mW tVvWlll tiff mfta aE 4
Cloudy to-day; fair and somewhat
colder to-morrow; southwest winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 65; lowest, 43.
Detailed wetther report on iMt page..
VOL. LXXXV. NO. 213.
ALLIES ON OFFENSIVE; GAIN ON WIDE FRONT;
RETAKE 6 TOWNS, THREA TENING FOE'S FLANK;
100,000 PICKED U. S. TROOPS SENT TO BATTLE
IN QUEBEC RIOTS
Crowd Attempts to Liberate
SEVERAL TROOPERS HURT
Rioters Oct Stock of Firearms
Later by Raiding Hard
Special Detpatch to Tsi Sex.
Quebec, March 31. Quebec had a
tujrts of rex! warfare last night and to
by when It witnessed a cavalry charge
. nil dodged flying bullets. A mob of
10 000 assembled In tie Stroch district,
iii lower town, in which moat of the
rouble his originated, and marched In
military formation to the barracks with
!i ironed Intention of liberating the
t adscripts quartered there.
Fortunately the hotheads had an
nounced their plans and the military
was well prepared. When the first
flowers of mlasles rattled on the drill
hill windows the 'gates opened and a
.-.-(Madron of cavalry charged the mob,
'nhlch scattered, but resumed the bom
bardment with chunks of ice from door
iy. Several troopers and cltlsens
were Injured, but none seriously. The
hornet fared worse, their legs being cut
Early to-night a hardware store In the
loner town was raided and the rioters
tot a stock of firearms. To prevent
repetition of this occurrence the mil
itary authorities made a descent on an
other store and took possession of all
levolvers and amamniUon, stocked there.
atalaa at Saltier.
To-day1 being Easter Sunday the
trts were thronged and despite the
reading In the Catholic churches of a
ltter from Cardinal Begin imploring the
citizens to remain calm and help In re
storing order, the spirit of excitement
was abroad and It was easily seen that
ihs trouble was not over. Shots were
fired st the military by concealed Insur
ants without hitting any soldiers, but
ji young man and two girls were
v ounaea oy eirny ouiiria. . t
Rioting broke out afresh and cavalry
vm again employed In clearing the
r.-reetj. The horse of Lieut. Montserrat
vas killer! under him.
T'lcm were several casualties of a
h"sht nature, among persons who were
imhle to get out .of the way quickly
trough when the cavalry advanced.
Threats to blow up the newspaper
(TIcm if they commented unfavorably
m the disturbers were made public and
In one case had a peculiar effect on
(aturday. All Montreal newspapers
-in-led what purported to be an edi
torial from J.e SoleU condemning the
r".on of the antl-oonscrlptionlsts. The
dltorial never appeared, the editor de
ildlns on receiving the threat that dls-
stion nas the better part of valor.
Leader Are Identlflea.
I-der of the disturbances have
W-i Identified by the police, and al
' ii'js1! no arrests havn been made they
i" expected. Quebec papers argue that
i riots have their origin outside of
yueber, and one Montreal paper, Le
.''ifiomilijtff, goes so far as to suggest
'hit they may be the work of Uovern
ifnt "agents provocateurs."
Thit martial law would b welcomed
hy the majority of responsible cltlsens Is
"Udent from their conversation. In
Montreal thero Is no public sympathy
'i- the rioters among the French Ca
' adinni and tho affair Is not looked on
a racial Issue.
Even French Canadians freely suggest
i use. of machlno guns if the affair
S" further for they foel tho prestige
'' 'heir race Is being made to suffer by
'tt actions of a few Irresponsible hot
Several clashes took 'place late to
r'rht between the military and the riot
rs In which several civilians, including
a newspaper reporter, were wounded.
Mob of about a thousand men each are
nradlng in different sections of the city
M the military have been obliged to
mount machine guns at strategic points.
A large body of troops wltlua machine
Run Is stationed at the Post Office ready
BRITISH WIN IN AIR IN ITALY.
""hey Bring Doirn H3 Enemy Craft
and I-oe Only 10.
