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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, February 22, 1918, Image 3

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Specific Frauds Chavged to
Uniform Manufacturers
Here Total .$50,000.
Pursch nnd Levin Among Ac
cused Army Civilian
C lerk Also Held.
fol content with the tenuous legiti
mate profit allowed them, soma nnd poe
,,(,!. mny manufacturers of olive drab
triform for L'ultcd Statea soldiers
Ure been robbing tho Government hand
tttr fit Specific fraud of between;
liO.OOO nnd 560,000 Is charged In In
Jidmetits found by the) Federal Grand
jury jctordny. Th Investigation hero
i only begun, and 3 on In other cities.
Government agenta said the thefts might
run to a total of $3,000,000 or more,
robbery as practiced by men to whom
e'eth as entrusted under contract for
:. making of uniforms Is pictured by
f.e prosecutors as brazen, Cloth paid
or and owned by the Government and
tjrr.ed over to manufacturers. Instead of
x.ing converted Into soldiers' clothes
as hawked through "the trade" and
nfn offered for sale to the Qoernment
For Sale In 13 Mlaatee.
Within fifteen minutes after one of
t'; deals was made, 2,000 yards of olive
A-ab that belonged to Unci gam was
ndere4 to private buyers In a store In
New York' wholesale woolen district,
-oxe of the stolen cloth reached the
nn-ls of merchants who thought It had
ttn honestly paid for and Innocently
ioM It to others.
r.mnnts of bolts, which In their con
tracts manufacturers had agreed to re
urn to the Government, were sold for
imate gain and the Government was
iwured there were no remnants after
t uniforms were made up.
Eleven more were lnd!cted.xnot all or
l(m for theft. The charges Include em
'fitlement. theft, receiving stolen
tootf. perjury, concealment and altera-
ai of Government records. Ten of the
n are In the cloth or clothing trade,
"ae e'eventh Is a civilian clerk In the
Qjirtermaster's Department, In the
(ray Building. He is accused of having
ccstroyrd receipt that came from
TjnufacturerK for cloth delivered to
rem and with altering records to make
appear that the manufacturer re
t,cil lc.s materia than was actually
the ca.
More than 100 witnesses have been
hfard by the Grand Jury stnee Decem-
ver IS. The evidence waa presented by
talstant United States Attorney Rooa
ir.d cathcred by Lieut. George D.
Barnltz and Detective Coy and Senff I
uie ponce Department, ass.gned to I
'? Government.
Big Clothiers am List.
The indicted men are:
Abraham Pursch and Leon Levin,
r.tmbers of the nrm of Pursch &
Levin df 55 Fifth avenue, one of the
iirgcjt clothing manufacturing con
(rr. in the country and said to have
made J 1.000,000 worth of army unl-:orm-
fx)iii"! Davidson of the Universal
Cloth Shrinking and Finishing Com
Jir.y, 147 West Twenty-second street.
II; man and Benjamin Horwits,
father and son, of Horwits & Mosko
.;, uniform contractors, 119 West
.Nineteenth utrect.
Barnet Tcitz c-f B. Teitz & Co.,
rr.akers of overalls, 23 Greene street.
Jacob and Irving Weinstein, job
ttis in woollens, 9" Bleecher street,
Barney noblnson and Morris Ale
wltj. receiving and shipping clerks
(.- the New York 'Manufacturing
I'orapany. makers of hats, 600 Broad
ly ..'.
Iia !.. Jariotveky, known as Jan!s,
a ulllan clerk In the Quartermas
ter. Department.
After Judge Martin T. llaiitou had
fsfii bonds ranging from $.',000 tp
i;,St'9, ImII was given for all except
t'avidion, .lanowsky and the two Horo
.! The 'counsel for these four,
bl Smith, said they would be balled
Saturday. Tlie eleven defendants will
M a-ralgned for pleading before Judge
i'Jnton on Wednesday.
Bomb Squad Got Evidence.
Th army cloth scandal has devel
oped into big proportions klnco a day in
0:mber when a salesman for a wool
en firm offered to the Quartermaster's
Fepartment several thousand yards of
"tvt drab cloth which his firm thought
t had got by a piece of good fortune.
Te Q, m, officers were somewhat
saied when they discovered that this
iil'ntl al cloth already was owned by
m liovcrnmcnt and had been parcelled
Jl to a contractor who had agreed to
TiVe uniforms out of It.
Th arrest of Louis Davldton, pro
frl.tor of a sponging establishment,
Wowfd on December " 28, and the
rand Jury cot to work on evidence of
e'li'r Hlleged chicanery, tiiat was gath
''d here and there by the police bomb
"W'l arti'ts nnd pieced together by
r Vosa in the cfTlce of the United
't3 Attorney.
