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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, April 03, 1918, Image 1

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Gene? ally fair to-day; rain and colder
to-morrow; variable winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 76: lowest, 51. '
Detailed rather report on' last pge.
VOL. I, XXXV. NO. 215.
1918. Copyright, 191S, by the Sum Printing and Publishing Association.
La to lift urns Indicate Re
publican Victory by
ii.UIH) Ballots.
Uofuso to Concede Election
in View of Closeness
of Contest.
Pacifist Senator Fails to De
liver His Followers to
Victor L. Berger.
Mn.wAfKKB, April 3 (Wednesday).
Scattered returns, sjlll far from com
plete at an early hour this morning. In
dicated the election of Irvine L Lenroot,
Republican, to the United States Senate
over Joseph K. Davles, Democrat,
Tho Democrats, however, have not
conceded l.enroot'n election, but assert
th result will be close. Davles himself
tated that he would have to make a
gain of 12,000 in Milwaukee county In
order to win.
republican supporters at first claimed
l.enrool's election by 40,000, but dls
Kprotntlng returns from the. west arid
northwest of the State caused them to
withdraw those assertions.
Ijiter tabulations Indicated Lenroofs
election by from S.000 to 10,000, accord,
tng to Republican headquarters. Demo
cratic headquarters offered no figures to
support their claims.
Socialists Increase Vote.
One thing the fragmentary returns
proved without question and that was
that the Socialists, supporting Victor I,.
Merger, who ran on a platform calling
for the Immediate abandonment of the
war, had made decided gains over pre
vious elections.
It Is possible that the votes of Wis
consin cltliens in the army now quar
tered at middle West cantonments may
have a bearing on the result. The sol
dier votes were sealed and forwarded to
Madison, where they will be counted.
At midnight scattering precincts from
forty-two counties outside of Milwaukee
county save :
I.enroot SO. 0.17
Davles 4. 992
Berger :: "..TrUT.lIO
lfnroot plurality, 11,035.
One hundred precincts In Milwaukee
county and city gave:
I.enroot !,!.
Davles 1 i.6 7 S
IWger 17,494
Davles' s plurality 6,183.
l-enroot was leading on these totals
by 4.?.":. This Is approximately two-
thuds the total voting strength of the
Davie Is Krigrd Out.
Kaily teturns from Democratic strong
holds placed Davles in the lead, and his
managers confidently, predicted his
election. These results were reversed,
however, by the Inter returns from the
liepuhllcan counties. Karly this morn
ing Davles'. managers, while acknowl
edging that the race was exceedingly
cloe. refused to concede the election.
Karly returns In the city Indicated a
marked increase for the Socialist vote
mid the reelection of Mayor Daniel W.
llnan, Socialist, of 'Milwaukee, was con
ceded. In the counties which sent In the first
fragmentary reports the Increased
I'rser vote apparently was at the ex-It-n-
of Davtcs, except in Lacrosse
count, where Senator La Toilette Is
nt'onz. Here, It was said, the Socialist
oi whs augmented by detections from
I.n rollrlte Vote Split.
The most interesting of the early re
turn came from 1'ort Washington, In t
Ozaukee county. This is a Uerman
county and normally a Democratic
stronghold, At the recent primaries,
however, Davles received but 155 votes,
'ompsre'i with 1,000 for James Thoinp
')n. the l,a Follette Republican, while
Lenroot got 113 and Ilerger 353. To-day
I on Washington complete gave Davles
In. l.cnroot 180 and Berger SO.
v Davles and lcnroot In their cam-
pa eii oledeed support to the war ad
I' nitration of President Wilson, WIs
fons ) expects tho rest of the country
'" i -p' their combined vote us the
r.valtv oe of the State, leaving to
Berger the onus of polling the dlsloy.il
n it platform calls for Immediate
bsndonnirnt of tho war and for this
reason is labelled disloyal by parotic
Germans of the State In common with
tl.e r brethien of other ancestry.
Victims Were Levi P. Morton's
Niece and Her Daughters, j
I'"' April ".With projectiles'
fr in airplanes the Germans sought to
"ipp.eineiit to-day their bombardment
of Pans b a long range gun. The air
f'd proved a complete failure, the
'emy being unable to penetrate the de
fensive barrage.
The long range German gun which
'ielled this city on tlood Friday killed
Mrs Mary a. I.andon, wife of
dward II. I.andoo, a retired New
Wk attorney, and his daughters, Mrs.
Lucy J..indon Speed and Mlsa Jtuth L-an-The
Identification was made late
' -la. Mr. and Mrs. I.andon have been
esazci in lied Cross wervlce In Paris
nd Mrs Speed, who Is the wife of a
Jb Mi army Captain, and her sister
''H'h nl'o did lied Cross worlt In France.
he fimlly has been socially prominent
In w York and Paris,
Mt I.andon was a niece of Levi P.
Morton, former Vice-President of the
' nited .states and once Uovernor of
J'w York, Her maiden name .was
Mn-.v (irlnnell, Two of her sons are In
s'rvice with the American expeditionary
forces. Harold M., as a First Lieutenant
ef Infantry nnd William O. In the
Avljtion Corps.
Overwhelm Socialists in Al-
ilerinnnic Infections, De
feating: Every One.
