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THE SUN, SUNDAY, MARCH 3, 1918. AND new topic rnBSfl. 8UNDAY, MAKCH 3. 1918. MEMBER or TUB ASSOCIATED PHRSB. Tha Associated rress Is encluslvely an titled to the m for republication of all lltwi despatches credited to It or not Uurwltt credited In this paper and alia the local newt published herein. . . All rights of republication of ipecUl despatches herein are also reserved. Catered at the Pout OBloe at New York aa Second Class Mall Mattel. ubecrlpUou by Mall, rostpald. ' One Six On L Year. Months. Month. PA1LT A 8TJNDAT...M.S0 a." 99M DAILY, only M -0 fUNDAY cni t-tO 1.M I CisinuN nT. JAIL.T A SUNDAY. . .910.00 fA.oo l.w DAILY only 1.00 M .00 unuAi oniy o.w .ov FOBKIQN BTt. JAILT A MJ.NDAY... ttl.00 M.ta DAILY onlr lft.00 .00 I.sn SUNDAY only B.00 4.60 .15 PHB BVENINO RUN, Per Month.... 0.80 niR EVRNINO SI'N. Per Year B.00 THE KVUNINU SUN.IFortln).PerMo. M All checks, money ordr. Ac to be tjude payable to Tin Bin. Published dallr. inclurtlna Sunday, by the Ion Printing and Publishing Aitoclatlon at BO NaMau street. In the llorouih ot Man isttan. New York. President. Trank A, (limey. 150 Nassau street: Vice-President, trrln Wardman. ISO Nassau street: Sec etary. It. II. Tttherlmton, 160 Naseau itreet: Treasurer, Wm. T. Dewart, 150 Xaaeau atreet. London odlce. 40-43 Kleet street. Parle oOce. 0 Hue do la Xllchodlsre. off Hue du Qtialre Septembre. waamngton omce, .-uunsey tsunami;. Brooklyn office. Room 202, Kagle Build- fat. 503 Washington street. ! It vr fritnm rht favor uitk maau- aerial on lllutniiixss for paollcaKen (risk la aave rt)tcttd articles relumed Isey mall la oli easts lead slams for that fiarpees. TKLKPHUNH. HEKKMAN 2200. The Descent of Man. An announcement came from Eng land over tho cubic on Friday which is important if true. It is a state ment by Dr. F. Wood Jones, professor fit anatomy in tbo teaching staff of ondon University, to the effect "that 5 an Is not descended from the nn iropoid apes, but that these would p9 more accurately described as hav ing been descended from man." The Writer of the cablegram apparently Apposed that IUbwin believed the trantlkc apes to be the direct ances tors of man; whereas In fact his theory was that man and the nn ' 'thropold ajtcs wero derived from a jcommon ancestral type no longer ex istent t The assertion of Trofcs-or Jones Is based largely uwn n prehistoric skull discovered nt Tnlgnl, In New South HValcs, Australia, in 1SS0, but not thoroughly studied by men of science Juntll 1014. The bones of domesticated jrtogs were found with this skull ; and iwe arc told that "the astonishing fact r laaerges that at a period in the world's 4alstory when only n year or two ago tse most advanced anatomists were atlsfted that man was scarcely dis tinguishable from his brute ancestors ia man already so highly developed as 4a have domesticated animals and to pi a boat builder and navigator was actually in Australia and to an as tonishing degree the master of his jown fate." J It would be Interesting to know print Professor Henry Fairfield Os- En, president of the American Mu ni of Natural History, has to say to this. In 1015 he published nr. 'elaborate work on the "Men of the Old Stone Age," which summed up the knowledgo ofShe scientific world as jto the ancestry of man. He con structed an ancestral , tree of tho ntbropold apes and of mnn, show ing that both had their origin in an 'imknown stock. The ape known as the gibbon was the first to branch off; pest, the orang-utan branched off In n different direction: then came the chimpanzee and gorilla, stems more closely allied to man. According to Professor Osrorn, none pt the manlike apes whose fossil re mains have been found in Europe or Asia can be regarded as ancestral to man. Neither among these nor among tbo four living forms of anthropoid apes is any evidence discoverable of direct relationship to man; but there ia stronc proof of descent from fh acme ancestral stock. "The partly known ancestors of the anthropoid ape," says Mr. Oshobn, "and the un known ancestors of man probably originated among the forests nnd flood plains of southern Asia, and ajarly began to migrate westward into northern Africa and western Europe." ; f In a note on the most recent dls .toverles of the supposed ancestors of man which were uvalloblc at the time when ho wrote in 1015 Professor Os boin soys it is possible that within the next decade one or more of the Jflertiary ancestors of man may bedls jeoYered In northern India among the foothills known as the Siwallks. Asia, lie thinks, will probably prove to be the centre of the human race. Professor Woon Jones evidently be lieves that Australia has important -contributions to make toward the so lution of the problem of the descent of man. We hope to hear from the highest American authority on the 'subject. War Time Business Problems. Over three thousand carloads of (Douglas fir Umber from the Pacific coast dragged over three thousand Imllea across tho continent to South- ;em shipyards nt enormous expense .and nt n tirn of unparalleled rail- road congestion, tind these samd Houthern shipyards ttlll three months behind their building programme. j .That is one nf the items of Jnfor imatlon in the Shipping Board's last 'NUthorltathe ftnlwnent. There nre hlpynrds on i)k Pad tie coast. There could be many more of thejn. All of ,;theso const yards would have the jtlniber they wanted right nt their jown doors. And yet. to convert this raw matrrJal Into the. bottom, for twhlch tliero Is now nn nil but life 'nd denth demand, we transport ll at staggering cit to plants iliousniiduf tnllcK away Instead of rushing It to those which might bo rJght at hand and to which tho cost' of delivery by comparison would bo nominal. To tho lay mind thin seems to leave something to lie desired