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AND NEW YORK PRBCS. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1018. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. Tha Associated Prut Is acluslvely en titled to tho usa for republication of all news deepatchss credited to It or not otherwise ersdltsd In thli paptr and alio tht local nawa published hyrsin. ... All rifhta of republication of special despatch herein are alio reasrvad. fc Knlertd at tha Pott Offlc at New York's Second Olaaa Mall Matter. RnbacrlpUona by 1111, Postpaid. UU, Per Month UI,Y, Per Year DAtl. DAI I. anuniv tj.e "Mrmth 2 SUNDAY (to Canada), Per Month SUNDAY. Per Year DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Year. DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month am t so s so 15 Foiiion IUth. DAILY, Per Month 1 SUNDAY. Per Month................ ' DAILY AND SUNDAY. Per Month... t SS THE EVENING SUM. Per Month... 80 THE EVENING SUN, Per, Year ..... . J 0J THE KVENlNOSUN(Forelgn),Per.to. 1 SO All checke. money orders, c to be made payable to TniBcN, Published dally, Includlnr Sunday, by tha Sun Printing and Publlihlnr Association at ISO Naeiau etreet. In the Borough of Man hattan. New York.- President. Frank A. Munssy, ISO Nassau street; Vice-President, Krvin Wardman. 160 Nassau street: Sec retary, It. II. Tltherlngton, 150 Nassau treel: Treasurer, Wm. T. Dewart, 10 Nassau street. Indon oBlce. 40-41 Meet street. Paris office. Rue da la Mlchodlere, oft Rue du Quatra Septembre. Washington office. Muniey Building. Brooklyn office Room 202, Eagle Build in c, 303 Washington street. our frltndt uha faMor vs tttlh menu ten if oni Illustrations for puHicatitm vlih in tare rejeetti articles relumed Ihtu mutt in elJ caese itni Hmp$ for Hat purptM. TELSPHONE, BEERMAN 2200. Forward to Rescue m Plunder)! People! The Kulser's declaration of pur pose In planting tho Iron heel upon prostrate Russia will bear comparl- wm with any of his previous moral and philanthropic utferances: "The despairing, cry of distress which U ever more urgently reaching; 'our ears from the Baltic iountry shall not bo unheard. Effective measures mutt lie taken to safeguard the tortured popula tion from the Jurnlnr and plundering; of robber hordes and end the state of com plete lawlessness." Returns from this mission of lofty ' endeavor came yesterday from Ber lin In this specific and official form : "It U impossible yet to give an ap proximate estimate of the booty. Up to now the following has been an nounced: 1.353 cannon. 120 machine guns, 4.000 to 5,000 motor cars, trains with about 1,000 carriages, many of which were laden with food, airplanes, and an incalculable amount of other war material." This booty is war material, but It was Russian property. It now be- i.-omes German property as an lnci dent of the effective measures taken to safeguard the tortured population of the Baltic country from the pirn derlng of .robber hordes. "Forward with Gool" Is the favor ite phrase with which the Kaiser an nounces his predatory expeditions; and God help the people whom he undertakes to rescue from lawless- Aaos nrwl tho Inciters! . . In the absence of a decIsIvefmVll- tary check to the mighty Gentian ad vance eastward, what is to be the fate of Russia? Will the vast and productive territory comprehended in the Kaiser's programme of "rescue become a possession of the German Kmpire, to be governed directly or Indirectly from' Berlin, to sustain per haps the same relation to the im perial system which India sustains to Great Britnin, or will the deposed Czar be restored to his throne for the safeguarding of world autocracy? The Vanguard. The troops who marched through New York yesterday were, in The Sun's opinion, the vanguard of an unconquerable army. Our eyes are lifted hopefully to the horizou to catch the dawn of universal peace. We loug for it. We shall clierNh lis least promising fore runners with sympathetic care. But our feet are on the earth, as firmly planted as those of the young men whe-e measured trid filled the streets and avenues of the city yes terday: niul In the future. If the call comes to us to strike In protection of our liberties, we shall lie ready to niihwer. Senator Wadsworth on the War Department. .Senator Wadsworth of this State; whose- Republicanism Is of a kind that lll not be questioned, has been one it the Intelligent critics of our war machine. lie has dared to point out Its deficiencies and to reveal its weak nesses. Thee duties of a conscien tious legislator he has accomplished with dignity and without fear. Having performed this necessary lint distasteful function, Senator WAtiswoRTit lias now declared that mntters are improving In Washington, and thnt the caues of complaint which have hitherto existed are being ellralnntrd. The Senator said, with obvious pleasure, on Thursday eve ning at the meeting of the Traffic Olub that we are "rapidly turning the corner toward greater efficiency." Undoubtedly what Senator Wads worth Mild to the Traffic Club Is true, evidence of It Is conspicuous In the news from Washington. Red tape, the arch enemy of efficiency, Is being slashedeon every side. Coordination pnil cooperation are emerging from tho realm of the academic and tak ing their place ,ln, tho constructive world of war preparation nnd war making? Tor this gratifying change In the national capital we have to tliiiuk patiiotli men who, like Senator WAuswoiiTii, refused to neglect their sworn obligation to the nation and In Muled on the orderly cxerclso of their proper functions. This brief report of tho recent no tlvltlo of Senator Wadswobtii is of particular Interest at this time, be cause of the light It throws op the assertion that' criticism of the War Department and Its processes was par tisan In Its origin and political in Its purpose. To make that assertion was tho easiest way to assault the