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THE WEATHER FORECAST.
Showers to-day; to-morrow partly cloudy; southeast winds. Highest temperature yesterday, 70; lowest, 63. Detailed weather reports on page 6. xm. IT SHINES FOR ALL VOL. LXXXIV. NO. 312. NEW YORK, MONDAY, JULY 9, 1917 .Copyright, 1JI17, 61 the Bun Printing and Publishing Astociallon. ONE CENT Efoewher TWO CENTS. In Greater Ifew Torfc HENRY FIELD, HEIR TO RICHES, DIES SUDDENLY Was Apparently Recovering From Operation, Has Re lapse in Hospital. SHARED IN $200,000,000 Mnrslinll 3d to Got Millions if Brother lias No Child. Henry Field, younger son of the late Marshall Field, Jr., and grandson of Marshall Field, Chicago's great mer chant, died yesterday In Presbyterian Hospital following an operation for an abscess performed upon him last Thurs day. His death was unexpected, for he had seemed to bo Improving. Nevertheless, his wife and his older and only brother, Marshall Field 3d, hurried hero from Chicago as soon as they heard of Henry'8 Illness, and were with him many hours a day. The at tachment between the two brothers fre quently had been remarked. They had small chance to make other friends dur ing a boyhood spent largely In travel. and they were bound together also by their common griefs. Their father and grandfather died vlthln six weeks of each other, the fither by a mysterious gunshot wound, and It was only two years ago that their mother died. She had married capt, Maldwyn Drummond of the British army. Riches Awaited Field. Henry Field never came to enjoy his tharo of his grandfather's 1200,000,000 estate. He would have been 22 years old on the 18th of this month. By the will of his grandfather he was to have lecelvcd 300,000 when he wns 2S, $300, 000 when he was 30 and like sums when he became 35 and 40. Since the death of Marshall Field In January, 1906, Henry and his brother have been dividing ono-half of the net income of the estate. The other half of the net Income has been allowed to accumulate and was to be paid to them -hen they attained the age of 4B. When each attained the age of SO the estate was to be divided, three-fifths to Mar shall 3d and two-fifths to Henry. The will also provided that If either of the pndsonaj-gioulddie without children before the distribution of tho trust estate his share should go abso lutely to the other. Henry was married last February " to Miss Nancy Keen Ferklns. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. Moncure Perkins of Richmond Va., and granddaughter of Col. C. D. Langhorne. The marriage took place at the home of Mrs. Charles Dana Qlbson, the bride's aunt. While Mrs. Field and her brother-in-law, Marshall Field 3d were In New York at the bedside of Mr. Field they were the guests of Mrs. Gibson at the Hotel Buckingham. At that hotel last night a representative of the Field fam ily said that Mr. Field's body would be taken to-day to Greenwood, Va., a little town In the Blue Ridge Mountains, there his wife lived before their mar rloge. Further arrangements for the funeral have not been made. Weaker llrother Survives. Besides his brother, surviving blood relatives of Henry Field, are a sister, Gwendolyn, whose share In the estate was 1,000,000 outright: a nephew, the bafiy, .Marshall Field 4th, and his aunt. Lady David Beatty, -wife of the British Admiral, commander of the grand fleet It Is the irony of fate that the weaker of the Field brothers should survive the more robust In childhood (Marshall 3d was 111 much of the time and was most carefully nurtured and drilled In tho open to build up the physique he should need when he assumed command' of the Field Interests. Upon the death of Marshall Field, Jr., November 24,- 1905, his widow took the two boys to England. They were edu cated at Eton and Cambridge and came to the United States a few years ago. Henry Field was In England at the outbreak of the world war and Imme diately volunteered for service In the British army. He became chauffeur for an offlcer of the British General Staff and served In that capacity for some months. He then came to the United States for a rest and It was on that trip 'hat he became acquainted with Miss Terklns at Darkharbor, Me., where the ummer boma of .Marshall Field 3d ad joins the Perkins estate. Marshall Field 3d married Miss Hvelyn Marshall, daughter of the lato Charles II. Marshall, In New York Feb ruary 7, 1915. ZEEGLER, ILL, SEES BALL GAME. Youthful Millionaire Help Ited from liaise Fondi, Stamford, Conn., July 8. Propped up en pillows. William Zlegler, the youthful millionaire baking powder magnate and sportsman, this afternoon witnessed a tame of baseball between tho Greenwich Field Club and the All Fairfield Country Club. The game was played on Mr. Zlcgler's '"tato at Noroton and the proceeds were tor the Ited Cross. Matrons and young wrnen of social prominence sold tags and upward of 300 was netted. Added io the sum obtained yesterday at the ""nm and golf exhibitions at Wee Burn tl 500 ''rOCec'la for ,hc Iud rrt"W were Mr z,cKlor Is recovering from an operation f"r appendicitis, and despite m vrkrned condition ho would not '"ego tho pleasure of watching the some ,,, H),ieh he himself Is an expert. ... I"'0 ,h! u"" of his specially laid out lMkfha.il field to the clubs. Tho rcinwuh eluh, which has never been 'leffauil, won, J to 7. LD LIQUOR HOUSE WILL QUIT. "ni'ln a ;. r chlrnKo lilt by I'rolilliltlon yu1r, ' juiy s. The old wholesale ri-iiiii l,,uor ,.,i wln i,nl,- ".n v (,.)r has decided to go Into 'Mi datum and quit business as a result "Miir i-roniliitloii wai '''' firm was established sixty years . ' '.'