THE SUN, MONDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1917.
lmliislrli'.i by which co.il iniJ mw ma
terial shipment In thnnf industries
would In' materially lesfoncd, With tho
il.i'.i of thn cnutit.iy'n needs ill hand he
umilil ho alili In m !iinii Hon r.i.l hU
mn is that ronielhliiK m-nr 100 per cent,
i tl'.-ictK-y In niMilful jirtKl notion would
1 1. hi It
An-" f any frclcht congestion occurred
or If any Imluxtry necessary, to the huc
ices nf tin' war ns crippled the blantu
would l.e lull! nt his Moor. Ho would he
mm nf the IiIkkcsi men In the udmlnls.
trillion of the war, because lie would
hold the Industrial activities nf the coun
try hoth for the duration of the war
and to .wine extent f.ir many jenr.i to
come In the hollow of his ham),
III order won hi cnonuniRn or ills
rouraffo certain lines of Industrial en
deavors and would be a controlling fac
tor In diitnonatrutlna- whether a democ
racy can successfully wane war.
It Ih Bcnerally held that the subject
of non-esK'ntliilM must he taken up
winner or later. It Is nRrced that to
Jump In and disrupt Industries now
woul1 facilitate- America' prosecution
of the war for the moment, hut would so i
weaken her ImtuMrlal faln-le that when
the reaction st In the country would he
worse off than It now Ik. However,
present necessities are such that a more
decided teiid toward turnltiK the na
tions activities away from tho produc
tion of non-essential must be started.
COAL MOVING SLOWLY
Receipt Nt III I'nllliiK Off n nr.
lief In SUM.
There wns little change In the coal
shmtagc situation yesterda) Coal was
moving slowly from the mines and the
lecelpts at tidewater fell off from Sat
urday's figures some lf,,000 tons, leav
ing a slock on hand at New Jersey
docks for transfer to New York In the
next twenty-four hours approximately
les than on Saturda) or yesterday.
Saturday's figures were estimated to b
about la.dOO torn". n, upilnst a normal
demand of from S.'.nno to 15,000 tons.
A repi emulative of Tun Sun toured
the ynils and docks from 1'erth .xmboy
to rdcewater jeslerday, and while let
ters kepi arriving at Tub Sun orflce
sjwrtlntr that hundreds of empty cars
were lying on the tracks at New Jersey
terminals and that the railroads were
dually not helping overcome thn coal
crisis of New York none of these
Klorles could be substantiated In fact
from a personal view of conditions.
At a meeting of 5ni) small dealers on
Saturday night a tentative, organization
whs formed to he Known as the United
Hebrew Itetall coal Dealers Association.
It was openly charsed nt the meeting
that cellar dealers are being charged
by the coal cartels nt the rate of $20 to
tiS.lio a ton for coal that thu carters
purchase from the wholesaler at the
Oovernnient price of from $S.r0 to JO 10
A committee of these dealers was ap
pointed to confer with the Manhattan
Fuel Administrator, and Kceo Schley
has ananged that this meeting shall
take placo at 11 o'clock this morning
at his off lie, r,; llroadwa.
l'roni a general survey of the coal
situation o.tcrday from the )ards In
New Jersey to the wholesaler, reta(l
deeper and cellar man In .Manhattan It
was iippnent that New York his little
likelihood of relief before spring from
(he coal famine H 1 now experiencing.
The coal Is not helng mined In sufficient
quantities to meet demands. Motive
power Is far below uuimal and the gov
ernmental demands upon the railroads
ha called a lescncd movement of cars
currying coal inrgoes.
"Thn situation It. still serious'' was
the tcre manner in which Kcevc Schley
summed up tho situation last night.
VOTED TO AID CAILLAUX.
Twn Htu'tHllst find I'nrtlsnn Drp-
ntle Were for linmutilt? .
Paths, Dec. 23. One of the two nega
tive votes cast in the Chamber of Depu
ties yesterday on the resolution depriv
ing former Tremler Joeph Calllaux of
Parliamentary Immunity In the accusa
tions agaln't him for alleged treason
able dealing" with the enemy was cast
by M rttirrin-Pngeiis. one of the three
Socialist Deputies who attended the In
ternational Socialist conference in Switz
erland In ttie spring of l!Ufi, which also
was attended by Herman Socialist rep
The other vote In opposition was cast
hy M. Ilellnguier, a Deputy from llaute
Oaronne, a member of the Calllaux
group Thn vote for the resolution was
ARGENTINA AGAIN IN FERMENT
Troops hn-k Antl-lieriiinii nlots
in IHienos Arres.
Buenos Atrks, Dec. 23. Only tho
Utmost vitrllince or ratrols and mounted .
troopa prevented anti-German rioting
yesterday. The. downtown streets were
crowded with Christmas shoppers and
ereral attempts were made to organize
demonstrations. Students and others
marched to La Union Hulldlng chanting
1C OO0 pesos," which was the amount I
of thn monthly subsidy said to have been
obtained from llerlln by Count von Lux-
ourg, the drvned (Ierman Minister.
The crowds dispersed when charged bv
troops, put patrols trotted through the
downtown section all night preventing I
marching crowds from Joining each
other. The publication of the additional I
i.uxourg uespaionc nas caused a new
outbreak of bitterness against Herman
and It is expected It will be voiced In
Congress this week.
As a result of the revelations that the
Hermans had been paying a mnnthly
silbsldy tn the newspaper l.n fnlort'the
directors and editors of l.n I'nion have
been suspended by the Press Club.
