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THE SUN, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1918.
44 TELLS HOW P. R. R. BATTLED WINTER Elisliii Lee Reports on Worst Wcnther Handicaps Bond Ever Knew. rn.usKs rail employees Shop Men Hnd to Bo Used ns Shovellers to Dig Ont Snow Burled Trains. TIi -'ton' of Oie worst winter in the Hitory of railroading Is told In a. report jal nude to President Samuel Ilea of ltd Pennsylvania Railroad ly Kllsha Uf, the road'H acting vice-president In ttarRf of ovcratlon. It Is a story which chronicles the heartbreaking experiences of rallroul men In the sivae period from niH-Occember to early February rtci She Pennsylvania, lines ceemed teullnr!)' afflicted, according to the re jwrtJ received by the Regional Director t! Ilallroacl.s, A. H. Hmlth. Th features of the wenther In the itn wccfc.i cr so reviewed by Mr. Lee's report wern riot only record breaking mM. heacy snowfalls and high winds i.,,t die unprecedented length of frigid which give no breathing time to twoe- and prepare for the next t-mer-f:icy I" the mountain regions trav trrnl by the Pennsylvania lines these ir.rilliioii persisted thromhout the en l,r ieric-1. Other roads of course suf f(rd! .'imibr handicaps. i Ire llnlU Cur Float. :vrr ti far routh ns Cape Charles, ., wher ordinarily lUtlo trouble Is iper;nced from enow or cold," the re- r rt.ites. "Ihero were fifteen days ji-en It was Impossible: to operate car ;ii across the mouth of the Chesa jiae to Norfolk on account of the Ice turir, nnd passenger, mall and express rrU'o was suspended on three occa tm At Urenron, Pa., on top of the AHecliRny Mountains, through which a j,i;e p-nporllcm of freight for eastern urrr.:r..i!s must pass, temperatures of IS i;;r.c.s below laro were reported, with mil ales and with fcyty Inches of snow i-i Hie ground. which did not afflict the railroad men. Mr, lee mentions frozen ash pans, coat freezing In cars and on tho wharves, solidified Into a maDslllte concrete: froten Journal boxes, solidly frozen road beds, which Increased the wear and tear on engines and other rolling stock: broken main nnd Aide rods of engines, constant trouhla with hollers, especially In the mountain divisions, due to the un avoidable use of water of poor quality, and frozen switches everywhere, the riirltadelphla terminal division alone re porting seventy switch failures In a single day. ' "On the night of January 27," Mr. Iee states, "when half a dozen through ex prets trains were stalled on the top of tho Alleghany Mountains near Oalllt r.ln. Pa., with the temperature at zero, the wind blowing a galo and tho snow drifting twelve to fifteen- feet deep In the cuts, Train No. !, the Western Kx press, with three engines, reached a point a little less than half a mile west of nallltzln when It was slopped by the snow. The seven rear cars were un coupled and another engine was sent to pull them back, but by tho time the tun nel was reached Iho west portnl had drifted shut nnd It was Impossible to go further. fi Knglnrs In 7 V.mptr Coaches. "Passengevs were taken out of the trains and hotel accommodations were provided for them. Tho cars could not bo moved until 6 o'clock the next after noon, and then It required five heavy freight engines to pull tho seven empty roaches. Meanwhile, the other three cars which had headed the train, to gether with the engines which were pulling the train when It stalled, re mained In the drifts beyond Oallltiln. a mile and a half further along. Five hundred men worked nil night on Jnn uary 17 nnd nil the next day until mid afternoon before these threo car and three engines were dug out and the tracks were cleared for them to move." This was a typical Instance of the work railroad men were railed upon to do every now nnd then In the Penn sylvania mountains. Put operation kept up desplto these staggering difficulties. Tho acting vice-president, reports with obvious pride: " "Desnitc tho conditions which pre vailed during tho period, 2.773 freight trains, with n total of 110,4.17 cars, were moved over the Alleghany Mountains In January. At the same time all regularly scheduled passenger trains were repre sented with very few exceptions