless man
ner. Eight hundred Government troops
fought 500 rebels half a day, much
powder was burned, - the casualties
were so light as to be mutually sat
isfactory, and the rebels retreated in
good order to fight another day.
President Altred W.tcsTArr of the
American Society for the Prevention
of Cruelty to Animals should te sup
ported In his protest against that sec
tion of the dog bill which would per
mit any person to kill on sight an un
licensed dog found on his land. An
unlicensed dog may be a harmless ani
mal, and "any person" may be a mali
What militant methods could not
gain for them, national service has
brought to the women of England.
The reasons for the success of their
cause aro worthy the study of all who
long In other countries for the ballot.
Secretary Daniels would never win
Ttutonlc esteem. He Is so inefficient
that he blunders even In his malice.
No; She Insisted ass Cfrence.
To t KDitoa or Taa Sux Sir; Did
Germany state the terms on which she
wanted to make peace when she offered
to make peace? Kecd I'txj,
T"iotov. Conn., March "9.
la tbe Kosb Hour.
Knlcker Do you stand behind the Presi
dent? Backer I'vei keen standing se long it
would be a rails e hug aa a strap. t
THE -NEW LINGO.
Charlie Dawson was a salesman rep
resenting a New York drug house and
was In Paris when the war broke out
He gave up his Job and at once Joined
the ambulance corps.
He was f. Jolly little man. full of
sympathy, well known and liked by
the boys In the trenches. One day he
came to them laden with good things
cigars, cigarettes and wines that had
been given him as birthday gifts
and which ho wished to share. He
was made welcome and speeches fol
lowed the feasting. Charlie was
called upon for a speech. Ho said
that as he was no speechmaker he
would sing instead.
Rattling off the words at lightning
speed, he sang:
A frog he would a wooing go,
elng aonr poll? wttcha kl me o,
Whether hla mother would let him cr no.
Sing song polly wltcha kl ma o.
Then tho chorus:
Klmo caro daro hars
Mehl meho marumpskl punldudle
Polly Kltchem nip cat
Polly wltchem soot bag.
Sing song polly wltchem kl me o.
This was received with shouts of
merriment and demands for encores,
but tho height of the fun was reached
when the Frenchmen began to try
singing it themselves.
As Charlie left them to return to hie
work he could h,esr a weird imitation
of the chorus of his song. In the
nearby German trenches several Es
perantists listened and shook their
heads gravely. y
NO SUNLIGHT SUBSTITUTE.
Therefore No Color Photography That
Will Perfectly Deceive?
To the Editor or Tin Sun sir: Just
now there seems to be a revival of In
terest in natural color cinematography.
This is a subject In which I have taken
a great Interest for the past twenty
years. Anterior to my interest In cine
matography I was also concerned in the
subject of ordinary, or still, photography
In natural colors.
As I write the sun is shining In a
clear blue sky and the hues or colors
of the objects within my view are vivid,
brilliant and pleasing to the sense of
sight. I. e., they are In natural colors.
For the purpose of this letter I have
asked those around me If they would
like to see accurately reproduced on the
screen of a motion picture theatre the
beautiful and highly colored scenes
which I and they are at this moment
enjoying. The scenes Include some mag
nificent views of the Hudson River,
with shipping, people and traffic to add
animation to the spectacle an idea) test
subject for a natural color process.
But it Is at present Impossible to cre
ate in the brain by chemtcal or physical
means the same tensuous impression as
the scene Itself. Why? Simply because
jou are dealing with imperfect substi
tutes for sunlight, the haloid sKver
salts, aniline des and tho electric are.
It denes the nit of man to use these
things. In any known way or combina
tion of ways, to produce pictures on the
screen which have the verisimilitude of
nature so marked and convincing that
the human brain recognizes them as
passable imitations of or substitutes for
the originals. The illusion is always
incomplete, perfunctory, Imperfect. It
must be so, of course, as every school
boy knows. Why not be honest, there
fore, and abandon these absurd claims
to natural color results? Why not
frankly give the public what it wants
photographic, hand or stencil color films
which please by their brilliancy and
Commercially there Isn't a dollar in
these natural color processes. Scientifi
cally of course they are Interesting.
