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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, June 08, 1918, Image 1

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' " WEATHER FORECAST. 1
Fair and cooler to-day; tomoirow fair;
Fresh northwest winds.
Hihtit temperature yesterday, 79; lowest, 85.
Detailed WMthtr report en last page.
IT SHINES FOP, ALL
1
VOL. LXXXV.t-NO. 281.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JUNE 8, 1918.CWW. . octao
AMERICANS AND FRENCH CONTINUE TO DRIVE ENEMY BACK;
U-BOAT SINKS NORWEGIAN SHIP, SEVENTEENTH RAID VICTIM;
NINE INDICTED HERE IN SINN FEIN BOMB AND TREASON PLOT
O'LEARY FLED
FEARING NOOSE
FOR TREASON
Groud Jury Traces.. Irish
Leader's Activities to
German Agents.
bomb plots chained
J. T. Ryan, Buffalo Attorney,
Included With Alleged
German Spies.
Jeremiah A. tVLeary fled from Justice
In fear of the hangman's noose. He wu
Indicted yesterday, charged with con
spiring to commit esplonag and con
sri'.racy to commit treason. The penalty
upon conviction la death. For an
American who harbora htm the penalty
Is 1,800 flne or Imprisonment for tlx
rnor'hs or both. -
The Federal Grand Jury which ha been
hnestlgatlng German and Slim Fern, plots
itr e'.nce Chief Charles De Woody of
t . New Tork Bureau of Investigation
of the Department of Justice struck a
trail In April that led his men straight
to the most dangerous of all German
agents In this spy Infested country,
handed up Indictments yesterday against
nine defendanta to Judge Augustus X.
JTand in the Federal district court. The
persons named In the Indictments were :
Jeremiah A. O'leary. 37, lawyer, Sinn
Fein leader and antl-Brltlah firebrand.
Born In this country of parents born
here. His father Is Daniel O'Leary.
former State Labor Commissioner. He
has a wife and four children, with a
home In Jumel . Terrace, Washington
Heights. He Is a fugitive from Justice.
Two Named as Spies.
Baroness Marie de Kretschman, alias
Varle de Vlctorlca, alleged agent of
the German Government, sent here and
maintained by the German Foreign Of
fice. She Is defined specifically In the
Indictment ag spy. She Is said to be
a first cousin' of the Kalftrin.
Hermann Weela. alias-Karl Rodlger,
alias Schmidt, alia Stamm. alias Hud
sun. He Is described as n associate
of Baronets de Kretschman ahd Ileuten
snj. commander in the German navy;
alleged spy and paymaster of spies, em
ployer of bomb plotters and director ot
stcret methods ot communication with
Germany.
John T. Ryan. 45, a lawyer of Buffalo.
."' V., associate ot O'Leary and a Sinn
Fein leader. Distinguished looking: pro
fessional man. He la a fugitive from
'.istlce.
Wlllard J. Robinson, 10. stenographer,
chauffeur and mechanic. Associate of
o'Lcary and soapbox orator against
England. Arrested a week ago after
being sought as the supposed driver of
o'Lcary's automobile.
Albert Paul Frlcke. naturalised cltl
ki of the United State. Former man
ager of IUchter ac Co. of Broad street, a
Germin concern now In the hands of
tne Allen Property Custodian. He Is
accused of being the paymaster of the
tomblnatlon of German spies and Sinn
l'elners.
Two Indicted .Men Dead.
Emll Kipper, naturalised American of
advanced years. Lived in Riverside
Drive. Accused .generally throughout
the Indictment
Two of the defendants named In the
Indictment are dead. They were Hugo
Schweitzer, chemist, who tried to crip
1 e American ammunition making: by
cornering the carbolic acid output and
ho died December 22, 191", and Ru
dolph Hinder, a partner .In A. BehTena
A. co. of 95 Broad afreet, exporters, who
U:fd in September. 1917.
Two indictments were (lied against
t .h defendant. One charges conspiracy
to commit espionage, the other con
n racy to commit treason. The esplon
?kc charge Is based on the act parsed
.Iji.c 15, J917, and provides death or
rt jears Imprisonment a the pen
tuij The treason charge Is based, on a
p o Islon of the criminal code and In-
! p a penalty of two years Imprison
ment and 110.000 fine. The espionage
a t In a wartime law, framed to enable
the Government to deal quickly with
History ' "e Intrlvae.
summary of events In chronological
ordr will aid to an understanding of
t riot the extent of which Is suggested
n .lutllne in the Indictment and' Is am
plifWl hy the revelations of Intrigue
and crime that Government officials have
1 rrmitted to become public. The sum
mi rj follows:
I'-iember, 1916: Lieutenant-Com-mander
Wesel an Karl Rodlger. with
rasTort of Switzerland, arrives In
I mted States.
