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THE SUN, SUNDAY, MARCH 3, 191S.
The Story of l)c 1833 to 1918 8" Jstm t U ' 1 ,'Bl&&l3mttK&$r?''' '-- aaaaaflaaflaaaMtfll .1 KMHMHHHH SIHHTZXlVWBfJinM- S'l'Vrt I, 1 i 111 WHWi II WM iWaaTaaaM IP H I I I I II 3 sgHiK nmw I III I I I Ml II III III MIH I I I II II HUM I II I I II II MM How Richard Adams Locke, Young Ben Day's First Reporter, Fooled the Whole World and Set It Talking Over His Famous Moon Hoax Back in 1835 -The Most Extraordinary Newspaper Joke Ever Played, the Way It Was Done and the Man Who Did It A Wonderful Fairy Tale of tha Lunar Regions and Lunar Folks mi ii ma i iM-yi ii 1 1 THE SUN. KM DAILY, ir HENJ. II. DAY, dfwr tf JVateee i Bpnct rtreeU untltil cur nn, TIBS! Or U)T1TIU. pear, JUNI I ee,eare wee, VIL. IN ee. ", lata. 4(0 1 . !, lanaia. 1 00 1 4. 1 Our. art. (IV) faereM er I ml aiae MM NHI bM he KUtbf IM ADVANCK. I It I ou 90 h All RICHARD ADAMS LOCKE. WHO WROTE WE y NOON HOAX YARN, Frvm. an. engraving in iA possession oFAtf granddeuafiter, MRS F. WINTHROP 'WHITE oF XeweightorirSI- EDITORIAL NOTE This is the second of a scries of articles nar fating the history of THE SUN, nml tflvinu a vital, intimuto view of Uw York life during more than eight;.- eventful years. The first nrticle, E tinted last Sunday, told of the founding of THE SUN by Benjamin H. ay in September, 1833, of its rapid rise to success, and of the stirring lay when Horace Greeley, William Cullen Bryant and James Watson Webb were among the active journalists of New York. Br FRANK M. O'BRIEN. The young man whom Day met at I Ihernurdcr trial in White Plains was hlchard Adams' Locke, a reporter who Ra. destined to kick up more dust than perhaps any other man of hla profession. As he comes on the stage conulslon, luminosity, uompletener each quality In IU proper place. He has that method no ccnerally characteristic of ortu proper. Kvprythlnu ho write l a model In Its peculiar way. Eervirig'l just the purpose 'Intended and nothlnj to spare. Tub Sun's new writer was a collat ed juusi let nis preaecossor, ueorRO j oral descendant of John Ivooke. tlio W. Wisner. pass into tho wings. nnKlisli philosopher of the seventeenth Wlsner was a Rood man as a re- i century. HIh contemporaries (Includ ing i-ooi who mentinneu ins uirtli- Krter, as n writer of editorial articles indas part owner of tho paper. His lasjfpalgn for abolition Irritated Mr. Day at first, but the young man's kiotlves were so pure and his articles to -logical that Day recognized the lustlce of tho cause, even as he real bed the foolish methods employed by tome of the Abolitionists. Wisner set I he. face of The Sun against slavery, and Day kept it so, but there were minor matters of policy upon which the partners never agreed, never could agree. Dr Bnja Oat Wlntr. "When Wiener's health became poor, In, the summer of 183.", he expressed a desire to set nway from Xcw York. Mr: Day paid him $5,000 for his inter est in the paper a large sum in those flays, considering tho fact that Wis tier, had won his share with no capital except his pen. Wisner went west anfl settled at I'ontlac, Mich. There hla health improved, his fortune In creased, and he was at one time a member of the Michigan Legislature. When Day found that Locke was the -best reporter attending the trial of Matthias the Prophet he hired him to writo a scries of articles on tho re llftlous faker. Those, the first "feature stories" that ever appeared In Tiik Bun, were printed on the front rn?e. Plaeo wrote It down New York. He was of English Uirth, however, and Voe and tho rest told a kind lio In order that Locke might not bo barred from certain Xcw York clubs where a prejudice against Englishmen lingered. He" i In 1800, ho was educated by his moi ier and by private tutors until he was 19, when he entered Cambridge. While still a student he contributed to the Bee, the Imperial Magaxine and other English publications. When he left Cambridge he had the hardihood to start tho London cp6Hoon, the tltlo of which describes Its purpose. This was a failure, for London de clined to warm to the theories of American democracy, no matter how scholarly their expression CLOCK STUKS.N.MST,S".Tk. -lujam srtaar, it nntur'ru libit MiUhkaut. mM laiainn u- I MUX, tkt t W MWUlUf M Ut M ! g n . van, nran. niian, 7 ,l Lax mImU, ui Oatafta I a tOWOW im immu H iwn. Mr. S. 101 . MMku, in, nil It .kmill. n Urmi U I iMkkm (Mtor, mi iii M u4t M xkt tmrj, lOpnal M rrwcoiUMW. v i r Arntsiioii!:-CAU.ASu ret tuiui b.iifl 4 otlra rur (ATIM AEAVsa HATS. TwiyoronT'1"! of too on towk un vnctni U Uo wrkmui MM Ml IM MM u4 MMflmil wmmm on MrUo I' tMlr itff, Ttotf uim u mmoiM pmoiuimi, i- MtotWii.uOlMiMHlMU. TMrortttoktkt, CWI u4 try, ui f M M mot!m4 imi Marjr U r. Ml; ktif mL . IKlLUL IU DttklM KM. mtmp or r.HMff, IM. 41MIK UUUUTaiNU UKr. Oil ft Par Md