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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, February 22, 1918, Image 2

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THE SUN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1918. ,
1
to rive Huesla. In her fight against the
enemy.
REVAL MENACED.
Bolanevlkl Fin Faith Solely to
Propaganda
Special Cable Despatch to Tnc Sex from thl
London Tlmtt.
Copyright, 11 ; all rights reserved.
Prrsoanxn, Feb. 19. Trustworthy In
formation hit been received here that
the dennana are preparing an Immediate
Attack against naval. No opposition can
he mnde against any new Clerman move,
hut the Uolshevlkl aro pinning their
faith on their methods and their propa
randa, considering- that the further the
Hermans advance the better the chances
of spreading the spirit of Insubordina
tion among them.
The belief Is entertained here that
the German advance on neval Is de
signed to cut off the Russian fleet from
Its base und destroy It; then to estab
lish communication with Finland and as
sist the Wlille Guard In the north to a
sure triumph over the Bolshcvlkl In the
rest of Finland. Helslngfors Is tho key
to the situation; It cannot be taken so
long as the Russian fleet Is In a posi
tion to bombard the city.
GERMANSIN MANCHURIA
riow of Sapplles to Teuton Coun
tries Already Bea-nn.
Harbin, Manchuria, Feb. 16 (de
layed). German goods already have re
appeared far east of Irkutsk, according
to Information received here. German
merchants are active In Harbin, and the
Uolshevlkl are arming released German
prisoner's to guard the Siberian Railway
and facilitate the movement of traffic.
A British mining engineer named
Piper who has arrived here from Kras
royarsy says the Bolshevtkl have seized
the gold mines there and that Austro
German prisoners are working them.
The Auatro-Oermans have plenty of
money and arc purchaslnr pernflts al
lowing them to circulate freely In Si
beria. The Germans are taking charge
fit electric power stations, railways and
depots. Quantities of raw materials aro
being shipped to Germany from the dis
trict Most of the Germans are said to
speak Russian.
Piper asserts that unless the Allies
take Immediate steps to send supplies
and raw materials Into Siberia, the in
tellectual and peasant classes will throw
themselves Into the hands of the Ger
mans. Goods are being sold at pre-war
prices by the Germans, who also are
obtaining- contracts and concessions as
rl as carrying on propaganda work.
BATTLE NEAR ROSTOV.
Fla-ktlna- In Don Reaion Still Con
'tlnnea. Pitrograd, Feb. 20 (Delayed). The
latest dispatches from the Don region
report that righting still Is In progress.
The Cossack garrison of Rostov and the
besieging force of Bolsherlkl are en
gaged In battle two miles from the town.
Admiral Berens, Chief of the Naval
General Staff, has been appointed com
mander of the Baltic fleet.
GERMANS INCREASE
FIRE ON AMERICANS
Airmen Flying' Low Use Ma
chine Cunt on Our Men.
By the Attociattd Press.
With ihi American Armt in France.
Feb. 2. The artillery duel continues
night and day. The enemy Is firing an
ever greater number of shells, but only
Insignificant damage has been done to
the American lint?. American shells,
on the other hand, appear to be hitting
Important enemy positions with regular
ity except when a ground haze obscures
observation.
Activity In the air. has not diminished
and numbers of German machines con
tinue to cross the American lines. A
German machine flew so low to-day that
It emptied Its machine gun Into group
of American soldiers gathered around
a camp kitchen. The enemy airmen In
the airplane were clearly seen. No
casualties were reported.
A large number of German guns are
now opposite the American sector.
Among them tire some 88s, probably
from the Russian front.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS 00 .OUT.
Edison Company Employees Strike)
In JTlno California Cities.
Los Angeles, Feb. 21. Union elec
trical workers of the Southern California
Edison Company here and In eight other
cities were called out on strike to-day,
according to announcement by Harry
Warner, member of the executive strike
committee. The men ask wage Increases
and recognition of their union. Warner
said approximately 1,000 men had been
called out.
Capt. Charles T. Cornell. Federal
Labor Conciliator, asserted the strike
was not sanctioned by the International
Brotherhood of Electric Workers.
BRITISH ARMY NOW 4
MILES FROM JERICHO
Allenby Advance Against Ob
stinate Resistance of Turk.
London, Feb. 21. British forces con
tinue their advance In the campaign In
Palestine and are within four miles of
Jericho, according to announcement by
the War Office to-day. The statement
follows:
Our advance east of Jerusalem was
resumed yesterday despite heavy rain
storms. Moving through a difficult
country In which tho enemy offered
obstinate resistance, our troops made
progress to the extent of three and a
half miles on a frontage of about
seven and- three-quarter miles, ap
proaching within four miles of Jericho.
At the same time our line was ad
vanced to the northwest of Jerusalem,
In the sector west of the Jerusalem
Nablus road, to a maximum depth of
one mile on a front of four miles.
Cooperating with this advance, our
air service made effective bombing at
tacks against enemy camps and depots
on the left bank of the Jordan about
flhunet Nlmrln, ten and a half miles
oast-northeast of Jericho.
Our losses In the operations of
Tuesday were very slight Those for
Wednesday have not yet been re
ported. The operations are continuing.
RAIL LINES JOINED.
Will Facilitate Advance of Allenby
In Palestine,
fpecial Cable Despatch to Ths Be from Mi
London Timet.
