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THE SUN, SUNDAY, ' MARCH 3, 1918.
4 8 GERMANS ADVISED , TO KEEP CULTURE (IVurnings by AlHanco Told to Investigating Committee of the Senate. piJKSS CALLED HOSTILE gntro Lnuds Teutons as Men Wlio Have Done Mncli for America, fftcnit ntipateh to Tbi Sex. Washington', March 2. Investiga tion of tho German-American Alliance by the Kins aub-commltte of the Sen , Judiciary Commutes iras resumed to-Jay with vigor. In tne course or a protracted argument between Counsellor Tlieodoro Sutro of the alliance and the, ttunmlttee members the facts were brought to linht that throughout the wianlaatlon a persistent policy of pro motion of German culture Idea had pre ttied deepitn the venement assertions of the leaders of the organization that the orirsnliatlon wan purely and truly ratrlotlc and non-polltlcal. In the opening of to-day's hearings It was stated by Carl A. M. Schultz. ;jo of counsel for the organisation, (hat the alliance wa prepared to sub jnlt, for tho perusal of the committee all books and document In Its possession with a view to giving the people of tie United States a truer view than that which had been Inculcated through the medium of an unrrlendly press. Mr. Kutro thereafter opened his argument tialnst tha King bill to demolish the German-American Alliance. The ground taken by the counsellor is that the committee wa not pos sessed of the jurisdiction to review the activities of the German-American AI l!anco for nuch purposes, die directed the committee's attention to the array cf legal citations showing that the only wav to disrupt through legal machinery uch an organization as the alliance was through application for a receivership It the jurisdiction ot It Incorporation vhere such proceeding should take place In the open courts of law. Tantamount The King bill." la Forfeiture. Mr. Sutro urged, "Is tantamount to a compulsory forfelturo cf the charter of the alliance and this ihou'.d bo done through the court jencl's xvhlch the law under which the trssnliatlon was chartered already pro rides. Tho German-American Alliance Is a District of Columbia corporation." The King bill Mr. Sutro denounced as ai "inlnultous measure." "It Is," said hp, "an unwarranted and unpardonable Ir.sult to the Americanism of hundreds ef thousands of American citizens of German nativity or German extraction." The counsellor then reviewed the con tributions tn the cause of American lib erty In the Revolution of 1775-83, nam-1-g the efforts of Muhlenberg, Steuben nd other soldiers of Washington's army. He reviewed the honors which have been leaped on the memory of the German ntn nho have added their bit to up tjiMlng American civilization. Including many living Germans active In industry. Ihsnce. tcience and art, and then turned tpon Guftavus Ohllnger of Toledo. Ohio, the first witness to 'appear before tha committee with his damaging- testimony as to the malevolent activities of the al liance on behalf of the cause ot Ger many In the world war, and denounced him as unfit to tie the shoelaces of hun dreds of Germans who to-day are lead ers In thought and action In the United States. Kins; Cltee Itrcord. This provoked from Senator King a referenco to the record. The sugges tions are embodied In utterances of the official bulletin of tho German American Alliance. The Senator asked tha uttor ney It he approved the arguments ad vanced by C. J. Ilexamer of Philadel phia, former president of the alliance, and others of the alllance.urglng Ameri canized Germans to preserve a Teutonic solidarity In tho United States for the sake of lrnurlng the maintenance of German culture here. Mr. Sutro told the committee that he did not approve of tho argument on ethical ground, ns witness his own mar riage to an American, woman, but he did approve tho efforts to Insure preserva tion of a knowlcdgo ot tha German tongue. "The man who has two languages has two souls," is a proverb which Mr. Sutro quoted. Here Senator Wolcott (Delaware) In terposed to read from the" transcript of previous proceedings a citation from Dr. . Hexamer's appeal to German Americans I not to relinquish their racial and cul tural solidarity on the ground that they should not ''yield to an Inferior cul ture." Senator Wolcott wanted to know If It was Mr. Sutro' b Interpretation that the culture of America was Inferior to the culture of Germany. Kor a moment the witness was con fused. He strove to explain, but the best that he had to offer In explanation was that the German American Al liance, while maintaining the official bulletin as its official organ, could not bo held responsible for all that appears therein. (. lor llltflalmer. I "If that Is the case," said Seiiattir Wolcott, "I Invite you now or later to produce for me any Issue of the bulletin In which a disclaimer of this highly suggestive argument Is published." The witness floundered for a moment or so and then explained that every nation had elements In Its culture In which It rose superior to other nations. "Thero are things In British, French, American. Italian culture In which those nations have superiorities one above the other," said the witness. "It Is only In the things that are superior In the general culture of Germany that this argument could