Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, MARCH 3, 1918.
4-f f lnir for them, nnd desperate hand to band fighting of the fiercest kind en sued lii the trendies, atonic the top, through the dugouts, everywhere In tho Area of half u ptpiarn mile, with bombs, revolver and trench knives, Tho Americans used their rifles with excel lent effect, proving tho correctness of Oen. Pershing's doctrine that tho rlflo la really the American weapon. Gas "hells Also Used. Meantime the Oerman were throwing hells Into the neighboring sectors on the American front, Including ome ga. In the hope of diverting attention and causing confusion, and also heavily shelling the villages and roads for miles hind tin front In order to prevent re enforosuients from going up. They used hMty guns. Including ISO millimeter naval pieces brought up especially for till attack, which explains Uie recent tacrasuM In artillery flrr. Tbt) region where the fight took place presents an appalling spectacle. The trenches and the ground nre torn, up and pitted with craters, the dugouts nro smashed In, some, of them burned up by the lncendlry bombs carried by the raiders; everywhere the ground Is strewn with bits of Oerman equipment, rifles, knives, grenades, ami dotted with huddled figures In tho Oerman greenish gray, which mark' tho path of the strug gle, while out on the barbed wlro hang other .figures In gray that the soft, cling Ins; snow Is now mercifully covering. The first fight has been of Immense Importance In showing Pershing's men that they can take a heavy toll of the Beetle even when" he attacks, and has given added confidence and added ap preciation of the tact' that thoroughness In preparation and precautions" boars fruit. The feeling 1st beat expressed In Uie words of a chaplain .going to tho hospital to talk with tho.bndty wounded. "I sun not going to say anything sol emn lo those boys," he. said. "I sun .Just going to tell them .that they fought a good fight and the beet men won. ' That Is something to be cheerful about." SURRENDER REFUSED. lastsad Americana Ulucd Atraj 'With Anlumnlle PlatnU. By f,s AttoeiatH rrtn. Wmi THK AllEKICAM AH MY JN FRANCK, March 2. The throa noccut.raJd','lne In the Toul sector and .tw,o siting the Cheniln I da. Dames, have demonstrated that the American soldier, despite tits previous In experience. Is now perfectly at home In fjfiM mask and able to. fight Just as -well wttb. s without It. In so. quickly -reach -lnrthls stage the Americans have shown their usual adaptability, (las was used In, ;sJl three attacks In just sufficient quantities to make masks neoosaiury, as, thav.qermans In their later attacks did tiot desire to encounter quantities of tlietr own gas. When the engagement at Toul (begun virtually all tho Americana were masked. Some) few of the men, however, tup re ported lo have taken' chance, when the German Infantry attacked, pulling oft thetr' masks for freer action. On officer risked his life to give commands to his men during the roar of explosions, lie was unable through his mask to make his men boar so he PUlted It off and yelled his Orders. Ah It happened there was no gas In this par ticular section, but ho did not know it. The officer was willing to sacrlflco his owtj life to get his men to a place of safety, whcie they could also strike ef fectively at the enemy. I Ke Surrender for Them. There were many other instances of personal bravery. A Lieutenant, a ser geant and two privates were In a dugout when some Germans looked In. One cried in good English: "Come out, Ameri cans!" The four Americans biased sway with their automatic pistols, then rushed the entrance to stumble over the bodies of the men, whom they apparently had killed by their quick resistance. During the bombardment, which hardly oould have been more terrific, two men who were concealed in a. shell hole were burled by dirt thrown by another ex ploding projectile. They shouted for help and It camo quickly. Their comrades left the shelters from which they were ready to leap Into action the moment the tacking infantry uppe.ired, and ex humed the burled soldiers while stones, rood, earth, pieces of trees and shell splinters spattered about them. Deapito the llerceness of tho fight at closs quarters, not more than one bayo net was used, and this one on a German. The Americans, using their automatic pistols, sent bullets Into the German at tackers with good aim despite the excite ment. Rifle bullets accounted for many .xaore, Saved by Slippery Trenrh. Although tho army has been cursing the.weather and the mud for days, there Is one man In the line to-day who Is glad It wits muddy, for he owes Tils life; to the slippery "duckboards," or the .flooring in the trenches. With pistol lh .hand, he rounded a trench corner looking for tho Germans. A burly Prus sian saw him first and fired, but at the ante moment the American slipped and fell on his face. The Prussian thought him dead and turned away. He was quickly dropped In hl3 .tracks y the prone American, who fired, ac curately from the trench bottom. There were men In the fight from vir