Copyright. 1311; all rights reserved.
IvONDON, Feb. 21. Gen. Allenby com
pleted tho railroad connection between
JSgypt and Jerusalem in the early part
nf the month, thereby enabling him to
tlmpllfy 'hlB transportation arrange
ments and to make an attempt to clear
the situation on his right flank.
The position southeast of Jerusalem
Temalns obscure, but the Turks are In
Imesesslon of the northern shores of the
Dead Hea and hold positions covering
Jericho, from which they have commu
i.tcatlona by the Hejax railway.
The Quintan That Does Not Affect fiH
S&XKiUO. ,,n' '" ' "tw eg" t 1,1x5?
VS! Sla Vh'."."'." " or rinsing is
su w oiovK .T mir T ' """no Quint'.."
, a. w. UBUVt a tig sstuis li en bos, Px.Aiv.
ALL BRITAIN BACKS
UP LLOYD GEORGE
Speech Dispelled Fog and Na
tion Bailies for Unity in
War Action by Allies.
ASQUITH WON'T HARASS
Grumblings After tho Storm
Over Versailles Decision
Practically Snbside.
Special Cable Despatch to 'tut fen.
Copyright, ltl; stl rights reserved.
London. Feb. 11. "There can on no
question of going back on the Versailles
decision. Our whole concentrated
strength should be mobilised to resist
and break the most terrible foe with
which civilisation has ever been con
fronted." These sentences from the
speech of Premier Lloyd George In the
House of Commons sum up the Judgment
of the British public upon the subject
about which the storm of controversy
has been raging for the last ten days.
The Prime Minister's speech dispelled
the fog caused by the violent denuncia
tions of a section of the press and by
political partisans, which threatened for
a time to obscure the main Issue. At no
time was the Government In any danger,
despite the volume of the clamor ngalnst
It. Former Premier Asqulth made It
clear that liu and his Liberal following
have no Intention or desire to embarrass
the Government In tho prosecution of the
war.
Asqulth'a assertion that much of the
discussion of the last week was due to
the unnecessary reserve regarding the
Versailles council, jthown by the Gov
ernment was answered by the' Preluler's
statement that such reserve was neces
sary until the future position of Gen.
Sir William Robertson, Chief of tho Im
perial General StafT, was settled.
Hats' Control Sat 1st Jeopardy.
There was no real foundation for the
outcry that the control of Field Marshal
Halg over his armies and their normal
reserves was In jeopardy. This came
from those who could not distinguish
between the effects of the enlargement of
the powers of the Versailles council upon
Gen. Robertson and upon Gen. Ualg.
Halg's pownr will not be lntrifered with
in tho slightest degree by any emergency
decision made at Versailles. As Lord
Ctirzon explained It:
"The only difference Is that the mili
tary authorities at Versailles will have
at their disposal troops from tho allied
forces which In certain contingencies
they can either add to the British or
French armies or send anywhere that
they may be required."
The only military point really at Issue
was as to whether the British repre
sentative at Versailles should have power
to act In an emergency In concert with
the military representatives of the other
allies, without special reference to Lon
don. Such reference would mean seri
ous delays at times when quick action
was vitally necessary.
It Is now quite clear that the two
main prlcipleB Involved for which the
Government stood were first, unity of
control with coordination of effort by
the Allies and also In broad matters of
policy, as distinguished from strategy
and tactics, and second, that the civil
power must bo supreme, the military
power subordinate.
Confatrlon la tae Pablle Mind.
These plain Issues were confused In
the public mind by the personal and po
litical controversy Into which the coun
try was plunged by two main elements,
one representing the extreme military
conservatism that Imagined that Great
Britain could foe on the Continent but
not of It and the other the wholly In
terested and largely ontlnatlonal faction
which Baw an opportunity to attack Pre
mier Lloyd George, upset the 'arrange
ment to carry on a more vigorous pros
ecution of the war and lessen the prob
ability of an unsatisfactory peace. In
their minds Gen. Robertson was only a
weapon to be used againat the Govern
ment and certain of Its supporters.
Grumblings after the storm are still
to be heard, but they are almost with
out exception attacks on the Northcllffe
press and- on Lord Derby, the Minister
of War, and Lord Beaverbrook, the
Minister of Information. Protests
against the attacks made by the North
cllffe press upon prominent public men
and high naval and military officers are
seized upon as arguments that the Gov
ernment should dissociate Itself from
close connections with these newspaper
owners.
FRENCH WINE SHOP
PROVES SPY CENTRE
German Who Ran Place Used
Soldiers as Hi Tools.
(pedal Cable Despatch to Ts 8cn from the
London Times.
Copyright. 1318; all rights reserved.
Paris, Feb. 21. German efforts to
sap the resistance of the French on the
eve of the much heralded offensive on
the western front by promoting labor
troubles, Inciting insurrectionary out
breaks nml nprcadlng defeat propa
ganda In the great Industrial centres,
are being brought to light through the
arrest at St Ftlenne. Department of
Loire, the heart of the French Indus
trial district, of the German keeper of
a wine shop there
This place was frequented by many
suspicious persons and by many unsus
pecting soldiers. The wife of the Ger
man played the part of a decoy to pro
cure boarders, of whom they had several,
and an active propaganda correspond
ence was carried on. One of the board
ers, a man named Flalex, was among
those arrested. He Is a draughtsman for
the armaments company of St Etlenne
and was found to be In possewslon of n
safe conduct for the whole of the non
reserved xone; also of a pedler's license,
which he admitted he had obtained to
facilitate his movements.
