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Tt'KSlUY, Al'ItIL 1018.
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TELEPHONE. BEEKMAN 1200.
Solitude In the White House.
' The Independent of this week prints
whut Mr. (lEoitnit Cbeel calls "The
.Seventh Message From the United
States Government to the American
l'eople. by Iieoikje Creel, Chairman
of Committee on Tubllc Information
Appointed by President Wilson."
Tho seventh Mcssago of the Govern
ment to the American People, like
the els Messages which have pre
ceded It through the snme type miv
chines. Is accompanied aud perhaps
Attested by a portrait of Wood-row
Wilson. It Is tin excellent picture of
the President, although not so good
as that which The Sun published on
Sunday. Tho expression of the face
is a trifle more dissatisfied, but (lie
pen Is poised at precisely the same
uncle nbove the waiting paper.
If President Wilson hits in fact
nuthorlzed Mr. Gr.otsr.E Creel to com
municate to the American people, by
way of this medium or by way of any
other, his official and Individual views
of tho situation as it changes from
week to week, If tho Chief Executive
and Commander In Chief has empow
ered Mr. Creel to speak for the Gov
ernment with regard to the most Im
portant and Intimate matters of con
cern to the whole uulted nation, the
American people ought to be very
glad of tho circumstance. There has
been no more general and possibly
no fairer criticism of Mr. Wilson's
methods of administration, in their
personal aspect, than that which at
tributes to him an excels of oloof
ncss from the people the while he Is
carrying the heavy burdens of the
There Is no lack of conMorateness
In this view of tho President's unex
ampled seclusion. The extraordinary
demands on his time and his nerve
fluid, the extent of the new powers
ami functions nnd responsibilities
which the Congress has devolved upon
him nt his Invitation, are universally
recognized by his fellow citizens. Not
an honest soul Is there, wo believe.
In the United States who would
grudge lo President Wilson nil (his
sible relief from unnecessary strain
nnd fatigue, from the waste of his
crowded time, from futile or unrn-
muneratlve Intercourse with Thomas,
IltcnARD nnd ITenby, from wearing
Interruptions by persons on trivial
errands. Most If not nil of President
Wilson's predecessors hnve been able
to protect themselves from annoys
ancc or Imposition of that kind with
out keeping the portcullis lowered
during twenty-four hours of tho day.
McKini.ey carried on a war without
breaking oft communication with the
rest of the Government and the whole
of the people. Theodore IIoosevki.t
hud no war while he lived In the
White Rouse, but he was one of the
busiest men who ever occupied that
mansion; and the doors wero as wide
open as those of the Temple of Janus
In time of nctti.il war, nnd thero was
a human welcome for every citizen
rightfully entering. Abraham Lin
coln's load of core and responsibility
Is fairly comparable with that which
our present President Is sustaining;
yet what great leader and servant
of n grcnt peoplo was ever yore
readily accessible to the people ho led
The systematic seclusion or exclu
sion now observable nt the seat of
executive government Is not merely
that which shuts' the door to bores
and wasters of valuable minutes, It
Is rather that which severs almost
completely the lines of communica
tion normally operative for the pur
poses of executive administration. It
Is that which makes it visit to tho
White IIou for conference on great
matters of Joint legislation and ex
ecutive concern siem to n powerful
Senntor of tho President's own party
or to the. chairman of nn important
committee of one or tho other house,
of Congre. or perhaps even to n
member of the Cabinet Itself, nu en
terprlse scarcely less arduous than
a Journey to 15rlln across IIimien
imtr,'s trenches and through his In
ner labyrinth of defence. It Is that
which has repressed the impulse, nat
ural to a Coiiimiiuilei' in Chief throe
thousand miles from the scene of
military opera t Inns, to summon fur
Informative Interview such a man us
General I,onakii Wood, Just from the
bottle front, the lus.tiiul his presence
at the White House became physi
cally possible. It Is that which would
now m.iko the very dream of recep
tion and audience seem almost pre
posterous In the case, let us say, of a
committee of eminent and represen
tative citizens carrying assurances of
patriotic support or conveying useful
advice or Information; such commit
tees as thoso which Mr. Lincoln
would have gone to tho front door to
meet, with real Interest on his homely
face and his big hand outstretched
How many living Americans are
there' who can be sure of such a wel
come at that same mansion to-day;
that Is, how, many, barring Colonel
House, a most desirable visitor for
advice and moral and Intellectual en
couragement, hut for tho dlssemlnn
tlon of Intelligence In tho direction
lending outward from tbo White
House a mighty poor conductor?
So, If It Is true thnt these weekly
statements of fact and opinion sup
plied by Mr. George Creel to a weekly
paper under the standing title of
"Mcsnges From the United States
Government to the American People,"
nnd accompanied always by Mr. Wil
son's likeness, are the authorized ex
pression of the President's thoughts
nnd sympathies and purposes, we
ought to be very glad that even so
singular n channel of periodic com
munication hns lieen established. If
they represent only nn Individual
venture on Mr. Creel's part, of course
the case Is somewhat different; but
that theory of tho Messages Is not
attractive. It was President Wilson,
not Mr. Geobck Creel, who said sev
eral years ago : "My hobby, If I have
one, Is the hoBKy of publicity. I can
not Imagine any part of the public
business which can be privately and
confidentially dealt with, fn other
words, I cannot Imqgine any portion
of tho business with regard to which
you can say to your partners, 'It Is
none of your business.' "
The people think so too. And they
want the truth.
that the flngers would distinguish It
from the cent and the nickel.