men who wanted reform whero reform was urgently needed; but the allegation could not be sustained unless the course followed by those at. whom it was directed afforded support for It. Senator Wadbwqbtii's cqursc has demonstrated tho falsity of the charge. He criticised adversely those Conditions and practices that Impaired our national effort and Imperilled our cause. But ho criticised them as an American, not as a Republican, and when their correction began, he, as an American, was quick to acknowledge and praise tho reform that had been instituted. This country has not yet reached the pass In which patriotism would compel an American to close his eyes to abuses, or hold his tongue In the presence of Injustice. How About the Canals? N If the-barge canal In which the peo ple of this State have made a heavy Investment U worth anything, its util ity ought to be proved this summer. its advocates have repeatedly assert ed that'lt will relieve the railroad of an cnormdus amount of bulky freight, assist farmers and manufac turers by keeping freight rates down, and help consumers by preventing freight congestion. Now let us see what the use of the canal system can accomplish. If It Is useful for transportation purposes, It 8hould-bo-devoted -to-collecting and delivering coal for the northeastern States next winter. General Wothe- srooN, the Superintendent of Public Works, Is convinced that it con be utilized successfully to receive coal after a short rail haul from the mines and carry the coal to distributing cen tres from which the railroads could take it to Its ultimate destination. This would mean that every coal car operated In this part of the United States' could carry much more coal than it doesnow, and that coal re serves for 1018-10 could be economi cally and expeditiously accumulated during the hot weather. The canal, if It is to pay for itself, or to contribute to the welfare of the State, ought to bring grain from the West. The elevator Interests in Buf falo were foremost In Inducing the State to build the new ditch. Now is the time for them to, show the State that their advice was disinterested and enlightened. If they knew what they were talking about when tbey urged the barge canal on us, its waters will swarm tills summer with grain laden barges on the way to various places in New York State, for local consumption and for export. Certainly inland 'water transporta tion. If it Is commercially practicable at all, will be practicable this year. Every other transportation agency is overwhelmed by the traffic thrust on It Every Industry in the land needs better transportation .than it can get; xne-wnr nas provided an unparal leled opportunity for the barge canal and If that expensive Institution Is up to tho Job that awaltfTit, it will turn out to be a blessing to the land. The Education of Blinded Soldiers. The latest reports show that there has been a remarkable improvement in the prospects of blinded soldiers and sailors. Most of these men have n future which' is at least free from the haunting e-ense of dependence upon others, and a great many are actually earning more than they did in their former employments. This result is due to tho success which has been attained In teaching them some congenial and profitable work. Another encouraging thing is the fact that the first estimates of the number or men blinded in action were considerably exaggerated. Case of temporary blindness have been fairly common, but the majority of these have been cured by medical skill. .The National Institute for the Blind in London estimates that 600 twldlers and 400 men of the fleet have been blinded in the war. These fig ures seem incredibly small, but they doubtless Include the cases of total blindness of both eyes. Reeducation of the blind lias been carried on at St. Dunstau's Hostel, and Sir Arthur Pearson, chairman of the committee, reports that thin Institution is turning out a handsome quota of men who have been taught new trades. The occujmtlons most eulablo to the blind are bool making nnd repairing, carpentry, mat and basket making, shorthand and type writing, massage, telephone operating, poultry farming and market garden ing. Some men are being trained us divers. Diving Js a new occupation for the blind. Divers with lght. building breakwatcis and piers, work In the dark, for even If the water is clear their work disturbs it and makes It impossible for them to'see through It. This work offers a. good opportu nity to the ambitious man who wishes to earn high wages. Each man spends about two bourn and .n half dally In studying Braille reading and writing and In learning to manipulate the typewriter. An other two hours tiro sH?nt In learning eome occupation.' Plenty of recrea tion Is provided, for study Is specially fatiguing to the lira in In rases of blindness. Shorthand writing ami typewriting make up a good ileal of the teachlug. Many of the men left positions as shorthand writers to Join tho army. By learning a system of eoiideused Braille specially devised for shorthand writing, they experi ence uo great difficulty In becoming once again rapid and competent shorthand writers and typists. Massage Is taught at the newly equipped department for Its Instruc tion at the National Institute for the Blind. Here there li a special gym nasium, and models and other req uisites for the scientific training of tho masseur. Poultry farming and gardening seem difficult occupations for blind men to pursue. Yet they are among tho most easily taught and tho most successful. The gardens and poultry farms are laid out in rectangles with sides of wire fences and posts to guide the blind. Tho wooden walks arc so constructed that they give the men a warning or Indication of where they are. They become good judges by slmplo touch of the weight and condi tion of tho fowl and attend to all their needs, feeding and