apply." Then senator Wolcott read from a letter of Secretary Adolph Tlmm of Philadelphia, In v.nlch he u.ged Ger mans In the United States to resist every effort mails by native elements r.gilnst their own racial r.r.d national and linguistic solidarity. Senator Wol cott demandfd tn know wlut was meant by "natlvlstlc elements." Here again the witness floundered. but Counsellor Schultz came to his aid fix to many splendid Germans Just be cause they are Germans and for no other assignable reason." "An alliterative Tbfeflx. I suppose you mean?" said Senator Wolcott, "Yes," replied the witness. "It has a 'd' at the beginning." The committee room wai throngid with witnesses and a larg9 audience. In the group were numerous persons of Teutonic ancestry. If not nativity. Tho Interest through the ilay'rt c.vmilna tlon was Intense, but nothiiii; specific was developed. A uumbc? of workers In the protection of the federal Gov ernment against the spy movementc and Teutonic plots against munition plant i and against organizers of pacMIs: and anti-war organizations were waiting tu testify. The Investigation will proceed Monday, U.S. TO HAVE GREAT WAR TRADE STAFF It Is Building Up Largest Forte of Experts Ever Sta tioned Abroad. NYANZA GUN GREW SINKS A SUBMARINE Baltic Lasts Two Hours, With llangc Thinning Ip to Four Miles. . Washington, March 2. In Its search of the Morld for ship -tonnage to aid In defeating tho Central Powers, the United States Is building up tha largest force of commercial experts which ever has been stationed In foreign countries. Primarily the work of the commercial representatives of the State Department, the Department of Commerce and the War Trade Board wltl have to do with the war, hut In cooperating with the governments and business leaders of other nations they will spread a know! edge of American products and trade Ideals that officials expect will Increase America's ommerco after the war. Completion of tho foreign staff of the War Trade noard Is being pushed as rapidly as possible, It was said to-day, so that early results may be had from the Government's decision to devote every available ship to war purposes by .restricting trado to necessities. The State Department also Is sending spe cial representatives to countries which will be affected by the licensing of lm poits Into the United States, and com mercial attaches of tho Department of Commerce are assisting In the work. The war trado experts will have three principal duties: To prevent goods reaching Oermany, to guide the course of trade, and to release as much tonnage as possible. They now have been stationed In lontan, Paris. Berne, Scandinavia, Itlu Janeiro, Buenos Ayrcs and Toklo. Kstlmates of the tonnage expected to be nut Into tranatlantln service by re striding trade with South America and the Kar l.ast are being guarded closely by the Shipping Board and War Trade Board as likely to be of military value to the enemy In Indicating the size of the army which this countryy hoped to put In Europe. Neutral tonnage Is ex pected to replace American and British vessels In non-lrazor clous routes through negotiations now In progress. v In preparation for recommending the curtailment of trade with certain coun tries the Shipping Board has established a new department to which representa tives of Industry will offer their advice as to the amount of the reduction to be made In the Importation of materials affecting them. As It would be Impos sible to consult each Industrial firm tho Industries will be reached through their trade associations or war service com mittees. Recommendations of the Shipping Board as to how much tonnage can be taken from any one route will be used by the War Trado Board as a basis for refusing licenses for sufficient merchan dise to permit the release of'tha.t ton name. Officials have refused to Indicate wliat commodities would be n.'fected first, but it Is known that dealers In silk have been here to discuss the prob able effect or the licensing on trade with China and Japan. TRAIN BOYS FOR WAR, SAYS GEN. JOHNSON Upton Commander at Ban quet Prauea Draft Law Also. Declaring that tho selective service bill was the first scientific military measure ever passed by the United States, llrlg.-Gen. Hvan M. Johnson, commanding the Metropolitan Division at Camp Upton, pointed out last night at the twenty-second banquet of the Dutchess County Society In tho Hotel Astor that tho mensuro should bo but a forerunner to universal military ser vice. "Inadequate though It was, our draft law has proved so effective because It placed tho burden and responsibility equally," (!en. Johnson declared. "Then, too, we were not hmdened by officers electod by the vote of men or appointed for purely political reasons. Our Presi dent stood pat nnd made no political Generals. Ho selected men to lend and train our draft army who had had lonrv years of service In our Itegulnr Army establishment nnd every appointment was on strict merit." The last ten months. Gen. Johnson said, should prove that wo must pre-, pars for war In tlma of peace In order to avoid war. "If vo had had an army, of a million or a million and a half , soldiers with G.OOrwOOO trained reserves behind them do 'you thlnkOermany would have bluffed us?" he