We have' seen no agitation In Con
gress for the coinage of a six cent
piece. Probably Mr. Shonts would
be content to accept three of the pro
posed two cent pieces, or a nickel and
a penny, or even sis bits of bronze.
Maybe he would tempt a bargain lov
ing community with Ave tickets for
twenty-nine cents. In thnt event tho
two cent piece would be handy.
Mr. Hoars taking off the ban on pork
consumption because of the "unusual
run of hogs to the market" and the
price of pork remaining up as uiual.
General LuMtNOoarr Is First Quar
termaster General of the German
Army, but nobody calls htm a swivel
The Introduction of American
troops Into the fighting In France
hns necessarily been grndual and ob
scured from the public by Incomplete
nnd fragmentary reports. It was on
October J hnt, to complete their
training, the first of them entered the
trenches with French soldiers. The
first cnsunlty list reached this coun
try on November 20. loiter they took
over n sector for themselves. This
was followed by the occupation of
other sectors. Thus for five months
and more our men have been in ac
tual contact with the enemy, In num
bers nnd nt places of which the public
at home Is Ignorant.
Until General Pershing offered all
of our men and all of our resources
to General Focn there has been noth
ing of the dramntic In the reports of
our operations overseas. Hut Gen
eral PtKSHlNC.'s message supplied tho
deficiency, nnd the reports of the
American troop movement thnt enme
from the American camps yesterday
furnish the thrill that civilians ex
pect from war. The order to prepnrc
to march was received by the men
with cheers; their cheerfulness was
enhanced by the prospect of early
action; the whistling nnd singing
about tho camps Increased; they re
joiced at the prospect of participa
tion in the greatest of battles, and
they marched out of the villages
where they were billeted with songs
on their lips: "The Buttle Hymn
of tho Itepnbllc," "Tlpperary" and
"Where In We Go From Here?"'
So much the censor has let us
learn. For the rest, we must nwalt
the reports of accomplished facts. It
Is useless to speculate, to recite our
hopes, to tell our ambitions. We
know thnt our men went forth In
confidence to do their duty, and we
feci that they will do It with credit
to themselves nnd to their country.
Fill the Coal Bins Now.
The Fuel, Administration's appeal to
householders and (he managers of In
dustrial establishments to Mil their
conl bins now against the winter of
1018-10 Is based on good sense. Every
body ought to flit out one of the cards
provided by the Administration, flle
It at the coal yard and then go home
nnd enlarge his coal bin.
In this detail of Its activities the
Fuel Administration seeks to encour
ago the best practice of prudent folk.
They needed no official Instruction to
order their coal supply enrly. Years
before the American people had been
brought to a situation In which they
could think seriously of control of the
fuel supply by the Federal Govern
ment, miners, rnllroadi, Jobbers, re
tailers and ultimate consumers had
evolved a plan for spring buying and
delivery of conl, under tho terms of
which nil of them profited. The Fuel
Administration now adopts this plan,
with slight modifications.
With their experiences of last win
ter fresh In mind, neither Inrge nor
small consumers will hesitate to go
to expense or trouble to provide stor
ago space for coal. Manufacturers
whose plants were shut down when
the owners had every Incentive to
keep them open, and citizens who
stood for hours in coal lines to get
enough fuel to keep their families
from freezing, are not likely to trust
to luck for an open winter and nmple
transportation facilities. They will
stock up as heavily as they can,
gardless of what tho cost Is.
Nnturally, there- will bo many con
sumers who cannot put In a full win
ter supply of conl. They will not be
able to provide the bin capacity. But
the occupants of detached dwellings,
of two nnd three family houses.
whether they live In cities or In the
conntry. should be able to Improvlsn
shelter for practically nil they will
need. If sufficient room for the conl
they expect to burn cannot be pro
vided In their cellars, temporary stor
age places may easily be built out
side, from which the bins may be re
plenished when necessary. Ferhaps
the efficiency of the fuel may be re
dticed n little If It Is merely dumped
on the ground, hut a deficiency of
It. T. U.'s Is to be preferred to an
empty fire pot.
In the latest gambling murder the
criminal decided that as a meana of
escape a trolley was less conspicuous
than a big gray touring car.
He first Jumped from a aecond story
window, then he threw himself before a
taxlcab. Uninjured, he tried unsuccess
fully to get under a trolley car. DIs
suated he then thrust his head through
a heavy plate slass window. He waa
then taken to the hospital. it Kewark
man's unsuccc$tful afternoon.
Imaginative persons will read In this
some hope for Russia.
While an alliance with America Is Im
possible. rtUKsIa Is willing to accept
American assistance In the form of
loans. The Bolihevik Jfbtlafer of Education.
Did the Rcntleman vote In favor of
repudiating Russia's foreign debt?
'New Jersey's fine enthusiasm for
Jailing loafers seems to have sub
sided. Kven a policeman must sym
pathize with a son of rest on days like
For Two Cents.
The two cent piece, for the coinage
of which there Is now nn Insistent
demand in Congress, hns been tho
most neglected coin In the history of
America's metal money, with the sin
gle exception of that miserable thing
the twenty cent piece, first old to
petty swindlers in the '70s nnd '80s.