German Wards Disappoint Lo-
cal Bolshcviki hy Backing;
Patriotic Candidates. !
SpeclalTJflpatc.', to Ths Stv
Chicago. April 2. Chicago gave em
phatlc notice to-day that it is fiimlyl
behind the big war. In the Aldermanlc
elections party lines were, swept aside
where necessary, and the loyalists over
whelmed the Bolshevlkl at every' turn.
Socialists are amazed and speechless
to-night over their wretched showing.
They had confidently expected to elect
five of their number to the City Council,
and the more confident of their leaders
predicted the election of nine.
Managers of the loyalist groups ad
mitted there was grave danger thut at
least three and possibly five wards would
leturn a Socialist .lrterman. Therefore
there Is great rejoicing In loyalist camps
to-night oer the utter downfall of the
Socialists. I'.ven their one representa
tive. Ilodriguer., up for reelection, went
down In the wreck, snowed under and
smothered by the votes of patriotic
Some filtiirrirr mid Fraud.
It was a clean cut and decisive victory
for patriotism and final notice that Chi
cago will not tolerate Bolshevism.
There was considerable disorder.
Boarts by the semi-Bolshevik propa
ganda leaders that they had all the
wires laid for a killing biought out a
very large vote and also awakened the
patriotic part of the population to dan
gers of frauds at the polls.
Karly In the dny It became appaient
that big frauds would be attempted, and
some were actually put over. Dead men
were voted fieely, and In one precinct
the rattag otcd under the names of
thirty-four men who had moved to other
nart.s of the r!lr. T'!hls were numer
ous, and In ope case an American candf
date hustled a Socialist Into an auto-j
mobile"" and had him taken to the City '
Hill and locked In a cell to prevent a
moh heating him to death.
The returns show the Democrats re
tain control of the i'lty Council by a I
cotnfoitalde marghi. In on ward where
th; Roger Sulltv an forces are very I
strons there n Imminent dar.ter that
the Democratic candidate would be de
feated by the Socialist aspirant. The
Sullivan Democrats then Hot behind the
Republican candidate and pushed him
to a big victory.
Unite on Strongest Man.
Reciprocal measures were taken y
Republicans In wards where the Social
ists showed dangerous Htrength. In all
cases where there was any doubt the
loyal forces centred upon the stronge-t
man regardless of his political label,
with the result that the Bolshet ikl are
without any additional representatives
in the City Council.
Some of the distinct surpiises of the
day came from the heavy German wards,
where the Socialists expected to garner
every foreign vote. They were badly
One of the hottest contests was In
the Second ward, populated almost en
tirely by negroes. Oscar Deprie't, re
cently deposed as Alderman after a seu
atlonal expose of grafting and t Ibute
collecting, was denied renomlnatton and
ran as an Independent.
Major Robert F. Jackson, colored,
was the tegular Republican nominee,
and the contest was bitter.
They Capture Bloonilnston With
Aid of Women.
Chicago, April 2. tlalns for the Pro
hibitionists were recorded In o. day's
township elections on the "wet" and
"dry" Issues throughout Illinois.
Of the larger cltle.-j of the State
Blootnlngtou gavo a dry majority of
'.',11!. which was attributed to the over
whelming dry vote of the women. Hock
Island, which has been the centre ot a
campaign l (lovernment agents to
eliminate vice conditions, voted out
forty-one saloons by a majority of 800.
The saloon proposition was an election
Issue in moie than fifty townships. The
returns from the fltst five "wet" town
ships showed all had changed to the dry
column. Among the three wet victories
recorded In the early figures was Nauvoo
township, Hancock county, which re
mained wet by the narrow margin of
T8 vote. Havana, Mason county, also
voted to keep Its Baloons. Aurora, with
forty-seven saloons, voted wet by a
majority of "00,
Supreme Court Reserves De
cision on Constitutionality.
Inpianapoi.is, April 2. Indiana he
came "dry" from border to border to
night at midnight. The statewide pro
hibltlon law, so written that Intoxicating
liquors may not be manufactured, sold,
given away or shipped Into the State ex
cept for medical and sacramental pur
poses, took effect at that hour.
Members of the Indiana Anti-Saloon
League estimated that 3.100 saloon- In
the State closed their doois. They esti
mated that thirty breweries In the State
were affected, nnd possibly twelve to fif
teen distilleries. The amount of money
that the league members say lias been
spent annually for intoxicating liquor In
the State la $23,000,000.
The closing of all places where liquor
could be purchased followed strenuous
efforts of the "wets" to have the law de
clared unconstitutional. The Indiana Su
preme Court heatd oral arguments to
day In two cases Involvinff the law but
no decision was rendered. There was no
Intimation as to when tne Supreme
Court will decide tje caste.
British Man Power Conscrip
tion Measure to Re Intro
duced Next Week.
May Applv to Whole Empire
1 ' ' '
or Have Some Degree of
Home Bule
Special Cablt DnpateK In Tn ft v.
' opvn'jAf. !U; oil' rights rrnrntd.
