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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, July 20, 1918, Image 1

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WEATHEll FORECAST. .
Fair and warmer to-day and to-morrow;.
gentle shifting winds.
Highest temper.ture yesterday, 8a; lowest, 69.
D.UIl.d wttthtr report, on Uti pa.
tttt.
IT SHINES FOfc ALL
VOL. LXXXV. NO. 323.
4444
NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JULY 20, 19l8. Copyright, 181 . bg the Sun Printing and Publishing Association.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
lie
AMERICANS AND FRENCH CONTINUE ADVANCE;
GAIN 2 MILES; TAKE 17,000 MEN AND 360 GUNS;
CRUISER SAN DIEGO SUNK OFF FIRE ISLAND;
SURVIVORS SAY 300 MA Y HA VE BEEN LOST
VESSEL'S CREW
PICKED UP BY
PASSING SHIPS
Magazine of Former Cali
fornia Explodes as.U-Boat
Alarm Is Given.
SINKS IX 26 t MINUTES
Survivors Tell of Seeing
"Barrel," Believed to Be
Disguised Periscope.
The United Stale? armored cruiser
San Diego, while, proceeding to this city
from Portsmouth, N.- H:, -was sunk "at
11 ::s o'clock yesterday morning ten
miles southeast of Fire Lsland light.
he had on board 51 officers and 1,06
men and it Is feared, that her casualties
may be between 200 and 100. The best
estimate Is guesswork and la founded on
the stories told by twenty-seven sur-
Ivors who came ashore In ship's boats
at Point o" Woods, near Klre Island light,
In the late afternoon. The San Diego was
commanded by Capt, .II. 31. Christy,
v s. jj:
The survivors believe that the San
Diego was sunk by a torpedo'ftrcd by a
German submarine. They Bay she was
hit at 11 o'clock, sank In twenty-six
minutes, and that Just before she was
struck the attention of all on watch was
attracted by what appeared to be a
barrel close by and trailing through
the tea. X
The attention of ifie'Se'a'men was" not
attracted M bmx7f as" ii object
poisesatnf any special significance until
It began to move and left a sharply
defined wake In Its trail. Then a gun
was trained on It. Within another mo
ment the gun would have been fired, but
an Instant before the pointer caught the
range the San Diego was struck Just
abaft the beam on the port side.
Masraslne Explodes.
. tt has been estimated by her officers
that between ZOO arid 300 of her men
were below decks when she was struck.
Her magaslno exploded almost Imme
diately, and there can be little doubt
that many lives were lost In the explo
sion, although the Navy Department In
Washington said last night It believed
all t were safe. The San Diego lilted
sharply to starboard, rendering her guns
on that side useless, but before she set
tled a few of her port guns were fired
at the point where the barrel- had
been seen. It "' is assumed that the
barrel was a (djsgulse contrived by
the submarine comrnander to conceal his
periscope.
Within the twenty-six minutes be
tween the moment when she was struck
and the time she went down, those left
alive of her people took to such boats as
they could knock free or went overside
In their life Jackets'. Capt. Chrlstyand
his second In command were' the last to
leave her, going' overboard at the stern
Just before her mam deck' disappeared.
Capt. Christy wds picked up by a boat.
What little Information Is available
concerning the sinking of the vessel was
obtained within a few minutes from the
men who came ashore at Point o' Woods.
Hut after they had talked for less than
Ave minutes they were admonished by
their officers that the rules ,of war com
pelled their silence and nothing further
as learned from them. None of them
was permitted to give his name.
Submarine Iteported Sunk.
Unconfirmed reports from the scene
nf the wreck late last night stated that
the submarine had been overhauled by
naval vessels and sunk. Residents of
Fire Island and villages on the main
land of Long Island- heard the sounds
of sun fire ami In the occasional flashes
of searchlights could see airplanes dart
ing' close over the ocean's surface ap
parently pursuing something on or be
neath the water's surface. Now and then
one of them spat with her gun.
The officers and men who reached
Point o' Woods were brought to this
city by automobiles tendered them by
cottagers, who before bringing them
here showed them every attention and
provided a number of htm with cloth
ing. The rest -of the sarylvors are on
hoard steamships which were summoned
to the scene by .wireless messages m title
possible through- the alertness and. cool
Judgment of an aviator who, was flying
r.ear the San Diego when she was struck.
