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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, February 23, 1918, Image 2

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trograd, Kiev anil all town', villages and
hamlets; on the tin of the new front
must raise, battalion to dig trenches
under direction of the military KoclallnU.
"Sixth All member., of the bourgeois
class, the womon as well aa the man,
must enter these battalions under sur
veillance of the Itcd Guards und In case
of resistance must be shot.
'evenlh All Institutions which offer
resistance to the action of the revolu
tion of the defensive and pass to the
side of the German bourgeois, or which
have a tendency to profit by the Invasion
of the Imperialistic, masses In order to
overthrow the authority of the Hovlets
must be closed. Directors of and col
laborators with these Institutions who
sre catable of work must mobilize them
selves to die trenches and engage In
other defensive works.
"Klghth Foreign agents and specula
tors are counted an revolutionary agita
tors' and Oerman spies must be shot at
KM. The Socialist fatherland Is In
danger. Long live the national social
revolution !"
It may be significant that the procla
mation does not bear the name of Trot
sky, 'who has always heretofore signed
these papers.
population will form a more definite
movement of resistance.
The Government will receive a de
tailed report from Brlg.-Ocn. Judson,
who hm jilt returned from duty at the
American Kmbassy In Petrograd.
The turn of events In Russia, In the
view here, swings upon the object of the
German High Command In renewing op
erations. The capture of war material
from an. unresisting foe Is considered of
no great Importance and the capture of
thousands of prisoners Is regarded as an
added embarrassment In many ways.
The taking of Petrograd, It Is conceded,
might be desirable for Its effect In Ger
many and particularly In Austria.
Reported on War to Dvlnak
Meet Germans.
Lonpon, Feb. 23. A despatch to the
Express from Petrograd, dated Thurs
day, says that Ieon Trotsky, tho llol
ahevlk Foreign Minister, started yester
day for Dvlnsk "to take measures to
liquidate the new hostilities."
It Is stated In military circles that the
commander In chief of the Oerman In
vaders Is the Grand Duke of Heme,
brother of the former Russian Umpress.
says the newspaper.
The Bolshevik capitulation to a Ger
man peace and news of the Oerman ad
vance was received In Petrograd In
various ways. The correspondent of the
Time says that profound disgust was
felt and uttered by serious and Intelli
gent people and was reflected In thn
non-Bohhcvlk newspapers. A report to
the Morn in p Post h that the naner
element of tho population call Tor closer
relations with the Allies looking to tho
unification of Russia and the abandon
ment of tho dreams of amateur states
It Is reported In thW connection that
the non-uolshoviK arte non-aociaiist par
ties will try to reassemble the Conslltu
ent Assembly with a view to appealing
to the Allies.
The Petrograd correspondent of the
Dally Mall describes tho attitude of the
people u mostly one of apathy and
fatalism. He say that a majority
would welcome the arrival of tho Ger
mans In the hope that they would re
store order, the feeling being that any
thing Is batter than the present conui
As to the decision to surrender to
tho Germane, accounts differ. Borne say
thst Premier Len no and others that For
Ign Minister Trotsky was responsible
for the capitulation. The correspondent
of the JJnflv ,Veii-, who has been In
close relations with the Bolshevlkl, says
that at the meeting of thn Council or
People's Commissaries, which voted on
the question, Trotiky, who had been in
favor of flghtlnsr to the last, unex
pectedly went to tho other side. This
caused Indignation In lils party and he
probably will resign.
The chsnge In the Bolshevik policy
to one of surrendor surprised both their
enemies and friends and threw their
supporters Into contusion. The foreign
embassies, according to the Tints,
knew nothing of tho Bolshevik capitu
lation until Tuesday night. They be
lieved the Russians Intended to resist
We German advance at all hazards.
Whatever happens. It Is regarded as
probable that tho Germans will stiffen
the peace terms offered at Hret-LI-tovak.
Reichstag's Main Committee
Adopts Compact,
rtr.ni.iM. vli Amsterdam, Feb. 22.
The Main Committee of the Reichstag
to-day adopted the peace treaty between
Germany and tho Ukraine.
Continued from First Page.
Envoys to Franco Ambassador
Sharp's Guests at Anniver
sary Luncheon.
Former French Minister Com
pares President's Ideals to
Irish hlstorv when a man could commit
an aatrarlan or political outrage with
such assurance ns now that the law
would not give him his deserts.
"In ths first place, the Irish govern
ment ouv0usly is most unwilling to en-
lorve inn wwj 111 mu ptmu.
when the law Is put in motion It is now
defeated promptly and with Invariable
success by the device of the hunger
strike. A man Is sentenced to Imprison
ment for a seditious speech, a raid for
arms or for unlawful assembly, lie goes
on a hunger strike and In a week at the
latent ho Is a free man with the halo of
martyrdom. The Nationalist papers,
wb)ch-encour.gdor at any rat de
fended the hunger strike, are now be
ginning to realise their mistake. It Is
not confined to-day to political offend
ers. The ordinary criminal classes are
taking a leaf out of the Bin Fein book
and the hunger strike threatens the
complete paralysis of every law which
stands to-day between the respectable
Irish cltlsen and Russian anarchy."
Drove Slaughtered jr Sinn Felners
to Prevent Exportation,
Sptcitl Cable DetpatcK to Tax Sc from the
London rimes.
Copyright. 191S: utl rtthtt eeterxet.
Dl'SMK, Feb. 22. In Dublin yester
day thirty men surrounded a drove of
forty piss that were being driven from
the metropolitan market to Northwall
for exportation to England, herded the
animals Into a shed belonging to t
corporation and began slaughtering
them. Thn men declared the Sinn
Felnern had seized the plgH tn prevent
their exportation.