In the way of tho moro hard headed form of 1m si new sagacity. If the dUtrlbutlon of money in communities that would like to linvo it is the chief objective in selecting sites for our shipbuilding plants at u time when speed of pro duction is so tragically Imperative hh It is now, that Is ono thine. If Al ness for quick delivery of ships Is the nJm, that is another. In the latter case tho plant that had Its raw ma terial In Its buck yard would seem to have a clear advantage over tho one that bad to haul that material three thousand miles. But these nro wor time business problems, and In considering war time business problems wo cannot bn too much on our guard against let ting our common sense get the better of us. Arademle Freedom In War Time. Tho report made to tho American Association of University Professors by Its sub-committee on Academic Freedom In War Time has been given to tho world through the columns of the bulletin of tho society. This subject, which has caused n great deal of futile discussion, Is treated exhaustively by the commit teemen, who reach the sensible con clusion thnt academic freedom In wnr time does not carry with It the priv ilege of committing nets of disloyalty or sedition, or of uttering disloyal or seditious sentiments. It may seem that a formal state ment of this tbeoryJjy university pro fessors was scarcely necessary: that the obvious obligations of good citi zenship would enlighten nil of them ns to their rights and their duties. But there have been a few noIy ior- sons, moxt of whom. Incidentally, had not attained the rauk of professor. who have ncted on the principle that their academic employment licensed them to promulgate doctrines actually urging treason without opening them selves to discipline by the institution which employed them. Perhaps the report of the committee will set them right; it I, however, improbable, for they are wrong nt heart and nothing Is likely to correct their behavior. Meanwhile, collcce professors and teachers are under the snmo obllga' tlon to the country that rests on black' smiths and shopkeepers nnd draymen nnd other useful citizens, which Is to comport themselves loyally and with good sense. When they do this they will get along all right, and If they do not they will get Into trouble. Dally Thoughts by the German Censor. How many a time in reading the news from Germany and the cabled comments of the Herman press Amer icans havo nsked themselves what a German censor must be like '. Every one has had his own mental con ceptlpn, but the common picture, we suspect, has been of a stern official whose uniform was n perfect pin cushion for Iron Crosses. Very erect. very frowning, wry severe, this fig ure. Before him editors cringed nnd knelt on the carpet. His word wns law, and If he said "Vcrdnm'ratel" that wns the adjective in next morn ing's editorial utterances from Berlin to Munich. But the latest revelations of the Secretary of State, Mr. I.ansino, have Impaired forever this conception of the thought simper. He Is no liter ary Hlndenburg. There Is noth ing Blsinnrcklnn about the man as he reveals himself in the text of se cret telegrams to the German press. Nor is he Machiavellian, a creature of -ubtlo methods nnd disguised but effectim! moves. Not at nil. He Is nothing but a hard worked, underfed, slow thinking and conscientious bu reaucrat. He wears his hair very short and is fond of conversation exchanging views and inwardly proud of the balanced character of his opinlops. .This judicial mind, as we should call It, exhibits Itself Jn some reflec tions on the advent of American troops in France. Thus : "Petit Paruten Informs us that five American divisions, numbering 125,000 men, may be expected In France In the autumn of 1917. It la urgently re quested not to reproduce this Informa tion -without some comment. We do not wish to underestimate the ability of America to accomplish things, but must not, on the other hand, overestimate. "In order to brine a division over from America 75,000 tons must make the trip twlco. Therefore, from the mere fact of lack of space, the trans portation of buch a body of troops within certain fixed time) limits is Im possible. Moreover, It Is Impossible to train these troops properly by autumn. Thefe facts, which have recently been discussed In the Oerman war news, can not Vie too strongly emphasized In the discussion of thts French news." On the one hand, Herron, America may accomplish it good deal, but on the other hand some things are im possible, ns my mathematical studies at Heidelberg convinced me; nnd without overestimating American abll Ity wo nil know that tho net ton nage divided by the number of our submarines operating on the short side of the market and transporting .r army dlvitlmis 1s tho necessary coef ficient of expansion of the American forces in France. This follows from tho principles laid down by Ci.ausi: witz In "Vom Krlege," q. v. The gospel of moderation Js ono which the Berlin censor found occa sion to preach : "In the Interest of it victorious curry ing through of tho wnr, which Is en dangered by every stoppage of work, apitaslona of ths press which recom mend a strike or express themselves otherwise in favor of a strlka are for bidden. Utterances which are directed against strikes are Indeed not subject to censorship, but It Is supposed thereby' that they are kept free from Immoderate aharpnMu which could offer material for Irritating the people." Be stern, be stern, be not too stern; while I must say "verboten" I nm glad to bo ablo to soften the expres sion of a command by supposing, quite Impersonally, that when you condemn strikes you will do so without itumod- em to sharpness. One of the things the censor had to determine was when news should be followed or accompanied by edi torial comment. But the rule for