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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, June 14, 1918, Image 1

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Fair and warmer to-day and to-morrow;
moderate northwest to west wind
Detailed weather report on last pags. "
VOL. LXXXV. NO. 287.
NEW YORK, FRIDAY, JUNE 14, 1918. Copyright, 1918, by ie Run Printing and PubUihing Anoclaiion,
l.iijre Munitions Orders
' Will Withdraw Metal
From Other Uses.
.Demand for 2,000,000 Tons of
Projectiles Trcsascfc Even
Greater Needs.
Special Der patch to The Srs.
Washington. June 13. Huge orders
fi' munitions and steel supplies which
1 av r come unexpectedly from Gen. Per
ihing In the last few da) a crested the
vofpect to day that the entire Iron and
'eel output for the rest of the war i
wli be used for direct military and
i avnl purposes. Hdwln B. Parker, i
--.alrxan of the priorities division of the
''ar Industrial Board, said that It had
Woine evident that the demand far
vreeded not only the present supply
'ut It was feared the supply that could
made available during- the war.
Statements current here to-doy were
i .at Gen. Pershing- has asked for 2,000,-
"0 tons of projectiles and shells In ex
ifu of estimates that were made earner
'n the year and atso for 1,100,000 tons
' railroad rails and othe-j steel prod
i ?ts. Compliance with this request. It
v as said, would result In the withdrawal
'.' steel from every other use In this
ountry and concentrate It on vital
needs for winning the war.
It was understood that under the
pooling plan discussed at the War Coun
cil yesterday some of the supplies rep
resented by Gen. Pershing's new orders
will go to the British and French ar
mies. The necdi of the French have
Jen suddenly augmented by reason of
tha fact that certain industries as well
ns Iron and coal mines fell into the
hand of the Germans In the recent
i nve.
ft rent Xamlirr of Sheila t'avd. .
Mora than 100,000 shells and projec- j
'..-j weighing about 3,000,000 tons have
en used by each side since the begin
ning of the German drive on March 21, i
was stated here.
The new request from Gen. Pershing
was for two. thirds of that volume of
inanitions. Neither officials of the War
industries Board nor other departments
!,e,'d out any assurance that the maxi
mum of Gen. Pershing's needs in this
i n was to he found In the latent re
cjests that have come from him. In
! ict they were regarded as forerunners
f other orders of possibly greater pro
jiortlons. Greatly enlarged capacities of muni
tion plants and in'.lls both in the United
Mates and Canada are in progress undor
ne programme of the War Industries
Board and negotiations which have
i-een conducted with representatives of
Canadian Government.
Mr Parker's statement was made on
le eve of a conference with Jobbers nf
ieel and hardware and machinery men.
The situation later was explained to
'en"., and they were told that no devla
' on from meeting In the fullest Gen.
trshlng's request could be countenanced
l Government officials-.
Ilemand Exceed Sapply.
A communication which had previously
'"a placed before the conference by
Jud-e I'arlcer was made public by him
r.t follows:
"Because of the abnormal demand for
l'o.i and for iron and steel products ere
fed by the war it has become evident
oat the demand far exceeds not only
' prc-ent supply but It Ik feared the
- vpl that can be made available dur
ing the war.
Tn.it the direct and Indirect war re-
-omenta must have precedence ad
in of no arguments. War Bulletin No.
isuH by the Chamber of Commerce
i f the United States, outlines in general
n-s the priority policies affecting in
'Jstrj adopted by the War Industries
The problem Involving the extent to
which if at all the Government should
ffsl't Jobbers In maintaining stocks from
which direct and Indirect war require
ments and requirements of exceptional
find national importance can be drawn ia
a perplexing one, coupled with which la
'ho further problem as to the methods
l be adopted, the procedure to be fol
luvsed, to prevent hoarding on the part
of the Jobbers and to insure that distri
bution through them will be restricted to
sentlal uses.
"While the War Industries Board has
given careful consideration to these prob
lems It Is anxious to have the benefit
of tho views and suggestions! of repre
sentatives of the Jobbers, with particular
reference to the service, If any, they can
lender the Government In providing the
machinery for a properly restricted dis
tribution of Iron und steel products."
ladaatrlea Were Warned.