Practically they fall to please the vast
majority of movie goers.
Ignes fatul hav. misled people from
time immemorial. Transmutation, the
restoration of suspended animation, pho
tography in natural colors, are thrr.gs
which appear to be Inherently Impossible
of achievement. Thomas Bedding.
New Tonic, March 19.
GRAND CENTRAL MAIL.
The Traveller Finds No Postal Facili
ties In the Concourse.
To the Editor or The Sun Sir: As
jou are aware, there are no post office
facilities in the Grand Central Station.
The branch post office In Forty-fifth
street is infonvenelnt and Inaccessible.
The consequence Is thatthe public Is
subjected to trouble and annoyance and
this hardship should be corrected. For
this purpose a letter of complaint was
recently sent to the new postmaster. His
reply Is enclosed herewith.
An Old Sun Basker.
New Tork, March 29.
CviiiD SriTcs Ior Oirii-r,
Nw Voix. Sr. Y.. March :). 1017.
Slit: la answer to your letter of the
Imtant. suggesting that a branch post
office be established In the New York Cen
tral Terminal, I have to state that there
Is a station In the terminal at Forty-fifth
street, near Lexington a-enue
It Is presumed, however, that you mean
a sub.statlon to be located In the con
course of the terminal, but thu oBce has
been unable to make the nectary ar
rangements to have sjch a station estab
lished. Respectfully, T. G. Pirrs..
Only by Conscription Can It Be one
With Fairness to All.
To the Editor or The Sun Sir: It
Is announced that the President (s to
call for 300,000 otunteers. What we
may need Is 5,000.000, but I write to
protest against obtaining men In that
way. What we want is conscription
and c want It from the start. In that
highly instructive book 'Ordeal by Bat
tle," by F. S. Oliver, there Is printed a
letter from a German, the Krelherr von
Hexenktlcken, who Is comparing tferman
lovernment with British, and of tho lat
ter the Frelherr writes:
Tou are still, It would spptr. enamored
of jour voluntary system. You hav not
yet abandoned our belief that It Is iho
duty of the man i"ho posstses a sensi of
duty to protert the skin, family and prop
erty of the man ho does not. TIT us this
sems a topsy turvy creed, and not more
topsy turvy than contemptible.
This Is so apt that I do not hesitate
to quote it. AurctD Hopkins.
New Tork, March 29.
THE SPIRIT OF A MAN.
This American Can Still Shoot Straight
and Offers Ills Services.
To the Editor or The Sun Sir; I
am an old man, 70 years of age. I am
the last of my family. I had three
brothers in the Union army and my
father paid sfx men a bounty to enlist
in a Vermont regiment.
I can shoot as well as I ever could.
I stand ready any day to fight for Uncle
Sam oa land or sea.
Jews-it P. Cain.
A arts, March :.
THOSE LOTS IN JAPAN.
The TesUatosy About Taesm by the
Late iBiseetor Winiaau.
To the Eotron or Tits Sun Sir; Tou
gave a quotation from the late Inspec
tor Williams's testimony before the
Leiow Investigation which recalled to
my mind the fairy tale which has been
current sines that time as to his having
testified that he made his money specu
lating In building tots In Japan. Though
the newspapers In outlining his career
after his death last week repeated this
legend, as a matter of fact Williams
did not say anything of the kind.
On pages 5431, S432, HG6 and E4S7 of
the record In that Investigation It will
be found at he testified that as a
young man he had been In 'charge of
work In shipyards In Hongkong, Shang
hai, and also in a treaty port of Japan ;
that In order to engage In business there
the laws required him to be the holder
of real estate, and for this purpose he
had acquired several lots from Freder
ick Wllkle. the Commercial Agent of
the United States Government, and that
hi had never realized anything upon
This popular legend makes a good
story but does not rest on facU
Herbert W- Alrictl
New Tork, March 19.
