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THK SUN. SUNDAY. JUNE 2:?, 191S.
"Work or Fight," What It Means to Nation Effect of the Anti-Loafer Laws in Force Next Week Will Practically Be Industrial Conscription and Equalization of All Workers' Efforts By ACNES C. LAUT. RECENTLY I saw working in a country road gang a middle aged Hum who has fnerally never done an hon est day's, work in Iiis lift: except under duress; arid the duress lias been the iic cessity to earn enough mnnov to buy drink for a spree Prom school days this man Las lived on Iiis parents and bis grandparents; then on his brot'iwrs and Lis sisters; finally, on l:is wife and his children; and here I.c is at last for the first time in iiftv cars on n steady job. Why? Anti-loafer lavs. Tin: man whose place he took in the trad gang went into a munition factory t slightly higher .pay. The man whose place the road man took in the factory went on a farm at the miirc: pay plus liousi- and privileges. The 111.111 on the farm whose place the factory man took was the son of the owner and had been drafted. It was a promotion one pace up every . tep. At one end of the line was the anti-loafer law. At the other end of the line was military conscription, be tween the two ends of the line Humph a ruse by any other name would smell as sweet and we are all sluing at the words was what is practically unoilicial industrial conscription shaking every body down by a process of invisible pres sure into a uiclnj of universal service. When an official questionnaire went out about a year ago registering all man and woman power it was pretty well known that the Governments of all the Allies were scrioitSry considering indus trial conscription, but everybody was afraid of the words. When Sir Robert Borden put his draft law through in Canada he had the same idea, conserip Hcu for industry and farm as well as for She firing line, but he hadn't the strength of u coalition Government behind him to enforce it. Then came another trend, especially last winter when fuel was scarce, to shut down non-essential industries and so force workers into' the ranks of the essential war industries; but it is a mighty risky thing to throw a monkey wrench into complicated machinery going at high speed. Tn the jar and the jolt and the jerk something is sure to fly off and hurt soir.eldy. What if the shutdown of non-essential industries reacted in unemployment just at the time the cost of living soared high est t That might mean bloodshed and riot, so the allied Governments went slow on that sort of industrial conscription,, hut if vou have an anti-loafer law at one cud of a line and military draft at the other end of the line you have the intake and outgoing spigots open at lioth ends of a big pipe line, and only the slime and slack arc going into the discard of utter waste. I don!t know whether the anti-Ioafcr laws were an inspiration or a chance, but if they are really enforced on women as well as men they are going to work out in universal industrial conscription, whether-we call it by that name or uni versal sen ice, and neither the Socialists nor the trade unions can utter demur, for they have been calling on high heaven for State regulation of wages, hours and industry for the last twenty years, and we have it in railroads, shipyards and war industries now." Take some examples just before the anti-loafer laws were passed. I think of a case in Canada that had an almost exact parallel in New York State. It was when the war broke out in 1914. The public were being told in trumpet blasts that only three factors would win the war, farm, factory, man power; or food, ships, fighting men, and the youth of the land were urged to enlist under one of the three banners. Three boys had grown up in adjoining yards in a country village. One was decidedly above normal, intellectually keen, almost pre destined to f-ucccsj. The s.o:id did not make much of a i ccord at school, but was a good worker and physically very pow erful. The third boy had been a skuik and slacker at .school and never would ;urh till on the impulse of the moment he ran away and married. Then to keep a roof overhead he took a plate as tenant helper on a farm. When the call of war cacc the keen boy voluntarily enlisted for the army. The physically powerful cliap got a job in a shipyard. As it chanced the shift less ne'er-do-well was drafted. On tiic plea that he was a married man, that he was working on a farm and that he was slightly short sighted he ilaiav.d and got exemption. As a matter of fact his wife and chil dren, of whom there were three in three years, would have been infinitely better off if he had been compelled to serve at the frout. She would have received $20 a mouth of his pay reserved by the Gov ernment and $5 for each child, besides a small allowance from a local patriotic fund, or in all from $10 to $50 a month; and if he were killed she would hate been sure of a jicnsion. The boy who volunteered for the tiring (Continued on follotcitty puij:) Where Huns Hold Our Boys As Prisoners OF these twemy-seven German prisoi camps in which Americans now aie held, Tucbel, mar Dauug. N to be the chief prison camp for our captured boys in uniform, according to advices