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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1916-1920, July 20, 1918, Image 6

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ANp NEW ypniC PRESS.
SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1018.
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Entered at the I'oit Ortlce at New York at
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TELEPHONE, HEEKMAN 250O.
Victory It Our.
If General Focu'a offensive between
Solasons, and .Chateau Thierry pro
frresses no further than It already has
gone It will haVe"'achleT,cU tho'hlgnst
military objects. A new-problem is
faced! for the" enemy; his Important
lines of communication nre menaced ;
his' forces must.be redistributed to
meet the altered' situation, and he
must Immediately attack " positions
Chosen by General Focir, or else with
draw his armies over n roniMernble
res' to remove them from positions
now perilous, If not untenable. "This
is tliOj'mojit conservative vicwof the
'effects that Is permissible tinder the
. circumstances. It Is thereforo plain
thut General Foot's troops have al
ready won a great success; and the
full measure of Its effect, which Is not
yet In sight, may surpass our most
fervent hopes, and transform the ad
vance'that began on July 18 into a
Victory for civilisation of far reaching
success.-
In this magnificent enterprise, com
pletely typical of the genius In Its
conception and execution of Focu, our
soldiers have borne a notable and
honorable part. The exact extent of
their participation Is withheld from
us by the Wr Department, but we
know that they were permitted to Join
the-advancing. Krench In considerable
BumSers,.and that In the performance
of .their duty they won the applause
of -their own commanders and of the
experienced French officers under
whom.i or side by alde'with whose
uttltsthey served. That theywere
bjJX anJ enthusiastic ns Individuals
ww .j&tabllshed before ; the fact that
thai'mW delicate tasks were en-1
trusted to them shows that they have
advanced in military training to a
potot satisfactory to their instructors.
officers of the French and English ar
mies grown wise in war and schooled
to high standards by the relentless
exigencies of actual combat. The
faith thut our men by their aptitude
and" 'diligence Inspired In these mas
ters of the military science has been
Justified on the field. We now have
noi only the component parts of an
army, but nn nrmy Individually of
the best, professionally tit and In
spired by the noblest of purposes and
the most glorious of traditions,
"rltideed, what other nrmyhas ever
had '-the opportunity to absorb and
make" its own such traditions as are
the honest heritage of these taen In
khaki who on the battle front In
France defend their homes 3,000 miles
way? Behind them Is the record.of
their own predecessors In the uniform
of the United States, the noble his
tory of tile' arms of France, supreme
among nntlons in the art of war, and
tho glorious history of the British
arms. The knowledge, the standards,
the achievements of all these, the
secrets mid the spirits of these Insti
tutions all that Is best in them, are
by rjght of trawling anil association
possessions of the sons of America
who fight beside the French and the
Brlltsh not ns 'strangers come from
afar but ns brothers reared in the
same school, tilled with the same
ideals, and striving In generous rl
valryln the same great cause.
"'More gratifying than nny other de
toll of this notable exploit of arms,
10" fdr as we of America are con
cerned, is the fact that In the vlcto
rfeV. that have, been won our soldiers
of every class 'have had opportunity to
display their worth and have vindi
cated their own. character and the
system thnt transformed civilians
into fighting men. The Ucgulars and
theMarines hud already lived up to the
'splendid reputation they possessed;
now units of the Nntlonal Guard
Army and the Nntlonal 'Army have
proved their mettle under fire. To
those who liave watched with confl
dtneo the Inculcntlon of tho military
habit Into these men tho conflrmii
tlon of their strongly held beliefs Is
highly gratifying. To the few who
have doubted 'the feasibility of tho'
intensive schooling made necessary by
the'rilre necessities of the nntlon the
revelation of. Its success brings re
lief. Hut no niiin will draw from It
any other lesson tlinn one which
teaches us that never In the future
can we depend on such Improvise
tlons tn safeguard our land.
Our nrmy Is In the forefront of the
host that buttles for Civilization to
tiny, a rest nrmy, it military machine,
tapable of great deeds, accomplishing
heroic things. U has taken the mens
tire of the der'mnns, and wiped' from
the mind the last lingering traces of
the myth of Teutonic invincibility or
superiority. But the army knows,
n'nd' every American knows, that Civ
ilization still exists only because the
French and the English nations, the
French and the English peoples, for
three terrible years fought the fight
we should have fought from the begin
ning, and held at bay tho foe of free
dom in whose final and complete de
feat it Is now our privilege no less
than our duty and our purpose to
take part with them.
The Board of Estimate 8es the
Gravity of the Situation.
The Board of Estimate has taken a
step on the way to the relief of those
Inadequately paid city employees, the
patrolmen and 'the firemen. It Is -not
a long step, but it Is better than stand
ing still. It gives immediate relief to
the men of the grades most 'poorly
paid, and It-offers-tacit encourage
ment to tho others the majority, In
fact of tho rank and file to 'remain
In the Police and Fire departments.
Tho resolution, adopted yesterday,
Increasing the salaries of the men
who have been getting less than $1,600
a year, affects only n rather small
fraction of the' patrolmen and fire
men. Of the 0,334 patrolmen, a few
more than 2,000 are going to have In
creases of pay beginning, on August,!.
Of the city's 3,715 firemen, only 710
will have this Immediate benefit.
