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WEATHER FORECAST. Fair to-day and to-morrow; moderate north winds. Highest temperature yesterday, So; lewe'it. 6a Detailed weather reports or7 last pf" 4 tin. IT SHINES FOP ALL VOL. LXXXV. NO. 266. 44 NEW YORK, FRIDAY, MAY 24, .1918. Copyrlutit, 191S, by the Sim Printing un,t Publlthliio Aftoctatton. PRICE TWO CENTS. ALL MEN OF DRAFT AGE MUST WORK OR FIGHT, NEW ORDER; WASHINGTON HEARS GERMANY SAPS EMPIRE OF MAN POWER; AERIAL ACTIVITY FORECASTS EARL Y RENEWAL OF BA TTLE MRS. STOKES IS GUILTY UNDER ESPIONAGE ACT Socialist Leader's Plea for Appeal to lie Argued on June 1. SKK.US TO COURT PRISON1 Maximum Penalty on Each of Throe Counts 20 Years and ; 91 0,000 Fine. i K.nas Citt. Mo., May 23. Mrs. r.osf Pastor Stokes, charted with viola-.1 t'on of the espionage act. was convicted j ly a Jury In the Federal court to-night, j fit ! found guilty upon all three counts In the Indictment agalnct her. 1 Afler conferring with Francl M. Wll-1 for., Cnlted States Dlstrtct Attorney, and Seymour stedman of Chicago. Mrs. S-toliej's counsel. Judge Van Valkenburg announced that he would defer sentence pentiing 3 motion for a" new trial. He set June 1 as the date for hearing the motion .Mrs. Stokes received the jury's verdict without the slightest trace of emotion. .s she was. leaving the court room she ia,d to those about her that the Intended zoing on vvlth her tvork regardless of tiie outcome of the case. "rrm tit Court Prison. I "If 1 keep my health," she stated.' 1 expect to continue my work, and If 1 .Kniil.l tu im It ..-rtiilil itinl. mv I (Mens tremcndouly mpre effective." The offence for which Mrs. Stokes was mulcted carries with It a possible pen-1 .: of a tine of 110,000, or Imprison- ment for twent.v years, or both, on each count. Pending the .tiling upon the motion j tor a new trial Mrs. Stokes will con- 1 t.nue to be at liberty on bond. The spe cific act upon which Mrs. Stokes was In dicted was the writing to the Kansas City Stnr of a signed communication in hich she siid : "No Government which Is for tht-prof- teis can also be for the people, and vn for the people, while the Uovern rr.snt I for the profiteers." The first count of the indictment cnarcel her with wilfully and knowlngl r ttniiptlng to cause Insubordination, dls nl. mutiny and iefu-l of duty in -. military and naval forces of the Im.ea Mates. I nursed With Aiding; -. 7 ' econd charged1 her v Ith obstruct or the recruiting and enlisting service of the l ulled States, and the third ae- ai-rt her of making and conveying "'ntain false reports and false state- 101 1. with the intent on her part to ir.ttrfi-re w 1th the operations and suc- tne military and naval forces of i I'nited States and to promote the u fs of the enemies of the United States " ine defence did not deny the author f . of the communication andcontended Hut b.v using thn term "Government" fee meant the Administration and that '.ch criticism did not constitute vlola U01 of the espionage act. The Goy Tirent contended that her motive In '"ing the communication was to spread Csloval propaganda and Interfere with tn pro-cution of the war, The case i.ad been en trial since last Monday. T ie itmit to which critics of the Gov f mem may gu in time of war and the i if "etw-en objectionable and unobjec "aoic criticism was drawn by the 1 j-' in instructing the Jut. "Our n'mic and navies,' lie declared, "can o.r-ate and succeed only so tar a they a supported and maintained by the !i . a' Inline and the measure of their j' er depends upon the Intensity of 1 it" 11a ntenance and supiort. n statement made knowingly and w ifu.n and with Intent to promote l-uerfrrein e with the operation and f . if ff these forces, and to promote o".pmiding success of our enemies. 1' (!.- and known to be false by the o-.r uhr make' It, comes within the ttrms ..f thi act of Congress. 'An .up uhkli tocrs the morale of ' . f..r . p which serves to chill en ' u' extingiii'li confidence and re tard .,,,. atioti, may very well cause tMutmrri nntioti, disloyalty or mutiny." r.. . 'i SOCIALIST LEADER HAD STRANGE LIFE Mrs. Stokes Hon Known Many Phases of Society. On , creai Mist Side of New York a 1 he ghetto sections of other iufir , . ,, tr(.s uf America the convic ' li-v.. I'antor Stoleen will touch an ima ni, for to them fcho has been '1 ! .. child whose dreams came H .11 the far away ltussian "' 0 U.'UKtua, In Suvolk, of the -aiii ir Tolxtny anl Gorky Interpreted '' tie world nh! moved with amaalng if'iieiis 1 irough h life that carried licr "T-s x,.y of factory worker, ttl- innt worker, newspaper reporter and -Jltor to in., flhnax of her career, which '"' itli her marriage to J. O. Thelps "Wk'' inllnoniilre son of Anson Phelpa Mokes one of then best known of New lork'R uaiiKers and philanthropist. the wife of J. G. I'helpa Stokea. the llarilet aator of an earlier day nund iim t(-,s opporlunlty for putting Irto tfect tliH dreams he had dreamed rJtn her husj fingers grew tired under conn.in! rolllnn of rlgar wrapper In Cl;lnn,i tobacco factory. Bhe'moved " ttitli her husband fmm settlement Jk Into foclalisni. Much of her.hua "nd ii Kreat fortune wan devoted to hta " br work among trades unions. 