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Tt'KSlUY, Al'ItIL 1018. MEMBUIl or THE ASSOCIATED PntMS. The Asaoclatn.l pre.a It exclusively, en titled lo the use for republication of all news deapatcbaa credited In It or I01 otherwise credited In thin paper and also tha local news published herein. All rights tif republication of apacUl despatches herein are alio reserved. Entered at tha Poat Office nt New York at Second Claas Mall Matter. Subaerlpllopa by Mall, Postpaid. One Sl Year. Months. Month DAILY SUNDAY... W.50 tM.TJ haii.t only 7.o SUNDAY only J.JO 1-50 .SO OvuniiN Ittrr.s. DAILY SL'NDAY...10.00 DAILY only 1.00 SUNDAY only . Kositori Bitm. DAILY A SUNDAY. ..t.en SlS.eO J.tJJ DAILY only IJ.OJ BUNDAY only 9.00 4.IM .10 a.i.M l.e? H.68 .ao S.JO .Ml THE BVENINfl PUS. IVr Month. ...fO.J TUB KVKNINil M'N. Per Year...... B.00 THE EVENING SUN I Foreign). Per Mo. 1.50 Alt rhecks. money ordera. c, to ba nada payable to Til a Sis. ruhllhd dally. Including Sunday, by the Jun Printing and Publishing Association at MO Nauau atreet. In tho Horough of Man hattan. New York. Prealdent. Frank A. Munaty. ISO Nntaau atrtet: VlccPreaident, Ervln Wardman, 160 Naaaau atreet : Sec retary, It. II. Tltherlnftnn, 1M0 Naaaau street: Treasurer, Wm. T. Dawart, loO Naaaau street. Leadon office. 40-43 Fleet atreet. Part office, 0 Hue do la Mlchodlera, off Hue ilu cjustre Peptembre. Wae gton otllce. Munsey Dulldlnf. Drou n office, Iloom 202. Eagle Build Inc. SO'i Washington atrecl. It our fritnit who tat or M vll aerial and illualrnllmia or MlcdMon to ir ttltetti article refanwd tsuil in all rai tend afamfe lor that purpoit. TELEPHONE. BEEKMAN 1200. Solitude In the White House. ' The Independent of this week prints whut Mr. (lEoitnit Cbeel calls "The .Seventh Message From the United States Government to the American l'eople. by Iieoikje Creel, Chairman of Committee on Tubllc Information Appointed by President Wilson." Tho seventh Mcssago of the Govern ment to the American People, like the els Messages which have pre ceded It through the snme type miv chines. Is accompanied aud perhaps Attested by a portrait of Wood-row Wilson. It Is tin excellent picture of the President, although not so good as that which The Sun published on Sunday. Tho expression of the face is a trifle more dissatisfied, but (lie pen Is poised at precisely the same uncle nbove the waiting paper. If President Wilson hits in fact nuthorlzed Mr. Gr.otsr.E Creel to com municate to the American people, by way of this medium or by way of any other, his official and Individual views of tho situation as it changes from week to week, If tho Chief Executive and Commander In Chief has empow ered Mr. Creel to speak for the Gov ernment with regard to the most Im portant and Intimate matters of con cern to the whole uulted nation, the American people ought to be very glad of tho circumstance. There has been no more general and possibly no fairer criticism of Mr. Wilson's methods of administration, in their personal aspect, than that which at tributes to him an excels of oloof ncss from the people the while he Is carrying the heavy burdens of the people's nar. There Is no lack of conMorateness In this view of tho President's unex ampled seclusion. The extraordinary demands on his time and his nerve fluid, the extent of the new powers ami functions nnd responsibilities which the Congress has devolved upon him nt his Invitation, are universally recognized by his fellow citizens. Not an honest soul Is there, wo believe. In the United States who would grudge lo President Wilson nil (his sible relief from unnecessary strain nnd fatigue, from the waste of his crowded time, from futile or unrn- muneratlve Intercourse with Thomas, IltcnARD nnd ITenby, from wearing Interruptions by persons on trivial errands. Most If not nil of President Wilson's predecessors hnve been able to protect themselves from annoys ancc or Imposition of that kind with out keeping the portcullis lowered during twenty-four hours of tho day. McKini.ey carried on a war without breaking oft communication with the rest of the Government and the whole of the people. Theodore IIoosevki.t hud no war while he lived In the White Rouse, but he was one of the busiest men who ever occupied that mansion; and the doors wero as wide open as those of the Temple of Janus In time of nctti.il war, nnd thero was a human welcome for every citizen rightfully entering. Abraham Lin coln's load of core and responsibility Is fairly comparable with that which our present President Is sustaining; yet what great leader and servant of n grcnt peoplo was ever yore readily accessible to the people ho led and served? The systematic seclusion or exclu sion now observable nt the seat of executive government Is not merely that which shuts' the door to bores and wasters of valuable minutes, It Is rather that which severs almost completely the lines of communica tion normally operative for the pur poses of executive administration. It Is that which makes it visit to tho White IIou for conference on great matters of Joint legislation and ex ecutive concern siem to n powerful Senntor of tho President's own party or to the. chairman of nn important committee of one or tho other house, of Congre. or perhaps even to n member of the Cabinet Itself, nu en terprlse scarcely less arduous than a Journey to 15rlln across IIimien imtr,'s trenches and through his In ner labyrinth of defence. It Is that which has repressed the impulse, nat ural to a Coiiimiiuilei' in Chief throe thousand miles from the scene of military opera t Inns, to summon fur Informative Interview such a man us General I,onakii Wood, Just from the bottle front, the lus.tiiul his presence at the White House became physi cally possible. It Is that which would now m.iko the very dream of recep tion and audience seem almost pre posterous