Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 17, 1917.
lenly, but ttielr fire wan not effective,
nd the British tr6op u(Trd little as
they pushed forward.
In the Lnrigemarek region the main
difficulty encountered wan the mud
in the approaches to the town, and Into
thlt bog the Infantry plunged deep at
vary atep. Not Infrequently the sol
diers had to extricate a comrade -who
had sunk to the waist In the moraaa,
but they continued to push forward
j steadily, racing niscnine nun nr irom
manen rejourns ana nsming ineir way
past with bomb and rifle Are.
Thua the British came to Langemarck.
There were concrete gun pi la about the
poult Ion In front of the town, which was
flooded from tho Hteenbeke Hirer, but
the Infantry divided and bombed It
way about either eld of the town,
As they passed to the further aide
U) nermann could be aen running away
and little resistance waa offered In the
town Itself. The fighting atlll continued
beyond Langemarck, according to the
The French attack began nt 4:46,
simultaneously with the British advance,
and the contact between (he allied
armlea was excellent throughout The
French completed the tank mapped out
for them In about one hour. The ex
treme depth which they penetrated Into
the German territory waa over 1,000
The terrain over which the . French,
advanced waa moat difficult for on their
right the Hteenbeke River was In flood
and on their left they were moving
toward an Inundated area and the
ground waa becoming marshier all the
time. The German defences In thla In
hospitable tone conalated chiefly of forti
fied machine gun positions. These, how
ever, were accounted for largely In the
preliminary bombardment. The French
met with little reactance and the opera
tion waa carried out with few casualties.
The portion of the flteenbek the
French crossed Ilea between a point went
of Wijendrlft and a bend In the river
1,100 yards north, a little southwest of
8t Janshoek. On the east side of the
river they met strong realstance at
Champaubert Farm and at tly Brlehne
House, both strongly fortified, and ma
chine gun nests. The French artillery
waa brought Into play, and these strong
holds were forced to surrender.
Drelgrchten waa occupied with little
or no resistance, aa was virtually all the
country south of that place. The French
front now runa from Drelgrachten alone
the left bank or the St. Jansbeek River
to a point of crossing below 8t. Jan
shoek, whence It runs southeast to a
Junction with the new British tine.
The Hermans had concentrated large
bodies of troops In the Mouthulst Forest
In anticipation of thla attack, but tha
French heavy guns bombarded the
woods so effectively that It waa Impoa
alble to bring up reserves.
The German losses In the preliminary
bombardment were severe and the
French already had accounted for 100
prisoners when the correspondent of the
Associated Tress visited their front at
noon. The booty obtained by the French
will be considerable, Including a number
of heavy guna which stuck In the mud
and were abandoned by the retreating
Germans Many machine guns also fell
lato the hands of the French.
Canadians Hold Galas.
Meanwhile the Canadians were hold
ing strongly Hill 70 and all the other
positions which they wrested from the
Qermana about Lens yesterday, after
having beaten oft ten furious counter
attacks In which the enemy suffered
The last German counter attack of the
night occurred at half past t o'clock,
nd this morning; comparative quiet
reigned in this sector, giving the Brit
ish a chane to consolidate their new
The checking up of the British casual
ties this morning Indicated that they
had been moderate.
The German counter attacks were most
determined and resulted In fierce hand
to hand fighting among the wrecked
buildings In the suburbs of Lens. Fol
lowing their usual methoda the Qermana
hurled their men Into the combat without
apparent thought of the cost of life, and
the result waa most disastrous, i
Among the heaviest sufferers were the
Fourth Division of the Prussian Guard,
who were sent into the battle late to en
deavor to regain the loat positions. These
famous troops advanced In columns of
foura and Immediately were met by a
concentrated machine gun Are which
mowed them down In large numbers.
Wave after wave of the guardsmen
were sent up Into the terrific hall of
death, and each succeeding wave met
tha fate of the former wave until virtu
ally the entire division had been an
nihilated. OFFICIAL STATEMENTS.
War Oaaces Tell of Bait la lav
Loxdon, Aug. 16. The official stats
gssnta on the battle of Flanders follow :
British (Day) -At 4 MS o'clock this
anornlng the (Entente) allied troops
gain attacked on a wide front east
and north of Ypres.
Heavy fighting Is taking place, but
progress Is being msde at all points in
spite of the stubborn resistance of the
On the Lens battlefront three mors
counter attacks made by the enemy
last night against our positions war
repulsed. A hostile concentration In
the neighborhood of Cite fit August
was broken up by our artillery.
British (Night) Th allied attacks
dellvere dearly In the morning on a
front of nine miles north of the Ypres
fentn road have been continued dur
ing the day In the face of strong en
On the left the French troops, ad
vancing on both sides of the Zuyd-choote-Dlxrf
ude road, drove the en
emy from the tongue of land between
the Yser canal and Martjevaart and
captured the bridgehead of Drel
grachten. In the centre the nrltlsh troops
rapidly captured their first objectives
and. continuing; their advance, car
ried the village of Langemarck after
heavy fighting. They then forced their
way forward for a dlttance of hair a
mile beyond the village and estab
lished themselves In the German trench
aystem, which constituted their final
objective for the day.
On our right there has bean fierce
and continuous flghtlm; since th early
rooming for the possession of the high
ground north of the Menln road. The
enemy disputed our sdvance with de
termined counter attacking with large
forces. As the result of the counter
attacks the enemy succeeded during
the afternoon nt great cost In press
ing back our troops In this area from
part or tho ground won earlier In the
This evening further enemy counter
attacks In this neighborhood were
broken up by our artillery fire. The
number of prisoners taken by the Al
lies In the course of this attack can
not yet be ascertained, but over 1,100,
including thirty-eight officers, already
have been brought In. A few German
guns alto were captured.