Mr. Parker referred to tha statement
of the War Industries Board on May 20,
in which It was stated that the board
urged "each non-war Industry to look
the situation squarely In the face now
and plan accordingly." as constituting a
warning .of the prospective need of the
Government tor all of the steel output of
the country. The atetement asked for
vigorous curtailment by every manufac
turer who was not turning out prime
war materials.
Almost simultaneously with Mr.
C0ttfr(r4 on Third Pagi,
Germany Soon to Include American
Atlantic Coast in the Blockaded Zone
LONDON, June 13. The German Admiralty intends to declare the
eastern coast of the United States from Mexico to Canadian waters
a danger zon and wilt warn neutral shipping, says a despatch to the
Exchange Telegraph from Amsterdam, quoting reports received from
An example of the routine work carried out by the British Ad
miralty during the three and a half years of war is shown in the fact
that, despite Germany's submarines, 17,000,000 passengers have been
conducted in military transports backward and forward to the various
theatres of war.
The number of animals conveyed exceeds 2,000,000., The num
ber of vehicles carried was more than 400,000, and the quantity of
stores transported was in excess of 37,000,000 tons. In addition con
siderable assistance in transport has been given by British ships to
other allied Powers.
The British Admiralty has carried almost a million tons of stores
for the Italian Government, and also about three and a half million
tons of coal for Italy in requisitioned steamers.
He Announces That He Will
Accept the Democratic
"Am Ready to Do Everything !
I Possibly Can to Assist 1
Spe-M Denpatch to Trie Sis.
Washington, June 13. flenry Fed. .
nominally a Republican, but a stanch
admirer and friend of President Wilson,
will accept the Democratic nomination
for the United States Benate In Michi
gan If It l tendered to him. Mr. Ford
waa at the Capitol to-doy and was es
corted about the "building by Senator
William Alden Smith, whose term as
Senator from Michigan will expire next
March. 1-a.ter Mr. Ford Issued this'
statement :
At the urgent request of the Presi
dent of the United States I have de
cided to accept the nomination for
Senator from Michigan If tendered to
me. Realizing that there are excep
tional opportunities for service to our
people during the present and coming
readjustment, I am Teady and willing
to do everything 1 possibly can to
assist our President In thls great
work. Every man muiit expect to
make grmt future sacrifices and be
prepared to serve wherever the great
est need exists.
Republicans here Insist the Democrats
hope through forcing Mr. Ford on the
Republican organization In Michigan to
place a reliable Administration .ad
herent in the Senate even though he
imttih nnmlnntlv fln n Pniihllert n
It Is admitted oy Republican that to
bring out the name of Mr. Ford ns a
candidate of the ItepuDllcan jarty even
without Democratic Indorsement spells
his certain election. His adherence to
President Wilson and his warm friend
ship for the President cause the Demo
crats to believe that once In the Sen
ate the Administration could count
upon his vote In all things and at all
times regardless of the side of the
Senate on which l.e may cnoose to sit.
gJemocrntlc Conference Invites
Other Republican" to Withdraw.
DirrnoiT, June 13. Henry Ford, a Re
publican, was Indorsed for the nomina
tion foi Vnlted Stutea Senator by the
Democrats of Michigan In conference at
Lansing yesterday. Resolutions adopted
by tho conference Invited the Republican
State central committee to urge other
candidates for the nomination to with
draw and unite with the Democrats In
supporting Mr. Foril for the otllce.
The action, unpaiallcled In Michigan
politics, was taken, the resolutions said.
In a patriotic effort to eliminate partisan
politics during a crisis in tho country's
history and to Insure united support of
President Wilson and his prosecution of
the war The Indorsement was made
desDlto the fact that Mr. Ford had given
no indication that he would be a candi
date of any party.
Two former Governors, rrea n. ear
ner nnd Chase S. Osborn. already have
announced their candidacies for the Re
publican nomination. The primaries
will be held In August.
Would Trade a Meal
for 'Sun Fund Tobacco
"MANYa time" write En
gineer Austin Longworth,
"I would have done it, I wanted
a smoke so badly." Much other
testimony mailed from the scenes
of active war tell of the courage
and comfort that come from the
gifts of the smoke fund. Read
these recent cards of the soldiers
on page 4.
Go up on the Hurricane Deck
of the Hotel Majestic to-morrow
night, and be one of the guests
at the party given by the manage
ment. It is being arranged lor
THE SUN Tobacco Fund. "Joe"
Stiehlin, America's Boy Pilot,
will describe raids on German
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organisa
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors, v
i. ,r-
Number Receiving Great
conies Tripled From
11)14. to llMfi.