tually all the States from New York to Texas. With one or two exceptions all the, wounded are expected to recover. ikme of the American dead were burled In a cemetery back of the lines during the night while friendly and hos tile .shells roared overhead. A thick, wet snow which Is now fall ing Is melting as soon as it touches the mud. The- bodies of the Americans .slain In the-fighting north of Cheniln des Dames havs been buried near where they fell, their French and American comrades participating In Impressive ceremonies. U.'S. MEN EXPECT DRIVE. Raids Ilelleved to Presage Violent Attack by Germans, , Special Deepatcn to Tits Sin. Washington, March 2. Military ex Jttrtai here believe that the German at tack on the American troops' In the salient north of Toul, In conjunction with other recent signs, show that the Oerman high command Is preparing for ft real blow at the American line. The fact that strong Oerman raids also have been attempted against the French, tho l'ortugueie and the British indicates Just such tactics as might be expected to precede u more extensive Offensive. These raids, military experts aay, constltutu n feeling out process by the Germans, who hope to ascertain weak spots for later use. The last raid on the Americans Is re garded as having been made for tho furpose of obtaining Information and breaking the morale of the American troops. An attacking party of only H0 Is accepted as a good Indication of this purpose. v Officers here are not inclined to de scribe the affair us an American vic tory, although thry are greatly pleased at the pluck and efficiency which the, American troops have mown. . The Oerman raid on the. Ilrltlsh was effectively repubed and the Portuguese tfoops likewise gave un excellent account of themelvs, according to reiiorts re ceived hero. fuller t.'liiiiiltrurs MilHril to Work, Thirty police chauffeurs were trans ftrred by Commissioner Enrlght yester. day to duty, which will place them In the precincts-about the city Of the seventy Bye men stationed at henduunrtern moro fgxt a off' had nothtng to do. AMERICA PLANNING CARE FOR WOUNDED Congressional Action Atikcd to Give Practical Aid to In valided Soldiers. NEW TRADES FOlt MANY Some Will Not Ho Able to La bor at Competitive En terprises. Washington-, March 2. llefore the end of tho coming summer the title of wounded American flghtln; men, many of whom will require special vocational reeducation before returning to Indus trial life, will be returning from Eu rope, In making this prediction to-night, the Federal Board for Vocational Education emphasised the Imperative need of Con gressional legislation authorising the establishment of an adequate system for the rehabilitation of disabled men. In estimates already submitted to Congress the board pointed out that 100,000 out- of every million soldiers sent to rrance will be returned during the first year of fighting, and that in struction In new lines of Industry will he made for 20.100 annually who will be physically unable to return to their pre-war occupations. The disabled are divided by tho board Into four classes: Thoo permanently Invalided, tho.'o able to joork but who cannot engage In competitive occupa tions, those who must learn new occu pations tiecause of their phslcal handi caps and thono able to tettirit to their pre-war tasks. About SO per cent, nre expected to fall Into tire fourth group and the remainder, with few exceptions, Into the third group. For the 10 per cent, who must take up new occupations there has been drafted a plan of general education, ele mentary vocational Instruction and finally specialized training In the calling lo which the man la best adapted. For those .able to resume their former civilian work a general programme of Instruction will be given to overcome, an far as may be, their physical In firmities. To take charge of th vocational re education of wounded the Federal board recommends the Imnttdlatn training of teachers of occupational therapy, esti mating that 1,100 instructors will be nr.eded nt home for every million of fighting men overseas. The greatest need will be for those competent to teach general educational and commercial subject, manual training, mechanical drawing, drafting and handiwork In arts and crafts. The emergency training course proposed would rover eight weeks. Methods of financing, organizing and administering a national system of re habilitation Bre discussed In the board's report. The project Involve the estab lishment of a central administrative headquarters In Washington to coordi nate the work of Federal. iState and com munity ngencles throughout tho country. "If the war should end In economic exhaustion," said the board's statement, "that nation ultimately will triumph which Is best able to use again her men. It is claimed that Germany uses 85 to JO per cent, of her disabled men back of the lines, nnd that the majority of the remaining 10 or 15 j.cr cent aro en tirely self-supporting." NEW ENGLANDERS FIGHT They Were the Only Units In Raid Made on Aline Front. Ny the Auociatfd Vrtti. With the American Ar.itT IN" FrancE) March 