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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, May 22, 1918, Image 1

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partly cloudy to-day and to-morrow;
moderate shiftinr winds.
Hlghtst tcmptraturt yesterday, 7 ; lowest, 64. 1
Detailed weather reports on list pegs.
VOL. LXXXV. NO. 264.
NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, MAY 22, 1918. PHmmK mmum .iocte.
1 r
Holdovers Will Be "Manag
ing Directors" Under
New Regime.
Kepional Executives to Have
Full Authority Stock
holders Protected.
Special Dtepatch to Tat Sex.
Washington, May 21. Director-General
McAdoo to-day relieved from duty
ts executive manager the president of
cry American railroad. The remov
al will be followed by the appointment
of Federal directors for each company.
The prediction Is made that in numerous
cases the president of the road will be
sppointed Federal director. Announce
ment was made that there also will be
named two new regional directors.
The Federal directors, who will be
placed In direct charge of each rail-
load, will be the official representatives
of the Director-General. 'Each will have
full charge so far as operating Is con
cerned. They will be under supervision
of the regional directors. Where the
Federal directors are not the former
presidents they will be selected wher
ecr iwsslble from operating officials of
the roads. This provision is made to
safeguard stockholders and preserve the
Individuality of the lines.
Under the new plan regional directors
and the Federal managers 'will be re
quired to sever their official relations
with particular companies and become
exclusive representatives of the railroad
Many Presidents la Peril.
In effect, the new plan provides that
every railroad president In the United
States whose road Is under Government
control will ceas to be the active op
er.itlnpr head of the road unless he ts
St'.ected as Federal manager, in which
event he becomes an employe of the
raltmail administration, probably at a
much lower salary than he la now re
ecu int.
Announcement of- tto. plan followed
close to-day upon the announcement that
C W. Huntington, president of the Vir
ginian Hallway, had been removed as
operating officer of that line for dls
ohelltnce of the Railroad Administra
tion's orders.
T.ie railroad presidents who will be
removed as 'operating heads of their
lines through failure to receive appoint
ment as Federal managers may stilt
hold office at the will of the stockholders
cr directors, but the salaries they are
dranl.iK cannot be paid under Railroad
Administration rules from the operst
ir.K revenues of the lines.
If such officers are retained the roads
retaining them must pay the salaries
from rentals received from the Govern
ment or from other sources of Income
wan operation.
Presidents (o Lose Jobs.
There are many presidents who have
tiofr been considered as bona tide op
era.lns officers; and It was for this
reason that Director-General McAdoo
d!rw the line of demarkatlon on salary
Mr. McAdoo Is reported to have felt
hi imny Instances that he was not re
ten ins a full measure of support and
toleration from certain railway execu
te ofllct-rx and that only by having his
on representatives In charge of the op
eration of each railroad could his plan
for absolutely welding the different
ra.Irr.ads of the country Into a com
plexly unified general system be ac
eo.np tthe-il. The step has been under
cons ieint!on for several months, and
h frequently been Intimated In The ;
ftider the plan that has been In op
t t on until now the Railroad Admln
If'r.i ion has been superimposed on the
n." us i.illroad structure and railroad
president have- had a divided allegiance
" nin the Government and the cor
poration represented by ihelr board of
i- re tois and stockholders.
While on the surface all has been'
harmonious, evidence has cropped out
f oiii t me to time that this was not con
tr oin, i,k to the Government plan of
n-akuiB the railroads a single system.
Man rn,iroad presidents have apparJ
rntlv found it difficult to readjust thenrj
sthf-i to i!io new conditions and lay
ndr the one that had always been
foremost m their minds the promotion
of the best interests of their own lines.
To Pick Best Men.
Ti.c iK iv order gives Mr. McAdoo now
t nanf of plcltlns those railroad ex-t-.it.
ip, whom he believes will lend
theinndics wholeheartedly to the unlfl
ca'.oi, plan. The others will be dropped.