reaching the American Red Cto-s. In each of the camps shown by a black Miiare on the map and in one small camp which cannot be located there arc either captured sol diers or else American seamen taken from submarined merchantmen. The Hed Cross , bad direct rejKirts from 231 men in these camps at the beginning of June and to each is sending through its prisoners' relief warehouses at Berne twenty pounds , ef food a week and is supplying clothing, comforts, tobacco and in fact everything ' tins men need. In supplying captured soldiers and sailors the Red Cross acts a the trans mitting agency for the army .or the navy which furnishes the supplies. In addi tion to the prisoner actually on, its ree- " ords (he Ued'Cross beli eves .that there are some 200 additional American pris oners in Germany who have not vet reached the prison camps- where they are to be located permanently. . The Ked Cross, however, i already prepared .to Care for these a mmiii as reported, and in fact has stored in B-nie or iiiitraiiMt supplies enough to lii.iiiilain 22,X)0 pri--oners it" necessary lor si month-;. Awaiting American prisoners eul to Tucbel is a stock of Ked ('loss package-? of food and cloih'iig in t barge of three of our raptured Ihiv-. who are appointed the Ked Cro.ss relief eoasmiltee lor that prison ump. Similar i-e.-erve slocks will -be placd in other prisons as it becomes evident that they ;tre ! be le-ed as centres for imprisoned Amiricant. who thus will be fed and clothed imimdiately. y" S L o u f Brandenburg V. . f 1 .w ;rs Brunsv,ck Q - russiaX ?r 4Holzminden V 1 I rv U O o t v. - yG . e; s R a Y tS.; i ,." -x ' 1 2.C. Cologne. .tassel X. 9 VPrcsdm S. isV -, .Siegburg Langcnsalia L-H... V. Jtodhl1l-1LG V t-J ) Barreuth V lr Haddberg o , . j rW Xurcmberg rV Karlsruhe.. C ' S , m v . rv wa, 7 J m-J 9 , e KflUeMW VIEWS L t O-Sv K--Li ' otBudapest 05 7v - w - v ( r BERKE. American f ' o T V ' Sy I , Red Cross Prisoners' x A U : f Supph 'Warehouses t , rv v, SWITZERLAND -J - r- ? V - fr f ' Z i Statute Miles - fjp I , ,aU T Ml MHWHIHT H ATOM II &CCOAWCC SCOtTV Location of German prison camps where Americans are being sent, drawn from the Red Cross records. Yaphank Bennie Over There (Continued fro; Srmud I'aije.) stars to day' but 1 vouidift. I'd die up there with all this poison in my sistem, mi they brought me down feme fruit they stole off tif the oflicars me- and when they went away they said they bet they would get me up stairs on deck tomorrow be cause it was going to be calme up there and the sea air would de me some good. I would like to see myself eer leave my death bed here. Faiewell. F.r.KKic Benny Make a Ssnsation. On deck Thursday. Dear Gfrtik: Well I am up on deck writing this and 1 guess l am going to live now and Ivbave got all over my poisoning. It is all calmed down but of cojv-c tliiit didnt make no difference. I was kind of sore about coming up heif! for awhile but I am all over it now and I gues wheu I tell you about it you will know why. Well this morning Jake and some of the boys come down stares and tried to get me up on deck but I wouldnt go. Then they weflt away and in about half an hour, some body I didn't know como running up to my birth and he shook me and said "the ship is sinking." Well of course you couldnt blame nie for what I done because I couldnt stand to sec hundreds of brave American "boys drown like that so I jumped up and run around that part of the ship kind of liol lering it and of corse all the boys down there they got hollering it and we run up stairs and everybody was a little excited. Some of the boys I gues jumped right in the boats. Well the officurs started giving orders then for everybody to keep quiet and sent everybody away from the boats and hol lered that nothing was the matter, and one of them come running up to me and said, "Did yon start this panikl" "No I just come along,1 I answered back. "Wo will put the man in irons that done this," he shouted, running around among the boys trying to hang it on somebody. . Well just then Jake 'and a couple pals of mine come up and took me over to the other side of the boat and got me a nice seat on the bottom of the deck and told mc just to "sit there and be quiet.- Then pretty soon they brought me something to' cat and at first I 'was 'afraid to cat it, but after while I did and I feel fine now. The sea over Jhere is as calme as any thing and I gues we are going to land hi Kngland somewheres tonight and then go right across to Kranse and jump into the trenshes. It certanly is fine on I tie sea old pal. Beknik. P. S. I forgot to tell you that this morning right after I come up stairs about six toqiedo lioats all flying little American flags come steaming up to meet us and ever since they been running around our boat like some of these por puses you see in the water. Well do you know Gertie that them little boats made everybody on bord feel releved and easy. I gues maybe Blue Jackits aint so- bad after all. But destroyers dont carry no Marencs at all. P. S. Next day: We arc just getting in sight' of England and we will land to ' night. Oh you Marry England. 'Oh you la bcl Franse. When I come back ill bring you a couple of huuns as spoils, if they aint too spoiled already. Bexsib.