Iondov, April 2. The question of
conscrintlon In Ireland U the most dim-
cult problem confronting the War Cab..ou' American-. Keen tor cue oauie,
ana tne stage set without neiav not on ly . - .... juunrr time oerninn rjjoris to smasii
n;t. The man power draft measure Is ( fol. a counter offensive, but for aggres- requisitions. He understands this requl- through Ihr British Jnr niul of Ihr ap
certain to be presented to Parliament slve waifare without pause until the sltlon calln for a much larger quota of f'oi'ciif dtsptration with which the enrmj
next week. Whether It will apply to I
., ,. , ... . , . i
the entire empire or will be accompanied '
Whether It will apply to I
by a measure' of home tule Is the most
serious part of the question.
There 1 no reason to doubt that the
Commons will support any bill the Gov
ernment may offer, although Irish lead
ers have professed to tee In the plan
only a new projtct to force the draft
upon Ireland. There I- no doubt the
measure. In whatever form presented,
will have the moral backing of the peo
ple of England, Scotland and Wales.
From a practical point of view, con
scription In Ireland continues to be of
doubtful value, especially If It should
tequlie one Ungllsh soldier to keep or
der In Ireland for every Irish conscript
enrolled. The political advantage ap-.
parents wou.u ne all in favor of the
Sinn I'elnets, who, though now losing
their influence, would leealn Mtrnvtl,
The Dublin cot respondent of the Man.
cheter Oiiai'dlnn telegraphed .xesterday
as follows:
"There Is only
one way to get a
greater military effoi t from Ireland, and
that Is through the unconditional estab-
ll!"litnent of a native government, na-,
tlonal In powers nnd scope. If such a
government Is established, conscription i
will be unnecessary to t-athar an effect
he surplus of manhood from .Ireland. I
'Two years ago, official figures, ihowsd
that 1(0,090 men were available for
' ai) nnT, niiu-ej ineu sp.wuo nave
enlisted.' A million and a half additional
acres of land have been devotfd to food
production, thus employing the labor of
tliouands irtoie. Other thousands are
working In the ship yards and munition
factories of Ureat Hrltaln."
Last Hope Lies In tlrother'a ApplU
cntlon for Itevlalon.
I'cr.is. April 2 Ho'o I'aaba. umlei
seiiteme of death as n traitor to Fr.HK.e,
to-da lost what maj bo his last chance
for life when the Court of Cassation re
jected hi- appeal. It was bised upon
the ground that his alleged crime was
not committed In France,
F.arller In the da, Monslgnor Bolo.
brother of the condemned man, filed with
the Ministry of Justice an application
for revision. This will be referred to
a special commission, but only In the
event the commission flc.ds favorably to
Bolo will It be brought before another
The Court of Cassation also rejected
the appeal of Darius I'orchere, sentenced
to three ears for complicity in Bolo's
deals with the enemy
British Aim Iteport "cluing tinna
Hast of Jordan Itlver.
IiNpon, Apr'l 2 An official state-
ment Issued to-day at the War Office
regarding: British operations In Palestine
Seven bundled prisoners, four guns,
several machine guns and a number
of motor lorries were captured east of
the fllver Jordan between March 23
and April 1.
On March 30 raiding operations
against the Iledjaz Hallway having
been succes-fully accomplished our
troops commenced a retirement to
ward Ks-Salt,
Alnmnl Will Hear of Service at
Front by Collegian.
The story of what hundreds of Dart
mouth College men aie doing In the way
of war service, doih at nomo and Inlpapeis devote leading articles to the
prance, will oe lOia al tile MOtel MC-
Alnln mi th AVAnlnir nf Ani-ll 10 l,a I
the Dnitmoutli Alumni Association of
New York will hold a war dinner. It Is
expected that President Hopkins will be ,
present. ,
Charles G. DuBols, president of the ,
a.'Miclatlon and comptroller of the .nier
Ican Bed Cross, will come from Wash
ington especially to attend.
Camed Only Small Cargo
r 7 r;i. j
Uamage Not Described.
me mighty rente or tne White Star
fleet, hit by a Hun torpedo on Monday
while on her way from Kngland to this
side of the Atlantic, has arrived, pre -
sumably with the help of patrol boats,
at a Mrittsn port.
A despatch to the White Star local
office announcing her safety merely said
that she had readier "a port." Th
olIU-x had received and will receive no
further Information by cable, Tbe Celtic
e'arrled only a small cargo, and so far
as, the local managers of the line knew
she had no passengers,
There was elation in the nlfice over
her escape, Hie second in her long and
hazardous steaming through the sub
marine, zone. Her splendid construc
tion and the fine seamanship of her offi
cers did the trick. It Is probable that
she will have to lay up eeveral weeks
(or repairs.
Officials Believe. He Sent
Baker to Unify Forces as
Well as Command.
Gives Them Benefit of Amer
ica's Man l'owcr EarlieV
Than Was Expected.
Washington. A mil I. While the bat
tle In I'lcardy la'ted to-day in a lull
,1't "" f
of a new and more terrlltle storm. Amer-
Uan troops weie hastening to Join In
the fray with their Ktench and British
Formal announcement from London '
that these units would be merged with
the allied war machines Indicated to of-
flclals that losses of the Allies would bo
Immediately made good with vigorous
v.ermnn invauer snau n
checked, but nmled back
mtarv defeat.
l'ern'!,n lvatler shall not only be
10 uilimaie
No explanation of the announcement
from London was made to-dsy at the!
