Newspaper Page Text
Fair to-day and to-morrow; little change
in temperature; gentle winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 79; lowest, 6a.
Detailed weather reports on last ptgs.
IT SHINES FOPv ALL
VOL. LXXXV. NO. 318.
NEW YORK, MONDAY, JULY 15, 1918. Copyright, 1918, by thi Sun Printing and PubtUMng Jinociation.
PRICE TWO CENTS, i
Brass Bands Drowned Out
in Tumult of Shouts for
STATESMEN SHED TEARS
Bnstilo Day Celebration Is
Marked by Speeches by
World Famed Orators.
It lin't too much to say that perhaps
the air quivered no more violently around
the Bastlle on that great day In Parti
129 years ago than It did In Madison
Square Garden last night when, at the
apex of a day of glorious tribute to
France, a tall young: man wearing the
borlson blue of the French army and
noted throughout the world for his sing
Ins sang with splendid fervor France's
and now In a way our own "La Mar
seillaise." Some place oft In the uproar that
cams from the heads and hammering
heels and hearts of 10,000 enthusiasts
one vaguely heard sounds which hinted
that the combined brasses and drums
of the French military band and the
naval band from Pelham were still try
ing to crash forth the refrain. Far to
the left of the speakers' platform the
black eyed, blue and white clad sailors
from a French warship stood with
muskets and bayonets In faultless
The tricolor and the Stars and Stripes
danced like sun (lashes on waves above
the heads of the shouting thousands.
Police girls and khaki clad motor corps
girls almost not quite, but almost
forgot all rules 'of military formation
as they looked out with dassllngly
bright eyes on the massed ecstasy that
forked the Garden rafters.
An Ecetasy of Applanse.
Nurses In fleckless white waved and
shouted from the galleries that reached
to the seml-twillght near the roof.
Garibaldi veterans In scarlet, Greek sol
diers and sailors, lads In the blue of
France and khaki of our own army, Scotch
and Canadian kilties, hilarious, heroic
Belgians, English Tommies, Serbian vet
rans, American Jacktes with eyes alight
with happiness, plain humans In mufti
together they sent their shouts to the
highest heavens acclaiming their love
and admiration for the nation that said
and still says, "They shall not pass 1"
And down upon the mad, glad scene
gazed thoughtfully the learned states
man who represents France In the United (
(States, and back of him stood Frencn-1
men, old as well as young, with the
little marks upon the sleeves of their
coats which showed that they had
walked up to death unafraid on the
battlefields of the. home country. Their
chests heaved and their faces radiated
happlners, even though tears welled
from their eyes as the shouts rose to
them from the close packed representa
tles of all the decent peoples In the
Then again when the magic name of
Foch was mentioned and the thousands
beard read from the platform the op
timistic words of the mighty French
strategist as cabled by him to America
exprersly to be read to the throng which
the Committee of Allied Tribute to
France had gathered In the Garden once
more the already perforated atmosphere
was ripped to shreds.
Applaud Foeh'a Measasjre.
"After four years of struggle the plans
of the enemy for domination are
slopped" that sentence alone In Gen.
Koch's cablegram was enough to tent
the solidity of steel rafters already In
danger of cracking under the strain.
"He (the Hun) sees the number of his
adversaries Increase each day, and the
young American army bring Into the
buttle a valor and a faith without equal ;
Is not this a sure pledge of the definite
triumph of the just cause?"
It was. All that part of America and
her allies that could be jammed within
hearing of the French Ambassador, J. J.
Jusserand, when he read Gen. Foch's
telegram, waited not an Instant to make
answer. And the answer banged forth
lr oiume sufficient almost to be heard
over In France by the General himself
If he hadn't been making so much noise
In his own ImmedlAte neighborhood while
banging lead and gas and hell fire Into
certain folk In need of his doses.
It was a meeting there In the crowded
Garden last night which was a worthy
wlndup of a great day. For once, un
doubtedly for the first time, New York
ami the nation had taken unto Itself the
national holiday of another country and
had made It not something approaching
our own Glorious Fourth but a day that
was right up neck and neck with old
Uncle Sam's own birthday of freedom.
Airplane Observe Day.
Airplanes had whlxzed across the
fkles In and around Manhattan and had
dipped toward earth and water to alpp
with hair raising speed beneath the
graceful spans of the- bridges stretching
from Manhattan to the boroughs be
yond. A silvery dirigible, guided by
navy men. swam through the skies
throughout the late afternoon and even
when falling darkness threatened the air
snipper with loss of guiding marks on
his homebound trip.