driving them and collecting their eggs. Gardening, digging, planting and hoeing aro done by turns. ' It is wonderful to learn that sightless men can distinguish be tween flowers "and plants by the, aid of other senses. The predominating feature, of this training school Is the undercurrent of cheerfulness. Though blindness Is one of the saddest afflictions of the war, officers and men nro a bright, cheery lot. It Is the custom to play games In the Intervals of work rowing In sum mer add pushball In winter. There are concerts, lectures and a debating society, which Is the most popular di version of all. At present there Is need of a greater organized effort on tho part of the public to help In the.l work. A considerable amount of as sistance has come from societies, from promoters of entertainments of all soats and from collections In work shops and factories. Cigarettes and fruit are specially welcome. Much has been spent on sleeping quarters and on workshops, the success of which has exceeded the most san guine expectations. Thus one of war's chief horrors is mitigated. The Buffed Grouse. An Inquiry into the decrease of one of our finest game birds, toe ruffed grouse, has Just been completed in this State by the Conservation Com mission and In other Statesend Cana dian provinces by the American Game' Protective Association. The reports from the Now England and Middle States, the Canadian provinces and Michigan and Wisconsin arc alarm ing, and nction must bo taken imme diately if the bird known In the North as the "partridge" and commonly called "pheasant" in the South Is not to follow the path of the heath hen. another member of the family, now practically exterminated except for two colonies at Murtha's Vineyard and on Long Island. Already South Caro lina has awakened too late; her ruffed grouse, "which used to breed abundantly in the mountainous coun ties," has been extirpated. Wisconsin, where' the decrease- of ruffed grouse has been roost marked, already has placed a two years close season on the noble bird, and Penn sylvania, because the Legislature was not In session, under an old law, upon petition of citizens, closed the season in eight counties. While the ruffed grouse' is not a migratory bird, it is very widely dis tributed. Such Inroads have been made on coveys of gruuc that a dozen States now forbid its killing nnd four Canadian provinces have no open sca son for sportsmen. Not one Stnte during last year's legislative sessions Increased the open season or the bag limits. Instead shortened seasons and reduced bag limits were the rule. Various causes have contributed largely to the decrease of this particu lar American bird; two successive bud nesting seasons, the decrease of rabbits In the North, the staff of life of vermin, which thus made further inroads on the grouse, the usual toll of foxes, hawks, o;ls and other pred atory animals and birds, 'too loug open seasons, deadly bag "limits," the automobile that permits gunners to cover vast tracts of ground in one day, more than they could cover walk ing In a week, tlje prowling cat, rig ors of winter that often encase the birds In the snow In nn Icy covering from which they nre unable to break through, sleet storms that freeze the buds on the tres, particularly lit northern Michigan and Wisconsin, tho Increased number of sportsmen, asi result of the continual preaching of the outdoors, forest fires which de stroy the cover of the birds, the use of automatic and pump guns In cer tain States, all have helped to make the bird a grave matter of concern to lovers of wild life. New York has paved the way for legislators of .Maine, Now Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, 'Rhode Isl and, Connecticut, New Jersey and Pennsylvania by the Introduction of a bill to close the ruffed grouse sea son for two years. Concerted action may save this bird and take It out of the danger zone. From the replies to the questionnaire from game protec tors, sportsmen and others Intorostori In wild life the ruffed grouse situa tion throughout its wide range Is alarming. A lamentnble Incident of Long Isl and City life reveals a trolley car In spector so dead to gallantry as to ob ject to his wife's employment as a trolley car conductor; the brutal crea ture actually wants her to stay homo and mind tho baby. Thus do the crudi ties of an earlier age mar tho perfect enjoyment of tho enlightened era In which we live, Why hasn't some one thought of a 'use to which cantonments can bo put n. the end of the war? Even though Forecaster Scarr prom ised us a fair and warmer day in honor of WmiiiimiTon, we refuse to convict him of lack of patriotism. Perhaps he Is merely trying to deceive the Ger man army by Issuing misleading weather predictions, Decreasing consumption of cocktails and Increasing consumption of sifgar aro closely related cause and effect, THE SUN, SATURDAY, we are told. One or the other man's appetite demands, the body requires, and physiologists will bo hinting that thoso who are making out lists of non essentials should tako heed lest they drive some pestered folks to drink. Reorganisation of the Quartermaster Corpn under Major-General "-Ooetiiai. has been completed and a summary made publlo to-day shows many radical change designed to insure the food and clothing supply of the army, particularly of the overseas forces. Despatch from Washington. And this Is the fate of the organiza tion so perfect when Senators dared protest against the lack of clothing for soldiers. Those "more than a hundred offend ers" threatened with court Inflicted pains and penalties for having caught fish with their hands through holes In ice three feet thick on Lake Stes sing should appeal to Mr. Hoovcff. No more urgent demand upon the public has 1 been trumpeted by the Food Ad ministrator than that to eat more fish and 'e88 flesh. It takes a warm de jrree of