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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, March 03, 1918, Section 3, Image 33

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Seven Hundred Men in Gas Defence Service of the Medical
Department Are Continually ac Work. Devising
Means to Improve Protective Methods.
THE United States Army is being
prepared to meet t!ic gas nt
tncl:s of the. enemy, tho' means
f protection having been devised by I
tt pas defence service nf the. Medical ,
De-prtment, which comprises about j
100 officers and approximately COO en-
listed men. 1
The two principal factors iu gas de-
fence are effective masks and thor-
fuih training of soldiers in the use of ,
niuks and various methods of avoid-
in; contact with poisonous vapors.
Experts who have been sent to this
country by the allied Governments
tave pronounced the present Amort
cm masks the most elllclent in exist
ence. The production of thee masks
b progressing at a rate which insures
that the requirements of the American
troops abroad will be amply supplied.
At each cantonment in the United
fates a gas defence school has been
titablithed and placed in charge of a
divisional gas officer, who works In
wnjunction with the chemical adviser,
both trained In the theory and practice
! meeting gas offensive. Through
these schools every officer and man re
cm instruction as to proper means
cf as defence.
fines may lie employed in the form
t! clouds, or in shells, bombs and hand
irenades. The first gas attacks in the
fresent war were in clouds, fumes
vre liberated from steel containers
hich were distributed in groups of
three or four at intervals of fifty yards
lion; the trenches opposite tho line to
! attacked. Tubes provided with a
iiopcock attachment were connected
v.th the gas tanks and the end of the
fjre was passed over the parapet.
When an attack was Intended a signal
as given and the stopcocks were
cpened, allowing the gas to escape In
the form of liquid, which immediately
The American Gna Mnk.
Wicn released under proper ntmos- I
fhtric conditions, the gases used, being
leavier than air, are blown or appear
to roll along the ground, usually in the
(Continued From Preceding Page.)
t',be of human savages, and from the
rpfor.ince of smoke In nearly all of
t'tm tliere Is no doubt of lUi being ac
VJiir.teJ with the uso of fire.
The largest lake described was 2S6
niies long and 193 wide, shaped like
lk.o Kay of Bengal and studded with
tolcanto islands. One island in a
lirge bay was pinnacled with quartz
frjitaU as brilliant as fire. Near by
reamed yebras three feet high. Gol
4n and blue pheasants strutted about.
The heach was covered with shellfish.
Dr. Grant did not say whether the
to making beavers ever held a clam
tik there.
The Si n nf Friday. August 28, 1835,
s a notaulo issue. Not yet two years
e.d, Mr Day's newspaper had the feat
iifaetlou of announcing that it had
aehlevwi the largest circulation of any
jj'!y In the world. It had, it said,
15.44') regular subscribers in New
rk and 700 in Brooklyn and It sold
;M0 In the streetH and 1.220 out of
twn, a grand total of 19,360 copies, as
jWlnst the 17,000 circulation of the
'flndon Times. The double cylinder
"'Pier pi ess in the building at Nae
'' and Spruce streets the corner
jjri) the Trlfctnir is to-day and to
ch Tub Sun had moved on August
--lad to run ten hours a day to
'"'"fv the publlo demand. People
ltfil wit;, more or less patience until
" o'eloejt iu the afternoon to read
'! the moon.
That D' isue rout. tlned the most
"'a'.cinai instalment of all the moon
wir. fr through that mystic chain
jaliti ,ncliided Dr. Grnr.t, tho sttpplo
o' the KJinburgh Journal of
"1'orr, tho "medical gentleman im
aiatl from Scotland" and Tub
w public curiosity as to the presence
1 Jinan creatures on the orb of
satisfied at last. The as.
grimier wero looking upon tho cliffs
a lags of n new part of the moon:
m. w gaalng unon them In a
I ' "f about hair a mile we were
V 1 ,vlt'' "stonishme'it tn perceive
loc-s o: ;.rge winged
its' w"":i " kf anr kind of birds
k ' M,!,i a slow, i en motion from
nV "" ,,ln "'"ten s:de and alight
u,'"1'"1'11 TI'"J' wire firrt noticed
'!lr ""'schel, who exclaimed:
Hu)"? Kntlenien, my theories ag-tlrst
1 " 'lf"' hleh you hae often found
nrri?Ly liiri1 ,V6" bet' 'C have, here
M.n iB wor,h looklK t. I ".is cSTi
km. at f ver w 'ou"d beings In
" It would be In this longi
form of a douse greenish yellow cloud.