Th lirt of the hew regions to be
eitr ; are cut eft from the eastern
s on under A. II. Smith. They are to
1 Kn.jwn as the Alleghany region and
the J'o'.ahontas region.
Tl Alleghany region' will consist
Voadly of the Pennsylvania lines east
"f and Including Pittsburg and Erie,
" and O. east of Pittsburg and Ohio
J"ver, Including Pittsburg terminals,
Jifomer and Lake Brie Railroad, Cum
berland Valley Railroad. Central Rail
road of New jerfey, Coal and Coke Rail
road Philadelphia and Reading. West
Maryland Railway, Cumberland
Continued on Third PtBt.
Rumor of Hindenburg's
Doth Still Peraiats
Ay the Aitoctatei Prut.
IN FRANCE, Mmy 21. The
rumor that Field Marshal von
Hindenburg- diedrecently has be
come current very generally
among the enemy in the back
areas, as well as among civilians.
What basis, if any, there is for
this rumor, is not known here.
This rumor has gained some
support by the fact that Field
Marshal von Mackensen, the con
queror of Rumania, was either
to be shifted to the western front
or had already arrived there to
take part in the renewed offen
sive against the Allies.
Forbids Use of 911,000,000
for Aprricultural Work Till
Wilson Halts Browing.
Practically Makes Mandatory
Action President Has Re
fused to Take.
Special Deepatch to Tax SrN,
Washington, May 21. A movement
which, has been slowly but steadily gain
ing In momentum here, largely through
the efforts of the prohibition propagan
dists, found unexpected expreeslpn In the
House to-day In the adoption of an
amendment which practically . would
force the President to Issue a proclama
tion forbidding the use of food materials
for the production of alcoholic beverage.
The effect of this would be to stop the
brewing of beer, which has been the ob
ject of the movement that has spread
throughout the country. The same thing
was attempted when the food bill was
up last summer, and was only defeated
when the President In a public letter let
It be known conclusively that he was not
In favor of stopping the manufacture of
. Asked to Use Power.
As a result of a compromise then
reached the food bill placed such action
within the discretion of the President.
Section 15 providing that "whenever the
President shall find that limitation, reg
ulation or prohibition of the use of foods,
fruits, food material or feeds In the pro
duction of malt or vinous liquors for bev
erage purposes or that reduction of the
alcoholic content of any such malt or
vinous liquor is essential In order to as
sure an adequate and continuous supply
of food or that the national security and
defence will be subserved thereby he Is
authorised from time to time to pre
scribe and give public notice of the ex
tent of the limitation, regulation, pro
hibition or reduction so necessitated."
Since this power was lodged In the
hands of the President many petitions
have been coming In here asking the
LPresIdent to exercise It. Members of
r .....
the Cabinet have been circularised ny
churches and temperance organisations
with the argument it was unfair to ask
the people to Hooverlxe and at the same
time allow the breweries to make rood
grains Into beer.
-Would Mold Up 11,000,000.
The step taken to:day In the House
was most unusual In that the amend
ment adopted provided that none of the
funds authorised In the agricultural ap-
nroDrlatlon bill amounting to ,11,000.000
should be expended until the President
had Issued a proclamation such as Is
provided for In the food law.
This amendment wai offered by Rep
resentative Ilandall (CaU, Prohibition
1st." and was adopted by a vote of 69 to
58 by tellers.
A roll call on the amendment Is possi
ble before passage of the bill.
The amendment reads:
"No part of this appropriation Bhall
be available for any purpose unless there
shall have been previously Issued the
proclamation authorlxed by section 15 of
the 'act to provide further for the na
tional security and defence by stimulat
ing agriculture and facilitating the dis
tribution of agriculture products.' such
proclamation being the prohibition of the
use of foods, frultn, food materials or
feeds In the production of malt or vinous
liquors for beverage purposes."
Iteachrs Atlantic . Port With foal
and Unloads In BU Hoars.
The steamship Tuckahoe, turned out
vmnlete from the yards at Camden, X.