War Department. IMobsbly not moie
than a very few of the highest officials
knew piecisely wh.it method Is to be
adopted to iu!i nddltlon.il fenes to
Wilson' Influence Sera.
KeUewIng the niejgre information i
that has b'en available as to the great
things that, have been accomplished
since tlr Herman drlrc began, many
officials uere convimed to-night that
.Mr. Baker bad been sent to Europe hy
President Wilson for the purpose of
bringing about Just the amalgamation
of forces that has been effected. In i
urging tingle command for the whole
battle front In the we.t It was regarded ,
as certain that the American Secrftaty
would not have goro emtitv handed to
the confereme.
Th. .--.. n.t. , t
.lmuIi.. i. .v'... ,i 'I
warrau't moie than a pl-a for neT
measures to meet the Ciermau onrush, i
With the whole man power of the
Vnlted States made immediately avail-
able to play Its pai t In the l anks of the I
allied armies as well as In the purely
American foice. however. It was ar-
gued that Mr. liaker could speak with '
1 co 'ipeltliig force.
Wlnl.r.,,,.,- Ku,, iv, nri.in.
purpose of the Sect etarv'a mission Inc 1
coirslete unification of fjermany's three
n'ost uower.'u enemies iis,leii serom.
pllshrd. The effect. It Is believed, will
be seen soon al the battle front.
Jlaker'a Training; Plans Itrcnlled.
,lilt befdie Secretar Kaker left for
Kuinpe he had under con-ideiation new
plans for establishing American tt.ilnniR
centre- with the Ilrltl-h force as well
a with th French No iletermlnitlon
I. ad been i eat lied, he said. Just before
he left The plan at that t.me, however,
contemplated only tra'nlng In order to
hasten the rnval In Franco of Ameri
can fone In sut'loient numbeia to In
fluence the war deelivev
Thu actual plan adopted apparently
Is an outgrowth of This proposal, but it
is far moie sin-lncant. for It coutem.
,,!,,., not OIlIy I.alnmg'but actual oper-
atlons In bailie of combined llrltlsh-
Ainerlcan and French-American forces In
addition to Uen. I'eishlngs own army.
the upbuilding ot which Is to be piessed
forward with every tifjenu.
of the allowing Mnerlcan troops now
in this country will make at th front.
Ilrltlh ami French otTlcers heie who
have ntudleil the cantonments and the
men probably are the best Judges. They
sgrea that the American soldier who
ha- had from sixty to ninety il.i.vs In
stinct. on here s fully ready to go to the
frnl'.t. nrnvideil lip Is sitrt-.tutnl,! n-ltl.
veterin troop They have been deeply
Impressed by Hie iutellgn v and quick
Pe'ceptlou of the Amerl-an.
Vast Force of Men Available.
There ale hundreds of thousands of
men now Rvailnb'e lotn here nnd In
Knrope who aie plilally tit and men-
tally leady for the battle, they sa. Mid
li is these men who aie to he used. As-
soelated with the Brltlh and Flench ;
veterans they will pick up the finer I
points they lack in a matter of weeks or
even days, these officers saj, nnd they
confidently predict that the' show Ing of
the men In battle will more than Justify
their ii'e without waitlus for their full
tiutnlng couise to have been completed.
British Pre Comment on Wit
aon'a Decisive Act.
Special t able Dmpntcli 1,1 Tnr. Si v
f op; i ij, , lsu, all nV.'.( reseritd.
I.ONPOV, April 2. Mo-t of the news
I rtlrnm. ilnol.lnn ,n .,l. a i
I"'061"' 10 hme "" ,h" nBhtlK Hnes
with French and British leglments. The
Wnllu iViroincfr says th American de
clsion speaks volumes for the practical
vMon and unswerving sense of the
lealitles that characterize President
Wilson and his Government, adding:
"No stone has been left unturned bv
them to fulfill th double task of feed
ing the Allies and leenforclng the com
batants." The Manchester (iuaiilian says: "A
very naluial ambition of the 1,'nlted
Slats was that her troops should take
the field with their own divisional cn-
ganlzatlona complete In every particular.
This ambition the I'nlted States has
af5r(ed ,0 HUrrenler for the moment. We
aie grateful for the gift, which Is doubly
valuable for Its occasion. 'He gives
twice who gives ciulckly.' When this Im -
1 mediate crisis Is over we will do our
. best to repay America for her chivalrous
"Wilson. Baker, Pershing and Bliss
have done a vrtv great thing In a veiv
gieat way. The' British and the French
people are moved hv till- splendid deni-
onstratlon of fellowship In the fl?ht for
fieedom of the woild.'
fiardnrr to Run for Senate
Porti.anp, Me , April
2. Oliaillali
Gardner of Hocklnnd
a former mem-
ber of the United States Senate, will be
a candidate for the Senatoilal nomlna-
Hon al the Democratic primaries next
dune, according to an announcement
from the Democratic state committee
War Department. Spurred
by Appeals From Allies.
to Decide Quickly.
Shorter Time IMamied
Camps Here, With Inten
sive Training- jn France.