The papers seized prove, says the
Figaro, that Flalex had received an im
portant sum of money which Imperilled
St. Etlenne. One of these documents,
which Is In cipher, appears to be of apo
dal interest and Is being studied by
experts.
A Swiss and a Spaniard, also boarders
In the place, were arrested In addition
to tho German, his wife and Flalex. The
German actually carried a military pass
book and was able to conduct his trade
unmolested.
TUSCANIA KNOWN DEAD 127.
Washington Msfs 81 aa Still on
List of Misting;.
Wasiiinoton, Feb. 21 The first of
ficial estimate of losses by the torpe
doing of the troopship Tuscanla was Is
sued to-day through the Committee on
Public Information.
It states that there were 2,17 of
ficers and men aboard; 1,171 saved;
known dead 127; stm unaccounted
for 81.
The unofficial compilation has shown
188 known dead. 3S unknown dead and
72 still missing, Including the uniden
tified dead.
The official compilation at American
army headquarters last night put the
total dead at 204,
FOOD CRISIS SEEN
BY HERBERT HOOVER
Continued from First Page.
aggregated by simitar shortago outside
the terminals.
Furthermore, this year we have the
largest percentage of soft corn In many
years, and, though we have a record crop
or corn, a considerable portion of the soft
corn will be lost by spoiling unless It can
be moved In the next sixty days to the
drying terminals. Ths least amount of
grain that must be loaded for the next
sixty days Is 8,000.000 bushels per day,
and we have not yet attained that. Iess
than this will solve neither the allied nor
our'domestlc situation.
Potato MoTemeut Slow.
"We had about 130,000. carloads of po
tatoes on November 1 which should have
been moved from the principal produc
ing centres, and up to the first of Feb
ruary we had moved about 18,000 car
loads, while we should have moved over
60,000 In this period. The result Is that
potatoes are piled up spoiling In the pro
ducers' hands and the consuming cen
tres have only been supplied by virtue
of the summer gardens and other stores
carried over from last year. There Is a
great deal of live stock which has been
ready for the market for some time, but
still Is held In the farmers' hands
through Inability to secure transporta
tion. These cattle are eating their heads
off without increasing their meat value
and are only nddlng to tho costs of tne
farmer and consuming tho grain.
"The effect of this delayed movement
ha been many fold:
"Pint To jeopardize the safety of a
great deal cf the soft Corn and perlsh
ablex, Gucrt as potatoes.
"Second The stricture In flow of dis
tribution has entirely disturbed the price
conditions In the country by practically
suspending the law of supply and de
mand. The margins between the farmer
and the consumer In many commodities
were never wider than they are to-day,
because the consuming trades are under
supplied and the farmers compete for
transportation. Prices of the coarse
grains have reached unheard of levels,
while the limited transportation has di
minished the farmers' returns.
"Third The cost of grains for feeding
live stock has so Increased to the feeders
of finished cattle that they face serious
losses. The costs of the dairying Indus
tries have necessarily greatly Increased.
"Fourth Through the largo consum
ing sreas we have been living off re
serves through the period of scant sup
piles. These reserves are In many sec
tions approaching exhaustion.
"Fifth We have been unable to trans
port to seaboard the necessary food
stuffs for the Allies. This has not been
due so much to the actual Inability of
the railways giving priority to food
stuffs for allied shipping aa It has been
to bringing products from the fsrms to
the terminal markets where they can
be prepared and purchased by the Allies.
"The economic ramifications of this
whole delay In the movement of the
national harvest are almost countless
and they present the most critical of
situations, for which no solution exists
but a continued expansion of the efforts
of the railway administration In the
movement of foodstuffs in every direc
tion to the exclusion of much other com
merce of the country. Considerable
progress has been made In the last ten
days, but continued rises In the price of
ceresl commodities and the failure to
secure sufficient surplus over immediate
domestic consumption to feed the Allies,
are evidence that there still Is a de
ficiency In food cars and that they must
be still further increased.
Calls for Cooperation.
"Comparisons of the movement from
day to day during the last few days
with movements of similar periods last
year reflect the efforts being made by
the railway directorate. We have, how
ever, a long accumulation to be got over
and to be got over within the next sixty
days. The situation calls for every co
operation of the public through the
quick loading of cars, loading them to
capacity and discharging them qulcxly
ana in every way reducing the tax. on
the railways. Cooperation can be give),
by reduction in consumption of food
stuffs, by the consumption of home and
local stores to the exclusion, so fur as
may be. of transported articles. If every
Interest cooperates we shall supply the
Allies and remedy the distribution of
our abundant domestic supplies, for our
farms are full of foodstuffs.
"No effort Is being spared to move
allied food as fast as It can be accumu
lated In the Interior, and to-day the
rallwny directorate Is arranging special
trains to carry meat and packing house
products from Chicago to load -the wait
ing ships."
SUGAR OUTLOOK GOOD.
Sopply Will Be Ample for All Par
poses. Washington, Feb. 21. Ample sup
plies of sugar will be available during
the coming season, the Food Adminis
tration announced to-night, to meet the
necessary requirements of food manu
facturers and for household preserving
purposes.
