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, WEATHER FORECAST.
Fair and continued cold to-day and to morrow; northwest winds diminishine. Highest temperature yesterday. a: lowest a- DetallcJ weather 'report, on list pie' ' IT SHINES FOP, ALL VOL. LXXXV. NO. 114. FLYNN TO QUIT Mfayette fliers given SECRET SERVICE! u' TO HEAD POLICE Chiefs I(osiriiution. Now in 1 Hands of McAdoo, Will Take Effect Dec. 31. eign Legion henceforth will nerve under FIIfST 1JEST TV YKAlfS C1,LOV,n tta" 1,1 ,he American army. I HlOl JIIjO-L 1 llj.-Yll Acting on a recommendation of Ocii. I crshlng, the Adjutant-Gcneral hero has I eomntlssloned twenty-four American cltl- Hylnn Also Itcnortetl toi,'L,!?.ha.beon..wllh tafayeu. Wave ricked W. P. Burr for Corporation Counsel. IT PAYS 915,000 SALARY T T nn. :.,.,.. . ... i, Hoiirst. Mentioned for Citv i v . Chnmhcrlniii. i William J. Flynn tendered his reslg-, nation as Chief of the United State-? Fecrct Service a month ago and It will take effect on December 31. Mr. Flynn last night admitted tho truth of the' report when It was put up to him. Nothing has happened to spoil the Im pression that on January 1 Mayor Hylan will appoint Mr. Flynn as Police Com missioner of New York. Ho said, how ever, the commlsstonershlp was not In his alnd when heresigned. In handing his resignation to Seer: buy of tho Treasury McAdoo Chief Flynn said that his physician had or dered him to take a rest. For six years he has worked without a vacation. Alter the war started and when neutrality problems were pressing a gTeat deal ofM0VC Ntcessarv One ill Pl'Ose Iibor was thrown on hlnithat was offl-l cully outside his province. Since the' dy of America's entry Into the war this extra load has been tremendously In creased, although, as pointed out In The Sum yesterday, tho Department of Justice, through Its bureau of Investiga tion, has assumed a good share of It. Ottawa, Out.. Dec. 22. lniportat:on Chief Flynn, nevertheless, has been toll- of intoxicating liquors Into Canada after Ing ions hours with hardly a Sunday to .Monday next is prohibited .and their htmself. and his doctor has told him ho' , ,' ,. , , , , would have to let up for a while or ' manufacture will be prohibited after a wreck his health. date to be determined later. Premier When he offered his resignation he j Borden announced to-dav. 19k'? ,t0. ''.I clleve1 ?' rfc' ,t, the The Premier said that there nould be Administration persuaded him to keep, , .... , ,, on for a time. Itecently he has set a" instigation and consideration of the December 31 as the limit. I conditions In the liquor Industry before the date for prohibition' of manufacture It Is assumed that If ho becomes Polira Commissioner he will gat at least a month's leave of ibiinci early In the year, during wh,!ch he would rest, and the Police Department. left In splendid running condition by Arthur Woods, ould get ajonr tinder a deputy. Chief Flynn will probably have another talk til Xl.vAr..li 1F..1. v,-.. formnl offer Is made or accepted. It is understood that he would have to have , a free hand In the conduct of the dc- I rurtment and that Judge Hylan Is dls- rosed to Kive it to him. Ill (!,. r, fk.n, .,t,, ......i.. -.. .... "I can neither affirm nor deny what has been said about the Police Commls slor.ershlp and myself. I have been In harness for nearly thirty years and need rest more than anything else. My talk with Judge Hylan was at his re quest. It Is true that the Police De partment has played an Important part 'n th enemy alien situation and will continue to do so, and that I have had considerable experience In this sort of work." Rnrr for Corporation Counsel. William P. l?urr. who managed the fll's successful fight for SO cent gas, till probably be appointed to the best raid job under the Hylan administration - that of Corporation Counsel at 115,000 year. It was Indicated esterday that the choice had been definitely made. ; In flomo quarters the selection of Mr. Tiurr was construed as n turndown for MHIam It. Hearst, who had recom mended Herbert R. Llmburg, a Hearst sltnrney, for head of the city's law de partment and who was supposed to be bent upon hating this appointment made, lnphlers said this Inference was unwar ranted. They Insisted that Mr. Llm "urs did not want to be Corporation f'ounsel and that when the Mayor's ra bluet is announced by Judge Hylan It "ill be found that Mr. Hearst's desires rave been recognized in respect of an other Important office. This assertion revived the suspicion 'hat L. J. O'ncllly. Mr. Hearst's con fidential secretary, might be made City Chamberlain. It Is only unverified gos tp. but it seems to'be taken for granted that Mr. Hearst's recommendation would nnt be accepted both as to Corporation '"'unscl and the $12,000 Chamberlain's Post. Mr Hurr Is a Tammany man. When n"ly 19 years old he was sent on a rational speaking tour for Samuel J. Tll oen by tho State DemocratlcCommlttee. Ulled JoriKt? Hylnn Vraterdny. He, was a delegate to the Constitu tional convention of 1894 the only elec tun office he has held. As Assistant Cor poration Counsel he carried the gas flsht up to the United