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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, June 22, 1918, Image 1

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it. ,
Riin to-day; somewhat wanner; to
morrow fair and cooler.
Hlghert temperature yetrterday, 61; lowest, 55.
Detailed weather reports on last pace.
VOL. LXXXV. NO. 295.
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JUNE 22, 1918. Copyright. 10U. by the Sun Printing and Publishing Association.
Fire Chief Startles Estimate
Body With Figures on
"Sun's" Suggestion to Use
Salary Accruals Is Under
"It la not a question of saving 1100
man. more or less. It Is a question
of protecting the city of New York from
what I assure sou Is a real peril."
Thus Fire Chief Kenlon, addressing
the Board of Estimate yesterday In be
half of more pay for his depleted force
to keep experienced men from resinning
and to attract new men, into the depart
ment, revealed to the rather startled
board the plain truth of the salary
Chief Kenlon, Fire Commissioner
Drennan and Joseph J. O'Reilly, editor
of the Chief, who speke for both the fire
men and patralmen In support of their
request for a ten per cent. Increase,
starting July 1, found the members of
the Estimate Board willing to listen to
argument. Alfred E. Smith. President
of the Board of Aldermen, was. for one.
fi impressed by the Fire Chiefs blunt
recital of the facts that he said :
"The absolute necessity of meeting
this situation is shown by Chief Kenton's
explanation. We can't let the fire fight
ing force of the city break down. That
would be calamitous."
All InigeM tTalasj Accruals.
All three speakers, in answer to ques
tions from Mayor Hylan and others of
the Estimate Board as to where the
money could be found to raise the wages
of patrolmen and firemen, suggested the
possible source which The Sun pointed
out yesterday momlng.
They said that salary accruals In the
police and fire departments meaning
ravings from.Uie money appropriated for
the pay of men who have gone to war
or resigned and whoso places have not
been filled ought to be used for this
purpose. Police Commissioner Enrlxht
1ms said his accruals ought to be be
tween 1 100,000 and f 500,000 by the end
o: this year. Commissioner Drennan
.aid yesterday the total accruals In his
oepartment would be about $700,000, of
which, as Comptroller Craig Indicated,
a good deal ha been converted to the
purchase of supplies.
"But why purchase supplies with It?"
nld Chief Kenlon after the meeting.
"Why shouldn't the money saved on the
rilaries of men who have gone away be
use J In this emergency to raise the sal
aries of the men who have given up half
their days off In order to get the de
partment's work done?"
Farther Inquiry Tfeceasary.
The Estimate Board decided that fur
ther Investigation was necessary. So
th application for the 10 per cent. In
crease was referred to the committee on
finance and budget, which was directed
to find out Jueit what salary accruals In
both departments amount to now, what
may be expected for the rest of the
ar. and whether this money could be
uvd as was proposed at yesterday's
meeting. This committee consists of all
the Board of Estimate members, with
comptroller Craig as chairman. It will
meet In the office of the Comptroller on
Monday. Before that time officers of
insurance companies will assure the com
mittee that Chief Kenlon's statement of
the menace confronting the city was not
Mr. O'Reilly began yesterday's hear
ing by telling the Board of Estimate
that taxpayers and real eeitate organiza
tions had been canvassed and found to
favor the salary Increase. He also ex
pressed his regret that Mr. Munsey, who
went to the meeting ready to apeak In
support of the petition, had been called
vay by an unavoidable business en
gagement before this part of the calen
dar was reached.
"Mr Munsey, as you know, has taken
n special Interest In this matter," Mr.
O'Reilly added.
tlrrnnnn Favors Pay Increase.
Fire Commissioner Drennan said :
"I am In favor of the men getting a
livable salary. They do not' have that
now and can do better outside the de
partment." "I wish," said Mayor Hylan, who pre
sided, "that these advocates of salary
Increases would consider the question of
where the money Is coming from."
"We can Issue only 12,000,000 of spe
cial revenue bonds a year," remarked
'cmptroller Craig, "and of that 11,000,-
000 Is exhausted."
The Mayor continued: "We are all
in favor of giving city employees getting
$1,400 a year or less some Increase, but
where Is the money coming from 7 I
wish the people who udvocate Increases
would tell us, particularly the business
men. We can't hold up the tax and rent
layers and take It out of their pockets.