In parks, along Riverside Drive, In
halls from Tottenvllle to The Bronx's
furthest north the flags of the United
Mates and France had fluttered morn
Ing, noonnd evening as distinguished
orators told of the glories that are
France's and of grandeurs still to come.
Brass bands brayed, there was tne
march of tramping feet, the President of
the United States had sent his Secretary
if the Navy to read a personal tribute to
Prance, which In Its old age had found
Mrlle youth again.
Greetings fluttered on leaflets from.the
ktea as the airplanes skimmed on high,
rnen and women In Broadway restau-
Continued on Fourth Page.
NO RETURN NEWSPAPER
KAISER IS INSANELY
JEALOUS OF WAR AIDS;
FEARS FOR HIS LIFE
Hatred of Hindenburg and Ludendorff, Which Grows
With Each Defeat, Caused Order for Noted "No
Military Victory" Address, Says Dutchman.
Special Cab! Dei patch to Tns Son.
Copyright, Mil; alt riahtt rettrvtd.
London, July 14. The Kaiser suffers
from his Intense jealousy of Field Mar
shal von Hindenburg and Gen. Luden
dorff. This, coupled with his desire to
ascertain public opinion In Germany,
drove tilm to order Dr. Richard von
Kuehlmann, at that time Foreign Secre
tary, to make his famous speech In
which he declared a German victory
could not be obtained by military force.
This Is the view of a leading Dutch
man, well versed In International af
fairs, who, from the vantage point of
Holland, has had the opportunity of
watching German domestic politics. He
"There can be no doubt that the speech
of Dr. von Kuehlmann was InsplredobyJ
the Kaiser, whose extraordinary charac
ter Is the explanation of the vacillating
character of the German policy. The
Emperor varies every week, almost
every day. Though he Is not quite the
autocrat he Is pictured, ha has enough
power to upset the plans of others and
their vain ambitions. He exceed
ingly cowardly ; one day he Is convinced
that victory Is within his grasp and Is
for crushing the enemy with the sharp
Oerman sword ; the next day he Is In
mortal fear of his own neck, feeling that
It Is necessary to hedge.
Distrusts Crown Prince Too.
"The only consistent factor In his
mind Is his almost Insane hatred of
Field Marshal von Hindenburg and Gen.
Ludendorff, which Is Intensified by his
distrust of the Crown Prince, who al
ways sides with them. The two Gen
erals know that they are necessary and
presume upon that fact often and force
the Emperor to take their line against
that of his civilian advisers or his own
"With each defeat his hatred in
creases, constantly vacillating between
IN U.S. POSSIBLE
War Industries Board Consid
ering Smoke Needs of
RELYING UPON AMERICA
pend Upon Steady
Sptcial Detpatch to The Sc.
Washington. July 14. Limitation of
the amount of tobacco used In the United
States during the rest of the war may
be put Into effect as a result of estimates
of the needs of the allied armies which
are being prepared by the War Indus
tries Board. A preliminary statement
given out to-day points to the proba
bility of larger quantities being sent to
the armies In France than has been an
ticipated by those who are engaged In
supplying the soldiers.
The needs of the British and Frencn
armies last year were about 120,000.000
pounds. Figures on the amount which
Americana will require are not available
yet. The statement said:
"Investigations have been carried on
under the direction of the tobacco sec
tion of the War Industries Board Into
the tobacco requirements of the allied
nations, to find how much tobacco must
be conserved In this country to supply
"Comparisons have been made of the
tobacco rations Issued by Great Britain,
France, Italy and Belgium with the
proposed ration for the United States
"In the United Kingdom the British
War Mission reports the manufactured
output of tobacco products for 1817 was
177,000,000 pounds, 9 per cent, tobacco
and 70 per cent, cigarettes. The mili
tary forces consumed 40 per cent, of this
output. It Is essential that shipments
from the United States keep pace with
the present estimated consumption.
Taxes on tobacco In Great Britain have
been materially Increased,
"The French Minister of Finance has
estimated that In 191S the output of
manufactured tobacco would be ap
proximately UI.000,000 pounds, provid
ing shipments of raw materials go for
ward from the United States In sufficient
quantities. Of this output about 40 per
cent. Is apportioned to the military
forces. There have been large Increases
In the prices of tobacco products In
"The Italian Minister of Finance re
ports that the total consumption In Italy
In 1918 will be about 76,000,000 pounds
of leaf tobacco. Of this about 75 per
cent, la American grown. Consumption
by the army and navy Is about 46 per
cent, of th'j total.