A late report last night stated that at
least one of those who' Was above decka
hen the vessel, was hit lost his life
rather than abandon his post. This was
a quartermaster, who was last seen on
the bridge Just as the ship dived under.
Among the survivors who are on their
y to New York are many who were
in the water from three to four hours
before they were rescued. The ship was
lost In fair weather and with scarcely'
any sea, running. Otherwise many of
the men In life Jackets would have per
ished. The explosion widen" ripped the ves
'. to her vitals .was heard as far away
u Say vlllt, ;i I., fifteen miles. When
. "Tjr-
- Contlnutd on.Thtri rag.
Patrolmen and Firemen thank "The Sun"
and Mr. Munsey for Pleading Cause
'J'HE Patrolmen's Benevolent Association and the Uniformed Fire
men's Association regard the action of the Board of Estimate as
a step in the right direction. While keenly disappointed that the
salaries of first grade patrolmen and firemen were not increased, we
are glad that the lower grades are to receive higher pay. The Board
of Estimate by its action, harrecognized'the justiceSf our appea,
and the statement by tho board that there may be funds available to
increase the pay of the first grade patrolmen and firemen this year
shows that the board has given serious consideration to the conditions
confronting the patrolmen and firemen and that we have reason to
expect relief at an early date.
The Patrolmen's Benevolent Association and the Uniformed Fire
men's Association extend their thanks to those who have aided them
in presenting their cases to the city authorities, particularly Mr.
Munsey and THE SUN, through whose columns the people have been in
formed of the justice of our cause. THE SUN in focussing a public
sentiment entirely in sympathy with this movement has performed a
distinct service to the city, a service which when the first grade men
have received recognition, must result in greater efficiency and loyalty
on the part of the patrolmen and firemen to the people.
JOSEPH P. MORAN, President Patrolmen's Benevolent Association,
ALBERT E. GUINNESS', President Uniformed Firemen's Association
of Greater New York.
POLICEMEN WIN
PAY INCREASES
Men nnil Matrons x Under tho
1,500 Limit, as Wqll as
Firemen, Get Raises.
BOARD VOTE UNANIMOUS
Hlglier Salaried Blueconts to
Be Cared For Later5 Thanks
Given "The Sun" for Aid.
All of New York's patrolmen and fire
men except those now getting the maxi
mum of $1,500 a year, and the police
matrons as well, will be raised In pay
August 1. The Board of Estimate so
voted unanimously yesterday. The Al-
dermen will assent at a special meeting
to-day. J
The I1.S00 men, who are In a large
majority In both the departments, and who
are the seniors of the service, will have
to wait for their Increases until Janu
ary I, unless the city administration can
find the money sooner, which. It was
Jntlmated yesterday. It might do.
The Increases ordained yesterday
amount to 1130 a year for each man
except those in the second grade of the
Police Department, who are advanced
$100. In each case the $150 added to
the pay envelopes Is more than the 10
per cent, for which the men petitioned.
As far as it goes, the act of the Hoard
of Estimate constitutes a splendid in
dorsement of the popular movement
which The Sun launched June 7, when
Mr. Munsey, tit a statement to the men
and women of New York, gave an oufc
line of Intolerable conditions under
which the men of the blue coated mu
nicipal armies were trying to serve .the
city.
Juntlcr of Claims Admitted.
While professing Inability to grant
more money to ,the first grade, the
$1,600 men. at thU time, the Board of
Estimate has nevertheless admitted the
Justice of their claim, has given them
to understand they will receive attention
In the not distant future and has act
ually raised the wages of the lowest
paid patrolmen and firemen, who are
least able to get along on the old basis.
The only troublo Is that most of these
are young men and either have been
drafted Into the army or are subject to
the draft Aa soon as they are drafted
the city must continue to pay them the
difference between their clty and Gov
ernment salaries. About 400 patrolmen
and 300 firemen are In the army jiow.