The County Roscommon police learned
yesterday that the Sinn Fein clubs in
the Drumsna district Intended to take
forcible possession of grazing lands near
Boyle and parcel them out among the
laborers and small farmer. Additional
policemen were brought up and a strong
force was placed on the lauds. This
morning a procession, largely composed
of members or the Sinn Fein clubs,
carrvinj spades and accompanied by
band", marched to the lands and tried
to take possession.
The police ordered them to disperse
and when Uiey refused a charge was
rrclercd. The crowd threw down their
spades and fled through the field?.
Lord Cecil Sees I.lttle Hope
Condition In Rassla. .
. Special Cable Vtspaici to TnalsiiT?
Z Copyright, 1911; all rights reiervei"
London, Feb. 22. Lord Robort Cecil,
spokesman for the British Foreign Office,
in "discussing the Russian situation to
day said that so far as he knew the
Allies had not discussed formally their
course of action when the Bolshevik
German peace Is put Into effect, although
there have been unofficial steps taken
which whllo not In the nature of con
certed action were along similar line').
It Is evident, he pointed out. that the
Allies' attitude, must be that they cannot
help thoac who will not help themselves :
there Is a feeling that anything would
be better than the contlnualton of the
present anarchy.
Referring to the openly expressed an
tipathy to Great Britain nnil America,
Lord Robert said It was part of the
Bolshevik propaganda to preach that
Great Britain first and America next
were most opposed to making peace, that
these two nations had urged P.ueslu to
go on with the war, backing up the
bourgeois government of Kerensky.
There Is no desire In Great Britain to
see Russia other than a great and pow
erful state, he concluded, but at the
present time there did not appear to be
even the nucleus of nny lepresentatlve
The HVsf-nintfer Oazrtle says : "It Is
far from certain that the present course
of events will In the Ion run be of ad
vsntage to Germany, Wo see already
the Internal embarrassments that have
been caused In Austria by tho betrayal
t of the Poles. There Is good reason to
' bellevo that the Dual Monarchy would
be thankful to get rid of the servitude
which places Its internal politics at the
merry of the Oerman war lord.
"If there were no longer a Russian
peril lo exploit, the chief motive which
kept the Central Powers clamped to
tether would, disappear and Instead of a
Mlttelcuropa, which some Germans
dream of, we might have an entirely
different grouping of forces, In which
the Blavs might come to their own."
An Interesting suggestion Is that It
may be found necessary In order to keep
the great store of supplies, railroad ma
terial and munitions now at Archangel
from falling Into the hands of the. Ger
mans or of being destroyed by the Bol
shevlkl for ono of thn Allies, which
naturally would be Great Britain, to
seize that port.
An expeditionary force could be
landed thero despite the Ice In the har
bor and could defend It In thn Interest
of ths Allies. The strategic value of the
possession of Archangel In view of fu
ture contingencies can be easily under
Convention Summoned (a Meet
1 Next Tuesday,
fptf.f-raon nupaten to Tax Sin from ths
London Tiiiel.
I'opyright, "OH; all rights rfiened
London, Feb, 22. The delegation from
the Irish convention, which had Impor
tant meetings with the Prime Minister
and the War Cabinet laft week, has re
turned to Ireland and the full convention
has been summoned to meet In Dublin
next Tuesday.
It is clear that the convention Is on
the eve of ltn final sittings. It will re
view the position In the light of the
communications thst took place In 1-on-don
and Its report, upon which mo
mentous Issues hang, will bo presented
to the Government in about three weeks,
certainly before Caster.
Irish newspapers of every shade of
opinion are agreed In denouncing the ut
ter lawlessnei-s Into which the whole
country is rapidly drifting. They in
terpret, according to their various lights,
the apparent apathy of the Government
which Is "ascribed" to the convention
atmorphcre, to sheer weakness, to some
Machiavellian desire to find an excuse
for military rule. About the facts there
Is no question ; every private letter tells
tho same tale.
A scandal is certain to be raised In
the House of Commons If It does not
first break out In more glaring form.
Whatever comes of the convention, the
Government is felt to be merely pre In
dicing any practical result by familiar
ising Ireland with anarchy In advance,
Paris, Feb. 23. The Ministers of the
South and Central American republics
had luncheon with William t. Sharp,
the American Ambassador, at the em-
baevy to-da; In accordance with tho
long establ lalied custom of celebrating
Washington's Birthday 'In this manner.
All the litlii American j-eirubllcs were
represented. Mr. Sharp read to the
guests the following message from Pres
ident Wilson:
"Please convey to your cueata as
sembled on the 22d my warmest grect-
Incs nnd my wish that I might be
nresent to enloy with you and them
tho ensu of comradeship, community of
Interest and devotion to common pur
nose nnd Ideals which Is dally becom-
Ing stronger between tho republics of
"One of the hantilest circumstances of
the t me Is that Washington's Birthday
has become an appropriate anniversary
upon which to celcbrato and renew tho
principles of liberty, justice nnu nu
inanity, which must be made the prln
clplen of the world."