,J., thirty-seven days after the laying of
her keel, arrivea at an aiuihw
terday with a cargo of .oa! from a
Southern harbor and waa greeted vapor
ously by everything afloat with a whistle
as she neared he.r dock. It ts probable
ahe will be utilised In the coastwise
trade some time, allowing another ship of
larger tonnage to enter the overseas er
vice. Her engines worked flawlessly.
It was exactly forty-three days from
the moment her keel was laid, that she
tied up and began to discharge her
cargo of 6,200 tons of coal. The Job
was over In six hours and. fifteen min
utes, and she cleared for a Southern port
last night to hike after another load of
black diamonds.
Kaiser's Money Stimulated
Conspiracy Against
British Empire.
Secret Service Men Entered
Inner Councils and Reports
Went to England.
Washington, May II. Disclosures
to-day that the povernment has gath
ered evidence In this country of con
spiracies between Irish Sinn Fein lead
ers and German agents to precipitate a
rebellion In Ireland were followed by an
nouncement that Government agents
have uncovered similar German Intrigue
with other nationalistic groups In the
United States.
German money. It was said, has been
used to finance agitation among negroes
and among Finns, Lithuanians and oth
ers of the so-called "oppressed nation
alities" which for years have had nation
alist grievances against Russia or other
antl-Gcrmantc allies.
In most cases this propaganda has
been carried on by Americans affiliated
with these groups, paid from some mys
terious source believed to be the Germsn
Government. Except among the radical
Irish agitators, however, the propaganda
did not appear to make much headway.
Aa-enta Within Councils.
For many months. It is now revealed.
United .States Government agents have
been Inside the councils of the Irish In
this country who plotted armed Insurrec
tion of Irish citizens against British
rule. They have discovered conclusive
evidence that German money and
promises of aid stimulated the con
spiracies as a means of diverting the
British Government from Its war task In
Direct action to stop the Intrigue .was
thought not advisable. Inasmuch as the
Government did not wish to meddle In
domestic problems of the British Em
pire, but the Information gathered was
turned over In some cares to British
representatives, and It Is understood
that the recent arrest of a number of
Irian Sinn Feins was prompted partly
by evidence of German-Irish plots dis
covered In this country.
Full details of the evidence were not
made public, It was explained, because I
a number of persons still are under
surveillance. , Some announcement of
reasons for the arrest of the Irish agi
tators Is expected soon, however, either
In London or Washington. Officials to
day declined to indicate whether any
statement might be expected from the
State Department concerning the Irish
Secret Letters Brought In.
The story of how the Intrigue In this
country was discovered. It was said. If
published fully would tell of many com
munications brought surreptitiously Into
the United States In violation of regula
tions. Many of these were written with
invisible ink and in code, and when de
ciphered furnished clues leading to de
tection of many ramifications of the plot.
The men responsible for the agitation
were supplied with funds from deposits'
In Banks where German representatives
formerly kept their accounts, or from
other mysterious sources.
The Irish radicals In their correspon
dence referred frequently to the promise
of German aid In an uprising, which was
to be called for this month or next, when
the Germans had expected to reach the
Channel ports in their big drive. The
Germans then were to send arms and
I ammunition and possibly troops to the
Irish coat to participate In the rebel
Many of the Iilsh plans were melo
dramatic In the extreme, it Is stated, and
Continued on Second Page.
European Cigarettes
"Punk," Says Soldier
prominent insurance man of
Philadelphia, who is commanding
the 471st Aero Squadron, now in
England, gays in a letter to a
friend :
"Thanks, old man, for the
letter and for your kindly feel
ings toward me. Thanks for
four well wishes and for your
proffer of cigarettes. Letters
are always acceptable; well
wishes always wanted; your
thoughts we crave. Cigarettes?
Well, we die for cigarettes. Eng
lish cigarettes are punk."
One way to help the fellows
get real American smokes is by
patronizing the rummage sale nt
41 West Forty-flfth street. THE
SUN Tobacco Fund's share of the
receipts last week was $300. The
. . j m n i 1
sale is open every uny irum o iu
10 this week also. Details on
page 4.