States Supreme 'ouif, where tho SO cent law was upheld, lie itas In charge of the- division of franehe 0f the Corporation Counsel's 'no. UN Ideas regarding the city's Milt to compel tho New Vork Central 'o remote Its West Ride tracks ran coun ter to those of the Mltchel admlnlstra 'loi. and In 19H ho resigned by re I'IM. ' Mr Hurr and Representative Murray Htilbert, who is regarded as a sure et for Dock Commissioner, were among J'ldge Hylan's visitors In the tatter's I; nrly.second street headquarters yetter iay. Politicians heard that Gov. Whitman hid recomtntmded Georae Henry Payne, j'Ubllrlt,' man for the Progressive parly n 1915 and one tlmo editor of a Bronx ii e "paper, for one of the two Repub lican members of the Tax 'Board at '1,000 a year and Ralph Folks, now eeO rctary of thn Borough of Manhattan, or t.io Republican member of the Mu nicipal civil Service Commission at V bM- I' wan said that the Mayor 't had told the Governor In Albany M .Minulav that he would be clad to havn Mr. Whitman's advice aa to Re. publlenn appointments on bipartisan hoard. II the Payne candidacy Is pressed by th governor tne Republican crgsnlza- C'oaHftued on Bixth raft. H-f Twenty-four of Famous American Air Service, Three Attaining Rank of Special lletvalef in Titi- ,... iJK"?? - Vcc- ;2,T1"! 8t - utors who o. far have rendered con splcuous service with the Trench For Kscadrllle. Thev ulli nft'O ft Un nail atlon reserve of the United States Army. Commissioned an Majors: William Thaw. John F. Huffcr and Victor Raoul Lufberry. ...9?,mi"L's,oned as Captains : Charles J. HIddlc. Phelps Collins. Kenneth P. Llt taucr, Walter Lovcll, David McK. Pater son, Robert Soublran, Robert L. Rock well and Kenneth Marr. commissioned as First Lieutenants' 1 "1 . Baer. Wills 11 ll-,vltu,,,l ,;harles M Jon-s Oranvlll0- A;p0,f0ei;; J.!?"'! .Iv .nuni1-"- Joseph c. st-him. George b. Turnure. Jr., Frank W. Wells, f.j!"!" u,' n"e", S1,ar,es ,c ,j0l",0n' Charles H. Donal, Jr., and llenrv S. Jones. CANADA ORDERS 'BAN ON LIQUOR Importation of Intoxicants Il legal After To morrow. TO STOP MANUFACTURE cution of War, Says Pre mier Rorden. is decided upon. Prohibition will remain In force during the war ami for one year after conclu sion of peace, T1 npllnn wna trillion llio Trr?iilr" stated, by' virtue of "the unml-taknble I mandate" given the Government Decern- her 17 (tile ilnlp nf Ihn Cinaiflan ele.'. tlon) for the vlRorous prorccution of thn wnr aml for employment of all I , , . . ,.. i " lei "'Ur.CC ncc"'r ""''f ... I ny liquor or Beverage comninmB more than Z'i per cit. alcohol shall be regarded os(intoxlcatlng liquor and banned under the new order. The re strictions do not apply to Importations for medicinal, sacramental, manufactur ing and chemical purposes, 'It is essential and Indeed vital for the enrclent conduct of the war that wasteful or unnecessary expenditure should be prohibited and that all, articles J capable of bein? utilized as food should be conserved," said the Premier's state- 1 ment. "It 1b beyond question that the uso of llquo llauor affects adverselv the rejl- lzatbn of this purpose." Issuance of the order followed cousld er.ttlon of the measure by the war com mittee of the Cabinet, It was stated. Lirjuors purchased on or prior to De- I ccmber 24 for shipment Into Canada will be admitted Into thr. Dominion not later than January 21, 1918. "DRY" MOVE FAVORED. Hotel Keepers' President . Canada Needs Prohibition Norr. ' Toronto. Dec. 22. George Wright, past president of the Ontario Hotel Keepers Association and member of the Committee on the Control of Food Con sumption, Issued s statement to-day. In which he satd that prohibition at this tlmo in Canada's history was a wise piece of legislation. "The times Justify the Government in taking action of this kind," he said. "The country will heartily IndorFo the action taken becauso it will enlarge our food resources and mobilize the full efficiency, physically nnd financially, of our people." -I BRINGS NEW ANTI-U-BOAT GUN. Liner's Mortar -eta Shell Fall Like Depth Bomb. The first merchant vessel to carry the new style high trajectory gun Intended for use against submerged U-boats ar rived at an American port yesterday. The rew gun works on tho' prlncivle of tho mortar,, discharging, not directly at the object of IU fire, but at a great angle of elevation, so that the shell fulls upon the target almost from the perpendic ular. Tho shell, highly explosive, falling as It docs, straight down, Is not deflected aa are the shells from the ordinary na val gun, but sinks after the manner of the depth mine and Its searching explo sion reaches out for the submarine far below the surface of tho water. Armed with this gun vessels are now able to fire upon aubmailnes with a good chance of success both before and after that brief epace In which the ordinary naval sun Is effective. The shot of life latter are deflected by the water. Under protection of (lie new and the usual complement of old style guns were seventy fir ft cabin passengers, thirty-five eecond and forty-one third. The passen gers Included First Lieut. T. D. Smith of the Royal Medical