REPORT U. S. INVADED
New York Also Captured, It
News From Teutons.
fprrinl Ir.ialrA tn Trrz Six
Rai.timore, Dec 23 Further con
firmation nf deception and of the ef
forts of tierm-in to strengthen the
morale of her soldiers In the trenchea is
cen In Ihe circulation of the renort that
the Imperial arm. has invaded the I
T'nlted States, captured New York ami Is
marching on to Washington. This In- I
formation was given by several Herman I
prisoner to bnvs of the 117th Trench'
Mortar Mattery, Daltlmnre contingent In '
the Rainbow Division, serving in France
n account of the conversation is con-I
tallied 111 a letter from Jack A. Clarke,
son or Mr. and Mis, Andrew J. Clarke nf
Baltimore, who Is now with the trench
mortar batters . In his letter, datod No-
vember 27. young Clarke writes:
"Just a litlln Incident nf how Irnomnt
the Herman soldiers are kept of the psrt
the Frilled States Is playing In the war
was mown ine other nay while a crowd
sstlon a Herman soldier expressed great;
surprise on being told that the American
arms were meeting with success, Thn
poor fellow had been-told that Ihe Her-
tnan army hnd Invaded the l'nlted
State, captured New York and were
marching victoriously on to Washington
"Another one of the (Ierman prisoners
said that the soldiers had been led lo l-
irve .na. inn vmencaii i.ij s v ere Milt.
i-ii runners wrur'llg.ine uilltorm of 111.'
American aini) This they were loht
eelv. thn Vie Miles to try to de -
h. ...r... :L ': -"" nisi,
or lis were talking to some of the Her I hey slienq at the right pace without n.m.i. i. nir orrnirrr or-..i ir
man prisoners at one of the camps pot ' Mint, but they save at the right point V e cc med n o b HIv a cm' K en , , , " cut 'u. I "u'"lnB1 "V " 'N' rr,v"re N'
far from where we were stationed Onet"" The automobile used by the oIIIc.i.k '' S,, 'n', , V Z h, Ik. I ' ? "i ' " - - . . ment. Decen
of the hovs who could sneak Herms., Is a splendid machine . put s nsle otllceL r.prl' ,,ut. ,hHt. " V ",rao.r" 1 That the order I. already showing re. 1 ,,,, ..rr,il.e Will, 1. W. W. '. Cruger. Miss
was talking to several of the Uermun do not iie iiutomoblles, but molorcvcles ,"n', ,K' r w"n ' . "mpp,nB. ,n s.u"" "nown ."y...R rrFnn "reive.) by Private V
Prisoners In the course of the conver. with small side cars There are dozens eoiiseipience or .no oarre,, zone warrare .urgeon-tienerai lime rrom mo met) lea , " " Company.
itanci" arrived in
Seventh German Loan
LONDON, Dec. 23. Finn! !
ures for the seventh Germiin
lonn were 12,(525,060,200 marks
under normnl exchange), nccortl
)(? to a Rcuter despatch from
Amsterdam quoting a message
Subscriptions to tho seven
German loans are as follows:
1. Sept., 1014.
2. March, 1915.
3. Sept., 1915. .
4. March, 1010.
5. Oct.. 1010. . .
0. April, 1917. .
7. Sep.-Dec, '17
PRAISE BY SWISS
Basle Paper Lauds Methods of
Traiiiinur and Progress
Made ly Troops.
pftnt ( orresponitttire to Tx.tr SfV
rants. He. 10. The Busier Snrhrirh
(en of Hisle, Switzerland, under the cap
tion "Mow Americans Are Coming l'p"
prints the following.
"In the early part .if July we con
ducted the readers of this paper to a
harbor of the Atlantic Ocean, where the I
Mist American troops had arrived. Slme
that time the advance of the Americans
has mil been interrupted. Ships contain
ing troops and war material are-coinlng
In constantly The camps already hold
men from all sections of tho Tnlted
Stales. They are scattered In different
places In the training camps. During
this time a gieai American military zone
has been established. They have worked
wonders, no that on October lf C.en. Per
shing could Invite Marshal .IntTre to re
view Hie (list division ready to fight,
"We were unfortunately not able to
witness this review, but a few das ago
we made It possible to go from village
to village, from training camp to training
i iimp, so as to gain at tirst hand an ade
uuale Idea of the American achievements
In i:urnpe. by talking with their olllcers
and Inspecting the men While doing so
we gained many Impressions which we
set down hereafter.
Ciinir to Knil War.
''What do nur .voung officers and
men think of this war?' we asked one of
the Colonels in a division hcadcuarters.
The answer ua prompt
"'We came across the ocean to end
the war lSvery man wants to see this
matter finished, mi th.it the world may hud captured them, the Austro-fierman
enjoy peaie thereafter. How Is that I forces are concentrating heavily, accord
posslble" The Hermans are able soldiers. I ing to all available reports, north and
Thej are best fitted to urge the mill-1 northeast of this Important approach to
tarlstlc argument If they aie beaten, i dominating Monte Orappa
they will he easily handled. And as to1 A new and unprecedented!.- vigorous
this handling, c leave that to President onslaught on the harriers to the plains
Wilson. Hut we must first arhlcvo vie-1 Is expected soon not only at Orafipa
tory. side by side with our allies.' Itwlf hut on the Aslago plateau and jios-
"The Americans know what they lack, i slhly the lower Tlnve, where enemy troop
aid they know, too. that some time III concentrations also are recorded.
Hut when the- say that they will have a
huge anii effect He armv read more
iiule'nly than the Knglish did the. are
not hoisting at all When the English
nteied the war they had only l nrmy
""" in i.urnpe, wnicu nail to no ,
utilized a, once, and had to a large ,,c-
gree to be retrained They had hardly 1
any more of the regular army left to '
servo as territorial troops. The Tnlted
States of No.th America had about 3.-.O.-.
nun men as regular troops. These are
nil on the wav to Frame; their place
heimr taken at home hy the mllltla
inese men. ine mei comers or whom'
have served sir mn.,tl,o uhii. i.i, I
" mn'-i .
huve been ,n the service for venrs. a, e
ready for the field, know all about mill-
tary details, and have only to be trained '
Into the secrets or Ihe most modern mill-
.ary warfare, as It has .haped Itself on '
I.uropean battlefield1) This applies lo
olllcers, subalterns and soldiers. The
Instructors of the officers are French and
i HrHi-h comrades and the instructors of
, the soldiers are the French pollnu
chiefly Alpine guards. The Americans
' thus Instructed In turn will become the
.teachers of thn new arrivals from
America, until the entire 3,r.0.non are
I trained up to the minute, like European
'Meanwhile the territorial troops are
belnu- trained lo Am.,l u-i,.; . .. .
read, T-nro. n,. ,. mi,.,., ,...'..
thev then will receive similar training
out ine reguurs when they arrived and
In France. Two or three months after
they reach here they will be ready to do
their share at the front i
"The atmospheric conditions pievn'l- ear" will he marked hv furious bat
ing In that section nf France where the, ties which will last a fortnight."