Our troops muil further progress
this afternoon cost of Winn. The nunv
ber f troopi we captured on this
front since tho opening of our attack
yesterdjy ha 'now reached a total of
SIC, Including twenty-two officers.
French Iteport Gains,
French (Day) lu Belgium, ufter
Violent "nil most thorough artillery
prci arutlon, wo made an uttnek at
dawn tli Ih morning In conjunction with
tho Hi Huh in my ofi our right, With
auperli spirit yur Infantry made tho
assault nn tho ciitiny imMtions on both
sldtis of the iu.ul between Hteenstraete
and Dlxmudt, capturing nil objectives
and crossing tho Hteenbeke. Our
troops are matting progress on th
right bank In contact with our allies.
Houth'of Allies a vsgorous attack
mad us master of a system of
trenches on a front of one kilometer
which was held strongly by the enemy.
Four Oerman counter attacks on our
new positions were repulsed easily,
and 120 prisoners, one of them an offi
cer, have been counted. In the region
of tha Hurtebtie monument we also
made progress, taking a score of pris
oners. In the Champagne and on both
banks of the Meuse heavy artillery
righting continued. . W made a sur
prise attack near Louvemont. taking
Our bombarding airplane last
night and this morning thraw many
bombs ort" enemy establishments north
and east the Houthultt Fort.it and
also on tha railway station at Llch
'terwald. Germany Tell f Battle.
German (Day) Front of Crown
Prince Rufiprecht: In Plandrs a sec
ond great battle has burst forth, Th
artillery duel which yelserday again
rono to most extreme violence on the
coast and between the Yser and the
Doutel (Lys) continued undiminished
during the night and Increased this
morning to drumfire. Dehlnd dens
waves of fire the English Infantry
then adanced to the attack between
Ulischoote and Wytschaete on a front
of eighteen kilometers.
In Artols the English attacked yes
lirday morning between Hulluch and
Lens with four Canadian division.
After the strongest fire they forced
their way Into our first positions and
sought by .the continual bringing up
of fresh forces to deepen th gap
created on both sides of Loot.
According to order found, the ob
ject of their attack wan the village
of Vendln le Vlell. which was situated
four kilometers (about JV4 miles)
behind our front. In desperate fight
ing 'lasting all day our troops by
counter attacks pressed back beyond
the third line of our first position the
enemy who had broken Into our lines.
The English made a small gain.
In fresh attacks, which were re
peated as many as eleven times, the
stubborn enomy again tried his for
tune, -but the enemy's storming waves
collapsed before our battle line. Bouth
of Hulluch and west of Lena th
enemy, who had suffered extremely
heavy losses at all points of the battle
field, was repulsed.
Near St. Quentln tha French In tha
afternoon developed especial firing
activity. They were successful by
means of about 1.000 shells thrown
v on the Inner town In setting the
iresoyiery on lire, from inre in
flames spread to the Cathedral, which
ha been burning since 8:30 o'clock
Front of the German Crown Prince
In the centre of the Chevln des
Dames sector lively activity by both
artilleries preponderated throughout
th day. After the failure of their
attack In the morning the French
again attacked In the evening between
Cerny and the Hurtebls farm on a
front of about five kilometers.
Fluctuating fighting continued Into
the night. Wo remained In full
possession of our positions. The vain
onrushes of the enemy cost them
much bloodshed. On the front north
of Verdun the artillery duel again
assumed great intensity In the morn
ing. The French fire, however, was
not as violent aa on August 12 and 13.
German (night) The enemy as
sault in Flanders, which extended
over a front of thirty kilometers, haa
been shattered with heavy loases. The
enemy haa only been able to gain
small local successes at Drelgrachten,
on the Yser Canal, and near Lange
marck, where fighting I still proceed
ling. From St Julten, northeast of Ypres
to aa tar as Warneton on the Lya th
ncmy everywhere was completely re
pulsed. In Artols and near Verdun Intense
artillery duels are In progress.
VENICE BOMBED IN REPRISAL.
Faar Tana of Kx plosive Dropped
on Maritime Arsenal.
Vienna, via London, Aug. 16. Four
tons or bombs were dropped by air
planes Tuesday morning on the Maritime
Arsenal at Venice, causing a number of
conflagrations, according to the official
statement of the Austrian War Office.
The statement follows:
Aa a reprisal for ths laat aerial at
tack on Pola a large number of air
planes attacked th Maritime Arsenal
at Venice early Tuesday morning
Notwithstanding weather conditions,
strong gunfire and the enemy's defend
ing aviators, ours met with very good
success. We observed from a low alti
tude good hits by heavy and light
bombs of which four tons were
dropped. Conflagration were ob
served. RUMANIAN XING READYTOFLEE
Rpeelal Train Walt to Take Itoyal
Fasally to Rnssla.
Special Cable Drtpatch to Tax Sea from the
Copyrlfkt. JslT: alt rtgktt rutnU,
Odissa, Aug. 11 (Via London, Aug.
16). A special train haa been de
spatched from Kief to Jasay to convey
the Rumanian royal family to Russian
oil. The train will remain In Jassy,
but no declalon haa been reached aa to
when It (hall depart It la understood
King Ferdinand and Queen Marie will
not withdraw from Rumanian territory
xcept In case of extreme urgency.
The departure of the Diplomatic
Corps for Odessa originally was set for
last Wednesday, but waa postponed for
two daya and then abandoned.
PBU88IA PLANNING REFORMS.
Chaasres Being; Worked Oat for
Bbrlin, Aug. II, via London, Aug. 18.
In addition to drafting bills for elec
toral reforms the Prussian Ministry of
tho Interior Is said to be engaged also In
working 'otlt legislative measures affect
ing Prussian constitutional Institutions.