"The per capita consumption of to
bacco products In the United States Is
714 pounds per annum, In Great Britain
4 pounds, In France iVt pounds and In
Italy 2 pounds.
"In 1J17 the United States raised
1,196,000,000 pounds of leaf tobacco.
"Figures show an Increase of 60 per
cent. In prices of leaf tobacco In the
United Stateo between 1914 and 1917.
The 1912-16 crops iveraged 10.6 cents
per pound, the 1916 crop 14.7 cents and
the 1917 crop 24.9 cents.
Ths estimate of the amount of to
bacco available for 1918 for United
Btates manufacturers, from the 1917
crop. Is 860,000,000 pounds."
the two opposite feelings. He wants to
win the war, which he can hope to do
only through the two Generals. When
things are going well he publicly caresses
them, but when things are going
badly he tries to throw all the blame on
them, and seeks to And how far he can
get popular support In a movement
'The speech of Dr. von Kuehlmann
was the latest of these efforts to try the
public During the last fortnight the
battle royal has been going on behind
the scenes In Berlin. The German Jin
goes have won; therefore Dr. von Kuehl
mann goes. The Kaiser naturally cares
nothing about Von Kuehlmann's future
"German statesmen under a sort of
.military discipline are expected to un'
dertake forlorn hopes In the spirit of a
soldier. Kuehlmann finished as first In
his class. A political nobody who has
been dismissed never comes back, the
Hohenzollern motto being that there are
Expects Foreign Office Change.
"I doubt whether the new foreign see
retary (Admiral von Hlntze) will last
long, but these changes matter very lit'
tie except they Indicate strain. The Ger
man machine will continue without re
gard to anybody's views until the Ger
man army has suffered an unmistakable
defeat. Then the cumulative effect of
all the resignations will be felt, each of
them meaning a certain number of dta'
contented, disillusioned people, who may
afford leadership to the opposition when
It really assumes serious form.
"But while they command the army
Field Marshal von Hindenburg and Gen.
Ludendorff can vanquish any one who
goes against them, and If they cannot
vanquish the Kaiser they at least can
terrorise him, although he Is up to his
tricks again Immediately their backs are
SOVIET TO QUIT
Government Will Movo to
Muron, a Town of 13,000,
TROOPS JOIN THE ENEMY
Official Bolshevik Telegrams
Announce Government Vic
tory Over Revolutionists.
I.ONDOX, Jnly 13. British forces,
after landing on the Murmsn coast, hare
nreupled the port of Kem. on the White
Sea, the 'Frankfurter Zeltnng" says, ac
cording to a Rotterdam despatch to the
Sptcial Cable Detpatch to Tnc Scn from the
Copyright, 1911; all riahtt reeerved.
Stockholm, July 14 (delayed). A
telegram from Moscow dated July 9
states that the Soviet Government Is
about to be moved from Moscow to
Muron, a town of 13,000 Inhabitants
about 160 miles east of Moscow, and
that Leon Trotsky, the Bolshevik war
and marine minister, had Informed the
Soviet Congress that the Soviet troops
In c.rtaln districts had been guilty of
Insubordination, some of them having
gono over to the enemy.
Commenting on these statements the
newspapers here point out that they con
tradict the official Bolshevik telegrams
from Moscow on the same date, which
empt aslie a Government victory over an
Insurrectionary movement of the Social
Revolutionary party, the signal for the
outbreak of which was the murder of
Count von Mlrbach, the German Am
bassador at Moscow, by Andreleff and
Eslumkln, well known members of that
The sudden transfer of tre Govern
ment to Buch a small town is Inexpli
cable. If the Bolshevik victory over
the insurrection In Moscow was as com
plete as asserted It would be useless.
The Insubordination of troops referred
to applies to the Czechoslovaks and to
the counter revolutionary movement
connected with treir expected march on
Moscow, as well as the troops In the
Murman country, who are known to have
Joined the foreign contingents.
JAPAN TO KEEP OUT
UNTIL ALLIES ACT
Question of Intervention
Discussed in Empire.