Special lit tptt'.rh to Tier 91 V
YVni.eno.v. April An emergency
;";f;a!mie ,n '" "',!
which may result In sending L.iOO.iiOi)
Instead of &0O.U01 men to the tialnlng
camps this year Is under consideration
t the War Depattment. Prospects
lavor early approval,
Provost Marshal fleneral Crowder, In
charge of the draft machinery, has re
ceived orders directing hint to appear
for conferences with
officers of the
,.,.. . . , ,, r
( .. sl.PCMdlnit m0nths
than contemplated In original
l'iilf.s the House shall quLUly ap
prove the draft quota bill, alread)
passed by the Senate, It Is believed th
War Department will proceed with the ;
emergency call- under the old leglsla
tion. although this admittedly works
injustice to a number of localities.
(ant Delay Much Longer.
Dem.inil for the more evpedltlou-
training of troops and their tapld trans-
port.itinn to Km op Is euch that the
Wur Department cannot suffer longer
delay. I'nder the new plans of the De-
paitment the folloning changes In the
electhe draft situation ate iueslble If
not nrobabl
The number nf men called this year
may be doubled, depending on facilities
fur,,lllr despatch to Oen. Pershing. j
i1"'"" -""i " i
"mp 111 ,llol,r- la
1"'"J ,vl" Probably gu across soon ,
ftcl' ll"-v 1"v0 lni,,", "", funda-
n",",!,'s ' warfare and will i ecelve In-,
tensive training In France.
Tl" A',rl1- M'- J,,n "'' succeeding ,
quota will be swelled pinbably to twice
'heir contemplated sin.
11 m"v b P"ssary early nest r
,0 owtll of riant 1 to get the men
nT"i) v....,.-.
instead o: caning suo.tuio men tn, the Hcsipe against Arras, on March 2$,
ar, a- recently fotecast by Die Pro- wei e meant to constitute st flrest an eu
vest Marshal (Jeneral. approximately , tf, priJe s that begun a week earlier.
1. .',00.000 men mav be c.il.ed to camD n ii,i n.t'ni.n H'vi.v.i.o m-or
Kulgencles of the war front situation
'n all likelihood w-ll bi ing a tightening
Pi tl' regulitlons under the legislation
authorizing the fin loiishlng of farmers,
It ptcib.iblj w.ll b Impossible to furlong's
fanner In the luge number.- hereto-
foie suggested ami there will be a close
adjustment betw eeu thi mllitai and ag-
r'.cul'uial i cq-i rt ments.
Cull Will Come Sooner.
fien. t'rowder said to-day that the call
for drafted men tn!s month would he
made sooner than was expected ami that
this call, wh.ch was a part of the second
dtaft, must be on the old quota basis
unless there. I- piouipl upproral of the
diaft quota bill. This old basis fixes
quotas on Hie comparative population
rlgmes rather than on the scientific basis
Piestnten to L-ongres- oy inn j-rovosi
Marshal t5ener.il In the so-called draft
las-.l.catiou b.ll.
This bill was na.-scd by the Senate.
hilt after some delay came out of the
House committee on a divided repoit.
den. Crowder admitted that unless this
bill I- ynon sinned by the I'tesldent the
siO!id draft will go forwatil under the
old plan When den Cowder was
asked why lie did not Insist upon .--peedy
House net inn be sa d he ha J been before
the .o.nm.ttee for ten hours exvlalnlng
tl: bid an.l lie leu lie nan gone as rar
as a soldier could go In asking for leg-
Chal-man Dent of tne House Military
Committee sjld to-day that he had re-
quested the Rules Committee for a spe-i
clal rule to expedite passage of the quota
bill and the Military Committee was not
responsioi for unuue unsay, iieqiierts
m In,' he asserted, for niles; on a mini
ber of War Depai iment bills,
Pon Optimistic on BUI.
Cliairnun I'.ni nf the Utiles Committee
has Informed the House tl.at he hopes; to
bring in a tule for the quota bid follow.
Ing consideration Thursday of a rule au
thorizing condemnation of Jand near
Government nitrate plains.
The Injustice of the old method of de
teinilnlng quota- Is shown by the fol
lowing Illustration, which applies to New
Yoik and almost any other locality
w heie Ibete ate large foreign born pop-
I In nt. t. Inn 1 f.ir Inslmie iliem mav
be 2,000 men teglstered and Division 3
may have the same number of regis
trants. The registered men are classi
fied in five classes, possibly as follows:
Division 1 Class 1, 200; Class 2, 100;
Class 3. 100; Class 4, 700; Class 3, 900.
Division 2 Class 1, 800; Class 2, 100;
Cla 3, 100; Class t, 70fl;'ciass 5, 300.
Ilaih of these divisions having the
sauie. population supposedly might have
to furnish the sane number of drafted
men. However, Division 1 having a
laige foielgn population or a number of
alien enemies, all of whom are teq'itred
to register, furnishes an unusually laige
number for Class S and would be at a
great disadvantage because Its supply of
men In Class 1 would be exhausted long
before the supply of men of the same
class In Division 2 would become ex
1 heusted. Thus Division 1 suffers ma-
1 rIa"' bemuse f " foreign born and
deferred classifications,
Major to Hare ('barer of Field 1
of Flying Corps at .Mlnrola.