1 wish we. could be told where we can
get It honestly so that we could give
consideration to the proposal."
Mr. O'Reilly reminded his Honor of
miice Commissioner Enright's estimated
avlng of between 1400,000 and 1500,000
In his appropriation for salaries.
Ves," Mayor Hylan said, "the Com
missioner Is doing good work In that
Haying that all city employees should
l e considered. Borough President Dow
lirg added: "It Is up to us to get the
Senltnutd on Fourth Page,
Germans' 150,000 Acre Base
May Be Used by U. S. for
Site Acquired by PatienUJji
trifruc Seized With Palatial
Special Despatch to Tnr. Stv.
Washington, June 21. German money
that went to finance what Is believed to
have been a plot to establish a German
base of some kind on the Oulf coast Is
likely now to be used to build American
ships withwhich to defeat the Kaiser.
This plan, Involving the use of 150,000
acres of the finest timber land In Florida
and one of the finest harbors on the Oulf
for a wooden ship yard of large propor
tions, has been laid before Chairman
Hurley by A. Mitchell Palmer, alien prop
erty custodian, who some months ago
took possession of the German American
Lumber Company, located at MIMIIe,
Fla., and found therein a nest of Ger
man Intrigue with direct connections
with the Wllhelmstrassc.
Two of the former presidents of the
German American Lumber Company
have been Interned at Kort Oglethorpe
as dangerous aliens. Evidence In the
possession of the Department of Justice
shows that while ostensibly posing as
German merchants and business men
they were In reality German secret
service agents.
In fact, the records of the company
and other information now In the hands
of the Government would seem to show
that the German American Lumber Com
pany was more or less of a camouflage,
and that what purported to be a German
commercial scheme may have been a
plan for acquiring some kind of a Ger
man base on the Gulf coast.
Kaiser's Aid Onrned Stock.
.Ml of the stock of the company about
which tills scheme centred Is owned In
Germany, most of It by a man said to
bo 1'rlnco Schombcrg, whose princi
pality Is situated near Bremen. The
Prince Is a close friend of the Kaiser,
and all of the operations were directed
from Germany.
The German American Lumber Com
pany Is a $2,500,000 corporation, owning
1 1B0 000 acres of timber liyid. two tan
j mills, eighty miles of railroad and two
Florida towns'. Its hisicry goes back to
189 1. As pieced together from the rec
ords now In the Lands of the Govern
ment, this history shows that Julius
Schrcyer, of the Kaiser's clique, began
a series of mysterious trips nbout the
Oulf coast when the Isthmian Canal
project was receiving much attention.
After two years thus spent Sclireycr ap
peared at St. Andrew's Bay, 150 miles
east of Pensacola. then totall unde
veloped, and began bujln? all the land
within miles.
The land gradually was acquired In
such a way that Its possessors virtually
controlled the bay. An American was
president during the time the land was
being purchased, but as soon as this
was completed all the Americans were
ousted and then several Germans ap
peared, each serving a three year term
as president. The first of these was one
Edward Lutz, who came from Haytl,
presumably under orders, and who It
now appears was a secret sen-ice agent
with a number at the Wllhelmstrassc.
Following him came Theodore Poppe and
then H. G. Kulenkarnpff Under their
direction the company fought against
any exploitation of the bay for com
mercial purposes, opposed the building
of a railroad which would have opened
up the tract and also the building of
Lived In Princely Mile.
A house was built on a bayou and
loaded with fine linen and silver from
Berlin and there the German directors
and their staff lived In princely style.
The books of the company show that
no effort was made to do anything but
a perfunctorv lumber business. The ac
counts were kept careleraly, Its officers
never discounted a bill, never demanded
any Interest from the banks on their
deposits, but made enough sales to pay
them a salary of 150,000 a year.
As soon as the trading with the enemy
act was passed last fall Department of
Justice agents swooped down upon the
company and seized papers of all kinds.
Simultaneously some of Its officers and
ex-offlcers were picked up around the
country and Interned.
German propaganda stuff was found In
evefy corner of the house. Apparently
It had been a hute distributing centre
under the direction of tho Germans In
charge. Also on the books now In pos
seaslon of the Government appear mys
terious payments made to the officers
for "expenses" amounting sometimes to
150,000 at a crack.