In the case, let us say, of a committee of eminent and represen tative citizens carrying assurances of patriotic support or conveying useful advice or Information; such commit tees as thoso which Mr. Lincoln would have gone to tho front door to meet, with real Interest on his homely face and his big hand outstretched In welcome. How many living Americans are there' who can be sure of such a wel come at that same mansion to-day; that Is, how, many, barring Colonel House, a most desirable visitor for advice and moral and Intellectual en couragement, hut for tho dlssemlnn tlon of Intelligence In tho direction lending outward from tbo White House a mighty poor conductor? So, If It Is true thnt these weekly statements of fact and opinion sup plied by Mr. George Creel to a weekly paper under the standing title of "Mcsnges From the United States Government to the American People," nnd accompanied always by Mr. Wil son's likeness, are the authorized ex pression of the President's thoughts nnd sympathies and purposes, we ought to be very glad that even so singular n channel of periodic com munication hns lieen established. If they represent only nn Individual venture on Mr. Creel's part, of course the case Is somewhat different; but that theory of tho Messages Is not attractive. It was President Wilson, not Mr. Geobck Creel, who said sev eral years ago : "My hobby, If I have one, Is the hoBKy of publicity. I can not Imagine any part of the public business which can be privately and confidentially dealt with, fn other words, I cannot Imqgine any portion of tho business with regard to which you can say to your partners, 'It Is none of your business.' " The people think so too. And they want the truth. that the flngers would distinguish It from the cent and the nickel. We have' seen no agitation In Con gress for the coinage of a six cent piece. Probably Mr. Shonts would be content to accept three of the pro posed two cent pieces, or a nickel and a penny, or even sis bits of bronze. Maybe he would tempt a bargain lov ing community with Ave tickets for twenty-nine cents. In thnt event tho two cent piece would be handy. Mr. Hoars taking off the ban on pork consumption because of the "unusual run of hogs to the market" and the price of pork remaining up as uiual. General LuMtNOoarr Is First Quar termaster General of the German Army, but nobody calls htm a swivel chair coldler. In France. The Introduction of American troops Into the fighting In France hns necessarily been grndual and ob scured from the public by Incomplete nnd fragmentary reports. It was on October J hnt, to complete their training, the first of them entered the trenches with French soldiers. The first cnsunlty list reached this coun try on November 20. loiter they took over n sector for themselves. This was followed by the occupation of other sectors. Thus for five months and more our men have been in ac tual contact with the enemy, In num bers nnd nt places of which the public at home Is Ignorant. Until General Pershing offered all of our men and all of our resources to General Focn there has been noth ing of the dramntic In the reports of our operations overseas. Hut Gen eral PtKSHlNC.'s message supplied tho deficiency, nnd the reports of the American troop movement thnt enme from the American camps yesterday furnish the thrill that civilians ex pect from war. The order to prepnrc to march was received by the men with cheers; their cheerfulness was enhanced by the prospect of early action; the whistling nnd singing about tho camps Increased; they re joiced at the prospect of participa tion in the greatest of battles, and they marched out of the villages where they were billeted with songs on their lips: "The Buttle Hymn of tho Itepnbllc," "Tlpperary" and "Where In We Go From Here?"' So much the censor has let us learn. For the rest, we must nwalt the reports of accomplished facts. It Is useless to speculate, to recite our hopes, to tell our ambitions. We know thnt our men went forth In confidence to do their duty, and we feci that they will do It with credit to themselves nnd to their country. Fill the Coal Bins Now. The Fuel, Administration's appeal to householders and (he managers of In dustrial establishments to Mil their conl bins now against the winter of 1018-10 Is based on good sense. Every body ought to flit out one of the cards provided by the Administration, flle It at the coal yard and then go home nnd enlarge his coal bin. In this detail of Its activities the Fuel Administration seeks to encour ago the best practice of prudent folk. They needed no official Instruction to order their coal supply enrly. Years before the American people had been brought to a situation In which they could think seriously of control of the fuel supply by the Federal Govern ment, miners, rnllroadi, Jobbers, re tailers and ultimate consumers had evolved a plan for spring buying and delivery of conl, under tho terms of which nil of them profited. The Fuel Administration now adopts this plan, with slight modifications. With their experiences of last win ter fresh In mind, neither Inrge nor small consumers will hesitate to go to expense or trouble to provide stor ago space for coal. Manufacturers whose plants were shut down when the owners had every Incentive to keep them open, and citizens who stood for hours in coal lines to get enough fuel to keep their families from freezing, are not likely to trust to luck for an open winter and nmple transportation facilities. They will stock up as heavily as they can, gardless of what tho cost Is. Nnturally, there- will bo many con sumers who cannot put In a full win ter supply of conl. They will not be able to provide the bin capacity. But the occupants of detached dwellings, of two nnd three family houses. whether they live In cities or In the conntry. should be able to Improvlsn