One of these concerns the reorganisa
tion of the upper house, which may be
patterned after the upper chamber of
the Diet or Baden, with due considera
tion for the historical development of
tho Prussian legislative body,
Tha other measure under advisement
concerns the readjustment of Prussian
electoral districts, upon which the Bu
reau of statistics Is now working.
ENGLISH BARMAID IS WITTY.
gba Baplaln Why gamrny'a Beer
filial Cable Dttpatek to Tns 8cs
IiNDON, Aug, 16. An American sol
dier, one of the contingent that paraded
here yesterday, went Into a saloon to
get u glasanf beer. It was served warm,
aa Is the custom here, and addressing
the barmaid he said:
"Ish't that beer a little stale?"
To which the barmaid replied ;
"Why shouldn't It be; It's been wait.
Ing for you for two years."
REPORTS AMERICANS WOUNDED
Washington Due Not Confirm Lon
don Paper's fttatemrnt.
ItoNnoN, Aug. 10. According lo the
Vnllt .N'einr Mime, wounded American
soldiers from ths western front have
Jurt arrived at the hospital lit lluth.
Wasiunoton, Aug. 16. Neither the
Wnr nor the Navy Department haa any
Information on the reported wounding
of American troops on the western front
SAYS BRITISH PRESS!
"Real Pence Must Briner Full
est Restoration, Including:
NEW. PRESSURE URGED
"Blockade Must Be Made Ef
fective nnd Fleet Activ
Special Cablt Dttpatck to Tns Sex.
London, Aug, 17. Although the
earlier comment In the London news
papers upon the Pope's peace proposal
was almost unanimous In the view that
It represented nothing more than a des
perate effort by Germany to mobilize the
peace demand white her place on the
map still Justified Insistence on a tier
man peace, a marked change la taking
The tan of th latest comment Is
more tolerant, and the belief Is growing
ths Pope's proposal should be accepted
In good faith. 8uch substantial papers
aa the Dally Telegraph and the West
minster Gazette seem to lean to the Idea
that the Pope's not really proposed the
maximum terms of th Central Empires,
which are likely to be decidedly reduced
lr the Allies' dytlomacy Is skilfully used
and opportunity afforded to continue the
Oermany's Internal economic and food
conditions afe known to be extremely
bad and there Is th greatest anxiety
there to avoid another winter or war.
Vienna la Insisting on sincere peace ef
forts, being dissatisfied with Oermany's
management of the peace campaign last
autumn, which on account of Its man
ner ar.,1 Its extreme proposals was
doomed In advance to failure.
Berlin (Inspect Vienna.
There is reason to believe that Ber
lin fear, unless substantial evidence Is
given or good faith and a definite pur
pose to encourage peace, Austria will
attempt to manoeuvre herself Into a posi
tion where she can charge Oermany with
unfairness and stubbornness and then
denounce the alliance, possibly under
taking negotiations for a separate peace.
The possibility that Austria might open
such a campaign by approaching the
United fltates through some neutral are
occounted not unimportant.
It Is the practically unanlmoua Im
pression here that If the Pope Induces
all the nations to announce their peace
terms fully and frankly he will have
accomplished much, but the terms Indi
cated In the forecasts of his note are
just a's unanimously declared to be Im
possible. The British press Insists that the sug
gested Vatican terms are Insufficient.
A real peace must Include the fullest
restoration In Serbia, Rumania, Belgium
and France, Including the return of Alsace-Lorraine.
The use or the term
"freedom of th seas" almost places the
Oerman stamp on the proposal because
Oermany persistent employment of this
phrase describes a peace exactly suited
to Oerman maritime ambitions and In
terests. The newspapers generally point out
that the Vatican proposal coincides In a
curious way with the widespread Aus
trian rejoicing over the Henderson af
fair, which 1 painted a a smash up of
the British Oovernment and the begin
ning of disintegration of the allied cause.
The Timet declares xhe note Is even
more pro-Oerman and more anti-Ally
than the summary.
"Would Belsjlnra Bs Safet"
Referring to the Pope's suggestion of
guarantees for the Independence or Bel
glum It says:
"Belgium had that guarantee, sworn
to by Prussia, when Oerman armies be
gan to hack their way through and to
commit enormities which horrified man
kind. Is she to rest her security upon
another scrap of paper?
"What are the nations whose inmost
conscierce pronounces their cause
sacred likely to think or a proposal
which puts the Innocent and the guilty,
the aggressor and the assailed, upon the
same rooting and Intimates that In
reparation for the wrong done they
ought to accept reciprocal condonation?
"No practical statesman could with
out counting the cost have Issued a
document so certain to create anger and
resentment among non-Catholics of the
(Entente) alliance, and tha deepest
grief among Catholics or the alliance
that their great cause was so misunder
stood or disregarded by Rome."
As the basis or peace negotiations the
note, In the Telegraph' opinion. Is
wholly Inadmissible and very far Indeed
from the satisfying requirements or a
just peace as stated In the allied note
to the United States in January.
The Daily Nexct finds the note con
siderably less Important than the sum
maries Indicated and described It a a
rather weak and plaintive document It
"It I a serle of asperatlons, not a
basis of settlement If the Pope can
persuade the warring nations to build on
his fcundatlon, well and good, but If he
has reason to believe his efforts will be
successful It must rest on some other
basis than the proposals themselves. To
take one Instance only, Oermany Is to
guarantee with tha other Power the In
dependence of Belgium. That Is a mas
ter stroke or Irony, but It Is In place In
an earnest and sincere appeal for peace."