Inasmuch as It owns 300,000,000 feet
of timber, and one of the finest ship
building sites In the country. Mr. Pal
mer and the directors thought that the
best use that could ,bo made of this
project of the Kaiser, whatever It was,
would be to build wooden ships with
which to defeat him. This plan Is now
before the Shipping Board.
Baron llhondda Improved.
Londn,( June II. Although the re
port on the condition of, Baron Rhondda,
the British Food Minister, said he had
passed a good nltht and showed general
improvement, !t Is feared he will be un
able to returns his labors for some time.
Baron nhondda Is at his home In Wales,
Prussian Deputy Urges
Government's Overthrow
AMSTERDAM, June 21. The
Rheinische Weitlaelische
Zeitung of Essen says that Herr
Hofcr, Independent Socialist,
said in the Prussian lower house
"Ten thousand Red Guards
were jnercilessly mowed down at
Taganrog by German troops, and
then you say we are at pcaco
with Russia. I am persuaded that
Russia will spring at our throats
when the time comes. It is base
to kill an enemy after he is
blinded by poison gas. The
people must overthrow a Gov
ernment which is incapable of at
taining a speedy peace by under
standing." President Lohmann repri
manded Deputy Hofer.
Prediction of Ocean Flights
Next Snmrner Made by
Gen. Brancker.
British Expert Believes Trip
Can Be Done in Forty
fptrial Penpatch to Tnr Scs.
Washington. June 21. American air
planes, destined for the European battle
areas, will make the transatlantic flight
from here under their own power next
summer. A test flight across the ocean
may be made within a few months.
This was the prediction made to-day
by Major-Gen. William Branckcr, the
British Air Ministry's Controller of
Kquipment and a recognized authority
on military aeronautics.
Gen. Brancker ventured his prediction
In a talk on the general subject of mili
tary alatlon here, and abroad. It was
made cnrefully and deliberately as De
cerning an 'official whose position In
Great Britain is similar to the one held
by John D. Hyan for the American Gov
ernment. The experience which this
British General has had In guiding hl
country's air programme to practical
results lenas a'lei weight to his pre
diction. An Nprclacnlnr Plan.
Gen. Brancker made It clear that there
was no Idea of a spectacular trans
atlantic flight Involved, The plan Is
based on the practical proposition of
getting American airplanes of the heav
ier t.vpo to the battle zones without los
ing time and without taking up the
valuable space required to ship them
In brief, the plan Is for n four pas
senger high powered machine to make
the flight between the two continents
at approximately eighty-five miles an
hour. This would mean about forty
hours for the entire trip. The routes
suggested are from Newfoundland direct
to the cmM of Ireland or to the Azores
nnd from there to Prance. It Is cal
culated that 750 horsepower, which
cculd he obtained by n combination of
engines must be deeloped to assure the
overseas flight.
Gen. Brancker's prophecy attracted
Immediate attention at the War Depart
ment. Secretary Baker characterized
the plan as "very daring" and made It
clear that the War Department would
cooperate in every way to facilitate
snd stimulate the success of the en
terprise. Mint lie Curried Ont.
"An enterprise which must be carried
nut as soon as possible," Major-Gen.
Brancker said In his talk, "Is the flight
across the Atlantic Once this has been
established America's output of big
bombing machines can proceed to Ku
rope by air nnd so save the shipping
that Is so Invaluable for other purposes.
"This may seem like a wild statement,
but we must remember that In 19U the
flight of the lhigllsh Channel was con
sidered a wonderful and dangerous per
formance. There Is really no reason
why a considerable number of big air
planes and seaplanes should not cross
the Atlantic .during next summer and
the earlier that a pioneer proves the
flight not only to be possible but com
paratively safe the better can the won
derful resources of America be employed
townrd winding the war."
In his general discussion of mllltaty
aeronautlcs here and abroad Gen.
Brancker brought out many points con
cerning which (here has been little au
thoritative comment. He showed how
manufactures In England at the begin
ning of the war shared the tame op
timism of Americans a few months ago
that they could construct airplane en
gines as easily as motor engines, arid
emphasized the fact that this was an
entirely mistaken theory.
Standardisation Question.
On the much discussed question at
standardization in airplane construction
the General was Inclined to feel that
quality Instead of quantity should ho
given precedence. "Quality Is better
than quantity," he said. "This applies
also to the personnel. Quality Instead of
quantity should have precedence."