Wo have hud but one Issuo of two
cent pieces, beginning In the last
year of the civil war and lasting
until 1872. They were big bronze fel
lows, weighing Just twice as much as
our present cent weighs; almost as
much as a quarter weighs. Tho Gov
ernment stopped coining them nhout
the time It discontinued Issuing tho
silver half dime nnd three cent pieces.
Tho two cent piece was perhaps too
largo; tho silver coins surely too
hinall, for convenient handling.
Tho cnll for n revival of tho two
cent piece Is based on the rise In price
of many articles which hitherto have
bold for n cent. All over the country
most newspapers that wero sold for a
penny have risen In value and price
to two cents. The newsdenler un
doubtedly would welcome a two cent
piece. Thrown on his counter by tho
flying citizen, It would be twice ns
easy to pick up as two cents tire,
The flying citizen, rummaging In his
pockets for two cents, would rather
find thnt amount In one coin than In
There is nn apparent shortage of
srdttll coins, duo to higher wnges,
change in the prices of small articles,
the collect Ion of taxes nt places of
amusement und praiseworthy hoard
lug by children who slum tho candy
man and put Ihelr pennies away for
the purchase of thrift stamps. If a
new two cent piece would serve tho
public better than liio Issue of more
pennies, let's have It. It need not
weigh nlnety-slx grains-, ns the old one
did. Sixty grains of bronze, ought to
Is It the Climate?
A recent nnnlysls of the Provost
Marshal General's figures Indicated
thnt the number of farm laborers
drawn Into tho National Army was
relatively small. The statement made
on Sunday by Louis F. Post, Assist
ant Secretnry of the Department of
Labor, appears to be In harmony with
"Surveys by agents, of the Department
of Labor Indtrato that outside of truck
gardeners there Is no shortage at pres
ent except In the South. It Is signifi
cant that tn States where nages aver
age 150 to 70 per month there Is no
shortage. Tho shortage reports come
from States which pay 115 to $40 per
The South which reports n lack of
laborers Is the same South which
sells cotton at Its own price, not be
ing hampered by such Government
regulation as compels the wheat grow
ing States, to part with their product
at a fixed maximum.
What Is there about the fanner of
the wheat country that makes him so
Improvident, or speculative, or patri
otic, that be pays big wages to get
big crops even when the Government
puts a limit on, or eliminates en
tirely, his profits?
"You can't Interest me," said the
late James J. Hn.L, "In any proposi
tion In any place where It doesn't
There's a lot In climate.
Effect of the Oerman Statute
Naturalization In This Conntry.
To tub EPiTon or Tin Sun Sir: Under
the. Delbruck law a Oerman citizen who
takes advantage of It may acquire
cltlienshlp In any foreign country and
yet continue to be a loyal aubect of hts
Fatherland. The second part of Article
XXV. reads as follows:
If any person, bafora acquiring nationality
In a foreign state, ahall hav repaired the
written permUaton of hla natlv state tn
retain hla nationality of that atata, he
ahall not loaa hla nationality of tha aM
native atata. Tha Oerman Conaul ahall
ha conaul ted bafora thta parmlaaton Is
Thus the Recalled German American,
the German Italian, the German Swiss
or the German Brazilian who has forti
fied himself with a dose of Pan-German-Ism
as exemplified by thin law, remains
a German ready to heed the bidding of
the mother country, whatever that
bidding may be. He becomes a cog In
the far flung propaganda machine which
has been the undoing of life, property
and public opinion In every allied
In connection with the claim made
by the imperial authorities that men
born In Germany who have secured the
privileges nnd accepted the obligations
of citizenship In another country still
owe obedience tn Germany, It seems In
order to ask whether since 1913. the
year In which this DelbrUck law went
Into effect, the papers that have given
citizenship to men of German birth are
not vitiated, or ought not rroperly to
be vitiated, by the provisions of the
DelbrUck law. On the faco of the read
ing of this law It seems to be a farce
to accept from the men of German
birth nn oath "forswearing their
allegiance to any foreign state."
The matter becomes of present Im
portance In connection with tho deter
mining of tho status of thousands of
men in this country who, born In Ger
many, have gone through the form of
accepting American citizenship.
Would It not be In ordr, therefore,
to put these men under a special exam
ination for tho purpose of determining
whether they can b trusted to give
allegiance, to the United States, or
obedience to tho imperial authorities in
Ilerlln? Gr.o. Hatim I'ltnam.
New Tor.K. April 1,
THE AIR MEDICAL SERVICE.
It la the belief of medical authori
ties that many of the aeroplane acci
dents reported lately could bavo been
prevented. But It Is pointed out that the
medical service Is handicapped In vari
ous ways. In the opinion of the Ttrlt
ith Medical Journal, It Is advlsablo to
have a special corps of medical men
to do the work of examining and
training aviators. Tho medical prob
lems of the air aro so new that phy
sicians In civil life and even those mil-
ltary Burgeons who havo not been con
stantly In touch with flying candidates
are on comparatively strange ground.
Knough experience has now been
gathered to show that tho physiology
of flying, tho effects of rarefied air nnd
of light nnd shadows on tho vision,
must bo studied anew and nt first
tn splto of these altered conditions,
the physical examination of aviators
has been conducted on routine lines.
