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THE SUNT, WEDNESDAY, APRH; S, 1918.
z ,Otia southwest of Servant was r pulsed. Tn the Woevrs and upper Alsace "nemy attack were without result. FRKTsTCH (DAT) The night was Mlatlvety calm on the front between the Olse and the Bomme. The artil lery fighting became rather heavy ,long aoine part of the battlefield. . Franco-Urltlsh troopa mado some progress during the night between the Homme and Demuln. " tn the region of Ih Colonne trench and M Ran-ds-Rapt the French made flwo successful raids and took pris oners. At Chambrette a German at tack on amall Krench posts was re pulsed. OF.RHAX (BAT) The position on the battlefield It unchanged. Counter tucks by the enemy near Itebuteme and with special stubbornness against hetfhta captured by ua between the 1ak and the Avre broke down with (Mary losses. Minor Infantry engage menta took place between tho Avto and the olse. The Krench have continued to shell I .a on. and numerous of the Inhabi tants have fallen victims, recon noitring engagements octuisied on the eastern bank of the Meuee, nar Haudlomont and southeast of Thniili. Gome prisoners were brought In. ' Twenty-two enemy airplanes ami five captive hnltooas were brought down. Lieut, Kroll won his twenty fhlrd aerial victory. By the ener getic carrying nut of long distance ob servation from the coast ns far na oath of the Somme aerial detachment No. 3, under Lieut. Priecke, rendered extraordinary Berries'. 'ALLIESRETAKE HANGARD rirwt Gcratan Guars! DItIsIqsi Beaten at Crlvewnrs. By thf Attoviatett Trttt With Tllie KitKvrit Ammt rv Prnvrr. prll 1 (delayed). The Germans con tinued their desperate efforts to. day to Mien a road toward Amiens, their ob jective since the starting of the battle, put they made little. If any, progress. n fact the Entente allied troops were ble to recapture the town of Hangard-itn-Aanterr. Moat of the enemy forces rare "hurled In the course of the day on Ih British, the French lines on the left ting more or leas quiet. The first German Quard division yes terday ruffe red a moat severe beating at prlresnes. At 11 :!0 o'clock In the morn tag the guards attacked with the greatest fury, aad after hours of the closest fight -ng they succeeded In getting a footlna (n the village. Two hours later the guards were ejected pell mell by a agnlflcent counter attack at the point the bayonet Thla was not the end, however. The rmans came back again, time after i, preceded by a heavy artillery bar- In the grounds of the Grlvesnes ills the Frenchmen went to meet them 4 fought them back with bayonets nd rifle butts, making them retreat In Wsorder under a grilling fire from auto (Vatic rifles mounted on armored motor Once more this morning the guards, frot satisfied with tlielr defeat yesterday. Returned tn the assault, hut the attack fraa In vain and the enemy had to seek Mutter In hie rtosltlorfc, leaving the French the masters of the situation. I In the first few days of Oghtlng the tlermans naturally were able to pick up many groups of prisoners which had he come Isolated from the main bodies Curing the receding movement but re cently their haul of captives haa been fonaparatlvely small. pERMAN LOSSES SHOWN. Mvlsloa Casualties Rua as High aa j T Per Cent. By the Auociattd Pren. BRtTtSU AT.UT llKADQL'AfVTF.RB IN pTbancc. April 2. According to prisoners the 20Sth German Division since the be Inning of the offensive haa suffered losses of 70 per cent. The Twentieth Mrlslon lost 00 per cent. The Klghty- slghth Division Mat 20 per cent the first day and 40 per cent. In an attack on exleres March 20. i In the First Division the average rength of the companies was reduced forty men by March If. The Guard atx Division suffered : per cent loss Itween March 21 and 28. The Fifth Division had SO per cent casualties at Ham and additional heavy losses In (tossing tho Somme. In an attack north Of the Scarpe Illver one regiment of the lrenty-slxth Division lost twenty-four cancers. 1IGURE OS 7U MILE GUN. c TCarat TKsperta Working- on Tbeo- i rlea About Gerraasi Ordnance. i ; I Special Detpeteh to Tss Rrv. J Washington-, April 2. The Navy De Rrtment believes the seventy-four mile lirge gun with which the Oermr-ns are bombarding Paris may be a type of na vkl weapon about which some advance Information has reached the Naval Bu reau of Ordnance. Rear Admiral Ralph Earle. chief of tie bureau, has set aside his previous conviction that a gun of this type was Impossible and has assumed that such a S'm does exist. In order to proceed with s Investigation. He has directed ex erts to develop certain theories ad vanced and calculate involved questions fr ballistics, &c, concerned with the new lsjng range weapon. ; There la no basis. It Is explained at ttte Navy Department, for reports that tbe United States in experimenting with a gun ha!tiB a range of 103 miles. CZERNIN STARTS NEW DIPLOMATIC DRIVE Count Says French Refused , i Latest Peace Overtures. j Special Cable Dtipitch to The Si. iCopyrijH, HIS: all rfol.H ruertrd. Ionpon. April 2. The diplomatic of Ttnslve which It was exp-cted would ac. company the Teuton military offensive, appears to have been launched in Vienna. Qunt Cxeniln. speaking to the City Cor Juration, said that a few days before tbe start of the battle on the western front Premier Clemenceau of Franco asked him If ho wanted to negotiate and on what basis. .Count Czernln, according