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THE" SUN, BUNDAY, MARCH 8, 19X8.
4 CONGRESS TOLD GAIN BY DAYLIGHT SAYING FOES HALT WAR CORPORATION BILL .4 Chamber of Commerce Pre sents 52 Arguments in Favor of Change. 3COBE HOURS FOR FLAY Cwuservation of 1,000,000 to " 1,500,000 Tons of Coal 4 a Year Possible. Opposition to Licensing Secur ity Issues Delays Finance Mcasuro's Progress. PASSAGE LATER LIKELY Hardwlck of Georgia Fights It Loans Made Applicable to Persons. fiptdat Df patch to The Six. Washington, March 2. Tho Committee pn Daylight Saving of the United States Chamber of Commerce made Itn big drive on Congress to-day with the .presentation of a bulk document oontalnlujc fUly two clauses, ami each clause represent ing a formldahlo array of facts and flajuces, tflllnj; why daylight savlnf enlist become the national rule. Many arguments In favor of the plan are 'set forth, from the problems affect ing the coal supply to the desirability of cultivating homo Burdens. "Th work ing girl can go ,home by daylluht," the Congressmen are Informed. "Barents will have a new hour to spend with tliflr children. Bills for gus and elcc 'ttWty will be cut down -and outdoor recreation will be stimulated." ,A- Lincoln Fllene of Boston, who Is chairman of the' committee that drow up the presentment, -cites some highly Interesting figures on what can be done to save coil by cutting nn hour off the fag end of a day and inserting It one hour nearer dawn. Vina; of 1,000,000 Tens of Col. JBy a saving of 190 hours out of s yearly average of 1,320 a year requiring artificial illumination, as provided by the Caloer bill, there could be saved 660,000 tons of coal used In electricity for light ing and 141,000 used -In gas for lighting. Jf, the various other schemes advanced by the committee are adopted in imita tion of the Kuropaan system, a saving may bo effected In both gas and electric lighting of 1,019,000 tons of coal. This Is between April 1 and November '1. If an all the year round rule wero adopted the saving would come to 1,061,000 tons. TVhn the amount of coal used In ortier wgys for Industrial purposes Is counted In It is estimated that nearly i.SOO.OUU tons could bo saved. The committee leads the Congressmen to note especially that daylight saving has a direct bcarlni; on the training ot , military forces, the speeding up of plants making war materials and on speeding up ship yards. "It will relieve the strain of labor.con dltlons at the time of greatest fatigue." the report suggests. "Working condi tions will bo Improved, particularly In industries where accurate ejtelght is es sential, and materially cut down the number ot Industrial accidents. Statls , ties show that these accidents have most frequently occurred in the late after noon when human efficiency Is at low ebb. The lessened risk ot accidents in transportation and local traffic handling, yy moving the afternoon rush forward Into daylight, Is In Itself more than suf ficient Justification for the passage of the measure." Relieving ihr "fruit" Load. One of tho most practical arguments cited Is that electrio power companies will bo able to Increase thclr'efficloncy and be able to operate at lower cost by the removal of the top of the "peak" load. The average load used by a Chi cago company la only CO per cent, of the "peak." It Is stated, and the cost of maintaining the surplus power necessary hours represents one-fourth of the cost of the entire plant. Daylight would re place the "peak" load, the report sae. The committee clalm.i the support of President Wilson, Mr. Hoover, Mr. Gar field, Fuel Administrator; Chairman Hurley of the Shipping Hoard, and of much public sentiment. Great Britain. France, Italy and Germany aro daylight savers, the report states, and In England alone the saving In artlHclal light was estimated at $2,500,000 for the summer months alone. Washington, March 2. Unexpected opposition to the Administration meas ure to establish a war finance corpora tion arose to-day In the Senate, thwart ing loaders' plans for Its passage to night and forcing the bill over until nnxt week. Final enactment of the me.uure. p"3 slbty with material modlllcatlon was not believed by leaders to bo