Although In this country the exam
ination has been severe, nt least on
paper, tho tests used aro thoso that
aro applied to the eyo nnd other or
gans under ordinary medical condi
tions, that Is to say, in tho office and
chair of tho surgeon. The result has
beon a distinct disappointment to
thoso who havo been Iri a position to
see the pupils In their training. In
fact It Is a mystery how eorno of these
young men passed tha regular med
ical examination. The explanation Is
for the first time supplied by tho Brit
ish medical authorities. They have
found that flying brings out latent
defects that no examination, how
ever l;ecn, can reveal; tho slightest
excess may unfit the aviator ror a
flight, and lastly, tho power of re
sponding at onco to new atmospheric
conditions may bo Inadequate.
Tho gist of the matter Is that there
should ho n, properly organized and
Independent medical department of
air forces. The examining surgeons
should be executive officers with the
proper rank and powers of nctlon. In
courso of time tliero may be such a
medical air service, but it has not yet
come. Tho supremo Importance of
such ar organization may be shown
In n brief -manner. It Is the misfor
tune of the army that eminence In
medical science very seldom leods to
high rank. In tho case of aviators,
an expert In eye and car diseases In
civil life Is called upon to examine a
candidate. Actual experience shows
that this kind of expert knowledge.
unless backed by executive ability nnd
' DO JTJfOWl
Let Us Eai the Genua Meiace by
Victory In the War.
To Tits Editor or Til Sen Sir: Presi
dent Hlbben bounds the UnlUd States
on the east by the Hlndenburg tine. To
keep our promise to France and Russia
we have a large task before us, and
churches, schools and clubs need to In
vest their fends In Liberty bonds and
war savings certificates.
Colonel RooMvelt said In his Portland
address: "It's the way we shoot that
counts, not ths way we shout." "What
the Germans respect are bullets, not
thoughts." "War Is won by brains and
steel, not by kid gloves and fine
The Chicago professors last week gave
New Tork pro-German something to
think about. T)r. Soorcs said Germany
planned three wars with periods of peace
for preparation between. France and
Russia were first to be conquered, then
England and finally America. It was
the British navy which saved us. Now
we have three courses: Yield to Ger
many as subjects and slaves; negotiate
peace on a fifty-fifty basis; fight It out
now Instead of leaving It to the lads
now 10 years old to do later on. Give
Germany a respite now and when she
breaks out again raiders snd subma
rines wilt suddenly appear In every
corner of the world, while long range
cannon hold all near nations as buffers.
CltASLBS 8. HARTWbXL.
Brooxltn, April 1.
CONOR A TULA TIONS.
lias Major-Oeneral Wood Received a
Message From tbe White House t
To tuk Editor or The Sun fffr: Tm
the congratulatory messages to ellUJ
commanders from tho Commander in
Chief of the American Forces I hope
one will be received by our own dlS'
tlngulshed Commander, whose physical
condition has been so satisfactorily
passed upon by the examiners.
James J. Moons.
Nsw Tork, April 1.
THE BUILDING INDUSTRY AND WAR
President Wilson and Secretary McAdoo Quoted as Indicating the Wisdom
of Building When Real Need Exists.
Not the Worst, Certainly Wot the
Most neflned, of the Old Resorts.
To the Editor or The Sum Sir: Tn
all the Interesting letters that have ap
peared In your columns recently about
tho old time places of amusement In
New York city I have esen only one
knowlcJge of flying. Is not sufficient. , menton of what was for a good many
DAVE REED'S SONG.
To Judge tbo ability of nlr pupils It
Is necessary to accompany them to
tho field and noto their behavior be
fore and after a flight. To some ex
tent this work Is now done by the
medical officers of tho army and tho
reserve. But more than this In need
ed. The medical officers In- charge of
the training nnd fitness of pilots have
such complex duties and problems be
fore them that it seems Impossible to
handle them properly without a pre
liminary course of study under nn In
dependent hoad. As It is now, ques
tions of equipment, maniruvre and
fitness must bo left to n. great extent
to boards In the Government offices.
The officers of tho nlr medical ser
vice If It were fully organized would
be called upon for rapid decisions on
:i great scale. What occurs at an
aerodrome when ail accident is re
ported is an Illustration. The dress
ing station or sick bay should be In
full view of the aerodrome with a
lookout man supplied with field
glosses and always on duty during
flying hours. When the dressing sta
tion Is not situated on thn aerodrome
It should be connected by telephone
with the lookout man. whose position
commands a good view of the flying
area. As soon as a crash or false
landing occurs the lookout man tele
phones to ths officer at the dressing
years one of the most interesting of
them all, whatever else may be eaid
about It. That was a mcro allusion to
Dear me buz! as JSolonel Tank Adams
says when be tells gome of tha more
startling episodes of his ep'jodlcal ca
reer, but Harry Hill's Theatre, as Harry
himself called it, was some place. It
wasn't exactly a theatre, or at least I
never saw any theatrical entertainment
there, but tho doings wero sometimes
dramatic. As, for Instance, when Harry
would throw some person In the audi
ence down tho narrow, steep flight of
stairs that constituted the sole entrance
and exit of the place.