.'t.'i '" ,,n,, XUnv did a business of ' "oo.OOo a year iOO uik. ItlALTo all this wtlc. Jip. Racetrack Men Aid Tobacco Fund pHE Tobacco Fund for Our Soldiers in tho Trenches now has reached the' total of ?8,173.06. Tho contributions re ceived yesterday amounted to $069.20. Tho bulk of the subscription came from tho Aqueduct Race track. John Cavanagh rallied tho racegoers for "smokes" for our boys of tho expeditionary army. Ho gathered in $401. W. It. Midglcy, trainer of tho G. A. Cochran stable, collected $27.50 from his force. From all sources 150 persons contributed for the comfort of our fighting force, testifying to the popularity of the appeal. THE SUN employs no agents or solicitors. Tho story of the fund will be found on page 5. SHIPBUILDING TO BE DOUBLED Jfaw Plan Calls for 5,000,000 " to 6,000,000 Tonnage in 18 Months. Washington, July 8. An Increase of 101) per cent. In the magnitude of the shipbuilding programme originally re garded as the limit of the capacity of American shipyards and a proposa". by tho United States Shipping Board to ask another 400,000,000 or 500,000,000 from Congress for construction work were announced to-night by Chairman Denman. Instead of building 2,500,000 or 3,000, 000 tons of steel and wooden shipping In tho next eighteen months It Is now the confident expectation of tho Ship ping Board that the tonnage will run from 5,000,000 to 6,000,000. Tho board has been authorised to con' tract for tonnage to the limit of 500,' 000,000. Chairman Denman said to night that contracts for this amount now had been mad or were In early pros pect, making necessary the additional half billion appropriation If the pro gramme Is to be carried to Its maximum possibilities. It is believed President Wilson proba bly within tho present week will Issue an executive order giving to Major-Gen, Goethals all managerial powers neces sary to the execution of the vast pro gramme, both as to wooden and steel ships. It Is reported Gen. Goethals has been won over to tho wooden shin idea. which he so bitterly opposed earlier In tho history of the shipbuilding cam paign, lie Is understod to have Indicated to several persons his willingness, to build wooden ships to the limit of the country s capacity, an attitude consider ably nt variance with that which he held at the time he made his famous steel dinner speech In New York. An explanation advanced In some quarters for the return to favor of the wooden ships Is that the steel men are not nearly so enthusiastic .In their co operation with the Government since it became apparent they are not to get the 95 a ton originally agreed on between them and Gen. Goethals, but are In stead to receive 56 as a minimum, with a. possible advance to 65 or 68, which approximates the price the navy Is pay ing a ton. Chairman Denman said to-night: "All the Shipping Board feared In February as to the effectiveness of the submarines has been realized. The pres ent appropriation of 500,000,000 will not replace in eighteen months more than four-fifths of the German destruc tion since February 1. It Is to America that the forces fighting Germany must look for the bulk of the replacement of the submarines destruction. "Since our original project was framed the United States has entered Into the war and our army In France will re quire an enormous fleet to transport men, supplies and munitions. Subma rines may reasonably be expected to appear along our coasts and compel us to curtail our naval assistance In Euro pean waters. 'The members of the board have un der discussion the Investment of another 400,000,000 or 500,000,000 In vessels. Such a proposal requires the approval of the President before presenting It to Congress. If Secretary McAdoo can suggest a reasonable place for It In our general scheme of financing for the war and the President approves. Congress may be asked for a further appropria tion of this amount." MARTIAL LAW LN COLOGNE. Redaction In Meat Cnrda Starts Populace to Rioting. Tin Haoub, July i. Cologne, one of the chief manufacturing cities of West Prussia, Is under martial law following fresh riots yesterday, according to re ports received here. The outbreak was due to the reduc tion of the number of meat cards Issued Police and soldiers charged the crowds and many persons wero wounaea. DUTCH URGED TO ARM SHIPS. Hemmed In by Zones, Nation May Make Own Sean-ay. Amsterdam, July 8. Tho HandeU Had says the situation of Dutch ship ping Is the most critical of any period of the war, owing to the fact that all of Holland's outlets now fall within the danger zones of one or the other of the belligerents, It urges the Dutch Gov ernment to map out a channel of Its nwn In which Dutch vessels will remove mines and protect Dutch shipping by force of arms. POLICEWOMEN FOR U. S. CAMPS. W. C. T. IT, Plans to Aid In Safe- minrdlntr Moral at Cantonments Boston. July 8. 