. More than three-quarters of all the
patrolrden and four-fifths of all the
firemen are already $1,000 men; and
the salaries of these have not been in-,
creased, although they are tho .very
m.en whose Importance to the city has
been evident. They are to a great
extent men beyond the -present draft
age; many, If not most.'of them have
families and are undergoing the com
mon struggle with tho rising cost of
living. The temptation to leave the
department and engage In business or
trades that pay well has come to
many of thorn, as their Commission
ers .know only too well.
What will be the effect of yester
day's action on these more than 10,000
men? We believe they will see, ns
The Sun sees, that the Inadequacy of
their pay has been recognized and
that It will be only a nutter of a few
months until the adoption of the
1010 budget when they will-receive
salary Increases that will enable them
to remain In,the departments and at
the same time to live In a manner be
fitting Americans.
Regret over the postponement of
benefit to the majority of the deserv
ing and anxiety test January seem to
them top far off do not detract from
Trie Bus's pleasure over the fact
that quick relief has come to the
patrolmen and firemen of the lower
grades the men whose salaries, rang
ing from $1,050 to $1,400, have been
Increased, In most cases, by $100 a
year. These men are nearly all of the
draft oge, and n great many of them
are already In the army. The rise In
their salaries will be a good thing for
mem.ana tneir dependents. It cannot
be said, as' It could bo said of the
$1,500 men, that the added pay will
keep them in the city's service, for
the draft law does not consider mu
nicipal requirements; but It is cer
tain, with tho minimum pay Increased
to $1,200, that more men will enter
the departments. The maximum age
of entrance has been raised to 33
years In the Police Department.
The action of the Board of Esti
mate, viewed from the standpoint of
New York's needs, Is important In
that It is evidence that the board rec
ognizes the conditions which The 8un
made plain. If the board will now
proceed to insure tho presence In the
budget of ndequate pay for 'all the
patrolmen and firemen It will be do
ing its part to preserve the Integrity
of two great departments.
" The Japanese Bed Cross.
The Sun greets with n hearty wel
eoinc"the special commlsblou of the
Japanese lted Cross now In New York
on Its way to France. We are proud
of our ally across the Pacific, be
cause, If for no other reason, this
beneficent work for humanity won
their early recognition and relatively
a more numerous following than In
nrosr of the other nations.
We Americans enjoy n polite prov
ocation to love and good works,
csiMJcinlly when we enn land n Itoland
for an Oliver, of the philanthropic
sort. Be It gladly granted, on com
paring dates, that the lied Cross Idea
"took" in Japan even while our
Clara Barton was urging our Wash
ington authorities to start the drive
for suffering humnulty. We ucknowl.
edge gladly that the first pair of fully
equipped hospital ships, named Sav
iour and Mercy, were built in Japan
and made it shining record In the
Itusso-Jiipaue.se wur. From the vol
umes of Professor AninA, detailing
he history of Japan's Jted Cross ac
tivities and decorations, with pictures
and text, we are happy to know that
action did not wait on war. The suf
ferers by earthquake, typhoon and
tidal wnve were sought out ; yes, any
and all the forms In which death,
disease or wounds come were met
and quickly ministered to because of
the Bed CrosB. The experience thus
gnlned enabled tho workers In the
war zone of Manchuria to upreor
within minutes Instead of days tern
ixirnry dressing stations and hospi
tals of bamboo reeds and rice straw.
How Gempaku of 1771, the Vesallus
of Japan, would wonder to-day to see
Japan's sons and daughters In co
horts of mercy travelling ten thou
sand miles to France! The mythol
ogy of the god of letters und medicine
nstruddle of n sea monster riding
the wnves to Japan, In eras long ago
nnd still unmeasured, fades before
the bare facts of steam weihlmi in
human enterprise. Behold, In thellst
of these missionaries of mercy in 1018
the name of Count Katbu, whose kins-'
man in 1850 commanded, In the toy
age across the .Pacific to America,
the first Japanese built steamship;
its navigating omcer, who translated
Bowditcii'8 "Navigator," being Na
kahama, the waif of 1850, picked up
at sea by a New Bedford captain nnd
educated nt Falrhavcn, Mass. On
July 4, 1018, the Mikado's Ambassa
dor, Isiui, delivered at Falrhaven,
Mass., In faultless English, his eu
Ion. Nakahama was Commodore
Pkriiy's harbinger, sounding the
praises of hospitable America. Katbu,
father of the Imperial Japanese navy,
took American teachers to Japan.
Not to make too long a story, nor
tell of the wonderful ned Cross In
bors In war and", peace, nor to repeat
the history of those who bear the
shining historic. names of Tokuoawa,
son of tho Clnclnnatus of Japan, in
1808, nnd of Yoshida, kinsman of tho
Morning Star of tho Japanese Infor
mation, who boarded Persy's decks
In 1853, hoping to get to America for
soul vision, let an old tale be told.
On tho arrival of a traveller in
Dal Nippon in 1870 a high officer of
the Emperor came to inquire in de
tail how President Lincoln treated
men who in the eyes of the national
law were rebels. The happy one
questioned gave him a chapter of mi-
tory, which in the sequel, as carried.
out in Japan, quite equalled the Amer
ican precedent. When General Grant
visited Japan he found one sentence
of his as famUlar qs household words.
It was : "Let us have peace."