At hest the cloud method of using gas
It uncertain.
Hy far the commoner gas method is
its use In shells, bombs and hand
grenades. Ons thus used has a distinct
military advantage in that It is pos
sible to place It where It may be needed
to fcrm a gas liarrage or a smoke bar
rage to prevent the bringing up of re
enforcements or the retreat of defeated
Many kinds of gases are used. Some
merely affect the eyes temporarily and
are more Inconvenient than serious.
Other suf.es are terrible In their effects
un'ess proper protection Is available.
Soon after the first German gas at
tack m April. "1.". at Vpres. English
mid French women sent to the front
hundreds of thousands of homo made
gns masks. For the -most part they
wero merely bandages impregnated
ulth chemicals to wrap around the
mouth and nose. These emergency
masks saved many lives, but afforded
only limited protection.
The next step in gas masks was a
cloth helmet or hood which had been
dipped in a neutralizing solution, the
bottom of which was tucked In the col
lar. This hood had two eye goggles. Air
was breathed In through the cloth. The
chemicals in the cloth filtered the In
coming air, but there was no provision
for exhalation, and within a short time
the wearer was unable to get a proper
amount of good air.
The next improvement was to put in
an exhaust or outlet for the exhaled
air. This type of mask has been used
extensively. Its disadvantages are that
a man cannot hear weli, the chemicals'
In the cloth cause him trouble and the
mask cannot long remain impermeable
to gases.
The small box respirator mask was
next developed and It is the model of
the mask we are at present using. It
has an impervious face piece, with
glass or celluloid eye pieces, held In
place by rubber bands around the head.
A canister Is carried In a small knap
sack and n flexible tub? 'connects the
box with the fate pircr. Inside the face
piece is a small wire clamp with rub
ber pads, which tits on the nose and
forces the wearer to breathe through
tude, and that they would fee provided
by their Creator with some extraordi
nary powers of locomotion. First, ex
change for my Number D."
This lens, being soon Introduced, gave
us a fine half mile distance, and we
counted thre parties of these creatures,
of twelve, nine and fifteen In each,
walking erect toward a small wood near
the base of the e.istern precipice. Cer
tainly they were like human beings, for
I their wing? had now disappeared and
their attitude In walKlng was uotn erect
and dignified.
Having obicrvert them at tills dis
tance for some minutes we introduced
lens U.z.. which brought them to the ap
parent proximity of eighty yards the
highest clear magnitude we possessed
until tho Utter end of .March, when wo
effected un improvement in tho gaa
About half of the first party had
paesed beyond our canvas, hut of all the
otheis we had a perfectly distinct and
' deliberate view. They a erased four
fet in height, were covered, except on
1 too face, with shoit and glossy copper
' rolorei hair, an! had w'ngs composed of
I a t'.un mfnihrane, without hair, lying
snugly won their backs, fiom the t ip
of the shoulderi to the" ea'.xes of the
Tho 'ace, which was of a yellowish
fleh color, was a slight Improvement
upon that of the larg orang-utaiig,
being more open and Intelligent In its
oxpreeslon and hiving a niuen greater
expsnse of forehead. Tho mouth, bow
ever, was vey pi-oniinen. thoiuh fome.
what relieved by a thick beard ii'.on the
lower t.iw and bv Him far more Icinian
j than those of an species of the Himla
In general symmetry of body and
limbs they were Infinite!; i.u;e:-ior to the
orang-utan, m much so that leu tor
their long wings l.leut, Diumniond s-ild
thev would look as well on a parade
ground as roine of the old cockney
The hair on tin head was a
color than that of the hjdy,
curled, but apparently not
and arranged In two curious
semicircles over the temples of the fore
head. Their feet could only bo seen as
they were alternately lifted In walking,
but from what we could see of them In
so fanaient a vew they appeared thin
and very protuberant at the bed.