1 (delayed). A Oer muan raid on tho American line was made at 9:30 o'clock last night (Thurs day, one day before the raid at Toul) In the Cheniln des Dames sector. After sharp fighting the enemy re tired, leaving four prisoners, two of whom were wounded. The Americans lost foine killed and several slightly wounded or missing. All are New ling landers. Three companies of shock troops, one of which had been brought from Laon by motor cars for the attack, enmn up behind a heavy barrage which bad been put down along the left flank of the American forces. After sharp fighting the enemy retired. The American and French artillery effectively counter shelled the enemy dur ing the attack, which was local'ied. It Is not permitted to disclose the number of American casualties. One of tho prisoners captured said that this was the beginning of a series of similar raids on a large scale along the western front. ANOTHER GAS VICTIM DIES. Pershlna- Also Reports 17 Casnal tles In Previous Fncounters. Washington, March 2. Gen. Pershing reported to the War Department to day that Private Glenn II. Campbell of St. Claire, Minn., was killed in action February 27, and that four men were slightly wounded in action on the same day and eleven slightly hurt the day be fore. Gen. Pershing nlso reported that Pri vate Samuel A. Kaplan, Iawrence, Mass., died February 26 of wounds received In action, and that Private Harry Taylor, Springfield, Ohio, died February 28 as a result of an' enemy gas nttack, The men woundefj February 27 were: Sei grant Raymond L. Cunneff, Phila delphia; Regimental Supply Sergeant Vernck Lankford, Uluff, N, C and Pri vates Reco P. Trotter, Anderson, S. C and Allen C. Hoone, Philadelphia. The men wounded February 26 were Corporals' Thomas V. Stanky, Peru, 111., and Glenn II. Stephens, Phu-nlx, Ariz., and Privates R. A. Sparks, Huntington, Ind. ; Carl H. Chellls, Plattsburg. N. V. : George H. Kdell, Philadelphia ; Thomas J. Klllr.gton, Pittsboro, f. c. ; Walter Ueggorlow, Chicago; lister 31 rages, Oregon Falls, Wis. ; Carl Jones, Ilelle vllle, 111. ; Rennet G. Nlsbet. Chicago, and Louis C. Sayer, Vergas, Minn. PREMIER DIDN'T SEE PAGE. American Ambassador Leaves Lon don for the Country, London. March 2. Ambassador Page departed from Indon for the country I to-oay, ine r.mutuvy nuiuunzuu ue nlal of the statement of the Daily .Vetca yesterday that Premier Lloyd Oeorge had visited the embassy and had an Im portant conference with Mr. Page. The I7city .Vfics siild It believed Lloyd George had gone to the American Em bassy to sec Mr. Page In connection with the project for Intervention by Japan In Siberia, Thn hlci vnl 'It'll iM dm I DENICOBAC CIGAR Will tntl'.rr the in'Ml fv-lllliiis inoki Woniits-fullv n IH, aronutl- imn-inturl'siH KO'l llriwijuaj nr Fulton, .'1717 CoilUii t .'.07 nrth Ave. nri.' I Ml 40X0 Murrtv Hill To tiwtit ilrlnu diHrrti alt corrr$poif iltrtrr fi fidnry, American Occntric Co., Dept. D. 4ii Atlantic Ave.. Ilkln. 'I'hmoMaln 1201 ODELL RESPITES ICE RINKS. Indoor Mantla Will Kit loon, but Dale la Sot Fixed. After a conference with the manage ments of Ice skating rinks In his ntllee, 120 IlroaUwny, jesterdny llenjamln B. Odell, Ktate Ice Comptroller, announced that the rinks would have to close soon but ho had not decided on any lixed date. Ho said It was possible he would grant some extension of time, although this was not certain. In the absence of orders to the contrary, the rinks con tinued operations yesterday afternoon and last evening. Mr. Odell granted Charles 11. lulling ham a temporary permit until March S to use ammonia for making artificial loe for an act at the Hippodrome. WAR BOARD HALTS IMPORTS OF CORN Bars Shipments to Hasten Movement of Wheat From South America. Special fleepatch to Tux Sts. ! Vasiunoton. March 2. The first lm- imri .mliann n1r hv ihn War Trade . Hoard was declared to-day when orders j were Ueued cutting off nit Imports of i cor,,. I The order is directed to farllltnto the movement from South America of the new wheat crop and will work no hard-1 -ship on Argentina and other nearby ' countries, according to officials They I hold that the wheat Is needed for lm-' mediate consumption and that the corn can well await its turn. It Is possible that by this move Amer ica will bo enabled to ship much more corn to Kurope than In previous years., Thf Food Administration has potnted out from time to time that corn could ! not be shipped abroad In great nuantltieo j because Kuropean countries have noteerj been educated to eating corn meal nnd ; trench have no facilities for grinding It nnd around corn Is likely to spoil In transit. Nevertheless recent orders from the Food Administration tiave placed In movement from S09,000 to 750,000 bush els of corn each day to Europe. It Is said that in the last four days l.SOO.000 bushels have been diverted from Kastern markets In the United States to be shipped abroad. It is pos sible that a steady movement on this scale will eontlnuo for three weeks more. This would mean the shipment approxi mately of 10,000,000 bushels of corn. It is said the scarcity of