Yet, not as offset or detraction, but
jis, supplement., in the spirit of the
Allies, which, works for union of hu
manity, and cot with the animus of
Kaiser, craft or Germanism, which
spells division, hatred and all un
charltablenesa, we Americans are
glad also to show the obverse of the
coin of pure gold. We can truthfully
tell how we not only worked with
the Japanese, but how our people on
their soil inspired them (o novel ac
tion. Generously and perhaps unani
mously have Japanese public men ac
knowledged Christianity's 'message to
women. The call of the Occident
sounded to the neglected half of Ja
pan and was heard. Mrs. J. C. Hep
burn, first educator of girls in things
western; Mrs. J. C. Ballaoh, who
demonstrated the power of the Japa
nese voice to master the diatonic
scale; Dr. J. C. Berry, who Intro
duced first of any and all prison re
form nnd also took the Initiative In
training skilled female nurses; Clara
Baston, not on the soil, but Inspiring
native spirits, and not least, the hand
ful of American missionaries who had
Japan all to themselves for, 'leaven
and Inspiration from 1859 to 1800.
made possible this visiting commis
sion of 1018.
It may be said that any or all
forces Inherent in Japan could, of
themselves unaided, originate the lied
Cross, International peace confer
ences, a system of hospitals for nil
ctaAses, a woman's university, the
emancipation --of the outcasts once
rec(lohed .as non-human full liberty
of conscience, or real representative
government. The forces within and
without must needs cooperate.
Nor Indeed could Americans heirs
of all the ages and In the foremost
files of time of themselves nlone
originate these things. Have we not
even acknowledged the aid of France
In gaining our Independence? Only
In brotherhood for which the Allies
of 1018 stnnd could such Institutions
as the lied Cross arise. "Not unto us,
not unto us," will either the true na
tive or lover of this republic, or the
real Japanese cry. No! they both
stand hand In hand, as they bow be
fore the universal man, henrlng his
words, "freely ye have received ; freely
give." It is In generous rivalry nnd
In emulation without envy that our
citizens, under their chief servant,
President Wilson, and the Joyous
subjects of the Emperor Yoshihito
march as comrades in the van of
humanity. Therefore do we welcome
the Bed Cross delegntlon from the
Land of the It 1 sen Sun.
Prlnre Llchnowsky's Distinction.
When the question of a proper pun
ishment for Prince Lichnowsky was
before the Prussian House of Lords
it Was reported thnt the Kaiser, Just
for old friendship's sake, would save
tho Prince. This proves, however, to
have been one of those generous con
tributions of the fanciful Ilerr Itos
neb. to Impress upon Germany the
kindly, forgiving spirit of the All
Highest. Prince Lichnowsky was
expelled from the Prussian House of
Lords and with the Kaiser's approval
and assistance.
Prince Licunowhky's offence was
telling the truth. He declared that
the German military party could have
avoided the war. This he knew be
cause, ns the German Ambassador to
London, he wns fnmlllnr with both the
British and the (rcrman attitude. He
had written less ns a hlstnrlnn than
ns a mnn who wished lo relieve his
mind of a heavy burden and to en
lighten future generations upon the
responsibility for the wur. To him
It wns a duty which he owed to mnn
kind. Hlsotntements nnd their proofs,
us contained In diplomatic correspon
dence with the Berlin offlco anil the
British Foreign Office, he entrusted
to some of his friends for their own
enlightenment. It wns they who gave
to the world the definite Information
that proved tho falsity of Germnnj's
claim of n war purely for defensive
purposes.
Tn a Prussian Junker It wns n
sacrilege tn dare question he official
statement that tho Germans were not
"n peaceful people tnken by surprise."
To prove the whole Prussian defence
a He wa an offence without prece
dent. There was nn place In the
Prussian llouso of Lords, for a man
who would tell the truth. By bis ex-
pulsion from, that body Prince Licit-
nowsky has attained an unusual
distinction. .
The Good Word "Bum."
We admire protectors of tho Ian
guage, but advise these watchers not
to ehoot the wrong noun :
"To th's -Editor or Tn Bun Sir:
neadlngr the bit In Tub Sum about
Maine 'mm,' I fall to understand the
peculiar American habit of not calling-
things by their right names.
"Why say 'rum' when you mean wine,
spirits or beer: "rata" 'when apeaklng of
mice; 'rocks' when you mean email
tones; 'meat market' when referring- to
a small butcher shop-; and "hotel' In describing-
a. ten by twelve: barroom?
Surely It Is time to abandon 'this pro
vincial and chlldlih camouflage.
"Nrw York, July 18. Purist."
Any one, even an avowed purist,
who does not peek Into tho dictionary
now and then, Is likely to go wrong
on a word. "Bum," as used by The
Sun since 1833, has frequently been
In the sense of all strong drink. For
this we plead complete Justification.
"Bum" is an abbreviation of "rum
booze," Which originally meant any
alcoholic drink. If "Purist" had gone
to the Century Dictionary he would
have found the second definition of
."rum"' to be as follows :
"Any distilled liquor or strong alco
holic drink: much used in reprobation,
with reference to Intemperance: as, the
evils of rum."
In the "Autocrat"- Dr. Holmes lamented-
that "unwashed moralists"
applied the name rrim" to' the prod
ucts of the vineyard as well as to the
distillation Of the-cano. But when
Thb'Sun used "rum" in connection
with tippling in Maine It referred to
whiskey, gin, brandy and kill-devil
proper rather than to wine or beer;
nnd it will continue to use the brief
and expressive synonym for liquor of
high alcoholic content.