8he y totf and inenched soclalUrn and filled tCoiifiHMrtf on aijt lti,) Says Prussian Peace Strengthens President AMSTERDAM, May 23. Com menting on President Wil son s recent speech in New York in opening the Red Cross cam paign, the Berlin newspaper vorwaerts says it is easy to pick out many parts of the address as mere German baiting and ex aggeration, but that on the whole it accurately reflects the psycho logical impression which the peace of Brest-Litovsk and that of Bucharest were bound to produce on the other side of the Atlantic. The Socialist organ rails at what it calls the "alleged unselfishness" of the Entente's aims, but saysthat doubtlesaL rresident Wilson's people will be lieve him. The peace made by the Central Powers in the East, the news paper thinks, has greatly strengthened President Wilson's position. Germany is propagat ing the idea, says Vorwaerts, that Hie speech was meant to offset "the British peace offensive," but it asserts the trick will not work. Others of the German news papers, none of which prints the speech in full, comment in the usual abusive style of the "im purity" of the President's motives. "His is a pathological case," the Kieuz Zeitung says. WOMAN BREAKS U.S.AIR RECORD Miss StillSOIl's Xo-Stop Flight v. nu ..,.. .... l .. . tvti. ron Chicago Meets W itll Acchlcllt. jj jjjj (JASOLEXE Rl'XS OUT Propeller Broken in Descent Travels More Than 700 Miles in 10 Hours. Katherine Stlnnon. attempting to fly without top from Chicago to Mlneola. I.. I . ran out of gasolene nea- IViir hamton, N V . last night and In binding on a hillside the propeller of her blpl uie was brokn and one of the w ne? wi damaged. The II-year-oM aviator w:i not hurt, and for consolation she hugged the fact that she had broken both the American records for continuous flying and for endurance. She will start for Mlneola at S o'clock this morning. Over the Fame route two years ago Ruth Law made a nonstop record of 590 miles, from Chicago to Hornell, N. V. Miss Stinon was in the air from on in vviiicn coth were placed Dlrecto--the moment she left G-ant Park. Chi- j fJeneral McAdoo has deemed It wise to cago. at 8 A. M. yesterday until she other men for the Job of managing alighted In a field two miles from Ulng- '. "f btggtst railroads in his unl- hamton at 6 ;40 P. M. By the Erie Railroad the distance between Binghamton and Chicago H TS3 miles. Pre loos Itrrord. The previous non-stop tecord was held by I-leut. O. M. Bounds of the United States Army t TOO mile. In Decem ber last Miss Stinson flew without halt- 'Ine from Pan Diego to San Francisco, 610 miles, in f hours and 10 minutes. In yesterday's Journey she was in flight ten hours. When she left Chicago the girl thought she Had enough gasolene for eleven hours, but winds that she encountered caused the supply to be exhausted sooner than she evpected, When she saw that she would have to land and leallzed that at the very worst she had beaten the men at their own game she circled the city of Binghamton several times looking for a place to land. Miss Stinson selected a small plateau on a hill north of the city A strong wind added to her dlfflcultle She was anxious to strike the ground at n spot that was high. io there would bo no mud, and the hillside seemed from her elevation to be level. llarhlnr Topples Oier. All her careful calculations went for naught, for the hill as very soft The wheels sank into It the Instant they touched the ground and Instead of scudding along the surface the machine toppled over. When It was righted Miss Stinson was carried into the cltv In triumph. She was taken to a hotel, where she said that ft new propeller would be obr tallied from Elmlra, that the alight dam age to the wing would be repaired by local mechnnlcs and that she and her mount would be ready to resume the trip to, New Tork In the morning. She said the lesion of the flight was this: "Tell the mothers of any young men In the flylnr service, for me, that mere i bo necessity of their worrying over their boys. My fllfht proves that long distances may be covered with little danger." Miss