patriotism to plunge a naked hand Into freezing water through three feet of ice even to get the making of a, meatless meal. Anyway, a fish comes under the well known license law In respect to rabbits; it must be caught before it can be cooked. An "associate economist," testifying at a Chicago inquiry, declared that "investigations made by sociological workers bear out the theory that the more money men earn the less they drink." This undoubtedly accounts for the well known luxury of drinking places in poor neighborhoods, as com pared with tha squalor of the bars before which the prosperous take their toddles. Do Dallas flrls swear? Keutpaper headline. If they do, It Is only another field of endeavor, in which women are tate? lnt men,' places. A contemporary prints a story of Washington to-day by a special cor respondent who has found' it, an every day sight In that astonishing city to see splendid coaches drawn by spir ited horses "silver mounted, the box mounted by two negro servants in boots, silk hats and cockades, and smoking corn cob pipes." " Another Interesting feature of Washington since it became bone dry, which tho correspondent inadvertently over looked, is the fast train which leaves for moist Baltimore soon after official office hours and returns after Winner, locally known as the Rum Hound Unlimited. Yesterday hide. was Slsrckers' Day to HISTORY. Tno Reports of Military Successes at Jericho. General Allenby's army, led by Aus tralian mounted troops, has entered Jericho. Detpatch from London. Now Jericho was straltly nhtit up be cause ot the children of Israel ; none went out, and none came in. And the Lord said unto Joshua, See, I have given Into thine hand Jericho, and the king thereof, and the mighty men of valor. And ye shall compass the city, all ye men of war. and ko round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days. And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns ; and the seventh day ye thall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets. And It shall come to pas?, that when llliey make a long blast with the ram's num. Miiu wiicu ya near me suunu Ul lie trumpet, all the people shall shout with a treat shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall ascend up every man atinlcht before him. Joshua ti., 1-5. By faith the nails of Jericho fell down, after they were compassed about seven days. Hebrews i-i,, 20. CONSERVE FIDELITY? Don't Bother the Bogs, bnt Learn From the Chefs to Save. To the Editor qv The Su.v Sir: I read In THE Sun a letter entiled "The Dog Menace," signed "Conservation." But when It cornea to the dog question "Conservation" forgets that there are very fetv men on earth as good aa do;s when It comes to fidelity, friendship, loyalty, courage, devotion, &c. : In one word, all the qualities of a doe's char acter aro lacking In the human race. On the contrary, we should be glad to havo such an animal to "prevent waste," the waste made by the ones who are asking to kill log to prevent It. Tons of food are eaten by the dogs dally, that would go to the swill barrel If It wero not for the dogs preventing this waste. The thousand of examples set by dogs, the thousands of lessons given by dogs to humans, shourh be sufficient to establish their utility. Tho ones who are to blame for the wastage of foodstuff ato hniong the human rare and not among the brutes. Lack- of practical knowledge and of com mon sense In food conservation matters aro the blttercM enemy to the preserva tion of food There Is no doubt that the Food Ad ministration does its best with the men helping Mr. Hoover, but In my opinion a greater benefit would result if the Food Administrator had ns assistants cooks and chels Instead of professors of this and that. The former, with years of experience, are- practical economists, while the latter are theoretical and have no Idea of real economy. Ask Messrs. Plumepatte, I.escaHwura, Panchard and tha leading chefs de cuisine of New York city ; they will be able to tell you a few things about economy. For my part I have dono and am doing my best to preserve food by writing articles based on facts In hotel maga zines. These have been sent to the Food Administration, I enclose some of my articles, and If since November the economics I try to Impress on the Fpod Administration had been practised by the catering firms 7,000,000 eggs would now bo saved In the United States, and 3,500, OOP pounds of soup beef would have been prcst'ivcil. JUI.TEN I'KllBOST, ('hef Hotel Lorraine. Nkw Yoiik, February 22, As Mauij renown as Fogs, fiam the .lildnim (lattlle. (leorzo Wickerbham, a eoose hon pruphet "t YHhllk', wys there li be msny t,nos this winter as there wera fogs last August, There nere twenty fngt last August, according to people who ay they kept count, Six enowa have fallen thus far this ear. 1 .FEBRUARY 23, 1918. A JUDGE SINGS HANK WHITE. His Gracefal Verse it Preserved In a Vermont History. To Tin Editor or Tn Bun Sir: In 1803 I publlahed Volume II. of "The History of Reading, Vermont," the town of tho home of Hank White and George M. Clark (at Felchvllle). In preparing that book for publication I learned of a poem written by Judge John A Aiken of Greenfield, Mass., of the Superior Court of Massachusetts, and with the consent of Judge Aiken I published the same In that history. Inasmuch' as pub llo attention Is drawn to the career of Hank White, I enclose a copy of the poem for Tub 6vn, with Judge Aiken's letter to the editor. This history of Reading contains authentic portraits of Hank White as a cltlsen and as a negro minstrel, and I shall be pleased to send you a copy of this book It It will In terest you. Mr. White was for many years an intimate friend and neighbor of the editor at Felchvllle, Vt., and was. the representative of the town of, Reading in the Vermont Legislature of 1884-5 as a Republican. In the later