Major Thomas Hitchcock, father nf
the missing Tommy Hitchcock, who was
downed by a German aeroplane recently,
was appointed commander of Field I
of tne Fijintr c orps, at .Mineoia, i.. i ,
yesterday. He took his first lessons In
flying a year ago, and1 is now one of the
best in Hie .t I' vice.
Major Hitchcock la a well known New
York sportsman, lie aucceedi Lieut.
Col. Olio Oloihlre.
i Heavily Laden German Itnnks
Wither Before British
Machine (Jims.
Eighty Enemy Divisions Have
Been I'scd I'p in Attempt
to Oain Objectives.
Sperial I'ablt Denpateh to Ths Si s
I'opyrtgtit. 191$: alt right reitntd.
l.OSUOS. Apiil '2. The "Oatlu Kr-
P". " iletpalchr roil ff staff cur-
"''.' """ ,
r.'","i"''.r'. ' J""'" ."A ''!'.' '"('!:
vrmy nuir 10 inuirt km mi -crut,
jitifiu;, uiiifi less make any neir ami tm-
poi finif mfi once.
Ar!1 ' Me!aed). The Iliitlsh light
flank, southeast of Ani!en, still l the I
f Interest, following the severe!
lighting of .Saturday and Sunday around
Mo-.eull. In the densely wooded district
between that town and the Hoy.; toad J
tli (lermans succeeded In advancing
their line wlightly. An attack at 2 :3i '
o'clo. k Sunday afternoon, from Meniere. I
.main gave them puf.'esflon of the foiest 1
near Mureuil.
The enemy had entered Ilangard. on
the I.tue llker, by nightfall. Save fur
a detetmlned attack west nf Albeit
t! .30 o'clock, and an aboitlve attempt
agalni-t the Hucquoy front, the moinlng
was calm. The Germans now have used
more man eigniy divisions in tins rjame
and ltll are piittlug In fiesli troop
without being able to lm ieae the speed
of their advance. The village fighting
Is more and more In our favor, as bhonn
by the iapture of mote than a hundred
nnchlne guns from the Hermans at l.as-
slgny farm, near Serre.
Birr Advance Was Intended.
After Haturay night's as-ault. It Is
clear that the atta, Ws mi both sides nf
engaged north of the tlver In the effort
to take Vltny P.ldge and complete the
oecupation of Arras, while our tioops to
the -oiith were being attacked by three
division!. 'Phis region Immediately ad-
Joins all evlenlve maish Su completely
did the enemy nttark fall that the foe
has been unable to make a tecond at
tempt. Kvrly possession of both Arras
nnd the ridge undoubtedly was part of
hi programme of victory in the we.t.
There was jotne artillery preparation.
but th method of advance in dense
Infantry formations was en tly the
same In the earlier phases of the bat
tle. The Set on.! (Suaid- Division was
the one assigned to enter Arras. The
extent of the casualties may be Judged
from the fact that the Flit tiuard- lost
from on regiment ten officers Including
tri colonel, killed and t went. v -one
wounded or missing. These flgiiies aie
attested from captured documents.
I Although our troons between I'ambra!
I ami si n,,,,ti., .i .ii,i. ,. .....
from the nature of the giound and the
weather, they were able to meet the en -
emy on more than an equal footing
This Is especially true as regard t'le
ground north
mist here and the eemv had to attack
nlaln view nil the vv.iv to .,nr t. enches.
The British pushed down the foi waul ' . ' i .,i.. uv ,t,',n,lniis eci tlun and I
alope of the ridge, into the plain or;f7,,
Doual. and lay against Arleux, Oppyand
Clavrelle. wlieie the lieiman f i out line
was held under constant observation.
Kven at the foot of the sloye behind
Halllenl, Farbus and (iaven- our men
had a clear survey across Hie countrv.
, From till naked plain the Germans had
to make the drive for Vliuy and support
the attack against Aira-on both the low-
banks of the Scarpe.
nrltlsh Pneta Obliterated.
They began the attack bv blowing
most cf our forward posts out of exist
ence, riarly on the morning of March 28
the barrage, was shuttled about In an
unusual way, nosing out one post after
another Gas theils sought cm" bat
teries and trenih ntort.vs brgan to gnaw
at our wire At 3 o'clock our fiutliest
gairlsons still hung on through an an
nihilating flr until dead or overrun.
Some of the posts had about a company's
strength, and fiom one of these only cine
man staggeied back, resurrected after
being bitiied under a pile of debris, while
from another cam a handful of sur
vivors flhtlng their way through par
ties of th enemy. Tluy had been oppo
site Gavrelte, when the storm fell, When
the Germans came on, trying to take
them In the flank, they swung their ma-
Voitti'tlieil on Ji'rcomf Page.
Soldiers to Talk for
Fund at Reisenweber's
HOLMES, late of the West
Surrey Regiment, and Bomber
Daniel McGinnis, formerly of the
Canadian overseas forces, who
lost a lee at the Somme, will ap
pear in Reisenweber's, Columbus
Circle, to-morrow 'night, and
make short addresses.