Response of the Ministers,
Tho ministers then adopted the fol
lowing resolution, which wa.i sent to
President WIIeoii
"Ths dlnlomatir lenresentatlves of Ihe
American republics assembled In the
embassy of the United Ktates on Wash
ington's Birthday, aio happy to seize
this opportunity of expresslnc to his
Excellency, President Woodiow Wilson,
their most leepectful homage und their
wishes for the uieutness nnd Blory cf
the American nation. They thank Vres
ldent Wilson for the nieBiie he was
good enough to addiess to them at the
verv moment they ere receiving the
gracious .hospitality of Ambaesador
Ambassador Sharp warned Franco
agalust "Insidious propaganda." The
United State, he said. h.i entered the
war not to Katlsfy seltlfh motives, but
for a vindication of the high and lofty
tirlnnlnlcs of llbeity and rlKht. This
was the only Incentive to America's en
trance Into the war, he said.
Luncheon at American Clati.
Charles H. Orasty closed the speech
making with a eulogy to the lrench ef- 1
fort alnce the war began, and voiced the
hope of all Americans that the French
would obtain reaults comparable with
the sacrifices they have made.
America's steadfast alliance with her
cobclllgerenls, hor similarity of war
alms and her unalterable decision to
continue the war to a vlctoilous conclu
sion were the main topics of speeches de
livered at n luncheon given nt th- Amer
ican Club to-day. Laurence V. llcnet
ptrslded. Gabriel Gulsthau, a Minister
In the Brlnnd Cabinet and re prosonl.v.ive
nf the) Ht. Nnznlic district In the French
Chamber of Deputies, was the principal
Ho compared Piealdenl AVIl'on with
Washington, and said Washington'
Ideals were similar to thoe uf Mr. Wil
son. He emphailapd tho help the Amerl
tans' may" gYvo'rict ttS mtich In a military
way as to supart and maintain the
morale of the civilian population.
Dr. Paul Vun Dyke of Princeton Uni
versity said "One way tickets to Franoe"
Is the American slogan until the enemy
la driven from French terrltorj .
U. S. Engineer Makes Deal at
Cnmbrai With British
Military Police Finally Com
pel Surrender of German
for Internment.
Sptcxal Cabli Dnpatth to Till Be.
CoprriiM, mi; aft tightt mtrvtd.
With -rite Amemcan Anur in FMKCg,
Feb. 22. A core of American artillery
officers, rich with Information and ex
perlence derived from one month's "post
graduate" course of training on the
British front, returned to tbelr batteries
In the active American sector bringing
with them new conceptions, together
with increased snap, vim, neatness and
also humor. One battery commander
"An American engineer at 0mbral
met a British Tommy' with a German
prisoner nnd mid, 'Where did you get
him?' The reply was, 'over mere,'
pointing to the battlefield.
"Sell him to me: I wm give you a
dollar and s half.'
"Tho answer was 'No '
"'Make It tZ or one pound of your
"That Is too bally little, Tank.' was
the reply.
"Then followed a long financial pailey,
the American engineer finally ipaylng f 50
for the German prisoner. He paraded
hie property through the atreeta of the
French city of Arras until the British
military police compelled him to turn
the man over to the concentration camp
American artillery observers are now
flying with French pilots over the Amer
ican sector In French airplanes.
urThc Utmost in Cigarettes"
Plain End or Cork Tip
People of culture and refinement
invariably PREFER Deities
to any other cigarette
Twenty Five Cents
4JfjjQMyy and rjyfliianCiqaixuSmt
Thinks Democrats Put Urge
Cost on Incomes Than Re
publicans Would.
Says Bolshevlkl Doctrines
May Bo Greater Menace to
Germany Than Shells
Other Pronta -Vot Affected by Ger
man Sweep Into Rassla.
TVasiiiniito.v, .Feb. 22. The Amerltan
Tf.neral Rtaff Is watching the now Ger
man sweep Into 11uiia with little more
lisn academic Interest, quite convinced
that Russia it no longer a military fao
tor lo be considered, and that tho situa
tion has llttlo bearing, for the present
U least, upon ths other battle fronts.
1-arne captures of military stores bear
tittle relation to the equipment of troops
in the Italian or West fronts, officers
nere say, as the guns and rifles captured
an be of use only as long ns the am
nunltlon supply captured with them
jolds out.
Observers, both here end In Russia.
t Is understood, are satisfied that aa the
lerman drive continues It will meet with
noro resistance. The greater the dls
ance the Germsns advance, the more
iffeetlve would be that resistance, the
unitary experts say, since It would re
lulre great numbers of trnons to main
aln the Oermnn transportation lines and
l!e tho best opportunity for guerrlla
art a re. Eventually they think the vast
Trumpets of Reveille Fol
lowed by Entrance of Aus
tralian Cavalry.
Allied Coordination and L'nity
Within Each Nation Called
( MiWInudl from J-'IrsI 'i.oe
It Not SatUfitd With Major-
Gen. Coethals a Explanation.
Special rietpatcf. lo Tas Six,
Vasihnoton, Feb. 42. Not wholly
satisfied with the explanation furnished
by Major-lien. Uoethals as to tho rea
sons for the dismissal of Cant, A. K
I'creless from the Quartermaster Corps,
the Senate Military Committee Is de
termined to proceed with an examina
tion of Capt. Percless, and summoned
him by telegraph from his home In New
York to appear before the committee to
morrow. At a late hour to-night the
committee had not been ablo to get In
touch with the desired witness, Hhould
he not be able to appear to-morrow It Is
then hoped that he may be heard on
It was Cupt. I'rreless'n lnestlgatlrins
of conditions In the business of furnish
ing the army with woollen cloth for over
coats which discovered the peculiar con
tract, later cancelled by the Pcretary of
War, between the War Department and
the TUee Bortlng Plant, Inc.. by which
the Uovframent had been obligated to
pay A centi a pound for the assorting of
woollen scrap for the reweavlng mills
where shoddy Is manufactured. It was
brought out In Ihe testimony that there
were other wool sorters In the I'nltefl
Htates who gladly would have accepted
such n contract at l-1; cents a pound,
Capt. Pereless recently ashed to be re
lieved from duty with Ihe Quartermaster-General's
office, and Oen, Uoethals
quickly acquiesced In accepting Ills with-dranal.