January, 1917: Baroness Von Kretsch
man, posing as a citizen of Chile through
s m.'irrlage entered Into In Hamburg
-ur months before, arrives In United
f"ate and tskea a suite st Waldorf
."oria. April 6, 1917: The United States en
ters the. war.
Vprll 12: Jeremiah O'Leary meets
Baroness Von Kretschman at Hotel Nas
"!, Long Beach.
.luly lb: O'lary tskea Robinson to
mM the Baroness
lib and August issues of' Bull,
' 'ary's niagszlne, are filled with at
" k on the Government which lead to
1 indictment of O'Leary on a charge of
'rucilng recruiting,
July :o: o'l.eary and Ryan take the
ConliiiMd on Third Pat.
200 Soissons Churches
Wrecked and Pillaged
pARIS.June 7 The Bishop of
Soissons, wtio is now irt Paris,
described to-day the .havoc
wrought in the bishopric of Sois
sons during the recent offensive
of the Germans. He said 100
churches had been razed by the
Germans and that at least 100
others had been pillaged and
partly demolished. The famous
cathedral in Soissons suffered
severely.
The Bishop added that the
Germans knew neither faith nor
law, they knew nothing but war
and pillage. The Germans, he
said, were stripping and carrying
away everything methodically.
The Bishop also asserted that
women, children and old men had
been brutally murdered by Ger
man aviators, who flew over and
fired with their machine guns
upon long lines of refugees on
country roads.
PU)T IN AERO
.PLANT IS SEEN
r
Senators Said to Have Found
Evidence at Huge Curtiss
1 Factory.
MANY TEUTONS "WORKING
Precious Spruce Used for Bon
fires Alterations in Plans
Delay Production.
Special Df patch to Tac Scn.
Washington, June 7. The sub-committee
of the Senate Military Commit
tee now visiting aircraft plants has dis
covered conditions of a disturbing char
acter at one leading aircraft plant, that
of the Curtiss Manufacturing Company,
Buffalo.
So grave were the disclosures consid
ered that .a meeting was Immediately
held In Buffalo. A minority of the com
mittee st that time unred Immediate
publication of the discoveries, but more
conservative counsel prevailed, and the ;
ultimate course of the committee Is yet
to be determined, the sub-committee de
siring to lay bare the discoveries to the
full committee and to Special Investiga
tor Hughes.
What the Committee Found.
Some of the things the committee Is
understood to have found at the Curtiss
plant are:
1. That following the placing of
large orders alterations were ordered
In such rapid succession as completely
to demoralize industrial conditions at I
the plant.
2. That when these alterations were
made the material used under pre
vious plans was scrapped, without the
slightest regard even for Its, -value as
fuel, and that upon some of these or
ders the spruce for which the whole
country had been scoured went to
make nightly bonfires.
3. That on the roster of this plant
the prevalence of German names. In
cluding some ot the most trusted ex
pert employees, was such as to Jus
tify the committee In the belief that
the margin of safety had been passed.
4. That subsequent to a visit made
to Washington by one of the highest
officials of the corporation who alleged
that he came o Washington for In
structions, the Instructions to make
changes not only In the fundamentals
of design, but in the smallest details.
Increased rather than diminished, re
tarding moro than ever the effort to
turn out aeroplanes.
While this was going on at the Curtiss
plant to so great an extent as to arouse
comment and suspicions even of laborers
In the plant, matters were running
smoothly In the plant of the t.'urtlaa
Company's only rival, the Wright-Dayton
Company at Dayton. Ohio, and quan
tity production was being reached even
In combat planes, of which the Curtiss
company has yet to produce a single
one, although It has built n considerable
number of hydroplanes.
Committeemen Are Itoased.
This, In the minds of the sub-committee,
suggested that there might exist a
reason other than one of mechanics or
engineering for the demoralization of
the Curtiss plant.