Americans are being trained have been
anything but pleasant, but Die hardships
of the weather have Interfered in n.t'
way with the exercises. Entire com.1
panics practise bayonet charges In one
place, while another group Is trying out,
ruacoiiie sunn .-omo are nuns taught
the theories of attack and repulse, while
others are practising them All klndi
of practice of Infantry and artillery Is
gnlng on constantly- In the woods. u'hliA
others learn how to handle the hsnl
i oe vmencan soioiers nre preparing
themselves zealously for their great task, i
undei- the best possible materia! condl-
Hons. How- well they are provided fori
They get wagea of a dollar a day, hut
whoever has not seen It can hardly Im- 1
aglne how well they arc fed. One eve-
ning I went Into the kitchen of the ma-
rine gunners. In great kettles they
were cooking fried potatoes, and each
man received with these a beefsteak the
size of a Isrge pancake, and for dessert
bllire pieces of French tonst llhernllv
I strewn with sugar.
I "They had Pleilt. of cood while hread
to eat with their meal The commandant
of this battalion, which had made sov-
eral good shots with the Swiss guns they
"ere using, called our attention to the
fact that this was not the main meal of
the day. The chief drink of the Amer-
lean soldiers Is spring water, and we can
testify that Ihe same was given tn the
officers as to the men Only in general,
headquarter was a bottlo opened In
, honor of a visitor.
"Hood, wholesome food, no alcohol:
.lavish almost to the point nf luxury In
' personal equipment, and In all that lends
1 to comfort, hut naught to Interfere with
readiness for battle ; not a useless thing ;
" at seems to ne ine American rule
nf ,1m, ih,,. iiLtimn.. hi.a, .i..... i..
' I am sure that nothing has been
omllle.) which might aid thn olllcers'
trnlnlnu. bill the schools for nlllcersi
which ne visited were Spartan In their
slmplldtv. Whatever was necessary waa
"I hand, but not one thing more. The
nllVer In service was not to have any-
thing beller than Ins men "
iiiTiiinn lip lllllll I rllllles.
Dee 23 The Herman air
, raid on I'.ugllHh timet towns last nUht
rcimnru iii nu eimuaiups or nuiiuif, u
cording to tho official announcement to-
day. One airplane waa brought to eurth.
AT MONTE ASOLONE
Dislodge Knrmy From Most of
Positions in Scries of
BATTLE LASTS ALL DAY
Atisfro-Oeriiinns Rrntcn Hnck
in Attempted Drive on
Rt the Auociatei Prem.
HllAPQI'AnTKIU) OK THE ITALIAN AnMT
IN NoiiTllgn.v iTAl.T.Dec. 21 (delayed).
In a succession of brilliant attacks
throughout yesterday and to-day the
Italians eucceeded In dislodging the
enrmv from a great part of Monte
Asolone and driving him back more
than two-thirds of a mile nlong a three
mile front The enemy's occupation of
Asolone wi s regarded rh a serious men
ace, hecausi It gave him partial control
of San Lorenzo Valley, leading to the
plain and Hassano.
A determined effort was made there
fore to redeem the position. The first
attack was in darkness, at 2 o'clock
Jcstrnlay morning, when a small de
tachment nf the Seventh Infantry
i limbed .Monte Asolone and nlade a
furious charge on the sleeping garrison.
I'or a time the little hand wns beyond
the summit, Inn finally was driven back
by superior numbers.
The mnlii attack begnn at 10 o'clock
In the mottling, when the Alplnl and
Seventh regiments advanced on a tnreo
mile front, having Asolone as Its centre.
The left and centre moved straight
ahead, while the right executed a turning
movement which partially enveloped the
enemy imMtlon on Asolone. The fight
ing was furious all through the day and
Into the darkness of last night, when the
Italians again had mastered the strat
egic points of Asolone and the enemy
was pushed back for nearly e mile.
The enemy's effort to crns the Old
Plave at the nearest point to Venice has
been thrown back by Italian sailors and
BOLD BLOW PLAN KM).
Knrtiiy llnprs tn llotd I'enU llrrn
If I'nalile In tlrrnk Line.
Ry tlt .atortatti rrtn
With tub Kkkncii Armies in North
rns Itaut, Deo. 23. Tnexvecte dly
balked In their march toward the plain
by thn loss of the Monte Asolone posl-
Hons lthln twenty-four hours after they
arpro.tciimg unanimity tnai in Aus
trian? have given up hopo of breaking
through the Italian line at present, so
far as to force another great retreat, all
available Information indicates the
") - v...v. ....
the plain and would i.a8 .Pr'f,er,1"
p'.aln. at least where cUma tic condition. ,
oilM favor his P'.J, '
l,'e i""" w.muh uumr mum .un-i
trol ihe territory for miles In front of
J ,L , ' 'l'j'. i
Asolone heights- the correspondent found I
. ... , ....-..
''"P ',w ..,V. . of nVLnn, ,
'10lm -"sWy y""h est of Orappa I
ntu almT" '"" -"ou'h, of -X',n'',n'- "M
a,' ",'.'!? J"1' h'"K bmnlnrdeil '.
Tt...l e. . Ilvl. l...n.vrfoMt
1 u 4 .
keeps the Aus r"""'a";f "
at a considerable distance from the plain
thev are seeking but makes Ihelr prog.
rej-a tovvanl It extremely dlfTlcult now
that the weather conditions, unfavorable,
for several days, ate Increasing In se
. verity I
1 Countless lleht and heavy Italian bat
I terlcs, honev combing and dotting the
I two adjoining mountains, are hammer-1
Ing the enemy unceasingly. Lvery path
I in the mountain side disgorges troops
, w. ... ... .v.. o,. ii.. .f.-r
A. '" .' a....
into the reserve, helms relieved by re
iv. and then gradually worklng'thelr
wav forward to the first line again.