8o the Board of Estimate Is raising the
w.iges- of about 700 men who are In
France or elsewhere In the nation's ser
vice and still are on the New York pay
roll, as well as of other men who will go
soon to training camps. This could not
be helped, for the city cannot raise the
salaries of p?llce and fire grades and
rxcept any of the mn In those grades
who are on leave of absence while serv
ing Uncle 8am. ,
In one Important particular the Board
of Estimate has taken action that will
benefit both the Police and Fire depart
ments. It has lifted the minimum sal
ary, which firemen have been getting for
their first two years and patrolmen for
their 'first three years, from $1,050 to'
$1,200. The $1,050 figure was Impossi
ble. Recruits could not be obtained.
fl,200 Salary to Be Starter.
The undermanned Police and Fire de
partments have been hunting for men
by the hundred and getlng hardly a
handful. It Is believed that they can b
found now that they will get $1,200 a
'year at the start. Especially Is It'hoped
that men above draft age will be at.
traded by the new entrance salary, and
certainty of, speedy advancement to at
Continued on-fjMA Pag.
BASEBALL HELD
'NON-ESSENTIAL'
Players of Draft Age Must Get
Work in Win the War
Industries.
BIG LEAGUES MAY CLOSE
Young , Lawyers," Stenogra
phers, Circus Men and Trav
elling Salesmen Also Hit
Special Despatch to Tits Sck.
Washinoton. July 19. Secretary
Baker held to-day that professional base
ball Is a non-essential Industry and
therefore under the "work or fight" order
the ball plnyers of draft age through-
out the United States must quit the
diamond for tho period of the war and
seek employment In industries contrlbu-
ting to the physical might of the nation
in the world struggle.
From this decision ther is no appeal.
The Secretary of War has acted under
the authorization of the President and
with his full approbation In this spe
ciflc interpretation.
Hence It will be up to all baseball
players having dependents Immediately
to quit their teams.
Not only was ball playing put In the
class of non-useful occupations by to
day's order but It was also Indicated
by Secretary Baker that plans for
broadening the scope of the "work or
fight" order to include those, employ
ments still In the twilight zone are under
consideration by the executive authori
ties. Yoanar Lsiryrn Mnst Work.
t
In spite of Secretary Baker's opinion
that the scope of the order should be
enlarged to Include persons whose oc
cupation Is solely that of entertaining. It
was stated by several officials that thea
tres and the concert stage still are re
garded as useful In furnishing needed
entertainment. Circus performers will
probably come under the ban. Young
lawyers and law graduates who have
not yet begun active practice, secretaries,
dummy directors, oftlclals and stenog
raphers In non-essential Industries will
come within the regulation.
Special consideration Is being given to
the case of travelling salesmen, but they
probably will not be directed to chame
their occupation because It Is felt the'J
maintain the relation between producers
and consumers, Tho strain on business
seems to make their continued employ
ment essential.
Today's decision, the effect of which
Is likely to reach far beyond the base
ball Industry, was rendered upon the test
case of Eddie AInsmlth, backstop of the
Washington American league team.
AInsmlth Is, married and haa one
child. Under the Interpretation ot tho
bi'cctlve draft act he had been placed In
clas 4. Under the work or fight or lor
r rcmulgatd May 1 AInsmlth was trans
ferred (rom class, i,to class 1.
He appealed from the decision of the
local board anil the district board sua
talned the decision. Then the case went
to the Secretary of War, where It was
considered most exhaustively, as It was
seen that In this, case were presented all
the facts necessary to make ot It the
perfect test case.
Covers Every Annie.
, The decision or Secretary Baker cov
ered all of the ground traversed by the
baseball player and by his employers,
the Washington American League Base
ball Club. The Secretary held that "the
country will be best satisfied If the
great selective process by which our
army Is recruited makes no discrimina
tions among-" men except those upon
which depend the preservation of the
businesses and industries of the country
Continued on Thiiteenth Page.
T.R. IGNORES
APPEALS TO RUN
FOR GOVERNOR
Whitman's Backers Believe
Colonel Will Not Enter
the Race.
0. K. PUT ON PLATFORM
Rodman Wanamakcr Men
tioned as Republican Com
promise Candidate.
From a Staff Correspondent of Tns Sew.