Ios-ion, March 31. - eighty-three
enemy airplane have !in destroyed
y UrltlBh aviators since they have been
peratlng on the Italian front, says a
British official communication Issued to
WghL Tho text follows:
On the Italian front the British
troop, holding the Montelo section
wre relieved In the middle of March
"id since have taken a new sector on
the Aslago plateau,
Our flying corps since its arrival In
has destroyed eighty-three ene
ny machines and lost ten.
LIBERTY MOTOR STANDS TEST.
'ri.p,., I'oor Person From llamp-
'ii t tnnnpolla and Back.
Impt.i;.-, Va., March 31, A Liberty
'u' installed In n Curtis machine was
"I '.-day by Major Hoy I,, Brown,
"'U'tiB Officer at t-anglev Field.
" 'light to Annapolis, Mil., and back.
"J"- Hrown carried three passengers.
' i officers said tho motor acted
' "ctiy throughout the round trip, and
ji'.fndii! time was mnd, No other tie-
"HV givvu out.
King George Praise
Americana in France
LONDON, March jr. Renter's
correspondent at British
Headquarters in France, describ
ing King George's visit to the
In the course of an inspection
the King visited an airdrome,
where he inspected an American
section, the members of which
he congratulated upon their fine
and smart appearance, praise
which was well justified, -for a
likelier looking set of lads never
yet swore to drive the Huns out
of the air.
The King spent a crowded fifty
.hours in France, moving about
freely among troops who had
taken part in the first onrush of
the German offensive.
T. R.'S SON LAY
IN MUD 14 HOURS
Capt. Archie Roosevelt Is Un
' der German Firo After Be
SUFFERED INTENSE PAIN
Left Arm Broken and Knee
Injured by Shrapnel
For fourteen hours after he was
wounded in action with the American
forces in France on Marcn 13. Capt.
Archibald Roosevelt, son of Theodore
Roosevelt, lay in a muddy trench un
der Are, according to a letter received
yesterday by Dr. Joelah Hartwall of
Portchester, N. T., from a physician
friend who Is In charge of an evacua
tion hospital behtnd the American lines.
The letter contains the first definite
rews regarding ths extent of Capt.
Iloosevelt's wounds and testifies to his
Capt. Roosevelt, the letter explains,
was wounded at 6 o'clock In the morn
ing, but until 7 o'clock that night the.
heavy artillery fire from the German
trenches maoS It Impossible to remove
him with any degree or safety. Dur
ing all this time he suffered Intensely,
but managed to hide his agony under
n cheerful Hooseveltlan smile. To those
who attended him ho made light of his
At the hospital it was found that his
left arm had been broken and that
shrapnel had entered his left kneecap,
penetrating the flbulik An operation
was performed immediately tand the
shrapnel removed, the wound being left
open. He Is now In excellent condition.
Dr. Hartwell, the recipient of the let
ter. Is distantly related to Mrs. Archi
bald Roosevelt, who likewise received
her first direct word from her husband
yesterday In the form of a cablegram
written by the Captain from his hospital
cot. The cablegram which was received
by Mrs. Roosevelt In Boston read :
"Am resting finely. Everything O. K.
Mrs. Roosevelt lost no time In com
municating the good news by telephone
to Col. Roosevelt at Sagamore Hill.
HONORS TO VOLUNTEERS.
Dartmouth 1018 Men I" War Ser
rlca to Get Desrreea.
Special Despatch to Taa Scn.
Hanovss, N. H., March SI. By vote
of the trustees of Dartmouth College
yesterday the men In the 191 class who
have left college slncAUhe United States
declared war will be granted the degree
at this years commencement exercises
which they would have received had
times remained normal.
This action came ss a complete sur
prise, and will probably mean that many
more men In the eenlor class will leave
before the end of the year, but their
cases will be dealt with Individually, ac
cording to a statement given out by
President Hopkins, as this act Is meant
to Include only those men who are al
ready In the service.
VIENNA PAPER NOT HOPEFUL.
Warns That Enflana and America
Cannot Be Defeated.
Baski,, March 31. The itrbeifer 7M
tv.no fit Vienna, a copy" of the Thursday
edltlotyTif which has been received here,
rounds a note of warning to the Teu
tonic allies as follows :
"Do not be deceived. Germany's vic
tories never will force the Entente to
aoceDt a peace of violence. If the Ger
mans could take Calais and Paris, and
even force France and Italy to capitu
late, there will ever remain the English
hidden In their Isle and America pro
tecte4 by the ocesn. They ran always
cor'tnue the wsr by sea. The greatest
victory cannot impose a peace of vio
lence on America and England."