to Ids own statement, replied Immediately that he ajadly would negotiate ut once on the basis of the status quo In regard to Alsace-Lorraine, whereupon France re fused to entertain the Idea further, j It Is Interesting to recall that Immedi ately preceding the orTenjlvo there were strong. circumstantial minors In Paris Ipat Vienna had offered tentative peace terms, wnich were deo'lned. At the same time there were apparently well authenticated reports In London that qennany was prepaied to evacuate and Indemnify llelglum and slve up the oc cupied districts In France, agreeing to an autonomous AUace-I.orralne under a guaranty by the Pope, provided the Cen tral Powers got a free hand In Russia Bind the near east, ' Count Cxernln's statement that he ac cepted President Wilson's principles of peace as, ho asserted, the Herman Chan llor, Von Ifertllng, had done. Is not likely to make much Impression upon the Allies, as it was evident that the Chancellor's speech, while professing an agreement upon generalities, lejectcd every essential condition laid down by the President. ' Sanaa Voles for Day sf Prayer. Washington. April 2.The House to. ay concurred In a Henate resolution re Westing tha President to designate a tlay of prater for American arms. HURLEY WIRES SHIP BUILDERS FOR SPEED Wniils April Iloctml Month, mid Dciiiunds Vessels to Win War. Not Kxcuscs. SKKKS It LA 31 E FOR DELAY Pointed Qnestionfl Asked in Message, Which Also Is Signed by Picz. Spelat lUtpatth 'to Tus Scv. W.sntNnTON April 2. A mnsswge to every shipyard owner, operator nnd workman asking him to give explicit reasons for the disappointing delay In the American shipbuilding programme was rent out by wire to-day over the joint slcmturea of Chslrman Hurley of the Shipping Board and General Man ager plea of the llmergeney Fleet Cor poration. The message recltea the back mardnesii of the work and continues: "We are particularly anxious that you and your organization should put forth a special effort during the month of Ap'll. We are concerned with entire programme but we want April to break all reeorae. "Are the majority of your men doing a full day's work? Are jou working ove-tlme.' Arc ou running u night shift or plannlns to do so? It it Imperative that ciery hcur that can he taken ad vantage of be used. Won't jou reply promptly to thlit telegram stating frankly the facts? Money, material and m-n have been supplied without attnt by the nation. The keynote of preaent-Kltuatlon is management leadership. The Emer gency Fleet Corporation looks to jou for teamwork In applying leadership to the speeding up of tho programme. We shall welcome any suggestions which you wish to make, and If In your opin ion the fault lies with the emergency Fleet Corporation do not hesitate to advise us. "What tonnage do you expect to pro duce during April in the way of finished ships? How many keels will you lay? How many ships will you Inunch? Please don't oxerestlmste. We are anxious to get actual fact so that our war programme may ho carried out. We are holding you personally reiponslble for the successful management of your property. NEW DUTCH SHIP RULING Government Will Not Take Vessels Coning From Holland. Washington, April 2. Tre American Government has decided that Dutch ships en route to the United Ktuten from Hol land at the time the Dutch hlppln. In American ports was reijulsltloned will not be taken over on arrival here. The War Trade P.oard announced to night that Inasmuch as tie requisition ing had been done, according to Presi dent Wilson's proclamation, to reetore the fhlps laid up In American harbors to their normal activity. It was not In tended to take the use of those which were In service from Holland when the proclamation was lesued. Formal protest agalnM the taking over of the Dutch ehlps was made to the State Department to-diy by the Netherlands Mlnlsttv, August l'hillpp. octlns under Instructions Worn The Hague. 30 MORE SHIPS FOR U. S. Deal With Japan for Their Use Darius War at Sperlfled nates. B'j tte At'urinr4 I'rfts. Tokio, .March 27. The amount of ton nage to be turned over to the fulled States by Japan under the arrangement made by the Japanese Shipping Com mission Is estimated by the press lit about 2.10.000. Of this U0.P0O torn will be provided by the Government snd the remainder by shipbuilders In exchange for Amercan steel. An official an nouncement probably will be made soon. Washinctov. April 2. Approximately thirty ship of .1,000 tons each will be ob tained from the Japanese Government The deal involves no chance In owner Mi!p, but Blvea the United Staffs the use nf the tonnage dtirlng the war at specified rates. The United States al ready has obtained 100.000 tons of ship ping from Japanese builders by purchase In which the exchange of steel plates for ehips playel an Important part. Still other ships probably will be built for the United States In Japanese yards as a Joint war measure In the fight against Germany. WAR URGED AGAINST BULGARS AND TURKS Declaration Proposed in Heso Intion Laid Before Senate Action Deferred. Spmal H rt patch to Tus Scv. Washington, Apt II 2. Tho comple tion of the circle of war around the Central Powers through a declaration of ar against Turkey and Bulgaria was suggested and proposed to-day In a res olution Introduced In the Senate by Senator King, L'tah. declaring the exist nce of n state of war between thcsei nations and the