THE CLAM INTRENCHES.
An Assault on the Moliosk as Chow
dered In New England.
To the Editor or Tub Sum Sir: Tcr
mlt me to say that Tankees know noth
ing about making chowders, and I am
a Tankee bred and born. The idea of
a chowder in Beantown and further
north Is one of a very few clams, one
big round biscuit, one gob of greasy
pork and some assorted vegetables
swimming around in on extraordinarily
exaggerated quantity of milk.
In fact, the mess is principally warm
milk, In which may be found, by fishing
around at some length, evidences of
material intended as seasoning, which
material determines the labelling of the
brand. The milk Is abundant but the
taste is in doubt : the biscuit is always
on top, and the entire mess a poor sub
stitute for warmed milk stew.
The only chowder which deserves the
name Is that of Maryland. n, P. M.
Philadl-lpiiia, March 28.
The Enemy's Coeafer Attack In the
To the Editor or The Sun Sir: Tou
print several readers' recipes for clam
chowder -and not one of them Is fit to
eat Who ever heard of a real clam
chowder that was not made with milk?
I believe also that a much finer chow
der can be made from the steamer
clams than from the hard shell or little
New England is the home of the chow,
der, as.lt is of the -bean, and New Tork
era Invariably spoil both. K. B. W.
Merioen, Conn.. March 29.
A Pacifist Proposal.
To the Editor or The Sun-t-SiV; Clam
chowder made from clams steamed be
fore being chopped can be eaten at
midnight with no bad effects. Clam
Juice that has been heated tastes dif
ferent from raw clam Juice when added
to the other Ingredients.
H. E. Mapes.
Mount Ver.von, March 29.
No Peace Wlthoat Victory Is Possible.
To the Editor of The Sun Sir: will
New Tork people never learn that al
though a savory stew may be made
from clams and tomatoes It is not clam
Boston, March 29.
ODDITIES IN THE FILM.
Scoundrels Sah-Vlllalns and Loving
To im Editor or The Sun Sir; in
a movie I saw the scoundrel get the
drop on the hero and at about five paces
address him thus: "Hands up. Bowie
Blake ' What have you got to say be
fore I bore your Now, it was some
pumpkins to get the drop or. Bowie, be
cause he was a heller with both knife
and gun, and he would stick you or
plug j-ou with equal facility. But the
villain wasn't satisfied with what was
an unassailable position; he advanced
on the redoubtable Bowie until he had
ills gun stuck into that Individual's
ribs. Whereat Bowie, who was going to
be bored anyway, took a chance, brought
his hands down and took away the
villain's gun. I would have been more
impressed with the suicidal conduct of
the villain if they didn't all heroines
heroes and "gun toters" generally dc
exactly the same thing. They'll hold up
anywhere from two to a score of men
arrange them In a semicircle and walk
Into .the bunch with a gun that covers
one out of the whole crowd. It looks
foolish to me.
And then there's the type hired to do
Uie dirty work. Was ever one of them
seen to walk out of a house in an or
dinary manner? No; he sneaks out
with, a week's groath of beard, pulls
a slouch hat down oer his eyes and
ears, puts up his coat collar and then
slinks along the street In a crouching
manner, hugging the fences and in
every way acting as a walking adver.
tlsement of a double dyed yeggman.
Wli, if there was a policeman within
forty miles he'd put him in Jail on sus
plcton. Even the movie cops have to
arret 'em sometimes.
And what a moving picture the mother
of the screen drama always Is, hugging
the child to her bosom and kissing it
passionately with enough makeup on
her Hps to show two black lines only
across her phiz. The poor Infant If
generally shown crying, and who car,
blJine It? Why is it. In thlsi connection,
that' the men don't find it necessary to
make up so much for the camera, while
the women in many instances turn them
selves Into caricatures?