He Indicated clearly that standardiza
tion which could not keep pace with
CviiMnucd on Third Page,
American Lines North of
Chateau Thierry Greatly
Improved hy Gain.
Division Cited for Work Done
in Lorraine Trendies, Held
for 1 00 Da vs.
By the Aitociated Prtst.
With the Auemcan Armv in I'mxit.
June 21. The Amerlcnn forces nnrtl -
west of Chateau Thierry further straight
ened their line this morning by a series
of small but brilliantly executed attacks
on the north side of 1'elleau Wood.
The American troon rushed th ,ie-
sired positions held bv tie enemv with
out the customary artillery preparation.
The t.ermans for the most part took a
fewa shots and then retired. One enemy
post held Its ground nnd was quickly an
Anirrlrmi Position Strengthened.
To the east of Belleau-Wood a thin
line of American skirmishers advanced,
firing as they went, and obtained their
objectives witlout difficulty. All the op
erations were carried out as planned.
As a result the American positions have
been strengthened and we are better
able to withstand an assault when It
American artillery last midnight
poured an avalanche of projectiles Into
the wood'to the east -f Chateau Thierry,
where aerial photograp) s had showed
there was a host of German troops and
much enemy material. Tho enemy un
doubtedly was severely punished.
The American fire i cached the highest
concentration In a ten minute period,
when 1,200 shells of all calibres fell on
one small area, later the American
gunners concentrated their fire on the
town of Hrasles, where many of the
enemy wer assembled and which was
the scene of recent captures of prison
ers by our patrols. Aerial observations
to-day show the extreme accuracy of
our fire, but of course the exact eff.ct
Is not known.
Itnlnhntr lllil.lon Cited.
American troops forming the rainbow
dhislon, on the completion of a hun
dred days consecutive service on the
front line In Irralne, to-day received
a document which will be kept by
them as a valued souvenir of the war
It Is a citation by the Krench General
testifying to the good work of the
The citation renders homage t "the
fine military qualities which the divi
sion has constantly exhibited and to
the services It has rendered In this
sector," and ndds
"The spirit, method nnd discipline
shown by the officers and men proved
they can at the first call take a
glorious place In the line of battle."
The substance of the citation follows:
The General commanding the army
corps desires to do homage to the
tine military qualities w hich the Rain
bow lilslon of the '.'tilted States In
fantry continuously has exhibited anil
to the services it hns tendered on
this sector; Its offensive ardor, sense
for utilization and organization of
terrain a well a.i for liaison with
the Krench army The spirit, method
and discipline shown by the oltlcers
nnd men procd they can at the llrst
call take a glorious place In the line
of battle,
We are united In faithful memory
with the living and dead of the di
vision, Those who after having
nobly sacrificed their lles on the
soil of the Kast now rest there
guarded over piously by Kranre. .May
our units side by side, valiantly tri
umph for Justice and right.
Bkri.in, June SI. Tho section of to
day's official communication dealing
with the operations against the Ameri
can forces says:
"local Krench attacks southwest of
Noyon and by Americans northwest nf
Chateau Thierry broke down. The
Krench and Americans suffered heavy
Iosks and some prisoners remained in
our hands."
Arthur Griffith Defeats Na
tionalist Candidate.
Ixj.vnos. June 21. Arthur Grifllth,
the Sinn Keln leader who recently was
anested In the Sinn Keln roundup In
Ireland, has been elected to the llouso
of Commons from Kast fa van, He de
feated D.ivld O'Hanlon, the Nationalist
candidate, by a vote of 3,793 to 2,581.
The scat for Kast Cavnn was pre
viously held by Samuel Young, Na
tionalist, the then oldest member of the
House of Commons, who died on April
IS at the nge of 06.
The Sinn Keln quickly seized the op
portunity to name a candidate for the
seat, nominating Griffith, one of Its
most prominent leaders, while the Na
tionalists put O'Hanlon In nomination.
An effort was made by the Sinn Keln
during the excitement over the con
scription Issue last month to Induce
the Nationalists to withdraw their can
didate, but without success, nnd the
election whs fought out between the two
Austria Asserts Berlin Is
Attempting to Dodge
Pledge to Help.