'Appointment of women to aid In police work In towns where army training camps are estab lished Is being considered by me Massa chusotts Christian Temperance Union. It was asserted at a conference of the general officers of the union members of the advisory board, ways and means committee and superintendents of wel fare work that the laws were never so good for the protection of the army from drink and vice evils as at the present time. Plans were laid for raising 110, 000 to be used as a W, C, T. U, war welfare fund, RUSSIA ON WAY TO WIN VICTORY, SAYS PREMIER Prince Lvoff Predicts Army Advnncc Is Prelude to Greater Successes. AMERICAN AID NEEDED Transport Service Is Most Im portant Problem He Traiscs Hoot. PcTnoQRAD, July 8. A correspondent of Che Associated Press was received this mornjng by lYInco Lvoff, Premier and Minister of tho Interior, who made a statement for tho information of Amer ica on conditions at the Russian front, measures whereby America can assist in tho struggle against German domination, Internal and diplomatic problems and the influence of tho revolution and the war on world problems. Prlnco Lvoff began by declaring his unshaken optimism that despite grave difficulties to bo faced Itussla Is march ing toward reconstruction and stability and that the war Is developing toward victory. "Ilegardlng the war," continued the Premier, "say that the latest action of our army Inspires In me full hope. I am convinced that the new advance, even If temporarily stayed, la not finished, but Is a preludo to much greater successes. The advance thoroughly confutes the pessimists who unanimously predicted that an offensive by our supposed disor ganized troops was Impossible. From actual Intercourse with delegates Jfrom the army .and with other observers on the spot I know that the offensive spirit Is spreading. "This Is no gradual reconstruction of the nrmy, but the first-stago of a com plete process of recreation which Is al most miraculous, proving. In my Judg ment, that the troops are Infected with a genulno revolutionary and crusading spirit and the consciousness of a mis sion to save Itussla and Influence world events In tho direction desired by all progressive men, Good mid Dud Sides. "Naturally I am aware that not every thing can be done by enthusiasm. I give you frankly the good and the bad side. The good side Is the army's supply of munitions and other necessaries, In which we are markedly better oft than last year; In fact, guaranteed for the Immediate future. The bad sldo Is the transport difficulties, which are-serlbus. These are an evil heritage from the old regime, and naturally It Is Impossible to restore order In three months crowded with revolutionary activities. Even with stable political conditions the crea tion of efficient transport is a problem of years. Our great hope of speedy Im provement lies with the Stevens Kail road Commission (the American com mission) from which we expect much." Asked whether tho United States could Improve Russia's own manufac ture of munitions by sending experts, Prlnno Lvoff expressed the opinion that it could nat. declaring that the problem of the employment of American aid In Russian workshopH was too complex, but adding that American munitions machinery was highly desirable. "With regard to American help gen erally," said the Premier, "I lay down no specific programme. It will be sim plest to say that all conceivable Ameri can aid is wanted in every aomain. But the key to the solution of all our military and economic difficulties, is transport amelioration, In which It Is Impossible to do too much. Sends Hearty Thanks. "Send my hearty thanks for the American project, the dospntch of the Red Cross mission, as hero we have serious defects and deficiencies, I fol low the news on this subject from New York with intense Interest, but, having myself ceased to direct Red Cross and sanitary affairs. I can only beg America as far ao possible to meet the requests for material and personal help made by our official Red Cross, in the conscious ness that the triumph of our common cause will be furthered thereby. "I hope also for further American financial support I am unable to say what form this will take, presumably a loan, but on this subject our Flnanco Minister. M. Shlngaroff, In his discus sion with tho financial members of the Root commission will no douDt pro duce a practical programme which America can help realize. America should note that we ourselves are ready to bear the heaviest monetary sacrifices and have already passed more drastic measures respecting taxation on prop erty than any of the other belligerent Powers and are reaay 10 go mucn further. Among our other economic promems thn most vital is food. Here again the central Question Is transport, and if America helps In this we can do the rest ourselves, as the total stock of food Is sufficient for both the army and civilian nonulatlon. Our winter crops were vtrv irood : our spring crops woro In Jured by droughts, but by tho end of July we shall know our exact position. and unless tnero is an especially oaa harvest, which wo have no reason to ex pect, we are absolutely secured against hunger for mo rest ot mo yi-ur. Agricultural Machinery "For next year's crops arises tho problem of an Increase In the amount of agricultural machinery, and wo should be grateful If America suumus a plan to help in tins matter on a com prehenaive scaio. Prince Lvoff proceeded to discuss the Internal situation, declaring that this has had ft marked influenco on Russia's ability to carry on tho war with vigor. "I am glad," he said, "to see last week's marked signs of amelioration. Toll America that I have dally evidence of the rallying of all tho rational ele ments of the nation round the coalition Cabinet. The Irrational elements, such as the anarchists and Bolshevlkl, are In such a minority that there la no reason to fear their getting tho upper hand. Not only the bourgeoisie but an over