Stinson l a friend, but a deadly rival of Ruth I-w. the young woman who startled the world In 1J by leav ing Chicago one morning In a rickety old biplane cf obsolete type and going further In It than any American had done In any kind of an airplane. Miss Stinson left Chicaco yesterday carrying sixty-seven pieces of United States mall at the 24 cent an ounce rate. In the pouch.ivere a letter from Post master Carlisle of Chicago to Postmaster Patten of New York and a aealed state- . rMm h mininr of .the Chicaco oliV-Wranmalsm to Becretary tf Uwldown out of control. All the British -rVldi.iirv McAdoo. ' M'ADOO PUTS WILLARD AND REA ON SHELF Pennsylvania and H. & 0. Presidents Relieved of Operating Work. TO HEAD CORPORATION'S - Klislia l.ec Mentioned as Prob able Successor to His Old Chief. fitrclal t)epotci to Tar Si v. Wasiiinoto.v. May 23. Samuel Rea, president , of the Pennsylvania, and Daniel YVillard. president of the Balti more and Ohio, removed as operating heads of their respective roads by Director-General McAdoo's sweeping order of Tuesday, will not be reappointed. Both Mr. Ilea and Mr. Wlllard will retain their places as pienldents of the corporations owning their respective lines, but they will have lio place In the railroad administration and 110 Jurisdic tion outside of the corporate Interests of their respective organliatlons. Mr, Rea and Mr. Wlllard are both operating men. having come up from the ranks, but In recent ears they have engaged themselves as corporation head rather than as operating officers. Mr. Rea, however, wis one of the mot con spicuous members of the railway war boards which attempted to operate the railroads as a continental system before Air. McAdoo took hold. ure to Create stir. The fact thai these two men will not be named as Federal managers Is certain to arouse comment, but It Is understood that It ! agreeable to the directors arid stockholders of both railroads that they should continue to protect them rather than to relinquish their services to the Railroad Administration. No reason was fortheomlng from the Railroad Administration to-night to ex plain why two such conspicuous railroad managers as Rea and Wlllard should not have a place In the Railway Admin istration There have been r'irr.ors Mr. Rea has not been In entire sympathy with Gov ernment control and operation It l. known that he vva disappointed when the pllin? of the Rn.lroart War Hoard were discarded in faor of Government liontrol, Krlends of Mr flea, howevei. j inrlst that since then he has cooperated with the Government H Is understood that both men have I not aspired to be Federal managers of j the railroad sy.'tem over which for so (many vearx they had exercised absolute control Realising thl and the situa- neu system. MnrLnam to Deride. He has l.ft It to c H. Markham, the new regional director for the Allegheny region, to nominate from the organlia tlons of these two e-v steins the men who will run them for Mr McAdoo. Kllsha l.ee is mentioned as a likely choice for Federal manager of the Penn sylvania system. The Baltimore and Ohm lately has been operated by Vice-President Thomp son, but It Is recalled that Mr Thomp son was relieved of clut.v by Mr McAdoo as head of the Washington Terminal Company becaus? of Increasing conges tion thero In the early period of Govern ment control. It Is not thought he will be appointed to manage the Balt.inore and Ohio. The case of Mr Rea and Mr. W.liard are to he paralleled by many others. Two Influence will he responsible In the selections that a-e made On the one hand, appointments w ill no' be made or accepted becnuse stockholders will wish the corporate heads of their roads to re main on the job looking afler the Inter ests of the stockholders, and on the other, some men will not be acceptable because of a feeling that they are not In sym pathy with Federal management Malirr (irta Directorship. An Instance of how the new policy will work was given to-day in the ap ointment by Mr. McAdoo of N. D. Maher as regional director of the New Pocahontas region. Mr. Maher lias resigned as president of, the Norfolk and Western and sev ered all his corporate connections to become regional dlrecloi Another appointment to-day was that of B. L. Wlnchell as regional director for the Southern District, succeeding Mr. Markham. lie has resigned as director of traffic of the Union Pacific. BRITISH BOMB ZEEBHUGGE, Two Dlrert lilt on Knemy He- lrurrs Recorded. Ixinpon. May 23. During the period from May 20 to May 22 air force con tingents of the British navy carried out bombing operations a'galnst the Zeebruggn mole, the seaplane base and shipping In