While passing across the canvas and
whenever we afterward saiv them these
rreatures wr-c evidently engaged In con
versation ; their gesiluila ion. inot'j par
tlcnlnily the varied action of the hands
and arriis. appealed lm;iasloned and em
phatic We hence Ihfened that they
ueie ratiouu! beings, and although net
perhaps of ro high nn order as others
which we illsroered the next month on
the shores of the Hay of Halnbows, that
they wero capable of producing woiks
of art and contrivance,
The next view wo obtained of them
his mouth. The end of a ftexlhle tube'
has a rubber mouthpiece through
which the man breathes. Th" Incom
ing breath come through the canister,
which Is filled with several layer of
special chemicals of an absorbent na
ture, which neutralise or render harm
less the gas laden air. The outgoing I
breath passes outside the face piece
through a tmall rubber valve.
The first work toward the establish
ment of an American gas defence ser
vice was done under tho supervision
of the Bureau of Mines. Tn -July, 1917,
a special department to carry on gas
defence work was established. Follow
ing the example of th Knglislt, this
department was incorporated into the
medical department of the army.
Full Protection Gltrn.
The gas defence .service Is divided
Into three separate parts: M) Field
Bupply section; (2) field training sec-
tion: (3) overseas repair section. The ,
function of tho field supply section is
to manufacture or procure all gas de
fence materials and 'equipment. At
present about sixty manufacturing
firms contribute directly to the making
of the American mask.
With no actual experience In the
work to dejiend upon, much icsrareh
was necessary. An extensive experi
mental organization was built up, with
branches In several cities. Kicently It
was decided to establish a Government
operated plant to handle the final as
sembling and the difficult sewing
operations on the face piece. This
plant will i-oo'n be. In full operation
with about 4,000 employees.
The American gas mask, similar to
the British, Is as mechanically pet feet
as tho best experts In the country have
been able to make It. The vital feature
of any respirator mask Is the chemi
cals contained In the canister. Thesi
ehenilrnl.s and absorbents are made
from secret formulas.
Tile face pine consists of a base of
cotton fjlir.c i vefiil.y rubborlz.'-d. A
network of clr.-tic bar.d-i over the bend
holds the fan- pire ,n place. The
ears .no left uncovered. The musk 1
carried in a knap.sacl; at the loft hip
supported by a shoulder band. When
was still more favorable. It was on the
borders of a little lake, or expanded
stream, which we then for tho first time
perceived running down the valley to the
large lake, and having on In eastern
margin a small wood. Some of these
creatures had crossed th.s water and
weic lying like spread eagles on the
skirts of the wood.
We could then peicehe that their
win? possessed great expansion, and
were slmllHr In structure to those of tho
bat, being a semi-transparent membrane
expanded In curvlllneal divisions by
means of straight radii, united at the
back by the dorsal Integuments. Hut
what astonished us very much was tho
circumstance of this membrane helng
continued from the .shoulders to the legs,
united nil the way down, though gradu
ally decreasing In width. The wings
seemed completely under the command
Broadway, looking up from Bowling Green, at the time of the
WffSfKKtBKtKKKKi Zff- if PHOToamAPHJ- - (). y Cqmmitte om Public Ihiormatioh Mj "
troops approach a rancor zone the
straps nic shortened and the knap
sack Is shifted to rest high on the
chest, ready for iii'tnnt iim This Is
known as the nlcr' position. The
soldier has merely to open the knap
sack, pull out the flexible hc-e with
the face piece attached, put the rubber
mouthpiece in his mouth and adju.st
the bands over his head. The nne clip
can easily be adjusted from the outside
after the faro piece Is on. For every
mask made there is at leat one extra
The chemicals In the (anlster will
neutralize the heaviest concentrations
of gases for a period at l"nt ton tinif
longer than th- poseilio d.iration of
nny gas attack. In eery knaps, ick is
a record card on whli h each Mildior
must enter the time that hi-; mask has
been exposed to gas. Tli'.s lecord, com
bined with subsequent examination,
makes It onsslble to Judge accurately
when there Is any danger of the ehem.
icals being worn out. Before that point
Is reached u new mask is Issued.