Corpa and Dr. Woods Hutchinson. Mew HaTen Coal Maresaaat Ilea-?. Boston, Dec. 22, The New, York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad Company announced to-night that during the eleven months ended November 30 the railroad moved ItO.SOS more gross tons of commercial coal over Its llnea than In k name nerlorf last wear. Of this in. crease the largest part baa been In antaraclte;coal. t, . , NEW YORK, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 23, Escadrille Made Officers in Major. As Captain for service as Instructor: Dudley 1.. Hill. The majority of these Americans en listed In the service of the Lafayette Escadrille early In the war and all have had the experience of actual aerial light ing with the enemy. Home havo won un usual honors and received special medals of valor, especially Thaw and Lufberry, who are French "aces," meaning they have bagged at least flvo airplanes. The question of transferring thete men to a distinctly American branch nf the ser vice was taken up while Uen. Joffre was I here. It was felt that the loss of their ser-. vices to the La Fayette Escadrille would uo compensated by the fact that they would form the nucleus of a force of American aviators which Is Expected now to grow In Increasing proportions as this nation's huge aviation pro - erorof,Tcnsnec,att;s.ns of the French Foreign Legion Is that men Join- Ing It do not forfeit their citizenship, Llla 'll;"(,0.re,b""1, f special American legislation to serve now as citizens of the United States. U. S. SHUTS OFF SPYPOSTROUTE Scandinavian Ship rVntt-u Found to Re Bearers of Mes sages in Invisible Ink. MANY LETTERS . 1T , , (.formally Had System 111 Op-' oration Even Before Amer ica Entered War. itrfjl fitimtcft to The Srx Washington, Dec. 22. Coincident with a visit to Washington of Byron S. Newton, Collector of the Port of New York, for a conference with customs of ficials and directors of the United States secret service the Treasury Department to-day announced tho discovery of tho operation of a system of regular com munication between the United States and Oermany Austria and European j neutrals. Within the last two weeks. accorUIni; to the Treasury Department announcement, scores of letters wrltUn , In invisible ink dr eo4 phraaes In the j , u. cl011'1' r Personal effects of ships' nl to and from ScnndlnavUfl ' -.. u.-i.ticu, nneaes and Norw,,clans for the most part were the d'- a"'l 20 per cent, of the letters have been found to be of isnio'on! character. JiP.c.ous Several persons are under aUnlll. In New York and elsewhere as a. result' of disclosures ma-Jc to officials, and sev- erals arrests are ,-irobable. Close watch is to be kept by secret agents of all transmitter of these communications who have been traced. An effectual check has been put upon the Invisible Ink and code letter system """? " ml " Wash- ?f on S'0"'" JVe,n'on ' confer with nruce "'flaskl. d.rectlng head of the sreat forc0 of "ecret agents of the I)e- Partment of Justice, with tho War Trade K,,u Puss""y wun secret service j officials of the Treasury. He saw Sec retary McAdoo and customs officials to day. More Itevtrletlom .trcrtmr). The Collector would make no state inrni lor publication, except that he was here on ccnei.il port otisiness and for conference with officials on closer comroi or snipping and enemy nllens. "" " ' 1 u';"c,c wl" ue reaqy to ronow a policy ot conciliation in He hald that the pass system worked N1"1'" I'utope. out for the barred zone about New York "II 's permitted that one mat- think pleih was woiklng excellently, but that' Mmr ,,v'' Cans la I.ale Spring-. I with President Wilson," the former Pre other measures were neeessarv. 1 I. it wa rAl t.au'U'a vi. mier remarked, "unon tbe formula nf probable that he w ill seo the President beforo leaving Washington to discuss ccrta n phases of the situation with him. F.vldence that the channels of com- ,mu.v..i.u,i vrmi uw i entrai Powers ington and roit and Martin factories tne military solution and about the dip have been open ever Since the t'n'fa.l would nrodnre n stinnlv nf m.rhln. rr..n Inniiitin (.nltillnn" M r.ltt,mv a.ia States entered the war has been un- covered, and officials su.pect that much of the Information which tho, German' ttu.uiiiiiiviii m Known to navo received concerning war preparations In America nas ueen transmitted by the invisible Ink svstem. The discoveries were made by cus toms officials after promulgation several weeks ago of regulations under the trading with the enemy act forbidding transmission of communications to or from the United States, except through the regular course of the malls or under license of customs authorities and the War Trade Board. Crerra Searched on Arrival, When the rules were established a strict system of Inspection of ships, their crews and cargoes was begun, and the dangerous nature of many communica tions, found on shipboard was Immedi ately discovered. Before Incoming ships were permitted to reach their piers crews were mus tered and their clothing and other per sonal effects examined carefully. Shore leave was given only by special license and every