He never did that unless the offender
hail been detected In trying to pick
somebody's pocket, ricking pockets was
a violation of the 'etiquette of tho es
tablishment, and Harry waa a great
stickler for etiquette In matters per
taining to the possession of personal
property, though he waa very tolerant
about other things. You could count on
perfect safety so long as you remained
under hl eye and refrained from rob
bery. Even if you violated hla rule against
that, or tried to, there was no fear of
police Interference, for the police never
entered the place officially, until tha
proprietor, as he testified at his trial
"Thero must bo no waste." Thre c.
be no greater waato than that of
lnbor, nnd It would seem that M:
building artisans might well U an.,-' "!
employment in producing wealth fJ
mo vuinmumii. m h'hpi until they can
lie assimilated for Government u
During the winter building ir,i,v,
live upon their savings und credit, ,
spring approaches, after a ilor!n'n
winter, their savings and credit W.
come exhausted, and unless thu WVi
spring work with Its earning ,,riw'r.
tunltlcs develops, hunger nml want aro
inevitable. The effect of unrest, .in. t
unemployment of a considerable jr.
centagn of these trades nt this tim
may result In strikes nml violet'
Unemployed labor may form a rc-rtUo
nucleus for alien propaganda,
The construction Industries n ccv
eral aro so disorganized that a llB
tlon wide conference I bring nrriingfd
under resolutions of the National A.
soclatlon of Builders' Exchanges, tN
National Builders' Supply Association,
and with tho cooperation of the AmN
lean Institute of Architects, In ordtr
to readjust the Industry us far po.
slble to meet tho crisis, and to Tendr
ils united resources most readily nuh.
able for governmental needs.
There already exists, however, a
shortage In tho supply of bulldlr.5'
The number of cubic feet per capiu
has decreased for a number of yean.
Rents are Increasing and laws are now
proposed In Congress to regulate ren!.
In other words. In faco of nn lncrci.
Ing demand, we are cuttlnc off o'--supply.
In exchanging tho ownership el
funds, construction frees nnd rIm
earning power to capital otiiertvln
locked up In land, while not cxliauv.
Ing but creating capital out f naturs,
Every thoughtful and patriotic citi
zen supports the Secretary of the
Treasury In his desire to preserve the
poise of business, conserve capital and
resources and Increase tho wealth pro
ducing oower of the nation, subject to
war priorities, as well as his desire to During the winter building ir.,,1,, M
encourage tnrut. uui in tno neai m
the campaigns for raising war loans
encouragement of thrift has naturally
received tho greatest publicity.
In his letter of March 15 to Mr.
Samuel Gompers Secretary McAdoo
writes. "The successful financing of
the war depends upon the
difference between what Is made and
what Is spent." Whllo In this Icttor
tho Secretary emphasizes tho Im
portance of saving and does not em
phasize the Importance of making, It
would only be reasonablo to assume
that he believes the people already
understand tbo Importance of mak
ing, as money must bo mado before
It can be saved,
It Is unfortunate that tho Secre
tary's letter to Mr. Gompers does not
tell the building Industry what to ao,
but what not to do.
If, rather than a negative, the build
ing industry might place a positive and
constructive Interpretation upon this
letter, then pvory patriotic man en
gaged In tho building Industry ahould
engage In building operations primarily
required "to protect tho health and
provide for tho comfortable needs of
our people," and In building opera
tions required to facllltato our wealth
producing enterprises; for tho making
of money Is necessary for the success
ful financing of the war, and money
must be mado through successful
It Is to be regretted that the puo-
llc statements of tho Secretary of the resources and raw materials, tho ma-
Treasury bavo been followed by com- Jorlty of which aro not r.sscntlnl fc
municatlons from officials of tho Government use. Buildings are o-
Treasury and other departments and of the most permanent forms rf
from their local committees, which wealth, a means of producing more
have had a tendency to suppress many wealth and one of tho most secu-
wealth producing enterprises at their bases of Increased credit. Thn wltl,
source. These do not transmit a well i holding of funds from circulation
balanced Interpretation of the Score- ( through this industry lends to
tary's desire to maintain tho polso of crease rather than Increase natlor.a
business, increase the wealth produc- wealth.
Ing power of the nation, subject to war I Tho curtailment of building li r.'
priorities, nor to his statement "that . a savins but nr. expense during ti
the successful financing of the war 1 war, because through lack of nornv
depends upon tho difference facilities the cost of everything li lr
between what is mado and what Is j creased, since buildings aro prima;
patent." 'tools of industry, necessary for tv
The rffoet of this ntihlicltv unoti the . production of nil other tools or imp
ounding industry, which has been pro- try as well as for the. production f
duclng 12,000,000,000 annually n cn- the necessaries of life, food, clotlii-.
during, productive wealth and which i ana shelter.
has been qrsdiially checked during 1 In his letter of 1-Vbruary iT
tho past few years by the increasing Frank W. Conner, Secretary MoAdn
cost of labor and materials, until the I writ": "Where It construction I
luxury' features have ljiig since been . question of need lie it on account
eliminated, has been that building has sanitary 'conditions or hecaue vvti
dropped off 50 per cent, or more. Arch!- . out such now construction othr
trots' offices are empty and building I operations essential nt this time fo
labor, except In a few Eastern dls- the welfaro of the country wuuM su'
trlcts, Is Idle. fer thero is no doubt Mich wo-
This labor Is highly specialized anil , should ho undertaken. This appll(
divided Into a hundred or more differ- equally to construction vork In cltl"
ent trades or crafts, each of which re- towns nnd farming districts" Ar'
quires different experience and mental referring to luxury bullcilns. h .av
and mtiscu.ar development. Many of "Where It is a question of bulldms
these men are mature nnd bound to new home simply because It vnvik
their homos by family ties, and beyond ' afford greater comfort tho operntl'
the nge of mental and physical read- should not bo undertaken.