lull lam Hut, ol,uti taffo HMfUHII of Pmb Lot Urn. aim, ft HI m4 tir-utklft, Oru SalU aonr C for Mr. TmW MIllftnMrHu. bxotoi J. U. MONiaaUa. tM loiniai wo Mlo hm mimi. cmmiiw Imbo. ifO-io "Av gViiay MAN- uiThAtrr A.uuni ui MMUftl MAT ON Ml; TWO DOLLAU AND A HMfrOCI A llrlllUM tomtrr. tt U m MMM nlauilil t OMlnliii HH, c Ua nlml nMri0llmtU ft kali. Tom 1Ui. I hi mWf NUUtU ftMlllir iMkfttt, MMWMt4 lkftM4M Mnknlinf w in uutlki f kwrMia wfta Mt lo aar ftMkuala;a,ntftMllaam(karaiaft. ar. Mftkarlftf Mala aU 4o U M U 4 kakaltMB. llaary. & mmvvii co.Aunt raJCtHii oro Vlli arapriatot, fcatlaf apalia4 Ualr alHalMa fca auMftjeunao MATS Of OKI QUALITY ONLY, ftav aftW la Ua paktia m arUala aiiiinUl IM raajaWM aaatoaa mt Ua ftwra aaulf klklaaaa. aaratUuj m4 Mra, al im rWuca4 fviM af taui Doixam! aaaaa. aaatl; ikair aalaa m M far caaft, vkkk anil pnalaoa Va oaaaaailr af ckarnf laa (aaA cajlaaiarilaaaa la aaiaA k lAa kad. Taa ftAtMlafaa af Ikaar laapraaW aaaaaoj or trlVal naat ka akylaa la alt. laiaf QMiiaaaCftftHIMM Mrftrtlaa la ikla knaak Wimo Malaaaa, uar anal aMaaaatiara aaa rwmm - aiaun BoeiMvi.Tal1kaaMvara4aaa0M00iaAprlaa. . . . Tm awIM araliimA u aiaauMltalr kau fA M TMpaMMarai! aftkaar anu,u aoWM ITICkataaji alraai.caraaraf Mao. CT Wiilmli aaalara mboIm witk ftaak otaak al WKALTII Cf ANU KL'IIS JOII.1 0. rHILUr A CO , rartlari a4 Cap Mu. --'- .J,! .jil li l laala tcu.Noav is AJ J NpW VORK, TUESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 25, 168& Paica On Cawr, OREAT ASTRONOMICAL UI3COVKKILS, I.4T1LT HIDC T MR JOHN HCasCHSL, LLl). r.KJI.Aa. Al tho Cay OaMl Hare. Craaa applaaiaMulka.nialHiffk Waal of Sclaara. 1ft Ihla oairiual oJdirioo lo oar Journil, wo hart IM bopplnaMofmakinx koioo 10 ih Briii.h ut. Ikk, Md iuom lo Iho whole ci.iln ti world, ratol dlacottrka In Aalrcooaij which will bjilj ao ln,p. riobablo onumoQI to tko tit in which wa livr, aod coo tic ooel Ibo praoaoloaeraln of tho human rata Cod dialiocllaa lbrovh all fjtura lima. Ii hai ft pMlmlt OkM Ikftl too atara ol htaran ora Im horodikinr rraralk of ejaa ao ibo iaiallariual a. rrralra of tha BBlaut troftiioii. Ho mar dow Mo! im ZoJioek amaal Ma witk a loAior tooacioumooo kio oarotfti lupraiaer. Il la Impaaiala to CMtaaplala aar frl Aalmo kkl daacom wlibool faaUnn clooolj o.IIm4 ro a aoailoaof two. ax! aoarir a kla la ikaM hh wLiak atoaanaa aplrlt my bo aqppoaaal u diatorar Iko oakMWft rraiilMO of l faloro aaaia. Boo ad 6r Unt imoackblo loan or aatiiro la IM flaw aa whkk wo lira: troafurra. cloa ohtl on la laklta aiouoo:' It koom liko ftcqoiriof a laorfol uponauaral poarrr atkon uj of Ika raawio oad MyalaiioM araiko of ibo Crofttar jrloll triboia lo oar corloolir, ' Il oMmo al bimi a aroaasjplaoaft aoarpoiioa of pnvora daniad ua bf iko dinaa will, oraoo naaa, la Um pndo ad coa Ureco of kit akill, ttapa hrth In karawd Iko app. rantlr aalonl koftftdarj of Ma ollono, ftftd do amaodi Iko oocrau ftftd fcaiiUar WovoJRa af ot&ar ororldo. Wa ara aooorad I &U oikoa m laftaartaj pkiloaopbor la wkoai aaukiaal to Iftdatxad lor laa ttnlliar woadart aaa trot bmAo kaaara, bod al laai ik adjuoajj kio Mar aaa) otupoadoM appantaa arttk a oanaiory of ouooooa, ha aotaoaal paaaod amral krait babro ko aonuoaeod kio aaoomilMB, that ka l(kl prapor kio oara ralad far aUooororiao arbioh ha kMot would ( ibo caioda af arriaja of kio Mlov awo with aatoolfthaMat, aad oMoro bio mm brifhl if not iruacoaJaai oocgoaciioa arrtk ikal af kai aaaa. roblo Mlkor, la all poaarrilr. And wall mifkl ko paaaai From tka hour iko tral buaaaa pair apoaoj tMir a;aa to Ibo lonaa of ibo blvo ImarMat aburo Ikaro. Ibrro bll mob bo acaraaloB la human kftowl. odfto ot all conipartblo la lubliaia iBtoroil In Ibal wnaca n oaa pawn law uooaroo a(vni la aoppirioi, and wo ara ugbi to balioao Ibal, wbta a work, al. rood prapariftf for Ibo praaa, la which bio diacoto riM ara ambodwd la drlaiL tball bo laid baloro iko pubtick, tbajr will bo fouad af tooaaaporablo import oaco lo him of ibo graodoat oiorauou of cirilitod Itfa. WallBUfhthopauM. Ho wm about to bacaajo tbc Mlo daooaitorv of woodroua aaerala wbxh bad baa a kid from IbaarMof ail rMolkalbftdlirodaiaco Ibo birth of lima. Ho waa about to crowa kiasoalf with a diadrra orkoowlotlro which would nra him ft coftoetoua prr-rmiaanca aboTO orory lodiridiial of nia apociM wBoioao iiaio, or woo aao iivou 10 lao eaoraiioM Ibal aa paaotd ftwa. Ho paootd ore broko iho OMlof iba ctakai vtueb OMtaJood It. To roodor our uibuiiaoia ran llnibla. wo mil aula al aaca ibal bj raraaa of a toloatopo, of rut dirMaoioai aod aa oetiroly oaw priaciplo, tho oonf or Harecbal, al bia oboamiorria ibo Boutharn 11a miapbtrr, kao alroad?