years of hll life Sir, White was an auctioneer, and by his drolleries attracted and held the attention of the rustlo crowd. The son of OeorgJ M. Clarkis th postmaster at "vflndsor, Vt Mr." White' and George M, Clark married sisters named Felch. It was In honor of their uncle, William Felch, that the village received its name, Felchvllle. Gilbert A. Davis. Windsor, Vt., February 15. Mr Dear Sir : I send you the verses you ask for. They appeared December 10, 1881, in a paper called Before the Curtain, -which was printed in Green field from time to time, whenever a show came to town. The publication used to contain a pro gramme of the performance, together with advertisements, of local tradesmen and some brief comments on local hap penings and concerns. The particular occasion for the verses was a performance of the Whltmore and Clark Minstrels, a company at that time and for a considerable number of years welt known, as you are nodoubt aware, all over New England. I presume there were other artists of merit In the compxny (certainly it would be ungracious to assert otherwise,), but as 1 recall tha past "Hank White was "the whole show." I have seen emi nent "end men" in the burnt cork pro fession from time to time since, but none of them, however, has displaced Hank White from the top place In my esteem. I hope the dear old man ,1s still among the living, and If you ever see him! although I am a stranger to him. give him my regards. John A. Aiken. Gilbert A. Davis-, Esq., Windsor, Vermont, TO FUNK WHITS , Immortal Hank, we alt rejoks Again to hear your welcome voles. Saloons are empty, billiards, beer, All (all to draw when you are here. Boji bring their girls tha bras whs dare "None buf the brave deserves the fair." (The rich oft get them. It Is true; Alas, this world Is all atkew!) And girls hose fellows are not bo!4 All by themselves you here beholdt Babes In their mothers' arms are here To see the man their dads revere; Republican and Democrat: The rich, the poor, the lean, the fat. Deadheads and paupers every on Who loves ennobling, generous fun. Lone Is the time since first e saw Burnt cork on your rxpanslve Jaw; Tims that Is marked with joy and pain; Still small our naces, small our gain; But when we tee you, each forgets Ills mortgage, wash bill and his debts. Such changes you had not foreseen When first you took the tambourine; Fakirs and snides usurp the stage With Jokes of ancient lineage, Murder Ihe Jests they've learned by rote. And Incorrect sing every note, , Stand on their heads and shout snd yap. Turn somersaults and Dip and flop. Uluatrlou-. Hank, we find Iri thee Trusbsrd of ancient minstrelsy. Whose sturdy sene rejects the bas, Despises all that's commonplace; Whose Judgment, talent, humor, wit Selects the best and cleaves to I:, Whose fancy can create thf new And glvr the old an added hue. Ueaidts all these. In rvrty part You show the practised actor's art. Zjng life b yours, continued health; A fruitful farm, inrreailng wealth; May kfndly Fate on you hetow All blessings that we mortal know. Our scanty pile we'll share with you, 'Tls not a gift; 'tis Justly due But. ah, the clock Is striking eltht. And all tho boys Impatient wait. At half past ten you'll count the tin. Up, curtain! Let the show begin. The Place Where the Sleighing Was Poor Several Weeks In the Tear. To the EniTort oi" Tim St'N Sir: None of your correspondents has mentioned the fact that Hank White represented the town of Reading In tho Legislature on term. I believe ho never rose to higher political distinction. Of Reading, ty the way, George Clarke once said that It was a good town, but fur several weeks In the year the sleighing was mighty poor. For a ear Hank was owner and manager of n 99 cent store In Woodstock. I don't think ho ever used George Mero or any other negro as a model. On the stage Hank whs black, of course, but this was as far as he went a a deline ator of the colored man. .Ho was a Vankeo olY ami on tho boards. During his lact .-eavnn on tho road he again sanit ' I Saw Ksau Kissing Kate," the song that first inado lilm famous. O. A. Whltmore, one of the founders of Whltmore and Clarke's Minstrels, Is still living at the age of 80 years or more, and up to within a season or two at least was still playing the clarinet which mado htm well known In New England In his younger days. E. C. D, Woodstock, Vt., February 20. More Praise for Mr. Roper. To tub Kditor ok The Sun Sir: I was much pleased to read Mr. Richard son's letter giving the praise that Is due to tho designer of Income Tax Form No, 1040, and I would like to Indorse every word ho has said, . Can The Sun And any one to speak a good word for Form No. 1031, got up for corporations? Augustus Smith, Bavon.ve. N, J., February 22. Bed Ituisla. White ftussla once the froien whlta i Of rivers hard as flint, The ghostly white of branches piled With flakes as soft as lint, Ths royal htta of ermine draped Aout Imperial forms, The hlte of everlasting snows, Ths while of winter storms. rteil Itussla now the du.iky red Of blood pools in the streets, The flaring red of cities wrapped In' fiery winding sheets, The vivid red of dripping awords, The red of drops that start In crlmsop teurs of agony Prom rtustlaa bltedlng heart, JIlXNi IlTlfO. THE GAME OF .CORES. Straage Betilti ObUlaed by Catttiff 0 the Heads ni Tells of Words. To Till Editor 4r Tn Bon 'Sir; We havs the game of Cores at our house. The children take paper and pencil and three minutes to think. Each then sets down three letters composlrfg the heart of some word, any three consecutive let ters within and exclusive ot the In itial and of the last letters. Words must be straight, non-compound (In form at least), dally used English words proper names barred. The slips thus headed move' to the left snd three min utes again is marked off. During this term the student engages' to build the