the vicinity, according to an Admiralty statement Issued to-day. The enemy airdrome at St, Denis. Westrem and enemy establishments at Thourout were bombed. Two direct hit, on enemy torpedo boat destroyers have been reported, ac cording to the statement, and accord Ins to the result of a photographic reconnaissance one destroyer was sunk. Three enemy airplanes were driven machines returned. f v ' FOE STRIPS OTHER FRONTS TO MASS TROOPS IN WEST Army From Dutch Border and First Class Men in East Sent to Aid Blow Against Forces of Gen. Foch Captives Fight or Make Munitions. Slitrmj liti,ateh to Till Sis. Washington, May S3, Important In formation Indicating that Oermanv's I man power has btett supped severely I by the recent desperate drive came to , the State Department to-day from a ' neutral country contiguous to tier ' many. The facts are given In the I correspondence sent tn a newspaper In 1 the neutral nation, and It It believed hero that they have particular Impor tance at this time because they bear out other Information along the same line .which has reached Washington. First, It has been noted by Investi gators along the Dutch frontier that the GermVn garrisons have been i rac tlcally strlpiied. Until recently Ger many had massed a considerable num ber of troops along the Dutch border, presumably with a view to Intimidat ing the Netherlands Government. Second. reliable Information has come from Investigators recently leav ing Germany that virtually all the much needed man power In many of the munitions factories has beer, called to the western front The German authorltie-, after care CARNEGIE GIVES .GERMAN COTTON MERCY MILLION, HOARDS SEIZED City's Red Cross Total $16,-1 V. S. Takes Over Seven Cor 294..53i: Xation's $03.- ' porations, Valued at More 948.820. Than $5,000,000. TEAM CAPTAINS HAPPY Quota in Sight. They Say: Several Divisions tio Over Top. Contributions vesteiday to the New Millions of dollar wor'h of cotton and York drive for the Second War Fund of cotton cloth, destined for the consump the American Red Cross Included II,- tlon of Germany after the war was lost , OCfl.OOfi from Andrew Carnegie. t from Ml Mary Kolei,kI of Second avenue. who already ha given her two brothers to the war. and seven fluffy blond curls I from the head of the baby girl of Mr, Anna Xlotalow. , Mrs. Zlotalow wrole that she hadn't I an mone, and that her two sons were I going to the war this month, so she sent ' her little girl's hair, hoping It could be sold to bring something for the sol , dler. I The bell nnd whistles of New York ' rang a fa.rly nierrv message at 3 o'clock ' when with loud toots and ringings tiey announced that the fund had climbed j to more tnan i o.uuv.uuu ii oi-im aim ; American Products Company. Wolf A whistles dealt in fractions of millions f ,,. lhl, Anglo-American Cotton Com the would have stated that noon of the , pallv anj jr,chard Mayer Company .fourth day of the drive saw Father vj(l5t of tl!e.e operated principally in Knickerbocker well on his way to his !w England j:.1,000,000 goal, with precisely Jlfi.294,-! jtr. i'ai,,.r ,,a, .Hoovered that the 536. last two concern are the property of Several rIRs fiom laige corporations ; Ue, & Co of Heidelberg. Germanv.'and sent tne amount leaping up. and all that the first five are part of the world along the line there was-a general speed-1 Hldl rKarillatlon of Wolf und Soehne ing up as a result oi uie eprei..ii caused by the little slump of Tuesday and Wednesday. Tram Captains llopi. The team captains gathered at the Chamber of Commerce for their fourth luncheon In the happy consciousness that ln-e meeting the day before thev had collected 1 1 ,33:.!t 4 making their total for the four da.vs $.2!,!0. The corporations committee reported contributions which bruught thr'.r tolal to fMT8.il 6. and the house to house committee, represent Ing that devoted band of more than "j.OOO women who do the hardest work of the drive, climb ing endles stairs nnd making their ap peals over and over, announced that It had got up to dale J 262,70 The Industr.al committee totalled j $31,0,1S Brooklyn gathered ;i-terda i . ..... J132.306, makln that borough total f;6,38S, and Queens county, with late . ' , , , , ., returns not In, reported M30.1..I. for the I drive. Bronx and Richmond, without late returns, totalled respectively 131, DM nnd 147.000 The grand total for the whole country. Including the Sandwich Islands and other outlaying parts, Is G3,!MS.S29 for the four days. The Central Division reports $,9SO,000 ; the Gulf Division, f 1,479.000 . the Lake Division, 15,46 1,673 , (he Moun tain Division, fl.U'i.SSC, the New Eng land Division, $2. 