l.'nlted States. "There are two i-oiient reasons for ucii a diilaiatlon of war at this time," said Senator King. First their troops are being used by Germany to kill our soldiers and the soldiers of our allies. Second the action of Germany In turn ing over to Turkey the people of three Christian provinces of Russia to be mas sacred as 1,000,000 Armenlann have been." The withholding of the declaration against Bulgaria untl Turkey was urged lat December when war nas declared against the Austro-Ilungarlan monarchy, the intimation being given that separate pence with each nation still remained within tho realm of possibility. There have been reports In the Capi tal for Meveral weeks past that the President was about to aBk Congress to declare war on Turkey anil Bulgaria. Senators favoring the action pointed to leporta Unit Bulgariun troops have been engaged with the Germans In the pres ent Somme drive. About the time the King resolution was Introduced, however, a report came to tho State Department from United States Conful-General Murphy at Sofia saying that no Bulgarian divisions had been withdrawn for service on the west ern front, The report was dated March 21. The resolution was refened to the Foreign Relations Committee without debate. Cuba's President Decorated. Havana, Apill 2, The French Gov ernment has awarded the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor to Prosldcnt Menocal, This was received In a raniegrum to-day from the-Cubaa tlon In Paris. SHELLS RAIN ON U. S. MEN IN TOUL SECTOR American Artillery Retaliates Effectively. K Ry the Attodattd Prttt. Wmt thk Amemcam Asmt in Pranck, April 2, Northwest of Toul the American troops have again been sub jected to heavy bombardment on rloue parts of the sector. Tho Ameri can artillery retaliated effectively. The usual patrols were out last night, but no dashes wero reported. The weather prevents aerial activity. The following general order has been Issued to one of the American units which tire to go to the battlcfrout: The character of the scrvlco this command Is now about to undertake demands the enforcement of stricter discipline and tho maintenance, of higher stnndards of efflclency than any heretofore required. In future tho troops of this com mand will bo held nt all times to the strictest observance nf that rigid dis cipline in ramp nnd on the march which Is essential to their maximum efficiency on the day of battle. The order, which was read to nil the, men, was Issued by the direction of the officer commanding, who explained that It was for the purpose of raising the troops to the highest possible state of efficiency. Activity stin continues throughout the zone. OVERMAN PLEADS IN SENATE FOR HIS BILL Give President Scissors to Cut the Red Tape, Says North Carolinan. Washington, Aprlt 2. Controversy over the Overman bill to gdvo the President general authority to reorgan ize Government departments and agencies during the war broke out In the Senate to-day, wltU the beginning of formal debate on the measure. Senator Overman of North Carolina, chairman of the Judiciary Committee, who Introduced the bill at President Wilson'a request, evened the debate with an explanatory statement He said the measure merely provides for more effective execution of authority already granted by Congress and that he did not see how any Senator could oppose It. Determined opposition was expresed by Senators Cummins of Iowa. Repub llcan. and Reed of Missouri. Smith and Hardwlck of Georgia. Democrats, and others. Senator Nelfon nf Minnesota, Republican, aur ported the, bill, as neces sary to get troops to France, Senator Cummins declared tho Presi dent under the bill could abolish the In terstate f'ommerce Commission or the Federal Reserve Roard. and Insisted that the authority nhould be limited to specific agencies. Senators Reed, Hard wlck and Smith contended the President already has power to make necessary reorganizations. Lack of Faith In Wilson Chararrd. Roth Senators Overman and Nelfoti declared that opnosltlon to tho bill largely Is based upon reluctance to trust the President. To the contention that the bill should limit the President's actions lo specific reorganizations. Senator Overman slid that both Great Rrltaln and France he conferred greater powers on their Pre-1 rrrgs than this country has on the Pres ldent 'The President wants to be prepared. The President has been crltlclse.1 for not cutting red tape. Let's give him the jelssors." Senator Overman sj Id Greater coordination Is needed, the Senator said, particularly In the prepa ration of appropriation estimates and Government work against espionage. He aserted that the general plan outlined In the hill had lieen Indorsed by Presi dent Tart anil Charles K. Hughes and added : Appropriations Need 5irrntlay. "Wo have appropriated 52J.ono.000. 