-made tho DMat oatraordiaary diaemriM in orrrjf ptaoatof our Mlar ;; kao dkKtrorod nlaMloia albar oolar araraaia: haaob- liiaai a diiiiaci aitw of oojattt la ibo raooa, full ' n""-ki-A ...i , Itt furibar diaoorrilaa ia our aotar orattro, 8arorml veara, howerrr, prior lo tba daath of tbia roMrablo attrooomer, ba concrlred il practicablo loooaalruel on Iniprovad mimo of parabolio oad apbtrieat roflac. lora w hich, br uniting all ilia moriiuriouo poiau ia Ibo the (irrfonan and awtoniao inairunoata, wiib Ibo hifhtr htarratiof acbromalick diKorrr of Dotlftnd, would, to a craai daf rao, reinoro Ibo forvtidaklo ob atrociioo. Hla plau orlocrd tho moal prufouad ro aoarch in optical aeioiK4,aad tka ami daitarooo inronultr in mtcbankal caoirirancot bot accuaa laurn intraiiKa, aod araniuallr daalb, preaaaiad iu oiparimanial opplkatloa. Hii aaa, tka praoaat Sir Joha lltraehol, who kad tMoa aurood aaJ rrodlad ia tbt oaomalor, and a practical aatroaaawr fioaa kit bokood, wat m foil eoajtayrta) of lao ralua af iko Iheora, ikal ho doiorBiaad opoa itatiaf II at wbai otrrcoai. U iikio two aaara of kio talWa drtlk, ko conplttod liio m apparaiaa aad adapiad il la tka old nkjaeapa wilk aaarl' partrcl'iucoao. Ha foaad Ikal tha nafaif;iaf aaawaf aMliaMa,wkoa appliad u ibo raooa, which waa iko ononot cruartoa that could ka aalactod, pradocod, aadrr ikM Mt rtlKion, a focal abjrci af oiqtlaito diatiaclMta, fre fron a racy Kkronolkk obaeant,aad coaulaiaf Iko klbrai dofTM al liakl wliicb lao (root apwculaa could eolloci Iroa ikal luaiaarj. Too colarrocMil af Iko aorta af Waa vkkk ra thoiacqoirod,kaawriaiaodka oVidtof Ibomooo't diatoaco froa ibo abaorvatar, by Iko iaafaif;iag Sewn of IM) laoiratoaal aad tba foruwr baa' M.OOO mUoa, ad lao lattor COM tamoa,laafo a o, ikat of 40 aata, u iba apetrut daiitaeo af thai tloMI froaj ike tj of iko obarror. Now il to woll nowa that aa lorraatial objocu eta ko aaaa al a f noitr dkwtoca rkaa Ibia, with tka sakad ara, aaaa from tka aieot krorakla alorauaaa. Tka romadiijr af Iho eank pratonit a mora dial ant view lhaa tbia with ike racer ecaie Baiural Tiaioa, aad froa ibe bihal eenlaeeew ; tal, (aamll, abjocu, eaaa at ua atHinca, mim maiHaaiTM oaarawu am aaouoinja- or, thai ibia proooaltd Im Ilia aaa ndrea. (artvrailM MlaMooick tia w ef tha ebjeela with oqoal dlotiaciaoaa, Ibaatk il did ia eoaa! aaaa 10 inoao vt iota mto m noaoaaij ftcftuoaao. The alder Harecbal bad MToriheltaa doaanejOtrafrd ibal with a do war of 1000 itmM he Muld diocora ob- jocta ia Ibia aalalkto of aoi mora Ikta 123 yards ia oiaaoojr. ii inert wre im ion eapakiiiiy mimb tmioooi hid kaaa olieiied ky tka arw apparaittt of rotectarl eoaalructrd br hie Ma. it would fellow la motbomaiKol ratio thai oepcta oould be diKoraod of eot nora than !Q yanla ia ditaewr. Yat ia either com iboy would be aaea aa aara Roblo, ftbapeleaft poiala, with no fmltr coaapkBiiy ihta iboy woo Id eahibil opoa earth ia iko aaaidad eye al tha diattaee of forty etiiee. Hot altkoak the rataadity af the earth praaa ol ad M obyKiioa lo a riaw of imm aa irooomuel obiacia. wo bolkro Sir John Hereekol aartr ioalatrd that ba had carried out tboae aura ma poarera or Iho teieecope ia m fell a ratio. The del. ckoey of light, though greatly aajoaaaraiaod aad coo coetrairo, aim meiaiaioea aeeat urerw proporuoa lo Ibo mogcituda of the focal iaate. Tka ftdraaee ko kad made ia ibo koowladre of Ikla plaatt, ihougb tnegaiticaBt aod tnblime, waa thua but partial aad UBaewlftclurr. Ho waa. Il to true, rubied to coa- firm tome daKovorke of foraier tbetiitial tad la cMrute tboae of otkara, Tka oiiateaea of toIcojmb diocottrod ky bk father aad by Bcbroaar of Borlia, yilT HPQ'Maaa.'Iw laiior lo ine Twice. wM require aa uhraiil-roed ipaodaf tAy akitoa an hour, tor nearly the lire-loaf year, to eon re kha fcorekle iatprciioa of ika genre Itaviury of VJ. . l"'"Miwg quMiioa, hewarer, w briber Ibu light of Hie aotrao l-aal, af Ike Muleeedoerrt, oad ofiha drrp blue octea ea k rolUj wbeikar Ika okjrri of-1-, lonrly turret, of the uplifted eye aa l?,i!,"M u'" ""i f ll ' Pilgriaa of loe and ht) r, cf aiarry aad deapeir, ibal hare ' V? 11"! ,M 'ra of '" "wriltao bialery lo tkoM or Irtprreranoluinioouarrcordi the eiritioc nuee Hea wheiker Ibie - obee rf'.n ,. aane aV aora, t?t?Jj't.V.f tboaaoCEcinbarfk, btlii kebited by briar, like ountlrae, of coaicitutMM ted cenee.tr, ait niMMllaalM.k,7 ui!?Z5 "t2tr.