U-BOATS TIE UP SPAIN'S SHIPS.
Merchants Demand Commerce
With V. 5. Be Reiomed,
M.nnm. March 31, Ten large trans
atlantic steamships have cancelled their
sailings for America and are lying Idle
In various harbors of Bpatn on account
of the submarine menace.
Freight amounting to thousands of
tons Is lying on the docks at Cadis,
Barcelona and Corunna awaiting cargo
space. Heavy losses are being sustained
in consequence. Tho'Government la re
ceiving a great number of telegrams
ctectlng against tnn mocHaae ana sax
recuUbllshmont of commerce with
I .imerlca. . i
NEW YORK, MONDAY, APRIL 1, 1918.--r'.
U. S. TO SEIZE
Drastic Step Proposed to
Saddle Burden on Those
Able to Bear It.
CALLS FOR COMMISSION
Against Plan of Packers to
Let High Prices Keep Con
ipedul Dupatch to Taa Sex. .
WasHisoroy, March 81. Oovernment
seizure and operation of the packing
plants of the nation with Federal super
vision and control of the entire Industry
of meat production and distribution is
proposed as an urgent war necessity In
a letter by Food Administrator Hoover
to President Wilson, which wan made
public here to-day. The recommenda
tion Is the most drastic step in the mat
ter of food control that has been put
forward In' official circles, and is looked
upon as laying a foundation for strict
regulation of foodstuffs of all kinds. In
cluding wheat and sugar. In the Immedi
ate future. .
Competition between Government
needs and domestic consumption hss
produced a condition In meat produc
tion, says Mr. Hoover, which makes
necessary, a complete change of pollcy
that will not only control prices but
will afford a maximum of protection to
both the Government and the, civilian
consumer. He does not mention either
ths packers or the meat distributing
agencies of. the country, but ths accep
tance of-his recommendation will elimi
nate tho former from the situation and
place the latter under strict Govern
Ontllnes Possible Action.
The masible courses of action which
he says are possible in the situation I
Abandonment by tho Government
of all Interest In price regulation anil 1
conservation measures because of the
effect on price fluctuation.
Continuance of the present policy
of making large purchases with n
mlxturo of partial national policy In
production and day by day dealing
Stabilization cf prices based upon
the"" v,st of production at a fair and
stimulative profit tnjthe producer and
to eliminate speculative risks and
Mr. 'Hoover suggests the appointment
of a commission to take up all phases
of the meat situation and devise the
Government's policy. He proposes that
the commission Include the Secretary of
Agriculture, the chairman of the Federal
Trade Board, the chairman of the Fed
eral Tariff Board, the Secretary of La
bor and the Food Administrator.
"This commission should at once ex
haustively consider the entire -situation
in all Its aspects and determine a posi
tive national policy In meat?," he says.
In discussing the effect or tho present
meat policy on the civilian consumer he
says that the adoption of conservation
through price Increases puts the burden
on that, section of the community with
the least purchasing power and results
In a conservation for the wealthy and
not tor the poor.
Barden Pt I'pon Wealthy.
"An extension of the conservation
policy now In force places reduction In
consumption where It rightly belongs,
on those who can save from plenty and ,
not on those who save from nourish-
ment." he continued.
The packing Interests of the country, I
since organisation of the meat division
of the Food Administration at Chicago,
have insisted that conservation should
he had through price fluctuations and
that higher prices would cause that de
gree of conservation which the Govern
ment deems necessary to the welfare of
the country at this time. Mr. Hoover
expressed his unalterable opposition to
that programme and frequently has said
that the meat policy of his administra
tion must have the same degree of pro
tection to the wage earner as to the
Neither Mr. Hoover nor any one con
nected with the meat division of the
Food Administration would discuss the
negotiations which have been carried on
with tho packing Interests or the at
tempts made to solve tho problem. Mr.