Trw results would seem Incredible to
") one iho supposes that nothing but
Mtnotlsm and desire for honest profit
tJs mot aied the business men who
i"a ont-acts for the Government for
"f "! tne Army of Freedom.
appears to the Government Inves
'Htora tiiat nome manufacturers not
Wr ha e been selling the Government's
? " 'I'ab cloth outright, without pret
we of making uniforms out of it. but
'Me- V-eri telling the "savings" the
"mnant nf doth left after the cut
'"t of a batch of uniforms which they
" gp,.o,d to return to the Govern-
en- nr receive an allowance therefore.
i Government allowed them io nr
n Kavr r. Per Cent.
hi ni-trlhutlng cloth to the contrac
w tli- genei-om Government allows
re thn f, Br-tually needed 'for the
" -tuiate-l number of uniforms. The-
'hat there Is bound to be a
'Viv""r ln th cutting and for
. .vlns ,he Government allows t
-r rent, -
jipcrti. have told Mr. Rooaa that good
it ,'? ,Mr iob we that per
tr .V "", f oth 18 ctually left over af
ur.2? rfr'',,r,,1 number of uniforms are
kuVi?1 a mi"ifcturer who known hla
tJleS,i"H.wora'"- "ippom s- manufa.
llV2f, varda of cloth laid out on
iiT rn" Government flg-
rrts ".u" f?r'5"lht-and a half
Toiiv2 .il1 inur",,njr a c'rt'" numb-r
JMrt. r4b hl0VKt- But' according to
mi, v a manurturer uses only for
tY. J?"'. can W tha. Govern
t ta the whole' fifty yards, and
vi me, value of these pieces: by
jM-ately .-elllng them (or using tham
,7 PUioses the contractors, It is
'"ted. have been making 100 per cent
under the present system of Inspection,
It was Mid yesterday, there la no way
of checking up his assertion.
Bo If the manufacturer la unscrupu
lous he can appropriate four yards out
of every fifty for his own use. These
are m.r.lv Ii.iui.ihah.
how the reader the possibilities of
ir.uu. anis pnase or the situation is not
called criminal by the authorities. Mr.
Hoosa ald ths wor(1 for Jt waa ,.pron.
Taeft of U,OB Yards Charareel.
In the Indictment against Davidson
and the two Ilorowlties they are
charged on sixteen counts with having
embenled 11,05 yards of army cloth
between November 8 and December 22.
Cloth for uniforms weighs sixteen ounces
to the yard and let worth $2.T5. Cloth
for overcoats weighs thhty ounces to the
yard and Is worth 4.
Pursch and Levlne are accuaed of em
bessllng 7,791 pounds or army cloth,
worth a: cents a pound, between Octo
ber 1 and December 20. The charge
against Telti Is that he received a lot of
cotton drill, such as linings are made of,
knowing It to have been stolen from the
Quartermaster's warehouse In Thirteenth
The two Wetnatelns are charged with
receiving nnd reselling olive drab cloth.
Itoblnson and Alewltz are charged
with perjury because of conflicting
stories they are tald to have told to the
Grand Jury and to Mr. Hoosa.
Janowslty. the Quartermaster's clerk,
Is said to have acted In collusion with
Davidson and the two Horowltaes In the
scheme by which the three last named,
It Is alleged, got cloth from the Govern
ment without It being recorded on the
Government book.
BUDGET $2,000,000
Wallstein Sees Attempt to Dis
credit and Kcpcal Pay as
You Go Plan. -
It was charged at the meeting of the
Board of Estimate yesterday that tho
action o! that body In adding 12,000,000
to the amount to be raised In the tax
levy for 1918 was an attempt to arouse
a storm of protest against the pay as
you go policy to aid In the repcnl of the
law, which is desired by the Hylan ad
ministration. This money represents 1.0 per cent,
of the can of acquiring the necessary
property for the widening of Queens
Boulevard to 200 feet for a distance of
about eight miles, from the Queensboro
Bridge to Hillside avenue, Jamaica. The
Committee on Finance and Budget of
the board, of which Mayor Hylan Is
chairman, reported yesterday that under
the pay as you go law It would not be
possible to raise this money by fifty year
corporate stosk. but It would have to go
Into the tax budget for this year.
Leonard M. "A'allsteln. representing the
Cltlrens- Union, quoted a law to show
that it would be necessary to finance the
project In the tax budget. He urged the
board riot to take word that corporate
stock could be Issued fcr the money, but
to submit the question to the Corpora
tion Counsel. His protests were Ignored
and the committee report was unani
mously adopted.