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
Nationalist Calls
Sinn Fein Foolish
DUBLIN, May 21. John Dil
lon, Nationalist leader, in an
Intsrrisw with the Associated
Press emphasised to-day the
divergence between his party aqd
Sina Fein, whose policy he de
clared to he "wrong and foolish
and bound to end in disaster."
Mr. Dillon said ha still believed
in a friendly settlement with
Great Britain.
In an appeal to the American
people Mr. Dillon said that the
Sinn Fein had been' supplied with
unlimited financial resource
from New York. He urgently
asked all those of Irish blood in
the United States to support hi
party as against the Sinn Fein.
Month's Sinkings 220,709
Tons for British, 84,393
Tons for Neutrals. .
Blocking of Ostcnd and Zee
hnigge Bases Reflected in
Sprriat Pttpateh to Tns Srv
Wabiiinoton. May SI. Further con
vincing evidence of the slow but .sure
curbing of the submarine menace was
forthcoming to-day when the Navy De
partment made It known that the last
record of tonnage sunk In a month was
25 per cent, lers than during the preced
ing winter months.
The figures show that 230,709 tons of
British shipping and 84,393 tons of neu
tral shinning have been sunk by the
U-boats during the last month. TheL2500 yrd a,ter a 8m,rt bombardment.
monthly average of sinkings during the
winter was approximately 400,000 tons.
Becauce of the decreased risk now. It
Is recommended by the War Insurance
Bureau that the rate on lives of seamen
who pass through the war zone should
be lowered from 12. SO to 11.50 per
Farther Decrease Expected.
Officials of the Navy Department said
to-night that they believed the next
monthly report of finking would be
still lower and that the British raids on
Ostend and Zeebrugge had had much to
do with cutting down the sinkings within
the last two weeks.
Keports received here show that the
partial bottling up of these U-boat bases
by the sinking of obsolete British ships
laden with concrete hap undoubtedly em- i
barrassed the German plans to a consld- i
erable extent. Other factors which arc j
contributing greatly toward keeping the
total of sinkings down are the follow
In j :
The steadily Increasing numbers of
destroyers and antl-lT-boat craft oper
ating In the war zone.
The success of certain devices now
belns employed acalnst the U-boats,
particularly an American device.
The Increased efficiency of the per
sonnel of the British and American
navies In the work of hunting out and
driving off U-boats seeking to attack
cargo carriers.
This total, approximately 300.000 tons)
lit far lower than the record made by
U-boats during the spring, summer and
early winter of 1S1". In April and May
of lart ear the Germans came close to
carrying out their plan to ink 1,000,000
tonsvt shlpptn; a month.
' Hernstorff's Ilonat exploded.
TWs estimate of I.UCC.OOC tons was
made by the German Admiralty when
Vuthless submarine warfare was first
Initiated, February 1, 1917. Count von
Bernstoiff, then German Ambassador to
the United States, stated that the sink
ings would at least total 1,000,000 tons
per month end might be more. The
German Government predicted that
Great Britain would bo starcil Into
submission at the end of eight months,
beginning February 1. 1917.
The latest figures now show that the
German submarine campaign, despite
every effort to maintain Its effectiveness
by Increasing the number and size of
the U-boats, Is yielding only 25 per cent,
of the results which the German Ad
miralty counted upon.
Former Vlfr-lrelilen t's
Still Mopes for Recovery
lNDlA.MAroi.ls, May 21. There was lit
tle change durlni; the day In the condi
tion of fotmer Vice-President Charles W.
Fairbanks, who is critically III at his
hum here.
His physician, Dr. J, A, MncDonald,
stated to-nlglit that Mr. Fairbanks was
resting comfortably and although he
did not pans o good an day as yester
day he still had hopes of his patient's
Heads Motor Transport Division.