The committee has visited Dayton and
Detroit since the survey of, the Curtiss
plant. At both places generally satis
factory conditions are understood to have
been found. It Is understood the com
mittee's Investigation at Dayton and De
trolt served to emphasize the ominous
character of the suspicions engendered
at Buffalo, and that upon the commit
tee's return these suspicions, with the
facts giving rise to them, will he pre
sented In detail at a meeting of the full
commlttep next week.
BIO FIRE IN CONSTANTINOPLE.
00,000 Persons Homeless' as Tlrsalt
of Blase.
AMsnnPAM, June 7. Fifty thousand
persons are homeless as the result of a
fire In Constantinople which devastated
the whole eastern part of the Sultan
Scllm quirter, according to the semi
official NordiUvtichi. Mlpemeine ttltung
of Berlin. 1
Buildings on both sides of the mnsquc
In thai district were destroyed, but the
mosque was spared.
I
U.S. REFUSES TO
FREE RINTELEN;
SPURNSTHREAT
Kaiser's Suggestion of Re
prisal Evokes Sharp Re
ply From America.
WHIP HAND HELD HERE
Germany Warned of Retalia
tion on Subjects in This
Country.
Spteitt lt$ftc to Trb Sex.
Waskinoto!, June 7. Threats of the
German Government to resort to re
prisals arid the flat refusal of the United
States Government to be Influenced by
these threats are set forth In an ex
change of notes between the two Govern
ments made public at the State Depart
ment to-day. Hans Sulzer, the Swiss
Minister, acted as Intermediary.
Germany threatens to take action
against Americans now under German
control unless the United States releases
Capt.-L.leut. Frans Rlnteten, master
plotter and spy, from his prison sentence
which he Is serving at Atlanta. The
German Government suggests that Rln
telen be exchanged for Siegfried Paul
Iondon, an alleged American citizen ar
rested In Warsaw on espionage charges
and sentenced to ten years penal ser
vitude In Germany
A statement Issued by the War De
partment to-night shows that there are
133 American soldiers In German prison
camcs and 216 American civilians. In
cluding merchant' sailors, interned In
Germany. The statement also shows
that there are more than 5.000 Germans
Interned In the United States, of whom
approximately 1,310 are prisoners of
war.
Text of German -Vote.
Following is the note of the German
Government presented to the State De
partment by the Swiss Minister on April
30, 11:
"On December 10. 1917, the" merchant
and Interpreter Siegfried Paul London, a
citizen of the United States, was con
demned to death by court-martial at
Warsaw for treason as a py. The
Governor-General of Warsaw exercising
Judicial clemency, on January 9, 101$,
commuted this sentence to ten years
penal servitude. According 10 fscts es
tablished at the court-martial, tandon
obtained citizenship In the year 18S7. He
Is married to an American citizen. Mar)'
Leonhard.
"London was found guilty because for
the period from the beginning of the war
until about May, 1915. he served the
enemy as a spy. He was arrested on
this account as early as August 27, 1915.
He succeeded, however. In escaping-, but
was recaptured on September 24, 1917.
For this reason the chief proceedings
against him took place only recently.
"Up to the present time the efforts ol
the German Government to effect an Im.
provement In the situation of Capt.
Lieut, nintelin, who passed into the
hands of the American authorities by
reason of acts of the British Govern
ment contrary to international law. have
been unsuccessful. The attempt to bring
to a halt the criminal proceedings
brought against him In America and to
secure his release has likewise been
without result.
Heprleat Contemplated.
"In order to lend greater emphasis to
the protests which have been lodged
with the American Government the Ger
man Government contemplates some ap
propriate measures of reprisal. It would,
however, prefer to avoid the contingency
that persons be taken snd made to suffer
because the Governmont of the United
States was apparently not sufficiently
cognizant of Its International obligations
toward a German subject.
, "Before making a definite decision tho
German Government believes It should
propose to the Government of the United
Btates that Capt. -Lieut Illntelen be set
nt liberty by exchange for the American
citizen Siegfried Paul London, who was
condemned to death for espionage and
whose sentence was later commuted to
ten years penal servitude, and that
CapL-Lteut. Klntelen be permitted forth
with to return to Germany.
"Should the Government of the United
States agree to this proposal the German
(iDvemment would take 'steps that Lon-
Continued on Third Page.
"Home Army Backing
Our Army in France"
J HOPE you have received as
much pleasure over your
contribution to THE SUN To
bncco Fund as we have cx
perier.vei' in its receipt," writes
Private Harry E. Hardy, Bat
tery D, 149th F. A., to a donor.