precaution taken to Insure against secret passage of letters from the vessel to shore. This action, taken suddenly without notice to the crews, caused the discovery of many letters which theretofore had been successfully concealed. Theso were subjected to examination by chemists and code experts, and one In five was found suspicious. KvMence gathered thus far leads offi cials to bellevo some neutral subjects aided by Americans have made consid erable money by promoting the clan destine traffic In communications to evade the British censorship of malls before .and after tho United States yen tared the war. These are now subject to criminal prosecution, with the penalty or $10,000 fine and ten years Imprison ment German Diplomatic) Papers "tolen. GSNEV4, Deo. 22, A vailse containing diplomatic papers, en route from Berlin to Berne, was r.tolen yesterday at the Basel station. The Gorman leaatton at Bcme Is said to be greatly concerned at to iobs. e GUN SHORTAGE TnT L M. w,-, UN (jKlJi KK SOT Col. Lewis 'Says Ordnance Bureau Is Obsolete and Incompetent. TELLS NEEDS OF ARMY Ministry of Munitions, With' "Ho Man" nt Head, Urged by Armfc Co. Official. Special Detpatch to Tnr. Scv. Washington, Dec. 22. The machine 1 gun requirements of the United States . "-' the stress of war demand lnat every machine gun of every mod- ern usable pattern must be manufac - ""' b- 'very gun works In the United j States, working at full speed with full complement or operatives night, day ana i Sunday, from now until the end of tho war. This was the definition of prepared ness for the machine gunners of the United States Army, Marine Corps, Na tional Guard and National Army set by Col. Isaac Newton Lewis, Inventor and producer of tho Lewis machine gun, be fore the Senate Committee on Military 1 Affairs to-day. His testimony Indl- being lived up to and hardly even under consideration In the war plans of the Government. The blame for the present and- probable future shortage he laid directly at the door of the War De 1 partment, which he said was too per SEIZED i ineated with "Crozierlsm" to be efficient i in modern war times. Bureau of the War Department is ob- iete, incompetent and utterly Inadequate , to handle the problem or supplying me "". i.-"i'w y.-.... vance for tne continued liaminering proc- 1 American army with the guns It re- ' tremulous vo.ee. expressing his Indlgna-, eB .,,,,.,, t)l0 i,rltlsl, alld Krencli ex qulre. Colonel Lewis's testimony was tlon at being accused of complicity In pected to maintain has resulted in vast supplemented with that of A. I. Borie. j treasonable transactions. M. Calllaux rCsere supplies bavins been distributed president of the Savage Arms Company. 'hen ro-e. , 1 among the British and French forces, now engaged in manufacture of Lewis' I will rep y to the accusations of Kecause of marke(1 superiority In guns for the United States. Great Brit- which am the object, he said, with i ammuntlon whIch re5tR wltl, thl. A,t alii and France. This company has f as much reserve aml as much self-con- )t expected by (ie,leral Staff officers large contracts for Lewis guns for the trol as possible. t;,at ,lle (jennanff tiecessarily will have army and the Marine Corps, placed when . . n.r,i i 1 to move slowly In building up their plans the emergency of war forced the War oenles iieirnj.i or tenner. , fQr 0(tenC( InEtea1 of ., BPn,.rai dt,8. Department to accept the Lewis gun, "I am not accused of betraying my perate forward movement the German which had been repeatedly turned doali eountiy for money. No. But for am-' high command ! expected to proceed by Its experts, only to be taken up by hltlon." the former Premier continued, methodically by assuming the offensive both French and BrltMi when the war , And then declared with emphasis : i and hunting for weak spots In the Allies' opened. "Never have I tried, directly or indir- line to penult local successes. I , a . . , i.,iinla eclly, to come Into contact with our) The defection of Itussla will result In j Urates Jlltiistrr oi wnun.oo.. CIlt,mle(, Never have I used subter-j the offence passing temporarily from ft .he man. o Is not a pussyfooter for nf a ministry of munitions.' , announced Mr. IlorU to the committee """ aiMO tor nis view wun rcj.roi 'we uesirauuii) ui aviumis. mo . .z psrtment Into two executive depart ments. Mr. Ttorle argued that the conduct of the Ordnance Department was not business-' ItHr. "It Is the business system that Is at fault." .a!d he. "These men are not business men. but army cfflcers. and what ton ought to do Is to throw out tile whole flock and set In business men to conduct this strictly business proposl- tlon.' T1"" testimony of Col. Lewis, who en- tered the United Statei service thirty- eight years aco and retired only when he had reached the limit of patience., held the attention of the committee as a vise. He said - ' m are n ! ranee, or are going there. Their equipment Is a disgrace to their country, They have no machine guns, no artillery, nothing except what they beg from '' ranees simpiy, wijue poor rrance is straining every nerve to keep up to her own needs. It is up to you