this was simple, like the nebular hy pothesis t or the categorical impera tive, it the news was or such a nature as to be susceptible of "mis understanding" by the German peo ple it must, if printed at all, be com mented upon sufficiently and In such a manner ns to put it in a proper light. If tho news was not likely to be "misunderstood" no comment was necessary. If the news was such as might arouse popular hopes with out sufficient foundntlott comment wits bnrred. Let the false hopes rise, but ufisumc no responsibility for them. The censor had n heart. He said to the press one day: "Attention Is drawn 1o tho frequent 111 humor at the front, often caused when It appears from the selection of oaptlona for the reports of tho war events that the press out of need for sensation or awkwardness doea not per mit tho recognition of uhlch event ! tho most Important. "May 5, 1917 " Poor old FRtTr. at the front, taking part in n counter attack, felt indig nant some days afterward when ghinclng over his Tngrhlall or Xnch- rirhtcn to find that the glorious .as sault had received only three lines, while a column was devoted to a stupid riot in the Itelchstag. The censor sympathized with Fritz, nnd was equally angry with the editors though not necessarily for the so un reasons. American Troops Tfln Their First Hot Skirmish. The American troops on the French front proved their mettle fighting spiritedly In their first hot skir mish with the enemy. The German raids upon the sector they are hold ing In Lorraine began almost with their entrance into the trenches nnd culminated In nn nttnek early Fri day morning. "Seventy-sevens heavy shells and gas shells felt on our trenches for half an hour," nnd the enemy shells dropped nt tho same time In great number on the Ameri can battery positions. Army olllcers express the belief that the nttack was to test the strength of the line nt points where green troops were intrenched. From information received from prisoners it wns evident thnt the Germans had been preparing three weeks for the raid. They followed up their per sistent use of poisonous gas and their other terrifying methods of warfare with tho charge of n force of trulncd and seasoned Hanoverian troops. The raid which followed the heavy barrage was repulsed by the Ameri cans. There wns hand to hand fight ing in the trenches. One act of brav ery reported was thnt of a young Qnptaln, it graduate of West Point In the class of 1017, who milled his men with rliles anil machine guns went through the American barbed wire entanglements Into No Man's Land nntl there waited for nnd fought the enemy. There are yet no details of tho American loss beyond the state ment which gives no numbers of men engaged or of cnsunltles, but three prisoners remained In American hands and, the report says, German dead lay In front of the American trench. The American trained soldier is proving his fighting quality nnd his ability to hold his own should that long heralded German advance really materialize. Warning to Gas Users. The alarming Increase In the num ber of deaths from asphyxiation by Illuminating gas recorded in this city since December 1 Is directly nttrlbu table to carelessness or Ignorance In the use of gns for heating purposes In tho Intensely cold period thnt lias re cently afflicted us. The reduction of the conl supply made It necessary for thousands of persons to rely on gns for cooking nnd to warm their homes. Thousands of these new consumers were unfamiliar with tho apparatus used, and In many cases It is reason able to believe that the demands made on dealers for stoves and heaters re sulted in the sale of old and impaired devices. Jtubbcr tubing, in particular, deteri orates with age nnd becomes leaky. Mlnuto Assures In the Inner tubo nre concenled by (lie fibre covering com monly applied to them, nnd breaks where rubber and metal Join nre likely to escape observation. More over, while It la ensy to make a tight connection between the fixture and the tube, a careless person may neg lect this precaution, nnd a slight dis turbance mny open tho way for a con- slderablo outpouring of gas. Many men nnd women habitually keep their sleeping room windows closed except on warm nights, and thousands who know the benefits of fresh nir senled their rooms in December nnd Janu ary, not ngnlnst ventilation, but against subzero temjierntures. This practice prevented tho dissipation of pns by nlr currents and unquestion ably added scores of names to tho dentil roll. Tho gns companies and the city authorities ndvlso everybody to use mctnl tubing Instead of rubber tubing. The ndvice Is excellent; the metal tubing is snfer and will last longer thnn tho rubber; but In many cases It has been Impossible to make n choice. Willi tho mercury resting nenr the bottom of tho thermometer Micro was a rush to buy gas heating appllnnccs that cleaned out the stocks of most dealers. Customers had to take what they could get, and counted themselves fortunate If they did not go back empty handed to frlgldlwell Ing places. It Is notorious that some gas users nro careless In their treatment of this convenient servant. Instead of turning It off nt the wall fixture they use the vnlve at the heater; and when they chock It they nre not careful to see that tho valve Is completely closed. It Is dangerous to leovc n gas Jet burning In n bed chamber. Any of half a dozen common accidents may extinguish the flnme and flood tho room with gas. Absolute safety may be gained in the use of gas by heeding the sim plest rules of caution. Joints and valves should be examined periodi cally for leaks; the gas should be turned on or off nt the wall tlxture nnd not at some temporary fixture; all rooms should be well ventilated. There has been u tremendous Increase In the U"o of gas for nnu-illumlnnllng purposes In recent