000 during th last twelve months with out a coordinated financial policy A strong financial policy la necessary. There ought to be a coordinating hotly to scrutinize appropriations." Senator Galllnger, Republican leader, asserted that It Is not true that most of the commissions referred lo as needing reorganization were not created by the President. Senator Overman replied that even though that were true, the authority to coordinate them was nec essary, and that In addition to the spe cial war agencies, the Bureau nf Stand ards, and even the Civil Service Com mission, wero among the departments In which changes were needed. HEW LABOR POLICY FRAMED. Herrctary Wltscn tn Annonnce I'lsn for K.llnilnntlnn Strike. Washinoton, April 2. Action on the recommendations of the Labor Planning Board, which his framed a poficy ex pected to eliminate strikes and lockouts, will be announced to-morrow by Secre tary of Labor Wilson. It Is believed generally by both m ployers and labor interests that the recommendations will be accepted and that the same board which submitted them will be chosen ns tho National Labor Board. M'ADOO STRIKES AT RAILROAD SAL ARIES Will Not Pay Officers Whose Services Are Not Needed. Special Petpatrh to Tus Sum Washinoton, April 2. Director-Gen eral of Railroads McAdoo has served of flclal notice on every railroad under Gov ernment control that tho United States i will not pay tho salaries nnd office and travelling expenses of officers whose ser vices are not reasonably required for the operation of the roada. Hundreds of railroad officials are af fected by this action. Though such a course under Government operation was) freely predicted, the first official notlco to the inllroads was sent out In a circu lar from the Director-General's ofTlce, which Is or soon will be In the hands of all company officers and directors. In the circular the Director-General strikes particularly at officers who have corporate and not operating functions and against nttorneys who handle cor porate and not operating matters. He says It Is evident that In the past the railroad companies In establishing nnd maintaining their staffs have provided not only for operation but for financial and rorporute functions for activities In which the companies may be lawfully engaged hut which are not necessary to Government operation purely as a trans portation system. Ho rites tralllc functions connected with getting t radio rather Hum giving convenient Information and assistance; officers who have practically retired from service and whose salaries have been continued bccr.usa of past service, counsel who to a large extent devote themselves to mattera of a corporal character; TURKS START NEW DRIVE ON ARMENIA Christians in Caucasus Flan Desperate Defence Against Extinction. TEUTONS JOIN BED GUARD Siberian Soviet Promises to Hold. Territory Against German Invasion. London, April I. The Turks have begun their final effort for the extinction of tho Armenian people, according to a despatch from Petrograd, whoe reports that tho Turkish army has begun the occupation of the districts of Ratoum, Kara and Ardaham. In the Caucasus, by vlrtuo of the Rrest-I.ltovsk treaty. Tho Caucasus was the refuge of most of the Armenian people who escaped tha wholesale massacre of men, women and children In the ancient Christian State, These massacres In many cases wero directed by German officers. The Armenians nnd the Georgians have raised a considerable fsreo and are pre pared to rwlst desperately, as they ex pect no quarter. There has been revere fighting at severs! point.' The Georgians have seised nv't o' he Russian war ships In the harbor of Batoum. The Turkish advance presumsbly fol lowed Immediately ffter ratification or tho Russo-German treaty on March 30, according to a Renter despatch from Mot-cow. Russia evidently la prepared to make any further concessions which Berlin may demand. The Bolshevik Government, according to a Russian wireless message, has alsclalmed any Intention of permitting the Red Guards to damage Teuton Inteieata In Russia proper or In Finland, Rerlln had ad dressed a note to Moscow In which It was charged thst German and Austrian deserters In Lenlue's capital are threat ening to take forcible possession of the Swedish and Danish Consulates. Germany Feara Deserters. "They are endeavoring," says the note "So put theso prlKtners into the Red Guard. The civil and military authori ties at Mooow are said to be powerless and In torn Instances to favor such ac thltles. The German Government ex pects Immediate energetic measures to be taken bv the Russian Government and especially expects the dissolution of tho war prisoners' committee, composed of thee deserters und"r the leadership of the Aust'lnn Asennz, nnd the arrest of nil of Its members." About the samn time the Bolshevik Government addressed the following note to Gemmny: "Neither the councils of the Central Government nor the local authorities are ending Red Guards to Finland. If th German Goverrment has In Its possession Information that Red Guards are arriv ing In Finland from Russia, the Russian Government will mike inquiries and take most severe measures against It." Ansfrlan sinclallsta Armed. An Associated Press despatch from Mnsrow fays that ("apt. William Jt. Web ster of the American Red Cross and Capt W. I.. Hii'kM of the Hrltlsli Mill tar j Mission attended a meeting of tho cen tral Siberian Soviet at Irkutsk. They were awsured that less than 1,200 Aus tran prisoners throughout Siberia had been enlisted In the Red Guards, and that all thee men were Socialists who had renounced their Austrian citizenship. The Soviet announced its intention to defend Sib'rl'i against German Invaston. The Pnlted .States ani Great Britain wero requested to perm" free exporta tion of mnniif Jctured article... especially farm machinery. Into Siberia. The Soviet officials al aked the assistance nf the Allies In checking Cossack raids across the Manchurlan border, saying that they were unwilling to follow the marauders Into Chinese territory but were quite able to defeat Gen. Semenoff .tnil his followers If they were prevented from escaping to Chinese soli. A foreign trade and finance commis sion of nine member", who Include Nikolai Lenine and M. R.nlek. will frame legislation for the establishment of a State monopoly in foreign trade. It will deal with all economic jelations with the fnited States. Germany, the Ukraine and other countries. GREAT FOOD WASTE IS UNCOVERED HERE Inspection of Uptown Car , bage Startles Aldermen. Arguing before the Hoard of Alder- I men yesterday for the passage of an i ordinance that would make the wilful waste or destruction of food punishable by .