"Let lr.e point out," said Mr. Wallstein
to the board, "that the attempt to raise
thin money by taxation, when It may be
relied by corporate stocl:. might be con
strued bv the public with apparent Jus-
tics as a disingenuous attempt on your
part either to unjustifiably Increase the
1?1S tax rate, for which you nave an
i.cuncsd that your predecessors are re
sponsible, or as an effort to cast dis
credit upon the pay as you go policy law
by falling to recognize one of the ex
press exceptions contained in it. or p;r
haps sa an unwarranted attempt to im
pose this burden upon the taxpayer of
to-day In order lo make use of this
IL'.OOO.OOO of borrowing capacity in some
other ne'.d of municipal finance."
After hearing Comptroller Craig and
William H. Page, counsel for the West
Imd Association, upon the nuisance
cauxed to the residents there by the
fumes from the chemical works on the
New Jersey side of the Hudson the
Board of Estimate voted to Join In the
attempt to get relief. Tho llealt'.i De
partment and the Corporation Counsel
will appear at the hearing granted by
the State Koatd of Heulth on the torn
plaint of the West End Association.
The State Board may levolio the
New Yoik charter of an company the
plant of which constitute') a nuL-auce to
New York icsklcnts. whether that plant
be located in or ontsIJe the Stut, All
but one of the offending companies is
operating under a charter fioin this
"If that law Is constitutional." said
President Connolly, "there Is hope for
the people of Klchmond, who hae been
compelled) to suffer in silence the fumes
from the chemical plants across the
Kills In Jersey."
Says lie Longs (or Time When lie
Can Be Cltlaen.
Following his release from Ellis Isl
and, where he had been detained since
September 2ft as a dangerous enemy
alien, Karl (John Paul) Hennlg visited
the Federal Building In Brooklyn yes
terday. There his father. Taul Hennlg,
formerly a foreman In the K. W. Bliss
plant, was acquitted last week of the
charge of treason at the request of
United Mates District Attorney France.
The latter had petitioned Attorney-Gen
eral Gregory to release Karl Hennlg.
The former employee of the Sperry
Gyroscope Company was accompanied
by his wife nnd baby. He expressed
Joy over his freedom and added with
evident sincerity:
"I want to see the Kaiser overthrown.
When Judge Chatfleld alters father's
papers so that I may become an Amer
ican, It will be the proudest moment of
my life. I long to be a citizen of this
AH Snppllra Packed In Smallest
Possible CosnpaiM.
Washington. Feb. 21. The army em
barkation service Is permitting no space
to be wasted In loaded transports or sup
ply ahlps for France. Under orders of
Major-Gen, uoethals, acting Quarter-
maater-Oeneral, ever;' article shipped Is
Inspected for the possibilities of reducing
Its compass, and thousands of feet
of shipping space- have been saved as a
liven boilers In which soldiers' rations
are prepared In the field are shipped
filled with small articles. Army shoes
now go over lnbulk shipments. The
boxes In which each pair comes from
the factory are abandoned.
Reselatlon far Meaameat For
mer rrealdteat Oaea Senate.
WagR tie oton. Feb. 11; The hotly fit;
bated' resolution to -permit -descendants
of President. Buchanan 'to erect at their
own expenae a monument to hla memory
in a park here.-passed the House to
day, 213 to 150, and now goes to the
Senate. ,. '".'
The Issues,'. of the' ante-bellum days
furnished the baeU,for the House debate
which has drafted--Intermittently fos
weeVs. t ft. ' ?
Senate Sub-Committee Tails,
However, to Specify
Changes Sought.
Clause Permitting: President to
Create New Agencies Is
Stricken Out.
Special beipalch lo Tns Son
Washt.voto.v, Feb. 21. The Overman
bill by a vote of 3 to 2 was ordered to
day teported to the Senate Judiciary
Committee by the eub-commlttce which
has had charge of Its revision. Chair
man Overman of the sub-committee, with
Senators Fletcher (Fla.), Democrat, and
Nelson (.Minn.), Republican, voted for
the report. Senators Ileed (Mo.). Dem
ocrat, and Dillingham (Vt.l. Republi
can, voted adversely.
The Overman bill as amended by the
sub-committee Is modified materially
from the measure originally Introduced
by the North Carolinian under executive
direction, which raised such protest at
the time of Its Introduction from all
sides of the .Senate.
Mar Redlatribnte Faactlons.