whelming majority of tho worklngmen are against them. Their present ex cesses are merely a last desperate! re action against their consciousness of this. "Note that though every week thero have been loudly advertised plans to overthrow the Government by force, there has not been ono attempt to exe cute the plans. Furthermore, I may deny tho rumors of reactionary and rev- t Continutd on Second Pag. jHOLLWEG TO GO, IS FORECAST IN PEACE CRISIS German Leaders Join In Move to Give Entente New Terms. KAISEK IN CONFERENCE Meets Generals and Chancellor Worry Over Austrian Bavarian Friendship. Special Cable DeipntcS to Tns Sex. Coi'kniiagb.v, July 8. Political events It! Germany which are taken by corre spondents to foreshadow possible move ments looking to peace negotiations are reported by Independent correspondents. They Include the report that the Central party In the R'lchstag will support the demands of the Socialists for constitu tional reform and a rumor that Imperial Chancellor von Bethraann-Hollweg will resign In the face of the Impending crisis. Tho Kaiser has called Gen. von Hlndonhllrir nnrt Clen. T.nftfttirtnrrf Into ftn I unexpected conference in Berlin upon the military situation. The Emperor had a conference with the Imperial Chan cellor late Saturday night. The Berlin correspondent of the Poll tiken reports that a Bensatlon has been caused throughout Germany by the declaration that the members of the Central party have determined to cast J their lot with tho Socialists In their de- i mand for universal suffrage and other Immediate reforms. Including a pro gramme for peace without Indemnities or tho annexation of any of the con quered territory. Chancellor's Fntc, In Donut. "The Deutsche! Tagesieltang," says the correspondent, "states that the main committee of the Helehstag has been seriously dlscnsslng the question as to whether or not the Imperial Chan. rellor 'shall remain In office daring the last few days of what Is roasldered a crisis. "Tho most Important declarations are expected from tho Socialists and it is the cause of much surprise that the Chancellor's speech to the main com mittee last night haa not been pub lished. It Is supposed to have been of the greatest Importance. "It Is officially reported that the Kaiser returned suddenly from his con ference with the Austrian Emperor, and the official statement Is also made that Von Illndenburg and Von Ludendorff quite unexpectedly reached the capital Immediately following the Kaiser's re turn to report to him the exact status .of the military situation. Tho Kaiser has also held a long conference with the Imperial Chancellor. "The general Impression Is that very Important events are likely to follow theso developments." The significance of the despatch Is apparent when It Is recalled that the wtni "i siuaiwti una reuenny oeen upon very friendly terms with the King of Bavaria, to the Intense dissatisfac tion of the Junkers, for the reason that tho Bavarian leaders have been scath ingly and openly criticising tho Prus sian attitude. The Munich press has been almost violently antliPrusslan. The Kai ser's visit to Vienna was Interpreted to have been caused by concern over the seeming snubs that had been adminis tered to him In connection with the ex change of courtesies between the Aus trian Emperor and the King of Bavaria. Spain May Mediate. ' "It Is generally believed," says a de spatch from The Ilagne, "that the Cen tral rowers are going to begin action looking to mediation, either through the King or Hpnin or some other neutral sovereign. At Vienna conferences took placo between tho Kaiser and the Em peror on this subject The German Minister to The Ilaguo has been sum moned to Berlin." The Zettung am Itittag says a deputa tion of six members from the Social Democratic party In the Reichstag called on Chancellor von Hethmann-Hollweg lato Friday for tho purpose of Impress ing the gravity of the situation on him. The delegates insisted that the Chan cellor make an unequivocal declaration that the Government was prepared at any time to enter Into peace negotiations on the basis of tho status quo. The dep utation also demanded Immediate In troduction of parliamentary and elec toral reforms, urging tho appointment of lending Reichstag Deputies to secretarial an Ministerial posts, Representatives of the Progressive People's party and of the National Lib erals also were In conference with the Chancellor. Monday will mark the Inauguration of what promises to bo one of the most memorable parliamentary sessions in the history of the empire. Mathlas Erzberger, a prominent rep resentative of tho Clerical Centre, made a sensational speech In the secret ses sion of the Reichstag committee, attack ing tho Admiralty and the pan-Germans as the great obstacles to peace, and advocating peaco without annexation or Indemnities and the Introduction of par liamentarism. Herr Erzberger's discussion of the In ternal situation Is said to have been re markable for Its lucidity and candor. It was augmented effectively by tho ut terances of Social Democrats who re latod the Impressions they had gathered at tho recent Stockholm conference and In neutral countries, Their deduction was that affairs In Germany must be subjected forthwith to n thorough over hauling for the good of tho German peo plo and the German empire. The ma jority faction of the Social Democrats nlso is convinced mat the Government must tnake a posltivo declaration that It is opposed to all policies of annexa tion either In the east or west. Cnll Is Irresistible. Referring to the reform proposals the Tageblatt says! "The progress of developments Is l resistible because right, reason and necessity demand these things. 