word, a word, around this nucleus. If ha achieve a result he writes his answer, folds the slip with a hinge and passes it on with only the test letters exposed ; if baffled he turns it over as he received it. When every one In the circle has thus had a shot at every kernel and tha original paper return to source, collection Is made and the laurel is voted to him whose Core has made the circuit without a nibble, or failing such im munity, has the smallest number ot bites In the form of coqspleted, words. Some, surprising results attend. Cores will go scot free more often than one would think, particularly after the game has been running .for several nights and the sporty young high school stu dent has put in a little deadly thinking up on the side. Frequently, too. but one word will be evolved, for any one set and perhaps by every member ot the. circle working, of course, independently. ,Thls result is hailed as only a cut less tri umphant than the unscotched caid, as showing1 a assumption of caste ex cluslveneas. Manifestly, the disgrace ful thing is to have a string of variants. Finally, those Cores which defy all are put on an honor list, properly Initialled, and there sjand until eliminated , by overtime or ex curia attacks. The game Is an excellent critical training camp and can be sophisticated really to no smalt degree. Perhaps some elders might be puzzled to expand "dch," nsw," "htf," "eaw, la." i'elp." "cig." "utw," "hra," "tfl," "bco," "augy "ops," obu," "hog," "aza," "ulu" and "rru." Take a poeitlon behind your son to whom, let us say. you will condescend to put up the task ot demolishing this modest trial list, and see how many you can snare In three minutes. Try It on, at legft, before you can the appended "solutions." and thereupon decide. How puerile 1 or. as may Indeed easily hap pen (for this is no tried by fire list, but mere snatches from memory), bury me under a barrage of alternates. Certain ly, at any rate, simplicity must be said to inform "woodchuck," "greensward," "straightforward," "seaweed," "Vlobe lan," "receipt," "feign," "outward," "phrase," "outflank," "subconscious," "gauge." "dropsy," "globule," "litho graph," "hazard," "pendulum," "over run." There are refinements of the game for those who wish to be seriously teased. Thus the yielding up of additional let ters, ostensibly to ease, will frequently cloud matters thicker thari before. "Kdo" may not be softened by addlpg an "r," while even the further en larged "vedor" may not bteer to "steve dore" : "iep" prefixed by an "h" and that in turn by a "c" may conceivably point no clearer toward "archleplscopal." This elaboration could, of course, be highly matured, providing as it does both that cumulative wariness of the trapper and that almost but not quite exasperation of tho trapped that com pose the sharpest thrill of rlav. And even In the Juvenile stage this little game is one to build mental muscle, for It will be observed that the exclusion of the initial letter shoulders out of the prob lem, as a short cut at all events, that sycophant the dictionary, Stanij:t K. Wilson. Swarth mom, Pa., February ID. LOUIS'S USE OF "PEER.1 Undonbtedly One of tho Klgns of Ills Mammoth Modesty. To the Kditor or The Sun Sir: Does Louis know the meaning of "peer"? Dare we Impugn the Unglish of the "myriad minded"? Surely he could not be guilty of the perverted use of "peer" In the sense of "superior" ! I sfout tho idea. 'Tls inconceivable he could blun der. No. he Is au fond the most modest of men : he s-poofs us with posturing, superlatives. For what could bo more ingenuouly Shrinking, show a finer fila ment of modesty than this very "I'eer of Poets" which seems so unshy? Obvi ously, one who de lares himself merely equal of poets claims no more than parity with the highest and no greater eloquence than the lowest. Better this diagnosis at any rate than ono of un thinkable kinks In a world poet's philological alimentation. S. K. Wilson. SwAnTHMor.E, Pa., February 19. The Vagrant Dog. To tiik Kihtor op The Sun Kir: It Is a public service to call attention to the evil ot the vagrant dog as yon did tills morning In your article "Dogs vs. Sheep In Connect lent." In the mldxt of the scarcity of a great war1' we are prevented from supplying ourselves and our allies with mt-at and wool because the wandering dog makes It Impossible for the farmer to keep Fheep. We do not ask that dogs be killed, but we do ask that their owners be required to keep them an other do mestic, animals are kept, on the land of the owner or ,ndtr his control at all time, day and night. Dos taxes and dog llccni-cs are no protection to sheep. Sorne day the Legislature in enacting a dog law will not ask how little can be given, but will In all seriousness t-ct at out the business of doing all that Is necessary to establish sheep keeping upon a sound basis. Let no one Imagine that this Is solely a matter of rural Interest. It Is a mat ter of vital Interest to all persons who aro affected In city or country by the rising cost of living. lOvcry housowlfe who finds meat expensive. cery person who pays high prices for wool t-hould demand that the present dog law be repealed and tho vagrant dog be abol ished. 