-'! fine or Imprisonment for ten dny. President Smith revealed a start ling waste of foodstuffs. He referred to a teport nf August Janssen. chairman of the food conservation committee of the Rrnnduay Association. "Wilful waste at any tlmo Is sinful," he said, "hut nt a time like thla It la criminal. The city haa been told: 'Food will win the war. Save It" Notwith standing there is a wnsto of food for which there Is no excuse. A duty Is im posed on tho head of every household to see to It personally that no food Is wartetl." Mr .Inns! en told President Smith he hnd made a tour nf Inspection between Seventieth and Ninetieth streets, not r(eflfylng which side of the city. In one garbage can be found three roast beef bones completely tnvereil with meat and onn bam bono with enough good meat to feed four people. In another place there were two half broiled chick ens from which only n small part of the breast had been taken. "In still nnother can." continued Mr. Jnnssen. "there was an entire breast of mutton. I found enough Ice rrenm In almost every second or third pall and enough rake to fill up a good shed pastry shop; nhntindanra of lettuce, fruit salads and cheese, and enough crackers to fill up two dozen cans. In front of another residence, where evidently a pnity had been held, there was a stock of diamond cut sandwiches. I found enough bread and toast to stock a lurge bakeshop. whole loaves or bread and rolls by the bushel." The ordinance was recommitted in or der that It might be made stronger. Algernon Lee. leader of the Socialists, Introduced a resolution for a commission to mnke nn exhaustive study of the food situation In this city and frame recom mendations for conservation, Tt waa re ferred to tho Committer on Public Wel fare. CONGRESS MAY QUIT IN JULY. Kltchln Predicts Session Will End by Middle of Mouth. Washinoton, April 2, Adjournment plans for Congress were discussed In the House to-day and Democratic leader Kltchln predicted that unless something unforacen developed Congrors would ad journ between July 1 and July IS. Many other numbers, howsver, do not believe an early adjournment possible. AMERICANS GREET BAKER IN ROME Secretary Also Received by Italian Mijiislcr and Mili tary Men. AMBASSADOR PAGE HOST Arrives Too Late for Wedding of Secretary of Embassy to Miss Grovcr. Romk, April 2. CCewton D. Baker, the American Secretary of War, arrived here this afternoon. The Secretary, who was accompanied by Thoizjas Nelson Page, the American Ambassador, was received by (Jen. Zupelll, Minister of War ; Francesco Nlttl, Minister of the Treas ury; Col. Vachclll, head of the division of the General Staff; Robert R. Perkins, American Red Cross Commissioner to Italy, and the personnel of tho Amerl- , can Kmbsssy and Consulate. Mr. Baker arrived In l.loroc too late to keep his engagement to wltncs the marriage of Miss Augusta Grovcr of Princeton to Hart Anderson, secretary of the American Kmhassy. The mar riage was celebrated In the Kmbassy this morning. By tttt Asuonalfd Prtt. Venick. April 1. The desolate condi tion of Venice, caucd by the ewwua tlon of two-thirds of Its population1 and the destruction of many of Its chuivhes and buildings by aerial bombardments, waa witnessed to-day by Newton D. Baker, tha American Secretary of War. The distant rumbln of tho bombardment at the mouth of the Plave River, twetvo miles east of the city, usually echoes through Venice, bat there was no can nonade during the Secretary's vl.iit. After viewing the churches and other centres of the aerial bombardment Sec retary Baker and .Vmbaasador Pago left to-night for Home. Rogardlng his Im pressions of Italy Secretary Baker au thorized the following statement : "I have been deeply Interested In the military activity of the Italian army and regret that fog prevented my seeing the marvellous engineering works con structed by them In the ragged moun tain country through which their line runs. Nothlre could exceed the hospital ity with which my visit has been re celved nnd It has been mode possible: for me to see u great deal In it yhnrt time. "The relations between the Italian army and people and the Americans here Is mort sympathetic and cordial, and It gave me pleasure to express the appre ciation of America for the splendid loy alty of Italy to the common cause and to reciprocate the warm sentiments ex pressed everywhere for America and Americans." BOARD TO RUSH MTJNTTI05S. Will F.llmlnate Competition Br. tsressn Federal Departments. Washington, April 5. Creation of a requirements divialon which will estab lish priority of delivery In raw and man ufactured war materials was announced to-. lay by the War Industries Hoard. The division will eliminate competition among Government