Hoover's letter to the President Is ex
pressed In terms of such unqualified di
rectness as to lead to the belief here
that the end of the patience of the Gov
ernment officials in negotiating with the
packing Interests has been reached and
that they believe the country's welfare
can bo protected best through eliminat
ing them entirely from the situation.
Cnllaslen Char Relate!.
The unequivocal stand of the Food
Administrator In his letter to tho Presi
dent Is regarded as giving denial to the
charges among cattle raising Interests
In the Kouthwest that the Food Admin-Istratlon-ls
In collusion with the pack
ing Interests at Chicago and retraining
from measures that safeguard the cattle
men and the meat consumers at tlits
The amalgamation of various Govern
ment departments and bureaus behind
the Food Administration in the meat
situation will afford a atrateglo advan
tage in the contemplated drlvo to elimi
nate profiteering and hoarding and com
pel the marketing of grains and other
foods at the time when they are needed
American Troop Will
Enter Battle in Picardy
pARIS, March Ji.An oScial
note issued to-day. dealing
with the operation ol American
troops with the French and Brit
The French Government has
decided to accede to the desire
expressed by Gen. Pershing in
the name or the United States
Government. The American
troops will fight side by side with
the British nnd French troops,
and the Star Spangled Banner
will float beside the French and
English flags in the plains of
Warns Emperor of Austria,!
Threatening Condemnation i
BIO GUNS FIRING AGAIN
Lonjj Range Attack Resumed
on Easter Sunday "With
Special Coble. DetpatcK to Ths Si.
Copyright 1911 ; all rightt reitnrd.
Rome, March 31. The Pope Is very
Indignant over the German long range
bombardment of a church In Paris on
Good Friday, lie haa warned the Em
peror of Austria-Hungary, threatening
public condemnation unless the bombard
ments are discontinued and Austria's re-
The Catholic newspapers, commenting i
on tho horrible episode which has' pro
voked worldwide dlwruat, recall the Ger
man aid given to prevent the liberation
of Jerusalem and German, complicity in
the Armenian massacres, which have
now been eclipsed.
GIANT GUNS STILL
Churches More Crowded
Than on Other Easier.
n.nis, March 31. The bombardment
of Paris by Ions? range German guns
was resumed at 2 "15 P. M. to-day. An
official note Issued to-night says:
Tho German long range cannon
continued to-day to bombard the Paris
district. One person was killed and
At the services this morning the
churches were nrore crowded than l
usual on Easter Sunday.
No unexploded shell from a gun bom
barding Paris thus far has been found.
However, there have been examined In
the municipal laboratory fragments of
sufficient size to permit the directors to
reach certain conclusions. Tney are of
tho ODlnion that a double fuse is used
and that the guns firo 210 millimeter
igi,J inch) shells,
Apparently four guns are being used,
I two on each alternate day. The tubes
I of the guns, which are rifled guns, are
more than sixty feet long. The In
stallation and adjustment of the guns
mt require at least three months
Doubtless they are concealed under
mountains of cement, rendering tv most
difficult to locate and destroy them,
NEW GUN DESCRIBED.
German Artillery Expert Says
Shell Travels Three Minutes.
Geneva, March 3t I.leut.-Gen. von
Itohne, a German authority on ordnance
and lnpector of artillery, gives In a
magaxlne of which he Is editor, addi
tional details In regard to the long dis
tance German guns with which Paris Is
being bombarded. He says they are
20 meters (6&4 feet) long. The empty
shell weighs 150 kilograms (380 pounds),
and the charge weighs the same. The
projectile attains a height of 30 kilo
meters (18.6 miles) and descends from
the sky like a meteor on Its target.
Oen. von Rohne says It requires about
three minutes for the shell to reach Its
destination. Tho greatest difficulty In
the way of Increasing the range was
overcome by sending the projectile hlrh
enough, to reach the rarlded air,
It appears the Germans are extremely
proud of the bombardment of Paris,
SPANISH SHIP CANT GET COAL.
Supply Itefnacd at Havana May
Fill Bankers) at Vera Cm,
Mexico Citt, March 31. The captain
of the Spanish steamship Alfonso XIII.,
which Is lying at Havana, haB cabled
the agents at Vera Cms that he Is un
able to continue tho voyage, as the
Cuban authorities havo refused a supply
of bunker coal.