shelter for practically nil they will need. If sufficient room for the conl they expect to burn cannot be pro vided In their cellars, temporary stor age places may easily be built out side, from which the bins may be re plenished when necessary. Ferhaps the efficiency of the fuel may be re dticed n little If It Is merely dumped on the ground, hut a deficiency of It. T. U.'s Is to be preferred to an empty fire pot. In the latest gambling murder the criminal decided that as a meana of escape a trolley was less conspicuous than a big gray touring car. He first Jumped from a aecond story window, then he threw himself before a taxlcab. Uninjured, he tried unsuccess fully to get under a trolley car. DIs suated he then thrust his head through a heavy plate slass window. He waa then taken to the hospital. it Kewark man's unsuccc$tful afternoon. Imaginative persons will read In this some hope for Russia. While an alliance with America Is Im possible. rtUKsIa Is willing to accept American assistance In the form of loans. The Bolihevik Jfbtlafer of Education. Did the Rcntleman vote In favor of repudiating Russia's foreign debt? 'New Jersey's fine enthusiasm for Jailing loafers seems to have sub sided. Kven a policeman must sym pathize with a son of rest on days like these. DUAL CITIZENSHIP. on For Two Cents. The two cent piece, for the coinage of which there Is now nn Insistent demand in Congress, hns been tho most neglected coin In the history of America's metal money, with the sin gle exception of that miserable thing the twenty cent piece, first old to petty swindlers in the '70s nnd '80s. Wo have hud but one Issuo of two cent pieces, beginning In the last year of the civil war and lasting until 1872. They were big bronze fel lows, weighing Just twice as much as our present cent weighs; almost as much as a quarter weighs. Tho Gov ernment stopped coining them nhout the time It discontinued Issuing tho silver half dime nnd three cent pieces. Tho two cent piece was perhaps too largo; tho silver coins surely too hinall, for convenient handling. Tho cnll for n revival of tho two cent piece Is based on the rise In price of many articles which hitherto have bold for n cent. All over the country most newspapers that wero sold for a penny have risen In value and price to two cents. The newsdenler un doubtedly would welcome a two cent piece. Thrown on his counter by tho flying citizen, It would be twice ns easy to pick up as two cents tire, The flying citizen, rummaging In his pockets for two cents, would rather find thnt amount In one coin than In two pieces. There is nn apparent shortage of srdttll coins, duo to higher wnges, change in the prices of small articles, the collect Ion of taxes nt places of amusement und praiseworthy hoard lug by children who slum tho candy man and put Ihelr pennies away for the purchase of thrift stamps. If a new two cent piece would serve tho public better than liio Issue of more pennies, let's have It. It need not weigh nlnety-slx grains-, ns the old one did. Sixty grains of bronze, ought to Is It the Climate? A recent nnnlysls of the Provost Marshal General's figures Indicated thnt the number of farm laborers drawn Into tho National Army was relatively small. The statement made on Sunday by Louis F. Post, Assist ant Secretnry of the Department of Labor, appears to be In harmony with the nnnlysls: "Surveys by agents, of the Department of Labor Indtrato that outside of truck gardeners there Is no shortage at pres ent except In the South. It Is signifi cant that tn States where nages aver age 150 to 70 per month there Is no shortage. Tho shortage reports come from States which pay 115 to $40 per month." The South which reports n lack of laborers Is the same South which sells cotton at Its own price, not be ing hampered by such Government regulation as compels the wheat grow ing States, to part with their product at a fixed maximum. What Is there about the fanner of the wheat country that makes him so Improvident, or speculative, or patri otic, that be pays big wages to get big crops even when the Government puts a limit on, or eliminates en tirely, his profits? "You can't Interest me," said the late James J. Hn.L, "In any proposi tion In any place where It doesn't snow." There's a lot In climate. Effect of the Oerman Statute Naturalization In This Conntry. To tub EPiTon or Tin Sun Sir: Under the. Delbruck law a Oerman citizen who takes advantage of It may acquire cltlienshlp In any foreign country and yet continue to be a loyal aubect of hts Fatherland. The second part of Article XXV. reads as follows: If any person, bafora acquiring nationality In a foreign state, ahall hav repaired the written permUaton of hla natlv state tn retain hla nationality of that atata, he ahall not loaa hla nationality of tha aM native atata. Tha Oerman Conaul ahall ha conaul ted bafora thta parmlaaton Is granted. . Thus the Recalled German American, the German Italian, the German Swiss or the German Brazilian who has forti fied himself with a dose of Pan-German-Ism as exemplified by thin law, remains a German ready to heed the bidding of the mother country, whatever that bidding may be. He becomes a cog In the far flung propaganda machine which has been the undoing of life, property and public opinion In every allied country. In connection with the claim made by the imperial authorities that men born In Germany who have secured the privileges nnd accepted the obligations of citizenship In another country still owe obedience tn Germany, It seems In order to ask whether since 1913. the year In which this DelbrUck law went Into effect, the papers that have given citizenship to men of German birth are not vitiated, or ought not rroperly to be vitiated, by the provisions of the DelbrUck law. On the faco of the read ing of this law It seems to be a farce to accept from