to fix the responsibility. -We arc not going to have artillery for ten or eleven months. We will not hate machine guns for many months. The much vaunted Browning gun, which ,s Jeelared to be the best machine gun I 'v'r lnv"med, Is only promised for next centratlon of effort on the part of the manufacturers and the contracts now undergoing fulfillment In the Savage Arms Company, the Winchester, Hem-1 almiwl adequate for the needs of the ' army by the latter part of the sprlns. lie gave It a hli view that the proper proportion or macninc guns for the .American or any other army was 50,000 w-eapons to every million men. This requirement, he said, was an annual one, and in order that there should be no Inadequacy through wastage, wear and tear, destruction or capture, 'he thought the army should be supplied with not less than 75,000 machine guns per mil lion men per annum. The point In Col. Lewis's testimony which evoked the most comment in thn committee, however, was his statement 1 that finally at the entrance of the United States Into the war he received an order for 360 l4ewls guns. He sent, when the Government paid Its bill, his check to tho order of the Secretary of War1 for the total amount of his royalties, which were 110,889. The check, Col. Lewie said, had been cashed by the Govern ment, but down to tho present moment no acknowledgment of his unnecessary contribution has been made, The check was sent In April and cashed In July. Will Not Accept Royalties. Col, Lewis proposes to rontlnuo sur rendering royalties to the Government throughout the war. He told the com mittee that his royalties on contracts now made between the Savago Arms Company and the Government would amount to approximately $2,500,000. This sum he intended to return to the Federal Treasury whether he was thanked for It or not. Col. Lewis took very deflnll Issue with the statements made by Major Gen. Crozler before the committee to the effect that France could readily spare the guns which were being loaned to our forces. He said Gen, Crozler's statement was astounding and could not be borne out by the facts. At only one point was the testimony of Col. Lewis at variance with that of tho other arms experts from civil ilfo who have I appeared before th committee. Ha ex-1 pressed the belief that when the United States adopted the Knfleld rifle It should 1 have adopted the unmodified British arm. This, he thought, would have per mitted American rifle factories to have proceeded without any hiatus or delay In the manufacture of 10,000 rifles a mown, 1917. copw-iw. isn, b eft sun CAILLAUX LOSES IMMUNITY; ASKS TRAITOR TRIAL Chamber of Deputies by Vote of 417 to 2 Fixes Ex. Premier's Status. DENIES HE AIDED ENEMY Deputy Loustalot Likewise! Faces Penalty if Convicted j of Treason. ! Pjvnis, Dec. 22. A resolution was adopted In the Chamber of Deputies to- day depriving former Premier Joseph Calllaux of parliamentary Immunity In j tho accusations against him for alleged , treasonable dealings with the enemv. The vote on the resolution was I7 to 2. similar resolution In regard to Deputy r.0uls Loustalot was adopted w ith a show of hands by the Chamber. Tho Galleries' to the chamber were filled long beforolho hearing opened. Occupants sat In animated conversation looking; down upon the empty floor of the House, where the seats of a dozen members -werp covered with wreaths and flowers In honcr of their former occu pants, who had fallen In the war. Al most all the other seats were occupied when President Deschanel's bell rang and M. Palsant, for the Investigating committee, rose to explain Its findings. He asked the Deputies to attend with due lespect the Impending discussion at a moment critical to the nation. M. Calllaux entered at this Juncture, " ' carrying a bundle of letters and docu- mnf. Deputy Loustalot was next j0Ucy. i nave always 10 ine iuu ineasuro of my powers served my country. The only reproach any one could maks to me Is that I have been too reserved.' The Chamber listened In absolute sil ence while M. Calllaux reviewed his various relationships which have been regarded by his accusers as susplcloua He denied hating sent Holo Pasha abroad or that he hart anything to do with Holo's seeking of funds in the Flitted States to buy the .oimin. A for the floi'rrt Uougc. that was a political affair, he asserted, and then entered into further explanations In re- R:lr1 t0 tnc foreign Office documents bearing on his visit to Home. The ex- Premier said: , "That was altogether a question of policy. One must remember that certain of our Ambassadors frequent circles of high aristocracy, and all high arlstoc- racles are not entirely on the side of the region northwest of Ithelms, on the right Allies." i bank of the Mcuse and In upper Alsace ... ., i in the regions of Thur and Doller. He Charlies Persecution. M. Calllaux declared he had been ASKS MEMBERS TO STAY HOME. Isolated during the war and had been the object of persecution, and that the j nlchllPtU rr- Selrntittm. co.