The Daily Chronicle makes a similar
point, saying. "It Is safe to stake our
whole future on scraps of paper signed
by the Hohenzollerns nnd the Haps
burgs? President Wilson has asked
this question, thougn the Pope does not
and he answered no. Accepting that
answer as we do, the Pope's whole
The Daily Mail declares that the sug
gestions In the note are Impossible be
cause the note Is so clearly of Teutonic,
origin. It adds; "The, harder Germany
Is pressed the more desperately will sho
seek expedients to divide her enemies.
The more resolutely, therefore, must we
be to discuss no terms of peace until
we have gained the victory."
Urarrs More rressnre.
Kennedy Jones, former director of
food economy, In the House of Commons
to-day declared that rrlends or Oerm.iny
had begun the present peace offensive
and that the time had com when an
end ought to be made to It by a de
cided ajd clear statement to the mls
chlevoivwuggestlons that Great Britain
might be ready to make an Inconclusive
peace. II believed that Oermany, de
spite Internal trouble, would be able to
hold her people together by Iron disci
pline. He said the blockade could not
have a decisive effect unless, the pres
sure became greater.
Mr Jones asked the Government if It
believed that In the face of the sub
marine menace the passive pressure the
fleet now exercises wa tho best help' It
could tve, and was not some change In
naval operations desired. He also
wanted to know If the Oovernment was
taking every measure to Inform the
people what was ixpectsd of them In
nerve and endurance by reason of the
continuous loss of ships.
Farmer tn Drum nil a Wheat,
Grand Forks, N, D Aug, t6. Com
mercial and farm organizations of the
Northwest are reported here aa united
In a movement to demand m, minimum
of l wheat
German Allies at
BERLIN, Aug. lfl. Count
Crernln von Chudenltz, Aus-tro-Hungarian
has returned to Vienna after a
two daya visit to Berlin, In the
course of which he had several
conferences with tho Imperial
Chancellor and the Foreign Of
fice. Count and Countess Czernln
were the guests of Chancellor
Mlchaclis at luncheon on Wednes
day. The Turkish Ambassador
and the Bulgarian Minister also
attended.. Vicc-Chnncellor Helf
ferich gave a reception In honor
of Count Czernin.
Count Moritz Esterhazy, who
since Inst June has been Premier
of Hungary, is expected to resign
on account of 111 health, accord
ing to a Vienna telegram to tho
WILSON SEEKING '
Continued from Ftrtt Page.
President Wilson himself emphasized
In his peace message last Decem
ber. Germany then declined to recog
nize that' guarantee against repetition
must bo a fundamental point in the
peace agreement, but took the position
that the present war must be ended
prior to discussion of disarmament
tending to make future war Impossible.
The difference between the Oerman
view and the view of President Wilson,
which is the view of the Pope to-day. Is
that Germany makes peace a necessary
preliminary to disarmament, while the
champions of democracy make dlsarmat
ment and guarantees a necessary pre
liminary to peace. The Entente's natural
reply to the Oerman proposal was that
they could not trust Germany's promise.
Future promises of guarantees assumed
the guise of "scraps of paper." Oer
many's diplomatic credit was gone.
Hut. the Pope's message, It Is pointed
out, gives Oermany no opportunity to
get peace In exchange for promises
against repetition. The guarantees must
be delivered In advance of any agree
ment to end the war.
SENATORS SCOUT PEACE.
"Time to Prepare to Win War,"
Kftrial litipatcli to Tux Sc.
Washington, Aug. 16. With the ex
ception or the small group of pro
nounced pacifists of the La Tollettc-Oronna-Vardaman
type, it Is doubttul ir
there la a member ot the United States
Senate who believes the peace proposals
from the Vatican are either timely or
fortunate so far ns the uar alma and
problems of this country are concerned.
While unable to consider tho Vatican
proposals as of any highly probable
value In the direction or a permanent
peace offering future protection to de
mocracy and small nations, Senators do
not Impugn the motives of the Pope;
though questioning perhaps his per
spicacity In view or the evident Teutonic
"I do not think the present Is a time
for the discussion or peace proposals
from any source," said Senator Pome
rene, Ohio, a member of the Foreign
Senator McCumber, another of the
Foreign Relations Committee, said:
"Peace proposils should come from
the other side, and nothing Is to be
gained at this tlms by restating our
war alms. On tho cnntiary, to restate
our war alms nt this time would be ac
cepted by the German people as a weak
ening of our will to win."
Senator Shields of the Foreign Rela
tions Committee said:
"I am opposed to consideration of any
peace proposal nt this time. Germany
begun this wnr In a wild dream of con
quest and has committed crimes for
which she should be made to give re
dress. I believe the war should be
continued until Germany has been de
prived or any power for world conquest,
and I do not belles o there should be
any consideration or suggestion or peace
by any or ths allied nations until Ger
many has been brought to her knees
and her power destroyed."
Senator Bwanson said :
"The present is not the time to dis
cuss peace proposals. Now Is tho time
to prepare to win the war, not to talk
REPLY TO THE POPE.
Wnshlnarton See Speech n Answer
to Peace Offer.
Washington, Aug, 16 Premier
Lloyd fleorge'i optimistic speech In the
Urltlnh Parliament to-day was Inter
preted here as a preliminary Indica
tion of the attitude the allied nations
may be expected to adopt toward any
discussion of peace on n basis which
might permit Germany as a conqueror to
News of the Premier's spoech came
while the State Department was re
ceiving by cable from the British For
eign Office the text of Pope "Benedict's
message to the leadorB of nil belligerent
nations, proposing a basis for peace
negotiations and earnestly appealing for
Its consideration. In Entente diplomatic
quarters and among Government officials
Mr. Lloyd George's announcement of Im
provement In food conditions, removing
the danger of England being starved
Into submission, his nssurance that losses
through submarine nttackR continued to
decrease and his declaration that there
would be sufficient tonnage for 191S and
for 1919 If necessary, were hailed Joy
fully, as a sign of Great Britain's safe
position and firm attitude.