the men of German birth nn oath "forswearing their allegiance to any foreign state." The matter becomes of present Im portance In connection with tho deter mining of tho status of thousands of men in this country who, born In Ger many, have gone through the form of accepting American citizenship. Would It not be In ordr, therefore, to put these men under a special exam ination for tho purpose of determining whether they can b trusted to give allegiance, to the United States, or obedience to tho imperial authorities in Ilerlln? Gr.o. Hatim I'ltnam. New Tor.K. April 1, THE AIR MEDICAL SERVICE. It la the belief of medical authori ties that many of the aeroplane acci dents reported lately could bavo been prevented. But It Is pointed out that the medical service Is handicapped In vari ous ways. In the opinion of the Ttrlt ith Medical Journal, It Is advlsablo to have a special corps of medical men to do the work of examining and training aviators. Tho medical prob lems of the air aro so new that phy sicians In civil life and even those mil- ltary Burgeons who havo not been con stantly In touch with flying candidates are on comparatively strange ground. Knough experience has now been gathered to show that tho physiology of flying, tho effects of rarefied air nnd of light nnd shadows on tho vision, must bo studied anew and nt first hand. tn splto of these altered conditions, the physical examination of aviators has been conducted on routine lines. Although In this country the exam ination has been severe, nt least on paper, tho tests used aro thoso that aro applied to the eyo nnd other or gans under ordinary medical condi tions, that Is to say, in tho office and chair of tho surgeon. The result has beon a distinct disappointment to thoso who havo been Iri a position to see the pupils In their training. In fact It Is a mystery how eorno of these young men passed tha regular med ical examination. The explanation Is for the first time supplied by tho Brit ish medical authorities. They have found that flying brings out latent defects that no examination, how ever l;ecn, can reveal; tho slightest excess may unfit the aviator ror a flight, and lastly, tho power of re sponding at onco to new atmospheric conditions may bo Inadequate. Tho gist of the matter Is that there should ho n, properly organized and Independent medical department of air forces. The examining surgeons should be executive officers with the proper rank and powers of nctlon. In courso of time tliero may be such a medical air service, but it has not yet come. Tho supremo Importance of such ar organization may be shown In n brief -manner. It Is the misfor tune of the army that eminence In medical science very seldom leods to high rank. In tho case of aviators, an expert In eye and car diseases In civil life Is called upon to examine a candidate. Actual experience shows that this kind of expert knowledge. unless backed by executive ability nnd ' DO JTJfOWl Let Us Eai the Genua Meiace by Victory In the War. To Tits Editor or Til Sen Sir: Presi dent Hlbben bounds the UnlUd States on the east by the Hlndenburg tine. To keep our promise to France and Russia we have a large task before us, and churches, schools and clubs need to In vest their fends In Liberty bonds and war savings certificates. Colonel RooMvelt said In his Portland address: "It's the way we shoot that counts, not ths way we shout." "What the Germans respect are bullets, not thoughts." "War Is won by brains and steel, not by kid gloves and fine phrases." The Chicago professors last week gave New Tork pro-German something to think about. T)r. Soorcs said Germany planned three wars with periods of peace for preparation between. France and Russia were first to be conquered, then England and finally America. It was the British navy which saved us. Now we have three courses: Yield to Ger many as subjects and slaves; negotiate peace on a fifty-fifty basis; fight It out now Instead of leaving It to the lads now 10 years old to do later on. Give Germany a respite now and when she breaks out again raiders snd subma rines wilt suddenly appear In every corner of the world, while long range cannon hold all near nations as buffers. CltASLBS 8. HARTWbXL. Brooxltn, April 1. CONOR A TULA TIONS. lias Major-Oeneral Wood Received a Message From tbe White House t To tuk Editor or The Sun fffr: Tm the congratulatory messages to ellUJ commanders from tho Commander in Chief of the American Forces I hope one will be received by our own dlS' tlngulshed Commander, whose physical condition has been so satisfactorily passed upon by the examiners. James J. Moons. Nsw Tork, April 1. THE BUILDING INDUSTRY AND WAR TIME ECONOMY. President Wilson and Secretary McAdoo Quoted as Indicating the Wisdom of Building When Real Need Exists. HARRY HILL'S. Not the Worst, Certainly Wot the Most neflned, of the Old Resorts. To the Editor or The Sum Sir: Tn all the Interesting letters that have ap peared In your columns recently about tho old time places of amusement In New York city I have esen only one knowlcJge of flying. Is not sufficient. , menton of what was for a good many DAVE REED'S SONG. To Judge tbo ability of nlr pupils It Is necessary to accompany them to tho field and noto their behavior be fore and after a flight. To some ex tent this work Is now done by the medical officers of tho army and tho reserve. But more than this In need ed. The medical officers In- charge of the training nnd fitness of pilots have such complex duties and problems be fore them that it seems Impossible to handle them properly without a pre liminary course of study under nn In dependent hoad. As It is now, ques tions of equipment, maniruvre and fitness must bo left to n. great extent to boards In the Government offices. The officers of tho nlr medical ser vice If It were fully organized would be called upon