Special Cable Detpatch to Tns Sex from the
Copyright, Jilt, all rlohlt rtuned,
Tokio. July 11 (delayed). The Jlji
to-day, reviewing the Allies' attitude In
regard to Siberia, declares that In view
of the developments Japan will And It
Imperative to act soon or late. Not the
manner, but the question of Japanese In
tervention has been revived with great
ci.thuskem since It Is recognised thut
conditions In Siberia are going from bad
to worse, according to the view held
here, but Japan will not act until tri
Allies and America agree on a joint
prnpos'ticn with Japan, or In the event
tha; Herman penetration of Siberia be
comes to apparent that It will be necjs-
Continued on Second Page,
AT HIGH SPEED,
Committee to Report That
Production Now Reaches
LIBERTY MOTOR PROVED
Superior in Lifting Power and
Unsuitcd Only to Singlo
Special Despatch to Tarn Sex.
Washington, July 14. The produc
tion of aircraft planes, engines and
equipment has reachod a stage of real
encouragement to tre nation, and whole,
some optimism as to the future Is at last
Justified, according to the Information
obtained by the special aircraft sub
committee of the Senate Committee on
Military Affairs. Tie Improvement be
came noticeable In the last month and Is
proceeding on an accelerated scale. This
will be the glad message which the sub
committee will convey to the American
people In Its report within two or three
The committee's report will not be all
optimism. Sharp criticism will be mde
of the methods employed and the mis
takes of varying degree trat have hcen
made, but the Importance which tran
scends all the other evidence adduced
through the weeks of labor of the com
mittee will be that out of tra chaos
which existed In the airplane Industry
x momns even three months ago
America at last has found herself.
Valae of Liberty Motor.
The committee has discovered that the
Liberty motor, once the object of suspl
clon and at times derision because It
failed to be quite the universal airplane
driver Its designers predicted, Is an en
glne of the highest value for many types
of planes, particularly those for day and
night bombing and for observation pur
poses. These are the planes counted
upon to carry the war Into Germany.
The aircraft producers, under the
direction of John D. Ryan, now have
turned their attention very largely to
the development of the Liberty engine
for heavy fliers.
The Liberty motor as the driving
power of the heavy planes in which the
highest speed and manoeuvring Is not
essential Is a thorough success. It
would not adjust Itself to the single
seater fighting planes which scurry
through the air at speeds ranging from
11S to 135 miles an hour, such as the
ffpads. nor have the experts here yet I
succeeded In fitting It to the Bristol
type of plane. But on the big Handley
Page and Capronl planes, designed for
rught, bombing. In whlehf'xe.Raclt jrJ and
power are the essentials, and In the
two seated De Havlland bombing planes
It has shown Its mettle and excited ad
miration from nil the experts.
Excels In Lifting Force.
As a lifting force the Liberty motor
Is second to none of the engines used
either In the allied armies or by the
enemy. It produces sufficient power to
drive the big night bombing planes at
speeds between seventy-two and eighty
miles an hour, which in view of the
weight of explosive and incendiary
bombs which these air leviathans carry
Is ample. It has given the greatest sat
isfaction In the De Havllands, the day
oumbing plane which In flight Is pro
tected from the attacks of the enemy
scouts and battle planes by a swarm
of i.sht fliers of highest speed and mo
bility of flight. To-day the aircraft
factories of the United States are forg
ing ahead with the manufacture of theso
classes of planes almost to the complete
exclusion of the light combat fliers.
The production of one type of heavy
bombing planes, the committee has as
certained, has now reached the satisfac
tory total of seventy-five a week. By
the first week of September It Is be
lieved the production will have attained
the total of 100 a week. This Is quan
tity production, according to the Senate
committee. It Is still far short or war
Department optimism of a year ago
concerning the production at this time,
but It Is accepted by the Senators as the
forerunner of even better records and
the assurance that the American avia
tion programme despite Its stumbling
progress Is really a programme of ad
vance, with nromlse of supremacy In the
air at the battle front and the power
to cast terror Into the souls nf the enemy
populace as well as the military men of
Germany and her allies.
MlflH 1'lnnrn IlnlK Alirnnd.
The revised plans of the Aircraft Pro
ductlon Board do not anticipate the pro
duction of light planes In Amerlcn.