As for our correspondent's objec
tion to "meat market," it Is usually
better than "butcher shop." The lat
ter word Is proper when the killing
Is done on the premises, but In the
cities, where little Is done In the mar
ket except cutting and selling,
"butcher shop" has n needlessly san
guineous sound.
Intelligent persons rarely confuse
rats and mice, or rocks nnd pebbles.
The "hotel" to which "Purist" objects
waa born In the first days of the
Balnes law, when the State per
mitted saloons to assume a new dig
nity and, what was more Important
to their proprietors, to sell rum and
other stuff on Sundnys.
A terrific blow tn nmhlhttlnn In th
United States was struck In France at
Sotssons yesterday.
Professional baaphnll ntnvn a nnt
engaged in an eeflentlal Inflimtrv nn.
der the decision of the War Depart
ment, rendered In the case of the
catcher Eddie Ainbmith. The rullnc
i not unexpected, nor Is It unjust.
It will not kill the national game; eo
lotjk as It is the" favorite diversion of
army and navy athletes it will con
tinue In good -health, despite the de
pletion or tne ranks of professionals.
It Is said In Washlmrton that the
present drive "will not replace or
hffidcr the great allied offensive
Planned for later in the year." This
is Just ringing- Germany's bell. Burst
ing in the door comes later.
It was the failure of the New Jer
sey official designated by statute to
supply ballots to soldiers to play his
port which upset the dry victories In
three Essex county towns. Justice
Oummkrk dismissed curtly the sug
gestion of the drys' lawyer that the
War Department had announced It
as an army policy that soldiers were
not to be bothered with the ballot.
Tho. Justice Intimated that the De
partment would be properly occupied
tr lis neaa confined his labors to
administering martial law while the
courts of New Jersey continued to
administer the civil lawB of that
State. The excellent reputation of
Jersey Justice is well cared for by her
Justice.
Prince Liciinowbkt having been
excluded -we may assume that the
Prusalan House of Lords Is now 100
per cent. liar.
The first round robin of the cam
paign has appeared at Saratoga; and
it Is a sign of a fight.
A Possible Source of Cheap Fuel.
To the Editor or Tna Sun Sir; There
are many farm products going to waste
that could ho rrmde Into alcohol. A
Government nrem on notice from
farmers could denature the alcohol, giv
ing all cheap fuel. Stills of cheap con
atruction can be made.
I suggest that all write to their rep
resentatives urging a change In the law
so that all can have cheap fuel.
Hobjrt TiioursoK.
New York, July 19.
Laws and More Laws!
To thi Editor or Th Sun Sir: Antl
treating law? By nil means' Let us
have more and still more laws. Antl
treating, nntt-tlpplng, nntl-klsslng, antl
everythlng. And then have the penal
code printed In a pocket size thin paper
edition, Indexed and croes Indexed, to
consult at frequent Intervals and fortify
ourselves. A new button could be de
vleed for the antl-treatlng lesgue, to be
worn under the coat lapel and Hashed at
the rlKht moment. I.euiiil.
Baodad-on-tiie-Subwat, July 19.
llorprr'i .Vaeailnt for August contains
the first Instalment of a series of remark
able letters wrlttsn from the front by
Jack Wright, an American avlajor, 10
years old, who wss killed last January.
David Jayne Kill continues Ills "Impul
sions of the Kaiser," discuulng Wllhelm'a
way with Americans and his Interference
In diplomatic matters, liarrlion Ithndcs
contribute a rtellghtful article on Long
lilsnd, Illustrated In tint by W J All
war'l, Illliabeth Miner King has an ar
ticle on the American spirit ss male msn
Ifeet In the draft, while tleorge Wright
shons army life In the rantonments In
six sketchee. There are short stories by
Charles Caldwell noble, jury Heaton
Vorse, Wilbur Daniel Steele, Laura Spen
cer Portor. Ellen Webh Riley end Mrs.
Henry Dudeney; and poems by DJuna
Barnes, llanlel Iang and M. A. K Ula
crtady. Mrs. Ward reaches the seventh
part of her recollections.
.FROM 'THE if iff lNgRAY.
The Latter Carriers Oace Hor Ex
press Their Gratitade.
To thb Editor' or Tin BvnBtrt In
appreciation of the asalatanc rendered
by your publication during the campaign
by tho National Association of Letter
Carriers for a reclassification of the
grades and salaries of letter carriers In
the city delivery service, the New York
Bute Association of the N. A. L. C,
adopted the enclosed resolution at their
recent convention, and Instructed ma
to present you with a copy.
Assuring you that this Is Indeed a
pleaaant duty, and personally thanking
you for. your Interest In the welfare of
the postal service and Its employees,
with kind regards and het wishes I tun.
rma J. Vane ton oot,
Secretary, New York State Associa
tion of Letter Carriers.
New York, July 19.