"It is a tremendous factor in
maintaining the morale of tho
troops, for we know then that
the army at home is backing;
with might and main the army in
France.
"It's all for the same great
cause!"
WARNING! THE SUN TO
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors. See
pago 4.
1 sb-
LLOYD GEORGE PINS FAITH
TO ARMY FROM AMERICA
Superb Valor and Trained Skill of U. S. Troops Most
Encouraging, Says Premier Declares Fate of
World Hangs on Triumph of Cause.
London, June 7. Premier David
Lloyd George, In replying to a toast to
the success of the Entente allied armies
at the dinner of the Printers' Society of
London to-night, said that Britishers
had made unsurpassed sacrifices for a
great purpose and a high Ideah
One of the 'most encouraging things,
the Premier continued, was the "superb
valor and the trained skill with which
the Americans have taken their part
In the struggle and defeated the foe.
It Is a most encouraging thing because
there has been a great flow of those
troops and we were depending on them."
It for any cause the Allies fall to
succeed It will be a sorry world to live
In, Mr. Lloyd George said.
"It Is Impossible to exaggerate the
Importance or tho significance of the
Issues with which we are confronted to
day," he added. "The fate of the world,
the destinies of men and the lives of
generations would be fashioned by the
failure or the triumph-of our cause.
Paaslnsj Tnronsjh Anxious Day.
"If the Prussians should succeed to
day they would fling back civilization
Into the dark dungeons of the past. We
are paying a big price, a sad price, for
victory, but the sum total of human
wretchedness which has been paid will
not equal In value that which wc are
defending. We are paaslnc through
anxious days and the crisis Is not yet
past, but with stout hearts we shall win
through and then woe to the plague. In
the interest of civilization. In the Interest
of the human race. It must be stsmped
out. Tou cannot allow It to come again
to darken the lives of millions and deso
late millions of homes."
In his reference to the Americans the
Premier said:
"I have Just returned from France,
where I met a French statesman who
DESERT FRANCE,
FOE'SPEACEBID
New Pacifist Offensive Aims
to Make America and
Britain Dupes.
TAKES DEFINITE FORM
German Press Inspired to l'rp;e
That Berlin Government
Disclose Its Terms.
fpteial Cable Venpatch to Tbs St .
Copyright. 11: all nght$ reunet,
London. June 7. Kumorw persist that
the German peace offensive which was
indicated In some of the newspapers of
Germany last week has now taken a defi
nite form. Some significance is attached
to the fact that this German move Is
made In conjunction with the new battle
of the Marno and the sbmarlnc raid off
the American coast.
This latest peace offensive appears to
have been organized In the German
newspapers under the same Inspiration
as its forerunners. Its objective Is the
same as before, to v'rsuade one of the
Allien to make tolerable terms for Itself
and leave the others In the lurch. For
a long time the purpose was to detach
France while Great Britain was to be
crushed. The failure of the March of
fensive to dislocate the armies of the
Allies and crush the British forces In the
battles north of the Somme upset that
programme.
The present plan seems to have
France for the victim and Great Britain
and America as the dupes. It will be
remembered that It was the least pacifist
of all German newspapers, the conserva
tive Krtui-Zcitung, which was ordered
to demand that Germany should state
hex peace terms, especially as her mil
itary efforts Were progressing favorably.
The newspaper debate which was
started, Inspired by the Berlin Foreign
Office, has resulted In the admission by
all the papers of the desirability that
Germany should state her terms, the
very thing she has always refused to
do until she could break the solidarity
In war aims of the Allies.
"Grrmaals" Opinion,
The newspaper Wermnnln, which ad
mittedly voices thefciew of Chancellor von
Hertlng. agrees that Oecmany's terms
should be stated, but only in full agree
ment with the Reichstag, As the Gov
ernment would have to accept the terms
dictated by tho military party It Is diffi
cult to understand the declaration made
by the Qcrmanin that "our enemies
know they will always find us full of
good will and resdy to sign any honor
able peace," Oennnnto, however, con
siders the Brest-Lltnvsk and Bucharest
peace treaties honorable.
The answer to any such German halt
already has been given by the declara
tion of the Supreme Council of the Allies
that "not a single one of the free na
tions" shsll he left to the tender mercies
ot German despotism,
Lord Bobert Cecil, spokesman for the
Foreign Ofllcp, dlsctisslnt; the demand by
the Krruz Xeituna that Germany Khould
make known her peace terms, dechrrl
tl'at this was probably a move to com
mit the Berlin Government to the Pan
German iinnexjtlonlst programme.