years, and this Is likely to continue. In view of thh It Is eminently proper that the popu lation should 1m Instructed In the cor rect way to ue gas, nnd the proposal that school children shall be told to warn their parents against the dan gers of carelessness Is practicable nnd sound. Mr. Bates on the Needs of the Port of New York. No survey of the present condition. Immediate necessities and future needs of the harbor of New York that we have seen approaches In complete ness nnd understanding the article from the pen of I.indon W. Bates which we print to-day In the mngu- zlne section of Tiu Siw. Mr. Bates, whose authority on his subject will be acknowledged by every Informed man. Is not restricted in his consideration of tbi tremendous prob lem In transportation by any olllclal commission or parochial preposses sion. He approaches It with it clear conception of lis national significance and complete knowledge of the histor ical neglect nnd blunders that have produced the crippling conditions that now hamper not only the city of New York but the whole of tho United Slntes. And Mr. Bates has n prnctt cul scheme for the correction of these conditions. We commend Mr. Bates's nrtlcle to students of the military and commer cial status of New York, nnd to our readers generally, for from It a clear Iden of an Imperative task that must now be performed may be obtained. Mr. Second Assistant Postniaater Genrral I'rkagkr, having been gradu ated by that college of Journalism known ns the Washington Press Corps, lr, of course, a mnn of vision, in spiration and temperament. This maj or may not account for his supor lcvcly plan for ru.shintr mall to earth from the skies px airships. Dunning letters for ballast, wo suppose, love letters for sails. A man who spelled "cat" with a "k" has been barred from citizenship. Per haps tho poor man acquired his knowl eiliie of tho English language from a simplified speller. What Is described by those Inter ested in t lie Lincoln Highway as the tently passed by tho Senate, granting the Highway Association right of way through that desert an unnamed en thusiast was reported to have agreed to give J 1 25.000 for building that sec tion of the road, thus closing a gap which has sadly Interfered with trans continental tours. Other enthusiasts need not feel slighted; there are other gaps urgently needing contributions for building funds. Wilson against bargain peace. Vetca paprr In luttinc. Itegardles of cost, America wilt win the war, and there will be no bargain days with peace at cut rates. Senator Gallingkk, objecting to con sideration of a bill by Senator Smith of Georgia to reopen the Trca-sury to Southern civil war claUns, said thnt Uncle Sam Is spending $227 every sec ond of every twenty-four hours for present war purposes and has spent 57,000,000,000 in tho ten months wo havo been nt war for that purpose alone. Senator Simmons of North Carolina chicled tbo New Hampshire econooilst by reminding him thnt "something like one-half of that was loaned to our allies." Senator OaLt LiNcen had two responses: Much of that half was loaned to Ktissio; tho Government has already paid ono Southern State for more mules alleged to havo been taken by one Northern army than nil Northern armies used In all four years of tho civil war. Why pay for more mules? Tho astounding Irrelevancy of tho question left pro ponents of the claims speechless, while a quick vote was taken and tho mo tion to consider wns defeated. Whnt I think Is that you all have & loose screw and that you needed tt mended. .1 slacker to a Neva Jertty draft board. Tho toard took his advice and after the screw wns tightened he found that he would have to spend a year in ths penitentiary. Milk, judged by its price, must be derived from the cow that Jumped over the moon. The Creditor. from f nuffalo Kvtninf .Vlf. II smiled a little every day, Ills word was "Howdy, ain't ll flnef" He loved all thlnss along his ay And left me hetter plesned with mine! Ho lsiiahed with thoso who brim -with mirth; With thoso whose hearts were torn he cried Tl' Tlo.ilc nf Tlcnrd shows, I guess. The old world owed him when he died. Jous I), Wills. , , -i.... - The ireiitlen-an who first pet the oceans is ,,al surveyed through a ' k it ,,. ns hcPplM "' -v. .-i.se, i-r.ii IS" n lift noiroit tiha. 1 rr U MUSIC ON OLD BROADWAY. Chanteys and Nnch Described la a Stylo That Reads Tdke G. P. Morris. To Tin EotToa or Tna Scn llr: In Tni Bon' first year waa written an article, "Music en Broadway, lg.1.1," which make tood rending now when Tna Ben la about to recall lis youth. Cuislis BcSNiUK. Nr.w YoK, March 2. I have a treat taste for music of the kind that Willis would perhaps de nominate unwritten music not that made by the winds blowing on an oak tree or by the summer breexo wtiUitiins: over a meadow. I tired of that when I was a boy and lived In the country. What I call unwritten muslo Is such as has never been marked and dottod out tn five straight lines such ns cannot be bought nt the stores, such as Is never thumbed by the yourp miss who yawns at the piano. Readur, If you want to hear unwritten music, go down to the dorks, find a ship from New Orleans with n, negro crew, sit down on a cotton bag nnd you wilt hear white she Is un loading nlr.s that will haunt you for weeks afterward. You will see half a dozen stout fellows with lungs like a boss chimney sweep and wind like a bellows, pulling nt the. rope which raises the cargo from the hold, keeping time to tho air which Is sung; by their ship mate who colls away, and at tho end of half a mlnuto Join In the chorus with a heartiness and power that Is most edifying to hear and behold. Un wrltttn music is to ho heard everywhere. The shoemaker keeps time to It as he pulls out bin long wax ends, tho porter walks to tt. It regulates the stroko of the