-f ibe aetere iradiitoa met It tottMaMdaaly byibe boary oollulre whoa lk erin-ual node of tka aartery kad kaaauM takaar fa collecting futl ea the tahkaik day. m Tha lietiu af dieaonry la tha planetary kodie aadiathUcM aepetklly.ikua aMWrXtaaV tably Sjrdj and aa etpeelitiaa waa alernad M period of Mrtrel yean. But, about ikreeVeero ara, ' the eoarea of a eoBrcroatlaael dkcutaioa with Air Daiid Brawetrr upoa Ibo naailia of eome togealoue tuglooitoM by ibe latter. In kk article aa eptka ia ibe Edlakurgk i Eacyclopedk. (p. e4l far iaprore Bvjitinibe Ntwtoaita RrAoclora, Sir Joke liar Mhrl adrtrird lo ike coaraokal eiaplkilr af ika old, aalrowoaical Mleecopre lhal were wilkoul tubee aad Ike aajrei rlaaa of which, placed a poo a high pole, threw iu focal image to a dietaace of IMLaad aran 300 tool. Dr. Brewticr readily admitted ikal a lube wm not aeraesary, prorided the focal Imara were (eaTeyed lata a dark apartoMat, aad there prew. erly rrctitod by redeciore. air Joha lata Mid Ikal, if hit felbrr't greet teieecope, ibe tuba aleae of whkb.ibourblojaed af Ike ligbMel Miuble aaltri ""'IV000 Jb. poaaaaaed aa May aad needy awbiliir with ita hetry obamiory attached, en ob eemtery awnable wiihtial ike iacuarbraoca cf" Berk a tube m obtwualy practicable. Thie alao waa ad mined, aad ibe couerraitoa bectae directed to Ikal eil-mriBcible eaamy, the paucity of i(ht ia pow. eiful BiagntSara. After a bwrnormaieeileaiibourbt. Sir Joba difidraily acquired wbetker II would Ml be poaeible lo tSVcl a trwaeAafieai tf awtuMaf lirU lamgk tkaWaf etyrrt eoatiaa Sir Oat ieeoMa1iat aianladal ihaofirioalily of iba idea,pauaed awhile. n, uwa m-rreo to ine rtiraagwutiy raye, end tba aagla cfloc idaoce. 8ir Johe, grewe bx conadtBI adduced Ibo eaeanla nf tb lLaartHaj ;fc--""i,n u"ii ine rairaerinniy WMrerreclad by Iho eecood apecnluD, end ine enrte af tocideend reetored bribe third. -And," coaluaed kc.-wkT cannot the illuminated mkroecope. My tka hroao oiyges, bo applard te taader dial imi, oad if arceeea ry, area lo majrnlfy the focal cfijecir Sir Oatid apruag froa hie chair ia aa eitacy of conrkrioCLud leeptog half way to the ceiling, elclalmed "Thou art the Aim I Eack pbiliieepbtr eatkipatrd ike acker lo preernung ibe prompt illuatraiioB lhal if the rare of ibe hydro otygea mkrooeepa paewd Ibreexh a drop of water ceettioing ika larrw of a raatv aad ether objecu inrkible lo Iho Mkrd ayrcrred Ibea aol oaly kwoly duHinci, but firmly aiegeiaed to di auaaioM of aieay (art j ao could tka Mae artitciel ligkl, peeeed ihrough the feiatMt focal objeci of altl eacope,boib diatiuciify, (10 coin a mw word fcraa " 1 ' --' ii-t nini'r, r in-- - -of aara S-ii-cVS SSSJ. from 3Ae S'un of October f6. 03S. i a choice bit of lunak scenery. 1 the landscape md people of 7 j100n,as exhibited a tha nningfons" dioramas, city saloon, opposite st.pauls church, six weeks after 7he publication of locke's hoax- admittance so cents children half price. THE SUN IN WHICH WAS PRINTED. THE FIRST INSTALLMENT OF THE MOON HOAX J2 armed truoe. As Locke and his tol- I tlnctlon ihroush J1 future time. It lias low Journalists gathered at the Amer- ! txxm pootlcxlly saJd that the ntars of lean Hotel bar for their after dinner , hevn are the hereditary regalia of man brandy it Is probable that there was ' ",th'J')'?"ectui' sovereln of nnf hlnre nn aw.aeea.aaa t,. . . . 1 1 a nut '-w vuuil! l 111 el J in, r '" B""1 "n zodiac arourwl him Hth cently arrived at the American Mu seum, to excite a good argument. Prrparlna the Way for Ihe Hons. Locko needed money, for his salary now fold the a loftier con- I tvlousness of hla mental supremacy. After solemnly dwelling on the awe which mortal man must feel upon mlb-H!on to indulco his friendship In com municating this Invaluable Information to us. Dr. Grant and ourrelves are in debted to the magnanimity of Dr. Her schol, who, far above all mercenary con siderations, has thus signally honored and rewarded hla fellow laborer In the field of science. Hegrardlnir tho Illustrations which, 1 Of SI2 n TTAAlr rmilil III Dim.1.,1 Abandonlm? the JlpubHcan, young nM BentiPrn.in thnt ho wa hp lal(, Locke devoted himself to literature and science. He ran a periodical called tho Cornucopia for about fix months, but It was not a llnnnc'al huccci-k, and in 1830 he came to New York. Col. Webb saw hla merits and put him at work on his paper. Locke, could write almost anything, In Cambridge and In Fleet street he had picked up a wonderful store of general Information. Hn could turn out prose or poetry, politics or pathos, anecdotes or astronomy. Hon- I.ocke fiut Ilia Idea. A few weeks later, -while thn Mat thlas arlicles were sttl! being sold on , While he lived In London Locke was the' streets In. pamphlet form. Locke I a regular rentier ot tho Kdlnburgh went to Dnv anil told him thnt bin 1 AVnt Philononhical Journal nnd he noM, Col. Webb of the Courier ami En quirer, had discharged him for work Ins' for The Hun "on the side." Wis nar was about to leavo the paper and Day was glad to hire Locke, for he tteVded a good editorial writer. Twelvo dollars a week wan the alluring wage, and Locke accepted it. The Author af the Moon Hons. Locke was then 35 ten years senior toMiIs employer. Let his contempo rary Edgar Allan lHio describe him: Ife Is about five feet -even Inches In height, symmetrically formed : there Ij rtv-alr of distinction about hln whole person the "air noble" of trenlus. His favtfrj is strongly pitted by the niuallpox, rid perhaps from the same