Frantic Appeals Arc Being
Made to (icrmuny for Some
thing to Eat.
I.OMMt.V, Jane St. Dr. toil Sejdler.
the Austrian Premier, left Vienna at
midday to-day for Austrian headquar
ters to submit the resignation nf his
t'ahtnrt to Kmpernr Charles, says a des
patch to the Kxrhangr Telegraph from
Special Cable Despatch to Tint Sc. from tl,t
London Timet.
Copynoht, 191S; off right' reitritd
The Haque, June 21. The reduction
of the bread ration has caued Intense
excitement throughout Austria. AH of
the newspapers, without distinction of
party, are adopting the strongest atti
tude against the measure and are de
manding its speedy abrogation. They
also demand that Germany and Hungary
should be requested to furnish tempo
rary assistance.
The Vienna Labor Council met Tues
day. The meeting was to have been of
the most decisive character, grave reso
lutions having been prepared The execu
tive body of the Herman Social Demo
crats of Austria addressed an urgent ap
peal to the workmen and working
women, asking them to await the de
cision and to refrain from all excesses
and Interruptions of work.
At the same time they announced that
the executive body had resolved to en
ter the strongest protest against the re
duction of the bread ration and lo re
pudiate all responsibility for this meas
ure. In the meantime a quarrel appears
to be brewing between the Germans and
the Austrlans respecting the obligations
of the former to supply a rain to their
hapless ally.
Additional particulars regarding the
meeting of the Labor Council show that
the workers demanded the calling of the
Parliament. It was strongly Impressed
upon them that they must behave quiet
ly In the streets nnd avoid incidents like
ly to disturb the peace.
Itrnrrra Demands' for Peace.
The council renewed Its demands for
the most speedy peace without annexa
tions or Indemnities and the creation of
a leanue of nations. The workers desire
that the hostile Governments be Invited
to negotiate for peace upon this basis.
These demands were communicated by a
deputation of Socialist Democratic work
men to the Korelgn Minister.
Meanwhile measures were taken to
make the potatoes, meat, fat and other
provisions- available during the reduc
tion of the bread ration, and thus to
satisfy the demands of the population.
The city Is undisturbed excepting in
some of Ihe suburbs where rowdier
caused serious disorders. The Labor
Council, it Is slated, passed resolutions
affirming that a really permanent Im
provement In food conditiors was 1m
po&slble while the war lasts. Without
underestimating the great hlndiamci
whlc'i are at present obstructing ail
peace, the (ouncil renewed its demand
for tho speediest possible unlvers.il
It Is interesting to note that this re
port as circulated by the Vienna seml-
I official news agency corresponds with
i that furnished by Wolff's Agency in
I Berlin.
After Tuesday's Vienna corporation
meeting It was officially announced that
Germany had hound herself bv State
treaty lo undertake to provision Austria
with flour both for the civil and mili
tary populations, without tcgard to
whether this Is dune from contributions
received from the Pkralne or from
Rumania or from the German food re
serves piopcr.
flour llellvrrlrs Fall short.
At llrst the deliveries were made
smoothly, but last week they had fallen
behind the quantity agreed. At the pres.
ent time 2,000 trucks nf flour, of which
1,000 were for the civilian population,
have not been delivered At Ihe same
lime there occurred stagnation In tho
grain deliveries, Urgent telegrams were
sent to the German military command
ConfliiKfd on Second Page.
Soldiers Tell of Joy
as Fund Smokes Come
'"pALK nbout happiness! It
certainly was ours when
we lighted up and puffed away
at real tobacco once more. All
the boys of tho company ask us
to thank you."
So write Sergeant J. A. Mc
Keown and Herbert Asbury,
New York boys, describing the
thrills that camo when SUN To
bacco Fund smokes were received
somewhere in France. Turn to
page -1 and see what else they
have to say.
BACCO FUND has no connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
Buffalo Man, Who Stunned Sentry and Escaped After
Being Teutons' Prisoner Nine Days,
Tells Strange Story.
Special Cable Despatch to Tin Scs and
rubllc Letter.
Copiirioht, I9U: ufl right referred.
With the American Army in KnANCK,
June 21. Private James A. Donahue
nf Buffalo turned up Tuesday nmong hla
comrades of an American unit holding
' tho lino weet of Chateau Thierry after
nine days absence. He told the most
amazing story of his capture by the
Germans nnd subsequent escape, and
made this statement :
"One evening 1 was helping the Ger
mans cut brush when three men
in American uniforms walked up to the
German officer and talked with him.
