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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, May 23, 1918, Image 2

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SUN,. THUKoDAYi MAY 23, 1918. '
eaat of Meanll (north of Albert), but
was repulsed.
Another successful raid, In addition
to those reported this mornlnr. was
carried out by us last night in the
nelfhborhood of Itebuterne. Heavy
casualties were Inflicted on the enemy
In these encounters, and we captured
a few prisoners.
On the remainder of the front there
waa nothing- beyond artillery activity
en both sides In the different-sectors.
BRITISH (DAT) A number of
successful raids were carried out by
us last night on different parts of the
front. In the sector southeast of
Arras our troops entered the Oerman
trenches at two points and captured
fourteen prisoners and a machine un.
Other raiding- parties brought back a
few prisoners from the enemy's posi
tions In the nelfhborhood of Locon
and In the sector between the Forest
of Nleppe and Metered.
North of the Ypres-Comlnes Canal
sixteen prisoner were captured by us.
A hostile raiding party approached
our lines last night north of Albert. It
was repulsed.
The enemy's artillery ehowed some
activity during the night In the neigh,
borhood of Dernancourt, and consider
able activity cast of the Fqreit of
Nleppe. The sector northeast of Be
thune was heavily bombarded with
gas sheila .
FRKXCU ( WIGHT) -There were
reciprocal artillery engagements at
divert points on the Somme and Ola
fronts, but there wera no Infantry ac
tions. FBEXCH (DAT) The night waa
marked by violent artillery action In
the region of Hatllee, Senecat Wood,
Rouvray and Plemont. There was
great patrol and reconnaissance ac
tivity along the whole Allege front.
French ' troops raided the enemy
lines west of Malsons de Champagne.
Two German surprise attacks were re
pulsed in the Woevre and In Lorraine.
GERMAN" (DAT) In the Kemmel
region lively artillery activity con
tinues. North of Kemmel village and
outh of Iyocre strong enemy local at
tacks delivered In the evening failed.
On both sldea of the Vya and at
La Bassee Canal our rear districts
were again subjected to a heavy fire.
Between Arras and Albert the enemy
artillery also was very lively In the
Between the Somme and the Ola
fighting activity revived only tempo
rarily. On Monday night one of our bomb
ing squadrons deatroysd extensive
French munitions depots near Blar
Americans Brlaa; Back Two Pris
oners, One Dying.
Washington, May 22. Gen. Pershing
reported to-day to the war Department
details of a catrol raid made Monday
nlht by American troops which result
ad In the capture of two German pris
oners. The first portion was the same
as received In news despatches from
France last night mentioning recon
naissance combrjs In Lorraine and ar
tillery activity tJSe and in the Woevre.
The remainder follows :
Patrolling was very active In Lor
raine last night, especially from our
aide. One patrol consisting of officer
and twenty men exploring a hostile
position gained contact and opened
tire on a German patrol of approxl
i enatsly the same site. The German
patrol took cover and returned the
fire.. Our patrol rushed the position,
putfthe enemy to flight and captured
two prisoners. One prisoner died of
wounds after reaching our lines. Our
patrol suffered no casualties.
Later in the night a smalt hostile
partol attempted to rush one of our
outposts but was driven off by rifle
fire. One German was killed and his
body brought Into our lines.
Every Faction Claim Support
of U. S. Opinion.
Dublin, May 22. "What does Amer
ica think?-' Is the question which all
schools of Irish opinion have been ask
ing since the arrests of Sinn Fein leaders
Saturday morning. Every faction In Its
peer claims the support of American
opinion, and each section quotes freely
whatever American comment it can col
lect In support of Its own particular
Not a single one of to-day's papers,
whether Unionist or Nationalist, omits
referring to the American attitude in
long leading article. The Freeman's
Journal, the official organ of the Irish
' party, heads Its editorial page with the
following: "An effort to stampede
American opinion has been completely
foiled. There Is a complete suspense of
judgment In America on the charge of
pro-German conspiracy against the men
arrested. Warnings have been given
that proof must be quickly forthcoming
or America would come to the conclusion
that the plot, If there Is a plot, Is not a
pro-German one."
The Dublin Independent in a long
editorial accuses the Government of
making the arrests "with a view to
turning American opinion agaiptt Ire
land and preventing the Lord Mayor of
Dublin, a Ireland's representative, from
receiving u fair hearlne at Washington."
The Dublin correspondent of the Lon
don Daily Scu-a writes ; "The pivot of
the Irish front Is In Washington. Dublin
Is enjoying an unexampled Invasion by
American newspaper men, and any one
nbo sees the way they go about their
work must admit their serious purpose
"and their open mlndedness to Impres
sions. They have a voracious appetite
for the opinions of people who really
count and are serving humanity well by
sending the facts acroaa the water.