Tnvice as Many Persons Takei'reedom
I will," hi
In $5,000 to $10,000 as imo.-ai f.
Do JjSt.OOO to $5.000..
special Despatch to Tur Si
Wasiiinotok, June 13. An analjsls
of the income tax returns of last year ,
made public by the Treasury Department ,
lo-nigm contains some iiiierriuig "B-
,ii.trfh,i ,nm
In this country. These Incomes were de
rived In 19U before the new revenue law
was framed. They revaal, anions other
things, that in that year more than twice
as many persona enjoyed Incomes from
j;,000 to lfl.000""'a year as there
were those having Incomes from $4,000
to J3.000. Also that there were 200 per-
sons with incomes over f 1,000,000 and
137 with incomes between JjOO.OOO and
The following table Minus how wealth
I wa
distributed and how It Increased In
I three years
Number of return! fllnl
Income i-lae.
IJ.oon to Jl.irw
Si.fij" to tuai.
is.ooii to tie.'fv
tlO.MO to tlO.OVl
1S,UM to IM.Ck)
i:o.nn to fx.).
l:5.oo) to tsi.ooo .
l!W.tt) to t0.L.
lio.cmo to uaociA.. .
re.wn to tiGP.mo.
ItM.oufl to ntnoo4
tl'o.iMl to I'.OO.OO". .
. JI.H1
. 13.7W
. 3.1ST,
1 Hi
&,9(8 !.0?7
54.11'.' ti.SWl
taii.ooo to :m.(xim.
IKJl.lrt) to IJiO.WK).
I ,',';J
imu.imi to ti.oeo.i.-i
ll.000.oca and mr
Separate t-eturti filed by
Totalu .K7,;i5 S3C.C.J T7,S
Another Interesting analysis of the re
turns by occupations nhows that bank
ers and brokers as a class hail ptopor
tlonally the highest number having In
comes of $3,000 or more, 20,77 per cent,
belnp obliged to make returns.
I Lawyers and Judge came next with
1S.!7 per cent. Of lumbermen and man
ufacturer a little more than 10 per cent,
made returns. Only C.53 per cent, of
authors, idltors and reporters And 1 42
per cent, of the clergymen came within
the law. Fanners aie at the bottom of
tfie llet, with teachers next
Geddes Says Destruction Out'
runs Builders.
Ijunpm.n. June 13. In an Interview
with the London correspondent of the
Petit Parlstrn Kir Krio Gedde. First
Lord of the Admiralty, had the follow
ing to say with regard to submarines:
"The nllled navies continue to sink
more German submarines than tho
enemy ran build. It Is' certainly a fact
that since January we have sunk morn
submarined than they have built. We
attack their submarines seventy times
a week on tho average.
"We base our returns of submarines
destroyed only on those we aro sure of
having Been wrecks or captured the
crews, but most of the other mibuvirlncs
hit are In urgent need of repairs, and
It Is evident that the results of many
of our attacks are unknown.
"If you have moles In your garden
you mjb' put down a thousand traps
without catching any of them, and It Is
the same with submarines."
Prank If. Bnal Leave 92.000,000
to Aid sTervra in France,
HHAttoN, Pa June 13. TJe will of
Frank H. Buhl, millionaire steel' manu
facturer, whi) died here last Friday,
was probated to-day. Among the be
quests are 12,000,400 to amit war suf
ferer In northern France and Belgium,
$100,000 to amtit the lick and those
Injured In Bharnn by accident, and
11.000,000 to lis widow,
The Income from an endowment of
the remainder of the estate wilt be spent
for tne Denent at tne citisene or Sharon
and vicinity. The estate Is eal to be
valued at tt.000.et0.
Allied General Shows Lead-
er Is Forced to Hold
Nerve Centres.
Freedom of Movement for Re
serves Restricted Till Amer
icans Arc in Force.
Special rab!$ tleepatch to Tint Scv
Vopytight. IMS! all ntlitt re$mtd.