occur ring In tho worst storms, when some through trains were annulled. "Theso results. In tho face of unpre cedented difficulties, were only accom plished by the self-sacrifice, loyalty and devotion to duty or many mousana om oers and employees of the Pennsylvania Railroad, who iheerfully performed un arcustomed and arduous work, and re peatedly faced hardship, danger and real suffering In the struggle to keep the lines open so that tho public and the i;ovcrn- RIFLES TURNED OUT AT MAXIMUM RATE United States Making "More Than Did Britain After Years of War. BARER OUTLINES NEW AIDS' DUTIES Functions Cover Activities of Stcttlnius, Gocthals and Fosdick. LARGE STOCK ON HANI) Cartridges Manufactured on a SitnilaiScale, Says War Department. Washington-, Feb. 23. Seven hundred thousand army rifles have been produced In tho United Slates since this country entered the war, according to a state ment made public to-day by tho Ord nance Bureau of the War Department. During the wee; ending February 3 the dally production was 7.S05 Hnflelds nnd 1,442 Sprlngftclds, or a total of 9,247 service rifles added to the stock every day. In addition tho Government re ceived 13,113 Russian army rifles dur ing the week, making a total weekly rifle output of 72,l"i2 weapons of till class. Figures on the American weapons fell olT slightly the week ending February 10, while the output of Russian rifles in creased, the totnl output for tho week of all types being 71,192. Tills production, the statement says. Is tho greatest ever nrhleved by anv coun try In a similar period of ten months. HE MENTIONS NO NAMES Secretary Says Nominations Are Questions for Presi dent to Decide. WAsiilNUTON', Feb. 13. With the Ad ministration bill creating two additional Assistant Secretaries of War before Com gross, Secretary Raker explained to-day tho functions to which his new aids would to nsslgned. He would not Indicate who ho had In mind fur Hie rxsts. saving that the nomi nations were matters for the President only, but the names unofficially sug gested Include those of Kdward R.. Stnt tlnlus, now tiurvejor Ocncral of War Department pun-liases; MaJ.-Ocn. doe ihals, acting Quartermaster Uenrral, and Raymond D, Fosdick, chairman of tho Commission of Training Camp Ac tivities. Mr. Raker said that Assistant Secre tary Crowell would become, the direct understudy of tho Secretary and assume thn duties of the head of tho War De partment In his absence. Tho new Sec ond Assistant will have supervision of RUDOLPH GANZ Eminent Swiss Pianist and Composer It is four times greater than the RrltUh I nU -industrial and commercial" actlvl output nrter ten months of war and tlp r ,ne wr Department, noting In twice ns large as the Urltlsh output after ,10 name of the Secretory on all mat- two nnd a half vears of war. - WaJiave to-day," thei statement says, -a total of 1,300.000 service rifles. Only about 50 per cent, of tho troops carry rifles. Wo have in addition 160.000 ler.i of this character nnd supervising tl.o purchases of all bureaus. The alMwlutment of Mr. Stettlnlus ns sfrnnd riKslstant would bo In line with i Mr. Raker's statement to a Congressional K-oni December 20 to January 28 the mnictcr never registered higher j merit might be served, " degrees above fleering, and that I ' for mi hour or so on four different 'Vr eight days, from Djcembor making rifles nnd mm Government and nine private making cartridges. It I pointed out that the modified Knfleld rlllo has iwen tooted fully and I WEATHER HAMPERS YREJfmi. J'X January I. the thermometer -on- .n, rerlftcred zero or lower with I Storm's KnTect Reflected In Increase i mis prevailing, and this was fol- 1 jdr cars. v ( in iay mroicn, irom .innu- i J.-iuary 21 Inclusive, on eight !i the mercury Ftaycd below M fno r Inslan.