Saratoga, July 19. Col. Theodore
Koosevelt Is expected to announce soon
whether he will accede to tl e desire of
the anti-Whitman Republicans that he
enter the primaries for the nomination
for llovernor. The possibility that he
would Inject himself Into the situation,
with the bitter primary fight that would
follow, entirely dominated the situation
on this the closing day of tie Repub
lican unofficial convention.
Former President Taft delivered an
address of lofty patriotism. The conven
tion adopted a platform pledging the
party to assist In every way In the
prosecution of the war. calling attention
to-the achievements of the Wrltman ad
ministration both as tp the war and
locally, and advocating several economic
and social reforms.
But the thought that was on tie mind
of the delegates and of every member of
the party present was the question as to
TOyrter Bay.
F TffMe' Waders who are engineering the
drive to puh the Colonel Into the race
declare with utmost posltlveness tt.at he
will accept. They state without reserve
that they have his promise. The Whit
man leaders express a strong belief tl.at
tha Colonel has no Intention of running.
It la known that several of the friends
of tha Colonel are much opposed to htm
entering the fight.
Hendricks Indorse T. It.
Francis Hendricks of Syt&cuee cast
his lot with the Colonel to-day and
signed a round robin, which Is being
circulated, urging him to sacrifice his
personal desires and enter the race as a
lofty patriotic duty. It Is stated with
utmost posltlveness that Mr. Hendricks,
wto refused to sign last night, did not
do so to-day until Horace S. Wilkinson
had assured him the Colonel would ac
cept. It. means tl good deal to a leader to
leave the Whitman camp unless he can
be assured that he Is to land In another
position of Influence, and this has been
causing some of them to hesitate. Mr,
Hendricks has sometimes been called the
j "Old Fox" of the State organization, and
the fact that he has gone over to Roose
velt was generally considered to be of
the greatest significance.
Copies of the round robin were being
stealthily circulated all over the conven
tion and around the hotel to-day. Its
text Is being kept secret until It I sent
to Col. Roosevelt. However, It Is known
that the appeal is on the grounds of
loftiest patriotism, that Republican con
trol of the Htate Is In danger and that It
Is necessary for the best Interests of the
country to keep New York In the hands
of the Republicans.
The names of the signers are also
being kept quiet for obvious reasons, the
antl-Whltman men say. It was stated,
howeer, that Charles E. Hughes and
Francis B, Mitchell, owner of the Post
Express newspaper In Rochester, had
authorized the signing of their names.
nelleve Colonel I Ilradr.
Attorney-Oeneral Lewis says he has
received no repljto his telegram urging
the Colonel to run. This and the ab
sence of any statement from Oyster Bay
at once repudiating the efforts made to
entangle him In the State situation are
the moat convincing sign to old politi
cians that an arrangement has already
Continued on Fifth Page,
Now Let Us All Help
Win Another Soissons!
A LL honor and glory to those'
fighting boys over In France!
They are driving the fear of God
and a respect for Americans
into the head of the Kaiser.
Of course you yelled when
you heard the splendid news.
But how much credit for that
famous victory is due to you and
me? A little at least if wo are
contributors to THE SUN To
bacco Fund, for smokes are help
ing our lads to deliver the goods.
Take a look at page 8 and
think it over.
WARNING! THE SUN TO
BACCO FUND has no. connection
with any other fund, organiza
tion or publication. It employs
no agents or solicitors.
YANKEES REPEL
COUNTER BLOW
NEAR SOISSONS
Enemy Brings Up More Men
in Effort to Save Key
to Marne.
AMERICANS ARE EAGER
"It Certainly Was Fun
. Chase Those Germans,"
Says a Doughboy.
to
rty iinnnEiiT iiailky.
Special Cable Denpalch lo Tns Sc tmi the
Public Ledger.
Copyright. 1918: all rights renrxed.
With the American Armt in
France, July 19. Intense fighting Is
In progress along all parts of the
Franco-American front between Sols
sons and Chateau Thierry. German
counter attacks on the heights over
looking Soissons., from which position
the Allies command the railway lines
which supply the Germans operating
along the Marne, failed this morning
under the Intense American fire, and
more Germans are rapidly moving to
ward this region.