blacksmith when the heated Iron sparkles upon his anvil, the black cook hums It as she turns the spit and It Is never falling from the lips of the young, Uio lovely, tho Inncccnt and the gay. Music of nil kinds, written or un written. Is to bo had In this city in great quantities and at various prices. It costs a dollar to bear Mrs. Wood sine at tho Park Theatre, seventy-five cents to hear Mr. nice executo "Jim Crow" at the Uowery and for fifty cents wo can hear "Slttln' on a nail" done by the great composer himself at tho Franklla Hut the cheapest music that t know of Is to be beard before 1'eatc's Museum : O. my dfllpht, of a starry nlfht. In ft be.ison of tile jear ,I!io lli!, when the warm summer breeie rome.s lazily up the bay, tempting the poor fellows who havo been shivering through the late long winter. Insinuat ing itself through tho rents In their pantaloons and the holes In their coats, and making their naked limbs to re joice with Its genial Influence : the south breeze Is no coy dame, whoso kiss Is reserved for her lord alone : no dainty maiden, whose breath ia only first upon the check of her lover. Its Influence Is experienced nllko by all the rich, the poor, the high, the lowly. It wanders over tho lips of the oung and the lovely, and It breathes upon tho ghostly nnd decrepit : It kisses the soft and glowing che.k of beauty and tbe pale face of tho sl(k nnd dying; In wanton playfulness It scatters the colden tresses of the youthful and favored of fortuno and It passes on to lift the gray and matted locks of the old art(l ucMii.-uc anu poor ana needy. Hut As I was salng. It Is my delight at this particular season of tho year to taUo my seat on the rtone foundation of the park fence, opposlto Peale'a Mu'eum. nnd listen to the music which Is there nightly discoursed. Our audience Is large and not what perhaps would be called select. Hut we aro all ama teurs. really and unaffectedly fnnd of music. We asc.mbl not to show our selves, "to sec anil be seen," but to hear. An littlo difficulties that It mlsrht naturally be supposed would arise about seat are avoided by the high tone and conciliatory spirit of the audience. T1io regulations of the street are well settled and well known. There s.r no "front scats resered for the ladles." no private boe-, no "seats taken in Hot No. or No. 13." There are no noisy cries, such as disturb the audiences nt other plnrrei tf amuse ment; no calls of "Trollope" as at the Park, no clls of "Down in front '," as at the How cry; no cries of "Hats off!" as bi me isroaaway Tabernacle ; no joining In the 'chorus by the audience as at the Franklin. All Is decency and order. Kverythlng Is regulated bv the great nnd rtlorlous prlnclplo of equalitj beat and bappena seats aro on the foundation of the fence, and aa I usually go early, I generally secure one there. Next to these, the curbatona la considered the most ellglbla. After this come the leaning places, such ai lampposts, pillars of tho fence, Ac. The performance commences at early candle lighting and continues generally until about 11 o'clock. The well known mod esty of the performers forbids me to speak of them in the terms my gratl tude would prompt: but I may be per mlttcl to remark tbat bttter music can nowhero be heard for less money. If I might be allowed to make n distinction, where distinctions are alwas Invldlou I would nay that the gentleman who performs on the clarionet, and he who mows tne ircnch born, nre both of them performers of peculiar rower and great wind. In deed the audience some few eve nings since came very near having some dlttlculty; In fact we did have a mil row with the gentlemen who frequent tne wane tn front of the American Museum, about theso two performers. It was asserted by the gentlemen from the American ..itiseum that tho fiddle nnd norn uown tnero played "Oft In tho stilly Mpht" better than the clarionet and horn at Peale's. After going down to the American Muvoum nnd hearin; the nlr performed there we brought the rentlemen In tho opposition up to our own band. We waited patiently until the tune was pliied entlfelv throneh and then, finding that our opponent did not yield the point to us, wo under took to box their cars a little, In Ui hope that It might Improve their hoar Ing. At this they were offended and commenced a quarrel, which nt length grew so serious that a largo portion o the assemblage found lodgings for the night in the rear of the City Hall, and In the morning were subjected to a very otnclouB questioning from the Justice, A Very Voting and Very old Candidate. To ths Ileiroa or Tna Son Sin Sea ward Illrdsonr, male, colored, fern In Newark on February 2; midwife, Sophia Stnrch. Will they go tn ths Hall ef FamaT Mstc Ktst. KiwiiK, N. J March 3. Klmlra Philosophy, Trtm Ike Ulato ficorwiaforv fiammary. It's never too noon to mend. The sink hoca,n't atop talking shouldn't start. Kew meit hnv wesk eyes from looking upon thn sunny side of life. Of the fifty-seven varieties of alibis the pickled variety has all other brands backed off the boarda In point ef popularity, THREE AMERICANS. Was This Tlctlra of the Caeroiee Un necessarily Sacrificed! To TnaSerroa or Tits Sun Sir; After reading several complaints concerning the unseaworthiness of ths United States tug- Cherokee, which was sunk, we, the parents of Frederick K. Post, who has lost his Ufa with others In the Cherokee, desire to asy that we agree with Mrs. Newell, the wife ot the commander ot the vessel. Our boy's death was unnecessary. Our boy stated over and over again that tho boat was not safe; ha said to us that "some of the officers on ths boat while at the Philadelphia navy yard eaM that when ths boat went out they would walk ashore." The boy's father told him that if tha officers left the lxat for him to do tho same, and this was our boy's answer: T will stick to my ship." "If our boy la really lost," said the father, "his mother and I are glad to give him to hts country." Mr. and Mrs. Frederick E. Tobt. Ketport, n. j March 2. AT CAMP WADSWORTH. Praise for the Hospital and the Treat ment of the Sick. To the Editor or Tub Sum Sir: I hava recently returned from Camp Wadsworth, Spartanburg, a C, where was called because of the serious Ill ness of my son with pneumonia. The conditions there are set much bet ter than I expected to find them, and so superior to the conception of people generally, I feel It Is my duty briefly to describe what I saw. The camp Is In a very desirable loca tion for the purpose and the natural drainage facilities are good. The most objectionable feature la the red clay soil, which In wet weather makes for very muddy roads. The base hospital Is splendidly man aged nid is equipped with dental, X-ray and other laboratories. The staff of physicians and nurses are most efficient and kindly, and every care and attention Is given the patients; when the weather permits the beds nre drawn out on the porches, which run the entire length of tho wards, and the sick pass tho day outdoors. Lieutenant James It. I.nughlln, the phslolan In command of the pneumonia ward. Is most popular with those In bis charge, and Is having great success In treating cases In his care. Ho told me that ' icy had sixty cates of pneumonia n iaiiiiary and lost six ; as the popula tion of i he camp ! over 32.000 the ratio seems good, and it is even better for February. I am satisfied that none of the hospi tals In our large cities Is superior in the essentials and In treatment to tho base hospital nt Camp Wadsworth. Nonius II. Moore. Pleas NTVt!.i., March 2. CROSS RIP LIGHTSHIP. Bed Tape Accused of Having Pre vented tbe Sending of Aid to Her. To tub Editor of The Sc.v Sir: It waa with much Interest that I read your editorial article on the loss of the Cross nip Lightship in this morning's Scv Evidently Tna Scn- has not heard of the real negligence In thts case. I am a resident of tho Island of Martha's Vineyard and much Interested In the seafaring workers of tbe conn try. I heard of the loss of tho llght ihlp while I was on my way home n few- days after the vessel was torn from her station. Some two weeks biter while returning from my homo I heard of the steps which had been taken to locate the vessel. The real negligence to which I refer was the failure, ns I am Informed, of the naval station at Woods Hole thn light houses and light vessels I understand now being under the Navy department after having received word from the captains of two other lightships and the keeper of a llghtheusc. who saw the Cross Rip vessel drifting out to sen, to take any active step Immediately to reach the light vessel. 1 was told further that there were two large Head Ing tugs at the time tied up to a dock at Woods Hole, being unable to proceed with their barges on account of Ice conditions In tho Sound, Tho captains of these tugs suggested that they would undertake the rescue of the vessel, but did not dare to do so on their own responsibility, owing to the barges In their care, which would, however, have been perfectly safe dur ing the time they would bave been away. A lighthouse tender at this station bad been sent off to some steamer which was stranded, ns I understand, on tbo south side of Nantucket, so that unless the tugs referred to above were used thero was nothing available on tho station for tho purpose, Newport It was said bad also been ad vised and the statement nvide to me was that neither place would act without Instructions from Washington Hy tbe time these various officers nnd depart ments bad communicated with ono an other tho vessel bad drifted out of sight, and this occurred with tho knowledge that thero were six men on board, five of whom were married. Some days, I understand, had elapsed before they started out to find tho unfortunate light ship. Hy that time It was like "look ing for a needle In a haystack," if these statements nre. correct they represent to my mind negligence which If It had occurred with an Individual or any corporation would bo called crim inal and would havo been the object of no end of publicity. A corroboration of what happened ought to be easily ob tained. In addressing you on this matter I do so on account of my admiration of these brave, unselfish men, about whom the general public know very little and think of less on account of their lack of knowledge, but on whose vigilance and care the comfort and lives of eo many of us depend. If such a thing could happen In this way there Is noth ing to prevent a repetition, as It shows clearly that the present organization Is absolutely Improper to cope with con ditions which only can bo met by imme diate intelligent action, without hav ing to refer to a dozen different chan nels, and I hope that in calling this to your attontlon It may In some way help to correct such a system. M. New York, March 1. Hardships of the Drama In Arkansas. from Ms irlsnsotf Thmtti Cat. 3, Lee Davis witnessed part of a play at tha raavlno lttdga Opera House the other night. Ustween the third anj fourth acts two months waa to elapse, but J, I-e did not have time to wait and Immediately went boms. Another Version. from ! Beattlt PoU lnlellictnttr. Jack Bpratt enjiyed a smoke. His wife enjoyed her canity. But both bucked up and rut th:ra out For Vankee Doodle Dandy, SUFFRAGISTS GET OUT THE BIG STICK FOR SENATOR WADSWORTH. They Do Not Intend to Tarn the Other Check lo Opponrnls Who Havo Struck Them Once. Tho action of the National Woman Guffrngo Association in adopting as a part of their plan of work n cam paign next summer to defeat members of Congress who vote against tho Federal amendment is attracting wtdo comment. Probably the Senato will follow the