Wabhinoton, May 21. Frederick
Glover, a Hockford, III., manufacturer,
now In Government service, has been
appointed head of the newly created
Motor Transport Division of the War
Department with the rank of Colonel.
Gallant Dash Wins Ridge at
Morlancourt With 400
Treacherous Bochc Shoots Cor
poral After Surrender; 800
Captives in 36 Hours.
Spttlal Cable Drtpatch to Tns Sex from tht
London Timet.
Copyright, 1111; all rightt retertei. -4
British Arut Headquartcks in
France. May 20 (delayed). In the last
thirty-six hours we have taken more
than 800 prisoners, which for a quiet
day is not bad. At all events we should
consider It rather serious If It happened
to us. v
Of the number more than 500 were
taken by the French In the neighborhood
of Locre, in the Kemmel area, and more
than 100 by the Australians at Morlan
court, wheio by a series of sudden
rurhes they have been shoving the Jer
mans back between the Ancre and the
In their previous thrust the Aus
tralians had advanced to a point almost
directly overlooking Morlancourt. which,
however, still was screened partly by a
spur that runs from the main high
ground Just east of the village, In a
northerly direction. It Is this spur, wjth
the village of Vllle lying below It to the
north, which they took yesterday In an
attack which began at 2 o'clock in the
Now, from the crest of their positions
the Australians looked Uown upon Mor
lancourt due east along th'e valley of
the Ancre. Apart from the prisoners it
Is a very useful bit of ground they have
Fseejl Heavy Machine Gsfi Fire.
The attack was made on a front of
the men advancing behind a barrage
The troops forming the right wing, who
attacked In force, had to advance over
high ground to the summit of the rldge.
Those on the left had the swampy Ancre
valley to croes, the terrain being cut up
by dikes and drainage ditches Into pas
tures and cultivated plots, where they
were exposed to heavy machine gun fire.
The operation, however, was extremely
The Germans seem to have anticipated
Mmethlng of the sort, and reenforce-
ments were sent to their forward posi
tlons the night before. This fact did
little more than serve to Increase the
number of prisoners, many of those
taken having been In the front line less
than an hour when they were captured.
It was a gallant operation, because the
enemy had all the advantage of position.
He was strongly Intrenched along the
winding aimkcn road running north and
south across the line of attack, and his
position had to be cleared by bombing.
' It Is
Trracherons Prisoner.
one fears, characteristic of the
spirit of the two armies that while one
German after he had surrendered shot
an Australian corporal the rest of the
German prisoners were treated with the
greatest kindness. They were extremely
hungry fiom lack of rations and the
Australians Immediately fed them.
One German gunner who wore the
Iron cross arrived at the cages with a
notice pinned on him by his taptors say
Ins he had fcuht bravely and that no
one must attempt to get possession of
Ills Iron cross, as incorrigible souvenir
hunters sometimes will do.
Of the French attack In the north I
have few details. It seems that the
Hermans had shelled the French front
here heavily, and It looked as If they
might be meditating an attack, If so It
la not the first time In this lesion that
tho French have disconcerted the enemy
plans by attacking first, Here the at
tack was delivered on a front of 3,000
yards In order to gain definite short ob
jectives on the slopes by the hospice east
of Locre. The action was entirely suc
cessful. Allies' Airmen Show Superiority.
Throughout the recent fine days and
brilliant nights the aircraft have bten
extremely active. While no amount of
superiority can prevent a certain num
ber of German machines from crossing
our lines, especially for raiding purposes
at night, our aviators unquestionably are
better men. Besides great numbers ol
enemy machines shot down in fighting
we do an enormous amount of damage
day and night by bombing and otherwise
harassing the Germans behind the linen.
In tho eyes of the people at home prob
ably an incidental brilliant exploit like
the bombing of Zeebrugge and Cologne
will stand out conspicuously, but these
things, although Imprewslve, are wnall
In value compared with the work con
tinually being done tn the area Immedi
ately behind the battle Hue. Not seldom
our men full Im Met enoush fighting. Re
cently one of our pilots flew over a Ger
man aerodrome and swooping down tired
his machine gun Into the hangars. As
no response came he dropped a package
containing a note which read :
"If you won't come up here and fight.
here Is one pair of boots for your pilots
to wtar when they tight on tne ground."