Denis Kilbride, mcrtilier of Parliament
from south Klldare and ono of the oldest
members of the Irish party, In a speech
to hli constituents lost night urged
Irishmen to put their case against con
scription before the American public,
which, lie said, would Judge It Justly.
"The tenor of recent comment from
America," he said, "Is that Americans
cannot understand whv Irishmen oppose
conscription In view of the fact that con
scription Is now a fact In the United
States. The answer Is obvfous. If
Irishmen are to be conscripted It Is the
Irish themselves who should carry It
The Cork Examiner, an Influential
Nationalist newspaper, says:
"The wholesale arrest convey (he
Idea that Ireland has suddenly become
pro-German, which clearly Is not the
fart, as Lord French and his advisers
well know. The circumstances of the
arrests look singularly like a deep laid
plot against home rule."
Drlleted to lie L'-Boat Victim,
Pms, May 2i. Apparontly having
had aseere encounter with a submarine.
. the Spanish sailing vessel Joanulna, of
313 tons, ha been found abandoned and
drifting near the African coast by a
fishing vcnel, The hull was pierced by
numerous shell shols and there was no
trace f the crew, whose fate Is un
known. Bell-ans
Absolutely Removes
Indigestion. Druggists
refund. money if it fails.- 25c
England and Franco Leaning
Toward Japanese Of
' fenslve.
Diplomats Believe'Enongh Na
tional Spirit Remains to
Make Nucleus.
Sptciat Cablt Dttpatch to Tas Sex.
Copyright, Mil: all Hghtt rtttrved.
losroN May 22. Announcement of
the Chlno-Japanese defensive agreement
to be put Into effect In the event of Ger
man aggression In Siberia, taken In con
nection with President Wilson's state
ment that the United States will stand
by Russia as well as France and will
not sacrifice the east for concessions In
the west, calls attention anew to the dan
ger which the Oermanlsatlon of Russia
In England and France there appears
to be a well defined opinion that the
Allies should take Immediate steps to
save the Russians, Including the Ukrain
ians and peoplss of other nationalities,
from the alternative of German despot
Ism or Internal strife, bloodshed and,
famine. The Daily Chronicle appeals to'
President Wilson to use his great In
fluence to bring about a more positive
policy by the Allies toward Russia.
Would Relieve Presaaro,
The Pall Mali Oaxetle says :
"Nothing would do more to ease the
pressure upon thlrirwlde of Europe than
the revival of a definite menace to the
Central Empires upon the Russian side.
This can be founded only on the accept
ance by Japan of the new offensive role,
that our Far Eastern ally should take
upon her this new responsibility for
civilised Interests, an object that can be
attained so soon as America consents
that a mandate shall be extended to her
in the form In which her own prestige
and self-respect reaulre.
"One essential condition about which
there has been uncertainty Is the coop
eratlon of what national spirit survives
or Is reawakening in Russia."
The Bolshevik Problem.
As to the attitude of the Bolshevlkl,
It Is held In diplomatic circles that In
tervention by the Allies In response to
an Invitation of any of Its factions would
be an Indirect recognition of the Bol
shevik Government, but the Entente
Powers should be ready to cooperate
with any nucleus of true Russian na
tionalism that can be discovered to de
feat the German aims.
It Is pointed out that the time to
strike Is now, when Germany's hands are
full on the western front and she Is not
In a position to maintain her efforts for
the exploitation of Asia If met with a
Urone and readme opposition.
Japan Is held to have shown a clear
itrasp of the problem, to far aa her own
Interests are concerned, and It la be
lieved that she Is ready to make com
mon cause with the Allies as soon as
they reach a decision.
Bread Distribution la Petroarrad to
By rA Attociated Prttt.
Moscow, May IS (delayed). There Is
under way a marked exodus of Entente
subjects from Russia.
.,..TJ distribution of bread In retrograd
WTffrCease to-morrow. It will be re
placed by half a Russian pound of po
tatoes. Flour Is unobtainable even with
doctors' prescriptions. Sugar costs 50
rubles a pound.
The armistice .among the Russians,
Germans and Ukrainians on the Kursk
front has been extended to Voronetx
and Brlansk. In connection with this
announcement Leon Trotrky, Bolshovlk
Minister of War and .Murine, has de
clared the Kuban and Don districts un
der martial law and has ordered the
disarming of bands which have Invaded
Rus4an territory despite the armistice.
Count von Mlrbach, German Ambas
sador to Russia, has promised M.
Tchltcherln, Bolshevik Foreign Minister,
to send a peace delegation to Kiev. He
said the governmental change In Ukraine
necessitates changes In the personnel of
the delegation from that republic and
that Kiev was suitable as a meeting
place for the delegates.