London, Feb. 22. Jericho has been I
occupied by Hie Ilrltlsh army operating
In Palestine, Australian cavalry riding
Into the city yesterday and meeting
slight opposition. The War Ofllce state
ment announcing the capture follows :
Alter an uneventful night our forces
operating east of Jerusalem resumed
their advance toward Jericho yester
day morning. Little opposition wsn
encountered, and at t :20 A. M. Aus
tralian mounted troops enteied the
village, subsequently establishing
themselves on tho line of the Jnrdsn
and the Wadl Auja.
Tho weather continues bad, with
mist and heavy rain.
Out- casualties In the fighting
Wednesday again were slight Forty
six Turkish prisoners were taken be
tween Tuesday and Thursdsy
North and northwest of Jerusalem
our advanced positions were slightly
extended and secured.
A further advance eastward of twenty-five
miles, howcv-. Would take the
British to the rallws rn.m Ixmascusto
Mecca, which would cu' Of." the Turks'
line of communication v' i Aim bis and
greatly assist tho revol'jnu' Ainu tribes
which are cooperating with the Hritlsh.
Jericho Is near the northern extremity of
the Dead Hea, fourteen mile nurthcss.1
of Jerusalem.
Tho ancient. Jericho, which was situ
ated to the west of the nif iern Jericho,
was a town of considerable size. It was
the first Canaanlte city to be. reduced by
the Israelites, who, the Hlbllcal story re
lates, encompassed Its destruction by tho
blowing of trumpets.
Capt. Pereless at his homo In Mont
clalr.N. J last night said he would bo
unablo to go to Washington to-day. He
Is 111 with the grip.
Itefnse by Large .Majority tit (ilve
More- Men tn Army.
Gl.ASUOw, Feb. 22. -The Kc-oltlsh
miners at a conference held In-day de
cided by a largo majority against the
(Invei-nment man nowrr hill, nn.tee n-hicl.
.item oi -iiusBian territory anu tne great I more miners would be called to the army.
One German Killed and Another
Captored In Patrol Fight.
Bu the AnocialeJ Prut.
With th Amkmcan Ahmt in Franc.
Feb. 22. In a patrol fight Americans
fiom units under Instruction In the fa
mous Chtmln-des-Damc kcclor killed
one German and captured nnother. One
American was slightly wounded,
This Is the first lime It has been per
milted to revest the fact that new Amer
ican units have entered thn line. The
troops have been them for some lime,
rufTerlng slight casualties, but their
presenco was kept secret until It was
certain the enemy knew they were mere.
Details of tho patrol tight are as yet
unavailable beyond the unofficial reKrt
that the prisoner taken was captured
slnsle handed by a vouna American from
one of the New l:ngland Htates, who
durlnff tho eiiaagement dropped into a
shell hole on top of a German hiding
there and later brought lilm in.
The American forces entered the line
on one of the darkest of nlgh's through
a ."iicll pitted region dotted with shell
wrecked towns. The French G.neral
commanding the sector, a hero of the
Marne. greeted them as comrades In
arms and klsed the American flag.
Throughout their period of service In
the line these troop-' .ha displayed
grtst eagerness to establish a record
equal to or better than that of the
troops holding the sector northwest of
The orders for them to lea their
billets came suddenly a few weeks ago.
The troops entrained anil rode to th
railhead nearest the position Into which
they were going. They knw whither
they were bound and welcomed the op
portunlty to begin fighting tho Germans.
Tho units as they detrained were
received by the French General com
manding tin sector, who kissed the flag
reverently and then addressed the men.
saying that he held them In the same
regard ns his own soldiers and that they
were brothers In arms, fighting for the
same great cause. He warned them to
be cautious In dealing with the enemy
over the distant hills.
The French soldiers, hi said, were
skilful In hunting these "wild beasts,"
and were glad of the opportunity to pass
along all they knew to their American
I comrades. He recognised that they
were courageous and anxious to test
themselves sgalnst the enemy, but sn-
vlsed that they should go slow at first.
The troops made a long march to the
line, slngli: at Intervals to help the
feet move faster and lighten tho load
they were carrying. They passed
through mile after mile of shell scarred,
desolate ground and through a number
of srrat piles or stones anu uenris
which once were village, but now with
out a single house left standing. The
scenes of destruction on ruch a large
scale deeply Impressed the Americans
and many of them expressed the hope
that they would food be able to help
punish the perpetrators.
The troops marcnen in ann iook up
their positions without a hitch, to the
muslo of the roaring guns, both friendly
and hostile, the ilashe frequently stab
bing the blackness of the night, first
here and then there, as far as Ihe eye
could tee.
On this occasion, as on prevlou mvii
slons when American troops resched the
front, they were warmly welcomed by
their French comrades.
An American General with these
troops had not been In the field two
hours when the enemy dropped n num
ber of six lnrh shells close hy hlm. It
was the General's first experience under
fire, but he continued his work coolly,
remarking that he was no more nervous
than he thought he would be,
The troops In this sector are virtually
all husky specimens. There are many
six footers among them, They come
from n cold climate and quickly adapt
themselves to the field conditions at this
The reserve units sre quartered In the
Alsne quarries nesr by, whtah are
twenty feet under ground and ono of
which Is capable of sheltering 3,000
Iaionihi.v, Feb. 22. Allied cooperation
and concentration cf alt efforts on na
tional salvation are two essential con
ditions, Viscount Mllner, member of the
War Cabinet, asserted In a speech at
Plymouth yesterday.