departments in ob taining supplies. A price fixing programme closely nl Iled' with the priorities arrangement, contemplates the organization nf com mittees to pass on prices. The new priorities agency will be headed by Al exander Igge. Other members are Judge K. B. Parker, priorities . George N. Peek, finished products . J. L. Rep logle. steel; Director Clifford. Council of National Defence: Col. George H. F.stes, War Department, Rear Admiral Peo ples, Navy , F. A Brown of the Kmer gency Fleet Corporation, Shipping Uoir.i . T Powell. Railroad Adminis tration , P B Noyes, Fuel Administra tion: C. W. Merrill, Food Admlnlstta tlon: .lames A. Carr, Allied Purchases Commission. WAR FINANCE BILL AWAITS SIGNATURE Conference Report on Uir Cor poration Act Tasscs ltoth Houses SprrtJl llttpatcA to Tin: SjI.n. Washinoton, April 2. Action on two Important war measures was taken by the House to-day It adopted the con ference report on the war finance corpo ration bill and repassed the Aiond au thorization bill, In which n Maw was ills. covered yesterday. The Senate had al ready approved the conference report on the measure authorizing creation nf a corporation to finance war industries and empowering it to issue (.1.000. 000.- O00 in bonds In addition to u.i capital stock of 1300,000,000. When the House met to-da Chairman Kltchln of the Ways and Means Com mittee explained the necessity for the repassage of the bond bill, wnlcli was hurriedly passed by tlv Hoti"e Saturday and In which a serious flaw was found, as described In despatches to Tun Sun to-day. The Tre.isur Department. Mr. Kltchln said, put an entirely different In teriiretatlon on Section .", than was In tended by the Ways and Means Com mittee when It reported the bill. This section related to Indirect taxation of bank shares by the States, the object of the legislation being to exempt a certain proportion of the value of such shares from State taxation when a part of tho back's surplus nnd capital was repre sented by Liberty bond Investments. Tho Intent of the House, Mr. Kltchln said, was to prevent Indirect State levies to the extent of the percentage which the Liberty bond lin estmeulM bore to tho gross assets of tho bank, tills pei centsgs being deducted from the eaxablc value of tho shares of stock and the re mainder ot the value to be taxed. It was explained that the faulty language of tho bill made It possible for a bank to Invest all Its capita) and surplus In Liberty bonds and escape taxation no matter what the assets might be. Tho revised langu.tgo which will save to tho several States several millon dol lars In taxes was quickly approved by the House and is as follows ; "In determining the value of the shares of any national bank. State bank, trust company, or other banking Insti tution, for the purpose of taxation b any Slate or any of the possessions of the United States or nnv local taxing authority, there shall bo deducted an amount equal to tho same proportion nf the value of the shares an the par amount of any bonds or other Interest bearing obligation of tho United States Issued during the present war owned by uch bank or trust company or banking Institutions bears to Ha grbss assets." The Nation's CASUALTIES NEWLY REPORTED. Killed tn action 0 Died of wonnds " Died nf disease 4 Died of sceldent 1 TOaML KILLKD IX ACTION AVasiiinotoN, April 2. To-day's casu- nlly list contained twenty-two nam Two tiled of wounds, one of accident, four of disease and two of other cnuss. Thirteen were slightly wounded. Sec ond Lieut. John B. Graham died of wounds imdFlrst Lieut. Henry K. Dlt lard, Jr., nnd Second Lieut. Andrew Cal houn were slightly wounded. DIED OF WOUND". GRAHAM, JOHN H., Secoad I.leuleaant KLNTO.V, KtV.F.NK W., private. DIED OP ACCIDENT. HRNCSEK. FRANK, private. DIED OP DISEASE. HIIOADES, LYLK VEIt.V, wagoner; pneu monia. FITZPATItll'K. THOMAS L, cook; clr rhnnis of ths liver. MATHISO.V, MELV1.V, private; diph theria. BRITISH HOW DOWN FOES LIKE SHEEP Conftntirn from First Pan'. i bine gun i around ami fought furiously until their command was decimated. 1 About ft ( o'clock ntir heavy guns shelled all the contsciitratlon points I where, we learned from prisoners, shock troops wero massing. We heard later that they were badly cot up. We with drew to our main line of defence nnd there met the principal German waves which came ploughing unsteadily nnd very slowly across the open. Emerging from three villages at our feet they first described apparently deliberate slgzag lines. Their deliberation was not due to courage, for they were weighted down like pack mules and could not move eas ily through the field of craters and tan gled wire. They carrleU six days ra tions, two blankets, an extra pair nf boots, wire cutters, bombs and ammuni tion. tlearl; the German higher command, encouraged by the rapidity of the ad vance against our light, thought even greater gains would be made In the first shock of the new attack. The storm troops around Camhral and St. Quentln went Into battle with only two das Iron rations. The lack of food later dampened their spirits. The Arras and 'Vlmy troops were given more supplies ami three ohJectl"es. the third unlim ited. Not even the first objective was attained. Not a yard ot the ridge was taken. Mowed Down Mke Sheep. They came deliberately, although we unowed them dow n like sheep. Fresh ir.mn. Lent tr.mlnir tin behind the men who had tiled. The