London. Juno 13. A remarkable
tribute to Gen. Foch's stratrsy, which
he describes as a genius of patience, was
expressed by an officer of the allied
army who is now In London, but whose
rame cannot be revealed. T1:N officer in
slated that while, generally speaking, at
tack Is the best form of defence, whether
the margin of numerical superiority if
on his side nr not, It Is essential that a
General so placed should be operating
on interior lines o that what his forces
lacked In weight they would make up In
"Tl Is state of mobility postulate not
only the physical ability to shllt armies
and their reserves qukkly but the moral i
to yield ground as it were nt
u-.t.l f. tu ..K..ln.. .1... '
freedom to manoeuvre Is more or
less restricted In the case of a belliger
ent waging war on his own tcrrtlory.
"In the comparatively restricted areas
in France and Italy we cannot, short of
the most absolute direct necessity, evac
uate our political and industrial capl-
e densely populated and flour-
... ., .,,lrh ...
.,,k, . , , i,.
within or almost immedlatelybehlnd the
present war zones.
Vital Make la t'haln.
"As a matter of fact our alliances
have Increased the atrateglo value of
certain nerve centres, nich as' Calais and
Am!en. 'Neither of these would bo vital
to the French army, where It is fight
ing single handed, but Amiens Is vital to
a liaison of the French army with tin
British. 'alals from a naval stand-
point Is equally ro vital
"An 0 result of these considerations
we would be obliged to maintain very
large holding forces on the whole front,
from the Channel to tho Olse, and then
to the Marne, because of the enemy's
treble threat This mentis a consider
able reduction of the free balance of
reserves nt Gen, Fo;h'a disposal for
any Initiative of his own, unless our
Generalissimo snould elect to launch
his counter offensive in the very sec
tors where the Germans ara now at-tarklnir.
"Ill that case the Allies would havelntage which possesion of the wood
to overcome the enemy la an area
where his lines are hld with the
maximum density of troop and where
his fortified barriers are so numerous
and elabotate, and an aie.i, moreover,
furthest from tho German frontier and
the Hhlne.
"While Gen. l.udendoitf gladly would
Impose such h course upon our Gen
et altsslmo If he could, Gen. Koch must
spare no effoit to disappoint his wily
opponent. Hut the alternative to an al
lied countHr thtiut at the German centre
In an allied counter thrust on both
wings, a large cca.e enveloping move
ment. L nfortunately such a stroke, un-
; m.e
an attgmpt to pierce tho Gorman
front, require considerable numerical
superiority on the part of the assailant.
Reliance on America.
"The miperiotlty of the American arm
lea eventually will reetorc us. but hardly
for ome time to come, which no doubt
explains why Gen. Foch's genuln tem
porarily muM end lis expression in un
ruffled patience.
"From the foregoing turvcy of the
strategic position It will bo graspi-d that
the numerical disparity between the op
posing Generals' reserves or manoeuvre
makseJ necessarily doe not bear any
exact correspondence to the numerical
disparity between the aggregate forces.
1 do not believe that the latter disparity
is at all substantial,
"It may have been yo two month
ago, before the Intervention of the.
American troops en masse, but since we
Allies perforce are operating on ex
terior lines with Inferior lateral com
munications and fighting on our own
territory, of which every Inch Is becom
ing more and more precious as we fall
hack toward our national nerve centres,
we arc compelled to Immobilize for hold
ing p'urposes a far heavier percentage
of our armies than tho enemy, and the
strain on our strategic reserves Is con
sequently great.
"Therefore Gen. Koch Is doing the
right thing the only possible thing In
the circumstances by exercising the
strictest economy In the employment of
those reserves pending America's full
military effort,"
Bronse Wlnae to Replace Crossed
Flaara on the Collar.
Washinotov, June 13. Adoption of
a new collar Insignia for the army Air
Ben-ice to distinguish It from the Rig.
nal Corps was announced to-day, Tho
feslgn consist of a pair of horizontal
bronze wings similar In. cliope to a
Colonel's Insignia with a silver two
bladed propeller placed vertically on
the wins.
The Insignia will be worn by officers
and enlisted men of the military
aeronautics service and of the bureau
of aircraft production. The hat cord
selected for enlisted men Is sretn nd
Drives of Germans North
west of Chateau Thierry
Break Down.
T KE '
Pershing Reports 'Foe 1
Beaten Rack With Very
Severe Losses.
ffcil l)ttpatct to Tiis Scv
I Washington, June 13. American
troops, Including piesunnbly the ma
rines, have driven the Germans from
their last remaining positions In Belleau
Wood, have taken additional prisoners
and guns and have held all their gains
despite tremendous attack launched
thereafter by the enemy on tjic newly
won American position. This was the
substance of Gen. Pershing's battle re
port to-night.