. The fact that when making purchases
the movie actors never get any change
is more readily understandable. Thetr
opulence probably accounts -for that.
Or Is It mere coincidence that they !
wajs ha the exact amount ready"
Whether buying flowers, candy, a clav
or bidding at tho auction for the ola
home, the hand soes Into the pocket
no looking, no counting and appar
ently Just the needed sum comes forth
and Is passed oer.
William n. Thornton.
Brooklyn, March 29.
Cold tbe Forty -sOaera Missed.
auburn corrttpanienc Scrqmmts See.
The das of MS have been revived here
to a certain extent, several Auburn men
having brought nufgets worth from tl to
120 which were found In the ravines and
streams since the heavy rains have washed
the dirt from the craveli One nutiet,
Mch It Is said la worth ISO, was found
sear the county hospital.
Oet ( Date.
Knkker They ara drilling with broom
Becker Why not vacuum cleaners T
NOW, TO TELL EACH CITIZEN WHAT
HIS WAR DUTY 75.
GorernawBt, Press ami Loyal (hfanlxatlMU Must Exorcise the Doi,
f Do obi ani Ineflciencj-.
Now that the Government has got
positive orders from the nation to go
to .war tho Individuals making up the
nation await their Government's or
ders as to how each may servo it.
Tho earlier nnd more deflnlto those
orders, the less wasted.effort and cross
purposes. Service in the navy and In
the army are the most obvious duties.
Doubtless a comprehensive plan for
these will be legalized Immediately
upon tho convening of Congress. By
adopting universal service we shall
build not only for this crisis but for
all time. Any plan not Including uni
versal service will be a national calam
ity. The' President's defence council
U understood to be occupied with vast
and systematic plans for mobilizing
tho war industries. In that work, as
In most other matters, wo have the
wnole experience of Buropo for a
We have seen what measures other
democracies had to tako in order to
tecome efficient. We have had end-
Jtss time to have expected what has
at last happened to us. Therefore the
fact that we are a democracy will not
excuse us for muddle. We are en
titled to look for brisk efficiency at
We are, however. In even less favor,
able circumstances than most demo
cratic countries for the effectual mo
bilization and unification of tho na
tional spirit and of the national intel
lect. Only through the mobilization
and clear expression of these can a
Government like 6urs be stimulated
and supported In Its tremendous task.
We are also less favorably placed than
most countries in that we lack the
habit of systematic and uniform na
tionwide action to be performed by
local authorities under orders from the
capital. We also lack, to some extent,
ihe administrative personnel for this,
although we have the machinery In
Two definite ways in which citizens
can be of the greatest use are (1) in
tho mobilization and unification o the
rational spirit and the national intel
lect, "and their vigorous expression,
and (2) in supplementing the local ad
ministrative and executive machinery,
Including police, home guards, regis
tration officials, 4c.
There are many things to be done
locally which must be either danger
ously delayed or else done in different
communities without any uniformity,
and probably done over again later on.
The reglstfctton of aRens and enemy
aliens and the registration of citizens
of military age are examples. Uni
formity and system are so Indispensa
ble that one woukl think it would be
worth wftile lo call a conference of
Governors at Washington, or at least
by correspondence, to arrange for a
uriform programme in all the States.
After all, In war time the Governors
should regard themselves as the Pres
ident's deputies and the Legislatures ,
as the Governors' councils. Just so.
Mayors, town councils, selectmen, all '
Iccal executives, should regard them
selves as the deputies, through their
Governors, of the President. If in a
great crista like this we can drop our
rotten party politics and Just be Amer
icans we can get In this way an in
telligible skeleton machine for the
swift and .uniform and systematic car
rying ont of the necessary work. In
each community, aa in New York city
bj- (he Mayor's committee, with its
auxiliary police or home defence
guards, et al., the citizens can work
with the existing executives as extra
personnel for extra work.