experience of a Lon don rifle brigade will show what hap pened in tho forward trenches. The 'Ixindoners were far quicker nf action than their heavily laden foes ami when the flood poured over the first parapet and through the broken w ire, which soon was tangled with corpses, our men gave , them the trent h. blot-ked It off and fought them from the further side. As the flood extended they fell back a yard at a time, throwing bombs and firing their rides point blank, sometimes so close that they drove scorched cloth Into the gray figures tightly wedged along the narrow alleys. Those who fell never got up again. Those carried down by the collnpsi. of their comrades lay helpless, their heavy Hts weighing them down while others rt-timpled over them to meet their death. T!bc officers nf the riflemen were as busv sei the privates. The commander and hV adjutant lay on the parapet heslde Uro machine guns, pouring an unlnter rrrpted stream of bullets along the truich. They also fired JhlO rifle cat trl 5ges during the first hour of the nt tat t The ofTlcers bad more work with the rifle that (lay than since thex first con tianded men In the field SHU the Germans came on snd the rifle-lien fell back slowly along a com-mtinV-atlnn trench Thev themselves lost heavily, but the regiment of which thev are a. rnrt will record their deeds and those of their comrades who died wll-Ili-glv :is among the most glorious tra- .lltfnrv: of It hlstOrV. Thei attncKs cnmiuueti iiim'iihu,. , ,.i dav. The desperation of the Geiman'""' stuff ts'rame apparent when iresn niw were l.innchetl about midday, seeking to attain the preliminary goal which It had been btnped to reach early In the morn ing leallure was apparent in the early hours, "hut the enemv refused to recng-nl-.e It tintJl nearly sunset. Ry this time the most t-ersistent elements of the Ger-,-. iMvlttltins had advanced barelv a mile. They were clinging, with one foot In midair, to our trenches at Rallleul .and Willcrval. having tolled nil dav across the patch of farm land from rtivrelle anil Oppy The ground thev tid was sown with dead. They could nt keep even this slender gain, for the hiither ground behind was alive with Utt.V" toRiies of flame, where machine gun v spat from every crater It wns like sitting at a window shrotlng Into n crow led street. Ilroken and disheart ened, the Germans fell back In the tlark ness irros tho furrowed ground which they l,;id tiled tn win at such a heavy price. GERMANY WANTS ALSATIANS. Make tVnpnsal to 1-Vanee Throngts the. Holy See. I I'tnis, April 2 The Germans hsve t trade overtures through the llolv See for the return bv Franco of Inhabitants o' Alsace and Uirralne who have taped from those icginns, nfferlu; In excluiuge an equal number nf elvlllaus from the Invaded districts of France. t'ardlual Ga'parrl. Papal Secretary nf State, traiistwllttt the offer to llarou Deuys Cochin, a prominent Catholic i leader and recently a member of the Cabinet. Ho refused to act as Inter- i meiilnxy In th, negotiations, on the ground to do so would be to recognize Alsatians as German Mibjects. The Uaron wroto a sharp letter, which brought forth an equally spirited re Joinder from Cardinal Gnparrl. HAT v f KNOX 411 FiflK An at Strut iuO Attain tt V ilrnt 4 Mrfmdwtf, itmpr Smutimg Honor Roll Severely wounded; 0 Slightly Monndrd 13 Injured tn accident 0 Died front other causes '2 IIKI'OIITKU TO DATE. 403. SULLIVAN. FftUDEltlCK J., prlxate; pneumonia. DIED OF OTHER CAUSE. HAttllO, FRKI. mechanic. TITZEL, RODURT 1IKNKY, private. TVOL'NDED M.IGHTIA. DIM, Attn, HENRY K., JR., First Lleuten. ant. CALHOUN, ANDREW, Second Lieuten ant. SILVERMAN. MAUniCE. Corporal. CllllUTIIlVII fit A Ill.-tl rwinlr. ! CALDWELL, GLEN H private. CAMPBELL, KARL J., private. DEXTER, HAltny tt, private. rElttlUSON, JAMES tt, private. I GODFREY, GRADES R.. private. I GOD.IND. STANLEY, private. Met! ALE. JAMES F., private. STALKA, JOHN 8., private. 1 WK1NMAR, ERNEST F., JR.. private. RAILWAYS NEED AID OF PUBLIC IN CRISIS Terminals Must'flo Kept Clear, Regional Director Smith Declares. The urgent need for freight shippers and receivers to cooperate with tho rail roads for the full period of the war. par ticularly at the country's main seaports, was the chief point made by Alfred II. Smith, Regional Director of Railroads, In a speech last night. Mr. Smith spoke at the monthly din ner of the Rotary Club at the Hotel Mc Alpln. He put the necessity for cooper ation with the railroads In the phrase: "The railroads are no bigger than their terminal facilities." He said In part: "The Government drafted the railroads as it tltiifteil the men, and they are ex pected to give first devotion and maxi mum service to the nation throughout this t-risls. The railroads during the period of the war are being rotnraanded and operated ns one great army, and the war time operation haH brought tasks similar to those of mustering our great mllltniy units and hasty changes from the ways of pcaee. "Ymi miv be snrnrlned tn hear that during the'year 1!U7. with the same nl.itit n It, 11111 the rnllrnarlv rurrled 1." per cent, more freight tan the pre- I cening jear. mi reuoumt-.i e .or.a nt I roans rr no -'titins i ...mui.m tits. Improvement, and though the war re quirements are staggering, there is everv prospect of breaking all previous records the present year. "Therefore the great anil valuable les son of the war will tie the teaching of