cause, there it a marked obliquity In the cyi ; a cer tain calm, clear, lumtnousnest, liowovcr, nbdut these latter amply compensates for the defect, and the forehead Is truly beautiful In Its Intellectuality. I am ac quainted with no person possosalng co One a forehead as Sir, Locke, Locke was nine years nldor than Poe, who at thin time had most of his fame ahead of him. Too was quick to recn,; nlze tho quality of Locke's writings: indeed, tho poet mw, perhaps more clearly than othern of thut period, that America was full of good writers, a fact of which Iho general public; was neglectful. This waa Foe's tribute to Xiocke'n literary gift: . Ills prose style Js noticeable for its brought- some copies of It to Amer ica. One ot these, nn issue of 182C, contained an nrtlclo by Dr. Thomas Dick of Dundeo, n pious man but In clined to speculate on the possibilities of tho universe. In this nrtlclo Dr. Dick suggested tho feasibility of com municating with tho moon by means of great stone symbols on tho face of tho earth. Tho people of tho moon If thero wcro any would fathom tho diagrams nnd reply in a similar way, Dr. Dick explained afterward that he wrote this piece with tho Idea of sat irizing a certain coterlo of cccontrlo (iurman astronomers. Vow It happened that Sir John Frederick William Hersunol, the grcat fht astronomer of his tlmo und the son of tho celebrated astronomer Blr William llcrschel, went to South Af rica In January, 1834, and established an observatory nt Keldhausen, near Capo Town, with the intention of com pleting Tils survey of the sidereal heavens by examining the southern skies as ho had swept the northern, thus to make tho first telescopic sur vey of the wholo surface of the visi ble heavens. Locke knew iilxnit Sir John and Ills mission. Tho Sfatthlas enso had blown over, the big nro in Fulton street was almost forgotten and things were a bit dull on the Island of Manhattan. The new8papeni were- la a state of a plan before Mr. Day. It win a plot as woll ns a plan, nnd tho first sly angle of tho plot appeared on tho second pago of The Sun on August 21, 1835: "Celestial Discoveries. Tho Edin burgh Coiirnnt says: 'Wo have Just learnt from nn eminent publisher In this city that Rlr John Herschel, at the Capo of flood Hope, his mado pomo astronomical discoveries of the most wonderful description by means of an immense telescopo of nn en tirely new principle.' " Nothing further appeared until Tuesduy. August L'.", when thTn col umns of Tun Run's first pago took tho newspaper nnd scientific wnrlds by the ears. Thnro were not tho days of big type, tub Sun's heading read: OKBAT Afi'fRONOXnCAL DlfiOOV EltlEH. I.ATKLT MADE T Sin JOHIf IIERSCHIL, LL.I)., F.,B, aC. peering Into the secrets of thn skv. the accurdlnir to the imollrntions nf thn article declared that Plr John "paused test, accompanied the supplement, tho! writer way specific. Most of them, ho htnted, were copies of "drawings taken ' In the observatory by Herbort Home, Kn., who accompanied thn last pow erful HcrlcH of reflectors from London , to tho Cape. Tho engrnvlng of the belts of Jupiter Is a reduced copy of nn Imperial folio drawing by Dr. Hor schel himself. The segment of the Inner ring of Saturn is from a large drawing by Dr. Grant." several hours before he commenced his observations, that ho might pre pare his own mind for discoveries which he knew would fill the minds of myriads of his fellow men with astonishment." It continued: And well might ho pau.-wI From the hour tho first human pair opened their eyes to tho glories of the bluo firmament above them, there has been no accession to human knowledge at ell comparable In nubllme Interest to that which he has been the honored attaint In supplying. ell might ho pause I He was about to j become tho nolo depository of wondrous . secrets whlrh had leo.n hid from the ojoi I of ail men that had lived ninco tho birth 1 of time. . i At tho end of a halt column of glo rification tho writer got down to brass 1 tacks: To render our enthusiasm intelligible we will state nt once that by means of a telescope, of vast dimensions and nn en tirely new principle, the younger Her schel, at hli observatory In tho southern hemisphere, htvs already made the most extraordinary discoveries In every planet At the Ouia of mw! 1T P" uur ""ir nyoiem ; nas uiscoverea. U'8 -ap" of Oaod Il0p- planets In other nolar systems; has ob- If'rom Supplement lo fi 17ilH6iiroh taln a d"tlnct vlew of objects In the .owincil of Science moon, luny oquai to mat MWch the un- I nlileil avn rnmmnmla nf la.rail,Ul hl..ia It may us well lie said here that nl- at the distance of ouo hundred yards; inougu mcro nan been an Edinburgh i hs arrirmiirively settled the nuustlon Journal of Srlcnco, It ceased to exist several years before 1835. The period ical to which Dr. Dick of Dundee con