'The strong man" whom the Conservatives are calling for would have little luck himself and would bring less to the empire." Herr Erzberger, however, did not fpeak In behalf of his party, which would have meant that Chancellor von Ilothmann-IIollweg faced a hostile majority In tho Parliament. Dr. Peter Spahn, president of the Clerical party and Its floor leader, hastened to declare that tho party had taken no decision on WILSON ORDERS EXPORT EMBARGO; STOPS FOOD, FUEL AND MUNITIONS; HITS ALLIES AND NEUTRALS ALIKE DRY U.S. TO COST $640,000,000 IN LOST REVENUES Senate Seeks Solution of War Finance Problem Raised by Vote. FOOD BILL IN JEOPARDY Effort to Be Made to Have Wilson Eliminate Prohi bition Provision. Wasiunoton, July 8. The Senate having voted yesterday to remove whiskey and similar beverages from the reach of the American public by forbid ding manufacture for the war period and coupling with this Inhibition the purchase and redistillation of the hun dreds of millions of gallons of liquor In the bonded warehouses, sat back to-day, drew a long breath and gave thought to the stupendous financial problem which Its action entails. To many of the more conservative Senators, both "wets" and "drys," the financial problem Is distinctly an an noyance. The great revenue bill, the largest single revenue producing meas ure ever devised by a national legisla ture. Is now some $640,000,000 smaller than If will Hn va tn tin tn Tnftpt thn needH of the Government In the remaining j months of the current fiscal year, 'inis shortage must be mado up. It was this which made necessary the withdrawal of the war revenue bill on the motion of Senator Simmons yesterday that It be recommitted to the Committee on Finance. Senators Seek a Solution. Having taken stock of the situation conservative Senators have been casting about for some solution of the financial problem. They will not abate even the fraction of a step from the position as sumed yesterday In the advance or the nation toward a prohibition basis and yet will not place upon tho Treasury this tremendous burden. The solution most frequently ana most seriously suggested Is that of amending th itmhlhltlon nrovlslons by a return to the original Robinson amendment, which simply forbade the use of foods, food products and feeds in the manufacture of potable distillates for the period of the war and then, by general agreement, passing the Sheppard resolution amend ing the Constitution so that after the adoption of such an amendment the en tire nation by change In the basic law of the land will bo forever "bone dry-" A number of Senators look upon this suggestion aB the most reasonable of all. The certainty Is upon the nation that withdrawals of the bonded liquor will bn made In vast volume during the next few weeks. It Is hardly possible that tho entire bonded stock can be saved from the hands of the redlstlllers for Industrial uses, but nevertheless an al ready heavy public demand undoubtedly will be multiplied many fold and the consumers, retailers, notei ana euiuuu keepers and tho wholesalers throughout the remaining "wet" areas of tho United States can by a little clever financing accumulate most of the bonded ware house supply before the law becomes elfectlve. Food Hill Put In Jeopardy. Senator fUmmons admitted to-night that yesterday's action .by the Senate had put the food bill In Jeopardy. It was evident yesterday afternoon at the conclusion of the Senate session that the opposition has been Increased rather than diminished by the action of the Senate In writing In the Smoot amend ment It Is a question of great doubt as to whether falling to obtain unani mous consent for a vote on the food bill Senator Chamberlain now can muster the necessary two-thirds of the Senate to vote cloture into effect. If this should prove to be the case tho debate will be IlllmltaDie. Senator Penrose directed the nttentlon of the public to-day to the fact that It was not alone tho diminution of direct revenues from whiskey and kindred drinkables amounting to nearly 1640. 000,000 which tho country would have to supply. He pointed out that the' col lateral revenues In the way of excess profits taxes. Income taxes and other taxes collectible against Individuals and corporations which must go out of busi ness would cease and that the actual cost which yesterday's action by the Senate Is apt to saddle upon tho nation might run well up toward the billion dollar mark. While the Senate voted to make pro hibition of the use of roods, food products and feeds In the manufacture of distilled liquors operative thirty days nfter the approval or me rooa anminiKirauun oui, tho clause directing tho President to pur chase and redistill' the liquor in bond Is made Immediately effective on' the passage of the act. This was not an oversight, as many suggested, but en tirely Intentional. Difficulties Are Kxplitliiril. The people of this country," said Sen ator Simmons, "have little idea of the difficulty the Sennto Finance Committee had in drafting the war revenue bill so that the taxes for running the war this year would not fall heavily upon the householder. We taxed corporation ex cess profits to the limit. Wo depended upon whiskey for well over $110,000,000. Now that Is chopped out. With