for rapid decisions on :i great scale. What occurs at an aerodrome when ail accident is re ported is an Illustration. The dress ing station or sick bay should be In full view of the aerodrome with a lookout man supplied with field glosses and always on duty during flying hours. When the dressing sta tion Is not situated on thn aerodrome It should be connected by telephone with the lookout man. whose position commands a good view of the flying area. As soon as a crash or false landing occurs the lookout man tele phones to ths officer at the dressing years one of the most interesting of them all, whatever else may be eaid about It. That was a mcro allusion to "Harry HIU." Dear me buz! as JSolonel Tank Adams says when be tells gome of tha more startling episodes of his ep'jodlcal ca reer, but Harry Hill's Theatre, as Harry himself called it, was some place. It wasn't exactly a theatre, or at least I never saw any theatrical entertainment there, but tho doings wero sometimes dramatic. As, for Instance, when Harry would throw some person In the audi ence down tho narrow, steep flight of stairs that constituted the sole entrance and exit of the place. He never did that unless the offender hail been detected In trying to pick somebody's pocket, ricking pockets was a violation of the 'etiquette of tho es tablishment, and Harry waa a great stickler for etiquette In matters per taining to the possession of personal property, though he waa very tolerant about other things. You could count on perfect safety so long as you remained under hl eye and refrained from rob bery. Even if you violated hla rule against that, or tried to, there was no fear of police Interference, for the police never entered the place officially, until tha proprietor, as he testified at his trial "Thero must bo no waste." Thre c. be no greater waato than that of lnbor, nnd It would seem that M: building artisans might well U an.,-' "! employment in producing wealth fJ mo vuinmumii. m h'hpi until they can lie assimilated for Government u During the winter building ir,i,v, live upon their savings und credit, , spring approaches, after a ilor!n'n winter, their savings and credit W. come exhausted, and unless thu WVi spring work with Its earning ,,riw'r. tunltlcs develops, hunger nml want aro inevitable. The effect of unrest, .in. t unemployment of a considerable jr. centagn of these trades nt this tim may result In strikes nml violet' Unemployed labor may form a rc-rtUo nucleus for alien propaganda, The construction Industries n ccv eral aro so disorganized that a llB tlon wide conference I bring nrriingfd under resolutions of the National A. soclatlon of Builders' Exchanges, tN National Builders' Supply Association, and with tho cooperation of the AmN lean Institute of Architects, In ordtr to readjust the Industry us far po. slble to meet tho crisis, and to Tendr ils united resources most readily nuh. able for governmental needs. There already exists, however, a shortage In tho supply of bulldlr.5' The number of cubic feet per capiu has decreased for a number of yean. Rents are Increasing and laws are now proposed In Congress to regulate ren!. In other words. In faco of nn lncrci. Ing demand, we are cuttlnc off o'--supply. In exchanging tho ownership el funds, construction frees nnd rIm earning power to capital otiiertvln locked up In land, while not cxliauv. Ing but creating capital out f naturs, Every thoughtful and patriotic citi zen supports the Secretary of the Treasury In his desire to preserve the poise of business, conserve capital and resources and Increase tho wealth pro ducing oower of the nation, subject to war priorities, as well as his desire to During the winter building ir.,,1,, M encourage tnrut. uui in tno neai m the campaigns for raising war loans encouragement of thrift has naturally received tho greatest publicity. In his letter of March 15 to Mr. Samuel Gompers Secretary McAdoo writes. "The successful financing of the war depends upon the difference between what Is made and what Is spent." Whllo In this Icttor tho Secretary emphasizes tho Im portance of saving and does not em phasize the Importance of making, It would only be reasonablo to assume that he believes the people already understand tbo Importance of mak ing, as money must bo mado before It can be saved, It Is unfortunate that tho Secre tary's letter to Mr. Gompers does not tell the building Industry what to ao, but what not to do. If, rather than a negative, the build ing industry might place a positive and constructive Interpretation upon this letter, then pvory patriotic man en gaged In tho building Industry ahould engage In building operations primarily required "to protect tho health and provide for tho comfortable needs of our people," and In building opera tions required to facllltato our wealth producing enterprises; for tho making of money Is necessary for the success ful financing of the war, and money must be mado through successful business enterprises. It Is to be regretted that the puo- llc statements of tho Secretary of the resources and raw materials, tho ma- Treasury bavo been followed by com- Jorlty of which aro not r.sscntlnl fc municatlons from officials of tho Government use. Buildings are o- Treasury and other departments and of the most permanent forms rf from their local committees, which wealth, a means of producing more have had a tendency to suppress many wealth and one of tho most secu- wealth producing enterprises at their bases of Increased credit. Thn wltl, source. These do not transmit a well i holding of funds from circulation balanced Interpretation of the Score- ( through this industry lends to tary's desire to maintain tho polso of crease rather than Increase natlor.a business, increase the wealth produc- wealth. Ing power of the nation, subject to war I Tho curtailment of building li r.' priorities, nor to his statement "that . a savins but nr. expense during ti the successful financing of the war 1 war, because through lack of nornv depends upon tho difference facilities the cost of everything li lr between what is mado and what Is j creased, since buildings aro prima; patent." 