Then seven men In Krench uni
forms walked up nnd talked with the
same ofllcer. They also turned and
walked back to their lines. I figured
at the time that I was eight or nine
kilometers behind the lighting ground."
The examining officer of the American
Intelligence section then asked : "What
did these men, German -ples In Amer
ican and Krench uniforms, do when they
reported? Did they salute or did they
merely come up to the German ofllcer,
talk to him nnd then go away?"
Donahue replied : "They would J List
Lord .('ceil Believes Hunger
Situation Is Falsely
Does Xot Think Press Would
. Bo Permitted to Tell of
Real Calamity.
Special Cable tttspatch to Tnr. Srs.
Copyright. !tt: all riu.M reneried.
London, June 21. The Austrian eco
nomic situation Is not as had a the
enemy would have us believe. Is the lst
of a statement made to-day by Lord
Hubert Cecil, spokesman for the British
Korelgn Office, to the correspondent of
'The Si-s- added:
"Undoubtedly there are a great deal of
agitation nnd considerable unrest In Aus
tria at present, although personally I
believe It is greatly exaggerated. It has
been obvious that the Germans and Aus
ttians have made a habit of always nil-
' vertlslng the fact when economic con
ditions In their respective countries have
been bad, their idea being,' evidently, to
lull the enemy to sleep, Thus they
thought they would take us unprepared,
"To a certain degree thle has not been
without effect In Great Britain. At the
time of the last campaign of this nature
there was more pacifist talk In Kngland
than ever befoie. The condition of Aus
tria nia b bad we have 'Rood reason
to know that It is had but the mere
fact that their newspapers, which are
' much mine under control than ours, give
i so much publlclt.v to the fact nnd also
I that matter of such a natuie could be
i published only with the full consent of
t the Government gives me very strong
j reason to doubt their veracity.
"The German peace offensive has not
made any great advance et, as the
enemy Is still devoting all his attention
to battle.
"The Impel ial confennie being held
In Loudon Is most valuable from many
British viewpoints nnd also from those
of tile Allirs.
"Later thej will discuss economic
condition. It Is very es-sentlal that we
should all discuss that subject. If we
ever need any league of nations it must
be based upon economic weapons We
shall never get any results from such a
league without economic pressure."
Total of .'Ill.tl'JO llellrvnl to llrpre-ki-nt
I lyONbON, June 21 British casualties
reported during the week ended to-day
aggregated 36.620, The losses were
divided ns follows :
Killed or died of wounds OHlcers,
23S: men. t,247.
Wounded or missing Ofllcers, 1.414 .
men, 30,"2t.
It Is several weeks slnre the British
army ha been enttnged In any pro
longed fighting on a large scale. The
bulk nf the casualties now being re
ported, which still are running between
30,000 and 40,000 weeklv, evidently
represent accumulations of names from
the Intensive operation! In which the
British were engaged during the heavy
German attacks of this spring on the
British front.
lloston Symphony Ousts Aliens,
Boston, June 21. KlKhleen Germans
have been dropped recently from mem
bership In the Boston Symphony Or
chestra, according to W. H. Bretinan, an
olllcial of the organization. It is an
nounced that In the future no enemy
alien will be permitted In take part It
the concerts of the orchestra, whon
former leader, Dr. Karl Muck, has bees
come up and talk nnd get some orders
and then hurry away. They did not
Donahue asserts ho stunned his sen
try with a pick handle be found on the
ground and got away. He appears to be
suffering from lack of fond and was
almost Incoherent when he rejoined our
troops near Belleau. He said he had
been brutally booted and starved by the
Germans. His statements arc being
carefully Investigated.
A German ofllcer prisoner we have
taken says Germany Is now using her
criminals In the ranks upon the west
front nnd that these released criminals
form 20 per cent, of the storming bat
talions, lo per cent, of the Infantry and
5 per cent, of the artillery.
Another severe criticism against the
Germans Is that certain aviators, slightly
wounded In aerial fights, have died mys
teriously within twenty-four hours after
ward under circumstances which Indi
cate the Germans are using poison
bullets for ulr tights. The charge is sup
ported by one uf the hospital urgeon.