The prisoners, vlrtuallv without ex
.entlon. predict that
the end of this
DEPUTY FOR PEACE.
In Italian Parliament
lireeled With Cnraea
fptriat Cabtr Petptiteh to Tns St.
rnpyrlait. 1S17, all rfffaU renert tit
Home. Dec. 22 (delayed) In Parlla-
merit this evening the Socialist Deputy
Wlttnor Morgan sjioke tor tniee noura
against the war. which, he said, Italy
as puwenes- u ,,.
suggested, a peace should be made slm-
Hr to Russia's, and he openly praised
Ttl speech was most unpatriotic and
most violent and aroused the Indignation
of thn House, but although he was
hooted, cursed and accused nf aiding
the enemy, Morgarl, despite the uproar
nl"' tumult, continued his talk, although
toward the end he spoke to an empty
House, na the members went out as a
slen nf protest.
alorgan s speern is nseiy ro Tie ex-
I plolted by the enemy, but It does not
represent the Ideas of even a small
minority, alnco the continuation of the
war Is recognized as essential even by
l the tfoclallsls,
nprr rrc 7C aDlfTTTn
' Ul4jLlJli V 10 HUM! J I PjU.
lint fJernmny Aaaerla There Are
exrer Vraerla tn Sink,
I.ONPOH, Dec. 2S. An official state-
merit haa been Issued In Metlln, accord
int. ir n neuter despatch from Amster.
dam, regarding teferences by Premier
,ov, Heorge on December 20 to Ihe
sbmailne warfare. It says his usser-
Mini "particularly ot cargo space avail
able for nniisn tramr as a result ot
which einninse u, It,x musi
necessarily gradually decline," The
ttatement adds :
"liven the convoy system, with Its
progressive extension, works In Increaa-
Ing measure In our favor for It means,
especial!) In consequence of Inevitable
heaping up of shipping in ports am!
, , ,i.,,... -....i, i.i i .....
lillllzabln cargo space that It requires a
veiy coiislderahla total of sinkings to
enua such loss or aval able ihhn iu
by tho direct method of chip deatruc-
Austria Expects Food
From Russia Very Soon
AMSTERDAM, Dec. 23. A
Vienna, despatch to the Ber
lin "Lokalanzeiger" says that
Field Marshal von Hoofer, the
Austrian Minister of Public Sub
sistence, has announced that the
Austrian food supply shortly will
be improved by the arrival of
supplies from Russia. Accord
ing to Von Hoefer, the govern
ments of Berlin, Vienna and
Budapest are rushing transport
Tho Danube will be frozen
over soon, but wholeiale supplies
from this source may be expected
U.S. TROOPS GIVE
TO FRENCH ORPHANS
Hiinrd I'nit Olnddens Hearts 0f
Six Hundred With Xiuas
Hi Iht Aforinttit Pre
With thk Am km can Apmt in Kr.vNrr,
Dec. 23. The Knlted States, represented
by a contingent of her fighting men last
night took to her bosom 600 of the war
orphans of Prance and made each of
them happy. In addition 10.000 francs
wns raised with which to provide for
the children during the coming year
This was done at a Christmas enter
tainment arranged by the olllcers and
men nf a certain National fltiaril division
In conjunction with the French authori
ties and the Kicnch War Orphans So
ciety. Kadi boy and girl received pres
ents from a Christmas tree set up In a
divisional headquarters town.
It wan the first real good time the
children had had since the war began,
for the fathers of nearly all of them are
dead, having given their lives for 1
Krance. Many of them also are mother- The Commissioner of Ways and Com
less. Not a few of them when found ' munlcatloii" has sent telegraphic In-
were wandering almleeslv around the
war zone, unable lo tell who they were.
The parentage of numbers of them still
Prior to the distribution of the pres
ents. In the purchase of which many an
American soldier dug; deer Into his
funa. ih... . ... ..
number of Krench singers from I'arls the erection of defensive works, ljullil. I -harg-. Ihe I nlted rilate- ni-trkl At
volunteered their services. The pro- lng, Ac. on the Russian front on i ,orn,'.v l"r' admitted he had heaid of
grammes were p.alnted by famous French 1 which military engineers and the field 'J,P refsirl and IVdeial agents searched
artists. These had been signed bv Mar-1 "instruction department and similar the vessel but found no gold
aha! Joffre, Gen. de Cafclnau and (len 1 branches of Ihe army hae been engaged. ' Members of the crew have been fnr
Foch. Two programmes signed by Gen. The local workmen arc to be paid off bidden to leave the cssel and liny
I'ershlng'and others bv American ill-'and sent lo their homes. Technical . "dets from a n.ual training school.
visional commanders were auetloned and
brought goodly sums.
TROOPS GET TURKEYS.
HTrry Amerlenn Fighter lo More j
Ilea) Christmas Dinner.
Asiit.voTON. Dec. :.t I.very Amer-
lean soldier In France l to get his
Chrlatmas turkev. eranberrv sauce, sw eel
potatoes Hiid mince pie after all. The " railway union ami the commissanc . u,lii...u . ... .,...m
War Department announced to-night '"ve been broken and the rallwa men headquarters on 1 ri.lay giving the e
ti,. a.t.',. -a ,.ii !.. i have moved their headuuartters to Mns- tretnists forty-eight hours to disarm
the expeditionary forcee ha.l arrived '"; wn'r the- threaten to call a gen
eafelv and that ever- member of the na- or"1 railroad strike
tlon's armed forces at home and abroad '
would get a complete holiday dinner
Hundreds of thousands nf pounds of
the best tnrkevs to be boutht In the
Eastern markets have been sent across
. . , ... n .. ivrui,i:,
patrolling foreign waters. Bountiful
been made for the
' , training camps and cantonments
3n?, 'for 'he nav's Matlon, and sXs in
- ... I
War 'and Navy Departments say '
10 melnlwr f the armed force will fall
to receive a Christmas token from home
. . ...
iririni". rtr lli'lll fi ti-iiiMi tiaiii.-
tl of Pstrlotlc clt.zens. Trsnsport.s
arrled to France approximately
0')0 pounds of Christmas gifts for
men of the expedition! ry force.1
h special arrangements made by
t. II f ((
the (Jovernment. In addition to 25". 000
separalH parcel? liamllM by th mllltiiry
authorities and alre idy reported received,
,,,, A ,i,, ' jji,i.,i mn.
ll Is estimated that an additional 100,-
000 went directly through the malls,
FRENCH DOWN 20 AIRPLANES.