The Vera Crux agent Informed him
that D00 tons of coal had been obtained
at that port for the vessel's return voy
age and It It expected the steamship
will continue. The offices of tho com
pany at Barcelona, Spain, are making
an effort to get coal at Havana.
River Front Fire la PallaaalpkU.
PiMLAPBLFHtA, March 31. The Gen
eral Manufacturing Company plant on
the Delaware Blver front, manufacturer
of fertiliser, was damaged by firs to-day
ta tte ztsnt ol fvtwot tMWfc
OF FORCE GOING
TO FOCH'S LINES
Official Washington Hails
Pershing's Move With '
UNDER FRENCH ORDERS
First Operation of American
Troops Sinee tho Newly
Special Dupatch to The Srs
Wasiiikoton, March 31. The an
nouncement from Oen. lershlna;'s head-
quarters that the American troops have
TZ 7rb EE
with enthusiasm throughout official
Washington to-dsy. President Wilson
received the news early In the afternoon,
It having been transmitted to the White
Hou?e by the Associated Press. Major
Gen. March also was Informed.
As Indicated In The Sum this morn
ing, the American troops will reach the
battle sone at the most critical time In
the conflict and they will have an op
portunity. It Is explained, to meet the
enemy In more or less open warfare.
The War Department bars all detailed
authoritative comment as to tho strength !
of t?ic American forces to be thrown into
the battle. It can be stated, however,
that this force will be more than 100.00A
men. Whether the American troops
Which have been engaged holding five
small sector of the line will be relieved
of this duty to participate In the Picardy
fighting Is not known hers.
Ta prevalent onmion la army clroles
i that a large port of the troops so en
gaod have.., bsn- relieved .jr- French
troops and that thoae Americans, who
have had their baptism of German fire
under varylnr conditions, will be among
those picked by Gen. Foch, the Gen
eralissimo of the allied srmles, for the
work of assisting French troops In the
prospective counter nttacks on a major
scale against the Germane.
Xen Yorkers to Enter Fry.
It Is Indicated that this so-called army
of first line flRhtlnc American" will be
made up of the most seasoned troop in
Gen. perching' command. That the
regulars will he Included 1, regarded.,
here as a foregone conclusion and It is
expected that the Itatnbow Division. !
which Included former New York Na
tional Guardsmen, may also participate
In the brunt of the fighting.
The less seasoned troops, It ! ex
plained, probably will guard transporta
tion lines or elsewhere behind the firing
line to relieve more experienced French
and British troops for action.
Estimates of the time it will take for
the American troops to reach the scene
of the operations in Picardy cannot be
baaed on authentic Information, but it
Is believed that the movement will be
carried out rapidly. Gen. Focli It Is
pointed out, move swiftly in alt his
plans and distances and transportation
difficulties nppear to dwindle when he
set his machinery In motion.
Military men here noted to-day the
encouraging reports from the battle
front, especially those Indicating that
the French and British wcro fighting
side by side with striking spirit and
elan near Moreuil. This town was cap
tured by the picked shock troops of the
Crown Prince on 'Friday. It represented
the maximum advance of the Germans
In this direction and was referred to
in the German official communique as
Crown Prince Ta Pashrd Back.
But simultaneously with the an
nouncement that Ge.n. Foch had been
made supreme commander of the allied
and American forces came the news
that sharp counter attacks had begun
against this point. The German official
communique In referring to Saturday's
fighting reports that these counter at
tacks were repulsed.
The latest official announcement says
that after the most desperate and san
guinary fighting for the possession of
Moreuil the shock troops of the Crown
Prince have been thrown out at the
point of the bayonet and that the
French are In possession.
According to reports the town changed
hands several times In succession, but
at the end the troops of the German
Crown Prince were driven out and Gen.
Foch's order had been executed with the
spirit which has characterised the work
of men under his command.
U S. TROOPS MOVING
BY FRENCH ORDERS
Men Go Forward Singing to
Join Battle Line,
Bv the Auociated Pre$.