"It Is very prohahlo that the Uci-
Continued on Second Pag,
had been at the battle front soon after
an engagement where the Americans
fought. He was full of admiration, not
merely for their superb valor but the
trained skill with which they attacked
and defeated the foe. His report of the
conduct of the American troops, a di
vision which had been In action for the
first time, was one of the most encourag
ing things that I have heard. '
"We know that whenever they appear
In the battle line they will fight In a
way worthy ot the great traditions of
their great country. This Is In Itself s
source of support, sustenance and en
couragement to all those who with
anxious hearts are watching the conflict
going on in France."
French Are Unwavering?.
In conclusion Premier Lloyd George
said :
"We have faced a great crisis. We
have heard Ludendorffs threat of ham
mer blows. Hammer blows would crush
poor metal, but they harden and con
solidate good metal. There Is good metal
In British hearts and It has stood the
test of centuries. It will stand this, -so
will that gallant people across the chan
nel who are fighting for the honor of
their native land.
"I never saw a sign of wavering In
any French face. They are full of cour
age and determination, and It Is a united
France more than ever.
"Unity and resolution are two quali
ties we need. We have sunk- our po
litical differences. We have bigger things
to think about. These controversies will
come again, but for the moment we have
one purpose.
"Let us be one people, one In aim, one
In courage and the resdfve never to give
in. Let Britain stand like a great break
water against thl torrent and, God will.
Ing, wc will break Its force."
REVOLT MENAGE
HALTSAUSTRIA
Fear of Slav Uprising Holds
Tp All Offensives on
Ttalian Front.
ALLIES URGED TO STRIKE
Country Faces Russia's Fate,
Destruction of Military
Works Indicates.
Special Cable Petpatch to Tsz Srv
Copuright, till; all right! ri4emt
Lonpon. June 7. Opinion prevails
Yi,., tSat Ih. main rAMnM fnr thf ftMSV
In the Austrian offensive against Italy
arises from the menace of a Slav up
rising, In which event Austrian forces
will he required nearer home. The
opinion Is also held ihat this Is the
moment for political and military action
to be taken by Italy, supported by the
Allies, against Austria In conjunction
with the efforts of the Jugoslavs to
obtain freedom from the Austro-Hun-Bnrlan
yoke. Such action, It Is pointed
out, would engage the bulk of the Aus
trian army. There would not only be
no men to spare for the wertem front
but Germany would practically be com
pelled to send assistance to her ally.
The Swiss correspondent of Idea S'a
slonalc of Rome says that persons arrlv-Ing-
from Vienna stnte that In all unoffi
cial circles of the Austrian capital the
Impression prevails that Austria Is about
to undergo an experience similar to that
of Russia. The Mtuatlon In the country,
the correspondent ststes, ui one of ex
tereme gravity, both politically and eco
nomically. The pplrlt of rebellion Is
growing everywhere.
One of the most significant signs of
the times In Austria Is the fact that In
numerable attempts are being made
against military works establishments
In the Adriatic regions. The Slav popu
lation has destroyed milieu In the ports
and canals of Dalmatla and along the
Croatian coast, while In Bosnia Hun
gnrlan patrol have been massacred and
railways seriously damaged.
In connection with the new Austrian war
loan placards have been posted through
out, Bohemia and other Slav regions urg
ing the people not to provide war funds
for the enemies. There la an undoubted
feeling In Rome that Germany Is In
sisting that Austria should move her
army.
"Our duty Is to attack In all theatres
of war," the Kaiser wired Emperor
Charles, but Judging from many symp
toms the Austrlans are not keen on at
tacking and If lefi to themselves In all
probability would remain on the defen
sive with the conviction that they could
hold tho groumPgatned with Germany's
help last November. The war weariness
and the dtesatltfartlon raused hy the
enormous sacrifices aud sufferings have
affected the loyalty of the great mass
of the people, which has never - been
wholeheartedly for the war.
It nas Captain Inrltrs Brtolt,
lxsnoN, June 7. Capt. Stchasnlg,
commander nf the Russian Baltic fleet,
hn been Imprisoned on a charge of In
cIHuk the sallorH against the authority
cf the Soviet Government, says a neuter
despatch from Moscow, .