Ah a postscript he dropped bombs on
the aerodrome and came away,
This has been the fifth day of extreme
summer heat. Interrupted by occasional
local thunderstorms on parts of tns bat
th front
Germany Has Not Yet Replied to Inquiry Through
Spanish Embassy, but Satisfactory Arrangement
as to Men's Treatment Is Expected.
. Special DetpatcK to Tss Sen.
Washington, May 21. The United
States Government has opened nego
tiations with the German Government
through the Spanish Embassy In Ber
lin for a conference In Berne, Switzer
land, relative to reciprocal-treatment of
prisoners of war. Xo reply has yet
come from Germany. It Is expected.
however, that there will be no difficulty
In perfecting mutually satisfactory ar
rangements. In making the announcement officials
of the State Department explained that
the French, British and Italian Govern-
California Judge Itefuses to
Grant New Trial to Labor
Review by Supreme Bench of
United States May Be
Requested. '
San FnANCisco. May 31. Thomas J.
Mooney. convicted of murder In connec
tion with the death of one of the vic
tims of the preparedness day bomb ex
plosion here in 1918, lost his final appli
cation for review of his case by the
State courts to-day, when Judge F. A.
Griffin, In Superior Court, overruled the
motion of his attorneys to set aside all
previous court proceedings and grant a
new trial on the ground of wilful fraud,
malfeasance and nonfeasance In the of
fice of the District Attorney.
His only hope for escape from the
sentence of death Imposed now rests with
Gov. William D. Stephens, who has a
petition for pardon under .cpnlderatlon,
although counsel for Mooney said to-day
they would probably appeal to the State
Supreme Court again, and If they failed
there would try to have the caw re
viewed by the Supreme Court of the
United States.
Resentence on May 28.
Moone's conviction and sentence were
affirmed by the Stato Supreme Court.
Thereafter he fought a writ of "coram
nobis-' (before us, the king) asking th.it
all proceedings be annulled on the ground
that his conviction had been obtained
through fraud and malfeasance by the
piosecutlon. The District Attorney en
tered a demurrer to the petition for a
writ, and Judge Franklin A. Griffin, whb
tried the case and sentenced Mooney
sustained the demurrer to-diy. Judge
Griffin set May 2S as the day for resen
tence, the former date of execution 'hav
ing been Invalidated by Mooney's appeal
to the State Supreme Court.
Judge Griffin's decision on the de
murrer to the petition for a writ of
coram nobis said that while such a writ
was permissible under certain circum
stances. It was barred by statute In the
case before the court. The appeal to the
State Supreme Court announced to-day
will be from Judge Griffin's refusal to
hear the petition for a writ of coram
Constitutional Wrong Claimed.
The defence attorneys had announced
previously that If they did not gain
recognition in the State Supreme Court
they would appeal to the Supreme Court
of the United States on he giound that
Mooney was being deprived of his life
without due process of law.
Should the case finally go to Gov.
Stephens for artlon on the pai don ap
plication now pending, the Governor will
hac beforo him a request from Presi
dent Wilson urging careful relev of the
facts. This request was linked with a
report by a Federal labor commission,
which urged the granting of a new trial,
because of certain allegations of perjury
which followed the testimony of a wit
ness for the prosecution.
Rumor Reaching State Or
partment Im Unconfirmed.
Special Petpalch to Tar. Sex.
Wabhinoton, May 21. A report re
ceived by the State Department says
Alexander Kerensky, tho former Husslan
Premier deposed by the Bolshevlkl, has
reached New York, but the report Is
rnther Indefinite nnd has not been con
firmed. State Department officials are
not disposed to nccept It without further
confirmation. It could not be learned
to-night Just from what source this In.
formation reached the department.