With ths American Armt is
Fbancs, March 31. The acceptance by
France of Gen. Pershing's offer of all
American men nnd material for the
present emergency. In effect virtually
has resulted In a unified army com
mand, so far as the French army and
American forces are concerned. This
is shown by the fact that the orders Is
sued to the American troops are of
Great activity continued Sounday
throughout the sons where the American
troops are quartered. It began at 4
o'clock this morning, when heavily
loaded motor camions began rumbling
through the streets and over the roads,
which by noon were crowded with
Fighting Centres at Moreuil, the Junction
of the British and French Armies in Picardy
fpedal Cools Dttpatch to Taa Sck.
Coptrioht. Hll; all rioMt rtterrtd.
J.ONDON, March 31. Moreuil, seventeen miles south of Albert and
about eight north of Montdidier, the village about which the
fiercest fighting centred to-day, in which it changed hands four
times, is the chief point in the present German drive to capture
Amiens. It is also the present junction point of the French and
British armies. The- place is of the highest importance strategically,
as it commands the road and the railway running northwest to
Amiens and also the road due east to Ailly and then on to Paris.
The Germans are following consistently their original programme
of striking hard and fast on as broad a front as possible at what they
consider the most vulnerable section of the Allies' line. The brunt
of the attack in this region is falling upon the Crown Prince's army,
under command of Gen. von Hutier, one of the ablest commanders
in the German army.
When the American troops go into the battle they may be in
it now they are likely to be heard from first in the region of Moreuil
or on the southern side of the Montdidier salient, where the French
alreudy have begun a counter offensive, it is reported.
WARNS U.S. OF
London "Globe" Issues Appeal
Against Chatter of. Ama
DANGEROUS TO PLANS i
"No Annexation and No In
demnity" Slogan Called
fptclol Cab! Detpntch to Tna Sex.
Copyright, Jilt; all right! "'"Mf
London, March 31. The ftlgafiln a
special article entitled "The Americana
and Ourselves An Appeal," after dis
claiming agy Intention lch,oljnj. ths;
expressions of disappointment by ardent
Americans fhaf tfle United Slates Is not
counting for more In a military tents at
the beginning of her second year In'the
war, says there are two points to which
It wishes to call America's attention, and
"In all wars waged by democracies
there Is a rl1 of the excessive pre-
dominance of talking men and writing i the lack of coordination is costing the
men over fighting men. The former are Allies darly and that unity of corn
not only In political control but they 1 mand has Decome a vital necessity,
arc usually more nimble tongued, which ' That such action was not taken before.
unnhli. thm tn mvrpnm. t) tattr In . , ,
argum-nt even when the nght In. men
KITer of l.lp Service.
".An a result essential preparations
are potponed. sound plans of cam-
palgn are rejected or ruined and wildcat,
schemes are preferred. Not Infrequently ,
there is actual Interference with opera-
tlons in the field.
"If the Americana can help us In con
fining the civilians to those questions
which civilians are presumed to under
stand, leaving a free hand to the sol
diers and sailors In their proper sphere,
they will render an Incalculable service
to the Allies and will offer for the com-
mon cause a decent prospect of victory.
"We have learned In this war. as In
every previous war, that the'handlcaps
which s're Inevitable in Improvising a
great nrmy are multiplied tenfold by
amateur strategy, which is far more
deadly to Its own 1de than the most
brilliant enemy generalship. May the
Americans succeed In keeping this curse
outside of their war councils and outs.
"Tlie second point which demands
American attention Is the vexed ques
tion of no annexations and no Indemni
ties, the catchword Invented by Berlin
for undoing Russia and paralyzing the
rest of Europe. As we have learned
from the proceedings and the results at
Brest-Utovsk. thin fnrmala means that
when Germany wins she takes what she
pleases, but when wo win Germany
must lose nothing.
"We cannot believe that an Intelligent
and practical people like the Americans,
who are now fully alive to the Pan
German peril, will consent to a policy
which spells perpetual war. If we want
a permanent peace we must make It.
plain to the war makers not only that
we mean to win but that when we have
won we shall take the necessary steps
to make war unattractive In the future
by penalizing the authors of the present
"Otherwise democracy must fade out
amid perpetual alarms and excursions.