73 1,000. the North western Division, $1,869,923 . the Paiifilc Division, $2, 103,390, the Pennsylvania Division, I2.S21.24S, the Potomac Divi sion, 11,609,525; the Southern Division, 12,397,870 ; the Southwestern Division, 17,447,255 : the Northern Division, 12,- I 362,000, and Foreign divisions. $677,240. First Over the Top. The Northern Division, several towps of which have exceeded their quota, was the first over the top. The Foreign divi sions have also done more than was asked of them, and plucky little Dela ware, whose quota was $500,000, has got over $1,000,000, and has set a new limit for heiself $1,600,000, For the Atlantic Division, Chairman Gerhnrd M. Dahl report total of $?, 465, 263, 37. Of this New York outside the Greater City has raised $4,733,566, New Jersey $2, 018.925 and Connecticut $1,712, 770, If Andrew Carnegie weren't S3 years old, andtjpt as strong as he once was, ConUnutd on Blxlh Pag: 1 fully studying the situation, spparently j have decided to replace able bodied men In munition plants with prisoners of 1 war. wqtneii and children. The work I of the women and children has been J a factor for some time, but never on 1 a large scale, and It Is only despera . tloir on the part of Germany which I causes the project fur the wholesale use of war prisoners 011 work much of which H highly coiilldeiitial, Third. German) has, according to re ports of Investigator", formed "convict battalions" by stripping the German prleona and even sending the prisoners 1 to fight on the western front ( With this Information comes the news that troops remaining In Ruma nia are of a second Mass character I and that all the German first clasu fighting material hns been called to aid the drive In the west Infonnation of precisely the same character Is received with respect to German troops remaining in Finland. It Is understood that the best fighting ma terial from the Russian front has been called to assist the campaign against the British, French ami Americans. MASKED AS AMERICANS Fictitious Transfers of Prop erty Discovered by Alien Custodian Palmer. . to the fatherland and diverted to the ues of the Cnlted State jM.!erday when A. Mitchell l'a,mei. as custodian of i alien property, look over the control nml stock of seven corporations which since this country entered the war have been engaged in the purchase and manufac ture of cotton, operating ostensibly us American concerns. The corporations, Inclusive of their mills and raw material In storage, rep resent a value of more than 15.000.000, and for the mot part are registered un der plausible American names. Thev are the New Kits-land Waste Companv. the American l.lnters Company, the (or Wolf & Sons I of Berlin, one of the large.! cotton firms in existence, with branches in England, Switzerland, Italy . China and points all through South America, the Wet Indies and the Far Uat For the Wolf concern, the management of Its An.cricnn properties was veted in a board of three, composed of Adolf l.eve Lewis r Sladen and George II. I.und nil of Massachusetts Rels & Co opetated In this country through another board, compos ! of Richard Mayer. Charles K. Ulcks and Jacob Flatau. !ve and Maver were the v Islble head of the two groups of corporations, nnd It was because of their diffidence in dealing with Mr Palmer and his representatives that there was directed toward the com panies the suspicions which have resulted I In tli.l. Iwlm, InL.n ... 1... ,1.. i-.. .... ita(l.B ' u '' '.,,,' ,,,.. ... . , "hill the wa. broke out In Europe in y,M ,, M ,,,',.,.. i ..,.,, . ., , , many, hut returned tn this country In the ,... , .,, ,, ,,, " ' - .....1 I1LU both explained tint they had arrarifcd for the thorough Americanization of the companies they represented by the sec erlng of all connections between the companies and the parent concerns In Germany, and that they with their fel low dliectors In this country had taken over the American mills and raw ma tcrial for their Interest in the German main corporations. They at once began to buy up high clans cotton and ship it to Germany through neutral countries. When the embaigo declared by Great Britain and the entrance of this country Into the war put a stop to their overseas ship ments they continued buying briskly, whllo their manufactiiilng activity lan guished. What cotton they were able to obtain they stored in small lots In ware houses in this country for the purpose, Mr. Palmer considers, o' lushing It to Germany at the conclusion o' the war. The value of the cotton on storage tuns well Into the millions. When under the trading with the enemy act a report was lequlicd of all