-en-prcsent uctlon was the result of a con spiracy among persons that were op- I"" Travel lie Reatrleted. posed to hlR policy before the war and CAMnninr.r, Mass., Dec. 2. prof. afraid he would continue It after the Theodore W. Richards of Harvard, pres- war. It was not true, lie asserted, that many before the war. His policy was to reclaim Alsace-Lorraine, he said, but also peace without annexations and without penalizing Indemnities and with tho right of the peoples to dispose of themselves "One has a right also to think about "P.n'l It pnslblv was more apparent that Contluurd on Second Page. Make Xmas More Merry by Aiding Smoke Fund! gANTA CLAUS is to visit the camps nnd trenches in France. The arrival of his advance uijcnts has been noted In the cabled des patches. That assurance will help to make Christmas a happier day for the friends at home. The festival will be happier, merrier still if all the stay at homes resolve to think of the sol diers' comfort ALL THE TIME. Show the true Christmas spirit by sending contributions to THE SUN Tobacco Fund nowT The Christmas eve cntertaip ment ball of tho Welfare fccapue of Headquarters Compnny, 30Gth Regiment, at the Hotel Ansonin, merits the generous patronage of the public. Among the enter tainers will be Amelia Bingham, Augusta Close, Marie, Carroll, Violet Mersereau, Limt. Bruce Dclette. David Hochstein. Lieff 'Rosenoff, the Camp Upton Four and the aubtn s regimental band. Read of this and. other coming entertainments on page 1, Part 2. To-morrow is the last day of Lou Freedman's generous offer. A percentage of the gross re ceipts in his haberdashery, 1606 Broadway, will come to the fund. WARNING! THE SUN TO BACCO FUND has no connection with any other fund, organiza tion or publication. It employs no agents or solicitors. prinm0 wA pbu,htni, AoCam. RUSSIAN CIVIL WAR GROWS; LENINE REGIME TOTTERING; STILL MAY FIGHT GERMANY ALLIES TO ACT ON DEFENSIVE German Drive in Effort to Break Through Is Not Expected. MAN POWER IS OFFSET I i England and France Have Vast Supplies of Metal to Check Enemy. Special Despatch to Tiir. ii Washington, Dec. 22. Information brought back from Kurope by American officials and laid before this Government permits a forecast of the Allies' general strategy on the western front for the next few months at least. The much ad vertised German drive Is not -expected to materialize in the .sense of a. sustained desperate effort to break through on a large scale. The GOrmans now have an advantage In man power on the western front, but this Is offset, it Is explained, by tho su peilorlty of tho Allies In ammunition, enormous supplies of which were made i Available In anticipation of continued 1 offensive operations against the Hlndcn- , bU , 'l"6' ... , , . iUUt'h mnro A mm it nit nn i njnrfv1 few offensive than for defensive operations, Arrangements perfected months In ad- mitteJ here. The general plan for tho ahu-s win up iu iniiiun on cieienaive now until America's weight a a. military ' factor increases sufficiently to swing tt balance of military power the other way. RAIDS ON WEST FROXT. Hermans Fall, bnt 1'reneh Achieve One Success. London, Pec. ?- -Only a few minor flerman l-.ilds occurred last night on the rtr'll.b frnnl In Kmncp. AttnpW wprA en oast f Moncny-le-Preux and southeast of Armentiees. ' 'rne French maile a successful raid ( near Moronvilllers, in the Champagne, The night report from Paris tells of an ursuccessful (lerman raid this morning ner.r Iletonvnux In the Verdun sector. and of artillery activity In the Chcnav Ident of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, to-day re quested members of the organization not to attend the annual meeting at Pitts burg, December 2S to January 2. unless assured they might render an Importnnt service to the country by being present, Authorities at Washington, Prof. Rlch- nnls salil, had asked that this action be taken because of transportation prob- Pn"- About 3.000 members usually at- XrnA ,tno' a,inul meeting which, how- '"t I'anjnotlieen cancelled officially. BAZAAR GRAFTER IN TOMBS. , lionnld I'ui to lie Scntrnrcd Next Frldn) . On a bench warrant Issued by Judgo ' Craln, C. Donald Kox, convicted re cently In the Criminal Court of petit 1 larceny In connection with the Army and Navy Bazaar, was taken Into court yesterday and lemanded to the Tombs for sentence next Friday. When released on suspended scntenco i Fox had been told lie would escape punishment if he succeeded in crillt- Ing In the army. It Is understood that he applied and was turned down by army officials. Kdwin P. Kilroe, As sistant District Attorney, In charge of the case, said last night he would ask for the maximum penalty for Fox, FOOD AND FINANCES WORRY TO ENEMY Austria - Hungary Nearly Drained of Cold. i Special Cable Dtipatci to Tns Sr. , Copyright, 151", all rights referred i London, Dec. '.'2. Whllo the German 'leaders uro proclaiming complete confi dence that a tlctorlous pencn Is at hand the Internal economic, financial and food conditions iu tho. Central lhnptreu hate become alarming. The Austro.llunsarlan National Bank, which has not reported detailed condi tions since the war began, disclosed nt a recent meeting that Its actual gold re serve Is only 2B4, 000,000 kronen ($53, 000,000 nt normal exelungo), while the bank has n note circulation of 17,700, 000,000 kronen ($3,640,000,000). This means only 1 VI per cunt, gold held ugalnst Its notes. If In this gold "cover" the foreign securities' held by the bank are Included tho reserve would bo only 6 per cent. The food situation In Germany Is discussed by tho Basel Xachrichtcn, which says: "It has aroused such popuUr oxa&per. atlon that only the nrmisticc on the eastern front prevented an explosion. The bopo of obtaining food, from Russia and of a speedy peace alone .restrains e disciplined German workmen. 