"All manufacturers of essential food
products." a Food Administration state
ment said, "are advised that they will
be able to obtain their full necessary
requirements. This applies particularly
to the packers of fruit, condensed milk
and such vegetables for the preserva
tion of which sugar may be necessary,
as well as to the housewives for usage
In preserving purposes. As the car short
age Is relieved, supplies of sugar will be
available for the necessary preservation
purposes. Shipments from Cuba aro
steadily Increasing."
WOULD FIX PRICES.
Three Senators Urate ResTnlatlon of
Wheat Crop.
Special Despatch to Tns Bex.
Washington. Feb. 21, Regardless of
the expressed wishes of the Food Ad
ministrator there will be no further In
terference with prices of ' foodstuffs
through legislative action. Senator Gore
(Okla.), chairman of ithe Senate Com
mittee on Agriculture, Is prepared to
press for enactment, as a rider to the
forthcoming agricultural appropriation
bill, his joint resolution amending the
food law so as to provide that a price of
$2.ti0 a bUBhel be set for the wheat crop
of 1911.
Senator Gore will move suspension of
the rules forbidding inclusion of new
legislation In appropriation bills and
seek to obtain action on hlo price fixing
programme In that way, In addition to
the Gore resolution. Senator Thompson
(Kan.) lias an amendment which would
tlx the price at 12.65 a bushel, and Sena
tor Shafrnth (Col.) has a similar amend
ment fixing the price at 12.73.
SCARCITY OF WHITE FL0TJS.
Stocks Aro Said to Be Practically
F.xhaasted In West.
Minniapolis, Feb. 31. Reports sent
out from here to-day say; "Expect a
scarcity of white flour In the near fu
ture, Stocks are said to be practically
exhausted, though figures are not avail
able, and production Is less than half of
that of last year."
Last week 42,704 barrels were slipped,
against 270,909 In the corresponding pe
riod last year. Production was but 161,.
410 barrels, against 341,430 a year ago.
BRITAIN PLANS BIG
PROPAGANDA WORK
Radyard Kipling May Direct
Information at Home.
Special Cable Despatch to Tns Sen,
Copyright. lll; all rights reserved.
London, Feb. 21. Tho scope of the
Ministry of Information, under Ha new
head, Lord Beaverbrook, with Lord
Northcllffe as director of propaganda
In enemy countries, Is to be extended
greatly. Robert Donald, editor of the
Daily Chronicle, Is to bo appointed di
rector of propaganda In neutral coun
tries. It Is aild'that lludyard Klpllnz
will direct the propaganda In Oreat Brit
ain. Gen. McRae, Quartermaster Gen
eral of the Canadian forces, has been
released from his military duties to take
charge of tho general administration
and Sir William Jury has been put In
chargo of the moving picture propa
ganda. Thore will be the closest association
with American efforts directed to the
sumo end. Robert Rlckle, who Is here
fiom Washington, Is In consultation with
British officials and also with the Amer
ican Ambassador. It haa been pointed
out that there atready exists a medium
In London for carrying on such propa
ganda work through the correspondents
of tho American newspapers.
Ambassador Page expressed himself
to-day as favoring the greatest exten
sion of this work. 'Col, Buohan, the
well known author, who Is chairman of
the Information board, said hlo bureau
would work In the closest cooperation
with that of the United States.
GERMAN LEADER
WARNS BOLSHEVIKI
Russians Should Show Good
Faith Before Further Deal
ing With Trotzky.
Amstxrdam, Feb. 21. "Before open
ing peace negotiations with Trotzky,"
tald Dr. Gustav Htresemann. National
Liberal leader. In the Reichstag yester
day, "we must demf-d the complete evac
uation by the Bolshevtkl of -Finland,
Llthonla, Esthonla and Ukraine, the re
lease of German Uethonlans and Letts,
and recognition of the peace treaty con
cluded by Ukraine. Until the Holshevlkl
prove by their deeds that they are In
earnest our military measures should be
restricted In no manner. Baltic Ger
many Is belm; slaughtered Just because
It Is German. We would not be nn hon
orable nation If we looked on calmly."
Dr. Strescman's speech, made in the
course of the debate on the Ukrainian
treaty, was applauded loudly. He de
nounced the Poles, eaylng they had done
nothing to win the sympathies of the
Germans, who " have bled for tho Inde
pendence of Poland."
Anglo-American Blockade Broken.
Count von Wostarp. the Conservative
leader, approved the treatty with
Ukraine, saying: "It finally breaks the
Anglo-American blockade and ends the
peril of Turkey irom the Russian dream
of conquest of Constantinople." He de
clared that concessions such as these
made to Ukraine regnrdlng Indemnifica
tion for maintenance of war prisoners
must not be made to Great Russia or
Rumania. -
"The good German sword Is again at
work," he continued. "We welcome the
quick decision In this respect and have
confidence that the army command will
fulfill Its task."
Poland, said Count von Westarp.
neglected to win Its Independence In open
and honorable union with the Central
Powers. As Poland could not be trusted
to live In friendship with Germany the
eastern frontiers must be shaped in ao
cordance with the requirements for mili
tary security.
George Ledebour, Independent Social
ist, said that thn treaty with Ukraine
was not acceptable to his party, bo
oause "in certain Important particu
lars It is In contradiction of the right
of peoples to self-determination," He
declared that the Iole were being
driven, through the treaty, Into lasting
enmity to Germany.