alien property here. Leve filed a report In which only trifling enemy holdlius were shown and Mayer made no rciiort at all, Since then lx-ve has admitted that his ieport was Insufficient and Maver has admitted to large German holdings In his two concerns. All the cotton In storage has been located and will be taken over and bold by Mr. Palmer's department ALLIES EXPECT BLOW TO COME AT ANY MOMENT Fot'li Wit Ii Annies of Kivcj Nations Proimivd to IMw. the Attack. EXEMV KEPT HARRIED Reserves of Men and Material I'titlcr Constant Homhard iii o ii t hy Aviators. London. May 23. As. the moment draws near for 1 he resumption of the great German offensive In Plcardy and Flinders Infantrv action even In It, minor forms has dwindled, down to al most nothing, and even the artillery, which hai shuwii consistent activity ever since major operations ceased, more than three weeks ago, Is at work only In a perfunctory sort or way. inly the air men are active, but they are extraor dinarily busy. It la doubtful If at any time In the war the air has been so full of filers as It Is now. This may be due partly lo the exceptionally Pile weather, which could not be more favorable for ael lal opera tions, but It is generally Interpreted In military elrcles as a sure Indication that a great operation, probably on a scale surpassing German. greatest previous effoit, that of March 21, Is about to begin. The opposing aerial squadrons are ex tremely active, as is usual before a real battle, but a very small number of Ger mans has been able to come over the allied lliifs, owing to the superiority of the allied airmen and aircraft, which Is more marked dally. Not a moment's rest Is allowed German depots and con centration centres, where there Is a con stant harrying, causing evident discom fort to the troops In addition to great material damage. Only a Few Mlaor Maids. On the French part of the battle front even patrol raid died down to the min imum. On the British front. Field Marshal Hslg reports to-night a few small affairs that under ordinary condi tions would hardly receive mention One of these was an attack or, a German iii.ii blue gun post in Aveluy Wood, north of Albert, In which the gun was de stio.ved A German laid during the night In this wood was repulsed, as was ahu an other attempt made south of llebiitt-rne Gen. Ha:g sa.vs also that the French made a successful attack north of Bail leul and east of lA)cre. on the northern s.de of the Lv s salient, taking some prisoners and one machine gun. Near Alette ami St. Marc Wood the British made a successful attack last night and captun d a machine gun A German attempt near R!ez-du-Village was unven err uv rule and machine sun lire The Associated Press correspondent on the French front In France ays that whenever the Interrupted battle I re opened the Germans will find various disadvantageous changes In the situation as compared with the first stage of the struggle they began on March 21. Spirit of Knriny Depressed. For one thing, the German soldleis can hardly possess a degree of confidence equal to that which insphed them at the opening of this year's great drive, now that thev have seen the promise made tltem of a decisive fight, which was to bring a rapid peace, fail of fulfilment Many of their bet troop have been de.stro.ved without the armies attaining their objective. This has depresses the spirits of the remainder, cauin; them to fear that further sacrifices may also be useless A repetition of a pow erful surprise attack has been tendered almost impossible, since the .omplele unity of the French. British and American tioop enable tin allied Gmcralisslnio to control the whole front. The Allies are cettalnly better pre pared tnan the were befoie. and are wntchfu. for whatever m.i h. coming Thus, although the German masses ma, be thrown against the ailed front n u ( otilini((f on .Second Pny Loyal Friends Boost "The Sun" Fund Daily entertainment by Browns ville NuvrI Battalion, Ameri can Junior Naval and Marine Scouts, to-night: a baseball game between the Guaranty Trusts and the Naval Reserves, and a dance card party at Hotel St. George, Brooklyn, to-morrow these are just a few of the at tractive affairs arranged for THE SUN Tobacco Fund. Oh, yes, nnd there's that golf tournament on the Dunwoodie .Country Club's links to-morrow, the Sleepy Hollow Country Club's Fete dc Mai next Thursday and Sophie Tucker's Claridge party n week from Saturday. And these don't begin to lie ail. Read about them on page d, WARNING! THK SUN TO BACCO FUND has no connection with any other fund, organiza tion or publication,. It employs no agents or solicitors. American