While the main function of the field
supply station Is to hupply gas masks,
It is also responsible for the supply of
all other gas defenco equipment. This
includes masks for horses, which con
sist of several layers of fabric Impreg
nated with neutralizing chemicals.
Trench or flapper fan must also be
supplied In considerable number. Ovj -gen
Inhalators and oxygen bottle for
use in field and base hospitals are also
provided in larce numbers. Instru
ments for the detection of gas and the
spreading of gas alarms are necessary.
These consist of horn", rattles and spe
cial detecting device".
Training; I Iletiulrrd.
There is perhaps no feature of mod
ern warfare In which the psychologi
cal element is more Important than In
connection with pa. fiasc are un.
canny to the untraj.-ej man. r.vory
soldier mut lie made to understand
that tl-rro is nn protoe'inn except the
gas ni.uk and ho must believe in t'v
value nf lis o,'iiyni"ni. 11c must mtl
that the equipment U-'elf w.il not
do the work tinlosa he Is skilful in ad
Justing it quickly and being accus-
of volition, for thAse of the creatures
whom we taw bathing In the water
spread th:n instan'J;- to their full
width, waved them as durUs dn th"irs to
shake off tio water, end 'he-i e im-tantly
e.osed them ncnln In a compart f.iiin
Our furtVr IviTvatloa of the habits
in' tlicfe crea'urcs, wl.o wi's of le.t'i
' sr'jf?. led to r'Sidls si ry iciivirknble
that I prefer they .saou.d l,e first laid
before th public in lr. Ileriehel's own
work, where I have o.n-on t know that
1 they are fully and fe.thfully stated.
I however Incredulouy tiny may bo ic-
1 Tllfi three fninltlaa flintt i,tr, ,jt ilinnl.
I taneously spread their pings and were
. lot In the dark confines of the chuvms
1 before we had time to lireathe from our
I paralyzing astonishment Wo c-eleutin-I
pally denominated them the veiperi iho
' homo, or man bat, andnthey are dnibt-
0 WBBv; v, ' -JR:
READY dor ihe GAS.
turned to wear it without feeling ham
pered. Reports of gas attacks show that l
casualties are caused not so much by
defective masks as by lack of training.
Hero are excerpts from olllclal reports
from the western front giving reasons
for gns casualties:
"Olllcers and men sleeping In dug
outs without having their masks at
tached to them, or being caught away
from their dugouts without their
"Men In support trenchei not get
ting the warning in time."
"Helmets being wotn under oer
coats. with consequent dllllculty In
getting them out and putting them on
"Men thinking that gas was gone
and taking their masks off."
Since casualties like these occur
every time a gas attack Is made, it is
obvious that simply to provide troops
with gas masks is not enough. They
must bo drilled until they feel their
respirators nro a part of their dress,
more necessary than a pair nf shoes,
for they must never depart from them.
They mul learn to give Iho alarm
instinctively and to have such confi
dence i l the r mnsl( m that under no
circumstance v. ,11 they take them
off. This meins &t.ff milit.uy 'bei
phr.e It nece.isltates training that Is
diffcient from nny thing that was ever
attempted, since it deals with a weapon
I less Innocent and happy creatures, not
withstanding some of their amusements
1 would but 111 comport with our terrestrial
' notions of decorum.