-rs of this crippling - reported by Vice-President Pittsburg division showing a t lency of 4SS degrees of tern- , t:ie month of January as )i -ed w.th January, 1917. On this ' snowfall measured twenty en . n half Inches ns against nine ... It Irn lie" In January, 1917. .'e drifts at the entrance to the Gal 'mp.els nt the summit of the i. ', -.in were fifteen feet deep. The ." lern dhislon, serving Buffalo, re ;e;:f double the snowfall of last year sr. 1 (.uttered from several ulixzirds, dur Irc which there was practically no train rrovement for from twenty-four to sev-ts'y-tno hours at a stretch. All dlvi f.on suffered mere or less. The effect on freight movements of tho bad weather of Thursday nnd Fri day began to appear yesterday In re ports sent from railroad division man agers to Alfred II. Smith, director of railroads for the Hast. Tho report.s showed that on Thursday there wero more than 41,000 cars "above normal" lying Idle at different pot.its i'i ,Y000,nUU l!m r "TV", committee that the place of Mr. Stettlnlus "InaL .? f ,rlne!,;flr.,a ,0t"1 of -Ojoutllr, the Department was one of "growing ?C2 i 'il'f r"les , ., functions." In that connection, however. Rlfla cartridge production Is on a lt was -eonlled to-dav that recently the similar scale. sny the statement, show- nan)fl of tj,. rjoclhals hnd been proml Ing that a total of 7,300.000 was the ncntv ,nPntlonM as an assistant Secre dally average output In January. t War lu ,ucusp Ions ,,f changes Summarizing tho work on rifle. It Is ,.. ihe War Department Pnder Gen. I snonn mat jmio.dpo.oon is being spent foctnas tlu, (junrtfrmastcr' Dcpart for thoso arms alono nnd that 200 army , -,.., lula i,een m.rganlied and Its work otflcers, SO.00O men and 10,000 women ctiinrged are employed on the manufacture, of I T)c thIr, assistant. Mr. Raker said, rifles nnd cartridge. There are two i w( ,mva dlre(,t HUIwrvlston of all "ticin (government nnd three private plants . .in, ,.,ii,i e rMtir " That function Is now exercised very largely by Mr Fosdick as chairman of the Coin mission on Training Camp Activities. Tho position of fourth assistant will he held by .loiin C. Scotleld, now assist ant and chief clerk ard ns such. In charge of administrative matters, not dlrectlv under the various, bureaus, and i of the entire clerical personnel or llic curacy of fire. It Is noted that a regi ment of i.egro troort made 4 1 out of a possible .10 score with this weapon at snort range, although many of tho men drpartmcnt. WORKER ON U. S. JOB IS HELD. Accused at Charleston. V. V., of llcllttlln (he Draft I.nvr. ''inr.LKsvoN W. Va , 1VI). 23. Htr- hert T'. Reck, foreman of construction for Iho contracting llrni en-faireil 111 erect- the Fast, and that on Friday the amount j ii:g the Government projectile plant at rose to abovo 43,000. On February fi the 1 South Charleston, was taken before John number stood at mom than 160,000, and T. Thayer. I'nlted States until two days ago hnd been decreasing . steadily. Tho increase recorded yester day Is directly due to bad we.ithei, and Is expected to disappear In a day or two. A tabulation of empty cars in the re gion of Mr. Smith's jurisdiction nhowed K.105 bound east on Thursday and I. MS I coming east on Friday. There Is a gen- , .. . eral decrease In the amount of flood wa- sbo Men Torn Shoveller.. Ur r(?))t of way R1(fht hur(,rtH, "9 conditions made It necessary to and ninety-three cars of provisions and mw shopmen from Indoor work to j dressed beef left Chicago for Atlantic el snow, break Ice and clear i shipment yesterday. work that Involved severe! . a-.l-' 'p. This withdrawal had a serious ''it "iion repairs and construction, but -"1,- t e circumstances. Mr. Lee ,re- it there was no alternative. Other p n would have been Imporslble to Up .ines open at all. s an Illustration of the hard work ("one hv indoor men under terrific atv.er conditions It is mentioned that fhn men at Altoona spent 9,223 ten hour 'a n snow shovelling and switch 'fa- rg This prevented repairs to nine en igiues, stopped the building of '.i "v.! no Keel gondola freight cars, va"-d t!i strengthening of thirty-three jr ,.' .he same ilasa and Interfered vi' i other necessary shop work. I nr " 1' t.-liurg dhlslon reported an nc- The mcssag. ijjT,,,;, ,IZ Jt cars awaning re j ' i -ifr rent, nbnve normal. nio''g imscellar.eous rerultt re sortpl from the severe cold on all dl v.i.nns " Mr. I.pe htate", "were air hose 'er.uig, trnins stalling, trains parting '"ause of broken couplings, hot boxes 'if to Joun.als being stripped off by .n or ice; broken rails, frozen signals Mftiial wires and failure of inter ''"'ning plants. Much trouble was cx 'rlentfd by water pcoops freezing up." uinar shortage was a rcrious draw SON IS GERMAN PRISONER. U."