'Thero Is but one answer to the Ger
man challenge," he said, "and I will not
conceal what that answer Involves.
Great and wonderful as have been the
efforts and endurance of the British na
tion during the past three and a halT
years we must be prepared for greater
eforts and hardships In Ihe Immediate
future, but the more fiercely the storm
rages the higher the spirit of the na
tion will rise, There are two essential
conditions for using our great resources
whli h the bill extended 111 in to the giv
ing of orders for which ho had specific
legal poweis. There was a heated de
bate on this point. Senator Jtoblnson
(Arkansas) Democrat, said he felt the
President's powers of control should not
be limited by any such provision.
"Certainly the Senator from Arkansas
does not want the President to Issue any
orders without the authority of law?"
questioned Henator Smith (Ga,), Demo
crat. "I certainly do," answered Jtoblnson.
The Hitchcock amendment was de
feated, 46 to 25, by a strictly non-partisan
With the limitation stricken away It
was pointed out that the President was
not by the same motion permitted to give
any order contrary to existing laws, und
at the same time he was not to be ham
pered by having to wait upon Congress
for permission to do such things for
Armour Official IJlumcs Poor
Housing Largely on Had
Ciilt'Auo, Feb, 22. Harvey G. Kllerd.
supervisor of Armour & Co.'a employees
welfare and relief department, testified
to-day before Federal Judge Alschuler,
arbitrator In the stock yards wage con
troversy, that living condltlona 'lack of
the yards" are better than In the Ghetto
and other congested districts about Chi
cago's Industrial centre.
Many families In the district "back of
the yards," he testified, live In crowded,
unsanitary quarters and might not be
properly clothed and fed. lie added,
however, that all were not employed r.t
tn the filM
"F!rt. more nerfect coord nit on of i took hold of the Administration group.wno
effort by all the Allien. Second, malntc- Iliad grasped at the convincing olume of
nance within the borders of each allien auverse vmc- io uie iiucncm-u prutmiun
which specific authority does not exist , ,10U,!0,d ttlli;i!li bua h iblts. lack of
sea the deaths or
tho causes named
led to poverty and
suffering among the worker.",
uu wimii uy Him. wii.c i I thrift and In rom ca
necessary in tne couieo or me "overn-,. b rt . .
merit s control of transportation. b wilIie,s ,u,cl,
Tins seir-same secona uioukih hiko
The wllnea tiolnted to two homes vls-
tled bv Judge Alschuler In his lour of
the district. Heads of both families rt-
nstlon of a unity of spirit and purpose. . ns indicative or a rnangeii senumeni in plve . .i6-Ro a week. One home was a
suppression of domestic, discord and the me r-enaie in regara io me aurgeu r.x. , . . f wm, tho
concentration of all efforts on one su-1 ecntlvo usurpations.
preme object national salvation. I
Lord Mllner contrasted the recent al
lied conferences he had attended with
those of a year ago and said they were
more businesslike and something like
reasonable machinery for attaining per
fect coordination was being obtained.
The Hupreme War Council at Versailles
was a permanent body of experts, al
ways sitting togother and always en
gaged In the study of war problems from
the viewpoint of the alliance as a whole.
The Allies, he declared, were fighting
for their lives and thn existence of the
free nations of western ISurope until
peace negotiations are reached, lie said
there was too much talk about war alms
and that President Wilson and Premier
.l.loyd George had made clear the de
sires of the Allies. Germany was not
being fought to deprive her of Inde
pendence or a fair shaie of the world's
Intercourse, "always provided that the
same Independence, self-determination
and right to a place In the sun Is se
cured to all other nations, Including the
small and the weak, who up to this time
have been the victims of German aggression."
Operations on British Front
Xot So Aggressive ns Those
of Haig's Men.
properly nourished and well dresec,
while tho other was filthy, the children
raaacd and poorly fed. The contra-n
was due, the witness declared, to the
difference between the heads of the two
Majority Are Turlfly.
Mr. Kllerd read .-lire from three of
the laraest stock yams savings banks to
I nhow that n. blr malorltv of the pack-
Senator Klrby (Ark,) offered an , i hnn. emnlovees were thrifty. In
amendment which forbade the President 19,., the!,e banks'had 14,29 ravings ac
to buy or sell during the period of Gov- TOunt9 whlch increased to UMs In Ml",
eminent control of the railways any T1)0 totj ,aV,lpTH deposits In these banks
stock", bonds or other securities of the ,-,.,.. fr,., 3.i48.;.k0 hi lf12 to
I i.i.i.sui in ii
Basle Opposition Unchanged.
The supporters of the Chamberlain
hills and likewise the opponents of the
Ovcrmsfi bill were ,ulck to assure Sena
tor Hitchcock that this vote waa not to
be taken as Indicative of any change of
tentlmcnt In regard to further amplifi
cations of the power of the Kxccutlve
In other directions.
S8 Teuton Machines Downed
by British.
JioNPON, Feb. 22. A Ilrltlsh i.tlklal
communication dealing with the opera
tions of tho British fotces lu Italy, issued
this evening, sa)H :
Our airplanes haje made several
successful homhtng raids and de
stroyed nn enemy dirigible shed. The
enemy continues to bomb back arras
and towns when the weather at night
permits. Two of his machines were
destroyed recently In returning.