Three Herman Arlators Mnnnse !
I.nml In Their Own Lines. I
P. rth. nee. 23. Although conditions
haVP not hfrn favorahin for crlal work
recently, roirrieen i.n.
were brought flown ny
In Ibo ten days ended December 20 and
,""- ""V.V.Ir'n iln.."
damaged condition Inside their own lines
according tn an official statement issued
In addition, three enemy machines
were brought down by the fire of special
guns, making twenty In all,
AUSTRALIA DEFEATS DRAFT.
MeiJorlt) xnnlnst Conscription
I74.00O, TIxrlndlnK Tronnn' Vote.
Ottawa, Dec 23. A majority of 174.
000 votes against conscription Is shown
by the complete returns on the refeten-
num )n Australia, eavs
I ,,.. frnm M,ii,nrn.
rhe vole was
IJS.OOO against and 764,000 for.
'otes cast by the Australian troops
on tho question am being counted In
MEN 'MADE OVER'
FOR MILITARY DUTY
Physical Defects Quickly Ef
faced by Health Service.
Wabhinoton, Dec. .3. hleveoi men premier Lloyd Reorge's exposition of
who otherwise would have been unable1 Ilrltlah alms atlll la under discussion In
lo do military service on account of i the newspapers, but ft new demand Is
llrht nhvsleal defects were made fit nt volc'eiJ '"'re-
onf staPtl,,n of' Ihe'TubUc heaTth eonll,,'" "'"B u " -
ll -iv-oli A II Iiovb m nee been aecoleil
: .. ... ...
by the recruiting otllcera.
CI. ..... . , . . t . 1 .. ........ 1.. .. ..I
:....?.... . J! "' Li .i. '
public laUh seiv.co "to "conirnunlcat.
with the chairman of examining board,
and furnish advice, Including prescrip
tions, to all rejected on account of cura
ble conditions, and to request them to dl-
I '.. "u " roiW , ,h ..oblle
' ,,uh service onleer In order thnl be
1 mii,. ...i.t .i,m , . inln.... v,.ir
onicer in vriurKw or ine rviarinn Hospital A Facicii! I'ort. nec. 23
at Detroit, which repoits that as a re- rlHn fghtcr Shllka. Capt. Moris Dogal. I Private Floyd M. Diamond, Headquar
sult a number of men rejected for mill- wiCh unheralded slipped Into the harbor , tcrs Tialn, December ID, Wlnnsboro La.
tary service on account of eurabla con- bere last Friday night direct from Vlad- , " 1,Doro' '''
and In a alngle week eleven were re-
turned and accepted for military service.
New York I'lilversllv announces a
course of lectures on marine Insurance
to be given by William D. Winter at
the Wall street division. 25 Mroad
street, The lectures will be given on
Thursdays, 6 it B to 7 P. M beginning
January and oontlnulnc until April IS.
MARTIAL LAW ENDS
RULE OF BOLSHEYIKI
f'onffinircl from First Pngc.
Ists and Socialists, which It contends;
alone can bo competent to decide the
, question of peace for the whole of Rus
sia. The Koda declare Itself favorable
to settling, by peaceful methods, political
and national questions, hut asserts that
If the commissaries assume the conse
quences of civil war It will accept tho
challenge and stop at no obstacles.
One reason for the quarrel Is the
Kada's refusal to permit breadstuffa to
be eent to northern Iluasla In conse
quence of the refusal by the commis
saries to Issue money In meet the needs
of the I'kralnlan Oovernment This
stand, It Is stated, threatens eventually
to starve the north, especially at Hen.
Dutoffa Cossacks hold Chlllahlnslf, thus
preventing the transmission of supplies
from Siberia. In the meantime the
I'kralnc hns begun to Isoue Its own
nppnalng I'orcea Mohlllic.
I'kralnlan troops are ssld to be con-
.CP",,rn,,t,1,,;',lw,''''" Hlnp' nnd ;vii't'h.
nip Ttt!'lavllr f.irfas nr.. f-nth.it ni ttf
Minsk. Tho Maximalist troops trying to
reach Kle were stopped by torn up
railroad tracks. I
I me nana is aii to he in complete
control or octe"a and lo nave necn
Joined by the Hack Sea fleet. The Ho!- j
shevlkt have occupied 1'roskurov, In I
Podolla. The Syzran Suvlet Is said to I
have disarmed four Cossack regiments
there. All reports continue disconnected,
however, and often contradictory.
A Heuter despatch from l'ctrograd
ays that notwithstanding the state of
siege, sacking of nine stores continues
In the capital, accompanied by the riotous
scenee now familiar. Many shop and
duelling have been pillager), as well as
the quarters of the Danish Fled Cross.
Mobs have hecn attacked with machine
gun, and at one time there was a regu
lar engagement In the streets
Many Killed In Street Fights.
Returns received from tho hospitals,
which are still far from being complete,
show that 2."fl persons were killed or
wounded in the lighting that resulted
from the sacking of wine stores and
structlotis to the railway men's commit
tees to take control of the railroads In
their own hands. The communication
of the Commissioner ileclaren ttiat nil
high posts, such as managers and heads
of departments, have been abolished.
The Commissioner of Military Affairs
..hit ri-i,,r,i i,a imniA.ituia n.uiiinn ..f '
staffs are to he disbanded, and the tin-
finished defensive works are lo te left
In their present state. Hulldlngs that
have been completed and surplus ma
terials are lo be handed over to the local
Workmen's and Soldiers' Delegates.
-pi,,. MnsCow Soviet has decided to
e-tabltsh martial law. but the reawhn for
the action Is not stated
Trouble Is recurring In Finland and
serious rioting has been resumed at Abo.