So ended the account, in Dr. Grant's
woi ds, of that fateful day The editor
of the -supplement, perhaps a cuinin of 1
the "medical 'gentleman immediately
arrived lioni Scotland." added that
'although he had of course faithfully
jobejed Dr. Grant's injunction to omit
' "these highly curious passages," he did
, not "clearlj perceive the force of the 1
i reasons assigned for It' and he added:
From these, however, and other pro-1
J hlhlted passages, which will be published 1
by P . llerschel with the certificates of I
the cir.l and military authorities of the 1
i coloiiv . and of several Kplscop.il, Wos-1
. le.van and other ministers who, in the!
im. ,-..i of March la-t, were penn'tted un-.
founding of THE SUN and the
Chemicals and Absorbents Made From Secret Formulas
Neu alize Noxious Fumes, but Success Depends
bpon Speed With Which Device' Is Donned.
that Is noii-closs and sometimes In- )
visible. '
The necessity for thorough and con- i
t'liuoux training is illustrated by the '
following Incident: I
The Germans at a certain position j
o-i the western front knew that tho
British were planning to deliver a
gas attack on a German naval division
which we'- equipped with masks but
poorly tra.nei In their use. In spite i
"f the fact that they knew the attack
was coming end had several days to
(It i II before conditions were suitable
for the British gas attack, when the
nttick was finally made hundreds of
German casualties resulted. Thin Is
proved by captured German docu
ments. C'lnnsen nt .111 Camps.
It Is tho work of the field training i
section of the gas defence service to ,
bring home to the American soldier the
importance of his gas mask, to drill I
him In its use and to inspire confi- I
denco in its efficacy. The gas defence ,
schools at all camps provide training
In tho theory and practice of gas de- '
fence. (
As iu all other elements of warfare
the principles of defence can be cotu
prehended only through a knowledge
of offensive tactics. So the L'.BUU or
3,000 officer-, of n cantonment are
formed into classes and instructed os
to German methods, the kinds of gases
used, how the Germans place the
cylinders, atmospheric conditions fa
vorable to an attack and tho advan- 4
tages the enemy hopes to gain from
a gas ntttack. And now that the Gcr- ,
mans are using gas shells In abun
dance particular attention is being I
paid to that form of attack. 1
The otllcers learn of the problems of '
giving the alarm of a gas cloud attack.
Whistles or horns cannot be heard If
a man's hea l is covered w ith n mask.
Watchmen s rattles ;,nc empty "Oiel!
tae.s are exhibited mid the olllcers
learn about the Strombos horn, which
li blown by a tank of compressed air
and gives a blast that may Co heard
dor tho stipulation of temporary secrecy
to visit the observatory and become eye
witnesses of the wonders which they
wero requested to attest, we ate c.inll
dent Ills forthcoming volumes will be at
once ths most sublime In science and the
most Inten-e 'u general .ntciest u,.i; uu.r
Ifcsucd from the pres..
New Vork ni.v Mopped about all
discussion of human slner., tin- high
cost of living apples con as much as
four cents apiece in Wall Street- and
other familiar totlcs, and devoted its
talking houra to tho tnan'bats of tho
moon. Thk Sr was .stormed by peo
ple who wanted back number..) of the
stories and flooded with demands by
mall. As the text of tho JoHrnul nf
ytfence attic!" Indicated tli.it the orii!
Inal narrative had been Illustrated
thete was a i ry for pictures.
publication of the Moon Hoax.
for a mile by slmjily riming a wrench.
A gas cloud attack will enrtode the
mechanism of a machine gun and soon
put It out of commission and It will
spoil ammunition and ruin such deli
cate instruments a telephone or
telegraph. Officers are taught how to
protect equipment and Lhey train their
troops accordingly.
The officer must learn how to make
safe, his dugout after a gns attack;
how to neutralize and otherwise, dls
poe of poison fumes which cling to
the ground, often for two or three
dn s.
In tr.ilnln-? troops conditions are
created in the field which re-emble as
nearly as possible actual conditions
encountered at the front. The student
learns to get his mask on In a hurry,
six fceconds being tho standard time
when tho knapsack containing the
mask Is hanging at the chet In the
alert position. Dexterity of motion
mut bo developed.