The feature which permitted the Pres
ident to organize departments or agen
cies of- government at his own will was
Urlcketi out. As revised the bill permits
the. President "to make such redistribu
tion of functions among executive agen
cies as he may deem necessary. Includ
ing any functions, duties and powers
hitherto conferred upon any executive
department, commission, bureau, ogency,
office or officer" during the period of
the war.
The clause of the original measure
under which the President was author
ized to make such changes "in such
manner as ho may deem appropriate"
also was stricken out and in substitute
therefor was written authority to
"utilise, -coordinate and consolidate." ex
isting agencies or agencies hereafter to
be created by law.
It will be pointed out when the bill
come before the full committee and
later in the Senate, that the main con
tention of opponents of the bill Is Just
as live to-day ai when the Overman bill
'first saw the light. The only real change
Is the elimination of the power to create
entirely new agencies. Otherwise- the
bill In its changed form is Just a mis
chievous, from'' the point of view of.the
opposition, ss It evr wes.
Want Changes Specified,
The bill's opponents InMst that tlu-y ,
stand ready to comply through appro-;
priate legislation w'.tli any proposition j
which the President may desire to sub-,
mlt in the matter of t'.i consolidation
or coordination of any existing Govern
ment departments, bureaus. commlSKlons
or agencies, or to create new ones If de
sired, but It will demand a deification
of such agencies.
The Overman bill Is expicted to meet
through executive action the deficiencies
In administration which the Chamb.
Isin bill to treat a war cabinet and tho
bfll by the same author to create a di
rectorship of munition'' otlglnally re
lieved. Those, bills have the fax or of
the Chamberlain element in the Senate.
The Overman bill Is the Administration's
counter proposition.
The act of the sub-cummlttte tb-Uay
Joins Uih Issue and It Im now up to the
Senate-to proceed with the fight along
the lines which the two sets of meas
ures defln'-.
To sub-committee majority members )
say they hope that In th, solution they
reached to-day In reporting the bill to
the full Loimnlttee they have met the
demands of Republicans and Democrats
for a basis 'of agreement Tht minority
members, however, were not (f the. same
mind. They thought it would only pre
cipitate the dlsuxslnu on the floor and
adhered to the view that the measure
could not sutvive dlscuhslon in the Sen
ate Itself.
Speakers in Parliament Say
Country Should Be Able
to Supply Itself.
Paris, Feb. 21. The Government's
bill under which complete powers would
bo granted It by the Parliament over
wheat production and wheat control In
France was debated In the Chamber of
Deputies to-day. Victor Boret, the Min
ister of Provisions, told tha House that
there must be an Intensification of wheat
production and that the Cabinet was
resolved firmly to use extraordinary
measures to accomplish this end.
Wheat production In France, said M.
Boret, had been Increased since the war
began, but only sufficiently y supply
France with food for an additional fif
teen days In the year. The French re
quirements had been supplied by Im
ports, but now tonnage must be used for
other purpoees than to import wheat
which the country was ablo to produce,
he declared.
Discussion of tho measure by various
members brought out the fact that un
der the new powers) It a-'ked the Gov
ernment could take over the whole har
vest of 1918, the Ptate becoming the sole
buyer and the sole seller of grains for
biead making. It also was shown that
the Government would be empowered to
Intensify production by supplying seeds
for spring sowing and adequate fertilis
ers to fanners throughout France; to
fix equitable prices to growers; to com
pel land owners to sow minimum areas ;
and to assist lu the organization of
In Increasing thus the bread supply
from French soli the State would un
dertake tha active direction of many
corelated activities, thereby controlling
tho output from the preparation of the
ground for sowing until the product
was sold as bread upon the presentation
of a ticket by the consumer.
The bill will be further discussed on
Tuesday next
Kdvrard to Bxplatn Income Taa.
William H, Kdwards. Collector of In
ternal Revenue for the Second district.
Issued a statement yesterday ssylng that
persons who have offices In the district
should file their Income tax returns at
the Custom House, and that taxpayers
whose entire net Income Is Included In
Block A. Form 1040 will not be required
to make a 'return on Form 1101. The
collector will make a eerles of explana
tions of ths. law, beginning at the Stock
Exchange Monday, February 25, for the
purpose ot.explainlng that persons may
make return from their offices and nay
lues at the Custom House Instead of
Irons tneir nomas.
Pershing Will Borrow Allied
Machines if German Su
periority Increases.
This Is Almost Certain if
Enemy Is Massing Men
Against U. S. Sector.
Special Despatch lo Taa Sex.
Washington, Feb. 21. Advices ie
celved here from Gen. Pershing's head
quarters make It clear that Germany has
concentrated aircraft forces for the pur
pose of dominating the air over the
American sector. Latest reports are In
a sense alarming, because aerial concen
tration not Infrequently precedes a con
centration of attacking forces. So far,
however, there Is nothing official, beyond
reports that Pershlug'ei men are being
harassed and that control of the air is
with the enemy.