Washington should be able to help the
Allies' cause In both of these vital mat
ters." Need for Tobacco
Increasing at Front
A LTHOUGH millions of smokes
have been sent by THE SUN
Tobacco Fund to our men at the
front, the need for tobacco is
becoming more urgent as the
strength of our army in France
Now is the time to contribute,
or to repeat if you are already
on the honor roll of donors!
Friday -night's patriotic rally
at Carnegie Hall with Muratore
to sing and Benson to deliver his
message should call there all
donors and other friends of the
WARNING! THE SUN TO
BACCO FUND has no connection
with .ny other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
IT SHINES FOP, ALL
VEERS TO FOCH
Only a Few Regard Unified
Control as Aimed at Cer
WHY PREMIER HESITATED
Yielded to Argument That
Army Would Resent Being
Under a Frenchman.
Special Cobl Dupatch to Tri Srx.
Copyright, 1111; all rightt reterved.
Ikpon. March 31. The appointment
of Gen. Ferdinand Foch, the French
Chief of Staff, as Generalissimo with
supreme power of direction over ths
allied armtss, has caused general satis-
fartlAfrWWWrront anion th few who
ptrslst In seeing In this plan an Intrigue
against certain high British army com -
,.,., w ,,, .h.
mandcrs fostered by an element In the
CaWn,et and a seotion of the preje.
This action Is regarded as the In
evitable outcome of the present military
situation, which has "mphaslzed that
""'7 " . , n LZ Z Z
. mcnts of Great Britain, ! ranee and he
I United State, was due to the argument
that the British army would resent be-
Ing placed under a French General,
Thl nreri o stronelv that Prc-
, u c,eorce hesitated to force
mler uo l,corse "al(,a l lorcc
, 'no issu.
The military leaders themselves, it is
understood, have recently suggested the
advisability of a central command In
the. present crisis. Pince the beginning
It has been patent that the Gormans not
onlv have profited from their own
i unified command, but frequently have
1 gained great advantages through the
unrelated efforts of the Allies. There Is
reason to believe that In addition to
the approval of Field Marshal Sir Doug -
Ux Ilalg. Commander In unter or me
British forces, the change hai been
strongly favored by the Supreme War
Council r.t Versailles and by Sir Henry
Wilson, the British Chief of Staff.
It is understood that under the new
arrangement Field Marshal Halg and
Gen. retain will retain control of their
respective armies under tho direction
of Gen. Foch. The Daily Telrirrnp
said the step was taken to obviate diffi
culties due tn mixing British and
French troops In various portions of the
imr. ji i'"" -"-
one of tho British armies Cas been in-
ti rAt ertmA ill's n iri
oer me commnnil oi n i- i inn
obtain complete combination of effort
This refers undoubtedly to the army
operating south of the Somme, where
the British arc fighting In conjunction
with the Third French army It Is said
unity of command went into eirec;
Wednesday at midnight
BRITAIN'S REVENUES GROW
Cains Shown In All
LovpoN. March 30. The Treasury
statement for tho financial year ended
yesterday shows a revenue of 707,234,
665, an Increase of C183,K06,9R3 over
the preceding year. Nearly all sources
of revenue show Increases except those
from excise, which dropped ft, 322,000,
The chief Increases were 80.24,noO
from excess profits nnd 34,476,000 from
the Income tax.
Expenditures amounted to t2.B98.221.
405, compared with 2,108,112,710 last
year. National war bonds brought In
FIRING INCREASES IN ITALY.
Artillery Is Active Alans; the En-'
Home, March 31. Along the entiro
Italian front there Is an extensive ar
tillery exchange In progress and con
siderable activity by patrol parties, says
the Italian official communication Issued
Nine additional enemy airplanes have
been brought down by British nnd Ital
This Is a
PRICE TWO CENTS.
British and French by Bay
onet and Cavalry Charge
Again Regain Moreuil.
HAD BEEN TWIjDE LOST
'Two Mile Gain Made in Sec
tor Between Mesnil .
and Lassigny. .
i TEUTON LOSS ENORMOUS
i Eleventh Day of Brittle Shows
, Signs of Exhaustion on
Part of the Invaders.
! PARIS, March 31. The battle is
, slackening, according to news reach
ing Paris late to-night. The attacks
of the Germans to day have been leas
violent and less numerous, and it has
been observed that the enemy fs
feverishly digging himself in, partic
ularly in the neighborhood of Las
signy. The general Impression is that tho
situation is most satisfactory.