When the. Instructor fills the gas
chamber with chlorine and Invites the
clas to enter, the student has some
misgivings. From school days he re
member. chlorine as a gas which took
the color out of a piece of calico nr
gave off a -cloud of smoke an! tl.ime
when a iwe.e of paper moistened with
turpentine was dropped In a Jar nf the
iris. What will such gas do to a man's
lung"'.' Nothing, if the mask is in
position. And after the student has
experienced this In tho gas chamber
he swear.s by his mask.
Practical Experience.
Scries of trenches with dugouts have
been constructed nt each cantonment.
They me filled with smoke or gas to
represent the condition at the end of a
gas attack. Tho men ad.l i-t their
ina.'-ks and file m. Karh man is pro-
ided with a flapper fan whli h looks
like a b.g fly swatter. The h.ind'o is
two fe-t long and the rwutter part i
about two feet squa-e, made of stiff
cam as reonforccd with braces. -rythmic,
beating of the bottom of the
1 Mr. Day was busy with the paper
land its overworked proas, but he gave
j M Locko a free hand, and that
m holar took to Norris & Ilakcr, litliog
,1'iphers. iu the Fnion Huildlng, Wall
stmt the drawings which hid been
e:itii!si,.,i to his .-.ire bj the "medlc.il
lit li :n -i iuinu ihatclv troni Scot
1. nd " Mr. Iliker, described by Tim
Si-.n as quite the mn-t talented lltho
igi.ipluc artist of the city, worked day
(and night on his delightful task that
the illustrations might bo ready when
Tim Si 'h press should have turned
i out in the hours when It was not
I printing Si ns k pamphlet containing
! tho nstiononilcal discoveries.
; "Dr. Herschel's great work," said
iTiir Srv, "is picturing for publica
tion .nt ton guineas .sterling, or if.'n;
and we shall give all the popular sub
s'.iihc of It for 12 or ,'! rents." The
pamphlets were to b, sold two for ti
"it.irter: :!.e lithographs at 2.1 cent"
fur I lie set
.Most newspapers that mentioned the
discovery of hutua'i creatures on the
moon wei" credulous. The l'.rcina
I't'xl, edited by William ("Milieu Hryaut
.ml l'ite-droenn Mullock "the chant
ing cherubs of tho Post," ns Pol, Webb
was wont to call them only skirted
the edge of doubt :
'licit there i-hou'd be winged people In
the iiirvin does not strike us ns more
wonderful than the existence -of such a
tine of beings on earth: rttid that there
i ies or did ex t such n race rest.s on
tin- evtih ill o of that most veracious of
i i.igeis I'ot-r Will. Ins, whose cele.
l,r:ited vi nl: not . nlv tires an account
o' the aemal apr'1 nance and habits nf
a nie.t 1'iieiestlng tribe of fljinc In
1 .i s. but tlt-.o of tho-e more delicate
tad iiu.ising t-.i ts whih the author
ii'n cial lcl to discover hy leason f the
iciijual relations he enteied Into with
oi e of the females of the winged tribe.
Te'er Wilklnw vvns the hero of ltob
ert I'altoek's Imaginative, hook, "Tho
I.ifo mid Adventures of Peter Wllklns,
n Cornish Man," published In London
in 17e0. l'altoek's winged people, snld
Houthey, were "tho most beautiful
creatines of imagination that wero
ever devised."
The instii'iuent of tile discoveries
1'f.nted on August 2! revealed to the
tender the gnat T"mple rf th Moon,
bill" of polished sapphire, with a inof
of some vello'v metal Mipportrd by
columns fcvcnty feet hii;h and six
feet in d.ametcr:
It was open en all pliie-i. and seemed
to contain neither eats, apars, nor ?.f
fetinss, but it vui a light und airy
i-lruoture, nearly a hundred feet high ,
from it white, glistening floor to the !
glow lug I oof, and it Mood Upon a round
trench, throwing tho fan well up on
each blow, air currents aro set up that
displace the gas.
Dugouts aro provided with blanket
doors that are kept rolled up over the
doorway and dropped the moment tho
gas alarm sounds. A pair of them hung
four or flva feet apart in the corridor
keep the gas out. Still, gas sometimes
does get Into the dugout and must bo
cleaned out, sometimes by means of
the flapper, but prefjiably by lighting
a fire and letting the draught sweep It
out through a hole In the top.