NO TIME FOR PEACE, SAYS TAFT
Kx-Prealdcnt In Chlrnitu en nontr
CllICAOO, Aug 16 Former President
Taft. who has been III with Intestinal
trouble at Clay Centre, Kan. passed
through Chlcaso to-dtiy en route tn his
summer home at Point nu Pic, Quebec,
where he will re.t.
Ho had recovered sulllclently to de.
liver a spirited and robust protest
against any talk of peace at this time or
any other time until Prussian militarism
has been crushed beyond recognition nnd
some provision made for the countries
and peoplea so cruelly wronged,
"The Pope, of course. Is for peace,"
snld Mr. Taft, "but no-such proposal can
or should have any result so long as
Germany Is dominated by tho I'russlon
military caste. I do not like to see or
hear uny suggestion of pence at this
time. We have a stern work to per
form and It must be thoroughly dono.
The public does not seem to realize what
the situation means that is, the ma
jority of the public,; the others have
Two Forced to Klsa V. S. Flag;,
Kaukauna, Wis, Aug, 16, -Alleged
Insulting remarks ngalnut the American
flag resulted In John Collins and Leo
Madlgun being led to u conspicuous
place In front of the public library by a
crowd, where they were forced to kneel
and klsa th flic ten times to-day,
POPE'S PEACE PLAN
Proposals for Negotiations
Fall on Carefully Pre
PAPERS ARE HOPEFUL
Believe All Warring Nations
Were Sounded Rpforo
CortMHACitN, Aug. 15. The Pope's
i peace proposal, according to a Berlin
despatch, seems to have had a friendly
reception In the leading circles In Otr
i many, having fallen on carefully pre-
Several of the newspapers report that
the Pontiff had sounded out both bel
ligerent groups In advance and Intimate
to their readers that the Entente there
fore probably Is In sympathy with his
mediation. The Roman Catholic organ
Oerwanffi Insists that the step was of
such sweeping importanc that It Is
lmposlble it was taken without the
Vatican nrst getting In touch with both
groups of the warring factions. The
newspaper pretends to know that the
note contains one material point miss
ing from the published summary,
namely, a pre-war economic approach
Wnata Public to Know.
Voricaert refers In connection with
the Pope's peace offer to current rumors
of a conference of financiers of the bel
ligerent Powers recently held In Switzer
land. It says tho Oerman public Is en
titled to full Information regarding the
conference nnd demands a statement
from Dr. Karl Helfferlch, the VIce
Chancellor, who as a former Secretary of
the Imperial Treasury presumably had
knowcldge or It.
Tho Cologne Volk Zeitung. the organ of
tho pan-Germnn wing of the Catholic
party. Is In nn unfortunate position by
reason of the note. Thin nowon-m, ,
Just asserted In a hot article against the i
Tun,.-; ui ..luinian crzDerger. mem
ber of the Clerical Center In the Reichs
tag, that Krzberger was not entitled to
obtain papal support or sympathy for
his campaign, and that there was noth
ing further from the Pope's Intentions
than an attempt to suggest terms of
peace, particularly a non-amiexationlst
i NeTTS Is Suppressed.
Telegrams received here from Berlin
slur over the attitude of the German
press on the Pope's proposal, nnd It will
be necessary to nwalt tho arrival nt the
I newsn.mers In order to determine
whether their editors or the censor are
responsible for this attitude.
The LokaUmsviper says;
"The note can hardly be different from
a majority of the so-cnlled peace dem
onstrations from the enemy side. Only
In respect of the return of the German
colonies docs It take Into account our
This newspaper recommends for the
present cool leserve In (regard to the
"Only recently have England and
France shown the firm determination
not to permit peace negotiations except
with the' sword in hand, although th
changing feeling In enemy Countries haa
rhown itself more and more plainly.
Incomparably better Justified are th
Central Powers In relying on the victory
of their swords."
POPE'S PEACE PLEA SOUGHT.
I'.mtln Said He Would -Not Act
Cmicaro, Aug. 16. After his first ef
forts for peace hod been rejected by the
European belligerents Pope Benedict told
Francisco de la Barra that he would
not again move to end the, war unless
requested to do feo by one of the warring
Powers. It was sal-.! here to-day by Her
man H. Kohlsaat In relating a conver
sation with tho former Mexican Am
bassador to the United Statee. Mr
Kohlsaut, widely known aa a former
publisher, was a fellow passenger with
Mr. de la Barra In returning from
Europe In February, 1916.
"The former Ambassador told me he
had broached the subject of peace to
the Pope, who recslled that bis pre
vious moves had been treated coolly,"
Mr. Kohlsaat said. "Accordlne? to Mr.
de u B.irra, the Pop said he was
through oTerIng suggestions, finally de
claring that he wouhl not again men
tion peace unless he was requested to
do so by one of the belligerents."
SOirNB IS BARRED ZONE.
.N'sTnl Orders Restrict Xavlsrators
tn Much Itednced Area.
RamnitPOftT, Conn.. Aug. 16 Nearly
all of lyong Island Sound Is a barred
zone following orders Issued yesterday
by Rear Admiral N. R. Usher, com
mandant of the Third Naval district, In
which he closed nil waters east of
Bridgeport to navlgntlon. No explana
tion was made when the order was Is
sued. All vessels navigating Long Island
Sound, until further orders, will bs re
quired to keep north of a line drawn
from the whistling buoy Just south of
Cornfield Light vessel to the buoy south
of Middle Ground Light, Stratford Shoal,
thence to Eaton Neck. Any vessel vio
lating thin order will be summarily dealt
Under the new ruling Pound vessels
will have to travel within sight of the
Connecticut shore once they pasi Bridge
port going east and as far as Bridge
port going west.