Dr. Eduard David. Socialist leader,
said the decision of the Holshevlkl to
accept the German pcaco terms per
mitted renewed hope that peace with
all Russia might be obtained and that
military operations In the east would
cease.
After the debate was closed tho
treaty was referred to the Reichstag
Main Commltteo.
AUSTRIANS EXPECT
47. S. TROOPS IN ITALY
Newspapers Estimates Incom
ing Force at 1,000,000 Men.
Special Cable Despatch to Tne Sex,
Ro Mr, Feb. 21. Austrian und Hun
garian newspapers ore convinced that
the arrival of American troops on the
Italian front Is Imminent; they assert it
has been announced by tho Premier to
Parliament.
The Tagepost and the Peeler Loyd es
timate the strength of these Incoming
troops at about 1.000,000 men. They
urge the Immediate concentration of all
available men and the. withdrawal of the
reserves from tho Ukraltio lent tho Aus
trian numerical superiority bo lost.
Italy, they point out. Ih Austria's chief
enemy now and her defeat would hnsten
peace ; hence she Is tndlspensablo to Uie
Allies. It Is especially Important, they
say, not to allow the United States time
to come to Italy's help.
Tho attitude of Austria toward the
strength of the American forces and the
ability to transport them to the battle
lines Is directly contrary to the views
expressed In German newspaper articles
permitted to pass the censor. The Ger
man newspapers have ridiculed the
fighting strength of America, and have
asserted that It will be Impossible to get
sufficient forces to the battle front to
give material aid to the Allies In the
coming spring offensive.
Though Austria may fear that the
United States Is going to transport large
forces to the Italian front Washington
has been silent on this phase of the
Entente Allies' campaign ; In fact, has
denied that this country has considered
ending forces to the nld of Italy In tho
campaign against the Central Powers.
2 U. 8. ENGINEERS WOUNDED.
Mlsslna- Private Ilnrled and Five
Natural Deaths Reported.
Washinoton, Feb. 21. Two American
engineers were slightly wounded In ac
tion in France February 10 and 18,
They are Privates Oeorgo W. Sterling,
Melrose, Mass., and John J. Fay, Med
fnnl. Mass. '
Gen. Pershing also reported that Pri
vate Luke A. Lovely, engineers. South
Amboy. N, J., reported mloslng In action
November 30, was burled on Decem
ber t.
The following deaths from diseases
were teporteu ;
WIION, CLIFFORD H., private, Wal-
tham, Mass., pneumonia,
llJII.n JACK, private, Highland Park.
Mich., pnaumonts.
HOW'AKD, WILLIAM, private, Mount Ho.
rch, Wis., meningitis.
WARrtlf.V. JOHN 5., private, Chicago, 111.,
tun not (Ivan.
PAJtniFH, tlKOROi: E.. rink not given,
Twickenham, Ore, pneumonia.
'POST' EDITOR AND
- REPMTON FINED
Disregard of Censor's Bulo
Clear Law Violation,
Court Holds.
NOTED CRITIC REBUKED
Defence Based on Contention
Enemy Already Was in
Possession of Facts.
London, Feb. 21. Fines of 1500 each
and costs were Imposed to-day upon
Col. c. A. Replngton, military corre
spondent of the Afornlnp Post, and
Howell A. Gwynne. editor of that news
paper, for the publication of an nrtlclo
In the Poet last week In violation of the
military censorship.
Sir John Dickinson, the presiding
magistrate In the Bow street police
court, where the case was tried, In
passing sentence said he had nothing to
do with the truth or falsity of the
article, which Mr. Atkinson contended
conveyed no information to the enemy,
Inasmuch as Its substance already was
known In Germany and In countries
which were Great Britain's allies, and
that the proscoutLin was simply for the
"convenience" or Premier Lloyd George's
Government In Its desire not to permit
tho Hrl'.lsh public to know the decisions
of the Supreme War Council at Ver
satile "too early."
Law Clearly Violated.
The magistrate said there clearly had
been an Infraction of the defence of the
realm regulations, Editor Owynno even
publishing the article In question after
he had been warned by the censor.
Turning to Mr. Gwynne, the magistrate
said : "You accepted the -risk." Then,
after stating the amount of the line, the
magistrate turned to Col. Replngton and
said:
"I regret that a distinguished soldier
like you so far forgot himself aa to
make such a departure from good citi
zenship." No witnesses fqr the defence were
produced by rindal Atkinson, counsel
for Col. Repli.Bton and Mr. Gwynne.
He did not even call the defendants to
the stand. He spoke, however, for al
most two hours, laying stress upon the
Importance of the caee and declaring It
was the patriotic duty of tho defendants
to disregard the censor's warnln and
let the public know what was going on,
because for the first time In the history
of the war a portion of the British army
had been handed over to the command
of a General of another country.
Germans Knew All Aboat It.
Counsel added that It was no violation
but merely criticism, as the enemy knew
more about the council at Versailles
than did Col. Replngton. In this con
nection Mr. Atkinson produced many
German papers published before and
after the Versailles conference, a week
before Col. Replngton's article appeared,
showing that the Germans knew aft
about the army of manoeuvre composed
of soldiers of all the Ententefallies. He
then asked :
"Why should the German public and
the Italian public have the privilege of
knowing through their press what de
cisions were taken at Versailles and the
British public not be permitted to know?