I have tulkcd with British, Krench and
American aviators, and they Insist the
German avlutors have been going to foul
tactics ever since they began to lose
their pianos In large numbers, com
mencing this spring.
Battle Limited to Hemming
In of Enemy tp Two
HOO Dead Found in Fifteen
Shell Holes Close Forma
tion Fatal.
n wtnn inici;.
Special Cable Detpatch to The Ms .'rom fe
London Timet.
Cnpuright. IH; right r 'tri ed
HKAtiQ.irAr.TERs or thi: 1tai.uk Ansir,
June 21. The critical stage of the Aus
trian offensive seems definitely passed.
In the last forty-eight hours the battle
has been limited to the successful hem
ming In of the enemy In the two salients
he made across the I'lave Kiver at Mon
telloand San Dona. This work yielded the
Italians l-,oo prisoner", among them nn
Austrian division commander. Major
Gen von Kronstat. who died In a hos
pital. "The artlllei ynien aie good men and
brave enough, but they lack great null
taiy knowledge," is the expert British
estimate of the fighting form of the Aus
trian army as shown by Its first en
counter with the British expeditionary
forces In Italy.
"Our soldleis ai. full of delight at the
hatd knock they have siven the enem.v,"
the expert said. "There are soo dead' in
fiont of one of our divisions They have
bt en l.vlng in fifteen single shell "holts."
Ilml Idcnl Tnriirts.
Tho Biltl.s'i machine guns h.nl meal
targets as the Austrlans cjine forward
in close foiuiation. The gunneis hoisted
their pieces to the top of the parapets
so as to make the most of their chances
as the Austrlans advanced with deter
mination, but fell Into confiifrlou when
tmv mulied mil llins,
Two of their four attacking divisions
did not even know that thej had Kng
llsh tioojis' to face SliaiiKest of all. the
Austilan staff seems to have believed
that the whole Biltlsh front was held
by a ilnj;li. brigade, through which tlie.v
niivht slmplv innip fonvnid
The explanation of this costlv eisoi
of theitn Is that weeks mro when out
of our brln.idis was In line on tho right
ttank they lost a pilsoner patrol. The
ineinv lhu dcntltied that partlculni
btlgnde lightly But,wlun the brigade)
was taken out of the line for rest It was
laler brought back and was puiccd at
the other end of the Hue. The result
v sin that tho Austrian inti'lllgVncc staff,
having detectcil Ihe presence of the
same brigade at both ends of the line,
crr.cluded rashlv that It held the whole
On Ihe eMieine riuht of the Billlsli
line the enemy did nianagu to rush tlf.
teen yards of our position, Inn' the
Colonel of the battalion concerned, see
ing them clamoring up toward his bat
talion headquarters, got together a
mh'Klcd bod of unlet lle, officcis' ser
vants and cooks and led a counter at
tack which drove the Austnans back
to the front line trenches asaln
Krom these, later in the iln, n counter
nit.ick by the Voiksnlre battalion Dually
ejected them
Circhii-Mn v Force MiikhkimI,
Till'iistivv, .Inn? 20 ( Del.ijeiH. -During
the lighting of the last threa days
several units of the Czecho-Slav foiie
cooperating with the Italian army have
been engaged, They have taken a
creditable part in Ihe attacks which re.
suited In considerable gains on the
lower pint of the San Dona salient,
northeast of Venhr, where inn pi lend
ers were raptuml
The Austrlans h.iv now ,' 'd five
t'onf iiitirif on Second Pugc,
Enemy Checked Every
where, but Still Tresses
on 3Iontcllo Plateau. v
They Assert Italian Attacks
Fail and Say They Cap
tured 3.200 Mow.
American Aviators (io Into
Service Directly I'pon
Ueacliins: Front.
pARIS, June 21. The Aus
trian losses in their offensive
on the Italian front exceed 120,
000 men, according to a despatch
to La Liberte from Rome, quot
ing the correspondent of the Cor
Were d'ltalia.
finMi:, .Tune 21. Itullnn forces yes
terday continued their counter offen
sive on tho l'Inve Hlver front In the
roslon of Kagnre nnd Zcnson nnd
gained further ground from the Au.-tro-Hungarlans,
the Italian War Offlco
announced to-day.