Special Cable Despatch to Ths Sex.
Vopvrlght. 1911; all rightt reserved,
I.onpon, Mnrrh 31. The results T
the flKhtlnp; to-dny, tho olevcnth day
of the tremendous battle In PlQardy,
were most encournclnp, tho official re
ports revealing the French reserves
beatlns back the masses of (he Crown
Prince's army alone tho whole front
from Moreuil to Lassigny, taking a
number of prisoners nnd guns.
JDeranln, on t lie Luce River, or
brook, about which the most severe
fighting has centred for the last two
days, with terrific hand to hand
struggles of almost hourly occurrence,
wns taken to-dnjrby the British.
To tho south Moreuil, an Important
ylllajre. was the point ohottt which A
''""" "lru?" centrra to-oay.
our times Hit- j)lace changed hands
. .,.,. ., 3,H ,, ,
French nnd British, the latter aided
by Canadian cavalry in brilliant
charges with the bayonet.
Tito Mile Gain by Frenrh.
On tlie Montdidier salient also the
Germans mot important reverses,
especially on tho south side, which
runs past of La.HlRiiy ami Xoyrsi. In
this .-.cctor tho French recaptured at
lcat four villages Monchcl, Aycn
ooiirt, Plemont nnd Canny. Also they
drove !i the German line to n depth
of two miles or more. In these opera
tions more than 1,000 Gorman prlson-
I Prs wre ,aken nnrt more ,nan a hun
i dred German machine guns.
The Berlin statement contains little
.Information, except n1' to yesterday's
tigming on the line from Moreuil
southward. Furious attacks bv the
French on the tip of the salient, at Mes.
nil, are said to have been repulsed, and
also similar drives along the south line.
In this operation the French arc strlK
1ng at the German flan!; in the direction
of Itoye, AH icport state that tho
allied front W being consolidated and
' strengthened bj the dully arrival of te-
Whers Amrrlenn May F.nter.
This part of the battle front is of par
ticular Interest because It Is probabM
that the American force, how reported
cn the way to take n hand In the fight
ing, Is likely to bo thrown In here.
Apparently tho turn of the Allies Is
beginning, or lias begun. The German
attacks In the Moreuil ceotor were un
diminished In their force nnd Intensity,
but It seemed that the Invaders were too
i . ..
exhausted to carry on other similar at
frtks n , rRmn Um( ns t
, been ilnlnr for more than n weel.. Vnrth
of the Sonitne, Field .Marshal Ila'lg re
portf to-night, it as quiet, although on
Saturday the heaviest attacks were de
livered in th.it nvlon the Germans urt-
dancing In four distinct waves. Their
, loses In tills Meter alone ran into
J thousands. Near Serre, a little north
of Albert, the BrltNh took the offensive
and tn what is termed a local operation,
i captured 230 prisoners and forty ms-
! chine guns
Srve Attack Made by Germans.
Immediately south of the Somme the
Germans attacked In considerable forc
about noon to-day and at nightfall tlili
action vi as still in progrre.' In the angle
of the I,uc and the ,vre. One of the
most encouraging features or the situa
tion to-night is that the British and
French aro taklim tho offensive moie.
and more and are making marked gains
The only German succesti during the day
was a minor one ; after heavy fighting,
In which they paid a price out of all
proportion to their gain, they won a
footing In the village of Hanngard-en
tn the lighting between Moreuil and
Montdidier the French artillery. ihi
famous 75s, did terrible execution among
the Germans, who still cling to the
method of attacking tn masses. In the
sector between Moreuil and Iaslgnv
tho French took more than 700 prisonei?
View of British Expert.
I, oval Feasor, writing In the
Moil on Germany's supreme bid for vic
tory In France, says:
"Should tho Germans fall to accom
plish their full purpose this should S.c
the decisive battle of the war. It should
be derisive because they have staked
their whole position upon the result and
a failure, or even a half success, means
ruin for them, for their civil population
Is very near tho starvation point, and
unlets Germany can get peace now sho
Is done. That Is why she has thrown
all her available military resources Into
xml | txt