Hlnrn the Ilrltlsh arrived here our
flying corps have destroyed fifty-eight
hostile machines, principally German,
whllo we havo Inst eight. Many other
hostile machines have been downed out
of conttol.
To rrereut The Ortp.
fold, rime flrlp I.AXATlVi: llltOUO
QUIMKK Tablets remote the cauie. There
l oolr on "flronto Quinine." K W. UROVI'S
slfnature ba box, Wc.-Kv,
nr I'Knnv robixsojc.
Special itihte retpitci lo Tnn bvs Jium (As
London Tim"
fopyngl.t. M; a'l rights rtieri ei,
Feb. 22. While the whole line generally
Is quiet, nowhere Is It more quiet than
on the southern part of our front which
we have Just taken over from the
French, below Ft. Quentln. Here Is a
singularly peaceful country showing
little of the devastation or war. with Its
villages and woods largely Intnct. The
process of taking over the line was
accomplished without a hitch.
Whatever may be Impending, there Is
llttlo outward sign of the coining storm.
In several local raids recently we hae
taken nn unusual number of prisoners
and Inflicted relatively heavy lonwes. This
Is all good because It shows hnw tine
our morale Is.
The Oermans are very far from hav
ing established anything approaching
that command of No Man's Land or that
moral superiority which generally Is
considered essential to the commence
ment of a larse offensive On the whole,
up to date our spirit has been much
mor. aggreislve than theirs
Pershing lleporls Four Deaths, One
line to Gunshot Injuries.
Washington, Feb. 22. (len. Pershing
to-day reported one American soldier
severely wounded and two slightly
wounded In an action on February 10
Private Fred Kopanskl, Chicago, was
eeerely wounded. Corporals William
Ilowors. Westvllle, Okla., and William
Hlley, Hwltzer, Kentucky, were slightly
n ounded.
The following deaths were reported;
nr.VNOLDH, WAI.TF.ll private, Denver
I'slla, Pa.; gunshot wnunil
HOUI.Mtl). JAMRH. prlale, New Ilrltaln,
Conn.: frncturod nkiiII
WIT-HKnai'OON, t.AWRKXCR A . private,
Portland, Ore. : pneumonia.
ItAHTON, KDWArtl), private, C'oole llle,
Uhlo. pneumonlu,
innile Kltrlilu ltaurf tn 3Ilahap.
Washington, Feb. 22.--.Mrs. Thnm-is
Ilellly nf .Merldeii, Conn., wife of a
former Coiiiu-ctlcut Representative In
Congress, wn reriously Injured and Hep.
resentstlve Claude Kltchin r,f North
Carolina and .Mrs. Kltchin were shaken
and bruised when the automobile In
which they were tiding whs ttrnck by
a street car here to-night.
Iiii-rrnx-il r tiller. v tlilts- ne
pnrfed on French Front.
London. Feb. 22.--lncreaced artllleiy
activity on both sides along the entire
battle front In France Is reported from
the various headquarters to-day and the
bombardment If fast taking on the char
acter, If ft has not already reached It,
that usually presages an offensive In
force. The lull In Infantry attacks adds
strength to the surmise that nuch an
offensive Is 'ahout tn begin Only tho
British mention u few minor raldn along
the Vpres-lloulerH Itsllroad. The Ger
mans report the capture of a rmall Ilrlt
lsh outpoat here.
I Hiring the last three days, Ilerlln
says, twenty-four enemy airplanes and
two captive balloons have been brought I ei nment control.
down in air fighting or by gunfire.
common carrier corporations, Tho de
bute on the Klrby amendment was brief.
It was defeated, SS to 11.
. The question f the duration of the
control of the railways by the Govern
ment then came to the fore and wae dis
cussed at length. Ultimately tho Inter
state Commerce Committee came off vic
torious over both factions of thn Senate
those favoring limitation of any sort
und those favoring a shorter term than
the eighteen months provided In the bill.
Senator Lodge (Msss. ) proposed that
the period be cut down to six months.
This amendment was defeated hy 17 to
28. and was followed Immediately by an
amendmont by rienator King (I'tah.
Democrat) limiting Federalized control
to one year. The King amendment was
defeated 4.'. tn 2?.
The concluding period of the session of
the Senate as In committee of ths whole
was occupied In the discussion of
amendments offered by Penator Cum
mins. He first proposed that guarantee
of profits applicable tn dividends; arising
out of the net operation Income of the
railways be limited to r. per cent. This
was defeated tG to 10.
Raises nnte Without Iteealt.
His net amendment proposed b per
cent, as the limitation, and was beaten
43 to 24. He essayed a third time to
force some sort of n limit, then offering
as a substltut? the suggestion of 7 per
cent. This, too, was beaten, 4 7 to 27,
and Henator Cummins desisted.
As passed thn measure provides that
approximately 194.1,000,000 will be guar
anteed the carriers, based upon their
standard net returns for the three year
period ended June 30. l!t".
Senator Cummins alsn hsd an amend
ment pending proposing that control of
the railways as now vested In the Presl
dent should terminate on the conclusion
of the war. but that there should be sub
stituted for It regulation and control by
n commission of Ave. who would adminis
ter the railways until surh time as Con
gress should determine the future rela
tions between the Government and the
The latter minutes of the discussion
were protracted by Senator Itansdell
(La., Pemociat). who InsiHtcd upon
reading Into the Record a treatise on the
relations between railroad and water
written by some authority whose name
did not Interest the Senate.