Those matters under the revised pro
gramme will be looked after by the
British and French. The revised Amer
lean programme calls for the manu
facture of the heavier planes In the
largest possible number, their shipment
to Europe In Increasing quantities by
every available ship that crosses the
Atlantic and their participation by the
thousands of fliers composing the Amer
ican air service In the destruction of
the German back of their lines and of
the people of the German Empire who
walk nbroad by day or night.
In the meantime experiments will go
on with new motors. Should any prove
an advance over the Liberty In the
future plans Will be made for Its quan
tity production but without halting the
output of motors and planes as at pres
OERMAN MEAT RATION CUT.
Amsterdam, July 14. According to
a Berlin despatch to the Frankfurter
Zeitung, the present meat ration of 250
grams will be distributed only until
the middle of August, when It will he
reduced to 200 grams for all German
towns having a population of more
Smaller towns, which are assumed to
receive plenty of vegetables from sur
rounding districts, will be allowed even
n smaller meat ration.
HERTLING, ACCUSED OF BAD FAITH,
GOADED INTO SPEECH ON BELGIUM;
24 NATIONS IN ECONOMIC LEAGUE
BIG TRADE PACT
Lord Robert Cecil Says Ger
mans Must Shako Off In
triguing Masters First.
STANDS WITH WILSON
British Under Foreign Secre
tary Declares After-War
London, July 14. An economic as
sociation of twenty-four nations com
prising the Entente Allies already Is In
existence, declared Lord Robert Cecil,
British Under Secretary of State for
Foreign Affairs and Minister of Block
ade, In a statement regarding the
world's trade after the war which was
Wl ether Germany eventually shall be
admitted to this economic association,
declared the British Minister, will be
determined by the test established by
President Wilson, when the President
said on December 4 that If the German
people should still, after tie war was
over, "continue to be obliged to live un
der ambitious and Intriguing masters In
terested to disturb the peace of the
world," It might be Impossible to admit
them to the partnership of the nations
or to free economic Intercourse.
In Accord With Wilson.
Lord Robert described this statement
by tie President as a definition of the
qualifications for membership In the As
sociation of Nations, and added: "To
these declarations we give our warmest
assent." Lord Robert's statement In full
"I have been much Interested In the
series of addresses and discussions at the
recent meetings of commercial associa
tions In the United States, such as the
CI ambers of Commerce and the Foreign
Trade Council, regarding trade after the
war. The tone of these discussions seems
to show clearly a desire for settled ar
rangements for mutual help between all
the nations now associated In the war
against Germany. These are also our
feelings In Britain, and I srould like to
make "me acknowledgment of these
recent utterances of prominent American
commercial men by trying to describe
roughly the Btate of British policy at
this moment In regard to such matters.
"The resolutions of the Paris Eco
nomic Conference have been much dis
cussed during tre last two years. When
they were written we had an alliance of
eight nations, six of whom had suffered
the Immediate ravages of war. The
world outside, Including the United
States with Its vast resources, was neu
tral, and nominally, at any rate, the
neutral world at t) e conclusion of peace
would have sold Its products where they
would have fetched most money.
"To borrow the plain words of the re
cent lnter-Allled Labor Conference, all
these vast resources would have gone to
those wl o could pay most, not to those
who would need most, so the Paris con
ference was a defensive agreement of
those then engaged In the war to secure
their own peoples against starvation and
unemployment during the period of re
construction, and to provide for the
restoration to economic life of the
ravaged territories of Belgium, Poland,
Serbia, France and Italy.
Mrnmirm of Self-preserrntlon.
"These objects retain all their old im
portance. They are simple measures of
self-preservation. It is. for example,
still essential that we should forestall
tho aggressive efforts of the Central
Powers to use their money power to
snatch on the morning after the war the
ra'w materials needed for the reconstruc
tion of the peoples In the western and
eastern theatres of war whom they have
"But, while the essential needs of our
selves and of the nations which are
fighting with us the battle of liberty and
Justice remain unaltered, the Alliance of
Eight has expanded Into the Associa
tion of Twenty-four Nations of which
President Wilson spoke In his recent ad
dress to the Red Cross. It Is no longer
a question of forming some narrow de
Continued on Third 1'iigc.
"You Send the Smokes,
We'll Get the Kaiser"
rpHE tobacco was very much
appreciated. It came when
we were out. Send more and we
will bring Kaiser Bill back."
