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M-4 THE SUN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1918. , 1 to rive Huesla. In her fight against the enemy. REVAL MENACED. Bolanevlkl Fin Faith Solely to Propaganda Special Cable Despatch to Tnc Sex from thl London Tlmtt. Copyright, 11 ; all rights reserved. Prrsoanxn, Feb. 19. Trustworthy In formation hit been received here that the dennana are preparing an Immediate Attack against naval. No opposition can he mnde against any new Clerman move, hut the Uolshevlkl aro pinning their faith on their methods and their propa randa, considering- that the further the Hermans advance the better the chances of spreading the spirit of Insubordina tion among them. The belief Is entertained here that the German advance on neval Is de signed to cut off the Russian fleet from Its base und destroy It; then to estab lish communication with Finland and as sist the Wlille Guard In the north to a sure triumph over the Bolshcvlkl In the rest of Finland. Helslngfors Is tho key to the situation; It cannot be taken so long as the Russian fleet Is In a posi tion to bombard the city. GERMANSIN MANCHURIA riow of Sapplles to Teuton Coun tries Already Bea-nn. Harbin, Manchuria, Feb. 16 (de layed). German goods already have re appeared far east of Irkutsk, according to Information received here. German merchants are active In Harbin, and the Uolshevlkl are arming released German prisoner's to guard the Siberian Railway and facilitate the movement of traffic. A British mining engineer named Piper who has arrived here from Kras royarsy says the Bolshevtkl have seized the gold mines there and that Austro German prisoners are working them. The Auatro-Oermans have plenty of money and arc purchaslnr pernflts al lowing them to circulate freely In Si beria. The Germans are taking charge fit electric power stations, railways and depots. Quantities of raw materials aro being shipped to Germany from the dis trict Most of the Germans are said to speak Russian. Piper asserts that unless the Allies take Immediate steps to send supplies and raw materials Into Siberia, the in tellectual and peasant classes will throw themselves Into the hands of the Ger mans. Goods are being sold at pre-war prices by the Germans, who also are obtaining- contracts and concessions as rl as carrying on propaganda work. BATTLE NEAR ROSTOV. Fla-ktlna- In Don Reaion Still Con 'tlnnea. Pitrograd, Feb. 20 (Delayed). The latest dispatches from the Don region report that righting still Is In progress. The Cossack garrison of Rostov and the besieging force of Bolsherlkl are en gaged In battle two miles from the town. Admiral Berens, Chief of the Naval General Staff, has been appointed com mander of the Baltic fleet. GERMANS INCREASE FIRE ON AMERICANS Airmen Flying' Low Use Ma chine Cunt on Our Men. By the Attociattd Press. With ihi American Armt in France. Feb. 2. The artillery duel continues night and day. The enemy Is firing an ever greater number of shells, but only Insignificant damage has been done to the American lint?. American shells, on the other hand, appear to be hitting Important enemy positions with regular ity except when a ground haze obscures observation. Activity In the air. has not diminished and numbers of German machines con tinue to cross the American lines. A German machine flew so low to-day that It emptied Its machine gun Into group of American soldiers gathered around a camp kitchen. The enemy airmen In the airplane were clearly seen. No casualties were reported. A large number of German guns are now opposite the American sector. Among them tire some 88s, probably from the Russian front. ELECTRICAL WORKERS 00 .OUT. Edison Company Employees Strike) In JTlno California Cities. Los Angeles, Feb. 21. Union elec trical workers of the Southern California Edison Company here and In eight other cities were called out on strike to-day, according to announcement by Harry Warner, member of the executive strike committee. The men ask wage Increases and recognition of their union. Warner said approximately 1,000 men had been called out. Capt. Charles T. Cornell. Federal Labor Conciliator, asserted the strike was not sanctioned by the International Brotherhood of Electric Workers. BRITISH ARMY NOW 4 MILES FROM JERICHO Allenby Advance Against Ob stinate Resistance of Turk. London, Feb. 21. British forces con tinue their advance In the campaign In Palestine and are within four miles of Jericho, according to announcement by the War Office to-day. The statement follows: Our advance east of Jerusalem was resumed yesterday despite heavy rain storms. Moving through a difficult country In which tho enemy offered obstinate resistance, our troops made progress to the extent of three and a half miles on a frontage of about seven and- three-quarter miles, ap proaching within four miles of Jericho. At the same time our line was ad vanced to the northwest of Jerusalem, In the sector west of the Jerusalem Nablus road, to a maximum depth of one mile on a front of four miles. Cooperating with this advance, our air service made effective bombing at tacks against enemy camps and depots on the left bank of the Jordan about flhunet Nlmrln, ten and a half miles oast-northeast of Jericho. Our losses In the operations of Tuesday were very slight Those for Wednesday have not yet been re ported. The operations are continuing. RAIL LINES JOINED. Will Facilitate Advance of Allenby In Palestine, fpecial Cable Despatch to Ths Be from Mi London Timet. Copyright. 