foodstuffs Is so great abroad that to brldpe the gap the Allies hae consented to much greater use of corn tlun hail been an ticipated. The allied countries normatly raise 121,10?, 000 bushels of corn and Import from the FnltcJ States 10,811,000 bushels, and 135,070,000 from other sources, their total consumption In pre war times being 2fiC,.".?6.000 bushels. Of a crop of 3.124.000,000 bushels the Vnlted States will havo a surplus of about 70.o(0,000 bui.liels and Canada will havo a C2.ODO.000 bushel surplus. H Is believed that the United States may be able to double Its exportation of rorn this ear, which would represent an In crease in trade balance In Its favor of approximately 115,000,000. However, the problem of shipping will have a great bearing on the export" and until n morn definite statement of tho tonnage which the Allies will have In tranatlantlc trade this summer Is available It Is impossible to forecast the exports. The facilitation of the northward movement of wheat will aid the Unltd States materially in meeting Its Heree nient to provide Switzerland with wheat, according to the War Trade Hoard. The United States Is held liable for carrying out the agreement and there fore, the Argentine wheat Is not shipped direct from South Amerlcsn ports to Pette. the free port where supplies for the Helvetian Iteoubllc nre landed. SCHMIDT, ATTACKS BRITAIN. Cornell Professor Provokes lllssrs by Speech In C'hlrnito. Chicago, March 2 Prof Nathinlel Schmidt of Cornell University said to day In an uddres before the Political Equality League that there was no such thine tus race nnd that Knclmd holds In subjugation more people than any na tion in the world. "England holds many races in sub jugation without any representative gov ernment and then excuses tho action on the ground of race, but there Is no such thing as race," he raid. A vol ume of cheers and hisses followed. When the speaker added that "no na tion should conscript for army .service natives who have no voice in the Gov ernment," the hissing became even more pronounced, many women Joining. UKRAINE TO FEED GERMANS. Gen. Croener Sent There to Gather ITp guppllra, Amsterdam, March 2. A Vienna des patch to the .Rhcinucfie ll'e,fo(lac)ie Zritung of Essen states that Emperor Charles has accepted the resignation of Major-Gen. Hoefer, Food Minister, wtio has been succeeded by Dr. Ludwlg Panel. A Dus..eldorf despatch to the Such richtm of Herlln states that Gun. Groe ner, ex-chlcf of the Prussian War Hoard, has been appointed to take charge of collecting foodstuffs and raw materials In Ukraine. Eisner Promotes Assistant. Co'lector Mark Eisner of tho Third Internal Revenue district has named as his chief deputy collector, at $3,000 a year, Joseph Prendergast-of 23a West Fourth street, Manhattan, who has been , connected with Collector Eisner's ofllce i for several years. He takes tho place of Roman Modra, who recently re- ,' Imml. Broadway at 48lh Street "Rendezreui oi the Elite" DINNER DE LUXE At $3 par Cover liirlmtlng I he Second Kdltlnn i f "Vrnu on llnnd way " Ihn must elaborate emort runment eei otlered by a New Y rk KoHtaursnt, Etery SUNDAY Evening Sit lo Nine Dancing tf Hi 53 Pierre & Borgo fcl FOES GAIN AND LOSE IN RAIDS ON FRENCH Germans Claim 100 Prisoners, but the Allies Report Ef fective Repulses. BRITISH AIRPLANES IH'SY Portuguese Troops Drive Off Teutons Relfrians Show Splendid Spirit. London, March 2. As the weather Im proves on the western front and the season draws near when It will be pos sible to resume fighting on a grand scale, both the raids and the nrtlllery d-jels nro increasing In Intensity nnd scope. Herlln reports that yesterday llesrlan troops east of Ithelms pene trated to Fort I'ompcllo. which had been destroyed, while northwest of I'rosnes Khlneland and Wcstphallan forces :ienc- (rated the French nosltlons. Some of the trenches southeast of Tahure, which had remained In the hands of the French since the fighting last month, wcro cleared bv Haden and Thurlnglan troops, it Is stated, nnd held against Ftench counter attacks, On the west bank of tho Meuw Htienisn companies siormeu m. rmiui trenches south of Hniicourt and re- turned to their own positions with 400 French prisoners and u large number of captured machine guns. Another German raid was made on n "We front arnlnst the Portuguese troops In northern France. The trench.