So writes Corporal F. Ebert,
Company E, 117th Engineers, to
the Rev. Father Connolly, a SUN
Tobacco Fund contributor. 'And
Corporal H. V. Hyde of the Sig
nal Corps writes to the Rubber
Association of America, another
"I want to thank you very
much, for American tobacco is
necessary to make good soldiers,
and we sure appreciate what you
have done for us,"
Messages from other soldiers
will be found on page 5.
WARNING! THE SUN TO
BACCO FUND has no connec
tion with any other fund, organi
zation or publication. It em
ploys no agents or solicitors.
The Government has instructed newspapers to discontinue all return copies beginning TO-DAY.
STANDING ORDER FOR THE SUN WITI YOUR NEWSDEALER.
VIENNA SOCIALIST PAPER
DEMANDS PEACE WITH U. S.
Official Party Organ Wants Government to Come to
Agreement With Wilson Austria to Make "Im
portant Statement Soon," Says Report.
Paris, July 14. The Arbeiter Zeitung
of Vienna, the official organ of the Aus
trian Social Democracy, demands, ac
cording to a despatch received by the
Havas Agency, that the Austrian Gov
ernment come to an agreement with
Amsterdam, July 14. It was an
nounced at Vienna to-day with reference
to the Impending sessions of the Aus
trian and Hungarian Parliaments, ac
cording to a telegram from the Austrian
capital, that "Important statements re
garding the foreign policy will be made
by the Government."
Special Detpatch to Tns Sen.
Washington, July 14. The news
from Vienna that the Austrian Govern
ment hod promised on Important state
ment regarding Its foreign policy at the
BRITISH GAIN ON
English Troops Advance Their
Position East of Dicke
CAPTURE 260 PRISONERS
Bad Weather Halts Operations
Elsewhere, Except for
London, July 14. Bad weather has
brought operations almost to a stand
still on the battle front In France and
Flanders, except for artillery activity
here and there, particularly on the
American sector northwest of the
Marne. Field Marshal Halg reports
that last night German raiders attacked
the British positions east of Locre,
In the Kcmmel district, but were re
pulsed with loss.
In the night report an affair on a
somewhat larger scale la chronicled.
British troops in a sharp attack east of
Dlckebusch Lak;, which Is a little
northeast of Locre, advanced their lines
and took 260 prisoners.
There was no Infantry action on the
French front except some small raids
by the French In the Champagne re
gion. Following are the official reports for
HKITISH (DAY) A hostile raiding
party was driven off with losa last
night east of Locre.
The hostile artillery has been active
northwest of Albert, west of Kemmel
Hill and south and southrast nf Vpres.
Our own artillery has been active at
a number of points.
I1HITISH (XIOHT) Ily a success
ful local operation carried out during
the early part of the morning English
troops advanced our line east of Olcke
bush Lake and captured more than
2fin prisoners On the rent of the Hrtt
Ish front there ts nothing to report.
VKEXril (NlflHT) There was In
termittent artillery activity, especially
In the legion of Corey, but no Infan
FKKXCll (1IAVI North of Mont
dldler there were local artillery ac
tions, notably In the regions of Bois
dn Senocat and Cantigny and In the
sector of Onurnay-sur-Arnnde.
In the Champagne French recon
naissance troops executed a number
of raids on the enemy lines and re
turned with prisoners.
nrilMA.V (HAY) There was lively
artillery artlvlty on the western bank
of the Avre throughout the day. It
was revived during the evening nn the
rest of the front In conjunction with
There have been local engagements
at the wood of Vlllcrs-Cotterets. The
enem attacked In the evening west of
Chateau Thleny, but was sanguinarily
repulsed. The harassing fire at night
was lively nt times.
Our bombing squadrons made night
attacks against enemv railway works
on the French coast between Dunkirk
nnd noulogne. nt Abbeville, and In the
regions of Llllers. St. Pol, Doullens
and Crcp-en-Valols and at Vlllers
Cotterets. MRS. PANKHUR5T WAS ANGRY.
Kerensky Called Her "nn Old Lmly
Special Cable Detpatch to Tnc Srs.
London, July H. The recent savage
attack made In America by Mrs. rank
hurst on Alexander Kerensky, the for
mer Russian Premier, is received In
London with amusement and Is explained
In the flunilny Chronicle us follows:
"It was In I'etrograd. Mro. Pankhurst
had been haranguing Kerensky, with
whom she had been granted in appoint
ment, with great eloquence and at some
length. Suddenly nnd with a few im
patient words, the revolutionary lender
left tho room. Mrs. Pankhurst, i-can-dallied
by his abruptness, asked the In
terpreter what Kerensky had said.