Trial of Alleged Confederates May
Be Dropped,
The Federal Grand Jury continued Its
Inquiry' yesterday Into the whereabouts
of Jeremiah A. O'Lcary, whose ball was
declared forfeited Monday when ha
failed to appear for trial on a charge of
conspiring to obstruct recruiting.
Karl It. Barnes, Assistant United
Htatea Attocney, declared that the wit
nesses who testified were all persons
who had been friendly with O'Leary.
lie would not say whether Information
had been gained that may ba of use In
tracing the fugitive.
The trial of 0'Irary. with Luther S.
Dedford nnd Adolph Stern, who were
associated with him In jiubllshltiK Hull
when It was violently criticising the
Government's war policies last summer,
was adjourned to to-day. Mr. Humes
ald that Hertford and Btern will not be
put on trial If O'Lcary Is absent.
Men Yorker Is Xow Lieutenant
Servlnu as l.lnnlt.
Camp Dix, WniniiTSTnw.v, n. J., May
22. Klngdon Gould, who ns a private
was selected some rrionths ago tot enter
the officers training school here but de
clined the honor because he believed he
could ftrvc his country best as Inter
preter, has won u lieutenancy.
First Lieut. Gould's latest promotion
came ns a surprise to him. Ho will still
remain at headquarters of tho Seventy-
eighth Division, as he Is a linguist,
AmnliX (EmtBtablr
40ib St. at 5ft Jive.
Are Featuring
Henry Cort & Co.
Men's Shoes
Department conveniently located,
on main floor.
Separate Entrance. 441 Fifth Art.
Women's and Juvenile' Smart
Footwear in all the teaion'a
latest modeli,
Popular Price.
Guns Make Terrific Attack on
Enemy Billeted In Woods
Near Tool.
Patrol Charges Men Who Take
Rtfuge in .Trench and
Brings Back Two.
By tht Auoctattd Prett.
With the American Armt in Francs,
May 21 (delayed). The American ar
tillery northwest of Toul launched a
sudden and terrific local gas attack upon
the German positions and cantonments
within the Gerechamp Wood early"lo
day. Severe punishment was Inflicted
upon the enemy, how great Is not yet
The deluge of American shells fell In
three waves and within a half hour the
woods In which It Is known many Ger
mans were sleeping had been drenched
with a large quantity of poisonous gas.
In lively patrol actions Monday night
and this morning east of Lunevllle Ger
man parties twice were defeated by the
Americans, who captured two prisoners.
An officer and twenty men whjle ex
ploring the area northwest of Ancer
vllters, east of Lunevllle, sighted four
enemy patrols and established contact
with one of them. The enemy party,
numbering sixteen, took up a position in
an unused trench from which they were
driven by the rifle and grenade firing
of the Americana. The Germans were
then rushed by the Americans, who took
two prisoners, one so badly wounded
that he died later. There were no cas
ualties on ths American aide.
tour hours later an enemy patrol
made a bold attempt to rush one of our
outposts out waa driven off. One Ger
man was Killed and his body was
brought back to the American lines for
identification purposes.
In the Woevre an American patrol
traversed the Apremont-Varnsvllla road
and found a high tension cable used for
cnarging Hie enemy wire. They cut the
cable and brought back a large section
or it.
Another patrol came on a German
party southwest of Apremont snd sharp
fighting resulted. The Americans used
their pistols, rifles and hand grenades
effectively and the Germans were forced
to retire.
A corporal named Kllck. from a New
England State, carried out a "personal
patrol" last yesterday afternoon. He
crawled to the enemy wire to Invjstl
gate what he thouaht was a DerLscotie
a'nd saw a German step up to the firing
trench. Mullets were exchanged, but
the American returned safely across
No Man s Land.
Hunger Crow Apace a Sup
plie From Ukraine Fail.
Special Cubit Dtipatch to Taa Sen.
Copyright, till; all riffhtt rennet.
Paris. May 22. Germany Is making
still another hole In her belt In order
to draw It tighter. Despite all the glow
ing promises of food relief following
peace In the East, the latest reports from
Swltserland speak not only of the reduc
tion of the existing small bread ration
on June IK but also of an acute short
age of vegetables.
Grains and meats have long been
rarity, but even horse meat, which had
been allowed periodically, has become a
luxury. Of the 300,000,000 pigs in Ger
nviny before the war only half remain.
Tho National Liberal organ, the Manden
bourg Oatette, writing- on the subject of
the reduction or the Bread ration, said
vesterdav :
"No one lll contest the gravity of
the situation on which tho populations
of tho bis cities find themselves. Not
alone bread but our other necessities
are becoming rarer and dearer with
every peace that we make. Let us not
lull ourneUes to sleep on vain Illusions,
No matter what news we are fed upon
from the Economic Office, It will ,be
none the leu a great deception for the
"Great hopes have been built up for
us only to be shattered to pieces again
1f they had not spoken of a 'peace of
nutrition," If the official communique
had not told to hopefully of the pro
lalons of the Ukraine, it Is obvious
that the population would have been
better prepared fur. the news of the
bread reduction which had to be Im
posed ; It has been accepted with ex
traordinary calmness."