15. Parmalee Prentice, New Yoiik, February 19. The Heckler. To the Kditor ok the Sun Sir: An orator on tho top ot a Urltlsh Canadian recruiting bus at Howling Green a day or so ago who was giving his auditors a lesson In Ihe history of the United States was interrupted by a man In tho crowd who told him that Washing ton was born In America. Ho sarcastically repeated this bit of giatultous Information and the crowd was puzzled to know which Matenient T.as true. Finpi.kt Sackf.tt. Nkw York, February I'ashlon Not. I5ven If you can't wear khaki, Let 'this penetrate your pelt : You can wear mora open pockets And a wholt lot tighter belt. I TRADE BOYCOTT OF GERMANY AFTER THE WAR OPPOSED. , L - i The Merchants Association Rejects nltted by the United States Chamber of Commerre. The .Merchants Association, with am explanatory statement, has cast Its ten votes in the Chamber of Com merce of the 'United States against the referendum proposing a trade boy cott against Germany after the war unless that country abandons Its pres ent military system. This action was taken by the boara of directors at their meeting Thurs day, despite tho recommendation of tho association's Committee on Foreign Trade, of which Lucius R. Eastman, Jr., is chairman. Before acting upon the referendum, the committee held a publlo hearing to enable members' of the association to express their views. While recommending favorable ac tion, the committee expressed Its' opin ion that the boycott should be regarded distinctly as a War measure, rather than as an economic measure. The report of the Committee on Foreign Trade, as presented to the board ot directors, reads as follows: "At a meeting of your Committee on Foreign Trade held at tho offices of the association, 233 Broadway) on Wednesday, January 30, it was voted to recommend that the Merchants As sociation of New Tork cast Itsfvote In the affirmative on referendum No1. 23 of tho Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America, a referen dum on a proposal to discriminate against Germany In trade after the war. If necessary. In self-defence. "The question Is on the adoption ot the following pttambles and resolu tion: "Wharsaa tha size of Germany's pres ent armament and her mllttarlstlo atti tude have been due to the. fact that her Government la a military autocracy, not responsible to the German people, and" "Whereas the size of tha German arma ment after the war will be the measure of tha greatness of the armament forced on all nations, and ' "Whereas careful analysis of economlo conditions shows that tha site ot Ger many's -futura armament will fundament ally depend on her aftsr war receipts of raw materials and profits from her for eign trade, and "Whereas in our opinion the American people, for the purpose of preventing an excessive armament, will assuredly enter an economic combination against Germany If governmental conditions In Germany make It necessary for self-defence, and ' "Whereas we believe the American peo ple "111 not Join In discrimination agulnst German goods after the war If the danger ot excessive armament has been removed by the tact that the German Government has In reality become a responsible Instru ment controlled by the German people, therefore be It , "Resolved, That the Chamber f Com merce of the United States of America earnestly calls the attention of the busi ness men of Germany to these conditions and urges thsm also to study this situa tion and to cooperate to the end that a disastrous economio war may bo averted and that- a lasting peace may be ftoade mora certain, "Although the committee recom A SCHOOLBOY FARMER. In Two Months He Knew More Than the Farm Bred Boy. To the Editor or The Sun Sir: So many statements have appeared In the papers to the effect that farmers find city help worse than useless that con trary expert testimony is In order. I have this day received from a re spected citizen of Itensselaer county, N. Y., a letter In which, without refer ence to any inquiries on my part, he tas : "1 had a boy from Albany High School last summer and he liked farming. After he had been with me a couple of months he knew more about fanning than the other boy that I had working for. me who had been born ,and raised on a furni." This verbatim quotation is from a mixed farmer of 1S4 acres, who raises all usual crops and rtock. evidently tho mental quickness of the city youth will In some cases enable him to surpass tha experienced boy. Perhaps other fanners can say a good word for city help, thus confounding the croakers. IticiiARO P. Head. New York. February 19. PRO-GERMAN SCHOOLS. Are There 1,300 of These Institutions In America! To the Kditor or The Sun Sir: The article on pro-Oernian schools In Kansas where English speaking is punUhed suggests mention of tho fact that a "Union for Germandom In the Oiitlands" (Vereln filr Deutsclitum im Auslando) at Merlin supports 1,300 pro-German schools In America (see Meyer's Itand lexlkon des Wlssens, article Deutscheu Volkstum). That these schools ore conducted ic cording to tho Interests of the German Imperial i!oernment few loyal Ameri cans will doubt after recent revelations of German intrigue. llx-GUARDSMAN. Ni.w York, February "2. TRADE BRIEFS. Crude oil engines sre b-lng u.sed in run ning launihes betien fjwatow and Kit jans. China. Th launches crn built In iloiKkonc and furilier construction of thH kind la anticipated, American manufac. turcrs of oil and kerosene burning engines should communicate with shipyard on ti ers in Henckonc. American motion picture films are popu lar in Australia, and there Is a groaing demand lor them. A list of importers cn bo obtained at lloom TIU, CtistotulIIouae, this city, by referring to Kile No, UG47S. Serial pictures ar- not well received. There li slto a prejudice acJlnst melodramatic films and thore dealing with sex prob lem. Numerous uses for peran shells hse ben discovered in Louisiana. They hae a high nutritive value as stock feed, con taining " per cent, protein and -'i per cent fat. Tho shells have a!.so beeu usod as fuel and as floor sweepings, American manufacturers contemplate the erection ot plants In China for making rubber goods. Tin Held' Is attractive, re ports Acting Commercial Attaihe Ferrln, as pneumatlo tires are being (Uted on Jin rlklshas, and the number of automobiles is Increasing with the Improvements mads on Chinese rads. With Ihe flalilllinlent of the new industry there will alio bo a demand for rubber shoes. Catalogues of agricultural implements khnuld be sent ts the Agricultural School 