1 1ES0LCTI0N
of appreciation and thanks to Tna Sen,
adopted at the convention cf the New
York Stat Association of th National
Association of Letter Carrlsrs, at Bchenec-
tadr, N. T July s, , s. ibis:
Whereee the Post Offlc appropriation
bill for th fiscal year ending June 10,
IBIS, contains a provision reclassifying th
salaries of Istter carrlsrs In the city de
livery service, assuring them an Increase
of Two Hundred (1200) In thlr annual
compensation: and
Whereas th National Association of
Letter Carriers, when advocating this leg
islation, waa gsnsrouily supported In errs
talllilng favorable publlo ssntlment by
Tna BvKf both editorially and In Its newt
columns ; ana
Whereas In th face of determined op
position success could not hav been
achieved without this favorable putllo sen
tlmenti therefor be It
Klliilcti, That the New- York Stat Asso
ciation or th National Association of
Latter Carriers, In convention assembled
at Schenectady, N. Y., July 3. 4. S, 1918,
ilend a vote of thanks and appreciation
to Tna Bcn tor the very valuable assist
ance rendered In behalf of th enactment
of thle legislation: and be It further
(sokes', That, a copy of this rssoltitlon
be spread upon the minutes of this con
vention; a copy be oent to th Ptttat
Ktetrd for publication: and a eapy be sent
to th editor and publisher of Tna Son.
LOUIS THE ATHLETE.
In His Tonth He Did Everything but
Beat John L.
To THK Eoitob or Tub Sun Sir: It
!s my Intention to prove to the world
that the greatest of poets has been In
his youth a vretty fair all round athlete,
a marvel In the gymnasium and the
fastest runner of moderate slze'd men.
When I was IS I won every football
game at school. No one then could out
run me, hence, nhen I got the ball. It
did not leave my hands until I had
passed the goal. At 15 I was strong
eat at the gym, performing feats on the
bars and the rings that older boys could
not do. As to Jumping and vaulting
well, I was the professor there. Stand
ing Jump, always two to three feet
above my head ! Distance Jump, four
teen feet. A running Jump, twenty-two
feet. Vaulting with a pole, nobody up
to rn- Springboard Jump produced -spontaneous
uproarious handclapplng,.
When It came to lifting weights, the
boys, after seeing my muscular arms
managing iron dumbbells of sixty and
133 pounds well, they did not say any
thing but pleasant words to me.
I forgot about the prise I received at
13 for fast running from the King of
Saxony. In those days Germany was
civilised ar.d human. I was the only
American who as the winner.
I recall one evening, as I was run
ning at top speed down the street, when
all of A sudden I felt that my feet
were treading the air, so fast my legs
moved. How blissful Is our childhood.
And now!
Keeping my record right through Cor
nell, after my twentieth year, my triple
art demands precluded much athletic
work. However, 1 remember a feat or
two out in the Adirondack. Once at
Keene Valley t decided to walk the
twenty-four miles to Port Henry. Up
hill, through ravines, down a mountaln
rJde. At last I see a chimney against
the sky. "At last !" I screamed. A
turn, a tavern. Utterly fatigued. I fall
upon the stairs. A drink ! lUscued. I
had walked eighteen ml's In four hours.
Now, as to strength. I wan at a bank
In Wall street to have my check cashed.
On the line right back of me stood a
stocky man, lie was about to push me
side, thinking I was a mere hoy. At
once I put my weight on him, straining
my muscles, and not one Inch did he
push me away, but I pushed him away
back. And he grew fierce, while he had
to behave.
After penning the above I hope the
world will no more link the poet with
an effeminate dandy, but look up to
him as one with supernal strength, se
renity and sublimity.
Louis M. Eilshxmius,
Supreme Spirit of the Spheres.
New York, July 19.
The Search for a w Name.
To the IIutor or The Sun Sir: The
old discussion haa been raised anew
regardltie; the naiiKlesHtieas of these
United States. We share the name
"America" with two continents, and the
name "United States" with the "United
States of Mexico," the "United states of
Brazil" and several others. If we called
ourselves the "United States of Aimer
lea" we could gain a purely distinctive
national name ery similar to our pres
ent one, yet distinct from the name of
our continent Amerigo Vespucci's Chris
tian name was originally "Almerlc" In
lt& Lombard form. From this form
wo might coin tho national name "AN
merlca," adjective "Almerlcan."
E. U. Seucke.
New York, July 19.
To a Son Over There,
Your land's awake, Centurion,
No longer sliuil your country be
Lulled In a false aecurlt),
O happy jou to be her eon!
A taper you upon the shrine
Uefore the righteous UoJ of all,
And It Ills will: your candle fall,
It merges In the Light Divine!
Upon the shrine of rserlfte
Millions nt lights they burn to-day,
Illumining the earthly way
That leads you unto Paradise.
In vain th Hun tribes rags of Trior,
Their ancient war god rome araln,
He hammers on the Front In vain,
Less human than ha was of yore.
Your land's awake! Brave land of lands,
That offers all for all that's good,
No break Is In our brotherhood,
Crusader In the fighting lends.
Though wistful Is the wife you left
Love took your Image ss you went,
Another torch from heaven sent,
She, holding It, Is less bereft.
O Ond of Light, ws have no tear,
Already shines our victory.
Ah, hasten It; In pity, see
The meaning of the mother's tear.
MtcilCE raiNcu Eqis.
,n
We Hrt Ha4 Many ant Shall Barely
Hate More.
To Tits Editor or Tits firm Sir; Pres
ldent Wilson's letter to the artist Bern
hart Wall, dated July 8, 191B, and
printed In yesterday's 0un, tn expressing
disapproval of tho military uniform In
which the artist had clad the President,
saya that "the framers of the Constitu
tion of course realised that the Presl
dent would seldom be a soldier," Ac
The framers of Bo Constitution and
the Constitution Itself are seldom In
evidence at the present time. When
they are brought to the front and res
cued from their oblivion, even In eo un
important a matter aa a, suit of clothes.
would it not be well to have 'statements
In regard to them mad with soma de
gree of accuracy?