Finally n gas attack Is arranged.
The class is placed In the trenches,
each man Is given a definite assign
ment, sentries aro posted, the alarms
are made ready and tho dugouts occu
pied. Without warning clouds of smoke
and chlorine are liberated by the- in
structors. Masks nro hurriedly put on,
alarms sounded, sleeping men in dug
outs aroused and the curtains lowered.
Tho attack ceases, the trendies aro
cleared, the air tested and permission
to remove masks Is given. Suddenly a.
second and more concentrated cloud
comes over and the performance is re
peated. Sometimes the class Is taken on n,
hlkf, preferably at night. Suddenly a
report is heard and a harmless looking
smoke cloud arises fifteen or twsnty
feet away and drifts toward the col
umn. Woe to tho man who does not
get his mask on nt once! The instruc
tor has ttlfown a jiaper gas bomb that
may cmfr a vile nd nauseating gas,
or one that will sting the eyes morn
than the concentrated juice of a thou
sand onlon.
Gas warfare Is new. The methods
if gas and shell and cloud attack are
le'.ng chnngrd almost d'i'l. New cor
itlons can only be mot by thorough
training and rigid d.scipline.
Tho m Tfras section of the gas de
fence service (onslsN of about fifteen
officers and a number of enlisted men,
tthn will conduct a icpair factory iu
green eminence on tho eastern side of
the valley. We nftcrward, however, dis
covered two others which were In every
respect ficslmlles of this one; but hi
neither did we perceive any visitants ex
cept flocks of wild doves, which alighted
on its liLstcous pinnacles.
Hail the devotees of these temples
gone the way .f all ll .ng, or were thfl
but -r nirrtly hlstorioU monuments?
What did the Ingenious builders mean
bv the Iobe surrounded with (lames?
Did they, hy this, reur.rfl any past calam
ity of their world or predict any futuro
ono of ours? 1 hy no means despair tf
ultimately solving not only these, but a
thousand other questions which present
themselves respecting tho objects In this
planet ; for not the millionth part ef her
surfaco has vet been explored, and we
have, been more, desirous of collecting,
the greatest possible number of new facts
than of indulging In speculative theories,
however seductive to the imagination.
The conclusion of this astounding
narrative, which totalled ll.Omi words,
was printed on August ".1. In the
valley of the temple a new set of man
bats was found;
We had .im opportunity of seelnc them
actually engaged in any work of indus
try or art ; and, so far .ui we ooiild judge,
they spent their happy hours In collect
ing various fru.ts in the woods, in et
ing, flying, bathing and loitering about
upon the summits of eveoliilces.
Ono night, when the astronomer
finished work, they neglectfully left
tho telescope In a perpendicular posi
tion. The risen sun burned n holo fif
teen feet iu circumference through tho
it fleeting chaml-or and ruined part of
the observatory. Wh"ti the damage
was repaired the moon was Invisible,
and i'o Dr. llcrcchri turned his atten
t.on to Saturn. Much of the discov
eries hem were technical, as The Sun
assured Its readers, and the narrative
came to an end. An editorial not
This concludes tho supplement with
the exception of forty pago of Illustra
tive and ni.Uhemat'cnl notes which
would greatly enhance the size and pries
of this work without commerisurably
adding to Its general Interest. In order
that our renders may Judge for them
selves vihelher we have w.lhbeld from
t'lam a'ny matter of general coinpreheu-i-.on
and Interest we insert one of tho
nott-s fro-n those paires of the supple
ment which vv though! it usehi's m re
proil; aid lJ may be eonsalet id a fa'r
sample of the lemiinde" Kor out
selves, we know nnth "ig of mathematics
be oinl counting dollars and enl.s, but
to geometr ciaos the following pew
method of measuring the height of the
lunar mountains adopted by Sir John
llerschel may be qulto interesting.
(To Ic continued in next Sunday's Sun.)

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