But all "this work requires some
Kuldance from Washington. Other
wise all system and uniformity are
lott. Registration in Connecticut will
be different from registration in Illi
nois. Neither perhaps will give quite
tre data desired by the military.
WHO IS A CLUBMAN?
Does Ssch a Being Exist or Is He a
To the Editor or The sun Sir; What
is a "clubman" ; and further, why Is a
"clubman"? There are probably not
so very many male citizens of voting
age who hae the price and the incli
nation to Join that are not members of
a club of some sort, and plenty of men
are members of more than one. Tet we
are constantly reading in our news
papers about something happening to
"John Smith, clubman." or "James P
Robinson, the widely known clubman."
Is this designation supposed to dis
tinguish the Individual named or meant
to be a reproach upon a man's natural
Instinct to affiliate with his particular
friends In some social organization?
And Just why should a plain, Inoffen
sive clttzen be branded as a clubman
because he happens to die or get a
divorce or go to the theatre and be run
over in the street? Have you the an
swer, and if so, will you give it?
J. It. Mrsstcn.
Philadelphia, March 29.
Mrs. llepew's Hospital Work Near
To the Editor or The Sun Sir; Th
French Government, as already related
In your columns, has conferred upon our
compatriot Mrs. C Mitchell Depew 2d
the highest medal of which women are
deemed worthy, for her generosity in giv
ing her chateau near Solssons as a hos
pital, her Bklll In managing it, and most
of all for her enduring bravery In doing
so In person, although within- reach of
German guns almost uninterruptedly
from the battle of the Marne to the Ger
man retreat last week. More than once
German obus have fallen in the court
jard of the chateau. .
No more medals are needed for this
work, but there Is deeperatc need o(
money, and this must come from her
own country. The condition of the civil
ian population In the neighborhood of
Chateau d'Annel and the consequent
extra nork assumed by Mrs. Dcpew and
her staff are appalling. Witness her
Mlsrj' Indescribable. Coutd yen posub'.y
set subscriptions? Wilt distribute person
ally. Immediate relief needed. No Imagi
nation can picture scenes. Cable,
This was sent to her sister, Mrs.
Stowe Phelps, 12S East Sixty-first street.
New Vork, where subscriptions for this
caust may be sent.
Aside from the satisfaction of helping
out In such a historically horrible state
of affairs there will be In this case an
added comfort in knowing that whatever
Is given will be used wisely and at on:e
by an experienced and trusted expert on
the spot.. Jisas Ltncii Williams.
New Tosk, March St.
naval, Industrial, secret ri,te
other authorities concerned To avo'd
chaos all such things real.y must L
promptly standardized and set on.
by Washington. If nece.ar the Cab.
lnet or the National Defence t.'ouncli
should bo enlarged eo n to fopilim,
this work' and to assure smooth, tys.
tematlc and uniform &tlnn by tb.
federal Government through t.i,. sut,
Governments upon the many i-.ii .
fairs which In war time th IVderal
Government must supervise T if Ked.
cral Government alone has oinp;ete
reports of methods employed to meet
the same problems in Grc.it Ilrtuir.
the country next to ourselves tnot u'i
prepared. Tho C!overnmnt at Wah.
ington alone can secure t noedfui
uniformity of system by trn.itmg tin
Governors not only as deputies but a
i sort of national council as wei, T.'-.t
country is eager. It waits upon tilt
The other way in which ciLzpm not
In the navy, the army or trie war In
dustrlcs (and agriculture will have to
bo a war Industry culling for Govern,
mcnt stimulation) Is even more ur.