The military authorities here Identi
fied with the aviation branch were .not
surprised at the cabled report that the
Germans controlled the air over the
American sector so decisively that Ger
man planes carried out much of their
work without serious opposition. No ef
fort Is made either to challenge this
statement or belittle Its Importance. The
effect of giving publicity to this situa
tion Is expected to be helpful In more
ways Mian one.
Intended as Warning.
Secretary of War Baker would make
no comment on this news, but officers
In a position to know the facts explained
that the real significance lies first In
warning the American people of the
advantage to the-enemy which control
of the air means and second ln focusing
attention on the vital necessity of rush
ing aeroplane work at this time.
Gen. Pershing's quota of airplanes,
manned by trained and expert fliers, un
der normal conditions would be able to
contest the enemy's effort to control the
air over hl.i sector, but the Germans,
according to advices from the front &re
now beginning to devote particular at
tention to the American front By con
centrating at this point they admittedly
can make their domination of the air so
overwhelming that Pershing could not
begin to cope with It except by getting
assistance from the French and British.
According to the military experts here
the harntsslng of American troops by
German airmen necesiarlly would not
call for counteracting measures unless
it Is Judged that some military move of
Importance which tha enemy has planned
Is Involved.
Ilelayed by Lack of Ships.
Gen. Pershing doubtless Is eagerly
awaiting the time when the first Ameri
can built airplanes will be at his dis
posal, for this Will mean steady addi
tions fiom then on. Announcement was
made yesterday that the first American
battle planes were en route for France
and that quantity production luvd begun.
Secretary Baker believes these planes
will go forward lu steady and Increas
ing proportion.
While the American airplane pro
gramme is nearly ix months ahead of
schedule obstacles have come up ln get
ting both planes and aviators sent to
IJurope. The appeal from Gen. Per
shing's officers for the despatch of avia
tors and airplanes at the earliest pos
sible moment is regarded here as a (to
te.t agalnrt the shipping delay...
New Heail of Quartermaster
Department Makes Many
Radical Changes.
Washington. Feb. 21. Reorganisa
tion of the Quartermaster Corps under
Major-Gen. Goethals has been completed
and n summary mado nubile to-day
ihows radical changes designed to insure
the food and clothing supply of the
army, particularly of the overseas forces.
Gen. Goethals is depending largely upon
highly specialized civilians to carry' out
his programme.
One step taken is to meet sucn a situ
ation as the recent railroad congestion,
which found the embarltatlon servtce cut
off from Its usual food supplies for the
transports. A series of embarkation
storehouse. has been established at the
ports of departure, wlapre vast quanti
ties of foodstuffs arc kept constantly in
The fuel and forage division to which
is assigned the duty of aiding army con
tractors in procuring fuel to keep going
la headed by Daniel B. Wentx, for years
an active coal operator, lie lias sur
rounded himself with civilian experts
on fuel, forage and oil, which he pur
cliones for the army.
Still another new element or organisa
tion Is the outfitting of troops bound
overseas at special camps maintained
for that purpose. Heretofore they were
outfitted at their training camps. Camp
Merrltt', near Now ork city, Is now used
for tills purpose, and arrangements are
being made for similar use of Camp
Stuart Virginia ; Camp Dlx, New Jer
sey, and e'lther Camp Meade, Maryland,
or Camp Ixie, Virginia. Great quantities
of supplies of nil kinds for outfitting
purposes are being concentrated at these
Prussian Diet Committee Itejreta
Equal Suffrage Proposal,
Amsterdam, Feb. 21. The franchise
committee of the lower house of the
Prussian Diet has accepted by a vole of
20 to 15 the Conservatives' substitute
proposal for a system of plural voting
and representation based on professions
and guilds, according to a Berlin tele
gram to-day, i
Consequently the Government's pro
posal, which provided for equal suf
frage, was declared "disposed of."
Major-Gen. Kennedy Transferred.
Waihinoton, Feb. 21. Major-Gen.
Chase W, Kennedy, formerly command
Ing at Camp Dlx, N. J has been ordered
to Camp Custer, Battle Creek, Mich., to
command the Eighty-fifth National Army
Division, He relieves Major-Gen. Jatnes
Parker, Who reached retirement age
yesterday, ....