In a ruined town t,hls morning 1 saw
a number of German prisoners, headed
by twelve officers. Including- a regi
mental commander.' The'- o (fleers; had
borlous fauces, .but the men, all of whom
are yvell built and apparently from
Qermany'a best divisions, were un
usually cheerful. At another place
American wounded were walking
through the streets accompanied by
French wounded. Often these men,
French and American, were walking
along with their arms around each
other's waists or shouldern supporting
each other. It was a significant spec
tacle. Deforr SaUsons br Muht.
The fighting of yesterday, In which
the Americans plsyed their port nobly,
was Inrplrlng and a pleasant turn of the
tide. As a result of only a few hours
fighting the Americans advanced to
within sight of Soissons by night. At
points further south, notably near
Torcy, they advanced a mile, while Hill
172 was captured In a brilliant dash.
Never before have the Americans
fought no extensively. In the Soissons
area they moved to the attack, assisted
by a large number of tanks, speedily
reached their objectives and continued to
press on.
At first the enemy offered etlff resist
once, but when the Americans got closer
tho Germans threw away their machine
guns, rifles and everything else that
threatened to Impede them and began to
cry "Kamerad."
Artillery "ot Destroyed.
Because of the surprising suddenness
of the attack the enemy did not hove
time to destroy his guns.
The wounded Americans I have seen
ero exultant. "When I saw those Ger
mans running," said one sturdy, rugged
boy, "I certainly was cheered up. It
certainly was fun to go over the top
and chase those Germans."
Dcsplto their bloody bandages they
constituted a happy pirty.
The Americans now have achieved
something very real and Important, pro
viding a salutary lesson to Germany
and a happy augury for the allied fu
ture The German War Minister re
cently spoke contemptuously of the work
of the Americans In Belleau Wood, re
marking that they had attacked only
after the German drive was finished.
But In tho last few days the Americans
have fought both offensively and de
fensively, and as a result of their work
one naturally wonders to what extent
Von Stein has changed his opinion.
Twenty Minutes for a Smoke.
The work of the Americans certainly
has been a revelation. Hast of Rhelms
they held up the German attack on their
section and fought with amailng tenac
ity and skill.
I travelled through the forest of VII-lers-Cotlerots
on Wednesday, In the di
rection of Soissons, and It certainly was
an Inspiring sight to see the American
artillery moving forward. The troops
seemed to enjoy the change from Inac
tion. Many of them were qutVtly laugh
ing and chuckling as they rode alone
One of them said to me:
"Our captain told us yesterday to have
a good smoke, as we were going over
the top In twenty minutes. When the
time was up he asked us If we were all
ready, and we all yelled that we were.
Then we went over. The Germans
turned their machine guns and artillery
on us and it was hot work for a time.
But before we reached their first line
they started to run, with us hot footing
It after them. It certainly was great
sport while It lasted."
Earl Reading Hears Unofficially
That Allies Have Taken Soissons
Special Peepatch to The Sin.
WASHINGTON, July 19. Following persistent rumors to-day that
Soissons had been captured with 30,000 German prisoners, and
large quantities of supplies, Secretary Baker issued this statement:
"The attention of the world, of course, is focussed on the tremen
dous counter blow being delivered by Gen. Foch. Gradual extension
of these operations to the east is indicated in the press despatches,
but as yet it is not officially confirmed.
"We have no report concerning Soissons, but the battle has been
raging at' that part of the front, and the fall of Soissons seemed to be
indicated by the progress made at the time of the latest official, des
patches. ,
"The significance of this movement lies in the fact that the su
preme commander evidently feels that the allied forces are now suf
ficiently strong to justify vigorous offensive action."
Earl Reading, the British Ambassador telephoned this afternoon
to Secretary Baker that he had received cable advices of an unof
ficial character to the effect that Soissons was in the hands of the
llies.
BRILLIANT PANORAMA SEEN
IN BACK YARD OF BATTLE
Sights of Thirty Mile Motor Ride Include Thousands
of Prisoners, Shells Bursting Everywhere,
Improvised Field Hospital.
By RAYMOND G. CARROLL.
Special Cable DeepaKh to Tre Sis and the Pvblic Ledger.
Copyright, 1911; all rights reserved.