The long strained relations between
TROTZKY TALKS FIGHT.
Our Win ot (herlhrnwn to
filvr Plarr tn Knfser.
PrTaocirun. Dec 21 (delayed). De
tailed reports from the special session
of the Central Executive Committee of
Poldlers' and Workmen's Delegates, the
r.lmiitl il.l.r.rna nnrl tlia I'.uisnl ,
Congress, callrd to consider the peace i
negotiation, show I.eon Trotiky. the
Rolshevlk Foreign Minister, suggesting
, it luan 1' llirii iiilllinj .,imn,.iiimii
might be offered If then, were an at-
tempt by the Central Powers to force
objectionable peace upon Itussls
-, have called you here to ask vmir
' unort . Tiotzkv said "Voti must heln
us in our elforts to make peaco with
nations and not with Herman militarism.
If our delegation will meet eye to eve
the representatives of the (Ierman Em -
peror without the people, then peace will
b Impossible. If dead silence should
continue In Europe, if the German Em-
peror should ho enabled to offer offen-
slve terms of peace, we would fight
"I do not know whether we could ftcht
v.AB.,Bn r.t AMnnn,l .An.1lfln. ......
.xbau.tlon and the disorganized slate
or t,a army Hut I tlilnk we would
fl.ht would release all elderly o1-
,i0 Rn(j CA the youth of the country
I i?. nK.h,, ' Iwt droji nf their blond
The Allies must uieleratand we did not
.... .. , . , .
before the Kaiser. Thev know our game
is not vet ended
"If they should offer unacceptable
life, ne.nlnst other'neonles. th.,',
submit the question in the Constituent 1 t,'H,,va',Ce ,,n',!, " 11 frnt f
Assembly Hut our partv takes Its nn.,1 , . . , , . ,
sltlon for a holy war agaln-t militarism ! 1 nrirep ! Z'mZ 'r
In all countries ,.' the. Olse and the Alsne. Near
Hut if, eviiHuMe.1 i.y ,i,i,'
unprecedented slaughter, we must accept
the terms of the Herman Emperor, we '
would accept them onlv In order to rise
together w ith the Herman people against
Herman militarism us wo did against '
TERMS AGAIN ASKED.
Noted French Socialist Uraes
Mntemrtit hy Allies.
f pedal Cable Petpatcn to Tim Sex
Pakis. Dec. 23. The demands for "re
statements of war alms" seems to tie In.
satiable. President Wilson's announce -
ment In his address to Congress three
weeks ago was followed In a few davn
!., .,.,....-..1 a...,.,au 1. r- 1....'
lender, dcclaterf I no Allle;
, leader, declaieH tho Allies should restate i
their peace terms, lie asserts that Rue-
sla'a ilefoctlon might have been averted
, .ZlL itiV'e Wl"??"
, iW' c,,
ThomaH waa one of the French Social.
1st delegates who took part In a confer-1
ence with Russian Socialists last spring j
ln reference to the proposed Stockholm
nostoli, Is under Rolshevlk control. It
became known to-day. A number of tho
slll,i;l.H ,. Kl,re frau.rzing i "
docks to-rlay with a party of alleged
industrial Workers of the World, twenty,
one of whom wero arrested by Federal
officials uml held for Investigation,
.Among thne taken Into custody were
None of the sailors
Shortly after yie vessel's arrival a
report waa' olroulatad" to the effect that
THE strain of daily
office work is trying.
Foods eaten nattily nerves
untrunfe constant mental ap
plication leave little lime for
normal phyiical exercise.
PLUTO WATER brin&s
greater bodily efficiency be
L-ause it ktp the Itumtn tyitcm in
etivt. healthy working ordtr. It i
NUr' own luativt.
Gently, but certainly,
PLUTO WATER eliminates
ill waitca and poisons (rem the sys
ttra- fcivM N alur hti needed op
part unity to repair worn nerval
and depleted tissues naturally and
on every bottle. It is your
assurance vt the genuine
PLUTO WATER. Onssle
at your drufciUt's.
h - '1" hod brought a fund of J100.000 In
I fc'olrl for tlic defence of several scores of
' Industrial Workei s of the World now
a a! t Ing tiliil at Chcago on cnnsplrac.v
1 -"rklns u three ielas under the coin
mand of commissioned officers,
guarding the ship from the dock.
CHINESE WARN RUSS.
;lr noWhevlUI nt llnrbln I'orty
rlicht Moors to Iltanrm.
I'kkin, Dev. 23 The t'hlnete com
i audant at Harbin, Manchuria. le.
and leave Harbin. Otherwise the were
I warned force ould be ued.
I The Chinese aie continuing to
I stiengthen their military forces at liar
I hln. I.ieut -Oen Hnrath. the Russian
military lommander at Harbin. Is cor.-
tinning to asK the Chinese. Derause
' nf tV.A ..kl.ii. ..nnillllnn. H rtm ti.lo.i
up bis rendence in the urea under
FOE SEEKS COURLAND.
Iindtnir lleleitntlon Asks
fop loser rnlon,'1
Washinoton, Iec 23 C.crman an-I
nexatlon of Courland Is foreshadowed
1 ,v despatches from Paris to-dav, eon-
ve.vlng I. report that a delegation from
tho Lindtag of courland has arrived in
llerlln tn notifv thrt (ierman Gov em
I ment that the Landtag has expressed
Itself unanimously lu favor of h clojer
j union with fiermnny
1 It Is pointed out in the despatches
that Courland Is Inhabited yy a Lettish
1 population which has been exploited
and oppressed hy a small minority of
fSerman Harons, who controlled the
selection of represeritatt es in the Land
BRITISH LINE GIVEN DENT.
dxnucrd I'oats Driven In
LorrnoN-, Dec 2S -An attack, rather
more pretentious man onsiniiKrirs or
' recent da5. was made by he ".ennans
yesterday afternoon aeajn-t the Rrltlsh
Plies near im iiin. .i.uini ranw.w
, They cxmn on under cover of a heavv
artillery barrage and dl.ue In the Hrlt
i ; " v:::, .: :
made by the Oermiinx north of Courey
aiid north of Ilczonvaux In the Verdun
PERSHING REPORTS TEN DEAD.