Preadergaet Heads Casualty Co,
William' 'Ar Prendergast, for eight
years Comptroller of he city, has been
made president of the Policyholders Re.
organisation Corporation of the Casualty
Company ot America, 'It was' announced
CanntJ Product tm Bm Uted
by Unitmd Stmt Army.
niLMNoHAM, Wash., Feb. 21. n. B.
Doming, Salmon Administrator for the
Federal Government, announced to-day
that by order of the Food Adminis
trator all of tho unsold salmon stock
In the United States would be requisi
tioned for the United States Army.
Telegraphic-orders to withhold disposal
of all untold salmon have been sent
to the different packcry.
Portland, Ore., reb. 21. Salmon
packers may not aelt any of the Blocks
they now have on hand pending de
cision as to how much will be needed
for .Government use, according to an
order received to-day by local packers
from the Federal Food Administration.
About a year ago the packers were
notified to set aside a certain per
centsge of their stock to be sold to the
Government This gradually has been
taken up. To-day's order Is thought to
Indicate that tho Government wanta to
make sure of having enough of the
canned product and sales have been
temporarily suspended.
Saloon Enters as Factor in
Wage Controversy at
Stock Yards.'
Chicago, Feb. 21. Attention of Judge
Alschuler, arbitrator In the stock yards
wage dispute, was directed to-day to
the saloon as an important element In
the controversy.
ln questioning Bertha M. Hlenberg.
associate economist of the Bureau of
Applied Economics of Washington, D. C
Attorney James O. Condon, representing
the packers, stated that residents of the
district "back of the yards" contributed
more than $1,000,000 a year ln the sup
port of saloons.
Miss Hlenberg had submitted In evi
dence a budget showing that ln 1917 It
cost Il,17T.9j to support a family of five
ln the stock yards district.
"Do 'you think It would take as much
for a' salcon keeper to support a family
of five as It would take a stock yards
employee?" as'.ted Attorney Condon.
The witness said ahe believed It
"Well, there are S00 saloons In ISO
square blocks back of the yards and
each (saloon man pays $1,009 a year
license, has his rent to pay and hire a
bartender as well as support his family."
said the attorney. "Tills means that
It takes- more than $1,000,000 a year to
keep Uiose saloons going, and that
money comes from the residents of the
district, who are largely slock yards em
ployees. Don't you think If the men
spent less In these aaloona they might
have more to contribute to the sup
port and comfort of their families?"
"My answer to that question is that
there will, never be less drinking back
of the stock yards until the men work
shorter- hours and are not so worn out
at the end of the day that they are
forced to seek relief by using alcoholic
stimulants and until they receive higher
wages," replied the witness.
"You think, then, the more money men
earn the less they drink," Inquired the
"Investigations made by sociological
workers bear out this theory," said Miss
Miss Hlenberg said the cost of living
In the district had Increased 3Sj per
cent, since 1910. when the estimate -nas
$00. The witness read from Govern
ment reports showing that '.'." of the
leadlr.g industries had Increased wages
from 9 to $0 per cent in the past few
years to meet tho increased cost of liv
ing. Counsel for the employees expect to
close their direct case to-morrow.
A Sale of
Boys' Spriimg Clothes
will fee 8te!d to-morrow (Saturday) on the
Slsth Floor.
. ,
Quality, style and value are the saHiemt
features in the items prepared for
this special offering.
Boys' Suits, made of bright - patterned
Scotch tweeds (Imported by B. Altman : Co.
at a much lower price than is possibJe at the
present time), in a new sports model, splen
didly taifored; sizes 7 to 18 years. Each
suit has an extra pair of trousers.
Price $116.50
Boys' Suits, made of brown or gray raised'
fabric, with extra pair of knickerbockers;
sizes 7 to 18 years.
Price $113,50
Little Boys' Reefers and Top Coats off iine
quality materials; sizes 2 to 8 years.
Price $6.50
Boys' Blouses in a variety of pretty colored
stripings, with French turn-back cuffs; sizes
7;to'l4 years. , . ; Price 95c.
Warns Hail and Other Work
ers They Must Yield to tho
Spirit of Now Era.
All Are in Government Ser
vice, Not Private Employ,
and Must Help Win War.
Washington, Qeb. 1. ln a general
order to-night designed to clarify the
relations between the railroad adminis
tration and tho employees of the roads,
Director-General McAdoo emphasised
that officials nnd workmen no longer
are serving a private Interest, but the
Government and tho public only, and
that all must work together for the
common object of defeating Germany. .