New York Man 'Lay Helpless for
Seven Hoars.
By the Atiociated Preu.
With thi British Armt in Francr,
Tuetday, Msy 21 (delayed). To He
helpless on his seaplane In the North Sea
for seven hours with n broken leg before
he was picked up was the experience of
in American aviator attached to the
British forces.
The aviator, who conies from New
York State, was operating a seaplane
off the Belgian coast. It was brought
down by hostile fire and his machine fell
Into the sea. He Is recovering In a hos
pital. "IIIH" Edvrurds Ilnbbril In Albany.
Special Detpalch to Till Svx.
Aipany, May United States In
ternal Revenue Collector Big Bill Kd
wardn has some Ideas of his own about
patriotism In Albany. When making a
street corner oration here to-day for tho
Red Cioss somebody "touched" him for
his pocketbook. It contained a $1,0 Lib.
eity bond and about S&0 in rash.
rfUR course
ivV set our prices
a - ...ui:.i i I
we have abun
dant Spring
stocKs of every
thing men and
boys wear.
Rising prices
will not afreet our provi
sion thi season we are
amply supplied for
Spnng and Summer.
Tctnorrow one-tenth of our
ales will b civrn to the
Red Cross
The more you purchase the
more we give.
BfvOKAw Brothers
Supply Ship Were in Ue aa
Troop Trantporta.
Special Dttpatch to Tib Sim.
Washington, May 22. The peril of
curtailed relief In food and clothing for
m.uuo.ooo Belgian and French people In
the territory occupied by the German In
vaders waa removed to-day when Presi
dent Wilson settled 'arrangements
through which the fleet of ataamshlna
employed by the Belgian Relief Commis
sion will be restored to their normal
number. The, ships were reduced In
number recently so that the United
States could send soldiers and supplies
to France. Mr. Hoover said:
"As a result of the diversion of a lam
part of the shipping employed by the re-
net commission to other war purposes
It had been necessary to reduoe the bread
ration to six ounces per diem, this belnc
one ounce below even the present Ger
man ration, with corresponding reduc
tions In the other foodstuffs.
"Negotiations have been under way
for some time between the British.
French and American .Governments
through W. B. Poland In Europe, and
Prentiss Gray of the relief commission
here, with the cooperation of Mr. Hur
ley of the United States Shipping Board,
Mr. Franklin of the ship control com
mittee and Mr. Btevena, their representa
tive in Europe and the British shipping
executive, by whose combined efforts ar
rangements have been made through
which the American and British Govern
ments have undertaken to find one-half
each of the necessary shipping In order
to restore the volume or roodsturrs neces
sary for the maintenance of these
Several More Arrests Indi
cated by Activity of
London, May 42. Indications that the
Government has not yet completed alt
the arrests contemplated by it are seen
in the apprehension In Dublin late last
night of P. F. Burke, the leading Sinn
Kelner In the county of Monaghan. A
certain number of Sinn Fein leaders In
various districts after the coup was
made In Dublin evaded the police, who
still are on the lookout for them.
The authorities are directing their at
tention to all persons who are regarded
as suspicious, and such men are being
stopped in the neighborhood of uuoiin
and searched. All the best known men
of what Is regarded as the revolutionary
wing of the Sinn Keln are already In
custody, but there Is a general Impres
sion that many Influential participators
in the alleged conspiracy are persons
never heard of by the Irish public
Sara Leaders Are German Dopes.
A leading Nationalist to-day said to
the Associated Press:
"I believe that there are undoubtedly
German sgents In active operation in
Ireland and that they operate at fourth
or fifth hand, so that even the Minn
Fein leaders, who think they know
everything, are quite possibly the dupes
of knaves In the background.
"You must not forget that until the
outbreak of the war Sir Roger Case
ment was a very Inconspicuous figure in
Irish life and had no prominent associa
tion with any Irish movement.. There
may be half a dozen Casements as little
open to apparent suspicion as he then
was. All Ireland knew of him was that
he waa an ex official of the Foreign Of
fice." Mrs. Thomas J. Clark, whose husband
was put to death for the part he took In
the Irish uprising of 1916, was arrested
Prisoners Taken to Kngland.
A further consignment of Sinn Fein
prisoners left Dublin yesterday on the
way to Cngland. The group was not
one of newly arrested persons, It was
stated, but merely a small number who
had been heretofore detained at local
barracks. According to the local news
papers, Count Plunkett was the only
prominent person In the party.