gently Important. That Is the t,rk
of mobilizing, unifying and expressly
the national spirit and the national in
tellect, most of which by the neuh;
cf numbers must always be outside
even the most brilliant Govern mem
The nation has often been put on no
tice that it must demand what 1'
wants. 'To be sure to get it, the na
tion should speak In some deux anu
it should give Its attention to ques
tions of domestic and foreign poiic
affecting our future as well as to the
most Immediate questions of prcpsr
The National Security League, the
Loyal Legion and the Navy Leigut
have a Joint committee or conference
of very distinguished men and have
done a great work, we all know, for
preparedness and for patriotism. That
Joint committee is the nucleus of an
organization which should be developed
Into a great nationwide patriotic club
or league. The membership could t-e re
cruited from many other organization
and from the citizens generally until
;t thoroughly embraced the who.e
country. It could be a veritable cor
respondence school in patriotism Thf
present committee, which ha.t upon It
such eminent men as Colonel Roose
velt and Mr. Root, could be eniaryti
to Include representatives front the
different parts of the country Then
ready to stand by the Presiden' rer.ij
to criticise but not to carp, Amen-ai
but non-partisan, such a morn tt.
could keep public opinion Intcil.qer.ti,
and articulately insistent upon meas
ures demanded by the national interest
and could greatly aid tho Governmer'
In giving it generous support in .it
wise and efiiclpnt action.
We may hope also that ou.- p.t -.
otic newspaper- will drop polln. ai .i
and will cooperate in a dimply Amer
can unanimity of fruitful !.ugEt..
candid constructive criticism and wra
support of the Government ma s
This very day a newspaper w
always la lenient to the present v
ministration states in its Washing
correspondence that the Prejidfi
"waits for public opinion"; that t'vr
is in Washington "precisely the s.,.n
muddling and chaos as m London
August, 1914"; that Washington
confused mass of unassorted !
over which bewildred mon n.-.jp
casually and almlesIy " Therr s t.
use now In stopping to weep . -or
to condemn Its causes, horn- i
Is. Now we want effort, n- -r r
And we must rely upon t. e f.s, .
dated organizations for preparin
end patriotism and upon t. e .-
effort of the press to exorcise t
of doubt muddle and inem ier.'-
BUT GOOD WILL COME OF IT
In Tlaie tbe Sentiment of the Vatiuo
Will Be Enforced.
To the Editor or Till S-"
The Sun of March 2S appears a
under the title "Arrest ttve ...-,". ,
addressed to jou by a Udy - .
Just as well have had the capu
Ing Against the Pricks '
The same thoughts expr;ssd ,"
correspondent must have o-. rrJ
hundreds; many like rayse'f mm: fca
thought of writing you oi ti sub e
then thought, as I have, wlu' s
It seems impossible to do " -to
get action by this Gove-t r"
ing toward protection. Ii son ' b.
we stand behind the Goier e
how can the President rrnl.i 'v-s tii.
of those nhoe loyalty to .""
permits them no other cou-se
If the Huns destroy tlie v-j o
fined wltmn our harbo-, a- -a
. suredly believe they wi.l. t! s 1
tratlon is responsible for s , -
may occur to life and prop'
1 As I asked before. w.,a. " 1
done by writing tetters ' s
other than to relieve o "'"
After alt, what's the u?
! New Tork, March 23
1 Twenty-?o thojtanl
Columbia herring er p. ...
'This fish was former'.-, jse !
The bureau of for s
commerce has sent
, South America fw i
' conditions In the furn
been asked for bv
' ment of the Corporat
' catalocues should b
j oUl Library, UUai '
1'tfty per i.n
this country sr silpp '
in 1011 expo? , - -amounted
to is -'nl "
valued at f U.rwm i a
J Krnce. has p-.vpr.'i
i as the re 1't of a ;
I New factories t-.ie .oe
American m hinr
Slntapore i depaf t.
finest In M Or!-- .
features evpt sod.i
sewfnr machines, refr
xoods are carr.d In
Tranipacln? fretj"" ra -freaied
15 pr cent .
of rates on rice and s
Mil be Increaiei 50 per
be carried at forme.- "
Shipments of crv s j
Maiadl, tlermsn U' '"
hsn ocean freizht rs
The like contains 'on
000,000 tons of ,'ri 4
It Is asserted that - i-