These attacks evidently were anion-:
the heaviest yet launched against Amer
ican troops and, indicating the impor
tance attached by the Germans to the
positions the 'Americans had won from
them, were preceded by terrific bombard-
I'ersblua's Iteporl.
Gen, Pershing's communique follows:
Section A. Yesterday afternoon our
troops northwest of Chateau Thierry
captured the last of tho German posi
tions In the Uelleau Wood, taking
'fifty prisoners and a number of ma
chine guns nnd trench mortars In ad
dition to those taken on tho preceding
day. Karly this morning the enemy
launched heavy attacks on a front of
more than one and one-half miles on
the line Hellcau-Uouresches. The at
tacks, which were preceded by Intense
artillery preparation and accompanied
by a heavy barrage, broke down com
pletely, 'leaving our positions Intact.
The louts of the enemy were very se
vere. Last night our aviators bombed with
good effect the nation of Dornmary
Itaroncaurt. northwest of Me'.r. All
our machines have returned
OnalntiRht Kxpei'teri.
That tli Germans would mai.- di.e
perale efforts to drive the Americans
from Rellcau Wood has been .mtlclpated
by military men here. The wood is ex
tremely Important, and the Germans
alter capturing this ground early In
their last drive nought to m.v.ie It im
pregnable. Hiddi-n machine gun nestr were es
tablished In great number and the Ger-
mans sought to exploit the strategic ad-
j gave them when the Americans first be
gan their attacks,
The work of Gen Petshlns's men In
tloim. the capture of machine gun
which were ued by th Americans
Against th?!r enemy, nnd tho form of
n- i tUI.. 1..L1....
warfare followed in this lighting already
have excited the admiration of corre
spondents In this section of the front.
Report yesterday Indicated that the
Germans held only a fringe of the wood
The counter attack pirpatod In great
force was obviously with a view- to
driving the Americans out by over
whelming them with numbers, it has
been reported that fresh German troop
were brought to this zone for the pur
pose of winning back t heir lo positions,
Kxplolt of tutor.
The bombing of Ponunary Haruncourt
U tin- tlret reported Instance of Ameri
can nvlntors Invading German. Dorn
mary Haroncourt Is about thirty-five
miles directly north of Toul Metz Is
regarded at the strongest fortress In the
world and Is one of the central debarka
tion points for German reerves for the
I'Ar.is. June 1:1. The ierman last
night inacl- a violent attack on the
American sector between Mouresches nnd
Helleau Wood, on the Marne front. The
Americans broke up the attack and In
flicted serlom losses on the enemy, hold
ing all the g.ilns which they had made.
30,000 Forced by Hunger to
Join Labor Battalions.
Sprcial i'ablo Dttpatth to Tm: Si
I.ONPOX, June 1". Thirty thousand
Austrian women and girls of all age
have been forced by hunger to Join the
Austrian lalior battalions which are
working near tho Austrian battle front,
according to a statement printed by a
newspaper published In tho Austrian
These women have protested Utterly
against the long bourn they are com
pelled to labor, tho Insufficient food and
the meagre wages, but they are com
pelled to continue at -work as their
necessities when they entered the bat
talions Induced them to sign contracts
binding them lo remain at woik for the
duration of the war,
Army Heath Hale Dei-reaves.
Washington-, June 13. General
health conditions; In arm) camps con
tinue satisfactory, the Surgeon-General's
report Issued to-day said, A slight in.
crease In pneumonia and meningitis Is
noted, with a decrease In measles, scarlet
fever and dysentery, Duiths for the
week numbered ninety-four, against 113
the week before.
Press Permitted to Announce 500,000 Are at Front
Berlin "Journal" Says War Has Entered
Final and Greatest Stage.
Sptcial fablt litwavh to Tn Siv
Vopirighl, 19IS; all rightt rf tried.
J.nrnoN, June 13. "Germany's new
enemy" Is the way Gen. von t.lobert
treats tho United States In an article In
tho Ta'gllarhe Rwidichau of Berlin.
,'r"" von ''e'M,rt expresses surprise that
nothing has been heard of the sinking
of American transports by German sub-
Jjj ' marines, llo hopes UiaUGermany's lat
1 est undersea cruisers are after these
' ihlps loaded with men, and continues:
"America hitherto only haa threatened
us by means of military statistics, but
now she nppearH herself on the field of
battle. She has come out of the stage
of preparation for war nnd has entered
the etnge of actual fighting."