All efforts to halt Mr. Itansdell proved
unavailing, lie persisted In leading five
minutes at a lip and Introducing fancl.
fill amendment as the excusn to gain
the necesary successions of tlve minute
Intervals Finally after he had rnn
sunud almost half an hour and most of
the patience of Ihe Senate he reached
the end of the Hrtlcle and with giiueful
expression of hl thanks sat down amid
Than the tired Senate resolved Itself
from committee of the whole Into the
Senate and passed the railway hill with
out a demand for the yeas and nays.
The bill now goes to tho House, where
It Is under discussion. In the debate In
the House to-day Representative Lenroot
(Wis, Republican) criticised the bill,
declaring It contained many Inaccuracies
and iibsurdltles.
Representative P.eyburn (Tex ) op
posed Government nunerfthlp of the
roads and ndvocutd lime limit of Gov
He said a majority of the savings de
positors were packing house employees.
Thero were forty building and loan asso
ciations in operation in the district,
which hail enabled thousands to buy
their own homes, he declared.
Mr. ICllerd explained the work done
by the welfare and relief department.
He said that lat year 7,904 surgical and
2,1 IS medical cases received treatment
and 32,000 persons were vaccinated. The
department gives free medical attention
to all employees unable to pay for
treatment, and even lends money to em
ployees at times when they are In
trouble, he said. The company has a
pension vay roll of Jl.1.000 a jear which
cares for seventy. five superannuated em
ployees. Frank P. Walsh, attorney for the em
ployees, vigorously attacked the state
ments of the witness on croes-examlnn-tlon.
and sought to show thst thn char
ity work done by the packers waa rela
tively unimportant.
Mr. Walsh read a statement show
ing there wire thirteen public charity
agencies In the stockyards district which
last year furnished relief to 13.000 fami
lies. He declared that nl the free lu
berculosls dispensary there me 2,309
cases of consumption either now under
treatment or under observation, and that
the principal predisposing oausea of the
disease In, the district, as given by tho
attending physicians, arc bad living con
ditions. Improper food, bad conditions or
employment and lack of proper rest and
The county agent, he said, was called
upon last month to furnish relief to tills
It was brought out that almost all thn
employees had purchased Liberty l.onn
bonds and were paying for them In
weekly payments.
Sptcial DupmtcH to Tas !n
PALM BlACtt, Fla., Feb. it. William
Jennlng Bryan, 'who haa been out of
the public eye alnce his announcement
when the war started that he was behlni
the President and willing to enlist, la on
Ills way north to start In Albany on
February 26 a nationwide speaking
tour for temperance that will take him
Into most ot the States tho Legislature
of which have) not yet ratified the KeJ.
era! amendment, as la necessary for two
thirds of them to do within seven yean
if It In to stand.
Mr. Bryan aaya tlx have already 1omi
so (Mississippi, Virginia, Kentucky,
South Carolina, North Dakoa and Marj.
land and that while he .i first thought
three years necessary, he now Is sura
the required ratification can be. com.
passed In two, lie added : "We ahead)
hae all the popular airs, "Mle-sisslppl -"Wov
Down In Virginia," "Old Kentuc'.v
Home," "Dixie" and "The Heart t.(
Maryland," and ll that's) left Is "tVe
Won t Go Home Till jLorning aim ur,,
How Dry I Am."
Mr. Uryan had arrived last night Jui;
1n time to attend a dinner given Vr
William Randolph Hearst to Mayor and
Mrs. John F. Hylan of New York and
at which Samuel Untermycr and Dudley
Field Malone wero also guests. Cor.,
cernlng the Mayor, whom he met for the
first time, Mr. Tlryan said:
"Prom what I have seen of him and
his administration I wish to say that 1
am favorably Impressed."
All hands declared there was no poiif.
cal significance In the gathering. Samail
Untermycr remarked he understood thr
suffrage now lacked only four votes In
the Senate to get It through, Bryan com
menting that tn that case It would g.
through ahead of rational prohibition
that both measures were certain even
tualities. Asked about the war he sid
"You have now approached a subje t
concerning which thero Is no Informi
tlon to baso a prediction upon uhlch I
myself would have any confidence In.
I think It unfortunate that Ilu-sla hai
undertaken a separate peace, and yet It
Is so difficult to tnko Into conldcr.it!on
all the forces that are at virk 'hut i'
may turn out that tho Ilolshevlkl doc
trines will be a greater m-na-'e to the
thrones of Germany and Austria than
Russian shells would have become.
Concerning what the war hs dnr.
for the lsamocrntlo party, Mr l)rya.
dictated this statement:
"I tnlnk that, speaking generally,
the Democratic party has put a large
percentage of tho cost of the war upon
big Incomes and excess profits than the
Republican party would have done had
It been In power. There Is a practical
advantage which the country finds In
being under the Democratic party at
this time that- Is practical from tl.
vlewiiolnt of the afersge clliitn.'
Mr. livyan left for Asheville, '!'
stop off lu Washington and have a cor
Terence Monday night at the Chatham
Hotel, New York, with heads of virion
antl-saloon organisations.
Swiss Frontier Closed for Move
ment of Troops to Hair.
Washington, Feb. 22. Official des
patches from Rome to-day interpret the
recent cloalng of the Swiss frontier by
Austria tn Indicate troop moement, to
lint Itiillnn frontier In pieparatlon for a
renewed ofTensiW'.