52 PAGES. PRICE ' 101 Lost by Torpedoing of British War Auxiliary LONDON, Dec. 22. The British nrmeil k team ship Stephen Furness has been torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine in the Irish Channel, it was officially announced to-day. Six officers and ninety-five men were lost. The Stephen Furness was originally a merchantman of 1,712 tons gross, built in 1910 at West Hartlepool, and owned by the Tyne Tees Shipping Com pany, Ltd., of Newcastlb. REPORT KRUPP WORKS AFIRE Dutch Workmen Say Plant's Electric Power Station Was Seriously Damaged. STARTED FROM EXPLOSION Maestricht Despatch Indicates Extensive Loss Says Blaze Has Lasted 2t Honrs. London, Dee. II. The great Kiupp munition works nt Essen, In Germany, hate been ablze for twenty-four hours, according to a despatch from Maestrlcht, Holland, tho nearest neutral city to Ussen. which says the Information was obtained from workmen who came from the huge gun making plant. A despatch to the Kxchange Telegraph Company fiom Amsteidam quotes the f.VJio Uclgc as follows : "Tho Krupp plant In Kscn Is afire. Dutch workmen have been ordered to return to Holland." The Amsterdam Tclegraaf. however, prints a despatch froth the frontier, based on reports of Dutch workmen, that an explosion occurred In the elec tric power station at the plant ovtlng to a short circuit and the building which housed tho power station was seriously damaged. The plant at Kssett, the main estab lishment ot tho Krupps, the largest manufacturers In Germany of arms and munitions, emplo.ted about 30,000 men before the war. It has been expanded greatly during the war. Facts rclatl!!-T to its present size and the number of workmen nro kept secret by the German Government. It was re ported unofficially In October. 1916, that about 70,000 persons, including several thousand women, were at w-k tlicie and that 20.000 were to be adde1 to the force. Early this year there was a strike t the works, said to hate been tim to lack of food. It was reported 40,000 workers were Involved and that the. au thorities combated it by sending many of the men to the front, but little au thentic Information was permitted to come out of Germany. Ussen Is In Rhenish Prussia, about j forty miles from the Dutch border. Few I lace. In Germany are guarded more carefully. No persons unknown to the Gorman authorities are permitted to visit the town. ' Tnc plant has heen raided several times by French and British airmen notwitliatnnding its formidable anti aircraft defences. Press despatches last July said 10(1 persons there had been killed in a raid by Trench airplanes and that considerable damage had been !one to the works. U-BOAT YARD ENLARGED. Krnpp Kiel I'lniit quadrupled to Meet I'nexpecteil Losses. Gf.neva, Dec. 22. The Krupps re cently have quadrupled their naval plant near Kiel, according to a despatch from Berlin by way of Berne to I.n nuuisr. This was done ut tho request of the German Government, for the purposo of making up losses In submarines, which, tho despatch asset ts. have been heavier than the German Admiralty ad mit. NEW AIR RAID ON ENGLAND. One Hostile Alrplnnc I Forced lo Descend. London, Dec. 22. Another air laid has been attempted by the Germans against Fngllsh coast towns. One hos tile airplane was forced to descend. TRAIN HITS CROWD; 6 KILLED. Icllnm Jostled Into I'ntli nf I'rnu- a.iltnnln llxprrss. lULTlMfmi:, Dec. 22. Six men were killed at 7 o'clock this evening at Mag nolld, Md., as the result of a Penntyl tapla express hitting p.iit of a crowd nt the station. Four were killed out right, two others died tthlle thev were being taken on n train to this city and several nune received, serious Injuries, The crowd consisted ot contractors' employees who had been working on tho United States ii.tvypruvlng ground near Aberdeen, They wero assembled on tho station platform, waiting for a local train. Home started to push forward when a train was seen approaching. It wai not the loc.il but the express train, which could not bo stopped In tlmo to prevent crashing Into tho outer edgo of the crowd, PERSHING AVIATOR KILLED. Harnlil Alnmorfh of mirth more, Pll,. Die In tcrldcnt. Washinoton, Dec. 22. Uen. I'crilng to-day reported the death of Private Harold Alnsworth. Slgn.il Unlisted Re serve I'oips, on December 111 us tho re sult of an airplane accident. His father Is Albert Alnsworth, Kwnrthmorc, Pu, FIVE CENTS kUJ'SSE Fijihtiiift- in rdrogrud and "Wholesale Arrests Made by Bolsheviki. UKRAINE JEWS RALLY Jerusalem's Capture Stirs Important Element to Espouse Allies' Cause. KAISKIi MAY BE TRAPPED Anjrer nt Peace Terms May Send Russian Armies to the Front, Again. Sitcial Cable Despatch to Tub Sin. 