VI N LAND GOES
TOMTOM OFF
VIRGINIA CAPES
Navy Warns of Continuing
Menace in U. S. Waters
Until War Ends.
FRENCH SHIP FIGHTS FOE
Submarine Commanders May
Be Seeking Information
to Take Home.
A seventeenth ship was added to the
score of the undersea raiders yesterday
when It was snnounced by the navy
that 'the Vlnland, a Norwegian cargo
steamship, was sunk sixty-five miles off
the Virginia Capes on Wednesday. She
was a small vessel of only 1.148 tons
gross register. She was unarmed. Her
crew was landed at Cape May by a
United States destroyer out on a trial
trip. She was owned by Irgens A Co.
of Bergen, Norway.
"The scene of her destruction upset the
theory erected by some mariners on
Wednesday when the U-boats first be
came active In the region of the Vir
ginia Capes that they were on their
wy to southern waters and probably
shaping a course for a secret base at
somo point on tho coast of Mexico. The
Navy Department Issued the warning
yesterday that for the duration of the
war enemy submarines must be regarded
as a continuing menace and a continuing
factor in American war measures.
Shortly before word was received ofl
the sinking- of the Vlnland. a French
merchant steamship arrived at an At
lantic port and reported that she had
encountered one of the submarines off
the Virginia capes and had exchanged
shots with her. The French ship was
slightly damaged. Her captain refused
to give out any further, Information
about the encounter until after he had
reported to the Navy Department.
Osesed Plre at Three Miles.
The submarine was encountered about
seventy miles at sea. The enemy craft
opened fire when about three miles from
the French vessel and the latter.prompt
ly returned the compliment.
The French easel had encountered
qther submarines on Its voyage from Eu
rope and wns short of ammunition, ac
cording to reports. As a result only one
gun was used against the U-boat during
most of the battle.
The submarine on the other hand used
two guns In Its effort to sink the French
ship before the steamship could reach a
point of safety. Ttie battle continued for
over an hour, It Is said, and the U-boat
followed the Frenchman for about ten
miles.
'It disappeared when the French
steamship got so near the coast it made It
dangerous for the submarine to venture
too close. An American vessel met the
Frenchman soon after the submarine
disappeared.
An optimistic view that the subma
rines have started operations on this
coast because much of the waters where
they formerly piled their calling have
become too hot to hold them was ad
vanced yesterday by Senator Swanson.
acting chairman of the Senate Naval
Committee. He had been In conference
with navy heads and declared that he
had been Informed that the measures
now In force against submarine opera
tions In European waters had resulted In
the destruction of 60 per cent, of all
submarines so far constructed by Ger
many. Can't "Karn Keen" Abroad.
It Is Senator Swanson's belief that the
U-boats now operating on this coast are
here because their opportunity for effec
tive work near Europe has been di
minished beyond the point where they
are able to "earn their keep." He Is
among the many who believe that the
raiders came here on a quest for Amer
ican transports, and falling In It turned
to the destruction of unarmed merchant
tonnage for the sake of the moral effect
Sn Germany.
"Tho loss of merchant ship abroad,"
bald Senator Swanson, "has been re
duced SO per cent. Meantime 60
per cent, of all German submarines
constructed and commissioned have been
destroyed. There Is no question of this.
Need I add that thre lx not the re
motest possible chance of the raid here
curtailing the flow of American troops
abroad, nor of Its withdrawing any of
our warships now on oersRas service to
service at home. As a matter of fact,
our naval service both home and abroad
Is being added to all the time."
eiome naval officers Incline to the be
lief that the raid was planned more for
the put pose of obtaining Information
than for the deduction of American
nMpplng and thai the submarine rom
manljrs have orJers to bring home "11
the Information they can gather with
out risking their vessels.
Treatment slaatalns Theory.
In support of this theory is urged the
courteous treatment (from h German
standpoint) which has been accorded
seamen whose ships have been met -and
sunk. Many of these men who were
prisoners for dajs on board the under
water craft were "pumped" Industriously
by submarine officers, the cross-examination
being conducted with true German
subtlety under the guise of good fellow.
Hiilp, Naval officers who have talked to
CHftlaway ere wo have been elated at the
acumen shown by the American seamen
In their replies to, questions,
r v
Enemy Loss Enormous
in Last Week of Drive
Special Cable Deipatch to Tss Sex.