'tools of industry, necessary for tv The rffoet of this ntihlicltv unoti the . production of nil other tools or imp ounding industry, which has been pro- try as well as for the. production f duclng 12,000,000,000 annually n cn- the necessaries of life, food, clotlii-. during, productive wealth and which i ana shelter. has been qrsdiially checked during 1 In his letter of 1-Vbruary iT tho past few years by the increasing Frank W. Conner, Secretary MoAdn cost of labor and materials, until the I writ": "Where It construction I luxury' features have ljiig since been . question of need lie it on account eliminated, has been that building has sanitary 'conditions or hecaue vvti dropped off 50 per cent, or more. Arch!- . out such now construction othr trots' offices are empty and building I operations essential nt this time fo labor, except In a few Eastern dls- the welfaro of the country wuuM su' trlcts, Is Idle. fer thero is no doubt Mich wo- This labor Is highly specialized anil , should ho undertaken. This appll( divided Into a hundred or more differ- equally to construction vork In cltl" ent trades or crafts, each of which re- towns nnd farming districts" Ar' quires different experience and mental referring to luxury bullcilns. h .av and mtiscu.ar development. Many of "Where It is a question of bulldms these men are mature nnd bound to new home simply because It vnvik their homos by family ties, and beyond ' afford greater comfort tho operntl' the nge of mental and physical read- should not bo undertaken. Justment. Even if this were not ?o, It In his letter to Bernard N. Han. would be impracticable Immediately to J at the tlmo of the luttor'.s apimlntir.'" shift thta largo volume of labor from i an chairman of tho War Iiiriti-tr.' 1 Ornamental Flection I,aw. It is agreeable to read thnt In this year's crop of New Jersey election aws Is one which rigorously limits candidates for tho United States Sen ate to $30,000 campaign expenditures. This lafientlnlly shows the State's widespread prosperity, as neurly every citizen of that State Is booked to run for the Senato this year, nnd prcsum ably would not enter tho game unless financially able to play the limit. It seems to bo u mntter of no conse quence to the Inventor of the law thnt It Is not, ns tho saying Is, worth the paper it Is written on. Tho Rennte of the United States Is the sole Judge of tho qualification of Its members, nnd If some careless spender should overrun a Stnte's legal limit and be elected he will take his sent In the Capitol on the hill If the Senate says he may. In the multitude of New Jersey's election laws thero Is another forbid ding Its Governor to run for nny other office during tbe period for which he Is elected. This did not. It may be recalled, prevent n recent flovernor from running for tho Presi dency nnd thereafter without protest being Inaugurated; It will not pre vent Governor Kdgk from running for tho Sennte nnd, If elected, taking his new oath of office by and with the consent of tho Senate, notwith standing statutes of New Jersey to the contrary. Ills Widow Writes on the Subject of "Come and Kiss Me, Susie." To ths Kpitor or The Sus Sir: T have had tho pleasure of reading a few of the articles tn your paper regarding old minstrelsy. I would like to say to Mr. Frank Dumont that his old and sincere friend Dave Ueed claimed tn be the originator of the neat songs and dances in his great success failed "Pally Come Up." which I believe ran three years consecutively. Mr, Emerson used the same song later, but both ho and Mr. Newcomb wero called "picture ar tists," which was correct. To "J. II. J." I would say that Delehanty and Heng ler were the first to produco "Shoo Fly" in this country. Eugene did It later for a short time, but the great success of the song was due to Mr. Dan Bryant and Dave Beed (my husband). I still own the original dre.ss used by Mr. Beed. The encore number was : Come and kla ma! fio awa-. don't bithar m! Com an1 UIm me! I ttll you let m ba! Come nnd kins m, Suj!, don't set mad at m The success was in 169 at Tammany Hall nnd later at Bryant's Twenty-third Street Theatre. Mrs. Davis Beed. HnooKr.TS, April 1. station, notifying him of tho exact i cour:- v 'u 10 'r" site of tho accident. A map of the increasing oemanas inai were rnano aerodrome, numbered in quadrants. can be arranged In the dressing st.a tlon for the surgeon's use. Such nn organization worked out in nil its de tails Is the duty of an air medical ser vice and Its head. The details are Hi on him. Perhaps he slandered the force at that, but In those days hard things were said by many persons about the police. B that as It may, Harry Hill's was Just around the coiner from the old most Innumerable, which suffices to i ''" Jieaan.ua.tcr. u .nn lorper.i show tho need of an Independent stuff 'did not know what was going o there, in front operations tho work Is stilt they were almost the only ones In New more complex. The administration. If Yrk who weic. Ignorant. The events efllclent must b. In tho hands of offl- "'ro not society functions, but they Board, President Wilson In nm';!:lr: tho functions of the board partieuivr1 emphasized In paragraph .", "The s'u ous conservation of resources ard f the entire West to tho congested dis trlcts of tho East. If shifted. It could not be assimilated, as experience has shown that but a smalt percentage of the labor thus temporarily employed I duties by pclcntl(V coinmer-1.: a In new war Industries can bo asrlml- 1 Industrial economic..." The cone'ri. lated. Tho shift