The reason why Is that the Government
desired that tho public should not know
too early. Are the papers to be muzzled
merely for the convenience of the Gov
ernment?" After the sentence had been passed
Counsel Atkinson Intimated that hU
clients would enter an appeal.
GARROS AND MABCHAL ESCAPE.
Famous French Aviators Arrive In
Holland.
Austkrdam, Feb. II. Lieut Roland
G. Garros, the famous French nvlator,
and Lieut. Antolne iMarchal, who flew
over Berlin In the summer of 1916 and
was forced to descend a few kilometers
from the Russian lines, reached Holland
yesterday. According to l.cs S'ourrltts
of Maastricht they escaped from a Ger
man prison.
Lieut Garros was a prominent aviator
beforn the war, holding several world's
records. Ho brought clown a number
of German nli planes and was taken
prisoner In the spring or
Lieut. Marrnal, starting Irom Frencn
soil, flew over Berlin In July, 1916.
dropping proclamations and continued
his flight with the Intention or landing
within the Russian lines. He was forced
by motor trouble to descend in Poland
and was taken prisoner by the Aus-
trians. He made a continuous flight of
n-ore than S00 miles, establishing a
record.
TUSCANIA SURVIVORS
HONORED IN BRITAIN
Parade to Gala Performance
in Southampton.
Special Cable Vet patch to Ths Sc.
I3NPON, Feb. 21, A great popular
demonstration In honor of more than a
thousand Tuscanla survivors was held
In Southampton yesterday with the In
tention of giving expression to deep
sympathy for these brave men and to
show in every possible way the high
esteem In which the American soldiers
are held by the British public.
The men, who wero brought from
Winchester by special trains, were
cheered as they marched through the
streets headed by bands and later at
tended a gala performance In s theatre.
Mayor Plerco and the city otllcluls wel
comed them and wished them godspeed
In their mission, which would do more,
he said, than anything that has hap
pened heretofore to cement the union of
the Anglo-Saxon races.
The Union Jack and tho Stars and
Stripes were flying from the public
buildings during thn visit and the per
formance In the theatre was attended by
the consular repiesentatives of many
nations.
NATIONALS INVADE FINLAND.
German Volunteers to Cooperate In
Offenslre.
Hapahanda, Sweden, Feb. 21. Four
steamship have arrived at Vasa, In
western Finland, In tho aulf of Bothnia,
ftom Germany, carrying Finnish sol
diers who had served In the German
army and a number of German volun
teers. The vessels also carried a large
number of guns, machine guns, rifles
and munitions.
It Is reported a strong offensive will
be taken by these troops ugnlnat Tarn
mtrsford and Vlborg.
Stockholm, Feb. 21, Concern over a
report that Ambassador David R. Fran
cis at Petrograd nad promised the Fin
nish Red Guard provisions from America
was expressed to-day by M. Grlpenberg,
Finnish Minister here, who visited Ira
Nelson Morris, the American Minister
to Bweden. M. Grlpenberg requested
Mr. Morris to Inquire whether Mr.
Francis was quoted correctly and
whether he had expressed America's al
titude toward the Finnish situation.
INCREASES OF RATES
FAVORED BY WILSON
Urges Need for Maintenance
of Public Utilities at
Full Efficiency.
AID ASKED BY COMPANIES
Plea for Relief Laid Before
President and Secretary
McAdoo.
Special Despatch to Tsa Bos.
Washinoton, Feb. tl. The raising of
rates by public utility corporations
wherever necessary to maintain them at
maximum efficiency during the period of
the war Is favored by TTealdtnt Wilson.
In a letter to Secretary McAdoo, Director-General
of Railroads, the Presi
dent expresses hope that local authori
ties throughout the country who havo
Jurisdiction in such matters will respond
promptly to the necessities of the situa
tion In considering appeals for rate
raises.
Appeals for rate Increases by public
utility corporations are pending all over
the country, but there has been an Indis
position shown to expedite such cases or
to view the Increases asked for In the
light of a war necessity. Bo serious has
become the situation that a committee
representing public utility Intervals re
cently laid before Secretary McAdoo
facts and figures which vhowed that in
some cases, unless relief was quickly af
forded even the fixed charges of some
companies could not be met. These In
terests, It Is understood, also carried
their appeal directly to the President
pointing out that, with their rates fixed
by commission!, they were helpless to
aid themselves.
The President's statement to-day was
prompted by a letter and memoranda
from Secretary McAdoo calling attention
to the genuine apprehension felt In many
quarters regarding the adequacy under
present conditions of aervlcea and rates
of local public utilities furnishing light,
heat and power.
ITnlted Effort Xecessary,
In forwarding them the Secretary
said: "The view Is expressed that In
creased wages and the high cost of es
sential materials and supplies have af
fected them as they have everybody else
and that united effort will be neewsary
In order to meet alike the public require
ments for Bervlce and the corporate
financial needs upon which that service
depends.