example of tho lower house and vote to submit tho amendment, making this unnecessary, "n consum mation devoutly to bo wlsheJ." In case, however, that It should not do so, will the suffragists be Justified in mnk Ing a "campaign of reprisal"? Or shall they return good for evil and permit their enemies to bo reelected and pos sibly again defeat their measure? Well, some women might, but they are not the kind that are making the fight for the stiff rage. Tbo trouble has been In classifying nil women ns angels. Tho suffragists are very hu man and they don't caro who knows tt. Tltoy has-e no more intention of turning tho other cheek when they have been struck on ono than men would havo under tho srune circum stances. When tho Republicans wanted to put n high tariff mcosuro through Congress they did their level best to defeat every candidate who would vote ngalnst it. When the remoer,its wished to repeal this measure they followed tho same tactics, in every political campaign each party tries to defeat the candidates who if elected will vote ngalnst the bills which it wishes to have passed. This has always been considered legitimate political warfare. Women liavo neen trvlnif for nearly fifty years to linvo a Vedcral suffrago amendment sub mitted to the Legislatures of tho dif ferent States, but never until now havo had tho votes with which to in fluence members of Congress, and in this country wo believe in using bal- tniu nntpnl of bullets. Thoso wno have now obtained the voting prlvl leco would show very little nppre elntlon of it if they did not use it to secure this some privilege for otner women. Kvcry argument ngalnst woman suf frage has been answered by its prac tical n nnllration in twelve States, not ono of which desires Its repeal or has ever taken n. step toward It. Kleven had thoroughly refuted all tlio nn clent objections excey. ono thnt It wnnifl work disastrously in a large .. . ... oMutrnrrit ! f,ly-a" l"'Br.r.,.r 'V. ,men DV vnu.iK". ' "v causes no more disturbance there than In the prairie towns of Kansas or the villages of tbo Rocky Mountains, and this will be the caso in greater New- York. The suffragists Have met eer test nnd have also accomplished tbe apparently impossible-tbey havo car - ried the great State of New Yotk by an immense majority, and tbe soldiers in camp and field have sealed this i. vnte r,t two to one. They have a right to feel thnt tlio time lias now come wnen iue woim-u United States should no longer be compelled to spend year after year on those State campaigns but should re ceive from Congress such relief as It is ablo to give a relief which even at lt lest will still leave them more work . ...... . . r ,,n to do thnn all the men In the United States combined havo ever done in obtain their enfranchisement If In tbo face of this situation mom bora of the Senate should vote against the Federal umendment for woman euffrnge nnd send the women back to tho States on what in many is an absolutely hopeless quest, they would not have tho true American spirit if they willingly let these men return to , senso of obligation to bold ti Congress or elected others of the sanv standard of thoso who are s' I kind. Public sentiment Jn-tllles tho , the midst of tho contest. Wit ho n advocates of every other cuuso in re- ' regard to their political athllatlt " placing its enemies with fr.iends and It Senators who oppose a Federal ,t. would Justify the suffragists. In th ment will be retired to private Lie equal suffrage States it never has been as soon its tho suffragists in tV v necessary to aU a candidate bow be otis States can bring about tnls I would veto on this amendment. Only I event, and they will leave i. ' ono Senator from those Stalest has unturned to accomplish -i ever voted against It- llornb of Idaho, ' tho amendment lie defeated ,i, i ( . a Southerner and be will not attain ' ate the women voters in t c u be a candidate; nnd only one Rcpre- ' elections this fall will e.-ill t . i sentntlve, who was ftom Colorado, and ' the nominees of the partv ir ho was defeated at the next election. ' for it. Inv lit stm lltu Tho New York delegation In the Kditorial Chairman l-cs .n S if'ft lower bouse voted almost solidly for, Bureau. LIBERTY BONDS. A Word From the Trenanry Might Raise Their Prices. To the UntTon or The Scn Sir; With tbe growing recognition of tho need of tho countrj's ablest men to liamllo earn future may havo In store, a w -of the great war problems, tt.e i.iltid tn r-reasur WI)U, p,)t ti, turns to the market quotations on Lib- bonds very close to par Hud xh rty bonds and wonders when among his 1(en tpnken two month ago manifold labors Mr. M"Adoo will find , havo cost the (;iernnn-nt i tliuo to promote Mr. Vandcrbp from his ' pule to maintain tnu markt t, a position as head ot tho War Savings tt t,0 ppoken now it may yet ;, work, or possibly Mr. Forbes from tbe portion by June next to carrv chairmanship of tb new- Kn..incn fun- : another more succesful nnd ni' servatloa Board to the position of Direc tor-General of the War Finances of the Clovrnmont, Capable, qulto capable men nre now In charge of tho Liberty Loan work, but It lacks a responsible head other than that provided, subject to his other duties, by an assistant secre tary, w ithout power of decision. The i somewhat occasional efforts of Mr. Mc- Adoo to s.y a word, a vain and unassur Ing word to tmprovo the marki t, only emphnslies tho absence of luiderfhlp with both time nnd ability to handle the problem. It Is what Mr. McAdoo falls to say, not what he says, that affects the market. Tho vnst majority of buyers of tho last Issue of bonds understood that they were convertible at par Into tho next Issue i and have assumed that this Issue would I be sold nt par. If this understanding Is to bo met In pemrous good faith by th" Government, subsequent