"The latter at flret refused to answer,
but upon being pressed eventually re
plied : 'You must promise not to be of.
fended by what M. Kerensky said:
"Haven't I enough to dn without listen
ing to old ladles from England?
assembling of Parliament is regarded In
ofnclal circles as being highly Interest
ing In view of the serious Internal situa
tion existing In the Dual Monarchy.
Austria Is believed to be hungry for
peace, but she Is tied economically no
firmly now to her allies that she Is
scarcely In a position where she could
make a separate peace If she wanted to.
That the forthcoming statement will
be written In the Wllhelmstrasse there
Is no doubt In the minds of officials here
who have been following the Austtlan
situation. There Is also no doubt here
that Germany has become alarmed over
Austria's Internal troubles and conse
quently may be forced to put out
through their Austrian spokesman a
statement more conciliatory than that to
which the Reichstag has Just been
treated by Von Hertllng.
Drive a Mile Deeper on Two
Mile Front Between Long
pont and Courcy.
ONE SHELL KILLS 13 FOES
Entire German Company Part
of 1,000 Captives Taken in
Ily GERALD CAMPBELL.
Special Cable Despatch to Trs Six from the
Copyright, 191S; all riffhtt retrrved.
With the Fmsscit Armt, July 14.
For the last few days French troops,
holding the eastern fringe of the forest
of Retz, continuously have harassed the
enemy on the two mile front between
Longpont and Courcy and a further dis
tance of another two miles north nnd
south of the two villages, until at last
yesterday and tn-day they had driven
the Oermans back across the Savleres,
which flows from north to south Into the
Ourc near Troesnes, and have gained a
footing on the eastern side of the river
at Catlfet farm, south of Longpont.
By this advance the French have
driven the Germans out of positions
they captured on June 12 on the heights
west of the two village" and have de
prive 1 them of valuable jumping off
ground tor penetrating thp forest and
resu.mrg tnc offensive. The operations
began nn the morning of July S. some
hours nf'er the enemy had expected to
he attacked, anil seem to ha-e taken
them completely by surprise, so much so
that the troops of the division attacked,
which had been held in readiness during
ihu nlirnt In battle order, had fallen out
and returned to quarters. In n quarry!
where they were sheltert-d from the
French barrage almost a whole com
pany, which had been engaged In In
trenrhnient work, were taken In one
Much execution was done by the
French artillery, one shell killing thirteen
men In a dugout
Clint Ijrny l'nriu ItetnUi'ii.
In the evening Chavlgny farm, north
west of Longpont, was taken with more
than 300 prisoners. By this notion the
French line were advanced mor' thin I
11 mile over a front nf two mile. The
next day further progreps was nnde
northeast of Chavlgny. On the tenth a
part of the village of Corey was taken
nnd on the eleventh we occupied Long
pont nnd two Important larms further
south. The Germans weie obliged to
fall bark to the east side of the ilifr
yesterday nnd were followed by the
The whole fighting In thiH dl"tilrt has
been carried on with great vigor and
without an preoccupation as to the pns.
slble imminence of an enemy offensive
here or elsewhere. Instead of adopting
the policy of "wait nnd see" the French
have kept the enemy continually on tho
move with the most sntlsfnctory results
so far as any particular locality Is con
cerned and have thrown any platifs the
Germans may have had Into disorder
l.OOO C.eriiliillN Captured,
A similar local attack on a front of
three miles north of Montdidler on Frl
day between Castel Mallly and Halneval
resulted In another advance of a mile
nnd the capture of HOO prisoners, several
Important positions. Including the lllago
of Castel, Anchln farm, which overlooks
the road from Moreullto Allly and Houv
rel, the plateau commanding tin- district
between An re and Noye through which
runs the railroad line from I'.irU t.l
A?ioth here nnd on the borders of the
Forest of netz the operations which
brought In a total of almost l.onn prfs-
oners, weie carried out with small roM
and nriuinniiy jusuiieu me acme poucy
of defending by nttack.
L'niKnnynii Minister fiimlnu;.
Montevideo, I'niginy. July 14 Or.
Baltnsar Ilrun, the I'lugunyan Foreign
Minister, at the head of a special mis
sion, Is to make n visit of courtscy to
the I'nlted States. The Minister will
take with him a testimonial signed by
7,000 1'ruguuyan students to American
cellor Over Germany's
Deeds in the East.