111 Cludad Juare, Mexico. There, Is also a msrket for text books, There Is nn opportunity t sell small e'eolrio plant, fitted with kerosene, en gines. In Jamaica. Consul 11, R. Italadsy has a.ked that cstaloguea ot cream separators be sent to blm at Manchester, England. r a Proposal or Discrimination Sub, mends an affirmative vote on the for, going resolution, It was also voted rtsj li should be reported to you that It la the sense of the Foreign Trada Com. mlttee that this resolution and pr,, ambles should be considered aa a meaaure rather than aa an oconoalt: measure. "Prior to, the executlvo meeting ct the committee at which It was votei to make the above rocommcnuaaca, namely, that the association vote. 5 the affirmative on referendum No. 21 7 publlo hearing was held by the coo. mlttee In the assembly rooms at he!, quarters, due notice of which had bam given In Greater New York, all tnu, ested persons being Invited to attend and express their opinion on the mat ter under consideration. At this hew. lng the chairman invited a free ex. presslon of opinion, with tho result that sentiment both favorable ant unfavorable to affirmative action was expressed. The majority of those pre, ent undoubtedly favored afflrmaUv action. The committee appreciated tht importance and weight ot certain of the reasons which wero advance against affirmative action, but decided; that, since the matter has reached in present status, the commltteo couli only recommend affirmative action." In recording its voto on the referen dum the association filed the followlr.i explanatory statement: "Tho Merchants Association of Nsw York casts Its ten ballots In the nrga tivo on referendum No. 23. "It interprets that referendum t embodying an appeal to the business men of Germany to cooperate with tho business men ot th United Statii In endeavoring to avert a disastrous economic war after the termlnatioa of the present hostilities, with the re sulting evils which this would entail on both countries. With the sentiment and" purpose' thus Implied the associa tion Is 'in entire accord. It believes, however, that the proposed method Is neither the most appropriate nor the most effective for accomplishing tU end sought. The international cooperi, tion whlcli It Implies Is moro properly a function of Government and caa better be accomplished through gov ernmental channels than through tht intervention of unofficial commercial bodies. "The action of this association !i also Influenced by its belief that ths preambles embodied In referendum No. 23, while presumably Intended to imply an appeal to tho business me of Germany for cooperation in avert ing an economic war, unfortunately aro so framed as also to convey ths suggestion of a threat that failure cn their part to cooperate mlcht result in the declaration by thN country ot an economic war in .order that the changes in governmental conditions !n Germany which the preambles Indi cate as desirable. If not as necessary to economic peace between the two nations, .may be established." "shoo fly: How Colonel Jim FIsk Sang the Sour In the Old Erie Headquarter. To the Editor of The Sun Sir. de ferring to the letter of "11. S. I'J' la The Sun of February 1". I rtme:nlr that my father told me at the time of calling at the offices of the Krle K.nhay on a hot day In summer and hearlns voice Binglns loudly, "Shoo C, dor.': bodder me, for I belong to Company G" On passing tho room whence tho sour.l emanated he saw throush th on door no less a figure than "Jim Jul lee, Jr " the great James Fisk himsc'f. in h!i shirtsleeves, with heels on a desk ar.d i palm leaf fan in his hand, amusing Ma self with the then popular song FIsk was murdered by Ed S'okee oi January 6, 1S72, so It was presumably In the preceding summer. HTl, that this Incident occurred, "Shoo l'h ' beir.g tdea at the height of Its popularity. W I' tTEPHINa Batonnk, N. J., February 12 Ben Butler and .Samuel Cor. To the Editor or Tun s,-s vw Tt1 discussion of "Shoo Fly" In jour in'er estlng columns reminds me that it sung by our marching soUlit-rs as earlv as 1S61. We had an I'alian criaa grinder from St. Ixiuls In our company who was loaded with a great varle'.y ot catchy 'street songs w Ith which ho occa sionally enlivened the march, them was "Shoo Fly." Shoo fly, don't bodler me, For I belong to Company was a turn he gao it to lit u. 1 subsequently heard Hen 1 hlUKl,ltunll. ,.r,tv If fi of the floor of the, llousn In ire i-" ninth or "Hump'' CorFri-s.1, hilarious laughter Charles Tiinonorjj M' iwr Warpbssvih i', W. Va., February I! Another Personal Experience. To TIIK Editor or Till! S- v ' havo seen so manv guesses ah' ' "1C, Fly" and its period, with -" ' of cortalntj anuhere, that I i ' B'-'t tu tell of a personal cxpclci . w 'h fUed date. Just after Christina-. Itr? ft by sea troni New Yr.: f r-itv ' Cia. tine of tho jmm e. --e' - was Southern man who on m ' M!! snncrlngly, "Shoo ity, d"ti i h ,er ra" and followed with a l ontempt ,o ,e 'a"?3 He had been Mint time In vw Ye and apparently tins w,is h's v'? inemhranco of it Tho popularity of the son? c.-tvr.ly antedated I5"rt. I am imo." crtala that the hcieM of Its poiula-Hr '"" reached In 1SV.' 3 I' Gi.en I'tnoi:, X J. February From Ono Who Has Kept llen for Venn. To Tin: I51HTUR ui Tin: "t ' south line 1'i'Sno H t, f i- i ' ' Washington fvr tvn to fit s V '! : how to tun his hutlm - A lot of peoplu ,'itin t ' ' their line femes and hi.1 U . south by Warhlngton, 1'. ' wall it from tho hen iik- H ' their hens at a lot. thunu i ' ' ' " ' ter, they object to hems -'m. recover thn Iocs by I ; ' throttch tho mild weather wl M Al III. I hae kept hens tnr jhj'i Alwiijs hao a io'.-, 'Vo .. cember nnd ,1 miliary, Mill a ' March and Apul Only a d.urphnol wmd told to Keep lust Item " " weather lias mine, and U s darnphool.i who urn M'-M''e Nil huI.as i ' ' ' Niw Mh-forp, Conn., Fetroan "