endan gered. Tho opposition developed rapidly and centred chiefly on the prop'sal for licensing by a "capital lwUes commit tee" security Issues of 1100,000 und more. May Make Ionn to Tersons. Virtually no progress was made on the bill to-day. Only one minor amend ment was disposed of nnd that ex tending the provision for direct loans to persons as well as corporation wss .accepted by Henator blmmona ot North Carolina, in charge of the bill, when members of the Banking Commtttesj and others Insisted that farmers and small business men aaNtell as capltallsta-and large corporations should be allowed to receive direct advances from the corporation. .Senator Hardwlck (Georgia), Demo crat, to-day cams out In open and vigorous opposition to the legislation. He declared It was unnecessary and would confer enormous powers over American Industry to a few men In churfsu of tho proposed corporation. Disapproval of the securities licensing plan was expressed by some Senators, who believe the present voluntary com inlitec .cooperating with the Treasury i luiiumfnam wnttm anawap H sk m 1 rnruk while Senator Bmlth (Michigan) Kepub- i iicnn, oppopf a eomemng upon ins nec rctary of the Treasury the enormous powers which he said the bill authorised. ' He suggested that the Federal lleserve not be amended so as to placs these powers In the hands of the twelve re eere banks. Wnats Bonds Rnaranecd. Senator Simmons (N. C.) stanchly de fended the .(naiuro and declared that the Federal Kcserve system cannot core with -financing needs of American indus try in view of ths virtual comrr.andMr-" Ing of the money market by the Gov ernment. Senator Owen (Oklahoma), Democrat, chairman of the Banking Committee, proposed that the government guaran tee the $1,000,000,000 in bonds which j the corporation might is.ue. Senator I Rmmons thought a guarantee nnncce- sar.v. Senator Owen replied that thp bonds niijcht become, the basio for Issuance by banks of additional currency ami such ."ectiritles. hfl insisted, should bo legally guaranteed by the Government. Other wise, he said, their market alue might I be lowered. This legislation will have serious ef. feet on the Federal Jtracrvn system." said Senator Owen, "and should be thoroughly analyzed and carefully con. i tfidered before It goes through." HTJ1BARD HURT IN AIR MISHAP. People Flock to Wnshlnartoa. Sptcial Dtipatch to Tbs Srs. Washington, March 2. War's effect on passenger travel to and from the national capital was shown to-day by a report to Director-General McAdoo that In "February ticket sales at the Washington terminal we,re $771,000, or 12S per cent, more than the earn month last year. Greenwich Youth iircrnlly Com mtsxloned In Itrittnh Corps, Sptciol ltpatch to Tbs 8c. , Greenwich, Conn., March 2. A cable FTHm revived by Judge Frederick Hub bard to-day from tho War Office, Lon don, Knglaml, stated that Ills seventeen-year-old son. Second I-leut. (leorgo F. Hubbard of thn Koyal Flying Corps, was dangerously 111 at a military hospital In 1 Shropshire as the result of an air plane accident. Judge Hubbard cabled for further details. Second Lieut. Hubbard endeavored to enlist in the American Flying Corps early last summer, but was rejected on physical grounds. He then enlisted In the British corps and reached Scotland January 2. Six months prior to his enlistment he held n position with the New York Fuel Ungineerlng Company, of which Ills brother, Carlton W, Huobsrd. li vice-president. Early Spring Furs The fashionable Coatees, Capes and Stoles in all suitable Furs and Combinations at popular prices. Thirty-fourth Street Altman $c (En FIFTH AVENUE -MADISON AVENUE. NEW YORK Telephone 7000 Murray Hill Thirty-fifth Street THE QUESTION OF SPRING CLOTHES is infinitely more momentous in timet of war than In times of peace. Selections must be made with more forethought, with more discrimination, with more regard for suitability and wearing quality. Moreover, in war times women are very busy folk, with less leisure than usual to bestow upon matters of dress. With all these important details In mind, B. Altman & Co. have given even more than ordinary care to the assembling of the new things for Spring. Clothes are, if anything, rather