The Targliichc llundtckau editorially
Informs its readers that the war haa
entered the American stage, the last
and greatest of all, That the German
authorities know full well that this final
part of the war Is not far off. Is jhown
In a despatch from Amsterdam, which
niy that the German press officially
has been Informed to prepare the Ger
man people for the news of tlfe active
participation of Nttong American forces
on the western front.
Present Provision Satisfies
Military Requirements,
Baker Says.
Conscription Treaty "Between
V. and Britain Affefits
British Sulijt'otfjllcre.
,-prcul Itttpntcl. to Tht Sic
Wamiiniito.v, June 13. In view of
many reporls that the War Department
was to ask modification of the draft law
and extend the present age limit Secrr
taiy of War Maker to-day authorized
the stat-ment that no such plan was
under lonslueruuon
The present inovifion for drafting
mm between the ages of '21 and St sal
ihfles military l equipments and theie
Is no need whatever, it Is explained, to
look beyond these age limits now clr In
the near future Mr. Maker would be
opposed to any proposition to extend
the age limit at present for th- icaton
that he iegard this as entltely unneces
saiy It became known lo-d.iy that the
treaty negotiated between the l'nll?d
State, Great Hritaln nml Canada rr
' .-.!! ...It-...,.-.,.
garding conicrlptlrg and enlistment
provides for the drafting of British sub
jects In the I'nlted States between the
agej of ;i and iO.
This treat), which must now be uni
fied by the Snal, was fcllghtly modified
to make draft laws more or less uni
form in nil the countries Involved, and
this led to reports th.it the I'nlted
Status Government ontfmplaicd lalsing
tie age limit to utl In order to conform
lo tl e llritis'n man power law, which
conscripts between the ages of IS and So.
It is explained at the War Department
that if l.ilslng the draft age at this
time would hasten tie winning of tho
wnr or seive uteful military purpoie
theie would be no hesltancj In recom
mending It.
The available man power between the
ages of 21 and 31 has not been exhaust
ed nor has tho call to the colors of men
vvltt in these ngu limits reached n point
wherf it appears necessary to look be
ond. llach year brings upnatd of
1,000,000 new- men to availability for
service by tho fan that approximately
this number becomes of uge nnnuullj.
Forty Arretted mi Cliiirae of
thr AtKoaoietl Pir
Dl'Hl.i.v, June 13 The police i.mled a
workmen's club In Yotk street to-night
and arrested forty of the hundred per
sons assembled. A linage and threaten
ing crowd In the street during the laid
was dispersed by the police, who used
their club".
The charge against those artcsted Is
understood to be that of drilling. Those.
In the club who were not arrested de
nied there was any drilling, declaring
that dancing chiefly supported the club.
Alderman Kelley, tho Sinn Fein repre
sentative at the anti-conscription con
ference, and other Sinn Fclners arc
members of the club.
London Hear Srydler llrslnn In
In Anatrla.
Ixis-PON, June 13 A despatch to tie
lizchiiuge Telegraph from Amsterdam
reports that Dr. ton Seydler. the Aus
trian Premier, tendered his leslcnatlun
to F.mpsror Charles on Wednesday.
The despatch adds that ,tlc Kmpernr
ha not yrl accepted It,
Numerous correspondents have been
permitted to report there are 500,000
Americans on this side of the water. I
Having said ho, they proceed to calm
the fatherland's nerves with the assur
ance that half of the number are em
ployed on lino of communication, while
the other half ate worth nothing.
So far official nnd semi-official state
ments in Germany have reported nothing
but defeats for the Americans, but the
fact that the American force are mak
ing themselves felt Is one that no longer
can be hidden from the German people.
Quotations from the newspapers show
tltat the authorities think It well that
the period of wild, unbridled sneering
at and despising Americans as an actual
factor In the western front must gradu
ally be brought to a close.
Information comes from Geimany to
the effect that the attitude of the peo
ple toward the offensive ha become one
of stubborn and unenthuslastlc waiting.
The question which Is being frequently
asked Is, "Where arc the Austrian??"