Troops Win Praise on West Front fiptcial linpatef, to Till: Srs yASHINGTON, May 23. In a message to the State De partment to-day William U. Sharp, United States Ambas sador to France, cabled that frequent references have been made to the "exploits of our aviators" and that the "part played by our men in trench skirmishes" has "gained for them an enviable reputation for cour age and resourcefulness." It is understood here that the teamwork shown by the troops of the various nationalities on the battle front has improved par ticularly since Gen. Foch became the Supreme Commander of all the allied armies. It nlso is realized on the battle front in France that prospective military operations incident to the com ing German offensive probably will involve troops of all na tionalities simultaneously and that the main idea is to defeat the enemy by the combined ef forts in which all will have their share of victory. WILSON TO HAVE NO LIMIT ARMY House Committee I'liiiiiiiiious-! ly Votes to Give Him Free Rein in Draft. I FI NDS TO HE AMPLE TOO Appropriation Rill Carrying 810.500,000.000 to Permit Shiftiiijr of Money. Sptriiii nnpatct 'to Tiir. i v Washington. May 23. The man power of the United States was mort gaged to-day by an amendment written Into the army appropriation hill by the House Committee on Military Affairs which i eads The 1'iesldriit is herebv authorised to draft, subjei t to the piovlsion of the selective diaft service art and all acts amendatory thereto, a many men fiuiu year to year as can be equipped, trained and used during each fical e.ir until the successful term' nat'.on of the war Adoption of this amendment was by unanimous vote of the House committee and lonstitules another vlctoiy for the Administration. When Secietary Baker rim propo-ed that unlimited power be given to the President to draft men without reference to specific numbers opposition, led by Chairman Dent, de veloped. Sccrelar.v Baker was again befoie the House committee to-day and lelterated his argument that unlimited authority would have a tremendous "psychological effect" In this country and abroad Soon thereafter the Houe lomiullteo adopted the languagr w hlcli i omtiut Congress to supiiort an arm of any size which the I'rrsldent tuny deem necesearv. whether It be CflOd.iiOO or 10.0y0.U0O The House loiniulttee completed to day the rough diaft of the army appro, pnation bill, and it will be repotted Sat urda The hill will carry approximately 110 ,,00.001' "III) This amount Is ecl i s ve of the larue amount for heavy ordnance which w.:i com from the Ap propria! on Committee in the fortlflca t'nu.s bill and will amount to at Icat J3.0H0.OOii.OOO. according to preVnt esti mates 1'nder pressure of wartime louditions he Militarj Committee also adoptid a legi atlve i .der to tne arms bill which practically uiaVe the entire appropria tion a ' lump sum " Thl provision goes even further than the request uf the Wat Pepaitment. vvtiicli aked foi vir tual lump sum appi opi latlon for the yuat termastei and urdnanie bureaus The rider provide. rhat appropriation 'or the next tisi.il vear shall be inter changeable us between bureaus anil ac tivities of the Win Department, that is. funds for one bureau or use may be diverted to another hi the event uf mili tary neceisitj SIR HENRY J.WOOD IN PLACE OF MUCK Englishman to Be Conductor of the Boston Symphony. biviv, .Mav 24 Si' Henry Joseph Wood has accepted nil offer to becoiue conductoi of the Huston S.vniphon.v iii chestra. (uvoid.ng to tin mu'-riiiiK s Unity TclryuitU. which sa,vs thai w "n,a Is lebed uihiii tn Intiodjre to h.s new Ainerli.ni public man) wuil.s uf the British ompo"ei s ' i- Ili'i i) will Hjo.ieil In Kail Muck, w hoM- tesiKHation as d.rectoi of the ll'iston Sv niphony Oivhestia was ac cepted on Miinh 31. following his ancsl at Boston a an enemy alien lir Mini the agitation against whom started ai I'rov Idence, I! I . on October 30 last, when he wj n, cused of refusing a ic.iiet to pla.v "The Star S,ani;lid Banner a' n run- i'e ' now interned fo- i..c liuiauonl or ll.e u ar ! Mr lleu wn- ho. n ii l.oto'iui on! March Ii. 1 ;: a-id when In vi-nr old became dt pill. orgauit .it Mm s Aldci-iiia'ib'ir1 11, becan, . mill, mi . in IMi lifter g, vlio; oig.i.i in1 :,i! foi sveial .enrs. sKA NIIOKK THAIN hl.iit II y Spring Time Table of .SVw i r,. . ,n. Irsl's All Kail and Sanity Inni, Kuutu will lake olUcl vn Maj :oih. a dr. Kvcr.v Draftinnn Inquired to Show After July 1 lie Is in Useful Indus. rj. LOCAL BOARDS TO ACT Women or 31 ales lleyond Military Are Will Tufce Xon-Kssential Posts. I'KOFKSSlONAIi SPORT HIT' Hiisi'liall Ctiscs to lit; Acted I'pou in