That the greatest efficiency may be
at alt times maintained, tho Director
General ordered that all laws pertaining
to the promotion of the safety of em
ployees and passengers must be fully
complied with : thst where necessary
men must work a reasonable amount of
overtime : that tho retention of men In
their Jobs will be determined by their
fitness and character of service rendered
and that no discriminations shall be
mails against any employee because of
membership or non-membership In labor
Pointing out that ln the enforcement
of laws and orders for the promotion of
safety on the roads it would be futile to
Impose fines for violations upon the Gov
ernment, the Director-General said that
It would become his duty to Impose pun
ishments for wilful and Inexcusable vio
lations upon the person or personn re
sponsible, the punishment to be deter
mined by the facts.
Erroneonb Impression Corrected.
Special emphasis In laid In the order
to an erroneous Impression drawn from
an order of last December 20. which pro
vides that all officers, agents and en
ployees of the railroads might continue
In the positions they then he'd. Many
employees apparently had Interpreted
the order as designed to prevnt any
change In the terms of employment dur
ing governmental operations.
This Interpretation, the Director-General
said, was entirely erroneous, the
purpoee having merely been lo confirm
all terms of employment existing on that
date, but subject to subsequent modifica
tions deemed advisable fur the require
ments of tho servW. Officers nnd em
ployees wen; directed to be governed by
this coiifctructioii.
Th brond question of wages and hour
will bo passed upon by tno President's
Railroad Wage Commission as promptly
as possible, the order said, and pending
a disposition of these matters, all re
quests Involving revisions of schedules
or general changes In londltloris affect
ing wages and houts will bo held In
abeyance by both the managers and em
ployees. Wages, when detei mined upon,
will be mado retroactive to January I.
191S. Matters of controversy arising
under Interpretations of existing wage
agreements and other matters not relat
ing to wages and hours will take their
usual cource, and. In the event of ina
bility to it-Jch a settlement will be re
ferrci to tho Director-General.
'The Government now being In control
of the railroads," says tho order, "the
officers and employees of tho various
companies no longer serve, a private in
terest. All now rve the Government
and the public intercuts on'.. I want
the officers and emploe to get the
spirit of this new era.
I Most Be Friend and Comrade.
"Supreme devotion lo country, an In
lnclb!e determination trf perform the
1. Altttum Sc (Ha
Imperative duties of the hour while the
life of the nation Is Imperilled by war,
must obliterate old enmities and make
friends and comrades of us alt
"There must bo cooperation, not an
tagonism: confidence, not suspicion:
mutual helpfulness, not grudging per
formance: just consideration, not arbi
trary disregard of each other's rights
and feelings, a fine discipline based 'on
mutual respect and sympathy, and an
earnest desire to serve the great. public
faithfully and efficiently. This Is the
new spirit and purpose that must per-,
vade every part and branch of tho na
tional railroad service. ,
"America's safety, America's Ideals,
America's rights are st stake. Democ
racy and liberty throughout tho world
depend upon America's .valor, America'
strength, America's fighting power. We
can win nnd save the world from des
potism and bondage only If we pull
together. We cannot pull apart yltuotit
ditching the train. Let us go forward
with unshakable purpose to do our part
superlatively. Then we shall save
America, restore peace to a distracted
world and gain for ourselves the coveted
distinction and just reward of patriotic
service nobly done."
Longer Honrs and Promotion of
Helpers to Hasten Work.
Washington, Feb. 21. To hasten re
pair work on locomotttes and railway
rolling stock an agreement involving
lengthening of working hours, promotion
of apprentices and helpers and main
tenance .of open shop conditions has
been readied between Director-General
McAdoo and A. O. Wharton, president
of the Railway Employees Department
of the American Federation of Labor.
The agreement affects more than 200,000
At shops and roundhouses now work
ing one shift which totals fewer than
seventy hours a week, an Increase In
working hours will be made, probably
on a seven day basis. In certain shops
where conge-tion Is most werlous men
may be required to work ten or even
eleven hours, with overtime pa.y on the
present bauls, pending consideration by
the Railroad Wage Commission.
Governor Said to Be Planning;
Shakenp In State Council.
Special De.patcli lo Tss Sen.
Albanv. Fob. 21. Following the criti
cism directed at Gov. Whitman by farm
em throughout the State and the adop
tion of resolutions demanding the resig
nation of the State Farms and Markets
Council and of Its wecrctary, Charles H.
Uetls, thu members of the counill with
the evceptlon of H. L. Pmtt of New
York held a special meeting here to-day.
Humors were rife thst there is to be a
shakeup in the council.
H wan sfiid that the Governor In order
to ssuage the anger of the farmers In
tended to ask the re-lgnation of Mr.
Dt-tts and some of the members. Seci
tary Tlett. Insisted that he hadn't heard
of any such request and members of the
council said after their meeting that
they knew nothing about it. It was ad
mitted, however, that they had discussed
tho resolutions of tho agricultural organ
isations and that they would attempt to
meet tho criticisms directed toward the
State administration.