- were penetrated, but later tho llerrnnns wete ejected. In one raid near Itarglcomt every Oerman who reached the Ilrltlsh es was either killed or captured. Hritlsh troops took prisoners In raids ArleuA-en-Ooholle. while attacks in the neighborhood of the Ypres-Comlnes Canal and south of Houtholst Forest wcro repulsed with loss to the Ger mans. There were sven raids against Hrltlsn positions during the night. Including one east of Polygon Woods, In which the Germans were driven off by rifle and machine gun fire. IVspite a strong wind and rain Ilrltlsh airplanes made a few- flights In coopera tion with the nrtlllery nnd dropped over 200 immbs on various objective and fired many rnundn from the air on ground taractB. Four hostile airplanes were brought down. One of the Ilrltlsh machines Is missing. In February the British took 312 prisoners on the Franco-Helirlan front. Including sixteen officers, says an offi cial statement. Twenty machine guns and line flamo projector also were eap tui ed. Gen. Kllot Wadsworlh of Itoton, Col. Ernest Blcknell of Chicago. Major Ivy I.ee of New York. Major Van Schalck MJ". nleted a visit to the Rclglan front, the Associated Press correspondent with the Hritlsh army in Hetalum. "Our experience has been ni"st In spiring," said Gen. Wadsworth. "Above all. wo were Impressed by the splendid courage and optimism of every one, from Generals In command of armies to children who are stnylncr on farms snd studying In schools wltHn tho sound of the Cerman guns. "The cheerfulnef-s of the soldiers, the determlnat'on of the people to see the struggle through to n sucocjsful conclu sion and free He!g!um these are cir cumstance) which strike the American visitor forcibly. "We were lmpreseii especially by the care Relglum Is lavishing on tho chil dren, uprooted from the.r homes by war. and by the splendid organisation of the. hospitals, both military and civilian, In fact, the efforts of every one, from the King and Queen downward, should be an objis-t of admiration on the part of the American people." Consul Stunners at Moscow Announced In a despatch received hj the State De partment to-dny that all Americans hurt left Moscow as well as Petrograd. He did not indicate to what place they hnd gone, but It was assumed that many had gone to Vologda. THREE GERMAN VESSELS SUNK. Torpedo Hunt nnd Tvro Svrerpera Strike- .Mines. liONPON", March 2. A German torpedo boat nnd two German mine .weepers ran Into mines off Vlleland Island, in North Holland, early on Friday morning und were blown up. in an effort to save the crews a boat got Into the surf anil was eaosbH. Five men landed on the Island. A Dutch fishing boat also struck u ininu. All on board w re lost. The lltniilclnbliKl reports heay gunflro off Vlle'and Island last night. SALES AND EXHIBITIONS AT The ANDERSON GALLERIES PARK AVENUE AND FIFTY-NINTH STREET, NEW YORK TO BE SOLD TUESDAY NIGHT AT 8:15 VALUABLE PAINTINGS THE COLLECTION OF THE LATE JOHN D. CR1MMINS TO BE SOLD TUES.. WED. AND THURS AFTERNOONS BOOKS AND AUTOGRAPHS THE COLLECTION OF THE LATE JOHN D. CRIMMINS NOW ON EXHIBITION THE "ASSOCIATION" LIBRARY OF THE LATE GEORGE W. SMALLEY Presentation copies from Emerson, Holmes, E. C. Stedman, John Hay and the leading men of Mr. Smallcy's time. Ten-page letter about Washington from W. E. Gladstone, fourteen letters from Henry James, forty-three from James Russell Lowell, and unusual letters from Whistler. ENGLISH SILVER OF THE GEORGIAN PERIOD AND MISCELLANEOUS ART OBJECTS COLLECTED BY THE LATE GEORGE W. SMALLEY AND THE CONTENTS OF THE APARTMENT OF MR. JAMES LANE ALLEN Catalogues on Request. Sales by Mr. Frederick A. Chapman. The ANDERSON GALLERIES PARK AVENUE AND FIFTY-NINTH STREET, lEW YORK U. S. WILLING TO TRUST JAPAN AIMS Continued from First Page. filing that mission. Japan has f.00,000 men under arms and does not require any military assistance, It Is pointed out. Tho Japanese Government has mads It clear to tho Allies that occupancy would not be permanent nnd that thete would bo no thought of territorial aggrandise ment at llussla's expense. .Tnpan has so fur had so many opportunities to take selfish advantage of tho situation and has so persistently refrained from doing so that diplomats hero bellevo no nation could consistently question Japan's motives at this time. POLICY IS UNDECIDED. London Hears Japan Awaits Word From AVnahlnirlon. fiptelnl Cable Dttpatch to Tim 9cs. Copyright, Hit: ol( riaktii rtterird. LoNixjN.'M'arch 2. Despite unqualified statements In French newspapers that tho basis of Japan's Intervention In Asiatic Russia already Ins been decided upon nnd that the Entente Powers havo given their assent, the best Information avnllablo in London Is that until Wash ington has spoken no definite decision can he reached by the Allies. This view would seem to receive con firmation In a statement given out by a high ofllclni of the Japanese Embassy here, in which he says: "In fact Japan has addressed In quiries to tho jllled governments as to tholr views on the recent developments In llussla, but bejond that no proposal of the nation outlined In an Associated l'resx telegram from Washington, tt Ine that Japan has directed Inquiries to America and the Entente Powers with view to ascertaining their feelings ioinra n vr-"i i" '"" '"" J"""- i iry openmoiut in .