Did the framers of the Constitution
realise "of course" that the President
would seldom be a soldier? What war
rant Is there for such an assertion?
Of the men ejected to the office of
President since tho formation of the
Government twelve, or one-half of the
entire number, have been soldiers.
If human. Influence repeats Itself and
the American army In Prance comes
out of the war without suffering dls
aster, we may be aura that civilians In
publlo life in this country will every
where be set aside and their places
filled by soldiers.
Even In the little war with Spain,
when the pollticans tried to prevent such
a result by shelving Miles and sending
Shatter to the front, Colonel Itoosevelt
from his service with the Rough Rid
era became the most conspicuous figure
in American life and politics.
What the framers of the Constitution
actually realized they wrote Into that
document. A number of Americans still
think It would be wise to return to a
due appreciation of the sagacity of their
realizations. John M. Chasb.
Atlantic City, JJ. J., July 1.
CRIPPLED WORKERS.
Employers Can Get Competent Men
From the Bed Cross.
To tna Editor or Tna Sun Sir; Some
or our boy in France win soon return
disabled. The question of finding suita
ble employment for them faces us now.
It is not dimcult to And work for the
man who has tost a leg, provided be
wears an artificial one, but for the man
who has lost an arm U Is not a simple
matter to And a position, except as
watchman, porter, elevator operator or
doorman, since he feels himself Just as
capable of holding a clerical position
with one arm as with two.
There are a number of Industrial
cripples In New York city who are cspa
ble of doing clerical work but who can
not obtain the positions because the em
ployer Is unwilling to give them the
chance to make good.
With the present shortage of labor I
seo no reason why the employer should
not be willing to give some of these one
armed men a chance at a clerical Job,
If the Industrial cripple makes good the
employer wl)lH bo more Inclined to give
the, returned disabled soldier a chance
to compete with the able bodied man.
If any- employer has an opening In his
clerical force for a one armed man I
shall be glad to put him In touch with
several competent though physically
handicapped men. Information may be
obtained from me at the Red Cross Insti
tute, 311 fourth avenue. New York city.
F. R. Bioler.
New Yokk, July 19.
THE MAN IN THE MASK.
Tho Latest Guess as to the Face Be
hind the -Velvet.
To the Editor of The Scn Sir: Mr.
Appleton Morgan's Interesting letter In
your Issue of July 17 takes for granted
n somewhat antiquated explanation- of
the Mnn In the Iron Mask. More re
cent attempts to Identify the myste
rious prisoner lead to the belief that.
far from being the brother of the King,
he was an Italian priest sent from
France to Instruct Charles II. of Eng
land In the Catholic faith. Circum
stances put him In possession of some
state secrets of Anglo-French diplomacy
and his Imprisonment was meant to
obviate the dangers that would arise
from any Indiscreet talking on his part.
Every other hypothesis thus far ad
vanced has been disproved. How long
this theory will hold the fleld we can
not know. But the brilliant defence of
It made by Monslgnor Barnes of Ox
ford will be hard to Upset.
Richmond, July 19. Joseph LUn.
hows a'poet made?
Cicero Again Called to the Stand a an
K xpert Witness.
To the Editor or The Sun Sir: May
I Join the ranks of the many who will
doubtless unllmber their typewriters to
remind Mr. lorrw that In the same
speech In which Cicero uttered the ad
mirable sentiment quoted, he also says
"This Is the testimony of savants, thnt
while success In other pursuits Is the
tesult of a "kill acquired by attention
to rules, the poet la a direct product of
nature, plaed upon by mental forces,
and. If 1 mny so express It, filled with
the verv breath of deity "
This pnssage Is not cited by way of
controversy . read In their context,
both the quotations are consistent , but
Cicero does pretty plainly Intimate
that the ellk purse Industry would lan
guish were sowa' ears Its only raw
material. Vet, tho same Is true of liner
stuff than thoso organs to which the
gruntlngs of the wearer's bristly spouse
i-ound nweet as the ringdove's cooing
to hit) mate: Cicero himself, the erudite,
the Intellectual, the Henry Cabot l-odRf-of
his day, wrote verses which he
hugely enjoyed, but In spite of which,
and nnt becaue of which, his reputation
has survived m long Pedant.
Lakeville, Conn., July 19.
THE IRONIC TAR.
He Examines Ills Costume With Evi
dent Satisfaction.
To THK KntTOU of The Hun Sir: I
read with much feeling and apprecia
tion the sweet suggestions of a corre
spondent that you published a few days
ago In regsrtl to our sillor's costume.
My great-rrandfathiT piloted n Ho
hoken ferry tn 1S!0, nnd ns a descend
ant of such ',roud naval ancestry It Is
only natural thut I should be Interested
In the appenranre of our dear "boys In
blue." I submitted a dainty suggestion
for a mauve dickey to be worn by our
dashing sailors, but my dear captain
frowned on Ilia Idea,
Nevertheless, I entirely agree with
"Constant Reader," and think we look
quite horrid In our nasty undershirts.
An Old Salt.
New Tork, July 19.
THE POLITICAL SLAUGHTER QF,AMER.
ICAN INDUSTRIES. .
Commodore Dcncdlci's Opinion of the Lcftstatlon Needed to Develop Oaf
Full National Strength.