Tito Slen .Swept OH Trnnsport nnd
WASlllNOTOf. Drv- 23. c.en. Pershing
reported to-d. the loss of two soldiers
swept ovei board and drowned from
transport at sea December 17 and the
twn others from gunshot
The men lost at sea weio Corporal
Samuel II. Kehl, Knglnecrs, Shenandoah,
11., .,.,.1 ..U.,lrt Wllllnin I.- Nmflh !..,(
Thoc who died of wounds were' Pergt.
drover (loodall, Headquarters Train,
I December 19, Sarnn, Pa,, and Corporal
'William Fauntlc, oy, Steveilore Heglment.
, , irmriorr niimniiiiir, . .1
Six deaths from natural causes were
reported as follows
Prlvato Irving Taylor, Labor Com-
rany, December 18, In.lu'enza.' Ilou's'to';
Wagoner Richard Lawless, F.nglneers,
December 17, acute nephritis, New Vork
Private Peter Worship, Stevedore
neglinent. December s, lobar pneumonia,
I Pickens, Stevedore Regl-
December 17, lobar pneumonli.
lucent Shivers, Jr., Labor
December 15, Intluenxa, Arm-
i Istead, La.
Itinn.nntl Fire In llnrrnl f.nnr,
Hoston. Dec. 2.1 Fire of undeter-
mined origin caused 1150,000 damage In I
a five slor warehouse and factory
building within the barred zone on the
, waterfront to-day. The Haines started In
' the tlilnl nor) . occupied by the Crucible I
, riteel Company, and destroyed the store
rooms snove me sub-Target Hun Com
pany and the Westlnghouse Electric
MAY SUMMON CAPPS
IN SHIPPING INQUIRY
Senate Couitnltlpo Probably
Will Ask Him to Tell
FAIR PLAY IS SOUGHT
Investigators Wish to (live
Him Chance (oj'lenr
5gci'af Dupalei lo The Sun.
Wahiiinoton, Doc. 2.1. Washington U
Cappa, formerly chief constructor of the
navy and recently general manager of
the Emergency Fleet Corporation, on
whose shoulders much of the blame for
the delay In the hlp programme has
been placed, probably will be asked to
appear before tho Senate Investigating
committee and tell hit side of the con
troversy. The committee appears satisfied with
the prospects of the Shipping Hoard un
der Its present management. It has been
brought out In the Investigation that the
primary cause of the delays In the pro
gramme were directly due to the au
thority divided between the chairman of,
the Whipping Hoard &nd the general man
ager of the Emergency Fleet Corpora
tion. This' has been eliminated, power
and responsibility being centred In the
rhalrman of the board and any fault In
the future will be attributed directly to
It Is said that It has been the plan of
some memhers of the lnestlgatlng com
mittee since the beginning to nsk Ad
miral Capps tn appear and relate his
side of the controversy and what led In
the delays, particularly In the wooden
ship programme. Admiral Capp", having
lately severed his connection with tho
Emergency Tleet Corporation, has not
desired to go before Ihe committee be
cause It might appear to place him In
the position of a disgruntled official who
had been practically ousted.
If he had any facts reflecting on the
ability or Judgment of his former as
sociates tills might sere to induce
Ihe committee to an opt such voluntary
testimony with a grain of salt, taking
Into consideration tho position In which
the Admiral would appear.
Now, however, the. committee has
heard much of the blame for all of the
delays in carrying out the ship pro
gramme put directly on Admiral Capps,
and It Is conceded that the Admiral
should have a full and fair opportunity
to throw any light on the situation from
hi" side and to clear himself if he can.
The committee will not meet ngaln un
TO BUILD LARGEST TANKS.
Miinilsnl Oil Pinna (irent
Special T)e$patch In Tns t
Nonroi.K, Va., iv-c. 13. To make pre
liminary arrangements for the erection
of oil tanks and vat that will be the
largest 111 America. If not In the woild,
two e.Mwrti from the Standard ll Com
pany arrived In .Norfolk yesterday.
The company recently purchased
large tract of land near the Jamestown
naval base, facing Hamilton Itoads, It
Is proposed to build terminals at this
point with at leaM three storage tanks.
Pipe lines w'll i- run into the naal
The tanks will have a capacity of
I 000 ffS1 oils tarn It Is TilonnanH In
i furnlsit fuel to snips or all nations from
these tanks. Oil cargoes for ships now
'loaded nt Port Arthur, Tex will be
'taken from thl port, '..tving' at least
five days In transatlantic vovage."
SAYS SWITZERLAND IS SAFE.
.No Dnimrr of fierntnn
Hr.K'.r De . I'ubli. opinion In
Frame ma.v be u .u'ed regarding the
repro in . ir. i' , nn in that country
IhT a'i Vuslro. i ierouin offensive througli
Switzerland Is In preparation, Oustave
Ador. Swiss Foreign Minister, told the
correspondent of the Paris Petit Journal
Mv sincere persons! opinion," said
m ,v.,i,,r. "is that we need not have the
, slightest fear of such an attempt c.er-
J m,,v ha- other things to do oM the
western front than get the Swiss army
on her hack, ajid fioin the economic
point of view i.lermany has eery In-
leie-t not to rn'lie an enemy of Pxvltr.fr-
TO STOP PUBLICATION
Suspension Regarded as
Warning to Other Papers.
Am.ti.uium, Dec 23 - l'ortcncif... tho
Socialist newspaper in Merlin, his been
obliKeil bv Cie i lover nmeiil lo jspend
publication for Uiree days
Ixisnos, Deo. 23- The -nispensinn of
Vertctt"'? i coilH.ied a a wNrnlnir ro
the Herman press that It must curb Us
tongue tn the discussion nf Internal Her
man communis xiinougn i oru-nerr
ror a long time nas necn in tn nanus or
Die so-called liovci'liment controlled
Socialists, It leccntly printed an attack
on Food Contt oiler von Watdow and alst.
some very outsixiketi editorials regard
ing Internal conditions In Herman).