The events of the last few days have
not drawn as much support to the Sinn
Felners as they expected from the more
moderate Irish parties. Indeed, there
are Indications, that the fued between
tho Sinn Fein and. the Nationalists has
only grown more bitter.
Trt sum up the attitude of the two
factions, It may be said that the Na
tionalists believe In constitutional meth
ods of settling ths Irish question, while
the Sinn Fein demands revolution, and
the Nationalists consider that the Sinn
Felners by therr revolutionary tactics
are .rpolllng Ireland's best chance of a
satisfactory settlement.
The Krenlno Telegraph, organ of the
Nationalist party, says:
"Ireland Is not and never has been
pro-German. Irishmen believe that
right and Justice are on the side of
the Allies. Our people do not forget
that hundreds of thousands of tliclr
own kith and kin are fiRhting against
the menace of German domination.
They would regard any plot or In
trigue with Germany us treason to Ire
land and treachery to eery Irlh
soldier who has Joined the ranks, be
causa ho believed he was helping to
free Ireland, put they are not prepared
to swallow vague stories of a German
conspiracy without fomc evidence to
sustain the charges."
The Irish party's policy of temporary
abstention from attendance In Parlia
ment is expected to como to an end
as soon as the House of Commons re
sumes It slttlngH. Many of the ex
perienced representatives of the party
In the Hduso were opposed even to
the temporary adoption of this Sinn
Fein method. They assented to It with
reluctance, and their Influence probably
will be effective In ootalulng the return
of a strong Irish aelegatlou to par
ticipate In tho debates.
'A great net t
mirtj drawn
don't give
Declares on Stand She Be
lieves in U. S.'M Exempli
fied by People.
How Far Liberty of Speech
May Go Is Principal Issue,
Says U. B. Attorney.
Kansas Crrr, May it. Presentation
of evidence In the case of Mrs. Rose
Pastor Stokes, on trial In Federal court
here charged with the violation of the
espionage act, waa completed this after
noon and argument begun.
Final summing up by both sides will.
take place to-morow, after which Judge
Arba S. Van Valkenburgh Will charge
the Jury. Court officials Apected the
case to ko to the Jury about noon.
Elmer B. Silvers, Assistant United
States District Attorney, spoke for the
Government this afternoon and Seymour
Stedman, Chicago, for the defence.
Mr. Silvers asserted that the question
of Issue was the Intent or motive behind
the signed communication of Mrs. Stokes
which appeared In the Kansas City Star
and In which she expressed opposition to
the Government. He pictured the de
fendant as having sought every oppor
tunity to spread disloyal propaganda.
Mr. Silvers referred to the address of
Mrs. Stokes at Kansas City, which, he
said, "stirred up a hornets' nest." He
declared ahe aaw further opportunity to
spread disloyally In an Interview which
a reporter "toned down." Ennged, ha
said, when she saw her seditious decla
rations misquoted, she dictated and sent
the signed letter of correction, on which
the Indictment was based.
V. 9. Mast Prove Motive.
In replying Mr. Stedman asserted the
liberty of speech and the length to which
a citizen may go In criticising the Gov
ernment in war time waa tho principal
Issue Involved. He declared Mrs. Stokes's
chief concern was that the wir might
not accomplish the purposes for which
America entered It. He argued that the
Government must prove motive on each
count of the Indictment and that Mrs.
Stokes had wilfully sought to create mu
tiny and Insubordination.
Expression of opposition to the Gov
ernment, he said, was directed against
those In power In the Government, and
was. moreover, an expression of opin
ion rather than fact, based on Mrs.
Stokes's reading of statistics Indicating
that vast profits were being made out
of war Industries. Whether these figures
are correct did not matter, he said.
In cross-examination to-day Mrs.
Stokes declared she was an Interna
tionalist and loved all countries in reply
to questions by Mr. Silvern.
' "Do you believe In patriotism In the
ordinary sense of love for the country
of which you are a citizen?" he de
manded. "I believe In country as exempltPed
by Its people and not by those In control.
I love all countries," was the reply.
Left Party. Then Returned.
She had been a Socialist all her life,
she said, but left the party In the sum
mer of 1917, and returned to it in 1918,
but never forsook Its principles and still
entertained them. She admitted selling
the transcript of her apeech made In
Minneapolis to an Eastern magazine, In
which she said:. "This Is a historic
event In my life. It Is the first time I
have ever stood on any platform us an
Mr. Silvers further quoted from the
article statements to the effect that she
had previously refused to rise to the
I n.Hnnal ,nlh.ni fw a.ltttA th a
, ))Bll rtMeA she would rather be ehot
thaji do so.
The speech. Mrs. Stokes testified, was
delivered after she had left the Socialist
party and before her return to it. Mr.
Slivers drew from her A repetition of the
statement that her principles during the
time of her withdrawal from the party
had not materially changed.