demanded, , In a stirring a;ech ex-Senator The odore M. Burtooi of Ohio pleaded for unity of all partArs In backing the Fret-,, Ident and Administration. "It neces mry every mti hero Bhould be con-. Hcrhpted to heap build the ships that, will win the Tr," he said. Other speakers were Capt. A. Pries Stnimonds, tae Itev. Allan Macnossle. and the Kevl Warren W. Giles. Judge Walter II. ,'Jaycox acted as toastmaster. Third 01a- Truck Fleet Starts. BurrAt.fr, X Y March 2. The third convoy caT army trucks, consisting of tlfty-Reviti five ton machines loaded wlt.l army sipllea. left here to-day for su Atlantic port. Tho trucks were manned by a 'bmpany of engineers. Sptaat Vttpatcti to Tim Si WtsiltKaTON, March 2. A running fight with a German submarine, during which the gun crew of the American eteamshp Nyanza, formerly the German ship Ussllngen, were unr.er continuous heavy and accurate iflre and which finally terminated In the destruction of the U-boat, was detailed to-day by the Navy Department In announcing the of ficial commendation accorded the com mander of the gun crew. Chief Gunner's Mate Benjamin H. Groves, by Secretary Daplels., Fighting at a range runntng up at times to four miles, the submarine fired 200 shots at the armed American ves sel, while tho naval gun crew aboad caused the destruction of the U-boat after ninety-two shots were fired. The fight occurred In the morning, a peristole being sighted off the port beam about 9 :30 oclock and an ap proatjifng torpedo sighted nt the came moment. The stem of the vessel was swung clear of tho path of the engine of death In time to save the vessel and the submarine then dropped astern rapidly, according to the report of the right made to the Navy Department by Groves. When It dropped back four miles be hind the Nyanza the submarine opened Are with both guns, taking a zigzag course to bring them to bear alternately. The U-boat lost ground nnd abandoned these tactics, coming up to within 5,000 yards of the Nyanza before resuming the attack. Several shots fell short, but the submarine finally eot the ranee of and told the committee that the natlvls-1 the American vessel and It was hit five times, one shot passing through the after gun platform, through the wooden shel ter house and the Iron deck, breaking a deck beam ami passing out through the sldo of the ship. "About 11 13 the submarine had ou range again," a!d Groves. "At the ame time I had his range and fired four lie agencies reierred to were the "know nothing" movements nnd this seemed to sitlsfy tho committee as at least an e.cnso If not an explanation. The assertions of Mr. Sut j that there 1 existed In the United State) an oppo-1 sition to. Germans on racial grounds and that such an opposition antedated thn1 r.uropean war was comoateu by the hit nnd-kiv i-nulni- him tn k-eel nvr. committeemen. Germans have been then suddenly disappear just as he had honored In every State In t'l? Union, was our range good. This leads me to think the assertion of Senator King (Utah). h did not quit from choice, but from "Tncu perhaps I should havo said necessity." that It Is more In the Katern section I Three men of the gun crew had their of tho 1 nlted States, pursued the wit- j clothing torn by shrapnel. Groves re ness. 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When Christmas came, my wife said to me seriously, that I had better buy them an inexpensive one. It would amuse them, and if we chose some good records, would undoubtedly help them in their music. Later, as I entered a music store to order the kid dies1 talking machine, 1 heard an instrument that at once won my genuine interest. This phonograph was playing an orchestral record and the orchestration was really splendid. I'd never heard anything on a phonograph like it. The strings, woodwinds, and brasses had an immediately recognized natural quality. I Hear the Vocation A salesman, noting my interest, volunteered to farther inform me. The first thing I noted was the beauty of the cases. They were simple and in very good taste. After playing two or three vocal and instrumental records, which only strengthened my favorable impression of the instrument's tone, the salesman said, "Now I'll show you the Graduola, which makes the Vocalion different from all other phonographs." Putting in a record of "Sweet and Low," he drew a slender, flexible tube out of the instrument and took the little metal device with wluch it terminated in his hands. I Play the Vocalion The spirit of the music gripped him. His eyes gazed far away and his body was slightly swaying and he was holding the Graduola to his breast almost as though it were a violin. He was feeling the melody and was giving color to it from his own emotion. The man was actually playing ! "Let me try it," 1 said. And I played record after record. It was a very, very wonderful experience. The two criticisms I'd had of the phonograph were gone. The tone of the Vocalion was natural, without stridency, and here this revolutionary Graduola was taking all the stereotyped quality out of its music. I l$uy the AeoliawVocalion Even without its splendid tone and otner features that made it the greatest phonograph I'd ever heard, the Graduola was enough. 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