liiiliviilmil Milliner. pmal limpalrh to Tns Sc Washinotos, May 23. Concentration of the man power of llje country that Is of draft age upon Industries and voca tions deemed useful and essential to winning the war and the Infusion of women workers Into industries 1 the object of new and sweeping regulations Issued to-day by Provost Marshal (5en eral Crowder following their approval by the I'reslden. and Secietary Baker. Kvery man of draft age. even though he Is now In a deferred classification, after July 1 must bo able to show to his local boaid that he Is engaged In a "useful oicupatlon" If not his status as to dependents will be disregarded and he will be put Into tho army foithwlth. This step, one or the most Important taken slnte the selective draft bill was passed, will i liange Hie present employ ment of more than 000,000 men of draft age, it I tstiniated. and feed them Into other fields of Industry regaided as es sential either as war Industries or en terprises of icogn!zed Intjiortance to the eionomlc life and welfare of the nation. The places of theie men will be taken by women or b men auove the draft age. App'icai.oi, i,i order. No rigid definition or useful occupa tions is made in the order lsued to-day. The order doe. st'pulate. however, that it will apply to the following classes of persons in addition to louferi and those of the Idle classes ; Persons engaged In the serving of food and drink, or either. In public places, Including hotels and hotel clubs. Passenger elevator opera its and attendant., doormen, footmen anS other attendants of dub, hotels, stoles, apartment houses ortlce build ings and bath houses. Persons, Including ushers and other attendants, engaged and occupied in lonnectlou with games, sports and amusements, except actual pel former in legitimate concerts, operas oi the utilcal fierformatii es Persons emplojrd In domestic sec vl e Sale dnt,. an,! other dirks em ployed in Mores and other mercantile establishments. A w.II bo -ecu fiom the foregoing the new ru'c contemplates a wholesale hlnft Ing of ociup.ition.s such as the country has never seen befoie. Xot only will It HfTeet Industry and btimess hut t !!! have the effect of a crushtrig blow to professional port. I fact ptofeh!onal sports are tieated with far greater s,--ver.ly than .umieuients, theatres be.ng rt.gaid.-d us practically a useful ludustiy on the pniulple that this form of amuse ihent npp'als to all and t of direct bene fit to tho 'x-ople I'rnfrstlonal lluseiiall. A' flr-t glance tne order In its enumer ation of non-useful occupations seemed to proscribe cut rely professional bass;. brill, so far as the . mploj ment of men from Jl to .11 Is lonierned, upon which thai epoit depend But a ubseuerit statement nut hoi ized by the War Dn partineni tnd.cated that no definite pot Ii ,v ha, been fo'mul.ited as vet regarding Hi'. and none will be unl. I the inal'er comes up from sunn. :o. al board Tins statement was .'o ruling i to whe.her ImmIm I plajer or pirs-ms engaged in got' teiin ni in other sport come under the regulations i.-g.irdn.g Idlers and iion-es'eiHlnl puisii.'s will be made until a spec lb dsn bus been appealed to the Pro'o.t .Marshal tjeuerals of lice Provost Maisnal Ueneial Cinwder ex plained th.b point as follows. The President. al regulation pio v'dts tha' the Piovnv Marshal rien-ej-al may Issue necessary Instruc tions and Inlerpietat ons to local and district boards through Slate head quarters whi ne' i sin h interpreta tions or Instruct on are nipjtsted in connection with r specUlo iase Th'. legulatlun has been strictly adhered to at.d the Provost .Marshal Gen eral's office has in-jr. Bbly declined to Interpret the President s regulation except nlllcuillv for the direction and gindume of local nnd distent boards and Statu Ailjiitants-Cciier.il No Intel pi elat on of the new reg.i lation and i expression t f opinion .is to whether or not one or another hjort or tii toe ,s included will be made unt . a specific case is pre. dented througii otllcial channels Where Inlllnllte l,lr. In cieiy Stale coming within th" purview of lo.diy's icgiilafons it was explained at tjen Ciowder's iitTlce the im'iI.Uim mu-t b taken b.v the local draft board Ii otoci word, with tlose ri rr'ila' ,oi's, nnd posibi ome 'lp, dcilKtlt.ll ) oi"- to guide tnelll. the ioc.il draft l.iciid e"e- July 1 i an sum mon ai y person o draf' nsi befor- then and aoi. h.iu t explain Ins o dp atlon ins anion can be taken vvliethe a bo.iid has original jurisdiction of lb' iccUtrant or not. Hence, a draft , , i J JlAi ' tJ w&Stemmimi. -a r :. v . -r .tf a. '"'' --' jL'7"iisit'inr c- - - "' 'HiiMini-T ....iilitl.'