FRENCH LOSE ONLY 4 SHIPS.
C-llnnts Take Hmnll Toll Out nf
H,o:tM In Week.
Paris, Wednesday, Aug. IB. The
weekly report of shipping losfces gives
one Hte.tmshlp of more than 1,600 tons
and three of smaller size as having beerl
sunk in the week ended August 12 out of
i.uiw nrnvaiH an, i.iizk clearances at
French ports, Flvo French vessels were
j attacked unsuccessfully by submarines.
Rome, Aug. 16. The Ballon merchant
' marine losseH for the week ended Au
I gust 12 comprise six steamerw and flvo
I sailing vessels, one of the latter being
aDovo juu tons, nvo nunarea and fifty
vessels of all nationalities, of a tonnage
of 339, SIS, entered port, and 609, of a
tonnage of IH.775, left,
GERMANS GAIN IN RUMANIA.
TaUe !l,nni Men, ." Ofllrers nnd 10
London, Aug, 16, More than 3,500
men, fit ofllcers, some of them French;
16 cannon and more than 60 machine
guns were taken to-day In heavy fight
ing east of Fokshanl. In Rumania. The
Russo-Rumanian rorce was driven
across to the east bank or the Sereth
River In the mountains south of tho
Trotus Valley the AiiHtro-Ocrmans are
Htlll advancing, Berlin reports.
In the Baltic a Russian turpedn boat
has been destroyed by a mine. A Rus
sian submarine sunk a Oerman steam
ship In tit Quit of Bothnia.
SAMMIES IN REVIEW
THRILL ALL FRANCE
JIaJor-Gcncral Sibert Tells of
Pride at Work of
OFFICERS ARE AMAZED
Wish Brothers Bocho Could
Sec Show, Comment as Band
Plays "Happy Hcinie."
A Me Aiiorlottd Trtu.
American Field Headquarters, Aug.
16. The review yesterday by Major
Gen. William L. Sibert of all the troops
of his command In training for the
trenches Afforded a military spectacle
of international significance nnd historic
Import. It was the first time that the
troops of this particular unit of th
American army In France had been as
sembled In its entirety and the display
they made was deeply Impressive.
There have been other reviews of
American troops In foreign lands In the
Philippines. Cuba, far away Guam and
Panama but there seemed to be an en
tirely new meaning to th sturdy tramp
of the men of America In France to-day.
One saw In them the symbol of their
country's new adventure.
"They made me feel very proud," de
clared Major-Oen. Sibert last might,
echoing tha sentiment of a small but
enthusiastic little handful of Americans
who wero permitted to see the material
The setting for the review was one
of rare beauty. It was held upon a
broad and somewhat rocky plateau amid
the rolling fields of France, all green and
brown with glowing crops and ripening
Lights and Shadows.
Here and there picturesque little
French villages, white walled and red
roofed, snuggled amid the trees of
matchless valleys. Occasionally these
valleys were bathed In sunshine and
sgaln they were hidden In the gray mist
of rain. The scene wos one of changing
brilliance and shadow.
As the Americans passed through the
French villages enroute to the reviewing
field the French peasant folk gazed at
them open eyed In amazement and ad
miration, The French soldiers who
have been training companies and bat
talions of the American army were also
surprised and there was a distinct pause
of surprise and admiration on the part
of Major-Gen. Slebert himself when
riding at the head of the staff he reached
the crest of the reviewing platform and
saw his khaki clad command drawn up
In a wondtrtul far flung line before him.
Attached to his staff were half a doxen
French ofllcers. Including the General ot
a famous division, all of whom were en
thusiastic In their praise or the spec
tacle. It was the first time an American
army had passed In review under its
new organisation, marching in line or
platoons. At the head ot each regiment
was a band playing regimental marches,
one of which, called "Happy Heinle,"
had a distinct smattering of Teutonic
tones, much to the amusement of French
rhnnfe in Formation.
As the marching troops reached a
point some distance beyond the review
ing party they reformed Into columns of
four and thus stretched nut they found
their way along curving and descending
While the review was held at a point
so remote that only persons attached to
the army organization were permitted to
see It, moving pictures were made both
by French and American official opera
tors. In telling or hU pride In his command
Major-Gen. Sibert added : "I am par
ticularly proud or the showing th men
made to-day, for they were not parading
before admiring crowds either of home
folk or foreign friends. It was merely
a military manoeuvre for them, and they
did It splendidly."
The place and hour of the review were
not disclosed until the day before. "Was
this to avoid a possible visit from a hos
tile airplane?" a young officer was
asked. "All I can say to that." he
answered, "Is that I wish old Brother
Boche could have seen that show to-day,
It would have given hi ma new respect
for America's effort."
SOLDIERS MOCK AT EX-CZAR.
Nicholas's Plea to Live In Crimea
PrraooiuD, Aug. 1. Further details
are published concerning tho removal of
Nicholas Romanoff from the former
Imperial palace at Taarskoe-Selo. When
the train which was to carry the former
Emperor arrived It bore prominent
placards and contained one armored car
and on the platform of each car were
four soldiers with fixed bayonets.
The former Emperor at the lat
moment, says one newepapere, begged to
be allowed to reside In the Crimea, but
this was refused. As the train pulled
out the soldiers shouted derisively at the
former ruler of Russia. The location of
tho new prison remains a mystery, but
the Impression grows that It will be
SCHELLING NAMED CAPTAIN.
Philadelphia! Pianist Hntera Army
Albert Spalding Drafted.