...."...1.C., .1,.. 1,... violating the espionage act preferred by A. K. Hays, a" special agent for the De partment of Justice. It Is charged that Heck made remarjts in the presence of young men of draft age tending to hinder the operation of the selective military service law. Halifax Trolley Men on Strike. UAi.irAX, Feb. 23 Mntonnen and con ductors employed by the Nova SvOtla Tramway Company went on strike here to-day. N'ot a iir was taken out of the barns this morning. Mr. Raker's purpose Is to transfer to1 his new assistants many matters of de tail which now handicap him In dealing with the broad policies It is his duty to work out. In this connection it wnt. noted that he has reserved to himself alo all military questions. As the second assistant would be di rectly In charge of nil Industrial and commercial work and would be clothed with absolute power. It was ruggested thU offke might meet the urgency for n director of munitions ina,nucn been little complaint about navy contracts at any time. Mr. Raker said he wished to name an assistant In charge of the non-military life of the soldiers, who would regurd the human sido of the army particularly and deal with the soldier as n man. not ns a military unit. I'nder that offlel.il would be brought together nil activities concerned with the entertainment, voca tional tralnlnc, athletic development and general environment of the army camp-. (juestlnr.it relating to the army chapl.iln service, to the Y M. C A., and other semi-official welfare agencies would also be centralized In this office. Osone Park Mother (Jets f'nrd Prom (iermnny. A postcard that has been mi transit since November from Westphalia. Oer many, reached Sirs. Anna Seaman at her home in Ozone Park, I,. I., yester day. It bore a few words from her son, a member of tho Klcventh Hnglneers, who was once reported dead after the attack on Cambral, "Taken prisoner Not wounded. Well. was the first direct word Mrs. Seaman had from the young sol dier. Ueyond reporting his capture, the War Department had sent no news. Mrs. Seaman had changed her address, but has notified the Washington authorities and now expects to lie In more regular communication with her son. She too't considerable comfort from the wording of the message. Seaman enlisted In April, 1917, at Fort Totten. and left for France In the SHEA TO TAKE VACATION. early fall. He was one of the engln who were surprised with only their dig 'k In this difficult situation. On the ' glng tools for defence by the Oennan rreo:i division It was necessary to hire attacking party. Mrs. Seaman Is a "1 m'v men to maintain an engine ' widow usf fo-ie of 14D men. In the P.tts- Irs illstnct per cent, of the entire ife of freight brakemen ami 41 per .it of t entire force of firemen have en i f"he service less than siv months 'ii 1 Monongahela division. In order to 'r s.'i ''les open, it was necessary for -ifff -.is, assistant supervisor:, and Santiago, Chile, Feb. 23. The Amer T . i M do laborers' work with pick I lean Ambassador, Joseph H. Shea, will r"1 -h 1 Many causes contributed to depart soon for a vacation in tho United ' te.iu i. nn of the average tonnage car-i states. Ho called on President San fl p.r freight train. . fucnte.s and Foreign Minister Perclra to- e wai" no hott of annoyance i day and took leave of them. American Ambassador to Will Come Home. Chile Alfred A.Kohn Announces the Final Week of thaSemi-Annual SALE of Women's Smart Shoes Coriirting cf exclusive deiijni, incomplete sizei, but your nze may be obtained among them. Final Disposal Price Seven Fifty borne of these, sold for $18 a pair. P tutly none re'.umab'e. a pair. Special Sacrifice Ladies' Satin Evening Slippers CLEARANCE PRICE, Sites irregular, A Two Dollars 505 FIFTH AVENUE, at 42nd Street CHARGE PATRONS MAY TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THESE SALES, HAVING BILLS RENDERED APRIL 1st. mq !5 i68 :es JSfiflh -Arcnuc tp at st m y Last "Close-Out" Prices On Remaining Winter Apparel Rich Fur-Trimmed Wraps Afternoon and Evening styles of