the American people the absolute neres sltv nf their Inking some Interest In their lallroods. of understanding their prob lems and seeing to It that their neces sities are provided for. "Shippers can assist materlallv. In Canada they have added Ave tons to the average freight tar load. The railroads were the pioneer ndvo- catrs nf preparedness In their own fields, nnd In the business boom following IP07 the late .lames J, Hill Informed the pub- lie that their railroads required nn in- vestment nf Jl.nOO.Ofln.nOO a year for nt least five yean. Kvery railroad exee- utlve has been tr.lng to convince the public of this ever slnee." CLEMENCEAU'S CAR SHELLED. - AVIndosra tre Hroben. bat the Pre. mler Escapes Injur). Psr.is, April 2 l'remier Clemenceau while making his dalh visit to the front yesterday ventured so near the MrM line that his automobile was ehellct vigorously by the German rrtillers. All the windows were broken but M. Clc tnenceau was not hurt. The l'remier returned In I'arts en thusiastic ami full of confidence In the favorable isiio of the present great What a trade i 'V 0H-siglggHlgHMB-HM--M If is a draft or bill of exchange drawn by the seller on ilie purchaser of coods sold, and accepted by such pur chaser payable at a fixed or determinable future time. What a trade acceptance does It tends to lessen the wasteful use of capital, converts open book accounts into nceofrablc paper which can be promptly realized upon at a fair rate of discount, and makes for better business and sounder credit con ditions generally. As it is of benefit to all to develop the use of trade acceptances, we shall be glad to explain their advan tages to possible users. Bankers Trust Company Member Federal Reeerve System D? r ne,fie-s A,,or Tru,t Office: 16 Wall Street Fifth Av. at 42nd St. BAKER TIGHTENS ARMY CENSORSHIP Gen. Pershing OirJ.v lo r;i Out Information of l s. Forces in l'miicp. OR I) Kit NOT E.MMiAI.VKn Officials Point Out Tlwil (jf. msns Xow May Circulate Disturbing Humors. Special fiti In Tilt Srv Washinoton, April Ily nn nrd.r cabled by Secretary Raker tiw mrtaui was dropped to-day at the War r.-. partment on all new.s of a millt.trv kl-i i In France. In the future Gen IVrsaiie will be tho sole Judge of wli.tt news shall reach tho public; here concerning the activity of tho American forces and members of th' army In France, ard this news will be given out by him bniy at American headquarters In France. Only such news as pertains to American troops and members of tho army in this country will hereafter bo given t.n at the War Department here. This order, which In effect tislitens the censorship and restrict:) to a nun., mum the news of the Aim in an ar e In France, came to-day b i.ihi" !ium Secretary Baker- The War l'Ciariiiicii Issued tho following notice; "The War Department has been , ,. fled by cable that the Secretary of W.t has prescribed the following rule f. handling publicity of matters pcrtiun.nit to troops and opperatlom ; "1. All matters pertaining to ,.nt. persons, policies or operations ebrnid wilt only be officially given out from the headquarters. American Expedition, ary Force. Iti France. "2. Similar matters affecting forces at home will be given out from the War Department." Gets. March Gives Ont Aotles. Major-Oen. March, acting f'hlef ,t Staff, did not hold htn dally ronfetence with newspaper representatives to-d. but Instead gave nut the forcculrit notice. It was apparent here th-tt the disposition was lo accept this order a meaning that lierenfter ottlddis fro-n Gen. March down regard thetn.-elies as virtually forbidden to discuss mlhtir matters pertaining to the overseas forces, even possibly to denying or firmlng the truth of rumors. With no reason forthcoming to explain this drastic order to-day manv otlicul- of tho Government admitted tliev wers at n loss to tuinerstaml It It t ss pointed out that rumors could ei-il- 1 circulated by German propagandises here that might exrltc the people arrt if under this ruling the War Depart -w.t hore would seeni to be estopped frnT even making a demlnl ot them. It may be, according to army offi et, that there Is some connection t te the rigid censorship order and th. t w cabled from abrrxul that Aniiru-t troops are going to be nsKimll.itid t'i veteran Rritlsh and French ors.u.iz.i tlons and thereby become a part of thre forces. ITnder such circumstances it is explained, it would not lie proper for the United States authorities to ci.t rc information over which the UritMi aM I French military censors would have rn authority Gen. rershing, It Is added, pos.Vv , wants to feel free to conTiiiunlcair w'f"! the War Department without fear tvt anv of this Information can be naV I available to the general public In mVr ' words Gen. rershing wants tn .e r I sole Judge w to what shoutd ho c:ve- j nut. 'Perhlna; Hsvoni Strict fensorshls. , Gen l'erolung, it Is known. h.t . along been In favor of the fit,t.! - I nf censorship on all mllitarv matter Is presumed hern that he has In.pr, -' Secretary Haker with his v.ews pi 'h regard When the German drive '.u.,l Gen Pershing was at.led bv .-.ill. send over a daily report to be gp t .' here He was alo askril tn t-e -i ' mation roncernieg the engineers t,, r ' engaged In the battle. Gen. f.i- s responded with a few brief tab;- sages which have been given ,.ir lv Major-Gen, March No news nf en gineers has ever come. acceptance is SIlWMErl a.