-mrn u. mo . ! Vladivostok and along the Siberian Itallroad, has been made by the Japa- neso Government." War Stores Protected. As a matter of fact, so far as the stores at Vladivostok are concerned. It Is understood that some weeks afo Japan took stejn to prevent these stores from bolng removed. It Is known that she ban a number of warships at Vlad lxostok and It will be remembered that early In January It was reimrted Hut she had UnCel troops or eullori In that poit. At the nam time It Is realized that conditions in Kussla, especially the con. .Inued German advance, directly affect Japan's Intercuts. Tho situation Is ic garded by the Island Umpire as one of the utmost gravity nnd threatens a contingency which Japan cannot afford lo Ignoie. The German menace now overhanging llussla is also a direct and ery serious menace to Japan and It Is natural for Japan to look nhe.id and makn provision against possible de A'd-espatch from Vienna which states velopment". that the Rti'vlau Government on Feb ruary 10 declared all prisoners of war In llusst.i. were to be relented, and an enilier report that 200, 000 German nnd Austrian prlsnneis In SllerU already hae been liberated and supplied with arms, Indicate a real danger which Japan cannot overlook, The Far Eastern situation ha.s occu. pled the attention of the Hritlsh Cablntt, 1 is understood, almost to the exclusion of nil other subjects In the last few days. Lord Robert Cecil cancelled yes terday his usual weekly leceptlon of for eign tiewspMier representatives. 1Vi Loudon newspapers, in marked contrast with those of Paris, aro very cautious In assuming "that Japan already has de cided ui"m action In Siberia in agiee- ment with the Allies. They confine tt,pir largely to conditions which might lead to such action being teken. Tho I'all Mall Oniettc says: Japanese Position Imperilled. "Should developments In Russia occur on Uio lines that the Germans evidently desire and Intend, they would seriously threaten Japan's position, and if her na tional Intel ests arc imperilled, Japan uould surely be justified in taking ex treme measures to safeguard them. Japan has not forgotten, nor Is sho likely to forget, the naturo of Germany's ambitions in tho Last and In the Pacific, "We gather that she would prefer act ing alone, to participating in some col lective programme, to whkh the other Allies would contribute. Any misgiv ings that may bc entertained by the L'lilted States as to such developments are properly connected with the ultimate llsj.osltlou of the territories In which action Is now necessary. "Amerlc.i la sensitive upon the question of .self-determination and may feel un certain hh to how far that principle wculil ircclvu adherence from the Toklo Government after Its arms had been vic toriously established In eastern Siberia. ffW'f do not think there should be any m obstacle, to securing the reservation of such Issues for settlement by tho peace conference which must follow tho war." DISCUSS INVASION. Ilrltlsh Look Into Various Aspects of Japanese Campaign. Iondon, March 2. While tho Interest of the press tins' tho public continues to bo focused upon Japan s possible Inter vention In Siberia, the statements of her diplomatist!! here that she has not made any specific proposal to that end have In duced a tendency to dlreuss more fully nil the aspects of, tho question and In view of the obvious complications of the situation to nwalt further developments, especially the attitude the Unlttd States may ultimately adopt. Meantime the commentators generally I'ontltiuo to acquit Japan of any Idea of sclf-aggnndlxement, and Insist that any action she may eventually take will cer tainly be in the Interest of all the Allies and of llussla. The Times, for Instance, says It cannot doubt that the Japanese policy will be conceived ill the same spirit of good faith and loyalty with which she always has; Interpreted her ob llgatlonn as an nil. She has won the confidence of her associates by her long and siotles record of honorable conduct, the Times points out, and considers it would be unjust and ungenerous to Im pute selfish, disloyal ambitions to her without the least evidence to support tho suspicion, Intervention In tho dominions of the former -Ilusslan Empire, the newspaper adds, presents obvious difficulties, but they are difficulties which good will and frank dlscinslon. It thinks, ought readily to overcome. The sltuutlou in Siberia, where the UolMievlkl are reported arming German and Austrian cx-prtsoners to oppose tho forces being assembled by Gen. Scm enoff, the Cossack leader. In Manchuria, Is causing th Chlntso Ooernmenl ap prehension. According to a Iteuter dis patch from Pekln to-day, The dispatch of reinforcements has licen decided up on by the Chlneo authorities. It Is stated. A Keuter message from Shanghai iip deals with the rtus.!an situation, which It declared Is causing alarm and even political chaos In China. Tho pressure of tho militarists, arcording to the cor respondent's forecast, is likely to forco tho resignation of President Frng-kwo-cliang, who, It la saM, Is believed tob virtually a prisoner. The suggestion Is that he would be replaced possibly by Hsu-shlh-chang, the guardian of the for mer Emperor, nnd It Is even suggested that tho young Emperor himself, Hsuan Tsung. may be nominated permanent President. LET JAPAN GO INTO SIBERIA, SAYS TAFT Ex-Pretident Believes Allies Should Give Consent. fpfciat 1-tepaieh to Tick Sin STnAf-rsK. March 2. The Allies tdiniild consent p Jspaneso Intervention In litis sin, ex-President Taft told Tilts SUN'I representative to-night. "The Toklo Government." he ald ".should be permitted to wove its property in Liberia. To me It sems more like a question of ralvairo than of Intervention. A'i I understand It, the Japanese have made lMKe loans to Hun flim tnrrehnnts and have large stores of supplies and munition nt Vladivostok, which they nhoull be allowed to save." Mr, Taft Is-lleves that tho Joint com mission represent InR capital, labor and the public, of which he Is a member, will framo nn agreement for a truce during the war period for the settlement of labor disputes rcRardlng vnifes, hours of work and other matters. A meeting will be held next Wednesday In Wan Ington. Such an agreement will elimi nate the necessity of conncrlptlr.g labor, the ex-1'resldent believes. Kvents In Washington. In Mr. Tuft's opinion, show that President Wilson Is ready to accept a war council, the only question being what form II will take. Wat is the Best Occupation for ItbuR Daughter? Jl little story addressed to the mother ivho is interested in helping her daughter select the right kind of employ ment. It is designed to give a brief account of the pro fession of telephone operating and of the environment of the young u omen who now are members of this projession. A" healthy, young woman, with certain necessary qualifications, she is ac cepted, assigned to a class in the Operators' Training Department, her name goes on the company's pay roll at once and she becomes a beneficiary under an Employees' Benefit Plan. No previous knowledge is required and not only does the telephone op erator pay nothing for her training, but she is paid while she is being trained. The instruction in the Operators' Training Department is interesting. The fundamentals of the work are illustrated, exercises in enunciation are given, the student operator practices on "dummy" telephone switchboards, and in three or four weeks' time she enters a telephone central office that is as near her home as the re quirements of the business permit. Here the student, who has be come a junior telephone operator, is If you have a daughter who would like to apply for a pojition at telephone op.rator and who has the neeemry qualifications, or it you know ot any other young woman who might be interened, we will be gl.J to see her any working day, except Saturday, between 9 a.m. and 5 r. m., or on Saturdays between 9 a. m. and 1 r. m. NEW YORK TELEPHONE COMPANY Oftrttfn' Training 'DtfartmtHt 5I Writ Houston Street - Manhattan ! 194! Wcbtter Avenue Brom Is Willowghby Street Biookljn 444 St. .Mulct Place TampkiaitiUe, S.I, BRITISH SHIPPING OUTPUT LOWERED Serions Situation Soon May lie Confronted if No Help Is ut llnnd. AMEHICAN EFFORT FAILS Empire Does Not Fear It Will He Hungry, but, Sees "War Work Hnrt. Special Cable Detpnff, lo Tin Fc, Copyright, 1918! aU right retertej. Ixi.vdon. March 2. Tho statement nindo by Oeorge N. Barnes, Minister of Labor, In the House of ComtnonH on Tuefd.iy that In January tho output of shipping wan less than half of nhut had been estimated and the February condl Ions nro no belter, wlillo tho United .StateN has failed to supply tho number of ships promised, and the Admiralty report of an Increased number of ships lunk by submariner, havo made a deep Impression In England. Mr. llarnes, im n member of the War Cabinet, spoko with authority and knowledge, nl.s xtatcmcnt and tho fig ures of tho Shipping Controller'! de partment serve ngHln to direct attention to the supremo problem of the war; they (ihow a constant excess of losses over replacements. Jn November twenty-two soagolns vessels wurc put Into service against forty-eight sunk by the enwny: In December twenty-one ships were com pleted, while tho. enemy sunk thlrty wen. In January only eleven wcro put Into Per. Ire, while forty-eight were mined or pubniarlned ; for February tho output Is said to bo no better, yet In the firm three weeks of that month no fewer than Ihlrty-ecven vessels were sunk. It appears, therefore, that the effort made to replace the heavy losses nue tallied by the. merchant marine hau failed o far, desplto tho statements made that shipbuilding wan bolng puilhcd. Ite duced to ex.ict terms, tho present condi tion means that although Great Britain has obtained aid in the form ot neutral tonnage, which Is limited In amount, her i-ca carrying power ban been de creasing stewdlly for twelvo months past. MtiiHtluii Jierlous. Tins l.i a must seriou.s situation for an Island power which 11. es and fight! with tho aid of Its merchant shipping. Such a decrease In strength In its most vital weapon must react on naval, mlll U:rv and economic conditions. Tho Daily Telryruvh, commenting cm this point, says ' "Thero Is no question of tho enemy starving uh out, nn he boasted ho would do in three months, that Is not tho posi tion, for the jresent at least. The loss of tonnage, however, does Invoke it shrlnknce In our lighting power. What her rallwajs are to Germany our mer chant shipping Is to us nnd much more, for upon It wo depend 'urgely for food for our sailors, soldiers nnd cl. Illuiis, as well es the transport of no small propor tion of our raw materials. "It