bond Issues will be mote easily and widely distributed and tho Government will save millions oven "Homtfr nols," why I." M- by tho renewed confidence It Inspires , j (,( very interesting le' us I,. among Investors. Tha opposite policy t)at Wnllack'.; Theatre whs '.if will havo nn opposite effect, in the nd f-ifreugham's" There he is wrong ' the Treasury will rind that It has to meet flrst "Brougham's LMnum,'' bt every moral obligation It assumes ami , act or as ho was. Htougliam w.is hv Its delay tn giving positive nssurnneo of manager. Certainly be gavo the Its Intention to do so will only Increase variety enough, for thren or f- r the heavy cost which Is entailed ' Uchlng farce? ov ry week uus t". i Is thero now any question of tho In- thing. Brougham lived en the d -tentlon certainly there Is nonn of the llroomo and Mercer stnets. and 1 power of tbo Government to fulfil i parlor served us a "gteen i'"J the spirit ks well as the letter of this t opened on the staKo of thn thci: understanding? I realize that public dls- remombed being them n-t a bid cusslon must bo limited, but It Is time t night when Brougham was wr t that attention was call, d to tbo nbw nee fnr. o tb.tt w,it being a.-ted Jl'Cn of any iletlnlto policy similar to that of st.ig,.. As the actors e.tme off tl" : ' Great Britain In maintaining tl.n in if- handid their bn' i and buslne ket and furthering the nctual dlstrlliu- tlon of ita bonds. It can be done. It lacks only tbe ability nnd power of de- clslon to do It, Mr, McAdoo remarks somewhat calmly that no Mams at. taclin to thoso who arc compelled to the Federal amendment Senator Calder said before the election that h was In favor of woman suffrage, but not of this amendment; now he an. nounccs thnt ho will votn for it. Senator Wadsworth fought thn state amendment up to the day of election, now bo la fighting tbo I'tderal measure, nnd ho defies tho women to do their worst. They will, although unfortunately ho Is not half tlirojRh a six year term, but It In said Hint li had expected to bo President, with perhaps tho Governorship of New York on the side. This is a c.im- c-pe. daily In point. Senator Wadhvtnrili, as n member of tho resolutions com! mlttec at the last national Republican convention, bitterly opposed the suf. frngo plank and threatened to carry the matter to tho floor of tbe conun. tlon, but was squelched by older and wb-er members, who may have felt Just ns he did but hud more political sagacity, Tjtst October ho touU the stump ngalnst tho State nmondtntnt in New Y'ork, und succeeded In carrylnc Ids county nnd possibly others, YVlill. he wns doing so his wlfo also tns speaking ngalnst It every night from Buffalo to Brooklyn, and sho extended her nctlvltles into her native State of Ohio, where her association was trlng to tnke tho Presidential vote away from women. Ono of the tlilnzs she sf.ld was: "Tho suffragists nsking the vote as n matter of Justice are like n cat chasing Its own tall " Another saying was: "I don't think women havo tltno to go Into public llfe I know I haven't. I'm here to-ntgl.t because I believe in vaccination I would rather be vaccinated than have the smallpox." Mrs. Wndsworth took tho prcj-ldency of tho National Anti-Suffrage As.'o. elation whlto tbo amendment was pending In New York In order to op pose tbo weight of her prestige n.s the wlfo of ltei United States Senator nnJ tho daughter of John Hay. She re ferrcd In a published nrticlo to "tfc. suffragists trying to masquerade at patr!ots,"und said: "When the f trickn countries of Kuropo were crying help lessly for fooJ and clothing and lh other things women's hands cnu'1 mnko tho suffragists devoted thcl moucy nnd their time exclusively t 'tho cause.'" The Etnalle.'t rcparatlc Senator Wadsworth can make for M- tnu bis wife s determination t' l.reii -Vow York women disfranchised H , vote for tbo federal umendment If tho opponents of woman suffrnpe had made a fair und honorable ci n test of argument and reason on Hie merits of tho question Its advocates might bo willing to closo the books nr.d . bury the past. On ho contrary men and women "nntis" alike bave branded , the suffragists ns pro-German. pad fists, nihilists; ns anti-war, nnti-t!r.it'. , everything that was disloyal. Tin has been done ofllciaily nnd public' In tho press nnd on tbo platform, t has been declared that tlm Niw Yr. victory was due to voters of tl ' character, and that tho suflr.islsi would now organize n "sex w ir" n. anarchy and chaos would resu ' It is nsklns too much of women w have struggled and endured ns ' ; .oiur.igists navo to leei no resrn'iv.cr to wipe out old scores, to petm.l tie- to go to Congress without oppi who will vote for tbe prolong, r, this stress and strain in other tvu to forgive the enemies who b.-iv-s.issinated character in order t" tho franchise from women i-'c spect will not allow It, nor w . ' sell their Liberty bonds. WM se-i ; they compelled to sell thi-m a a lf , of h.vlf or more of tho "ma-gin" e v,llk'1' many patriotic ritneits pu'n .i i the bonds? It Is an esperlen-e t' at es ; not ),t affect VPr). RrP.my tlm r. sii. ( to .ucc,.0,jng is.ms. What, v.' ' d fr distribution of bunds. ' , r YuNKiais, March THE ABDICATION Man Recognizes the 1 titlhtj ( lb Struggle Against Neman To tub I'mToa ok ti r s in reported that Cmuvr -i i n i named a completo i. ll .n.''tn t piesldent, truHei.s roi i-Kir, .. and treasurer -all wonun i audio. i'' lf a village Is to bo ruled bj why not a toAn er e tj, a M.it "' a national gmeram.-t t ' The eld 1 passes nu.iy and the new ,ta is I 'ETlli:o.si:n I. .N'tTT Y"IIK, March ". ilrintghnm's I.vrenni and Wallai . Theatre. To Hir. IHToit op Tun .s wi.uld "wlmj" Hum That was ur.usl .fter Brougham's falhi" 1 J. V, Wallack took tho house a- I him It in-oved successful. Hknst II Bi.O'Mriri.n, N J. February Z'