1311; all rights reserved. IvONDON, Feb. 21. Gen. Allenby com pleted tho railroad connection between JSgypt and Jerusalem in the early part nf the month, thereby enabling him to tlmpllfy 'hlB transportation arrange ments and to make an attempt to clear the situation on his right flank. The position southeast of Jerusalem Temalns obscure, but the Turks are In Imesesslon of the northern shores of the Dead Hea and hold positions covering Jericho, from which they have commu i.tcatlona by the Hejax railway. The Quintan That Does Not Affect fiH S&XKiUO. ,,n' '" ' "tw eg" t 1,1x5? VS! Sla Vh'."."'." " or rinsing is su w oiovK .T mir T ' """no Quint'.." , a. w. UBUVt a tig sstuis li en bos, Px.Aiv. ALL BRITAIN BACKS UP LLOYD GEORGE Speech Dispelled Fog and Na tion Bailies for Unity in War Action by Allies. ASQUITH WON'T HARASS Grumblings After tho Storm Over Versailles Decision Practically Snbside. Special Cable Despatch to 'tut fen. Copyright, ltl; stl rights reserved. London. Feb. 11. "There can on no question of going back on the Versailles decision. Our whole concentrated strength should be mobilised to resist and break the most terrible foe with which civilisation has ever been con fronted." These sentences from the speech of Premier Lloyd George In the House of Commons sum up the Judgment of the British public upon the subject about which the storm of controversy has been raging for the last ten days. The Prime Minister's speech dispelled the fog caused by the violent denuncia tions of a section of the press and by political partisans, which threatened for a time to obscure the main Issue. At no time was the Government In any danger, despite the volume of the clamor ngalnst It. Former Premier Asqulth made It clear that liu and his Liberal following have no Intention or desire to embarrass the Government In tho prosecution of the war. Asqulth'a assertion that much of the discussion of the last week was due to the unnecessary reserve regarding the Versailles council, jthown by the Gov ernment was answered by the' Preluler's statement that such reserve was neces sary until the future position of Gen. Sir William Robertson, Chief of tho Im perial General StafT, was settled. Hats' Control Sat 1st Jeopardy. There was no real foundation for the outcry that the control of Field Marshal Halg over his armies and their normal reserves was In jeopardy. This came from those who could not distinguish between the effects of the enlargement of the powers of the Versailles council upon Gen. Robertson and upon Gen. Ualg. Halg's pownr will not be lntrifered with in tho slightest degree by any emergency decision made at Versailles. As Lord Ctirzon explained It: "The only difference Is that the mili tary authorities at Versailles will have at their disposal troops from tho allied forces which In certain contingencies they can either add to the British or French armies or send anywhere that they may be required." The only military point really at Issue was as to whether the British repre sentative at Versailles should have power to act In an emergency In concert with the military representatives of the other allies, without special reference to Lon don. Such reference would mean seri ous delays at times when quick action was vitally necessary. It Is now quite clear that the two main prlcipleB Involved for which the Government stood were first, unity of control with coordination of effort by the Allies and also In broad matters of policy, as distinguished from strategy and tactics, and second, that the civil power must bo supreme, the military power subordinate. Confatrlon la tae Pablle Mind. These plain Issues were confused In the public mind by the personal and po litical controversy Into which the coun try was plunged by two main elements, one representing the extreme military conservatism that Imagined that Great Britain could foe on the Continent but not of It and the other the wholly In terested and largely ontlnatlonal faction which Baw an opportunity to attack Pre mier Lloyd George, upset the 'arrange ment to carry on a more vigorous pros ecution of the war and lessen the prob ability of an unsatisfactory peace. In their minds Gen. Robertson was only a weapon to be used againat the Govern ment and certain of Its supporters. Grumblings after the storm are still to be heard, but they are almost with out exception attacks on the Northcllffe press and- on Lord Derby, the Minister of War, and Lord Beaverbrook, the Minister of Information. Protests against the attacks made by the North cllffe press upon prominent public men and high naval and military officers are seized upon as arguments that the Gov ernment should dissociate Itself from close connections with these newspaper owners. FRENCH WINE SHOP PROVES SPY CENTRE German Who Ran Place Used Soldiers as Hi Tools. (pedal Cable Despatch to Ts 8cn from the London Times. Copyright. 1318; all rights reserved. Paris, Feb. 21. German efforts to sap the resistance of the French on the eve of the much heralded offensive on the western front by promoting labor troubles, Inciting insurrectionary out breaks nml nprcadlng defeat propa ganda In the great Industrial centres, are being brought to light through the arrest at St Ftlenne. Department of Loire, the heart of the French Indus trial district, of the German keeper of a wine shop there This place was frequented by many suspicious persons and by many unsus pecting soldiers. The wife of the Ger man played the part of a decoy to pro cure boarders, of whom they had several, and an active propaganda correspond ence was carried on. One of the board ers, a man named Flalex, was among those arrested. He Is a draughtsman for the armaments company of St Etlenne and was found to be In possewslon of n