"Indeed It cannot be hidden from the
neople that Austria haa not lived and is
unable to Jive up to the promises made j
u ner ciui.-.uicu on ute eve oi tne
'French Counter Attack De-
fending Compiegne Stirred
Allied Armies.
Confidence Is Renewed That
' Gernrans Will FMI in Their
Main OhJccilves.
II. GKIt.tl.Il IMMIMIIil.l..
zpictol lobtf Iinpatcl, to Till; Scv iifi thr
London Timet
Copyright IKS; all rlfhU reitntt
French Aiimt Heapqitartkr in tht.
Fh.ld, June 12 'delated) - Fnmcli
troops defending the approaches to
t'omplegne between Jlontdidler and the
Olse put a decided spoke yisterday In
the wheel of the German advance On
the left und left centre they counter at
tacked with great vigor and recuveied
n. good slice of the ground loft on Sun
day and Monday. In the rest of ill
centre they kept their position-. On the
right the enemy made but little progress j
ii in tei too eany to say tnai tne
French have brought the attack to a
final standstill, although trot U pos
sible. It Id enough that they able
tc check It In this sector by afniming
the offensive themselves after two days
of exceptionally hard lighting In which
they contested every foot of the ground
over which they retired. France and
her allies may be proud of them
The chltf counter attack j oil the
extreme left wli:g. Over ii front of
about eight miles between llubescourt
at.d St Mm-r tho Infantry, supported
ly tanks, advanced an average depth of
a mile and a half toward the oilgin.il
llr.e ftom which the German started
tl.eir oifenslvo on Sunday morning. The
new line, after parsing juft south of
l.e Fretty, was nclually pushed forward
to the old line of departure. The French
got beyond 11111 100, between Courcelles
pnd Mortimer and nearly two miles kiwI
of Mery, retook the village of llelloy
and GenlU wood ami ic.irhcd the edge
of St. Maur, n Final' hamlet on the
toort fiom Itoje to Senlls,
Failure nt flirt Inriiii
,niir ..iM.ie.
llast of thU mad
attack drove the Germans back north
of I.es l.oget Farm and Antheull Vil
lage, a half mile be.v oud tho farm on the
Iloye-Conipleiine Hallway From there
to Chevlncourt thev kept the line Intact.
On the thue mile front between Chevln
court and liethlncourt it was the Get-
mans who did the attacking, and ;tl-
though they succeeded In taking Ilethln-
cuurt and Muchemnut. the nctt tlllaiu
to the wist, their repeated assaults on
C!ielncourt were all upulbod the) did
not penetrate even n far a tin I- icticli
The character of the mound nere on
the French lUlit is pal tlculnrlv favoi
able for an attacking foice on annum
of the way In which It Is cut up by 5
network of hills and deep vallejs which
make It dltllculf for tho defenders to sen
the enemy and guard against surprise
attacks and the danger of belni; sur
rounded. The ground on the left wing west of
the Montdldler-Compiesti.e load consists
of wide stretches of gently rolling up
lands over which the defendets can see
for long dlstanct-H, especially from tho. 1. pWln), ptogirn after f.ve days
plateaus of slery and l.e I'levrnn. nndi- h.av.- lighting ha'i been a m.i'ier of
sweep a vvlde held with artllltry Mir. ' Mv ml, 3, sUlU tl e cot to him
It wan over this country that the Fri-rien 'lMH ), torrlfic lli.i los-es hive been
made their highly .successful counter at- , far hrawr ,iUrlr,K th? last few day
tack, which, bisidis .lie guln of gtuiiud. than in any previous engagements on
brought them niote than l.OoO pils-r.cM J the Alsne
and several suns--a notable haul for "Con-lderabIe doubt exist-i tegardltnr
the defending foice on the tlilnl d.Tv of I lb" real objective of the eneniv The...
an elan
tensive on a ar.ind scale
It remains to bo seen if tin cneni) will
C'oriltii'iro on .Vrronrf fnyr
Geriniui Attempt lo Reach
Conipiegne From North
Apparently Defeated.
Heroic Stand of French on
Mery Plateau Stops All
Efforts There.
Enemy Uses Five -Divisions on
Fonr Mile, Front, North of
Villers Cottercls.
fpecuit Coble Despatch to Thk Sin
lopyright. IMS; alt riqht irtiritil
l.o.N'noN, June 13. The momentum of
Gen. von Hutler's advance, which re
celved lta first serious check on Tues
day when the French made a brilliant
counter nttaclc between rourcellea and
Mery, a little fotit!ieat of Slonttlluler,
following It up yesterday with further
suceoFses in the same region, lias prac
tically ceased, according; to despatches
received from .the front to-day.