The official reason ghen for the sus
pension of thn newspaper Is that "the
nnMl n,mil,11(.I1K the mllllarlHtlo party's
'..,,. a ,h. ,.. f lu,.
article denouncing the militaristic, party
demands for the annexation of large
sections of Russian territory Is consid-
cred likely to stir up trouble" Thu ili -
dlcatlons are lhat the censors of the
Central Powers have hern Instructed to
exerclsn Increase.) severity In the publi
cation of two clat.se of articles, first,
those that would bo likely to hamper
the Central Powers In their negotiations
I Willi Russia, and second those giving a
gloomy view- of internal conditions ln
tho Central Powers which would be likely
to encourage Hermaiiy's foes.
Tho Hungarlnii Premier In an addie-s
before tho Diet Saturday defended the
censors for suppressing articles along
the latter line, sa Ing .
"The newspapers must not give the
enemy ground for supposing that an
nrchistlo conditions prevail In Hungary.
Especially now, with peam negotiations
proceeding, the authorities will act with
Ihe gieatest sternness in the Interest of
as rare in quality
as our Pearls
rrrni Avcat at forfi'sixto
- NEW ,t)RK -
WHY NOT SEND
doten bottlia r
Will help along the Christmas
cheer and good fellowship
Vp to tintr artiren a4 t)eil,r,
FOR MUNITION HEAD
t'cmflnurd iom FiMf 'o3
Jolm V. O'Hyan of Camp Vad-orth
H. C. ; Major-Gen. Erlw'il SI .1 lireli). '
Camp Howie, Tex, iiml .Majnr-ieii Win.
lam M. Wright nf Camp Donlp an ona
The committee wants (n heir i o'r
views on the question of nhet,i- ,
American troops In France are nrenor v
nimed and equipped.
TO RECALL CROZIEH.
Ordnance llen.l Will art tihanee in
flrfnlp l.rrrla's r lmriro.
Sprrlnl T)npatcl tn Tnr 5r
Wasiunuton, Dec 2.1. Having r .
cred from the shock occis'nnid '
sensational testimony of Col I-,, v
Lewis of Lewis gun fame before ..
Senate Military Affairs Comnntlee r
terday, the committee has determinrl
that Major-Gen Crozler shall have amps
opportunity puhllcl.v to enter a r.Jnindi"
to the Lewis charges.
At the first opportunity follow i K ifl.'.n
the resumption of the htvirlnc Wr.irr..
day Gen. Crozler will rr appear Tn
criticisms uttered by Col. Lewis wre i. o
direct and rorious to permit the rh.ngn
to go unanswered or unexplained if
nnswer Is possible, any longer i ian li
Senators feel that the denun- atlnr o!
department methods at SaturdaVs di-ar-Ing
was too sweeping to adm t of .
stant acceplaiicii In the face of prev
testimony, which when . o..iri.,a-ti
would Tuesent a different ,iiii r
other words, the M-ifim Ms ..f
Lewis, they Xpat, nro loo evtravagapi lo
admit of speedy acceptance
This opinion Is generrl in the rr hit,)
committee. It Is not bounded 1 p.ir j
lines. One of the Senators moi laser i
glvn Gen. Crozler his oppnrtun" f r
confutntlon of the Lewis chaige- t
Itepubllcan. Chairman I'haml.irli li
known to hold similar opinions. .ni '
is a Democrat. Nevertheless there r
In the committee monoiitn-cl om.nn
' to further retention of iiulhorltv over
army!! munitions niisjily on t.ie par
Republican leaders express hellef
reorganization of the ordnance hira i
may be necessary with a lew in i
ellmln.it on of a vast nmount of r'ie ii
tap vrlilch appears to lie the pi. . 'pa
occasion for the delays which a .
marked the first nine months of prenar,
Hon for the woild battle. They ai r
disposed, however, to participate In vt
"nv'"""lt '" make the head of tr. tJ;
reau the gnat It is not a que-t'n
getting an Individual goat, tn the er'
Ion of the rtepubllonns There conlr) nV.
be possibly so mtich delay, so -
clumsiness In administration, s.
effort necessary to be expended ' ci
ting the organization moving, I' i
single g.iat stood In tho pall -v i
For this reason the Hcpuhllca' -
counsel deliberation and serious iv
of the circumstances rather tha"
ictlon In rega.rd tn an indn d . .
gardlng whom the harshest er'tie .
developed snd proved before i1 e
mlttee Is that his administrative -e
ods are old fashioner!
The only falling notiml'v ...et
against c.en. Crozler thus far Hi v.
I that he fonnd difficulty In ndl
one time small bureau to mi ei i . . 1
of a war which oocaslone I tVr n
i cation of Its functions In the m" of
about 1. 000 to 1.
' WOULD KEEP DEPUTIES ON JOB
Ilronaae Proposes Their I nelle I till-
Hy n Heclectlon fler Wnr.
Panis, Dec 23 Hti a'vie r-e .
has introduced in Ihe chn'r'.er of r-
ties a bill vvlilih w-itild trak .
liers of the pii sent Cha-i '.rr . .. 1
to reelection In the prfati'..
forth the ImposM'blllrv of s
tho war continues anil the r
maintaining the present -h-ine-the
end of the isinflict. ni"l n
ment of pence questiixss '
economic pmhle'ns nr sine 'ten i
It points out the tie.-
- 1 members lo ko about wo k
vast Importance without pt,
as to reelection.
BRITAIN TO GREET II S
Christmas .Messane to He
s l,o,roN, Dec. 23 -The Ixr.dje r
announce that a "unique and v 1
Christmas message will h e-
lient Mrltain I" tio I'ni'.d - ,
That's tin way you f '
night on a Hall's (iemm
Hair Mattress with n-.'
Tbi Standard of Quality
is out of the ordinal' ' '
prices are reasonable, sip ' 1
durability and comfort an n
sidered Hall's bedding is 1
est. When made over afti r 1 N
of serv ice H a 11 's M a 1 1 res t s . .
pood as new. Call at our -room
or insist that vou e Hall
Heddinfi from your di a''
FRANK A. HALL & SONS
Mssuttclurert el Bidi t"d
120 Wt AOth &u
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