safe conduct for the whole of the non reserved xone; also of a pedler's license, which he admitted he had obtained to facilitate his movements. The papers seized prove, says the Figaro, that Flalex had received an im portant sum of money which Imperilled St. Etlenne. One of these documents, which Is In cipher, appears to be of apo dal interest and Is being studied by experts. A Swiss and a Spaniard, also boarders In the place, were arrested In addition to tho German, his wife and Flalex. The German actually carried a military pass book and was able to conduct his trade unmolested. TUSCANIA KNOWN DEAD 127. Washington Msfs 81 aa Still on List of Misting;. Wasiiinoton, Feb. 21 The first of ficial estimate of losses by the torpe doing of the troopship Tuscanla was Is sued to-day through the Committee on Public Information. It states that there were 2,17 of ficers and men aboard; 1,171 saved; known dead 127; stm unaccounted for 81. The unofficial compilation has shown 188 known dead. 3S unknown dead and 72 still missing, Including the uniden tified dead. The official compilation at American army headquarters last night put the total dead at 204, FOOD CRISIS SEEN BY HERBERT HOOVER Continued from First Page. aggregated by simitar shortago outside the terminals. Furthermore, this year we have the largest percentage of soft corn In many years, and, though we have a record crop or corn, a considerable portion of the soft corn will be lost by spoiling unless It can be moved In the next sixty days to the drying terminals. Ths least amount of grain that must be loaded for the next sixty days Is 8,000.000 bushels per day, and we have not yet attained that. Iess than this will solve neither the allied nor our'domestlc situation. Potato MoTemeut Slow. "We had about 130,000. carloads of po tatoes on November 1 which should have been moved from the principal produc ing centres, and up to the first of Feb ruary we had moved about 18,000 car loads, while we should have moved over 60,000 In this period. The result Is that potatoes are piled up spoiling In the pro ducers' hands and the consuming cen tres have only been supplied by virtue of the summer gardens and other stores carried over from last year. There Is a great deal of live stock which has been ready for the market for some time, but still Is held In the farmers' hands through Inability to secure transporta tion. These cattle are eating their heads off without increasing their meat value and are only nddlng to tho costs of tne farmer and consuming tho grain. "The effect of this delayed movement ha been many fold: "Pint To jeopardize the safety of a great deal cf the soft Corn and perlsh ablex, Gucrt as potatoes. "Second The stricture In flow of dis tribution has entirely disturbed the price conditions In the country by practically suspending the law of supply and de mand. The margins between the farmer and the consumer In many commodities were never wider than they are to-day, because the consuming trades are under supplied and the farmers compete for transportation. Prices of the coarse grains have reached unheard of levels, while the limited transportation has di minished the farmers' returns. "Third The cost of grains for feeding live stock has so Increased to the feeders of finished cattle that they face serious losses. The costs of the dairying Indus tries have necessarily greatly Increased. "Fourth Through the largo consum ing sreas we have been living off re serves through the period of scant sup piles. These reserves are In many sec tions approaching exhaustion. "Fifth We have been unable to trans port to seaboard the necessary food stuffs for the Allies. This has not been due so much to the actual Inability of the railways giving priority to food stuffs for allied shipping aa It has been to bringing products from the fsrms to the terminal markets where they can be prepared and purchased by the Allies. "The economic ramifications of this whole delay In the movement of the national harvest are almost countless and they present the most critical of situations, for which no solution exists but a continued expansion of the efforts of the railway administration In the movement of foodstuffs in every direc tion to the exclusion of much other com merce of the country. Considerable progress has been made In the last ten days, but continued rises In the price of ceresl commodities and the failure to secure sufficient surplus over immediate domestic consumption to feed the Allies, are evidence that there still Is a de ficiency In food cars and that they must be still further increased. Calls for Cooperation. "Comparisons of the movement from day to day during the last few days with movements of similar periods last year reflect the efforts being made by the railway directorate. We have, how ever, a long accumulation to be got over and to be got over within the next sixty days. The situation calls for every co operation of the public through the quick loading of cars, loading them to capacity and discharging them qulcxly ana in every way reducing the tax. on the railways. Cooperation can be give), by reduction in consumption of food stuffs, by the consumption of home and local stores to the exclusion, so fur as may be. of transported articles. If every Interest cooperates we shall supply the Allies and remedy the distribution of our abundant domestic supplies, for our farms are full of foodstuffs. "No effort Is being spared to move allied food as fast as It can be accumu lated In the Interior, and to-day the rallwny directorate Is arranging special trains to carry meat and packing house products from Chicago to load -the wait ing ships." SUGAR OUTLOOK GOOD. Sopply Will Be Ample for All Par poses. Washington, Feb. 21. Ample sup plies of sugar will be available during the coming season, the Food Adminis tration announced to-night, to meet the necessary requirements of food manu facturers and for household preserving purposes. "All manufacturers of essential food products." a Food Administration state ment said, "are advised that they will be able to obtain their full necessary requirements. This applies particularly to the packers of fruit, condensed milk and such vegetables for the preserva tion of which sugar may be necessary, as well as to the housewives for usage In preserving purposes. As the car short age Is relieved, supplies of sugar will be available for the necessary preservation purposes. Shipments from Cuba aro steadily Increasing." WOULD FIX PRICES. Three Senators Urate ResTnlatlon of Wheat Crop. Special Despatch to Tns Bex. Washington. Feb. 21, Regardless of the expressed wishes of the Food Ad ministrator there will be no further In terference with prices of ' foodstuffs through legislative action. Senator Gore (Okla.), chairman of ithe Senate Com mittee on Agriculture, Is prepared to press for enactment, as a rider to the forthcoming agricultural appropriation bill, his joint resolution amending the food law so as to provide that a price of $2.ti0 a bUBhel be set for the wheat crop of 1911. Senator Gore will move suspension of the rules forbidding inclusion of new legislation In appropriation bills and seek to obtain action on hlo price fixing programme In that way, In addition to the Gore resolution. Senator Thompson (Kan.) lias an amendment which would tlx the price at 12.65 a bushel, and Sena tor Shafrnth (Col.) has a similar amend ment fixing the price at 12.73. SCARCITY OF WHITE FL0TJS. Stocks Aro Said to Be Practically F.xhaasted In West. Minniapolis, Feb. 31. Reports sent out from here to-day say; "Expect a scarcity of white flour In the near fu ture, Stocks are said to be practically exhausted, though figures are not avail able, and production Is less than half of that of last year." Last week 42,704 barrels were slipped, against 270,909 In the corresponding pe riod last year. Production was but 161,. 410 barrels, against 341,430 a year ago. BRITAIN PLANS BIG PROPAGANDA WORK Radyard Kipling May Direct Information at Home. Special Cable Despatch to Tns Sen, Copyright. lll; all rights reserved. London, Feb. 21. Tho scope of the Ministry of Information, under Ha new head, Lord Beaverbrook, with Lord Northcllffe as director of propaganda In enemy countries, Is to be extended greatly. Robert Donald, editor of the Daily Chronicle, Is to bo appointed di rector of propaganda In neutral coun tries. It Is aild'that lludyard Klpllnz will direct the propaganda In Oreat Brit ain. Gen. McRae, Quartermaster Gen eral of the Canadian forces, has been released from his military duties to take charge of tho general administration and Sir William Jury has been put In chargo of the moving picture propa ganda. Thore will be the closest association with American efforts directed to the sumo end. Robert Rlckle, who Is here fiom Washington, Is In consultation with British officials and also with the Amer ican Ambassador. It haa been pointed out that there atready exists a medium In London for carrying on such propa ganda work through the correspondents of tho American newspapers. Ambassador Page expressed himself to-day as favoring the greatest exten sion of this work. 'Col, Buohan, the well known author, who Is chairman of the Information board, said hlo bureau would work In the closest cooperation with that of the United States. GERMAN LEADER WARNS BOLSHEVIKI Russians Should Show Good Faith Before Further Deal ing With Trotzky. Amstxrdam, Feb. 21. "Before open ing peace negotiations with Trotzky," tald Dr. Gustav Htresemann. National Liberal leader. In the Reichstag yester day, "we must demf-d the complete evac uation by the Bolshevtkl of -Finland, Llthonla, Esthonla and Ukraine, the re lease of German Uethonlans and Letts, and recognition of the peace treaty con cluded by Ukraine. Until the Holshevlkl prove by their deeds that they are In earnest our military measures should be restricted In no manner. Baltic Ger many Is belm; slaughtered Just because It Is German. We would not be nn hon orable nation If we looked on calmly." Dr. Strescman's speech, made in the course of the debate on the Ukrainian treaty, was applauded loudly. He de nounced the Poles, eaylng they had done nothing to win the sympathies of the Germans, who " have bled for tho Inde pendence of Poland." Anglo-American Blockade Broken. Count von Wostarp. the Conservative leader, approved the treatty with Ukraine, saying: "It finally breaks the Anglo-American blockade and ends the peril of Turkey irom the Russian dream of conquest of Constantinople." He de clared that concessions such as these made to Ukraine regnrdlng Indemnifica tion for maintenance of war prisoners must not be made to Great Russia or Rumania. - "The good German sword Is again at work," he continued. "We welcome the quick decision In this respect and have confidence that the army command will fulfill Its task." Poland, said Count von Westarp. neglected to win Its Independence In open and honorable union with the Central Powers. As Poland could not be trusted to live In friendship with Germany the eastern frontiers must be shaped in ao cordance with the requirements for mili tary security. George Ledebour, Independent Social ist, said that thn treaty with Ukraine was not acceptable to his party, bo oause "in certain Important particu