the whiskey tax lifted out through tho Senate vote on the Bmoot nmendment, by which distilled liquors must be taken over by the President, the Finance Com mittee must find the way to substitute not only the 1110,000,000 lost through that source but to provide at least $200,000,000 toward purchasing the stocks In bond the Government must take over. "But the problem goes far beyond that. In reality wo must calculate on the entire loss from all the whiskey now In bond, which would nggregato some thing like $440,000,000. The Government must therefore find at least $640,000,000, Continued on Second Pag. SWEDEN SENDS GERMANY U. S. ORE WASHINGTON, July 8. An ofllclal report just mado to tho Amer ican Government showing tho extent to which Sweden is furnish ing supplies to Germany reveals that the Central Powers aro receiving enormous quantities of materials that go directly into the manufacture of munitions. In exporting iron ore to Germany, Sweden, it is shown, has supplemented shipments with imports from tho United States. What this Government will do to end this trade through operation of the export control act has not been announced, but some of tho Allies, it is known, are urging the United States to license no food exports to Sweden until a definite" understanding has been reached with tho Swedish Government concerning her exports to Germany. Iron ore shipments from'Sweden to Gormany, tho report declares, have reached a total of 9,000,000 tons in the last two years, all of it of the high grado required in production of fine steel. This, it is declared, represents an amount equal to Sweden's entire pre-war export. In the first quarter of the present year, it is set forth, Sweden imported from the United States 16,000 tons of pig iron, while selling a great quantity of her own product to Germany. Her pig iron sales to Germany in two years, it is declared, have amounted to 250,000 tons. In addition to this, it is assorted, she has shipped to Germany 15,000 tons of ferro silicon and ferro manganese for hardening shells, with large quantities of copper, zinc, manganese, sulphur and other ores. ' ' Germany, the report declares, has obtained from Sweden in two years fully 200,000 tons of wood pulp for use as a basis for cellulose, used instead of cotton for the manufacture of high explosives. Ger many also has obtained from Swedenjarge quantities of ball bearings for use in the manufacture of war vehicles and submarines. Tho value of these shipments, the report declares, is at least $75,000,000. U-BOATS TO RUN AMUCK ON SEAS Germany May Extend Opera lions Beyond Present Barred Zones. Wasiunoton, July 8. Reports persist that Germany Is to increase tho scope of operations of her U-boats and to an nounce formally that ruthless submarine warfaro no longer will be confined to tho barred zones but will apply to tho high seas generally. The German Admiralty Is understood to bo contemplating this movo to offset any agreement between neutral countries and the Entente Allies whereby Entente shipping Is relieved by neutral shipping ho that the aggregate number of vessels plying through the war xono may be Increased. As a next move In the game Germany Is said to be con sidering declaring a submarine warfare I against shipping generally irrespective of where the vessels are encountered Ofllcials hero note that Rear Admiral Gleaves, commanding the naval convoy to tho Pershing expeditionary force, re ported having, encountered one submarine wen tnis siao or mo u-boat zone. This means that the U-boata aro able Jto o-ierate on a wider scale than within the prescribed limits In case it becomes ex pedient to do so. If the patrol of de fctroyers becomes too effect Ivo In the barrel zono it is likely that Germany will simply enlargo her scope of opera tions to seek to nullify the protective measures taken by tho Entente and the United States. The d'ltleulty of hunting down U-boats over a wide and virtually unlimited area is admittedly great. Hut there Is com pensation for tho Entento and the United States In tho realization that the U-boat's effectiveness decreases In pro portion to the distance from tho boat's base, as it must limit Its time of opera tions to Its needs in assuring for Itself a safe return. Tho chances of Intercept ing steamships bound for Great Britain and France nlso decrease when tho sub marines are further out There are two reports concerning pros pective U-boat activities which are now of particular Interest to tho United States. Ono Is that the submarines will mako every effort to cut off communica tion between the American expeditionary force In Europe and their American baso of supplies by lurking In the probable lanes ovor which reenforcements and supplies may como. There Is no doubt entertained that Germany will seek to strike at this transport service wher pver tho chance Is regarded best The U-boats may lie In wait Just outside New York harbor to strike at tho Ameri can contingents. Thero havo been recently persistent reports of the design nnd construction of on enlarged type of submarine that will be able to come to American shores unaided and unattended without depen dence of a baso on this side. It Is, In fact, possible that theso U-boats may have been constructed for the particular purpose of coping with America's entry In the war. JOHN D., 78, WEIL AND HAPPY. Stny nt Home on Birthday and IHd Soldier Vnlet fiood-li.v. John D. Rockefeller celebrated his seventy-eighth blrthdny anniversary yesterday