Justment. Even if this were not ?o, It In his letter to Bernard N. Han.
would be impracticable Immediately to J at the tlmo of the luttor'.s apimlntir.'"
shift thta largo volume of labor from i an chairman of tho War Iiiriti-tr.'
Ornamental Flection I,aw.
It is agreeable to read thnt In this
year's crop of New Jersey election
aws Is one which rigorously limits
candidates for tho United States Sen
ate to $30,000 campaign expenditures.
This lafientlnlly shows the State's
widespread prosperity, as neurly every
citizen of that State Is booked to run
for the Senato this year, nnd prcsum
ably would not enter tho game unless
financially able to play the limit. It
seems to bo u mntter of no conse
quence to the Inventor of the law thnt
It Is not, ns tho saying Is, worth the
paper it Is written on. Tho Rennte
of the United States Is the sole Judge
of tho qualification of Its members,
nnd If some careless spender should
overrun a Stnte's legal limit and be
elected he will take his sent In the
Capitol on the hill If the Senate says
In the multitude of New Jersey's
election laws thero Is another forbid
ding Its Governor to run for nny
other office during tbe period for
which he Is elected. This did not.
It may be recalled, prevent n recent
flovernor from running for tho Presi
dency nnd thereafter without protest
being Inaugurated; It will not pre
vent Governor Kdgk from running
for tho Sennte nnd, If elected, taking
his new oath of office by and with
the consent of tho Senate, notwith
standing statutes of New Jersey to
Ills Widow Writes on the Subject of
"Come and Kiss Me, Susie."
To ths Kpitor or The Sus Sir: T
have had tho pleasure of reading a few
of the articles tn your paper regarding
old minstrelsy. I would like to say to
Mr. Frank Dumont that his old and
sincere friend Dave Ueed claimed tn
be the originator of the neat songs and
dances in his great success failed "Pally
Come Up." which I believe ran three
years consecutively. Mr, Emerson used
the same song later, but both ho and
Mr. Newcomb wero called "picture ar
tists," which was correct. To "J. II. J."
I would say that Delehanty and Heng
ler were the first to produco "Shoo Fly"
in this country. Eugene did It later for
a short time, but the great success of
the song was due to Mr. Dan Bryant
and Dave Beed (my husband). I still
own the original dre.ss used by Mr.
The encore number was :
Come and kla ma!
fio awa-. don't bithar m!
Com an1 UIm me!
I ttll you let m ba!
Come nnd kins m, Suj!, don't set mad
The success was in 169 at Tammany
Hall nnd later at Bryant's Twenty-third
Street Theatre. Mrs. Davis Beed.
HnooKr.TS, April 1.
station, notifying him of tho exact i cour:- v 'u 10 'r"
site of tho accident. A map of the increasing oemanas inai were rnano
aerodrome, numbered in quadrants.
can be arranged In the dressing st.a
tlon for the surgeon's use. Such nn
organization worked out in nil its de
tails Is the duty of an air medical ser
vice and Its head. The details are Hi
on him. Perhaps he slandered the force
at that, but In those days hard things
were said by many persons about the
B that as It may, Harry Hill's was
Just around the coiner from the old
most Innumerable, which suffices to i ''" Jieaan.ua.tcr. u .nn lorper.i
show tho need of an Independent stuff 'did not know what was going o there,
in front operations tho work Is stilt they were almost the only ones In New
more complex. The administration. If Yrk who weic. Ignorant. The events
efllclent must b. In tho hands of offl- "'ro not society functions, but they
Board, President Wilson In nm';!:lr:
tho functions of the board partieuivr1
emphasized In paragraph .", "The s'u
ous conservation of resources ard f
the entire West to tho congested dis
trlcts of tho East. If shifted. It could
not be assimilated, as experience has
shown that but a smalt percentage of
the labor thus temporarily employed I duties by pclcntl(V coinmer-1.: a
In new war Industries can bo asrlml- 1 Industrial economic..." The cone'ri.
lated. Tho shift must bo a gradual one tlon industry i.s a natioral fnc..i.
and selective In character. I ns f.uch Its conservation Is th i
In his letter to Mr. Gompers the . Joined. F. T. Millct
Secretary of the Treasury writes: I president of F. W. Uodi;e O'lup '
THE Q. M. C.
cers of high rink directing a well
THE TIP ON THE CHECK.
To TMK KntTOR Of Tint Bc.v Sir; I
enclose a part of an article from Tub
Sun of March 30:
All that they must do la tn at the
hands of th'Ir tlmeplecta aheM t Z
o'clock to-morrow mornlnc If they tit up
Do jou or do you not regard the uss
of the word "that." In clause "If they
sit up that late," as gnol Kngllsh?
It seems fo me Incorrect and I do
not believe jou could find In one of the
great writers of Kngllsh of the past
fifty years a single Instance of such
use. Try .1. H. Newman, Carlyle,
Matthew Arnold, Kipling or Emerson,
Hawthorne, Trewldent Wilson or your
own former editor, Mr. Dana, tor
If you think the expression is correct.
I wiah you would givo your reasons In
The Sun In Justification,
New York, April t. A. fl. Partow.
A Reform That Would Bene fit at
Least the Management.
From ( Merel Oonffe.