lars It is In contradiction of the right of peoples to self-determination," He declared that the Iole were being driven, through the treaty, Into lasting enmity to Germany. Dr. Eduard David. Socialist leader, said the decision of the Holshevlkl to accept the German pcaco terms per mitted renewed hope that peace with all Russia might be obtained and that military operations In the east would cease. After the debate was closed tho treaty was referred to the Reichstag Main Commltteo. AUSTRIANS EXPECT 47. S. TROOPS IN ITALY Newspapers Estimates Incom ing Force at 1,000,000 Men. Special Cable Despatch to Tne Sex, Ro Mr, Feb. 21. Austrian und Hun garian newspapers ore convinced that the arrival of American troops on the Italian front Is Imminent; they assert it has been announced by tho Premier to Parliament. The Tagepost and the Peeler Loyd es timate the strength of these Incoming troops at about 1.000,000 men. They urge the Immediate concentration of all available men and the. withdrawal of the reserves from tho Ukraltio lent tho Aus trian numerical superiority bo lost. Italy, they point out. Ih Austria's chief enemy now and her defeat would hnsten peace ; hence she Is tndlspensablo to Uie Allies. It Is especially Important, they say, not to allow the United States time to come to Italy's help. Tho attitude of Austria toward the strength of the American forces and the ability to transport them to the battle lines Is directly contrary to the views expressed In German newspaper articles permitted to pass the censor. The Ger man newspapers have ridiculed the fighting strength of America, and have asserted that It will be Impossible to get sufficient forces to the battle front to give material aid to the Allies In the coming spring offensive. Though Austria may fear that the United States Is going to transport large forces to the Italian front Washington has been silent on this phase of the Entente Allies' campaign ; In fact, has denied that this country has considered ending forces to the nld of Italy In tho campaign against the Central Powers. 2 U. 8. ENGINEERS WOUNDED. Mlsslna- Private Ilnrled and Five Natural Deaths Reported. Washinoton, Feb. 21. Two American engineers were slightly wounded In ac tion in France February 10 and 18, They are Privates Oeorgo W. Sterling, Melrose, Mass., and John J. Fay, Med fnnl. Mass. ' Gen. Pershing also reported that Pri vate Luke A. Lovely, engineers. South Amboy. N, J., reported mloslng In action November 30, was burled on Decem ber t. The following deaths from diseases were teporteu ; WIION, CLIFFORD H., private, Wal- tham, Mass., pneumonia, llJII.n JACK, private, Highland Park. Mich., pnaumonts. HOW'AKD, WILLIAM, private, Mount Ho. rch, Wis., meningitis. WARrtlf.V. JOHN 5., private, Chicago, 111., tun not (Ivan. PAJtniFH, tlKOROi: E.. rink not given, Twickenham, Ore, pneumonia. 'POST' EDITOR AND - REPMTON FINED Disregard of Censor's Bulo Clear Law Violation, Court Holds. NOTED CRITIC REBUKED Defence Based on Contention Enemy Already Was in Possession of Facts. London, Feb. 21. Fines of 1500 each and costs were Imposed to-day upon Col. c. A. Replngton, military corre spondent of the Afornlnp Post, and Howell A. Gwynne. editor of that news paper, for the publication of an nrtlclo In the Poet last week In violation of the military censorship. Sir John Dickinson, the presiding magistrate In the Bow street police court, where the case was tried, In passing sentence said he had nothing to do with the truth or falsity of the article, which Mr. Atkinson contended conveyed no information to the enemy, Inasmuch as Its substance already was known In Germany and In countries which were Great Britain's allies, and that the proscoutLin was simply for the "convenience" or Premier Lloyd George's Government In Its desire not to permit tho Hrl'.lsh public to know the decisions of the Supreme War Council at Ver satile "too early." Law Clearly Violated. The magistrate said there clearly had been an Infraction of the defence of the realm regulations, Editor Owynno even publishing the article In question after he had been warned by the censor. Turning to Mr. Gwynne, the magistrate said : "You accepted the -risk." Then, after stating the amount of the line, the magistrate turned to Col. Replngton and said: "I regret that a distinguished soldier like you so far forgot himself aa to make such a departure from good citi zenship." No witnesses fqr the defence were produced by rindal Atkinson, counsel for Col. Repli.Bton and Mr. Gwynne. He did not even call the defendants to the stand. He spoke, however, for al most two hours, laying stress upon the Importance of the caee and declaring It was the patriotic duty of tho defendants to disregard the censor's warnln and let the public know what was going on, because for the first time In the history of the war a portion of the British army had been handed over to the command of a General of another country. Germans Knew All Aboat It. Counsel added that It was no violation but merely criticism, as the enemy knew more about the council at Versailles than did Col. Replngton. In this con nection Mr. Atkinson produced many German papers published before and after the Versailles conference, a week before Col. Replngton's article appeared, showing that the Germans knew aft about the army of manoeuvre composed of soldiers of all the Ententefallies. He then asked : "Why should the German public and the Italian public have the privilege of knowing through their press what de cisions were taken at Versailles and the British public not be permitted to know? The reason why Is that the Government desired that tho