smarter this season than last ; and the smartest of them all are ready for selection here. Women, misses, children and the tiniest folk have all been cared for; and there are, besides, just the clothes that boys and young men will want to wear, as well as the latest styles In furnishings for men. A Monday and Tuesday Sale off Boys' Spring Clothing to be held in the Department on the Sixth Floor, will afford an unusual opportunity tor economic buying, the values offered being exceptionally good. Boys'- Suits Of smart Scotch tweeds imported by B. Altman & Co. under rarely advantageous conditions of purchase. With two pairs of knickerbockers; 6lzes 7 to 17 years, at $16.50 Of brown or gray wool mixtures; with two pairs of knickerbockers; sizes 7 to 18 years at $13.50 Little Boys' Reefers & Overcoats of fine-quality materials in bright patterns; sizes 2A to 8 years . . . $6.50 Boys' Furnishings Blouses, in colored-stripe materials; with neckband or attached collar; sizes 7 to 14 yea" 95c Shirts, of khaki-color or white mercerized oxford; with attached collar (sizes 124 to 95c. Coat Sweaters (roll-collar model) $4.95 Pajamas, in colored-stripe or all-white materials . per suit S5c A Great Assemblage of Sim mm liner Floor Coverings which comprises every wanted make and style off rug for Summer use in, town or country, occupies a large section of the Rug Department, on the Fifth Floor. Attention is especially directed to an interesting assortment off PORCH RUGS imported by B. Altman & Co. from THE ISLAND OF FORMOSA Distinctive New Blouses for wearing with the smart Spring suit or separate skirt, are displayed on the Second Floor in an endless variety of effective styles and fabrics. Here are elaborate blouses of delicate mate rials, hand-embroidered and lace-trimmed; tailored blouses in many variations; lingerie blouses; and, among the latest novelties, slipover blouses of Georgette and sleeveless overblouses. The prices range from S2.50 to 68.00 Misses' Spring Clothes are ready in generous numbers in the Depart ment on the Second Floor, where they are shown at prices of sufficiently wade range to meet everyone's requirements. For example : Tailored Suits . . $28.50 to ! 1 8.00 Wool Jersey Dresses . 27.50 to 85.00 Worsted Dresses . 2 1.50 to 85.00 Afternoon Dresses (including silk) at . .l . . . $20.00 to 130.00 Practical and Sports Coats, 1 5.50 to 1 65.00 The New Woolens for Spring, 1918, form an interesting part of the display on the First Fioor. All of the smart fabrics that Fashion has sanctioned for the tailored suit, dress or coat, as well as for sports and country wear are to be found in this imposing array of new textiles. Among them are tricotine, Poiret twill, buckskin cloth, couvert de lainc, silk-back duvetyn, embroidered and printed voiles, and the perennially popular serges, wool jerseys and Scotch tweeds. The new color effects are prominently featured, and there are many smart combinations of black-and-white. Mourning materials are shown in all the fashionable weaves. Women's Spring Suits of the fashionable silk fabrics introducing many new features will be prominently displayed to-morrow (Monday) in The Department for Ready-towear Suits (Third Floor) An importation of Paris Model Corsets (Fasso) is now being shown in the Department on the Second Floor. Every woman will be interested in the graceful lines revealed in these corsets, accurately presenting Fashion's Fatest dic tates as to the correct silhouette. The prices range from $ 1 6. 50 to 30.00 Also Paris-made Sports Belts of pink tricot (very soft and sou pie), $9.50 The Camera Department has in stock a very comprehensive assort ment off kodaks, pocket cameras, and photographic supplies. Of keen person?! interest at the present time are KhakS-bouirad Photo AH bums specially priced at 95c. & $165 These albums are in two sizes, designed for the safe-keeping of snapshots off soldiers, sailors, and the various phases off life in the Service. Field glasses, binoculars, compasses, barom eters, thermometers, reading glasses, etc., from the leading makers, are also in stock. new section, just opened on the Second Floor, is reserved exclusively for THE SALE OF VOGUE PATTERNS 384 Tlfth tjvenuv A