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, July 19. -From the
vantage point of a seat In an automobile it was my privilege on Thursday
twice to traverse the entire thirty mile width of the brilliant Franco
American advance from Chateau Thierry northwurd to the neighborhood
of Soissons.
IS4hA-Ett ,g-rdf, ifflft' qr this great battle, aimed in the
direction of SoLssons I witnessed many extraordinary scenes along numerous
roadway rtfles, up which passed the life of our attack, in food, ammuni
tion and human feplltnnmfJi,."a'n4 flown which rolled ambulances and
truckn with our wounded, and with them thousnnds of prisoners wnlklns.
Tho prisoners made a pleasing picture. In their dull green uniforms
or "Paris green," as an American artillery officer remarked, having In
mind doubtless their early war eocksureness.
Shells Durst Everywhere.
The news despatches already have carried a word picture of the
brilliant events of the day, describing how at the break of dawn, without
artillery preparation, the soldiers of the two republics leaped from their
trenches, with tanks rumbling along with them, with batteries pausing
at stated intervals to blnze n pathway for the Infantrymen and with cavalry
men charging through the great gaps torn in the enemy's line.
Through powerful glasses I could see through clearings In the various
wooded tracts, noting the details of the fighting. Shells were bursting
everywhere. Tiny smoke puffs mnrked exploding grenades. Even the fig
ures of our sharpshooters were discernible, ns they wriggled nlong Hie
ground like nnts lo pick oft German machine gunners.
And over our heads, ns we watched, screamed n constnnt succession
of French big gun shells, shrieking onwnrd in their mission of death.
Like Line of Mowers.
Imagine twenty or more mowers side by side rutting the grnss nf n
wide Inwn. Imagine one of them striking a (.tone or n bump nml stopping
with n jerk, the others keeping on In nn unbroken line. In like manner
our units and the French moved out simultaneously from their original
positions, s
Their first objectives were reached before 8 o'clock, the second by
hoon nml the" third long before nightfall, when nil the advancing units were
linked together and consolidated exactly In accordance with the plans of
the French higher command.
At all times there was the closest cooperation between the French
and Americans and between the different units of the French and Amer
ican forces. When one American unit was held up at a strong ixilnt
immediate help was forthcoming from the tanks or from a neighboring
unit not so hard pressed.
The lighting line surged forward steadily, now rapidly, now stag
geringly. It curved forward hero nml bent backward there, but always
the general direction of the drive wns toward tho enemy, unit the Germans
wont reeling back toward their rear positions, or camo toward our men to
give themselves up as prisoners.
As the American units were sandwiched between French forces It
was difficult to Identify them ami to keer track of their wheronbouts. We
could see them pressing ever forward, however, with only brief pauses
upon encountering particularly obstinate centres of resistance.
No Complaint by Wounded.
After passing through Vlllers-Cotterets, the birthplace of Alexandre
Kumas the elder, we motored into the vast forest of Retz. Here in one
of the Innumerable crossroads In the once lonesome woods wo' saw a
fascinating panorama of Incidents. A lodge kceinr's hut had been trans
formed Into n first aid station, and lying In the grass under patches of
sunlight that fame through the trees were wounded boys from every State
in the I'nlon, not a single one of them complaining, every one of them
glad to have had a part In the victory.
Many wounded prisoners were there too, all receiving the same atten
tion from our surgeon. Resting In the roai were little groups of American
boys waiting for the slgual to proceed to the fighting zone. Many of the
prisoners, speaking perfect English, were talking to our boys. One of
them said he Intended to go to n farm In America after the war. Another
told of a German officer who was killed by his own men because he
would not give the ordor to surrender.
Germans Not Using Rifles.
According to the German prisoners and our own wounded, the Germans
are now fighting almost entirely with machine guns and artillery, seldom
using their rltles. Food In great quantities bud been dumped near this
crossroad, and there on the ground were oN!iied package's of crackers,
dried fruits, bread and other edibles, to which tho Frvneh. Amerlciins mid
Germans helped themselves, the former to prepare Iheiti'ehe-i nciilnst the
coming tight nnd the latter because they were hungry. A kind faced sergeant
told me he hadn't the heart to stop them,
Mjiny of the American headquarters staffs were fonvd to move sewrnl
times during the day, so rapid had been the ndwince. The inoxemenl, how-
Continued on
Second Page.