'She denied that In her communication
to the Kansas City Star, on which her
Indictment wan said to have been based,
she had Intended to cause Insubor
dination or obstruct recruiting.
Mrs. Stokes declared the letter wr't
ten to the Star was dictated In such
haste that her exact meaning was not
expressed, She explained that she was
preparing tn leave the city on her speak
ing tour at the time the letter was
"Jerri. h Dally News" Denies She
Was r.irr Its Editor.
The Jru-ish Daily .Votes yesterday
gave out the following statement .
"In iew of the statement made by
Mrs, nose Pastor Stokes In the course
of her testimony that 'when twenty
three j ears old she removed to New
York and became the editor of tho Jew
Ixh Drily .Veics' permit us to enter nn
emphatic denial of that statement
"Mrs Stol.es was at no tlmi editor of
the Jewish Daily .Veuj. For some time
Mrs. Hoc 4!'ator Stokes was a con
tributor to the English department of
the Jru'lan Dully .Veic.i, her particular
work being In connection with the glrl"
department of Unit page.
"Whatever Mis. Mokea wrote nt that
time- was In accordance with the policy
of the Jeielth Daily .Vetcs, She wus
very tame then. In Justice to tis it
should bo i-ald that the Jcwith Daily
ctvi h.is always been distinctly Ameri
can, and oppoed to the views now held
by Mrs. Stokes and those who think with
unspeakable pain"
for looks
for lives!
Ctntributtd It the RED CROSS
5th Ave. & 27th St.', N. Y. City
New Yorker Downs German in
Fight Several Miles Above
the Earth.
Other American Fliers Have
Thrilling Encounters on
West Front.
By the Auoctolet Preu.
With ths Ambsican Armt in
Francs, May 21 (delayed). Lieut.
William H. Taylor of New York
chasera a Oerman biplane from the
American lines to over Pagny-sur-Mo-selle,
north of Pont-a-Mousson, to-day
and defeated the Boehe In a desperate
fight 5,000 meters In the air,
A bullet from the enemy machine
barely missed Lieut. Taylor and punc
tured a wing of his airplane. A second
later the Lieutenant saw one of his
tracer bullets penetrate the fuselage of
the enemy machine, where the observer
was working a machine gun, and there
was no more fire from the German,
Lieut. Taylor continued to lire at th
German pilot, and after 450 shots had
been fired, most of them at about sev
enty yards, the enemy machine went
spinning toward the earth In a nose
In addition to Lieut. Taylor's fight,
there were several other combats In the.
bright sunny skies to-day. Two Ameri
can aviators chssed two enemy machines
to Tblaucourt and there attacked them.
One of the American pilots fired from
directly under the tall of a German ma
chine, which went spinning toward the
ground from 4,000 meters to S00, where
It was seen to straighten out and es
cape. Capt. David Peterson of Honesdale,
Pa., after a long chase, sent a Ger
man two seater wabbling and diving to
the ground In the neighborhood of Cha
teau Sallna The American avUtor pur
sued the enemy machine for forty kilo
meters along the battle line and then
chased htm twelve kilometers behind
the German lines before he succeeded
In attacking him from beneath. The
German's dive to the ground followed
American Naval Reaerviat la
Killed in Gallant Fight.
Washington, May 22. News of the
death of Ensign Stephen Potter, Naval
Reserves, who was Killed while fighting
seven single seated airplanes In the
North Sea on April IS, was received
here to-day from London. Ensign Pot
ter, who was second pilot to a British
Iloyal Flying Force Captain, six weeks
before had shot down a German sea
plane in Helgoland IllKht. The story of
Potter's encounter with the enemy says:
"Potter left the North Sea station In
a British seaplane and steered due east
until six miles west-southwest of North
Hinder light. Another plane accom
panied Potter and kept position to star
board throughout the action. Two en
emy planes were sighted to port, head
ing toward them, flying low. Both Brit
ish planes dived, about 100 yards apart,
closing upon the nearest German.
"Fire oponed from both at close range.
"Potter's companion had emptied one
drum from the forward cockpit when
the gun Jammed. Two more hostile
planes then appeared overhead, attack
ing vigorously. Both Britons turned to
the west, pursuing one of tho lower en
emy, who was soon lost to view. Three
others passed astern, 'following at a
sharp angle. Potter was close above hi
companion and dived to within 100 feet
of the water.
"Both machines flattened out and rot
ter's companion, being faster, throttled
down until Potter came abreast. Thus
they ran westward at full speed close
together for several minutes under con
tinuous volleys from the rear.
"Four more enemy machines now ap
peared In V formation. Of seven Ger
mans In action four were attacking Pot
ter and the others his companion. Pot
ter fell behind nnd began to zigzag. He.
first veered slightly starboard, then
turned at right ungles to port.