Kerensky, according to a recent report
ptlnted In New York, wns on his way to
this country, but the nusslan Kmbassy
here has been without any word to this
effect. He has a relative In the West
and It Is suggested In Russian circles
that he may De on his way to visit him.
Kerensky is broken In health and It is
rfniihtftfl that ha hst anv ulana In mind
I for political work hers.
ments had already held similar confer
ences and that the results had been sat
isfactory. Matters to be discussed Include ques
tions referring to sanitary arrangements,
food, clothing, permission to receive
packages, nature of work allotted to
prisoners and question of officers' pay.
The treatment accqrded American
prisoners In Germany will In a sense
be under the supervision of the Spanish
Embassy, which represents American
Interests there. Reciprocally the Swiss
Legation here will look after the Ger
man prisoners In the United States.
He Reports Capture of Ger
mans in Course of Recon
naissance Combats.
Details Sent of Philadelphia
Flier's Bcniarkablc
By the Aetociated Preit.
With ths American Armt in
France, May 21. "In the course of re
connaissance combats In Lorraine we
captured prisoners," sa-s the official
statement Issued from American head
quarters to-night. "Here and In the
Woevre the artillery of both sides
showed considerable activity."
Last night's statement waa as follows:
"Except for activity by the artillery
on both sides tn various sectors there
Is nothing to report."
An added statement says It has been
determined that Major Raoul Lufbery
was shot down within the American
lines In combat with a German two
seater airplane.
Capt. James Norman nail 'of Colfax,
Tons, who has been missing since May
7, Is wounded and a prisoner In a Ger
man hospital. Capt. Hall disappeared
after an engagement over the enemy
Details of the remarkable escape from
death of an American aviation Captain,
member of a Philadelphia family, while
flying on the British, front, have been
Accompanied by another machine, the
Philadelphlan was flying along the lines
north of Ypres when a big German
plane was sighted. The Captain went
in to attack and the German began
pumping machine gun bullets Into the
attacking machine from above. The
other American flier was too far away
to give any assistance.
I.nfbeiy Funeral impressive.
The Philadelphlan received a bullet
through the leg and another shot wrecked
a part of the machinery of his plane so
badly that the machine went down. He
crashed In No Man's Land and by the
merest chance was not killed by the fall.
The Captain had Just crashed when
a German shell struck his disabled ma
chine and blew it to tinder. He was
brought In safely from the shell holes
where he was sheltering himself from
the German bombardment.
The foregoing probably refers to
Capt. Charles J. Riddle, who was re
ported In a Paris despatch received
yesaerday to have been fmind by
scouts In No Man's Land with a bullet
through his leg near his wrecked ma
chine. He had previously been re
ported lost after a fight with a Ger
man. According to Information obtained
from a captured German officer, the
published monthly figures of Herman
nerlal losses are intended merely for the
people at home and for neutrals, and
are not accepted by German aviators.
Ilomb Wrerks Plane.
The funeral of Major Lufbery was
most lmpressie The pallbearers,
three American and three French aviat
ors, carried the flag draped couin num
tho little frame building to a motor car
for the trip to the graw. The proces
sion was led by an American band, a
company of American Infantry Just from
the trenches nnd a company of French
Infantry. Following the coffin were 200
American and French officers, including
all of Major Lufbcry'a companions in
the air service, the American General
commanding tho sector northwest of
Toul and u French General commanding
an army corps.
The party drew up at the grave, and
while the servlco waa being read one
American aviator after another planed
down from the sky, his motor shut off,
until he was Just overhead. Kach threw
out great bunches of red roses, which
floated down on the coffin and th bnred
heads of the officers andcaps of the sol
dlers, who were drawn up at attention.
French and American Generals paid
oral -tribute to the. slain aviator.
This Is a
Wheat less Day
Haig's Troops Advance on
600 Yard Front and Take
His Heavy Counter At
tacks on Larger Front
End in Failure.
French Break Down Foe's On
slaught Above Bailleul
Artillery Battles.