Legislation in this country, both
State and national, which has been
enacted in the past sixty years seema
to have been aimed at the placing
of fetters upon our progress In ovary
direction and defeating- our- obtaining
the full value of our abounding- riches.
It has been truly stated that our
statesmen seem to consider thrift a
crime and they are doing their utmost
to kill tho geeso that lay tho golden
eggs.
First and foremost came our bank
Ing laws; which were the laughing
stock of civilized nations while they
lasted the legal tender outlaw under
which our Government waa a shame
less repuulator for sixteen and a
half years. Tho effect of this Is seen
to-day in the advertisements of bonds
for sale by States, cities and large
corporations, which buyers recognize
and decline to buy unless the sellers
promise payment In gold. Then fol
lowed the Inequitable revenue laws,
Sixty years ago our merchant
marine -was the monarch of the seas.
Our foreign trade was almost wholly
under the Stars and Stripes, increas
Ing ftt wealth and ships with Inherent
strength only. Only an occasional
Cunarder or other English vessel was
then seen In Now York Harbor. Our
railroads were very prosperous., Their
systems wero expanding rapidly, at
trading vast foreign capital in their
extension. Foreign capital haa shunned
us of late years.
Since then our statesmen have
completely driven our shipping from
the seas, the last lino the Pacific
Mail Steamship Company giving way
to a Japanese steamship company,
now making millions of dollars out of
that abandoned field.
Not satisfied with this slaughter.
their attention was directed to tha
railroads, and in 1865, having no other
help than their own credit warranted
and having had the prairies of the
West gridironcd by railroads to which
thoy had not contributed one dollar,
they enacted the Potter law in Wis
consin reducing the rates of 4 or E
cents a mlln for passengers, and 2
cents a ton a mile for freight GO per
cent. Other Republican and Demo
cratic States followed suit, as no one
could be elected to Office who could
not exhibit the scalp of a corporation
In his belt or promise to get one there
If elected. This resulted, as the
records show, in bankrupting about
75 per cent, of tho western and south
ern railroads. As some more fortu
nately situated systems survived to
prove to them and to others that there
waa a punishment after death rail
road commissions were appointed to
reduce rates on all and to advance
wages, the result of which is pain
fully manifest everywhere to-day.
Thus .our Vast and highly prosper
ous transportation ny stems on sea and
on land nre reduced to beggary and
our Government is now forced to sup
ply prodigious amounts to keep our
railroads running and our foreign
commerce afloat, which would have
been wholly unnecessary but for the
legislation described. To provldo this
needed money coarse, untried and in
explicable laws havo lately been
passed and some Important ones made
changeable at the option of Inexperi
enced olllclals. Two distinct classes
of citizens have been created in this
land of equal rights thoso who Irave
nnd thos-e who hnve not, the former
class forced to cut their prices 10, 20,
30, 40 or even 50 per cent, to favor
the latter class, producing such horror
nnd dismay throughout our business
communities that no man In business
enn make any safe calculation where
he is going to land If he proceeds. So
the vast sources which naturally
would provide our great transporta
tion systems with business are being
dried up.
Howcver, nothing demonstrates the
vast riches of this nation or the
strength of its people better than to
see how they have survived the havoc
their statesmen have made, not alone
n their response to appeals to aid In
raising colossal amounts for our war
and its chnrltles. but in advancing
$5,000,000,000 to assist our Allies and
prodigious sums for charities which
begnn nt our homes but -which do not
end there.
Now this war, all admit. Is to end
Kalserisni for all time and bring peace ,
on earth for n unlimited period. So
it must and will end, for that vigorous,
prizefighting Kaiser Ik in the ring i
,Tth twenty-four nations after his1
scalp, and I am betting they will get '
TO GERMAN STATESMEN.
A Message That Comes From tho
Heart of America.
To the HniTon or The Sun .Sir: Tell
Kuehlmann, Hertllng, Hurlan and all the
rest of the Hohenzollerii gang to shut up.
We are not Interested In their peace
r-rnis. Just now tvo nre oceupiert in
feeding them up with their own medi
cine. When they think they have had
enough, let them all jell "Kamerad"
good and loud, then they may have the
privilege of listening lo our peace terms.
The longer they delay, the more op
portunity they give ua f ir studying their
Idea of peuce nsiapvlled to Russia and
riumanla, also the proposed terms the
tinkers would apply to us In the event
f their winning the war. We may be
guided fomowhat by It What's sauce
for the goose should bo sauce for the
ander. We should have to eliminate
he devilish part, of course, but not to
count on our being too easy marks. Wo
know with whom we are dealing.
Kingston, July IS. K, 15, A.
France No Place tor Car How dies.
To the Editor or The Sun sir: in
entenclng two stieet car rowdies who
wern brought before him Magistrate
Healy said to them, upon their stating
that they were to be taken for the
raft army this week :
You are not fit to wear the uniform of
he United Ktates. You are not decent
nough to be sent to France. A term In
the workhnute would help J ou to under-
tend discipline.
These are cheering words and con
ceived In a line discrimination.
Our army hss no place for cowardly
street car rowdier. Neither Is France
any place for them, for France has no
rowdies. James I). Dkwkix, Jr.
New Haven, Conn.. July 19.
For Ills Hpare Time.
Knlckar- The mercury Is going up.
Docker Som tubes for UcAdoo to take
over.