public should not know too early. Are the papers to be muzzled merely for the convenience of the Gov ernment?" After the sentence had been passed Counsel Atkinson Intimated that hU clients would enter an appeal. GARROS AND MABCHAL ESCAPE. Famous French Aviators Arrive In Holland. Austkrdam, Feb. II. Lieut Roland G. Garros, the famous French nvlator, and Lieut. Antolne iMarchal, who flew over Berlin In the summer of 1916 and was forced to descend a few kilometers from the Russian lines, reached Holland yesterday. According to l.cs S'ourrltts of Maastricht they escaped from a Ger man prison. Lieut Garros was a prominent aviator beforn the war, holding several world's records. Ho brought clown a number of German nli planes and was taken prisoner In the spring or Lieut. Marrnal, starting Irom Frencn soil, flew over Berlin In July, 1916. dropping proclamations and continued his flight with the Intention or landing within the Russian lines. He was forced by motor trouble to descend in Poland and was taken prisoner by the Aus- trians. He made a continuous flight of n-ore than S00 miles, establishing a record. TUSCANIA SURVIVORS HONORED IN BRITAIN Parade to Gala Performance in Southampton. Special Cable Vet patch to Ths Sc. I3NPON, Feb. 21, A great popular demonstration In honor of more than a thousand Tuscanla survivors was held In Southampton yesterday with the In tention of giving expression to deep sympathy for these brave men and to show in every possible way the high esteem In which the American soldiers are held by the British public. The men, who wero brought from Winchester by special trains, were cheered as they marched through the streets headed by bands and later at tended a gala performance In s theatre. Mayor Plerco and the city otllcluls wel comed them and wished them godspeed In their mission, which would do more, he said, than anything that has hap pened heretofore to cement the union of the Anglo-Saxon races. The Union Jack and tho Stars and Stripes were flying from the public buildings during thn visit and the per formance In the theatre was attended by the consular repiesentatives of many nations. NATIONALS INVADE FINLAND. German Volunteers to Cooperate In Offenslre. Hapahanda, Sweden, Feb. 21. Four steamship have arrived at Vasa, In western Finland, In tho aulf of Bothnia, ftom Germany, carrying Finnish sol diers who had served In the German army and a number of German volun teers. The vessels also carried a large number of guns, machine guns, rifles and munitions. It Is reported a strong offensive will be taken by these troops ugnlnat Tarn mtrsford and Vlborg. Stockholm, Feb. 21, Concern over a report that Ambassador David R. Fran cis at Petrograd nad promised the Fin nish Red Guard provisions from America was expressed to-day by M. Grlpenberg, Finnish Minister here, who visited Ira Nelson Morris, the American Minister to Bweden. M. Grlpenberg requested Mr. Morris to Inquire whether Mr. Francis was quoted correctly and whether he had expressed America's al titude toward the Finnish situation. INCREASES OF RATES FAVORED BY WILSON Urges Need for Maintenance of Public Utilities at Full Efficiency. AID ASKED BY COMPANIES Plea for Relief Laid Before President and Secretary McAdoo. Special Despatch to Tsa Bos. Washinoton, Feb. tl. The raising of rates by public utility corporations wherever necessary to maintain them at maximum efficiency during the period of the war Is favored by TTealdtnt Wilson. In a letter to Secretary McAdoo, Director-General of Railroads, the Presi dent expresses hope that local authori ties throughout the country who havo Jurisdiction in such matters will respond promptly to the necessities of the situa tion In considering appeals for rate raises. Appeals for rate Increases by public utility corporations are pending all over the country, but there has been an Indis position shown to expedite such cases or to view the Increases asked for In the light of a war necessity. Bo serious has become the situation that a committee representing public utility Intervals re cently laid before Secretary McAdoo facts and figures which vhowed that in some cases, unless relief was quickly af forded even the fixed charges of some companies could not be met. These In terests, It Is understood, also carried their appeal directly to the President pointing out that, with their rates fixed by commission!, they were helpless to aid themselves. The President's statement to-day was prompted by a letter and memoranda from Secretary McAdoo calling attention to the genuine apprehension felt In many quarters regarding the adequacy under present conditions of aervlcea and rates of local public utilities furnishing light, heat and power. ITnlted Effort Xecessary, In forwarding them the Secretary said: "The view Is expressed that In creased wages and the high cost of es sential materials and supplies have af fected them as they have everybody else and that united effort will be neewsary In order to meet alike the public require ments for Bervlce and the corporate financial needs upon which that service depends. "Ah Secretary of the Treasury I must take official notice of these matters. It Is obvious that every part of our Indus trial and economic life should be main tained at Its maximum strength In order that each may contribute In the fullest measure tn the vigorous prosecution af the war. Our local public utilities must not l,e permitted to become weakened " After calling attention to tho fact that the utilities must transport and furnish home comforts and conveniences to the country and that they are essential to many of the war Industries, the