"Ah Secretary of the Treasury I must
take official notice of these matters. It
Is obvious that every part of our Indus
trial and economic life should be main
tained at Its maximum strength In order
that each may contribute In the fullest
measure tn the vigorous prosecution af
the war. Our local public utilities must
not l,e permitted to become weakened "
After calling attention to tho fact that
the utilities must transport and furnish
home comforts and conveniences to the
country and that they are essential to
many of the war Industries, the Sec
retary said that because of the promln
nence given less Importsnt Issues, local
authorities may not appreciate the close
connection between the soundness and
efficiency of the utilities and national
strength and vigor. He concludes:
"Our public service utilities are closely
connected with nnd are on essKntlst
part of our preparation for a successful
prosecution of the war, and the unfavor
able tendencies which the accompanying
papeis reveal may most effectively he
checked wherever they may he found to
exist and the needed relief obtained only
by prompt action on the part of the re
spective local authorities.'
Jnst necotrnltlon 1'rged.
"I earnestly hope that you may feel
Justified In expressing the convlirflon
that the vital part which the public
utilities comvanlee represent In tho life
nnd war maklnc energy of the nation
ought to receive fair and Just recogni
tion by State and local authorities."
The President's response follows:
"I have examined with care the memo
randa nnd Intern which you transmitted
to ni", with your letter of the 15th.
I fully share the views you exprrs.s re
garding the Importance of thn public ser.
vice utilities as a part of our national
equipment, especially In war lime. It Is
essential that these utilities should be
maintained at their maximum efficiency
and that every thing reasonably possible
should he done with that end In view. I
hope that State and local authorities
where they have not already done so
will, when the facts nrc properly laid
before them, respond ptomptly to the
necessities of the situation,
"I shall be glad to have you com
municate with the local authorities when
ever the Information In your possession
suggests that such a course is desirable
and in the national Interest."
INCREASED RATES OPPOSED.
Jersey Manufacturers Protest Pub
lic Service Advance.
Tho Manufacturers' Council of the
State of New Jersey fenl a letter yester-
Stem Brothers
West 42nd Street (Between 5th and 6th Acenuu) West 43rd Street
To -morrow, a Special Showing of
Women's New Spring Dresses
In serge, jersey, taffeta, erepe de Chine, foulards,
silkgirghams, beaded Georgettes and printed inde
structible voiles, at the following popular prices:
$19.75 to 39.50
Aho an entirely new collection of
Women's Separate Skirts, $5.50 to 19.75
. For dress, sports or general wear, in plaid or
striped worsteds, velvet corduroy, serge, pop
lin, Baronette satins, silkginghams and failles.
day to the Public Utilities Commission
opposing the proposed Increase In rates
for the Public Service Corporation of
the State. The commission Is told that
the manufacturers do not oppose a rea
sonable Increase to pay a Just return to
the inv3tor3, but that the rate re
quested are considered as excessive.
The manufacturers say that their let
ter la Intended as notice to tho commis
sion and the corporation that they will
put up a fight against the new sched
ules. The protestants say that they have
suffered a great loss already through the
failure of the corporation to supply them
with power and that they ought not to
be calted upon to meet any additional
penalty.
The commission la asked to examine
with care the operating Income of
corporation with a view to ascertaining
Just how much Increase In cost of opera
tion wilt have to be met this year, and
to consider alio the operating expense In
comparison.
NEW SHIPYARD PACT
MAY BE ARRANGED
Conference Planned to Decido
Kutchcson's Request for
Direct Representation.
Special Despatch to Tas Scn.
Wabiunoton, Feb. SI. In further
ance of efforts to obtain an agreement
with William L. Itutrheson. leader of
the shipyard employees In wood work
ing crafts, the Shipping Board and the
Emergency Fleet Corporation are ready
to consider a new deal between the Gov
ernment and all tho trades employed In
ship building.
A conference Is to bo called of the
signers of the original memorandum of
agreement of the Shipping Board and
ths Navy Department on the one hand
and the leaders of seventeen Interna
tional labor unions represented In the
shipyards on the other hand, by which
It was agreed to leave the settlement of
all labor questions tn the hands of the
Labor Adjustment Board.
Mr. Hutcheson will sit with this con
ference and It will be finally determined
whether hla demand that a representa
tive of the woodworking crafts sit on
the board when it Is considering ques
tions affecting these trades shall be
granted.
Mr. Hutcheson has refused to give
up this condition to an out nn'd out
agreement hat will remove, It Is hoped,
all possibility of delay In the hulldlng
programme through strikes.
The Shipping Board and the Emer
gency Fleet Corporation will not grant
It to the woodworkers unless It Is
granted to all other crafts to avoid dis
crimination. A serifs of conferences held between
Mr. Hutcheson and Shipping Board offi
cials could not get over this Impasse.
As a result It was determined to-day to
call In conference nil signers of the
original memorandum under which the
Ibor Adjustment Board Is operating and
to leavo to th!a conference a decision.
If Mr. Hutcheson's condition Is met.
however. It will be made to apply to all
others, and It was partly on this account
that all of the original signers are to
be called In.
Conferences between Mr. Hutcheson,
officials of the board, the Hmerrency
Fleet Corporation and the Labor Adjust
ment Board are at an end. Mr. Hutche
son left after to-day's conference for
New York, expressing the fullest confi
dence that an agreement would be
reached. Shipping Hoard officials were
equally confident of an agreement.
Mr. Hutcheson has receded from his
refusal to permit the Labor Adjustment
Board to !"ttle "working conditions" and
from his closed shop Ideas If tho car
penters are represented In the making of
any decision affecting them.