at his homo In Pocantlco Hills. Ho passed the day much as any other day. except that he did not play golf because It was Sunday and he did not go to church because his automo biles had been shipped to Cleveland, where he will go to-morrow to pass the summer. During the afternoon Mr. Rockefeller received a few visitors, among them hla valet, James Qulnn, who has Joined tho united states nrmy and came to tell his employer good-by beforo Joining tho colors for active service Several hun dred telegrams were delivered at tho Rockefeller home during tho day. Last night fllr. Rockefeller said ho was "very wen ana nappy. WOMAN KILLED BY MOTOR CAE. Another Driver Who Itnns Down Girl Speed. Ann), Struck by an automobile as sho was about to board a Fourth avenue car at First street and tho Bowery yesterdav. nn unidentified woman died tn the mo tor car that struck her while being con veyed to n hospital. Tho victim was about 26 years old. Jacob Blum, 28, of 237 East Broadway, driver of the auto mobile, was arrested. Tho pollco aro seeking the driver and occupants of an automobile which struck and perhaps mortally Injured Mabel Nurse, 7 years old, of 308 West 14th street, at St. Nicholas avenue and 146th street yesterday afternoon. The driver made no effort to lend assistance but Increased his speed. Two men and two women were In the automobile. GERMAN CROPS AREFARSHORT People "Will Bo Forced to Less Than Half Rations, as Sur plus Is Gone. Special Cable Deepalc to The Sc.n. London, July 8. The British Foreign Office, replying to Inquiries by corre spondents, says advices from Germany Indicate that tho German agricultural production for the present year will not exceed 40 per cent, of tho normal crop. The statement Is significant because the allied Governments havo taken especial pains to Inform themselves concerning the economic conditions, and particularly the crop conditions. In the Central Em pires. It has long been known that the agri cultural conditions In Germany were of the gravest character, but tills official estimate Is the lowest yet ventured. In asmuch as tho British Information ser vice regarding German conditions Is par ticularly efllclent, the report demon strates the seriousness of tho Internal situation in Germany. On Half Peace Hntlontu In peace times Germany's agricultural production is equal to about three-quar ters of tho food requirements. The in creased efficiency of tho blockade has cut off the larger part of the food Im portations. Therefore the empire enters the new crop year compelled to live on less than half of tho usual peace rations. Not only are tho surplus stocks ex hausted but the receipts from neighbor ing neutrals aro certain to be greatly reduced on account of the American measures to prevent exports reaching Germany. The Danish Government announces that beginning September 1 a systematic programme will be adopted reducing the live stock of the country with the pur pose of consuming one-half during the coming year. This programme Is made necessary to feed the Danish people. Denmark recog nises this as a calamity, but It Is un avoidable. Through such measures and a general prohibition against exporting food to Germany Denmark believes that she can oxlst throughout the coming year without famine. Food Illota In Moravin. Tho dominant tono of the reports from tho Continent dally concerns the eco nomic more than the military conditions. All the countries aro adopting the most extreme measures to conserve national llfo during tho coming winter. The statements from the British Foreign Office concerning the blockade to-day show that the allied Governments aro greatly pleased with the results attained The situation with reference to the block ade Is at last nearlng "perfection, thanks to tho measures taken by America. Vienna despatches say that disorders on a largo scale have broken out In tho Moravian coal fields on account of food conditions. Troops summoned to sup press the outbreak were forced to fire, killing or wounding a number of the food rioters. A Ministerial commission Is proceeding to tho seat of the disorders to study conditions and suggest remedial measures. BERLIN BREAD CARDS STOLEN. Thefts Represent 20 Ton 18,000 Ticket Are Seised. London, July 8. After an Interval of quiet bread thieves have resumed their work In Berlin, According to reports reaching London, 18,000 weekly bread cards wero found In one raid. These cards represent more than twenty tons of bread. Tho newspapers dismiss the Incident with a paragraph, Tho courts of Cologne In June passed on 882 cases of violations of food regu lations. CHIHUAHUA BARS LIQUOR. Cnrransn Issues Drink II nn to Wipe Oat Ilnndltrr, CmncATiUA, Mexico, July 8. By a decree which became effective to-day, the manufacture and sale of Intoxicat ing liquor of any kind In the State of Chihuahua Is forbidden under severe penalties. Tho decree was Issued under direct orders from ITesldent Carranza, and is considered a war measure tn furtherance of the efforts to stamp out banditry and revolution. Massacre of Jevra Dented. STOcmtoLit, July 9. In response to an Inquiry by Ira Nelson Morris, the American Minister, the Swedish Minister at Constantinople telegraphs to the Swedish Foreign Office that, according to reports reaching him from reliable sources, the tales of a massacre of Jews In Palestine are untrue, "We Shall Safeguard All Fundamental Supplies," Says President. EFFECTIVE ON JULY 15 Iron, Steel and Similar Raw, Materials Also in Scope of