A correspondent of The New Tosk
Sun has, so lie believes, tho "solution of
the tipping problem." The Idea Is to make
the fee the conventional 10 per cent, of
the check, and to have the check so ar
ranged that the guest would pay the tip
to the cashier. At the end of tho day
the tip." would be distributed. If the
guest did not wish to tip. he would tear
oft a perforated section of tho check and
would pay only for tho food ho pur
chased. This suggestion Is not to be dismissed
with a contemptuous pooh poohl It has
several points of merit, one of which
undoubtedly is that tho management
would have a fairly accurate meana of
knowing, through the tlples-s checks,
which waiters nero most often untlpped
and therefore pet haps Inefficient
From waiters themselves wo have yet
to hear. A tremendous howl of rage
might be expected, however, If any such
Many housewives frankly admit
that tluy cannot understand the law
of suonlv and demand, and this Is no
uuiKe n t ii in coin oi sucn ammeter (time, to try to explain it to them with
We think It Is a perfectly sound,
easy use of tho Invaluable word "that,"
and wo are too busy to hunt lor de
fenders of tho simple. Inoffensive and
convenient. Our friend the Century
That, ailr, Fmm. that, pron, or a,; ahlir, of
anch pbraaea aa to rant rrtent, to that dacrea
To that extent; to Uiat decree; ao; aa, I dll
not go that fat; I did not car that ranca
abott It; the ropiparlaon belnt with something
prerlmialy aali or Implied, aa la tna preced
So wc shall let it go at that.
mm Up Knniit City Star.
The rcsldnU nf t'opmjm wcra convinced
that the ll celebrated meteor waa
Zeppelin. Olio cltiien blared away at it
with hla thotiun and aald ha mada her
weie popular with both sexes. The fe
males of tha species cnjo.ved tho bare
tint encounters that took pl.vce on thn
square platform that served as a staste
and as a "ling'' fully as well as did
their escorts, If they had any. And
they were served without discrimination
from the bar that stood naked and un
ashamed In one corner of the audito
rium. Hilarious Harry Hill's certainly
was, but when it came to blows among
the audience Harry himself always hit
tlrfct and last. He had been a prize
fighter and ha knew how in keep a
Ho made a large fortune there, but it
flipped through his flngers and I.e. died
poor. Unsavory as the reputation of
his placo wai and It was unquestion
ably a dive It was by no means to bo
classed with numerous other re.sorts ithat
enjoyed lucratlvo patronage in the
neighborhood of headquarters.
At one time the "pretty waiter girl
saloons" on Broadway, up and down
from Houston street, uod to advertise
by the columns in some of the other
wl.sn respectable dRlly papers of the
city, and Harry Hill's seemed a home
of pure refinement in comparison with!
Then the notorious "The" Allen op
Members Bo sn Kssentlil and
Honorable AVar Duty.
To the KniTOR or The HuNSIr: In
a letter to ou dated March 13 a person
signed "II. AV. P." asks. "Are we doing
He Is only one of ninny who ask that
question and I suppose he Is also o.to of
tho many who are complnlnlng about
the number of "swivel chair warriors'
in the army.
It takes quite a number of these so
called "warriors" to carry on the work
of getting men nnd ammunition and food
over to France, and any slur that Is
thrown at any corps In the army that Is
doing Its utmost In Its own work to win
the war should le suppressed.
I am an enlisted man tn the Quarter
master Corps, drawing a monthly salary
of $.10, out of which I must pay $31.50
to cover liberty Ivoan, Insuranca and
atlotment. Is It Just that I should be
deprived of promotion to a lieutenancy
Just because I am In the draft age?
The work of ths "swivel chair war
riors" msy seem easy, but I challenge
any one of our correspondents to enlist
In one of these corps and to le.arn the
whole truth of his statements before
complaining. ('. It. M.,
Private Quartermaster Oorpa.
Nr.w A ork, April 1.
A MAN WITHOUT A CLOCK
Shown tho Krror of Ills iv.it 11 r
Tries to Men-1 Tlicm.
To the l'P.'Tor. or Tnr
met a man the other vl,"
know he must ret h!s clo, 1; a.i ad. vi
besides, he didn't have ,i do. ,u vi
I told him It was the law ,v I he . .
get a clock, lln said he h.id i. i o-.f
with which to buy a clock and 1 to
him to steal one. He said be .ould"
do that: that he was an hont v
and had never stolen anjthtns ''
as a clock In his life had nc- tn'
anything to speak of except n nip os
whllo on guard In tho army, and 1
so ashamed then, when the sirte,
woke him, that he clipped "H ef t
guard house next day and
I tried to show him thn' t' ' '
offence of stealing a clock . f '
uccessary--aa good as eno'ned
case, for how could he obey II
less ho bad a clock?) v..i "'
than the crime of violating i ' w .
In fact not more than one f
part as bad, because stealing .1
only a misdemeanor iiKal"-"' 1
whereas tho other would b "
agalnU tho whole Unite! f-'t m
. life ' ..'
practice wero put ram envc. m.a o j , . nteecker street.
dwindled, of course, ns a result of the!.,,.. . .......i,,.,... ., ,,
war, whllo the cost of living nas
mounted and large fanrllles of llttlo
waiters and waitresses must be fed. It
Is probable that for every excessive
tipper there la one who tips under the
conventional percentage and the average
must run pretty close to that tlsuro.
Why. then, go to nil this bother to get
at the saiiio result?
Loaned, Not Lost One 'Hour.