SPAIN WILL FURNISH
GOODS TO PERSHING
Agreement Signed for Eco
nomic Exchange With U. S.
Wasiiinoton, Feb. 21. An economic
agreement with Spain, under which Gen.
Pershing will gel mules, army blankets
and other materials In that countiy In
return for cotton, oil ami other com
modities from the I'nltod States, was
signed to-day In Madrid.
The State Department wa so advised
to-night by Ambassador Wlllard.
Success of tho negotiations for ex
change of commolftlos was welcome
news to officials here, as the ability of
Gen. Pershing to buy supplies In Spain
will save chip tonnage and enable the
General to build up his reserve Btores
much more rapidly than probably other
wise would have been possible.
The negotiations had been In progress
for upward of a month and they fol
lowed the refusal of Spain to supply a
large number of mules, 200,000 bl.inkrtb
and other materials ordered by Gen.
Pershing last month. Tho official rea
son given for the failure to fill the order
was said to have been that tho Spanish
railroad system had broken down and It
was Impossible to handle goods destined
for France.
WAR CORPORATION
BILL IS REVAMPED
Committee That Includes Fed
eral Reservo Members Will
Control Security Issues.
QUICK PASSAGE LIKKLY
Secretary Agrees in Changes
Made by Senate Commit
tec on Finance.
Special Despatch to Tns St
Washinotov, Feb. 21. The K a .
Committee on Finance to-day compH
Its work of revising the war fln:n ,
corporation bill and voted to report u
favorably to the Senate. To-nlshr
Chairman Simmons said he cxpectril to
have the committee report ready fr
submission to the Senate In u day o
two and that he believed that In'
cordance with Secretary of the Treis, .
McAdoo's expressed wish the hill cki,'i
be brought before the Senate next Mon
day and passed within a few days arte
that.
. The committee's revision of the men.
use, which virtually creates a ?l,d00,
000,000 corporation for flnanclm; ImluC.
trial, commercial and transportation en
terprises of every description through,
out the country for the perlol of tin
war. In addition to regulating practically
alt loans, was In the direction of nuk
lng the bill safer and m iro certain h
Its1 application.
President to Xante Directors.
Aa redrafted under an agreement be
tween Secretary McAdoo and tin- Sen
ate commltteo the bill creates the cor
poration with $500,000,000 capital nn,l
power to Issue H, 000, 000. 000 In bonds
to be advanced to war and contributory
Industrie. Four directors, appointed iy
tho President Instead of by Secretary
McAdoo, with the tatter as head of the
directorate, would manage the corpora,
tlon'a affairs.
An Important amendment to the bill
adopted by the committee removes frum
the directorate of the War Finance cor
poration the power to license private .
curity issues and places that power In
the hands of a capital Issues commute:
to be appointed by the Federal Hererve
Board and to Include three memhir.i of
the board and three, or If desired four,
outsiders. The language of the bill
limits the number to not less than six
nor more than seven members.
The new provision limiting direct
loans provides that the directors shall
Tiave power "to make advances dlrect'y
(1) to any corporation owning or con
trolling (directly or throuch t-tock
ownership) any railroad or other public
utility, nnd (2) to any firm, corporation
or association conducting an estab!llird
and going business whose operations aro
necessary or contributory to the prosecu
tion of the war, provided that such ad
vances shall be made only In such cim
as the board of directors In their Jl
crction shall determine tn he nf ..voli
tional importance In tho public Interest
Interest Rate Itednced Half.
"Such advances may be made fur
periods not exceeding five ye.us f:ot,
the passage of this act, upon sue!i tfrn
and upon such security and tulijcct r.
such rules and regulations as may h
prcscrlbed from lime to time by t ic
board of directors of the corporation,
with the npproval of the Secretaiy '
the Treasury. The corporation sli.i I
have and retain power to require aJJ,
tlonal security from time to time."
Interest rates on advances are fited
at one-half of 1 per cent. Instead nf i
per cent. In excess of the discount r.itci
In the respective Federal reserve dis
tricts. The period of advances to rav
ings oanks was extended from ninety
days to one year.
Secretary McAdoo has been consulted
with regard to the changes put into ef
fect by the committee, and they have hii
approval. The House Committed "
Ways and Means Is practically In .1
cord with the Senate In these re?iic .
It la known. For this reason ai 'nr,
course through channels of :c?isUhi
predicted for the measure.
CUTTER SAVES BRITISH CREW.
Heroic Volnntrera Take Oil Snllur
of Wrecked Menmahlp.
Special Despatch to Tax M
An .Atlantic Pout, Feb. 21 - Tho
crew of tho British steamship F'U' .i
which went ashore along the coan m
terdny morning, were snatched fno a
almost certain death by the I'.crol- ir.
of the crew of coast gunrd rutirr I .to
lloo during a fifty mile nortlr.esl (. i!
beforo daybreak to-day.
The ship will prove a total Ir.. Yk rt.
the crew was taken off tiln heavj . i-!u
had already caused the eel's c.i
to open and she was breaking up.
Tho rescue were tmrie In llfc'nni's
launched from the coast guard ctn'cr
with the aid of oil. It Is .said. The lio.it?
were manned by volunteer crews from
. the cutter In command of a Llouteran!
Coast guards from the shore also made
i an attempt to reach the ship. I' Is n
f.trrted, but wero dtlven back by it Eh
seas.

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