Philadelphia, Aug. 1. Ernest
Schelllng, known throughout the coun
try ns a pianist, has given up recitals to
enter the army, It was announced to-day.
Mr. Rebelling has been named a Captain
In the reserve corps.
Edward L. Bernaya. Mr. Schilling's
former manager, said yesterday that the
pianist told him a few months ago that
he Intended undertaking either Red
Cross work or Interpreting for the army.
Albert Spalding, well known a a
violinist, soon will be In tha nrmy alto.
He has been accepted by a draft board
at Monmouth Beach, N. J,
NEW POST FOR BERNSTORFF.
nerlln Hears Germany May Send
Him to Turkey,
Berlin, Aug. IS, via London, Aug. 16.
The appointment of Count von Bern
rtorff. formerly Oerman Ambassador to
the United States, as Oerman Ambas
sador at Constantinople, Is forecast.
Count von Bemttorff arrived in Berlin
to-day and has been In conference, with
Imperial Chancellor Mlchaells.
The former Ambassador at Washing
ton ! well acquainted with conditions
In Turkey and the Balkans. His first
diplomatic, assignment waa aa an em
bassy attache In Constantinople thirty
yeara ago. Later he waa Secretary of
th Ieratlon at Belgrade and he has
been Oerman Consul General In Egypt.
Supposed U-nost Victim Back.
Lavoil, Del., Aug, 16, Ocorge Mar
vll, supposed U-boat victim, surprised
relatives here to-night by stopping off
between trains. He 1 an engineer on a
transatlantic ship and waa en rout from
.New XerkvlA Norfolk.
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This idle money, deposited in a checking ac
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It will earn a higher rate of interest if placed
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Deposits may be made and checks will be hon
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the opportunity we offer will meet your need.
We shall be glad to have you confer or cor
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of New York
PABIS OFFICE FIFTH AVL OFFICt LONDON OFFICE
sesMlltEaM.143 FH An. 4Jr St. U.WHSL.I.C
Capital and Surplus - $50,000,000
Resources more than r $600,000,000
LABOR UPHOLDS PEACE PLAN.
Want Delegates ftrnt tn fttncktiolm
Kerensky Not Agnlust fllrrtlnsr.
IOVDoy. Aug. 18. Members of th ex
ecutive committee of' the Labor party
hare recommended that a resolution be
adopted at the adjourned Labor party
conference next Tuesday to the effect
that the conference remains of the opin
ion that It would be desirable for the
British Labor party to be represented at
the Stockholm Socialist conference so
that the opinions or the party be not
misunderstood nor misrepresented.
A despatch to the Daily A'cics from
Petrograd says that Premier Kerensky
denied that h told Albert Thomas. So
cialist member of the French War Coun
cil, that he personally opposed the
Stockholm Socialist conference. On the
contrary he thought It Important, though
It would hnve been more Important ir
held when the Russians were advancing
instead or under present conditions. He
declared that any opposition to the con
ference by the allied Oovernment and
any difficulties put In the way of th
delegates wai simply playing Into the
hands of the Germans.
Apparently the House of Commons ns
a whole has no overwhelming Interest in
the Stockholm conference. There was
only a small attendance of members dur
ing the debute to-night, and an amend
ment moved by Philip Snowden to ad
journ the House only until September
11, on the ground that the Government
could not be trusted eight weeks out of
sight of Parliament, was rejected by "4
votes to 18.
Ber lis, Aug. 1(1. The German Social i
Democrats In Austria will meet at VI
enna on September 2S to discuss tho fu
ture course of their party.
FOOD COMMISSIONERS NAMED.
Will Administer Control nill In
W.bhinuto.v, Aug. l(i. Appointment
of twenty-eight men ns Federal Food
Commissioner In ns many State was
atinrovert to-risv liv PrenMent Vnon.
Commissioners for the other States will
be selected by the food administration
w,tthln a few days.
Tho State Commissioners will admin
ister the food control bill In so far a
It applies to State matters nnd will co
ordinate State food activities with those
of the food administration. All of the
men will serve without 'pay. The list
Alabama, Richard M. Hobble, Mont
gomery ; Arizona, Timothy A. Itlordan,
Flagstaff: Arkansas, Hamp Williams,
Hot Springs; California, Ralph P. Mer
rltt, San Francisco; Connecticut, Robert
Scovllle, Hartford ; Georgia, Dr, Andrew
M. Soule, Athens; Illinois. Harry A.
Wheeler, Chicago; Indiana, Dr. Harry
K. Barnhard, Indianapolis ; Iowa, J F.
Deems, Burlington : Kentucky, Fred M,
Sackett, Louisville ; Louisiana, John M.
Parker, New Orleans : Maryland, F.dwln
G Baetger, Baltimore ; Massachusetts,
Henry B. Kndlcott, Boston ; Montana,
Prof, Alfred Atkinson, Bozeman : Ne
braska. Guardon W. Wattles, Omaha ;
Nevada, Henry M. Hoyt. Reno ; New
Hampshire, Huntley N. Spauldlng, Con
cord ; New Mexico, Ralph C Ely, Santa
Fe; North Carolina, Henry A. Page.
Aberdeen : Oklahoma, Dr. Stratton I).
Brooks, Norman; Oregon, W. B. Ayer,
Portland; Pennsylvania, Howard Holnx,
Philadelphia: Rhode Island. Alfred M.
Coats. Providence: Utah, W. W. Arm
strong, Salt Lnke City; Vermont, James
Hnrtness, Springfield; Washington,
Charles Hebberd, Spokane : Wisconsin,
Magnus Swenson, Madison ; Wyoming,
Theodore C. Dlere, Sheridan.
ARMY SANITATION CHIEF SHOT.