'CrPIr9ht, 1917, all tljf ircrrerf. IxiNpos, Dec. 22. News from Petro. grad In the last twenty-four houra shows that disturbances In tho capital are increasing rapidly and becomtng more serious. Similar conditions pre vail In the provinces, and tho country generally appears to be ncarlng chaof. Reports coming through Sweden say that violent cltll war has started over most of Russia and severe fighting Is In progress in Petrograd. With these con ditions In the country, the capital under martial law, the Cossack victories la the Don region, the success of the Ukrainian movement for Independence, tho Leninc-Trotzky regime Is confront ed by the gravest problems it has yet faeed. I.enlne Grnrts Desperate. Lenlne appears to bo making a des peiatc fight to retain his position. Co penhagen hears that lie Is resorting to wholesale arrests In Petrograd. Nu merous cadets and toclal revolutionists hove been Imprisqned "and Bolshevik, troops are hunting many others. Large' number.', of them hate disappeared. Developments of the last uwk have greatly changed the face of affairs. It Is now apparent that while the Bolshe viki HtlU dominate the northern nnd central parts of Kuropean Russia, never theless the power of I.enlne and Trots ky is waning rapidly, and mat- end any day. " The Jews of the Ukraine, who here tofore hava shown little national con clousneas, are ullylnr thrmseltei now Ktth the anti-Bolshevik cause, on ac- uuul ui mrir nuireu or me roics and "because the cwiquen of Palestine bv the British Is causing a general revival of Jewish national feeling. floUhet ILl Anury nt Prance. The Bolshevik leadership In Petrograd i i- imeiiseu ngains: Trance, alleging that French IntiiKuo is encouraging the Ukraine to declare Its Independence. Reports that the Allies have decided to acciedit diplomatic representatives to the Ukraine ate positively denied. I but the Untcnte nations recognize the sreat Importance of the Ukraine devel opment, becanso If the Germans seize . the Ukraine it will give them control of tho Black Sea and a direct loute to j Asia Minor. Altogether the Russian situation is regarded n more hopeful. In regard to the peace negotiations i it is pointed out. that at the expiration ( of the armistice. Germany's' position will be very embarrassing, because It was 1 extremely dangerous for her to show her nana and to make excesslte peace de-1 mands from the Lcnlne and Trotzky re gime when that regime Is likely to fall before peace cjn be concluded. Mnj Spur Itnnla to Kljrht. In her haste to conclude an armistice that would en.ible her to shift to the French and Itall.in fiont all the best of her troops in the Fast, Germany ha been compelled to r!i-k tho danger of Inspiring an outburst of Indlsnant na tlonnl sentiment, which nut- become so strong th.it th country may make one moTe great war effort to throw off the German yoke. Despite Iminc nse losses of material and considerable disintegration in the army, it is pointed out to-day, the j Russians still possess sufficient supplies, munitions nnd .irin, if onlv national sentiment Is aroused and leadership provided, to make an effective cam- palKn which, under present conditions , nnd the weakened Autrn-German forces on tbe east fiont. might Inflict a great disaster on tne (Jernians Although no confirmation has been received here of tin, reported brenklnr off of the peace negotiations at Brest Lltnvsk, netcitheless tho report Is symptomatic nf the great uncertainty and tho rapidly shifting conditions, UKRA IN 1 AN S AGflRESSl VE Gen, Knledln llcslaneil In I'aTor of MtrmiK Government. LoNttON. Deo. 22 -The leslgnatlon of Gen. Kiiledin nnd his .issociates In tbe military Government of the Cossacks, who have been resisting tho Bolshetlkl, Is reported in a Petrograd despatch t.o the Times. The purpose of this move M said to be to permit the formation of a strong popular Government Gen, Kale dln explains he has decided lo withdraw on account of his uiipopuhrlty with the troops nt the front, who refuse to obey hlin in consequence of misrepresentation's on tho part of tils enemies The despatch does not suggest any weakening of the Cossack movement, which Ih represented in other reports as still progressing It Is reported from Petrograd that thn Ukrainian t loops have occupied the headquarters of all tho staffs on the Rii manlan and southwestern fronts, seizing the telr?rapli and wireless s) stems on the two fronts, which hato been united under the command of LIcuU-Geu. Diultll SU'herhatcheff. Ukrainian troops hate moved lo the borders of Ukralnla, where they have taken up positions. Or ders have been git en tonoblllzo all the Cossacks in Ukralnla, The Bolsheviki hate refused the de mand nf the Ukrainian sailors of the Baltic fleet that they bo allowed to re-, turn lioce. Reuters Petrograd coriespondent re ports that the premises of Hie Ukrainian revolutionary staff In Petrograd were invaded by the Red Guard and tho four members who wrc present at the time arrested and taken to the Smolny Instl- r to-