would be madness to shut our eyes to the result that must come from the failure to tnnlntnlii our merchant licet In adequate strength and efficiency. The tendency lo lean on tho United States was a mistake. The Americans may not cnlle tho oversatigulne forecasts of the Shipping Hoard, In which re'erenco was mine in 'ii,00u,ilO0 torts deadweight' be itu nut 'nto seivlco in 111 is. "If they turn out 2.000,000 gros tons of shipping t is year they will haw done better than reasonably could be expected .ind will have made a far larger contrl- YOUNG WOMAN assigned to a regular switchboard, situated in a large, clean, airy, well lighted central office, and begins the performance of an important public duty. She docs not work more than eight hours a nay and comes under the direct supervision of women only. At luncheon time she enters the operators' dining-room, where coffee, tea and milk arc served free of charge, and where she may bring her own lunch or purchase one at cost. A good, wholesome luncheon may be purchased here for fourteen cents. At certain periods during the day she retires to a( large, well ap pointed and comfortable" rest room, where she chats with her friends, reads books or magazines and does as she wills. This room is usually in charge of a matron. Tins briefly, is an outline of the profession of telephone operating. It is an ideal occupation for young women and it affords plenty of op. portunity for rapid advancement to higher positions and higher salaries. All of the young women now holding supervisory positions in central offi ces came up trom the operators' ranks. who wishes to . become a tele- phone operator applies at on of several bran ches ot the Operators' Training Department. If she is a normal, owion (o me mum nircngtn ny sea than i shall hnvo done with our uiiriv,i(, resources, unless Immediate action i. taken. "A means must ho found without ,i, . lay to Increase the output on this s,ir ,f we nro to win the war." In suggesting reasons for tho ,(.. clency In tho shipbuilding output, as tcii,'. pared with the estimates, Mr, llarnes Intimated Hint the slackness of working In the shipyards was chiefly responine Hnd ho urged them to put their xvl Into their work, but there Is soo.i rei(rn to believe that the best use In not lie!n made of the nviillnhlo men and there Is room for reform In the methods' of aj. signing men tnlcen from thu urmv f ,r work In the shipyards. An ofllclni of Mr. llarncs'a department Is responsible for tho statement thnt the failure of American shlphulldin- was due largely to the fact that too much consideration has been shown In tic past to what nro called private IntirrMn that the work of constructing ships lui! been hampered mor than helped hj these, but the authorities In W.tFhlng'oti have, resolved that no morn must tie heard of private Interests until after t.e war Is over. VIVIANI TOO SHREWD FOR BARON SCHOEN How He Escaped Trnp Tlmt "Was Laid by (icriniiu Ambassador. I'Ants, March 2. Heno Vlvui . nro wo. Premier and Foreign MlnlMir m.n tho war began and was at the head c tho French Government for ni' re ih.n a year thereafter, says In an irti-r. lew with the refit Journal tint j, knew nothing of tho !n.tiin't'""s sem by the then (.erman Chine Hot. Ir Hethmann-Hollweg, to Ham ., Schocn, then Herman Anih.i.nl Paris, regarding t.io conditions on ii v France, if she remained neutral , war between Germany and Kti'sia rm to guarantee her neutrnlltj. tin an ,i ). dresa yesterday the French Foreign Min ister, Stephen rlchon, quoted tho lr structlons from Dr. von Itthuid nn Hollwog In effect that France uouM be required to turn over the lortretsm of Toul and Verdun to Germany fur tl.s duration of the war with Russia If sli decided to remain neutral.) "Needless to say liaron von Scro did not transmit the proposal to ire,' said M. Vlvlaiil. "Ho thus spared m the humiliation of hearing of the d honorable bargain proposed, and spared himself the humiliation of lieu ring mv teply "These revelations enable ni-j row ire better to appreciate llaron von Sehnens attitude when be was in m office cu July r.l, 1KH. You will remember tut ho asked mo what would b the cour.'s of France In case of a conflict hititi Germany and Itussln The quest on wat a plain one, and undoubtedly the Am bassador expected me lo mnlie on or the other of two nnfwcrs. by wh'.'h hs would havo profited. He doijbtlen thought that I would say; 'In th ni sir. It Is war,' In which cae ho uou.il ( walk out of my office, imputing wordf cf pro oc.itlon to France or else Hint I 'overwhelmed by tho news In hint.s1 me, would betray weakness, so iat 1 would bo entourage.; to mike b.s i - honor ihle prnpoMl, w hich a repr,e, i. I atlvo of France not only timid not - s!il-r an ln.st.int but could not c.,' a- low to be made to him. "What I did say In answer te Mm ' was. "Franco will be guided by her n terests." Von Schoen had nothing more to say " Port nun 1 llfKln llnjllieht s in Int. ' I.cgil time In Portugal and the rr Tslandw was advanced s'rty n ' March 1, to continue until Septcnu -i I tho Commercial Cable Company .t I nouneed yesterday