tributed his moon theories was, in a way, the successor to the Journal of Science, but it waa called the Jfew Phttotophlcai Journal The likeness of names was not great, hut onough to cause some confusion. It ia also noteworthy that the sly Locke credited to a supplement, rather than to the Journal of Boience itself, the revela tions which he that day began to pour before the eyes of Su.v renders. Thus ho htnrtcd: In this unusual addition to our Journal we have the happiness of making known to Inn HrllWi publlo. nnd thence to tho whole civilized world, recent discoveries In astronomy which will build an Imper tahable monument to the age in wnlch we live, and confer upon the present generation of the human race proud dU- SnmethlnK Xcer In Trleacovr, A history of Sir William Herschel's work and a description of his tele scopes took up a column of The Sun, and on top of this camo the dutallH as tho Journal printed them of Kir John's plans to outdo,, his father by revolutionary methods und a greater telescope. Sir John, It appeared, wns In conferenco with Sir David 13row ster: After a few minutes silent thought Sir John diffidently Inquired whether (t would not bo ponsible to effect a transfu sion of artificial light through the focal object of vision. Hlr David, somowhat startled at the originality of tho Idea, paused a while, and then hesitatingly referred to the refmnglblllty of rays and the angle of Incidence. Sir John, grown more confident, adduced the example of Hie Newtonian reflector. In which thn whetlifir tlila uiitaltltA 1, t..t.nl.lt...i I . a . ... .. -" , " " ivu, mm rfiiiijinMumy wim corrocuvi II" in aec uf wiiai uiui-in til iiamtfn; jut re rvrmiy es- laDiisniHi a now tncory or coniotary phe story. Where had Tub Stiff got the Journal of Science supplement? An editorial article answered that "it was very politely furnished us by n med ical gentleman Immediately from Scot land, In consequence of a paragraph which appeared on Friday last from the Kdlnburgh Couraiif." The artlclo jdcled: Tho portion which wn publlkh to-day Is Introductory to ooleKlal discoveries of higher nnd more universal Interest than nny. In any ucienco yet known to the human rnce. Now Indeed It may bo said that wc live in an age of discovery. It ennnot !" snld that tho whole town buzzed with excitement that day. Perhaps this first Instalment wns a bit over tho heads of most readers; it was so technical, so foreign. Hut In Xns- 1 sail and Ann streets, wherever two newspaper men wore gathered together, . thero was buzzing enough. What was j coming next? Why hadn't they . thought to subscribe to the Edinburgh 1 Journal of Science with its wonderful t supplement? As Mr. Day and his now writer. Mr. Locke, dropped Into Tammany Hall for their afternoon refreshment, doubtless onvlous eyes were cast upon them. Perhaps they drnnk to "a medical gen tloman Immediately from Scotland." Second Instalment of thn Hoax. Nearly four columns of the revela tions appeared on tho following day Auguet 20, 1S3B. This tlmo tho reod Ing public come trooping Into camp, for Tub Sun'h reprint of the Journal of Science nupplement got loyond thn stngo of preliminaries nnd predictions and began to tell of whnt was to be seen on the moon. Scientists and nomenn, and has solved or corrected nearly every loading problem of mathe matlcal astronomy. A Myetery Eaplalneda And where was the Journal of Science getting this mine of ustro nomical revelation for its supplement? The mystery Is explained at once: We are indebted to the devoted friend ship of Dr. Andrew Or.int, the pupil of the elder, and for overul years past the Inseparable coadjutor of tho younger Herschel. Tho ntnunuensli of tho latter nt the O.ipo of (Irwl Hope, mid the In defatlgable superintendent of his tolo scopo during the whole period of its con structlon nnd operations, Dr. Grant bus been able to supply ui with intelligence equal In general Interest at least to that which Dr. Herschel himself has trans mitted to the Royal Society, for per- ond speculum and the nnglo of incidence I newspaper men appreciated tho de reatored by the third. tailed description of the mammoth 'And," continued he, "why cannot the 1 telescope nnil the work of placing It. Illuminated microscope, nay the hvdro oxygen, be applied to render distinct and, If necessary, oven to magnify, tho focnl object?" Sir David sprang from Wa chair in an ecstasy of conviction, nnd, leaping half way to tho celling, exclaimed : "Thou art the man I" Details of tho casting of a great lens enmn next. It was twenty-four feet In diameter nnd weighed nearly 15,000 pounds after it was polished: its esti mated magnifying power was 42,000 tlmcri. As he Raw It safely utartod on its way to Africa Sir John "expressed confidence In hla ultimate ability to study even the entomqlogy of the moon, In case she contained