POPE'S NOTE IS CITED
Socialists Point to Evasion
Regarding King Al
SOP TO THE PEOPLE SEEN
Real Intentions Said to Lie in
Von Ilintzc's Policy to Grab
Part of France.
Special Cable DetpatcS to Ths 3c.
Copyright, 1111; all riahtt referred.
London, July 14. The explanation
of Chancellor von Hertllng'B amplifi
cation of his speech in the Reichstag1
In regard to Belgium and Germany's
war aims is furnished by the Cologne
Gazette's report of the Chancellor's
original speech, made on Thursday,
which reveals that the Socialists made
a bitter attack on his announced
The reasons for Count von Hert
llng's appeal for unity on the Internal
rront are made clear also. Philip
Scholdemann, leader of tho majority
Socialists, replying to the Chancellor's
original speech, denounced the Ger
man policy Jn Russia, regarding which
"The Chancellor referred to provoca
tive speeches by enemy statesmen; I
refer to our provocative deeds In the
east, to the treatment of the border peo
ples. The first step which enemy coun
tries are expected to make Is thereby
rendered extremely difficult."
I'npnl Pence JVote Pointed Ont.
Scheldemann discussed Count von
Hertllng'B reference to tho Papal peace
noto and pointed out that the Pope un
mistakably wrote of Belgium, while In
reply the Belgian question Is only
vaguely referred to by Von Hertllng. He
"Now Is the time openly and frankly
to state what is to be done with Bel
glum ; namely, that we shall return It."
Oeorg Ledebour, leader of the Inde
pendent Socialists, said:
"It Is Impossible to force to their
knees all the peoples with whom we are
at war. Peace must be brought about
by negotiation. It is necessary that both
sides should put forward and make
known clearly their peace alms. Were
Germany to define her position on this
point then the peoples of the Entente
Powers would force their Governments,
to make peace. They could no longer
bo stung into war."
Apparently Chancellor von Hertllng
saw a new light after the Socialists had
rpoken. and In the hope of obtaining that
Internal unity of front to which he at
tached so much Importance, he dealt
with the question of Belgium and re
stated Germany's fundamental peace
Just for Home. Consumption.
Opinion here, nn expressed In the Brit
lli newspapers, is that the Chancellor's
!,,nre cntat!es been put forward
principally for home consumption and
that Gcrman's real Intentions are bet
ter reeaied by Admiral on Hlntze, the
new Foreign Minister, In his declaration
that Germany would Insist upon ths
surrender of the French Iron fields of
Brley nnd Longwy, the control of which
Is vitnl for the military supremacy of
The Berlin correspondent of the PoliK
fcrn, according to a despatch from Copen
hagen, sas he learns from a high au
thority that the speech by Chancellor
on Hertllng on Friday is considered by
politicians as a matter of course. It does
not carry the matter along any further.
F.ven Or. von Helhmann-Hollwcg, when
he was Chancellor, characterized Bel
glum as a mere pawn, or In other words
Intended to convey the Idea that Belgium
was to be used as a medium nf barter,
there being n serious intention of re
taining the country.
Wllxin'a Attitude llns Effect.
The reason why Von Hertllng reem
ph.istzed this st.indpo nt of the German
Government Is that President Wilson's
utterances have given rife to the Im
pression that Germany would Incorpo
rate Belgium in the German Umpire.
Germaio, however, has t-iken It fo"
Kr.inted thnt she will get by way of
compensation for Itelg uni the return of
all her nveiycas colonies.
The fate of Itellum, concludes this
high nuthorltv, depends on the accept
ance of these eondltlnns by the Alllev
.Should they decide to cut off Germanv
from tho ouLslib' world and tnko her
colonies. Germany will not su-render
HERTLING SPEECH IS
VIEWED IN TWO WAYS
, Widens Gap Between Politi
cal Parties in Germany.
I i.onpon, July 14 Germany Is b
ginning to dissect the fpeech of Count
UOIIIIIIK, me I II I fl 1.1 1 . I 111 IK VI lor,
In Its reference to Belgium and put
forth Its opinions. From the reports
received In London, the address has
drawn a sharp line betwetn the two
parties In Germany, one side arguing
that the speech Is a great step toward
peace or peace negotiations and the
other bluntly neertlng that It is no ad
vance nt all. that there lias been no
statement of the German alms and that