In response to a special invita
tion they will take a collection
for THE SUN Tobacco Fund
duw'tif? the intermission of the 11
o'clock show, the opening of
Reisenweber's new spring revue.
Rend of this and other attrac
tions on page 5.
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
Britain Thanks Wilson
for Reenforcements
" I-ord Reading, the British
Ambassador, sent to President
Wilson to-day a message of
thanks on behalf of the British
Government for "the instant and
comprehensive measures" which
the President took in response to
the request that American troops
be used to reenforce the allied
armies in France. It said:
"The knowledge that owing to
the President's prompt coopera
tion the Allies will receive the
strong reenforcements necessary
during the next few months is
most welcome to the British Gov
ernment and people."
'I'lifiv A ! U SI r fill I IIIIIHI MUM
i i i
Are Supported hy Ade
quate Artillery
P,i' hivwi.iiK Hp
Ull 01 1 "H"1 s Um1!IOII! e-
Inkt's ,c Plenum! From
Two of Enemy's.
i aiilt hetpii'th to Tin: i'n f i ti m
I a into n limf
fnpirijfit 11 s ; alt ligM rtstned
Fkkncjii A fi vt t llKAUut'Ar.TLns. April
1 (delaved). The Flench folces to-dav
maile some gains and suffered slight
losses, but both wete, of umall Impoi
tance cumpuied to the main fact that
the enemy has been foiled In his de.--peiate
attempt to break the Hue and
get throiuh to the lallruad running
south fioin Amien. It meant every
thing to the (Seiinan- to make a bieac-h
before the arrival of 1'ieiicli reenfoice-
ments, which keep coming up day by
No longer i It the case, as it was
In the initial ktages of the sresl of
fensive, that some of the Flench sie
shoit or materials aim aminunmoii ex
cept what they can cany without help.
Now the baggage wagons anil calsoli.
are fully equipped and Mippoited. and
the heavv butteiles, a well as the Held
guns, me s.ippfled with plenty of horses
and an Hbuiulaiue of ammunition.
The Hermans n-o bound to pioceed
with all the troops and guns the can
bring up in an effoit to deal it sni.'nh
Ing blow to this line. I!ut the fact
that so far thev have failed, as I hey I
failed in n aiu liar uttnel. on the lliitish!
noilh ot the Homme, Is Itself a milltaiy
triumph of the Hist ouler for the Allies,
whose position oiiRht to linpiove steadily.
firruian' Object Defeated.
II I Inevitable that thei will be
fiu-lhr limes nf Cleat anxletv to the
I French and omsvUe. for the tSetmati.
too. ere beginultig t" !et up their heavy
uitllleiy. The battle, as it graduull.v
, IJ ., , ,,,.
, , ' .V, v ,,,',, .,,
I .,' , . in'
of a Mailt vvltli in-
is the dilef nun em-
plo.ve.l. biildly will d iiiliil-h In Intensity
violence. But we ma.v ay wnii
I fa r cciitldem e that Hie iu'i has hem
! 1 hi, I to ,7
I . .... ' ,. . ..
I'lessie, Dcroje. I.e I'leinout and seveial
other towns have witnessed hand to hand
fighting without cessation. The lelaklng
of I.e I'leiiumt from two infantry divi
sions that hud been oideied to liuld it
at all costs was m cumpllshed by one
French dlvisimi. the German leaving
700 prisoners and twenty officeis behind.
On the Olse front a German battalion
succeeded In i tossing the Itlver Chauny
and attempted to establish a bildgehead
on th left bank but was attacked so
(toionsly by the French that praiil
(ally the whole battalion, except 100
pilouei, was wiped out.
The Gentian loeses throughout the
battle necessarily have been cvtiemely
heavy, altliuugh It cannot be xald that
the enemy's effort rlinws a inaiked s'tin
of slackening, although the tremendous
wastage Is bound to tell In the long tun.
t)f the divisions tluown Into buttle by
Ihe eneinv, now niimlierlng nearly n
hundred. It Is known that among the
liianv that have been withdrawn as a
con(queiU'e f th battering they have
suffered ar ths Thirteenth, Twenty-seventh,
Ninetieth nnd Forrji -seventh, the
211th Chascuis and the Fifth Guard
Hrqneit for Relief Itefosed.
On th" afternoon of Match 2.1 th
commanding officers of the Fltst and
Second Bavarian legitnents asked tn be
relieved as om of their companies;
were tediired In thirty men. Their le
quets were lefused. There were no tegl
inents to take their place. The same an
swer was given lo the Thlrt.v -fourth Di
vision. The Furty-tlftli Reserve Dhl
s.on. having lost nearly ."0 per lent, of
Its effectives cm March 22, was lelleved
and tho next day was sent back Into the
A captured order tells lmw a division
wok arranged for attack. Two regimen,
tal groups neie marshalled in exartlv
the same order. In the front line there
were three battalions of Infantry, one
company for assault, a half company
with supplementary tnaclUne guns, a half
company nf engineers, a llanimenweifer
detachment, a half company w Itli mine n
werfers'. two regular battel les and one
attached battery
In the second line weie one icglment
of reserve Infantry, flv tanks, one hide,
pendent detachment of cyclists and one
company for areault. The artillery for
the Immediate support nf each division
consists of twelve field batteries and six
heavy batteries, Includlnr one of 210mm.