Again his companion throttled down
to let him catch up and began climbing
to reduce headway. Potter dodged sgaln,
but was then broadside to all en
emy machines and under their fire only
flfly feet from the water. His compan
ion, :10 fet above, saw Potter's ma-
chine burst Into flame, come down part the Osakl-Shoshen Kalsha Line Is on
of the way under control, then crash on i fire crt the north Pacific roast, accord
the port wing tip. .Ins to naval wireless messages receled
"Potter wan last see on the surface here lato to-day.
amid flames, which suddenly turned to a. The crew lias been . transferred to the
hue cloud of smoke. Canada Maru ot the same line, the mes-
"Two of the Vnemy circled over the miko said. Tho Hurma Maru left a Pa
spot. Iheri joined tne other side. Whcnclllc port estcrday for the Orient.
are now
a very comprehensive variety
of correct carriage design's and
colors. The present production
of these tine cars is necessarily
limited; as the Simplex Company is
now performing important war work.
Normal production, however, will
be resumed when .the governmental
requirements shall have been met.
The service station is maintained
as usual to render the incomparable
Simplex Standard of Service.
Service Station:
izthUVirntn Sts.t
Ling Itand Citf
755 Fifth Avenue
n:E.Adamt, Inc.
th nail Imd cleared not even wreckage
rwas visible."
Toller enrolled September Z last as a
second class seaman In the flying corps.
He was promoted to an Ensign Novem
ber 2, ordered to France, later being sent
to Kngland. A brother lives In Detroit.
Concerning Potter's brave conduct and
his eagerness to engage with the enemy
the commanding officer of the British
North Sea station wrote :
"Potter always displayed the greatest
eagerness to fly at all times. On the
long reconnalssanco In which he shot
down the German seaplane he displayed
great courage and coolness. He was
very popular at this station."
John Ganster. Quartermaster In the
navy Aviation Corps, was killed In a
seaplane accident In Ftanos May 20, the
Navy Department announced to-night
His father, Harry W. Qanster, lives at
612 Gay street, Baltimore.
British nare Maar Successes In
Monday's Air MsrhUns;.
London, May 22. Twelve German air
planes were brought down during Mon
day's air fighting by British aviators,
while gunfire accounted .for another and
an additional two iwere driven down out
of control. An official announcement of
the day's activities says :
Balloons and airplanes were again
very active on Monday. Several long
distance reconnaissances were com
pleted and many photographs and ob
servations taken. Bombing airplanes
dropped twenty-two tons of bombs on
the enemy's railway stations, air
dromes and billets.
Twelve German airplanes were
brought down in the air fighting, two
others were driven down out of con
trol and another was brought down by
gunfire. Two hostile halloons' also
were destroyed. Four British air
planes are missing.
Connecticut State Capital Will
Hare Flaa; at Half Staff. '
Special Detpatch. to Tax Sen.
Hartpord, Conn., May 22. The flag
on the Statu Capitol here will fly at half
staff to-day In honor of the death In
action of Lieut. James 'Palache, son of
Whitney Palache of Farmlngton, vice
president of the Hartford Fire Insurance
Company. Confirmation of his death was
received from Washington to-day,
Mary Department Names Paesea-
arers Probably Lost.
Washington, Msy 22. An additional
list of thirteen men probably lost with
the naval collier Cyclops was received
to-day by the Navy Department. The
announcement said they had been trans
ferred from other ships to the Cyclops as
passengers and were prenumably aboard
the vessel when she left on her last voy
age. The list follows:
Thoenlx, Ariz.
FAHREI.I.. RAYMOND, care C. A. Far-
rfll. Don Mfg. Co., Brooklyn.
KUItNER. CLEMENT O.. Wheeling, TV. Va.
LONG. Iltl. EDWIN, coxswain, route No.
4. Waller, ok I a.
McKKE.V. DONALD J., blackimith, Santa
HIlH. N. M.
MI1.I.EK. JAMES JOSEPH. New Orleans.
PERRY. WILLIE LOTD. Speealtvllle, Tex.
'htnlaCs mate, Kail Itlver, Mass.
inson, Kan.
Treaty Sla-ned After Understanding-
With France.
Hirst, May After amicable ex
planations td France, the Swiss Govern
ment resolved to-day to xlgn the new
treaty with Germany by which Saltxer
land would !c provided with German
coal until January 31. lull. This con
vention will be Independent of arrange
ments with France relating to the de
livery of French coal to Switzerland.