satin, velveteen and chif fon velvet trimmed with fashionable furs. Formerly to $ 3 5 0-no w $125-$ 1 45$ 1 65 Gowns and Dresses Street, Afternoon and Evening styles including many in very desirable models grouped for prompt disposal. Formerly to $ 1 75 now $38 & $58 Smart Fur-Trimmed Coats Fashionable models developed in rich, soft materials trimmed with luxurious furs Formerly to $ 1 95 now $55$75-$95 COATS WITHOUT FUR-Formerly to $95-$35 & $45 Magnificent Furs At Very Great Savings Beautifully matched Chinchilla Wrap and one of dark Russian Sable Skins, also Dolman Wrap of fine Baby Caracul Hudson Seal Nutria and Taupe Squirrel, trimmed with contrasting Furs, have been further reduced and are now being offered at very low prices. Coatees Stoles and Shoulder Capes of Kolinsky, Mole, Mink, Hudson Seal, Dyed and Natural Squirrel, ranging from $60 to $350 Bringing the Great Pianists To Your Home The Duo-Art Piano 1111 E publish herewith a most significant letter from Rudolph Ganz, one of the great pianists of the present day. In this letter Mr. Ganz quotes a lady to whom he had just been introduced. She told him he had been a very welcome guest in her music-room for several months though he had never been there in person. He knew what she meant. She was referring to her possession the Duo-Art Piano for which he, in common with the other leading pianists of the present day, makes the record-rolls. We invite you to read Mr. Ganz's letter which here follows: Gentlemen : " The oilier tuif I luul the pleasure of meeting u -eell-known society lady who in the course of conversation told me that I had been a very welcome guest in her music-room for some months past though I never had been there in person. 1 guessed lanv it may have happened and I guessed right. I simply ashed, ' What Duo-Art records have you got in your library, Madame?'' because. I am anxious about being represented in a musical home with the records which 1 consider the most complete ones. 1 was happy to find that my own compositions, 'Play of the Waves' and the 1 Minuet t in IT were among the favorites. The latter particu larly reproduces the graceful rhythm and s-wing and the Duo-Art has succeeded in bringing out some very sensitive colorings. The 'Country Dance'' of my young friend and pupil. Ahe. McJ'idyii, seemed to be equally popular with her guests. Hut no doubt the Sibelius 'Jlomance in DJlnt' which 1 have played all over the" country and which 1 shall play again on February 1 7th at the Metro politan Sunday Concert I was Ihe one example where both lyric and dramatic thoughts are combined, and make this piece one of the most popular records. "I personally am very proud of this roll and I only can wish that it might be found in every Duo-Art library where I have the privilege, of being included. " t Very sincerely, Such a letter as this can have but one meaning it tells of the dawning of a new epoch in music. In this new epoch the piano-forte in the home changes completely its character. From the cold, silent, handsome piece of furniture, or the little-used instrument, it becomes the world's greatest and most elo quent emissary of music. The lady referred to in Mr. Ganz's letter liad replaced the previous piano in her music-room with the Duo Art Piano. In no element of piano forte character, had she lost by the exchange. In beauty of appearance, in excellence of key-board action for hand-playing, in superb musical quality of tone, rather had she been the gainer. But greatest of all, she had brought Rudolph Ganz as a permanent dweller in her music-room. Ami with him, all the other most famous pianists of the day. The Duo-Art Piano may be played in three ways: First It is a piano-forte for hand-playing from the key hoard in the usual manner. Second By a Pianola music-roll which enables the per former to exercise individual taste in expression. 'Third By a Duo-Art music-roll which is a faithful record of some pianist's actual performance. Made only in TheSteinway, Steck, Stroud and famous Weber models. PRICES FROM S885 THE AEOLIAN COMPANY AEOLIAN HALL, In MANHATTAN: 29 .WEST 42nd STREET In THE BRONX 367 East 1 49th Street BROOKLYN 1 1 Flatbush Avenue n E WARK 895 Broad Street