insects upon her surface." Thusondod the first usUIment of the but the public, like a child, wanted the moon and got it. Let us plunge In nt nhout tho point whero tho public plunged: The specimen of lunar vegetation, however, which they had already seen, had decided a question of too exciting an Interest to Indues them to retard Its exit. It had demonstrated that the moon has nn ntmosplinro constituted elmllarly to our own, and capiblo of sustaining organised and, therefore, most probably, animal life, 'Tho treeu," says Dr. (Irant, "for n period of ten minutes were of ono un varied Kind, and unlike nny 1 Imvo seen except the largest class of yews In the English churchyards, which they In some respects resemble. These were followed by a level green plain which, ar measured by the painted circle on our ,h :i-j of fon, nl'io ft't must n,e nuen i icre thin half a mile -i bicjdth.'' Tho iirti-'lf I i.i tl nxpLiiucd that, bv tncins of a rp.it reilortor, ihe lunar views were thrown upon a big canvas Ecri-cn behind tin- telescope. Then nppvared ,i line a forest of firs, unequivocal (Irs, ns I have ever aecn i-herlf lie.l in tho l.nsom of inv nsttvo mountains. Wenrled with the long con tinUHnci of these, ic ijre.illy reduced the ningn'fylitg power of the microscope without eci:plng either of the rcHeo to!, and InimeillMtcly pereeUml tint we hod l'e:i lnsi;nlbl.v flri.'emlin,?. im it were, a mountainous district of hlrhlv diversified and roniant'" chu racier, and that we tvff on the verge of n lalie, or Inland wa : but of what relative locality or extent, we were yet too greatly mag nified to determine. On introducing the feeblest achroma tic lens we possessed, we found that the water, whose boundary we had Jun dis covered, nnweri'd in general outline to the -SI.it c N'uhlcum of Hlccoll. Fairer shoics never nnsr l coasted nn a tout of plenviro A he.irh of h:!!llnnt white sand, Kir1 with !M, castellated rocks, apparently of grren marM. Varied nt ehasms. oertirrl'ii: yvriv Iimi or three hundred feet, with grotesque lil.i-ks of chalk r gypsum, nnd feathered and fes tnnnnil at 'lie summits with the cluster ing foliage of unknown trees, moved along the bright wall of our apartment until nn were speechless with admira tion. I, Iff nn the Moon. A column further on, In a wonder ful valley of this wonderful moon, llfo at last burst upon tho seers: In the rhade of tho woods on tho southeastern side we beheld rnnttnuous herds of brown ipindiupeds, having all tlto external c!"nr,irtorKtii"i or the bison, but more diminutive thn ti nny sperlns of the 1ms eenus itt our natitini his tory. Its tall was like that of our bos grunniens, but In semicircular horns, the hump on Its sliouldeis, the depth of Its dewl.ip and the lenctli of Its shaggy hair it closely resembles tho species to which 1 have compared It, It had, however, one widely distinc tive feature, which we afterward found common to nearly every lunar quad ruped wo have dlscoverfrt, namely, n remarkable fleshy appendage over the eyes, crossing the whole breadth of tho forehead and united to the ears. We could most distinctly perceive this hairy veil, which wns shaped like the urper front outline of the cap known to tho Indies ns Mary Queen of Scots cap, lifted nnd lowered by means of the ears. It Immediately occurred to tho ncute mind of Dr. Herschel thnt this was n providentt'il contrivance lea protect the eyes of the animal from the great ex tremes of light and darkness to which all the Inhabitants nf our side of tho moon ate periodically subjected. A Mnmlrr Anlmnl .Seen, The next nnlmal perceived would be classed on earth as n monster. It was of a bluish lead color, about the size of a goat, with a head and benrd liko him, and a slnglo horn, slightly Inclined for ward from the perpendicular. The femalo was destitute of tho horn and beard, but had a much longer tail. It was Brr-stirlous and chiefly n bounded on the nrclivltous glades of tho woods, lu elecance of svnimetry It rivalled tho antelope, and like him It seemed an ngllo, spritrhtly creature, running with great speed and (prluglng from the trreen turf with nil the unaccountable antics of tho young lamb or kitten This beautiful creature afforded us the most exquisite amusement. Tho mimicry of Its movements upon our white painted canvas was as faithful and luminous as that of animals within a few yards of n camera obrcura when seen pictured upon Its tympan. frequently when attempt ing to put our fingers upon Its beard It would suddenly bound away Into olillv ion, ns If conscious of our earthly Impertinence, but then others would ap pear, whom wo could not prevent nib bling tho herbage, say or do what wo would to them. So nt last the people of earth knew something concrete nbout tho live things of tho moon. (louts with beards wore there, nnd eery N'ew Yorker knew