The terms of the new treaty between
Swltserland ami Germany, announced on
I Mn' 18 l're that Germany would
port each month to Switzerland 200,000
tons of coal and 1!),000 tons of Iron and
steel. The price of the coal was fixed
at a minimum of 173 j fiuncs for all but
SO, 000 tons for xmaJl consumers, upon
which the price would bo reduced by
forty francs
Among the exports which Switzerland
aRied to make were from IS, 000 to
17,000 cattle a month. The goods manu
factuied with tho aid of German coal
may not be exported to countries at war
with Germany. France entered a pio
tcrt to this agreement.
Ablaae on Morth Pacific
l.'rrn Hrscnrd.
A Canadian Pacific Pout, -May
! The Japanese freighter Purina Maru of
being exhibited in
Deposed Presidents Will Not
Have to Work for "Gov
ernment'' Wages.
Spttlaf Detpatch to Tsa Scn,
Washington, May 22. Itallrod
presidents who are appointed by Direc.
tor General McAdoo as Federal man
agers of their line will not be (xperted
to work on Government salaries. They
are to be paid in an amount commensu
rate with the property entrusted to their
peratlng direction and with their abil
ities. This means that the salaries of a
few Federal managers will bo as hlsh
as 140,000 and possibly 150,000 a er.
As a consequence there will be nn
large saving effected by the new policy
of Director-General McAdoo In relieving
all railroad presidents as operating
heads of their respective lines with a
view to the appointment of Federal man.
agers In their places. One of the prin
cipal alma of this policy, It was stated
to-day, was to separate the corporate
and the operating functions of the rail
roads as well as to relieve the railroad
heads of what was deemed an Impossible
task In serving two masters.
A majority of tho railroad presidents
who are willing to accept such appoint
ment will be deemed by the Director
General as Federal managers for their
roads. In other cases general managers,
vice-presidents In charge of operation or
other operating officers will be appolntM
to the Federal positions, to serve the
Government and further Mr. McAdoo'a
McAdoo will have his own represents,
tlve in charge of each railroad whether
he be an ex-presldent or a man brought
up from below. Each road will In effect
be a division of the Government railway
and the new appointees will be like si
many division superintendents.
Mr. McAdoo may make his appoint
ments known In a few days. Whether
men like President Rea of the Pennsyl
vania and Willard of the' Baltimore nnd
Ohio would be appointed was the sub
ject of much speculation, but the plan
of Mr. McAdoo In this respect were not
disclosed. i
Announcement of the salaries to b
paid to the Federal managers will b
made In a. day or two, when . the first of
them are appointed. The salaries will
be uniform as to equivalent roads. Tho
lowest will be equal to it not greater
than the Government salary receded by
the Director-General as a member of th
The range of salaries has already been
determined by Mr. McAdoo. When they
are announced lt Is probable that an
nouncement at th'e same time will b
made of the salaries of Assistant Director-General
Hlnes nnd the division heads
of the railroad administration who am
McAdoo' s advisers. They gave up sal
aries ranging from (50,000 to '?j,00
a year. Assistant Secretaries of thu
Treasury receive only $5,000. a year.
The total savings that will be effects!
In the separation of the railroad headi
from their Jobs as president or from'
operation of their roads will not exceed
$5,000,000 a year at the outside. Ther
are only 121 class one railroads tn th
United States. Even If all their presi
dents were receiving $100,000 a year,
and there are not more than four re
ceiving such salaries, their total com
pensation would be but $12,100,000. Ths
actual aggregate la probably not mroe
than $800,000. and a 50 per cent, cut
would be but $4,000,000, There are a
number of class two roads under Gov
ernment control, Including connecttr.e
and terminal lines, but the presidents pf
these companies are not receiving fancy
The regional directors already ap
pointed and those to be selected tn th
next day or two will be consulted bv tho
Director-General before the Federal
managers are nanied. The regional ant
division directors will be named in a
day or two.
As another Influence against iiea
cutting In salaries the corporate inf
ests of a number of the blcceM road t
are such that stockholders nnd rt re, -(
will urge the presidents to retain
ofllces to manage corporate affairs w
a subordinate official Is made I'edcsl
American Artists'
Exhibit and Sale
Park Avenue and 59th Street
It has been decided lo extend
You may purcha e at ) our 0 c
Price in
"The Blind Auction"
Did in hccrot what ou can afff'i!
for any object ou desire The
highest offer wins,
Noted artists will show you tbf"
own and others' paintings and as.s.st
you to make selections.
Go to the thousands of sigh' If
(oldiprs streaming backwards fror
the Battlefields of Vranee and lie'
Permanent Blind Relief
War Fund
Tea poured at 4 o'clock eer all-
noon by prominent women of
ciety. Kntertainment by Noted
Stars of the Opera and The.it T
Addresses by men and wonv1"
famed in the professions.
Which Goes Directly to Help
Buy Eyes for Sightless Soldiers
Tea service furnished gratis l I'r
munic ', Sherry's. Henri's, e'
I'iuno loaned by-.Steinwa

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