To the Kditor or the Kun Sir: The
latest war loan, dated March 31, of one
hour per capita, ts due October ST, The
Interest, payable to Uncle Ham, l the
millions of dollars worth of fuel which
will be released for war purposes,
New York, April 1. M. Mii.nor.
i little too raw even for the seasoned
appetite of the time. For there Is no
question that Ntw Vork tolerated a deal
of spice In I'-s menu of amusement at
Ore of the actors who afterward
achieved fame ns n portrayer of rustle
vlrtuo began his career by producing
"Tho Female Bathers'' In a small tlrecu
wlch avenue theatre.
It wasn't a pleasant chapter In the
city's history, but there was reaction
even before tho Parkhurst Investigation.
Tho police at the protest of the clergy
closed up the Fourteenth Street Thea
tre when Morgan, the artist, produced
T'.ans for th conatructlon of the r.hnn
t.'anal tn connect Geneva, iivtierlftnd,
with Muraelllei. France, are being con
sidered. The Sivlaa Government Is favor
ably d1ioed toward the project, u the
canal would establlali
batween tk Cienava and th sa. I'arl
and I.on will receive additional elec
tric powr-r If tha canal Is built. This
could bn developed by th manipulation
of water In the. locks. It Is eatlmated
that the entire work would cost about
The litis olivs crop In th Maritime
Alps jir"lills tn be. a good one. Kall
tnatfs ptaca this ar' production at
4,0.0.0 metric ton. compared to the aver
age Mel.) of s.r.no to .l.onn metric tona
The quality of the oil Is eoll to be good
nnd price are high.
"They Shall Not I'aaa!"
"They ahall not paas"' With awnrd and
Sworn to give all, tha foa'a advanca
Waa ahntterad In a vaat attack
Whan by tha Marne'a long bloody track
To million aoldlera fell for France,
Without ona Wast ragretful (lance
At youth or life or lova'a romanca,
Their living watchword echoes back:
"They ahall not paa!''
And allll the lluna' mad arrogance
VJefllea their country'a fair eipana-.
America, ye ahall not lark
The. might to oo,e franco f-om ths
And pledge for her deliverance:
"They ahall not paai!'"
11l,i7 iitcture of htatnurv thero In pi. I
nelly the same fashion that was fob ''-",n" f(,r ' moulding
t,.. .it i.,. h. . " . ! n'1 r-kln,r margarine and Mr treating
w,i ,.., ,,. . '.......,. ii,,.,.., (.ncoanut lilt An nee.leit tn France.
show and cirrus." Tho pendulum had
t-wung and It was accounted Immoral
for a woman to show much of her fig
ure on the stags, even In tights. Other
days, other customs.
And Is nil this a reflection on our
past? Not as I reckon It. Harry Hill's
placo was rough, no doubt. It had
none of the glitter of the modern play
house, You would not take a lady
there If you expected to marry her, but
ou could see a mighty good fight there
almost ntiv evening, nml lighting comes
in vogue from time to time.
Tho old Houston street Joint was, at
nil events, a iiotuble feature of tho city.
It Is not well to Ignore It. It Is Impos
sible to forget It David A. Curtis.
New York, March 31,
Italy prejenta a market for bathroom
auppllea of all klnda. Cataleguea Kill be
American manufacture ra are asked to
communicate with a Helglan concern,
uhkh haa offlcea In ISngland, with a vv
to furnlahlng materials for rocnnatriictlon
aork after ths war, Uats nf supplies
naadod will bs prepared by Ihla firm
Ttepreaentatton of American manufne.
turera of automobiles, machinery nnd
chemlcala la dealred b? a dealer In Itor.
Hollers and piping, suitable for liraims
vata In which ara tellod leaves previous
to tha extraction of fibre, r.. it a 141 1 11
Uathural, Wevt Afrlcn,
Tur.t-, Africa, present a 111.ttt.et r. .0.
baccn, footwear, leather, confectlnntr ,
condensed milk, nails, tacks and nceUIt.
a solemn enactment by t"-e
of Federal legislators I"
Ho seemed to wave 1 ''.' -him.
HIh patents nri de.d r '
a kinsman on r. 11 tit I ' ' "'
him drift on to rWiructin .v . ' ! "'
forth .1 hand. Verv gent v
him along homo with n e. '
the way to set ,1 clo' k and 1
Into a house by throw 112 ' w
direct waterway j oat,,), ,u, H KjiI To blade T 'I
hulp llinv .ill I touid. 1 . ' '
butcher Knlfv In hi hand .11 1
practlt-e on tho window un' . 1 e . '
open It from the outside .in wc:i
h I ever could. He fJtld lie l"""'"
he would steal the town rln-- a'
kept him awake nights then 1 '''''
with the knife In his bo. tlis
That was day before - " r
day. This morning ut 1 & w 1 c
up, aroused by tny nl.ir 1 ' "
family clock why I the cm , - " '
For a moment 1 was ptupe! ' '"
flashed on mn that tm ' ' '
It for nu April fool Jo .;''
to bed. At brcakfaM Id- '
that 1 missed it nnd of ou
wait for mo to bite fi-r ; '
fidgeted around watting .n.d
for church time to conic. rtt..i ' "
nut of denr ami Ihctn ,1 k '
beneath the window .w t
knife. I realized Instsntl- n.. v '
wife hail bcftt thinking ' '
that 1 h.nl hidden the c!nc n
fool on her ; und I 1H'
mention it In tlions.rl
exact period thai 1 at tl .it
elded to allow foi un-.'.f
1 . anunt but bo' .
1 1 1 irn.
.1 ' (
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