goats, for they fed upon the rocky hills ot Harlem. And the moon had birds too: On examining the centre of this de lightful valley wo found n large, branch ing river, abounding with lovely Islands and water birds of numerous kinds, A species of gray pellcun was thn most numerous, but blnck nnd white cranes, with unreasonably long logs nnd bill with !ilw quite common, AW watched their plriclxonms experiments n long t'inu In hopes of cntchlnn sight of t loose fish . hut. although we wi re not gratified In this respect, we could easily guess the purpose with which they plunged their long necks so deeply be neath the water. Near tho upper ex. treinlty of one of thr.se Islands we ob tained n glimpse of a si range amphibious creature of a snhcrical form, whlrh lolled with i,rent velocity scroti the pebbly beach, nnil was lost sight of in , the strnpg curtent which r-et off f um this anglu ot the Island ! At this point clouds intervened ar.d the Herschel party hail to call It a div nut it had been n big day. and noholy who read Tun Sun- wondered that the uFirouomers tor-ed off "congratulatrn I bumpers of the best 'East India pcr I tlculnr.' nnd named this place of wor I drrs the Valley nf the I'nlcorc " So ', ended Tm: Sfv Ktory of August Imi! , nn editorial paragraph assured the ) patronn of the pnper that on th mor ' row thorn would bo a treat even richer The lieceiilliin of the Jlonx. i What did the other papcm .say" hi the language of n later and less ele gant period they uto It up soro j eagerly, some grudgingly, eomo a bli dubiously, but they atn It either In ' crumbs or in hunks. Tho Pailv Adia , ftscr declared: 1 N'n article has appeared for years 'I'M nili command hi general u peitisrtl n4 publication. Mir John lis added a etnr. of l.iimvledse lo the present nge tb.i' .n Itiunoi tal.z.' name and piiuv il I K on tho paao of science The Mercantile Adrcrtim i l.tiowin. that Its lofty reader. wcro unllk'b ' seo tho moon nidations In tho low) Bus, hastened to begin reprinting tlr articles in toto, with tho remark tha tho document appeared to have ii trinsio evidence of authenticity. Tho 7'mc.i, a dally then only n -en-old. nnd destined to live only elg'itee months more later, of course, thetitv was used by a successful dally :r (hat everything in Tun Svn stmv wn .-.robablo nnd plausible, and had ,v "air ot Intense verisimilitude." Tho new York Nnnroj .Vrtcj adv;-!.i the incredulous to be patient: Our doubts nnd Incredulity niav le a wrong to tho lenrnod astronomer nn the circumstances of this wonderful dis covery may be correct. The C'oiirfcr nnd Knijulrcr suit! nolli Ing at nil. Liko tho Journal of Com meroo, it hnted Tug Sun for a lurki upstart. Iloth of theso sixpenny re speetables stood silent, with their arc bohlnd their backs. Their own reader the Livingstons and the Stuyvesantf got not n lino nbout the moon from the blanket sheets, but they sent dnw Into the kitchen nnd borrowed Tu SfN from the domestics, on the shn low pretext of wishing to disci e. whether their employees were n ollt'ir a moral newspaper as Indeed tin .VCIW. Thn Jlrtnhl, then about four m n old, wild not n word about the tn r etory. In fact, thnt was u. pen 1 t which It said nothing nt all nU ' ntr subject, for tho llro of that mmirer had unfortunately wiped out Its piar On the vory days when th ino storlea appeared Mr. Ilennctt s cracking his knuckles In front -f " new establishment, the baemmf 202 llroadway, trying to Intrrv t!" trr who worn Installing a iloui.ln rv rn' press, ne'n? a wise person h' i ' vertlsed hlri progrrkh in Tur may have vexed him to koc tho latlon of Tun .l'n- which he hn tated in character nnd price c higher and higher ns he stuoo ' e ICS.", A Third llmla-pt of I.tuinr tnrtela. Tho third Instalment of thi ,. treasure so obligingly importc M, ' "medical gentleman immediate! f Scotlund" intiodticed to Sun new nnd important regions ol inoon--the Vagabond Min,nti. ' Luke of Death, craters of i-Mit. ' co noes .'.S00 fed high, and twiii. ' url.nu forests il.vltlod by opet. , "In which waved un in can of w J and which wire pivbalny pr.ilr -those of North America." The i ' 4 wero fcutl&fylng; Dr. Herschel h.ii ilasa.fltd I than thlrty-elfiht niwcics of foi i and nenrly twice this nuinbi.f of , ' found In this ttac.t alono, whl.h ' widely dlfforent to those found 'n i" equatorial latitudes. Of anlmn'" i" classified nine species nf mammaha m flvo of ovlparla. Among thn foi-n,cr ii email kind of reindeer, the e,. mooe, tho horned hear and the ! . hi a i er The l,u-t resell, blei tho beaver n' onrth In every otlu-r tespect tnnr ilrnt It nt ion of a tan and its Itnnil" hnlitt of wa.k.ng upon nnK two ' ' It carries Itn young In it nrmsv I e human being, and wulks with nn m' gliding motion. Jtj huts sm constr." better and higher tlian tho-e of truKT (Confltttifrf on rol7oicit rn-