Coprright. Mil; all righu retenei.
pARIS, June 7. The allied
press has been' almost silent
concerning the German losses in
the new battle of the Marne.
The correspondent of THE SUN
learns from the highest source
that while the German losses were
comparatively small at the be
ginning of the battle between
Soissons and Rheims, the casual
ties inflicted upon the invaders
last week were enormous.
It is not exaggerating to say
that the Germans lost half as
many men in the battle of the
Marne as they lost in the equal
period of fighting in the terrific
battles in Picardy between March
21 and 29. With the participa
tion of the Americans in the
fighting of the last few days the
German losses have undergone
another increase.
AMERICANS GAIN
2 1-2 MILES MORE
Forces Northwest of Chateau
Thierry Advance on Six
Mile Front.
GERMAN DEAD PILED HIGH
Eneuiy Amazed at Daring of
Marines and Many Are Glad
to Surrender.
Ry the Attociated 7Ve.
With the Amimcan Armt in
Picardy, June 7. As the result of the
two attacks by the Americans against
the enemy northwest of Chateau Thierry
300 prisoners were captured and the
Americans extended their line after the
second attack over a front of about six
miles to a depth o nearly two and a
half miles.
While the losses of the Americans nec
essarily have beon heavy, owing to the
nature of the fighting, the German dead
is piled three deep In places.
A number of machine guns were
added to the American booty.
The German prisoners taken by the
Americans, many of whom were mere
boys, had only been In the line for two
days. Some of them wore the white
bands of the Prussian Guard.
"Each .Man Get n fJernmn."
Private Carl 15. Mills of Vlsalla. Cal..
was In the first wave of Americans to
advance In the Veullly Wood to smoke
out the Germans remaining there. He
said that after hi unit obtained Its ob
jective many of the men went back and
filled the ranks of their advancing com
rades. All worked like clockwork, he
said. The favorite sloi-nn was "Kach
man get a GernTn ; don't let a German
get you."
Many instances are ' related of the
heroism of the Red Cross workers in
bravlnr shells In No .Man's Uind and
gathering in or aiding wounded.
The correspondent to-day talked with
a nineteen-year-old German prisoner who
was sitting under a tree citing Ameri
can bread and drinking French wine.
He was tho object of the curlo.lty of a
ciowd. The soldier (-aid he had been
fighting for a year and a half, foi the
most part In Russia. He carried a pic
ture of his sweetheart on heavy caid
board, which he suld had saed his life
from un American bullet.
Thonicht Troops Were HrllUli.
The youth added that In Germany
there was talk of millions of American
rold'ers, but that nobody believed H
He did not know that It was the Amer
icans opposed to the Germans. He
tl ought the tioops were Hrltlali as the
woie English style helmets. Ho added
that the German soldiers no longer
hoped to reach Paris. All of them wcie
sick of the war and he was Kind he had
been made prisoner
Tho Importance of the opeiatlon.s nf
the Americans on the Marne hector may
be realized when It Is recalled that
only the day before the Americans en
tered the line tho Germans advanced
about seen miles. Tho Americans are
now holding the Paris road near
Tlilolct for a number of kilometers.
Graphic Htoties of last nights tight
Ing were lelaied by wounded Anieii
cans to-day They said that at Point
I the Germans crouched behind bould
ers and opened tire when the Americans
were within ten feet of them One
man who participated In an encounter
of this kind sahl .
"Some of us had not slept for four
nights, but we were not tired. Wo took
a second lease of llf 'and sprang at
those Germans and smothered them. I
never saw so many machine gmiH. Our
mn did not think of theme!ea. They
only thought of getting Frits."
Onr V nn Captures Fifteen,
A corporal captured three Germans
and was leading them away when
twelo others mrrendcred to hliji and
Joined the procession. '
Madison Glrman of Eansvllle, Ind.,
was In Toroy, He said:
"Wo wero lot supvoscd to go there,
but the men wero so enthusiastic they
kept on. Thefe,wmild go to Berlin If
their commanders would let them, Tho
only way to stop them is to kill them.
The Germans can't inako prisoners of
ns. They tried hard to get some of us,
but we fooled them. Wo tinned the
machine, guns on them and took than
prisoner,"
Floyd Gibbons of the Chicago 7'Whiiiir
was watching the battle with a major
Continued on Second Page,
Bourcsches Captured by
Marines and Foilus Regain
' Veuilly-la-Poteric.