London, May 21. Last night and tV
day the allied forces In France kept Vt
their policy of wearing down the Ger
man lines, making more slight gslM
and repulsing vicious German counter
attacks. Their offensive operations wars
on a comparatively small scale, but ths
enemy assaults wers msds In consider
able fores and were checked only after
severe fighting.
Last night the British made a local at
tack Just northeast of Mervllle, carrying
out a successful operation which ad
vanced their positions along a front of
COO yards and reducing a salient whlrfi
bulged Into their lines. Thirty prison
ers and six machine guns were taken.
Against the new positions ths Ger
mans this morning, after a severs bom
bardment, launched their heavy counter
attack, the German operation embrac
ing a section about 1,200 yards long
and extending on either side the recently
established British front. The enemy
was met by a terrific fire from artillery
and machine guns and was forced tack
without gaining his objectives.
Attack on Krenck Falls.
Another German attack was mads en
the French above Bailleul. This failed
under similar circumstances.
Severe artillery battles continue at
many points, the Allies often forcing
the fighting. French batteries at Hattles
and south of the River Avre. on the
Amiens front, were especially active
last night.
Both French and British patrols have
tsken prisoners In rslds at several"
places. The French raid near Lassstny
Is said to have been especially produc
tive of results In prisoners and valuable
The opposing forces northeast ef
Aveluy wood, above Albert, have con
tinued to exchange blows In contention
for desirable positions! Yesterday
morning the Germans rushed some posts
mere ana obtained a footing at a fsw
places. They have been driven out again
Tho latest reports concerning the fight
ing in the Locre sector show that 00
unwounded prisoners were taken and
that the casualties of the attackers were
slight. In this drive the French retook
Druloose and the now famous crossroads
near by, as well as several fortified
farms which have been the scene of des
perate fighting recently. They also
pushed forward their line east of Hill 44,
which the poilus retook a few days ago
after a bitter encounter.
Official Statements.
Official 'statements on the operations
follow :
BRITI8H (NIGHT) A hostile '
counter attack launched this morning
against our new position northwest of
Mervllle was made in considerable
strength upon a front of 1.200 yards.
A very heavy bombardment preceded
the enemy's advance, but despite the
Intensity of his artillery preparations
his Infantry only succeeded In reach
ing our positions at two points, where
they were dealt with effectively by
our troops In wich case. Our whole
line s Intact.
Two ralda which the enemy at
tempted last night In the sector north
of Bailleul were repulsed by the
French troops.
We secured a few prisoners and a
machine gun this morning In a patrol
encounter In the neighborhood of
BRITISH (RAY) A successful
local operation was carried out by
troops of a Surrey Battalion yester
day evening northwest of Mervllle. A
leentrant In nur line in this sector was
closed up and thirty prisoners and six
machine guns were captured by us.
Uarly this morning a hostile counter
attRrk against the new positions, de
Iheied after a heavy bombardment,
was broken up by our artillery and
machine gun fire,
We carried out a successful raid
last night southeast of Arras and
brought hack a few prisoners and a
machine gun from tho enemy's
During the night the hostile artil
lery was active In the Albert sector
about Hebiiterne between the Forest
of Nleppe and Meteren, and more ac
ttve than usual between the Scarp
River and Hill "0, north of Lens. The
gas shelling reported to hno taken
place yesterday north of Ilethune was
Frenrh nnlletlm.
F HUNCH (NIGHT) There were no
Infantry actions, The artillery was In.
termlltently nctle south of the
Somme. along the Mcuse and in the
lln .May Is our (IkIiIIiik plluU !
stroyed six German airplanes, and nine
other enemy machines fell within
their lines severely damaged, That
day und also on the night of May
19-20 25,000 kilograms of projectiles
were dropped by our bombing ma
chines. FIIF.Xf It I RAVI Roth artilleries
were active last night in the region
of Thennes and Hallles and at other
points south of the Avre.
Frenrh patrols operating southwest
of Lasslgny, on the right bank of the
. Of-. -.

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