Sec retary said that because of the promln nence given less Importsnt Issues, local authorities may not appreciate the close connection between the soundness and efficiency of the utilities and national strength and vigor. He concludes: "Our public service utilities are closely connected with nnd are on essKntlst part of our preparation for a successful prosecution of the war, and the unfavor able tendencies which the accompanying papeis reveal may most effectively he checked wherever they may he found to exist and the needed relief obtained only by prompt action on the part of the re spective local authorities.' Jnst necotrnltlon 1'rged. "I earnestly hope that you may feel Justified In expressing the convlirflon that the vital part which the public utilities comvanlee represent In tho life nnd war maklnc energy of the nation ought to receive fair and Just recogni tion by State and local authorities." The President's response follows: "I have examined with care the memo randa nnd Intern which you transmitted to ni", with your letter of the 15th. I fully share the views you exprrs.s re garding the Importance of thn public ser. vice utilities as a part of our national equipment, especially In war lime. It Is essential that these utilities should be maintained at their maximum efficiency and that every thing reasonably possible should he done with that end In view. I hope that State and local authorities where they have not already done so will, when the facts nrc properly laid before them, respond ptomptly to the necessities of the situation, "I shall be glad to have you com municate with the local authorities when ever the Information In your possession suggests that such a course is desirable and in the national Interest." INCREASED RATES OPPOSED. Jersey Manufacturers Protest Pub lic Service Advance. Tho Manufacturers' Council of the State of New Jersey fenl a letter yester- Stem Brothers West 42nd Street (Between 5th and 6th Acenuu) West 43rd Street To -morrow, a Special Showing of Women's New Spring Dresses In serge, jersey, taffeta, erepe de Chine, foulards, silkgirghams, beaded Georgettes and printed inde structible voiles, at the following popular prices: $19.75 to 39.50 Aho an entirely new collection of Women's Separate Skirts, $5.50 to 19.75 . For dress, sports or general wear, in plaid or striped worsteds, velvet corduroy, serge, pop lin, Baronette satins, silkginghams and failles. day to the Public Utilities Commission opposing the proposed Increase In rates for the Public Service Corporation of the State. The commission Is told that the manufacturers do not oppose a rea sonable Increase to pay a Just return to the inv3tor3, but that the rate re quested are considered as excessive. The manufacturers say that their let ter la Intended as notice to tho commis sion and the corporation that they will put up a fight against the new sched ules. The protestants say that they have suffered a great loss already through the failure of the corporation to supply them with power and that they ought not to be calted upon to meet any additional penalty. The commission la asked to examine with care the operating Income of corporation with a view to ascertaining Just how much Increase In cost of opera tion wilt have to be met this year, and to consider alio the operating expense In comparison. NEW SHIPYARD PACT MAY BE ARRANGED Conference Planned to Decido Kutchcson's Request for Direct Representation. Special Despatch to Tas Scn. Wabiunoton, Feb. SI. In further ance of efforts to obtain an agreement with William L. Itutrheson. leader of the shipyard employees In wood work ing crafts, the Shipping Board and the Emergency Fleet Corporation are ready to consider a new deal between the Gov ernment and all tho trades employed In ship building. A conference Is to bo called of the signers of the original memorandum of agreement of the Shipping Board and ths Navy Department on the one hand and the leaders of seventeen Interna tional labor unions represented In the shipyards on the other hand, by which It was agreed to leave the settlement of all labor questions tn the hands of the Labor Adjustment Board. Mr. Hutcheson will sit with this con ference and It will be finally determined whether hla demand that a representa tive of the woodworking crafts sit on the board when it Is considering ques tions affecting these trades shall be granted. Mr. Hutcheson has refused to give up this condition to an out nn'd out agreement hat will remove, It Is hoped, all possibility of delay In the hulldlng programme through strikes. The Shipping Board and the Emer gency Fleet Corporation will not grant It to the woodworkers unless It Is granted to all other crafts to avoid dis crimination. A serifs of conferences held between Mr. Hutcheson and Shipping Board offi cials could not get over this Impasse. As a result It was determined to-day to call In conference nil signers of the original memorandum under which the Ibor Adjustment Board Is operating and to leavo to th!a conference a decision. If Mr. Hutcheson's condition Is met. however. It will be made to apply to all others, and It was partly on this account that all of the original signers are to be called In. Conferences between Mr. Hutcheson, officials of the board, the Hmerrency Fleet Corporation and the Labor Adjust ment Board are at an end. Mr. Hutche son left after to-day's conference for New York, expressing the fullest confi dence that an agreement would be reached. Shipping Hoard officials were equally confident of an agreement. Mr. Hutcheson has receded from his refusal to permit the Labor Adjustment Board to !"ttle "working