Major lllllliitfslrsL Killed Acci
dentally ISxamlnlnsr Pistol.
Baltimore. Aug. 16. Major Charles
Blllingslea, U. S. A., chief or the sanita
tion work at Camp Meade, was round
dend from a, pistol shot wound In his tent
nt tho camj this afternoon. A committee
of five otllcers, headed by Col. Klein or
the Tenth New York Infantry, decided
the shooting was occidental,
It was said that Major Blllingslea had
been examining n new revolver with a
spring trigger. No one was In his .ent.
Major Charles C. Bllllngslct v.:is a na
tive of Westminster, Mil., nnd had been
In the United States army ror fifteen
years. Part of It he had spent In th
Philippines, nnd more recently he had
been assigned to Fort Myer, Va, He
leaves a widow and three children.
WIRELESS PLOT IN ARGENTINA.
Merrrt Station nn the Const la Dis
covered, BrtNoa Ats.es, Aug. 16. -A secret
wireless station has been discovered on
the coast of the territory of Chubut by
the Argentine Navy Department.
The authorities believe the station was
to be used in communicating with sus
picious vessels In the south Atlantic.
Pnrtustal to I'kc Pnprr Money,
LtsnON, Aug 16. The official Journal
announces that nil silver and copper
money will be withdrawn from circula
tion, It will be replaced by paper currency.
BELGIANS TO ARRIVE TUESDAY.
Committee of vt.000 Appointed t
Mayor Mltchel named a committee of
1,000 citizens yesterday to extend an of
ficial welcome to the Belgian War Com
mission, which will arrive In New York
city Tuesday. The mission will bn quar
tered at the niltmore. and Its formal
welcome will come at 11:30 Tuesday
morning In the Aldermanlc chr.mber at
the City Hall,
On Wednesday the Belgians will go to
West Point as the guests of the Wnr De
partment The officials of the reception commit
tee are: Frederic It. Coudert, chairman:
George T. Wilson, chairman executive
committee; Qeorge Featherstone, secre
tary, and Oliver Harrlman, chairman
OERMANY LOSES 4,500,000.
List Since War rtr
16. German casualties
reported during July In the German oin-
clal lists, but not necessarily having oc
curred in July, aggregated 89.SB3, as
Killed or died of wounds or slcKne ,,
Prisoners or missing. H,20.
Severely wounded, 13,8fS,
Slightly wounded. 39,9:..
The total German casualties of all
classes since the beginning of tho uar
exceeds 4, 300, 000.
CARS RUN BY "MEMORY.
Xo Safety Devices on Trolley Line
That Killed Nineteen.
New Haven, Conn., Aug. 16. Whon
the Interstate Commerce Commission
hearing over the North BrHnford trolley
. wreck nf Monday, when Tilneteen persons
, wero killed, was concluded to-day, an
1 authorised promise was made for tho
Shnro Line electric road that a block
system and other sifety devices were
' to be Installed nt once. Earlier In tho
, hearing it was developed that the ro.id
was practically without any traffic safe
guard, evem depending upon the em
ployees' memory to maintain running
time schedules over the system from
here to New London.-
The promise was made by General
Superintendent John II. Cain to Inspec
tors J F McCardell and F. A How
ard of tho Interstate Commerce Com
mission. Deputy Coroner Wynne has not con
cluded his Inquiry, and Motormnn W
ley Negus and Conductor Wlllham J
Tryon are held at the county Jail In
default of $3,000 bonds Imposed hi cac'i
EAST ST. LOUIS HI 01 ARRESTS.
seventeen Men, Including; Police
aud Politician, Aroused.
East St. Louis, III., Aug. id. po'ic
ofllcers and a prominent politician w.'e
among the seventeen men srrete.l to
day on charges varying from rioting i
assault to murder In connection wi"i
the race riots here In July, In h'"i
more than 100 white persons ,!
negroes were killed. Of 105 persons
dluted by the Grand Jury thlrty-rlrs
have been taken Into custody, thirt f
whom are white men. The Imliemer'i
were reiurnea asrainst elghty-tuo white,
men and twenty-three negroes
Scathing criticism by the Grand Jii'v
or the Attitude of the pollre toward Pis
"campaign or intolerance" which
blamed for the rioting had an expe. ted
sequel In the arrest of five policemen on
duty nt the time of the strike
Thomas Benton, for many yo.r a
leader In county politics, wan arrested
on a charge of assault to kllL Ho l
the owner of two saloons nnd has em
u candidate for Sheriff.
TWO MAGISTRATES NAMED.
William Ulnu and John II. Mr-
Geehau Are Auiiolntrd.
Mayor Mltchel yesterday nppo. '.'t
William Blnu and John U. Mcue,
City Magistrates. Magistrate Blnu
, at 40 Avenue C and has been pr,
Ing law In this city far twen
I yeara He was a Deputy Attorne. .
eral under Attorney-Gonernl J
I Mayer and Tax Commissioner
Govs. Hlgglns and Dlx. He Is u
ber of tho Republican and City rbit-
Maglstrate McGeehan lives n
University avenue, The Bronx " '
born In this city and la a grad'i
tho Fordham University School f
He was appointed Deputy Cumm
of Water Supply, Gas and Electr ,
STRIKE THREAT IN GERMANY
Extreme Socialists t'rwn WnlUnut
in Mnnltlnu Factories.
CorNHA0EN. Aug. H. A rere'vs of
trlke agitation In war Industries, e
dently on the part of the extreme r- "
lets, Is reported from Berlin A t -official
notice says that clrcu.ar" o
being distributed In munition nee '
advocating a walkout.
The notice appeals to the workers "t
to be misled and not to desert a.ie
tray their brothers flaThUng In tho ut
s, ss jfc 'i as1 ?si(