It. Few will disagree with our Presl.
dent that prompt, efficient legislation
must bo enacted without delay. Pre
vlous financial legislation is an irk
some failure. The President also truly
says "Polltlca la. adjourned." This
opens a wide door for practical
finance. I Invite you In to listen to a
few suggestions.
It seems to be the duty of this gen
eration to put its whole strength into
the fearful conflict, but let me ask
why futuro generations should not
bear their full share of Us burdens. It
Is stated that the President favors
raising 40 per cent of the war cost
this year, leaving the other 60 per
cent, to be raised by bonds. I think
10 per cent would be our full share of
the benefits from thla war, und there
fore wo should bear only 10 per cent,
of its cost, leaving 90. per cent, for fu
turo generations to bear, which could
easily be raised by taxes, as outlined
In the following:
It is estimated that the ownership
of real estate in civilized countries
changes on the average every ten
years. Place a stamp tax -of one-halt
per cent, on the sale and transfer of
ours of the value of f 100 and over. I
have not at hand records to ascertain
what amount this would bring in, but
it would be simply enormous. To
make auro of a sufficient return place
a tax stamp on every sale of personal
property, as Is done In England end
France on some articles, adjusting It
fairly to the valuo- of each article of
110 or over. Just Imagine what an
overflowing treasury we should have
from both of these sources. If found
too great reduce the taxes at the next
Congress; If found Insufficient add
slightly to the rate of tax. Repeal
all other forms of taxation, except the
tariff taxes, which might remain, even
protective ones, so as to please soma
of our Republican friends who have
not yet realized the absurdities and
unfairness of such taxes. Rut they
ought to realize that the best protec
tion for everybody Is free trade, ex
cept for some baby industries which
should be spanked and put to bed
without their suppers. The expense
of collecting this stamp tax would be
almost nil liko postage stamps, which
tax should bo continued.
Another glaring fault In the legisla
tion of our great, freo country is its
Incongruity in Inviting: the people of
all nations to come here and enjoy our
blessings and then forcing an open
door into China and a closed one here.
Every- one must admit that the zenith
of a country's prosperity la reached
when its capital can no longer employ
its labor to advantage. I think our
railroads and almost every other im
portant Industry have reached this
point. What w"l be the condition
when 5,000,000 of our toilers are sent
to the war? We are very near to a
despotism of labor, and will reach it
unless we can open our doors to tho
only supply available China. There
can be had an unlimited BUpply of the
best and most honest labor In the
world.Jn the house and out of it, ns all
who have used It can testify, and for
one reason better than all, it does not
want to vote. l'rance und other coun
tries are encouraging Chinese immi
gration. I have been told that "Sund-
lot" Kearney of California, who pro
cured the closed door here, became rich
and applied to his Japanese and
Chinese neighbors to he'ip him gather
his crops, but they gathered their ow n
nnd let his perish. He then deplored
his former uction and desired Its re
peal, and his desire has lately txen fol
lowed In meetings at Sacramento anl
other places at which resolutions weio
passed asking Congress to lot in 500 -000
Chinese to help to gather th
crops, Wo need tho California crops
now and all other crops in ourcountrv
I appeal to our Congressman, who
have had a very arduous session at.d
are anxious to get home and escapo
tlie heat of tho summer, to repeal all
other flnnncial legislation, except ni
stated, and authorize the sale of lf0
year 4U per cent, bonds to supply
any deficiency of income. Then re
peal the Chlncso exclusion act, go
home and leave our vast commercial
nnd business enterprises to their
natural channels, and pearcful ami
prodigious presptii-lty will surely come
As there is very little politics in th
foregoing suggestions, our Congreov
mpn need not fear toface their i-o.-stltuents
In the fall elections If a-tJ
upon favorably. E. C. Bbnedht
Indian Harbor, Greenwich, Conn,
July 19.
ANTS KILL COOTIES.
Veteran Tells of an Important IHi
covery In Cuba.
To the Editor op The Sin I
have seen so much in the papers .ibnut
the cooties In tho army, and as I wai
In Cuba during the ttpanleh-Ainer 1
war and wo found such a s r "
remedy for getting rid nf'lhem I t'.ntig. t
I would write and give It so .'he s
might profit by our experience.
Wo found that all we had to it . w'. i
our clothes that were lnfesti-,1 w' .i
these annoying pcstn was lo t.iUe thi-n
off and lay them on the groun.l w .-
there was un ant heap and th
would clean them of the pests In .i v.
few minutes, eating up not '
live cooties but all the nits as wi
We got ours going over on the t
ports and discovered thle p i
remedy shortly after landing .-- I "
spread over the regiment er t
and we wero bothered no more '
not know whether there are j- v t '
France, but If the soil Is iMni
should he, ,ind I think this wnuli k
Inr. You might publish this r r. t"
and publish It so that our l"'s rr.,
profit by It.
A Spanish War Vr-rrr-
New York, July 19.
CREDIT TOMR7 WILSOtt.
Ho Certainly Is Not Ignoring the In
tricate Russian Situation.
To the ICniTon or The St n m- tn
face of the apparent inezptliM v l
tatlon and Inaction of the Uniteii -Government
nnd the Inevitable
thereof In the matter of sanctln m.b '
expedition of the alllod arm n.'-i I:
sin, let credit be given to Pretlde V -son
for Knowing a thing or two
There can be no doubt he Is fully n
to tho Russian situation and li
treatment It demands In the beat u '
estB of Russia nnd of tho Allies Let
trust him. T 17. W.
New York, July 19,

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