Theerman official report last nisht
admitted that it is Mowing up by as
serting; the repuUo of Frenclt assault.!
and counter attack, but mentioning;
no ground sained by their own at
tack. The Germans' one gain was
made possible by the French with
drawal, unmolested, from the apex of
tho salient Just south of Xoyon lo the
new lino from the left bank of the Ois
below Hibecouit to south of Ncmpcet
and thence to Fontenoy, on the Alsne.
Admit I, os uf (inns.
The German report to-day as?erts
that the number of prisoners taken slncn
the dtlvo began on Sunday has now
risen to 15,000 and the number of guns
lo 150. It Is noteworthy that for the
tlrst time in n long period the German
statement admits the lofs of some guns.
In fact, ten were captured In the fight
ing of Juno 11. of which fonr were of
large calibre.
. In the centre, where the Germans hart
reached the River Mntz between Mellrocq
Hiul Croix P.lc.iul, nnd had trussed It,
attAlhtng n point only five miles from
Compiegne. the French drove them bark
to the northern batik and held them
there. Compiegne is in no immediate
H u a dilvc which b.-t;;iii .vesterdny
south of tho Alsne thr Germans were
able to advance, after an entile day of
desperate righting, but Utile more than
.i mile, leaching the main road between
Fontenoy nnd Uuigport at the northeast
corner of tho forest of Villein t'ottcu-U.
Here, they have taken tlireu small vii-y
laRis on tliis load, but French tioopinr.
strongly huld.ng the hUU ((round to th
west, at tho foot of which the ro-id from
the. forest to the Aisnc runs
i:nein l.uviea Kit-roil r.
l-i ivery lespect to-days news- in ih
most encouraging since the offensive b
KAii on fcindat. The limited success of
Von Huller'K thrust, the tllspmpoi tlon
sttely heavy loei Inlllrted upon the at
tacking cllvi'dony and the nuccep of the
Fiench counter attacks In recoveiinz m
poitant ureas of ground temporality lost
are the most encouraging features of the
presen' y.tuatlon.
Theo sharply dlol.i.guish the present
battle from that which besai, or. March
-1 and also to tome extent fiom a',1 th
other German oiTVnslv cs undertaken this
tear Von Hutier, In spite of ills tre.
nier.diiut losses, ban not i racked Com
piegne nor haa he established the Go
nial! Ini" along tile Iiit twenty nrles uf
the AlNiie to where .1 intrrs the O s.
My his advance to K'.ln-5un lie i om
pelled the French to w-ithdiavv fiom the
Xoyon eallert, iUvlng uj) the important
wood on the plateau a' f'ar'epont but
the Fiemh still ate holu.n a strong
line north of the Alsne
Object uf Present Tliriiti.
! It was in tho hope of Hanging tb.s po
Ulllon that the thru', now held up mi
l"'e Fontenoy-Kongporn road was
launched. It alto was Intended to en
able the German foues which have been
lighting dno .luno '.' to force a wav
through Villers Cottcrets forest ;o t-irii
that position fiom the mil III. 1'p to th
present time the Get mans have been no
moru successful than they went to Un
southward, or still further to the south,
between ''hatiau Thierry and Chezv .
where tho American Iroops again
sinasned a heavy utiacK dlieotcd iinalnst
. t'aeii lints between lloureschf s and
lJclleati v ood.
The mllitmy epe t of the i:icnmo
.s'tdfi'Viml says- "Sinci 11. e new offen
sive began on June 'i me German have
used no less than t.venty dlvilori. be
tween 200,000 and 2SO.O00 men. Iden
tified among these atu men ftom I'rlnce.
Ituppr I'cht'- arm, it mu' not be as
sumed however, that any large part nf
I'.upprei bl'ii division havo been drawn
upon Theie Is ever) leisnn to bcllevn
that tiio main tiservcs under ii - com
mand me still Intact.
sir Mile III l ite Umjs.
uf cnn'-ideration : le may , ntlnue hit
attncl.H In the direction of Dans nr he
ma; iii tuck with the hope nf dividing
the .llie. It Is conslilt red quits pot
bible that either of the efforts whlcl. he

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