'Tor the first time," tho statement
says, "our airmen nnd those of our al
lies had ns their companions daring
American pilots, who ns soon as they
arrived at tho front wished to partici
pate In the battle."
Atistro-HungRrlan pressure contin
ued strongly on the Mnntello yester
day, the War Office nnnounces, but
everywhere the Invaders were checked,
anil the Italians counter attacking re
gained ground.
Fond Carried liy Airplanes.
The Austro-Hungarinns launched live
heavy attacks on the Italian lines at
Losson, to the west of San Dona dl
I'lave. Kxhftustrd by their exception
ally heavy losses the attackers wcrs
forced to retire In the face of the Ital
ian resistance. )
Austrian airplanes wetetcnmpelleil' to
cany piovislons to the Austrian troops
that succeeded In crossing tho Plave
River and were In danger of starvlnit
owing to the flood which carried away
their pontoon bildgcs between 7.0 n son
and .Musiie, accoidlng to a despatch ta
celvcd hcie by the tllonmtr iVltnlla.
In spite of the dlfTlciiltles that he is
encountering, Gen. Wurm. the enemy
commander, is attempting to press on,
but all his tfforts aie v.un in the face
of the lesl.Manee presented by the
Italian soldier-.
Unit Ihe Ground llrnnn.
A fcml-odleial nolo Issunl lo-. light
coi vi ri.'ng the Austrian ofrens'vc .sajs;
"The Italian counter offensive I. ah.
eoluiely superior lo the enemy nffaimvc.
YeitiTday In the Mnntello region and on
the Tre'-lso-San Dona dl I'lave road and
towaid the Zenson bend the Italians re
dii vii hy a good half the ground won by
tli. i-nemy In his grand attack on the
precidinj, day
"Statements of ptisoueis and the num
ler of dead counted on the Held show
that the Austrlans lost heavily In the
da.v'.s fighting.
"The attack on l.o"son was ciriied
out b.v a fresh .hiigade. composed of the
Kifteenth and Thlrt.v -second Siliuetzen
Coips and special detachni. nt.-. The
Italian counter pi ep.iratlon caught the
enemy while assembling and threw him
Into dbioider. Nev ertlieli ss his attack
a delivered, and thanks lo the artll
lei. v suppntt. a strong portion got a
footing on the eastern edge of I.osson,
but later was enveloped by a mpld and
brisk counter attack. Illglit.v men wers
cnptiueil .mil the remainder weic killed
in- wounded.
"Al Cortellazzo the check was equally
co-tly for the Austrlans Bluejackets
and Bersagllerl Micceeded hy a surprlsn
attack In bieakiiiR Into the third line,
sowing death and terror among the de
fendeis and capturing 200 prisoners. The
dash enabled the Italians to widen their
Vlonlello Vlnln Objective.
"The Austrian plan becomes plainer
and plainer," savs a seml-ofllcial note
issued to-day. "The plan Is to obtain,
no matter at what pil-e. command of
tho Montcllo, whence thc.v can hurl for
ward the divisions accuuiul.iti d on the
left bank of the I'lave
"Along the Montebelluna-Susrgan.i
railio.id i no battle raged all of .vester
dai, afternoon and night. A short sec
tion nf the track which the Austrian
c.iptuied was covered with the bodies of
their dead.
"Attacks follow one another method
ically, but slowl.v. on account of tlm
ditllcult tcir.ilu and the continually
changing lines which prevent hot'i slde.s
fioni using their artiller to thu full
effect The tine weather is favorable
to aviation operations, and the Italian
lilt planes contiuun to ili-stioy bridges
and lo direct theii machine guns at a
low altitude on the enemy 1 1 oops,
" lull, that probably ts only inomen
tai.v, continue, In the mountain zone.
"At presint mure than foit.v enemy
divisions nn- ingiiRcd In the battle line
and of these thlltv already have suf
fered he.iv II) "
Itepurt of War Ofller,
The statement Issued by the Italian
War Oltieo sa s:
tn the Mnntello ,veieid,iv the pres.
sute nf the enemy continued strongly,
but everywhere ho was held by our
troops who. counter attacking, re
g.ilne,' ground Ailva.'.e. ai'empud
b tho,rneim townul the weft and
snuih unlmatid the Mrugglc, part cu-j
ft i
1 .

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