conditions" and from his closed shop Ideas If tho car penters are represented In the making of any decision affecting them. SPAIN WILL FURNISH GOODS TO PERSHING Agreement Signed for Eco nomic Exchange With U. S. Wasiiinoton, Feb. 21. An economic agreement with Spain, under which Gen. Pershing will gel mules, army blankets and other materials In that countiy In return for cotton, oil ami other com modities from the I'nltod States, was signed to-day In Madrid. The State Department wa so advised to-night by Ambassador Wlllard. Success of tho negotiations for ex change of commolftlos was welcome news to officials here, as the ability of Gen. Pershing to buy supplies In Spain will save chip tonnage and enable the General to build up his reserve Btores much more rapidly than probably other wise would have been possible. The negotiations had been In progress for upward of a month and they fol lowed the refusal of Spain to supply a large number of mules, 200,000 bl.inkrtb and other materials ordered by Gen. Pershing last month. Tho official rea son given for the failure to fill the order was said to have been that tho Spanish railroad system had broken down and It was Impossible to handle goods destined for France. WAR CORPORATION BILL IS REVAMPED Committee That Includes Fed eral Reservo Members Will Control Security Issues. QUICK PASSAGE LIKKLY Secretary Agrees in Changes Made by Senate Commit tec on Finance. Special Despatch to Tns St Washinotov, Feb. 21. The K a . Committee on Finance to-day compH Its work of revising the war fln:n , corporation bill and voted to report u favorably to the Senate. To-nlshr Chairman Simmons said he cxpectril to have the committee report ready fr submission to the Senate In u day o two and that he believed that In' cordance with Secretary of the Treis, . McAdoo's expressed wish the hill cki,'i be brought before the Senate next Mon day and passed within a few days arte that. . The committee's revision of the men. use, which virtually creates a ?l,d00, 000,000 corporation for flnanclm; ImluC. trial, commercial and transportation en terprises of every description through, out the country for the perlol of tin war. In addition to regulating practically alt loans, was In the direction of nuk lng the bill safer and m iro certain h Its1 application. President to Xante Directors. Aa redrafted under an agreement be tween Secretary McAdoo and tin- Sen ate commltteo the bill creates the cor poration with $500,000,000 capital nn,l power to Issue H, 000, 000. 000 In bonds to be advanced to war and contributory Industrie. Four directors, appointed iy tho President Instead of by Secretary McAdoo, with the tatter as head of the directorate, would manage the corpora, tlon'a affairs. An Important amendment to the bill adopted by the committee removes frum the directorate of the War Finance cor poration the power to license private . curity issues and places that power In the hands of a capital Issues commute: to be appointed by the Federal Hererve Board and to Include three memhir.i of the board and three, or If desired four, outsiders. The language of the bill limits the number to not less than six nor more than seven members. The new provision limiting direct loans provides that the directors shall Tiave power "to make advances dlrect'y (1) to any corporation owning or con trolling (directly or throuch t-tock ownership) any railroad or other public utility, nnd (2) to any firm, corporation or association conducting an estab!llird and going business whose operations aro necessary or contributory to the prosecu tion of the war, provided that such ad vances shall be made only In such cim as the board of directors In their Jl crction shall determine tn he nf ..voli tional importance In tho public Interest Interest Rate Itednced Half. "Such advances may be made fur periods not exceeding five ye.us f:ot, the passage of this act, upon sue!i tfrn and upon such security and tulijcct r. such rules and regulations as may h prcscrlbed from lime to time by t ic board of directors of the corporation, with the npproval of the Secretaiy ' the Treasury. The corporation sli.i I have and retain power to require aJJ, tlonal security from time to time." Interest rates on advances are fited at one-half of 1 per cent. Instead nf i per cent. In excess of the discount r.itci In the respective Federal reserve dis tricts. The period of advances to rav ings oanks was extended from ninety days to one year. Secretary McAdoo has been consulted with regard to the changes put into ef fect by the committee, and they have hii approval. The House Committed " Ways and Means Is practically In .1 cord with the Senate In these re?iic . It la known. For this reason ai 'nr, course through channels of :c?isUhi predicted for the measure. CUTTER SAVES BRITISH CREW. Heroic Volnntrera Take Oil Snllur of Wrecked Menmahlp. Special Despatch to Tax M An .Atlantic Pout, Feb. 21 - Tho crew of tho British steamship F'U' .i which went ashore along the coan m terdny morning, were snatched fno a almost certain death by the I'.crol- ir. of the crew of coast gunrd rutirr I .to lloo during a fifty mile nortlr.esl (. i! beforo daybreak to-day. The ship will prove a total Ir.. Yk rt. the crew was taken off tiln heavj . i-!u had already caused the eel's c.i to open and she was breaking up. Tho rescue were tmrie In llfc'nni's launched from the coast guard ctn'cr with the aid of oil. It Is .said. The lio.it? were manned by volunteer crews from . the cutter In command of a Llouteran! Coast guards from the shore also made i an attempt to reach the ship. I' Is n f.trrted, but wero dtlven back by it Eh seas.