BOTH STILL HARD AT IT
Many Strategical Fointo
Taken in Day of Desperate,
Close Fighting.
U. S. ON THE OFFENSIVE
Enemy Attacked as They Fr
parc for Onslaught and Their
Formations Shattered.
Special Cable Deipatch to Tax Srs.
Copyright, Mil! all rightt reserves.
London, June 7. For four days tJn
Germans have been unable to claim
any material fighting success or any
substantial grain of ground between
the Alsn and the Marne.
On the other hand, the French, Brit
ish and Americans for the second Urns
have been able to report a series tt
actions In which the Allies had de
cidedly the advantage. Not only have
the French nnd American thrown back
atttacka at a number of points oJong
almost the whole front from Soissons
to the Marne but they have a4
vanced their lines, Improved their po
sitions and recaptured villages north
of the Olse, on both sides of the Alsae
and to the south In and around
Veullly-la-Poterle, whers the German
were nearest to Paris. There tlssy
have been pushed back to the north
west of Chateau Thierry,
Strategical Points Retaken.
In a series of brilliant operations ta
il ay French and American troops cap
tured the villages of Veullly-la-Poterls
and Bourcsches, ten and. four miles
respectively northwest of Chateau
Thierry, both points of great strategical
value which have been fought over meat
bitterly for several days. Last night the
French captured the village of Le Port,
west of Fontenoy and north, of tbs
Alsne, and also the village of Vlnly,
north of the Ollgnon River. They also
regained Hill 204, a position of great Im
portance. The Americans captured Toroy.
On the eastern side of the salient the
British again entered Bllgny, nine mtles
below Rheims,
The German night official statement
Is now down to four words, "The situa
tion Is unchanged," which means that
all the gains of the day were made Vy
the Allies. The earlier Rerlln statement
reports only the capture of some minor
trenches northeast of Sarcy, on the
Ardre River, and 300 prisoners.
Loral FIschtlnB" In Flanders.
In the north, on the British sector
near Mont Kemmel, French troops at
tacked the Germans near Iocre and
Improved their line there last night,
taking a few prisoners. Berlin reports
this section s a German gain, with the
capture of two officers and fifty men.
Statements in the German newspapers
that the offensive Is to be resumed very
soon and reports from correspondents at
the front that between the Alsne nnd the
Marne the Germans arc not digging
themselves In on an extensive scale,
according to their usual method In newly
acquired territory, seem to suggest that
the drive for Paris will be resumed soon.
The check to the enemy's progress has
been definite and the immediate danger
has been removed but there still remains
cause for anxletj. estimates of the
strength of Gen. I.udendorff's force vary ;
some critics believe he has employed more
than 50 divisions in the operation Just
ended; others say that 41 divisions have
been ued, about 4DO.000 baonets. A
few of these reserves have been Identi
fied as belonging to groups In armies to
the east of the Crown Prince's command,
Fot'h Impresses tlir llrltlsh.
The magnlfict.'M fighting of the French
troops and the splendid generalship
shown by the French high command In
nplre confidence that the offensive, when
it is resumed, will be successfully met.
British otlicers just back from France
are tremendously Itnpiesed by the calm
ness and cheerfulness of Gen. Foch,
which act like a moral tonic to every
one with whom he comes In contact. It
Is recognized by the British, French and
Americans allko that the supreme com
mander of the Allies h.is qualities which
appear at their best when circumstances
seemingly are at their worst.
Ono handicap imposed upon Gen, Foch
by the recent lighting Is the Increased
length of front that the troops of tho
Allies must defend, while the decreased
area for manoeuvres caused hy the Ger
man advance le.ives nn! comparamely
sMiall margin for rearward nnnements
without iincmerlng some Important point
In tho defence of Paris, Amiens or the
Channel ports.
Confidence m the ablllt of the Allies
to hold the lino where they are new
Handing l greatly Increasnl n,,t only
h the numbers of Amerleius who are
at riving on the from out also In the
demonstrations, thej have recently given
of their fighting worth,
HEIGHTS RETAKEN
SOUTH OF THE OURCQ
Americana and French Fight
Shoulder to Shoulder.
Hi the A'tnnatrd Preu.
With tuk Amfrican AnMT tv
Krani'K, June 7. The sharpest lighting
continues around the wector of Veullly-la-Poterle,
Busslares . and Bouresches,
where the Americans and French ha

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