Italian aviators, the despatches say.
report continued arrival of fresh enemy
troops from the Russo. Rumanian front
Oni. tiorcovlc, who ii-cently assumed
supreme command, dixpl.uing Archduke
Mugene, by order nf Kmperor Charles,
Is said to he planning his offensive be
tween the Asllco and lake Garde,
Attorney-General's Ilaoghter Una
Three Dependent Itrlejlana.
Washington-. Feb. 22, Miss Jane
Gregory, daughter of the Attorney-General,
applied at the Food Administra
tion this week for an tSO a month
Job, git Ing ss references col. II. M,
House nnd the Attorney. General. In
response to ;i perfunctory fiueMlon bv
the emploj nient tier!; Miss Gregory w!d
iihe hart three dependents.
"Three dependents?" gasped t ,io i-lerk
"Oh, )," Phe replied, ' 1 ve adopted
and nm supporting three llelglan chil
dren "
Miss Gregory got the Job
Munition Factories and Rail
way Station Blown Up.
By the Anocitited Pres.
Htcilts, Switzerland. Fi'h. 22. Five
Kntente. allied airmen, flying over the
Julian Alps Wednesday afternoon, found
that t ho town of Innsbruck, Austrian
Tro, was not piotrctod b unti-uir-cr.ift
suns. The airmen thereupon
swooped down to within 30il arils of
the ground, picked out targets nnd
copiously bombed them, Including the
railway station, barracks and two new
munition factories.
Soldiers and civilians were surprised,
and being unaccustomed to an uir at
tack rushed Into the streets, and many
were killed.
The German Consulate was hit and
trains loaded with soldiers on thulr way
to thn Trentlno front were attacked by
machine guns from a low altitude.
Innsbruck Is the capital of the Aus
trlan Tyrol, about sixty miles, southwest
of Munich, and Ir one of the most pic
turesque towns In the Alps. According
to report it Is the centie of the munition
plants which supply material for tho
campaign against the Italians, It (to
rn es Its name, "the bridge of thn Inn,'
from the River Inn. '
Flemish Deputy Franck It
Fined for Opposition.
Washington, Feb. L'2 Offl l.i ct.--pntchet
to the Belgian Legation to-'li,
told of the further cnmmandcep'ig 1"
the Germans of young Helsl.ins f r m
tary work behind tho German hne a I
the fining of IajuIs Franck, a Flerm
Deputy, 10,000 marks for urging t
Flemish people lo stand steadfast In
their resistance to German pohti'al In
trigues. Franck was taken before r. nulltan'
tribunal nnd was threatened with de
portation, tho !enpatches said, hut de
spite thn German concern mr- tie
spread of the movement against t'-.e a
thorlty of. the self-styled Cuinni e'
Flanders thU threat was not e.iejied cu
The Judgment declared that s ore v-
Deputy was charged with hat'ng lm-te
n spirit of optxisltlon thl w.is the io-'
tlino that ho could hope io c si ape
u fine.
Commandeei ing of men fur wn-k be
hind the German linei i-antinues ti
grow, the despatch said. At lierM.x. an
lndiii.tri.il town in eastern Flanders .'.in
young men were seized, manv belnt
taken from the streeio. Some had led
and the Gcrnmns thieatcneit 'o tak
old men unless th young ours re
Students were taken fion. an e.pi
peering school of Mon and "
orl: at an aviation la-tip V e
Luxemburg mole than t.on ioi.-j r e
havo been taken from .ilnges f " '
tary work.
Columbia, llc-nailor nnd eneinela
4ilve Friendly Assiirancea,
Sp'elll I'ahle Vetwtrh lo Tiir
Pucis, Feb. 22 RopieieMrti
Columbia, llcundnr aud rnr-i .
a reunion here yesterdax ' -France
that thero Sp.ii-lsh Ame-i
pub!' s were turning n desf cir
Plcml'.iKs of rietnis'i prri-ig'
Senoi- Ai-o fnitno ly P tels
of Kcimdiir. said .
'The homage thus tendered t
is nut n mnnlfestatlnn of
nut the recognition of 'slihf .1
ship nt tho perlnil whin
on the evu of being born fro"1
a letoiy whhli will suppress
wars nnd establish the enclrt '
Three Hronght Down, One hy Brit
ish, on Italian Front.
Romc, Feb 22 The ofllcl.U statement
Issued by the War OMke to-day saya of
aerial activities .
During the morning Lnglish aerlHt
squadrons bombarded enemy aviation
grounds north nnd s tutli of the cjilei ro
Portogruaro Railway line
Dining the clay thiee enem a.i.
planoa were brought down In iho
course! of aerial engagements, includ
ing ono by 13rlt "h airmen
Arrested ns lie Kntrrs onsulste
I'oslnc n it llnur,
Nimroi.!., Va . Feb. ;2 V ' '
Hillnr who milled a pos' n.
York telllmr -how he hsd si on- i
pmt nf k Dane named Call N ' r
was going to Norfolk to sn.l f ' '
has bonn .u rested here, aiel set 5
New Yoil. for trial.
The sailor, whose name ,s
was caught Tuesday as he
Danish lonsulnte to have1 N lb ,-'s
port lsed after ho and four u'b- ' l'''r
m'infl had eluded officers umtini:
pier when they landed from a New York
steimshlp. Ills companions are st'll f
.e (1
. th
i'Ask Han on German In ycbools.
Slut Falls, S, D Feb. 22.- Imme
diate abandonment In education irs'lt'l"
lon In South Dakota, Including Htat
noinwl schools, colleges, universities and
public schools, of thn teaching of tie
Gentian language was ordered by ths
Statu Comic II of Defenco In resoHitle
adopted here to-day.

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