Yale to Fly yerr Service Flag,
Nnw Haven, Feb. 21. One incident ot
Alumni day at Tate University to-morrow,
announced to-lay, will be the flying
of a war service flag by the Scientific
School, presented by W. W. Sklddy. '6!!.
of Stamford, Conn., for 284 students nnd
faculty members. This flag Is distinct
from the unlverIty service flag with
912 stars, which Is the gift of S. It.
Pons;bkernsle flood Receding.
1'oi.v.HKnuvit:. X. V.. Feb. ;i. This
city's flonj situation wit. relieved Into
to-day when the Uildgo ever the Fall
Kill at North Hamilton etrcut w.is dyna
mited. Since t',i.u the water, which has
done large property dnmugit and driven
scores of people from their home, has
lx-en receding.
A Clearance Sale of
Women's Boots
in buttoned and laced models, will be con
tinued to-morrow on the Second Floor.
The styles included are particularly desirable
for practical wear and the workmanship and
qualities are such as to insure excellent
Prices $2.75, 3.75 & 4.75 per pair
Menu's Balta Shoes
(taced model) of tan calfskin with cloth tops,
will be. on Special Sale to-morrow,
at $7.85 per pair
TEjese Shoes arc smartly made throughout
and are recommended as a fitting adjunct to
the Spring suit.
In the regular sIock the advance assortments
for Spring include Shoes in many fashionable
combinations such as gunmeta! with gray
tops, and tan calfskin with tan buckskin or
cloth tops.
(Sixth Floor)
Western Officfal Says Delays
Are Inevitable and Should
Not Bo Penalized.
New .Jersey Man Tells How He
Spends His $86.99 Every
Waihinoton, Feb. 21. Requests by
employees that the Railroad Wage Com
mission recommend time and a half
for overtime as a penalty for work
beyond eight hours was answered to
day by E. F. Potter, assistant to the
general manager of the Minneapolis,
St Paul and Rault Ste. Marie.
Mr. Potter told the commission both
the managements and the employees
agreed It was impossible to run a rat -road
without some overtime, because
many delays wero beyond the control
of cither side, in tho final analysis,
ho said, leductlog In overtime work
depended on the employees themselves,
and therefore a penalty should not be
Imposed, though the railroads alwuyM
hnd been willing to submit the ques
tion to arbitration by a Government
Men Idle During Delays.
"The railroads have not granted time
ond a half overtime," Potter declaied,
"because It does not represent a pro
portionate Increaee In labor for the.
money expended and because It Is In
consistent for men working on a doub!
standard cf pay like train crews, who
figure their wages on a basis of either
hours or miles."
Overtime work, was said to be cautcd
meet-frequently by delays during' which
the employees were Idle, so that the
overtlm-j did not' mean a great drain
on their physical strength.
"I believe In paying a man for every
minute of his time, but no more," pot
ter added. "I object lo the rule for "
some workers that they receive no pay
for ove.-tlme up to thirty minutes anj
are paid for un hour If they work
thirty-one minutes. '
Tha problems of the low paid man
held the closest attention of the commis
sion throughout the recital of J. T. Mor
ris of Plttman, N. J., who asked wage
increases for railroad ferrymen, now
receiving from 32,1 to 25.8 cents an
hour. His own pay amounts to $86.fl!i
a month, and there are four in his
Ha Had 15 Snlt Four Years.
"How do you divide that money for
your cxpensei?" .inked Secretary Lane.
Well, I py J16 u month rent," Mr
Morris replied. "I can't give you exact
figures on grocery co&ts without askirc
my wife, but to buy at the cheapest
places anil always pay cash to avoid
going ln debt.
"We don't rpend much ror clothes. I
paid $13 for tho bult I'm wearing nnd
I've had it four ears. My oercoit
was bought six years ago. but of course
I don't need many clothes because I
don't go anywhere. Once a month we
go to o picture bhow.
"Wo get free railroad transportation
but it costs money to use It, ro we don't
have any trips."
"Can you send us nn itemized ac
count of a typical monthly expendi
ture'.'" the Secretary asked.
"I'll be glad to do so. but I want to
explain that if It runs beyond $S6.9P it
Is because I work on my day off cacb
week," the wltncrs answered. "All th'
frnymen get odd Jobs on their rc.'i
days to help, and jrome of them need "
mighty bad."
Morris .tt-ked wases of SO to
cents an bour, an eight hour Instead of
fi S 1-a hour d.ij and one week's vaca
tion with pay.

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