Order. WILL CUT PRICES HERE Centralized Buying for All Allies and Frobably for Licensed Neutrals. Washington, July 8. President Wil son Issued o-nlght a proclamation es tablishing a qualified embargo upon the exportation of food grains, meats, fuel and the most Important war materials to all nations, whether they bo neutral or belligerent friendly or hostile. The em bargo Is to go Into effect July IS and It Is qualified to tho extent of permitting such exports as may be sanctioned by tfce Division of Export Licenses. Tho Government thus exercises direct supervision over the goods to bo shipped from the limits of tho United States with the power to make the embargo as clastic as the officials deem warranted by the circumstances. In addition to the qualified embargo there Is a Arm belief that the Govern ment Is considering the advisability of ordering a complete embargo during a period of sixty days unon all food HhlD- monts. This period is expected to In fixed to give tho country tlmo to take stock of its own food supplies and to glvu neutral and friendly nations an oppor tunity to mako known the approximate amount of their legitimate future re quirements. To Reduce Prices Here. Two chief purposes are responsible for the embargo order : 1. To conserve tho American food sup ply, with tho consequent reduction in tho prices to consumers of staplo articles, and 2. The .prevention of the provisioning of enemy countries through excessive shipments to neutral dealers who in turn resell. The President's proclamation, after quoting tho law empowering the Govern ment to tako control of exports, says "I hereby proclaim to all whom it mav concern that, except at such time oi times and under Mich regulations and orders and subject to such limitations and exceptions as tho President shall prescribe, until otherwise ordered by the President or by Congress, tho following articles, namely: "Coal, coke, fuel, oils, kerosene and gasolene, Including bunkers ; food grains, flour and meal therefrom, fodder and feeds, meats and fats. Iron pig steel billets, ship plates and structural i-haDCB. scrap Iron and scran steel, thall not. on and after the 15th day of July, 1917. be carried out of or exported from tho United States or Its territorial posses sions to Abyssinia, Afghanistan, Al bania, Argentina, Austria-Hungary, Bel glum, her colonies, possessions or pro tectorates; Bolivia, Brazil. Bulgaria. China, Chile, Colombia. Coata Rica. Denmark, her colonies, possessions or protectorates; Dominican Republic. r.cuauor, I'.gypt, France, her colonies. possessions or protectorates, Germany nor colonics, possessions or protector ates; Great Britain, her colonies. nos sessions or protectorates, Greece, Guate mala, Hayti, Honduras. Italy, her col onies, possessions or protectorates- Ja pan, L,iDeria, Llchtensteln, Luxemburg Mexico, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco Nepal, Nicaragua, the Netherlands, her colonies, possessions or protectorates Norway, Oman, Panama, Paraguay, Fer sla, Peru, Portugal, her colonies, posses sions or protectorates; Rumania, Rus sia, Salvador, San Marino, Serbia. Slam Spain, her colonies, possessions or pro tectorates; Sweden, Switzerland. Uru guay, Venezuela or Turkey. America Cninri First. "The orders and regulations from time to tlmo prescribed will bo administered by and under tho authority of tho Sec retary of Commerce, from whom li censes, In conformity with tho said or ders and regulations, will issue. "In controlling by license the export of certain IndMprnsable rnmmodltleo from the United Htales, the Government has first nnd chletly In view the amelior ation of the food conditions which have arisen or are likely to nrlxe In unr own country before new crops are hnrvested. Not only Is the conservation of our prime food and fodder supplies a matter which vitally concerns our own people, but tho letentlon of an ndequato supply of raw materials Is essential io our programme of military and naval construetion and tho continuance of our necessary domes tic activities. We shall thcrefora elml larly safeguard all our fundamental supplies. "It Is obviously tho duty of the United States In liberating any surplus products ovor aad obovo our own domes tic needs to consider first tho nccsil tlos of all tho nations engaged In wi against tho Central Empires As to neu tral nations, however, wo nlso re- g"lze our duty. The Government does n ,i wish to hamper them. On tho conirary. i wishes and Intends, Ly nil fa r .in I equltablo means, to cooperate wu'i them In their difficult task of nddtng from our avallablo surpluses to th'r own domestic supply and of mee-lng their pressing necessities or deficits. In con serving the deficits of food supplies Its Government means only to fulfil Hh obvious obligations to assure Itself that neutrals aro husbanding their own re sources and that our supptloi will not become available, either dlro-tly rr In directly, to feed the enemy " Mnny Protests I.IUelj. If the embargo on wheat Is made ah solute, even only for a temparnr period, It certakily will provoke loud protests from tho neutrals who have been looking with anxiety on America's thoroughgoing war preparations In tho way of export restrictions Their com mercial attaches havo mode strong rep. resentatlons to thli Government against any curtailment In tho food supplies go ing to their rcspccMve countries, since they as well as the belligerents r practically on rations and any further Continued on Second Pag. I