The tanks mentioned possibly were
among the few German tanks that hsv
been used and a description In one order
Indicates that they were taken from the
Brltlih. v
Onnaii Offensive Slackens
Still Farther While Onus
Are JJronght Up.
Freneh Fire Takes Heavy
Toll at Points of Enemy .
Hritish Capture Post Near
Nerre Raiding Along
Rattle Front.
1.UNPO.V. April 2. Th German offen
sive In France slackened still further to
day, the fighting consisting of a series
of purely local engagements and of ar
tillery exchanges. All the War Office
statements to-night agree that there .
wero no engagements of Importance dur
ing the day. The enemy ! presiimed te
be bringing up his guns and using every
-ffoit to repair his shattered divisions,
while the main allied reserve still Is held
back, waiting the time to stilke with full
The Hi Ulan carried out minor opera
tions In tlie neighborhood ot Strre, cap
luring u German post. In yesterday':
fighting between the A vie and l.uee
livers they took n few piinoners and
thltteeu machine guns. German counter
attacks In this region weie broken bjr
British aitlllery, 1 1 1 -j Germans suffering
sevet ely.
Another entupilse almost Identical In
chaiacte- was carried out near Hebu
teiue. Ilalds were carried out at Ache
ville and Hollebeke.
Spirited Artillery KlKhllnsr.
Paris repoits quite spirited aitlllery
fighting, particularly between Montdldler
and Lasslgny A tlueatened German at
tack on the left bank of the Olee was
stopped. At seveial places French guns
caught enemy cunccntiatlons and took a
heavy toll nf them. ,at night the
Ficiicli and Hritish made some progress
between the Somme and Deniulu. THe
French also have caitled out several suc
cessful raids.
Ileiiiu claims lh.it the attacks at
Hebr.teine and between the. l.uce and
the Avre biohe down, v illi heavy allied
losses. To-night's Get man i eport gives
none of the details customaiy when th
German have had a faliiv succajiiful
dav. The chaige Is made that the
Fienrli oi 1 1 1 mi e tn Mull l.aon nnd have
killed a number of the Inhabitants of the
foi tress (own.
The geueial situation at the moment,
as lie -i-i ibfd by lleiiter'.s correspondent
at Hilt'.li lieailquat ter. Is tha the main
movement of ftesh enemy troops and
others that or moderately fresh con
tinues io be towaul the j;one between
the Somme nnd Mnntdidier North ot
the Somme the Hi .t!Mi ha iicceld
In slablllxhiR the line, at any late for
tin- time being.
Action In Hrlalnm.
Theie has been a considerable In
crease in th artillery fire against th
lliitislt positions at Passchendacle and
on the Goebeig ridge, In Belgium, north
east of Ypre.. The correspondent say,
however, that the Germans are com
mitted mi heavily to the present battle)
front that It s not easy to believe they
will liy an offensive elsewhere.
The Alsatian nntiiigents. three-quarters
of which had been used until now
on the eastern fmrit and aie now in
Prance, appear to give gtrnt concern to
the Gei mans, according to secret In
struction found on prisone i.s, It I for
bidden to ue Ahs.it Una and l.orralners
In tn tift line and in patrol ritit.v
Accord'ng to prlsuneis. a number of
enemy battalions have special light
tieiich niotiur detachments known as
Infantry artillery, equipped with two
light trench mortals nf a new model
mounted on specially high wheels. up.
posed to be capable, of firing twenty
rounds a minute iigalnst tank? or other
obstacles. The personnel of each de
tachment lompilses two officers and
foity men.
Lull in Battle Is Shown With
No Serious Operations.
I.n.viios, A pi II 2 - Following at the
otlkial rpoitson the lighting in France:
IIHHls.ll (MOIITI F.xcept for
minor enterprises which we carried
out in the neighborhood of Serre and
as a result of which wo captured a
German post, the day passed more
quietly on the whole battle front.
There was no serious fighting on th
Frenrh front.
BHTI'IHH (I)ATI In the course of
the fighting esleiday in the, atea b
tweeu the Avrn and the l.uce rlveia
we captured fifty pn0nei.s and thir
teen machine guns. A large number
of German dead weie found on the
giound In this locality by us, and two
counter attacks attempted by the en
emy later In the day weie broken up
with heavy loss by our artillery. A
Geinian battery in action In this area
wail successfully engaged at short
range and ellenced by our machine,
A successful local enterprise ranted
out by us In the neighborhood of He
bulerne resulted in the capture of 7J
prisoners and three machine, guns.
Many Germans were killed In this op
eration also, and a hojtlle counter
attack during the afternoon was com
pletely repulsed.
On the remainder nf the front suc
cessful raids, In which we secured sev
eral prlKineis and killed a number of
the enemy, were cairled out in the
neighborhood of Aclieville and Holle
beke. FKHNCH (MUIIT) The day was
marked by quite iplrited artillery
fighting, particularly between Mont
dirtier and I.asslgny. Our batteries
csught tinder their fir enemy con
centrations east of Cantlgny. A strong
German reconnaissance attacked by
our troops- ou tha left-Twik-Al fh

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