Enemy Insisting Desper
ately the Effort lo Get Pos
session of Soissons.
MAKXE LINE WEAKER
Penetration Already Suf
ficient to Cause Change in
the Herman Plans.
BRINGS MOKE RESERVES
Greatest Gain During Dny
Made in Portion Held by
tho Amer.'cans.
Special Cable Despatch to The Sin
Coptright, 1918; all rights reserved.
London, July 10. The great coun
ter offensive on the Soissons front lu
France Is developing better than the
most optimistic lind hopl at Its be
ginning at daybreak yesterday. Dur
ing the day the French nnd Ameri
cans advanced Ihelr lines about two
miles further east at some point
and although the Hermans haft
brought up very heavy reenforce
mcnts nnd began their counter attack
with great vigor on the plateau to
the toil th of Soissons. which Is tho
key to the city, they were tumble lo
make any progress against the Ameri
cans who nre holding tho position.
In fact the tide of the Franc..
Amorlcan "Invasion" Is still In full
flood and the Germans so fnr have
been wholly unable to stem It or even
'to diminish Its force. I'nrls to-night
reports so far 17,000 prisoners ami
more than JJCO guns have been tekn.
The grentest gain recorded wnl
In the central part of (he battle
front ind on the section Immediately
south of It. nearer to Ghntf-ait
Thierry. This Is the section held by
Americans.
tirneral Itetrrnt Likely.
The prevailing opinion among com
petent military observers here to
night Is that Clen. Foch's ofTensho
already has progressed to a point
where It will compel the (icrmnn3
to make n complete readjustment of
their whole front south of the Alsno
nnd that they may be forced to retire
a considerable distance unless they
can recover the gains made by the
French and Americans yesterday.
It Is not Impossible that (he repulso
of the Germans along tho whole line
from Soissons to tho Argoiino may
be turned Into n complete defeat.
The Initiative h;is passed Into Ihe
hands of the French definitely nnd
the tables have lccn turned com
pletely on Ihe enemy, who will hae
to fight desperately to avert a dis
aster. That the Germans will be
compelled to discontinue their attacks
on the Marne and to the eastward
toward Ithelms seems almost certain,
as well ns that the Grown I'rlnce
will have lo employ nil his rcsencs lo
extricate his army from Hie very
perilous position In which It hits been
placed.
ItrpitforrrmriilK nrmiitlit t'p.
Strong Oermnn reenforcfmcnts enmo
up during the nlslit nml were in ac
tion early this morning. TIip flrclitlnc
jesterday was not confined to the
western side of the salient, as some of
thn reports indicated, but extended
south of the Marne, whete the I'lcnch
recnr-ttircd Moiitwiisin, on tho smith
bank of the river seven miles east cii
Dormans, and threw the Germans out
or Oeulll.v.
On tho eastern side of tho Martin
salient, between the river nnd Ithelms,
progress was tnnde tiy the French in
Hoi Wood and Coin-ton Wood, thn
points where the driving In process of
the Germans In their effort to eiiclrcln
Ilhelms had reached a highly danger
ous point, untl the French lines wern
advanced nearly a mile westwaid. A
little further to the north the Italians
took Moulin d'Ardre and alto .sonio
ground near Bouilly.
rirrmnn Itrporl MUlrnitlnu.
Tho Ormnn reports tn-nlKht and to
day are nn example of very mule fAlsl-flc-ntlon
by Indirection. The night state
ment says a fresh attempt nf the French
to hrak through met with hea lossen
to them. The day statement asserts
that "the long expected counter i(Ti'nl
of the French" penetrnteil i,v gurprlvx
Into a few Isolated point on the Infan
try nnd artillery lines, but tli! (lennau
repersrs, which hail lieen held In r"nni
nesx, frustrated the cneun attempts to
break through. 11 Is averted alo that
the numlier of pilsoners taken by tlw
(icmiaiia Mine .1 til y 15 has risen to
20,00".
In the two Herman statements men
lion Is not made, once that American
Hoops r.rc lurtlclpntlng In the fighting
11 appears that u ntudloua .Tort has
3ft

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