must bo a gradual one tlon industry i.s a natioral fnc..i. and selective In character. I ns f.uch Its conservation Is th i In his letter to Mr. Gompers the . Joined. F. T. Millct Secretary of the Treasury writes: I president of F. W. Uodi;e O'lup ' THE Q. M. C. Its cers of high rink directing a well trained personnel. THE TIP ON THE CHECK. That. To TMK KntTOR Of Tint Bc.v Sir; I enclose a part of an article from Tub Sun of March 30: All that they must do la tn at the hands of th'Ir tlmeplecta aheM t Z o'clock to-morrow mornlnc If they tit up that late. Do jou or do you not regard the uss of the word "that." In clause "If they sit up that late," as gnol Kngllsh? It seems fo me Incorrect and I do not believe jou could find In one of the great writers of Kngllsh of the past fifty years a single Instance of such use. Try .1. H. Newman, Carlyle, Matthew Arnold, Kipling or Emerson, Hawthorne, Trewldent Wilson or your own former editor, Mr. Dana, tor Instance. If you think the expression is correct. I wiah you would givo your reasons In The Sun In Justification, New York, April t. A. fl. Partow. A Reform That Would Bene fit at Least the Management. From ( Merel Oonffe. A correspondent of The New Tosk Sun has, so lie believes, tho "solution of the tipping problem." The Idea Is to make the fee the conventional 10 per cent, of the check, and to have the check so ar ranged that the guest would pay the tip to the cashier. At the end of tho day the tip." would be distributed. If the guest did not wish to tip. he would tear oft a perforated section of tho check and would pay only for tho food ho pur chased. This suggestion Is not to be dismissed with a contemptuous pooh poohl It has several points of merit, one of which undoubtedly is that tho management would have a fairly accurate meana of knowing, through the tlples-s checks, which waiters nero most often untlpped and therefore pet haps Inefficient From waiters themselves wo have yet to hear. A tremendous howl of rage might be expected, however, If any such Many housewives frankly admit that tluy cannot understand the law of suonlv and demand, and this Is no uuiKe n t ii in coin oi sucn ammeter (time, to try to explain it to them with We think It Is a perfectly sound, easy use of tho Invaluable word "that," and wo are too busy to hunt lor de fenders of tho simple. Inoffensive and convenient. Our friend the Century Dictionary gives: That, ailr, Fmm. that, pron, or a,; ahlir, of anch pbraaea aa to rant rrtent, to that dacrea To that extent; to Uiat decree; ao; aa, I dll not go that fat; I did not car that ranca abott It; the ropiparlaon belnt with something prerlmialy aali or Implied, aa la tna preced Ing examplM. So wc shall let it go at that. Kanaaa Alert. mm Up Knniit City Star. The rcsldnU nf t'opmjm wcra convinced that the ll celebrated meteor waa Zeppelin. Olio cltiien blared away at it with hla thotiun and aald ha mada her wabbla. weie popular with both sexes. The fe males of tha species cnjo.ved tho bare tint encounters that took pl.vce on thn square platform that served as a staste and as a "ling'' fully as well as did their escorts, If they had any. And they were served without discrimination from the bar that stood naked and un ashamed In one corner of the audito rium. Hilarious Harry Hill's certainly was, but when it came to blows among the audience Harry himself always hit tlrfct and last. He had been a prize fighter and ha knew how in keep a "pub." Ho made a large fortune there, but it flipped through his flngers and I.e. died poor. Unsavory as the reputation of his placo wai and It was unquestion ably a dive It was by no means to bo classed with numerous other re.sorts ithat enjoyed lucratlvo patronage in the neighborhood of headquarters. At one time the "pretty waiter girl saloons" on Broadway, up and down from Houston street, uod to advertise by the columns in some of the other wl.sn respectable dRlly papers of the city, and Harry Hill's seemed a home of pure refinement in comparison with! them. Then the notorious "The" Allen op Members Bo sn Kssentlil and Honorable AVar Duty. To the KniTOR or The HuNSIr: In a letter to ou dated March 13 a person signed "II. AV. P." asks. "Are we doing our utmost?" He Is only one of ninny who ask that question and I suppose he Is also o.to of tho many who are complnlnlng about the number of "swivel chair warriors' in the army. It takes quite a number of these so called "warriors" to carry on the work of getting men nnd ammunition and food over to France, and any slur that Is thrown at any corps In the army that Is doing Its utmost In Its own work to win the war should le suppressed. I am an enlisted man tn the Quarter master Corps, drawing a monthly salary of $.10, out of which I must pay $31.50 to cover liberty Ivoan, Insuranca and atlotment. Is It Just that I should be deprived of promotion to a lieutenancy Just because I am In the draft age? The work of ths "swivel chair war riors" msy seem easy, but I challenge any one of our correspondents to enlist In one of these corps and to le.arn the whole truth of his statements before complaining. ('. It. M., Private Quartermaster Oorpa. Nr.w A ork, April 1. A MAN WITHOUT A CLOCK Shown tho Krror of Ills iv.it 11 r Tries to Men-1 Tlicm. To the l'P.'Tor. or Tnr met a man the other vl," know he must ret h!s clo, 1; a.i ad. vi besides, he didn't have ,i do. ,u vi I told him It was the law ,v I he . . get a clock, lln said he h.id i. i o-.f with which to buy a clock and 1 to him to steal one. He said be .ould" do that: that he was an hont v and had never stolen anjthtns '' as a clock In his life had nc- tn' anything to speak of except n nip os whllo on guard In tho army, and 1 so ashamed then, when the sirte, woke him, that he clipped "H ef t guard house next day and back. I tried to show him thn' t' ' ' offence of stealing a clock . f ' uccessary--aa good as eno'ned case, for how could he obey II less ho bad a clock?) v..i "' than the crime of violating i ' w . In fact not more than one f part as bad, because stealing .1 only a misdemeanor iiKal"-"' 1 whereas tho other would b " agalnU tho whole Unite! f-'t m . life ' ..' practice wero put ram envc. m.a o j , . nteecker street. dwindled, of course, ns a result of the!.,,.. . .......i,,.,... ., ,, war, whllo the cost of living nas mounted and large fanrllles of llttlo waiters and waitresses must be fed. It Is probable that for every excessive tipper there la one who tips under the conventional percentage and the average must run pretty close to that tlsuro. Why. then, go to nil this bother to get at the saiiio result? Loaned, Not Lost One 'Hour. To the Kditor or the Kun Sir: The latest war loan, dated March 31, of one hour per capita, ts due October ST, The Interest, payable to Uncle Ham, l the millions of dollars worth of fuel which will be released for war purposes, New York, April 1. M. Mii.nor. i little too raw even for the seasoned appetite of the time. For there Is no question that Ntw Vork tolerated a deal of spice In I'-s menu of amusement at that time. Ore of the actors who afterward achieved fame ns n portrayer of rustle vlrtuo began his career by producing "Tho Female Bathers'' In a small tlrecu wlch avenue theatre. It wasn't a pleasant chapter In the city's history, but there was reaction even before tho Parkhurst Investigation. Tho police at the protest of the clergy closed up the Fourteenth Street Thea tre when Morgan, the artist, produced TRADE BRIEFS. T'.ans for th conatructlon of the r.hnn t.'anal tn connect Geneva, iivtierlftnd, with Muraelllei. France, are being con sidered. The Sivlaa Government Is favor ably d1ioed toward the project, u the canal would establlali batween tk Cienava and th sa. I'arl and I.on will receive additional elec tric powr-r If tha canal Is built. This could bn developed by th manipulation of water In the. locks. It Is eatlmated that the entire work would cost about I'o.ooo.nen. The litis olivs crop In th Maritime Alps jir"lills tn be. a good one. Kall tnatfs ptaca this ar' production at 4,0.0.0 metric ton. compared to the aver age Mel.) of s.r.no to .l.onn metric tona The quality of the oil Is eoll to be good nnd price are high. "They Shall Not I'aaa!" "They ahall not paas"' With awnrd and lance Sworn to give all, tha foa'a advanca Waa ahntterad In a vaat attack Whan by tha Marne'a long bloody track To million aoldlera fell for France, Without ona Wast ragretful (lance At youth or life or lova'a romanca, Their living watchword echoes back: "They ahall not paa!'' And allll the lluna' mad arrogance VJefllea their country'a fair eipana-. America, ye ahall not lark The. might to oo,e franco f-om ths w rack, And pledge for her deliverance: "They ahall not paai!'" Cuiai.otic BtcKtg. 11l,i7 iitcture of htatnurv thero In pi. I nelly the same fashion that was fob ''-",n" f(,r ' moulding t,.. .it i.,. h. . " . ! n'1 r-kln,r margarine and Mr treating w,i ,.., ,,. . '.......,. ii,,.,.., (.ncoanut lilt An nee.leit tn France. show and cirrus." Tho pendulum had t-wung and It was accounted Immoral for a woman to show much of her fig ure on the stags, even In tights. Other days, other customs. And Is nil this a reflection on our past? Not as I reckon It. Harry Hill's placo was rough, no doubt. It had none of the glitter of the modern play house, You would not take a lady there If you expected to marry her, but ou could see a mighty good fight there almost ntiv evening, nml lighting comes in vogue from time to time. Tho old Houston street Joint was, at nil events, a iiotuble feature of tho city. It Is not well to Ignore It. It Is Impos sible to forget It David A. Curtis. New York, March 31, Italy prejenta a market for bathroom auppllea of all klnda. Cataleguea Kill be welcomad. American manufacture ra are asked to communicate with a Helglan concern, uhkh haa offlcea In ISngland, with a vv to furnlahlng materials for rocnnatriictlon aork after ths war, Uats nf supplies naadod will bs prepared by Ihla firm Ttepreaentatton of American manufne. turera of automobiles, machinery nnd chemlcala la dealred b? a dealer In Itor. daaux, France. Hollers and piping, suitable for liraims vata In which ara tellod leaves previous to tha extraction of fibre, r.. it a 141 1 11 Uathural, Wevt Afrlcn, Tur.t-, Africa, present a 111.ttt.et r. .0. baccn, footwear, leather, confectlnntr , condensed milk, nails, tacks and nceUIt. a solemn enactment by t"-e of Federal legislators I" nemblod Ho seemed to wave 1 ''.' -him. HIh patents nri de.d r ' a kinsman on r. 11 tit I ' ' "' him drift on to rWiructin .v . ' ! "' forth .1 hand. Verv gent v him along homo with n e. ' the way to set ,1 clo' k and 1 Into a house by throw 112 ' w direct waterway j oat,,), ,u, H KjiI To blade T 'I hulp llinv .ill I touid. 1 . ' ' butcher Knlfv In hi hand .11 1 practlt-e on tho window un' . 1 e . ' open It from the outside .in wc:i h I ever could. He fJtld lie l"""'" he would steal the town rln-- a' kept him awake nights then 1 ''''' with the knife In his bo. tlis That was day before - " r day. This morning ut 1 & w 1 c up, aroused by tny nl.ir 1 ' " family clock why I the cm , - " ' For a moment 1 was ptupe! ' '" flashed on mn that tm ' ' ' It for nu April fool Jo .;'' to bed. At brcakfaM Id- ' that 1 missed it nnd of ou wait for mo to bite fi-r ; ' fidgeted around watting .n.d for church time to conic. rtt..i ' " nut of denr ami Ihctn ,1 k ' beneath the window .w t knife. I realized Instsntl- n.. v ' wife hail bcftt thinking ' ' that 1 h.nl hidden the c!nc n fool on her ; und I 1H' mention it In tlions.rl exact period thai 1 at tl .it elded to allow foi un-.'.f 1 . anunt but bo' . cluck Wl'l llntio-t kiufi' hack, Diuatvr, 111 1 1 1 irn. .1 ' ( April 1. (.